CN211677952U - Construction waste treatment device - Google Patents

Construction waste treatment device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211677952U
CN211677952U CN201922438748.0U CN201922438748U CN211677952U CN 211677952 U CN211677952 U CN 211677952U CN 201922438748 U CN201922438748 U CN 201922438748U CN 211677952 U CN211677952 U CN 211677952U
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China
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bin
crushing bin
coarse crushing
dust
fine crushing
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CN201922438748.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周荣颜
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Tianjin Hui Qing Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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Tianjin Hui Qing Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a construction waste treatment device, which comprises a box body, wherein the upper part of the box body is a pretreatment bin, the right side of the lower part is a coarse crushing bin, the left side is a fine crushing bin, the two are separated by a clapboard, a manipulator is arranged on the left side wall of the box body, a first discharging hopper is arranged on the left side of the top of the pretreatment bin, a dust suction box is arranged on the right side of the top of the pretreatment bin, a pair of pre-crushing rollers is arranged below the first discharging hopper inside the pretreatment bin, a second discharging hopper is arranged on the right side of the bottom of the pretreatment bin, a transmission device is horizontally arranged between the lower part of the pre-crushing rollers and the upper part of the second discharging hopper, an electromagnetic adsorption device is arranged above the transmission device, a pair of coarse crushing rollers is arranged inside the coarse crushing bin, a filter plate is arranged below the coarse crushing bin, a plurality of sieve holes are evenly distributed on the filter plate, the simple operation, labour saving and time saving through multi-stage crushing, smashes efficiently, smashes effectually, and environmental pollution is little.

Description

Construction waste treatment device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a refuse treatment technical field especially relates to a construction waste treatment device.
Background
Construction waste is solid waste generated during the process of building construction, reconstruction, extension or demolition. The construction waste is not real waste, but "gold" in the place is misplaced, and most of the waste in the construction waste can be reused as renewable resources after being sorted, removed or crushed, such as: after being sorted, concentrated and re-recycled, metals such as waste steel bars, waste iron wires, waste electric wires and various waste steel fittings can be processed into steel products with various specifications, waste bamboo and wood can be used for manufacturing artificial wood, and waste materials such as bricks, stones, concrete and the like can be used for replacing sand after being crushed, and can be used for building mortar, plastering mortar, making concrete cushions and the like, and can also be used for manufacturing building materials such as building blocks, paving bricks, lattice bricks and the like. Therefore, the construction waste, such as concrete blocks, broken stone blocks, brick and tile broken blocks, waste mortar, slurry, asphalt blocks, etc. generated during the construction of the building need to be crushed for recycling. However, in the conventional crushing mode, if a drill bit is manually used or a drilling machine is driven to crush the construction waste, the crushing effect is uneven, and the construction waste cannot be well recycled subsequently. Therefore, it is urgently needed to develop a construction waste treatment device to solve the above technical problems.
In view of this, the present invention is especially provided.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing a construction waste treatment device, simple structure, the simple operation, labour saving and time saving through multistage crushing, smashes efficiently, smashes effectually, and environmental pollution is little, has wide application prospect, is favorable to popularizing and applying.
In order to achieve the purpose, the utility model provides a construction waste treatment device, which comprises a box body, wherein the upper part of the box body is a pretreatment bin, the right side of the lower part is a coarse crushing bin, the left side of the box body is a fine crushing bin, the two are separated by a partition plate, the left side wall of the box body is provided with a mechanical arm for conveying construction waste to a first blanking hopper, the mechanical arm comprises a mechanical arm and a shovel at the end part of the mechanical arm, the first blanking hopper is arranged at the left side of the top of the pretreatment bin, the right side of the top of the first blanking hopper is provided with a dust suction box, a dust exhaust pipe of the dust suction box is communicated with the pretreatment bin through an ash inlet at the top of the box body, a pair of pre-crushing rollers is arranged below the first blanking hopper inside the pretreatment bin, the right side of the bottom of the pretreatment bin is provided with a second blanking hopper, a transmission device is horizontally arranged between, the inside hopper below that is located the second in the coarse crushing storehouse is equipped with a pair of coarse crushing roller, coarse crushing roller below is equipped with one end and coarse crushing storehouse inner wall connection, and the other end passes thick, the filter of fine crushing storehouse connector and slope downwardly extending to the inside a pair of fine crushing roller top in the fine crushing storehouse, the equipartition has a plurality of sieve meshes on the filter, the inside filter below in coarse crushing storehouse is equipped with one end and is connected with the baffle, and the other end slope is worn out the coarse crushing storehouse deflector of coarse crushing storehouse discharge gate downwards, the fine crushing roller below is equipped with one end and is connected with the baffle, and the other end slope is worn out the fine crushing storehouse deflector of fine crushing storehouse discharge gate downwards, the roller in advance, the coarse crushing roller, the fine crushing roller, transmission device and manipulator are driven by actuating mechanism and operate, coarse crushing storehouse deflector all is equipped with the material receiving vehicle.
Preferably, be equipped with first vibrator and second vibrator in the coarse crushing storehouse, first vibrator includes that one end is fixed on thick, fine crushing storehouse connector, and the camshaft that can hit the filter when the vibrations spring that the other end is connected with the filter and locating coarse crushing storehouse inside rotation, second vibrator includes that one end is fixed on coarse crushing storehouse discharge gate, and the camshaft that can hit the coarse crushing storehouse deflector when the vibrations spring that the other end and coarse crushing storehouse deflector are connected and locating coarse crushing storehouse inside rotation.
Preferably, be equipped with third vibrator in the thin garrulous storehouse, third vibrator includes that one end is fixed on the fine crushing storehouse discharge gate, and the camshaft that can hit the fine crushing storehouse deflector when the other end and the inside rotation of thin garrulous storehouse are located the vibrations spring that the fine crushing storehouse deflector is connected.
Preferably, the right-hand member of suction box is equipped with the fan, and the left end of suction box is equipped with the dust absorption pipe, the left end of dust absorption pipe is connected with the suction hood, the inside of suction box is equipped with a plurality of dust filter screens that are parallel to each other perpendicularly, the suction bottom of the case portion is located the left position department of every dust filter screen and all is equipped with the dust exhaust mouth, dust exhaust mouth and dust exhaust pipe intercommunication.
Preferably, the four corners of the bottom of the box body and the material receiving vehicle are provided with universal wheels with locking structures.
The utility model provides a pair of building rubbish processing apparatus has following beneficial effect.
1. The utility model discloses building rubbish gets into the preliminary treatment storehouse after, carries out preliminary crushing through garrulous roller in advance, and metal material in rethread electromagnetism adsorption equipment will building rubbish adsorbs away, and the metal of recovery can also be brought back to the stove and rebuild, makes the waste product recycle, and remaining building rubbish is broken in thick garrulous storehouse earlier, and sufficient tiny building rubbish can directly be discharged, and great building rubbish then enters into the storehouse in small, broken bits and pieces and carries out breakage, through multistage crushing, smashes the effect better.
2. The utility model discloses utilize the manipulator to send into first blanking fill with construction waste, degree of automation is high, does not need artifical material loading, has reduced the work degree of difficulty, has improved work efficiency. The material receiving trolley is convenient for transportation after construction waste treatment, and the working efficiency is further improved.
3. The utility model discloses the dust collection box's setting can the dust that the adsorption equipment during operation produced, and the protection operational environment guarantees that the workman is healthy to filterable dust can get into the preliminary treatment storehouse once more, avoids the wasting of resources.
4. The utility model discloses utilize the rotation of camshaft to hit constantly and hit the filter, coarse crushing storehouse deflector and fine crushing storehouse deflector for building rubbish after the breakage is discharged more easily.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model provides a pair of construction waste treatment device's schematic structure diagram.
In the figure:
1. the device comprises a box body 2, a first discharging hopper 3, a second discharging hopper 4, a pre-crushing roller 5, a coarse crushing roller 6, a fine crushing roller 7, a transmission device 8, a dust suction box 9, a fan 10, a dust suction pipe 11, a dust suction hood 12, an ash inlet 13, a coarse crushing bin connecting port 14, a fine crushing bin discharging port 15, a fine crushing bin discharging port 16, a filter plate 17, a coarse crushing bin guide plate 18, a fine crushing bin guide plate 19, a vibrating spring 20, a cam shaft 21, a mechanical arm 22, a shovel 23, a universal wheel 24, a material receiving vehicle 25, an electromagnetic adsorption device 26, a pre-treatment bin 27, a coarse crushing bin 28 and a fine crushing bin.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further described with reference to the following specific embodiments and accompanying drawings to facilitate understanding of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1, it is a schematic structural diagram of a construction waste disposal device provided by the present invention. The construction waste treatment device comprises a box body 1, wherein the upper part of the box body 1 is provided with a pretreatment bin 26, the right side of the lower part is provided with a coarse crushing bin 27, the left side is provided with a fine crushing bin 28, the two bins are separated by a clapboard, a manipulator for conveying construction waste to the first blanking hopper 2 is arranged on the left side wall of the box body 1, the manipulator comprises a mechanical arm 21 and a shovel 22 at the end part of the mechanical arm, the first blanking hopper 2 is arranged at the left side of the top of the pretreatment bin 26, the right side of the top of the dust collecting box is provided with a dust collecting box 8, the right end of the dust collecting box 8 is provided with a fan 9, the left end of the dust collecting box 8 is provided with a dust collecting pipe 10, the left end of the dust suction pipe 10 is connected with a dust suction cover 11, a plurality of dust filter screens which are parallel to each other are vertically arranged inside the dust suction box 8, the bottom of the dust collection box 8 is provided with a dust discharge port at the left side of each dust filter screen, the dust discharge ports are communicated with dust discharge pipes, and the dust discharge pipes are communicated with the pretreatment bin 26 through a dust inlet 12 at the top of the box body 1. A pair of pre-crushing rollers 4 are arranged below the first blanking hopper 2 in the pretreatment bin 26, a second blanking hopper 3 is arranged on the right side of the bottom of the pretreatment bin 26, a transmission device 7 is horizontally arranged between the lower part of the pre-crushing roller 4 and the upper part of the second blanking hopper 3, an electromagnetic adsorption device 25 is arranged above the transmission device 7, a pair of coarse crushing rollers 5 are arranged below the second blanking hopper 3 in the coarse crushing bin 27, one end of each coarse crushing roller 5 is connected with the inner wall of the coarse crushing bin 27, the other end of each coarse crushing roller passes through the coarse crushing bin connecting port 13 and obliquely and downwardly extends to a filter plate 16 above a pair of fine crushing rollers 6 in the fine crushing bin 28, a plurality of sieve holes are uniformly distributed on each filter plate 16, one end of each coarse crushing bin 16 is connected with a partition plate, the other end of each coarse crushing bin guide plate 17 obliquely and downwardly penetrates through the discharge port 14 of the coarse crushing bin, one end of each fine crushing, the other end of the fine crushing bin guide plate 18 obliquely penetrates out of the fine crushing bin discharge port 15 downwards, the pre-crushing roller 4, the coarse crushing roller 5, the fine crushing roller 6, the transmission device 7 and the manipulator are driven by a driving mechanism to operate, and a material receiving vehicle 24 is arranged below the end parts of the coarse crushing bin guide plate 17 and the fine crushing bin guide plate 18. Be equipped with first vibrator and second vibrator in coarse crushing storehouse 27, first vibrator includes that one end is fixed on thick, fine crushing storehouse connector 13, and the camshaft 20 that can hit filter 16 when the vibrations spring 19 that the other end is connected with filter 16 and locating coarse crushing storehouse 27 inside rotation, second vibrator includes that one end is fixed on coarse crushing storehouse discharge gate 14, and the camshaft 20 that can hit coarse crushing storehouse deflector 17 when the vibrations spring 19 that the other end and coarse crushing storehouse deflector 17 are connected and locating coarse crushing storehouse 27 inside rotation. Be equipped with the third vibrator in the fine crushing storehouse 28, the third vibrator includes that one end is fixed on fine crushing storehouse discharge gate 15, and the camshaft 20 that can hit fine crushing storehouse deflector 18 when locating the inside rotation in fine crushing storehouse 28 is beaten to the vibrations spring 19 that the other end and fine crushing storehouse deflector 18 are connected. The four corners of the bottom of the box body 1 and the material receiving vehicle 24 are respectively provided with a universal wheel 23 with a locking structure.
The utility model discloses after construction waste got into preliminary treatment storehouse 26, carry out preliminary crushing through crushing roller 4 in advance, metallic substance in rethread electromagnetism adsorption equipment 25 with construction waste adsorbs away, the metal of recovery can also be brought back to the stove and rebuild, make the waste product recycle, remaining construction waste is broken in coarse crushing storehouse 27 earlier, enough tiny construction waste can directly be discharged, great construction waste then enters into fine crushing storehouse 28 and breaks, through multi-stage crushing, crushing effect is better. The utility model discloses utilize the manipulator to send into first blanking fill 2 with construction waste, degree of automation is high, does not need artifical material loading, has reduced the work degree of difficulty, has improved work efficiency. The material receiving trolley is convenient for transportation after construction waste treatment, and the working efficiency is further improved. The utility model discloses dust collection box 8's setting, the dust that can the adsorption equipment during operation produce protects operational environment, guarantees that the workman is healthy to filterable dust can get into preliminary treatment storehouse 26 once more, avoids the wasting of resources. The utility model discloses utilize camshaft 20's rotation to hit constantly and hit filter 16, coarse crushing storehouse deflector 17 and fine crushing storehouse deflector 18 for building rubbish after the breakage is discharged more easily.
The utility model discloses simple structure, the simple operation, labour saving and time saving through multi-stage crushing, smashes efficiently, smashes effectually, and environmental pollution is little, has wide application prospect, is favorable to popularizing and applying.
The present invention has been described in detail with reference to specific embodiments, and the description of the embodiments is only for the purpose of helping understanding the core idea of the present invention. It should be understood that any obvious modifications, equivalents and other improvements made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of the present invention are intended to be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. A construction waste treatment device is characterized by comprising a box body, wherein the upper part of the box body is a pretreatment bin, the right side of the lower part of the box body is a coarse crushing bin, the left side of the box body is a fine crushing bin, the two are separated by a partition plate, a manipulator for conveying construction waste to a first blanking hopper is arranged on the left side wall of the box body, the manipulator comprises a mechanical arm and a shovel at the end part of the mechanical arm, the first blanking hopper is arranged on the left side of the top of the pretreatment bin, a dust suction box is arranged on the right side of the top of the first blanking hopper, a dust exhaust pipe of the dust suction box is communicated with the pretreatment bin through a dust inlet at the top of the box body, a pair of pre-crushing rollers are arranged below the first blanking hopper inside the pretreatment bin, a second blanking hopper is arranged on the right side of the bottom of the pretreatment bin, a transmission device is horizontally arranged between the lower part of the pre-crushing rollers and the upper part of the second blanking hopper, the device comprises a coarse crushing roller, a fine crushing bin, a filter plate, a pre-crushing roller, a coarse crushing roller, a fine crushing roller, a conveying device and a manipulator, wherein one end of the coarse crushing roller is connected with the inner wall of the coarse crushing bin, the other end of the coarse crushing roller penetrates through a connector of the coarse crushing bin and the fine crushing bin and obliquely extends downwards to the filter plate above the pair of fine crushing rollers in the fine crushing bin, a plurality of sieve meshes are uniformly distributed on the filter plate, one end of the fine crushing bin is connected with a partition plate, the other end of the fine crushing bin is obliquely and downwards penetrated out of a guide plate of the fine crushing bin, the pre-crushing roller, the coarse crushing roller, the fine crushing roller, the conveying device and the manipulator are driven by a driving.
2. The construction waste disposal device of claim 1, wherein the coarse crushing bin is provided with a first vibration device and a second vibration device, the first vibration device comprises a vibration spring having one end fixed to the connection port of the coarse crushing bin and the other end connected to the filter plate and a cam shaft arranged inside the coarse crushing bin and capable of striking the filter plate when rotating, and the second vibration device comprises a vibration spring having one end fixed to the discharge port of the coarse crushing bin and the other end connected to the guide plate of the coarse crushing bin and a cam shaft arranged inside the coarse crushing bin and capable of striking the guide plate of the coarse crushing bin when rotating.
3. The construction waste disposal device according to claim 1 or 2, wherein a third vibration device is disposed in the fine crushing bin, and the third vibration device comprises a vibration spring having one end fixed to the discharge port of the fine crushing bin and the other end connected to the guide plate of the fine crushing bin, and a cam shaft disposed inside the fine crushing bin and capable of striking the guide plate of the fine crushing bin when rotating.
4. The construction waste treatment device according to claim 3, wherein a fan is arranged at the right end of the dust collection box, a dust collection pipe is arranged at the left end of the dust collection box, a dust collection cover is connected to the left end of the dust collection pipe, a plurality of dust filter screens parallel to each other are vertically arranged in the dust collection box, a dust discharge port is arranged at the position of the bottom of the dust collection box, which is located on the left side of each dust filter screen, and the dust discharge port is communicated with the dust discharge pipe.
5. The construction waste disposal device of claim 4, wherein universal wheels with locking structures are arranged at four corners of the bottom of the box body and the material receiving vehicle.
CN201922438748.0U 2019-12-30 2019-12-30 Construction waste treatment device Active CN211677952U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922438748.0U CN211677952U (en) 2019-12-30 2019-12-30 Construction waste treatment device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922438748.0U CN211677952U (en) 2019-12-30 2019-12-30 Construction waste treatment device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211677952U true CN211677952U (en) 2020-10-16

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201922438748.0U Active CN211677952U (en) 2019-12-30 2019-12-30 Construction waste treatment device

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Country Link
CN (1) CN211677952U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112517125A (en) * 2020-11-09 2021-03-19 朱志飞 Building waste recycling device
CN113103466A (en) * 2021-03-22 2021-07-13 江西省龙腾实业有限公司 EPS lines recovery processing equipment for engineering construction
CN115245852A (en) * 2022-01-13 2022-10-28 山东建筑大学 Asphalt pavement recycling, crushing and pretreating device

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112517125A (en) * 2020-11-09 2021-03-19 朱志飞 Building waste recycling device
CN113103466A (en) * 2021-03-22 2021-07-13 江西省龙腾实业有限公司 EPS lines recovery processing equipment for engineering construction
CN113103466B (en) * 2021-03-22 2022-09-27 江西省龙腾实业有限公司 EPS lines recovery processing equipment for engineering construction
CN115245852A (en) * 2022-01-13 2022-10-28 山东建筑大学 Asphalt pavement recycling, crushing and pretreating device

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