CN111780995A - Automatic centering and self-locking device for tire ride comfort test bench - Google Patents

Automatic centering and self-locking device for tire ride comfort test bench Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111780995A
CN111780995A CN202010690475.3A CN202010690475A CN111780995A CN 111780995 A CN111780995 A CN 111780995A CN 202010690475 A CN202010690475 A CN 202010690475A CN 111780995 A CN111780995 A CN 111780995A
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China
Prior art keywords
locking
test bed
tire
flat plate
sliding block
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Application number
CN202010690475.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111780995B (en
Inventor
卢荡
索艳茹
刘阳林
许德惠
刘前进
马尧
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Jilin University
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Jilin University
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01MTESTING STATIC OR DYNAMIC BALANCE OF MACHINES OR STRUCTURES; TESTING OF STRUCTURES OR APPARATUS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G01M17/00Testing of vehicles
    • G01M17/007Wheeled or endless-tracked vehicles
    • G01M17/02Tyres

Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic centering and self-locking device for a tire ride comfort test bench, which comprises a test bench base, a test bench vertical plate, a load loading cylinder, a linear guide rail, a tire mounting flat plate with an inclined surface and a sliding block, a locking hydraulic cylinder, a balance two-force rod, a wedge block with a sliding groove and a locking shell. The test bed comprises a test bed base, a test bed vertical plate, a load loading cylinder, a locking shell and a sliding block, wherein the test bed base and the test bed vertical plate form a test bed main body, the load loading cylinder and the locking shell are fixed on the test bed main body, a tire installation flat plate with an inclined surface and a sliding block is connected with the test bed main body through a linear guide rail, two locking hydraulic cylinders are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the tire installation flat plate with the inclined surface and the sliding block and are connected with the tire installation flat plate through hinges, two balancing two force rods on each side are connected with the locking hydraulic. The invention has simple and reasonable structure, can automatically center in the locking process through the balance two-force rod structure, realizes the quick locking of the tire after applying a load, and is convenient and reliable.

Description

Automatic centering and self-locking device for tire ride comfort test bench
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of tire ride comfort test beds, in particular to a self-locking device capable of automatically centering.
Background
The six-component characteristic of the tire moving on the uneven road surface can be used for building a tire smoothness model and applied to the whole vehicle simulation, and the smoothness matching research of the tire and the whole vehicle is carried out, so that the design of the tire is guided. The tire smoothness test bench is important equipment for testing six-component characteristics of tires moving on uneven road surfaces.
Under the impact of uneven road surfaces, the condition that the position of the wheel center of the tested tire is kept unchanged is an important condition of the tire smoothness testing test bed. The existing tire smoothness test bed approximately keeps the wheel center position unchanged by controlling the load of a loading cylinder, so that the impact force test is not accurate enough. And the operation is complex and time-consuming due to the control of some devices by a mechanical bolt, and the devices need to be matched by multiple persons.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the defects of the prior art, the invention provides an automatic centering and self-locking device for a tire ride comfort test stand. The load centering loading that can realize making things convenient for fast, and keep the uneven road surface impact in-process test tire wheel center position unchangeable, realize the accurate test of impact force.
An automatic centering and self-locking device for a tire ride comfort test bed comprises a test bed base, a test bed vertical plate, a load loading cylinder, a linear guide rail, a tire mounting flat plate with an inclined surface and a sliding block, a locking hydraulic cylinder, a balance two-force rod, a wedge block with a sliding groove and a locking shell. The test bed comprises a test bed base, a test bed vertical plate, a load loading cylinder, a locking shell and a sliding block, wherein the test bed base and the test bed vertical plate form a test bed main body, the load loading cylinder and the locking shell are fixed on the test bed main body, a tire installation flat plate with an inclined surface and a sliding block is connected with the test bed main body through a linear guide rail, two locking hydraulic cylinders are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the tire installation flat plate with the inclined surface and the sliding block and are connected with the tire installation flat plate through hinges, two balancing two force rods on each side are connected with the locking hydraulic.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the balance two-force rod has novel and unique structure and can realize automatic centering in the locking process.
2. The structure is simple and reasonable, the rapid locking can be realized after the tire applies load, and the locking device is simple and reliable.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic diagram of the automatic centering stress in the locking process of the balance two-force rod of the invention.
Fig. 3 is a view showing a structure of a locking part of the present invention.
Detailed Description
As shown in fig. 1, an automatic centering and self-locking device for a tire smoothness test bed comprises a test bed base 1, a test bed vertical plate 2, a load loading cylinder 3, a linear guide rail 4, a tire mounting flat plate 5 with an inclined surface and a sliding block, a locking hydraulic cylinder 6, a balancing two-force rod 7, a wedge block 8 with a sliding groove and a locking shell 9; the test bed base 1 and the test bed vertical plate 2 form a test bed main body, the load loading cylinder 3 and the locking shell 9 are fixed on the test bed main body, the tire installation flat plate 5 with the inclined plane and the sliding block is connected with the test bed main body through a linear guide rail, the two locking hydraulic cylinders 6 are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the tire installation flat plate 5 with the inclined plane and the sliding block and are connected with the tire installation flat plate 5 through hinges, the two balancing two force rods 7 on each side are connected with the locking hydraulic cylinders 6 through one ends of the hinges, and the other ends of the balancing two force rods are connected with the two wedge-shaped blocks.
The working principle of the invention is as follows:
as shown in fig. 2, when the locking hydraulic cylinder 6 acts, the applied force F1 acts on the two sliding-groove-equipped wedge blocks 8 through the two locking two-force rods 7, and the forces F21 and F31 acting on the two sliding-groove-equipped wedge blocks 8 are equal in magnitude, and simultaneously the force component F2y of the force F21 in the y-axis direction and the force component F3y of the force F31 in the y-axis direction act on the centering axis with equal and opposite moments, so that automatic centering during locking is realized.
As shown in fig. 3, after the tire mounting plate 5 with the inclined plane and the sliding block moves to a target load position, the locking hydraulic cylinder 6 applies a thrust force, the force is transmitted to the two wedge blocks 8 with the sliding grooves through the two balancing two-force rods 7, the wedge blocks 8 with the sliding grooves move along the sliding block on the tire mounting plate 5 with the inclined plane and the sliding block in a guiding manner, and along with the downward movement of the wedge blocks 8 with the sliding grooves, the wedge blocks expand tightly in the locking shell 9 to generate a self-locking effect, and then the locking hydraulic cylinder 6 can be unloaded, and the self-locking state is still maintained. When the uneven road surface generates upward impact on the tire, the tire mounting flat plate 5 with the inclined surface and the sliding block tends to slide upwards relative to the two wedge blocks 8 with the sliding grooves, so that the locking force is increased, the tire mounting flat plate 5 with the inclined surface and the sliding block is prevented from moving upwards, and the wheel center position of the tire is kept unchanged all the time.

Claims (1)

1. The utility model provides an automatic centering self-lock device for tire ride comfort test bench which characterized in that: the device comprises a test bed base (1), a test bed vertical plate (2), a load loading cylinder (3), a linear guide rail (4), a tire mounting flat plate (5) with an inclined surface and a sliding block, a locking hydraulic cylinder (6), a balancing two-force rod (7), a wedge-shaped block (8) with a sliding groove and a locking shell (9); the test bed comprises a test bed main body, a load loading cylinder (3) and a locking shell (9), wherein the test bed main body is formed by a test bed base (1) and a test bed vertical plate (2), the tire installation flat plate (5) with an inclined plane and a sliding block is connected with the test bed main body through a linear guide rail, and two locking hydraulic cylinders (6) are symmetrically positioned on two sides of the tire installation flat plate (5) with the inclined plane and the sliding block; the upper end of a locking hydraulic cylinder (6) is connected with a tire mounting flat plate (5) with an inclined plane and a sliding block through a hinge, the lower end of the locking hydraulic cylinder (6) is connected with two balance two-force rods (7) through hinges, the two balance two-force rods (7) are respectively connected with two wedge blocks (8) with sliding grooves through hinges, the sliding grooves of the wedge blocks (8) with the sliding grooves are matched with the sliding block on the tire mounting flat plate (5) with the inclined plane and the sliding block, and the inclined plane of the wedge blocks (8) with the sliding grooves is matched with the inclined plane on the tire mounting flat plate (5) with the inclined plane and the sliding block; two wedge blocks (8) with sliding grooves are matched with sliding blocks on a tire mounting flat plate (5) with inclined planes and sliding blocks and then embedded into a locking shell (9) fixed on a vertical plate (2) of the test bed.
CN202010690475.3A 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 Automatic centering and self-locking device for tire ride comfort test bench Active CN111780995B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010690475.3A CN111780995B (en) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 Automatic centering and self-locking device for tire ride comfort test bench

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010690475.3A CN111780995B (en) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 Automatic centering and self-locking device for tire ride comfort test bench

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CN111780995A true CN111780995A (en) 2020-10-16
CN111780995B CN111780995B (en) 2021-03-23

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Citations (11)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102393309A (en) * 2011-08-25 2012-03-28 吉林大学 Tyre coupling stiffness testing machine
CN202520703U (en) * 2011-08-18 2012-11-07 杜雨轩 Self-locking hydraulic cylinder with prismatic-table piston rod
US20150038897A1 (en) * 2013-07-30 2015-02-05 Zosano Pharma, Inc. Low-Profile Microneedle Patch Applicator
CN104441030A (en) * 2014-12-11 2015-03-25 中国工程物理研究院化工材料研究所 Device and method for adaptively flexibly positioning band knife in balance manner
CN104458286A (en) * 2014-12-10 2015-03-25 吉林大学 Test bed and method for testing high-frequency mechanical characteristic of tire
CN205975517U (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-22 武大巨成结构股份有限公司 Multilayer reaming auto -lock prestressed anchorage pole
KR101784490B1 (en) * 2015-12-21 2017-10-11 (주)스케일트론 Tire characteristics testing equipment
CN206876406U (en) * 2017-06-13 2018-01-12 南京航空航天大学 A kind of tire stiffness testboard bay with vibration damping power-assisted push plate device
CN208254817U (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-12-18 辽宁工业大学 A kind of auto tire wear testing stand
CN109668743A (en) * 2019-02-26 2019-04-23 北京福田戴姆勒汽车有限公司 V-type distance rod testing stand
CN110761603A (en) * 2019-11-29 2020-02-07 浙江科技学院 Double-self-locking clamping device for clamping type vehicle carrier and clamping method thereof

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202520703U (en) * 2011-08-18 2012-11-07 杜雨轩 Self-locking hydraulic cylinder with prismatic-table piston rod
CN102393309A (en) * 2011-08-25 2012-03-28 吉林大学 Tyre coupling stiffness testing machine
US20150038897A1 (en) * 2013-07-30 2015-02-05 Zosano Pharma, Inc. Low-Profile Microneedle Patch Applicator
CN104458286A (en) * 2014-12-10 2015-03-25 吉林大学 Test bed and method for testing high-frequency mechanical characteristic of tire
CN104441030A (en) * 2014-12-11 2015-03-25 中国工程物理研究院化工材料研究所 Device and method for adaptively flexibly positioning band knife in balance manner
KR101784490B1 (en) * 2015-12-21 2017-10-11 (주)스케일트론 Tire characteristics testing equipment
CN205975517U (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-22 武大巨成结构股份有限公司 Multilayer reaming auto -lock prestressed anchorage pole
CN206876406U (en) * 2017-06-13 2018-01-12 南京航空航天大学 A kind of tire stiffness testboard bay with vibration damping power-assisted push plate device
CN208254817U (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-12-18 辽宁工业大学 A kind of auto tire wear testing stand
CN109668743A (en) * 2019-02-26 2019-04-23 北京福田戴姆勒汽车有限公司 V-type distance rod testing stand
CN110761603A (en) * 2019-11-29 2020-02-07 浙江科技学院 Double-self-locking clamping device for clamping type vehicle carrier and clamping method thereof

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CHAO-YANG ZHOU等: "Strengthening RC beams using externally bonded CFRP sheets with end self-locking", 《COMPOSITE STRUCTURES》 *
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陈焕明等: "轮胎高速直线稳定性研究", 《中国科技论文》 *

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