CN112008471A - Machining is with device that has waste recovery and metal dust collection function - Google Patents

Machining is with device that has waste recovery and metal dust collection function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112008471A
CN112008471A CN202010772562.3A CN202010772562A CN112008471A CN 112008471 A CN112008471 A CN 112008471A CN 202010772562 A CN202010772562 A CN 202010772562A CN 112008471 A CN112008471 A CN 112008471A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
crushing
driving motor
box
fixedly connected
dust collection
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010772562.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周吉
裘钧
金超焕
韩勇娜
倪凯煜
褚辉远
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Linhai Secondary Vocational Technical School
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Linhai Secondary Vocational Technical School
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Linhai Secondary Vocational Technical School filed Critical Linhai Secondary Vocational Technical School
Priority to CN202010772562.3A priority Critical patent/CN112008471A/en
Publication of CN112008471A publication Critical patent/CN112008471A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • B23Q11/0042Devices for removing chips
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/10Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using filter plates, sheets or pads having plane surfaces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • B02C4/08Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers with co-operating corrugated or toothed crushing-rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/42Driving mechanisms; Roller speed control
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04CAPPARATUS USING FREE VORTEX FLOW, e.g. CYCLONES
    • B04C9/00Combinations with other devices, e.g. fans, expansion chambers, diffusors, water locks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B15/00Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced; Collecting or removing dirt or fumes from that area
    • B08B15/04Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced; Collecting or removing dirt or fumes from that area from a small area, e.g. a tool
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • B30B15/30Feeding material to presses
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/32Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for consolidating scrap metal or for compacting used cars
    • B30B9/326Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for consolidating scrap metal or for compacting used cars provided with shearing means for the scrap metal, or adapted to co-operate with a shearing machine
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/34Devices for discharging articles or materials from conveyor 
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Abstract

The invention discloses a device with waste recovery and metal dust collection functions for machining, which comprises a pre-crushing mechanism, wherein a conveying mechanism is arranged on one side of the pre-crushing mechanism, a dust collection mechanism is arranged on one side of the conveying mechanism, a compaction mechanism is arranged on the front surface of the conveying mechanism, and a collection box is arranged on one side of the compaction mechanism, and the scheme of the invention is as follows: smash metal waste through pre-crushing mechanism and carry the metal waste after smashing to compaction mechanism through transport mechanism and carry out the compaction to the discarded object after will compacting is collected through the collecting box, makes things convenient for operating personnel to arrange in order and makes things convenient for later stage reuse, carries out the dust fall through dust absorption mechanism with the metal dust and collects, reduces metal dust and harms to operating personnel's health.

Description

Machining is with device that has waste recovery and metal dust collection function
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of machining equipment, and particularly relates to a device with waste recycling and metal dust collecting functions for machining.
Background
The mechanical processing refers to a process of changing the external dimensions or properties of a workpiece by a mechanical device, and can be divided into cutting processing and pressure processing according to differences in processing modes, in the production process, the process of changing the shape, dimensions, position, properties, and the like of a production object into a finished product or a semi-finished product is called a process, which is a main part of the production process, and the process can be divided into casting, forging, stamping, welding, mechanical processing, assembly and other processes, the mechanical manufacturing process generally refers to the sum of the mechanical processing process of a part and the assembly process of a machine, and other processes are called auxiliary processes, such as transportation, storage, power supply, equipment maintenance, and the like.
In the process of converting a blank into a finished product, the total thickness of a metal layer cut off on a certain processing surface is called the total processing allowance of the surface, in the daily metal machining, the metal is generally required to be cut, the cut metal scrap has no other effect on enterprises, the scrap is often sold as scrap iron and the like, and the metal powder generated in the cutting in the machining causes physical damage to operators, so that a device capable of recycling the scrap generated in the machining and absorbing the metal powder is required to be provided.
Disclosure of Invention
Technical problem to be solved
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the invention provides a device with waste recycling and metal dust collecting functions for machining, which can be used for reprocessing waste generated after machining, is convenient for later recycling, and can be used for collecting metal dust, thereby reducing the problem of physical injury of operators caused by the metal dust.
(II) technical scheme
In order to realize the detection purpose of the tail gas vehicle, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
a device with waste recovery and metal dust collection functions for machining comprises a pre-crushing mechanism, wherein a conveying mechanism is arranged on one side of the pre-crushing mechanism, a dust collection mechanism is arranged on one side of the conveying mechanism, a compaction mechanism is arranged on the front face of the conveying mechanism, and a collection box is arranged on one side of the compaction mechanism;
the utility model discloses a crushing roller, including smashing the base in advance, smash the crushing case of base top fixedly connected with, it is connected with first crushing roller and second crushing roller to rotate in the crushing case, the crushing tooth of first crushing roller and second crushing roller surface all protrusion, the crushing tooth of first crushing roller with the crushing tooth meshing of second crushing roller is connected, the both sides of smashing the case are provided with first driving motor and second driving motor respectively, first driving motor and second driving motor's output shaft all runs through crushing case one side is rotated with first crushing roller and second crushing roller respectively and is connected, smash the bottom of the case end and seted up and link up the ejection of compact entry on crushing base top, smash base one side and set up the discharge gate that link up with the ejection of compact entry, discharge gate department fixedly connected with flitch.
Preferably, transport mechanism includes the conveyer belt, conveyer belt one side is provided with first fixing base, first fixing base top fixedly connected with third driving motor, the conveyer belt both sides all are provided with the mount, the conveyer belt the transfer roller with the mount rotates to be connected, third driving motor's output shaft link up to be close to discharge gate one side the mount with the transfer roller of conveyer belt rotates to be connected, the conveyer belt top set up in go out flitch department.
Preferably, the mount comprises three montants and a horizontal pole, the horizontal pole is with three the montant welding is close to discharge gate one side montant length is the shortest just third driving motor's output shaft run through this montant with the transfer roller of conveyer belt rotates to be connected, the outermost montant length is longest, three the slope between the montant with the conveyer belt slope is the same, two longer the montant all with the transfer roller of conveyer belt rotates to be connected.
Preferably, the dust collection mechanism comprises a dust collection box, the top end of the dust collection box is fixedly connected with a cyclone separator, the top end of the cyclone separator is fixedly connected with a suction fan, the suction end of the suction fan is connected with a suction hood through a suction pipe, the bottom end of the suction hood is fixedly connected with a dust collection plate, the bottom end of the dust collection plate is fixedly connected with a filter screen, the bottom end of the dust collection plate is fixedly connected with the top end of the fixing frame, the suction fan is connected with the cyclone separator through a pipe, a cleaning opening is formed in one side of the dust collection box, a cabinet door is hinged to the cleaning opening, and the dust collection box is arranged on.
Preferably, the compacting mechanism comprises a compacting box, two squeezing rollers are rotatably connected in the compacting box, a feeding port is formed in the front surface of the compacting box, an extrusion outlet is formed in the back surface of the compacting box, a guide plate is fixedly connected to the bottom end of the extrusion outlet, a first gear and a second gear are arranged on one side of the compacting box and are meshed and connected with each other, rotating rods are fixedly connected to one sides of the two squeezing rollers and penetrate through the compacting box and are respectively and rotatably connected with the first gear and the second gear, a second fixed seat is arranged on one side of the first gear, a fixed block is fixedly connected to one side of the top end of the second fixed seat, a fourth driving motor is fixedly connected to the top end of the fixed block, an output shaft of the fourth driving motor is rotatably connected with the first gear, and a switch panel is fixedly connected to the other side of the fixed block, the extrusion outlet is arranged right opposite to the conveying tail end of the conveying belt, and one side of the guide plate is arranged at the top end of the collecting box.
Preferably, first driving motor passes through first driving motor control switch and external power supply electric connection on the flush mounting plate of switch, second driving motor passes through second driving motor control switch and external power supply electric connection on the flush mounting plate of switch, third driving motor passes through third driving motor control switch and external power supply electric connection on the flush mounting plate of switch, fourth driving motor passes through fourth driving motor control switch and external power supply electric connection on the flush mounting plate of switch, the fan of breathing in is through the last fan control switch and external power supply electric connection of breathing in of flush mounting plate of switch, cyclone passes through cyclone control switch and external power supply electric connection on the flush mounting plate of switch.
(III) advantageous effects
Compared with the prior art, the invention provides a device with waste recovery and metal dust collection functions for machining, which has the following beneficial effects:
1. according to the device with the waste recycling and metal dust collecting functions for machining, the first crushing roller and the second crushing roller are arranged, the first driving motor and the second driving motor drive the first crushing roller and the second crushing roller to rotate, metal waste is crushed and conveyed to the conveying belt through the discharge port, the crushed metal waste is conveyed to the compaction box through the conveying belt, the fourth driving motor drives the first gear to rotate to drive the second gear connected with the first gear in a meshed mode to rotate, the two compaction rollers rotate to compact the crushed metal waste, the metal waste is conveniently collected in a centralized mode, and later-stage reutilization is facilitated;
2. this machining is with device that has discarded object recovery and metal dust collection function, inhale the metal dust through the fan of breathing in, the filter screen through dust absorption board bottom end fixed connection blocks the too big metal dust of diameter on the filter screen, avoids the metal dust of major diameter to cause the injury to the fan of breathing in, carries out the dust fall with the metal dust through cyclone and collects the metal dust through the dust collection box, opens the cabinet door and carries out unified processing through the metal dust of clearing up the mouth and collecting in the dust collection box.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the pre-crushing mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the conveying mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the dust suction mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the compactor mechanism of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a pre-crushing mechanism; 101. a crushing base; 102. a crushing box; 103. a first crushing roller; 104. a second crushing roller; 105. crushing teeth; 106. a first drive motor; 107. a second drive motor; 108. a discharge port; 109. a discharge plate; 2. a transport mechanism; 201. a conveyor belt; 202. a first fixed seat; 203. a third drive motor; 204. a fixed mount; 2041. a vertical rod; 2042. a cross bar; 3. a dust suction mechanism; 301. a dust collection box; 302. a cyclone separator; 303. an air suction fan; 304. a dust hood; 305. a dust collection plate; 306. filtering with a screen; 307. a cabinet door; 4. a compaction mechanism; 401. compacting the box; 402. a squeeze roll; 403. an extrusion outlet; 404. a guide plate; 405. a first gear; 406. a second gear; 407. a second fixed seat; 408. a fixed block; 409. a fourth drive motor; 410. a switch panel; 5. and a collection box.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Example 1
Referring to fig. 1-5, the present invention provides the following technical solutions: a device with waste recovery and metal dust collection functions for machining comprises a pre-crushing mechanism 1, wherein a conveying mechanism 2 is arranged on one side of the pre-crushing mechanism 1, a dust collection mechanism 3 is arranged on one side of the conveying mechanism 2, a compaction mechanism 4 is arranged on the front side of the conveying mechanism 2, and a collection box 5 is arranged on one side of the compaction mechanism 4;
the pre-crushing mechanism 1 comprises a crushing base 101, a crushing box 102 is fixedly connected to the top end of the crushing base 101, a first crushing roller 103 and a second crushing roller 104 are connected to the crushing box 102 in a rotating mode, crushing teeth 105 protrude from the surfaces of the first crushing roller 103 and the second crushing roller 104, the crushing teeth 105 of the first crushing roller 103 are meshed with the crushing teeth 105 of the second crushing roller 104, a first driving motor 106 and a second driving motor 107 are arranged on two sides of the crushing box 102 respectively, output shafts of the first driving motor 106 and the second driving motor 107 penetrate through one side of the crushing box 102 and are connected with the first crushing roller 103 and the second crushing roller 104 in a rotating mode respectively, a discharging inlet penetrating through the top end of the crushing base 101 is formed in the bottom end of the crushing box 102, a discharging port 108 penetrating through the discharging inlet is formed in one side of the crushing base 101, and a discharging plate 109 is fixedly connected to the discharging port 108.
When in specific use, firstly, the metal waste is put into the crushing box 102, the first driving motor 106 and the second driving motor 107 rotate to drive the first crushing roller 103 and the second crushing roller 104 to rotate, the metal waste is torn and crushed by the crushing teeth 105 which are meshed and connected, the crushed metal waste is conveyed to the discharge hole 108 through the discharge inlet which is arranged at the bottom end of the crushing box 102, and is conveyed to the conveying mechanism 2 through the discharging plate 109, the crushed metal waste is conveyed to the compacting mechanism 4 through the conveying mechanism 2, the compacting mechanism 4 is used for compacting the metal waste and conveying the compacted metal waste to the collecting box 5, so that the compacting waste can be conveniently sorted by an operator and reused at a later stage, when metal waste is conveyed on the conveying mechanism 2, the dust is reduced and collected by the dust collection mechanism 3, and the harm of metal dust to the body of an operator is reduced.
Further, transport mechanism 2 includes conveyer belt 201, conveyer belt 201 one side is provided with first fixing base 202, first fixing base 202 top fixedly connected with third driving motor 203, conveyer belt 201 both sides all are provided with mount 204, the conveyer belt 201's conveyer roller rotates with mount 204 to be connected, the output shaft of third driving motor 203 link up the mount 204 that is close to discharge gate 108 one side and is connected with conveyer belt 201's conveyer roller rotation, conveyer belt 201 top sets up in play flitch 109 department.
During the specific use, the metal waste that goes out flitch 109 and carry falls to conveyer belt 201 top, and third driving motor 203 drive conveyer belt 201's transfer roller rotates, makes conveyer belt 201 rotate then, carries metal waste.
Further, the mount 204 comprises three montants 2041 and a horizontal pole 2042, horizontal pole 2042 and three montants 2041 welding, the montant 2041 length that is close to discharge gate 108 one side is the shortest and the output shaft of third driving motor 203 runs through this montant 2041 and is connected with the transfer roller rotation of conveyer belt 201, the montant 2041 length in the outside is the longest, the slope is the same with the conveyer belt 201 slope between three montants 2041, two longer montants 2041 all are connected with the transfer roller rotation of conveyer belt 201.
Further, dust absorption mechanism 3 includes dust collection box 301, dust collection box 301 top fixedly connected with cyclone 302, cyclone 302 top fixedly connected with inhales fan 303, the end of inhaling fan 303 has suction hood 304 through the suction pipe joint, suction hood 304 bottom fixedly connected with dust absorption board 305, dust absorption board 305 bottom fixedly connected with filter screen 306, dust absorption board 305 bottom and mount 204 top fixed connection, the fan 303 and cyclone 302 pipe joint of breathing in, the clearance mouth has been seted up to dust collection box 301 one side, clearance mouth department articulates there is cabinet door 307, dust collection box 301 sets up in mount 204 one side.
During the specific use, the metal powder that produces among the kibbling metal waste in conveyer belt 201 top is inhaled to fan 303 of breathing in, filter screen 306 through dust absorption board 305 bottom fixed connection blocks the metal powder of major diameter outside filter screen 306, avoid major diameter metal powder to cause the injury to fan 303 of breathing in, carry out the dust fall with metal powder through cyclone 302 and collect the metal powder of dust fall through dust collection box 301, the operating personnel of being convenient for through the clearance mouth handles metal powder in unison, reduce the metal dust and hurt the health of operating personnel.
Further, the compacting mechanism 4 comprises a compacting box 401, two squeezing rollers 402 are rotatably connected in the compacting box 401, a feeding port is formed in the front surface of the compacting box 401, a squeezing outlet 403 is formed in the back surface of the compacting box 401, a guide plate 404 is fixedly connected to the bottom end of the squeezing outlet 403, a first gear 405 and a second gear 406 are arranged on one side of the compacting box 401, the first gear 405 and the second gear 406 are meshed and connected, rotating rods are fixedly connected to one side of each squeezing roller 402, the two rotating rods penetrate through the compacting box and are respectively rotatably connected with the first gear 405 and the second gear 406, a second fixed seat 407 is arranged on one side of the first gear 405, a fixed block 408 is fixedly connected to one side of the top end of the second fixed seat 407, a fourth driving motor 409 is fixedly connected to the top end of the fixed block 408, an output shaft of the fourth driving motor 409 is rotatably connected with the first gear 405, and, the extrusion outlet 403 is arranged opposite to the conveying tail end of the conveyor belt 201, and one side of the guide plate 404 is arranged at the top end of the collecting box 5.
During the specific use, the metal waste after smashing that conveyer belt 201 carried is carried to compacting case 401 through the pan feeding mouth in, fourth drive motor 409 drive first gear 405 rotates and then drives the second gear 406 of being connected with first gear 405 meshing and rotate for drive the squeeze roll 402 who rotates the connection respectively with first gear 405 and second gear 406 and rotate, extrude and the compaction crushing metal waste, carry to collecting box 5 through extrusion export 403, make things convenient for operating personnel to arrange in order and collect.
Further, the first driving motor 106 is electrically connected to the external power source through a first driving motor control switch on the switch panel 410, the second driving motor 107 is electrically connected to the external power source through a second driving motor control switch on the switch panel 410, the third driving motor 203 is electrically connected to the external power source through a third driving motor control switch on the switch panel 410, the fourth driving motor 409 is electrically connected to the external power source through a fourth driving motor control switch on the switch panel 410, the air suction fan 303 is electrically connected to the external power source through an air suction fan control switch on the switch panel 410, and the cyclone separator 302 is electrically connected to the external power source through a cyclone separator control switch on the switch panel 410.
When the device is used specifically, a first driving motor control switch and a second driving motor control switch on a switch panel 410 are turned on, a first driving motor 106 and a second driving motor 107 drive a first crushing roller 103 and a second crushing roller 104 to rotate so as to crush the metal waste in a crushing box 102, a third driving motor control switch on the switch panel 410 is turned on, a third driving motor 203 rotates to drive a conveying roller of a conveying belt 201 to rotate, then the conveying belt 201 rotates to convey the crushed metal waste, an air suction fan control switch and a cyclone separator control switch on the switch panel 410 are turned on, an air suction fan 303 sucks dust generated by the crushed metal waste, a filter screen 306 fixedly connected with the bottom end of a dust suction plate 305 blocks metal dust with large diameter, so that the air suction fan 303 is prevented from being damaged, and the cyclone separator control switch on the switch panel 410 is turned on, cyclone 302 will inhale the metal powder that fan 303 inhales and carry out the dust fall to in falling into dust collection box 301, make things convenient for operating personnel to carry out centralized processing to the metal powder who collects, through opening fourth drive motor control switch on flush mounting plate 410, fourth drive motor 409 drive squeeze roll 402 carries out the compaction to kibbling metal waste, makes things convenient for operating personnel to arrange in order the collection to the metal waste of compaction.
Finally, it should be noted that: although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that changes may be made in the embodiments and/or equivalents thereof without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.
It is noted that, herein, relational terms such as first and second, and the like may be used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. Also, the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus. Without further limitation, the use of the verb "comprise a" to define an element does not exclude the presence of another, same element in a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises the element.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a machining is with device that has waste recovery and metal dust collection function, includes pre-crushing mechanism (1), its characterized in that: a conveying mechanism (2) is arranged on one side of the pre-crushing mechanism (1), a dust suction mechanism (3) is arranged on one side of the conveying mechanism (2), a compaction mechanism (4) is arranged on the front side of the conveying mechanism (2), and a collecting box (5) is arranged on one side of the compaction mechanism (4);
the pre-crushing mechanism (1) comprises a crushing base (101), a crushing box (102) is fixedly connected to the top end of the crushing base (101), a first crushing roller (103) and a second crushing roller (104) are connected to the crushing box (102) in a rotating mode, crushing teeth (105) are protruded from the surfaces of the first crushing roller (103) and the second crushing roller (104), the crushing teeth (105) of the first crushing roller (103) are meshed with the crushing teeth (105) of the second crushing roller (104) and connected with each other, a first driving motor (106) and a second driving motor (107) are arranged on two sides of the crushing box (102) respectively, output shafts of the first driving motor (106) and the second driving motor (107) penetrate through one side of the crushing box (102) and are connected with the first crushing roller (103) and the second crushing roller (104) in a rotating mode respectively, a discharging inlet penetrating through the top end of the crushing base (101) is formed in the bottom end of the crushing box (102), a discharge hole (108) communicated with the discharge inlet is formed in one side of the crushing base (101), and a discharge plate (109) is fixedly connected to the discharge hole (108).
2. The apparatus for machining with waste recovery and metal dust collection functions according to claim 1, wherein: transport mechanism (2) are including conveyer belt (201), conveyer belt (201) one side is provided with first fixing base (202), first fixing base (202) top fixedly connected with third driving motor (203), conveyer belt (201) both sides all are provided with mount (204), the transfer roller of conveyer belt (201) with mount (204) rotate to be connected, the output shaft of third driving motor (203) link up and are close to discharge gate (108) one side mount (204) with the transfer roller of conveyer belt (201) rotates to be connected, conveyer belt (201) top set up in go out flitch (109) department.
3. The apparatus for machining with waste recovery and metal dust collection functions according to claim 2, wherein: mount (204) comprise three montants (2041) and a horizontal pole (2042), horizontal pole (2042) and three montant (2041) welding is close to discharge gate (108) one side montant (2041) length is the shortest just the output shaft of third driving motor (203) run through this montant (2041) with the transfer roller of conveyer belt (201) rotates to be connected, the outside montant (2041) length is the longest, three between montant (2041) the slope with conveyer belt (201) slope is the same, two longer montant (2041) all with the transfer roller of conveyer belt (201) rotates to be connected.
4. The apparatus for machining with waste recovery and metal dust collection functions according to claim 2, wherein: dust absorption mechanism (3) are including dust collection box (301), dust collection box (301) top fixedly connected with cyclone (302), cyclone (302) top fixedly connected with inhales fan (303), the end of breathing in of fan (303) is connected with suction hood (304) through the breathing pipe, suction hood (304) bottom fixedly connected with dust absorption board (305), dust absorption board (305) bottom fixedly connected with filter screen (306), dust absorption board (305) bottom with mount (204) top fixed connection, inhale fan (303) with cyclone (302) pipe connector, the clearance mouth has been seted up to dust collection box (301) one side, clearance mouth department articulates there is cabinet door (307), dust collection box (301) set up in mount (204) one side.
5. The apparatus for machining with waste recycling and metal dust collecting functions as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the compaction mechanism (4) comprises a compaction box (401), two extrusion rollers (402) are rotationally connected in the compaction box (401), a feeding port is formed in the front of the compaction box (401), an extrusion outlet (403) is formed in the back of the compaction box (401), a guide plate (404) is fixedly connected to the bottom end of the extrusion outlet (403), a first gear (405) and a second gear (406) are arranged on one side of the compaction box (401), the first gear (405) is meshed with the second gear (406) and connected with each other, rotating rods are fixedly connected to one sides of the two extrusion rollers (402), penetrate through the compaction box and are respectively rotationally connected with the first gear (405) and the second gear (406), a second fixing seat (407) is arranged on one side of the first gear (405), and a fixing block (408) is fixedly connected to one side of the top end of the second fixing seat (407), the top end of the fixing block (408) is fixedly connected with a fourth driving motor (409), an output shaft of the fourth driving motor (409) is rotatably connected with the first gear (405), the other side of the fixing block (408) is fixedly connected with a switch panel (410), the extrusion outlet (403) is right aligned to the conveying tail end of the conveyor belt (201), and one side of the guide plate (404) is arranged on the top end of the collecting box (5).
6. The apparatus for machining with waste recycling and metal dust collecting functions as claimed in claim 5, wherein: first driving motor (106) pass through first driving motor control switch and external power supply electric connection on switch panel (410), second driving motor (107) pass through second driving motor control switch and external power supply electric connection on switch panel (410), third driving motor (203) pass through third driving motor control switch and external power supply electric connection on switch panel (410), fourth driving motor (409) pass through fourth driving motor control switch and external power supply electric connection on switch panel (410), fan (303) of breathing in passes through fan control switch and external power supply electric connection of breathing in on switch panel (410), cyclone (302) pass through cyclone control switch and external power supply electric connection on switch panel (410).
CN202010772562.3A 2020-08-04 2020-08-04 Machining is with device that has waste recovery and metal dust collection function Pending CN112008471A (en)

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CN112873971A (en) * 2021-01-05 2021-06-01 南京惠前舟商贸有限公司 Energy-concerving and environment-protective easy open can extrusion recovery unit of using
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