CN111760876B - Intelligent kitchen waste treatment terminal and treatment method - Google Patents

Intelligent kitchen waste treatment terminal and treatment method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111760876B
CN111760876B CN202010530144.3A CN202010530144A CN111760876B CN 111760876 B CN111760876 B CN 111760876B CN 202010530144 A CN202010530144 A CN 202010530144A CN 111760876 B CN111760876 B CN 111760876B
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China
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fermentation
fermentation cylinder
cylinder
kitchen waste
taking
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CN111760876A (en
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邓秀泉
潘柯铭
黄甫年
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Guangxi Liyuanbao Technology Co Ltd
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Guangxi Liyuanbao Technology Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B5/00Operations not covered by a single other subclass or by a single other group in this subclass
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M23/00Constructional details, e.g. recesses, hinges
    • C12M23/02Form or structure of the vessel
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M23/00Constructional details, e.g. recesses, hinges
    • C12M23/48Holding appliances; Racks; Supports
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M27/00Means for mixing, agitating or circulating fluids in the vessel
    • C12M27/02Stirrer or mobile mixing elements
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M41/00Means for regulation, monitoring, measurement or control, e.g. flow regulation
    • C12M41/48Automatic or computerized control
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Abstract

The invention relates to an intelligent kitchen waste treatment terminal and a treatment method, which effectively optimize the internal space on the basis of the prior art; the newly added cylinder taking manipulator is arranged in the frame case and is positioned above the stirring device, the fermentation cylinder pouring device and the fermentation cylinder taking device; the fermentation cylinder pouring device is arranged at the side of the stirring device; the fermentation cylinder material taking device is arranged below the stirring device and the fermentation cylinder material pouring device; the fermentation cylinder group lifter is arranged between the cylinder taking manipulator and the fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring device or/and at the front side and the rear side of the fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring device; the fermentation cylinder group flows between the fermentation cylinder group lifter and the fermentation cylinder supporting and transferring device. The invention realizes the efficient static aerobic fermentation treatment of kitchen waste, achieves the ultra-high decrement of more than 95 percent, has simpler equipment, smaller occupied space and volume, improves the space utilization rate by more than 50 percent compared with the prior technical scheme, and can better adapt to the application scene of the on-site dispersion and distributed treatment of the kitchen waste source.

Description

Intelligent kitchen waste treatment terminal and treatment method
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of environment-friendly harmless treatment and resource utilization of kitchen waste, and particularly relates to an intelligent kitchen waste treatment terminal and a treatment method.
Background
With the overall acceleration of the forced classification system of domestic garbage in China, in order to reduce the transfer and transportation cost and secondary pollution in the transfer process, many areas for carrying out garbage classification are currently beginning to explore the on-site dispersion, distributed treatment and recycling of kitchen garbage subjected to classification in communities, living communities, institutions, schools, hospitals, parks, hotels and other sources.
In order to meet the social demand, the company applies for an invention patent of a kitchen/kitchen waste ecological processor and a processing method (application number: 201911304952.1) in 12 months and 17 days in 2019, the invention has a better technical effect in specific application practice, can realize rapid fermentation and degradation of kitchen/kitchen waste, and has a waste reduction of more than 95% in 48 hours, but some defects are found in the use process: after the kitchen/kitchen waste fermented material is fermented, a large amount of mycelia grow in the kitchen/kitchen waste fermented material due to the reduction of water content of the material and the connection of the mycelia, the mycelia are difficult to smoothly discharge from the bottom of a fermentation cylinder of the combined vertical tray, and the operation stability of equipment is affected; secondly, because the distribution of kitchen/kitchen waste fermented materials and the conveying cycle of fermented clinker after fermentation are completed use the traditional conveying equipment such as a belt conveyor, a scraper conveyor and the like, the installation inclination of which cannot be too large, the occupied space is larger, the dead space in a frame case is more, the utilization rate is not high enough, and the application requirement for 'small equipment occupation' is still different.
If the problems can be solved, the running stability of the equipment is further improved, the space occupation of the equipment is reduced, the current forced classification background of the production garbage can be better matched, the source of kitchen garbage is in-situ dispersed and distributed processing requirements, the problems of kitchen garbage processing blocking points and difficulty in garbage classification are solved, and the forced classification system of the household garbage is promoted to be smoothly implemented and to obtain actual effects.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an intelligent kitchen waste treatment terminal and a treatment method, which aim to solve the technical problems of on-site dispersion, distributed treatment and resource utilization of kitchen waste sources after household waste classification.
The aim and the technical problems of the invention are realized by adopting the following technical proposal. The invention provides an intelligent kitchen waste treatment terminal, which comprises a frame case, a crushing pulping device, a homogenizing device, a slurry conveying device, a stirring device and a controller, wherein the frame case is provided with a frame; the crushing pulping device, the homogenizing device, the slurry conveying device, the stirring device and the controller are arranged in the frame case; the homogenizing device is connected and arranged below or behind the crushing and pulping device; the slurry conveying device is connected and arranged between the homogenizing device and the stirring device; the crushing pulping device, the homogenizing device, the slurry conveying device and the stirring device are electrically connected with the controller;
the device also comprises a cylinder taking manipulator, a fermentation cylinder pouring device, a fermentation cylinder taking device, a fermentation cylinder group lifter and a fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring device; the cylinder taking manipulator, the fermentation cylinder pouring device, the fermentation cylinder taking device, the fermentation cylinder group lifter and the fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring device are arranged in the frame case; the cylinder taking manipulator is arranged above the stirring device, the fermentation cylinder pouring device and the fermentation cylinder taking device in the frame case; the fermentation cylinder pouring device is arranged at the side of the stirring device; the fermentation cylinder material taking device is arranged below the stirring device and the fermentation cylinder material pouring device; the fermentation cylinder group lifter is arranged between the cylinder taking manipulator and the fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring device or/and at the front side and the rear side of the fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring device; the fermentation cylinder group flows between the fermentation cylinder group lifter and the fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring device;
the fermentation cylinder group consists of a fermentation cylinder and a cylinder supporting frame, wherein the fermentation cylinder is suspended in the cylinder supporting frame, and the cylinder supporting frame is supported on the fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring device;
the fermentation cylinder consists of a ventilation cylinder body and a cylinder opening reinforcing piece, and the cylinder opening reinforcing piece is connected to the middle upper part or the opening part of the ventilation cylinder body;
the fermentation cylinder is a fermentation cylinder with a bottom.
The aim and the technical problems of the invention can be further realized by adopting the following technical measures.
Preferably, in the kitchen waste intelligent treatment terminal, the fermentation cylinder is a cylindrical, square or prismatic cylinder with the height of 200-1500 mm, the diameter of the cylinder mouth or the side length of the cross section or the diagonal length of 200-300 mm, and the cylinder is large at the top and small at the bottom; the breathable cylinder is made of a woven mesh with the aperture of 0.5-10 mm and the wire diameter of 0.1-2 mm or/and a punching mesh with the aperture, the hole edge distance of 0.5-10 mm and the thickness of 0.1-2 mm;
the side of the fermentation cylinder is also provided with a cylinder body reinforcing part.
Preferably, in the aforementioned intelligent kitchen garbage treatment terminal, the fermentation cylinder group has two to ten layers of three-dimensional stacked support on the fermentation cylinder group support and transfer device;
the fermentation cylinder group is formed by hanging and supporting 2-30 fermentation cylinders on the cylinder supporting frame in one to three rows.
Preferably, the kitchen waste intelligent treatment terminal further comprises a fermentation cylinder buffer lifting device; the fermentation cylinder buffering lifting device is arranged below the cylinder taking mechanical arm and is connected with the fermentation cylinder taking device.
Preferably, the kitchen waste intelligent treatment terminal further comprises an auxiliary material adding device; the auxiliary material adding device is connected and installed above the stirring device.
Preferably, the kitchen waste intelligent treatment terminal is characterized in that the slurry conveying device is a plunger pump.
Preferably, in the kitchen waste intelligent treatment terminal, 1-12 barrel picking manipulators are arranged.
Preferably, in the kitchen waste intelligent processing terminal, the barrel taking manipulator, the fermentation barrel pouring device, the fermentation barrel taking device, the fermentation barrel group lifter and the fermentation barrel group supporting and transferring device are arranged in two groups or more than two groups in parallel.
The invention discloses a processing method of an intelligent kitchen waste processing terminal, which comprises the following steps:
s1: and (3) starting equipment: starting the kitchen waste intelligent processing terminal to enable each functional unit to be in a starting standby state;
s2: crushing kitchen waste for pulping: putting kitchen waste into the crushing pulping device, crushing the kitchen waste into kitchen waste slurry, and discharging the kitchen waste slurry into the homogenizing device;
s3: homogenizing kitchen waste slurry: uniformly stirring kitchen waste slurry discharged in the step S2 in the homogenizing device;
s4: taking a fermentation cylinder: the fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring device transfers the fermentation cylinder group to the fermentation cylinder group lifter, the fermentation cylinder group lifter lifts the fermentation cylinder group to the cylinder taking position of the cylinder taking manipulator, and the cylinder taking manipulator takes out the fermentation cylinder, transfers and rotates the fermentation cylinder to the fermentation cylinder dumping device;
s5: pouring materials from a fermentation cylinder: the fermentation cylinder pouring device lifts and overturns the fermentation cylinder, and pours kitchen waste fermentation clinker in the fermentation cylinder into the stirring device from the upper part of the stirring device;
s6: blending and stirring fermentation materials: the slurry conveying device quantitatively conveys kitchen waste slurry into the stirring device according to a set throwing proportion, and the kitchen waste slurry is mixed and stirred into a uniform kitchen waste fermentation material with the water content of 32-45%;
s7: filling a kitchen waste fermentation material cylinder: s5, after the fermentation cylinder pouring device pours out kitchen waste fermentation clinker in the fermentation cylinder, the fermentation cylinder is placed on the fermentation cylinder taking device in a turnover descending mode, the fermentation cylinder taking device moves the fermentation cylinder to the position below a kitchen waste fermentation material discharging hole of the stirring device, and the stirring device discharges kitchen waste fermentation material which is uniformly stirred into the fermentation cylinder;
s8: and (3) placing the fermentation cylinder for return: the fermentation cylinder after the completion of the charging is transferred back to the lower part of the fermentation cylinder pouring device by the fermentation cylinder material taking device, lifted to the grabbing position of the cylinder taking manipulator by the fermentation cylinder pouring device, grabbed and placed on a cylinder supporting frame of the fermentation cylinder group supported on the fermentation cylinder group lifter by the cylinder taking manipulator, circulated in this way, kitchen waste fermentation clinker of the fermentation cylinder on the fermentation cylinder group is poured out, the kitchen waste fermentation material after the mixing is reloaded, the fermentation cylinder group lifter is lifted or lowered, and the fermentation cylinder group is transferred back to the fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring device;
s9: aerobic fermentation of kitchen waste fermentation materials: carrying out static aerobic fermentation on the kitchen waste fermentation material in the fermentation cylinder for 1-4 days, wherein the kitchen waste fermentation material is subjected to temperature rise from normal temperature to above 60 ℃ and gradually falls back to normal temperature, and the kitchen waste fermentation material is fermented and converted into kitchen waste fermentation clinker with the water content of below 30%;
s10: and (3) kitchen waste treatment is completed: and S9, converting the kitchen waste fermentation material into kitchen waste fermentation clinker, and repeating the step S4 to realize the cyclic ecological treatment of the kitchen waste.
Preferably, in the processing method of the kitchen waste intelligent processing terminal, in the S4, the cylinder taking manipulator grabs 1 to 4 fermentation cylinders each time;
s6, quantitatively discharging part of kitchen waste fermentation clinker by the stirrer before adding kitchen waste slurry;
s6, directly adding or quantitatively discharging part of kitchen waste fermentation clinker, and adding 1-20% of fermentation (strain) master batch or/and auxiliary organic materials according to the weight of kitchen waste slurry.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has obvious advantages and beneficial effects. By means of the technical scheme, the intelligent kitchen waste treatment terminal and the intelligent kitchen waste treatment method have at least one of the following advantages and beneficial effects:
firstly, kitchen waste clinker can be smoothly poured out of a fermentation cylinder after fermentation is finished, and the running stability of equipment is high;
secondly, the equipment is simpler, the occupied space is smaller, the space utilization rate is improved by more than 50% compared with the prior technical scheme, the equipment can be better suitable for the on-site dispersion and distributed treatment application scene of kitchen waste sources, and the equipment is more beneficial to the popularization of products;
thirdly, the high-efficiency static aerobic fermentation treatment of kitchen waste can be realized, and the ultra-high decrement of more than 95 percent is achieved;
and fourthly, the method is more energy-saving and environment-friendly, no wastewater is discharged during treatment, drying is not needed, and the electricity consumption and the energy consumption are reduced by more than 80 percent compared with other technologies.
The foregoing description is only an overview of the present invention, and is intended to be implemented in accordance with the teachings of the present invention, as well as the preferred embodiments thereof, together with the following detailed description of the invention, given by way of illustration only, together with the accompanying drawings.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic main sectional view of a structure of a first embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic side sectional view of the structure of the first embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a structure of a first embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 4 is a schematic front view of a fermenter group according to a first embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 5 is a schematic front view of a fermenter according to a first embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 6 is a schematic top view of a fermenter according to a first embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a schematic main sectional view of the structure of the second embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a schematic side sectional view of the structure of the second embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 9 is a schematic front view of a fermenter group according to a second embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 10 is a schematic front view of a fermenter according to a second embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 11 is a schematic top view of a fermenter according to a second embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 12 is a schematic main sectional view of the structure of the third embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 13 is a schematic side sectional view of the structure of the third embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 14 is a schematic front view of a fermenter group according to a third embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 15 is a schematic top view of a fermenter group according to a third embodiment of the present invention.
[ Main element symbols description ]
1: frame case 2: crushing pulping device
3: homogenizing device 4: slurry conveying device
5: stirring device 6: mechanical arm for taking cylinder
7: fermentation cylinder pouring device 8: material taking device for fermentation cylinder
9: fermentation cylinder group 91: fermentation cylinder
911: breathable barrel 912: nozzle reinforcement
913: barrel stiffener 92: tube support
10: fermentation cylinder group lift 11: fermentation cylinder group supports transfer device
12: the controller 13: buffer lifting device for fermentation cylinder
14: auxiliary material adding device.
Detailed Description
In order to further describe the technical means and effects adopted by the invention to achieve the preset aim, the following detailed description refers to specific implementation, structure, characteristics and effects of the intelligent kitchen waste processing terminal and the intelligent kitchen waste processing method according to the invention by combining the accompanying drawings and the preferred embodiment.
Embodiment one:
referring to fig. 1 to 6, an intelligent kitchen waste processing terminal according to a first embodiment of the present invention mainly comprises a frame chassis 1, a crushing pulping device 2, a homogenizing device 3, a slurry conveying device 4, a stirring device 5, a barrel taking manipulator 6, a fermentation barrel pouring device 7, a fermentation barrel taking device 8, a fermentation barrel set 9, a fermentation barrel set lifter 10, a fermentation barrel set supporting and transferring device 11, and a controller 12; the crushing pulping device 2, the homogenizing device 3, the slurry conveying device 4, the stirring device 5, the cylinder taking manipulator 6, the fermentation cylinder pouring device 7, the fermentation cylinder taking device 8, the fermentation cylinder group 9, the fermentation cylinder group lifter 10, the fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring device 11 and the controller 12 are arranged in the frame case 1; wherein the homogenizing device 3 is connected and arranged below or behind the crushing and pulping device 2; the slurry conveying device 4 is connected and arranged between the homogenizing device 3 and the stirring device 5; the cylinder taking manipulator 6 is arranged above the stirring device 5, the fermentation cylinder pouring device 7 and the fermentation cylinder taking device 8 in the frame case 1; the fermentation cylinder pouring device 7 is arranged at the side of the stirring device 5; the fermentation cylinder material taking device 8 is arranged below the stirring device 5 and the fermentation cylinder material pouring device 7; the fermentation cylinder group lifter 10 is arranged between the cylinder taking manipulator 6 and the fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring device 11; the fermentation cylinder group 9 circulates between the fermentation cylinder group lifter 10 and the fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring device 11; the crushing pulping device 2, the homogenizing device 3, the slurry conveying device 4, the stirring device 5, the cylinder taking manipulator 6, the fermentation cylinder pouring device 7, the fermentation cylinder taking device 8, the fermentation cylinder group lifter 10 and the fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring device 11 are electrically connected with the controller 12;
the fermentation cylinder group 9 is composed of a fermentation cylinder 91 and a cylinder supporting frame 92, wherein the fermentation cylinder 91 is suspended and supported in the cylinder supporting frame 92, and the cylinder supporting frame 92 is supported on the fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring device 11; the fermentation cylinder 91 is composed of a ventilation cylinder 911 and a cylinder opening reinforcement 912, and the cylinder opening reinforcement 912 is connected to the mouth of the ventilation cylinder 911; the fermentation cylinder 91 is a fermentation cylinder with a bottom; the fermentation cylinder 91 is a conical cylinder with a height of 500mm, a cylinder opening diameter of 250mm and a cylinder bottom diameter of 240mm, and the upper part is big-end-up; the ventilation cylinder 911 is made of a woven mesh with the aperture of 4mm and the wire diameter of 1 mm; the fermentation cylinder group 9 is provided with four layers of three-dimensional lamination and is supported on the fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring device 11; the fermenter group 9 is suspended and supported on the fermenter support 92 by 6 fermenter 91 in a row.
The slurry transporting device 4 is a plunger pump. The barrel taking mechanical arms 6 are arranged and installed 1.
Embodiment two:
referring to fig. 7 to 11, the intelligent kitchen garbage disposal terminal according to the second embodiment of the present invention is similar to the first embodiment, and differs from the first embodiment only in that:
the fermentation cylinder 91 is a conical cylinder with a height of 800mm, an octagonal cross section, a cylinder mouth diagonal length of 270mm and a cylinder bottom diagonal length of 250mm, and the upper part is big-end-down; the ventilation cylinder 911 is made of a woven mesh with the aperture of 2mm and the wire diameter of 0.5 mm; in order to increase the strength of the fermenter 91, four sides of the fermenter 91 are also symmetrically provided with a shaft stiffener 913; the fermentation cylinder group 9 is provided with four layers of three-dimensional lamination and is supported on the fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring device 11; the fermenter group 9 is suspended and supported in two rows by 12 fermenter 91 on the fermenter support 92.
In order to realize the transfer of the fermentation cylinder group 9 between the fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring devices 11 at different layers, two fermentation cylinder group lifters 10 are arranged, wherein one fermentation cylinder group lifter 10 is arranged between the cylinder taking manipulator 6 and the fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring device 11, and the other fermentation cylinder group lifter 10 is arranged at the rear side of the fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring device 11.
In order to improve the operation efficiency of the equipment, the equipment is also provided with a fermentation cylinder buffer lifting device 13; the fermentation cylinder buffer lifting device 13 is installed below the cylinder taking manipulator 6 and is connected with the fermentation cylinder taking device 8, and after the fermentation cylinder 91 is filled with kitchen waste fermentation materials, the fermentation cylinder buffer lifting device 13 is lifted to a high position for the cylinder taking manipulator 6 to grasp and place the fermentation cylinder back on the fermentation cylinder group 9.
In order to meet the specific requirement of adding strains or other organic auxiliary materials in the kitchen waste treatment process, the equipment is also provided with an auxiliary material adding device 14; the auxiliary material adding device 14 is installed above the stirring device in a connecting way. The auxiliary material adding device 14 is a screw conveyor.
Embodiment III:
referring to fig. 12 to 15, a third embodiment of the present invention provides a kitchen waste intelligent treatment terminal similar to the third embodiment, which is different from the first embodiment only in that:
the fermentation cylinder 91 is a conical cylinder with the height of 600mm, the cross section of square, the cylinder mouth side length of 300mm and the cylinder bottom side length of 250mm, and the upper part is big-end-down; the ventilation cylinder 911 is made of a punching plate with the aperture of 5mm and the thickness of 1 mm; six layers of fermentation cylinder groups 9 are supported on the fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring device 11 in a three-dimensional lamination manner; the fermenter group 9 is suspended and supported on the fermenter support 92 by 8 fermenter 91 in a row.
In order to meet the requirement of larger treatment capacity and reduce equipment investment and space occupation, the slurry conveying device 4, the stirring device 5, the cylinder taking manipulator 6, the fermentation cylinder pouring device 7, the fermentation cylinder taking device 8, the fermentation cylinder group 9, the fermentation cylinder group lifter 10 and the fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring device 11 are arranged in three groups of parallel combination and share one set of crushing pulping device 2 and homogenizing device 3.
The invention relates to a processing method of an intelligent kitchen waste processing terminal, which comprises the following steps:
s1: and (3) starting equipment: starting the kitchen waste intelligent processing terminal to enable each functional unit to be in a starting standby state;
s2: crushing kitchen waste for pulping: putting kitchen waste into the crushing pulping device 2, crushing the kitchen waste into kitchen waste slurry, and discharging the kitchen waste slurry into the homogenizing device 3;
s3: homogenizing kitchen waste slurry: uniformly stirring kitchen waste slurry discharged in the step S2 in the homogenizing device 3;
s4: taking a fermentation cylinder: the fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring device 11 transfers the fermentation cylinder group 9 to the fermentation cylinder group lifter 10, the fermentation cylinder group lifter 10 lifts the fermentation cylinder group 9 to the cylinder taking position of the cylinder taking manipulator 6, and the cylinder taking manipulator 6 takes the fermentation cylinder 91 out of the fermentation cylinder group 9, transfers and rotates to the fermentation cylinder pouring device 7;
s5: pouring materials from a fermentation cylinder: the fermentation cylinder pouring device 7 lifts and overturns the fermentation cylinder 91, and pours kitchen waste fermentation clinker in the fermentation cylinder 91 into the stirring device 5 from the upper part of the stirring device 5;
s6: blending and stirring fermentation materials: the slurry conveying device 4 quantitatively conveys kitchen waste slurry into the stirring device 5 according to a set throwing proportion, and uniformly mixes and stirs the kitchen waste slurry into kitchen waste fermentation materials with the water content of 32-45%;
s7: filling a kitchen waste fermentation material cylinder: s5, after the fermentation cylinder pouring device 7 pours out kitchen waste fermentation clinker in the fermentation cylinder 9, the fermentation cylinder 91 is placed on the fermentation cylinder taking device 8 in a turnover descending manner, the fermentation cylinder taking device 8 moves the fermentation cylinder 91 to the position below a kitchen waste fermentation material discharging hole of the stirring device 5, and the stirring device 5 discharges kitchen waste fermentation material which is uniformly stirred into the fermentation cylinder 91;
s8: and (3) placing the fermentation cylinder for return: the fermentation cylinder 91 with the complete material loading is transferred back to the lower part of the fermentation cylinder pouring device 7 by the fermentation cylinder material taking device 8, lifted to the grabbing position of the cylinder taking manipulator 6 by the fermentation cylinder pouring device 7, grabbed and placed on the cylinder supporting frame 912 of the fermentation cylinder group 9 supported on the fermentation cylinder group lifter 10 by the cylinder taking manipulator 6, the kitchen waste fermentation clinker of the fermentation cylinder 91 on the fermentation cylinder group 9 is circulated in this way, the kitchen waste fermentation material after being mixed is refilled, the fermentation cylinder group lifter 10 is lifted or lowered, and the fermentation cylinder group 9 is transferred back to the fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring device 11;
s9: aerobic fermentation of kitchen waste fermentation materials: carrying out static aerobic fermentation on the kitchen waste fermentation material in the fermentation cylinder 91 for 1-4 days, wherein the kitchen waste fermentation material is subjected to temperature rise from normal temperature to above 60 ℃ and gradually falls back to normal temperature, and the kitchen waste fermentation material is fermented and converted into kitchen waste fermentation clinker with the moisture content of below 30%;
s10: and (3) kitchen waste treatment is completed: and S9, converting the kitchen waste fermentation material into kitchen waste fermentation clinker, and repeating the step S4 to realize intelligent circulation treatment of the kitchen waste.
In a specific embodiment of the treatment method of the kitchen waste intelligent treatment terminal, about 1000 kg of kitchen/kitchen waste with the water content of 85% is produced in a living community every day, and is matched with the kitchen/kitchen waste, the kitchen waste intelligent treatment terminal with the treatment capacity of 1000 kg/day and the fermentation period of two days is adopted for treatment, the water content of the kitchen waste fermentation clinker is 25%, and the water content of the kitchen waste fermentation material is 40%, and the specific steps of the treatment method are as follows:
s1: and (3) starting equipment: starting the kitchen waste intelligent processing terminal to enable each functional unit to be in a starting standby state;
s2: crushing kitchen waste for pulping: putting kitchen waste with water content of 85% into the crushing pulping device 2, crushing the kitchen waste into kitchen waste slurry by the crushing pulping device 2, and discharging the kitchen waste slurry into the homogenizing device 3 arranged below the kitchen waste slurry;
s3: homogenizing kitchen waste slurry: continuously or intermittently stirring the kitchen waste slurry discharged in the step S2 in the homogenizing device 3 by a stirring mechanism of the homogenizing device 3 to ensure that the kitchen waste slurry is in a uniform state;
s4: taking a fermentation cylinder: the fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring device 11 transfers the fermentation cylinder group 9 to the fermentation cylinder group lifter 10, the fermentation cylinder group lifter 10 lifts the fermentation cylinder group 9 to the cylinder taking position of the cylinder taking manipulator 6, and the cylinder taking manipulator 6 takes the fermentation cylinder 91 out of the fermentation cylinder group 9, transfers and rotates to the fermentation cylinder pouring device 7;
s5: pouring materials from a fermentation cylinder: the fermentation cylinder pouring device 7 lifts and overturns the fermentation cylinder 91, and 15 kg of kitchen waste fermentation clinker with the water content of 25% in the fermentation cylinder 91 is poured into the stirring device 5 from the upper part of the stirring device 5;
s6: blending and stirring fermentation materials: mixing kitchen waste slurry and kitchen waste fermentation clinker according to a ratio of 1:3, conveying 5 kg of kitchen waste slurry into the stirring device 5 through the slurry conveying device 4, and mixing and stirring to obtain a uniform kitchen waste fermentation material with the water content of 40%;
s7: filling a kitchen waste fermentation material cylinder: s5, after the fermentation cylinder pouring device 7 pours out kitchen waste fermentation clinker in the fermentation cylinder 9, the fermentation cylinder 91 is placed on the fermentation cylinder taking device 8 in a turnover descending manner, the fermentation cylinder taking device 8 moves the fermentation cylinder 91 to the position below a kitchen waste fermentation material discharging hole of the stirring device 5, and the stirring device 5 discharges kitchen waste fermentation material with the water content of 40% which is uniformly stirred into the fermentation cylinder 91;
s8: and (3) placing the fermentation cylinder for return: the fermentation cylinder 91 with the complete material loading is transferred back to the lower part of the fermentation cylinder pouring device 7 by the fermentation cylinder material taking device 8, lifted to the grabbing position of the cylinder taking manipulator 6 by the fermentation cylinder pouring device 7, grabbed and placed on the cylinder supporting frame 912 of the fermentation cylinder group 9 supported on the fermentation cylinder group lifter 10 by the cylinder taking manipulator 6, the kitchen waste fermentation clinker of the fermentation cylinder 91 on the fermentation cylinder group 9 is circulated in this way, the kitchen waste fermentation material after being mixed is refilled, the fermentation cylinder group lifter 10 is lifted or lowered, and the fermentation cylinder group 9 is transferred back to the fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring device 11;
s9: aerobic fermentation of kitchen waste fermentation materials: carrying out static aerobic fermentation on the kitchen waste fermentation material with the water content of 40% in the fermentation cylinder 91 for 2 days, wherein the temperature of the kitchen waste fermentation material is increased to more than 75 ℃ from normal temperature after being filled into the fermentation cylinder 91 for 12 hours, the temperature is reduced to be returned to normal temperature after 48 hours, and the kitchen waste fermentation material is fermented and converted into kitchen waste fermentation clinker with the water content of 25%;
s10: and (3) kitchen waste treatment is completed: and S9, converting the kitchen waste fermentation material into kitchen waste fermentation clinker, and repeating the step S4 to realize intelligent circulation treatment of the kitchen waste.
Another specific embodiment of the method for processing the kitchen waste intelligent processing terminal is similar to the previous embodiment, and the difference is that:
in step S5, 15 kg of kitchen waste fermentation clinker with 25% moisture content in the fermentation cylinder 91 is poured into the stirring device 5 from above the stirring device 5, 1 kg of kitchen waste fermentation clinker is discharged from the stirring device 5 in step S6, then 1 kg of garden garbage powder with 20% moisture content is added into the stirring device 5 through the auxiliary material adding device 14, then 5 kg of kitchen waste slurry is conveyed into the stirring device 5 through the slurry conveying device 4, and kitchen waste fermentation material with 40% moisture content is obtained after uniformly stirring through the stirring device 5, and then the kitchen waste fermentation material is discharged into the fermentation cylinder 91 for 2 days for static aerobic fermentation, so that the kitchen waste fermentation clinker with 25% moisture content is obtained.
The processing method of the intelligent kitchen garbage processing terminal is similar to the previous embodiment, and only differs from the previous embodiment in that:
in order to meet the requirement of higher operation efficiency, in S4, the cylinder taking manipulator 6 takes out two fermentation cylinders 91 from the fermentation cylinder group 9 at a time, and transfers and rotates the two fermentation cylinders to the fermentation cylinder pouring device 7; in S8 the pick-up robot 6 picks up and places two completed charges of the fermenter at a time back onto the fermenter support 912 of the fermenter group 9 supported on the fermenter group elevator 10.
The present invention is not limited to the above-mentioned embodiments, but is intended to be limited to the following embodiments, and any modifications, equivalent changes and variations in the above-mentioned embodiments can be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. An intelligent kitchen garbage treatment terminal comprises a frame case, a crushing pulping device, a homogenizing device, a slurry conveying device, a stirring device and a controller; the crushing pulping device, the homogenizing device, the slurry conveying device, the stirring device and the controller are arranged in the frame case; the homogenizing device is connected and arranged below or behind the crushing and pulping device; the slurry conveying device is connected and arranged between the homogenizing device and the stirring device; the crushing pulping device, the homogenizing device, the slurry conveying device and the stirring device are electrically connected with the controller; the method is characterized in that:
the device also comprises a cylinder taking manipulator, a fermentation cylinder pouring device, a fermentation cylinder taking device, a fermentation cylinder group lifter and a fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring device; the cylinder taking manipulator, the fermentation cylinder pouring device, the fermentation cylinder taking device, the fermentation cylinder group lifter and the fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring device are arranged in the frame case; the cylinder taking manipulator is arranged above the stirring device, the fermentation cylinder pouring device and the fermentation cylinder taking device in the frame case; the fermentation cylinder pouring device is arranged at the side of the stirring device; the fermentation cylinder material taking device is arranged below the stirring device and the fermentation cylinder material pouring device; the fermentation cylinder group lifter is arranged between the cylinder taking manipulator and the fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring device or/and at the front side and the rear side of the fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring device; the fermentation cylinder group flows between the fermentation cylinder group lifter and the fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring device;
the fermentation cylinder group consists of a fermentation cylinder and a cylinder supporting frame, wherein the fermentation cylinder is suspended in the cylinder supporting frame, and the cylinder supporting frame is supported on the fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring device;
the fermentation cylinder consists of a ventilation cylinder body and a cylinder opening reinforcing piece, and the cylinder opening reinforcing piece is connected to the middle upper part or the opening part of the ventilation cylinder body;
the fermentation cylinder is a fermentation cylinder with a bottom.
2. The kitchen waste intelligent treatment terminal according to claim 1, wherein: the fermentation cylinder is a cylindrical, square or prismatic cylinder with the height of 200-1500 mm, the diameter of the cylinder mouth or the side length of the cross section or the diagonal length of 200-300 mm, and the upper part is a cone cylinder with the large upper part and the small lower part; the ventilation cylinder body is made of a woven net with the aperture of 0.5-10 mm and the wire diameter of 0.1-2 mm or/and a punching net with the aperture, the hole edge distance of 0.5-10 mm and the thickness of 0.1-2 mm;
the side of the fermentation cylinder is also provided with a cylinder body reinforcing part.
3. The kitchen waste intelligent treatment terminal according to claim 1, wherein: the fermentation cylinder group is provided with two to ten layers of three-dimensional lamination supports on the fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring device;
the fermentation cylinder group is formed by suspending 2-30 fermentation cylinders in one to three rows and supported on the cylinder supporting frame.
4. The kitchen waste intelligent treatment terminal according to claim 1, wherein: the fermentation cylinder buffer lifting device is also included; the fermentation cylinder buffering lifting device is arranged below the cylinder taking mechanical arm and is connected with the fermentation cylinder taking device.
5. The kitchen waste intelligent treatment terminal according to claim 1, wherein: the auxiliary material adding device is also included; the auxiliary material adding device is connected and installed above the stirring device.
6. The kitchen waste intelligent treatment terminal according to claim 1, wherein: the slurry delivery device is a plunger pump.
7. The kitchen waste intelligent treatment terminal according to claim 1, wherein: the number of the barrel taking manipulators is 1-12.
8. The kitchen waste intelligent treatment terminal according to claim 1, wherein: the fermentation cylinder taking manipulator, the fermentation cylinder pouring device, the fermentation cylinder taking device, the fermentation cylinder group lifter and the fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring device are arranged in two groups or more than two groups in parallel.
9. A method for processing the kitchen waste intelligent processing terminal according to any one of claims 1 to 8, characterized in that: which comprises the following steps:
s1: and (3) starting equipment: starting the kitchen waste intelligent processing terminal to enable each functional unit to be in a starting standby state;
s2: crushing kitchen waste for pulping: putting kitchen waste into the crushing pulping device, crushing the kitchen waste into kitchen waste slurry, and discharging the kitchen waste slurry into the homogenizing device;
s3: homogenizing kitchen waste slurry: uniformly stirring kitchen waste slurry discharged in the step S2 in the homogenizing device;
s4: taking a fermentation cylinder: the fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring device transfers the fermentation cylinder group to the fermentation cylinder group lifter, the fermentation cylinder group lifter lifts the fermentation cylinder group to the cylinder taking position of the cylinder taking manipulator, and the cylinder taking manipulator takes out the fermentation cylinder, transfers and rotates the fermentation cylinder to the fermentation cylinder dumping device;
s5: pouring materials from a fermentation cylinder: the fermentation cylinder pouring device lifts and overturns the fermentation cylinder, and pours kitchen waste fermentation clinker in the fermentation cylinder into the stirring device from the upper part of the stirring device;
s6: blending and stirring fermentation materials: the slurry conveying device quantitatively conveys kitchen waste slurry into the stirring device according to a set throwing proportion, and the kitchen waste slurry is mixed and stirred into a uniform kitchen waste fermentation material with the water content of 32-45%;
s7: filling a kitchen waste fermentation material cylinder: s5, after the fermentation cylinder pouring device pours out kitchen waste fermentation clinker in the fermentation cylinder, the fermentation cylinder is placed on the fermentation cylinder taking device in a turnover descending mode, the fermentation cylinder taking device moves the fermentation cylinder to the position below a kitchen waste fermentation material discharging hole of the stirring device, and the stirring device discharges kitchen waste fermentation material which is uniformly stirred into the fermentation cylinder;
s8: and (3) placing the fermentation cylinder for return: the fermentation cylinder after the completion of the charging is transferred back to the lower part of the fermentation cylinder pouring device by the fermentation cylinder material taking device, lifted to the grabbing position of the cylinder taking manipulator by the fermentation cylinder pouring device, grabbed and placed on a cylinder supporting frame of the fermentation cylinder group supported on the fermentation cylinder group lifter by the cylinder taking manipulator, circulated in this way, kitchen waste fermentation clinker of the fermentation cylinder on the fermentation cylinder group is poured out, the kitchen waste fermentation material after the mixing is reloaded, the fermentation cylinder group lifter is lifted or lowered, and the fermentation cylinder group is transferred back to the fermentation cylinder group supporting and transferring device;
s9: aerobic fermentation of kitchen waste fermentation materials: carrying out static aerobic fermentation on the kitchen waste fermentation material in the fermentation cylinder for 1-4 days, wherein the kitchen waste fermentation material is subjected to temperature rise from normal temperature to above 60 ℃, then gradually falls back to normal temperature, and the kitchen waste fermentation material completes fermentation and is converted into kitchen waste fermentation clinker with the moisture content of below 30%;
s10: and (3) kitchen waste treatment is completed: and S9, converting the kitchen waste fermentation material into kitchen waste fermentation clinker, and repeating the step S4 to realize the cyclic ecological treatment of the kitchen waste.
10. The processing method of the kitchen waste intelligent processing terminal according to claim 9, characterized in that: s4, the cylinder taking mechanical arm grabs 1 to 4 fermentation cylinders each time;
s6, quantitatively discharging part of kitchen waste fermentation clinker by the stirrer before adding kitchen waste slurry;
s6, directly adding or quantitatively discharging part of kitchen waste fermentation clinker, and adding 1-20% of fermentation master batch or/and auxiliary organic materials according to the weight of kitchen waste slurry.
CN202010530144.3A 2020-06-11 2020-06-11 Intelligent kitchen waste treatment terminal and treatment method Active CN111760876B (en)

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