CN111576890A - Construction method of assembled ALC partition wall - Google Patents

Construction method of assembled ALC partition wall Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111576890A
CN111576890A CN202010466743.3A CN202010466743A CN111576890A CN 111576890 A CN111576890 A CN 111576890A CN 202010466743 A CN202010466743 A CN 202010466743A CN 111576890 A CN111576890 A CN 111576890A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
construction
wallboard
panel
plate
boards
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010466743.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵彦威
刘忠
高飞
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Chongqing Zhongke Daye Building Technology Co ltd
Original Assignee
Chongqing Zhongke Daye Building Technology Co ltd
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Application filed by Chongqing Zhongke Daye Building Technology Co ltd filed Critical Chongqing Zhongke Daye Building Technology Co ltd
Priority to CN202010466743.3A priority Critical patent/CN111576890A/en
Publication of CN111576890A publication Critical patent/CN111576890A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/02Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements
    • E04B1/04Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements the elements consisting of concrete, e.g. reinforced concrete, or other stone-like material
    • E04B1/043Connections specially adapted therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/40Separate connecting elements
    • E04B1/48Dowels, i.e. members adapted to penetrate the surfaces of two parts and to take the shear stresses
    • E04B1/483Shear dowels to be embedded in concrete
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/61Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other
    • E04B1/6108Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements
    • E04G21/16Tools or apparatus
    • E04G21/167Tools or apparatus specially adapted for working-up plates, panels or slab shaped building elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements
    • E04G21/16Tools or apparatus
    • E04G21/18Adjusting tools; Templates
    • E04G21/1841Means for positioning building parts or elements

Abstract

The invention discloses a construction method of an assembled ALC partition wall, which comprises the following steps of S1: carrying and storing the wallboards according to a preset stacking standard; s2: construction and paying-off; s3: installing a pipe clamp S4: positioning and adjusting the wall plate; s5: fixing a pipe clamp: the pipe card is fixedly connected with a concrete beam or plate of the roof through long-shot nails; s6: board seam is repaired and wall is handled, and wallboard lower extreme and floor department gap are used 1: 3, tightly embedding and filling cement mortar, taking out a wood wedge after the mortar is hardened, filling homogeneous mortar, filling gaps at the upper end of the wallboard and the joint of the wallboard and a column wall with a PU foaming agent and a PE rod, and filling the surface with repair mortar; the wallboard joints are filled with repair mortar. The invention aims to provide a construction method of an assembled ALC partition wall, which is low in construction cost, short in construction period, low in construction cost and high in construction efficiency.

Description

Construction method of assembled ALC partition wall
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of prefabricated partition wall construction, in particular to a construction method of an assembled ALC partition wall.
Background
With the social development, the labor cost is continuously increased, meanwhile, the labor force is gradually in shortage, the traditional masonry process is seriously challenged, and the trend that the building industrialization forms the future development direction of the building is gradually clear. One of the requirements for building industrialization is the generalization of building components and the assembly and mechanization of on-site construction.
ALC (autoclaved lightweight concrete) is one of high-performance precast concretes, and is formed by forming porous concrete (reinforced by steel bars with processed inside) by taking fly ash (or silica sand), cement, lime and the like as main raw materials through high-pressure steam curing. The autoclaved aerated light concrete can be used as a wall material and a roof panel, is a novel building material with excellent performance, and has the advantages that: the composite material has the advantages of low density, light weight, heat preservation, sound insulation, earthquake resistance, fire prevention and the like.
However, in the actual construction process of the assembled ALC partition wall, the following problems still exist: 1. the construction period of the masonry type partition wall construction mode is long, and the construction efficiency is low; 2. the connection strength of the sampling bonding connection is low, the bonding property with the adhesive is poor, and the adhesive is rapidly dehydrated and hardened after the adhesive is coated due to the high water absorption of the aerated concrete block, so that the adhesive cannot be fully contacted with the surface of the block.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the problems, the invention aims to provide a construction method of an assembled ALC partition wall, which is low in construction cost, short in construction period, low in construction cost and high in construction efficiency, and aims to solve the technical problems stated in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides a construction method of an assembled ALC partition wall, which comprises the following steps:
s1: carrying and storing the wallboards according to a preset stacking standard;
s2: construction and paying-off: marking the mounting position of the wall board and the position of the door and window openings through the base line;
s3: installing a pipe clamp: transporting the pre-installed wall boards to an installation position by using a working truck or a hydraulic truck, and installing at least one pipe clamp on the upper end surface of each wall board;
s4: positioning and adjusting the wall plate: erecting the wall boards through a wall board traction device and manual cooperation, temporarily fixing the upper end surfaces and the lower end surfaces of the wall boards through wood wedges respectively, beating the wood wedges at the upper end and the lower end through a rubber hammer to adjust the positions of the wall boards, adjusting the flatness and the verticality of the wall surface and ensuring that the wall boards are aligned to baselines marked on a roof and a bottom surface in advance;
s5: fixing a pipe clamp: the pipe card is fixedly connected with a concrete beam or plate of the roof through long-shot nails;
s6: board seam is repaired and wall is handled, and wallboard lower extreme and floor department gap are used 1: 3, tightly embedding and filling cement mortar, taking out a wood wedge after the mortar is hardened, filling homogeneous mortar, filling gaps at the upper end of the wallboard and the joint of the wallboard and a column wall with a PU foaming agent and a PE rod, and filling the surface with repair mortar; the wallboard joints are filled with repair mortar.
Further, in step S1, when the wall board is transported and stored, the stacking height of the wall board is not more than 2000mm, the wall board is separated into a plurality of stacking layers by the cushion blocks, the height of each stacking layer is not more than 1000mm, the specification of the cushion blocks is 500mm × 100mm × 100mm, at least 2 cushion blocks are oppositely arranged left and right, the distance between the cushion block on the left side of the wall board and the distance between the cushion block on the right side of the wall board.
Further, when the height of the wall panels is greater than 4000mm, at least one pipe clamp is also installed on the lower end surface of each wall panel in step S3, and each pipe clamp is connected and fixed with the concrete floor by two shooting nails in step S5.
Furthermore, the pipe strap includes bolt and the connecting plate of being connected with the perpendicular fixed connection of bolt, set up two through-holes that are used for alternate to penetrate the nail on the connecting plate, the length of bolt is not less than 80 mm.
Furthermore, the upper end and the lower end of the wallboard are respectively provided with two jacks for inserting the plug pins in a left-right parallel mode, the distance between the center of each jack and the front side surface and the distance between the center of each jack and the left side edge of the wallboard are the same, the distance between the center of each jack on the left side and the left side edge of the wallboard is 80mm, and the distance between the center of each jack on the right side and the right side edge of the wallboard is 80 mm.
Furthermore, in step S4, the installation is performed sequentially from the edge of the door opening to both sides, and the cut-free, intact and tidy wall panels are installed at the edge of the door opening and the external corner of the wall; the hole-free partition walls are sequentially installed from one end of the wall to the other end of the wall.
Furthermore, grooves are oppositely formed in the left and right side edges of the front and rear panel surfaces of the wall panels, so that the grooves of two adjacent wall panels are spliced to form a containing groove capable of containing a connecting sheet, the connecting sheet is arranged in the containing groove, and the left and right ends of the connecting sheet are respectively connected with the wall panel on the corresponding side through self-tapping screws; before the board seam repair and wall surface treatment are performed in step S6, the wallboard connection is reinforced by fixing connecting pieces.
Furthermore, the wallboard pulling device in step S4 includes a supporting frame and a wallboard fixture, a driving motor is horizontally disposed on the supporting frame, a winch is connected to an output shaft of the driving motor, a guide wheel is further disposed near the top of the supporting frame, and a pulling cable wound on the winch is connected to the wallboard fixture through the guide wheel, wherein: the wallboard anchor clamps include symmetrical arrangement to it has first arm lock and second arm lock of flexible material to fill, one side of first arm lock is provided with the spout, one side of second arm lock is provided with can follows the gliding movable rod of spout length direction, the movable rod with still be provided with between the spout and be used for injecing the limit structure of movable rod sliding position.
Furthermore, to door and window entrance to a cave position, the adjacent wallboard in left and right sides is cut according to the size of construction unwrapping wire and is formed a supporting bench, and the seat face length of supporting bench is not less than 100mm, then installs the wallboard according to the order of step S3-step S6 again, installs the diaphragm of door and window entrance to a cave top according to following steps after the wallboard installation is accomplished:
s701: spreading adhesive on the bearing surfaces of the adjacent wallboards on the left side and the right side;
s702: placing the transverse plate on the support surface, reserving gaps of 10-15 mm between the left plate end and the right plate end of the transverse plate and the side surface of the cut wallboard respectively, and filling fireproof rock wool in the gaps;
s703: connecting and fixing the transverse plate and the corresponding side wall plate through a stud bolt;
when the span of the door and window opening exceeds 1500mm, the steel structure is additionally arranged for reinforcement treatment.
Furthermore, when the construction environment is easily soaked in water or wet, a concrete sill table with the height more than or equal to 150mm is poured on the ground.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following remarkable effects:
1. the prefabricated wallboard assembly type construction method is adopted, the construction speed is higher than that of a masonry type partition wall, meanwhile, the wallboard is fixed by a special pipe clamp and reinforced by a connecting sheet, the construction difficulty is reduced, and the connection strength of the wallboard is obviously superior to that of adhesive connection;
2. the pouring ridge platform overcomes the defect that the ALC plate is not suitable for a soaking or humid environment, and can be used for parts which are often soaked or easily affected with damp, such as a toilet, a kitchen and the like;
3. the doors and windows are spliced by adopting the transverse plates, so that the construction mode is more flexible, a structural frame is not required to be additionally arranged, a large amount of construction time is saved, the construction strength is further reduced, and the reasonable installation method of the wall body at the upper part of the door and window opening is favorable for reasonably and evenly distributing the stress of the wall body and reducing the possibility of cracking the wall body;
4. the ALC wallboard can be further adjusted and calibrated in the installation process, so that the installation precision of the wallboard is ensured, and the forming quality of the partition wall is improved;
5. a mechanical traction mode is adopted, so that the manual intervention is reduced, the construction strength is reduced, and the construction safety is guaranteed;
6. because the wallboard easily absorbs moisture, absorbs water, can prevent through the cushion wall that the wallboard from direct contact ground when piling to effectively avoid arousing damage such as flexion, fracture because of piling up badly, still can avoid simultaneously because of the potential safety hazard that the wallboard piled up too high formation, the taking of wallboard during convenient construction.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic flow diagram of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a fabricated ALC partition wall according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of a wall panel stacking arrangement according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a pipe clamp according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the construction of the traction device of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a perspective view of the draft gear of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is an enlarged schematic view of position A of FIG. 6;
FIG. 8 is a cross-sectional view of a spacing structure in the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of a process of a door/window opening installation method.
Wherein: 1-support frame, 2-wallboard clamp, 3-drive motor, 4-winch, 5-guide wheel, 6-traction cable, 21-first clamp arm, 22-second clamp arm, 23-chute, 24-movable rod, 25-limit structure, 7-connecting piece, 8-connecting rope, 251-limit cavity, 252-latch, 253-latch, 254-rotating shaft, 255-elastic piece, 256-button, 26-limit strip, 27-limit groove, 9-mounting plate, 10-steel pipe, 11-flexible material, 12-wallboard, 13-pipe clamp, 14-wood wedge, 15-connecting piece, 16-groove, 17-ground, 18-concrete beam, 19-cushion block, 20-transverse plate, 131-latch, 131-flexible material, 13-guide wheel, and the like, 132-connecting plate, 133-shooting nail.
Detailed Description
Reference will now be made in detail to embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein like or similar reference numerals refer to the same or similar elements or elements having the same or similar function throughout. The embodiments described below with reference to the drawings are illustrative and intended to be illustrative of the invention and are not to be construed as limiting the invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "length", "width", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships illustrated in the drawings, and are used merely for convenience in describing the present invention and for simplicity in description, and do not indicate or imply that the devices or elements referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed in a particular orientation, and be operated, and thus, are not to be construed as limiting the present invention. Further, in the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless specifically defined otherwise.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the invention discloses a construction method of an assembled ALC partition wall, which comprises the following steps:
s1: carrying and storing the wall panels 12 according to a predetermined palletizing standard;
s2: construction and paying-off: marking the installation position of the wall plate 12 and the position of the door and window openings through the base line;
s3: installing a pipe clamp 13: transporting the pre-installed wall panels 12 to an installation position by using a power car or a hydraulic car, and installing at least one pipe clamp 13 on the upper end face of each wall panel 12;
s4: the wall panel 12 is in place and adjusted: erecting the wall boards through the wall board traction device and manual matching, wherein the upper end face and the lower end face of each wall board 12 are temporarily fixed through wood wedges 14 respectively, for example, a gap of 20-30 mm can be reserved at the lower end, a gap of 10-20 mm is reserved at the upper end, the positions of the wall boards 12 are adjusted by knocking the wood wedges 14 at the upper end and the lower end through rubber hammers, the flatness and the verticality of the wall surface are adjusted, and the wall boards 12 are ensured to be aligned to base lines marked on a roof and a bottom surface;
preferably, the wooden wedges 14 are placed on the lower end face of the wallboard 12 while the wallboard 12 is being pulled to around 800mm by the wallboard pulling device.
S5: fixing a pipe clamp 13: the pipe clamp 13 is fixedly connected with a concrete beam 18 or a plate of a roof through a long-shot nail;
s6: board seam is repaired and wall is handled, and 12 lower extremes of wallboard and floor department gaps are used 1: 3 the cement mortar is embedded and filled compactly, wherein the mixing ratio is cement: sand 1: 3, taking out the wood wedge 14 after the mortar is hardened, filling the homogeneous mortar, filling gaps at the upper end of the wall board 12 and the joint of the wall board 12 and a column wall with PU foaming agent and PE rods, and leveling the surface with repair mortar; the joints of the wall board 12 are filled with the repair mortar.
Referring to fig. 3, the wall board 12 is easy to absorb moisture and water, so it is not suitable to be stacked directly on the ground; in order to prevent the wallboard from being bent and cracked due to poor stacking or form potential safety hazards due to too high stacking, and facilitate the taking of the wallboard during construction, in step S1, when the wallboard 12 is carried and stored, the stacking height of the wallboard 12 is not more than 2000mm, the wallboard is separated into a plurality of stacking layers through the cushion blocks 19, the height of each stacking layer is not more than 1000mm, the specification of the cushion blocks 19 is 500mm multiplied by 100mm, at least 2 cushion blocks are oppositely arranged on the left and the right, the distance between the left side of the wallboard 12 and the left side of the wallboard 19 is not more than 1/5 of the length of the wallboard 12, and the distance between the right side of the wallboard 12 and the left side of the wallboard 19 is not more than 1/5 of.
Referring to fig. 2, in order to achieve stable installation of the wall panels 12, when the height of the wall panels 12 is greater than 4000mm, at least one pipe clamp 13 is also installed on the lower end surface of each wall panel 12 in step S3, and each pipe clamp 13 is connected and fixed to the concrete floor by two shooting nails 133 in step S5.
Referring to fig. 4, specifically, the pipe clamp 13 includes a plug 131 and a connecting plate 132 vertically and fixedly connected to the plug, two through holes for inserting the shooting nails 133 are formed in the connecting plate 132, and the length of the plug 131 is not less than 80 mm.
Specifically, the upper and lower both ends of wallboard 12 are controlled the parallel two jacks that are used for plug pin 131 that are provided with respectively, and the hole center of every jack is the same with the distance of preceding, back both sides face, and the hole center of left side jack is 80mm with wallboard 12 left side edge's distance, and the hole center of right side jack is 80mm with wallboard 12 right side edge's distance.
Specifically, in step S4, the installation is performed sequentially from the edge of the door opening to both sides, and intact and tidy wall boards without cutting are installed at the edge of the door opening and the external corner of the wall; the hole-free partition walls are sequentially installed from one end of the wall to the other end of the wall.
Referring to fig. 5 and 6, specifically, the wallboard traction apparatus in step S4 includes a support frame 1 and a wallboard fixture 2, a driving motor 3 is horizontally disposed on the support frame 1, a winch 4 is connected to an output shaft of the driving motor 3, a guide wheel 5 is further disposed near the top of the support frame 1, and a traction cable 6 wound on the winch 4 is connected to the wallboard fixture 2 through the guide wheel 5, wherein: the wallboard fixture 2 comprises a symmetrical arrangement structure and is filled with a first clamping arm 21 and a second clamping arm 22 made of flexible materials 11, a sliding groove 23 is formed in one side of the first clamping arm 21, a movable rod 24 capable of sliding along the length direction of the sliding groove is arranged on one side of the second clamping arm 22, and a limiting structure 25 used for limiting the sliding position of the movable rod 24 is further arranged between the movable rod 23 and the sliding groove 24.
During construction, support frame 1 is supported and held between back timber and floor, through the 6 length of traction cable of driving motor 3 adjustment capstan winch 4, make the position that wallboard anchor clamps 2 can reach and wait to install the position adaptation that the wallboard was placed, slide position through adjustment movable rod 24 in spout 23 this moment, make first arm lock 21 and second arm lock 22 centre gripping respectively in the both sides of wallboard, under limit structure 25's effect, the position of movable rod 24 is injectd, thereby make wallboard anchor clamps 2 and the width adaptation of wallboard, after wallboard anchor clamps 2 set up, drive capstan winch 4 through driving motor 3 rotates, make its traction cable 6 constantly coil and exist on capstan winch 4, at this moment under capstan winch 4's effect, the wallboard is slowly pulled up until perpendicular with the floor, flexible material 11 can cushion the effort of pulling the in-process, avoid damaging the wallboard. It should be noted that, in the whole construction process, only three persons are needed for construction, wherein one person controls the length of the traction cable 6, one person is responsible for stepping on the bottom of the wallboard to prevent skidding, and the other person is responsible for setting the wallboard clamp 2 and pushing and supporting the wallboard for alignment.
In order to enhance the technical effect of mechanical traction, specifically, a connecting piece 7 is arranged at the tail end of the traction cable 6, and the first clamping arm 21 and the second clamping arm 22 are connected with the connecting piece 7 through a connecting rope 8 respectively.
Referring to fig. 7 and 8, specifically, a latch 252 is disposed along a length direction of the movable rod 24, the limiting structure 25 includes a limiting cavity 251 disposed at one end of the sliding groove 23, a latch 253 cooperating with the latch 252 is disposed in the limiting cavity 251, a middle position of the latch 253 is hinged on a cavity wall of the limiting cavity 251 through a rotating shaft 254, one end of the latch 253 abuts against the latch 252 through an elastic member 255, the other end of the latch 253 is further provided with a button 256, the button 256 extends outward out of a surface of the limiting cavity 251, and when the button 256 is pressed, the latch 253 disengages from the latch 252, so that the movable rod 24 can slide along the length direction of the sliding groove 23.
In this embodiment, the latch 253 cooperates with the latch 252 to define the relative position between the movable rod 24 and the sliding slot 23, so as to define the relative position between the first clamping arm 21 and the second clamping arm 22, so that the relative position can be always adapted to the width of the wall board. When the button 256 is pressed, the button 256 enables one end of the clamping block 253 to rotate, the elastic piece 255 is compressed at the moment, the other end of the clamping block 253 leaves the clamping tooth 252, a person in need can adjust the relative position of the movable rod 24 and the sliding groove 23 according to the width of the wallboard, and the position can be limited by loosening the button 256.
Specifically, a limiting strip 26 adapted to the length direction of the chute 23 is arranged on the chute wall of the chute, and a limiting groove 27 is formed on the movable rod 24 corresponding to the limiting strip 26.
In the present embodiment, the engagement between the stopper bar 26 and the stopper groove 27 does not interfere with the stopper structure 25, and the direction of movement of the movable rod 24 is restricted to prevent the movable rod 24 from falling off from the inside of the slide groove 23.
Specifically, the elastic member 255 is a U-shaped spring plate.
Specifically, the lower extreme of support frame 1 is connected with mounting panel 9 through fixing bolt, driving motor 3 with the connection can be dismantled to mounting panel 9.
Specifically, the support frame 1 is constructed by steel pipes 10.
In this embodiment, the support frame 1 can be assembled on site according to the distance between the concrete beam and the floor, so that the construction is more convenient and the adaptability is better.
Referring to fig. 9, specifically, for the position of the door and window opening, the adjacent wall boards on the left and right sides are cut according to the size of the construction line to form a support table, the length of the support table seat is not less than 100mm, then the wall boards 12 are installed according to the sequence of the step S3 to the step S6, and after the installation of the wall boards 12, the transverse board 20 above the door and window opening is installed according to the following steps:
s701: spreading adhesive on the bearing surfaces of the adjacent wallboards on the left side and the right side;
s702: placing the transverse plate 20 on the support surface, reserving gaps of 10-15 mm between the left plate end and the right plate end of the transverse plate 20 and the side surface of the cut wallboard respectively, and filling fireproof rock wool in the gaps;
s703: the transverse plate 20 is fixedly connected with the corresponding side wall plate 12 through a stud;
diaphragm 20 can be formed by the concatenation from top to bottom of polylith panel, when door and window entrance to a cave span exceeded 1500mm, carries out reinforcement processing through addding the steel construction.
Specifically, when the construction environment is easily soaked in water or wet, a concrete sill table with the height of more than or equal to 150mm is poured on the ground.
It should be noted that, when two wall panels 12 are connected in a corner or T shape, two pins are used for anchoring, wherein the height of one pin from the ground is 600-700 mm, the height of the other pin from the ground is the height of the wall panel minus 600-700 mm, and the total depth of each pin anchored in two wall panels 12 in different directions is not less than the thickness of a single wall panel 12 plus 150 mm.
In conclusion, the prefabricated wall panel 12 assembly type construction method is adopted, the construction speed is higher than that of a masonry partition wall, meanwhile, the construction difficulty is reduced by fixing the wall panel through the special pipe clamp 13 and reinforcing the wall panel through the connecting sheets 15, and the connecting strength of the prefabricated wall panel is obviously superior to that of bonding connection; the pouring ridge platform overcomes the defect that the ALC plate is not suitable for a soaking or humid environment, and can be used for parts which are often soaked or easily affected with damp, such as a toilet, a kitchen and the like; the doors and windows are spliced by the transverse plates 20, so that the construction mode is more flexible, a structural frame is not required to be additionally arranged, a large amount of construction time is saved, the construction strength is further reduced, and a reasonable installation method of the wall body at the upper part of the door and window opening is favorable for reasonably and evenly distributing the stress of the wall body and reducing the possibility of cracking of the wall body; the ALC wallboard 12 can be further adjusted and calibrated in the installation process, thereby ensuring the installation precision of the wallboard and improving the forming quality of the partition wall; a mechanical traction mode is adopted, so that the manual intervention is reduced, the construction strength is reduced, and the construction safety is guaranteed; because the wallboard 12 is easy to absorb moisture and water, the partition block 19 can prevent the wallboard from directly contacting the ground during stacking, thereby effectively avoiding the damages such as deflection and cracking caused by poor stacking, simultaneously avoiding the potential safety hazard formed by over-high stacking of the wallboard 12 and facilitating the taking of the wallboard 12 during construction.
Finally, it should be noted that the above description is not intended to limit the present invention, and the present invention is not limited to the above examples, and those skilled in the art should also make changes, modifications, additions or substitutions within the spirit and scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The construction method of the assembled ALC partition wall is characterized by comprising the following steps:
s1: carrying and storing the wallboards according to a preset stacking standard;
s2: construction and paying-off: marking the mounting position of the wall board and the position of the door and window openings through the base line;
s3: installing a pipe clamp: transporting the pre-installed wall boards to an installation position by using a working truck or a hydraulic truck, and installing at least one pipe clamp on the upper end surface of each wall board;
s4: positioning and adjusting the wall plate: erecting the wall boards through a wall board traction device and manual cooperation, temporarily fixing the upper end surfaces and the lower end surfaces of the wall boards through wood wedges respectively, beating the wood wedges at the upper end and the lower end through a rubber hammer to adjust the positions of the wall boards, adjusting the flatness and the verticality of the wall surface and ensuring that the wall boards are aligned to baselines marked on a roof and a bottom surface in advance;
s5: fixing a pipe clamp: the pipe card is fixedly connected with a concrete beam or plate of the roof through long-shot nails;
s6: board seam is repaired and wall is handled, and wallboard lower extreme and floor department gap are used 1: 3, tightly embedding and filling cement mortar, taking out a wood wedge after the mortar is hardened, filling homogeneous mortar, filling gaps at the upper end of the wallboard and the joint of the wallboard and a column wall with a PU foaming agent and a PE rod, and filling the surface with repair mortar; the wallboard joints are filled with repair mortar.
2. The construction method as claimed in claim 1, wherein in step S1, when the wall panel is transported and stored, the stacking height of the wall panel is not more than 2000mm, and the wall panel is divided into a plurality of piles by a spacer, the height of each pile is not more than 1000mm, the size of the spacer is 500mm x 100mm, and at least 2 spacer are oppositely arranged in the left and right direction, the distance between the left side of the wall panel and the left side of the wall panel is not more than 1/5 of the length of the wall panel, and the distance between the right side of the wall panel and the right side of the wall panel is not more than 1/5 of the.
3. The construction method as claimed in claim 1, wherein when the height of the wall panel is more than 4000mm, at least one pipe clamp is installed at the lower end surface of each wall panel in step S3, and each pipe clamp is connected and fixed to the concrete floor by two shooting nails in step S5.
4. The construction method according to claim 1 or 3, wherein the pipe clamp comprises a plug pin and a connecting plate vertically and fixedly connected with the plug pin, two through holes for inserting shooting nails are formed in the connecting plate, and the length of the plug pin is not less than 80 mm.
5. The construction method according to claim 4, wherein the upper and lower ends of the wall panel are respectively provided with two insertion holes for inserting the plug pins in a left-right parallel manner, the distance between the hole center of each insertion hole and the front and rear side surfaces is the same, the distance between the hole center of the left insertion hole and the left edge of the wall panel is 80mm, and the distance between the hole center of the right insertion hole and the right edge of the wall panel is 80 mm.
6. The construction method according to claim 4, wherein in step S4, the installation is performed sequentially from the edge of the door opening to both sides, and the cut-free and neat wall boards are installed at the external corners of the opening edge and the wall; the hole-free partition walls are sequentially installed from one end of the wall to the other end of the wall.
7. The construction method according to claim 1, wherein grooves are oppositely formed in the left and right side edges of the front and rear panel surfaces of the wall panels, so that the grooves of two adjacent wall panels are spliced to form a containing groove capable of containing a connecting sheet, the connecting sheet is installed in the containing groove, and the left and right ends of the connecting sheet are respectively connected with the wall panel on the corresponding side through self-tapping screws; before the board seam repair and wall surface treatment are performed in step S6, the wallboard connection is reinforced by fixing connecting pieces.
8. The construction method according to claim 1, 2, 3, 5, 6 or 7, wherein the wallboard dragging device in step S4 comprises a supporting frame and a wallboard fixture, the supporting frame is horizontally provided with a driving motor, an output shaft of the driving motor is connected with a winch, a guide wheel is further arranged near the top of the supporting frame, a dragging cable wound on the winch is connected with the wallboard fixture through the guide wheel, and wherein: the wallboard anchor clamps include symmetrical arrangement to it has first arm lock and second arm lock of flexible material to fill, one side of first arm lock is provided with the spout, one side of second arm lock is provided with can follows the gliding movable rod of spout length direction, the movable rod with still be provided with between the spout and be used for injecing the limit structure of movable rod sliding position.
9. The construction method according to claim 7, wherein, for the position of the door and window opening, the adjacent wall boards at the left and right sides are cut according to the size of the construction paying-off line to form a support platform, the length of the support platform seat surface is not less than 100mm, then the wall boards are installed according to the sequence of the step S3-the step S6, and after the installation of the wall boards, the transverse plates above the door and window opening are installed according to the following steps:
s701: spreading adhesive on the bearing surfaces of the adjacent wallboards on the left side and the right side;
s702: placing the transverse plate on the support surface, reserving gaps of 10-15 mm between the left plate end and the right plate end of the transverse plate and the side surface of the cut wallboard respectively, and filling fireproof rock wool in the gaps;
s703: connecting and fixing the transverse plate and the corresponding side wall plate through a stud bolt;
when the span of the door and window opening exceeds 1500mm, the steel structure is additionally arranged for reinforcement treatment.
10. The construction method according to claim 8, wherein when the construction environment is easily soaked or wetted, a concrete sill having a height of 150mm or more is cast on the ground.
CN202010466743.3A 2020-05-28 2020-05-28 Construction method of assembled ALC partition wall Pending CN111576890A (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1495324A (en) * 2002-09-18 2004-05-12 M・凯因德尔公司 Panel with connecting clamp
CN101974975A (en) * 2010-08-17 2011-02-16 龙信建设集团有限公司 Method for constructing ash concrete hollow partition plate
CN203145249U (en) * 2013-04-15 2013-08-21 浙江海天建设集团有限公司 Integrally assembled composite partition wall
CN204960120U (en) * 2015-08-24 2016-01-13 北京珠穆朗玛绿色建筑科技有限公司 Precast reinforced concrete component and assembly type structure who constitutes thereof
CN106499091A (en) * 2016-11-22 2017-03-15 中国建筑第七工程局有限公司 A kind of assembling type partition wall construction method based on ALC plates
CN209799407U (en) * 2018-12-28 2019-12-17 广东正大建设有限公司 Energy-saving assembled partition plate erection equipment

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1495324A (en) * 2002-09-18 2004-05-12 M・凯因德尔公司 Panel with connecting clamp
CN101974975A (en) * 2010-08-17 2011-02-16 龙信建设集团有限公司 Method for constructing ash concrete hollow partition plate
CN203145249U (en) * 2013-04-15 2013-08-21 浙江海天建设集团有限公司 Integrally assembled composite partition wall
CN204960120U (en) * 2015-08-24 2016-01-13 北京珠穆朗玛绿色建筑科技有限公司 Precast reinforced concrete component and assembly type structure who constitutes thereof
CN106499091A (en) * 2016-11-22 2017-03-15 中国建筑第七工程局有限公司 A kind of assembling type partition wall construction method based on ALC plates
CN209799407U (en) * 2018-12-28 2019-12-17 广东正大建设有限公司 Energy-saving assembled partition plate erection equipment

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