CN111701978A - Construction waste recycling device - Google Patents

Construction waste recycling device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN111701978A
CN111701978A CN202010509869.4A CN202010509869A CN111701978A CN 111701978 A CN111701978 A CN 111701978A CN 202010509869 A CN202010509869 A CN 202010509869A CN 111701978 A CN111701978 A CN 111701978A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
chamber
plate
grinding
screening
hammering
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010509869.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高琦彬
Original Assignee
高琦彬
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 高琦彬 filed Critical 高琦彬
Priority to CN202010509869.4A priority Critical patent/CN111701978A/en
Publication of CN111701978A publication Critical patent/CN111701978A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F27/00Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders
    • B01F27/80Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a substantially vertical axis
    • B01F27/90Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a substantially vertical axis with paddles or arms 
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C1/00Crushing or disintegrating by reciprocating members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C19/00Other disintegrating devices or methods
    • B02C19/0056Other disintegrating devices or methods specially adapted for specific materials not otherwise provided for
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C1/00Magnetic separation
    • B03C1/02Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated
    • B03C1/10Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated with cylindrical material carriers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/28Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/42Drive mechanisms, regulating or controlling devices, or balancing devices, specially adapted for screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/46Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B5/00Operations not covered by a single other subclass or by a single other group in this subclass
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B15/00General arrangement or layout of plant Industrial outlines, plant installations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B17/00Details of, or accessories for, apparatus for shaping the material; Auxiliary measures taken in connection with such shaping
    • B28B17/02Conditioning the material prior to shaping
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G69/00Auxiliary measures taken, or devices used, in connection with loading or unloading
    • B65G69/12Sieving bulk materials during loading or unloading
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G69/00Auxiliary measures taken, or devices used, in connection with loading or unloading
    • B65G69/14Pulverising loaded or unloaded materials
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/58Construction or demolition [C&D] waste

Abstract

The invention relates to a construction waste recycling device which comprises a hammering chamber, a magnetic separation screening chamber, a crushing cavity, a grinding chamber, a blending chamber and a brick distributing component. Through specific setting of each part, the construction waste is subjected to hammering, magnetic separation screening, crushing, grinding, material mixing, material distribution and brick forming and other steps, and finally a concrete brick and a sand substitute product are obtained. So that the treatment and recovery of the construction waste realize integrated high-efficiency operation.

Description

Construction waste recycling device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the fields related to garbage treatment and construction, in particular to a construction garbage recycling device.
Background
At present, the construction waste is mainly transferred to a stacking place to be stacked, a large amount of land resources are wasted, and the stacking cost is greatly increased along with the reduction of the land resources, so that how to utilize the construction waste in a recycling manner becomes a research focus of practitioners. The device for sorting the construction waste after being crushed exists in the prior art, but the device only crushes the construction waste, then recycles recyclable metal materials in a magnetic separation mode or a manual sorting mode, and the crushed slag and soil are used for paving and other applications, but the application of the device is limited to a certain extent due to the fact that the crushing granularity is not uniform. At present, the technology of preparing the sand substitute by the clay and the stone particles is available, if the construction waste can be used as a raw material source of the sand substitute, not only the hardness can meet the requirement, but also the purchase cost of the stone particles can be greatly reduced. If the crushed construction waste is used as a raw material of bricks, the brick is compared with bricks using clay as a raw material. The strength and the hardness of the composite material are greatly improved.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the technical problem, the invention provides a construction waste recycling device.
The method is realized by the following technical means:
the utility model provides a construction waste recovery processing device, includes hammering room, magnetic separation screening room, broken chamber, grinds room, mixing room and divides the material into brick part.
The hammering chamber comprises a garbage inlet, a hammering chamber shell, a hammering spindle, an arc-shaped groove, a receiving cross rod, a receiving bearing, a telescopic rod, a rotating hook and a hammering chamber outlet; the rubbish entry sets up the topmost of a lateral wall at the outdoor shell of hammering, the hammering spindle is horizontal inside the outdoor shell of hammering, and the bottom surface roughening treatment at the hammering spindle forms the hammering face, is provided with two or more arc recesses at the top of hammering spindle, and horizontal accepting the horizontal pole in every arc recess, accepts the horizontal pole outside every and all overlaps to be equipped with and accepts the bearing, be provided with two or more telescopic links with arc recess relative position on the interior roof of the outdoor shell of hammering, the telescopic link top is provided with the interior roof rigid coupling of the outdoor shell of hammering, and the bottom is provided with rotate the couple, rotate the couple and can realize and accept the bearing and articulate and release through rotating, the export of hammering room sets up on the diapire of the outdoor shell of hammering.
Magnetic separation screening room includes that magnetic separation screening room entry, magnetic separation screening outdoor shell, reciprocating sieve divide board, screening hole, screening board bin outlet, spring support board, spring, shock dynamo, magnetic separation change roller, iron charge discharge baffle, iron charge shovel board, iron charge discharge port, iron charge temporary storage case, bold material discharge port and small powder discharge port. The magnetic separation screening chamber inlet is arranged on the top wall of the magnetic separation screening chamber shell and is communicated with the hammering chamber outlet, the vibration screening plate is obliquely arranged in the magnetic separation screening chamber shell, and the higher end of the vibration screening plate is the end closer to the magnetic separation screening chamber inlet; the vibrating screening plate consists of screening parts provided with screening holes and a discharging part provided with a screening plate discharging port, spring supporting plates are arranged on the inner side walls of the magnetic separation screening chamber shells at the upper part and the lower part of the two ends of the vibrating screening plate, a spring is arranged between each spring supporting plate and the vibrating screening plate, and the vibrating motor is used for providing vibrating power for the vibrating screening plate; the lower part of the joint of the lower end of the vibrating screening plate and the side wall of the shell of the magnetic separation screening chamber is provided with a large material discharge port, and the lower part of the joint of the screening part and the discharge part of the vibrating screening plate is provided with a guide plate which is connected with the bottom end of the large material discharge port; the magnetic separation rotating roller is transversely arranged above the vibration screening plate, an electromagnet is arranged in the magnetic separation rotating roller, the magnetic separation rotating roller can rotate, the iron material discharge guide plate is arranged at the top end of one spring supporting plate, one end of the iron material shovel plate is contacted with the magnetic separation rotating roller, the other end of the iron material shovel plate is connected with the iron material discharge guide plate, the iron material discharge outlet is formed in the joint of the iron material discharge guide plate and the side wall of the shell of the magnetic separation screening chamber, and the iron material temporary storage box is communicated with the magnetic separation screening chamber through the iron material discharge outlet and is used for receiving iron materials which are shoveled down by the iron material shovel plate from the magnetic separation rotating roller; the bottom wall of the magnetic separation screening chamber shell is provided with the small material discharge port.
The crushing cavity comprises a crushing shaft, an inner crushing tooth, an outer crushing tooth, a crushing motor, a crushing cavity feeding port and a crushing cavity discharging port; broken chamber pan feeding mouth set up on the top of broken chamber a lateral wall and with bold material discharge port intercommunication, the vertical setting of broken axle is at broken intracavity portion central authorities, the equipartition multirow on broken axle interior broken tooth is provided with the outer broken tooth of multirow on the inner wall in the broken chamber with interior broken tooth looks interval position, broken motor setting is connected and is driven the rotation of broken axle at broken chamber outside and through shaft coupling and broken axle, has seted up broken chamber discharge gate on the diapire in broken chamber.
The grinding chamber comprises a grinding chamber shell, a grinding cone, a grinding motor, a grinding wall, a second inlet of the grinding chamber, a first inlet of the grinding chamber and a discharge hole of the grinding chamber; the grinding cone is vertically arranged in the grinding chamber shell, the upper part of the grinding cone is of a cone structure, the lower part of the grinding cone is of a cylinder structure, the grinding motor is arranged on the outer bottom wall of the grinding chamber shell and is connected with the grinding cone through a coupler and drives the grinding cone to rotate, the grinding wall extends downwards and inwards in an arc shape from the connection part of the top wall and the side wall of the grinding chamber shell, the distance between the grinding wall and the grinding cone is gradually reduced, the grinding chamber discharge port is formed in the gap part of the bottom wall of the grinding chamber shell through the grinding wall and the grinding cone, the first inlet of the grinding chamber and the second inlet of the grinding chamber are both arranged on the top wall of the grinding chamber shell and are respectively communicated with the crushing chamber discharge port and the small material discharge port.
The mixing chamber comprises a mixing chamber shell, a mixing chamber feeding port, a mixing shaft, mixing blades, a mixing motor, a concrete auxiliary material adding box and a concrete discharging port; mixing chamber pan feeding mouth set up on the roof of mixing chamber shell and with the grinding chamber discharge gate is linked together, vertical being provided with in the mixing chamber shell the (mixing) shaft has the multirow at the (mixing) epaxial equipartition stirring vane, agitator motor sets up on the outer roof of mixing chamber shell to be connected and drive the rotation of (mixing) shaft through shaft coupling and agitator shaft, be provided with on the roof of mixing chamber the concrete accessory adds the box, the concrete accessory adds the box and is used for adding the concrete accessory to the mixing chamber, has seted up the concrete discharge gate on the diapire of mixing chamber.
The material distributing and brick forming component comprises a material distributing chamber and a brick forming chamber, wherein the material distributing chamber comprises a material distributing chamber inlet, a material distributing plate, a material distributing through hole, a grinding roller, a slide bar, a material distributing chamber discharge port, a cutting shaft, a cutting plate and a cutting motor; the inlet of the material distributing chamber is arranged on the top wall of the material distributing chamber and is communicated with the concrete discharge hole, the material distributing plate is transversely arranged in the material distributing chamber, a plurality of rows of material distributing through holes which are communicated up and down are arranged on the material distributing plate, the slide bars are transversely arranged above the material distributing plate, the rolling roller is connected with the slide rod at the top part in a sliding way through a bracket, the bottom end of the rolling roller is contacted with the top end of the material distributing plate, the upper part of the joint of the material distributing plate and the side wall of the material distributing chamber is provided with a material outlet of the material distributing chamber, the cutting shaft is vertically arranged below the material distributing plate, the top end of the cutting shaft is provided with a plurality of cutting plates which can cut the materials below the material distribution plate and passing through the material distribution through holes under the driving of the cutting shaft, the cutting motor is arranged on the outer bottom wall of the distributing chamber, is connected with the cutting shaft through a coupler and drives the cutting shaft to rotate.
The brick forming chamber comprises a brick forming chamber feeding port, an extrusion plate, an extrusion rod and a brick forming die; become brick room pan feeding mouth set up on the lateral wall of brick room and with divide the material room bin outlet intercommunication, the stripper plate is horizontal in becoming the brick room, the stripper bar bottom is connected with the top of stripper plate, and the top of stripper bar is connected with the indoor roof of brick room of becoming, and the concertina movement through the stripper bar realizes reciprocating of stripper plate, become on the brick mould sets up the interior diapire of brick room, will enter into the material extrusion of brick room and become in the brick mould through the stripper plate.
Preferably, the rotating hook is contacted with the bearing dropped on the hammering spindle at the bottom through the extension of the telescopic rod, the bearing is hung by the rotating hook through rotating the rotating hook, then the hammering spindle is lifted through the telescopic rod, after the top end of the rotating hook is lifted, the rotating hook is tripped from the bearing through rotating the rotating hook in the opposite direction, the hammering spindle drops on garbage in a hammering chamber according to gravity to hammer the garbage, and the steps are carried out periodically.
Preferably, the length ratio of the screening part to the discharge part is 3-5: 1.
Preferably, the height of one end of the iron material shovel plate, which is in contact with the magnetic separation roller, is higher than the height of the joint of the iron material shovel plate and the iron material discharge guide plate.
Preferably, the vibration motor is connected with the rotating shafts arranged at the two ends of the vibration screening plate and drives the rotating shafts to rotate, half wheels are arranged at the two ends of the rotating shafts, and the vibration of the vibration screening plate up and down is realized through the centrifugal force provided when the half wheels rotate.
Preferably, 2-8 inner crushing teeth are arranged in each row, 2-8 outer crushing teeth are arranged in each row, and the outer wall of the grinding cone and the inner wall of the grinding wall are both made of roughened hard alloy (the thickness of a grinding layer is 3-8 mm).
Preferably, the rolling roller can roll and move on the top end of the material distributing plate under the sliding of the sliding rod.
Preferably, a sand substituting outlet is also formed in the bottom wall of the material distribution chamber.
Preferably, the number of the cutting plates is 2, and each cutting plate is of a fan-shaped structure.
Preferably, the brickmaking mould is a plurality of square grids or a plurality of long square grids.
Through the implementation of the technical scheme, the invention can obtain the following technical effects:
the hammering spindle is arranged, so that the construction waste entering the hammering chamber is crushed through hammering, and the construction waste is mainly adhered to the reinforcing steel bars, so that the reinforcing steel bars are separated from the earth-rock concrete through multiple hammering; through setting up the separation is inhaled with ferromagnetic metal magnetism such as reinforcing bar, angle steel that the roller will mostly separate with soil stone concrete to the pivoted magnetic separation, the magnetic separation is changeed the roller and is passed through the cooperation with the reciprocating sieve board of vibration slope, not only with ferromagnetic metal separation, also realizes the separation with the powder that bold soil stone and hammering obtained simultaneously to make follow-up different processing of carrying on, improved treatment effeciency and treatment effect greatly.
There is the particularity of building rubbish, through setting up the grinding chamber of particular structure for the space of process of grinding for dwindling gradually carries out the primary grinding with the material in upper portion, only grind the size to can continue to grind and discharge through the export after the size that is less than or equal to cylinder section and grinds the size in clearance between the wall in upper portion grinding, otherwise grind gradually on upper portion always, thereby realized the stability of abrasive size.
Mixing the ground earth and stone material powder with a concrete mixed material by arranging a mixing chamber; through the branch flitch that sets up specific structure, the cooperation rolls the roller, realizes the extrusion of specific dimensions with some materials through dividing the material through-hole, and the cooperation cutting board is with the concrete periodic cutting of extruding down to form the sand generation of even size in branch flitch lower part, and the concrete on branch flitch upper portion moves to the brick-forming mould in the brick-forming room through rolling the roller right, extrudees it into concrete brick and treats follow-up processing through the stripper plate. Thereby realizing the effects of recycling steel and iron materials from construction wastes and producing sand and concrete bricks.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the construction waste recycling device of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a sectional view taken along a-a in fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a hammering ingot in a top view.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a cutting board in a top view.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a side view of a half wheel.
Wherein: 101-garbage inlet, 102-hammering ingot, 103-hammering face, 104-arc groove, 105-bearing, 106-telescopic rod, 107-rotating hook, 108-hammering chamber outlet, 201-magnetic separation screening chamber inlet, 202-vibration screening plate, 203-screening hole, 204-screening plate discharge port, 205-spring support plate, 206-spring, 207-vibration motor, 208-magnetic separation roller, 209-iron material discharge guide plate, 210-iron material shovel plate, 211-iron material temporary storage box, 212-large material discharge port, 213-small material discharge port, 301-crushing shaft, 302-internal crushing tooth, 303-external crushing tooth, 304-crushing motor, 305-crushing cavity inlet, 306-crushing cavity outlet, 401-grinding cone, 402-grinding motor, 403-grinding wall, 404-grinding chamber second inlet, 405-grinding chamber first inlet, 406-grinding chamber discharge outlet, 501-mixing chamber feed inlet, 502-stirring shaft, 503-stirring blade, 504-stirring motor, 505-concrete auxiliary material adding box, 506-concrete discharge outlet, 601-material distribution chamber inlet, 602-material distribution plate, 603-material distribution through hole, 604-rolling roller, 605-sliding rod, 606-material distribution chamber discharge outlet, 607-cutting shaft, 608-cutting plate, 609-cutting motor, 610-brick forming chamber feed inlet, 611-extrusion plate, 612-extrusion rod, 613-brick forming die.
Detailed Description
Further description is made with reference to the accompanying drawings: fig. 1-5 are the construction waste recycling device of this embodiment, including hammering room, magnetic separation screening room, broken chamber, grinding chamber, mixing chamber and the branch divides into brick part.
As shown in fig. 1 and 3, the hammering chamber comprises a garbage inlet 101, a hammering chamber shell, a hammering spindle 102, an arc-shaped groove 104, a receiving cross rod, a receiving bearing 105, a telescopic rod 106, a rotating hook 107 and a hammering chamber outlet 108; rubbish entry sets up the topmost of a lateral wall at the outdoor shell of hammering, the hammering spindle is horizontal inside the outdoor shell of hammering, and the bottom surface roughening treatment at the hammering spindle forms hammering face 103, is provided with two arc recesses at the top of hammering spindle, as shown in fig. 3, horizontal in every arc recess has accepts the horizontal pole (left side dotted line portion in fig. 3), accepts the horizontal pole outside every and all overlaps and is equipped with and accepts the bearing, be provided with two telescopic links with arc recess relative position on the interior roof of the outdoor shell of hammering, the telescopic link top is provided with the interior roof rigid coupling of the outdoor shell of hammering, the bottom is provided with rotate the couple, rotate the couple and can realize and accept the bearing and articulate and release through rotating, the export of hammering room sets up on the diapire of the outdoor shell of hammering.
When the garbage bin is used, the rotating hook is contacted with a bearing on a hammering spindle falling at the bottom through the extension of the telescopic rod, the rotating hook is rotated to enable the rotating hook to hang the bearing, then the hammering spindle is lifted through the telescopic rod, after the topmost end of the rotating hook is lifted, the rotating hook rotates in the opposite direction to trip the rotating hook and the bearing, the hammering spindle falls on garbage in a hammering chamber according to gravity to hammer the garbage, and the steps are carried out periodically.
As shown in fig. 1, 2 and 5, the magnetic separation screening chamber comprises a magnetic separation screening chamber inlet 201, a magnetic separation screening chamber shell, a vibration screening plate 202, a screening hole 203, a screening plate discharge port 204, a spring support plate 205, a spring 206, a vibration motor 207, a magnetic separation roller 208, an iron material discharge guide plate 209, an iron material shoveling plate 210, an iron material discharge port, an iron material temporary storage box 211, a large block material discharge port 212 and a small material discharge port 213. The magnetic separation screening chamber inlet is arranged on the top wall of the magnetic separation screening chamber shell and is communicated with the hammering chamber outlet, the vibration screening plate is obliquely arranged in the magnetic separation screening chamber shell, and the higher end of the vibration screening plate is the end closer to the magnetic separation screening chamber inlet (namely, the left end is higher and the right end is lower in the figure 1); as shown in fig. 2, the vibrating screening plate is composed of a screening part provided with screening holes and a discharging part provided with a screening plate discharging port, the spring support plates are arranged on the inner side walls of the magnetic separation screening chamber shells at the upper part and the lower part of the two ends of the vibrating screening plate, the spring is arranged between each spring support plate and the vibrating screening plate, and the vibrating motor is used for providing vibrating power for the vibrating screening plate; the vibration mode of the embodiment is as follows: the vibrating motor is connected with the rotating shafts arranged at the two ends of the vibrating screening plate, drives the rotating shafts, is provided with half wheels at the two ends of the rotating shafts (as shown in figure 5, the vibrating motor is connected with the shafts of the two half wheels through driving to rotate), and realizes the up-and-down vibration of the vibrating screening plate through the centrifugal force provided when the half wheels rotate.
As shown in fig. 1, a large material discharge port is arranged below the joint of the lower end of the vibrating screening plate and the side wall of the magnetic separation screening chamber shell, and a guide plate is arranged below the joint of the screening part and the discharge part of the vibrating screening plate and connected with the bottom end of the large material discharge port; the magnetic separation rotating roller is transversely arranged above the vibration screening plate, an electromagnet is arranged in the magnetic separation rotating roller, the magnetic separation rotating roller can rotate, the iron material discharge guide plate is arranged at the top end of one spring supporting plate, one end of the iron material shovel plate is contacted with the magnetic separation rotating roller, the other end of the iron material shovel plate is connected with the iron material discharge guide plate, the iron material discharge outlet is formed in the joint of the iron material discharge guide plate and the side wall of the shell of the magnetic separation screening chamber, and the iron material temporary storage box is communicated with the magnetic separation screening chamber through the iron material discharge outlet and is used for receiving iron materials which are shoveled down by the iron material shovel plate from the magnetic separation rotating roller; the bottom wall of the magnetic separation screening chamber shell is provided with the small material discharge port. The length ratio of the screening section to the discharge section in this example was 3.5: 1. The height of one end of the iron material shovel plate, which is contacted with the magnetic separation roller, is higher than the height of the connection part of the iron material shovel plate and the iron material discharge guide plate (namely, the iron material shovel plate is higher at the left and lower at the right) as shown in figure 1.
As shown in fig. 1, the crushing cavity comprises a crushing shaft 301, an inner crushing tooth 302, an outer crushing tooth 303, a crushing motor 304, a crushing cavity inlet 305 and a crushing cavity outlet 306; broken chamber pan feeding mouth set up on the top of broken chamber left side wall and with bold material discharge port intercommunication, the vertical setting of broken axle is at broken intracavity portion central authorities, and 3 rows of equipartition are epaxial in the breakage interior broken tooth (every row 3), be provided with 3 rows outer broken teeth (every row 3) on the inner wall with the broken chamber of interior broken tooth looks interval position, broken motor setting is connected and drives the rotation of broken axle at broken chamber outside and through shaft coupling and broken axle, has seted up broken chamber discharge gate on the diapire in broken chamber.
As shown in fig. 1, the milling chamber comprises a milling chamber housing, a milling cone 401, a milling motor 402, a milling wall 403, a milling chamber second inlet 404, a milling chamber first inlet 405, and a milling chamber outlet 406; the grinding cone is vertically arranged in the grinding chamber shell, the upper part of the grinding cone is of a cone structure, the lower part of the grinding cone is of a cylinder structure, the grinding motor is arranged on the outer bottom wall of the grinding chamber shell and is connected with the grinding cone through a coupler and drives the grinding cone to rotate, the grinding wall extends downwards and inwards in an arc shape from the joint of the top wall and the side wall of the grinding chamber shell as shown in figure 1, the distance between the grinding wall and the grinding cone is gradually reduced, the grinding chamber discharge port is formed in the gap between the grinding wall and the grinding cone on the bottom wall of the grinding chamber shell, and the first inlet of the grinding chamber and the second inlet of the grinding chamber are both arranged on the top wall of the grinding chamber shell and are respectively communicated with the crushing chamber discharge port and the small material discharge port. The outer wall of the grinding cone and the inner wall of the grinding wall are both made of roughened hard alloy, and the thickness of the grinding layer in the embodiment is 6 mm.
As shown in fig. 1, the blending chamber comprises a blending chamber shell, a blending chamber inlet 501, a stirring shaft 502, stirring blades 503, a stirring motor 504, a concrete accessory adding box 505 and a concrete outlet 506; mixing chamber pan feeding mouth set up on the roof of mixing chamber shell and with the grinding chamber discharge gate is linked together, vertical being provided with in the mixing chamber shell the (mixing) shaft has 3 rows at the equipartition on the (mixing) shaft stirring vane (every row 3), agitator motor sets up on the outer roof of mixing chamber shell to be connected and drive the rotation of (mixing) shaft through shaft coupling and agitator shaft, be provided with on the roof of mixing chamber the concrete accessory adds the box, the concrete accessory adds the box and is used for adding the concrete accessory to the mixing chamber, has seted up the concrete discharge gate on the diapire of mixing chamber.
As shown in fig. 1 and 4, the material distributing and brick forming part comprises a material distributing chamber and a brick forming chamber, wherein the material distributing chamber comprises a material distributing chamber inlet 601, a material distributing plate 602, a material distributing through hole 603, a rolling roller 604, a sliding rod 605, a material distributing chamber discharge port 606, a cutting shaft 607, a cutting plate 608 and a cutting motor 609; divide the material room entry set up on the roof of material room and with the concrete discharge gate intercommunication, divide the flitch to violently put in dividing the material room, be provided with multirow on dividing the flitch and link up from top to bottom divide the material through-hole, the slide bar is violently put in dividing the flitch top, the slide bar sliding connection at support and top is passed through to the roller that rolls, the bottom of roller that rolls contacts with the top of dividing the flitch divide the flitch to meet the top of department with the lateral wall of dividing the material room and seted up divide the material room bin outlet, the vertical setting of cutting axle is in the below of dividing the flitch, is provided with 2 on the top of cutting axle as shown in figure 4 the cutting board, and every cutting board is fan-shaped structure. The cutting board can cut the flitch below and the material through dividing the material through-hole under the drive of cutting axle, the cutting motor sets up on the outer diapire of branch material room, and the cutting motor passes through the shaft coupling and is connected and drive the rotation of cutting axle with the cutting axle. The rolling roller can roll and move at the top end of the material distributing plate under the sliding of the sliding rod.
As shown in fig. 1, the brick forming chamber comprises a brick forming chamber feeding port 610, a pressing plate 611, a pressing rod 612 and a brick forming mold 613; become brick room pan feeding mouth set up on the lateral wall of brick room and with divide the material room bin outlet intercommunication, the stripper plate is horizontal in becoming the brick room, the stripper bar bottom is connected with the top of stripper plate, and the top of stripper bar is connected with the indoor roof of brick room of becoming, and the concertina movement through the stripper bar realizes reciprocating of stripper plate, become on the brick mould sets up the interior diapire of brick room, will enter into the material extrusion of brick room and become in the brick mould through the stripper plate. The bricking mold shown in fig. 1 is a plurality of rectangular grids.

Claims (10)

1. A construction waste recycling device is characterized by comprising a hammering chamber, a magnetic separation screening chamber, a crushing cavity, a grinding chamber, a mixing chamber and a brick distributing component;
the hammering chamber comprises a garbage inlet, a hammering chamber shell, a hammering spindle, an arc-shaped groove, a receiving cross rod, a receiving bearing, a telescopic rod, a rotating hook and a hammering chamber outlet; the garbage inlet is arranged at the topmost end of one side wall of the hammering chamber shell, the hammering spindle is transversely arranged in the hammering chamber shell, the bottom surface of the hammering spindle is roughened to form a hammering surface, two or more arc-shaped grooves are formed in the top of the hammering spindle, a bearing cross rod is transversely arranged in each arc-shaped groove, a bearing is sleeved outside each bearing cross rod, two or more telescopic rods which are opposite to the arc-shaped grooves are arranged on the inner top wall of the hammering chamber shell, the tops of the telescopic rods are fixedly connected with the inner top wall of the hammering chamber shell, the bottoms of the telescopic rods are provided with the rotating hook, the rotating hook can be hooked and released with the bearing through rotation, and the outlet of the hammering chamber is arranged on the bottom wall of the hammering chamber shell;
the magnetic separation screening chamber comprises a magnetic separation screening chamber inlet, a magnetic separation screening chamber shell, a vibrating screening plate, screening holes, a screening plate discharge port, a spring supporting plate, a spring, a vibrating motor, a magnetic separation roller, an iron material discharge guide plate, an iron material shovel plate, an iron material discharge port, an iron material temporary storage box, a large material discharge port and a small material discharge port; the magnetic separation screening chamber inlet is arranged on the top wall of the magnetic separation screening chamber shell and is communicated with the hammering chamber outlet, the vibration screening plate is obliquely arranged in the magnetic separation screening chamber shell, and the higher end of the vibration screening plate is the end closer to the magnetic separation screening chamber inlet; the vibrating screening plate consists of screening parts provided with screening holes and a discharging part provided with a screening plate discharging port, spring supporting plates are arranged on the inner side walls of the magnetic separation screening chamber shells at the upper part and the lower part of the two ends of the vibrating screening plate, a spring is arranged between each spring supporting plate and the vibrating screening plate, and the vibrating motor is used for providing vibrating power for the vibrating screening plate; the lower part of the joint of the lower end of the vibrating screening plate and the side wall of the shell of the magnetic separation screening chamber is provided with a large material discharge port, and the lower part of the joint of the screening part and the discharge part of the vibrating screening plate is provided with a guide plate which is connected with the bottom end of the large material discharge port; the magnetic separation rotating roller is transversely arranged above the vibration screening plate, an electromagnet is arranged in the magnetic separation rotating roller, the magnetic separation rotating roller can rotate, the iron material discharge guide plate is arranged at the top end of one spring supporting plate, one end of the iron material shovel plate is contacted with the magnetic separation rotating roller, the other end of the iron material shovel plate is connected with the iron material discharge guide plate, the iron material discharge outlet is formed in the joint of the iron material discharge guide plate and the side wall of the shell of the magnetic separation screening chamber, and the iron material temporary storage box is communicated with the magnetic separation screening chamber through the iron material discharge outlet and is used for receiving iron materials which are shoveled down by the iron material shovel plate from the magnetic separation rotating roller; the bottom wall of the magnetic separation screening chamber shell is provided with the small material discharge port;
the crushing cavity comprises a crushing shaft, an inner crushing tooth, an outer crushing tooth, a crushing motor, a crushing cavity feeding port and a crushing cavity discharging port; the crushing cavity is characterized in that a crushing cavity feeding port is formed in the top end of one side wall of the crushing cavity and is communicated with the bulk material discharging port, a crushing shaft is vertically arranged in the center of the inside of the crushing cavity, multiple rows of inner crushing teeth are uniformly distributed on the crushing shaft, multiple rows of outer crushing teeth are arranged on the inner wall of the crushing cavity at the position spaced from the inner crushing teeth, a crushing motor is arranged outside the crushing cavity and is connected with the crushing shaft through a coupler and drives the crushing shaft to rotate, and a crushing cavity discharging port is formed in the bottom wall of the crushing cavity;
the grinding chamber comprises a grinding chamber shell, a grinding cone, a grinding motor, a grinding wall, a second inlet of the grinding chamber, a first inlet of the grinding chamber and a discharge hole of the grinding chamber; the grinding cone is vertically arranged in the grinding chamber shell, the upper part of the grinding cone is of a cone structure, the lower part of the grinding cone is of a cylinder structure, the grinding motor is arranged on the outer bottom wall of the grinding chamber shell and is connected with the grinding cone through a coupler and drives the grinding cone to rotate, the grinding wall extends downwards and inwards in an arc shape from the joint of the top wall and the side wall of the grinding chamber shell, the distance between the grinding wall and the grinding cone is gradually reduced, the grinding chamber discharge port is formed in the gap between the grinding wall and the grinding cone on the bottom wall of the grinding chamber shell, and the first inlet and the second inlet of the grinding chamber are both arranged on the top wall of the grinding chamber shell and are respectively communicated with the crushing chamber discharge port and the small material discharge port;
the mixing chamber comprises a mixing chamber shell, a mixing chamber feeding port, a mixing shaft, mixing blades, a mixing motor, a concrete auxiliary material adding box and a concrete discharging port; the mixing chamber feeding port is formed in the top wall of the mixing chamber shell and communicated with the grinding chamber discharging port, the stirring shaft is vertically arranged in the mixing chamber shell, multiple rows of stirring blades are uniformly distributed on the stirring shaft, the stirring motor is arranged on the outer top wall of the mixing chamber shell and connected with the stirring shaft through a coupler and drives the stirring shaft to rotate, the concrete auxiliary material adding box is arranged on the top wall of the mixing chamber and used for adding concrete auxiliary materials into the mixing chamber, and a concrete discharging port is formed in the bottom wall of the mixing chamber;
the material distributing and brick forming component comprises a material distributing chamber and a brick forming chamber, wherein the material distributing chamber comprises a material distributing chamber inlet, a material distributing plate, a material distributing through hole, a grinding roller, a slide bar, a material distributing chamber discharge port, a cutting shaft, a cutting plate and a cutting motor; the inlet of the material distributing chamber is arranged on the top wall of the material distributing chamber and is communicated with the concrete discharge hole, the material distributing plate is transversely arranged in the material distributing chamber, a plurality of rows of material distributing through holes which are communicated up and down are arranged on the material distributing plate, the slide bars are transversely arranged above the material distributing plate, the rolling roller is connected with the slide rod at the top part in a sliding way through a bracket, the bottom end of the rolling roller is contacted with the top end of the material distributing plate, the upper part of the joint of the material distributing plate and the side wall of the material distributing chamber is provided with a material outlet of the material distributing chamber, the cutting shaft is vertically arranged below the material distributing plate, the top end of the cutting shaft is provided with a plurality of cutting plates which can cut the materials below the material distribution plate and passing through the material distribution through holes under the driving of the cutting shaft, the cutting motor is arranged on the outer bottom wall of the distributing chamber, is connected with the cutting shaft through a coupler and drives the cutting shaft to rotate;
the brick forming chamber comprises a brick forming chamber feeding port, an extrusion plate, an extrusion rod and a brick forming die; become brick room pan feeding mouth set up on the lateral wall of brick room and with divide the material room bin outlet intercommunication, the stripper plate is horizontal in becoming the brick room, the stripper bar bottom is connected with the top of stripper plate, and the top of stripper bar is connected with the indoor roof of brick room of becoming, and the concertina movement through the stripper bar realizes reciprocating of stripper plate, become on the brick mould sets up the interior diapire of brick room, will enter into the material extrusion of brick room and become in the brick mould through the stripper plate.
2. The construction waste recycling device according to claim 1, wherein the rotating hook is contacted with the receiving bearing dropped on the hammering spindle at the bottom by extending the telescopic rod, the rotating hook is rotated to hang the receiving bearing, then the hammering spindle is hoisted by the telescopic rod, after the top end of the hammering spindle is hoisted, the rotating hook is rotated in the opposite direction to release the rotating hook from the receiving bearing, the hammering spindle drops on the waste in the hammering chamber according to gravity to hammer the waste, and the steps are performed periodically.
3. The construction waste recycling device of claim 1, wherein the length ratio of the screening section to the discharging section is 3-5: 1.
4. The construction waste recycling device according to claim 1, wherein the iron material shovel plate is higher than the iron material discharge guide plate at a connection point at which the iron material shovel plate is in contact with the magnetic separation roller.
5. The construction waste recycling device according to claim 1, wherein the vibration motor is connected to the rotation shaft provided at both ends of the vibration screening plate and drives the rotation of the rotation shaft, and half wheels are provided at both ends of the rotation shaft, and the vertical vibration of the vibration screening plate is realized by a centrifugal force provided when the half wheels rotate.
6. The construction waste recycling device according to claim 1, wherein 2 to 8 inner crushing teeth are provided for each row, 2 to 8 outer crushing teeth are provided for each row, and the outer wall of the grinding cone and the inner wall of the grinding wall are both made of roughened hard alloy (the thickness of the grinding layer is 3 to 8 mm).
7. The construction waste recycling device according to claim 1, wherein the rolling roller can roll and move on the top end of the material distributing plate under the sliding of the sliding rod.
8. The construction waste recycling device as claimed in claim 1, wherein a sand substitute outlet is further opened on the bottom wall of the material distribution chamber.
9. The construction waste recycling device according to claim 1, wherein there are 2 cutting plates, and each cutting plate is a fan-shaped structure.
10. The construction waste recycling device according to claim 1, wherein the brickmaking mold is a plurality of square or rectangular.
CN202010509869.4A 2020-06-08 2020-06-08 Construction waste recycling device Pending CN111701978A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010509869.4A CN111701978A (en) 2020-06-08 2020-06-08 Construction waste recycling device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010509869.4A CN111701978A (en) 2020-06-08 2020-06-08 Construction waste recycling device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111701978A true CN111701978A (en) 2020-09-25

Family

ID=72539439

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202010509869.4A Pending CN111701978A (en) 2020-06-08 2020-06-08 Construction waste recycling device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN111701978A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112456841A (en) * 2020-11-18 2021-03-09 南京研塑环保科技有限公司 Method for recycling and reusing building solid waste
CN112547725A (en) * 2020-11-16 2021-03-26 中诚祥建设集团有限公司 Waste recovery device for building energy conservation and environmental protection

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112547725A (en) * 2020-11-16 2021-03-26 中诚祥建设集团有限公司 Waste recovery device for building energy conservation and environmental protection
CN112547725B (en) * 2020-11-16 2021-07-02 中诚祥建设集团有限公司 Waste recovery device for building energy conservation and environmental protection
CN112456841A (en) * 2020-11-18 2021-03-09 南京研塑环保科技有限公司 Method for recycling and reusing building solid waste
CN112456841B (en) * 2020-11-18 2022-02-22 上海闸航路基材料有限公司 Method for recycling and reusing building solid waste

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN111701978A (en) Construction waste recycling device
CN206334739U (en) A kind of building waste pulverizer for being easy to take out material
CN206064585U (en) A kind of optional colliery of broken thickness is layered disintegrating machine
KR20090016079A (en) Sand and gravel a manufacturing device
CN110813483A (en) Construction waste crushing and sorting treatment system
CN110280337A (en) A kind of device and method comprehensively utilizing building waste
CN111112311B (en) Building rubbish breaker for building engineering management
CN102974596B (en) Construction waste co-extrusion harmless treatment system and method thereof
CN209631800U (en) A kind of refuse disposal installation
CN206652578U (en) A kind of construction and demolition wastes processing equipment
CN111905871B (en) Multistage breaker of building aggregate
CN109967167A (en) A kind of construction waste crushing and sorting unit
CN203076319U (en) Innocent treatment system for construction waste by united extrusion
JP2003190827A (en) Production method for regenerated aggregate
CN210411069U (en) Crushing system for manufacturing sandstone aggregate
CN2834693Y (en) Mineral breaker
CN204996536U (en) Novel sand manufacturing machine
CN101875022A (en) Material crushing structure and crushing equipment
CN201720080U (en) Material crushing structure and crushing device
CN103341383A (en) Dry-method sand manufacturing machine
CN111688014B (en) Building rubbish brickmaking device
CN212396866U (en) Sand mill is used in red phosphorus fire retardant production
CN211677952U (en) Construction waste treatment device
CN211988860U (en) Building rubbish classification device
CN211051578U (en) Cement reducing mechanism of cement board for building

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination