CN108988765A - Solar panel electrically powered steering apparatus using same - Google Patents

Solar panel electrically powered steering apparatus using same Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108988765A
CN108988765A CN201810907026.2A CN201810907026A CN108988765A CN 108988765 A CN108988765 A CN 108988765A CN 201810907026 A CN201810907026 A CN 201810907026A CN 108988765 A CN108988765 A CN 108988765A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
solar panel
thrust bearing
pedestal
worm
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810907026.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
坎标
李贵浪
王振天
丁建宁
陈丽娟
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Changzhou University
Original Assignee
Changzhou University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Changzhou University filed Critical Changzhou University
Priority to CN201810907026.2A priority Critical patent/CN108988765A/en
Publication of CN108988765A publication Critical patent/CN108988765A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/30Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment
    • H02S20/32Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment specially adapted for solar tracking
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of solar panel electrically powered steering apparatus using sames, with pedestal, pedestal upper surface is equipped with thrust bearing, thrust bearing upper surface is fixed with the sleeve that inner sidewall has gear ring, sleeve upper surface is fixed with the top cover of installation solar panel and synchronous globe rotational velocity, stepper motor and bearing bracket stand are installed on the pedestal in thrust bearing inner ring, stepper motor output shaft is sequentially connected with worm screw, planetary gear train is equipped with by vertically disposed gear shaft on bearing bracket stand, the worm gear of sun gear and engaged transmission worm screw that the planetary gear train has is coaxially disposed, sun gear two sides are engaged with the planetary gear with the gear ring engaged transmission respectively.The present invention is by adjusting stepper motor revolving speed, using the gear reduction of worm and gear and planetary gear train, it realizes the function of the solar panel tracking sun and automatically reverts to morning initial angle position in one day, it is compact-sized, improve the stationarity of transfer bearing capacity and transmission.

Description

Solar panel electrically powered steering apparatus using same
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of rotation of single-degree-of-freedom and the solar panel electrically powered steering apparatus using sames of energy self-aligning.
Background technique
Solar energy is a kind of cleaning, renewable new energy, inexhaustible.Currently, the photoelectric conversion of solar energy It is mainly realized by silica-based solar cell plate, realizes solar conversion efficiency to maximize, should ensure that sunray is opposite In the incident angle of solar panel plane, to absorb more sunrays.The installation bottom of traditional solar panel Seat mostly uses fixed, and many convertible energy can be lost during the sun rises in east and drop in west, lead to the reduction of overall conversion efficiency. Patent of invention ZL201210416005.3 discloses a kind of oblique single-axis solar tracing system of front and back support type;Utility model is special Sharp ZL201320220908.4 discloses one kind by light-sensitive element feedback control, drives arcuate gear rotation and carriage turns, To realize the device of solar panel rotation;Patent of invention ZL 201610458750.2 discloses a kind of using bucking ladder With rack rails, gear mechanism adjustable inclination, the device of sunlight is tracked.But above-mentioned existing solar panel transfer is being tied It is complex on structure, or it is difficult to the complete transfer efficiency tracked the sun and influence solar energy.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is the present invention provides a kind of structure in order to overcome the deficiencies in the existing technology Simple and compact, the stable and traceable sun is to improve the solar panel electrically powered steering apparatus using same of solar energy conversion ratio.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of solar panel electrically powered steering apparatus using same, With pedestal, the pedestal upper surface is equipped with thrust bearing, and thrust bearing upper surface is fixed with inner sidewall with gear ring Sleeve, sleeve upper surface are fixed with the top cover of installation solar panel, are equipped on the pedestal in thrust bearing inner ring Stepper motor and bearing bracket stand, stepper motor output shaft are sequentially connected with worm screw, are pacified on bearing bracket stand by vertically disposed gear shaft Equipped with planetary gear train, the worm gear of sun gear and engaged transmission worm screw that the planetary gear train has is coaxially disposed, sun gear Two sides are engaged with the planetary gear with gear ring engaged transmission respectively, the top cover synchronous globe rotational velocity and realize battery The vertical irradiation of plate and sunray.
Protective jacket is equipped on the outside of the thrust bearing to be influenced to rotate to prevent rainwater, dust from entering thrust bearing track Precision and thrust bearing service life.
The top cover offers the mounting hole for installing solar battery plate bracing frame.It is needed when installation by support frame Certain angle is pre-adjusted, keeps solar panel vertical with sunray, top cover rotates together with sleeve, to drive Solar panel above top cover rotates together, the final function of realizing the solar panel tracking sun.
It is above-mentioned to be related to the function of the solar panel tracking sun, i.e. follow the sun to rotate daytime, post sunset is with regard to automatic It resets, can voluntarily adjust solar panel for a long time according to daytime and track angle, double reduction is mainly driven by stepper motor Transmission is realized.Wherein stepper motor revolving speed n4=n1×i1×i2, wherein n1It is earth rotation speed, the transmission ratio of planetary gear train i1=(z2×z3)/(z1×z2), wherein z1、z2、z3The respectively number of teeth of sun gear, planetary gear and gear ring;i2It is worm and gear Transmission ratio is i2=z5/z4, wherein z4、z5The revolving speed n of stepper motor is calculated in respectively number of threads and the worm gear number of teeth4Model It encloses.It, can be with by the transmission of worm and gear, planetary gear train by control stepper motor snap back rotation after the sunset It realizes the operating of solar panel snap back and resets.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are: the present invention, which passes through, adjusts stepper motor revolving speed, using worm and gear and planetary gear The gear reduction of system realizes the function of the solar panel tracking sun and automatically reverts to morning initial angle position in one day It sets, it is compact-sized, improve the stationarity of transfer bearing capacity and transmission.
Detailed description of the invention
Present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings and examples.
Fig. 1 is structural schematic diagram of the invention.
Fig. 2 is schematic diagram of internal structure of the invention
Fig. 3 is partial sectional view of the invention;
Fig. 4 is the partial sectional view of sleeve of the present invention;
In figure: 1. top cover, 2. sleeve, 3. protective jacket, 4. pedestal, 5. thrust bearing, 6. bearing bracket stand, 7. rolling bearing 8. 14. gear shaft of sun gear 9. planetary gear, 10. gear ring, 11. worm screw, 12. worm gear, 13. stepper motor, 15 mounting hole
Specific embodiment
In conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the present invention is further explained in detail.These attached drawings are simplified schematic diagram, only with Illustration illustrates basic structure of the invention, therefore it only shows the composition relevant to the invention.
As shown in Figure 1 to 4, a kind of solar panel electrically powered steering apparatus using same has pedestal 4,4 upper end of pedestal Face is equipped with the load thrust bearing 5 for bearing its top (mainly solar panel and support frame), sets on the outside of thrust bearing 5 There is protective jacket 3, the use longevity of running accuracy and thrust bearing 5 is influenced to prevent rainwater, dust from entering 5 track of thrust bearing Life.
5 upper surface of thrust bearing is fixed with sleeve 2, and sleeve 2 is realized small by the rolling friction that thrust bearing 5 provides Resistance rotation;2 inner sidewall of sleeve has gear ring 10, is fixed with the top cover 1 of installation solar panel, top in 2 upper surface of sleeve The mounting hole 15 for installing solar battery plate bracing frame is offered on lid 1, the 1 synchronous globe rotational velocity of top cover and Realize the vertical irradiation of solar panel and sunray.
Stepper motor 13 and bearing bracket stand 6 are installed on the pedestal 4 in 5 inner ring of thrust bearing, stepper motor 13 exports Axis is sequentially connected with worm screw 11, and 11 engaged transmission of worm screw has worm gear 12, installed on bearing bracket stand 6 by vertically disposed gear shaft 14 There is planetary gear train.The planetary gear train has sun gear 8 and two planetary gears 9, and sun gear 8 is located at 6 interposition of bearing bracket stand It sets and is coaxially disposed with worm gear 12, the planetary gear 9 sets up separately in 8 engaged transmission of 8 two sides of sun gear and sun gear, while the row Star-wheel 9 again with 10 engaged transmission of the gear ring.
Pedestal 4: being first fixed on cement flooring with bolt by installation process, then that stepper motor 13 and worm screw 11 is fixed On pedestal 4, worm screw 11 is directly connected with 13 output shaft of stepper motor, and realization stepper motor 13 is rotated coaxially with worm screw 11; Worm gear 12, planetary gear 9 and sun gear 8 are separately fixed on bearing bracket stand 6 by gear shaft 14 and rolling bearing 7, and by bearing Frame 6 is bolted on pedestal 4;Thrust bearing 5 is placed on pedestal 4, and places protective jacket 3, to guarantee thrust axis Hold 5 will not because of rainwater, sand and dust and influence to rotate;Then installation sleeve 2,2 bottom of sleeve pass through bolt and 5 phase of thrust bearing Even, sleeve 2 realizes that slight drag rotates by thrust bearing 5;Top cover 1 is finally fixed on to the top of sleeve 2, blending bolt is twisted Tightly.
In the present embodiment, 13 revolving speed n of stepper motor is selected4=1.53 × 10-3R/s, stepper motor 13 drive worm screw 11, snail 12 engagement rotations, 11 per revolution of worm screw are taken turns, worm gear 12 just rotates a tooth pitch, worm screw 11 several z4=1, the tooth of worm gear 12 Number z5=56, the alternate angle between 12 worm screw 11 of worm gear is 90 degree, transmission ratio i2=56,12 revolving speed n of worm gear2=n4/i2=2.73 ×10-5R/s, at this time 12 worm screw 11 of worm gear transmission realize the first order deceleration transmission of rotating device.
In planetary gear train, sun gear 8 and the coaxial same revolving speed of worm gear 12,8 number of teeth of sun gear are z1=52,9 tooth of planetary gear Number z2=31, the number of teeth z of gear ring 103=123, transmission ratio i1=2.36, the revolving speed n of gear ring 103=n2/i1=1.16 × 10-5r/ S, planetary gear train realizes the second level deceleration transmission of rotating device at this time, and 12 worm screw 11 of worm gear is driven the self-locking function having The stable drive of planetary gear train is can guarantee.
The movement of stepper motor 13 passes through the engaged transmission of 12 worm screw 11 of worm gear, then the engagement by sun gear 8 and planetary gear 9 It is driven and is transferred to gear ring 10, finally rotation is transmitted on sleeve 2, sleeve 2 certainly then realizes top cover 1 relative to pedestal 4 Rotation.
Reserving installation hole 15 is used to install the support frame of solar panel on top cover 1, and when installation needs support frame is pre- Certain angle is first adjusted, keeps solar panel vertical with sunray, when top cover 1 rotates together with sleeve 2, is driven The solar panel of 1 top of top cover rotates together, according to the revolving speed n of the sunny energy solar panel of above-mentioned beginning parameter transform model0= 1.16×10-5R/s, it is identical as earth rotation speed, to realize that solar panel follows sun rotation always, to reach complete The maximized purpose of its photoelectric conversion efficiency.After the sunset, pass through control 13 snap back of stepper motor rotation, solar-electricity The Rapid reset of pond plate.
Taking the above-mentioned ideal embodiment according to the present invention as inspiration, through the above description, relevant staff is complete Various changes and amendments can be carried out without departing from the scope of the technological thought of the present invention' entirely.The technology of this invention Property range is not limited to the contents of the specification, it is necessary to which the technical scope thereof is determined according to the scope of the claim.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of solar panel electrically powered steering apparatus using same has pedestal (4), it is characterized in that: pedestal (4) upper surface is pacified Equipped with thrust bearing (5), thrust bearing (5) upper surface is fixed with the sleeve (2) that inner sidewall has gear ring (10), on sleeve (2) End face is fixed with the top cover (1) of installation solar panel, is equipped with step on the pedestal (4) being located in thrust bearing (5) inner ring Into motor (13) and bearing bracket stand (6), stepper motor (13) output shaft is sequentially connected with worm screw (11), by hanging down on bearing bracket stand (6) The gear shaft (14) being directly arranged is equipped with planetary gear train, the sun gear (8) that the planetary gear train has and engaged transmission snail The worm gear (12) of bar (11) is coaxially disposed, and sun gear (8) two sides are engaged with the planet with the gear ring (10) engaged transmission respectively It takes turns (9), the top cover (1) synchronous globe rotational velocity and the vertical irradiation for realizing solar panel and sunray.
2. solar panel electrically powered steering apparatus using same as described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the thrust bearing (5) is outside Side is equipped with protective jacket (3).
3. solar panel electrically powered steering apparatus using same as described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the top cover (1) offers For installing the mounting hole (15) of solar battery plate bracing frame.
CN201810907026.2A 2018-08-10 2018-08-10 Solar panel electrically powered steering apparatus using same Pending CN108988765A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810907026.2A CN108988765A (en) 2018-08-10 2018-08-10 Solar panel electrically powered steering apparatus using same

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810907026.2A CN108988765A (en) 2018-08-10 2018-08-10 Solar panel electrically powered steering apparatus using same

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108988765A true CN108988765A (en) 2018-12-11

Family

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Family Applications (1)

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CN201810907026.2A Pending CN108988765A (en) 2018-08-10 2018-08-10 Solar panel electrically powered steering apparatus using same

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108988765A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111442164A (en) * 2020-03-12 2020-07-24 张树征 Stake is placed in electric power monitoring

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201232735Y (en) * 2008-07-29 2009-05-06 杭州工电能源科技有限公司 Planet reduction gear
CN103195875A (en) * 2013-04-03 2013-07-10 重庆齿轮箱有限责任公司 Azimuth transmission device of heliostat
CN203880019U (en) * 2014-06-09 2014-10-15 湖北行星传动设备有限公司 Disc type output planetary reducer
CN204612215U (en) * 2015-02-10 2015-09-02 浙江中控太阳能技术有限公司 A kind of heliostat orientation angle driving device for tower type solar thermo-power station
CN107253526A (en) * 2017-08-04 2017-10-17 黄元其 A kind of efficiently slurry drive system
CN207598822U (en) * 2017-09-19 2018-07-10 伯纳德控制设备(北京)有限公司 A kind of actuator of planetary gear mechanism and the application mechanism

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201232735Y (en) * 2008-07-29 2009-05-06 杭州工电能源科技有限公司 Planet reduction gear
CN103195875A (en) * 2013-04-03 2013-07-10 重庆齿轮箱有限责任公司 Azimuth transmission device of heliostat
CN203880019U (en) * 2014-06-09 2014-10-15 湖北行星传动设备有限公司 Disc type output planetary reducer
CN204612215U (en) * 2015-02-10 2015-09-02 浙江中控太阳能技术有限公司 A kind of heliostat orientation angle driving device for tower type solar thermo-power station
CN107253526A (en) * 2017-08-04 2017-10-17 黄元其 A kind of efficiently slurry drive system
CN207598822U (en) * 2017-09-19 2018-07-10 伯纳德控制设备(北京)有限公司 A kind of actuator of planetary gear mechanism and the application mechanism

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111442164A (en) * 2020-03-12 2020-07-24 张树征 Stake is placed in electric power monitoring

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Application publication date: 20181211