CN102393309A - Tyre coupling stiffness testing machine - Google Patents

Tyre coupling stiffness testing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102393309A
CN102393309A CN2011102461047A CN201110246104A CN102393309A CN 102393309 A CN102393309 A CN 102393309A CN 2011102461047 A CN2011102461047 A CN 2011102461047A CN 201110246104 A CN201110246104 A CN 201110246104A CN 102393309 A CN102393309 A CN 102393309A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
vertical
base plate
tire
load maintainer
testing machine
Prior art date
Application number
CN2011102461047A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102393309B (en
Inventor
卢荡
郭孔辉
黄岩军
章谦
潘乙山
周瑶
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吉林大学
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Priority to CN201110246104.7A priority Critical patent/CN102393309B/en
Publication of CN102393309A publication Critical patent/CN102393309A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102393309B publication Critical patent/CN102393309B/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a tyre stiffness testing device, in particular to a tyre coupling stiffness testing machine. The testing machine comprises a vertical trunk, a vertical loading mechanism, a longitudinal loading mechanism, a lateral loading mechanism, a twisting loading mechanism, a tyre lateral inclination positioning mechanism, a six-component sensor and a base, wherein the vertical trunk and the base form an engine body, the vertical loading mechanism is connected onto the vertical trunk by virtue of a vertical guide rail, a three-way loading platform formed by the longitudinal loading mechanism, the lateral loading mechanism and the twisting loading mechanism is arranged on the base, the six-component sensor is fixed on the vertical loading mechanism, and the tyre lateral inclination positioning mechanism is connected with the six-component sensor. The tyre coupling stiffness testing machine provided by the invention has simple and reasonable structure, can test vertical stiffness, longitudinal stiffness, lateral stiffness and twisting stiffness of a tyre and also can test the stiffness of the tyre under coupling stress.

Description

Tire coupling stiffness testing machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of tire stiffness proving installation; A kind of specifically tire coupling stiffness testing machine; It not only can testing tire the vertical stiffness of single direction under stressed, longitudinal rigidity, lateral rigidity; Torsional rigidity can the stiffness characteristics of testing tire under coupling is stressed be the coupling stiffness of tire also.
Background technology
Tire stiffness is the important component part of mechanics of tire characteristic, and the structural parameters of tire and mechanical characteristic are determining the main rideability of automobile.The tire stiffness testing machine is one of key equipment of testing tire performance, and it can test out the single stressed rigidity of all directions down of tire: vertical stiffness, and longitudinal rigidity, lateral rigidity, torsional rigidity is the significant data source of mechanics of tire characteristic test.
Current tire stiffness testing machine is through the loading of single direction, is merely able to test out the single direction of the tire rigidity when stressed, and can not measure the tire rigidity when stressed that is coupled.And automobile is when experience safety issue and other many states, and tire is to be in the coupling stress, and the test of the tire stiffness characteristic under this stress does not also have specialized apparatus both at home and abroad at present.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of simple and reasonable, vertical stiffness that not only can testing tire, longitudinal rigidity, lateral rigidity and torsional rigidity also can test out the stressed tire coupling stiffness testing machine of the rigidity of tire down of coupling.
The objective of the invention is to realize like this, this testing machine comprises vertical trunk, vertical loading mechanism; Vertical load maintainer, the side direction load maintainer reverses load maintainer; Tire inclination detent mechanism, six-component sensor, pedestal; Described vertical trunk and pedestal constitute body, and vertically load maintainer is connected on the vertical trunk through upright guide rail, vertically load maintainer; The side direction load maintainer is arranged on the pedestal with the three-dimensional loading bench that reverses the common formation of load maintainer, and six-component sensor is through being fixed on the vertical load maintainer, and tire inclination detent mechanism links to each other with six-component sensor.
The present invention has the following advantages and good effect:
1, the present invention is simple and reasonable, can measure the stressed tire coupling stiffness testing machine of tire stiffness down of coupling.Like the lateral rigidity of testing tire, can set different vertical loading, reverse loading, vertically load assembled state, carry out side direction then and load, testing tire is in the lateral rigidity of coupling under stressed.
2, the present invention can test out the rigidity of the stressed down tire of coupling, promotes the development of domestic tire stiffness testing machine, thereby lays the foundation for the development and the application of high precision auto model in automotive development of mechanics of tire and automobile dynamics.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a tire coupling stiffness testing machine one-piece construction synoptic diagram.
Fig. 2 be among Fig. 1 of the present invention A to perspective view.
Fig. 3 be among Fig. 1 of the present invention B to perspective view.
Fig. 4 is vertical loading mechanism and inclination detent mechanism.
Fig. 5 is the three-dimensional loading bench.
Embodiment
By accompanying drawing 1,2, shown in 3: this testing machine comprises vertical trunk 1, vertical loading mechanism 2, vertically load maintainer 3; Side direction load maintainer 4 reverses load maintainer 5, tire inclination detent mechanism 6; Six-component sensor 7, pedestal 8, described vertical trunk 1 constitutes body with pedestal 8; Vertically load maintainer 2 is connected on the vertical trunk 1 through upright guide rail 12, vertical load maintainer 3, and side direction load maintainer 4 is arranged on the pedestal 8 with the three-dimensional loading bench that reverse load maintainer 5 common formations; Six-component sensor 7 is fixed on the vertical load maintainer 2 through rebound 13, and tire inclination detent mechanism 6 links to each other with six-component sensor 7 through web member 15.
Described vertical trunk 1 is provided with groove and places guide rail 12, and the top is the stiff end 28 of servomotor.
Shown in accompanying drawing 4: described vertical loading mechanism 2 comprises first servomotor 9 that is fixed on the vertical trunk 1; The side plate 11 that connects servomotor 9 through axle 10; Be arranged on the upright guide rail groove 12-1 that being used on the side plate 11 connects upright guide rail 12, said side plate 11 is the side plates that have linear displacement transducer.
Described tire inclination detent mechanism 6 comprises the roll axis 18 that has obliquity sensor 17 on it; Be connected in stationary shaft and expansion set 16 on the roll axis 18; The web member 15 that connects stationary shaft and expansion set 16 unclamps expansion set 16 and can adjust the angle of roll axis 18 relative web members 15 (forming the tyre side inclination angle), makes expansion set 16 swellings after adjusting; Guarantee that the roll axis 18 and the no gap of web member 15 are located by connecting, web member 15 is connected in six-component sensor 7 through second rebound 14.
Described roll axis 18 is provided with the tire adapter 30 that is fit to install different model and kind tire.
Shown in accompanying drawing 5: described by vertical load maintainer 3; Side direction load maintainer 4 comprises the base plate 19 that is fixed on the pedestal 2 with the three-dimensional loading bench that reverse load maintainer 5 common formations; Be connected in the vertical base plate 20 on the base plate 19 through longitudinal rail 27; Said vertical base plate 20 is the vertical base plates that have linear displacement transducer; Be connected in the side direction base plate 21 on vertical base plate 20 through side guide 24, said side direction base plate 21 is the side direction base plates that have linear displacement transducer, is fixed in the turntable bearing 23 on the base plate 21; Be fixed in and reverse base plate 22 on the turntable bearing 23; Described base plate 19, side guide 24 and longitudinal rail 27 can slide in twos relatively, and second servomotor 25 and the 3rd servomotor 26 are individually fixed in base plate 19 and vertically promote moving of base plate on the base plate 20, and described turntable bearing 23 is for having the turntable bearing of angular displacement sensor.
The described base plate (22) that reverses is provided with 3M sand paper (29), is used to increase the attachment coefficient between tire and the three-dimensional loading bench.
Principle of work:
Can measure the power of tire all directions accurately by six-component sensor 7; Vertical loading mechanism 2 and by vertical load maintainer 3; Side direction load maintainer 4 loads through 9,25,26 pairs of tires of servomotor with the three-dimensional loading bench that reverse load maintainer 5 common formations; The displacement of tire all directions can be measured accurately through sensor, thereby the stressed rigidity of tire down of coupling can be measured.

Claims (7)

1. tire coupling stiffness testing machine, it is characterized in that: this testing machine comprises vertical trunk (1), vertical loading mechanism (2); Vertical load maintainer (3), side direction load maintainer (4) reverses load maintainer (5); Tire inclination detent mechanism (6), six-component sensor (7), pedestal (8); Described vertical trunk (1) and pedestal (8) constitute body; Vertically load maintainer (2) is connected on the vertical trunk (1) through upright guide rail (12), vertical load maintainer (3), side direction load maintainer (4) with reverse load maintainer (5) jointly the three-dimensional loading bench of formation be arranged on the pedestal (8); Six-component sensor (7) is fixed on the vertical load maintainer (2), and tire inclination detent mechanism (6) links to each other with six-component sensor (7).
2. a kind of tire coupling stiffness testing machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described vertical trunk 1 is provided with groove and places guide rail (12), and the top is the stiff end (28) of servomotor.
3. a kind of tire coupling stiffness testing machine according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: described vertical loading mechanism (2) comprises first servomotor (9) that is fixed on the vertical trunk (1); The side plate (11) that connects servomotor (9) through axle (10); Be arranged on the upright guide rail groove (12-1) that being used on the side plate (11) connects upright guide rail (12), said side plate (11) is the side plate that has linear displacement transducer.
4. a kind of tire coupling stiffness testing machine according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: described by vertical load maintainer (3); Side direction load maintainer (4) and reverse the common three-dimensional loading bench that constitutes of load maintainer (5) and comprise the base plate (19) that is fixed on the pedestal (2); Be connected in the vertical base plate (20) on the base plate (19) through longitudinal rail (27); Be connected in the side direction base plate (21) on vertical base plate (20) through side guide 24; Be fixed in the turntable bearing (23) on the base plate (21), be fixed in and reverse base plate (22) on the turntable bearing (23), described base plate (19), side guide 24 and longitudinal rail (27) can slide in twos relatively; Second servomotor (25) and the 3rd servomotor (26) are individually fixed in base plate (19) and vertical base plate (20) is gone up moving of promotion base plate; Said vertical base plate 20 is the vertical base plates that have linear displacement transducer, and said side direction base plate 21 is the side direction base plates that have linear displacement transducer, and described turntable bearing (23) is for having the turntable bearing of angular displacement sensor.
5. a kind of tire coupling stiffness testing machine according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: described tire inclination detent mechanism (6) comprises the roll axis (18) that has obliquity sensor (17) on it; Be connected in stationary shaft and expansion set (16) on the roll axis (18); Connect the web member (15) of stationary shaft and expansion set (16), web member (15) is connected in six-component sensor (7) through second rebound (14).
6. a kind of tire coupling stiffness testing machine according to claim 4 is characterized in that: the described base plate (22) that reverses is provided with 3M sand paper (29).
7. a kind of tire coupling stiffness testing machine according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described roll axis (18) is provided with tire adapter (30).
CN201110246104.7A 2011-08-25 2011-08-25 Tyre coupling stiffness testing machine CN102393309B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201110246104.7A CN102393309B (en) 2011-08-25 2011-08-25 Tyre coupling stiffness testing machine

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CN102393309A true CN102393309A (en) 2012-03-28
CN102393309B CN102393309B (en) 2014-04-16

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104236928A (en) * 2014-05-09 2014-12-24 吉林大学 Method for testing tire steady-state laterodeviation mechanical properties
CN104406802A (en) * 2014-12-10 2015-03-11 吉林大学 Swing arm type tyre turn slip mechanical property test stand
CN104568476A (en) * 2015-02-13 2015-04-29 吉林大学 Suspension type tire mechanical property testing device
CN104729862A (en) * 2015-03-19 2015-06-24 南京航空航天大学 Tire stiffness testing device
CN105606371A (en) * 2016-01-11 2016-05-25 浙江工业大学 Rack testing method for automobile control stability and testing stand thereof
CN106092621A (en) * 2016-08-17 2016-11-09 株洲九方装备股份有限公司 A kind of elastic wheel reverses test fixture
KR101827446B1 (en) * 2015-12-28 2018-02-08 장철환 tire testing equipment
CN109142122A (en) * 2018-10-16 2019-01-04 吴建英 It is a kind of for testing the experimental rig and its application method of brake block polishing machine
CN109632346A (en) * 2018-11-29 2019-04-16 重庆长安汽车股份有限公司 A kind of fixation device for tire stiffness test
CN110455556A (en) * 2019-08-08 2019-11-15 中国汽车技术研究中心有限公司 A kind of test platform for tire dynamic property test
CN110455557A (en) * 2019-08-13 2019-11-15 燕山大学 A kind of static tire vertical stiffness test device
CN111638069A (en) * 2020-07-23 2020-09-08 吉林大学 Coupling lateral force eliminating device for tire rigidity test bed
CN111780995A (en) * 2020-07-17 2020-10-16 吉林大学 Automatic centering and self-locking device for tire ride comfort test bench

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105865928B (en) * 2016-06-20 2018-03-02 石家庄铁道大学 Tire three-way rigidity experimental provision

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US3779073A (en) * 1972-04-04 1973-12-18 Dunlop Ltd Tire testing machine
US7140242B1 (en) * 2004-07-22 2006-11-28 Akron Special Machinery Lateral load tire testing system
WO2010064123A1 (en) * 2008-12-03 2010-06-10 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Tire force detection apparatus
CN201527342U (en) * 2009-11-06 2010-07-14 优肯科技股份有限公司 Wheel shaft force testing structure
CN101949776A (en) * 2010-09-15 2011-01-19 长春孔辉汽车科技有限公司 Six-degree-of-freedom tire tester
CN101975666A (en) * 2010-09-07 2011-02-16 江苏大学 Dynamic-performance testing table of tyre
CN202171532U (en) * 2011-08-25 2012-03-21 吉林大学 Tire coupling stiffness testing machine

Patent Citations (7)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3779073A (en) * 1972-04-04 1973-12-18 Dunlop Ltd Tire testing machine
US7140242B1 (en) * 2004-07-22 2006-11-28 Akron Special Machinery Lateral load tire testing system
WO2010064123A1 (en) * 2008-12-03 2010-06-10 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Tire force detection apparatus
CN201527342U (en) * 2009-11-06 2010-07-14 优肯科技股份有限公司 Wheel shaft force testing structure
CN101975666A (en) * 2010-09-07 2011-02-16 江苏大学 Dynamic-performance testing table of tyre
CN101949776A (en) * 2010-09-15 2011-01-19 长春孔辉汽车科技有限公司 Six-degree-of-freedom tire tester
CN202171532U (en) * 2011-08-25 2012-03-21 吉林大学 Tire coupling stiffness testing machine

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104236928B (en) * 2014-05-09 2016-11-09 吉林大学 A kind of test method of tire stable state lateral deviation mechanical characteristic
CN104236928A (en) * 2014-05-09 2014-12-24 吉林大学 Method for testing tire steady-state laterodeviation mechanical properties
CN104406802A (en) * 2014-12-10 2015-03-11 吉林大学 Swing arm type tyre turn slip mechanical property test stand
CN104406802B (en) * 2014-12-10 2017-12-01 吉林大学 The inclined dynamic characteristic test platform of swing arm tyre revolution
CN104568476A (en) * 2015-02-13 2015-04-29 吉林大学 Suspension type tire mechanical property testing device
CN104568476B (en) * 2015-02-13 2017-09-05 吉林大学 A kind of suspension type tire mechanical property testing device
CN104729862A (en) * 2015-03-19 2015-06-24 南京航空航天大学 Tire stiffness testing device
CN104729862B (en) * 2015-03-19 2017-12-08 南京航空航天大学 A kind of tire stiffness test device
KR101827446B1 (en) * 2015-12-28 2018-02-08 장철환 tire testing equipment
CN105606371A (en) * 2016-01-11 2016-05-25 浙江工业大学 Rack testing method for automobile control stability and testing stand thereof
CN106092621A (en) * 2016-08-17 2016-11-09 株洲九方装备股份有限公司 A kind of elastic wheel reverses test fixture
CN106092621B (en) * 2016-08-17 2018-07-13 株洲九方装备股份有限公司 A kind of elastic wheel torsion test fixture
CN109142122A (en) * 2018-10-16 2019-01-04 吴建英 It is a kind of for testing the experimental rig and its application method of brake block polishing machine
CN109632346A (en) * 2018-11-29 2019-04-16 重庆长安汽车股份有限公司 A kind of fixation device for tire stiffness test
CN110455556A (en) * 2019-08-08 2019-11-15 中国汽车技术研究中心有限公司 A kind of test platform for tire dynamic property test
CN110455557A (en) * 2019-08-13 2019-11-15 燕山大学 A kind of static tire vertical stiffness test device
CN111780995A (en) * 2020-07-17 2020-10-16 吉林大学 Automatic centering and self-locking device for tire ride comfort test bench
CN111638069A (en) * 2020-07-23 2020-09-08 吉林大学 Coupling lateral force eliminating device for tire rigidity test bed

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