CN112032745B - Golden fish algae burning device for sewage treatment - Google Patents

Golden fish algae burning device for sewage treatment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112032745B
CN112032745B CN202010894914.2A CN202010894914A CN112032745B CN 112032745 B CN112032745 B CN 112032745B CN 202010894914 A CN202010894914 A CN 202010894914A CN 112032745 B CN112032745 B CN 112032745B
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cavity
drying
shell
pipe
gear
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CN112032745A (en
Inventor
肖小雨
邹小明
李蜜
朱书汇
范慧淑
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Jinggangshan University
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Jinggangshan University
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G7/00Incinerators or other apparatus for consuming industrial waste, e.g. chemicals
    • F23G7/10Incinerators or other apparatus for consuming industrial waste, e.g. chemicals of field or garden waste or biomasses
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/08Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers
    • B02C18/10Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers with drive arranged above container
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/18Knives; Mountings thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/24Drives
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01DNON-POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES OR ENGINES, e.g. STEAM TURBINES
    • F01D15/00Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of engines with devices driven thereby
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/02Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor with pretreatment
    • F23G5/033Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor with pretreatment comminuting or crushing
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/02Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor with pretreatment
    • F23G5/04Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor with pretreatment drying
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/44Details; Accessories
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/44Details; Accessories
    • F23G5/46Recuperation of heat
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage
    • B02C2201/063Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage for waste water or sewage
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G2201/00Pretreatment
    • F23G2201/10Drying by heat
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G2201/00Pretreatment
    • F23G2201/80Shredding
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G2206/00Waste heat recuperation
    • F23G2206/10Waste heat recuperation reintroducing the heat in the same process, e.g. for predrying
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G2209/00Specific waste
    • F23G2209/26Biowaste

Abstract

The invention discloses a goldfish algae burning device for sewage treatment, which comprises: the device comprises a shell, a drying chamber and an incineration chamber, wherein the shell is columnar and vertically arranged, a partition plate is fixedly arranged in the shell, the partition plate divides an inner cavity of the shell into the drying chamber and the incineration chamber which are mutually independent, and the drying chamber is positioned above the incineration chamber; the crushing mechanism is arranged in the drying cavity and is used for crushing the goldfish algae while drying the goldfish algae; the driving mechanism is used for driving the crushing mechanism to operate; wherein, the feed opening has been seted up in the baffle middle part, dispose the valve member in the feed opening. According to the invention, the drying cavity is arranged above the burning cavity, drying, crushing and burning treatment of the golden fish algae are carried out in the shell, heat generated by burning in the burning cavity is transferred into the drying cavity through the partition plate, and the golden fish algae is dried by using the heat generated by burning, so that the heat is fully utilized, and the use cost is further reduced.

Description

Golden fish algae burning device for sewage treatment
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of incinerating devices, and particularly relates to a goldfish algae incinerating device for sewage treatment.
Background
The phytoremediation is an in-situ treatment technology for removing organic tin pollution in water by utilizing the combined action of green plants and indigenous microorganisms of root systems thereof, and has better effect on pollutants with extremely low environmental concentration. Compared with the traditional restoration technology, the plant restoration has the characteristics of low investment and maintenance cost, simple operation, no secondary pollution and the like, and has the effect of beautifying the landscape.
Chinese invention patent CN106430603A discloses a method for restoring organic tin polluted water body by submerged plants, which comprises planting Goldfish algae with strong reproductive capacity, purifying water body by using the Goldfish algae, salvaging and transferring the Goldfish algae to a safe place for drying, crushing, burning, and finally safely burying.
The subsequent treatment of goldfish algae among the prior art needs to use drying device and reducing mechanism and burning device respectively to handle it, and every step separately carries out not only wastes time and energy, needs to occupy great processing space moreover, still lacks the follow-up treatment facility of integration to goldfish algae temporarily.
Disclosure of Invention
Based on the technical problems in the background art, the invention provides a goldfish algae incineration device for sewage treatment.
The invention provides a goldfish algae burning device for sewage treatment, which comprises:
the device comprises a shell, a drying chamber and an incineration chamber, wherein the shell is columnar and vertically arranged, a partition plate is fixedly arranged in the shell, the partition plate divides an inner cavity of the shell into the drying chamber and the incineration chamber which are mutually independent, and the drying chamber is positioned above the incineration chamber;
the crushing mechanism is arranged in the drying cavity and is used for crushing the golden fish algae while drying the golden fish algae;
the driving mechanism is used for driving the crushing mechanism to operate;
the middle part of the clapboard is provided with a feed opening, and a valve component is arranged in the feed opening;
an air supply pipe is arranged on the incineration cavity, a one-way valve is arranged on the air supply pipe, and the air supply pipe is used for introducing air or oxygen into the incineration cavity;
be equipped with the blast pipe on burning chamber (13), the blast pipe is used for the flue gas of exhaust burning intracavity.
Preferably, the crushing mechanism comprises a sliding block, a screw rod and a rotating roller, the screw rod is vertically arranged in the middle of the drying cavity, the lower end of the screw rod is fixedly arranged in the feed opening through a connecting rod, the sliding block is sleeved on the screw rod in a threaded manner, and the rotating roller is fixedly arranged on the outer side wall of the sliding block.
Preferably, broken mechanism still includes striking pipe, fluted disc, dead lever and resets, it sets up between slider and connecting rod for elastic construction to reset, the dead lever disposes perpendicularly in dry intracavity, and lower extreme and lead screw fixed connection, striking pipe slip cover is established on the dead lever, and one side is equipped with the rodent, the fluted disc rotates to dispose in dry intracavity, and the outer lane divide into dentate part and smooth portion, dentate part is equipped with the rodent and is connected with striking pipe meshing, the rolling disc is rotated by the actuating mechanism drive.
Preferably, the upper end of the drying cavity is provided with an air outlet pipe, the driving mechanism comprises a turbine, the turbine is rotatably arranged in the air outlet pipe, and the turbine is connected with the fluted disc through a transmission assembly.
Preferably, the transmission assembly includes a bevel gear set and a circular gear set, the circular gear set includes a first gear and a second gear, the first gear is coaxially and fixedly connected with the fluted disc, the second gear is connected with the first gear through a transmission belt, the first bevel gear is coaxially and fixedly connected with the second gear, and the second bevel gear is coaxially and fixedly connected with the turbine and is in meshed connection with the second gear.
Preferably, the piece that resets is the spring, the spring cover is established on the lead screw, and both ends respectively with slider, connecting rod fixed connection.
Preferably, the valve member includes shrouding and trachea and electric putter, the slot has been seted up on the lateral wall of feed opening, the sealed slip of shrouding disposes in the slot, the trachea is fixed dispose in the shell outer wall and with the slot intercommunication, electric putter fixed mounting is outside the shell, and the actuating lever penetrates trachea and fixedly connected with piston, piston piece sliding seal disposes in the trachea.
Preferably, cutting blades are provided at both sides of the rotating roller, and the cutting blades extend in a rotating direction of the rotating roller.
Preferably, the baffle is hopper-shaped and middle part undercut, the feed opening is located the baffle middle part minimum.
Preferably, the turning rollers are parallel to the partition sidewalls.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the drying cavity is arranged above the burning cavity, drying, crushing and burning treatment of the golden fish algae are carried out in the shell, heat generated by burning in the burning cavity is transferred into the drying cavity through the partition plate, and the golden fish algae are dried by using the heat generated by burning, so that the heat is fully utilized, and the use cost is further reduced;
2. when the goldfish algae are dried, the crushing mechanism operates to crush the goldfish algae, the valve assembly is opened after the goldfish algae above are dried, and then the goldfish algae above directly enter the incineration cavity through the feed opening, so that the drying, crushing and incineration of the goldfish algae are completed in the same equipment, the step of transferring and carrying in the middle is omitted, the processing efficiency of the goldfish algae is greatly improved, and the space occupation of the processing equipment is reduced;
3. the rotary roller is used for crushing the golden fish algae, and meanwhile, the rotary roller has a scattering effect on the golden fish algae, so that the golden fish algae are prevented from being gathered above the partition plate, the drying effect of the golden fish algae is better, and the drying efficiency of the golden fish algae is accelerated;
4. through the arrangement of the impact tube, the fluted disc and other structures, the output power of the driving mechanism is relatively stable, the output power does not need to be too large, the gravitational potential energy of the impact tube is continuously accumulated by slowly overcoming the gravity of the impact tube to do work, and then the gravitational potential energy of the impact tube is converted into kinetic energy, so that the slide block can obtain larger kinetic energy instantly, and the effect of high-power output in a short time is achieved;
5. through setting up the turbine, utilize the broken mechanism of steam direct drive that the drying produced to operate, need not set up extra electric drive equipment, greatly reduced the use cost of device.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a Goldfish algae incineration device for sewage treatment according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of the structure at A in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of the structure B in FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the structure of the impact tube and the fluted disc of the Goldfish algae incineration device for sewage treatment according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a rotating roller of the device for incinerating Goldfish algae for sewage treatment according to the present invention.
In the figure: the device comprises a shell 1, a partition plate 11, a drying cavity 12, an incineration cavity 13, a feed opening 14, a valve assembly 15, a sealing plate 151, a slot 152, an air pipe 153, an electric push rod 154, an air outlet pipe 16, a feed opening 17, a discharge opening 18, an igniter 19, a crushing mechanism 2, a sliding block 21, a screw rod 22, a rotating roller 23, a cutting blade 24, a striking pipe 25, a fluted disc 26, a toothed tooth part 261, a smooth part 262, a fixed rod 27, a spring 28, a driving mechanism 3, a turbine 31, a transmission assembly 4, a transmission belt 41, a first gear 42, a second gear 43, a first bevel gear 44 and a second bevel gear 45.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "center", "longitudinal", "lateral", "length", "width", "thickness", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", "clockwise", "counterclockwise", and the like, indicate orientations and positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are used only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be considered as limiting the present invention.
Furthermore, the terms "first", "second" and "first" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless specifically defined otherwise.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," "secured," and the like are to be construed broadly and can, for example, be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood according to specific situations by those of ordinary skill in the art.
Referring to fig. 1 to 5, a goldfish algae incineration apparatus for sewage treatment includes:
the device comprises a shell 1, the shell 1 is columnar and vertically arranged, a partition plate 11 is fixedly arranged in the shell 1, the partition plate 11 divides an inner cavity of the shell 1 into a drying cavity 12 and an incineration cavity 13 which are mutually independent, the drying cavity 12 is positioned above the incineration cavity 13, an igniter 19 is arranged in the incineration cavity 13 and used for igniting Goldfish algae, a feed inlet 17 and a discharge outlet 18 are further formed in the shell 1, the feed inlet 17 is communicated with the drying cavity 12, the Goldfish algae are put into the drying cavity 12 through the feed inlet during working, the discharge outlet 18 is communicated with the incineration cavity 13, incinerated ashes are discharged through the discharge outlet 18, the feed inlet 17 and the feed inlet 18 are in a sealed closing state during working, the arrangement of the feed inlet 17, the discharge outlet 18 and the igniter 19 can be realized through the prior art and do not belong to the improvement point of the invention, so that the detailed description is not given here, wherein a discharge port 14 is formed in the middle part of the partition plate 11, and a valve component 15 is arranged in the discharge port 14; in order to supply oxygen required by combustion, an air supply pipe is arranged on the incineration chamber 13, a one-way valve is arranged on the air supply pipe, and the air supply pipe is used for introducing air or oxygen to the incineration chamber 13; the incineration cavity 13 is provided with an exhaust pipe, the exhaust pipe is used for exhausting flue gas in the incineration cavity, and the exhausted flue gas can be selectively sent into a flue gas treatment system to be discharged after being subjected to environment-friendly treatment.
A crushing mechanism 2, which is arranged in the drying chamber 12 and is used for crushing the goldfish algae while drying the goldfish algae;
the driving mechanism 3 is used for driving the crushing mechanism 2 to operate;
in the embodiment applying the technical scheme, drying, crushing and burning treatment of the golden fish algae are carried out in the shell 1, the fished golden fish algae is put into the drying cavity 12, heat generated by burning in the burning cavity 13 is transferred into the drying cavity 12 through the partition plate 11, and the golden fish algae is dried by using the heat generated by burning, so that the heat is fully utilized, and the use cost is reduced; and when drying, crushing mechanism 2 operates to crush goldfish algae, and after the goldfish algae above are dried, valve assembly 15 is opened, and then the goldfish algae above directly enter incineration chamber 13 through feed opening 14, so that drying, crushing and incineration of goldfish algae are completed in the same equipment, the step of transferring and carrying in the middle is omitted, the treatment efficiency of goldfish algae is greatly improved, and the space occupation of treatment equipment is reduced.
In this embodiment, the valve assembly 15 includes a sealing plate 151, an air tube 153 and an electric push rod 154, a slot 152 is formed on a sidewall of the feeding opening 14, the sealing plate 151 is sealingly and slidably disposed in the slot 152, the air tube 153 is fixedly disposed on an outer wall of the housing 1 and is communicated with the slot 152, the electric push rod 153 is fixedly disposed outside the housing 1, and the driving rod penetrates the air tube 153 and is fixedly connected with a piston, a piston block is sealingly and slidably disposed in the air tube 153, the piston is controlled to slide in the air tube 153 by the electric push rod 154, the sealing plate 151 is driven to move by the action of air pressure, when the electric push rod 154 pushes the piston to move in the air tube 153, the pressure in the slot 152 is increased, and the sealing plate 151 is further pushed to move to a side away from the slot 152, until the closing plate 151 butts against the other side wall of the feed opening 14, the closing of the feed opening 14 can be realized, similarly, when the feed opening 14 needs to be opened, the electric push rod 154 recovers and pulls the piston to move in the air pipe 153, so that the pressure in the slot 152 is reduced, and further the closing plate 151 is received in the slot 152 under the action of air pressure, the opening of the feed opening 14 can be realized, and further the opening and closing effect of the valve assembly 15 is realized, of course, in this embodiment, in order to ensure that the effect is realized, the width of the closing plate 151 is the same as that of the feed opening 14, and meanwhile, the length is greater than that of the feed opening 14, so that when one side of the closing plate 151 butts against the side wall of the feed opening 14, the other side of the closing plate cannot be pulled out of the slot 152. This kind of mode still effectual solution the inside seal problem when can realizing the switch.
The valve assembly 15 can also be opened and closed by reciprocating a closing plate 151 directly by an air cylinder or a hydraulic cylinder, but due to the reciprocating motion of the output end of the air cylinder or the hydraulic cylinder, a corresponding sliding sealing structure or a rotating sealing structure is required, which is relatively expensive compared with the previous embodiment.
In this embodiment, the crushing mechanism 2 includes a sliding block 21, a screw rod 22, and a rotating roller 23, the screw rod 22 is vertically disposed in the middle of the drying cavity 12, and the lower end is fixedly disposed in the feed opening 14 through a connecting rod, the fixing rod is transversely and fixedly disposed in the feed opening and above the valve assembly 15, the sliding block 21 is screwed on the screw rod 22, the rotating roller 23 is fixedly disposed on the outer side wall of the sliding block 21, the screw rod 22 employs a ball screw, and the ball screw has a characteristic of converting linear motion into rotary motion, so that when the sliding block 21 moves axially along the screw rod 22, rotation can be realized under the action of screw threads, the driving mechanism 3 is used to make the sliding block 21 do reciprocating motion axially along the screw rod 22, and further the rotating roller 23 rotates with the screw rod 22 as an axis, and has up-and-down reciprocating motion, the moving rotating roller 23 crushes goldfish algae, and meanwhile, the rotating roller 23 has a scattering effect on goldfish algae, so that the goldfish algae is prevented from gathering above the partition plate 11, and the drying effect of the goldfish algae is better, and the drying efficiency is accelerated; in this embodiment, the crushing mechanism 2 further includes an impact tube 25, a fluted disc 26, a fixing rod 27 and a reset member, the reset member is an elastic structure and is disposed between the sliding block 21 and the connecting rod, the fixing rod 27 is vertically disposed in the drying cavity 12, and the lower end of the fixing rod is fixedly connected to the lead screw 22, the impact tube 25 is slidably sleeved on the fixing rod 27, and one side of the impact tube 25 is provided with a toothed wheel, similar to a rack structure, the fluted disc 26 is rotatably disposed in the drying cavity 12, the outer ring of the fluted disc 26 is divided into a tooth engaging portion 261 and a smooth portion 262, the tooth engaging portion 261 is provided with a toothed wheel and is in meshing connection with the impact tube 25, the rotating disc is driven to rotate by the driving mechanism 3, by designing the structure, during the rotation of the fluted disc 26, the impact tube 25 is lifted upwards through the tooth engaging portion 261, so that the gravitational potential energy of the impact tube 25 is continuously increased, when the smooth portion 262 of the fluted disc 26 rotates to a side close to the impact tube 25, at this time, the meshing action between the fluted disc 26 and the impact tube 25 disappears, the impact tube 25 moves downwards under the action of self gravity, the gravitational potential energy of the impact tube 25 is converted into self kinetic energy, then the impact tube collides with the slide block 21, a large amount of kinetic energy is transferred to the slide block 21 through the impact, the slide block 21 moves downwards quickly and then resets under the action of the resetting piece, so that the slide block 21 obtains larger kinetic energy in a short time, further the rotating speed of the stirring roller is higher, and the goldfish algae obtains better crushing effect, in the process, the fluted disc 26 of the driving mechanism 3 rotates to drive the impact tube 25 to rise, at the moment, the driving mechanism 3 mainly overcomes the gravity of the impact tube 25 to do work, so that the output power of the driving mechanism 3 is relatively stable, the output power does not need to be too large, the gravitational potential energy of the impact tube 25 is continuously accumulated by slowly overcoming the gravity of the impact tube 25 to do work, then the gravitational potential energy of the impact tube 25 is converted into larger kinetic energy, so that the slide block 21 can obtain larger kinetic energy instantly, thereby achieving the effect of high-power output in a short time and ensuring the stable output of the driving mechanism 3;
in this embodiment, the driving mechanism may be a motor, the motor provides driving force for the rotation of the fluted disc 26, the motor is disposed outside the housing 1, a rotating shaft at the middle of the fluted disc 26 rotates through the sealing bearing and penetrates out of the housing 1, an output shaft of the motor can be directly connected with the rotating shaft of the fluted disc 26 to further drive the fluted disc 26 to rotate, or is connected with the rotating shaft of the fluted disc 26 through a transmission mechanism such as a reducer, so as to achieve an effect of driving the fluted disc 26 to rotate, due to the special structure of the crushing mechanism 2, the motor only needs to overcome the gravity of the impact tube 25 to do work in the driving process, and does not need large output power, and the output power is relatively gentle, thereby ensuring stable operation of the motor, and prolonging the service life of the motor;
as the preferred technical scheme in this embodiment, the upper end of the drying cavity 12 is provided with the air outlet pipe 16, the air outlet pipe 16 is used for discharging steam generated by drying, since the air inlet is closed during operation, goldfish algae steam can only be discharged from the air outlet pipe 16, the driving mechanism 3 can also adopt the turbine 31, the turbine 31 is rotatably arranged in the air outlet pipe 16, the turbine 31 can be driven to rotate slowly during the steam discharging process, the turbine 31 is connected with the fluted disc 26 through the transmission assembly 4, thereby realizing that the crushing mechanism 2 is directly driven to move by using the steam, and greatly reducing the use cost of the device; the transmission assembly 4 comprises a bevel gear set and a circular gear set, the circular gear set comprises a first gear 42 and a second gear 43, the first gear 42 is coaxially and fixedly connected with the fluted disc 26, the second gear 43 is connected with the first gear 42 through a transmission belt 41, the first bevel gear 44 is coaxially and fixedly connected with the second gear 43, and the second bevel gear 45 is coaxially and fixedly connected with the turbine 31 and is meshed with the second gear 43;
in the preferred technical scheme in this embodiment, the reset member is a spring 28, the spring 28 is sleeved on the screw rod 22, and two ends of the spring are respectively fixedly connected with the slide block 21 and the connecting rod;
in the preferred technical scheme in this embodiment, a humidity sensor is further installed in the air outlet pipe 16, the humidity sensor detects the content of steam in the air pipe 16, the drying condition of the goldfish algae in the drying cavity 12 can be directly judged, when no steam exists, the humidity sensor sends a signal to the control system, the control system controls the electric push rod to operate, the valve assembly is opened to enable the goldfish algae to fall down, and then the dried goldfish algae can be automatically transferred into the incineration cavity 13;
according to the preferable technical scheme in the embodiment, the cutting blades 24 are arranged on the two sides of the rotating roller 23, the cutting blades 24 extend along the rotating direction of the rotating roller 23, the crushing effect of the rotating roller 23 can be improved by arranging the cutting blades 24, meanwhile, more goldfish algae can be lifted when the cutting blades 24 are lifted, the effect of dispersing the goldfish algae by the rotating roller 23 is further improved, and the drying efficiency of the goldfish algae is further improved;
according to the preferable technical scheme in the embodiment, the partition plate 11 is funnel-shaped, the middle part of the partition plate is sunken downwards, the feed opening 14 is positioned at the lowest part of the middle part of the partition plate 11, and due to the design, the goldfish algae above the partition plate 11 can easily fall into the incineration chamber 13 through the feed opening 14; the rotating roller 23 is parallel to the side wall of the clapboard 11, so that the goldfish algae can be prevented from gathering in the middle of the funnel.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art should be considered to be within the technical scope of the present invention, and the technical solutions and the inventive concepts thereof according to the present invention should be equivalent or changed within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. The utility model provides a sewage treatment burns device with golden fish algae which characterized in that includes:
the device comprises a shell (1), wherein the shell (1) is columnar and is vertically arranged, a partition plate (11) is fixedly arranged in the shell (1), the partition plate (11) divides an inner cavity of the shell (1) into a drying cavity (12) and an incineration cavity (13) which are mutually independent, and the drying cavity (12) is positioned above the incineration cavity (13);
the crushing mechanism (2) is arranged in the drying cavity (12) and is used for crushing the goldfish algae while drying the goldfish algae;
the driving mechanism (3), the driving mechanism (3) is used for driving the crushing mechanism (2) to operate;
a feed opening (14) is formed in the middle of the partition plate (11), and a valve assembly (15) is arranged in the feed opening (14);
an air supply pipe is arranged on the incineration chamber (13), a one-way valve is arranged on the air supply pipe, and the air supply pipe is used for introducing air or oxygen into the incineration chamber (13);
an exhaust pipe is arranged on the incineration cavity (13) and used for exhausting flue gas in the incineration cavity;
the crushing mechanism (2) comprises a sliding block (21), a screw rod (22) and a rotating roller (23), the screw rod (22) is vertically arranged in the middle of the drying cavity (12), the lower end of the screw rod is fixedly arranged in the feed opening (14) through a connecting rod, the sliding block (21) is sleeved on the screw rod (22) in a threaded manner, and the rotating roller (23) is fixedly arranged on the outer side wall of the sliding block (21);
the crushing mechanism (2) further comprises an impact pipe (25), a fluted disc (26), a fixed rod (27) and a reset piece, wherein the reset piece is of an elastic structure and is arranged between the sliding block (21) and the connecting rod, the fixed rod (27) is vertically arranged in the drying cavity (12), the lower end of the fixed rod is fixedly connected with the screw rod (22), the impact pipe (25) is sleeved on the fixed rod (27) in a sliding mode, a meshed tooth is arranged on one side of the impact pipe (25), the fluted disc (26) is rotationally arranged in the drying cavity (12), the outer ring of the fluted disc is divided into a meshed part (261) and a smooth part (262), the meshed part (261) is provided with the meshed tooth and is meshed with the impact pipe (25), and the rotating disc is driven to rotate by the driving mechanism (3);
an air outlet pipe (16) is arranged at the upper end of the drying cavity (12), the driving mechanism (3) comprises a turbine (31), the turbine (31) is rotatably arranged in the air outlet pipe (16), and the turbine (31) is connected with the fluted disc (26) through a transmission assembly (4);
the transmission assembly (4) comprises a bevel gear set and a circular gear set, the circular gear set comprises a first gear (42) and a second gear, the first gear (42) is coaxially and fixedly connected with the fluted disc (26), the second gear is connected with the first gear (42) through a transmission belt (41), the bevel gear set comprises a first bevel gear (44) and a second bevel gear (45), the first bevel gear (44) is coaxially and fixedly connected with the second gear, and the second bevel gear (45) is coaxially and fixedly connected with the turbine (31) and is in meshed connection with the second gear;
the reset piece is a spring (28), the spring (28) is sleeved on the screw rod (22), and two ends of the spring are respectively fixedly connected with the sliding block (21) and the connecting rod;
the valve component (15) comprises a sealing plate (151), an air pipe (153) and an electric push rod (154), a slot (152) is formed in the side wall of the feed opening (14), the sealing plate (151) is arranged in the slot (152) in a sealing and sliding mode, the air pipe (153) is fixedly arranged on the outer wall of the shell (1) and communicated with the slot (152), the electric push rod (154) is fixedly arranged outside the shell (1), a driving rod penetrates through the air pipe (153) and is fixedly connected with a piston, and the piston block is arranged in the air pipe (153) in a sliding and sealing mode;
cutting blades (24) are arranged on two sides of the rotating roller (23), and the cutting blades (24) extend along the rotating direction of the rotating roller (23);
the partition plate (11) is funnel-shaped, the middle part of the partition plate is sunken downwards, and the feed opening (14) is positioned at the lowest part of the middle part of the partition plate (11);
the rotating roller (23) is parallel to the side wall of the partition board (11).
CN202010894914.2A 2020-08-31 2020-08-31 Golden fish algae burning device for sewage treatment Active CN112032745B (en)

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