CN111676091A - Chilli seed processing equipment and processing method thereof - Google Patents

Chilli seed processing equipment and processing method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111676091A
CN111676091A CN202010642522.7A CN202010642522A CN111676091A CN 111676091 A CN111676091 A CN 111676091A CN 202010642522 A CN202010642522 A CN 202010642522A CN 111676091 A CN111676091 A CN 111676091A
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China
Prior art keywords
chilli
seeds
seed processing
gyro wheel
pepper seed
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CN202010642522.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111676091B (en
Inventor
韩畅
蒋琪
覃成
吕朝燕
彭宇龙
高智席
隋常玲
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Zunyi Normal University
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Zunyi Normal University
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11BPRODUCING, e.g. BY PRESSING RAW MATERIALS OR BY EXTRACTION FROM WASTE MATERIALS, REFINING OR PRESERVING FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES, e.g. LANOLIN, FATTY OILS OR WAXES; ESSENTIAL OILS; PERFUMES
    • C11B1/00Production of fats or fatty oils from raw materials
    • C11B1/10Production of fats or fatty oils from raw materials by extracting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N12/00Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts
    • A23N12/06Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for washing or blanching, combined with subsequent drying
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11BPRODUCING, e.g. BY PRESSING RAW MATERIALS OR BY EXTRACTION FROM WASTE MATERIALS, REFINING OR PRESERVING FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES, e.g. LANOLIN, FATTY OILS OR WAXES; ESSENTIAL OILS; PERFUMES
    • C11B1/00Production of fats or fatty oils from raw materials
    • C11B1/02Pretreatment
    • C11B1/04Pretreatment of vegetable raw material

Abstract

The scheme discloses chilli seed processing equipment in the technical field of food processing, which comprises a dust removing mechanism, a drying mechanism and a fixing plate, wherein the dust removing mechanism comprises a driving roller, a driven roller, a plurality of spraying guns and a hollowed-out crawler belt, the driving roller and the driven roller are in transmission through the crawler belt, the spraying guns are fixed on the fixing plate, and the drying mechanism comprises an inclined plate and a plurality of drying machines; a method for processing chilli seeds comprises the following specific steps: (1) screening and crushing the chilli seeds (2) obtained by the chilli seed processing equipment; (3) the method comprises the steps of extracting the chilli powder, wherein the extraction pressure is 21-28 Mpa, the extraction temperature is 26-38 ℃, the separation pressure is 11-17 Mpa, and the extraction time is 2 hours. The scheme can make up the condition that capsaicin is wasted due to insufficient processing of the capsicum seeds in the prior art, and the capsicum oil is prepared after the capsaicin is extracted before the capsicum oil is prepared.

Description

Chilli seed processing equipment and processing method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of food processing, in particular to chilli seed processing equipment and a processing method thereof.
Background
The chili is an auxiliary food material which is frequently eaten by people in life, particularly in the middle and south and the southwest of China, people basically cannot leave the chili every season, the chili can stimulate the appetite, and the food becomes more delicious. Later, people fried the peppers with oil to make peppery oil, which can be used to mix cold dishes and used as an auxiliary material for other dishes, fried peppery oil made by frying peppery with vegetable oil, other vegetable oil tastes mixed into the peppery, and the peppery oil tastes not very good. In addition, after the peppers are harvested, a plurality of redundant peppery seeds are left when the peppers are aired, the peppery seeds have no other purpose, are generally mixed into the peppers and are subjected to low-price treatment, and the pepper seeds have no great economic benefit.
The deep processing of the chilli seeds in the prior art is not enough, the industrial processing is mainly focused on the extraction of the chilli seed oil, the capsaicin in the chilli seeds is not generally extracted, and the chilli seeds are made into chilli oil, so that the capsaicin is wasted.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a chilli seed processing device and a processing method thereof, and aims to solve the problem of capsaicin waste caused by insufficient processing of chilli seeds in the prior art.
A hot pepper seed processing equipment in this scheme, including dust removal mechanism, stoving mechanism and fixed plate, dust removal mechanism includes the track of initiative gyro wheel, driven roller, a plurality of spray gun and fretwork, and initiative gyro wheel and driven roller are all fixed on the fixed plate, and its pivoted motor of drive is connected to the initiative gyro wheel, and initiative gyro wheel and driven roller pass through the track transmission, and is a plurality of the spray gun is fixed on the fixed plate, and the nozzle of spray gun is towards the track, stoving mechanism is including the swash plate and a plurality of drying-machine of slope, the air outlet of drying-machine is towards the swash plate, the swash plate is located the below of track tip, swash plate and fixed plate fixed connection.
A method for processing chilli seeds comprises the following specific steps:
the method comprises the following steps: putting the collected chilli seeds on a crawler belt, starting a spray gun and a motor, spraying by aiming at the chilli seeds on the crawler belt by the spray gun, making the hollow-out crawler belt drop after the spray is converged into water, and making the chilli fall onto an inclined plate along with the transmission of the crawler belt, starting a dryer, drying by aiming at the chilli seeds on the inclined plate by the dryer, and then collecting the dried chilli seeds;
step two: screening and crushing the dried chilli seeds, and sieving the chilli seeds with a 20-mesh sieve to obtain chilli powder;
step three: extracting the chilli powder by using an extracting agent, wherein the extraction pressure is 21-28 Mpa, the extraction temperature is 26-38 ℃, the separation pressure is 11-17 Mpa, and the extraction time is 2 hours.
The working principle and the beneficial effects of the scheme are as follows: the spray gun is used for spraying and washing the chilli seeds, so that dust on the surface layers of the chilli seeds can be removed without losing the peppery taste, color and nutrition of the chilli, the chilli seeds are directly dried after being washed and then are convenient to extract, the extraction pressure, the extraction temperature, the separation pressure and the separation time are adjusted during extraction, the content of capsaicin in the obtained chilli seeds is 14.75 percent, the capsaicin yield is 3.19 percent, and the method is much higher than that of the chilli obtained by a traditional solvent method; only one food-grade organic solvent is used in the whole process flow, the process flow is simple, the cost is low, the product extraction rate is high, the purity is high, the product is green and safe, the capsaicin compound product can be directly applied to the food industry, then the residual capsicum seed is prepared into capsicum seed oil, and the capsicum seed oil contains linoleic acid, oleic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid, vitamin E, vitamin A and trace elements such as calcium, iron and zinc which are necessary for human bodies. Has the multiple effects of promoting blood circulation, stimulating appetite, beautifying, losing weight, nourishing, protecting health and the like. Especially has good health care effect on heart and cerebral vessels, and is beneficial to body health after being frequently eaten. Therefore, the capsaicin is obtained, the chili oil is prepared, the waste of the capsaicin is avoided, the income of pepper processing manufacturers can be increased, and the application prospect is realized.
Furthermore, the one end below that the track was kept away from to the swash plate is equipped with the collection box, and collection box fixed connection is on the fixed plate. The recovery box is arranged to facilitate the recovery of the dried chilli seeds.
Furthermore, a baffle is arranged at one end, away from the inclined plate, of the recovery box. Set up the baffle and avoid the hot pepper seed to pop out the collection box when falling into the collection box.
Furthermore, the upper surface of the inclined plate is provided with a smooth sliding groove. The sliding groove is arranged, so that the pepper seeds can conveniently slide from the sliding groove, and can not fall out from the side edge of the inclined plate.
And further, the extractant in the second step is No. 6 solvent oil. No. 6 solvent oil has strong dissolving capacity to vegetable oil, does not damage the chemical composition of the extracted matter, and has small bromine index and high stability.
Further, the extractant in the second step is acetone. Acetone is used for extraction, and the extraction rate effect is better.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a chilli seed processing device according to the present invention;
fig. 2 is a top view of fig. 1.
Detailed Description
The following is further detailed by the specific embodiments:
reference numerals in the drawings of the specification include: the device comprises a fixed plate 1, a spray gun 2, a crawler 3, a driving roller 4, a driven roller 5, a dryer 6, a baffle 7, a recycling box 8, an inclined plate 9 and a chute 10.
Example 1 is substantially as shown in figures 1 and 2 of the accompanying drawings: a pepper seed processing device, which comprises a dust removing mechanism, a dryer 6 mechanism and a fixing plate 1, wherein the dust removing mechanism comprises a driving roller 4, driven roller 5, the track 3 of a plurality of spray guns 2 and fretwork, initiative roller 4 and driven roller 5 are all fixed on fixed plate 1, its pivoted motor of drive is connected to initiative roller 4, initiative roller 4 and driven roller 5 pass through the transmission of track 3, a plurality of spray guns 2 are fixed on fixed plate 1, the nozzle of spray gun 2 is towards track 3, drying-machine 6 constructs swash plate 9 and a plurality of drying-machine 6 including the slope, drying-machine 6's air outlet is towards swash plate 9, swash plate 9 is located the below of 3 tip of track, swash plate 9 and fixed plate 1 fixed connection, the one end below that track 3 was kept away from to swash plate 9 is equipped with collection box 8, the one end that swash plate 9 was kept away from to collection box 8 is equipped with baffle 7, the upper surface of swash plate 9 is equipped with glossy spout 10.
A method for processing chilli seeds comprises the following specific steps:
the method comprises the following steps: putting the collected chilli seeds on a crawler 3, starting a spray gun 2 and a motor, spraying the chilli seeds on the crawler 3 by aiming at the spray gun 2, making the sprayed chilli seeds fall off the crawler 3 after the sprayed chilli seeds are gathered into water, making the chilli seeds fall on an inclined plate 9 along with the transmission of the crawler 3, starting a dryer 6, drying the chilli seeds on the inclined plate 9 by aiming at the dryer 6, and then collecting the dried chilli seeds by a recovery box 8 to extract the chilli seeds;
step two: screening and crushing the chilli seeds obtained by using the chilli seed processing equipment, and sieving the chilli seeds with a 20-mesh sieve to obtain chilli powder;
step three: and (3) extracting the chilli powder by using No. 6 solvent oil at the extraction pressure of 25Mpa at the extraction temperature of 31 ℃, under the separation pressure of 14Mpa for 2 hours.
During extraction, the extraction pressure is adjusted to be 25Mpa, the extraction temperature is adjusted to be 31 ℃, the separation pressure is adjusted to be 14Mpa, and the time is 2 hours, so that the content of the obtained capsaicine in the capsicum seeds is 14.75%, the yield of the capsaicine is 3.19%, and the capsaicine is much higher than that of the capsicum obtained by the traditional solvent method; only one food-grade organic solvent is used in the whole process flow, the process flow is simple, the cost is low, the product extraction rate is high, the purity is high, the product is green and safe, the capsaicin compound product can be directly applied to the food industry, and then the residual chili seeds are prepared into chili oil.
Example 2 differs from example 1 in that: extracting fructus Capsici powder with acetone under 22MPa, 29 deg.C and 15 MPa.
The foregoing is merely an example of the present invention and common general knowledge of known specific structures and features of the embodiments is not described herein in any greater detail. It should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, without departing from the structure of the present invention, several changes and modifications can be made, which should also be regarded as the protection scope of the present invention, and these will not affect the effect of the implementation of the present invention and the practicability of the patent. The scope of the claims of the present application shall be determined by the contents of the claims, and the description of the embodiments and the like in the specification shall be used to explain the contents of the claims.

Claims (7)

1. The pepper seed processing equipment is characterized in that: including dust removal mechanism, stoving mechanism and fixed plate, dust removal mechanism includes the track of initiative gyro wheel, driven gyro wheel, a plurality of spray gun and fretwork, and initiative gyro wheel and driven gyro wheel are all fixed on the fixed plate, and its pivoted motor of drive is connected to the initiative gyro wheel, and initiative gyro wheel and driven gyro wheel pass through the track transmission, and are a plurality of the spray gun is fixed on the fixed plate, and the nozzle of spray gun is towards the track, stoving mechanism is including the swash plate and a plurality of drying-machines of slope, the air outlet of drying-machine is towards the swash plate, the swash plate is located the below of track tip, swash plate and fixed plate fixed connection.
2. The pepper seed processing apparatus as claimed in claim 1, which is used for a pepper seed processing method, characterized in that: the method comprises the following specific steps:
the method comprises the following steps: putting the collected chilli seeds on a crawler belt, starting a spray gun and a motor, spraying by aiming at the chilli seeds on the crawler belt by the spray gun, making the hollow-out crawler belt drop after the spray is converged into water, and making the chilli fall onto an inclined plate along with the transmission of the crawler belt, starting a dryer, drying by aiming at the chilli seeds on the inclined plate by the dryer, and then collecting the dried chilli seeds;
step two: screening and crushing the dried chilli seeds, and sieving the chilli seeds with a 20-mesh sieve to obtain chilli powder;
step three: extracting the chilli powder by using an extracting agent, wherein the extraction pressure is 21-28 Mpa, the extraction temperature is 26-38 ℃, the separation pressure is 11-17 Mpa, and the extraction time is 2 hours.
3. The pepper seed processing apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the one end below that the track was kept away from to the swash plate is equipped with the collection box, and collection box fixed connection is on the fixed plate.
4. The pepper seed processing apparatus as claimed in claim 3, wherein: and a baffle is arranged at one end of the recovery box far away from the inclined plate.
5. The pepper seed processing apparatus as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the upper surface of the inclined plate is provided with a smooth sliding groove.
6. A pepper seed processing apparatus as claimed in any one of the claims 1, 3, 4, 5, characterized in that: the extractant in the second step is No. 6 solvent oil.
7. A pepper seed processing apparatus as claimed in any one of the claims 1, 3, 4, 5, characterized in that: and the extractant in the second step is acetone.
CN202010642522.7A 2020-07-06 2020-07-06 Chilli seed processing equipment and processing method thereof Active CN111676091B (en)

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CN202010642522.7A CN111676091B (en) 2020-07-06 2020-07-06 Chilli seed processing equipment and processing method thereof

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN111676091B CN111676091B (en) 2023-03-24

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102058102A (en) * 2010-11-22 2011-05-18 晨光生物科技集团股份有限公司 Industrial production method for efficiently and continuously eluting capsaicin in chilli seed
CN104382204A (en) * 2014-12-05 2015-03-04 青岛强大食品有限公司 Dry chili washing and drying equipment and method
CN104529805A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-04-22 安徽省万顺现代农业科技有限公司 Method for extracting capsicine from capsicum
CN106509929A (en) * 2016-11-09 2017-03-22 新疆万选千挑农产有限公司 Chili seed cleaning device and cleaning equipment

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102058102A (en) * 2010-11-22 2011-05-18 晨光生物科技集团股份有限公司 Industrial production method for efficiently and continuously eluting capsaicin in chilli seed
CN104529805A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-04-22 安徽省万顺现代农业科技有限公司 Method for extracting capsicine from capsicum
CN104382204A (en) * 2014-12-05 2015-03-04 青岛强大食品有限公司 Dry chili washing and drying equipment and method
CN106509929A (en) * 2016-11-09 2017-03-22 新疆万选千挑农产有限公司 Chili seed cleaning device and cleaning equipment

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