CN111659701B - Harmless recycling device and recycling method for municipal domestic garbage - Google Patents

Harmless recycling device and recycling method for municipal domestic garbage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111659701B
CN111659701B CN202010538453.5A CN202010538453A CN111659701B CN 111659701 B CN111659701 B CN 111659701B CN 202010538453 A CN202010538453 A CN 202010538453A CN 111659701 B CN111659701 B CN 111659701B
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organic
garbage
collector
solar
inverted
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CN111659701A (en
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罗丹宁
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BEIJING YUAN HONGRUI TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.
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Beijing Yuan Hongrui Technology Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01DNON-POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES OR ENGINES, e.g. STEAM TURBINES
    • F01D15/00Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of engines with devices driven thereby
    • F01D15/10Adaptations for driving, or combinations with, electric generators
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02BINTERNAL-COMBUSTION PISTON ENGINES; COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL
    • F02B43/00Engines characterised by operating on gaseous fuels; Plants including such engines
    • F02B43/10Engines or plants characterised by use of other specific gases, e.g. acetylene, oxyhydrogen
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02BINTERNAL-COMBUSTION PISTON ENGINES; COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL
    • F02B63/00Adaptations of engines for driving pumps, hand-held tools or electric generators; Portable combinations of engines with engine-driven devices
    • F02B63/04Adaptations of engines for driving pumps, hand-held tools or electric generators; Portable combinations of engines with engine-driven devices for electric generators
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03GSPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS; MECHANICAL-POWER PRODUCING DEVICES OR MECHANISMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR OR USING ENERGY SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03G6/00Devices for producing mechanical power from solar energy
    • F03G6/06Devices for producing mechanical power from solar energy with solar energy concentrating means
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/44Details; Accessories
    • F23G5/46Recuperation of heat
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02BINTERNAL-COMBUSTION PISTON ENGINES; COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL
    • F02B43/00Engines characterised by operating on gaseous fuels; Plants including such engines
    • F02B43/10Engines or plants characterised by use of other specific gases, e.g. acetylene, oxyhydrogen
    • F02B2043/103Natural gas, e.g. methane or LNG used as a fuel
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G2206/00Waste heat recuperation
    • F23G2206/20Waste heat recuperation using the heat in association with another installation
    • F23G2206/203Waste heat recuperation using the heat in association with another installation with a power/heat generating installation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/46Conversion of thermal power into mechanical power, e.g. Rankine, Stirling or solar thermal engines
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E20/00Combustion technologies with mitigation potential
    • Y02E20/12Heat utilisation in combustion or incineration of waste
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/10Internal combustion engine [ICE] based vehicles
    • Y02T10/30Use of alternative fuels, e.g. biofuels
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/20Waste processing or separation

Abstract

The invention discloses a harmless recycling device and a recycling method of municipal domestic garbage, belonging to the technical field of garbage recycling, wherein the harmless recycling device of municipal domestic garbage comprises a crusher, a roller screening machine, a biogas generator set, a particle extrusion molding machine and a comprehensive garbage recycling device, and the comprehensive garbage recycling device comprises: the top of the base is provided with a high-temperature resistant base; the high-temperature incinerator is arranged at the top of the high-temperature resistant base; the first solar thermal collector and the second solar thermal collector are arranged on the outer side of the high-temperature incinerator and are both positioned on the upper side of the base, the first solar thermal collector and the second solar thermal collector form a hollow cylinder shape, and the first solar thermal collector and the second solar thermal collector are detachably mounted; the invention is convenient for scientifically and reasonably treating the municipal solid waste, and efficiently utilizes the municipal solid waste, thereby being used by the people.

Description

Harmless recycling device and recycling method for municipal domestic garbage
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of garbage recycling, in particular to a harmless recycling device and a recycling method for municipal solid waste.
Background
The household garbage refers to solid waste generated in daily life or activities for providing services for daily life, and solid waste regarded as household garbage by laws and administrative regulations, and can be generally divided into kitchen garbage, recyclable garbage, toxic and harmful garbage and other garbage, such as leftovers, paper, plastics, glass, batteries, fluorescent tubes and the like discarded in daily life of people.
At present, the common household garbage treatment modes mainly comprise the following modes:
1. and (3) landfill treatment: the domestic garbage is filled and buried by utilizing the lands such as fertile farmlands, valley gullies, waste pits and the like. Therefore, although urban domestic garbage is treated, secondary pollution caused by the garbage is increasing day by day, and particularly, waste gas and waste water are easy to destroy the atmosphere and pollute underground water, and meanwhile, great waste of land resources is caused.
2. The burning method comprises the following steps: the waste is incinerated to realize the treatment of waste reduction, but waste gas, waste water, waste residues and the like generated after incineration can cause secondary pollution, and the residual waste residues are subjected to secondary landfill, so that the mode is large in investment and incomplete in treatment.
3. Drum-type sieve separator: this is a mechanized processor, which can classify the garbage. The waste soil and plastic paper can be separated, the rest part needs to be buried, the working efficiency of the equipment is low, the separation types are few, and the waste water and the waste material can not be treated, so that the secondary pollution can be caused.
The treatment mode of the urban domestic garbage in the prior art is rough, the urban domestic garbage cannot be treated scientifically and reasonably, the urban domestic garbage is treated disorderly, air pollution and atmospheric pollution are increased, and the urban domestic garbage cannot be used for people.
Disclosure of Invention
1. Technical problem to be solved
Aiming at the problems in the prior art, the invention aims to provide a harmless recycling device and a recycling method for municipal solid waste, which are convenient for scientifically and reasonably treating the municipal solid waste and efficiently utilize the municipal solid waste, so that the municipal solid waste is used by people.
2. Technical scheme
In order to solve the problems, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a harmless recycle device of municipal domestic waste, includes breaker, cylinder sieve separator, marsh gas generating set, granule extrusion moulding machine, still includes the rubbish comprehensive utilization device, the rubbish comprehensive utilization device includes:
the top of the base is provided with a high-temperature resistant base;
the high-temperature incinerator is arranged at the top of the high-temperature resistant base;
the first solar heat collector and the second solar heat collector are arranged on the outer side of the high-temperature incinerator and are both positioned on the upper side of the base, the first solar heat collector and the second solar heat collector form a hollow cylinder shape, the first solar heat collector and the second solar heat collector are detachably mounted, and the first solar heat collector and the second solar heat collector are used for collecting heat generated by the high-temperature incinerator;
the inverted T-shaped upright posts are arranged at the bottoms of the first solar heat collector and the second solar heat collector and are in rotation limit fit with the base;
the gear driving mechanism is arranged on the base and is also connected with the inverted T-shaped upright rods to realize the rotation of the inverted T-shaped upright rods;
the organic anaerobic fermentation chamber is arranged at the rear side of the base, the top of the high-temperature incinerator is connected with the organic anaerobic fermentation chamber through a plurality of first heat conducting rods which are uniformly distributed so as to realize the transfer of heat energy, and the first heat conducting rods extend to the inner side of the organic anaerobic fermentation chamber;
the steam turbine is arranged on the right side of the first solar heat collector, electrically connected with the first solar heat collector and the second solar heat collector and electrically connected with the generator and used for generating power by using combustion heat energy;
the air pump is arranged on the left side of the base, and an air pump pumping hole is connected with an air outlet of the high-temperature incinerator through a first air pipe so as to realize air transmission;
the dry refrigerator is arranged on the left side of the air pump, an input port of the dry refrigerator is connected with an exhaust port of the air pump through a second air pipe to achieve air transmission, and dry ice is filled in the dry refrigerator;
the water pump is arranged on the left side of the dry refrigerator, and a water pumping port of the water pump is connected with an output port of the dry refrigerator through a first water pipe;
the setting is in the waste liquid pond of water pump front side, the inlet in waste liquid pond passes through the second water piping connection with the outlet of water pump, and the scientific and reasonable's of being convenient for urban domestic waste handles urban domestic waste, carries out the efficient to urban domestic waste and utilizes, and it is used for the people to get.
As a preferable scheme of the invention, the anaerobic fermentation device further comprises a PLC controller arranged at the right end part of the organic anaerobic fermentation chamber, and the gear driving mechanism, the steam turbine, the generator, the air pump and the water pump are all electrically connected with the PLC controller.
As a preferable scheme of the invention, an inverted T-shaped annular limiting rotation groove is formed in the top of the base, the inverted T-shaped annular limiting rotation groove is located on the outer side of the high-temperature resistant base, the inverted T-shaped vertical rods are all slidably arranged in the inverted T-shaped annular limiting rotation groove, inverted T-shaped ends of the inverted T-shaped vertical rods are matched with the inner wall of the base, and the inner wall of the inverted T-shaped annular limiting rotation groove and the inverted T-shaped ends of the inverted T-shaped vertical rods are both polished smoothly.
As a preferred scheme of the invention, the gear driving mechanism comprises a forward and reverse rotation motor, a driving gear and a driven gear, the forward and reverse rotation motor is arranged at the top of the base and is electrically connected with the PLC controller, the forward and reverse rotation motor realizes cyclic braking through a control program, the driving gear is arranged at the output end of the forward and reverse rotation motor, the driven gear is arranged on the inverted T-shaped vertical rods, and the driven gear is meshed with the driving gear to realize transmission.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the first solar collector has an arc-shaped upper cross section of two-thirds, and the second solar collector has an arc-shaped upper cross section of one-third.
As a preferable scheme of the invention, the left connecting part of the first solar heat collector and the second solar heat collector is movably hinged through two hinges, and the right connecting part of the first solar heat collector and the second solar heat collector is connected with a fastener through a matched locking piece and a fastener in a locking manner.
As a preferable scheme of the invention, the solar heat collector further comprises a plurality of groups of second heat conducting rods which are longitudinally and equidistantly arranged on the inner walls of the first solar heat collector and the second solar heat collector.
As a preferable scheme of the present invention, each group of the second heat conduction rods is provided with a plurality of second heat conduction rods, the plurality of second heat conduction rods are arranged in an annular array at equal intervals on the inner walls of the first solar thermal collector and the second solar thermal collector, and the second heat conduction rods are not in contact with the high temperature incinerator.
As a preferable scheme of the invention, the top of the dry refrigerator is provided with a hollow bulge, the hollow bulge is communicated with the dry refrigerator, the outer surface of the hollow bulge is provided with external threads, and the hollow bulge is in threaded connection with a sealing cover.
A harmless recycling method of municipal solid waste comprises the following steps:
s1, classifying the household garbage:
(a) firstly, sorting out toxic garbage for later use;
(b) then separating the organic fermentable garbage for later use;
(c) then separating out the organic combustible garbage for later use;
(d) the rest garbage is used as other garbage for standby;
s2, toxic garbage and other garbage disposal: sending the toxic garbage and other garbage to a garbage recycling company for treatment;
s3, organic fermentable garbage treatment:
(a) crushing the organic fermentable garbage by using a crusher to ensure that the particle size of the crushed organic fermentable garbage is 70-80 mm;
(b) sending the crushed organic fermentable garbage into an organic anaerobic fermentation chamber for organic anaerobic fermentation to obtain organic residues, methane and organic waste liquid for later use;
(c) generating power by using a biogas generator set, and storing electric energy;
(d) crushing the organic residues to ensure that the particle size of the crushed organic residues is 40-60 mm, and then separating the organic residues with the particle size of less than 50mm by using a roller screening machine to prepare the organic residues with the particle size of 40-50 mm and the organic residues with the particle size of 50-60 mm for later use;
(e) treating the organic waste liquid, and preparing irrigation water for later use after the treatment reaches the standard;
s4, organic combustible garbage treatment:
(a) putting organic combustible garbage into a high-temperature incinerator for high-temperature incineration, and specifically comprising the following steps: firstly, separating a locking piece and a fastener which are connected with a first solar thermal collector and a second solar thermal collector, separating the first solar thermal collector and the second solar thermal collector, turning over the second solar thermal collector, putting organic combustible garbage into a high-temperature incinerator for high-temperature incineration, and then closing the locking piece and the fastener to connect the first solar thermal collector and the second solar thermal collector;
(b) the PLC is used for controlling the positive and negative rotation motor to rotate circularly, the output end of the positive and negative rotation motor rotates to drive the driving gear to rotate, the driving gear rotates to drive the plurality of inverted T-shaped vertical rods to rotate through the driven gear, the plurality of inverted T-shaped vertical rods slide in the inverted T-shaped annular limiting rotating groove, so that the first solar thermal collector and the second solar thermal collector do circular motion, the first solar thermal collector and the second solar thermal collector can be uniformly heated, heat generated by high-temperature incineration is collected, the performance of heating and heat collection is further improved under the action of the plurality of groups of second heat conducting rods, heat energy is converted into mechanical energy under the action of the steam turbine, then electricity is generated through the generator, and electric energy is stored;
(c) the other part of the heat energy of the high-temperature incineration is led into the organic anaerobic fermentation chamber through the first heat-conducting rods, so that good temperature is provided for anaerobic fermentation, the fermentation speed is increased, and the fermentation efficiency is improved;
(d) high-temperature gas is generated by high-temperature incineration, a PLC controller drives a gas pump and a water pump, the gas pump pumps the high-temperature gas through a first gas pipe and discharges the high-temperature gas into a dry refrigerator through a second gas pipe, the high-temperature gas meets dry ice in the dry refrigerator and absorbs a large amount of heat, so that the high-temperature gas is changed into small water drops, the small water drops are pumped through the first water pipe and discharged into a waste liquid pool through a second water pipe under the action of a water pump to prepare organic waste liquid, the organic waste liquid is treated, and after the treatment reaches the standard, irrigation water is prepared for later use;
(e) preparing organic residual ash for later use after high-temperature incineration;
s5, mixing and utilizing:
(a) mixing the organic residue with the particle size of 40-50 mm in the step S3- (d) and the organic residue ash in the step S4- (e), and directly volatilizing the mixture on crops to serve as a fertilizer;
(b) mixing the organic residue with the grain diameter of 50-60 mm obtained in the step S3- (d) with a fertilizer, and putting the mixture into a grain extrusion molding machine to obtain organic fertilizer grains which act on crops;
(e) the irrigation water of step S3- (e) and the irrigation water of step S4- (d) are mixed to irrigate the crops.
3. Compared with the prior art, the invention has the advantages that:
(1) according to the invention, heat energy generated by high-temperature incineration is collected through the action of the first solar heat collector and the second solar heat collector, the first solar heat collector and the second solar heat collector rotate in a circulating reciprocating manner under the control of the PLC through the matching of the gear driving mechanism, the inverted T-shaped upright rod and the inverted T-shaped annular limiting rotating groove, so that the first solar heat collector and the second solar heat collector are heated uniformly and are convenient for uniform heat collection, the heat collection performance is further improved through the action of a plurality of groups of second heat conducting rods, most heat energy generated by high-temperature incineration is collected, and efficient power generation is realized through the action of the steam turbine and the generator.
(2) According to the organic anaerobic fermentation device, the plurality of first heat conducting rods are arranged, so that part of heat energy generated by high-temperature incineration is uniformly guided into the organic anaerobic fermentation chamber, a good temperature is provided for anaerobic fermentation, the fermentation speed is increased, and the fermentation efficiency is improved.
(3) The invention directly volatilizes the organic residual ash and the crushed organic residue with the grain diameter of 40-50 mm on crops to provide fertilizer for the growth of the crops, and the crops are convenient to absorb and utilize due to the small grain diameter of the organic residue.
(4) The organic residue with the particle size of 50-60 mm after being crushed is matched with the fertilizer to be added, and organic fertilizer particles are prepared through a particle extrusion molding machine and act on crops.
(5) The method comprises the steps of combining high-temperature gas after high-temperature incineration with dry ice, absorbing a large amount of heat to form small water drops, collecting the small water drops to prepare organic waste liquid, and treating the organic waste liquid to prepare irrigation water reaching the standard.
(6) The invention is convenient for scientifically and reasonably treating the municipal solid waste, and efficiently utilizes the municipal solid waste, thereby being used by the people.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a comprehensive garbage recycling device of a harmless recycling device for municipal solid waste according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a partial view of the harmless recycling apparatus of municipal solid waste of the present invention shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a flow chart of a harmless recycling method of municipal solid waste according to the present invention.
The reference numbers in the figures illustrate:
the device comprises a base 1, an inverted T-shaped annular limiting rotating groove 2, an inverted T-shaped upright rod 3, a first solar heat collector 4, a second solar heat collector 5, a forward and reverse rotating motor 6, a driving gear 7, a driven gear 8, a high-temperature-resistant base 9, a high-temperature incinerator 10, an organic anaerobic fermentation chamber 11, a PLC (programmable logic controller) 12, a first heat-conducting rod 13, a second heat-conducting rod 14, a steam turbine 15, a generator 16, a first air pipe 17, an air pump 18, a second air pipe 19, a dry refrigerator 20, a first water pipe 21, a water pump 22, a second water pipe 23 and a waste liquid pool 24.
Detailed Description
The technical solution in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention. It is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all embodiments, and all other embodiments obtained by those skilled in the art without any inventive work are within the scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "upper", "lower", "inner", "outer", "top/bottom", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplification of description, but do not indicate or imply that the referred device or element must have a specific orientation, be constructed in a specific orientation, and be operated, and thus should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first" and "second" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "disposed," "sleeved/connected," "connected," and the like are to be construed broadly, e.g., "connected," which may be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
Example (b):
referring to fig. 1-2, a harmless recycling device for municipal solid waste comprises a crusher, a roller screening machine, a biogas generator set, and a particle extrusion molding machine, all of which are not illustrated, but are common general knowledge of those skilled in the art, the core point of the invention is not here, the invention further comprises a comprehensive waste recycling device, the comprehensive waste recycling device comprises:
the base 1 with the top fixedly provided with the high temperature resistant base 9 and the high temperature incinerator 10 fixedly arranged on the top of the high temperature resistant base 9, wherein the high temperature resistant base 9 is used for installing the high temperature incinerator 10 so as to carry out good support, organic combustible garbage is placed in the high temperature incinerator 10 so as to carry out closed high temperature incineration, the high temperature incinerator is provided with an air inlet, an air outlet and a combustion chamber, and the internal structure of the high temperature incinerator is common knowledge of technicians in the field, so that the details are not repeated;
the solar energy incinerator comprises a first solar thermal collector 4 and a second solar thermal collector 5 which are arranged on the outer side of a high-temperature incinerator 10, the first solar thermal collector 4 and the second solar thermal collector 5 are both positioned on the upper side of a base 1, the first solar thermal collector 4 and the second solar thermal collector 5 form a hollow cylinder shape, the first solar thermal collector 4 and the second solar thermal collector 5 are detachably mounted, the upper section of the first solar thermal collector 4 is two-thirds of a circular arc shape, the upper section of the second solar thermal collector 5 is one third of a circular arc shape, the joint of the left parts of the first solar thermal collector 4 and the second solar thermal collector 5 is movably hinged through two hinges, the joint of the right parts of the first solar thermal collector 4 and the second solar thermal collector 5 is connected through a matched locking piece and a fastener lock catch, and the first solar thermal collector 4 and the second solar thermal collector 5 can be, therefore, the heat of high-temperature incineration is collected, and the shape formed by the first solar heat collector 4 and the second solar heat collector 5 is required to be a hollow cylinder, so that the solar heat collector can be uniformly heated, and meanwhile, the subsequent rotation is convenient to realize, and the solar heat collector is further uniformly heated;
a plurality of inverted T-shaped upright posts 3 fixedly arranged at the bottoms of a first solar heat collector 4 and a second solar heat collector 5, the inverted T-shaped upright posts 3 are in rotation limit fit with a base 1, an inverted T-shaped limit rotating groove 2 is arranged at the top of the base 1, the inverted T-shaped limit rotating groove 2 is positioned at the outer side of a high temperature resistant base 9, the inverted T-shaped upright posts 3 are all arranged in the inverted T-shaped limit rotating groove 2 in a sliding manner, the inverted T-shaped end parts of the inverted T-shaped upright posts 3 are matched with the inner wall of the base 1, the inverted T-shaped upright posts 3 slide in the inverted T-shaped limit rotating groove 2 to make the inverted T-shaped limit rotating groove do circular motion around the track of the inverted T-shaped limit rotating groove 2, the first solar heat collector 4 and the second solar heat collector 5 are well supported through the action of the inverted T-shaped upright posts 3, so that the first solar heat collector 4 and the second solar heat collector 5 can rotate along with the inverted T-shaped upright posts 3, therefore, the first solar heat collector 4 and the second solar heat collector 5 do circular motion, and can be uniformly heated so as to collect heat energy generated by high-temperature incineration, preferably, the inner wall of the inverted T-shaped annular limiting rotating groove 2 and the inverted T-shaped end part of the inverted T-shaped upright rod 3 are both polished smoothly, and through the arrangement, friction generated when the inverted T-shaped upright rods 3 slide can be reduced, so that the sliding is smoother;
the gear driving mechanism is arranged on the base 1 and is also connected with the inverted T-shaped upright posts 3 to realize the rotation of the inverted T-shaped upright posts, the gear driving mechanism comprises a forward and reverse rotating motor 6, a driving gear 7 and a driven gear 8, the forward and reverse rotating motor 6 is fixedly arranged at the top of the base 1, the forward and reverse rotating motor 6 is electrically connected with a PLC (programmable logic controller) 12, the forward and reverse rotating motor 6 realizes the circulating braking through a control program, the driving gear 7 is fixedly arranged at the output end of the forward and reverse rotating motor 6, the driven gear 8 is fixedly arranged on the inverted T-shaped upright posts 3, the driven gear 8 is meshed with the driving gear 7 to realize the transmission, the forward and reverse rotating motor 6 mainly plays a driving role, the output end of the forward and reverse rotating motor 6 rotates to drive the driving gear 7 to rotate, the driving gear 7 rotates to drive the driven gear 8 to rotate, so that the inverted T-shaped upright posts 3 do the, the first solar thermal collector 4 and the second solar thermal collector 5 are enabled to do circular motion to be uniformly heated, the control program of the PLC controller 12 is necessary to control the positive and negative rotation motor 6 to circularly brake, the programmable performance of the PLC controller 12 is used to control the output end of the positive and negative rotation motor 6 to rotate clockwise for M seconds and anticlockwise for M seconds to circularly brake, and the first solar thermal collector 4 and the second solar thermal collector 5 are required to be connected with the steam turbine 15 through pipelines, so that the pipeline can be set to be long enough, but resource waste can be caused, and the control program is used to realize circular brake, thereby effectively preventing unnecessary winding faults from being caused when the first solar thermal collector 4 and the second solar thermal collector 5 rotate;
the organic anaerobic fermentation chamber 11 is arranged at the rear side of the base 1, the top of the high-temperature incinerator 10 is connected with the organic anaerobic fermentation chamber 11 through a plurality of uniformly distributed first heat conducting rods 13 to realize the transfer of heat energy, the first heat conducting rods 13 extend to the inner side of the organic anaerobic fermentation chamber 11, and it is required to explain that: the distance between the base 1 and the organic anaerobic fermentation chamber 11 is not too long, the base 1 is arranged outside the organic anaerobic fermentation chamber 11, the heat energy is transmitted by the first heat-conducting rods 13 and is influenced by the stroke, the longer the stroke is, the poorer the effect is, in order to utilize the heat energy as much as possible, the arrangement is made, the heat energy of high-temperature incineration is transmitted into the organic anaerobic fermentation chamber 11 by the first heat-conducting rods 13 to provide good temperature for anaerobic fermentation, so that the fermentation speed is accelerated, the fermentation efficiency is improved, preferably, a guide mechanism (not shown in the figure) of a line pipe is also arranged on the organic anaerobic fermentation chamber 11, and the line pipe is arranged in such a way that the line pipe cannot be contacted with the driven gear 8, so that the line pipe is clamped;
the steam turbine 15 is arranged on the right side of the first solar thermal collector 4, the steam turbine 15 is electrically connected with the first solar thermal collector 4 and the second solar thermal collector 5, the steam turbine 15 is electrically connected with the generator 16 and used for realizing power generation of combustion heat energy, the first solar thermal collector 4 and the second solar thermal collector 5 collect heat energy, the steam turbine 15 converts the heat energy into mechanical energy, and therefore power generation is carried out through the generator 16, and heat energy is reasonably utilized;
the air pump 18 is arranged on the left side of the base 1, an air pumping port of the air pump 18 is connected with an air outlet of the high-temperature incinerator 10 through a first air pipe 17 to realize air transmission, the joint of the first air pipe 17 and the high-temperature incinerator 10 is arranged at an air outlet of the high-temperature incinerator 10, and the diameter of a pipe orifice of the first air pipe is larger than the caliber of the air outlet, so that the air pump 18 can pump out high-temperature air generated by high-temperature incineration through the first air pipe 17;
the dry refrigerator 20 is arranged on the left side of the air pump 18, an input port of the dry refrigerator 20 is connected with an exhaust port of the air pump 18 through a second air pipe 19 to achieve air transmission, dry ice is filled in the dry refrigerator 20, high-temperature air pumped out by the air pump 18 is transmitted into the dry refrigerator 20 through the second air pipe 19, the high-temperature air is mixed with the dry ice, the dry ice can absorb a large amount of heat, small water beads are generated, a hollow bulge is fixedly arranged at the top of the dry refrigerator 20 and communicated with the dry refrigerator 20, external threads are arranged on the outer surface of the hollow bulge, and a sealing cover is in threaded connection with the hollow bulge;
the water pump 22 is arranged on the left side of the dry refrigerator 20, a water pumping port of the water pump 22 is connected with an output port of the dry refrigerator 20 through a first water pipe 21, and the water pump 22 pumps small water drops out through the first water pipe 21;
a waste liquid pool 24 arranged at the front side of the water pump 22, wherein a liquid inlet of the waste liquid pool 24 is connected with a water outlet of the water pump 22 through a second water pipe 23, the water pump 22 discharges small water drops into the waste liquid pool 24 through the second water pipe 23, and a plurality of small water drops are collected to obtain organic waste liquid;
in order to realize the centralized control of the invention, the invention also comprises a PLC controller 12 arranged at the right end part of the organic anaerobic fermentation chamber 11, a gear driving mechanism, a steam turbine 15, a generator 16, an air pump 18 and a water pump 22 are all electrically connected with the PLC controller 12, the PLC controller 12 has a series of functions of programming, arithmetic operation, intelligent control and the like, and a control circuit and a programming program thereof can be easily obtained by the technical personnel in the field according to the concept of the invention, so the description is omitted;
in order to further improve the heat collection capacity of the first solar thermal collector 4 and the second solar thermal collector 5 and enable the first solar thermal collector 4 and the second solar thermal collector 5 to collect heat quickly and uniformly, the invention further comprises a plurality of groups of second heat conducting rods 14 which are longitudinally and equidistantly fixedly arranged on the inner walls of the first solar thermal collector 4 and the second solar thermal collector 5, each group of second heat conducting rods 14 is provided with a plurality of second heat conducting rods, the plurality of second heat conducting rods 14 are annularly arranged on the inner walls of the first solar thermal collector 4 and the second solar thermal collector 5 at equal intervals in an annular array mode, the second heat conducting rods 14 are not in contact with the high-temperature incinerator 10, and the plurality of groups of second heat conducting rods 14 uniformly guide heat generated by high-temperature incineration to the first solar thermal collector.
Referring to fig. 3, a harmless recycling method for municipal solid waste includes the following steps:
s1, classifying the household garbage:
(a) firstly, sorting out toxic garbage for later use;
(b) then separating the organic fermentable garbage for later use;
(c) then separating out the organic combustible garbage for later use;
(d) the rest garbage is used as other garbage for standby, and the domestic garbage classification is carried out in sequence according to the steps;
s2, toxic garbage and other garbage disposal: sending the toxic garbage and other garbage to a garbage recycling company for treatment;
s3, organic fermentable garbage treatment:
(a) crushing the organic fermentable garbage by using a crusher to ensure that the particle size of the crushed organic fermentable garbage is 70-80 mm;
(b) sending the crushed organic fermentable garbage into an organic anaerobic fermentation chamber 11 for organic anaerobic fermentation to obtain organic residues, methane and organic waste liquid for later use;
(c) generating power by using a biogas generator set, and storing electric energy;
(d) crushing the organic residues to ensure that the particle size of the crushed organic residues is 40-60 mm, and then separating the organic residues with the particle size of less than 50mm by using a roller screening machine to prepare the organic residues with the particle size of 40-50 mm and the organic residues with the particle size of 50-60 mm for later use;
(e) treating the organic waste liquid, and preparing irrigation water for later use after the treatment reaches the standard;
s4, organic combustible garbage treatment:
(a) the organic combustible garbage is placed into a high-temperature incinerator 10 for high-temperature incineration, and the specific placement steps are as follows: firstly, separating a locking piece and a fastener which are connected with a first solar heat collector 4 and a second solar heat collector 5, separating the first solar heat collector 4 and the second solar heat collector 5, turning over the second solar heat collector 5, putting organic combustible garbage into a high-temperature incinerator 10 for high-temperature incineration, and then closing the locking piece and the fastener to connect the first solar heat collector 4 and the second solar heat collector 5;
(b) the PLC controller 12 is used for controlling the forward and reverse rotating motor 6 to rotate circularly, the output end of the forward and reverse rotating motor 6 rotates to drive the driving gear 7 to rotate, the driving gear 7 rotates to drive the inverted T-shaped upright posts 3 to rotate through the driven gear 8, so that the inverted T-shaped upright posts 3 slide in the inverted T-shaped annular limiting rotating groove 2, the first solar thermal collector 4 and the second solar thermal collector 5 move circularly and can be heated uniformly, heat generated by high-temperature incineration is collected, the heating and heat collecting performance is further improved under the action of the multiple groups of second heat conducting rods 14, heat energy is converted into mechanical energy under the action of the steam turbine 15, and then electricity is generated through the generator 16 to store electric energy;
(c) the other part of the heat energy of the high-temperature incineration is led into the organic anaerobic fermentation chamber 11 through the first heat conducting rods 13, so that good temperature is provided for anaerobic fermentation, the fermentation speed is accelerated, and the fermentation efficiency is improved;
(d) high-temperature gas is generated by high-temperature incineration, the PLC 12 drives the air pump 18 and the water pump 22, the air pump 18 pumps the high-temperature gas through the first air pipe 17, the high-temperature gas is discharged into the dry refrigerator 20 through the second air pipe 19, the high-temperature gas can absorb a large amount of heat when encountering dry ice in the dry refrigerator 20, so that the high-temperature gas is changed into small water drops, the small water drops are pumped into the waste liquid pool 24 through the first water pipe 21 under the action of the water pump 22, the organic waste liquid is prepared and treated, and after reaching the standard, irrigation water is prepared for later use;
(e) preparing organic residual ash for later use after high-temperature incineration;
s5, mixing and utilizing:
(a) mixing the organic residue with the particle size of 40-50 mm in the step S3- (d) and the organic residue ash in the step S4- (e), and directly volatilizing the mixture on crops to serve as a fertilizer;
(b) mixing the organic residue with the grain diameter of 50-60 mm obtained in the step S3- (d) with a fertilizer, and putting the mixture into a grain extrusion molding machine to obtain organic fertilizer grains which act on crops;
(c) the irrigation water of step S3- (e) and the irrigation water of step S4- (d) are mixed to irrigate the crops.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art should be considered to be within the technical scope of the present invention, and the equivalent replacement or change according to the technical solution and the modified concept of the present invention should be covered by the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a harmless recycle device of municipal domestic waste, includes breaker, cylinder sieve separator, marsh gas generating set, granule extrusion moulding machine, its characterized in that still includes the rubbish comprehensive utilization device, the rubbish comprehensive utilization device includes:
the top of the base (1) is provided with a high-temperature resistant base (9);
a high-temperature incinerator (10) arranged at the top of the high-temperature resistant base (9);
the high-temperature incinerator comprises a first solar heat collector (4) and a second solar heat collector (5) which are arranged on the outer side of the high-temperature incinerator (10), the first solar heat collector (4) and the second solar heat collector (5) are both located on the upper side of a base (1), the first solar heat collector (4) and the second solar heat collector (5) form a hollow cylinder, the first solar heat collector (4) and the second solar heat collector (5) are detachably mounted, and the first solar heat collector (4) and the second solar heat collector (5) are used for collecting heat generated by the high-temperature incinerator (10);
the solar heat collector comprises a base (1), a plurality of inverted T-shaped vertical rods (3) and a plurality of heat collecting pipes, wherein the inverted T-shaped vertical rods (3) are arranged at the bottoms of a first solar heat collector (4) and a second solar heat collector (5) and are in rotation limit fit with the base (1);
the gear driving mechanism is arranged on the base (1) and is also connected with the inverted T-shaped upright posts (3) to realize the rotation of the inverted T-shaped upright posts;
the organic anaerobic fermentation chamber (11) is arranged at the rear side of the base (1), the top of the high-temperature incinerator (10) is connected with the organic anaerobic fermentation chamber (11) through a plurality of first heat conducting rods (13) which are uniformly distributed so as to realize the transfer of heat energy, and the first heat conducting rods (13) extend to the inner side of the organic anaerobic fermentation chamber (11);
the steam turbine (15) is arranged on the right side of the first solar heat collector (4), the steam turbine (15) is electrically connected with the first solar heat collector (4) and the second solar heat collector (5), and the steam turbine (15) is electrically connected with a generator (16) and used for generating combustion heat energy;
the air pump (18) is arranged on the left side of the base (1), and an air suction opening of the air pump (18) is connected with an air outlet of the high-temperature incinerator (10) through a first air pipe (17) to realize air transmission;
the dry refrigerator (20) is arranged on the left side of the air pump (18), an input port of the dry refrigerator (20) is connected with an exhaust port of the air pump (18) through a second air pipe (19) to achieve air transmission, and dry ice is filled in the dry refrigerator (20);
the water pump (22) is arranged on the left side of the dry refrigerator (20), and a water pumping port of the water pump (22) is connected with an output port of the dry refrigerator (20) through a first water pipe (21);
the waste liquid tank (24) is arranged on the front side of the water pump (22), and a liquid inlet of the waste liquid tank (24) is connected with a water outlet of the water pump (22) through a second water pipe (23).
2. The municipal solid waste harmless recycling device according to claim 1, further comprising a PLC (programmable logic controller) controller (12) disposed at the right end of the organic anaerobic fermentation chamber (11), wherein the gear driving mechanism, the steam turbine (15), the generator (16), the air pump (18) and the water pump (22) are electrically connected to the PLC controller (12).
3. The harmless recycling device of municipal solid waste according to claim 2, characterized in that an inverted T-shaped annular limiting rotating groove (2) is opened at the top of the base (1), and the inverted T-shaped limiting rotating groove (2) is located outside the high temperature resistant base (9), a plurality of inverted T-shaped vertical rods (3) are all slidably disposed in the inverted T-shaped annular limiting rotating groove (2), and the inverted T-shaped ends of the inverted T-shaped vertical rods (3) are matched with the inner wall of the base (1), and the inner wall of the inverted T-shaped annular limiting rotating groove (2) and the inverted T-shaped ends of the inverted T-shaped vertical rods (3) are both polished smooth.
4. The municipal solid waste harmless recycling device according to claim 3, wherein the gear driving mechanism comprises a forward and reverse motor (6), a driving gear (7) and a driven gear (8), the forward and reverse motor (6) is disposed on the top of the base (1), the forward and reverse motor (6) is electrically connected to the PLC controller (12), the forward and reverse motor (6) realizes the circular braking through a control program, the driving gear (7) is disposed at the output end of the forward and reverse motor (6), the driven gear (8) is disposed on the plurality of inverted T-shaped vertical rods (3), and the driven gear (8) is engaged with the driving gear (7) to realize the transmission.
5. The apparatus for harmless recycling of municipal solid waste according to claim 4, wherein the first solar collector (4) has an arc shape with a two-thirds upper cross section, and the second solar collector (5) has an arc shape with a one-third upper cross section.
6. The harmless recycling device of municipal solid waste according to claim 5, characterized in that the left junction of the first solar collector (4) and the second solar collector (5) is articulated movably by two hinges, and the right junction of the first solar collector (4) and the second solar collector (5) is connected by a matched lock and a fastener latch.
7. The harmless recycling device of municipal solid waste according to claim 6, characterized in that it further comprises a plurality of sets of second heat conducting bars (14) disposed longitudinally and equidistantly on the inner walls of the first solar collector (4) and the second solar collector (5).
8. The municipal solid waste harmless recycling device according to claim 7, wherein a plurality of second heat conducting rods (14) are provided in each group, the plurality of second heat conducting rods (14) are arranged in an annular array at equal intervals on the inner walls of the first solar heat collector (4) and the second solar heat collector (5), and the second heat conducting rods (14) are not in contact with the high temperature incinerator (10).
9. The harmless recycling device of municipal solid waste according to claim 8, characterized in that a hollow protrusion is provided on the top of the dry refrigerator (20) and is connected to the dry refrigerator (20), wherein an external thread is provided on the outer surface of the hollow protrusion, and a sealing cover is screwed on the hollow protrusion.
10. The recycling method of the harmless recycling device of municipal solid waste according to claim 9, comprising the steps of:
s1, classifying the household garbage:
(a) firstly, sorting out toxic garbage for later use;
(b) then separating the organic fermentable garbage for later use;
(c) then separating out the organic combustible garbage for later use;
(d) the rest garbage is used as other garbage for standby;
s2, toxic garbage and other garbage disposal: sending the toxic garbage and other garbage to a garbage recycling company for treatment;
s3, organic fermentable garbage treatment:
(a) crushing the organic fermentable garbage by using a crusher to ensure that the particle size of the crushed organic fermentable garbage is 70-80 mm;
(b) sending the crushed organic fermentable garbage into an organic anaerobic fermentation chamber (11) for organic anaerobic fermentation to obtain organic residue, methane and organic waste liquid for later use;
(c) generating power by using a biogas generator set, and storing electric energy;
(d) crushing the organic residues to ensure that the particle size of the crushed organic residues is 40-60 mm, and then separating the organic residues with the particle size of less than 50mm by using a roller screening machine to prepare the organic residues with the particle size of 40-50 mm and the organic residues with the particle size of 50-60 mm for later use;
(e) treating the organic waste liquid, and preparing irrigation water for later use after the treatment reaches the standard;
s4, organic combustible garbage treatment:
(a) putting organic combustible garbage into a high-temperature incinerator (10) for high-temperature incineration, and specifically placing the garbage in the high-temperature incinerator according to the following steps: firstly, separating a locking piece and a fastener which are connected with a first solar heat collector (4) and a second solar heat collector (5) to separate the first solar heat collector (4) and the second solar heat collector (5), turning over the second solar heat collector (5), putting organic combustible garbage into a high-temperature incinerator (10) for high-temperature incineration, and then closing the locking piece and the fastener to connect the first solar heat collector (4) and the second solar heat collector (5);
(b) the PLC controller (12) is used for controlling the forward and reverse rotating motor (6) to rotate in a circulating mode, the output end of the forward and reverse rotating motor (6) rotates to drive the driving gear (7) to rotate, the driving gear (7) rotates to drive the inverted T-shaped vertical rods (3) to rotate through the driven gear (8), the inverted T-shaped vertical rods (3) slide in the inverted T-shaped annular limiting rotating groove (2) to enable the first solar thermal collector (4) and the second solar thermal collector (5) to move circumferentially, the first solar thermal collector and the second solar thermal collector can be heated uniformly, heat generated by high-temperature incineration is collected, the performance of heating and heat collection is further improved through the action of the multiple groups of second heat conducting rods (14), heat energy is converted into mechanical energy through the action of the steam turbine (15), then electricity is generated through the generator (16), and electric energy is stored;
(c) the other part of heat energy of the high-temperature incineration is led into the organic anaerobic fermentation chamber (11) through the first heat conducting rods (13), so that good temperature is provided for anaerobic fermentation, the fermentation speed is increased, and the fermentation efficiency is improved;
(d) high-temperature gas is generated by high-temperature incineration, a PLC (programmable logic controller) 12 is used for driving an air pump 18 and a water pump 22, the air pump 18 pumps the high-temperature gas through a first air pipe 17, the high-temperature gas is discharged into a dry refrigerator 20 through a second air pipe 19, the high-temperature gas meets dry ice in the dry refrigerator 20 and absorbs a large amount of heat, so that the high-temperature gas is changed into small water drops, the small water drops are pumped into a waste liquid pool 24 through the first water pipe 21 and discharged into a waste liquid pool 24 through a second water pipe 23 under the action of the water pump 22, organic waste liquid is prepared and treated, and after the treatment reaches the standard, irrigation water is prepared for standby application;
(e) preparing organic residual ash for later use after high-temperature incineration;
s5, mixing and utilizing:
(a) mixing the organic residue with the particle size of 40-50 mm in the step S3- (d) and the organic residue ash in the step S4- (e), and directly volatilizing the mixture on crops to serve as a fertilizer;
(b) mixing the organic residue with the grain diameter of 50-60 mm obtained in the step S3- (d) with a fertilizer, and putting the mixture into a grain extrusion molding machine to obtain organic fertilizer grains which act on crops;
(c) the irrigation water of step S3- (e) and the irrigation water of step S4- (d) are mixed to irrigate the crops.
CN202010538453.5A 2020-06-13 2020-06-13 Harmless recycling device and recycling method for municipal domestic garbage Active CN111659701B (en)

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