CN111851994B - Hydraulic self-climbing formwork dual anti-falling and anti-tilting device and method - Google Patents

Hydraulic self-climbing formwork dual anti-falling and anti-tilting device and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111851994B
CN111851994B CN202010752586.2A CN202010752586A CN111851994B CN 111851994 B CN111851994 B CN 111851994B CN 202010752586 A CN202010752586 A CN 202010752586A CN 111851994 B CN111851994 B CN 111851994B
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falling
guide rail
tilting
support
protector
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CN111851994A (en
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刘品晶
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Hebei Guoyi Engineering Technology Co ltd
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Hebei Guoyi Engineering Technology Co ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G11/00Forms, shutterings, or falsework for making walls, floors, ceilings, or roofs
    • E04G11/06Forms, shutterings, or falsework for making walls, floors, ceilings, or roofs for walls, e.g. curved end panels for wall shutterings; filler elements for wall shutterings; shutterings for vertical ducts
    • E04G11/20Movable forms; Movable forms for moulding cylindrical, conical or hyperbolical structures; Templates serving as forms for positioning blocks or the like
    • E04G11/28Climbing forms, i.e. forms which are not in contact with the poured concrete during lifting from layer to layer and which are anchored in the hardened concrete
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F11/00Lifting devices specially adapted for particular uses not otherwise provided for
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F13/00Common constructional features or accessories
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F17/00Safety devices, e.g. for limiting or indicating lifting force
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G17/00Connecting or other auxiliary members for forms, falsework structures, or shutterings

Abstract

The invention relates to a hydraulic self-climbing template double anti-falling and anti-tilting device and method, belonging to the technical field of building construction. The technical scheme is as follows: the lower safety catcher (26) and the upper safety catcher (16) alternately operate, the upper safety catcher (16) is in a safety-preventing working state when the lower safety catcher (26) rotates, and the lower safety catcher (26) is in a safety-preventing working state when the upper safety catcher (16) rotates, so that full-time safety prevention can be realized; the guide rail main body (32) is limited by the support side plate, the upper anti-tilt mechanism and the lower anti-tilt mechanism in the horizontal direction, and the inner upper anti-tilt wheel (14), the outer upper anti-tilt wheel (12), the inner lower anti-tilt wheel (24) and the outer lower anti-tilt wheel (22) are in rolling contact with the rail wall I (321), so that the friction resistance is reduced. The invention has the following positive effects: realizes full-time falling prevention and prevents the falling of the frame body. The creeping formwork guide rail and the wall-attached support seat are changed into roller contact, so that rolling friction is realized, and climbing resistance is reduced.

Description

Hydraulic self-climbing formwork dual anti-falling and anti-tilting device and method
Technical Field
The invention relates to a hydraulic self-climbing template double anti-falling and anti-tilting device and method, belonging to the technical field of building construction.
Background
At present, with the development of the building industry, more and more high-rise and high-rise building structures are built, and in order to improve the building speed during the building of the buildings, self-climbing templates are mostly used. The self-climbing formwork in the prior art is complex in structure, and particularly, the sliding shaft anti-falling method is stuck after concrete is scattered in construction, cannot automatically reset and still has potential safety hazards. And the anti-falling machining difficulty of the sliding shaft is high, and the machining cost is high. The creeping formwork guide rail and the wall-attached support seat are in sliding friction, the climbing resistance is large, and the frame body is easy to damage and deform.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a hydraulic self-creeping formwork double-anti-falling and anti-tilting device and a method, wherein an anti-falling mechanism can also automatically reset after concrete is sprayed, full-time anti-falling is realized, a frame body is prevented from falling, a creeping formwork guide rail and a wall-attached support seat are changed into roller contact, rolling friction is realized, climbing resistance is reduced, and the problems in the background art are effectively solved.
The technical scheme of the invention is as follows:
a hydraulic self-climbing template double anti-falling and anti-tilting device is arranged between an outer wall of a building and a climbing template guide rail and comprises a support fixing mechanism, a wall-attached support and a double anti-falling and anti-tilting system, wherein the wall-attached support is fixed on the outer wall of the building through the support fixing mechanism, and the double anti-falling and anti-tilting system is arranged between the wall-attached support and the climbing template guide rail;
the wall-attached support comprises a support hanging plate and two support side plates, the support fixing mechanism is arranged on one side of the support hanging plate, and the other side of the support hanging plate is provided with two support side plates which are vertically arranged and are parallel to each other; the creeping formwork guide rail comprises a guide rail ladder stop block and a guide rail main body, wherein the cross section of the guide rail main body is H-shaped and consists of a rail wall I, a rail wall II and a rail wall III, which are arranged in parallel, wherein the rail wall I and the rail wall II are arranged vertically, grooves on two sides of the rail wall III are rails, and the guide rail ladder stop block is arranged on the rail wall I and is positioned between two support side plates;
the dual anti-falling and anti-tilting system consists of two dual anti-falling and anti-tilting mechanisms with the same structure, and the two dual anti-falling and anti-tilting mechanisms are respectively arranged on the outer sides of the two support side plates; the dual anti-falling and anti-tilting mechanism comprises an upper anti-falling mechanism, a lower anti-falling mechanism and a lower anti-falling mechanism which are sequentially arranged from top to bottom;
the upper anti-tilt mechanism comprises an upper anti-tilt support, an outer upper anti-tilt wheel shaft, an inner upper anti-tilt wheel and an inner upper anti-tilt wheel shaft, the upper anti-tilt support comprises an upper guide arm and an upper anti-tilt wheel base, the upper guide arm is L-shaped, one side of the upper guide arm is fixed on a support side plate, the other side of the upper guide arm is provided with an upper anti-tilt wheel base extending towards the guide rail main body, the inner upper anti-tilt wheel is arranged at one end, adjacent to the upper guide arm, of the upper anti-tilt wheel base through the inner upper anti-tilt wheel shaft, the outer upper anti-tilt wheel is arranged at the other end of the upper anti-tilt wheel base through the outer upper anti-tilt wheel shaft and is positioned in the track, and an upper slideway is formed between the inner upper anti-tilt wheel and the outer upper anti-tilt wheel; the lower anti-tilt mechanism comprises a lower anti-tilt support, an outer lower anti-tilt wheel shaft, an inner lower anti-tilt wheel and an inner lower anti-tilt wheel shaft, the lower anti-tilt support comprises a lower guide arm and a lower anti-tilt wheel base, the lower guide arm is L-shaped, one side of the lower guide arm is welded on a support side plate, the other side of the lower guide arm is provided with a lower anti-tilt wheel base extending towards the guide rail main body, the inner lower anti-tilt wheel is arranged at one end, adjacent to the lower guide arm, of the lower anti-tilt wheel base through the inner lower anti-tilt wheel shaft, the outer lower anti-tilt wheel is arranged at the other end of the lower anti-tilt wheel base through the outer lower anti-tilt wheel shaft and is positioned in the rail, and a lower slideway is formed between the inner lower anti-tilt wheel and the outer lower anti-tilt wheel; the first rail wall of the guide rail main body is positioned between the upper slideway and the lower slideway;
the upper anti-falling mechanism comprises an upper anti-falling device, an upper anti-falling device pin shaft and an upper anti-falling device limiting block, the upper anti-falling device is rotatably arranged between the middle parts of the two support side plates through the upper anti-falling device pin shaft, the upper anti-falling device is matched with the guide rail ladder stop block, and the upper anti-falling device limiting block is arranged below the upper anti-falling device; the lower anti-falling mechanism comprises a lower anti-falling device, a lower anti-falling device pin shaft and a lower anti-falling device limiting block, the lower anti-falling device is rotatably arranged between the lower parts of the two support side plates through the lower anti-falling device pin shaft, the lower anti-falling device is matched with the guide rail ladder limiting block, and the lower anti-falling device limiting block is arranged below the lower anti-falling device.
The support fixing mechanisms are two sets and symmetrically arranged at two ends of the support hanging plate, each support fixing mechanism comprises an embedded plate, an embedded screw rod and a climbing cone, the embedded plates are fixed on the outer wall of a building, the climbing cones are fixed on the support hanging plate, and the embedded plates and the climbing cones are connected through the embedded screw rods.
The support upper triangular plate is arranged between the upper end of the support side plate and the upper end of the support hanging plate, the lower end of the outer side surface of the support side plate is provided with a vertically arranged support plate, and the support lower triangular plate is arranged between the lower end of the support plate and the lower end of the support side plate.
And a dirt blocking turning plate is rotatably arranged between the upper parts of the two support side plates and is positioned above the upper falling protector.
And the upper guide arm and the lower guide arm are fixed on the side plate of the support through guide arm connecting bolts.
An upper guide arm triangular plate horizontally arranged is arranged at the upper end of the upper guide arm, and a lower guide arm triangular plate horizontally arranged is arranged at the lower end of the lower guide arm.
The guide rail ladder stop block is a right-angle trapezoidal block, a right-angle surface is welded on the first rail wall, and an inclined surface faces the upper falling protector and the lower falling protector; the upper falling protector and the lower falling protector are of the same structure and are rectangular blocks, one end of the upper falling protector and one end of the lower falling protector are respectively and rotatably connected to the pin shaft of the upper falling protector and the pin shaft of the lower falling protector, and the lower parts of the other ends of the upper falling protector and the lower falling protector are provided with slopes matched with the inclined planes of the guide rail ladder stop blocks.
The dirt blocking turning plate is a bending plate, one end of the dirt blocking turning plate is rotatably connected between the upper parts of the two support side plates through a turning plate pin shaft, and the other end of the dirt blocking turning plate is bent upwards after extending out of the guide rail main body.
A hydraulic self-climbing template double anti-falling and anti-tilting method adopts the double anti-falling and anti-tilting device and comprises the following steps:
firstly, a guide rail main body moves upwards relative to a wall-attached support, when a guide rail ladder stop block moves to the position of a slope at the bottom of a lower falling protector, the slope of the lower falling protector is in contact with the inclined plane of the guide rail ladder stop block, the lower falling protector blocks the motion track of the guide rail ladder stop block, when the guide rail ladder stop block continues to move upwards, the guide rail ladder stop block can push a falling protector pin shaft below the lower falling protector to rotate anticlockwise around the center, when the guide rail ladder stop block moves upwards and exceeds the lower falling protector, the lower falling protector can rotate clockwise due to gravity, when the guide rail ladder stop block rotates to the position of a lower falling protector limiting block, the lower falling protector is reset to be in a falling prevention working state; the guide rail main body and the guide rail ladder stop block continue to move upwards, when the guide rail ladder stop block moves to the position of a slope at the bottom of the upper falling protector, the upper falling protector acts, and the action process of the upper falling protector is the same as that of the lower falling protector; the lower falling protector and the upper falling protector alternately operate, the upper falling protector is in a falling prevention working state when the lower falling protector rotates, the lower falling protector is in a falling prevention working state when the upper falling protector rotates, and when the guide rail main body and the guide rail ladder stop block move downwards relative to the wall-attached support, the guide rail ladder stop block can be clamped above the upper falling protector or the lower falling protector, so that full-time falling prevention can be realized;
and a first rail wall of the guide rail main body is always positioned in the upper slideway and the lower slideway, the guide rail main body is limited by the support side plate, the upper anti-tilt mechanism and the lower anti-tilt mechanism in the horizontal direction, the guide rail main body can only slide up and down relative to the wall-attached support, and the inner upper anti-tilt wheel, the outer upper anti-tilt wheel, the inner lower anti-tilt wheel and the outer lower anti-tilt wheel are in rolling contact with the first rail wall, so that the friction resistance is reduced.
The invention has the following positive effects: the anti-falling mechanism can also automatically reset after concrete is scattered, realizes full-time anti-falling and prevents the frame body from falling. The creeping formwork guide rail and the wall-attached support seat are changed into roller contact, so that rolling friction is realized, and climbing resistance is reduced.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a lower safety hook of an embodiment of the invention in a rotating state;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a portion of an upper safety hook in a rotated state according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic top view of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a connection state between a support fixing mechanism and a wall-attached support according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of a creeping formwork guide rail structure according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the structure of the stopper and the main body of the guide rail of the ladder of the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural view of an upper anti-roll mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic structural view of an upper safety catch according to an embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the structure of the dirt-blocking flap according to the embodiment of the present invention;
in the figure: 1. A buried plate, 2, a buried screw rod, 3 climbing cones, 4, a support hanging plate, 5, a support plate, 6, a support side plate, 7, a support upper triangular plate, 8, an upper guide arm, 9, an upper guide arm triangular plate, 10, a dirt-blocking turning plate, 11, an upper anti-falling wheel base, 12, an outer upper anti-falling wheel, 13, an outer upper anti-falling wheel shaft, 14, an inner upper anti-falling wheel, 15, an inner upper anti-falling wheel shaft, 16, an upper anti-falling device, 17, an upper anti-falling device pin shaft, 18, an upper anti-falling device limiting block, 19, a lower guide arm, 20, a lower guide arm triangular plate, 21, a guide arm connecting bolt, 22, an outer lower anti-falling wheel, 23, an outer lower anti-falling wheel shaft, 24, an inner lower anti-falling wheel, 25, an inner lower anti-falling wheel shaft, 26, a lower anti-falling device, 27, a lower anti-falling device pin shaft, 28, a lower anti-falling device limiting block, 29, a support lower triangular plate, 30, a lower anti-falling wheel base, 31, a guide rail ladder stop block, 32, a guide rail main body, 321 rail wall I, 322 rail wall II, 323 rail wall III, 324, rail, 33 and a turnover plate pin shaft.
Detailed Description
The invention is further illustrated by the following examples in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
A hydraulic self-climbing template double anti-falling and anti-tilting device is arranged between an outer wall of a building and a climbing template guide rail and comprises a support fixing mechanism, a wall-attached support and a double anti-falling and anti-tilting system, wherein the wall-attached support is fixed on the outer wall of the building through the support fixing mechanism, and the double anti-falling and anti-tilting system is arranged between the wall-attached support and the climbing template guide rail;
the wall-attached support comprises a support hanging plate 4 and two support side plates 6, a support fixing mechanism is arranged on one side of the support hanging plate 4, and the other side of the support hanging plate 4 is provided with the two support side plates 6 which are vertically arranged and are parallel to each other; the climbing formwork guide rail comprises a guide rail ladder stop block 31 and a guide rail main body 32, the cross section of the guide rail main body 32 is H-shaped and consists of a first rail wall 321, a second rail wall 322 and a third rail wall 323 which are arranged between the first rail wall and the second rail wall in parallel, grooves on two sides of the third rail wall 323 are rails 324, and the guide rail ladder stop block 31 is arranged on the first rail wall and is positioned between the two support side plates 6;
the dual anti-falling and anti-tilting system consists of two dual anti-falling and anti-tilting mechanisms with the same structure, and the two dual anti-falling and anti-tilting mechanisms are respectively arranged on the outer sides of the two support side plates 6; the dual anti-falling and anti-tilting mechanism comprises an upper anti-falling mechanism, a lower anti-falling mechanism and a lower anti-falling mechanism which are sequentially arranged from top to bottom;
the upper anti-tilt mechanism comprises an upper anti-tilt support, an outer upper anti-tilt wheel 12, an outer upper anti-tilt wheel shaft 13, an inner upper anti-tilt wheel 14 and an inner upper anti-tilt wheel shaft 15, the upper anti-tilt support comprises an upper guide arm 8 and an upper anti-tilt wheel base 11, the upper guide arm 8 is L-shaped, one side of the upper guide arm is fixed on the support side plate 6, the other side of the upper guide arm is provided with the upper anti-tilt wheel base 11 extending towards the guide rail main body 32, the inner upper anti-tilt wheel 14 is arranged at one end, adjacent to the upper anti-tilt wheel base 11 and the upper guide arm 8, of the upper anti-tilt wheel 12, the outer upper anti-tilt wheel shaft 13 is arranged at the other end of the upper anti-tilt wheel base 11 and is positioned in the rail 324, and an upper slideway is formed between the inner upper anti-tilt wheel 14 and the upper anti-tilt wheel 12; the lower anti-tilt mechanism comprises a lower anti-tilt support, an outer lower anti-tilt wheel 22, an outer lower anti-tilt wheel shaft 23, an inner lower anti-tilt wheel 24 and an inner lower anti-tilt wheel shaft 25, the lower anti-tilt support comprises a lower guide arm 19 and a lower anti-tilt wheel base 30, the lower guide arm 19 is L-shaped, one side of the lower guide arm is welded on the support side plate 6, the other side of the lower guide arm is provided with the lower anti-tilt wheel base 30 extending towards the guide rail main body 32, the inner lower anti-tilt wheel 24 is arranged at one end of the lower anti-tilt wheel base 30 adjacent to the lower guide arm 19 through the inner lower anti-tilt wheel shaft 25, the outer lower anti-tilt wheel 22 is arranged at the other end of the lower anti-tilt wheel base 30 through the outer lower anti-tilt wheel shaft 23 and is positioned in the rail 324, and a lower slideway is formed between the inner lower anti-tilt wheel 24 and the outer lower anti-tilt wheel 22; the rail wall of the rail body 32 is located between the upper and lower runners;
the upper anti-falling mechanism comprises an upper anti-falling device 16, an upper anti-falling device pin shaft 17 and an upper anti-falling device limiting block 18, the upper anti-falling device 16 is rotatably arranged between the middle parts of the two support side plates 6 through the upper anti-falling device pin shaft 17, the upper anti-falling device 16 is matched with the guide rail ladder limiting block 31, and the upper anti-falling device limiting block 18 is arranged below the upper anti-falling device 16; the lower anti-falling mechanism comprises a lower anti-falling device 26, a lower anti-falling device pin shaft 27 and a lower anti-falling device limiting block 28, the lower anti-falling device 26 is rotatably arranged between the lower parts of the two support side plates 6 through the lower anti-falling device pin shaft 27, the lower anti-falling device 26 is matched with the guide rail ladder limiting block 31, and the lower anti-falling device limiting block 28 is arranged below the lower anti-falling device 26;
the support fixing mechanisms are two sets and symmetrically arranged at two ends of the support hanging plate 4, each support fixing mechanism comprises an embedded plate 1, an embedded screw rod 2 and a climbing cone 3, the embedded plates 1 are fixed on the outer wall of a building, the climbing cones 3 are fixed on the support hanging plate 4, and the embedded plates 1 and the climbing cones 3 are connected through the embedded screw rods 2.
A support upper triangular plate 7 horizontally arranged is arranged between the upper end of the support side plate 6 and the upper end of the support hanging plate 4, a vertically arranged supporting plate 5 is arranged at the lower end of the outer side surface of the support side plate 6, and a support lower triangular plate 29 is arranged between the lower end of the supporting plate 5 and the lower end of the support side plate 6.
A dirt blocking turning plate 10 is rotatably arranged between the upper parts of the two support side plates 6, and the dirt blocking turning plate 10 is positioned above the upper falling protector 16.
The upper guide arm 8 and the lower guide arm 19 are fixed on the support side plate 6 through guide arm connecting bolts 21.
An upper guide arm triangular plate 9 which is horizontally arranged is arranged at the upper end of the upper guide arm 8, and a lower guide arm triangular plate 20 which is horizontally arranged is arranged at the lower end of the lower guide arm 19.
The guide rail ladder stop block 31 is a right-angle trapezoidal block, a right-angle surface is welded on the first rail wall, and an inclined surface faces the upper falling protector 16 and the lower falling protector 26; the upper falling protector 16 and the lower falling protector 26 are identical in structure and are rectangular blocks, one end of the upper falling protector 16 and one end of the lower falling protector 26 are respectively connected to the upper falling protector pin shaft 17 and the lower falling protector pin shaft 27 in a rotating mode, the lower portion of the other end of the upper falling protector 16 and the lower falling protector 26 is provided with a slope matched with the inclined surface of the guide rail ladder stop block 31, and the inclined direction of the slope is identical to the inclined direction of the guide rail ladder stop block 31 and is inclined from the upper right to the lower left.
The dirt blocking turning plate 10 is a bending plate, one end of the dirt blocking turning plate is rotatably connected between the upper parts of the two support side plates through a turning plate pin shaft 33, and the other end of the dirt blocking turning plate extends out of the guide rail main body 32 and then is bent upwards.
The support hanging plate 4 is parallel to the first rail wall 321 and the second rail wall 322 of the guide rail main body 32.
A hydraulic self-climbing template double anti-falling and anti-tilting method adopts the double anti-falling and anti-tilting device and comprises the following steps:
firstly, the guide rail main body 32 moves upwards relative to the wall-attached support, when the guide rail ladder stop block 31 moves to the position of the slope at the bottom of the lower falling protector 26, the slope of the lower falling protector 26 is contacted with the slope of the guide rail ladder stop block 31, the lower falling protector 26 blocks the motion track of the guide rail ladder stop block 31, when the guide rail ladder stop block 31 continues to move upwards, the guide rail ladder stop block 31 can push the lower falling protector 26 to rotate anticlockwise around the falling protector pin shaft 27, when the guide rail ladder stop block 31 moves upwards and exceeds the lower falling protector 26, the lower falling protector 26 can rotate clockwise due to gravity, when the guide rail ladder stop block 31 rotates to the position of the lower falling protector limiting block 28, the lower falling protector 26 is reset to be in a falling prevention working state; the guide rail body 32 and the guide rail ladder stop block 31 continue to move upwards, and when the guide rail ladder stop block 31 moves to the bottom slope position of the upper falling protector 16, the upper falling protector 16 acts in the same action process as the lower falling protector 26; the lower falling protector 26 and the upper falling protector 16 alternately operate, the upper falling protector 16 is in a falling prevention working state when the lower falling protector 26 rotates, the lower falling protector 26 is in a falling prevention working state when the upper falling protector 16 rotates, and when the guide rail main body 32 and the guide rail ladder stop 31 move downwards relative to the wall-attached support, the guide rail ladder stop 31 can be clamped above the upper falling protector 16 or the lower falling protector 26, so that full-time falling prevention can be realized;
secondly, a first rail wall 321 of the guide rail main body 32 is always positioned in the upper slideway and the lower slideway, the guide rail main body 32 is limited by the side plate of the support, the upper anti-tilt mechanism and the lower anti-tilt mechanism in the horizontal direction, the guide rail main body 32 can only slide up and down relative to the wall-attached support, and the inner upper anti-tilt wheel 14, the outer upper anti-tilt wheel 12, the inner lower anti-tilt wheel 24 and the outer lower anti-tilt wheel 22 are in rolling contact with the first rail wall 321, so that the friction resistance is reduced.
As shown in figure 1, the guide rail main body and the guide rail ladder stop block move upwards relative to the wall-attached support, when the guide rail ladder stop block moves to the bottom slope position of the lower falling protector, because the lower falling protector blocks the motion track of the guide rail ladder stop block, when the guide rail ladder stop block continues to move upwards, the guide rail ladder stop block can push the falling protector pin shaft below the lower falling protector to rotate anticlockwise as the center, after the guide rail ladder stop block moves upwards and exceeds the rotating radius of the lower falling protector, the lower falling protector can rotate clockwise due to gravity, and when the guide rail ladder stop block rotates to the position of the lower falling protector limiting block, the purpose of resetting the lower falling protector is achieved.
As shown in figure 2, the guide rail main body and the guide rail ladder stop block continue to move upwards relative to the wall-attached support, when the guide rail ladder stop block moves to the bottom slope position of the upper falling protector, the falling protector pin shaft above the upper falling protector can be pushed by the guide rail ladder stop block to rotate anticlockwise as the center because the upper falling protector blocks the motion track of the guide rail ladder stop block, after the guide rail ladder stop block moves upwards and exceeds the rotating radius of the upper falling protector, the upper falling protector can rotate clockwise due to gravity, and when the guide rail ladder stop block rotates to the position of the upper falling protector limit block, the aim of resetting the upper falling protector is fulfilled.
When the guide rail main body and the guide rail ladder stop block move upwards, the upper falling protector and the lower falling protector alternately operate, the upper falling protector is in a falling prevention working state when the lower falling protector rotates, and the lower falling protector is in a falling prevention working state when the upper falling protector rotates, so that falling prevention can be realized at all times, and the purpose that the frame body does not fall is achieved.
As shown in fig. 3, the support hanging plate, the support side plate, the support upper triangular plate and the support lower triangular plate are welded into a whole to form the wall-attached support.
The upper guide arm, the upper guide arm triangular plate and the upper anti-tilt wheel base are welded into a whole, the outer upper anti-tilt wheel is connected to an outer connecting hole of the upper anti-tilt wheel base through an outer upper anti-tilt wheel shaft, the inner upper anti-tilt wheel is connected to an inner connecting hole of the upper anti-tilt wheel base through an inner upper anti-tilt wheel shaft, and the upper anti-tilt mechanism is integrally formed.
The lower guide arm, the lower guide arm triangular plate and the lower anti-roll wheel base are welded into a whole, the outer lower anti-roll wheel is connected to an outer connecting hole of the lower anti-roll wheel base through an outer lower anti-roll wheel shaft, the inner lower anti-roll wheel is connected to an inner connecting hole of the lower anti-roll wheel base through an inner lower anti-roll wheel shaft, and the lower anti-roll mechanism is integrally formed.
The upper guide arm and the lower guide arm are arranged on the upper guide arm connecting hole and the lower guide arm connecting hole of the support side plate through guide arm connecting bolts.
The upper falling protector is connected to an upper falling protector connecting hole of the support side plate through an upper falling protector pin shaft, and the lower falling protector is connected to a lower falling protector connecting hole of the support side plate through a lower falling protector pin shaft.
The dirt blocking turning plate is arranged between the two support side plates through a turning plate pin shaft and is positioned right above the upper falling protector and the lower falling protector, and when concrete sundries are scattered, the dirt blocking turning plate can block the upper falling protector and the lower falling protector to play a role in protection.
As shown in fig. 4, the guide rail body is welded to the guide rail ladder stop as a unit. In the overlooking position, the guide rail ladder stop block is positioned in the middle of two support side plates of the wall-attached support and can be contacted with the slope surfaces of the upper falling protector and the lower falling protector. The guide rail main part is H shaped steel, upper portion anti-tilt mechanism and lower part anti-tilt mechanism on two support curb plates form with guide rail main part H shaped steel and encircle the structure, make the guide rail main part can only be for attaching wall support up-and-down motion, when the guide rail main part is for attaching wall support upward motion, the anti-tilt wheel on interior, the anti-tilt wheel on outer, the anti-tilt wheel on interior down and the anti-tilt wheel on outer rotate under the action of the motion friction power of rail wall one, make the guide rail main part with attach the wall support and change rolling friction into by sliding friction, frictional resistance has been reduced greatly, it is more stable to make the climbing, safety.

Claims (1)

1. A hydraulic self-creeping formwork double anti-falling and anti-tilting method adopts a double anti-falling and anti-tilting device, the double anti-falling and anti-tilting device is arranged between the building outer wall and a creeping formwork guide rail and comprises a support fixing mechanism, a wall-attached support and a double anti-falling and anti-tilting system, the wall-attached support is fixed on the building outer wall through the support fixing mechanism, and the double anti-falling and anti-tilting system is arranged between the wall-attached support and the creeping formwork guide rail;
the wall-attached support comprises a support hanging plate (4) and two support side plates (6), a support fixing mechanism is arranged on one side of the support hanging plate (4), and the other side of the support hanging plate (4) is provided with the two support side plates (6) which are vertically arranged and are parallel to each other; the climbing formwork guide rail comprises a guide rail ladder stop block (31) and a guide rail main body (32), the cross section of the guide rail main body (32) is H-shaped, the climbing formwork guide rail is composed of a rail wall I (321), a rail wall II (322) and a rail wall III (323) which are arranged between the rail wall I and the rail wall II in parallel, grooves on two sides of the rail wall III (323) are rails (324), and the guide rail ladder stop block (31) is arranged on the rail wall I and located between two support side plates (6);
the dual anti-falling and anti-tilting system consists of two dual anti-falling and anti-tilting mechanisms with the same structure, and the two dual anti-falling and anti-tilting mechanisms are respectively arranged on the outer sides of the two support side plates (6); the dual anti-falling and anti-tilting mechanism comprises an upper anti-falling mechanism, a lower anti-falling mechanism and a lower anti-falling mechanism which are sequentially arranged from top to bottom;
the upper anti-tilting mechanism comprises an upper anti-tilting support, an outer upper anti-tilting wheel (12), an outer upper anti-tilting wheel shaft (13), an inner upper anti-tilting wheel (14) and an inner upper anti-tilting wheel shaft (15), the upper anti-tilting support comprises an upper guide arm (8) and an upper anti-tilting wheel base (11), the upper guide arm (8) is L-shaped, one side of the upper guide arm is fixed on a support side plate (6), the other side of the upper guide arm is provided with the upper anti-tilting wheel base (11) extending towards the direction of the guide rail main body (32), the inner upper anti-tilting wheel (14) is arranged at one end, adjacent to the upper guide arm (8), of the upper anti-tilting wheel base (11) through the inner upper anti-tilting wheel shaft (15), the outer upper anti-tilting wheel (12) is arranged at the other end of the upper anti-tilting wheel base (11) through the outer upper anti-tilting wheel shaft (13) and is positioned in a rail (324), and an upper slideway is formed between the inner upper anti-tilting wheel (14) and the outer upper anti-tilting wheel (12); the lower anti-tilting mechanism comprises a lower anti-tilting support, an outer lower anti-tilting wheel (22), an outer lower anti-tilting wheel shaft (23), an inner lower anti-tilting wheel (24) and an inner lower anti-tilting wheel shaft (25), the lower anti-tilting support comprises a lower guide arm (19) and a lower anti-tilting wheel base (30), the lower guide arm (19) is L-shaped, one side of the lower anti-tilting support is welded on a support side plate (6), the other side of the lower anti-tilting support is provided with the lower anti-tilting wheel base (30) extending towards the direction of the guide rail main body (32), the inner lower anti-tilting wheel (24) is arranged at one end, adjacent to the lower guide arm (19), of the lower anti-tilting wheel base (30) through the inner lower anti-tilting wheel shaft (25), the outer lower anti-tilting wheel (22) is arranged at the other end of the lower anti-tilting wheel base (30) through the outer lower anti-tilting wheel shaft (23) and is positioned in a rail (324), and a lower slideway is formed between the inner lower anti-tilting wheel (24) and the outer lower anti-tilting wheel (22); a first rail wall of the guide rail main body (32) is positioned between the upper slideway and the lower slideway;
the upper anti-falling mechanism comprises an upper anti-falling device (16), an upper anti-falling device pin shaft (17) and an upper anti-falling device limiting block (18), the upper anti-falling device (16) is rotatably arranged between the middle parts of the two support side plates (6) through the upper anti-falling device pin shaft (17), the upper anti-falling device (16) is matched with the guide rail ladder limiting block (31), and the upper anti-falling device limiting block (18) is arranged below the upper anti-falling device (16); the lower anti-falling mechanism comprises a lower anti-falling device (26), a lower anti-falling device pin shaft (27) and a lower anti-falling device limiting block (28), the lower anti-falling device (26) is rotatably arranged between the lower parts of the two support side plates (6) through the lower anti-falling device pin shaft (27), the lower anti-falling device (26) is matched with the guide rail ladder limiting block (31), and the lower anti-falling device limiting block (28) is arranged below the lower anti-falling device (26);
the guide rail ladder stop block (31) is a right-angle trapezoidal block, a right-angle surface is welded on the first rail wall, and an inclined surface faces the upper falling protector (16) and the lower falling protector (26); the upper falling protector (16) and the lower falling protector (26) have the same structure and are rectangular blocks, one end of the upper falling protector (16) and one end of the lower falling protector (26) are respectively and rotatably connected onto an upper falling protector pin shaft (17) and a lower falling protector pin shaft (27), and slopes matched with the slopes of the guide rail ladder stop blocks (31) are arranged at the lower parts of the other ends of the upper falling protector (16) and the lower falling protector (26);
the method is characterized in that:
firstly, a guide rail main body (32) moves upwards relative to a wall-attached support, when a guide rail ladder stop block (31) moves to the position of a slope at the bottom of a lower falling protector (26), the slope of the lower falling protector (26) is in contact with the slope of the guide rail ladder stop block (31), the lower falling protector (26) blocks the motion track of the guide rail ladder stop block (31), when the guide rail ladder stop block (31) continues to move upwards, the guide rail ladder stop block (31) can push the lower falling protector (26) to rotate anticlockwise around a falling protector pin shaft (27) below the lower falling protector (26), when the guide rail ladder stop block (31) moves upwards and exceeds the lower falling protector (26), the lower falling protector (26) can rotate clockwise due to gravity, when the guide rail ladder stop block (31) rotates to the position of a lower falling protector limiting block (28), the lower falling protector (26) is reset to be in a falling protector working state; the guide rail main body (32) and the guide rail ladder stop block (31) continue to move upwards, when the guide rail ladder stop block (31) moves to the bottom slope position of the upper falling protector (16), the upper falling protector (16) acts, and the action process of the upper falling protector is the same as that of the lower falling protector (26); the lower falling protector (26) and the upper falling protector (16) alternately operate, the upper falling protector (16) is in a falling prevention working state when the lower falling protector (26) rotates, the lower falling protector (26) is in a falling prevention working state when the upper falling protector (16) rotates, and when the guide rail main body (32) and the guide rail ladder stop block (31) move downwards relative to the wall-attached support, the guide rail ladder stop block (31) can be clamped above the upper falling protector (16) or the lower falling protector (26), so that full-time falling prevention can be realized;
a first rail wall (321) of the guide rail main body (32) is always positioned in the upper slideway and the lower slideway, the guide rail main body (32) is limited by the support side plate, the upper anti-tilt mechanism and the lower anti-tilt mechanism in the horizontal direction, the guide rail main body (32) can only slide up and down relative to the wall-attached support, and the inner upper anti-tilt wheel (14), the outer upper anti-tilt wheel (12), the inner lower anti-tilt wheel (24) and the outer lower anti-tilt wheel (22) are in rolling contact with the first rail wall (321), so that the friction resistance is reduced.
CN202010752586.2A 2020-07-30 2020-07-30 Hydraulic self-climbing formwork dual anti-falling and anti-tilting device and method Active CN111851994B (en)

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CN115140680B (en) * 2021-03-31 2024-02-09 广东博智林机器人有限公司 Lifting device
CN113338620A (en) * 2021-07-02 2021-09-03 兴化市金建机械有限公司 Anchoring part for fastening climbing formwork on concrete body

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CN208563953U (en) * 2018-07-31 2019-03-01 河北国益工程技术有限公司 The dual gravity of the wall-attached supporting seat of elevating scaffold rotates anti-drop system
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CN2670497Y (en) * 2003-11-13 2005-01-12 上海市第一建筑有限公司 Hydraulic drop-proofing system for climbing formwork
CN202689507U (en) * 2012-08-14 2013-01-23 中冶建工集团有限公司 Scaffold rolling bearing bi-directional anti-toppling device
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