CN112091236A - Peeling machine - Google Patents

Peeling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112091236A
CN112091236A CN202011082029.0A CN202011082029A CN112091236A CN 112091236 A CN112091236 A CN 112091236A CN 202011082029 A CN202011082029 A CN 202011082029A CN 112091236 A CN112091236 A CN 112091236A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
carrier roller
plate
connecting rod
round steel
cylinder
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202011082029.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张进锋
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Wenzhou Bona Machinery Co ltd
Original Assignee
Wenzhou Bona Machinery Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Wenzhou Bona Machinery Co ltd filed Critical Wenzhou Bona Machinery Co ltd
Priority to CN202011082029.0A priority Critical patent/CN112091236A/en
Publication of CN112091236A publication Critical patent/CN112091236A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B5/00Turning-machines or devices specially adapted for particular work; Accessories specially adapted therefor
    • B23B5/08Turning-machines or devices specially adapted for particular work; Accessories specially adapted therefor for turning axles, bars, rods, tubes, rolls, i.e. shaft-turning lathes, roll lathes; Centreless turning
    • B23B5/12Turning-machines or devices specially adapted for particular work; Accessories specially adapted therefor for turning axles, bars, rods, tubes, rolls, i.e. shaft-turning lathes, roll lathes; Centreless turning for peeling bars or tubes by making use of cutting bits arranged around the workpiece
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/72Auxiliary arrangements; Interconnections between auxiliary tables and movable machine elements
    • B23Q1/76Steadies; Rests
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • B23Q11/0042Devices for removing chips
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q2703/00Work clamping
    • B23Q2703/02Work clamping means
    • B23Q2703/04Work clamping means using fluid means or a vacuum
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q2703/00Work clamping
    • B23Q2703/02Work clamping means
    • B23Q2703/10Devices for clamping workpieces of a particular form or made from a particular material

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Specific Conveyance Elements (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of round steel and bar processing, in particular to a peeling machine for peeling the outer circle of cylindrical steel such as round steel and bar. The automatic round steel cutting machine comprises an operation table, a feeding rail, a discharging rail and round steel, wherein the central line of the feeding rail is coaxial with the central line of the discharging rail, a peeling host is arranged between the feeding rail and the discharging rail, the peeling host is used for turning off the outer circle of the round steel, a material bearing frame is arranged on the side surface of the feeding rail, a material receiving frame is arranged on the side surface of the discharging rail, the material bearing frame is used for placing the round steel to be processed, and the material receiving frame is used for placing the processed round steel. The invention has the advantages of high turning speed, high efficiency, smooth excircle and high dimensional precision of the processed round steel, unmanned and automatic production of the whole equipment, and only periodical supplement of the round steel to be processed and removal of the processed round steel.

Description

Peeling machine
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of round steel and bar processing, in particular to a peeling machine for peeling the outer circle of cylindrical steel such as round steel and bar.
Background
The products mainly produced by the steel rabbet comprise seamless pipes, plates, profiles and other products, cylindrical steel products such as round steel, bright bars and the like at the inner ends of the profiles all need a peeling process for mechanically cutting the outer circle, the cylindrical steel products such as the round steel and the like need to be manufactured firstly in the production process of the seamless pipes, and then holes are pulled by the middles of the cylindrical steel products such as the round steel and the like to obtain the seamless pipes. Therefore, the method is particularly important for machining the outer circle of the cylindrical steel.
The traditional external circle machining process generally adopts a customized lengthened lathe which mainly comprises a lathe body, a clamping transmission device, a cutter device and a feed mechanism, wherein round steel is supported and clamped between a lathe head disc and a lathe tailstock, the round steel rotates under the driving of the lathe head disc, and the cutter device is connected with a feed screw rod and moves linearly. The defects of the power transmission process are mainly that the turning speed is low, the efficiency is low, the length of the turned round steel is short, the middle position of the processed round steel is easy to be smaller than the two ends, and the error is large.
With the addition of world trade organization, a large amount of domestic infrastructure and huge mechanical product yield in China, for steel enterprises, a peeling machine which is unmanned in the whole process, high in efficiency, capable of being simultaneously suitable for different outer circle diameters, capable of fully automatically feeding, peeling and blanking and free of extra manual intervention is needed. The Qingshan stock control group company Limited at Wenzhou, Zhejiang is the largest civil steel enterprise, the whole group has 1000 ten thousand tons of stainless steel crude steel capacity and 30 ten thousand tons of nickel equivalent ferronickel capacity, the stainless steel round steel and the stainless steel seamless pipe have higher specific gravity, and the method has urgent requirements on a peeler of the peeler which is unmanned, full-automatic, high-efficiency and low in production cost, and the efficiency is urgently required to be improved and the cost is reduced. Meanwhile, civil and private enterprises in Zhejiang and Fujian provinces are developed in economy, have fierce market economy and competition, have a large number of small steel enterprises, and also need a full-automatic, high-efficiency and low-production-cost peeling machine.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the defects of the background art, the invention provides a peeling machine.
The technical scheme of the invention is as follows: including operation panel, feeding track, ejection of compact track and round steel, feeding track's central line is coaxial with ejection of compact orbital central line, install the host computer of skinning between feeding track and the ejection of compact track, the host computer of skinning is used for turning the excircle of round steel off, feeding track's side-mounting has the work or material rest of holding, the orbital side-mounting of ejection of compact has the work or material rest of receiving, hold the work or material rest and be used for placing the round steel of treating processing, receive the work or material rest and be used for placing the round steel that has processed.
The feeding track is provided with a material lifting mechanism which is close to the inlet end of the material bearing frame and used for lifting round steel to be processed onto the feeding track, and the discharging track is provided with a material turning mechanism which is close to the tail end of the material receiving frame and used for turning the processed round steel onto the material receiving frame.
The feeding rail and the discharging rail are respectively provided with a trolley material moving mechanism, and the trolley material moving mechanisms are used for clamping round steel to enable the round steel to do linear motion along the central line of the feeding rail and the central line of the discharging rail.
The peeling main machine consists of a main machine motor, a main machine reducer, a cutter head, a main machine base and a belt, the main machine speed reducer is arranged on the main machine base, an input shaft and an output shaft of the main machine speed reducer are divided into a speed reducer input shaft and a speed reducer output shaft, the cutter head is fixedly arranged on the speed reducer output shaft of the main machine speed reducer, the cutter head rotates along with the output shaft of the reducer of the main reducer, the cutter head is provided with a turning tool, the main engine output shaft of the main engine motor and the speed reducer input shaft of the main engine speed reducer are mutually matched through a belt and a belt wheel to carry out belt transmission, the output shaft of the reducer of the main reducer is a hollow shaft, a first through hole is arranged at the center of the cutter head, the round steel passes first through-hole and reduction gear output shaft in proper order, the tool bit of lathe tool is towards the central point of first through-hole and puts.
The operation panel is used for controlling the work of the material lifting mechanism, the trolley material moving mechanism, the peeling host and the material turning mechanism.
Preferably, the left side and the right side of the main machine base in the direction of the output shaft of the speed reducer are provided with scrap receiving chutes, and the scrap receiving chutes are inclined at a certain angle to enable one side of each scrap receiving chute to be higher and the other side of each scrap receiving chute to be lower.
Preferably, a scrap receiving flat plate is mounted on the scrap receiving chute, and the length of the scrap receiving flat plate is greater than that of the scrap receiving chute. Preferably, the material lifting device further comprises a material lifting cylinder, a material lifting cylinder ejector rod is arranged on the material lifting cylinder, a material lifting plate is fixed at the top of the material lifting cylinder ejector rod, a V-shaped groove is formed in the upper portion of the material lifting plate, the middle of the V-shaped groove is low, the two ends of the V-shaped groove are high, the lowest point in the middle of the V-shaped groove and the center line of the first through hole are located on the same gravity line, and the material lifting plate moves linearly in the vertical direction along with the material lifting cylinder ejector rod.
The material bearing frame is composed of a material bearing frame body and round steel stop blocks, the material bearing frame body is of a mechanical frame structure, a first frame strip on the top of the material bearing frame body is close to the frame structure of the section of the feeding track and extends out of a multi-section extension straight end, the round steel stop blocks are fixed at the positions, close to the material lifting plate, of the multi-section extension straight end, the material lifting plate extends out of a distance a in the direction of the end of the material bearing frame, a part of the material lifting plate is arranged under gaps among the multi-section extension straight end, and the material lifting cylinder, the material lifting cylinder ejector rod and the material lifting plate form a material lifting mechanism.
Preferably, the vertical frame strip of the material bearing frame body, which is farthest away from the feeding track, is higher than the first frame strip by a part to form an L shape, the first frame strip is installed non-horizontally, and the section of the first frame strip, on which the round steel stop block is installed, is lower than the other end of the first frame strip by a little.
Preferably, all install the steady rest on the import and export center axis of host computer of skinning, the steady rest comprises steady rest left side board, steady rest middle plate, steady rest right side board, die clamping cylinder, upper idler, snub pulley, steady rest left side board, steady rest middle plate and steady rest right side board are parallel to each other, and install first support column on the steady rest right side board vertical direction, first support column passes steady rest middle plate and steady rest left side board with steady rest left side board, steady rest middle plate, steady rest right side board parallel fixation.
The stabilizing frame left plate and the stabilizing frame middle plate are provided with a clamping cylinder in a threaded connection mode, a clamping cylinder mandril of the clamping cylinder is positioned in the middle position of the stabilizing frame left plate and the stabilizing frame middle plate, the clamping cylinder mandril is provided with a cylinder fork, the cylinder fork is U-shaped, the cylinder fork is rotatably connected with an upper carrier roller third connecting rod and a lower carrier roller third connecting rod, the stabilizing frame left plate, the stabilizing frame middle plate and the stabilizing frame right plate are provided with a rotatable upper rotating shaft and a rotatable lower rotating shaft, the upper rotating shaft is fixedly provided with an upper carrier roller first connecting rod and an upper carrier roller second connecting rod, the upper carrier roller first connecting rod and the upper carrier roller second connecting rod are fixed into a whole, the upper carrier roller first connecting rod and the upper carrier roller second connecting rod simultaneously rotate around the central axis of the upper rotating shaft, and the end of the upper carrier roller first connecting rod, which is far away from the upper rotating shaft, is provided with an, the end, far away from the upper rotating shaft, of the second upper carrier roller connecting rod and the end, far away from the cylinder fork, of the third upper carrier roller connecting rod are mounted together through a pin to rotate, and the upper carrier roller, the first upper carrier roller connecting rod, the second upper carrier roller connecting rod, the third upper carrier roller connecting rod and the upper rotating shaft form an upper carrier roller assembly.
A lower carrier roller first connecting rod and a lower carrier roller second connecting rod are fixed on the lower rotating shaft, the lower carrier roller first connecting rod and the lower carrier roller second connecting rod are fixed into a whole, the lower carrier roller first connecting rod and the lower carrier roller second connecting rod rotate around the central axis of the lower rotating shaft at the same time, a lower carrier roller is installed at the end, away from the lower rotating shaft, of the lower carrier roller first connecting rod, a lower carrier roller is installed at the end, away from the lower rotating shaft, of the lower carrier roller second connecting rod and the end, away from the cylinder fork, of the lower carrier roller third connecting rod through pins to rotate, and the lower carrier roller, the lower carrier roller first connecting rod, the lower carrier roller second connecting rod, the lower carrier roller third connecting rod and the lower rotating shaft form a lower carrier roller assembly.
The upper carrier roller assembly and the lower carrier roller assembly are mutually symmetrical to form the stabilizing frame.
Preferably, a first guide groove is formed in the middle of the left plate of the stabilizing frame, the first guide groove is a rectangular groove and is horizontally arranged, a second guide groove is formed in the middle plate of the stabilizing frame in the direction corresponding to the first guide groove in the vertical direction, and the shape and the size of the second guide groove are consistent with those of the first guide groove.
The slide blocks are fixed on two sides of the cylinder fork, the slide blocks on two sides of the cylinder fork are matched with the first guide groove and the second guide groove to enable the cylinder fork to move linearly, and the upper carrier roller and the lower carrier roller are cylinders with V-shaped inclined planes in the middle.
Preferably, the stabilizer bar right side board all is equipped with first mounting hole in the vertical direction, first support column intermediate position is the step cylinder, the step cylinder of first support column divide into big cylinder and small circle post, the hole of first mounting hole matches each other with big cylindrical external diameter.
The two ends of the first supporting column are respectively provided with a first supporting column large thread and a first supporting column small thread, the first supporting column large thread is installed in a first installation hole through a nut, the stabilizing frame left plate and the stabilizing frame middle plate are all provided with a second installation hole in the vertical corresponding direction of the first installation hole, the inner hole size of the second installation hole is mutually matched with the outer diameter of a small cylinder, the small cylinder of the first supporting column is sequentially sleeved with the second installation hole of the stabilizing frame middle plate, the second installation hole of a positioning sleeve and the stabilizing frame left plate, and the first supporting column small thread is installed on the second installation hole of the stabilizing frame left plate through a nut.
And the left plate and the right plate of the stabilizing frame are both provided with a stabilizing frame hanging hole.
Preferably, the round steel round, the trolley material moving mechanism is characterized in that the roller wheels roll on the guide rails to limit the clamping mechanism to do linear motion, a nut sleeve is fixedly installed at the middle position of the bottom of the trolley, an external thread is arranged at the middle position of the transmission screw rod, an internal thread is arranged inside the nut sleeve, the external thread on the transmission screw rod and the internal thread of the nut sleeve are installed in a matched mode, and the clamping mechanism, the material moving motor, the material moving speed reducer, the transmission screw rod, the nut sleeve, the screw rod bearing seat, the driven sprocket, the driving sprocket, the chain, the guide rails, the roller wheels and the trolley form the trolley material moving.
Preferably, the clamping mechanism comprises a clamping hydraulic cylinder, support plates, clamping plates, toothed strips, a clamping gear shaft, a V-shaped clamping block, a plurality of guide shafts and a cover plate, the support plates are arranged on the trolley in parallel, the guide shafts are arranged between the support plates, the clamping plates are linearly movably arranged between the guide shafts, the toothed strips are vertically arranged at the tops of the clamping plates, the toothed strips on the clamping plates are opposite to each other, the cover plate is horizontally arranged at the tops of the support plates, the clamping gear shaft is rotatably arranged at the central position of the cover plate, the toothed strips are provided with racks, a gear is arranged on the periphery of one end of the clamping gear shaft, the racks on the clamping gear shaft are fitted with the gears on the toothed strips, and the clamping hydraulic cylinders are respectively provided with the backs of the support plates, the hydraulic cylinders of the clamping hydraulic cylinders are fixedly installed together with the toothed strip plates respectively, the V-shaped clamping blocks are fixedly installed on opposite surfaces of the clamping plates, and the V-shaped clamping blocks are of V-shaped groove structures and are provided with angled chutes.
Preferably, the material turning mechanism is composed of a material receiving cylinder, a material turning plate and a fixing plate, the shape structure of the material turning plate is consistent with that of the material lifting plate, the fixing plate is fixedly mounted on the side, close to the material receiving frame, of the material discharging rail, the fixing plate is rotatably mounted with one end of the material turning plate, the material receiving cylinder is rotatably mounted on the side, far away from the material receiving frame, of the material discharging rail, the material receiving cylinder rotates around the material discharging rail, and a piston rod of the material receiving cylinder is rotatably mounted with the other end of the material turning plate.
Preferably, the feeding track and the discharging track are both provided with a driven carrier roller mechanism and a driving carrier roller mechanism, the driving carrier roller mechanism is provided with a power motor, and the round steel rolls on the driven carrier roller mechanism and the driving carrier roller mechanism.
The invention has the advantages of high turning speed, high efficiency, smooth excircle and high dimensional precision of the processed round steel, unmanned and automatic production of the whole equipment, and only periodical supplement of the round steel to be processed and removal of the processed round steel.
Drawings
Fig. 1-2 are schematic structural views of the present invention.
Fig. 3-5 are schematic structural views of the peeling main machine of the present invention.
Fig. 6-8 are schematic structural views of the lifting mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 9-10 are schematic structural views of the material bearing frame of the present invention.
Fig. 11-12 are schematic structural views of the stabilizer of the present invention.
Fig. 13-14 are schematic structural views of the stabilizer of the present invention with the left plate and the middle plate removed.
FIG. 15 is a front view of the stabilizer of the present invention.
FIG. 16 is a top view of the stabilizer of the present invention with the left and middle plates removed.
FIG. 17 is a schematic structural view of the trolley material moving mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 18-19 are schematic views of the clamping mechanism and cart of the present invention.
Fig. 20-21 are schematic views of the clamping mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 22-23 are schematic structural views of the material turning mechanism when the material receiving frame, the round steel and the material receiving cylinder are in a closed state.
Fig. 24 is a schematic structural view of the material turning mechanism when the material receiving frame, the round steel and the material receiving cylinder are in an open state according to the present invention.
In fig. 1-24, a material holding rack 1, a round steel stopper 101, a material holding rack body 102, an extended straight end 1021, a gap 1022, a first frame bar 1023, a vertical frame bar 1024, a material lifting mechanism 2, a material lifting cylinder 21, a material lifting cylinder top rod 22, a material lifting plate 23, a distance 23a, a V-shaped groove 231, and a middle lowest point 232;
the material conveying mechanism 3 comprises a trolley material conveying mechanism 3, a track body 302, a clamping mechanism 301, a material conveying motor 303, a material conveying speed reducer 304, a transmission screw rod 305, a nut sleeve 306, a screw rod bearing block 307, a driven sprocket 308, a driving sprocket 309, a chain 310, a guide rail 311, a roller 312 and a trolley 313;
a clamping hydraulic cylinder 3011, a supporting plate 3012, a clamping plate 3013, a rack plate 3014, a clamping gear shaft 3015, a V-shaped clamping block 3016, a 45-degree chute 30161, a guide shaft 3017 and a cover plate 3018;
a stabilizing frame 4, a stabilizing frame left plate 401, a first guide groove 4011, a first mounting hole 4012, a stabilizing frame middle plate 402, a second guide groove 4021, a second mounting hole 4022, a stabilizing frame right plate 403, a clamping cylinder 404, a clamping cylinder mandril 4041, a cylinder fork 4042, a slide block 4043, an upper carrier roller 405, an upper carrier roller first connecting rod 4051, an upper carrier roller second connecting rod 4052, an upper carrier roller third connecting rod 4053, a lower carrier roller 406, a lower carrier roller first connecting rod 4061, a lower carrier roller second connecting rod 4062, a lower carrier roller third connecting rod 4063, a V-shaped inclined surface 40506, a first support column 407, a first support column large thread 4071, a first support column small thread 4072, a positioning sleeve 408, an upper rotating shaft 4091 and a lower rotating shaft 4092;
the peeling main machine 5, a main machine motor 501, a main machine output shaft 5011, a main machine speed reducer 502, a speed reducer input shaft 5021, a speed reducer output shaft 5022, a cutter head 503, a first through hole 5031, a main machine base 504, a scrap collecting chute 5041, a turning tool 505, a belt 506, a scrap collecting flat plate 507 and a hanging ring 508;
the material turning mechanism 6, the material receiving cylinder 601, the material turning plate 602 and the fixing plate 603;
the automatic round steel rolling machine comprises a material receiving frame 7, a driven carrier roller mechanism 8, a driving carrier roller mechanism 9, an operation table 10, a feeding rail 11, a discharging rail 12 and round steel 13.
Detailed Description
Embodiments of the invention are further described below with reference to the accompanying drawings:
as shown in fig. 1 to 24, this embodiment provides a peeling machine, including operation panel 10, feeding track 11, ejection of compact track 12 and round steel 13, the central line of feeding track 11 is coaxial with the central line of ejection of compact track 12, install the host computer 5 of skinning between feeding track 11 and the ejection of compact track 12, the host computer 5 of skinning is used for turning off the excircle of round steel, the side-mounting of feeding track 11 holds work or material rest 1, the side-mounting of ejection of compact track 12 receives work or material rest 7, it is used for placing the round steel 13 of treating processing to hold work or material rest 1, it is used for placing the round steel 13 of having processed to receive work or material rest 7.
The feeding rail 11 is provided with a material lifting mechanism 2 which is close to the inlet end of the material bearing frame 1 and is used for lifting round steel 13 to be processed onto the feeding rail 11, and the discharging rail 12 is provided with a material turning mechanism 6 which is close to the tail end of the material receiving frame 7 and is used for turning the processed round steel 13 onto the material receiving frame 7;
the feeding rail 11 and the discharging rail 12 are respectively provided with a trolley material moving mechanism 3, and the trolley material moving mechanism 3 is used for clamping round steel 13 to enable the round steel to make linear motion along the central line of the feeding rail 11 and the central line of the discharging rail 12;
the host computer 5 of skinning comprises host computer motor 501, host computer reduction gear 502, blade disc 503, host computer base 504, belt 506, install host computer reduction gear 502 on the host computer base 504, the input shaft and the output shaft of host computer reduction gear 502 divide into reduction gear input shaft 5021 and reduction gear output shaft 5022, blade disc 503 fixed mounting is on the reduction gear output shaft 5022 of host computer reduction gear 502, just rotation motion is made together to blade disc 503 following the reduction gear output shaft 5022 of host computer reduction gear 502, install lathe tool 505 on the blade disc 503, the host computer output shaft 5011 of host computer motor 501 and the reduction gear input shaft 5021 of host computer reduction gear 502 mutually support through belt and band pulley and carry out belt drive, the reduction gear output shaft 5022 of host computer reduction gear 502 is the quill shaft, the central point of blade disc 503 puts and is equipped with first through-hole 5031, round steel 13 passes first through-hole 5031 and reduction gear output, the tool bit of the turning tool 505 faces the center position of the first through hole 5031;
the operating platform 10 is used for controlling the work of the material lifting mechanism 2, the trolley material moving mechanism 3, the peeling host 5 and the material turning mechanism 6. The operation panel 10 is internally provided with a CPU, a PLC or a timer with a control function to control the working time of each step and the interval time of each step of the product of the present invention, and various buttons for condition-related parameters may be installed on the operation panel 10, or even a touch screen may be used to display the parameters and control the parameters in real time.
Placing a pile of round steel 13 to be processed on the material bearing frame 1, then starting the material lifting mechanism 2 to work, lifting one round steel 13 to be processed on the material bearing frame 1 onto the material lifting mechanism 2, and then rolling the round steel 13 to be processed on the feeding track 11 and on the same central axis with the peeling main machine 5 under the action of gravity; then dolly moves material mechanism 3 and presss from both sides the tight round steel 13 of treating processing and moves to 5 directions of host computer 5 that skins, and host computer 5 that skins carries out lathe work to the outer periphery of round steel 13, then dolly moves material mechanism 3 and moves round steel 13 to ejection of compact track 12 on, is overturned round steel 13 to the work or material rest 7 by stirring mechanism 6 again. The whole process is unmanned and automatic, and only a batch of round steel 13 to be processed is placed on the material bearing frame 1 at regular intervals, and the processed round steel 13 on the material receiving frame 7 is moved away at regular intervals.
Because the product of the invention is processed in a whole unmanned and automatic way, the excircle of the round steel 13 can generate a large amount of scrap iron during processing, if the scrap iron is not cleaned, the scrap iron can be accumulated on the side of the peeling main machine 5, and when a certain amount of scrap iron is accumulated, the scrap iron can be wound on the round steel 13 and the peeling main machine 5, thereby influencing the subsequent processing. Preferably, the host base 504 is provided with chip receiving chutes 5041 on the left and right sides in the direction of the reducer output shaft 5022, and the chip receiving chute 5041 is inclined at a certain angle so that one side of the chip receiving chute 5041 is higher and the other side is lower. Because connect bits chute 5041 to be the slope, iron fillings can roll down automatically under the effect of gravity, certainly for the convenience of collecting, clearance iron fillings, can place an iron fillings collection frame in the lowest of connecing bits chute 5041, only need regularly clear up the iron fillings in the iron fillings collection frame can.
Because the product of the invention is always in a processing state, a lot of scrap iron is generated, a small part of scrap iron is bound and accumulated to form a small block and stays on the scrap receiving chute 5041 without sliding after long-time processing, when the work continuously works for a plurality of days, the scrap iron which does not automatically slide on the scrap receiving chute 5041 is more and more, and the subsequent automatic sliding of the scrap iron is also influenced, when the scrap iron on the scrap receiving chute 5041 is accumulated to a certain degree, a worker often hooks the accumulated scrap iron by using an iron hook, the common worker does not need to pay special attention to a wing during operation, the iron hook can be knocked on the scrap receiving chute 5041, a small pit can be generated on the scrap receiving chute 5041, the scrap iron can also damage the surface of the scrap receiving chute 5041 when the scrap iron automatically falls on the scrap receiving chute 5041 for a long time, and the scrap receiving chute 5041 is often integrally manufactured on the host base 504, so that the replacement cost is too high. Preferably, a scrap receiving flat plate 507 is mounted on the scrap receiving chute 5041, and the length of the scrap receiving flat plate 507 is greater than that of the scrap receiving chute 5041.
Since the peeling main body 5 is heavy, in order to facilitate installation of the apparatus of the present invention, it is preferable that a hanging ring 508 is installed on the top of the main body decelerator 502.
The thickness of the scrap receiving flat plate 507 can be 10mm-20mm, more than 12mm is generally adopted, the scrap receiving flat plate 507 with the thickness of 12mm can bear iron hooks and scrap iron residues for a long time, even if the surface of the scrap receiving flat plate 507 is seriously uneven and is sunk, the scrap receiving flat plate 507 can be directly replaced, and the replacement cost is low and convenient. Of course, in order to provide a long life of the chip receiving plate 507, the surface of the chip receiving plate 507 may be quenched to increase the surface hardness. Meanwhile, as the length of the scrap receiving flat plate 507 is greater than that of the scrap receiving chute 5041, the scrap receiving flat plate 507 extends out of the scrap receiving chute 5041 for a certain distance, so that scrap iron falls into the scrap iron collecting frame better.
Preferably, the material lifting device further comprises a material lifting cylinder 21, a material lifting cylinder ejector rod 22 is arranged on the material lifting cylinder 21, a material lifting plate 23 is fixed at the top of the material lifting cylinder ejector rod 22, a V-shaped groove 231 is arranged at the upper part of the material lifting plate 23, the middle of the V-shaped groove 231 is low, two ends of the V-shaped groove are high, the middle lowest point 232 of the V-shaped groove 231 and the center line of the first through hole 5031 are positioned on the same gravity line, and the material lifting plate 23 moves linearly in the up-down direction along with the material lifting cylinder ejector rod 22;
the material bearing frame 1 is composed of a material bearing frame body 102 and round steel stoppers 101, the material bearing frame body 102 is of a mechanical frame structure, a plurality of sections of extended straight ends 1021 extend from a frame structure of a section, close to the feeding rail 11, of a first frame strip 1023 at the top of the material bearing frame body 102, the round steel stoppers 101 are fixed at the positions, close to the material lifting plate 23, of the plurality of sections of extended straight ends 1021, the material lifting plate 23 extends out of a distance 23a in the direction of the end of the material bearing frame 1, a part of the material lifting plate 23 is arranged right below gaps 1022 between the plurality of sections of extended straight ends 1021, and the material lifting cylinder 21, the material lifting cylinder ejector rod 22 and the material lifting plate 23 form a material lifting mechanism 2.
When the material lifting mechanism 2 works, the material lifting cylinder 21 starts to ventilate, the material lifting cylinder ejector rod 22 starts to move upwards to lift the height of the material lifting plate 23, the material lifting plate 23 extends a distance 23a towards the end of the material bearing frame 1, a part of the material lifting plate 23 is arranged right below a gap 1022 between the multiple sections of the extended straight ends 1021, so that when the material lifting plate 23 is lifted upwards, a round steel 13 on the side of the material bearing frame body 102 closest to the round steel stop block 101 is lifted, and the round steel 13 rolls to the lowest point 232 in the middle of the material lifting plate 23 under the action of gravity. Then the material lifting cylinder 21 starts to reset, so that the material lifting plate 23 is lowered, and the trolley material moving mechanism 3 can clamp the round rod 13 and start to move forwards.
Preferably, a portion of the vertical frame bar 1024 of the material loading frame body 102 farthest from the feeding track 11 is higher than the first frame bar 1023 to form an L shape, the first frame bar 1023 is installed non-horizontally, and the section of the first frame bar 1023 where the round steel stopper 101 is installed is lower than the other end of the first frame bar 1023. Like this when lifting material mechanism 2 and removing a round steel 13, state other round steel 13 on the work or material rest 1 and can roll this side of round steel dog 101 automatically under the effect of gravity, then block round steel 13 through round steel dog 101, first frame strip 1023 inclination can choose for use and be less than or equal to 10 degrees, first frame strip 1023 inclination can not be too big, and inclination can lead to round steel 13 when rolling this side of round steel dog 101, thereby make round steel 13 possess great kinetic energy under the effect of gravity and crossed round steel dog 101, through experimental first frame strip 1023 inclination preferred range be 1 degree-2 degrees.
Because round steel 13's length is longer usually, generally can reach 6 meters, even 9 meters ' length, and main engine 5 of skinning adds the vibration that can lead to round steel 13 to 13 excircle man-hour of round steel, especially during the intermediate position of processing round steel 13, if not fixing round steel 13, can lead to the round steel 13 surface after the processing to have the line of many vibrations, make the product completely report useless, need fix round steel 13 adding man-hour, make round steel 13 can not swing all the way around, can only remove along round steel 13's axis direction. Preferably, the central axis of the inlet and outlet of the peeling main machine 5 is provided with a stabilizer 4, the stabilizer 4 is composed of a stabilizer left plate 401, a stabilizer middle plate 402, a stabilizer right plate 403, a clamping cylinder 404, an upper idler 405 and a lower idler 406, the stabilizer left plate 401, the stabilizer middle plate 402 and the stabilizer right plate 403 are parallel to each other, a first support column 407 is arranged in the direction perpendicular to the stabilizer right plate 403, and the first support column 407 penetrates through the stabilizer middle plate 402 and the stabilizer left plate 401 to fix the stabilizer left plate 401, the stabilizer middle plate 402 and the stabilizer right plate 403 in parallel;
a clamping cylinder 404 is installed on the stabilizing frame left plate 401 and the stabilizing frame middle plate 402 in a threaded connection manner, a clamping cylinder mandril 4041 of the clamping cylinder 404 is located in the middle position of the stabilizing frame left plate 401 and the stabilizing frame middle plate 402, a cylinder fork 4042 is installed on the clamping cylinder mandril 4041, the cylinder fork 4042 is U-shaped, an upper roller third connecting rod 4053 and a lower roller third connecting rod 4063 are rotatably connected on the cylinder fork 4042, a rotatable upper rotating shaft 4091 and a rotatable lower rotating shaft 4092 are arranged on the stabilizing frame left plate 401, the stabilizing frame middle plate 402 and the stabilizing frame right plate 403, an upper roller first connecting rod 4051 and an upper roller second connecting rod 4052 are fixed on the upper rotating shaft 4091, the upper roller first connecting rod 4051 and the upper roller second connecting rod 4052 are fixed into a whole, and the upper roller first connecting rod 4051 and the upper roller second connecting rod 4052 simultaneously rotate around the central axis 409of the upper rotating shaft 1, the end, away from the upper rotating shaft 4091, of the first upper carrier roller connecting rod 4051 is provided with an upper carrier roller 405, the end, away from the upper rotating shaft 4091, of the second upper carrier roller connecting rod 4052 and the end, away from the air cylinder fork 4042, of the third upper carrier roller connecting rod 4053 are mounted together through a pin to rotate, and the upper carrier roller 405, the first upper carrier roller connecting rod 4051, the second upper carrier roller connecting rod 4052, the third upper carrier roller connecting rod 4053 and the upper rotating shaft 4091 form an upper carrier roller assembly;
a first lower carrier roller connecting rod 4061 and a second lower carrier roller connecting rod 4062 are fixed on the lower rotating shaft 4092, the first lower carrier roller connecting rod 4061 and the second lower carrier roller connecting rod 4062 are fixed into a whole, the first lower carrier roller connecting rod 4061 and the second lower carrier roller connecting rod 4062 simultaneously rotate around the central axis of the lower rotating shaft 4092, a lower carrier roller 406 is mounted at the end of the first lower carrier roller connecting rod 4061 away from the lower rotating shaft 4092, the end of the second lower carrier roller connecting rod 4062 away from the lower rotating shaft 4092 and the end of the third lower carrier roller connecting rod 4063 away from the cylinder fork 4042 are mounted together through a pin to rotate, and the lower carrier roller 406, the first lower carrier roller connecting rod 4061, the second lower carrier roller connecting rod 4062, the third lower carrier roller connecting rod 4063 and the lower rotating shaft 4092 form a lower carrier roller assembly;
the upper carrier roller assembly and the lower carrier roller assembly are mutually symmetrical to form the stabilizing frame 4.
When the stabilizing frame 4 works, the clamping cylinder 404 starts to ventilate to drive the clamping cylinder mandril 4041 to move forwards, the upper carrier roller second connecting rod 4052 and the upper carrier roller third connecting rod 4053 are driven to rotate, the upper rotating shaft 4091 rotates anticlockwise, the lower carrier roller second connecting rod 4062 and the lower carrier roller third connecting rod 4063 rotate, the lower rotating shaft 4092 rotates clockwise, finally the distance between the upper carrier roller 405 and the lower carrier roller 406 starts to be reduced, the upper carrier roller 405 and the lower carrier roller 406 completely limit the up-down left-right movement of the round steel 13, the upper carrier roller 405 and the lower carrier roller 406 can rotate, and the round steel 13 can still move along the central axis of the round steel 13 when being clamped by the upper carrier roller 405 and the lower carrier roller 406.
In order to adapt to the processing of round steel 13 with different outer diameters and better clamping of round steel 13, the shape of the upper carrier roller 405 and the lower carrier roller 406 is adopted to be V-shaped, namely the shape with two large ends and a small middle part, and the round steel 13 is clamped on the V-shaped surfaces of the upper carrier roller 405 and the lower carrier roller 406.
Because the clamping cylinder 404 needs to bear a relatively large load for a long time when the stabilizing frame 4 clamps the round steel 13, the clamping cylinder ejector pin 4041 on the clamping cylinder 404 is easy to shake left and right after the clamping cylinder 404 is stressed for a long time, and the clamping cylinder ejector pin 4041 needs to be limited to move linearly. Preferably, a first guide groove 4011 is formed in the middle of the left stabilizer plate 401, the first guide groove 4011 is a rectangular groove, the guide groove 4011 is horizontally arranged, a second guide groove 4021 is formed in the middle stabilizer plate 402 in the direction corresponding to the first guide groove 4011, and the shape and size of the second guide groove 4021 are the same as those of the first guide groove 4011;
the two sides of the cylinder fork 4042 are both fixed with sliding blocks 4043, the sliding blocks 4043 on the two sides of the cylinder fork 4042 are mutually matched with the first guide groove 4011 and the second guide groove 4021 to enable the cylinder fork 4042 to make linear motion, and the upper carrier roller 405 and the lower carrier roller 406 are both cylinders provided with V-shaped inclined surfaces 40506 in the middle.
Preferably, the stabilizer right plate 403 is provided with first mounting holes 4012 in the vertical direction, the middle position of the first support column 407 is a stepped cylinder, the stepped cylinder of the first support column 407 is divided into a large cylinder and a small cylinder, and the inner hole of the first mounting hole 4012 is matched with the outer diameter of the large cylinder;
two ends of the first support column 407 are respectively provided with a first support column large thread 4071 and a first support column small thread 4072, the first support column large thread 4071 is installed in a first installation hole 4012 through a nut, the stabilizing frame left plate 401 and the stabilizing frame middle plate 402 are respectively provided with a second installation hole 4022 in the vertical corresponding direction of the first installation hole 4012, the size of an inner hole of the second installation hole 4022 is matched with the outer diameter of a small cylinder, the small cylinder of the first support column 407 is sequentially sleeved with a second installation hole 4022 of the stabilizing frame middle plate, a positioning sleeve 408 and a second installation hole 4022 of the stabilizing frame left plate 401, and the first support column small thread 4072 is installed on the second installation hole 4022 of the stabilizing frame left plate 401 through a nut; meanwhile, because the volume of the stabilizer 4 is large, the weight is heavy, and one or two persons cannot lift the stabilizer, the stabilizer left plate 401 and the stabilizer right plate 403 are both provided with stabilizer hanging holes 410, and the stabilizer hanging holes 410 can be conveniently hoisted by a crane.
Therefore, the stabilizer 4 is very convenient to mount, only the end of the first support column large thread 4071 on the first support column 407 is mounted on the stabilizer right plate 403, then the stabilizer middle plate 402 is sleeved on the step of the first support column 407, then the positioning sleeve 408 is sleeved on the stabilizer middle plate, and other parts are mounted, so that the distance and the size can be conveniently positioned through the length of the positioning sleeve 408.
Preferably, the round steel bar feeding device further comprises a clamping mechanism 301, the clamping mechanism 301 is used for clamping round steel bars 13, the feeding track 11 and the discharging track 12 are both composed of a track body 302, screw shaft bearings 307 are respectively installed at two ends of the track body 302, a transmission screw 305 is installed in the screw shaft bearings 307 in a matching manner, the transmission screw 305 rotates on the screw shaft bearings 307, one end of the transmission screw 305 passes through the screw shaft bearings 307, a driven sprocket 308 is installed at one end of the transmission screw 305, a material moving motor 303 is installed at the end of the track body 302 close to the driven sprocket 308, a power shaft of the material moving motor 303 is connected with a material moving reducer 304, a driving sprocket 309 is installed on the material moving reducer 304, a chain 310 is installed on the driving sprocket 309 and the driven sprocket 308 in a matching manner to perform chain transmission, the clamping mechanism 301 is installed on the track body 302 in a sliding manner, a guide rail 311 is installed above the track body, a trolley 313 is mounted at the bottom of the clamping mechanism 301, rollers 312 are mounted on the periphery of the bottom of the trolley 313, the rollers 312 roll on the guide rails 311 to limit the clamping mechanism 301 to move linearly, a nut sleeve 306 is fixedly mounted at the middle position of the bottom of the trolley 313, an external thread is arranged at the middle position of the transmission screw 305, an internal thread is arranged inside the nut sleeve 306, the external thread on the transmission screw 305 and the internal thread of the nut sleeve 306 are mounted in a matched manner, and the clamping mechanism 301, the material moving motor 303, the material moving speed reducer 304, the transmission screw 305, the nut sleeve 306, the screw shaft bearing 307, the driven sprocket 308, the driving sprocket 309, the chain 310, the guide rails 311, the rollers 312 and the trolley 313 form a trolley material moving mechanism 3.
The moving steps of the trolley material moving mechanism 3 on the feeding track 11 and the discharging track 12 are as follows: the material moving motor 303 starts to rotate, then the material moving speed reducer 304 is used for reducing speed and increasing torque, the material moving speed reducer 304 drives the transmission screw rod 305 to rotate through the chain 310, the transmission screw rod 305 drives the nut sleeve 306 at the bottom of the trolley 313 to move back and forth, and therefore the trolley material moving mechanism 3 can clamp round steel 13 to move.
Preferably, the clamping mechanism 301 comprises 2 clamping hydraulic cylinders 3011, 2 support plates 3012, 2 clamping plates 3013, 2 toothed plates 3014, a clamping gear shaft 3015, V-shaped clamping blocks 3016, a plurality of guide shafts 3017, and a cover plate 3018, wherein the 2 support plates 3012 are mounted on the trolley 313 in parallel, the plurality of guide shafts 3017 are mounted between the 2 support plates 3012, the plurality of guide shafts 3017 are mounted with the 2 clamping plates 3013 in a linear movable manner, the 2 toothed plates 3014 are vertically mounted on the tops of the 2 clamping plates 3013, the rack plates 3014 on the 2 clamping plates 3013 are opposite to each other, the cover plate 3018 is horizontally mounted on the tops of the 2 support plates 3012, the clamping gear shaft 3015 is rotatably mounted on the central position of the cover plate 3018, the 2 toothed plates 3014 are provided with racks, the periphery of one end of the clamping gear shaft 3015 is provided with gears, the racks on the clamping plates 3015 are fitted to the gears on the 2 toothed plates 3014, the back of 2 backup pads 3012 is installed respectively to 2 clamp pneumatic cylinder 3011, 2 clamp pneumatic cylinder 3011's pneumatic cylinder respectively with 2 tooth slat 3014 fixed mounting together, V type clamp block 3016 fixed mounting is on the opposite face of 2 clamp plate 3013, V type clamp block 3016 becomes V type groove structure and is equipped with 45 degrees chutes 30161.
The clamping gear shaft 3015 is meshed with the 2 toothed bar plates 3014, so that the clamping plates 3013 below the 2 toothed bar plates 3014 synchronously move relative to each other or synchronously move towards each other, and when the V-shaped clamping blocks 3016 on the 2 clamping plates 3013 clamp the round steel 13, the central axis of the round steel 13 is always on the same central axis with the peeling main machine 5. Meanwhile, 2 clamping hydraulic cylinders 3011 are adopted to drive the respective rack plates 3014 to move at the same time, and compared with the situation that only one clamping hydraulic cylinder 3011 is stressed more evenly, if there is only one clamping cylinder 3011, the other clamping plate 3013 needs to be driven completely by the intermeshing between the rack plate 3014 and the clamping pinion shaft 3015, the clamping gear shaft 3015 is subjected to very high torque for a long period of time, resulting in a very low life, in the invention, 2 clamping hydraulic cylinders 3011 with the same type, the same specification and the same thrust are adopted, and the 2 clamping hydraulic cylinders 3011 are basically synchronous, even if there is slight desynchronization, it is synchronized by the engagement between the rack plate 3014 and the clamp gear shaft 3015, and the force applied between the rack plate 3014 and the clamp gear shaft 3015 is much smaller than that applied by only 1 clamp cylinder 3011, and is substantially less than 5% of the force applied by 1 clamp cylinder 3011.
In order to facilitate the automatic movement of the processed round steel 13 to the material receiving frame 7. Preferably, the material turning mechanism 6 is composed of a material receiving cylinder 601, a material turning plate 602 and a fixing plate 603, the shape structure of the material turning plate 602 is consistent with that of the material lifting plate 23, the fixing plate 603 is fixedly installed on the side of the material discharging rail 12 close to the material receiving frame 7, the fixing plate 603 is rotatably installed at one end of the material turning plate 602, the material receiving cylinder 601 is rotatably installed on the side of the material discharging rail 12 far from the material receiving frame 7, the material receiving cylinder 601 rotates around the material discharging rail 12, and a piston rod of the material receiving cylinder 601 is rotatably installed at the other end of the material turning plate 602.
When the material turning mechanism 6 works, the material receiving cylinder 601 starts to ventilate, the material receiving cylinder 601 can lift the end, connected with the material turning plate 602 and the material receiving cylinder 601, of the material receiving cylinder 601, the material receiving cylinder 601 can rotate by a certain angle, the round steel 13 can roll down from the material turning plate 602 to the material receiving frame 7 under the action of gravity, and the round steel 13 can automatically roll down to the material receiving frame 7 when the material receiving cylinder 601 ventilates as can be obviously seen from the graph 24.
In addition, the shape of the material collecting frame 7 can be a U-shaped shape, a plurality of material collecting frames 7 can be installed, in order to prevent the processed outer surfaces of the round steel 13 from being broken by falling when the round steel 13 rolls into the material collecting frame 7, the inner surface of the material collecting frame 7 is provided with a buffer cushion, the buffer cushion can be made of softer materials such as linen strips, rubber and copper sheets, and the buffer cushion is not shown in the attached drawings.
In order to facilitate the round steel 13 to move on the feeding track 11 and the discharging track 12, preferably, the feeding track 11 and the discharging track 12 are both provided with a driven carrier roller mechanism 8 and a driving carrier roller mechanism 9, the driving carrier roller mechanism 9 is provided with a power motor, and the round steel 13 rolls on the driven carrier roller mechanism 8 and the driving carrier roller mechanism 9. The round steel 13 directly rolls on the driven carrier roller mechanism 8 and the driving carrier roller mechanism 9, friction force can be greatly reduced, meanwhile, the round steel 13 can be conveniently positioned with the stabilizing frame 4, the clamping mechanism 301 and the peeling main machine 5 in a concentric mode, the driven carrier roller mechanism 8 and the driving carrier roller mechanism 9 can be in a V-shaped mode, and the V-shaped mode has a self-positioning function.
The present embodiment should not be construed as limiting the invention, but any modification made based on the spirit of the present invention should be within the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A peeling machine, its characterized in that: the automatic round steel peeling machine comprises an operation table (10), a feeding rail (11), a discharging rail (12) and round steel (13), wherein the central line of the feeding rail (11) is coaxial with the central line of the discharging rail (12), a peeling host (5) is installed between the feeding rail (11) and the discharging rail (12), the peeling host (5) is used for turning off the outer circle of the round steel, a material bearing frame (1) is installed on the side surface of the feeding rail (11), a material receiving frame (7) is installed on the side surface of the discharging rail (12), the material bearing frame (1) is used for placing the round steel (13) to be processed, and the material receiving frame (7) is used for placing the processed round steel (13); a material lifting mechanism (2) for lifting round steel (13) to be processed to the feeding track (11) is arranged at the inlet end of the feeding track (11) close to the material bearing frame (1), and a material turning mechanism (6) for turning the processed round steel (13) to the material receiving frame (7) is arranged at the tail end of the discharging track (12) close to the material receiving frame (7);
the feeding track (11) and the discharging track (12) are respectively provided with a trolley material moving mechanism (3), and the trolley material moving mechanism (3) is used for clamping round steel (13) to enable the round steel to do linear motion along the central line of the feeding track (11) and the central line of the discharging track (12);
the host computer (5) of skinning comprises host computer motor (501), host computer reduction gear (502), blade disc (503), host computer base (504), belt (506), install host computer reduction gear (502) on host computer base (504), the input shaft and the output shaft of host computer reduction gear (502) divide into reduction gear input shaft (5021) and reduction gear output shaft (5022), blade disc (503) fixed mounting is on reduction gear output shaft (5022) of host computer reduction gear (502), just rotation motion is made together in reduction gear output shaft (5022) that blade disc (503) followed host computer reduction gear (502), install lathe tool (505) on blade disc (503), mutually supporting of belt and band pulley carries out belt drive through the belt in host computer output shaft (5011) of host computer motor (501) and reduction gear input shaft (5021) of host computer reduction gear (502), reduction gear output shaft (5022) of host computer reduction gear (502) is the quill shaft, a first through hole (5031) is formed in the center of the cutter head (503), the round steel (13) sequentially penetrates through the first through hole (5031) and the reducer output shaft (5022), and the cutter head of the turning tool (505) faces the center of the first through hole (5031);
the operation table (10) is used for controlling the work of the material lifting mechanism (2), the trolley material moving mechanism (3), the peeling host (5) and the material turning mechanism (6).
2. A debarker as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: host computer base (504) are equipped with in reduction gear output shaft (5022) ascending left and right sides and connect bits chute (5041), connect bits chute (5041) certain angle of slope to make and connect bits chute (5041) one side height another side low.
3. A debarker as claimed in claim 2, characterized in that: install on connecing bits chute (5041) and connect bits flat board (507), connect the length of bits flat board (507) to be greater than the length that connects bits chute (5041).
4. A debarker as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: the material lifting device is characterized by further comprising a material lifting cylinder (21), wherein a material lifting cylinder ejector rod (22) is arranged on the material lifting cylinder (21), a material lifting plate (23) is fixed to the top of the material lifting cylinder ejector rod (22), a V-shaped groove (231) is formed in the upper portion of the material lifting plate (23), the middle of the V-shaped groove (231) is low, two ends of the V-shaped groove are high, the lowest point (232) in the middle of the V-shaped groove (231) and the central line of the first through hole (5031) are located on the same gravity line, and the material lifting plate (23) moves linearly in the upward and downward directions along with the material lifting cylinder ejector;
the material bearing frame (1) is composed of a material bearing frame body (102) and round steel stop blocks (101), the material bearing frame body (102) is of a mechanical frame structure, the frame structure, close to the end of a feeding rail (11), of a first frame strip (1023) at the top of the material bearing frame body (102) extends out of a plurality of sections of extension straight ends (1021), the round steel stop blocks (101) are fixed to the ends, close to the material lifting plate (23), of the plurality of sections of extension straight ends (1021), the material lifting plate (23) extends out of a distance (23a) in the direction of the end of the material bearing frame (1), one part of the material lifting plate (23) is arranged under a gap (1022) between the plurality of sections of extension straight ends (1021), and the material lifting cylinder (21), the material lifting cylinder ejector rod (22) and the material lifting plate (23) form a material lifting mechanism (2).
5. A peeler according to claim 4, wherein: the vertical frame strip (1024) of the material bearing frame body (102) farthest away from the feeding track (11) is higher than the first frame strip (1023) by a part to form an L shape, the first frame strip (1023) is installed non-horizontally, and the end, where the round steel stop block (101) is installed, of the first frame strip (1023) is lower than the other end of the first frame strip (1023).
6. A debarker as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: stabilizing frames (4) are arranged on central axes of an inlet and an outlet of the peeling main machine (5), each stabilizing frame (4) is composed of a stabilizing frame left plate (401), a stabilizing frame middle plate (402), a stabilizing frame right plate (403), a clamping cylinder (404), an upper carrier roller (405) and a lower carrier roller (406), the stabilizing frame left plate (401), the stabilizing frame middle plate (402) and the stabilizing frame right plate (403) are parallel to each other, a first supporting column (407) is arranged in the vertical direction of the stabilizing frame right plate (403), and the first supporting column (407) penetrates through the stabilizing frame middle plate (402) and the stabilizing frame left plate (401) to fix the stabilizing frame left plate (401), the stabilizing frame middle plate (402) and the stabilizing frame right plate (403) in parallel;
the stabilizing frame left plate (401) and the stabilizing frame middle plate (402) are provided with a clamping cylinder (404) in a threaded connection mode, a clamping cylinder ejector rod (4041) of the clamping cylinder (404) is located in the middle position of the stabilizing frame left plate (401) and the stabilizing frame middle plate (402), a cylinder fork (4042) is installed on the clamping cylinder ejector rod (4041), the cylinder fork (4042) is U-shaped, an upper carrier roller third connecting rod (4053) and a lower carrier roller third connecting rod (4063) are rotatably connected onto the cylinder fork (4042),
an upper rotating shaft (4091) and a lower rotating shaft (4092) which can rotate are arranged on the stabilizing frame left plate (401), the stabilizing frame middle plate (402) and the stabilizing frame right plate (403), an upper carrier roller first connecting rod (4051) and an upper carrier roller second connecting rod (4052) are fixed on the upper rotating shaft (4091), the upper carrier roller first connecting rod (4051) and the upper carrier roller second connecting rod (4052) are fixed into a whole, the upper carrier roller first connecting rod (4051) and the upper carrier roller second connecting rod (4052) rotate around the central axis of the upper rotating shaft (4091) at the same time, an upper carrier roller (405) is arranged at the end of the upper carrier roller first connecting rod (4051) far away from the upper rotating shaft (4091), the end of the upper carrier roller second connecting rod (4052) far away from the upper rotating shaft (4091) and the end of the upper carrier roller third connecting rod (4053) far away from the cylinder fork (4042) are arranged together to rotate through a pin, and the upper carrier roller (405) and the lower carrier roller, An upper carrier roller component is formed by an upper carrier roller first connecting rod (4051), an upper carrier roller second connecting rod (4052), an upper carrier roller third connecting rod (4053) and an upper rotating shaft (4091);
a lower supporting roller first connecting rod (4061) and a lower supporting roller second connecting rod (4062) are fixed on the lower rotating shaft (4092), the lower carrier roller first connecting rod (4061) and the lower carrier roller second connecting rod (4062) are fixed into a whole, and the first connecting rod (4061) and the second connecting rod (4062) of the lower carrier roller rotate around the central axis of the lower rotating shaft (4092) simultaneously, the end of the lower idler first connecting rod (4061) far away from the lower rotating shaft (4092) is provided with a lower idler (406), the end of the lower supporting roller second connecting rod (4062) far away from the lower rotating shaft (4092) and the end of the lower supporting roller third connecting rod (4063) far away from the air cylinder fork (4042) are arranged together through a pin to rotate, the lower carrier roller assembly is formed by the lower carrier roller (406), a first lower carrier roller connecting rod (4061), a second lower carrier roller connecting rod (4062), a third lower carrier roller connecting rod (4063) and a lower rotating shaft (4092);
the upper carrier roller assembly and the lower carrier roller assembly are mutually symmetrical to form the stabilizing frame (4).
7. A peeler according to claim 6, wherein: a first guide groove (4011) is formed in the middle of the left plate (401) of the stabilizing frame, the first guide groove (4011) is a rectangular groove, the guide groove (4011) is horizontally arranged, a second guide groove (4021) is formed in the middle plate (402) of the stabilizing frame in the direction perpendicular to and corresponding to the first guide groove (4011), and the shape and size of the second guide groove (4021) are consistent with those of the first guide groove (4011); the two sides of the air cylinder fork (4042) are both fixed with sliding blocks (4043), the sliding blocks (4043) on the two sides of the air cylinder fork (4042) are matched with the first guide groove (4011) and the second guide groove (4021) to enable the air cylinder fork (4042) to move linearly, and the upper carrier roller (405) and the lower carrier roller (406) are cylinders with V-shaped inclined surfaces (40506) in the middle positions.
8. A peeler according to claim 7, wherein: the stabilizer right plate (403) is provided with first mounting holes (4012) in the vertical direction, the middle position of the first support column (407) is a stepped cylinder, the stepped cylinder of the first support column (407) is divided into a large cylinder and a small cylinder, and the outer diameters of an inner hole of the first mounting hole (4012) and the large cylinder are matched with each other;
two ends of the first supporting column (407) are respectively provided with a first supporting column large thread (4071) and a first supporting column small thread (4072), the first supporting column large thread (4071) is installed in a first installation hole (4012) through a nut, a second installation hole (4022) is formed in the vertical corresponding direction of the first installation hole (4012) of the stabilizing frame left plate (401) and the stabilizing frame middle plate (402), the inner hole size of the second installation hole (4022) is matched with the outer diameter of a small cylinder, the small cylinder of the first supporting column (407) is sequentially sleeved with the second installation hole (4022) of the stabilizing frame middle plate (402), a positioning sleeve (408) and the second installation hole (4022) of the stabilizing frame left plate (401), and the first supporting column small thread (4072) is installed on the second installation hole (4022) of the stabilizing frame left plate (401) through a nut;
and the left stabilizer plate (401) and the right stabilizer plate (403) are both provided with stabilizer hanging holes (410).
9. A debarker as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: the feeding mechanism (301) and the discharging mechanism (12) are respectively composed of a track body (302), lead screw bearing seats (307) are respectively installed at two ends of the track body (302), a transmission lead screw (305) is installed in each lead screw bearing seat (307) in a matching mode, the transmission lead screw (305) rotates on each lead screw bearing seat (307), one end of the transmission lead screw (305) penetrates through each lead screw bearing seat (307), a driven chain wheel (308) is installed at one end of the transmission lead screw (305), a material moving motor (303) is installed at the end, close to the driven chain wheel (308), of the track body (302), the power shaft of the material moving motor (303) is connected with a material moving speed reducer (304), a driving chain wheel (309) is installed on the material moving speed reducer (304), and a chain (310) is installed on the driving chain wheel (309) and the driven chain wheel (308) in a matching mode and is used for chain transmission, the material conveying device is characterized in that a clamping mechanism (301) is slidably mounted on the track body (302), a guide rail (311) is mounted above the track body (302), a trolley (313) is mounted at the bottom of the clamping mechanism (301), rollers (312) are mounted on the periphery of the bottom of the trolley (313), the rollers (312) roll on the guide rail (311) to limit the clamping mechanism (301) to move linearly, a nut sleeve (306) is fixedly mounted in the middle of the bottom of the trolley (313), external threads are arranged in the middle of the transmission screw rod (305), internal threads are arranged in the nut sleeve (306), the external threads on the transmission screw rod (305) and the internal threads of the nut sleeve (306) are mounted in a matched mode, the clamping mechanism (301), the material conveying motor (303), the material conveying speed reducer (304), the transmission screw rod (305), the nut sleeve (306), a screw rod shaft bearing (307), and the screw rod bearing (307, The trolley material moving mechanism (3) is composed of a driven chain wheel (308), a driving chain wheel (309), a chain (310), a guide rail (311), a roller (312) and a trolley (313).
10. A debarker as claimed in claim 9, characterized in that: the clamping mechanism (301) is composed of 2 clamping hydraulic cylinders (3011), 2 supporting plates (3012), 2 clamping plates (3013), 2 toothed plate plates (3014), a clamping gear shaft (3015), V-shaped clamping blocks (3016), a plurality of guide shafts (3017) and a cover plate (3018), wherein the 2 supporting plates (3012) are arranged on the trolley (313) in parallel, the plurality of guide shafts (3017) are arranged between the 2 supporting plates (3012), the plurality of guide shafts (3017) are linearly installed with the 2 clamping plates (3013) in a movable manner, the 2 toothed plate plates (3014) are vertically installed at the tops of the 2 clamping plates (3013), the rack plates (3014) on the 2 clamping plates (3013) are opposite to each other, the cover plate (3018) is horizontally installed at the tops of the 2 supporting plates (3012), the clamping gear shaft (3015) is rotatably installed at the central position of the cover plate (3018), all be equipped with the rack on 2 rack laths (3014), be equipped with the gear on the one end periphery of clamping gear shaft (3015), the rack on clamping gear shaft (3015) and the gear on 2 rack laths (3014) are fit mutually, 2 press from both sides the back that 2 backup pads (3012) were installed respectively in tight pneumatic cylinder (3011), 2 the pneumatic cylinder that presss from both sides tight pneumatic cylinder (3011) respectively with 2 rack laths (3014) fixed mounting together, V type presss from both sides tight piece (3016) fixed mounting on the opposite face of 2 clamp plates (3013), V type presss from both sides tight piece (3016) and becomes to be equipped with 45 degrees chutes (30161) on V type groove structure and the V type groove structure.
CN202011082029.0A 2020-10-12 2020-10-12 Peeling machine Pending CN112091236A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011082029.0A CN112091236A (en) 2020-10-12 2020-10-12 Peeling machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011082029.0A CN112091236A (en) 2020-10-12 2020-10-12 Peeling machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN112091236A true CN112091236A (en) 2020-12-18

Family

ID=73783119

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202011082029.0A Pending CN112091236A (en) 2020-10-12 2020-10-12 Peeling machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN112091236A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115912199A (en) * 2023-02-28 2023-04-04 国网山东省电力公司安丘市供电公司 Electric power lead peeling device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115912199A (en) * 2023-02-28 2023-04-04 国网山东省电力公司安丘市供电公司 Electric power lead peeling device

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