CN111495935A - Solar comprehensive treatment device and method for kitchen waste - Google Patents

Solar comprehensive treatment device and method for kitchen waste Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111495935A
CN111495935A CN202010337971.0A CN202010337971A CN111495935A CN 111495935 A CN111495935 A CN 111495935A CN 202010337971 A CN202010337971 A CN 202010337971A CN 111495935 A CN111495935 A CN 111495935A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cover
liquid
solar
kitchen waste
guide
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Granted
Application number
CN202010337971.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111495935B (en
Inventor
梅丹丹
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Beijing Lanqi Environmental Technology Group Co.,Ltd.
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Ningxia Bowen Li'ao Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202010337971.0A priority Critical patent/CN111495935B/en
Publication of CN111495935A publication Critical patent/CN111495935A/en
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Publication of CN111495935B publication Critical patent/CN111495935B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste or contaminated solids into something useful or harmless
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N17/00Apparatus specially adapted for preparing animal feeding-stuffs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N17/00Apparatus specially adapted for preparing animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23N17/004Apparatus specially adapted for preparing animal feeding-stuffs for treating by application of heat, e.g. by means of potato cookers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste or contaminated solids into something useful or harmless
    • B09B3/0058Removing gases or liquids enclosed in discarded articles, e.g. aerosol cans, cooling systems of refrigerators ; Removing gases from discarded plastic foam products
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste or contaminated solids into something useful or harmless
    • B09B3/0083Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste or contaminated solids into something useful or harmless by means of a thermal treatment, e.g. evaporation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/20Waste processing or separation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/82Recycling of waste of electrical or electronic equipment [WEEE]

Abstract

The embodiment of the invention discloses a solar kitchen waste comprehensive treatment device, which comprises a storage cover and an installation cover, wherein a solar thermal collector is arranged on the side wall of the storage cover, the installation cover is arranged above the storage cover, a crushing and liquid-removing mechanism is arranged in the installation cover, the solar kitchen waste comprehensive treatment device can realize multi-stage crushing of waste through a crushed material propelling knife and an object feeding cover, and can also pre-remove oil and water simultaneously, so that the subsequent oil liquid removing efficiency is higher, when the solar kitchen waste comprehensive treatment device is implemented, once the waste is put into the object feeding cover, the waste can be crushed by the crushed material propelling knife, meanwhile, the crushed waste is extruded and pushed by the crushed material propelling knife to move downwards, at the moment, the oil liquid in the waste can be filtered along an inclined through hole on the side wall of the object feeding cover, the efficiency is higher, the device cannot be easily influenced when the subsequent drying is carried out, and when the waste moves to the bottom of the object feeding cover, the crushing strips can, thereby avoiding the situation that the feed production efficiency is reduced.

Description

Solar comprehensive treatment device and method for kitchen waste
Technical Field
The embodiment of the invention relates to the field of garbage treatment, in particular to a solar comprehensive treatment device and method for kitchen garbage.
Background
The kitchen waste has the characteristics of high organic matter content and high oil content, contains a large amount of oil and cholesterol, is rich in nutrition, is a plague bed for breeding bacteria and viruses, is mostly used as feed by some pig farmers in cities in nearly ten years, is completely utilized by the pig farmers in cities and suburbs for treatment, feeds garbage pigs, and is mixed with edible oil for sale or sale to various food stores after being recovered and refined. The garbage pig fed by untreated kitchen garbage not only can easily cause more than 10 infectious diseases such as animal infection, but also can easily cause infectious diseases outbreak because pathogenic parasites parasitize in the body of the pig and enter the human body in the form of food chains, and easily cause human body infectious viruses such as foot-and-mouth disease, hepatitis and the like. The waste grease in the kitchen waste is recovered and refined by illegal vendors to prepare hogwash oil which is mixed into edible oil for sale and eaten by people. The hogwash oil contains a large amount of carcinogenic substances, which seriously harms the health of people. By developing the resource utilization of the kitchen waste, the conversion of clean energy is realized, the sources of urban 'waste pigs' and 'hogwash oil' are thoroughly cut off, and the problems of secondary pollution, food safety, social and ecological environment, health hazard of citizens and the like of the kitchen waste are solved.
The kitchen waste is usually made into feed or fertilizer by resource utilization, but most of the kitchen waste is directly made into feed for resource recycling due to the long manufacturing period of the fertilizer.
Common kitchen garbage need smash rubbish in the course of the treatment in the existing market, and there is fluid in the rubbish, and rubbish smashes the back simultaneously and need consume the operation of drying for a large amount of time, nevertheless rubbish after smashing is piled up to glue together, and a large amount of fluid is difficult to get rid of fast in it, leads to taking off the mechanism and extremely easily appearing the corrosion phenomenon, and when drying, can't guarantee its inside drying efficiency for subsequent fodder preparation efficiency reduces.
Disclosure of Invention
Therefore, the embodiment of the invention provides a solar comprehensive treatment device and method for kitchen waste, and aims to solve the problems that in the prior art, a lot of time is consumed for drying after the waste is crushed, but the crushed waste is accumulated and adhered together, a large amount of oil liquid in the crushed waste is difficult to quickly remove, a drying mechanism is easy to rust, the drying efficiency in the drying mechanism cannot be guaranteed, and the subsequent feed manufacturing efficiency is reduced.
In order to achieve the above object, an embodiment of the present invention provides the following:
a solar comprehensive treatment device for kitchen waste comprises a storage cover with a solar thermal collector mounted on the side wall and a mounting cover mounted above the storage cover, wherein a crushing and liquid-removing mechanism is arranged in the mounting cover, and a drying mechanism connected with the crushing and liquid-removing mechanism is mounted in the storage cover;
smash and take off liquid mechanism including fixing the thing cover of entrying that runs through to the storage cover in installation cover top inner wall and tip the thing cover in-connection has the column spinner that is driven by the driver, just the thing cover of entrying is close to the one end inner wall of installation cover and installs the guide sloping block, the lateral wall of column spinner has cup jointed the junk and has impeld the sword, the lateral wall of thing cover and junk impel the sword to correspond position department spiral and be provided with the flume, the inner wall of thing cover seted up with the flume intercommunication and be used for leading away the slope through-hole of liquid, slope through-hole in-connection has fixed water conservancy diversion post, the one end that the junk was kept away from to fixed water conservancy diversion post is installed and is covered the bearing movable table of wall connection with the thing.
As a preferable scheme of the invention, the inner wall of the liquid guide groove is provided with a liquid guide ring group, the outer wall of the object inlet cover is provided with a plurality of liquid outlet grooves communicated with the liquid guide groove, and each liquid outlet groove comprises a guide-out groove with a V-shaped longitudinal section and a liquid outlet groove communicated with the guide-out groove.
As a preferable scheme of the present invention, the fixed guide column includes a support column connected to a side wall of the bearing movable table, and a pushing tooth table connected to an inner wall of the inclined through hole is installed at one end of the support column away from the bearing movable table.
As a preferable scheme of the present invention, a support sheet is installed on an inner wall of a bottom end of the object entering cover, a hollow frustum sleeve is installed at a center position of the support sheet, a pushing frame connected with a surface of the support sheet is installed at one end of the rotating column close to the hollow frustum sleeve, a driving column penetrates through an axis position of the hollow frustum sleeve, one end of the driving column is connected with the rotating column, and the other end of the driving column extends into the storage cover and is connected with a pressing table.
As a preferable scheme of the present invention, a guide sleeve is hermetically connected to a side wall of one end of the article-entering cover close to the storage cover, a discharge hole is formed in a side wall of one end of the article-entering cover close to the storage cover, a plurality of soft guide columns which penetrate into the article-entering cover and have the same structure as the fixed guide columns are installed on an inner wall of the guide sleeve, an inclined sleeve is installed at one end of the guide sleeve far from the storage cover, and auxiliary shredding strips connected with the soft guide columns are installed on a side wall of the pushing frame.
As a preferable scheme of the present invention, the grading dry mechanism includes a guide block connected to an inner wall of the storage cover and located below the discharge hole, the guide block has a plurality of stepped holes formed in a surface of one side close to the discharge hole, a grading storage basket is connected to the stepped holes, a settling groove is formed in a surface of one side close to the pressing table, and a blowing bag connected to the pressing table and used for blowing air to the grading storage basket is installed in the settling groove.
As a preferable scheme of the invention, the graded storage basket comprises a filter basket positioned in the stepped hole, a feeding cover is arranged at one end of the filter basket far away from the stepped hole, a guide strip with a triangular cross section is arranged in the feeding cover, and a drying pipe communicated with the solar heat collector is sleeved on the side wall of the filter basket.
As a preferable scheme of the invention, the pressing platform comprises an irregular platform connected with the driving column, and a cylindrical platform connected with the blowing bag is installed at one end of the irregular platform far away from the driving column.
A solar energy kitchen waste comprehensive treatment method comprises the following steps:
s100, putting the sorted kitchen waste into an object cover, then starting a driver, and simultaneously crushing the input waste and filtering oil liquid to obtain a feed raw material;
s200, feeding the feed raw materials into a solar storage room, and simultaneously performing dehydration and drying operations;
s300, sterilizing and disinfecting the dehydrated and dried material to obtain the feed.
As a preferred scheme of the present invention, the specific operation flow of simultaneously pulverizing the input garbage and filtering the oil liquid in step S100 is as follows:
s101, driving the crushed object propelling knife and the driving post to rotate through the driver, wherein the garbage is primarily crushed by the crushed object propelling knife, and meanwhile, the garbage is pushed downwards by the crushed object propelling knife in a squeezing mode;
s102, filtering oil overflowing after the garbage is extruded through the inclined through holes in the side wall of the material inlet cover to obtain a primary drying raw material.
The embodiment of the invention has the following advantages:
according to the invention, through the crushed material pushing knife and the material inlet cover, the garbage can be subjected to multi-stage crushing operation, and meanwhile, oil and water can be pre-removed in real time, so that the subsequent oil liquid removal efficiency is higher;
the invention can realize grading drying and deoiling through the guide block, so that the efficiency of the material in the process of preparing the feed is higher, and meanwhile, the drying efficiency is higher by utilizing the heat conduction pipe and the air blast bag for assistance in the grading drying process.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below. It should be apparent that the drawings in the following description are merely exemplary, and that other embodiments can be derived from the drawings provided by those of ordinary skill in the art without inventive effort.
The structures, ratios, sizes, and the like shown in the present specification are only used for matching with the contents disclosed in the specification, so as to be understood and read by those skilled in the art, and are not used to limit the conditions that the present invention can be implemented, so that the present invention has no technical significance, and any structural modifications, changes in the ratio relationship, or adjustments of the sizes, without affecting the effects and the achievable by the present invention, should still fall within the range that the technical contents disclosed in the present invention can cover.
FIG. 1 is a schematic overall structure diagram of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of an inlet hood according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic top cross-sectional view of an embodiment of the storage enclosure of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view A of FIG. 2;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a pulverizing and fluid-removing mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a side cross-sectional structural view of a staging storage basket according to an embodiment of the invention.
In the figure:
1-a storage cover; 2, mounting a cover; 3-a crushing and liquid-removing mechanism; 4-level dry mechanism; 5-fixing the flow guide column; 6-pressing the platform;
101-a solar thermal collector;
201-an object cover; 202-a discharge hole; 203-spin columns; 204-guide ramp block; 205-debris propelling knife; 206-liquid guide groove; 207-inclined through holes; 208-carrying movable table; 209-liquid guide ring group; 210-a liquid outlet groove; 211-an outlet slot; 212-a flow outlet groove; 213-support sheet; 214-hollow frustum sleeve; 215-a push frame; 216-a drive post; 217-a guide sleeve; 218-soft flow guiding columns; 219-tilt sleeve; 220-auxiliary shredding;
401-a conductor mass; 402-a stepped bore; 403-graded storage basket; 404-a settling tank; 405-a blowing bag; 406-a filter basket; 407-a feed hood; 408-a guide strip; 409-a drying pipe;
501-supporting columns; 502-pushing the tooth table;
601-irregular table; 602-cylindrical table.
Detailed Description
The present invention is described in terms of particular embodiments, other advantages and features of the invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art from the following disclosure, and it is to be understood that the described embodiments are merely exemplary of the invention and that it is not intended to limit the invention to the particular embodiments disclosed. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1, the invention provides a solar comprehensive treatment device for kitchen waste, which can realize multi-stage crushing operation on the waste through a crushed material propelling knife 205 and an object feeding cover 201, and can also perform instant pre-separation on oil and water, so that the separation efficiency of subsequent oil is higher; the device can also realize grading drying and deoiling through the guide block 401, so that the efficiency of the material in the process of preparing the feed is higher, and meanwhile, the heat conduction pipe 409 and the air blowing bag 405 can be used for assistance in the grading drying process, so that the drying efficiency is higher.
The device comprises a storage cover 1 with a solar heat collector 101 mounted on the side wall and a mounting cover 2 mounted above the storage cover 1, wherein a crushing and liquid-removing mechanism 3 is arranged in the mounting cover 2, and a drying mechanism 4 connected with the crushing and liquid-removing mechanism 3 is mounted in the storage cover 1.
The device is when using, can directly drop into installation cover 2 with the material, treat it through smashing take off liquid mechanism 3's a lot of smashing and the filtering of fluid to make subsequent drying efficiency higher (present dry stoving need consume a large amount of time or need with the help of other auxiliary component, and the device just can carry out the dry operation of taking off when rubbish is smashed, can make subsequent stoving operating efficiency higher and need not be with the help of auxiliary component from this), treat it through taking off the back in advance, can classify in the dry mechanism 4 of level in order to part a large amount of materials, so alright make the efficiency of taking off futilely higher.
As shown in fig. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5, the crushing and fluid-removing mechanism 3 includes an inlet cover 201 fixed on the inner wall of the top of the mounting cover 2 and having an end portion penetrating into the storage cover 1, a rotary column 203 driven by a driver is connected in the inlet cover 201, a guide inclined block 204 is installed on the inner wall of one end of the inlet cover 201 close to the mounting cover 2, a crushed matter pushing knife 205 is sleeved on the side wall of the rotary column 203, the crushed matter pushing knife 205 can refer to a screw propeller but is provided with a crushing knife, a fluid guide groove 206 is spirally provided on the outer wall of the inlet cover 201 at a position corresponding to the crushed matter pushing knife 205, an inclined through hole 207 communicated with the fluid guide groove 206 and used for guiding away fluid is formed on the inner wall of the inlet cover 201, a fixed fluid guide column 5 is connected in the inclined through hole 207, a movable carrying platform 208 connected to the inner wall of the inlet cover 201 is installed at one end of the fixed fluid guide column 5 far from the crushed matter pushing knife 205, the load bearing movable table 208 is provided with a spring block to provide elasticity.
When the crushing and liquid-removing mechanism 3 is used specifically, a user can directly put materials into the object cover 201, the materials are limited and guided by the guide sloping block 204 (the structure of the guide sloping block 204 is shown in fig. 5), so that the materials can not easily be blocked, namely, the materials always enter along the inclined surface of the guide sloping block 204, then the crushed material pushing knife 205 can crush the materials entering and extrude the crushed materials, then the extruded materials can overflow the liquid in the liquid, the liquid is filtered out through the inclined through hole 207 and is positioned in the liquid guide groove 206, the fixed guide pillar 5 is arranged to prevent the inclined through hole 207 from being blocked, when the materials are clamped into the inclined through hole 207, the fixed guide pillar 5 can be pushed out of the inclined through hole 207 and simultaneously extrude the bearing movable table 208, then the bearing movable table 208 is reset to push the materials out of the inclined through hole 207, the fixed guide pillar 5 comprises a support pillar 501 connected with the side wall of the bearing movable table 208, the end of the supporting column 501, which is far away from the bearing movable table 208, is provided with a pushing tooth table 502 connected with the inner wall of the inclined through hole 207, and the fixed flow guiding column 5 is arranged in such a way that the filtrate can be normally filtered out of the inclined through hole 207 and cannot be blocked by the fixed flow guiding column 5.
Liquid guide ring group 209 is installed to the inner wall of liquid guide groove 206 the outer wall of income thing cover 201 is seted up a plurality of and is led liquid groove 210 of liquid guide groove 206 intercommunication, liquid groove 210 is by the derivation groove 211 that the longitudinal section is V style of calligraphy structure and with the groove 212 that outflows that leads groove 211 intercommunication.
When the filtrate passes through the inclined through hole 207, the filtrate directly flows into the liquid guiding groove 206, and the liquid guiding groove 206 is spiral, so that the filtrate is not covered on the outer wall of the inlet cover 201, thereby preventing the foreign currency of the inlet cover 201 from being eroded, and the liquid guiding ring group 209 is arranged to play a role of blocking the oil, so that the filtrate does not overflow the liquid guiding groove 206, and when the filtrate flows to the liquid outlet groove 210, the filtrate directly enters the liquid outlet groove 211 and gradually and rapidly converges and flows away through the liquid outlet groove 212 (the specific structure is shown in fig. 2).
As shown in fig. 1, a support plate 213 is installed on the inner wall of the bottom end of the object cover 201, a hollow frustum sleeve 214 is installed at the center of the support plate 213, one end of the rotating column 203 close to the hollow frustum sleeve 214 is provided with a pushing frame 215 connected with the surface of the supporting sheet 213, a driving column 216 is arranged at the axial center of the hollow frustum sleeve 214 in a penetrating manner, one end of the driving column 216 is connected with the rotating column 203, and the other end of the driving post 216 extends into the storage cover 1 and is connected with a pressing platform 6, the pressing platform 6 comprises an irregular platform 601 connected with the driving post 216, one end of the irregular table 601 far away from the driving post 216 is provided with a cylindrical table 602 connected with the blowing bag 405, the pressing table 6 is provided to present an irregular circle mechanism when the cylindrical table 602 rotates, and a specific structure thereof can be seen in fig. 1.
After the garbage is primarily crushed and sent to the bottom end of the material inlet cover 201, the garbage materials are accumulated on the hollow frustum sleeve 214 and the supporting sheet 213, meanwhile, the oil in the garbage is filtered again through the hollow frustum sleeve 214, meanwhile, because the rotating column 203 rotates, the pushing frame 215 also rotates, because the side wall of the pushing frame 215 is provided with the auxiliary crushing strip 220 connected with the soft diversion column 218, the garbage at the bottom end of the material inlet cover 201 is crushed and loosened by the auxiliary crushing strip 220, so that the subsequent materials are not too tight when accumulated, and because the side wall of one end of the material inlet cover 201 close to the storage cover 1 is provided with the discharge hole 202, the materials which are crushed and dewatered again are pushed out from the discharge hole 202 by the pushing frame 215 to directly fall into the drying mechanism 4, and simultaneously, the rotating column 203 drives the column 216 to rotate together after rotating, therefore, the pressing table 6 can also rotate, and the rotating pressing table 6 can extrude the air blowing bag 405 to perform air blowing and drying operations, so that the whole structure is simple, and resources are saved.
The side wall of one end of the article entering cover 201 close to the storage cover 1 is hermetically connected with a guide sleeve 217, the inner wall of the guide sleeve 217 is provided with a plurality of soft guide columns 218 (banana material can be selected as the soft guide columns 218, and metal material can be selected as the fixed guide columns 5) which penetrate into the article entering cover 201 and have the same structure as the fixed guide columns 5, and one end of the guide sleeve 217 far away from the storage cover 1 is provided with an inclined sleeve 219.
After being filtered, the oil liquid flows into the space between the guide sleeve 217 and the inlet cover 201 along the outflow groove 212 and finally flows into the storage cover 1, the soft guide columns 218 are arranged, the function of the soft guide columns is the same as that of the fixed guide columns 5, the situation that the filter holes are blocked by the oil liquid is avoided, and the inclined sleeve 219 is arranged to avoid splashing when the oil liquid drops to cause erosion of the inner wall of the equipment.
As shown in fig. 1 and 6, the stepped stem mechanism 4 includes a guide block 401 connected to an inner wall of the storage cover 1 and located below the discharge hole 202, a plurality of stepped holes 402 are formed in a surface of the guide block 401 near the discharge hole 202, a stepped storage basket 403 is connected to the stepped holes 402, a fixing groove 404 is formed in a surface of the guide block 401 near the pressing table 6, and a blowing bag 405 connected to the pressing table 6 and used for blowing air to the stepped storage basket 403 is installed in the fixing groove 404.
When the material is stored, the rotating pressing table 6 can frequently press the air blowing bag 405 to blow air into the graded storage basket 403 to achieve the drying purpose, and the oil liquid in the graded storage basket 403 can be filtered and dropped into the storage cover 1.
The graded storage basket 403 comprises a filter basket 406 positioned in the stepped hole 402, a feeding cover 407 is mounted at one end of the filter basket 406 far away from the stepped hole 402, a guide strip 408 with a triangular cross section is mounted in the feeding cover 407, and a drying pipe 409 communicated with the solar heat collector 101 is sleeved on the side wall of the filter basket 406 (the drying pipe 409 can be selected from a small copper pipe, and the working principle between the drying pipe 409 and the solar heat collector 101 is the same as that of a solar water heater in the existing market).
The classified storage basket 403 (the specific size of which should be adjusted according to actual conditions) is arranged in such a way that when materials enter the classified storage basket 403, the materials are firstly clamped into the feeding cover 407 so as to avoid the situation that the materials are accumulated on the inclined surface of the guide block 401, and after the first classified storage basket 403 is filled with the materials, the materials are guided by the guide strip 408 to rapidly enter the second classified storage basket 403 without being blocked by the materials in the first classified storage basket 403, and the drying pipe 409 is arranged so as to be matched with the air blowing bag 405, so that the air blown out by the drying pipe 409 is hot air, thereby increasing the drying efficiency.
A solar comprehensive treatment method for kitchen waste comprises the following steps:
s100, putting the sorted kitchen waste into an object cover, then starting a driver, and simultaneously crushing the input waste and filtering oil liquid to obtain a feed raw material;
s200, feeding the feed raw materials into a solar storage room, and simultaneously performing dehydration and drying operations;
s300, sterilizing and disinfecting the dehydrated and dried material to obtain the feed.
The specific operation flow for simultaneously crushing the input garbage and filtering the oil liquid in the step S100 is as follows:
s101, driving the crushed object propelling knife and the driving post to rotate through the driver, wherein the garbage is primarily crushed by the crushed object propelling knife, and meanwhile, the garbage is pushed downwards by the crushed object propelling knife in a squeezing mode;
s102, filtering oil overflowing after the garbage is extruded through the inclined through holes in the side wall of the material inlet cover to obtain a primary drying raw material. .
Although the invention has been described in detail above with reference to a general description and specific examples, it will be apparent to one skilled in the art that modifications or improvements may be made thereto based on the invention. Accordingly, such modifications and improvements are intended to be within the scope of the invention as claimed.

Claims (10)

1. The solar comprehensive treatment device for the kitchen waste is characterized by comprising a storage cover (1) with a solar thermal collector (101) arranged on the side wall and an installation cover (2) arranged above the storage cover (1), wherein a crushing and liquid-removing mechanism (3) is arranged in the installation cover (2), and a drying mechanism (4) connected with the crushing and liquid-removing mechanism (3) is arranged in the storage cover (1);
the crushing and liquid-removing mechanism (3) comprises an object-entering cover (201) which is fixed on the inner wall of the top of the mounting cover (2) and the end part of which penetrates into the storage cover (1), a rotating column (203) driven by a driver is connected in the object entering cover (201), and a guiding inclined block (204) is arranged on the inner wall of one end of the object entering cover (201) close to the mounting cover (2), a crushed material pushing knife (205) is sleeved on the side wall of the rotating column (203), a liquid guide groove (206) is spirally arranged at the position of the outer side wall of the material inlet cover (201) corresponding to the crushed material pushing knife (205), the inner wall of the article inlet cover (201) is provided with an inclined through hole (207) which is communicated with the liquid guide groove (206) and is used for guiding away liquid, the utility model discloses a garrulous thing propelling movement sword, including slope through-hole (207), the one end that inclines in through-hole (207) is connected with fixed water conservancy diversion post (5), the one end that the garrulous thing propelling movement sword (205) was kept away from in fixed water conservancy diversion post (5) is installed and is gone into thing cover (201) inner wall connection's bearing movable platform (208).
2. The solar comprehensive treatment device for kitchen waste according to claim 1, characterized in that a liquid guiding ring group (209) is installed on the inner wall of the liquid guiding groove (206), a plurality of liquid outlet grooves (210) communicated with the liquid guiding groove (206) are formed in the outer wall of the object entering cover (201), and the liquid outlet grooves (210) are formed by a guiding groove (211) with a V-shaped longitudinal section and a discharging groove (212) communicated with the guiding groove (211).
3. The solar comprehensive treatment device for kitchen waste according to claim 1, characterized in that said fixed guide pillar (5) comprises a support pillar (501) connected to the side wall of said bearing movable table (208), and a pushing tooth table (502) connected to the inner wall of said inclined through hole (207) is installed at the end of said support pillar (501) far away from said bearing movable table (208).
4. The comprehensive solar kitchen waste treatment device according to claim 1, wherein a support sheet (213) is installed on the inner wall of the bottom end of the inlet cover (201), a hollow frustum sleeve (214) is installed at the center of the support sheet (213), a pushing frame (215) connected with the surface of the support sheet (213) is installed at one end of the rotary column (203) close to the hollow frustum sleeve (214), a driving column (216) is arranged at the position of the axis of the hollow frustum sleeve (214) in a penetrating manner, one end of the driving column (216) is connected with the rotary column (203), and the other end of the driving column (216) extends into the storage cover (1) and is connected with a pressing table (6).
5. The comprehensive solar kitchen waste treatment device according to claim 1, wherein a guide sleeve (217) is hermetically connected to one end side wall of the object entering cover (201) close to the storage cover (1), a discharge hole (202) is formed in one end side wall of the object entering cover (201) close to the storage cover (1), a plurality of soft guide columns (218) which penetrate into the object entering cover (201) and are identical to the fixed guide columns (5) in structure are installed on the inner wall of the guide sleeve (217), an inclined sleeve (219) is installed at one end, far away from the storage cover (1), of the guide sleeve (217), and an auxiliary shredding strip (220) connected with the soft guide columns (218) is installed on the side wall of the pushing frame (215).
6. The solar kitchen waste comprehensive treatment device according to claim 1, characterized in that the grading mechanism (4) comprises a guide block (401) connected with the inner wall of the storage cover (1) and located below the discharge hole (202), a plurality of stepped holes (402) are formed in one side surface of the guide block (401) close to the discharge hole (202), a grading storage basket (403) is connected in the stepped holes (402), a stabilizing groove (404) is formed in one side surface of the guide block (401) close to the pressing table (6), and a blowing bag (405) connected with the pressing table (6) and used for blowing towards the grading storage basket (403) is installed in the stabilizing groove (404).
7. The solar kitchen waste comprehensive treatment device according to claim 6, characterized in that the graded storage basket (403) comprises a filter basket (406) positioned in the stepped hole (402), a feeding cover (407) is installed at one end of the filter basket (406) far away from the stepped hole (402), a guide strip (408) with a triangular cross section is installed in the feeding cover (407), and a drying pipe (409) communicated with the solar heat collector (101) is sleeved on the side wall of the filter basket (406).
8. The solar comprehensive kitchen waste treatment device according to claim 4, characterized in that the pressing table (6) comprises an irregular table (601) connected with the driving column (216), and a cylindrical table (602) connected with the air blowing bag (405) is installed at one end of the irregular table (601) far away from the driving column (216).
9. A solar comprehensive treatment method for kitchen waste is characterized by comprising the following steps:
s100, putting the sorted kitchen waste into an object cover, then starting a driver, and simultaneously crushing the input waste and filtering oil liquid to obtain a feed raw material;
s200, feeding the feed raw materials into a solar storage room, and simultaneously performing dehydration and drying operations;
s300, sterilizing and disinfecting the dehydrated and dried material to obtain the feed.
10. The solar comprehensive treatment method for the kitchen waste according to claim 9, wherein the specific operation procedures of simultaneously crushing the input waste and filtering the oil liquid in step S100 are as follows:
s101, driving the crushed object propelling knife and the driving post to rotate through the driver, wherein the garbage is primarily crushed by the crushed object propelling knife, and meanwhile, the garbage is pushed downwards by the crushed object propelling knife in a squeezing mode;
s102, filtering oil overflowing after the garbage is extruded through the inclined through holes in the side wall of the material inlet cover to obtain a primary drying raw material.
CN202010337971.0A 2020-04-26 2020-04-26 Solar comprehensive treatment device and method for kitchen waste Active CN111495935B (en)

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