CN111790610A - Chili lifting device and method thereof - Google Patents

Chili lifting device and method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111790610A
CN111790610A CN202010422457.7A CN202010422457A CN111790610A CN 111790610 A CN111790610 A CN 111790610A CN 202010422457 A CN202010422457 A CN 202010422457A CN 111790610 A CN111790610 A CN 111790610A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pepper
reel
layer
wheel
roller
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010422457.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
袁小伟
伊海涛
孙澎
吕慧捷
王聚才
何晓铭
吕向晖
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Bayinguoleng Vocational And Technical College
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Bayinguoleng Vocational And Technical College
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Application filed by Bayinguoleng Vocational And Technical College filed Critical Bayinguoleng Vocational And Technical College
Priority to CN202010422457.7A priority Critical patent/CN111790610A/en
Publication of CN111790610A publication Critical patent/CN111790610A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B9/00Combinations of apparatus for screening or sifting or for separating solids from solids using gas currents; General arrangement of plant, e.g. flow sheets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/12Apparatus having only parallel elements
    • B07B1/14Roller screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/12Apparatus having only parallel elements
    • B07B1/14Roller screens
    • B07B1/15Roller screens using corrugated, grooved or ribbed rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/46Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G17/00Conveyors having an endless traction element, e.g. a chain, transmitting movement to a continuous or substantially-continuous load-carrying surface or to a series of individual load-carriers; Endless-chain conveyors in which the chains form the load-carrying surface
    • B65G17/06Conveyors having an endless traction element, e.g. a chain, transmitting movement to a continuous or substantially-continuous load-carrying surface or to a series of individual load-carriers; Endless-chain conveyors in which the chains form the load-carrying surface having a load-carrying surface formed by a series of interconnected, e.g. longitudinal, links, plates, or platforms
    • B65G17/065Conveyors having an endless traction element, e.g. a chain, transmitting movement to a continuous or substantially-continuous load-carrying surface or to a series of individual load-carriers; Endless-chain conveyors in which the chains form the load-carrying surface having a load-carrying surface formed by a series of interconnected, e.g. longitudinal, links, plates, or platforms the load carrying surface being formed by plates or platforms attached to a single traction element
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/34Devices for discharging articles or materials from conveyor 

Abstract

A hot pepper lifting device and a method thereof comprise a material collecting bin, a sorting system and a lifting wheel; the sorting system comprises a reel layer and a roller layer, wherein the reel layer is positioned above the roller layer; the reel layer and the roller layer are in transmission connection through a transmission device; a hot pepper conveying plate is arranged at the front end of the roller layer and is connected with a feeding port of the lifting wheel; the lifting wheel comprises a wheel body, the wheel body consists of two supporting plates on two sides in the width direction and a plurality of chain plates positioned between the two supporting plates, and the chain plates are arranged along the circumferential direction of the wheel body; all be provided with baffle, baffle on a plurality of link joints along the radial of taking turns the body and extend towards wheel body central direction, and adjacent baffle encloses into the cavity of holding hot pepper with the link joint of fixing it, and link joint and baffle pass through drive arrangement circumferential direction rotation in with the hot pepper cluster in the cavity promote to the delivery opening, and carry to the storehouse of gathering materials by the delivery opening. The hot pepper extrusion device has the advantages of saving space, being stable in operation, being not easy to extrude and hurt during the lifting process and being convenient for integral maintenance.

Description

Chili lifting device and method thereof
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of pepper collection, and particularly relates to a pepper lifting device and a pepper lifting method.
Background
The capsanthin is a natural haematochrome with wide application, and is a 'red industry' which is mainly supported by China. The capsanthin has no toxic side effect and certain nutritious health care and medical treatment functions. Its safety has been recognized worldwide, and as early as 1938, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulated paprika red pigment as an "unlicensed food colorant". The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) of the United nations list capsicum pigment as a class A pigment, and no limitation is imposed in use. The use of capsanthin as a natural food additive is used in the united states, uk, japan, canada and southeast asia. At present, the red pigment extracted from the capsicum is widely applied to the coloring of cakes, cans, cream, cosmetics, medicines, toys for children and the like; in addition, the research on the modification of the capsochrome expands the application range of the capsochrome and improves the application value of the capsochrome.
With the development of science and technology, the technology of capsorubin and capsaicin extraction is gradually mature and perfect, and the contradiction between the increase of the domestic processing production demand and the insufficient yield of the peppers is increasingly prominent. The yield and benefit of the red industry in China are at the head of all vegetable crops at present, and the key production areas of the peppers are almost all over the whole country and reach more than 30. The Xinjiang pepper has incomparable advantages due to unique climatic environment conditions, and researches show that the yield, the color value and the quality of the Xinjiang pepper are superior to those of the inland pepper, the Xinjiang pepper becomes a preferred purchasing raw material for domestic and foreign industrial production, and has a large market space. In recent years, the planting scale of the pepper is continuously enlarged.
The pepper is needed to be separated from the straws, leaves and pepper after being harvested, and if manual separation is needed, a large amount of manpower is consumed and the separation effect is not obvious. The mechanical operation is needed, and some devices can meet the use requirements at present, such as a pepper picking machine introduced in CN208612591U pepper whole plant picking machine, which comprises a frame and a separating sieve, and is characterized in that: a crushing box is arranged on the rack, namely in front of the separating screen, two feeding rollers which are arranged in parallel and can rotate relatively are arranged at the upper part in the crushing box, at least one crushing roller is arranged below the feeding rollers, a tooth row is arranged below the crushing rollers, the tooth row is a V-shaped or arc-shaped multi-gap surface formed by a plurality of parallel and spaced thin rods, spike teeth on the crushing rollers rotate in gaps of the thin rods of the tooth row, and an opening at the lower part of the rear side of the crushing box is communicated with an inlet of the separating screen; however, the screening effect of the structure has a certain problem, and the cut pepper plants are thrown into the crushing box, pushed downwards by the feeding roller and further crushed by the relative movement of the crushing roller and the tooth row. The crushed material is pushed out from the feeding port and enters the separating screen. Because the toughness of the clusters of the hot pepper is higher than that of branches of stems, leaves and branches, the hot pepper is not easy to break, the hot pepper floats on the sieve surface and is separated out, and broken plants are sieved out and directly fall into the field as fertilizer; although the toughness of the clusters of the peppers is high, the screening method still causes damage to the clusters. Moreover, the operation is unstable due to the processing while walking.
In addition, CN207321932U pepper picker also introduces a sieving device, the front lower part of the frame of the pepper picker is equipped with a power machine, the power machine is preferably an electric motor, and certainly can also be a diesel engine or a gasoline engine. The front upper part of the frame is a box-shaped space formed by a baffle and three outer covers, a scraping roller is arranged in the box-shaped space, the scraping roller is shaped like a roller, a plurality of spike teeth are arranged outside the scraping roller, and a driving wheel arranged at the inner end of the scraping roller is in transmission with a driving wheel of a power machine through a belt. A hot pepper plant is grabbed by a hand, the front section of the hot pepper plant is placed on the scraping roller, the machine is started, and the scraping roller rotates to scrape the hot pepper and branches and leaves. The branches and leaves are fragile and crushed by the crushing roller. The pepper has good toughness and is not easy to break. Then, the pepper falls into a cylindrical sieve together with the crushed branches and leaves, the cylindrical sieve repeatedly lifts and throws the materials down during rotation to separate the pepper from the branches and leaves, the branches and leaves are sieved down, and the pepper flows out along the sieve surface; obviously, the screening method still causes damage to the ears. Moreover, the pepper is processed while moving, the operation is unstable, and the pepper is damaged when being thrown and dropped continuously in the screening process.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects in the prior art, the invention provides the hot pepper lifting device which can save space, is stable in operation, is not easy to crush hot peppers during the lifting process and is convenient for integral maintenance.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention adopts the technical scheme that: a hot pepper lifting device comprises a material collecting bin, a sorting system and a lifting wheel; the material collecting bin is positioned above the sorting system, the lifting wheel is positioned at the front end of the material collecting bin, and the lifting wheel is provided with a conveying port which is connected with the material collecting bin;
the sorting system comprises a reel layer and a roller layer, wherein the reel layer is positioned above the roller layer; the reel layer and the roller layer are in transmission connection through a transmission device to realize the separation of pepper straws, pepper leaves and pepper ears; a pepper conveying plate is arranged at the front end of the roller layer and is connected with a feeding port of the lifting wheel so as to feed pepper clusters into the lifting wheel;
the lifting wheel comprises a wheel body, the wheel body consists of two supporting plates on two sides in the width direction and a plurality of chain plates positioned between the two supporting plates, and the chain plates are arranged along the circumferential direction of the wheel body; the pepper ear picking device is characterized in that the chain plates are provided with partition plates, the partition plates extend towards the center direction of the wheel body along the radial direction of the wheel body, the adjacent partition plates and the chain plates for fixing the adjacent partition plates form a cavity for accommodating peppers, and the chain plates and the partition plates rotate in the circumferential direction through the driving device to lift pepper ears in the cavity to the conveying opening and convey the pepper ears to the material collecting bin through the conveying opening.
By adopting the structure, firstly, the sorting system can separate pepper plants into pepper clusters, pepper leaves and pepper straws, the straws are conveyed away by the reel layer, the roller layer leaks the pepper leaves from gaps, the pepper clusters are conveyed onto the pepper conveying plate along with the running of the roller layer, then the pepper conveying plate sends the pepper clusters into the feeding port of the lifting wheel, and then the lifting wheel rotates circumferentially to send the pepper clusters at the bottom to the conveying port at the top end and convey the pepper clusters to the material collecting bin from the conveying port; the hot pepper plant sorting and collecting device has the advantages that the hot pepper plants are sorted and collected, the separation of straws, leaves and hot pepper clusters of hot peppers can be effectively realized, the whole device is compact in structure and small in occupied space, the operation is stable, the hot peppers are not easy to squeeze and hurt in the lifting process, the integral maintenance is convenient, and the hot pepper separating device is more energy-saving and convenient.
Preferably, the reel layer is composed of a plurality of reel rods arranged in parallel, each reel rod is provided with a plurality of reel wheels along the axial direction, the reel wheels are sleeved on the reel rods and are composed of wheel bodies and a plurality of wheel teeth arranged on the wheel bodies; by adopting the structure, pepper straws can be fully wound and rolled, and pepper leaves and pepper ears can be separated and fall onto the lower roller layer; and the pepper straws are conveyed to one end to be discharged along with the rolling of the reel.
Preferably, the reel wheels on every two adjacent reel rods are arranged in a staggered manner; the reel wheels on every two adjacent reel rods are not arranged along a straight line, but are staggered by a certain angle and are not aligned, so that the pepper straw conveying device is more favorable for separating the straws from pepper leaves and pepper ears when conveying the pepper straws, and the reel wheels cannot be jammed.
Preferably, the number of the gear teeth on each reel is 7, the gear teeth are uniformly distributed along the circumferential direction of the reel body, and the bending direction of each gear tooth is consistent; adopt this structure, because the teeth of a cogwheel are crooked rather than radial extension along the wheel body, can have the effect of stirring of a relative more powerful to hot pepper straw for hot pepper leaf and hot pepper fruit ear on the straw are better to be separated, and what sieve is more thorough.
Preferably, each reel is made of elastic rubber materials, and the reel made of the materials can be in flexible contact with the peppers without damaging the pepper ears.
Further preferably, the bending direction of each gear tooth is along the traveling direction of the pepper plant (or the bending direction of the gear tooth may be clockwise in view of the orientation shown in fig. 2).
Preferably, the roller layer is composed of a plurality of strip rollers arranged in parallel, and the gap between every two adjacent strip rollers is smaller than the gap between the pepper clusters; by adopting the structure, the pepper leaves and the pepper ears can be well separated, and the pepper ears cannot be extruded and damaged.
Further preferably, the outer layer of rectangular running roller be provided with the rubber coating layer, should set up the damage that can reduce the extrusion of hot pepper among the hot pepper screening process and cause.
Preferably, transmission including set up in the antifriction bearing at the both ends of each group standing grain pole and rectangular running roller to make group standing grain pole and rectangular running roller circumferential direction rotatory, and each group standing grain pole all is provided with the gear with the same end of rectangular running roller, the meshing has drive chain on the gear, drive chain still with the drive gear meshing of motor output be connected, thereby provide power for drive chain. By adopting the structure, the upper reel layer and the lower roller layer can be ensured to rotate and operate simultaneously, and pepper straws, pepper ears and pepper leaves can be separated. Under the drive of the motor, the rotation of the straw poking rod and the strip roller is realized, and the pepper is screened and sorted.
Preferably, both ends of the chain plate are provided with rollers, the rollers are sleeved in the grooves of the support plates and can slide along the grooves, and the grooves are annular grooves extending along the circumferential direction of the two support plates; the chain plate can rotate along the circumferential direction of the supporting plate under the transmission of the chain, and the pepper clusters in the lifting wheel can be lifted.
Preferably, the driving device comprises a driving motor fixed on the supporting plate, a plurality of supporting frames fixed on the plurality of chain plates, and a driving gear arranged on each supporting frame, wherein an annular chain extending along the circumferential direction of the lifting wheel is meshed on the driving gear; the output end of the driving motor is provided with an output gear which is meshed with the annular chain to drive the annular chain to rotate circumferentially; by adopting the structure, the gear at the output end is driven to rotate by the driving motor, the gear drives the chain to rotate, and the chain is simultaneously meshed with the driving gear on the chain plate supporting frame, so that the chain drives the chain plate to rotate along the circumferential direction of the supporting plate in the rotating process.
Preferably, the inner side wall of the lifting wheel is circumferentially provided with a sealing plate, a feeding port is formed in the sealing plate, which is close to the bottom of the lifting wheel, and a partition plate is exposed in the feeding port; the feeding port is connected with the pepper conveying plate of the roller layer; therefore, the pepper clusters separated from the roller layer directly enter the partition plate of the lifting wheel, are lifted to the top of the lifting wheel under the driving of the driving device, and are then sent into the material collecting bin from the conveying opening at the top to be collected.
Preferably, the distance between the end of the partition plate, which is close to the center of the wheel body, and the sealing plate is 3-5 mm; the clearance can not fall into because of the dead weight at rotatory in-process that rises to the setting of this distance to prevent that the hot pepper from receiving the extrusion to get into the gap between baffle and the shrouding and causing the card of lifting pulley to die, guarantee the smooth steady of operation.
The invention has the following integrated picking principle: the picked peppers are conveyed to an inlet of the impurity removing device through a conveying belt and enter a sorting system of the impurity removing device, the peppers rotate along with the reel and move backwards, and in the moving process, the peppers and pepper leaves fall off a roller layer arranged below the reel; the hot pepper and the hot pepper leaf that drop lower part running roller layer roll along with the running roller, and the blade because thin can follow the running roller gap and drop usually, and the hot pepper can not drop because the size is great. Simultaneously the hot pepper also can rotate along with the running roller and move backward, finally gets into bottom discharge plate at the rear end on running roller layer, and discharge plate accepts each other with the bottom opening of hoisting wheel to via actuating mechanism drive link joint and baffle circumferential direction rotary transport to the top, in the bin is got into to the delivery port discharge hot pepper on top.
The application also provides a method for separating hot peppers by using the hot pepper lifting device, which specifically comprises the following steps:
(1) firstly, starting a driving device and a transmission device to enable a pepper lifting device to operate, then placing pepper plants to be sorted on a reel layer, wherein the rotating speed of a reel in the reel layer is 80-120 r/min; the pepper plants are driven by the reel to move backwards on the reel layer, and in the moving process, the peppers and pepper leaves fall off the roller layer arranged below the row, and the pepper rods can rotate along with the reel due to the longer length and slide out of the rear end of the reel layer through the upper slideway;
(2) the peppers and pepper leaves falling from the reel layer to the lower roller layer roll along with the rollers, and the rotating speed of the rollers is 60-90 r/min; the thin leaves in the pepper plants can fall off from the gap of the roller, and the pepper cannot fall off due to the large size;
(3) the pepper clusters can move backwards along with the rotation of the roller wheel, finally enter the bottom discharging plate at the rear end of the roller wheel layer, the discharging plate is mutually connected with the bottom opening of the lifting wheel, and is driven by the driving mechanism to be circumferentially and rotationally conveyed to the top end through the chain plate and the partition plate, and the pepper is discharged from the conveying opening at the top end and enters the material collecting bin; the rotating speed of the lifting wheel is 10-20 r/min.
Preferably, the rotating speed of the reel is 80-100r/min, more than 96% of pepper straws can be removed by adopting the rotating speed, and the surface damage rate of pepper clusters is 0.5% or less.
Preferably, the rotating speed of the reel is 100-120r/min, more than 95% of pepper straws can be removed by adopting the rotating speed, and the surface damage rate of the pepper is about 3.5% or less.
Preferably, the rotating speed of the roller is 75-90r/min, and 98% of pepper leaves can be removed by adopting the rotating speed.
Preferably, the rotating speed of the roller is 60-70r/min, and more than 97% of pepper leaves can be removed by adopting the rotating speed.
Preferably, the rotating speed of the lifting wheel is 12-15r/min, and the hot peppers can be conveyed in time at the rotating speed without accumulation and blockage.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a pepper lifting device ((material collecting bin)) of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of the pepper lifting device (without a collecting bin) of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the pepper lifting device of the present invention (without a material collecting bin, with a side supporting plate removed).
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of the hot pepper lifting wheel of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of the combination of the pepper lifting wheel and the sorting system of the invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a sorting system of the pepper lifting device of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a schematic structural view of the reel of the present invention.
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the structure of the roller layer of the present invention.
FIG. 9 is a schematic enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 3 of the present invention (near the support plate).
Fig. 10 is a schematic view of the invention in enlarged detail in fig. 3 (near the chain on the lifting wheel).
As shown in the attached drawings: a. the device comprises a collecting bin, a sorting system, a b1 reel layer, a b11 reel rod, a b12 reel, a b13 reel body, a b14 gear tooth, an b2. roller layer, a b21 strip roller, a b22 discharge plate, a b23 rubber wrapping layer, a c lifting wheel, a c1 conveying port, a c2. body, a c3. supporting plate, a c3. supporting plate, a c31 groove, a c4. chain plate, a c41 roller, a c5. partition plate, a c6. driving motor, a c7 supporting frame, a c8. driving gear, an c9. chain, a c10 blanking plate, a d pepper conveying plate, an e driving chain, a e1. rolling bearing and a e2. gear; f. a connecting rod.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail below with reference to specific examples, but the present invention is not limited to only the following examples.
As shown in fig. 1-3, the hot pepper lifting device of the present application includes a material collecting bin a, a sorting system b and a lifting wheel c; the material collecting bin is positioned above the sorting system, the lifting wheel is positioned at the front end of the material collecting bin, and the lifting wheel is provided with a conveying port c1 which is connected with the material collecting bin;
the sorting system comprises a reel layer b1 and a roller layer b2, wherein the reel layer is positioned above the roller layer; the reel layer and the roller layer are in transmission connection through a transmission device to realize the separation of pepper straws, pepper leaves and pepper ears; a pepper conveying plate d is arranged at the front end of the roller layer and is connected with a feeding port of the lifting wheel so as to feed pepper clusters into the lifting wheel;
the lifting wheel comprises a wheel body c2, the wheel body is composed of two support plates c3 on both sides in the width direction and a plurality of chain plates c4 positioned between the two support plates, and the chain plates are arranged along the circumferential direction of the wheel body; the plurality of chain plates are all provided with a partition plate c5, the partition plates extend towards the center direction of the wheel body along the radial direction of the wheel body, the adjacent partition plates and the chain plates fixing the adjacent partition plates form a cavity for containing pepper, and the chain plates and the partition plates rotate in the circumferential direction through the driving device to lift pepper clusters in the cavity to the conveying opening and convey the pepper clusters to the collecting bin through the conveying opening.
The conveying opening is fixed on the supporting plate and cannot rotate along with the chain plate and the partition plate in the circumferential direction, and a notch is formed in the position, corresponding to the conveying opening, of the sealing plate on the wheel body, so that the pepper clusters can fall from the notch, enter the conveying opening and are conveyed to the collecting bin from the conveying opening; specifically, as shown in the attached drawings, the conveying opening comprises an inclined downward channel formed by two side plates and a bottom plate, the inclined downward channel extends downwards from the supporting plate on one side to the supporting plate on the other side, and the pepper clusters can slide into the collecting bin along the inclined downward channel.
By adopting the structure, firstly, the sorting system can separate pepper plants into pepper clusters, pepper leaves and pepper straws, the straws are conveyed away by the reel layer, the roller layer leaks the pepper leaves from gaps, the pepper clusters are conveyed onto the pepper conveying plate along with the running of the roller layer, then the pepper conveying plate sends the pepper clusters into the feeding port of the lifting wheel, and then the lifting wheel rotates circumferentially to send the pepper clusters at the bottom to the conveying port at the top end and convey the pepper clusters to the material collecting bin from the conveying port; the hot pepper plant sorting and collecting device has the advantages that the hot pepper plants are sorted and collected, the separation of straws, leaves and hot pepper clusters of hot peppers can be effectively realized, the whole device is compact in structure and small in occupied space, the operation is stable, the hot peppers are not easy to squeeze and hurt in the lifting process, the integral maintenance is convenient, and the hot pepper separating device is more energy-saving and convenient. According to the structure, only the chain plate and the partition plate rotate to drive the pepper clusters to lift, so that continuous feeding can be realized, pause is not needed, and the efficiency is improved; in addition, since the whole lifting wheel does not need to operate, only the chain plates and the partition plates operate, the energy consumption is low.
As shown in fig. 4-7, the reel layer b1 is composed of a plurality of parallel straw-pulling rods b11, each straw-pulling rod is provided with a plurality of reel wheels b12 (arranged at equal intervals) along the axial direction, the reel wheels are sleeved on the straw-pulling rods and are composed of a wheel body b13 and a plurality of gear teeth b14 arranged on the wheel body; by adopting the structure, pepper straws can be fully wound and rolled, and pepper leaves and pepper ears can be separated and fall onto the lower roller layer; and the pepper straws are conveyed to one end to be discharged along with the rolling of the reel.
As shown in fig. 6, the reel wheels b12 on each two adjacent reel levers are arranged in a staggered way; namely, the reel wheels on every two adjacent reel rods are not arranged along a straight line, but staggered by a certain angle and not aligned, so that the pepper straw conveying device is more favorable for separating the straws from pepper leaves and fruit ears when conveying the pepper straws, and the reel wheels cannot be jammed.
As shown in fig. 7, each reel of the present embodiment has 7 gear teeth, which are uniformly distributed along the circumferential direction of the reel body, and the bending direction of each gear tooth is consistent; by adopting the structure, because the gear teeth are bent and do not extend along the radial direction of the wheel body, the pepper straw can be more forcefully stirred, pepper leaves and pepper ears on the straw can be better separated, and the screening is more thorough. Specifically, the bending direction of each gear tooth in the present embodiment is a direction bending along the moving direction of the pepper plant. Each reel is made of elastic rubber materials, and the reel made of the materials can be in flexible contact with pepper, so that pepper clusters cannot be damaged.
As shown in fig. 5 and 8, the roller layer is composed of a plurality of strip rollers b21 arranged in parallel, and the gap between two adjacent strip rollers is smaller than the gap between the pepper clusters; one end of the roller layer is provided with a discharge plate b 22; adopt this structure one can be fine with hot pepper leaf and hot pepper fruit ear separation, again can not extrude the injury to the fruit ear, and the hot pepper fruit ear that obtains can be timely carry the lifting wheel in, then promoted and enter into in the aggregate bin.
The outer layer of rectangular running roller be provided with rubber parcel layer b23, this setting can reduce the damage that the extrusion of hot pepper caused in the hot pepper screening process.
As shown in fig. 6, the straw-pulling rod is in transmission connection with the long roller through a transmission chain e. By adopting the structure, the upper reel layer and the lower roller layer can be ensured to rotate and operate simultaneously, and pepper straws, pepper ears and pepper leaves can be separated. Specifically, two ends of each grain pulling rod and the long strip roller are respectively provided with a rolling bearing e1 so that the grain pulling rods and the long strip roller rotate circumferentially, the same end of each grain pulling rod and the long strip roller is provided with a gear e2, a transmission chain e is meshed on the gear, and the transmission chain is in transmission connection with a motor through a moving gear; by adopting the structure, the rotation of the straw poking rod and the strip roller can be realized under the driving of the motor, and the pepper is screened and sorted.
As shown in fig. 9, rollers c41 are disposed at two ends of the chain plate c4, the rollers are sleeved in the groove c31 of the support plate c3 and can slide along the inside of the groove under the driving of the chain, so as to drive the cavity, which is surrounded by the chain plate and the partition plate, for accommodating pepper ears to rotate and lift the pepper ears in the cavity for accommodating pepper ears, the groove is disposed on the inner side wall of the support plate and extends along the circumferential direction to form an annular groove, and the depth direction of the groove is the thickness direction of the support plate; the link plate is circumferentially rotated along the support plate.
As shown in fig. 10, the driving device includes a driving motor c6 fixed on the supporting plate, the plurality of link plates are each provided with a supporting frame c7, the supporting frames are provided with a driving gear c8, and the driving gear is engaged with an annular chain c9 distributed along the circumferential direction of the lifting wheel; the output end of the driving motor is provided with an output gear which is meshed with the annular chain; an output gear at the output end of the driving motor is positioned at the outer side of the annular chain and is meshed with the annular chain, and a driving gear on the supporting frame is positioned at the inner side of the annular chain and is meshed with the annular chain; by adopting the structure, the gear at the output end is driven to rotate by the driving motor, the gear drives the chain to rotate, and the chain is simultaneously meshed with the driving gear on the chain plate supporting frame, so that the chain drives the chain plate to rotate along the circumferential direction of the supporting plate in the rotating process.
As shown in fig. 4, a sealing plate c10 is circumferentially arranged on the inner side wall of the lifting wheel, that is, the sealing plate is located in the width direction formed by the two support plates, an opening is formed in the sealing plate near the bottom of the lifting wheel, and a partition plate c5 is exposed in the opening; the opening is connected with the outlet of the discharge plate of the roller layer; therefore, the pepper clusters separated from the roller layer directly enter the partition plate of the lifting wheel, are lifted to the top of the lifting wheel under the driving of the driving mechanism, and are then sent into the material collecting bin from the conveying opening at the top to be collected. The distance between the end of the partition plate, which is close to the center of the wheel body, and the sealing plate is 3-5 mm; the clearance can not fall into because of the dead weight at rotatory in-process that rises to the setting of this distance to prevent that the hot pepper from receiving the extrusion to get into the gap between baffle and the shrouding and causing the card of lifting pulley to die, guarantee the smooth steady of operation.
The end, close to the center of the wheel body, of the partition plate is passivated; the specific adoption can carry out the circular arc to the edges and corners and handle, like this at hot pepper ear unloading or promotion process, prevent that the hot pepper from falling into by the baffle fish tail when baffle die cavity, reduce the damage to the ear.
As shown in fig. 2, the two supporting plates c3 are parallel to each other, and the space between the supporting plates c3 is used for accommodating the chain plates and the partition plates, and a plurality of connecting rods f are arranged between the two supporting plates to connect the two supporting plates more tightly.
In addition, in the analysis system, the reel layer, the roller layer below the reel layer, the transmission device, the conveying plate and the like are all fixed on a support, a larger support (wheels can be arranged on the support to facilitate the transportation of the whole system) is arranged on the outer side of the support, and a beam of the larger support is arranged above the discharge end of the reel layer; adopt this structure can carry out reasonable arrangement with reel layer and running roller layer, practice thrift the space, simultaneously because the position that exists of crossbeam, guarantee that the hot pepper plant on reel layer can not be too much pile up, have the limiting displacement effect, prevent that hot pepper plant is too much to lead to the sorting of lower floor complete, the upper strata is not fully selected separately. The two brackets are clear at a glance in the drawing, and the two brackets are frame-shaped brackets with conventional structures, and specific reference numerals are not given.
As shown in the attached drawing 1, two wheels can be arranged below the support to realize the movement in order to facilitate the transportation and the movement of the device.
In addition, still set up two wheels below this big support, make things convenient for the removal of this application device, the installation of wheel is conventional technique, no longer gives unnecessary details.
The invention has the following integrated picking principle:
the picked peppers are conveyed to an inlet of the impurity removing device through a conveying belt and enter a sorting system of the impurity removing device, the peppers rotate along with the reel and move backwards, and in the moving process, the peppers and pepper leaves fall off a roller layer arranged below the reel; the hot pepper and the hot pepper leaf that drop lower part running roller layer roll along with the running roller, and the blade because thin can follow the running roller gap and drop usually, and the hot pepper can not drop because the size is great. Simultaneously the hot pepper also can rotate along with the running roller and move backward, finally gets into bottom discharge plate at the rear end on running roller layer, and discharge plate accepts each other with the bottom opening of hoisting wheel to via actuating mechanism drive link joint and baffle circumferential direction rotary transport to the top, in the bin is got into to the delivery port discharge hot pepper on top.
The specific application method embodiment comprises the following steps:
in the embodiment, each reel is made of elastic rubber materials, so that the reel made of the materials can be in flexible contact with pepper, and pepper ears cannot be damaged. The outer layer of rectangular running roller be provided with the rubber coating layer, should set up the damage that can reduce the extrusion of hot pepper in the hot pepper screening process and cause.
Firstly, regard as the embodiment with the line hot pepper, adopt the aforesaid device of this application to carry out cleaning, promotion of hot pepper: because the linear pepper has the size of 8-10 cm in length and 0.8-1.6cm in diameter, the rotating speed of the reel is set to be 100-120r/min, the rotating speed of the bottom layer roller is set to be 75-90r/min, more than 95% of pepper straws can be removed, 98% of pepper leaves can be removed, and the surface damage rate of the pepper is about 3.5%; then (c) is performed.
A lifting device: during the line pepper cleaning operation, the rotating speed of the lifting device can be set at 12r/min, and during the plate pepper cleaning operation, the rotating speed of the lifting device is 15 r/min.
Secondly, regard as the embodiment with the board hot pepper, adopt the aforesaid device of this application to carry out cleaning, promotion of hot pepper: the size of the plate pepper is 15-22cm long, the diameter is 2.5-4.2cm, when the rotation speed of the reel is 80-100r/min and the rotation speed of the bottom layer roller is 60r/min, more than 96% of the plate pepper straws can be removed, more than 97% of the pepper leaves can be removed, and the surface damage rate of the pepper is 0.5%.
A lifting device: during the line pepper cleaning operation, the rotating speed of the lifting device can be set at 12r/min, and during the plate pepper cleaning operation, the rotating speed of the lifting device is 15 r/min.
According to the embodiment, the device can well realize the separation of the pepper clusters, can maintain a low damage rate and has an excellent separation effect.

Claims (12)

1. The utility model provides a hot pepper hoisting device which characterized in that: the device comprises a material collecting bin, a sorting system and a lifting wheel; the material collecting bin is positioned above the sorting system, the lifting wheel is positioned at the front end of the material collecting bin, and the lifting wheel is provided with a conveying port which is connected with the material collecting bin;
the sorting system comprises a reel layer and a roller layer, wherein the reel layer is positioned above the roller layer; the reel layer and the roller layer are in transmission connection through a transmission device to realize the separation of pepper straws, pepper leaves and pepper ears; a pepper conveying plate is arranged at the front end of the roller layer and is connected with a feeding port of the lifting wheel so as to feed pepper clusters into the lifting wheel;
the lifting wheel comprises a wheel body, the wheel body consists of two supporting plates on two sides in the width direction and a plurality of chain plates positioned between the two supporting plates, and the chain plates are arranged along the circumferential direction of the wheel body; the pepper ear picking device is characterized in that the chain plates are provided with partition plates, the partition plates extend towards the center direction of the wheel body along the radial direction of the wheel body, the adjacent partition plates and the chain plates for fixing the adjacent partition plates form a cavity for accommodating peppers, and the chain plates and the partition plates rotate in the circumferential direction through the driving device to lift pepper ears in the cavity to the conveying opening and convey the pepper ears to the material collecting bin through the conveying opening.
2. The pepper lifting device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the reel layer is composed of a plurality of reel rods arranged in parallel, each reel rod is provided with a plurality of reel wheels along the axial direction, the reel wheels are sleeved on the reel rods, and the reel wheels are composed of wheel bodies and a plurality of wheel teeth arranged on the wheel bodies.
3. The pepper lifting device as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the reel wheels on every two adjacent reel rods are arranged in a staggered way.
4. The pepper lifting device as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the number of the gear teeth on each reel is 7, the gear teeth are uniformly distributed along the circumferential direction of the reel body, and the bending direction of each gear tooth is consistent; each reel is made of elastic rubber material; the bending direction of each gear tooth is bent along the running direction of the pepper plant.
5. The pepper lifting device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the running roller layer constitute by many parallel arrangement's rectangular running roller, and the clearance between two adjacent rectangular running rollers is less than the clearance of hot pepper ear.
6. The pepper lifting device as claimed in claim 5, wherein: the outer layer of the strip roller is provided with a rubber wrapping layer.
7. The pepper lifting device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the transmission device comprises rolling bearings arranged at two ends of each straw pulling rod and the strip roller wheel, so that the straw pulling rods and the strip roller wheel rotate circumferentially, gears are arranged at the same ends of each straw pulling rod and the strip roller wheel, transmission chains are meshed on the gears, and the transmission chains are further meshed with transmission gears at the output ends of the motors and are connected with the transmission gears, so that power is provided for the transmission chains.
8. The pepper lifting device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the two ends of the chain plate are provided with rollers which are sleeved in the grooves of the supporting plates and can slide along the grooves, and the grooves are annular grooves extending along the circumferential direction of the two supporting plates.
9. The pepper lifting device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the driving device comprises a driving motor fixed on the supporting plate, a plurality of supporting frames fixed on the plurality of chain plates, and a driving gear arranged on each supporting frame, wherein an annular chain extending along the circumferential direction of the lifting wheel is meshed on the driving gear; the output end of the driving motor is provided with an output gear which is meshed with the annular chain to drive the annular chain to rotate in the circumferential direction.
10. The pepper lifting device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: a sealing plate is circumferentially arranged on the inner side wall of the lifting wheel, a feeding port is formed in the position, close to the bottom of the lifting wheel, of the sealing plate, and a partition plate is exposed in the feeding port; the feeding port is connected with the pepper conveying plate of the roller layer; the distance between the end of the partition plate, which is close to the center of the wheel body, and the sealing plate is 3-5 mm.
11. A method of sorting peppers using the pepper lifting device of any one of claims 1-10, wherein: the method specifically comprises the following steps:
(1) firstly, starting a driving device and a transmission device to enable a pepper lifting device to operate, then placing pepper plants to be sorted on a reel layer, wherein the rotating speed of a reel in the reel layer is 80-120 r/min; the pepper plants are driven by the reel to move backwards on the reel layer, and in the moving process, the peppers and pepper leaves fall off the roller layer arranged below the row, and the pepper rods can rotate along with the reel due to the longer length and slide out of the rear end of the reel layer through the upper slideway;
(2) the peppers and pepper leaves falling from the reel layer to the lower roller layer roll along with the rollers, and the rotating speed of the rollers is 60-90 r/min; the thin leaves in the pepper plants can fall off from the gap of the roller, and the pepper cannot fall off due to the large size;
(3) the pepper clusters can move backwards along with the rotation of the roller wheel, finally enter the bottom discharging plate at the rear end of the roller wheel layer, the discharging plate is mutually connected with the bottom opening of the lifting wheel, and is driven by the driving mechanism to be circumferentially and rotationally conveyed to the top end through the chain plate and the partition plate, and the pepper is discharged from the conveying opening at the top end and enters the material collecting bin; the rotating speed of the lifting wheel is 10-20 r/min.
12. The method for pepper sorting using a pepper lifting device as claimed in claim 11, wherein: the rotating speed of the reel is 80-100r/min, and the preferred rotating speed of the reel is 100-120 r/min; the rotating speed of the rollers is 75-90r/min, and the preferred rotating speed of the rollers is 60-70 r/min; the rotating speed of the lifting wheel is 12-15 r/min.
CN202010422457.7A 2020-05-19 2020-05-19 Chili lifting device and method thereof Pending CN111790610A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010422457.7A CN111790610A (en) 2020-05-19 2020-05-19 Chili lifting device and method thereof

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010422457.7A CN111790610A (en) 2020-05-19 2020-05-19 Chili lifting device and method thereof

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN111790610A true CN111790610A (en) 2020-10-20

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Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5709071A (en) * 1996-01-29 1998-01-20 Crown Farming Systems Inc. Chili harvester with adjustable spiral picker units
CN203428391U (en) * 2013-09-12 2014-02-12 晨光生物科技集团莎车有限公司 Scraper conveyor for capsicum processing
CN105364961A (en) * 2014-08-25 2016-03-02 云南智奇工程技术有限公司 Strip-shaped crop and pepper cut-off production line
CN207188616U (en) * 2017-08-08 2018-04-06 苏州格莱富机械科技有限公司 Chain-type die clamper
CN207497507U (en) * 2017-10-27 2018-06-15 青岛纽香苑调味品有限公司 A kind of capsicum conveyer
CN109930546A (en) * 2019-03-27 2019-06-25 秦皇岛润昌科技开发有限公司 Coastal Wetland ecological administers cleaning plant
CN209209766U (en) * 2018-11-30 2019-08-06 平湖市青云建材机械有限公司 A kind of modified plate chain type conveyer
CN209393503U (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-09-17 新疆天研种子机械工程技术研究中心(有限公司) A kind of capsicum cleans separation system
CN209396510U (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-09-17 新疆天研种子机械工程技术研究中心(有限公司) A kind of lifting device for capsicum cleaning and sorting system

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5709071A (en) * 1996-01-29 1998-01-20 Crown Farming Systems Inc. Chili harvester with adjustable spiral picker units
CN203428391U (en) * 2013-09-12 2014-02-12 晨光生物科技集团莎车有限公司 Scraper conveyor for capsicum processing
CN105364961A (en) * 2014-08-25 2016-03-02 云南智奇工程技术有限公司 Strip-shaped crop and pepper cut-off production line
CN207188616U (en) * 2017-08-08 2018-04-06 苏州格莱富机械科技有限公司 Chain-type die clamper
CN207497507U (en) * 2017-10-27 2018-06-15 青岛纽香苑调味品有限公司 A kind of capsicum conveyer
CN209209766U (en) * 2018-11-30 2019-08-06 平湖市青云建材机械有限公司 A kind of modified plate chain type conveyer
CN209393503U (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-09-17 新疆天研种子机械工程技术研究中心(有限公司) A kind of capsicum cleans separation system
CN209396510U (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-09-17 新疆天研种子机械工程技术研究中心(有限公司) A kind of lifting device for capsicum cleaning and sorting system
CN109930546A (en) * 2019-03-27 2019-06-25 秦皇岛润昌科技开发有限公司 Coastal Wetland ecological administers cleaning plant

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