CN112121909A - Construction waste crushing and grading treatment device - Google Patents

Construction waste crushing and grading treatment device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112121909A
CN112121909A CN202010964933.8A CN202010964933A CN112121909A CN 112121909 A CN112121909 A CN 112121909A CN 202010964933 A CN202010964933 A CN 202010964933A CN 112121909 A CN112121909 A CN 112121909A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixedly connected
grinding wheel
crushing
box
crushing box
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN202010964933.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
熊弟秀
Original Assignee
熊弟秀
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Application filed by 熊弟秀 filed Critical 熊弟秀
Priority to CN202010964933.8A priority Critical patent/CN112121909A/en
Publication of CN112121909A publication Critical patent/CN112121909A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • B02C4/08Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers with co-operating corrugated or toothed crushing-rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/0039Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours with flow guiding by feed or discharge devices
    • B01D46/0041Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours with flow guiding by feed or discharge devices for feeding
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/10Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using filter plates, sheets or pads having plane surfaces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/66Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements inside the filter
    • B01D46/68Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements inside the filter by means acting on the cake side involving movement with regard to the filter elements
    • B01D46/681Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements inside the filter by means acting on the cake side involving movement with regard to the filter elements by scrapers, brushes or the like
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/14Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with more than one separator
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/18Adding fluid, other than for crushing or disintegrating by fluid energy
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/286Feeding devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C1/00Magnetic separation
    • B03C1/02Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated
    • B03C1/30Combinations with other devices, not otherwise provided for
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material
    • B02C2023/165Screen denying egress of oversize material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Abstract

The invention discloses a construction waste crushing and grading treatment device which comprises a crushing box and a dust removal structure, wherein the top end of the crushing box is fixedly connected with a feeding hopper, the inside of the crushing box is rotatably connected with a first rough grinding wheel and a second rough grinding wheel through a first rotating shaft at the lower side of the feeding hopper, the first rough grinding wheel is arranged at the right side of the second rough grinding wheel, the first rotating shaft extends to the rear side of the crushing box, and a first gear and a second gear are respectively and fixedly connected behind the first rough grinding wheel and the second rough grinding wheel and are meshed with each other; the invention can remove iron garbage in the construction garbage, prolong the service life of equipment, improve the crushing quality and uniformity of the construction garbage, improve the crushing efficiency and the screening efficiency, and can collect dust generated in the crushing process, improve the quality of the surrounding environment of a working area, avoid environmental pollution and improve the environmental protection property of the use.

Description

Construction waste crushing and grading treatment device
Technical Field
The invention particularly relates to the technical field of building garbage crushing, and particularly relates to a building garbage crushing and grading treatment device.
Background
The construction waste refers to residue, waste soil, waste material, residual mud and other wastes generated in the process of constructing, laying, dismantling and repairing various buildings, structures, pipe networks and the like by construction and construction units or individuals.
Through retrieval, the Chinese patent publication No. CN107824265A discloses a construction waste crushing and grading treatment device, which roughly comprises a device body, wherein the top of the device body is provided with a feed hopper, the inner wall of the bottom of the device body is welded with a support column, the top of the support column is welded with an installation plate, the installation plate is rotatably provided with two connection shafts, and the connection shafts are sleeved with crushing wheels; the invention realizes the crushing and screening of the construction waste, improves the waste treatment efficiency, does not generate dust and protects the environment.
Its in use discovers the easy absorption dust on the filter, and too much dust adsorbs and causes the jam of filter on the filter, influences its effect to the dust absorption, contains iron refuse in addition among the building rubbish, when smashing the wheel and smashing building rubbish when, the iron refuse among the building rubbish damages easily and smashes the wheel to increased its cost of maintenance, reduced its kibbling efficiency.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the defects in the prior art and provides a construction waste crushing and grading treatment device.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
a construction waste crushing and grading treatment device comprises a crushing box and a dust removing structure, wherein a feeding hopper is fixedly connected to the top end of the crushing box, a first coarse crushing wheel and a second coarse crushing wheel are rotatably connected to the lower side of the feeding hopper in the crushing box through a first rotating shaft, the first coarse crushing wheel is arranged on the right side of the second coarse crushing wheel, the first rotating shaft extends to the rear side of the crushing box and is fixedly connected with a first gear and a second gear respectively behind the first coarse crushing wheel and the second coarse crushing wheel, the first gear is meshed with the second gear, a first motor is fixedly connected to the front end of the crushing box in front of the first coarse crushing wheel, the output end of the first motor extends to the inside of the crushing box and is fixedly connected with the front end of a first rotating shaft on the first coarse crushing wheel, a first guide plate is arranged below the middle of the first coarse crushing wheel and the second coarse crushing wheel in the crushing box, a first fine grinding wheel and a second fine grinding wheel are rotatably connected to the right lower part of the first guide plate in the crushing box through a second rotating shaft, the first fine grinding wheel is arranged on the right side of the second fine grinding wheel, one end of the second rotating shaft extending to the rear side of the box body is fixedly connected with a third gear and a fourth gear respectively on the rear sides of the first fine grinding wheel and the second fine grinding wheel, the third gear and the fourth gear are meshed, the rear end of the third gear is fixedly connected with a first transmission wheel, a third fine grinding wheel and a fourth fine grinding wheel are rotatably connected to the left lower part of the first guide plate in the crushing box through a third rotating shaft, the third fine grinding wheel is arranged on the right side of the fourth fine grinding wheel, one end of the third rotating shaft extending to the rear side of the box body is fixedly connected with a fifth gear and a sixth gear respectively on the rear sides of the third fine grinding wheel and the fourth fine grinding wheel, and the fifth gear is meshed with the sixth gear, the rear end of the fifth gear is fixedly connected with a second driving wheel, the second driving wheel is in transmission connection with the first driving wheel through a conveyor belt, the front end of the crushing box is fixedly connected with a second motor at the front side of a second rotating shaft on the first fine crushing wheel, the output end of the second motor extends into the crushing box and is fixedly connected with the front end of the second rotating shaft on the first fine crushing wheel, a second guide plate is fixedly connected to the side wall of the inner part of the crushing box below the first fine crushing wheel, the left end of the crushing box is provided with a first discharge hole below the guide plate, the inner part of the crushing box is connected with a sieve plate in a sliding manner below the second guide plate, the left end of the sieve plate is inserted into the inner part of the first discharge hole and extends to the right side of the crushing box, the front end of the crushing box is provided with a second discharge hole below the second guide plate, and the top end of the crushing box is connected with an impurity removing structure at the left side of, the top side of the right end of the crushing box is fixedly connected with a dust removing structure.
Further, the impurity removing structure comprises a material storage hopper, a third motor is fixedly connected to the left side of the front end of the material storage hopper, an output end of the third motor extends to the inside of the material storage hopper and is fixedly connected with a stirring shaft, the rear end of the stirring shaft is rotatably connected with the rear side wall of the inside of the material storage hopper, stirring blades are fixedly connected to the outer side of the stirring shaft, a impurity discharging pipe is connected to the bottom end of the material storage hopper, a first valve is arranged on the impurity discharging pipe, electromagnets are fixedly connected to the left side and the right side of the bottom end of the material storage hopper on the left side and the right side of the impurity discharging pipe respectively, a first fixing lug is fixedly connected to the right side of the bottom end of the material storage hopper, a second fixing lug is fixedly connected to the left side of the material storage hopper on the top end of the crushing box, the first fixing lug is rotatably connected with the second fixing lug through a fourth rotating shaft, a third fixing lug is fixedly, the upside fixedly connected with fixed plate of the left end of smashing the case, the fixed ear of top fixedly connected with fourth of fixed plate, the fixed ear of fourth is connected with the one end rotation that third fixed ear was kept away from to electronic jar.
Further, the dust removing structure comprises a dust removing box, the left end of the dust removing box is fixedly connected with the upper side of the right end of the crushing box, the upper side of the right end of the dust removing box is connected with a dust collecting pipe, the left end of the dust collecting pipe extends to the inside of the crushing box and is connected with a dust collecting cover, the right end of the dust collecting pipe is connected with a fixed pipe, a supporting plate is fixedly connected to the lower portion of the fixed pipe on the right side wall of the inside of the dust collecting box, the left side of the top end of the supporting plate is fixedly connected with a connecting frame, a shaft sleeve is embedded in the middle of the connecting frame, the left end of the shaft sleeve is rotatably connected with a filter plate outside the shaft sleeve through screws, the left end of the transmission shaft extends to the left side of the filter plate and is fixedly connected with a rotating plate, one end of the rotating plate close to the filter plate, the right-hand member fixedly connected with fourth motor of shrouding, the right-hand member of transmission shaft extend to the right side of shrouding and the output fixed connection of fourth motor, and the bottom of fixed pipe is connected with the exhaust pipe, and the outside of transmission shaft is in the inside fixedly connected with flabellum of fixed pipe, and the flabellum setting is in the left side of exhaust pipe.
Furthermore, the bottom of dust removal case is connected with row material pipe, arranges and is provided with the second valve on the material pipe.
Furthermore, a vibration motor is fixedly connected to the middle of the bottom end of the second material guide plate.
Furthermore, the bottom end of the fixed plate is fixedly connected with a rib plate, and the right end of the rib plate is fixedly connected with the left end of the crushing box.
Furthermore, a collecting box is placed at the bottom end of the interior of the crushing box.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the third motor drives the stirring shaft to rotate, the stirring shaft rotates to stir the stirring blade to rotate, the stirring blade rotates to stir the construction waste in the storage hopper, and the iron waste contained in the construction waste is adsorbed on the surface of the storage hopper through the electromagnet, so that the iron waste in the construction waste is effectively prevented from entering the crushing box to damage the first coarse crushing wheel, the second coarse crushing wheel, the first fine crushing wheel, the second fine crushing wheel, the third fine crushing wheel and the fourth fine crushing wheel, and the service lives of the first coarse crushing wheel, the second coarse crushing wheel, the first fine crushing wheel, the second fine crushing wheel, the third fine crushing wheel and the fourth fine crushing wheel are prolonged.
2. Carry out coarse crushing through first coarse crushing wheel and second coarse grinding wheel to building rubbish, grind the wheel through first thin crushing wheel, second thin crushing wheel, third thin crushing wheel and the fine grinding wheel of fourth and carry out fine crushing to building rubbish, improved the kibbling quality and the homogeneity of building rubbish, improved kibbling efficiency to carry out screening classification to the building rubbish after smashing through the sieve, drive the sieve vibration through the vibrating pump and accelerated the efficiency to smashing rubbish screening.
3. Drive the transmission shaft through the fourth motor and rotate the transmission shaft and drive the fan and rotate, the fan rotates the air that makes the dust removal case and discharges through the blast pipe, along with the reduction of dust removal incasement gas pressure, make the air that contains the dust in the crushing incasement fill through the dust absorption and get into the dust removal incasement, filter the air that contains the dust through the filter, thereby collect the dust that produces to crushing in-process, the quality of work area surrounding environment has been improved, the pollution of environment has been avoided, the feature of environmental protection of its use has been improved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a construction waste crushing and grading treatment device according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic front view of a crushing box of the construction waste crushing and grading treatment device according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic rear view of a crushing box of the construction waste crushing and grading treatment device according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a front cross section of a dust removing structure of a construction waste crushing and grading treatment device according to the present invention;
fig. 5 is a front sectional structural diagram of an impurity removing structure of the construction waste crushing and grading treatment device provided by the invention.
In the figure: 1. a crushing box; 2. a dust removal structure; 3. a hopper; 4. a first rough grinding wheel; 5. a second rough grinding wheel; 6. a first gear; 7. a second gear; 8. a first motor; 9. a first baffle; 10. a first fine grinding wheel; 11. a second fine grinding wheel; 12. a third gear; 13. a fourth gear; 14. a first drive pulley; 15. a third fine grinding wheel; 16. a fourth fine grinding wheel; 17. a fifth gear; 18. a sixth gear; 19. a second transmission wheel; 20. a conveyor belt; 21. a second material guide plate; 22. a first discharge port; 23. a sieve plate; 24. a second discharge port; 25. an impurity removal structure; 26. a storage hopper; 27. a third motor; 28. a stirring shaft; 29. a stirring blade; 30. a trash removal pipe; 31. a first valve; 32. an electromagnet; 33. a first fixing lug; 34. a second fixing lug; 35. a third fixing lug; 36. an electric cylinder; 37. a fixing plate; 38. a fourth fixing lug; 39. a dust removal box; 40. a dust collection pipe; 41. a dust hood; 42. a fixed tube; 43. a support plate; 44. a connecting frame; 45. a shaft sleeve; 46. a drive shaft; 47. a filter plate; 48. rotating the plate; 49. brushing; 50. closing the plate; 51. a fourth motor; 52. an exhaust duct; 53. a fan blade; 54. a discharge pipe; 55. a second valve; 56. vibrating a motor; 57. a rib plate; 58. a collection box; 59. a second motor.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments.
In the description of this patent, it is noted that unless otherwise specifically stated or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "disposed" are to be construed broadly and can include, for example, fixedly connected, disposed, detachably connected, disposed, or integrally connected and disposed. The specific meaning of the above terms in this patent may be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art as appropriate.
Referring to fig. 1 to 5, a construction waste crushing and grading treatment apparatus includes a crushing box 1 and a dust removing structure 2, a hopper 3 is fixedly connected to the top end of the crushing box 1, a first coarse grinding wheel 4 and a second coarse grinding wheel 5 are rotatably connected to the inside of the crushing box 1 at the lower side of the hopper 3 through a first rotating shaft, the first coarse grinding wheel 4 is disposed at the right side of the second coarse grinding wheel 5, the first rotating shaft extends to the rear side of the crushing box 1 and is fixedly connected to a first gear 6 and a second gear 7 respectively at the rear sides of the first coarse grinding wheel 4 and the second coarse grinding wheel 5, the first gear 6 and the second gear 7 are engaged with each other, a first motor 8 is fixedly connected to the front end of the crushing box 1 at the front side of the first coarse grinding wheel 4, the first motor 8 has a model number of Y225M-4, the output end of the first motor 8 extends to the inside of the crushing box 1 and is fixedly connected to the front end of the first rotating shaft on the first coarse grinding wheel 4, a first guide plate 9 is arranged in the crushing box 1 below the middle of the first coarse crushing wheel 4 and the second coarse crushing wheel 5 so as to enable the building garbage after coarse crushing to fall between the first fine crushing wheel 10 and the second fine crushing wheel 11 or between the third fine crushing wheel 15 and the fourth fine crushing wheel 16 for fine crushing, the first fine crushing wheel 10 and the second fine crushing wheel 11 are rotatably connected in the crushing box 1 at the lower right side of the first guide plate 9 through a second rotating shaft, the first fine crushing wheel 10 is arranged at the right side of the second fine crushing wheel 11, one end of the second rotating shaft extending to the rear side of the box body is fixedly connected with a third gear 12 and a fourth gear 13 at the rear side of the first fine crushing wheel 10 and the second fine crushing wheel 11 respectively, the third gear 12 is meshed with the fourth gear 13, the first transmission wheel 14 is fixedly connected at the rear end of the third gear 12, the third fine crushing wheel 15 and the fourth fine crushing wheel 15 are rotatably connected in the crushing box 1 at the lower left side of the first guide plate 9 through a third rotating shaft, and fine crushing wheel 14 is connected in the crushing box 1 A fine grinding wheel 16, a third fine grinding wheel 15 is arranged at the right side of the fourth fine grinding wheel 16, one end of a third rotating shaft extending to the rear side of the box body is fixedly connected with a fifth gear 17 and a sixth gear 18 at the rear sides of the third fine grinding wheel 15 and the fourth fine grinding wheel 16 respectively, the fifth gear 17 is meshed with the sixth gear 18, the rear end of the fifth gear 17 is fixedly connected with a second driving wheel 19, the second driving wheel 19 is in transmission connection with a first driving wheel 14 through a conveyor belt 20, the front end of the crushing box 1 is fixedly connected with a second motor 59 at the front side of a second rotating shaft on the first fine grinding wheel 10, the model of the second motor 59 is Y225M-4, the output end of the second motor 59 extends to the inside of the crushing box 1 and is fixedly connected with the front end of the second rotating shaft on the first fine grinding wheel 10, a second material guide plate 21 is fixedly connected to the side wall of the inside of the crushing box 1 below the first fine grinding wheel 10, the finely crushed garbage falls to the center of the sieve plate 23, the vibration motor 56 is fixedly connected to the middle of the bottom end of the second guide plate 21, the model of the vibration motor 56 is XP-0.28, the sieve plate 23 is driven to vibrate by the vibration pump, the screening of the crushed building garbage is accelerated, the screening efficiency is improved, the first discharge hole 22 is formed in the left end of the crushing box 1 below the guide plate, the screened larger building garbage particles are collected through the first discharge hole, the sieve plate 23 is connected to the inside of the crushing box 1 below the second guide plate 21 in a sliding manner, the left end of the sieve plate 23 is inserted into the first discharge hole 22 and extends to the right side of the crushing box 1, the second discharge hole 24 is formed in the front end of the crushing box 1 below the second guide plate 21, the collecting box 58 is placed at the bottom end of the inside of the crushing box 1, and the building garbage screened from the sieve plate 23 is collected through the collecting box 58, the collecting box 58 is taken out through the second discharging hole 24, the crushed fine garbage collected in the collecting box 58 is treated and utilized, the top end of the crushing box 1 is connected with an impurity removing structure 25 on the left side of the feeding hopper 3, and the top side of the right end of the crushing box 1 is fixedly connected with a dust removing structure 2.
It should be further noted that the impurity removing structure 25 includes a storage hopper 26, a third motor 27 is fixedly connected to the left side of the front end of the storage hopper 26, the model of the third motor 27 is Y80M1-2, an output end of the third motor 27 extends to the interior of the storage hopper 26 and is fixedly connected with a stirring shaft 28, the rear end of the stirring shaft 28 is rotatably connected with the rear side wall of the interior of the storage hopper 26, the outer side of the stirring shaft 28 is fixedly connected with a stirring blade 29, the bottom end of the storage hopper 26 is connected with an impurity discharging pipe 30, the impurity discharging pipe 30 is provided with a first valve 31, the first valve 31 is opened and a ground magnet is closed, the iron refuse adsorbed on the surface of the storage hopper 26 is discharged through the impurity discharging pipe 30, the iron refuse is collected by an iron refuse collecting tool below the impurity discharging pipe 30, the bottom end of the storage hopper 26 is fixedly connected with electromagnets 32 on the left side and the right side of the impurity discharging pipe 30, the right side of the bottom end of, the top end of the crushing box 1 is fixedly connected with a second fixing lug 34 on the left side of the feeding hopper 3, the first fixing lug 33 is rotatably connected with the second fixing lug 34 through a fourth rotating shaft, the bottom end of the material storage hopper 26 is fixedly connected with a third fixing lug 35 on the left side of the first fixing lug 33, one end, far away from the material storage hopper 26, of the third fixing lug 35 is rotatably connected with an electric cylinder 36, the upper side of the left end of the crushing box 1 is fixedly connected with a fixing plate 37, the bottom end of the fixing plate 37 is fixedly connected with a rib plate 57, the right end of the rib plate 57 is fixedly connected with the left end of the crushing box 1, the stability of the connection between the fixing plate 37 and the crushing box 1 is improved, the top end of the fixing plate 37 is fixedly connected with a fourth fixing lug 38, the fourth fixing lug 38 is rotatably connected with one end, far away from the third fixing lug 35, of the stirring shaft 28 is driven to rotate, the stirring blade 29 rotates to stir the construction waste in the storage hopper 26, the iron waste contained in the construction waste is adsorbed on the surface of the storage hopper 26 through the electromagnet 32, thereby effectively preventing the iron waste in the construction waste from entering the crushing box 1 to damage the first coarse grinding wheel 4, the second coarse grinding wheel 5, the first fine grinding wheel 10, the second fine grinding wheel 11, the third fine grinding wheel 15 and the fourth fine grinding wheel 16, prolonging the service life of the first coarse grinding wheel 4, the second coarse grinding wheel 5, the first fine grinding wheel 10, the second fine grinding wheel 11, the third fine grinding wheel 15 and the fourth fine grinding wheel 16, pushing the storage hopper 26 to rotate around the first fixing lug 33 through the electric cylinder 36, and pouring the construction waste in the storage hopper 26 into the crushing box 1 for crushing treatment, the dust removing structure 2 comprises a dust removing box 39, the bottom end of the dust removing box 39 is connected with a discharging pipe 54, the material discharging pipe 54 is provided with a second valve 55, the second valve 55 is opened, dust in the dust removing box 39 is convenient to collect through the material discharging pipe 54, the left end of the dust removing box 39 is fixedly connected with the upper side of the right end of the crushing box 1, the upper side of the right end of the dust removing box 39 is connected with a dust suction pipe 40, the left end of the dust suction pipe 40 extends to the inside of the crushing box 1 and is connected with a dust suction cover 41, the right end of the dust suction pipe 40 is connected with a fixed pipe 42, the right side wall of the inside of the dust suction box is fixedly connected with a support plate 43 below the fixed pipe 42, the left side of the top end of the support plate 43 is fixedly connected with a connecting frame 44, a shaft sleeve 45 is embedded in the middle position of the connecting frame 44, the left end of the connecting frame 44, which is rotatably connected with a transmission shaft 46, is connected with a filter plate 47 outside the shaft sleeve 45 through screws, the end of the rotating plate 48 close to the filter plate 47 is fixedly connected with brush bristles 49, the right end of the brush bristles 49 contacts with the left end of the filter plate 47, the right end of the fixed tube 42 is fixedly connected with a sealing plate 50, the right end of the sealing plate 50 is fixedly connected with a fourth motor 51, the model of the fourth motor 51 is Y90S-2, the right end of the transmission shaft 46 extends to the right side of the sealing plate 50 and is fixedly connected with the output end of the fourth motor 51, the bottom end of the fixed tube 42 is connected with an exhaust tube 52, the outer side of the transmission shaft 46 is fixedly connected with fan blades 53 inside the fixed tube 42, the fan blades 53 are arranged on the left side of the exhaust tube 52, the transmission shaft 46 is driven by the fourth motor 51 to rotate the transmission shaft 46 to drive the fan to rotate, the fan rotates to discharge the air in the dust removal box 39 through the exhaust tube, along with the reduction of the air pressure in the dust removal box 39, the, therefore, dust generated in the crushing process is collected, the quality of the surrounding environment of a working area is improved, the environmental pollution is avoided, and the environmental protection performance of the crusher is improved.
The first motor 8, the second motor 59, the third motor 27, the fourth motor 51 and the vibration motor 56 in this embodiment are all publicly known devices purchased from the market, and we only use them here, and do not improve them in structure and function, and we will not describe here in detail, and the first motor 8, the second motor 59, the third motor 27, the fourth motor 51 and the vibration motor 56 are provided with control switches matched with them, and the installation positions of the control switches are selected according to actual use requirements, so that the operator can conveniently perform operation control.
The working principle of the embodiment is as follows: when the garbage crusher is used, firstly, building garbage is put into the storage hopper 26, then the third motor 27 and the electromagnet 32 are started, the stirring shaft 28 is driven to rotate by the third motor 27, the stirring blade 29 is driven to rotate by the rotation of the stirring shaft 28, the stirring blade 29 is driven to stir the building garbage in the storage hopper 26, the iron garbage contained in the building garbage is adsorbed on the surface of the storage hopper 26 by the electromagnet 32, after the iron garbage in the building garbage is adsorbed on the surface of the storage hopper 26, the electric cylinder 36, the first motor 8, the second motor 59, the fourth motor 51 and the vibrating motor 56 are started, the electric cylinder 36 pushes the storage hopper 26 to rotate around the first fixing lug 33, so that the building garbage in the storage hopper 26 falls into the crushing box 1 from the feeding hopper 3, the building garbage is coarsely crushed by the first coarse crushing wheel 4 and the second coarse crushing wheel 5, and the first fine crushing wheel 10, the second fine crushing wheel 11, the second coarse crushing wheel 5, the second fine crushing wheel 10, The third fine grinding wheel 15 and the fourth fine grinding wheel 16 finely grind the construction waste, the finely ground construction waste falls between the first coarse grinding wheel 4 and the second coarse grinding wheel 5, the first coarse grinding wheel 4 is driven to rotate by the first motor 8, the second coarse grinding wheel 5 is driven to rotate by the engagement of the first gear 6 and the second gear 7, so that the first coarse grinding wheel 4 and the second coarse grinding wheel 5 coarsely grind the construction waste, the coarsely ground construction waste falls between the first fine grinding wheel 10 and the second fine grinding wheel 11 or between the third fine grinding wheel 15 and the fourth fine grinding wheel 16 by the first deflector 9, the first fine grinding wheel 10 is driven to rotate by the second motor 59, the first fine grinding wheel 10 is driven to rotate by the engagement of the third gear 12 and the fourth gear 13, the second fine grinding wheel 11 is driven to rotate, the first fine grinding wheel 10 is driven to rotate by the first driving wheel 14 and the second driving wheel 19, the third fine grinding wheel 15 rotates to rotate the fourth fine grinding wheel 16 through the rotation of the fifth gear 17 and the sixth gear 18, so that the first fine grinding wheel 10 and the second fine grinding wheel 11, and the third fine grinding wheel 15 and the fourth fine grinding wheel 16 finely grind the coarsely ground construction waste, the finely ground construction waste drops the second guide plate onto the screen plate 23, the screen plate 23 is driven by the vibrating motor to vibrate to accelerate the screening speed of the construction waste, the fine ground particles drop into the collection box 58 through the screen plate 23, the larger particles are discharged from the first discharge port 22, the transmission shaft 46 is driven by the fourth motor 51 to rotate the transmission shaft 46 to drive the fan to rotate while the construction waste is ground, the fan rotates to discharge the air in the dust removal box 39 through the exhaust pipe, and the air in the dust removal box 1 enters the dust removal box 39 through the dust removal hopper as the pressure in the dust removal box 39 is reduced, the air containing dust is filtered through the filter plate 47, so that the dust generated in the crushing process is collected, the quality of the surrounding environment of a working area is improved, the pollution to the environment is avoided, and the environmental friendliness of the use is improved.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art should be considered to be within the technical scope of the present invention, and the technical solutions and the inventive concepts thereof according to the present invention should be equivalent or changed within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a hierarchical processing apparatus is smashed to construction waste which characterized in that: comprises a crushing box (1) and a dust removing structure (2), wherein the top end of the crushing box (1) is fixedly connected with a feeding hopper (3), the inside of the crushing box (1) is rotatably connected with a first rough grinding wheel (4) and a second rough grinding wheel (5) at the lower side of the feeding hopper (3) through a first rotating shaft, the first rough grinding wheel (4) is arranged at the right side of the second rough grinding wheel (5), the first rotating shaft extends to the rear side of the crushing box (1) and is respectively fixedly connected with a first gear (6) and a second gear (7) at the rear sides of the first rough grinding wheel (4) and the second rough grinding wheel (5), the first gear (6) and the second gear (7) are meshed with each other, the front end of the crushing box (1) is fixedly connected with a first motor (8) in front of the first rough grinding wheel (4), the output end of the first motor (8) extends to the inside of the crushing box (1) and is fixedly connected with the front end of the first rotating shaft on the first rough grinding wheel (4), a first guide plate (9) is arranged below the middle of a first coarse grinding wheel (4) and a second coarse grinding wheel (5) in the grinding box (1), a first fine grinding wheel (10) and a second fine grinding wheel (11) are rotatably connected to the lower right side of the first guide plate (9) in the grinding box (1) through a second rotating shaft, the first fine grinding wheel (10) is arranged on the right side of the second fine grinding wheel (11), one end of the second rotating shaft extending to the rear side of the box body is fixedly connected with a third gear (12) and a fourth gear (13) respectively at the rear sides of the first fine grinding wheel (10) and the second fine grinding wheel (11), the third gear (12) is meshed with the fourth gear (13), a first transmission wheel (14) is fixedly connected to the rear end of the third gear (12), a third fine grinding wheel (15) and a fourth fine grinding wheel (16) are rotatably connected to the lower left side of the first guide plate (9) in the grinding box (1), a third fine grinding wheel (15) is arranged at the right side of a fourth fine grinding wheel (16), one end of a third rotating shaft extending to the rear side of the box body is fixedly connected with a fifth gear (17) and a sixth gear (18) at the rear sides of the third fine grinding wheel (15) and the fourth fine grinding wheel (16), the fifth gear (17) is meshed with the sixth gear (18), the rear end of the fifth gear (17) is fixedly connected with a second driving wheel (19), the second driving wheel (19) is in transmission connection with a first driving wheel (14) through a conveyor belt (20), the front end of the crushing box (1) is fixedly connected with a second motor (59) at the front side of a second rotating shaft on the first fine grinding wheel (10), the output end of the second motor (59) extends to the inside of the crushing box (1) and is fixedly connected with the front end of the second rotating shaft on the first fine grinding wheel (10), and a second guide plate is fixedly connected with the lower part of the first fine grinding wheel (10) on the side wall of the inside of the crushing box (1) 21) A first discharge hole (22) is formed in the left end of the crushing box (1) below the material guide plate, a sieve plate (23) is slidably connected to the inner portion of the crushing box (1) below the second material guide plate (21), the left end of the sieve plate (23) is inserted into the first discharge hole (22) and extends to the right side of the crushing box (1), a second discharge hole (24) is formed in the front end of the crushing box (1) below the second material guide plate (21), an impurity removing structure (25) is connected to the left side of the charging hopper (3) at the top end of the crushing box (1), and a dust removing structure (2) is fixedly connected to the top side of the right end of the crushing box (1);
the impurity removing structure (25) comprises a material storage hopper (26), a third motor (27) is fixedly connected to the left side of the front end of the material storage hopper (26), an output end of the third motor (27) extends to the inner portion of the material storage hopper (26) and is fixedly connected with a stirring shaft (28), the rear end of the stirring shaft (28) is rotatably connected with the rear side wall of the inner portion of the material storage hopper (26), stirring blades (29) are fixedly connected to the outer side of the stirring shaft (28), the bottom end of the material storage hopper (26) is connected with a impurity discharging pipe (30), a first valve (31) is arranged on the impurity discharging pipe (30), electromagnets (32) are fixedly connected to the bottom end of the material storage hopper (26) on the left side and the right side of the impurity discharging pipe (30), a first fixing lug (33) is fixedly connected to the right side of the bottom end of the material storage hopper (26), and a second fixing lug (34) is fixedly connected to the top end, the first fixing lug (33) is rotatably connected with the second fixing lug (34) through a fourth rotating shaft, the bottom end of the material storage hopper (26) is fixedly connected with a third fixing lug (35) on the left side of the first fixing lug (33), one end, far away from the material storage hopper (26), of the third fixing lug (35) is rotatably connected with an electric cylinder (36), the upper side of the left end of the crushing box (1) is fixedly connected with a fixing plate (37), the top end of the fixing plate (37) is fixedly connected with a fourth fixing lug (38), and the fourth fixing lug (38) is rotatably connected with one end, far away from the third fixing lug (35), of the electric cylinder (36);
the dust removal structure (2) comprises a dust removal box (39), the left end of the dust removal box (39) is fixedly connected with the upper side of the right end of the crushing box (1), the upper side of the right end of the dust removal box (39) is connected with a dust suction pipe (40), the left end of the dust suction pipe (40) extends to the inner part of the crushing box (1) and is connected with a dust suction hood (41), the right end of the dust suction pipe (40) is connected with a fixed pipe (42), a supporting plate (43) is fixedly connected to the lower part of the fixed pipe (42) on the right side wall of the inner part of the dust suction box, a connecting frame (44) is fixedly connected to the left side of the top end of the supporting plate (43), a shaft sleeve (45) is embedded in the middle position of the connecting frame (44), the left end of the connecting frame (44) connected with a transmission shaft (46) in the inner part of the shaft sleeve (45) in a rotating manner is connected with a filter plate (47) through screws, the one end fixedly connected with brush hair (49) that commentaries on classics board (48) are close to filter (47), the right-hand member of brush hair (49) and the left end contact of filter (47), right-hand member fixedly connected with shrouding (50) of fixed pipe (42), the right-hand member fixedly connected with fourth motor (51) of shrouding (50), the right-hand member of transmission shaft (46) extends to the right side of shrouding (50) and the output fixed connection of fourth motor (51), the bottom of fixed pipe (42) is connected with exhaust pipe (52), the outside of transmission shaft (46) is at the inside fixedly connected with flabellum (53) of fixed pipe (42), flabellum (53) set up the left side at exhaust pipe (52).
2. The construction waste crushing and grading treatment device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the bottom end of the dust removal box (39) is connected with a material discharge pipe (54), and a second valve (55) is arranged on the material discharge pipe (54).
3. The construction waste crushing and grading treatment device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the middle part of the bottom end of the second material guide plate (21) is fixedly connected with a vibration motor (56).
4. The construction waste crushing and grading treatment device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the bottom end of the fixed plate (37) is fixedly connected with a rib plate (57), and the right end of the rib plate (57) is fixedly connected with the left end of the crushing box (1).
5. The construction waste crushing and grading treatment device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: a collecting box (58) is arranged at the bottom end of the interior of the crushing box (1).
CN202010964933.8A 2020-09-15 2020-09-15 Construction waste crushing and grading treatment device Withdrawn CN112121909A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010964933.8A CN112121909A (en) 2020-09-15 2020-09-15 Construction waste crushing and grading treatment device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010964933.8A CN112121909A (en) 2020-09-15 2020-09-15 Construction waste crushing and grading treatment device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN112121909A true CN112121909A (en) 2020-12-25

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202010964933.8A Withdrawn CN112121909A (en) 2020-09-15 2020-09-15 Construction waste crushing and grading treatment device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN112121909A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112774786A (en) * 2021-01-22 2021-05-11 九江职业技术学院 Crushing mechanical device based on intelligent control
CN112847957A (en) * 2021-01-11 2021-05-28 赖金海 Plastic manufacturing equipment
CN113769827A (en) * 2021-10-14 2021-12-10 上海致同建设工程科技有限公司 Production process of recycled concrete for treating construction waste
CN113967520A (en) * 2021-11-11 2022-01-25 罗平 Circular tablet reducing mechanism is used to oncology
CN114042516A (en) * 2021-11-10 2022-02-15 张宝建 Lithium battery crushing treatment device and use method thereof
CN114054136A (en) * 2021-11-04 2022-02-18 聂志满 Construction waste treatment device

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112847957A (en) * 2021-01-11 2021-05-28 赖金海 Plastic manufacturing equipment
CN112774786A (en) * 2021-01-22 2021-05-11 九江职业技术学院 Crushing mechanical device based on intelligent control
CN113769827A (en) * 2021-10-14 2021-12-10 上海致同建设工程科技有限公司 Production process of recycled concrete for treating construction waste
CN114054136A (en) * 2021-11-04 2022-02-18 聂志满 Construction waste treatment device
CN114042516A (en) * 2021-11-10 2022-02-15 张宝建 Lithium battery crushing treatment device and use method thereof
CN113967520A (en) * 2021-11-11 2022-01-25 罗平 Circular tablet reducing mechanism is used to oncology
CN113967520B (en) * 2021-11-11 2022-12-06 上海市肺科医院 Circular tablet reducing mechanism is used to oncology

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