CN111735908B - Device and method for batch identification of wheat salt tolerance - Google Patents

Device and method for batch identification of wheat salt tolerance Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111735908B
CN111735908B CN202010372946.6A CN202010372946A CN111735908B CN 111735908 B CN111735908 B CN 111735908B CN 202010372946 A CN202010372946 A CN 202010372946A CN 111735908 B CN111735908 B CN 111735908B
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wheat
groups
driving box
inner cavity
driving
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CN111735908A (en
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郑甲成
刘婷
詹秋文
李杰勤
刘言龙
许峰
袁子越
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Anhui University of Science and Technology
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N33/00Investigating or analysing materials by specific methods not covered by groups G01N1/00 - G01N31/00
    • G01N33/0098Plants or trees
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • A01G9/029Receptacles for seedlings
    • A01G9/0293Seed or shoot receptacles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • A01G9/029Receptacles for seedlings
    • A01G9/0295Units comprising two or more connected receptacles
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

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  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
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  • Wood Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
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  • General Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
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  • Cultivation Receptacles Or Flower-Pots, Or Pots For Seedlings (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a device and a method for batch identification of wheat salt tolerance, and the device comprises a driving box, wherein a driving mechanism is fixedly arranged at the middle position of the bottom of an inner cavity of the driving box, supporting mechanisms penetrating through the top of the driving box are uniformly and fixedly arranged at the bottom of the inner cavity of the driving box, incubators are fixedly arranged at the tops of four groups of supporting mechanisms, sleeving holes are unevenly formed in the tops of four groups of incubators, planting pipes penetrating through the sleeving holes and extending to the inner cavity of the incubators are arranged in the inner cavities of the four groups of sleeving holes, permeation holes are uniformly formed in the left side wall and the right side wall of each of the four groups of planting pipes, a timing relay is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the inner cavity of the driving box, and the timing relay is arranged at the rear sides of the driving mechanism and the supporting mechanisms. The device and the method for batch identification of the salt tolerance of the wheat start the driving mechanism at regular time through the timing relay and drive the four groups of supporting mechanisms and the incubator to rotate through the connecting belt, so that the influence of uneven illumination distribution in a salt tolerance comparison experiment of the wheat on the experiment can be eliminated.

Description

Device and method for batch identification of wheat salt tolerance
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of identifying salt tolerance of crops, in particular to a device and a method for identifying salt tolerance of wheat in batches.
Background
Wheat is one of main planting crops in northern areas of China, and plays a very important role in traditional agriculture of China, a large area of saline-alkali soil exists in northern areas of China, and how to improve the wheat yield of the saline-alkali soil becomes a research subject of agriculturists of China, so that the salt tolerance of wheat needs to be tested and identified, and the traditional device and method for identifying the salt tolerance of wheat in batches can basically meet the use requirements of people, but still have certain problems, and the specific problems are as follows:
1. most of devices and methods for batch identification of wheat salt tolerance in the market at present have the defects that the illumination intensity distribution is not uniform enough due to fixed planting positions, and the accuracy of a contrast experiment is influenced;
2. most of devices and methods for batch identification of wheat salt tolerance in the market at present have relatively single functions, can only test and identify the wheat salt tolerance, and cannot test and identify the wind fall resistance of wheat and the planting density of wheat.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a device and a method for batch identification of wheat salt tolerance, so as to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a device and a method for batch identification of wheat salt tolerance comprise a driving box, wherein a driving mechanism is fixedly arranged at the middle position of the bottom of an inner cavity of the driving box, supporting mechanisms penetrating through the top of the driving box are uniformly and fixedly arranged at the bottom of the inner cavity of the driving box, incubators are fixedly arranged at the tops of four groups of supporting mechanisms, sleeving holes are unevenly formed in the tops of four groups of incubators, planting pipes penetrating through the sleeving holes and extending to the inner cavity of the incubators are arranged in the inner cavities of the four groups of sleeving holes, permeation holes are uniformly formed in the left side wall and the right side wall of each of the four groups of planting pipes, a timing relay is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the inner cavity of the driving box and is arranged at the rear side of the driving mechanism and the supporting mechanisms, sliding mechanisms are fixedly arranged at the left side and the right side of the top of the driving box, and two groups of sliding mechanisms are arranged at the rear side of the incubators, and the tops of the two groups of sliding mechanisms are fixedly provided with connecting bottom plates.
Preferably, in the device for quantitatively identifying the salt tolerance of wheat, the top of the connecting bottom plate is provided with the air boxes at equal intervals, the four air boxes are fixedly provided with the air covers at the middle positions of the front side walls of the air boxes, the four air boxes are provided with the air suction holes penetrating through the back side walls of the air boxes at equal intervals, and the four air boxes are respectively and fixedly provided with the axial flow fan at the front side and the rear side of the bottom of the inner cavity of the air boxes.
Based on the technical characteristics, the wind power received by the wheat seed plants can be conveniently controlled, and the experimental data in the contrast experiment can be conveniently increased.
Preferably, among the above-mentioned device of appraising wheat salt tolerance in batches, the equal fixed mounting in top left and right sides of drive case has electric putter, and is two sets of electric putter all sets up between two sets of sliding mechanism, and just two sets of electric putter's the positive output all with the back side wall of being connected the bottom plate fixed mutually, the intermediate position department fixed mounting of rear side lateral wall of drive case has the PLC controller, be electric connection between PLC controller and electric putter and the axial fan.
Based on the technical characteristics, the distance between the air box and the wheat seed plant is convenient to control.
Preferably, in the device for batch identification of wheat salt tolerance, a scale strip is fixedly mounted at the middle position of the right side wall of the driving box, the scale strip is arranged on the front side of the PLC, and a scale pointer matched with the scale strip is fixedly mounted at the middle position of the right side wall of the bellows.
Based on the technical characteristics, the distance between the air box and the wheat seed plant is convenient to control.
Preferably, in the device for quantitatively identifying the salt tolerance of wheat, the supporting mechanism comprises driven pulleys and supporting plates, the four groups of supporting plates are rotatably connected to the bottom of the inner cavity of the driving box through bearings, the upper ends of the outer parts of the four groups of supporting plates are sleeved with the driven pulleys, and the four groups of driven pulleys are arranged in the inner cavity of the driving box.
Based on the technical characteristics, the wheat seed plants can be conveniently and uniformly illuminated, and the illumination uniformity is improved.
Preferably, among the device of above-mentioned batch appraisal wheat salt tolerance, actuating mechanism includes drive pulley, servo motor and connection pivot, servo motor fixed mounting is in the intermediate position department of the inner chamber bottom of drive case, servo motor's top output has the connection pivot through shaft coupling fixed mounting, the outside upper end of connecting the pivot has cup jointed drive pulley, the connection belt that is connected with driven pulley is cup jointed to drive pulley's outside.
Based on the technical characteristics, the wheat seed plants can be conveniently and uniformly illuminated, and the illumination uniformity is improved.
Preferably, in the device for batch identification of salt tolerance of wheat, the sliding mechanism comprises transverse sliding frames and sliding plates, two groups of the transverse sliding frames are respectively and fixedly installed on the left side and the right side of the top of the driving box, and the sliding plates fixed to the bottom of the connecting bottom plate are respectively arranged in the two groups of the transverse sliding frames.
Based on the technical characteristics, the distance between the air box and the wheat seed plant is convenient to control.
Preferably, in the device for batch identification of salt tolerance of wheat, the distances between the four sets of sleeving holes are gradually decreased from left to right.
Based on the technical characteristics, the planting density of the wheat seeds is convenient to control.
Preferably, the method for batch identification of the salt tolerance of the wheat comprises the following specific steps:
s1: injecting a proper amount of culture solution into the left incubator and injecting a proper amount of culture solution with sequentially increasing salinity into the right three groups of incubators from left to right respectively, planting the sterilized wheat seeds in the planting tubes and inserting the wheat seeds back into the incubators;
s2: starting a driving mechanism to drive a bearing mechanism and an incubator to synchronously rotate through a connecting belt so that wheat seeds with different salinity can obtain the conditions of illumination and the like under the same conditions and be fully cultured, harvesting the fruits after the wheat seeds are mature, drying and recording the harvesting conditions of the wheat fruits in the comparison experiment under the conditions of different salinity;
s3: selecting fruits of wheat seeds cultured in different positions of a planting tube under the same salinity culture environment, drying the fruits, and recording the fruit harvesting condition of the wheat seeds in a planting density comparison experiment;
s4: and (3) reserving a row of wheat seeds which are cultured in advance to the same position in four groups of culture boxes in turn at different growth periods of the wheat seeds, driving the fan cover to move for different distances through the electric push rod, starting different numbers of axial flow fans to blow the wheat seeds, and testing and recording the wind and lodging resistance comparison experiment of the wheat seeds under the single variable.
Based on the technical characteristics, the influence of the salt tolerance, the wind lodging resistance and the planting density of the experimental wheat seed plants on the wheat yield is convenient to compare.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
firstly, a driving mechanism is started at regular time through a timing relay, four groups of supporting mechanisms and an incubator are driven to rotate through a connecting belt, and the positions of wheat seed plants at different positions under the same condition are changed at regular time, so that the influence of the condition of uneven illumination distribution in a salt tolerance contrast experiment of wheat on the experiment can be eliminated;
secondly, the transverse spacing of the sleeved holes is gradually decreased from left to right, and the influence of the planting density of the wheat on the growth of a plurality of wheat fruits with the same salinity can be analyzed when the wheat fruits with the same salinity are selected for drying and measurement
And thirdly, only one row of the same wheat seeds are reserved in four groups of culture boxes at a time, the connecting bottom plate and the air boxes are driven by the electric push rods to synchronously move for the same distance, and wind is blown to the wheat seeds by the axial flow fan and the air covers, so that the wind falling resistance of the wheat seeds under the condition that the growth period of the wheat seeds and the variables such as the wind power received by the wheat seeds are sequentially and singly controlled under the condition of the same salinity and the variation degree is changed one by one is facilitated.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a front sectional view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic right sectional view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of the right-view structure of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic top view of the incubator, incubator and bellows of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a support mechanism; 101. a driven pulley; 102. a bearing plate; 2. connecting a belt; 3. a drive mechanism; 301. a drive pulley; 302. a servo motor; 303. connecting the rotating shaft; 4. a drive box; 5. planting a pipe; 6. a penetration hole; 7. sleeving a hole; 8. an incubator; 9. a coasting mechanism; 901. a transverse sliding frame; 902. a slide plate; 10. connecting the bottom plate; 11. an electric push rod; 12. an air suction hole; 13. an axial flow fan; 14. a fan housing; 15. an air box; 16. a scale pointer; 17. a scale bar; 18. a timing relay; 19. a PLC controller.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-4, an embodiment of the present invention is shown: the device comprises a driving box 4, a driving mechanism 3 is fixedly installed at the middle position of the bottom of an inner cavity of the driving box 4, electric push rods 11 are fixedly installed on the left side and the right side of the top of the driving box 4, the model of each electric push rod 11 can be TF12-100, the two groups of electric push rods 11 are arranged between two groups of sliding mechanisms 9, the front output ends of the two groups of electric push rods 11 are fixed with the back side wall of a connecting bottom plate 10, a PLC (programmable logic controller) 19 is fixedly installed at the middle position of the rear side wall of the driving box 4, the model of the PLC 8 can be s7-200PLC, the PLC 19 is electrically connected with the electric push rods 11 and an axial flow fan 13, a scale strip 17 is fixedly installed at the middle position of the right side wall of the driving box 4, the scale strip 17 is arranged on the front side of the PLC 19, a scale pointer 16 matched with the scale strip 17 is fixedly installed at the middle position of the right side wall of the air box 15 The driving mechanism 3 comprises a driving belt pulley 301, a servo motor 302 and a connecting rotating shaft 303, the model of the servo motor 302 can be SV-M020AK, the servo motor 302 is fixedly installed at the middle position of the bottom of the inner cavity of the driving box 4, the top output end of the servo motor 302 is fixedly installed with the connecting rotating shaft 303 through a coupling, the driving belt pulley 301 is sleeved at the outer upper end of the connecting rotating shaft 303, the connecting belt 2 connected with the driven belt pulley 101 is sleeved outside the driving belt pulley 301, the supporting mechanism 1 penetrating through the top of the driving box 4 is uniformly and fixedly installed at the bottom of the inner cavity of the driving box 4, the supporting mechanism 1 comprises the driven belt pulley 101 and a supporting plate 102, the four groups of supporting plates 102 are rotatably connected at the bottom of the inner cavity of the driving box 4 through bearings, the driven belt pulley 101 is sleeved at the outer upper end of each group of the four groups of supporting plates 102, and the four groups of driven belt pulleys 101 are all arranged in the inner cavity of the driving box 4, the top parts of the four groups of supporting mechanisms 1 are fixedly provided with cultivation boxes 8, the top parts of the four groups of cultivation boxes 8 are unevenly provided with sheathing holes 7, the distance between the four groups of sheathing holes 7 is gradually decreased from left to right, the inner cavity of the four groups of sheathing holes 7 is provided with planting pipes 5 which penetrate through the sheathing holes 7 and extend to the inner cavity of the cultivation boxes 8, the left and right side walls of the four groups of planting pipes 5 are evenly provided with penetration holes 6, the bottom part of the inner cavity of the driving box 4 is fixedly provided with a timing relay 18, the model of the timing relay 18 can be HH4-4RN, the timing relay 18 is arranged at the rear sides of the driving mechanism 3 and the supporting mechanisms 1, the left and right sides of the top part of the driving box 4 are fixedly provided with sliding mechanisms 9, each sliding mechanism 9 comprises a transverse sliding frame 901 and a sliding plate 902, the two groups of transverse sliding frames 901 are respectively and fixedly arranged at the left and right sides of the top part of the driving box 4, the two groups of transverse sliding frames 901 are respectively provided with a sliding plate 902 fixed with the bottom part of the connecting bottom plate 10, and two groups of sliding mechanisms 9 are arranged behind the incubator 8, connecting bottom plates 10 are fixedly arranged at the tops of the two groups of sliding mechanisms 9, air boxes 15 are arranged at equal intervals at the tops of the connecting bottom plates 10, air hoods 14 are fixedly arranged at the middle positions of the front side walls of the four groups of air boxes 15, air suction holes 12 penetrating through the back side walls of the air boxes 15 are formed in the back side walls of the four groups of air boxes 15 at equal intervals, axial flow fans 13 are fixedly arranged on the front side and the back side of the bottoms of the inner cavities of the four groups of air boxes 15, and the model number of the axial flow fans 13 can be JY20672HBL 2.
The invention also discloses a method for batch identification of wheat salt tolerance, which comprises the following specific steps:
s1: injecting a proper amount of culture solution into the left incubator 8, injecting proper amounts of culture solution with sequentially increasing salt concentration into the three right incubators 8 from left to right, planting the sterilized wheat seeds in the planting pipe 5, and inserting the wheat seeds back into the incubators 8;
s2: starting a driving mechanism 3 to drive a bearing mechanism 1 and an incubator 8 to synchronously rotate through a connecting belt 2, so that wheat seeds with different salinity can obtain the conditions of illumination and the like under the same conditions and be fully cultured, harvesting the fruits after the wheat seeds are mature, drying and recording the harvesting conditions of the wheat fruits in the comparison experiment under the conditions of different salinity;
s3: selecting fruits of wheat seeds cultured in the planting tubes 5 at different positions in the same salinity culture environment, drying the fruits and recording the fruit harvesting condition of the wheat seeds in a planting density comparison experiment;
s4: and (3) reserving a row of wheat seeds which are cultured in advance to the same position in four groups of culture boxes 8 in sequence at different growth periods of the wheat seeds, driving a fan cover 14 to move for different distances through an electric push rod 11, starting different numbers of axial flow fans 13 to blow the wheat seeds, and testing and recording the wind and lodging resistance comparison experiment of the wheat seeds under the single variable.
The working principle is as follows: when the device and the method for identifying the salt tolerance of the wheat in batches are used, firstly, a proper amount of culture solution is injected into the inner cavity of the left incubator 8 through the sleeving hole 7, the culture solution with the same volume and the salt content sequentially increased is sequentially added into the three groups of incubators 8 on the right side from left to right, wheat seed plants in the same state are planted in the planting pipe 5 and are inserted into the sleeving hole 7, so that the wheat seed plants can draw nutrients from the culture solution through the permeation hole 6 in the growth process, the driving mechanism 3 is started at regular time through the timing relay 18, the connecting rotating shaft 303 is driven to rotate under the driving action of the servo motor 302, the driving belt pulley 301 drives the four groups of driven belt pulleys 101 to synchronously rotate through the connecting belt 2, the four groups of driven belt pulleys 101 respectively drive the four groups of bearing plates 102 and the incubators 8 to rotate, and the positions of the wheat seed plants in different positions under the same condition are changed at regular time, so that the illumination intensity received by the wheat seed plants and other positions of the wheat seed plants and the wheat seed plants in the different positions under the same condition are changed at regular time When the influence of the planting density of the wheat seed plants on the wheat seed plants needs to be tested and identified, because the transverse distances of five groups of sleeved holes 7 in four groups of culture boxes 8 are sequentially decreased from left to right, a plurality of wheat seeds with the same salinity can be selected for drying measurement and the influence of the wheat planting density on the wheat seed plants is analyzed, when the wind fall resistance of the wheat seed plants needs to be tested, only one row of the same wheat seed plants in the four groups of culture boxes 8 are reserved at one time, an electric push rod 11 is started through a PLC (programmable logic controller) 19 to drive a connecting bottom plate 10 to slide in a transverse sliding frame 901 through a sliding plate 902 so as to drive an air box 15 to synchronously move, and the wheat seed plants move for the same distance under the indication coordination of a scale pointer 16 and a scale strip 17, the same number of axial fans 13 are started to blow the generated wind to the wheat seeds through the fan cover 14, the wind falling resistance of the wheat seeds is sequentially and singly controlled under the condition of the same salinity concentration, the growth cycle of the wheat seeds and the wind strength and other variables received by the wheat seeds are changed one by one, the wind strength can also be adjusted by changing the starting number of the axial fans 13 on the premise that the distance between the fan cover 14 and the incubator 8 is the same, so that the wind adjusting amplitude is further increased on the premise that the distance is limited, the accuracy of the wind falling resistance comparison experiment is improved, and the whole working principle is the whole working principle of the invention.
In the description herein, references to the description of "one embodiment," "an example," "a specific example" or the like are intended to mean that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the invention. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above do not necessarily refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples.
The preferred embodiments of the invention disclosed above are intended to be illustrative only. The preferred embodiments are not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise form disclosed. Obviously, many modifications and variations are possible in light of the above teaching. The embodiments were chosen and described in order to best explain the principles of the invention and the practical application, to thereby enable others skilled in the art to best utilize the invention. The invention is limited only by the claims and their full scope and equivalents.

Claims (2)

1. The utility model provides a device of batch appraisal wheat salt tolerance, includes drive case (4), its characterized in that: the middle position of the inner cavity bottom of the driving box (4) is fixedly provided with a driving mechanism (3), the inner cavity bottom of the driving box (4) is uniformly and fixedly provided with a supporting mechanism (1) penetrating through the top of the driving box (4), the four groups of supporting mechanisms (1) are fixedly provided with an incubator (8) at the top, the four groups of incubator (8) are non-uniformly provided with a sleeve establishing hole (7) at the top, the inner cavity of the sleeve establishing hole (7) is provided with a planting pipe (5) penetrating through the sleeve establishing hole (7) and extending to the inner cavity of the incubator (8), the four groups of planting pipes (5) are uniformly provided with a penetration hole (6) at the left side wall and the right side wall, the inner cavity bottom of the driving box (4) is fixedly provided with a timing relay (18), the timing relay (18) is arranged at the rear side of the driving mechanism (3) and the supporting mechanism (1), the sliding mechanism (9) is fixedly arranged at the left side wall and the right side wall of the top of the driving box (4), and two sets of sliding mechanisms (9) are all arranged at the rear of the incubator (8), the top of the two sets of sliding mechanisms (9) is fixedly provided with a connecting bottom plate (10), the top of the connecting bottom plate (10) is equidistantly provided with air boxes (15), the middle positions of the front side walls of the four sets of air boxes (15) are fixedly provided with air covers (14), the back side walls of the four sets of air boxes (15) are equidistantly provided with air suction holes (12) penetrating through the back side walls of the air boxes (15), the front side and the back side of the inner cavity bottom of the four sets of air boxes (15) are fixedly provided with axial fans (13), the left side and the right side of the top of the driving box (4) are fixedly provided with electric push rods (11), the two sets of electric push rods (11) are all arranged between the two sets of sliding mechanisms (9), and the front output ends of the two sets of electric push rods (11) are fixed with the back side walls of the connecting bottom plate (10), a PLC (programmable logic controller) (19) is fixedly installed at the middle position of the rear side wall of the driving box (4), the PLC (19), the electric push rod (11) and the axial flow fan (13) are electrically connected, a scale strip (17) is fixedly installed at the middle position of the right side wall of the driving box (4), the scale strip (17) is arranged at the front side of the PLC (19), a scale pointer (16) matched with the scale strip (17) is fixedly installed at the middle position of the right side wall of the air box (15), the sliding mechanism (9) comprises transverse sliding frames (901) and sliding plates (902), the two groups of transverse sliding frames (901) are respectively and fixedly installed at the left side and the right side of the top of the driving box (4), the sliding plates (902) fixed with the bottom of the connecting bottom plate (10) are arranged inside the two groups of transverse sliding frames (901), the bearing mechanism (1) comprises driven belt pulleys (101) and bearing plates (102), the four groups of bearing plates (102) are rotatably connected to the bottom of the inner cavity of the driving box (4) through bearings, the upper ends of the outer parts of the four groups of bearing plates (102) are sleeved with the driven belt pulleys (101), and four groups of driven pulleys (101) are all arranged in the inner cavity of the driving box (4), the driving mechanism (3) comprises a driving pulley (301), a servo motor (302) and a connecting rotating shaft (303), the servo motor (302) is fixedly arranged at the middle position of the bottom of the inner cavity of the driving box (4), the top output end of the servo motor (302) is fixedly provided with a connecting rotating shaft (303) through a coupler, the upper end of the outer part of the connecting rotating shaft (303) is sleeved with a driving belt pulley (301), and a connecting belt (2) connected with the driven pulley (101) is sleeved outside the driving pulley (301).
2. A method for batch salt tolerance identification of wheat using the apparatus for batch salt tolerance identification of wheat of claim 1, wherein: the specific process is as follows:
s1: injecting a proper amount of culture solution into the left incubator (8), injecting proper amounts of culture solution with sequentially increasing salt concentration into the three right incubators (8) from left to right, planting the sterilized wheat seeds in the planting pipe (5), and inserting the wheat seeds back into the incubators (8);
s2: starting a driving mechanism (3) to drive a bearing mechanism (1) and an incubator (8) to synchronously rotate through a connecting belt (2), so that wheat seeds with different salinity can obtain the same illumination condition and be fully cultured, harvesting fruits after the wheat seeds are mature, drying and recording the harvesting conditions of the wheat fruits in a comparison experiment under different salinity conditions;
s3: selecting fruits of wheat seed plants cultured in the planting tubes (5) at different positions in the same salinity culture environment, drying the fruits and recording the fruit harvesting condition of the wheat seed plants in a planting density comparison experiment;
s4: a row of wheat seed plants which are pre-cultured in four groups of culture boxes (8) are reserved at the same position in sequence at different growth periods of the wheat seed plants, an electric push rod (11) drives a fan cover (14) to move for different distances, axial flow fans (13) with different numbers are started to blow the wheat seed plants in each group, and the wind-lodging-resistant capability comparison experiment of the wheat seed plants under the single variable is tested and recorded.
CN202010372946.6A 2020-05-06 2020-05-06 Device and method for batch identification of wheat salt tolerance Active CN111735908B (en)

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