CN112046327A - Electric automobile charging pile integrating wind power generation technology and photovoltaic power generation technology - Google Patents

Electric automobile charging pile integrating wind power generation technology and photovoltaic power generation technology Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112046327A
CN112046327A CN202010877093.1A CN202010877093A CN112046327A CN 112046327 A CN112046327 A CN 112046327A CN 202010877093 A CN202010877093 A CN 202010877093A CN 112046327 A CN112046327 A CN 112046327A
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China
Prior art keywords
gear
power generation
fixedly connected
outside
stock
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CN202010877093.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吕彦亮
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吕彦亮
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Priority to CN202010877093.1A priority Critical patent/CN112046327A/en
Publication of CN112046327A publication Critical patent/CN112046327A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/50Charging stations characterised by energy-storage or power-generation means
    • B60L53/51Photovoltaic means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/30Constructional details of charging stations
    • B60L53/31Charging columns specially adapted for electric vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/50Charging stations characterised by energy-storage or power-generation means
    • B60L53/52Wind-driven generators
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/007Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations the wind motor being combined with means for converting solar radiation into useful energy
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/20Wind motors characterised by the driven apparatus
    • F03D9/25Wind motors characterised by the driven apparatus the apparatus being an electrical generator
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/30Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/34Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations on stationary objects or on stationary man-made structures
    • F03D9/43Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations on stationary objects or on stationary man-made structures using infrastructure primarily used for other purposes, e.g. masts for overhead railway power lines
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S10/00PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for the generation of electric power
    • H02S10/10PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for the generation of electric power including a supplementary source of electric power, e.g. hybrid diesel-PV energy systems
    • H02S10/12Hybrid wind-PV energy systems
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/30Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/30Wind power
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/728Onshore wind turbines
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies relating to charging of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/12Electric charging stations

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of wind energy application, and discloses a charging device integrating wind power generation and photovoltaic power generation, which comprises a shell, wherein a wind turbine is fixedly connected to the outside of the shell, a turntable is movably connected to the outside of the shell, a first supporting rod is fixedly connected to the outside of the turntable, a supporting plate is movably connected to the top of the first supporting rod, a photovoltaic module is fixedly connected to the top of the supporting plate, a fixed plate is fixedly connected to the outside of the photovoltaic module, and a first photoresistor is fixedly connected to the outside of the fixed plate; through the interaction of gear one, gear two, screwed pipe, shading stick, photo resistance one, branch two and pivot for when the sun altitude angle changes along with time, can adjust photovoltaic module's inclination automatically, thereby make photovoltaic module can satisfy the sun altitude angle of different time quantums, and then make photovoltaic module's generating efficiency higher.

Description

Electric automobile charging pile integrating wind power generation technology and photovoltaic power generation technology
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of wind energy application, in particular to a charging device integrating wind power generation and photovoltaic power generation.
Background
With the development of the society and the progress of the technology, the electric automobile slowly enters our lives, and benefits are brought to environmental protection and resource saving, however, the electric automobile is used without leaving a charging pile, so that a corresponding charging station needs to be built in a certain area to charge the electric automobile, and the electric automobile can be ensured to continuously run.
Wind power generation and solar energy power generation have all become more novel power generation mode, and such power generation mode is cleaner, can not cause the pollution to the environment, consequently to some wind energy or the place that solar energy resource is comparatively abundant, like Tibet etc. ground, can supply power for electric automobile fills electric pile through solar energy power generation or wind power generation, thereby can practice thrift a large amount of energy, the environment has also been protected simultaneously, wind power generation set receives the influence factor of environment less, and because sunshine irradiant direction and height angle all change along with the change of time during solar energy power generation, current photovoltaic module is fixed mounting in the use, can't adjust according to the direction of sunshine, thereby make light energy power generation's effect have certain limitation.
Therefore, in order to solve these problems, a charging device integrating wind power generation and photovoltaic power generation is needed.
Disclosure of Invention
Technical problem to be solved
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the invention provides a charging device integrating wind power generation and photovoltaic power generation, which has the advantage of automatically adjusting the inclination angle and the orientation of a photovoltaic module and solves the problem that the photovoltaic module cannot be automatically adjusted according to the direct angle and the orientation of the sun.
(II) technical scheme
In order to achieve the purpose of automatically adjusting the inclination angle and the orientation of the photovoltaic module, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a wind power generation and photovoltaic power generation integrated charging device comprises a shell, wherein a wind turbine is fixedly connected to the outer portion of the shell, a turntable is movably connected to the outer portion of the shell, a first supporting rod is fixedly connected to the outer portion of the turntable, a supporting plate is movably connected to the top of the first supporting rod, a photovoltaic assembly is fixedly connected to the top of the supporting plate, a fixing plate is fixedly connected to the outer portion of the photovoltaic assembly, a first photoresistor is fixedly connected to the outer portion of the fixing plate, a second photoresistor is fixedly connected to the top of the fixing plate, a shading rod is fixedly connected to the outer portion of the fixing plate, a threaded pipe is movably connected to the inner portion of the turntable, a second supporting rod is in threaded connection with the inner portion of the threaded pipe, a first gear is fixedly sleeved on the outer portion of the threaded pipe, a second, the inside fixedly connected with motor one of shell, the fixed cover in outside of motor one has connect gear three, the external toothing of gear three has gear four, the fixed cover in inside of gear four has connect the bull stick, the outside fixedly connected with runner of bull stick, the outside fixedly connected with connecting rod of runner, the inside fixedly connected with motor two of shell, the fixed cover in outside of motor two has connect gear five, the external toothing of gear five has gear six, the external toothing of gear six has gear seven, the outside fixedly connected with gear eight of gear seven, the outside fixedly connected with pin of gear seven, the inside fixedly connected with feeler lever of shell.
Preferably, the number of the first photoresistors and the second photoresistors is two respectively, the first photoresistors are symmetrically distributed on the upper side and the lower side of the upper surface of the fixing plate, the two photoresistors are symmetrically distributed on the two sides of the upper surface of the fixing plate, the distances from the first photoresistors and the second photoresistors to the shading rod are equal, and after the direct irradiation angle of the sun changes, the shading rod can shade the first photoresistors or the second photoresistors, so that the resistance value of the first photoresistors or the second photoresistors changes, the rotating shaft or the first motor can be controlled to rotate, the inclination angle and the orientation of the photovoltaic module are adjusted, and the photovoltaic module can receive direct irradiation sunlight all the time.
Preferably, the first support rod is fixedly connected to the outside of the first support rod in a rotating mode, the sliding groove is formed in the outside of the support plate, the second support rod is fixedly connected to the outside of the support plate in a rotating mode, the first support rod is movably inserted into the sliding groove, the second support rod is movably sleeved with the second support rod in a rotating mode, and therefore the photovoltaic module can be adjusted in an inclination angle normally.
Preferably, the bottom fixedly connected with slider of carousel, the spout has been seted up to the inside of shell, slider and spout activity joint, and the inside swing joint of spout has the ball, the ring channel has been seted up to the inside of carousel, the connecting rod is pegged graft with the ring channel activity, can be connected fixedly to the carousel, has also reduced the frictional force between carousel and the shell simultaneously, has reduced the wearing and tearing of carousel with the shell contact surface, connecting rod fixed connection is in the bottom of carousel.
Preferably, stock one has been cup jointed in the outside activity of gear six, stock two has been cup jointed in the outside activity of gear seven, the outside fixedly connected with limiting plate of stock one and stock two, gear six, gear seven, gear eight, limiting plate setting are respectively at stock one and two outside quantity and the position of stock two: the first long rod is externally connected with three gears six at equal intervals, two sides of the gears six are fixedly connected with limiting plates outside the first long rod, the part, close to the left end of the shell, of the two long rods is a single gear seven, the transmission part is a gear seven fixedly connected with a gear eight, the transmission parts are two groups, the outside of each part is separated by a limiting plate, the gear six, the gear seven, the gear eight, the limiting plates, the first long rod, the second long rod, the touch rod and the stop rod form a time delay assembly, the time interval between one circle of rotation of the stop rod and contact of the touch rod is twelve hours, the first touch rod and the stop rod can be in contact with each other to control the first photoresistor and the second photoresistor to be electrified, the second touch rod and the stop rod can be in contact with each other to control the electrification and the outage of the first photoresistor and the second photoresistor, and therefore the first photoresistor and the second photoresistor can not be irradiated, causing a disarrangement of the control system.
Preferably, the position and the height of the stop lever are matched with those of the feeler lever.
Preferably, the pivot is connected with the drive power supply electricity, drive power supply is connected with a photo resistance electricity, motor one is connected with two electricity of photo resistance, photo resistance one, photo resistance two all with the feeler lever electric connection, can adjust photovoltaic module according to the difference of illumination angle and direction automatically for photovoltaic module can receive direct projection sunshine all the time.
(III) advantageous effects
Compared with the prior art, the invention provides a charging device integrating wind power generation and photovoltaic power generation, which has the following beneficial effects:
1. this charging device of wind power generation and photovoltaic power generation integration through the interact of gear one, gear two, screwed pipe, shading stick, photo resistance one, branch two and pivot for when the sun altitude angle changes along with time, can adjust photovoltaic module's inclination automatically, thereby make photovoltaic module can satisfy the sun altitude angle of different time quantums, and then make photovoltaic module's generating efficiency higher.
2. This wind power generation and photovoltaic power generation integrated charging device through the interact of gear three, gear four, motor one, runner, connecting rod and carousel for when the sun irradiation direction changes along with time, can adjust photovoltaic module's orientation for automatic, thereby make photovoltaic module can be all the time towards the direct projection direction of sunshine, carry out the conversion of light energy, make photovoltaic module's electric energy output higher.
3. This wind power generation and photovoltaic power generation integrated charging device, through the interact of gear five, gear six, gear seven, gear eight, motor two, pin and feeler lever, can control the electricity outage of photo resistance one with photo resistance two for photo resistance one and photo resistance two stop work at night, avoided light darker at night to lead to photo resistance one and photo resistance two to continuously trigger, lead to the control in disorder, also practiced thrift the electric energy simultaneously.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the present invention in partial cross section;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view taken at A of FIG. 1 in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of the invention at B of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a connection relationship between a support plate and a support rod according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a connection structure of a local structure according to the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a connection relationship between parts of the structure shown in fig. 1.
In the figure: 1. a housing; 2. a wind turbine; 3. a turntable; 4. a first support rod; 5. a support plate; 6. a photovoltaic module; 7. a fixing plate; 8. a first photoresistor; 9. a second photoresistor; 10. a shading rod; 11. a threaded pipe; 12. a second supporting rod; 13. a first gear; 14. a second gear; 15. a rotating shaft; 16. a first motor; 17. a third gear; 18. a fourth gear; 19. a rotating rod; 20. a rotating wheel; 21. a connecting rod; 22. a second motor; 23. a fifth gear; 24. a sixth gear; 25. a seventh gear; 26. eighth gear; 27. a stop lever; 28. a feeler lever.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-6, a charging device integrating wind power generation and photovoltaic power generation comprises a housing 1, a wind turbine 2 fixedly connected to the outside of the housing 1, a turntable 3 movably connected to the outside of the housing 1, a sliding block fixedly connected to the bottom of the turntable 3, a sliding slot formed in the housing 1 and movably connected to the sliding slot, a ball movably connected to the inside of the sliding slot, an annular slot formed in the turntable 3, a connecting rod 21 movably inserted into the annular slot to connect and fix the turntable 3, and simultaneously reduce the friction between the turntable 3 and the housing 1, reduce the wear of the contact surface between the turntable 3 and the housing 1, the connecting rod 21 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the turntable 3, a first support rod 4 fixedly connected to the outside of the first support rod, a second support rod provided to the outside of the support plate 5, the first rotating column is movably inserted into the sliding groove, and the second rotating column is movably sleeved with the second support rod 12, so that the photovoltaic module 6 can normally adjust the inclination angle.
The top of the supporting rod I4 is movably connected with a supporting plate 5, the top of the supporting plate 5 is fixedly connected with a photovoltaic assembly 6, the outside of the photovoltaic assembly 6 is fixedly connected with a fixing plate 7, the outside of the fixing plate 7 is fixedly connected with a first photoresistor 8, the top of the fixing plate 7 is fixedly connected with a second photoresistor 9, the number of the first photoresistor 8 and the number of the second photoresistor 9 are respectively two, the two first photoresistors 8 are symmetrically distributed on the upper side and the lower side of the upper surface of the fixing plate 7, the two photoresistors 9 are symmetrically distributed on the two sides of the upper surface of the fixing plate 7, the distances from the first photoresistors 8 and the second photoresistors 9 to the shading rod 10 are equal, when the direct incident angle of the sun changes, the shading rod 10 shades the first photoresistors 8 or the second photoresistors 9, so that the resistance values of the first photore, adjust the inclination angle and the orientation of photovoltaic module 6 for photovoltaic module 6 can receive direct sunlight all the time.
Outside fixedly connected with shading stick 10 of fixed plate 7, the inside swing joint of carousel 3 has screwed pipe 11, the inside threaded connection of screwed pipe 11 has two 12 branch, the fixed cover in outside of screwed pipe 11 has connect gear 13, the outside meshing of gear 13 has two 14, the fixed cover in inside of gear two 14 has connect pivot 15, pivot 15 is connected with drive power supply electricity, drive power supply is connected with a 8 electricity of photo resistance, motor 16 is connected with two 9 electricity of photo resistance, photo resistance 8, photo resistance two 9 all with feeler lever 28 electric connection, can adjust photovoltaic module 6 according to the difference of illumination angle and direction automatically, make photovoltaic module 6 can receive direct sunlight all the time.
The inside fixedly connected with motor 16 of shell 1, the external fixation of motor 16 has cup jointed gear three 17, and the outside meshing of gear three 17 has gear four 18, and the internal fixation of gear four 18 has cup jointed bull stick 19, and the external fixedly connected with runner 20 of bull stick 19, the external fixedly connected with connecting rod 21 of runner 20.
Two 22 of the inside fixedly connected with motor of shell 1, two 22's outside fixed cover has been connect five 23 of gear, five 23's of gear outside meshing has six 24 of gear, six 24's of gear outside meshing has seven 25 of gear, seven 25's of gear outside fixedly connected with eight 26 of gear, seven 25's of gear outside fixedly connected with pin 27, pin 27's position, the inside fixedly connected with feeler lever 28 of height and feeler lever 28 phase-match shell 1, six 24's of gear outside activity has cup jointed stock one, seven 25's of gear outside activity has cup jointed stock two, one and two's of stock outside fixedly connected with limiting plate, six 24 of gear, seven 25 of gear, eight 26 of gear, the limiting plate setting is in one and two outside quantity and the position of stock and is respectively: three gears six 24 are connected to the outer portion of the long rod one at equal intervals, limiting plates are fixedly connected to the two sides of the gear six 24 on the outer portion of the long rod one, the portion, close to the left end of the shell 1, of the outer portion of the long rod is a single gear seven 25, the transmission portion is a gear seven 25 fixedly connected with a gear eight 26, the transmission portion is two groups, the limiting plates are arranged on the outer portion of each part in a separated mode, the gear six 24, the gear seven 25, the gear eight 26, the limiting plates, the long rod one, the long rod two, the touch rod 28 and the stop rod 27 form a time delay assembly, the time interval of one circle of rotation of the stop rod 27 contacting the touch rod 28 is twelve hours, the touch rod 28 contacts the stop rod 27 for the first time to control the first photo resistor 8 and the second photo resistor 9 to be electrified, the second photo resistor 28 contacts the stop rod 27 to control the first photo resistor 8 and the second photo resistor 9 to be powered off, the electricity connection and the power off, therefore, the situation that the control system is disordered due to the fact that the first photoresistor 8 and the second photoresistor 9 do not irradiate light at night is avoided.
The working principle is that in the using process of the charging pile, wind power generation can be carried out through the wind turbine 2 to provide certain electric energy for the charging pile, when sunlight exists, solar energy is converted into electric energy through the photovoltaic component 6 to provide certain electric energy for the charging pile, the direct direction and the height angle of the sun constantly change along with the time, when the direct direction of the sun changes, shadow generated by the shading rod 10 can shade the second photo-resistor 9, the resistance value of the shaded second photo-resistor 9 changes, the first motor 16 is started to drive the third gear 17 to rotate, the third gear 17 rotates to drive the fourth gear 18 to rotate, the fourth gear 18 drives the rotating rod 19 to rotate, so that the rotating wheel 20 connected with the rotating rod 19 rotates, the rotating wheel 20 drives the rotating disc 3 to rotate through the connecting rod 21, and the photovoltaic component 6 rotates to change the orientation, when the photovoltaic module 6 can receive direct light, the shading rod 10 does not shade the second photo-resistor 9, the first motor 16 is turned off, and the adjustment of the orientation of the photovoltaic module 6 is completed.
When the altitude angle of the sun changes, the shadow that shading stick 10 produced can shelter from photo resistor 8, make photo resistor 8's resistance value change, drive power supply drive pivot 15 rotates this moment, pivot 15 drives gear two 14 and rotates, gear two 14 rotates and drives gear one 13 and rotates, gear one 13 drives screwed pipe 11 and rotates, thereby make the branch two 12 with screwed pipe 11 threaded connection go up and down, adjust the height that the left end of photovoltaic module 6 lifted up, when photovoltaic module 6's inclination satisfies the altitude angle of sunlight, shading stick 10 is not sheltering from photo resistor 8, pivot 15 stall, accomplish the adjustment to photovoltaic module 6's inclination angle.
When the charging pile is initially used, the starting time of the second motor 22 is close to the sunrise time and is about sixty-seven points earlier, the time interval between every two times of contact of the stop lever 27 and the contact lever 28 is twelve hours under the action of the delay assembly, in the using process, the second motor 22 drives the fifth gear 23 to rotate, the fifth gear 23 drives the sixth gear 24 meshed with the fifth gear to rotate, the sixth gear 24 drives the seventh gear 25 meshed with the sixth gear to rotate, the seventh gear 25 drives the eighth gear 26 fixedly connected with the seventh gear to rotate, the number of teeth on the eighth gear 26 is far smaller than those on the sixth gear 24 and the seventh gear 25, therefore, the delay effect can be realized through the interaction of the sixth gear 24, the seventh gear 25 and the eighth gear 26, the time for one circle of rotation of the stop lever 27 fixedly connected with the seventh gear 25 is twelve hours, when the sixth seven points later, the stop lever 27 is in first contact with the contact lever 28, at this time, the first photo resistor 8 and the second photo resistor 9 stop powering off, and at sixty-seven am, the stop lever 27 rotates until the feeler lever 28 contacts for the second time, and at this time, the first photo resistor 8 and the second photo resistor 9 are powered on to start running, and a new round of light energy conversion is started.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a wind power generation and photovoltaic power generation integrated charging device, includes shell (1), its characterized in that: the wind turbine is characterized in that a wind turbine (2) is fixedly connected to the outside of the shell (1), a turntable (3) is movably connected to the outside of the shell (1), a first support rod (4) is fixedly connected to the outside of the turntable (3), a first support plate (5) is movably connected to the top of the first support rod (4), a photovoltaic module (6) is fixedly connected to the top of the support plate (5), a fixed plate (7) is fixedly connected to the outside of the photovoltaic module (6), a first photoresistor (8) is fixedly connected to the outside of the fixed plate (7), a second photoresistor (9) is fixedly connected to the top of the fixed plate (7), a shading rod (10) is fixedly connected to the outside of the fixed plate (7), a threaded pipe (11) is movably connected to the inside of the turntable (3), a second support rod (12) is connected to the internal thread of the threaded pipe (11), and a first gear, the external gearing of the first gear (13) is provided with a second gear (14), the internal fixing of the second gear (14) is sleeved with a rotating shaft (15), the internal fixing of the shell (1) is connected with a first motor (16), the external fixing of the first motor (16) is sleeved with a third gear (17), the external gearing of the third gear (17) is provided with a fourth gear (18), the internal fixing of the fourth gear (18) is sleeved with a rotating rod (19), the external fixing of the rotating rod (19) is connected with a rotating wheel (20), the external fixing of the rotating wheel (20) is connected with a connecting rod (21), the internal fixing of the shell (1) is connected with a second motor (22), the external fixing of the second motor (22) is sleeved with a fifth gear (23), the external gearing of the fifth gear (23) is engaged with a sixth gear (24), the external gearing of the sixth gear (24) is engaged with a seventh gear (25), the outer portion of the seventh gear (25) is fixedly connected with an eighth gear (26), the outer portion of the seventh gear (25) is fixedly connected with a stop lever (27), and the inner portion of the shell (1) is fixedly connected with a feeler lever (28).
2. The wind power generation and photovoltaic power generation integrated charging device according to claim 1, wherein: the number of the first photoresistors (8) and the second photoresistors (9) is two respectively, the first photoresistors (8) are symmetrically distributed on the upper side and the lower side of the upper surface of the fixing plate (7), the second photoresistors (9) are symmetrically distributed on the two sides of the upper surface of the fixing plate (7), and the distances from the first photoresistors (8) and the second photoresistors (9) to the shading rod (10) are equal.
3. The wind power generation and photovoltaic power generation integrated charging device according to claim 1, wherein: the outer portion of the first supporting rod (4) is fixedly connected with a first rotating column, a sliding groove is formed in the outer portion of the supporting plate (5), the outer portion of the supporting plate (5) is fixedly connected with a second rotating column, the first rotating column is movably connected with the sliding groove in an inserted mode, and the second rotating column is movably connected with the second supporting rod (12) in a sleeved mode.
4. The wind power generation and photovoltaic power generation integrated charging device according to claim 1, wherein: the bottom fixedly connected with slider of carousel (3), the spout has been seted up to the inside of shell (1), slider and spout activity joint, and the inside swing joint of spout has the ball, the ring channel has been seted up to the inside of carousel (3), connecting rod (21) are pegged graft with the ring channel activity, connecting rod (21) fixed connection is in the bottom of carousel (3).
5. The wind power generation and photovoltaic power generation integrated charging device according to claim 1, wherein: the outside activity of six (24) gears has cup jointed stock one, the outside activity of seven (25) gears has cup jointed stock two, the outside fixedly connected with limiting plate of stock one and stock two, the number and the position that six (24) gears seven (25), eight (26) gears, limiting plate setting are in stock one and two outsidess of stock are respectively: one outside equidistance of stock is connected with six (24) of three gear, and the both sides of six (24) of gear all are at the outside fixedly connected with limiting plate of stock one, and two outsides of stock are close to the part of shell (1) left end and are single gear seven (25), and the drive division is a gear seven (25) and eight (26) fixed connection of gear, and the drive division is two sets of, and the outside of every part is separated by the limiting plate, a time delay subassembly is constituteed to six (24) of gear, seven (25) of gear, eight (26) of gear, limiting plate, stock one, stock two, feeler lever (28) and pin (27).
6. The wind power generation and photovoltaic power generation integrated charging device according to claim 1, wherein: the position and the height of the stop lever (27) are matched with those of the contact lever (28).
7. The wind power generation and photovoltaic power generation integrated charging device according to claim 1, wherein: pivot (15) are connected with drive power supply electricity, drive power supply is connected with photo resistance (8) electricity, motor one (16) are connected with photo resistance two (9) electricity, photo resistance one (8), photo resistance two (9) all with feeler lever (28) electric connection.
CN202010877093.1A 2020-08-27 2020-08-27 Electric automobile charging pile integrating wind power generation technology and photovoltaic power generation technology Pending CN112046327A (en)

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CN202010877093.1A CN112046327A (en) 2020-08-27 2020-08-27 Electric automobile charging pile integrating wind power generation technology and photovoltaic power generation technology

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CN202010877093.1A CN112046327A (en) 2020-08-27 2020-08-27 Electric automobile charging pile integrating wind power generation technology and photovoltaic power generation technology

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111810902A (en) * 2020-07-22 2020-10-23 江苏凯联达电子科技有限公司 Wind power photovoltaic street lamp based on internet of things controller

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111810902A (en) * 2020-07-22 2020-10-23 江苏凯联达电子科技有限公司 Wind power photovoltaic street lamp based on internet of things controller

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