CN112206866B - Extrusion equipment for solid waste treatment - Google Patents

Extrusion equipment for solid waste treatment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112206866B
CN112206866B CN202011052712.XA CN202011052712A CN112206866B CN 112206866 B CN112206866 B CN 112206866B CN 202011052712 A CN202011052712 A CN 202011052712A CN 112206866 B CN112206866 B CN 112206866B
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China
Prior art keywords
extrusion
cavity
fixedly connected
face
solid waste
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CN202011052712.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN112206866A (en
Inventor
刘亮
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Huzhou Anfeng New Building Materials Co ltd
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Changning Huaxing Metallurgical Chemical Industrial Co ltd
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Publication of CN112206866A publication Critical patent/CN112206866A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • B02C4/08Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers with co-operating corrugated or toothed crushing-rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/0084Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/286Feeding devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/30Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for baling; Compression boxes therefor
    • B30B9/306Mechanically-driven presses
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Crushing And Pulverization Processes (AREA)
  • Processing Of Solid Wastes (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model discloses extrusion equipment for solid waste treatment, which belongs to the technical field of waste treatment, and adopts the technical scheme that the extrusion equipment comprises a treatment cavity, wherein an upper charging barrel and an extrusion cavity are respectively arranged above the left side and below the right side of the treatment cavity, a conveying barrel is arranged below the treatment cavity, a driving frame is arranged on the right side of the extrusion cavity, a first crushing roller set, a pressing roller set and a second crushing roller set are sequentially arranged in the treatment cavity from top to bottom, the lower end of the treatment cavity is communicated with a connecting cavity, a sieving groove is movably connected below the connecting cavity, a crushing shaft is arranged above the sieving groove, a plurality of uniformly distributed crushing knives are fixedly connected to the outer side wall of the crushing shaft, the sieving groove rotates to sieve crushed waste, the non-crushed waste is prevented from being conveyed into the extrusion cavity, and the crushing shaft rotates to drive the crushing knives, the method is convenient for stirring the non-stirred wastes, and improves the treatment quality of the wastes.

Description

Extrusion equipment for solid waste treatment
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of waste treatment, in particular to extrusion equipment for treating solid waste.
Background
The solid waste treatment is a process of reducing the volume and accelerating the natural purification of the solid waste through physical means or biochemical action, pyrolysis gasification and other chemical actions, and the solid waste is effectively treated, so that the final waste discharge amount can be reduced, the pollution to the nature is reduced, and the diffusion of secondary pollution is prevented; the existing solid garbage is generally centralized in a garbage recovery plant for centralized treatment, and the solid garbage is poured into a compressor and compressed by the compressor for deep burying treatment.
Application number CN201920666244.1 discloses solid waste extrusion equipment, including the extrusion case, the door that opens and shuts is installed to one side of extrusion case, the whole shape of extrusion case is the L font, the auger case is installed to one side of extrusion case, the pay-off auger is installed to the auger incasement, the one end that the auger case is close to the extrusion case runs through with the extrusion case, the auger case is kept away from the one end tip of extrusion case and is installed auger driving motor, the inside bottom mid-mounting of auger case has the strainer, the bottom mid-mounting of auger case has the waste water tank, the auger case is kept away from the one end top of extrusion case and is installed broken case, the feeder hopper is installed on the top of broken case, install broken roller in the broken incasement, the both ends of broken roller pass through the bearing and link to each other with broken case, install broken motor on the outer wall of broken case.
Application number CN201910173154.3 discloses a solid waste safety processing device, comprising: the crushing cavity is arranged on the L-shaped plate fixedly connected with the bottom plate and penetrates through the horizontal end of the L-shaped plate; the feeding hopper is arranged at the upper end of the crushing cavity and is communicated with the inner side of the crushing cavity, movable baffles are symmetrically arranged on the inner side of the feeding hopper through the central line of the feeding hopper, the movable baffles are hinged on the inner wall of the feeding hopper, and the lower end of the movable baffles is also connected with a return spring; the treatment cavity is arranged below the L-shaped plate and fixed above the bottom plate, the treatment cavity is communicated with an air outlet of a suction fan arranged at the end part of the horizontal end of the L-shaped plate through an air duct, and an air inlet of the suction fan is communicated with the crushing cavity through an air inlet pipe.
Application number CN201910443336.8 discloses a domestic waste rubbing crusher, including smashing case, transfer case and crushing dustbin, smash the case intercommunication and have a feed cylinder and a feed cylinder, smash between case and the transfer case through feed cylinder intercommunication: a first crushing gear and a second crushing gear which are meshed with each other are arranged in the crushing box, and the first crushing gear is in driving connection with a crushing motor; the two sides of the inner wall of the crushing box are respectively provided with a first crushing tooth corresponding to the first crushing gear and the second crushing gear; a conveying motor is arranged in the conveying box and is in driving connection with a conveying rod, the periphery of the conveying rod is fixedly connected with a spiral conveying blade, and the spiral conveying blade extends into the crushing garbage box; smash the inside bottom of dustbin and be equipped with the crushing tooth of second, the upper end is equipped with the stripper plate, and the lower fixed surface of stripper plate is connected with and smashes the tooth with the second third that the tooth corresponds, and the stripper plate passes through telescopic cylinder drive.
Application number CN201820840754.1 discloses an integration solid waste treatment facility, relate to solid waste treatment technical field, the utility model is including the material feeding unit who connects gradually, stir garrulous chamber, incineration chamber and tail gas processing apparatus, stir the screening separator that the intracavity was provided with the horizontal arrangement, a plurality of through-holes have been seted up on the section of thick bamboo wall of screening separator, one side end of screening separator is connected with hollow rotating shaft, hollow rotating shaft swing joint is at stirring garrulous intracavity wall, material feeding unit stretches into hollow rotating shaft and with the inside intercommunication of screening separator, be provided with the mechanism of stirring in the screening separator, the mechanism of stirring direction of rotation is opposite with the screening separator direction of rotation.
Application number CN201320792305.1 discloses a high-speed fine crusher for hazardous waste, which comprises a housing and a base, wherein a crushing gear set and an extrusion gear set are arranged in the housing, a dust collector is arranged on the upper end of the crushing gear set, a discharge hole is formed in one side of the lower end of the crushing gear set, and a feeding device is arranged in one side of the upper end of the crushing gear set.
Application number CN201721111365.7 discloses a garden waste crushing device, which comprises a feed hopper, a feed screw and a crushing chamber which are sequentially communicated, wherein the feed hopper is arranged at the feed end of the feed screw; the crushing chamber is positioned below the discharge end of the feeding screw; the feeding screw comprises a screw shaft arranged in a rotating manner, a screw blade fixed on the screw shaft and a plurality of stirring teeth arranged on the screw shaft at intervals, the stirring teeth comprise a connecting rod and a cutter head fixed on the connecting rod, the cutter head is provided with a cutting edge, and the cutting edge is arranged in an inclined manner; the crushing chamber comprises a shell and two opposite-rolling thick disc cutters arranged in the shell, and opposite-rolling thin disc cutters are arranged below the thick disc cutters.
When the existing extrusion equipment for treating the solid waste is used for treating the solid waste, the crushing treatment efficiency of the solid waste is low, the volume of the waste is different, the crushing is not thorough, and the solid waste is difficult to compress.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model provides extrusion equipment for solid waste treatment, and aims to solve the problems that the crushing treatment efficiency of solid waste is low, the volume of waste is different, the crushing is incomplete, and the solid waste is difficult to compress when the conventional extrusion equipment for solid waste treatment is used for treatment.
The utility model is realized in such a way that the extrusion equipment for treating the solid waste comprises a treatment cavity, wherein an upper charging barrel and an extrusion cavity are respectively arranged above the left side of the treatment cavity and below the right side of the treatment cavity, a conveying barrel is arranged below the treatment cavity, and a driving frame is arranged on the right side of the extrusion cavity;
a feeding hopper is arranged above the left end of the upper charging barrel, a first rotating shaft is arranged inside the upper charging barrel, the outer side wall of the first rotating shaft is fixedly connected with a feeding spiral blade, a feeding pipe is communicated below the right end of the upper charging barrel, and the lower end surface of the feeding pipe is communicated with the upper end surface of the treatment cavity;
the inside of the treatment cavity is sequentially provided with a first crushing roller set, a pressing roller set and a second crushing roller set from top to bottom, the lower end of the treatment cavity is communicated with a connecting cavity, the lower part inside the connecting cavity is movably connected with a sieving groove, a crushing shaft is arranged above the sieving groove, the outer side wall of the crushing shaft is fixedly connected with a plurality of uniformly distributed crushing knives, and the lower end face of the connecting cavity is communicated with the upper end face of the conveying cylinder;
a second rotating shaft is arranged in the conveying cylinder, a pushing spiral blade is fixed on the outer side wall of the second rotating shaft, and the right end of the conveying cylinder is communicated with the upper part of the left side of the extrusion cavity;
the inside in extrusion chamber is provided with flourishing union piece, the inside of flourishing union piece is provided with the extrusion axle, the rotatory stripper plate of lower terminal surface fixedly connected with of extrusion axle, extrusion intracavity portion left side top is provided with distance sensor, the driving groove has been seted up in the left side of driving frame, the middle part in driving groove is provided with the lead screw, the lateral wall threaded connection of lead screw has the link, the up end fixedly connected with extrusion motor of link, the up end of extrusion axle and the output fixed connection of extrusion motor, waft out from the feeder hopper in order to prevent the peculiar smell and the raise dust of waste material, the equal swing joint in the left and right sides of feeder hopper inside has adjustable fender, two the equal fixedly connected with reset spring of lower terminal surface of adjustable fender, reset spring's the other end and the inside wall fixed connection of feeder hopper.
In order to facilitate cleaning and maintenance detection of the feeding cylinder, the extrusion equipment for solid waste treatment is preferably used, wherein the upper end and the lower end of the feeding cylinder are movably connected with an upper end cover and a lower end cover respectively, the upper end face of the upper end cover is fixedly connected with a feeding motor, and the output end of the feeding motor is fixedly connected with the upper end face of the first rotating shaft.
In order to clean the dust, it is preferable that the right side of the upper end surface of the treatment chamber is communicated with a dust remover.
In order to facilitate the crushing operation of the crushing knife and ensure that the uncrushed solid waste achieves the effect of thorough crushing, the extrusion equipment for treating the solid waste is preferably provided with the crushing motor and the sieving motor which are respectively and fixedly connected to the front side and the rear side of the connecting cavity, the output end of the crushing motor is fixedly connected with the front end face of the crushing shaft, and the output end of the sieving motor is fixedly connected with the rear end face of the sieving groove.
In order to facilitate conveying of the crushed waste into the extrusion cavity and extrusion operation, as an preferable extrusion device for solid waste treatment of the present invention, a conveying motor is fixedly connected to the left side of the conveying cylinder, and an output end of the conveying motor is fixedly connected to the left end of the second rotating shaft.
In order to achieve a sealing effect and prevent dust generated by stirring and crushing waste materials from flying to the outside, it is preferable that the extrusion device for treating solid waste of the present invention is configured such that an upper end surface of the extrusion chamber is movably connected with a connection cover, and the distance sensor is fixedly connected with a lower end surface of the connection cover.
In order to protect the extrusion shaft, reduce the torque of the extrusion shaft and prolong the service life of the extrusion shaft, it is preferable that the outer side wall of the extrusion shaft is fixedly connected with a bearing sleeve as the extrusion device for solid waste treatment of the utility model.
In order to achieve the effect of facilitating the up-and-down movement of the connecting frame and facilitate the extrusion operation of wastes, the extrusion equipment for solid waste treatment is preferably used, the upper end surface of the driving frame is fixedly connected with a driving motor, the upper end surface of the screw rod is fixedly connected with the output end of the driving motor, and the connecting frame is movably connected with the driving groove.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that:
1. the utility model provides an extrusion equipment for solid waste handles, solid waste gets into the feed cylinder through the feeder hopper, the first rotation axis and the material loading spiral leaf of feed cylinder inside rotate, conveniently carry solid waste to the processing intracavity and stir garrulous the processing, first garrulous roller set rotates, make solid waste extrude the garrulous for the first time, the embossing roll group extrudees the garrulous discarded object of extrusion and smashes, the garrulous discarded object of non-stirring carries out the extrusion and smashes through the second garrulous roller set of below, make the treatment effect of solid waste improve, simultaneously there is the connecting chamber at the lower extreme intercommunication of processing chamber, the connecting chamber inside wall swing joint has the sifting groove, the rotation of sifting groove sieves the garrulous discarded object of extrusion and smashes, prevent that the garrulous discarded object of non-stirring from carrying in the extrusion chamber, set up the garrulous axle above the sifting groove, the garrulous axle rotation of stirring drives the garrulous sword and rotates, be convenient for stir the garrulous discarded object of non-stirring, the processing quality of the waste is improved, the solid waste is conveniently extruded and compressed, the lower end of the connecting cavity is connected with the conveying cylinder, the crushed and screened waste is conveyed into the extrusion cavity through the pushing spiral blade, the lead screw rotates to drive the connecting frame and the extrusion shaft to move up and down, the extrusion motor is started, the extrusion plate is conveniently rotated to rotate downwards, the waste in the extrusion cavity is conveniently extruded, the middle part of the waste is free from fluffiness, the efficiency and the quality of material processing extrusion are improved, the height of the waste is monitored in real time by the distance sensor in the extrusion cavity, and the controller is convenient to control the moving position of the connecting frame;
2. according to the extrusion equipment for treating the solid waste, the crushing motor and the sieving motor are respectively and fixedly connected to the front side and the rear side of the connecting cavity, the sieving motor is started, the sieving groove is conveniently driven to rotate left and right, the crushed solid waste is conveniently sieved, the treatment quality of the solid waste is improved, the crushing motor is started to drive the crushing shaft to rotate, the crushing knife is convenient to crush, and the effect of thoroughly crushing the uncrushed solid waste is ensured;
3. this kind of an extrusion equipment for solid waste handles, through the equal swing joint adjustable fender in the inside left and right sides of feeder hopper, adjustable fender plays sealed effect, prevent that the peculiar smell and the raise dust of waste material from wafting out in the feeder hopper, at the equal fixedly connected with reset spring of lower terminal surface of two adjustable fenders, when solid waste falls the adjustable fender top, solid waste's gravity suppression adjustable fender is downward, be convenient for carry the inside of last feed cylinder with solid waste, reset spring is flexible, make things convenient for adjustable fender to resume the normal position.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is an overall sectional view of an extrusion apparatus for solid waste treatment according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of a feed hopper of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of a treatment chamber of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a left side sectional view of the connecting chamber of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a structural view of the receiving member of the present invention.
In the figure, 1, a charging barrel is arranged; 101. an upper end cover; 102. a lower end cover; 103. a feeding motor; 104. a first rotating shaft; 105. feeding spiral blades; 106. a feed pipe; 2. a feed hopper; 201. a return spring; 202. a movable baffle; 3. a treatment chamber; 301. a dust remover; 302. a connecting cavity; 303. a screen moving groove; 304. a first set of crushing rollers; 305. pressing the roller set; 306. a second set of crushing rollers; 307. crushing the shaft; 3071. a mincing knife; 308. a screening motor; 309. a mincing motor; 4. a delivery cartridge; 401. a conveying motor; 402. a second rotation shaft; 403. pushing the spiral blade; 5. an extrusion chamber; 501. extruding the shaft; 502. rotating the extrusion plate; 503. a bearing housing; 504. an extrusion motor; 505. a connecting cover; 506. a distance sensor; 507. a containing and connecting piece; 6. a driving frame; 601. a drive slot; 602. a drive motor; 603. a screw rod; 604. and a connecting frame.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention is described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the utility model and are not intended to limit the utility model.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "length", "width", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships illustrated in the drawings, and are used merely for convenience in describing the present invention and for simplicity in description, and do not indicate or imply that the devices or elements referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed in a particular orientation, and be operated, and thus, are not to be construed as limiting the present invention. Further, in the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless specifically defined otherwise.
Referring to fig. 1-5, the present invention provides a technical solution: an extrusion device for solid waste treatment comprises a treatment cavity 3, wherein an upper material barrel 1 and an extrusion cavity 5 are respectively arranged above the left side and below the right side of the treatment cavity 3, a conveying barrel 4 is arranged below the treatment cavity 3, and a driving frame 6 is arranged on the right side of the extrusion cavity 5;
a feed hopper 2 is arranged above the left end of the upper charging barrel 1, a first rotating shaft 104 is arranged inside the upper charging barrel 1, a feeding spiral blade 105 is fixedly connected to the outer side wall of the first rotating shaft 104, a feeding pipe 106 is communicated below the right end of the upper charging barrel 1, and the lower end surface of the feeding pipe 106 is communicated with the upper end surface of the treatment cavity 3;
a first crushing roller group 304, a pressing roller group 305 and a second crushing roller group 306 are sequentially arranged in the treatment cavity 3 from top to bottom, the lower end of the treatment cavity 3 is communicated with a connecting cavity 302, a sieving groove 303 is movably connected below the inside of the connecting cavity 302, a crushing shaft 307 is arranged above the sieving groove 303, a plurality of uniformly distributed crushing knives 3071 are fixedly connected to the outer side wall of the crushing shaft 307, and the lower end face of the connecting cavity 302 is communicated with the upper end face of the conveying cylinder 4;
a second rotating shaft 402 is arranged in the conveying cylinder 4, a pushing spiral blade 403 is fixed on the outer side wall of the second rotating shaft 402, and the right end of the conveying cylinder 4 is communicated with the upper part of the left side of the extrusion cavity 5;
a containing piece 507 is arranged inside the extrusion cavity 5, an extrusion shaft 501 is arranged inside the containing piece 507, a rotary extrusion plate 502 is fixedly connected to the lower end surface of the extrusion shaft 501, a distance sensor 506 is arranged above the left side inside the extrusion cavity 5, a driving groove 601 is arranged on the left side of the driving frame 6, a screw rod 603 is arranged in the middle of the driving groove 601, a connecting frame 604 is in threaded connection with the outer side wall of the screw rod 603, an extrusion motor 504 is fixedly connected to the upper end surface of the connecting frame 604, the upper end surface of the extrusion shaft 501 is fixedly connected with the output end of the extrusion motor 504, movable baffles 202 are movably connected to the left side and the right side inside the feed hopper 2, return springs 201 are fixedly connected to the lower end surfaces of the two movable baffles 202, the other ends of the return springs 201 are fixedly connected to the inner side wall of the feed hopper 2, the movable baffles 202 are movably connected to the left side and the right side inside the feed hopper 2, and the movable baffles 202 achieve a sealing effect, prevent that the peculiar smell and the raise dust of waste material from waving out in feeder hopper 2, at the equal fixedly connected with reset spring 201 of the lower terminal surface of two adjustable fender 202, when solid waste fell adjustable fender 202 top, the gravity suppression adjustable fender 202 of solid waste was downward, was convenient for carry the inside of last feed cylinder 1 with solid waste, and reset spring 201 is flexible, makes things convenient for adjustable fender 202 to resume the normal position.
In this embodiment: solid waste enters the upper charging barrel 1 through the feeding hopper 2, a first rotating shaft 104 and a feeding spiral blade 105 in the upper charging barrel 1 rotate to facilitate conveying the solid waste into the processing chamber 3 for smashing treatment, a first smashing roller set 304 rotates to enable the solid waste to be extruded and smashed for the first time, a pressing roller set 305 extrudes and smashes the wastes which are extruded and smashed, the wastes which are not smashed are extruded and smashed through a second smashing roller set 306 below, the processing effect of the solid waste is improved, meanwhile, a connecting chamber 302 is communicated with the lower end of the processing chamber 3, a sieving groove 303 is movably connected to the inner side wall of the connecting chamber 302, the sieving groove 303 rotates to sieve the wastes which are extruded and smashed, the wastes which are not smashed are prevented from being conveyed into the extruding chamber 5, a smashing shaft 307 is arranged above the sieving groove 303, the smashing shaft 307 rotates to drive a smashing blade 3071 to rotate, and the wastes which are not smashed are convenient to smash, make the processing quality of discarded object improve, be convenient for extrude the compression to solid waste, the lower extreme and the transport cylinder 4 intercommunication of connection chamber 302, the discarded object of garrulous screening is carried in extrusion chamber 5 through pushing away material spiral leaf 403, the rotatory link 604 that drives of lead screw 603 reciprocates with extrusion axle 501, start extrusion motor 504, make things convenient for rotatory stripper plate 502 to rotate downwards, conveniently extrude the discarded object in extrusion chamber 5, make the fluffy phenomenon can not appear in the middle part of discarded object, make extruded efficiency of material processing and quality improve, extrusion chamber 5 inside distance sensor 506 highly carries out real-time supervision to the discarded object, the position that the controller of being convenient for control link 604 removed.
As a technical optimization scheme of the utility model, the upper end and the lower end of the upper charging barrel 1 are respectively and movably connected with an upper end cover 101 and a lower end cover 102, the upper end surface of the upper end cover 101 is fixedly connected with a feeding motor 103, and the output end of the feeding motor 103 is fixedly connected with the upper end surface of a first rotating shaft 104.
In this embodiment: through upper end cover 101 and lower end cover 102 of upper and lower both ends difference swing joint at last feed cylinder 1, and then open upper end cover 101 and lower end cover 102, conveniently clear up and maintain the detection to last feed cylinder 1, start material loading motor 103, conveniently drive first rotation axis 104 and material loading spiral leaf 105 and rotate, be convenient for carry the solid waste material stir garrulous processing in the treatment chamber 3.
As a technical optimization scheme of the utility model, the right side of the upper end surface of the treatment cavity 3 is communicated with a dust remover 301.
In this embodiment: through the right side intercommunication at 3 up end of treatment chamber there is dust remover 301, and when treatment chamber 3 handled the waste material, produced a large amount of raise dusts, start dust remover 301, the clearance raise dust of further being convenient for.
As a technical optimization scheme of the utility model, the front side and the rear side of the connecting cavity 302 are respectively and fixedly connected with a stirring motor 309 and a sieving motor 308, the output end of the stirring motor 309 is fixedly connected with the front end face of the stirring shaft 307, and the output end of the sieving motor 308 is fixedly connected with the rear end face of the sieving groove 303.
In this embodiment: through both sides fixedly connected with stirring motor 309 and sieve at the front and back of connecting chamber 302 respectively and move motor 308, start sieve and move motor 308, conveniently drive sieve and move groove 303 and carry out the rotation about, be convenient for sieve the solid waste who stirs garrulous, make solid waste's treatment quality improve, start stirring garrulous motor 309 drive and stir garrulous axle 307 and rotate, conveniently stir garrulous sword 3071 and stir the bits of broken glass operation, guarantee that the solid waste who does not stir garrulous reaches thoroughly and stir garrulous effect.
As a technical optimization scheme of the present invention, a conveying motor 401 is fixedly connected to the left side of the conveying cylinder 4, and an output end of the conveying motor 401 is fixedly connected to the left end of the second rotating shaft 402.
In this embodiment: the conveying motor 401 is fixedly connected to the left side of the conveying cylinder 4, the conveying motor 401 is started, the second rotating shaft 402 and the pushing spiral blade 403 are further driven to rotate conveniently, and the crushed waste materials are conveyed into the extrusion cavity 5 to be extruded.
As a technical optimization scheme of the utility model, the upper end surface of the extrusion cavity 5 is movably connected with a connecting cover 505, and the distance sensor 506 is fixedly connected with the lower end surface of the connecting cover 505.
In this embodiment: through the up end swing joint at extrusion chamber 5 connecting cover 505, connecting cover 505 plays sealed effect, prevents that the garrulous raise dust of waste disposal stirring from flying to the outside, simultaneously, opens connecting cover 505 and conveniently takes out the solid compression rubbish that connects in the piece 507 greatly.
As a technical optimization scheme of the utility model, a bearing sleeve 503 is fixedly connected to the outer side wall of the extrusion shaft 501.
In this embodiment: the bearing sleeve 503 is fixedly connected to the outer side wall of the extrusion shaft 501, the bearing sleeve 503 has the effect of protecting the extrusion shaft 501, the torque of the extrusion shaft 501 is reduced, and the service life of the extrusion shaft 501 is prolonged.
As a technical optimization scheme of the utility model, the upper end surface of the driving frame 6 is fixedly connected with a driving motor 602, the upper end surface of the screw 603 is fixedly connected with the output end of the driving motor 602, and the connecting frame 604 is movably connected with the driving groove 601.
In this embodiment: the driving motor 602 is fixedly connected to the upper end face of the driving frame 6, the driving motor 602 is started, and the screw 603 is further driven to rotate, so that the connecting frame 604 can conveniently move up and down, and extrusion operation on wastes is facilitated.
The working principle is as follows: firstly, solid waste enters an upper charging barrel 1 through a feeding hopper 2, a first rotating shaft 104 and a feeding spiral blade 105 in the upper charging barrel 1 rotate to facilitate the conveying of the solid waste into a processing chamber 3 for carrying out crushing treatment, a first crushing roller group 304 rotates to enable the solid waste to be firstly extruded and crushed, a pressing roller group 305 extrudes and crushes the crushed waste, the non-crushed waste is extruded and crushed through a second crushing roller group 306 below, the treatment effect of the solid waste is improved, the solid waste is conveniently extruded and compressed, a connecting chamber 302 is communicated with the lower end of the processing chamber 3, a sieving groove 303 is movably connected to the inner side wall of the connecting chamber 302, the sieving groove 303 rotates to sieve the crushed waste, the non-crushed waste is prevented from being conveyed into an extruding chamber 5, a crushing shaft 307 is arranged above the sieving groove 303, and the crushing shaft 307 rotates to drive a crushing knife 3071 to rotate, be convenient for stir garrulous discarded object with not stirring garrulous, make the treatment quality of discarded object improve, the lower extreme and the transport cylinder 4 intercommunication of connection chamber 302, stir garrulous screening discarded object is carried in extrusion chamber 5 through pushing away material spiral leaf 403, the rotatory link 604 and the reciprocating of extrusion axle 501 of drive of lead screw 603, start extrusion motor 504, make things convenient for rotatory stripper plate 502 to rotate downwards, conveniently extrude the discarded object in extrusion chamber 5, make the middle part of discarded object fluffy phenomenon can not appear, make extruded efficiency of material processing and quality improve, extrusion chamber 5 inside distance sensor 506 carries out real-time supervision to the height of discarded object, the position that the controller control link 604 of being convenient for removed.
The present invention is not limited to the above preferred embodiments, and any modifications, equivalent substitutions and improvements made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. An extrusion apparatus for solid waste treatment, comprising a treatment chamber (3), characterized in that: an upper charging barrel (1) and an extrusion cavity (5) are respectively arranged above the left side of the treatment cavity (3) and below the right side of the treatment cavity, a conveying barrel (4) is arranged below the treatment cavity (3), and a driving frame (6) is arranged on the right side of the extrusion cavity (5);
a feed hopper (2) is arranged above the left end of the upper charging barrel (1), a first rotating shaft (104) is arranged inside the upper charging barrel (1), the outer side wall of the first rotating shaft (104) is fixedly connected with a feeding spiral blade (105), a feeding pipe (106) is communicated below the right end of the upper charging barrel (1), and the lower end face of the feeding pipe (106) is communicated with the upper end face of the treatment cavity (3);
the processing device is characterized in that a first crushing roller set (304), a pressing roller set (305) and a second crushing roller set (306) are sequentially arranged in the processing cavity (3) from top to bottom, the lower end of the processing cavity (3) is communicated with a connecting cavity (302), a screening groove (303) is movably connected to the lower part of the inner part of the connecting cavity (302), a crushing shaft (307) is arranged above the screening groove (303), a plurality of uniformly distributed crushing knives (3071) are fixedly connected to the outer side wall of the crushing shaft (307), and the lower end face of the connecting cavity (302) is communicated with the upper end face of the conveying cylinder (4);
a second rotating shaft (402) is arranged in the conveying cylinder (4), a pushing spiral blade (403) is fixed on the outer side wall of the second rotating shaft (402), and the right end of the conveying cylinder (4) is communicated with the upper part of the left side of the extrusion cavity (5);
the automatic feeding device is characterized in that a containing piece (507) is arranged in the extrusion cavity (5), an extrusion shaft (501) is arranged in the containing piece (507), a rotary extrusion plate (502) is fixedly connected to the lower end face of the extrusion shaft (501), a distance sensor (506) is arranged above the left side in the extrusion cavity (5), a driving groove (601) is formed in the left side of the driving frame (6), a lead screw (603) is arranged in the middle of the driving groove (601), a connecting frame (604) is in threaded connection with the outer side wall of the lead screw (603), an extrusion motor (504) is fixedly connected to the upper end face of the connecting frame (604), the upper end face of the extrusion shaft (501) is fixedly connected to the output end of the extrusion motor (504), movable baffles (202) are movably connected to the left side and the right side in the feeding hopper (2), and reset springs (201) are fixedly connected to the lower end face of the movable baffles (202), the other end of the reset spring (201) is fixedly connected with the inner side wall of the feed hopper (2).
2. The pressing apparatus for solid waste treatment according to claim 1, wherein: the upper end and the lower end of the upper charging barrel (1) are respectively and movably connected with an upper end cover (101) and a lower end cover (102), the upper end face of the upper end cover (101) is fixedly connected with a feeding motor (103), and the output end of the feeding motor (103) is fixedly connected with the upper end face of a first rotating shaft (104).
3. The pressing apparatus for solid waste treatment according to claim 1, wherein: the right side of the upper end surface of the processing cavity (3) is communicated with a dust remover (301).
4. The pressing apparatus for solid waste treatment according to claim 1, wherein: the front side and the rear side of the connecting cavity (302) are respectively and fixedly connected with a stirring motor (309) and a sieving motor (308), the output end of the stirring motor (309) is fixedly connected with the front end face of a stirring shaft (307), and the output end of the sieving motor (308) is fixedly connected with the rear end face of a sieving groove (303).
5. The pressing apparatus for solid waste treatment according to claim 1, wherein: the left side fixedly connected with conveying motor (401) of conveying section of thick bamboo (4), the output of conveying motor (401) and the left end fixed connection of second rotation axis (402).
6. The pressing apparatus for solid waste treatment according to claim 1, wherein: the upper end face of the extrusion cavity (5) is movably connected with a connecting cover (505), and the distance sensor (506) is fixedly connected with the lower end face of the connecting cover (505).
7. The pressing apparatus for solid waste treatment according to claim 1, wherein: and the outer side wall of the extrusion shaft (501) is fixedly connected with a bearing sleeve (503).
8. The pressing apparatus for solid waste treatment according to claim 1, wherein: the upper end face of the driving frame (6) is fixedly connected with a driving motor (602), the upper end face of the screw rod (603) is fixedly connected with the output end of the driving motor (602), and the connecting frame (604) is movably connected with the driving groove (601).
CN202011052712.XA 2020-09-29 2020-09-29 Extrusion equipment for solid waste treatment Active CN112206866B (en)

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CN114131993B (en) * 2021-09-26 2023-12-12 盐城浦源科技有限公司 Honeycomb active carbon forming device

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CN110152784A (en) * 2019-05-24 2019-08-23 苏州工业职业技术学院 A kind of household garbage grinder
CN210146092U (en) * 2019-05-10 2020-03-17 苏州诺易新环保科技有限公司 Solid waste extrusion equipment
CN210965418U (en) * 2019-11-08 2020-07-10 重庆市宙鑫新能源科技有限责任公司 Agricultural and forestry waste recycling device

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203610193U (en) * 2013-12-06 2014-05-28 碎得机械(北京)有限公司 High rotation speed fine crusher for dangerous wastes
CN207238177U (en) * 2017-08-31 2018-04-17 寿光园林建设集团有限公司 A kind of garden waste reducing mechanism
CN208495357U (en) * 2018-05-31 2019-02-15 郑州奥托柯蓝机械设备有限公司 A kind of integration solid waste material treating device
CN109675673A (en) * 2019-03-07 2019-04-26 陈西湖 A kind of solid waste secure processing device
CN210146092U (en) * 2019-05-10 2020-03-17 苏州诺易新环保科技有限公司 Solid waste extrusion equipment
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CN210965418U (en) * 2019-11-08 2020-07-10 重庆市宙鑫新能源科技有限责任公司 Agricultural and forestry waste recycling device

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