CN111837900A - Seedling growing sprinkling irrigation device - Google Patents

Seedling growing sprinkling irrigation device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111837900A
CN111837900A CN202010744090.0A CN202010744090A CN111837900A CN 111837900 A CN111837900 A CN 111837900A CN 202010744090 A CN202010744090 A CN 202010744090A CN 111837900 A CN111837900 A CN 111837900A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sprinkling irrigation
lifting
water tank
water
arc
Prior art date
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Granted
Application number
CN202010744090.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111837900B (en
Inventor
孟广海
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangsu Mingquan Irrigation And Drainage Equipment Co ltd
Original Assignee
Jiangsu Mingquan Irrigation And Drainage Equipment Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by Jiangsu Mingquan Irrigation And Drainage Equipment Co ltd filed Critical Jiangsu Mingquan Irrigation And Drainage Equipment Co ltd
Priority to CN202010744090.0A priority Critical patent/CN111837900B/en
Publication of CN111837900A publication Critical patent/CN111837900A/en
Priority to PCT/CN2020/137014 priority patent/WO2022021755A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN111837900B publication Critical patent/CN111837900B/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/09Watering arrangements making use of movable installations on wheels or the like
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M7/00Special adaptations or arrangements of liquid-spraying apparatus for purposes covered by this subclass
    • A01M7/0025Mechanical sprayers
    • A01M7/0032Pressure sprayers
    • A01M7/0035Pressure sprayers mounted on a frame and guided by hand; Spray barrow
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M7/00Special adaptations or arrangements of liquid-spraying apparatus for purposes covered by this subclass
    • A01M7/005Special arrangements or adaptations of the spraying or distributing parts, e.g. adaptations or mounting of the spray booms, mounting of the nozzles, protection shields
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M7/00Special adaptations or arrangements of liquid-spraying apparatus for purposes covered by this subclass
    • A01M7/0082Undercarriages, frames, mountings, couplings, tanks
    • A01M7/0085Tanks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F29/00Mixers with rotating receptacles
    • B01F29/60Mixers with rotating receptacles rotating about a horizontal or inclined axis, e.g. drum mixers
    • B01F29/62Mixers with rotating receptacles rotating about a horizontal or inclined axis, e.g. drum mixers without bars, i.e. without mixing elements; characterised by the shape or cross section of the receptacle, e.g. of Y-, Z-, S- or X- shape; with cylindrical receptacles rotating about an axis at an angle to their longitudinal axis
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F35/00Accessories for mixers; Auxiliary operations or auxiliary devices; Parts or details of general application
    • B01F35/181Preventing generation of dust or dirt; Sieves; Filters
    • B01F35/187Preventing generation of dust or dirt; Sieves; Filters using filters in mixers, e.g. during venting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion

Abstract

The invention discloses a seedling-growing sprinkling irrigation device which comprises a moving wheel, a bearing base body, a rotary type lifting adjusting device, an arc-shaped fine-tuning sprinkling irrigation mechanism and a control type multiple filtering water tank, wherein the moving wheel is arranged at the lower part of the bearing base body, the control type multiple filtering water tank is arranged on the bearing base body, the rotary type lifting adjusting device is arranged on the bearing base body and is arranged on one side of the control type multiple filtering water tank, the arc-shaped fine-tuning sprinkling irrigation mechanism is arranged on the rotary type lifting adjusting device, and the arc-shaped fine-tuning sprinkling irrigation mechanism comprises a driving protection body, a bearing partition plate, a water pump, an arc-shaped fine-tuning driving assembly. The invention belongs to the technical field of seedling culture sprinkling irrigation, and particularly relates to a seedling culture sprinkling irrigation device which realizes two sprinkling irrigation modes, namely sprinkling irrigation and spraying irrigation, realizes the selection of water quality filtration degree and the speed of water discharge, avoids impurity blockage, improves the sprinkling irrigation efficiency and effect, and realizes controllable sprinkling irrigation.

Description

Seedling growing sprinkling irrigation device
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of seedling growing and sprinkling irrigation, and particularly relates to a seedling growing and sprinkling irrigation device.
Background
The seedling cultivation is an important production field in forestry and agriculture, and the irrigation is an important link in the seedling production process. In the process of seedling production, particularly in a cutting seedling raising mode, the spray irrigation mode is very important. Because the requirements for irrigation are different at different periods of seedling culture, spraying is sometimes required, and water spraying is sometimes required.
In the current large-scale production, a general sprinkling irrigation system only has one sprinkling irrigation form, or spraying (atomizing or semi-atomizing), or sprinkling (water drop). The conversion of the two sprinkling irrigation modes can be realized only by manually watering or changing the spray head, which is very troublesome.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the defects of the prior art, the invention provides the seedling-raising sprinkling irrigation device, which realizes two sprinkling irrigation modes of sprinkling and spraying, realizes the selection of water quality filtering degree and the water discharge rate, avoids impurity blockage, improves the sprinkling irrigation efficiency and effect, realizes controllable sprinkling irrigation, and solves the problems in the background art.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows: a seedling-growing sprinkling irrigation device comprises a moving wheel, a bearing substrate, a rotary type lifting adjusting device, an arc-shaped fine-adjustment sprinkling irrigation mechanism and a control type multiple-filtration water tank, wherein the moving wheel is arranged at the lower part of the bearing substrate, the control type multiple-filtration water tank is arranged on the bearing substrate, the rotary type lifting adjusting device is arranged on the bearing substrate and is arranged at one side of the control type multiple-filtration water tank, the arc-shaped fine-adjustment sprinkling irrigation mechanism is arranged on the rotary type lifting adjusting device and comprises a driving protection body, a bearing partition plate, a water pump, an arc-shaped fine-adjustment driving assembly, a sprinkling irrigation device, a protective cover, a connecting rod, a fixed plate, a connecting column and a supporting column, the driving protection body is arranged on the rotary type lifting adjusting device, the driving protection body is arranged in a hollow cavity, the side wall of the driving, the water pump is arranged on the bearing partition plate, the arc fine-adjustment driving component is arranged in the driving protective body and below the bearing partition plate, the arc fine-adjustment driving component is connected with a connecting rod, the connecting rod is connected with a fixed plate in a way of penetrating through a fine-adjustment strip groove, one end of the connecting rod is provided with a fixed plate which is far away from one end of the connecting rod, the other end of the connecting rod is connected with a sprinkling irrigation device, the protective cover is arranged on one side of the driving protective body, the fine-adjustment strip groove is arranged in the protective cover, one side of the protective cover, which is far away from the driving protective body, is in an opening arrangement, the supporting column is arranged on the inner bottom wall of the protective cover in a sliding way, the supporting column is arranged between the connecting column and the bottom wall of the protective cover, the sprinkling, rotate the motor and locate in the spliced pole cavity, it locates and rotates the motor output to rotate pivot one end, the rotation pivot other end is located to the sprinkling irrigation inflation body, the sprinkling irrigation inflation body is the cavity setting, it is internal that the ARC is the longitudinal symmetry setting and locates the sprinkling irrigation inflation, the ARC separates into the spraying chamber that is the symmetry setting with sprinkling inflation body upper portion and lower part, the sprinkling irrigation cylinder is located in the sprinkling inflation body and is rotated and locate between the spraying chamber that holds, the bearing is located sprinkling irrigation inflation body both ends and is located the sprinkling irrigation cylinder both ends, finely tune spraying sprinkling irrigation subassembly one end and locate on the spraying chamber lateral wall, rotatory water droplet sprinkling irrigation subassembly one end is located the sprinkling irrigation cylinder and is kept away from on the spliced pole one.
Further, the control type multiple filtration water tank comprises a water tank baffle, a sealed lifting partition plate, a lifting rod, a fixed rod, an impurity filtering layer, a primary filtering layer, a secondary filtering layer and a filtering partition plate, wherein the water tank baffle is arranged on the bearing base body, the side wall of the upper end of the water tank baffle is provided with a lifting limit port, the water tank baffle is arranged in a hollow cavity, the lifting rod is vertically arranged on the bottom wall of the water tank baffle, the fixed rod is arranged on the lifting rod, the sealed lifting partition plate is arranged at one end of the fixed rod, the sealed lifting partition plate is vertically arranged on the bottom wall of the water tank baffle, the sealed lifting partition plate is arranged in a lifting way along the lifting limit port, the sealed lifting partition plate separates the water tank baffle to form a filtering cavity, the filtering cavity is arranged at one side of the sealed lifting partition plate, which is far away from the fixed rod, and, the utility model discloses a filter tank, including filter chamber, sealed baffle, sealed lift baffle, filtration baffle, water tank, water injection hole, filtration baffle, impurity filter layer top, the filter chamber is close to sealed baffle one side lateral wall of separating and is equipped with the outlet, the outlet is the interval setting from top to bottom, the outlet is located respectively between one-level filter layer and the second grade filter layer and water tank enclose between the fender diapire, sealed lift baffle lower part is equipped with the inlet opening, the filtration baffle is located dead lever top and water tank and is enclosed in keeping off, the water tank encloses and keeps off the top and be equipped with water.
Further, the water pump is connected with inlet tube and drain pipe, the inlet tube intercommunication is located between water pump and the multiple filtration water tank of control formula, water piping connection has the cross water pipe joint, the cross water pipe joint is connected with the outlet pipe, the outlet pipe communicates respectively to be located between sprinkling irrigation cylinder and the drain pipe and between spraying retaining chamber and the drain pipe, realizes sending the liquid in the multiple filtration water tank of control formula to sprinkling irrigation cylinder and spraying retaining intracavity respectively.
Further, the arc fine adjustment driving assembly comprises a supporting plate, a fine adjustment motor, an articulated piece, a driving shaft, a connecting shaft, a straight rack, a U-shaped limiting block, a gear, a rotary disc, a shifting shaft, a rotating piece, a first supporting rotating shaft and a second supporting rotating shaft, wherein the supporting plate is arranged in the driving protective body and is arranged below the bearing partition plate, the fine adjustment motor is arranged on the side wall at the lower end of the supporting plate, one end of the driving shaft is arranged at the output end of the fine adjustment motor, the other end of the driving shaft penetrates through the supporting plate and is connected with the articulated piece, one end of the articulated piece is articulated on the driving shaft, the connecting shaft is articulated on the articulated piece, the connecting shaft and the supporting plate are arranged in parallel, the connecting shaft is connected with the straight rack, the first supporting rotating shaft is arranged, the rotating disc is arranged on the first supporting rotating shaft and below the U-shaped limiting block, the connecting shaft is connected with a spur rack, the straight rack penetrates through the U-shaped limiting block, the straight rack is meshed with the driving gear, the supporting rotating shaft II is arranged on the supporting plate and is arranged on one side of the supporting rotating shaft I, the rotating piece is arranged on the supporting rotating shaft II, the rotating piece is arranged in a sector shape, the side walls of the two sides of the rotating piece are arranged in an inwards concave arc shape, the inwards concave arc-shaped side walls of the rotating piece are arranged in a joint way with the side walls of the rotating disc, the rotating piece is provided with a limiting through groove which is arranged between the concave arc-shaped side walls of the rotating piece, the turntable is provided with a gap, the gap is provided with a convex plate, the convex plate is arranged in a fan shape, the poking shaft is arranged on the convex plate, the stirring shaft is matched with the limiting through groove, and the arc fine adjustment driving assembly realizes the horizontal movement of the sprinkling irrigation device along the fine adjustment strip groove arc.
Further, finely tune spraying sprinkling irrigation subassembly includes spray pipe, atomising head and solenoid valve one, spray water storage intracavity is located to spray pipe one end, the spray pipe other end is connected with the atomising head, the solenoid valve is located on the spray pipe, is convenient for control the spraying.
Further, rotatory water droplet sprinkling irrigation subassembly includes spray pipe, sprinkler head and solenoid valve two, spray pipe one end is located in the sprinkling irrigation cylinder, the spray pipe other end is connected with the sprinkler head, solenoid valve two is located on the sprinkler head, is convenient for control spraying.
Further, rotary type lift adjusting device is including rotating base member and lift stand, it locates on the load-bearing base member to rotate the base member, the lift stand rotates to be located and rotates on the base member, realizes that the lift stand drives arc fine setting sprinkling irrigation mechanism and rotates and goes up and down.
Further, control formula multiple filtration water tank keeps away from rotary type lift adjusting device one side and is equipped with the arc push rod, be equipped with the control push pedal on the arc push rod, be convenient for control this device and remove.
Furthermore, the side wall of the sprinkling irrigation roller is provided with a medicine inlet, so that the medicine can be conveniently injected into the sprinkling irrigation roller.
Further, be equipped with lift button, water pump button, fine setting button, mix the button, carry and draw the button, spray the button and spray the button in the control push pedal, the lift button is connected with the lift stand electricity, the water pump is connected with water pump button electricity, it is connected with the rotation motor electricity to mix the button, carry and draw the button and be connected with the lifter electricity, and the fine setting button is connected with the fine setting motor electricity, it is connected with two electricity of solenoid valve to spray the button, the spraying button is connected with a solenoid valve electricity, is convenient for carry out the switching control that sprays and spray respectively to the device, is convenient for select the filtration degree of control formula multiple filtration water tank, is convenient for carry out intensive mixing to medicine and water, is convenient for carry out accurate control.
After adopting the structure, the invention has the following beneficial effects: according to the seedling culture sprinkling irrigation device, the arc horizontal adjustment during seedling culture sprinkling irrigation can be realized through the arc fine-adjustment sprinkling irrigation mechanism, and the seedling culture sprinkling irrigation for selectively carrying out water drop-shaped sprinkling irrigation and spraying sprinkling can be realized; the lifting of the sealed lifting partition plate realizes the filtration of water quality and the adjustment of water discharge rate in the control type multiple filtration water tank, and meets different water quality requirements of spraying and misting; the spray irrigation roller rotates in the spray irrigation expansion body to realize the full mixing of the medicine and the water and the uniform spraying of the medicine power; this device realizes spraying and two kinds of sprinkling irrigation modes of spraying, realizes the selection and the water exhaust speed of water quality filtration degree, avoids impurity to block up, has improved the efficiency and the effect of sprinkling irrigation, realizes controllable sprinkling irrigation.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the invention and not to limit the invention.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of a seedling growing and sprinkling irrigation device of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the protective cover of the seedling growing and sprinkling irrigation device of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a sprinkler of the seedling sprinkler of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a control type multiple filtering water tank of the seedling growing and sprinkling irrigation device of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the driving protection body of the seedling growing sprinkler of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of an arc-shaped fine adjustment driving assembly of the seedling growing sprinkler of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic structural view of a control push plate of the seedling growing sprinkler irrigation device.
In the drawings: 1. a movable wheel, 2, a bearing substrate, 3, a rotary lifting adjusting device, 4, an arc fine-tuning sprinkling irrigation mechanism, 5, a control type multiple-filtering water tank, 6, a driving protection body, 7, a bearing clapboard, 8, a water pump, 9, an arc fine-tuning driving component, 10, a sprinkling irrigation device, 11, a protective cover, 12, a connecting rod, 13, a fixing plate, 14, a connecting column, 15, a supporting column, 16, a fine-tuning strip groove, 17, a rotating motor, 18, a rotating shaft, 19, a bearing, 20, an arc clapboard, 21, a sprinkling irrigation expansion body, 22, a sprinkling irrigation roller, 23, a fine-tuning spraying sprinkling irrigation component, 24, a rotating water drop sprinkling irrigation component, 25, a spraying water storage cavity, 26, a water tank baffle, 27, a sealing lifting baffle, 28, a lifting rod, 29, a fixing rod, 30, an impurity filtering layer, 31, a primary filtering layer, 32, a secondary filtering layer, 33, 35. the medicine injection device comprises a filter cavity, 36, a water outlet, 37, a water inlet hole, 38, a water injection hole, 39, a medicine injection hole, 40, a water inlet pipe, 41, a water outlet pipe, 42, a water outlet pipe, 43, a supporting plate, 44, a fine adjustment motor, 45, a hinge piece, 46, a driving shaft, 47, a connecting shaft, 48, a spur rack, 49, a U-shaped limiting block, 50, a gear, 51, a rotary disc, 52, a stirring shaft, 53, a rotary piece, 54, a first supporting rotary shaft, 55, a second supporting rotary shaft, 56, a limiting through groove, 57, a notch, 58, a convex plate, 59, a spray pipe, 60, a spray head, 61, a first electromagnetic valve, 62, a spray pipe, 63, a spray head, 64, a second electromagnetic valve, 65, a rotary base body, 66, a lifting upright column, 67, an arc push rod, 68, a control push plate, 69, a medicine inlet, 70, a lifting key, 71, a water pump key, Spraying button, 76, spraying button, 77, four-way water pipe joint.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments; all other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
It is noted that, herein, relational terms such as first and second, and the like may be used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. Also, the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus.
As shown in fig. 1-7, a sprinkling irrigation device for seedling cultivation comprises a movable wheel 1, a bearing substrate 2, a rotary type lifting adjustment device 3, an arc-shaped fine-tuning sprinkling irrigation mechanism 4 and a control type multiple filtering water tank 5, wherein the movable wheel 1 is arranged at the lower part of the bearing substrate 2, the control type multiple filtering water tank 5 is arranged on the bearing substrate 2, the rotary type lifting adjustment device 3 is arranged on the bearing substrate 2 and is arranged at one side of the control type multiple filtering water tank 5, the arc-shaped fine-tuning sprinkling irrigation mechanism 4 is arranged on the rotary type lifting adjustment device 3, the arc-shaped fine-tuning sprinkling irrigation mechanism 4 comprises a driving protection body 6, a bearing partition plate 7, a water pump 8, an arc-shaped fine-tuning driving component 9, a sprinkling irrigation device 10, a protective cover 11, a connecting rod 12, a fixed plate 13, a connecting column 14 and a supporting column 15, the driving protection body 6, the side wall of the driving protection body 6 is provided with a fine adjustment strip groove 16, the bearing baffle 7 is arranged at the upper part in the driving protection body 6, the water pump 8 is arranged on the bearing baffle 7, the arc fine adjustment driving component 9 is arranged in the driving protection body 6 and is arranged below the bearing baffle 7, the arc fine adjustment driving component 9 is connected with a connecting rod 12, the connecting rod 12 penetrates through the fine adjustment strip groove 16 and is connected with a fixed plate 13, one end of the connecting rod 14 is provided with the fixed plate 13 which is far away from one end of the connecting rod 12, the other end of the connecting rod 14 is connected with a sprinkler 10, the protection cover 11 is arranged at one side of the driving protection body 6, the fine adjustment strip groove 16 is arranged in the protection cover 11, one side of the protection cover 11 which is far away from the driving protection body 6 is arranged in an opening way, the, the sprinkling irrigation device 10 comprises a rotating motor 17, a rotating shaft 18, a bearing 19, an arc-shaped partition plate 20, a sprinkling irrigation expansion body 21, a sprinkling irrigation roller 22, a fine-adjustment sprinkling irrigation component 23 and a rotating water drop sprinkling irrigation component 24, wherein one end of the connecting column 14, which is far away from the fixing plate 13, is arranged in a hollow manner, the rotating motor 17 is arranged in a cavity of the connecting column 14, one end of the rotating shaft 18 is arranged at the output end of the rotating motor 17, the sprinkling irrigation expansion body 21 is arranged at the other end of the rotating shaft 18, the sprinkling irrigation expansion body 21 is arranged in the hollow cavity, the arc-shaped partition plate 20 is symmetrically arranged in the sprinkling irrigation expansion body 21 from top to bottom, the arc-shaped partition plate 20 divides the upper part and the lower part of the sprinkling irrigation expansion body 21 into symmetrically arranged spraying water storage cavities 25, the sprinkling irrigation roller 22 is arranged in the sprinkling irrigation expansion body 21 and is rotatably, one end of the fine-tuning spraying sprinkling irrigation component 23 is arranged on the side wall of the spraying water storage cavity 25, and one end of the rotary water droplet sprinkling irrigation component 24 is arranged on the side wall of the sprinkling irrigation roller 22 far away from one end of the connecting column 14.
Wherein, the control type multiple filtration water tank 5 comprises a water tank baffle 26, a sealed lifting baffle 27, a lifting rod 28, a fixing rod 29, an impurity filtering layer 30, a first-stage filtering layer 31, a second-stage filtering layer 32 and a filtering baffle 33, the water tank baffle 26 is arranged on the bearing substrate 2, the upper end side wall of the water tank baffle 26 is provided with a lifting limit port 34, the water tank baffle 26 is arranged in a hollow cavity, the lifting rod 28 is vertically arranged on the bottom wall of the water tank baffle 26, the fixing rod 29 is arranged on the lifting rod 28, the sealed lifting baffle 27 is arranged at one end of the fixing rod 29, the sealed lifting baffle 27 is vertically arranged on the bottom wall of the water tank baffle 26, the sealed lifting baffle 27 is arranged in a lifting way along the lifting limit port 34, the sealed lifting baffle 27 separates the water tank baffle 26 to form a filtering cavity 35, the filtering cavity 35 is arranged at one side of the sealed lifting baffle 27 far, the impurity filtering layer 30, the primary filtering layer 31 and the secondary filtering layer 32 are sequentially arranged in the filtering cavity 35 from top to bottom, the side wall of the filtering cavity 35 close to one side of the sealing separation baffle plate 27 is provided with water outlets 36, the water outlets 36 are arranged at intervals from top to bottom, the water outlets 36 are respectively arranged between the primary filtering layer 31 and the secondary filtering layer 32 and between the secondary filtering layer 32 and the bottom wall of the water tank enclosure 26, the lower part of the sealing lifting baffle plate 27 is provided with a water inlet 37, the filtering baffle plate 33 is arranged above the fixing rod 29 and in the water tank enclosure 26, the water tank enclosure 26 is provided with a water filling port 38 and a medicine injection port 39 above, the medicine injection port 39 is arranged above the filtering baffle plate 33, and the water filling port 38 is arranged above the impurity filtering layer 30, so that multiple filtering of water in the injection control type multiple filtering water tank 5;
the water pump 8 is connected with a water inlet pipe 40 and a water outlet pipe 41, the water inlet pipe 40 is communicated between the water pump 8 and the control type multiple-filtration water tank 5, the water outlet pipe 41 is connected with a four-way water pipe joint 77, the four-way water pipe joint 77 is connected with a water outlet pipe 42, the water outlet pipe 42 is respectively communicated between the sprinkling irrigation roller 22 and the water outlet pipe 41 and between the spray water storage cavity 25 and the water outlet pipe 41, and liquid in the control type multiple-filtration water tank 5 is respectively delivered into the sprinkling irrigation roller 22 and the spray water storage cavity 25;
the arc fine adjustment driving assembly 9 comprises a supporting plate 43, a fine adjustment motor 44, a hinge 45, a driving shaft 46, a connecting shaft 47, a spur rack 48, a U-shaped limit block 49, a gear 50, a turntable 51, a stirring shaft 52, a rotating part 53, a first supporting rotating shaft 54 and a second supporting rotating shaft 55, wherein the supporting plate 43 is arranged in the driving protection body 6 and is arranged below the bearing partition plate 7, the fine adjustment motor 44 is arranged on the side wall at the lower end of the supporting plate 43, one end of the driving shaft 46 is arranged at the output end of the fine adjustment motor 44, the other end of the driving shaft 46 penetrates through the supporting plate 43 and is connected with the hinge 45, one end of the hinge 45 is hinged on the driving shaft 46, the connecting shaft 47 is hinged on the hinge 45, the connecting shaft 47 and the supporting plate 43 are arranged in parallel, the connecting shaft 47 is connected with the spur rack 48, the driving gear 50 is arranged on the U-shaped limiting block 49 and arranged on the first supporting rotating shaft 54, the turntable 51 is arranged on the first supporting rotating shaft 54 and arranged below the U-shaped limiting block 49, the connecting shaft 47 is connected with the spur rack 48, the spur rack 48 is arranged by penetrating through the U-shaped limiting block 49, the spur rack 48 is meshed with the gear 50 of the driving gear 50, the second supporting rotating shaft 55 is arranged on the supporting plate 43 and arranged on one side of the first supporting rotating shaft 54, the rotating member 53 is arranged on the second supporting rotating shaft 55, the rotating member 53 is arranged in a fan shape, side walls on two sides of the rotating member 53 are arranged in an inward concave arc shape, the inward concave arc-shaped side wall of the rotating member 53 is jointed with the side wall of the turntable 51, the rotating member 53 is provided with a limiting through groove 56, the limiting through groove 56 is arranged between the inward concave arc-, the convex plate 58 is arranged in a fan shape, the shifting shaft is arranged on the convex plate 58, the shifting shaft 52 is matched with the limiting through groove 56, and the arc fine adjustment driving component 9 realizes the arc horizontal movement of the sprinkler irrigation device 10 along the fine adjustment strip groove 16;
the fine-tuning spray sprinkling irrigation assembly 23 comprises a spray pipe 59, a spray head 60 and a first electromagnetic valve 61, wherein one end of the spray pipe 59 is arranged in the spray water storage cavity 25, the other end of the spray pipe 59 is connected with the spray head 60, and the electromagnetic valve is arranged on the spray pipe 59 and is convenient for controlling spraying;
the rotary water droplet sprinkling irrigation component 24 comprises a sprinkling pipe 62, a sprinkling head 63 and a second electromagnetic valve 64, wherein one end of the sprinkling pipe 62 is arranged in the sprinkling irrigation roller 22, the other end of the sprinkling pipe 62 is connected with the sprinkling head 63, and the second electromagnetic valve 64 is arranged on the sprinkling head 63, so that sprinkling can be controlled conveniently;
the rotary type lifting adjusting device 3 comprises a rotating base body 65 and a lifting upright post 66, wherein the rotating base body 65 is arranged on the bearing base body 2, and the lifting upright post 66 is rotatably arranged on the rotating base body 65, so that the lifting upright post 66 drives the arc-shaped fine-tuning sprinkling irrigation mechanism 4 to rotate and lift;
an arc-shaped push rod 67 is arranged on one side, away from the rotary type lifting adjusting device 3, of the control type multiple filtering water tank 5, and a control push plate 68 is arranged on the arc-shaped push rod 67, so that the device can be conveniently controlled to move;
the side wall of the sprinkling irrigation roller 22 is provided with a medicine inlet 69, so that medicines can be conveniently injected into the sprinkling irrigation roller 22;
the control push plate 68 is provided with a lifting key 70, a water pump key 71, a fine adjustment key 72, a mixing key 73, a lifting key 74, a spraying key 75 and a spraying key 76, the lifting key 70 is electrically connected with the lifting upright post 66, the water pump 8 is electrically connected with the water pump key 71, the mixing key 73 is electrically connected with the rotating motor 17, the lifting key 74 is electrically connected with the lifting rod 28, the fine adjustment key 72 is electrically connected with the fine adjustment motor 44, the spraying key 75 is electrically connected with the second electromagnetic valve 64, the spraying key 76 is electrically connected with the first electromagnetic valve 61, so that the device can be respectively sprayed and controlled in a switching manner, the filtering degree of the control type multiple filtering water tank 5 can be conveniently selected, the medicines and the water can be conveniently and fully mixed, and the seedling cultivation can be conveniently controlled accurately.
When the sprinkling irrigation device is used specifically, the water filling port 38 is opened, water is filled into the control type multiple filtration water tank 5, the water is filtered by the impurity filtering layer 30, the primary filtering layer 31 and the secondary filtering layer 32, enters the cavity on the other side of the sealed lifting partition plate 27 through the water discharging port 36 and the water inlet hole 37 of the sealed lifting partition plate 27, the water pump button 71 is pressed, the water pump 8 is started, the multiple filtered water passes through the filtering partition plate 33 and then enters the sprinkling irrigation device 10 through the water inlet pipe 40 and the water discharging pipe 41 in sequence; manually rotating the telescopic upright post, and adjusting the direction of the arc-shaped fine-tuning sprinkling irrigation mechanism 4 to a proper position; pressing the lifting key 70 to control the lifting upright post 66 to adjust the arc fine-tuning sprinkling irrigation mechanism 4 to a proper height; the fine adjustment button 72 is pressed down, the fine adjustment motor 44 is started, the output end of the fine adjustment motor 44 rotates to drive the driving shaft 46 to rotate, the driving shaft 46 rotates to drive the hinge piece 45 to rotate, the hinge piece 45 rotates to drive the connecting shaft 47 to rotate, the connecting shaft 47 rotates to drive the spur rack 48 to rotate, the spur rack 48 rotates to realize the reciprocating motion of the spur rack 48 along the U-shaped limiting block 49, the reciprocating motion of the spur rack 48 in the U-shaped limiting block 49 drives the gear 50 to rotate, the gear 50 rotates to realize the rotation of the rotary table 51, the rotary table 51 rotates to realize the synchronous rotation of the shifting shaft 52 along with the rotary table 51, and when the shifting shaft 52 on the rotary table 51 rotates to the rotary piece 53, the shifting shaft 52 enters the limiting through groove; the reciprocating arc motion of the rotating piece 53 drives the connecting rod 12 to do arc reciprocating swing in the horizontal direction, the connecting rod 12 drives the sprinkling irrigation device 10 to synchronously reciprocate, and meanwhile, the connecting rod 12 drives the supporting rod to do arc reciprocating motion along the bottom wall of the protective cover 11; the spraying button 76 is pressed, water enters the spraying water storage cavity 25 through the water discharge pipe 41 and enters the spraying pipe 59 to be sprayed out through the spraying head 60, and seedling raising and sprinkling irrigation are achieved; the spraying key 75 is pressed, water entering the sprinkling irrigation roller 22 through the drain pipe 41 enters the sprinkling pipe 62 and is sprayed out through the sprinkling head 63 to realize seedling culture sprinkling irrigation; the lifting button 74 is started, the lifting rod 28 extends to drive the sealed lifting partition plate 27 to rise, the water discharge ports 36 which are spaced up and down on the side wall of the filter cavity 35 are exposed, the water discharge amount of the filter cavity 35 is increased, the water filtering effect is adjusted, and the rotary water drop spray irrigation component 24 is suitable for rapid spray irrigation; open into medicine mouth 69, pour into medicine into in the sprinkling irrigation cylinder 22, press and mix button 73, start and rotate motor 17, rotate motor 17 output and rotate and realize rotating pivot 18 and rotate, rotate pivot 18 and rotate and realize that sprinkling irrigation cylinder 22 rotates between spraying water storage cavity 25 and realize mixing the medicine and the water in the sprinkling irrigation cylinder 22, start rotatory water droplet sprinkling irrigation subassembly 24 and will mix the medicine through sprinkler 63 and carry out the sprinkling irrigation of growing seedlings.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents. In summary, those skilled in the art should appreciate that they can readily use the disclosed conception and specific embodiments as a basis for designing or modifying other structures for carrying out the same purposes of the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a sprinkling irrigation equipment grows seedlings which characterized in that: the sprinkling irrigation device comprises a movable wheel, a bearing base body, a rotary type lifting adjusting device, an arc fine-adjustment sprinkling irrigation mechanism and a control type multiple filtering water tank, wherein the movable wheel is arranged at the lower part of the bearing base body, the control type multiple filtering water tank is arranged on the bearing base body, the rotary type lifting adjusting device is arranged on the bearing base body and is arranged at one side of the control type multiple filtering water tank, the arc fine-adjustment sprinkling irrigation mechanism is arranged on the rotary type lifting adjusting device, the arc fine-adjustment sprinkling irrigation mechanism comprises a driving protection body, a bearing partition plate, a water pump, an arc fine-adjustment driving component, a sprinkling irrigation device, a protection cover, a connecting rod, a fixed plate, a connecting column and a supporting column, the driving protection body is arranged on the rotary type lifting adjusting device, the driving protection body is arranged in a hollow cavity, the water pump is arranged on the bearing partition plate, the arc fine-adjustment driving component is arranged in the driving protective body and below the bearing partition plate, the arc fine-adjustment driving component is connected with a connecting rod, the connecting rod is connected with a fixed plate in a way of penetrating through a fine-adjustment strip groove, one end of the connecting rod is provided with a fixed plate which is far away from one end of the connecting rod, the other end of the connecting rod is connected with a sprinkling irrigation device, the protective cover is arranged on one side of the driving protective body, the fine-adjustment strip groove is arranged in the protective cover, one side of the protective cover, which is far away from the driving protective body, is in an opening arrangement, the supporting column is arranged on the inner bottom wall of the protective cover in a sliding way, the supporting column is arranged between the connecting column and the bottom wall of the protective cover, the sprinkling, rotate the motor and locate in the spliced pole cavity, it locates and rotates the motor output to rotate pivot one end, the rotation pivot other end is located to the sprinkling irrigation inflation body, the sprinkling irrigation inflation body is the cavity setting, it is internal that the ARC is the longitudinal symmetry setting and locates the sprinkling irrigation inflation, the ARC separates into the spraying chamber that is the symmetry setting with sprinkling inflation body upper portion and lower part, the sprinkling irrigation cylinder is located in the sprinkling inflation body and is rotated and locate between the spraying chamber that holds, the bearing is located sprinkling irrigation inflation body both ends and is located the sprinkling irrigation cylinder both ends, finely tune spraying sprinkling irrigation subassembly one end and locate on the spraying chamber lateral wall, rotatory water droplet sprinkling irrigation subassembly one end is located the sprinkling irrigation cylinder and is kept away from on the spliced pole one.
2. A plant growth and sprinkling irrigation apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that: the control type multiple filtration water tank comprises a water tank baffle, a sealing lifting partition plate, a lifting rod, a fixed rod, an impurity filtering layer, a primary filtering layer, a secondary filtering layer and a filtering partition plate, wherein the water tank baffle is arranged on a bearing base body, the side wall of the upper end of the water tank baffle is provided with a lifting limiting port, the water tank baffle is arranged in a hollow cavity, the lifting rod is vertically arranged on the bottom wall of the water tank baffle, the fixed rod is arranged on the lifting rod, the sealing lifting partition plate is arranged at one end of the fixed rod, the sealing lifting partition plate is vertically arranged on the bottom wall of the water tank baffle, the sealing lifting partition plate is arranged in a lifting way along the lifting limiting port, the sealing lifting partition plate separates the water tank baffle to form a filtering cavity, the filtering cavity is arranged at one side of the sealing lifting partition plate, which is far away from the fixed rod, the utility model discloses a filter chamber, including filter chamber, sealed baffle, water tank, sealed lift baffle, filtration baffle, water tank, filtration baffle, filtration cavity is close to sealed baffle one side lateral wall and is equipped with the outlet, the outlet is the interval setting from top to bottom, the outlet is located respectively between one-level filter layer and the second grade filter layer and water tank enclose between the fender diapire, sealed lift baffle lower part is equipped with the inlet opening, it locates dead lever top and water tank and encloses in the fender to filter the baffle, the water tank encloses the fender.
3. A plant growth and sprinkling irrigation apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that: the water pump is connected with a water inlet pipe and a water outlet pipe, the water inlet pipe is communicated and arranged between the water pump and the control type multiple filtering water tank, the water outlet pipe is connected with a four-way water pipe connector, the four-way water pipe connector is connected with a water outlet pipe, and the water outlet pipe is respectively communicated and arranged between the spray irrigation roller and the water outlet pipe and between the spray water storage cavity and the water outlet pipe.
4. A plant growth and sprinkling irrigation apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that: the arc fine adjustment driving assembly comprises a supporting plate, a fine adjustment motor, an articulated piece, a driving shaft, a connecting shaft, a straight rack, a U-shaped limiting block, a gear, a turntable, a shifting shaft, a rotating piece, a first supporting rotating shaft and a second supporting rotating shaft, wherein the supporting plate is arranged in the driving protective body and is arranged below the bearing partition plate, the fine adjustment motor is arranged on the side wall at the lower end of the supporting plate, one end of the driving shaft is arranged at the output end of the fine adjustment motor, the other end of the driving shaft penetrates through the supporting plate and is connected with the articulated piece, one end of the articulated piece is articulated on the driving shaft, the connecting shaft is articulated on the articulated piece, the connecting shaft is arranged in parallel with the supporting plate, the connecting shaft is connected with the straight rack, the first supporting rotating shaft is, the carousel is located and is supported pivot one and go up and locate U type stopper below, the connecting axle is connected with the spur rack, the spur rack is and runs through U type stopper setting, spur rack and drive gear engagement set up, support pivot two locate in the backup pad and locate and support pivot one side, rotate the piece and locate and support pivot two on, it is fan-shaped setting to rotate the piece, it is the arc setting of indent to rotate a both sides lateral wall, it is the laminating setting with the carousel lateral wall to rotate indent arc lateral wall, it is equipped with spacing logical groove to rotate the piece, spacing logical groove is located and is rotated between the indent arc lateral wall, the carousel is equipped with the breach, the breach is equipped with the flange, the flange is fan-shaped setting, dial the axis of movement is located on the flange, dial the axis of movement and spacing logical groove.
5. A plant growth and sprinkling irrigation apparatus according to claim 2, characterized in that: the fine-tuning spraying sprinkling irrigation assembly comprises a spraying pipe, a spraying head and a first electromagnetic valve, one end of the spraying pipe is arranged in the spraying water storage cavity, the other end of the spraying pipe is connected with the spraying head, and the electromagnetic valve is arranged on the spraying pipe.
6. A plant growth and sprinkling irrigation apparatus according to claim 5, wherein: the rotary water drop sprinkling irrigation component comprises a sprinkling pipe, a sprinkler head and a second electromagnetic valve, one end of the sprinkling pipe is arranged in the sprinkling irrigation roller, the other end of the sprinkling pipe is connected with the sprinkler head, and the second electromagnetic valve is arranged on the sprinkler head.
7. A plant growth and sprinkling irrigation apparatus according to claim 6, wherein: the rotary type lifting adjusting device comprises a rotating base body and a lifting stand column, wherein the rotating base body is arranged on the bearing base body, and the lifting stand column is arranged on the rotating base body in a rotating mode.
8. A plant growth and sprinkling irrigation apparatus according to claim 7, wherein: the control type multiple filtration water tank is equipped with the arc push rod on keeping away from rotary type lift adjusting device one side, be equipped with the control push pedal on the arc push rod.
9. A plant growth and sprinkling irrigation apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that: the side wall of the sprinkling irrigation roller is provided with a pesticide inlet.
10. A plant growth and sprinkling irrigation apparatus according to claim 8, wherein: the control push plate is provided with a lifting button, a water pump button, a fine adjustment button, a mixing button, a lifting button, a spraying button and a spraying button, the lifting button is electrically connected with the lifting upright post, the water pump is electrically connected with the water pump button, the mixing button is electrically connected with the rotating motor, the lifting button is electrically connected with the lifting rod, the fine adjustment button is electrically connected with the fine adjustment motor, the spraying button is electrically connected with the second electromagnetic valve, and the spraying button is electrically connected with the first electromagnetic valve.
CN202010744090.0A 2020-07-29 2020-07-29 Seedling growing sprinkling irrigation device Active CN111837900B (en)

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PCT/CN2020/137014 WO2022021755A1 (en) 2020-07-29 2020-12-17 Irrigation sprinkling device for growing seedlings

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