CN103464449B - Kitchen waste pretreatment device - Google Patents

Kitchen waste pretreatment device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103464449B
CN103464449B CN201310440932.3A CN201310440932A CN103464449B CN 103464449 B CN103464449 B CN 103464449B CN 201310440932 A CN201310440932 A CN 201310440932A CN 103464449 B CN103464449 B CN 103464449B
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plate
guide
guide plate
fermentation tank
kitchen castoff
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CN201310440932.3A
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CN103464449A (en
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周本留
许德运
徐向全
吴人木
常玉梅
孙丽娟
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山东名流餐处装备股份有限公司
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Priority to CN201310050351 priority Critical
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Abstract

nullThe invention discloses a kind of kitchen waste pretreatment device,Including airtight housing and control system,It is characterized in that housing upper end is provided with elevating hopper and feeding motor,Automatic sorting device it is provided with in housing,Biofermentation drying device,Oily-water seperating equipment,Ionization odor removal and gas condensing unit,Described elevating hopper is connected with the kitchen castoff charging aperture of automatic sorting device through discharging opening,Automatic sorting device is connected with the charging aperture in biofermentation drying device through kitchen castoff outlet,Automatic sorting device is connected with oily-water seperating equipment through liquid outlet,Biofermentation drying device is connected with gas condensing unit through exhaust outlet,Gas condensing unit is connected with ionization odor removal,To reach automatic sorting、Fermentation process speed is fast、Fermentation is uniformly、Firing rate is fast、Can automatic oxygenation during fermentation、Eliminating malodours from gases is up to standard、Environment friendly and pollution-free effect.

Description

Kitchen waste pretreatment device
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of environment protection equipment, specifically a kind of kitchen waste pretreatment device.
Background technology
Along with socio-economic development, urbanization process is accelerated, living standard improves, and kitchen castoff generation amount grows with each passing day, and has exceeded the self-purification capacity of the earth, becomes worldwide public hazards: 1, transmission, gene mutation.Due to vertebrate gene sequence similarity, mutual canteen easily causes the propagation of the zoonosis such as rabid ox disease, aftosa, bird flu, SARS, and homologous genes pollutes gene mutation, the offspring's developmental deformity caused, and easily induces canceration;2, the wasting of resources.China's annual kitchen castoff yield about 60,000,000 tons, correspond approximately to 100,000,000 mu of arable land annual capacities, the annual production in 1 the whole province of medium province arable land, the grain ration of a year of people more than 200,000,000, through investigation, coastal prefecture-level city Weihai of 2800000 populations, the annual kitchen castoff more than 30 ten thousand tons produced, is approximately equivalent to more than 50 ten thousand mu of arable land annual capacities, whole annual productions of ploughing in ten several towns, more than 70 ten thousand people's grain rations of a year;3, " waste oil " returns to dining table.Serious threat food security, endangers people's health, affects social stability;4, soil compaction.Kitchen castoff high salt height fat, easily causes soil compaction, contaminated land and vegetation as Fertilizer application, reduces grain yield;5, environmental pollution.Burn together with house refuse, fill and cause environmental pollution;Produce the biogas residue of natural pond generating generation, biogas slurry will also result in secondary pollution.
Existing kitchen castoff pretreating process generally uses the steps such as garbage sorting, separation of solid and liquid, solid fermentation, Odor control,
Described garbage sorting step: at present, prevent rubbish to environment, dustbin is generally utilized to carry out unifying to collect, it is uniformly processed, and existing refuse treatment plant is required for manpower charging during adding rubbish, during by garbage feeding, the rubbish fermentation stench sent that goes bad makes us being difficult to bear, and also environment is caused pollution.nullAnd in processing procedure,These kitchen castoffs include a meter class、Flours、Food residues、Vegetables、Vegetable and animals oils、Kindred、Polybag and chopsticks etc.,The most also fork is had、Mineral water bottle、Coke bottle、Beverage bottle、The hard material of mess-tin etc,In order to isolate these hard materials from these kitchen castoffs,Generally by the method for manual sorting by such as polybag、Chopsticks、Hard material etc indissoluble material is separated with kitchen castoff,Its advantage is: it is careful to sort、Deficiency is: sorting speed is slow,It is unfavorable for forming large-scale process,Simultaneously,Kitchen castoff produces and makes people be difficult to the penetrating odor accepted,The person of sorting rubbish is caused unnecessary pollution,For the problems referred to above,CN102580850A discloses sorting unit before kitchen castoff on the net,Its sorting unit is by feeding mouth、Inner core、The inside and outside double-deck screen drum of urceolus composition、Separate motor、Coarse fodder delivery outlet and fines delivery outlet composition,It is connected with inner core by feeding mouth,Be provided with at feeding mouth will be equipped with that the refuse bag of rubbish cuts open cut a bag tooth,The concentration equipment collecting metal it is additionally provided with at feeding mouth,Inner core and urceolus inner-outer sleeve admittedly together with,Separate driven by motor inner core and urceolus rotates simultaneously,Inner core and outer tube inner wall are respectively equipped with stirring vane,Profit filtration channel it is additionally provided with on the barrel of urceolus,The barrel of inner core is provided with some perforates,For filtering mineral water bottle、Laughable tank、Beverage bottle、Mess-tin、Disposable bowls and chopsticks、The coarse fodder rubbish such as polybag,The inner core stirring vane that coarse fodder rubbish is provided with by inner tube wall is transported to coarse fodder delivery outlet,Fines drops to the space between inner core and urceolus by perforate,Profit or rate passage that profit is provided with by urceolus barrel are discharged,The stirring vane that residue kitchen castoff is then provided with by urceolus barrel is transported to discharging opening,Metal substances matter is then by entering the concentration equipment absorption of feeding mouth,Its deficiency is: unreasonable structure、Not there is practicality,One is owing to metal substances matter is wrapped by kitchen castoff,Cause the magneticaction to metal little,It is unfavorable for absorption,The a small amount of metallics close to concentration equipment can only be adsorbed,And,After absorption,It is also easy to the charging radiography to kitchen castoff ring;Two is during classification coarse fodder and fines, clamping stagnation in the material of such as chopsticks or fork etc easily cavity between inner core and urceolus, and then causes blocking, and is unfavorable for the classification of kitchen castoff and separates output.Moto-vibro screen or rotary screen screening, winnowing machine selection by winnowing and photometric sorter is also utilized to carry out the technology such as photometric sorting and separate, owing to kitchen castoff moisture content is about 80%, starchy material absorbs expansion, gelatinization reaction occurs, show as the sticky pasty state of heterogeneous body, half fluidised form, stick on the impurity that polybag, pork skin equal-volume are bigger and have substantial amounts of swill, based on these features, selection by winnowing mode is inapplicable, photometric sorting cost is the most too high, screening mode is more effective, but can not effectively remove the swill sticked in the removal of impurity.
Described solid-liquid separation step: owing to kitchen castoff complicated component, particularly grease and moisture are relatively big, the early stage that kitchen castoff carries out science processes, it is achieved separation of solid and liquid and water-oil separating are still key,
Through retrieval, it is 200910076168 that CN101480541A discloses a kind of number of patent application, patent name is the patent of invention of a kind of equipment for separating liquid from solid being applicable to kitchen castoff, its deficiency is: unreasonable structure, in feeding cylinder rotary course, the outage of charging barrel is easily blocked by kitchen castoff, causes solid-liquid separation effect poor.
Described solid fermentation step: in prior art, there is employing biofermentation groove to process the device of rubbish, it arranges shaft fermentation tank upper end in fermentation tank and is provided with charging aperture, side, bottom is provided with raw material outlet, it is provided with oxygenation gap along shaft axis direction bottom fermentation tank, air enters from the raw material outlet of tank diameter, discharge from charging aperture, shaft is provided with stirring vane, it is beneficial to for puddling rubbish, its deficiency is: unreasonable structure, make loaded down with trivial details, one is that oxygenation gap is located at bottom tank diameter, easily make feed blocking, cause oxygenation insufficient fermentation, two is that tank diameter temperature is wayward, fermentation time is not fixed, cause fermenting insufficient, treatment effeciency is the slowest.
nullThrough retrieval,CN2730508A discloses a kind of rubbish sterilizing、The utility model patent of fermentation processing unit,It includes process tank,The feeding device of one phase processor tank feed and one to process tank heat supply for heater,Feeding device is connected with process tank charging aperture,This process pipe has the charging aperture being positioned at top and the discharging opening being positioned at bottom,It is transversely provided with at least two agitator along described process tank,This process inner tube layer has conduction oil interlayer,Connect with conduction oil interlayer for heater and process tank connection,Although it solves the problem of homogeneous heating of fermentation tank,But it is complicated that deficiency is structure,Mode of heating is loaded down with trivial details、Directly described kitchen castoff can not be dried process,In oxygenation sweat,Need to be equipped with air hot pipe in process tank, inflate fermentation,Cause processing speed slow、Ferment effect is undesirable,And,During feeding intake,Need manually to feed intake,The health of human body causing workman can not be guaranteed.
nullDescribed Odor control step: during processing kitchen castoff,The foul smell to producing during processing rubbish is needed to be removed,To avoid causing secondary pollution,Meet the requirement of environmental protection,Now,Conventional deodorizing method mainly has masking method、Combustion method、Solution absorption method、Liquid ablution、Biology and active material absorption method etc.,The deficiency of these deodorizing methods is: masking method is cured the symptoms, not the disease,Combustion method observable index is bigger,The high-temperature gas produced causes atmosphere pollution,Equipment investment is high,Liquid phase adsorption method often poor effect,And it is little in cold regional practicality,Absorbing and deodorizing method is to apply more a kind of deodorizing method at present,Refer to utilize activated carbon、Foul gas molecule is physically or chemically adsorbed by molecular sieve or silica gel,Thus a kind of method of effectively deodorizing,There is low cost、Simple to operate、The advantages such as applied range,But it is poor that the absorbent charcoal material of routine has dynamic adsorption capacity、The shortcomings such as adsorption capacity is little,Simultaneously,Also can't resolve the pollution of high-temperature gas discharge air.
And, for this complete kitchen castoff processing equipment up to the present, also can the device of automatic charging when garbage disposal, cause overall structure imperfection, in sum, up to the present, market in urgent need a kind of can automatic charging, automatic sorting, good effect of separating solid from liquid, efficiency is high, dehydration rate high, fermentation process speed is fast, fermentation uniformly, firing rate is fast, fermentation time can the pre-processing device of up to standard, the environment friendly and pollution-free perfect in shape and function of automatic oxygenation, eliminating malodours from gases.
Summary of the invention
Present invention aim to address above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, it is provided that a kind of automatic charging, automatic sorting, good effect of separating solid from liquid, efficiency are high, dehydration rate high, fermentation process speed is fast, fermentation uniformly, firing rate is fast, fermentation time can up to standard, the environment friendly and pollution-free kitchen waste pretreatment device of automatic oxygenation, eliminating malodours from gases.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
nullA kind of kitchen waste pretreatment device,Including airtight housing and control system,It is characterized in that housing upper end is provided with elevating hopper and feeding motor,Automatic sorting device it is provided with in housing,Biofermentation drying device,Oily-water seperating equipment,Ionization odor removal and gas condensing unit,Described elevating hopper is connected with the kitchen castoff charging aperture of automatic sorting device through discharging opening,Automatic sorting device is connected with the charging aperture in biofermentation drying device through kitchen castoff outlet,Automatic sorting device is connected with oily-water seperating equipment through liquid outlet,Biofermentation drying device is connected with gas condensing unit through exhaust outlet,Gas condensing unit is connected with ionization odor removal,To reach automatic sorting、Fermentation process speed is fast、Fermentation is uniformly、Firing rate is fast、Can automatic oxygenation during fermentation、Eliminating malodours from gases is up to standard、Environment friendly and pollution-free effect,Described automatic sorting device includes screening slot、Screening cover plate、Separate axle、Separate blade、Screen pack and separation motor,Screening slot upper end is connected with screening cover plate,Formed in making screening slot and screening cover plate and separate cavity,It is provided with screen pack in screening slot and separates axle,Kitchen castoff separated space is formed between screen pack and screening slot,Screening slot one end is provided with kitchen castoff charging aperture,The other end is provided with separate substance outlet,Kitchen castoff outlet and liquid outlet are arranged below,The kitchen castoff charging aperture inwall of screening slot is provided with crushing shell,Screening slot is connected with elevating hopper through kitchen castoff charging aperture,Separate axle one end through crushing shell center through bearing、Bearing block is fixing with screening slot to be connected,The other end separates motor through screening slot be connected through transmission device and screening slot outside,At least 2 separate blades of circumference array on described separation axle,And separate blade is axially arranged,Described separate blade is by guide plate、Installing plate、Transition guide plate、Guide plate eases up and forms from plate,Guide plate trapezoidal plate face,Transition guide plate、Guide plate eases up and is respectively triangle flat plate from plate,Guide plate lower end is fixing with installing plate to be connected,Front end intersects with transition guide plate fixing connection,Rear end is connected with delaying to fix from plate,And transition guide plate on the basis of guide plate plane towards guide plate one lateral buckling,Delay and reversely bend upper surface from plate face on the basis of guide plate plane relative to transition guide plate,Transition guide plate upper surface、Guide plate upper surface ease up from plate upper surface all with screen pack matched in clearance,To avoid such as chopsticks、Fork、It is inserted in screen pack in separation process etc. elongated material and guide plate is caused hard collision,Transition guide plate front end intersects with guide plate fixing connection,And guide plate bends relative to transition guide plate in face on the basis of transition guide plate plane in the same direction,Connection is fixed with separating axle in installing plate lower end,Bar nose face is with to separate axle axis vertical,And bar nose face with screening cell wall crushing shell match,It is beneficial to guide plate work in coordination with crushing shell when rotated and shred the materials such as the such as polybag entered in screening slot,The soft materials such as plastics are avoided in separating axle rotary course, separate blade to be wound,Kitchen castoff after rubbing is led on guide plate through transition guide plate,Ease up such as cutter from plate through guide plate、Fork、The big material of chopsticks or lunch box etc separated material outlet under the rotating centrifugal effect separating axle is derived,The materials such as liquid in separate substance and kitchen castoff then export through screen pack and kitchen castoff under the centrifugal action separating axle and flow out,Pressure feeding spiral blade it is provided with in described elevating hopper,Pressure feeding spiral blade is located on elevating hopper,And the feeding motor through being fixed on elevating hopper drives.
nullBiofermentation drying device of the present invention includes fermentation tank、Shaft、Temperature sensor、Heating element heater and door engine,Shaft it is provided with in fermentation tank,Fermentation tank end face is provided with charging aperture and throws bacterium mouth,Bottom is provided with heating element heater,One sidewall is provided with exhaust outlet and temperature sensor,So that temperature sensor controls heating-up temperature,Lower side is provided with discharging opening,Charging aperture is corresponding with the outlet of the kitchen castoff of automatic sorting device lower end,Throw bacterium mouth and be provided with hermatic door,Discharging opening is provided with discharge door,Charging aperture is provided with door engine,Shaft is provided with stirring vane,Shaft two ends are respectively through bearing、Bearing block is fixing with fermentation tank to be connected,The agitated motor of shaft drives,Described heating element heater can use electromagnet heating element,Also can use electrical heating elements,Enter in fermentation tank after the sorted device of separate substance sorts,Feed complete,Open the hermatic door thrown on bacterium mouth,Compound bacteria is put in fermentation tank,Control system instruction shaft action,The material making shaft repeatedly stir interpolation compound bacteria makes it ferment rapidly,Simultaneously,Instruction heating element heater begins to warm up,The material in fermentation tank is made to ferment at high operating temperatures,The steam produced during the fermentation carries out cooling process in being then discharged to cold vapour case by exhaust outlet removing dust cyclone,Described door engine includes bearing、Seal lid、Electric pushrod and fairlead,Described charging aperture is provided with fairlead,Electric pushrod passes fairlead,Fixing connection is covered with sealing in one end,The other end is connected with the bearing being fixed on fermentation tank upper end,Seal lid to cover with charging aperture sealing,Electric pushrod is through control system control,When the kitchen castoff in the sorted device of kitchen castoff exports fermentation tank to be entered,Control system instruction electric pushrod action,Drive to seal to cover and separate with charging aperture,Kitchen castoff is made to enter in fermentation tank,Feed complete,Control system instruction electric pushrod action,Drive to seal to cover and cover with charging aperture,It is beneficial to sealing and fermenting groove.
nullDescribed ionization odor removal includes deodorizing housing、Axial flow blower、Blower tray、Intake elbow、Escape pipe and condensation chamber,It is provided with air inlet pipe in described deodorizing housing、Isocon、Ionization tube、Electrode contact、Power module、Electrode and metal fin,Deodorizing housing upper end is connected with axial flow blower through blower tray,Lower end is connected with condensation chamber through dividing plate,Deodorizing lower housing portion sidewall is provided with venthole,It is beneficial to as dispelling the heat in deodorizing housing,Condensation chamber lower end is provided with delivery port,Condensation chamber lower end sidewall is connected with escape pipe,Intake elbow penetrates the inlet hole of blower tray sidewall and is connected with the air inlet pipe in deodorizing housing through gum cover,Power module it is fixed with in air inlet pipe,Air inlet pipe lower end is connected with diversion pipe joint,Diversion pipe joint is connected with ionization tube through insulating joint,Ionization tube lower end is connected with condensation chamber through dividing plate,Described ionization tube is to be coated with the glass tube of conductive coating outside electrode constituted by interior adding,Ionization tube outer cover is provided with metal fin,Ionization tube upper end is through electrically connecting with two electrodes of power module with the electrode contact of ionization tube contact internal walls and two electrodes of metal fin fixing with ionization tube outer wall,Electric field is formed in making ionization tube,Foul smell molecule is ionized in glass tube,Cause the chemical bond rupture of foul smell molecule,Direct Resolution becomes simple substance atom or by the innocuous gas molecule of single atomic building,The escape pipe of the gas condensed chamber sidewall eliminating stink is discharged,In ionization process,It is power module and the ionization tube carrying out ionization process cooling by axial flow blower,Gas after cooling is discharged from the venthole of deodorizing lower housing portion,The moisture of generation is condensed then by being condensed out mouth of a river discharge in ionization process.
nullThe present invention can show at least two guide blade by Circle-Array on the separation axle in automatic sorting device,It is anterior that guide blade is located at separation axle,Separate blade is located at separation axle rear portion,Guide bucket rear and the anterior corresponding staggered interval of separate blade are arranged,Described guide blade is by scraping wings、Pusher rebound and stock guide composition,The trapezoidal panel of described stock guide,Described pusher rebound and scraping wings panel triangular in shape respectively,Connection is fixed with separating axle in stock guide lower end,Pusher rebound one end intersects with the hypotenuse of stock guide fixing connection,The other end intersects with scraping wings fixing connection,And pusher rebound is identical with the overbending direction of separate blade front end transition guide plate and guide plate with the overbending direction of scraping wings,Scraping wings front end face and crushing shell matched in clearance,It is beneficial to scraping wings 136 work in coordination with crushing shell 9 and crushing cutter 21 when rotated and will shred the materials such as the such as polybag entered in screening slot,Led on separate blade by guide blade,And under the turning effort separating axle,Make such as polybag、Cutter、Fork、The big material of chopsticks or lunch box etc is derived by separate blade,In kitchen castoff, the material less than screen pack diameter is flowed out by screen pack and kitchen castoff outlet the most under gravity.
Stock guide and guide plate in automatic sorting device of the present invention be arranged in parallel, and the installation site of stock guide and guide plate is by separating the feed end of axle to discharge end relative separation axle bus deflection clockwise or counterclockwise, so that kitchen castoff is under the centrifugal action that High Rotation Speed produces, when gradually guiding separate blade by guide blade, centrifugal force by a spiral helicine track in the case of being gradually increased, greatly reduce guide blade and separate blade is applied to the resistance of kitchen castoff, drastically increase separating effect.
The installation site of stock guide of the present invention and guide plate is respectively 0 °-10 ° by the feed end separating axle to the angle excursion of discharge end relative separation axle bus.
The present invention can be provided with minor diameter screen pack by the kitchen castoff feed inlet end in screening slot, described minor diameter screen pack rear end is fixing with screen pack front end to be connected, corresponding liquid outlet below minor diameter screen pack, corresponding kitchen castoff outlet below screen pack, the mesh diameter of described minor diameter screen pack is 0.5-3mm, it is beneficial to filter the moisture in kitchen castoff, the mesh diameter of described screen pack is 3-30mm, it is beneficial to the filter diameter kitchen castoff less than 30mm, diameter is then separated to separate substance outlet at the kitchen castoff of more than 30mm under the guide effect of separate blade, separated material outlet is derived.
Transition guide plate of the present invention is 30 °-60 ° relative to the bending angle of guide plate plane, delaying from plate and guide plate relative to the reverse bending angle of transition guide plate is 30 °-60 °, transition guide plate 18, guide plate 16 eases up from the plate 20 gap respectively and between screen pack respectively in the range of 0.5mm-15mm, it is thrown to the kitchen castoff clogged up with material screen pack of screen pack to avoid gap to cause the most greatly and affects separating effect, guide plate is 30 °-60 ° with the bending angle of transition guide plate plane, described pusher rebound is 30 °-60 ° relative to the bending angle of stock guide plane, scraping wings is 30 °-60 ° relative to the bending angle of pusher rebound plane.
The maximum (top) speed of heretofore described separation motor can make separating effect reach optimum state at 400rpm-1000 rpm.
nullThe present invention also can show at least 2 to crushing cutter at the feed end Circle-Array separating axle,Crushing cutter can be set to the mode fixing with separating axle,Can be configured as the mode being hinged,So that crushing cutter and hard material snubber contact,Avoid damaging crushing cutter,Described crushing cutter blade is curved,Crushing cutter side and the crushing shell matched in clearance being fixed on kitchen castoff charging aperture,Described crushing cutter blade installation direction is identical with scraping wings wrap direction,To avoid hard material damage scraping wings,When kitchen castoff puts into elevating hopper,The kitchen castoff charging aperture of screened groove enters in screening slot,The soft material such as the polybag in kitchen castoff is under the shear action of crushing shell and crushing cutting edge,It is allowed to break,Avoid the mutual winding between object,Simultaneously,Under high-speed state,Kitchen castoff material is thrown on pusher rebound under the influence of centrifugal force,Different from the granularity of kitchen castoff according to being sorted material,Separate driven by motor separation axle and the separate blade High Rotation Speed generation axial thrust separating on axle,By the polybag broken and other mineral water bottle that need to sort、Laughable tank、Beverage bottle、Mess-tin、Disposable bowls and chopsticks、Polybag and the hard metal equigranular bigger material guiding by separate blade,Separate substance outlet in screening slot rear end is discharged,Remaining kitchen castoff is then thrown on screen pack,Filtration is refined further again through screen pack,Remaining kitchen castoff is isolated by the garbage outlet of screening slot lower end,Reach the effect of automatic sorting.
The present invention can be provided with air inlet on fermentation tank, air inlet is corresponding with exhaust outlet, air inlet is provided with heat blower, in fermentation tank, hot blast constantly it is blown into by heat blower, accelerate the steam flow rate on material surface, prevent the condensation repeatedly in discharge process of the steam in fermentation tank, accelerate the rate of drying of kitchen castoff material.
The present invention can be provided with material guide device in fermentation tank upper end, described material guide device is made up of material guiding hopper, guide chamber, Shaftless spiral blade and guide motor, guide chamber is fixed on the charging aperture upper end of fermentation tank, guide chamber charging hole is connected with material guiding hopper, discharge opening is corresponding with sealing lid, being provided with Shaftless spiral blade in the corresponding guide chamber sealing lid, Shaftless spiral blade drives through being fixed on guide motor on deflector chute, is beneficial to quickly carry the kitchen castoff falling into fermentation tank.
nullIonization odor removal of the present invention includes deodorizing housing、Axial flow blower、Blower tray、Intake elbow、Escape pipe and condensation chamber,It is provided with air inlet pipe in described deodorizing housing、Isocon、Ionization tube、Electrode contact、Power module、Electrode and metal fin,Deodorizing housing upper end is connected with axial flow blower through blower tray,Lower end is connected with condensation chamber through dividing plate,Deodorizing lower housing portion sidewall is provided with venthole,It is beneficial to as dispelling the heat in deodorizing housing,Condensation chamber lower end is provided with delivery port,Condensation chamber lower end sidewall is connected with escape pipe,Intake elbow penetrates the inlet hole of blower tray sidewall and is connected with the air inlet pipe in deodorizing housing through gum cover,Power module it is fixed with in air inlet pipe,Air inlet pipe lower end is connected with diversion pipe joint,Diversion pipe joint is connected with ionization tube through insulating joint,Ionization tube lower end is connected with condensation chamber through dividing plate,Described ionization tube is to be coated with the glass tube of conductive coating outside electrode constituted by interior adding,Ionization tube outer cover is provided with metal fin,Two electrodes of the metal fin that the electrode contact of ionization tube contact internal walls and ionization tube outer wall are fixed electrically connect with two electrodes of power module respectively,Electric field is formed in making ionization tube,Foul smell molecule is ionized in glass tube,Cause the chemical bond rupture of foul smell molecule,Direct Resolution becomes simple substance atom or by the innocuous gas molecule of single atomic building,The escape pipe of the gas condensed chamber sidewall eliminating stink is discharged,In ionization process,It is power module and the ionization tube carrying out ionization process cooling by axial flow blower,Gas after cooling is discharged from the venthole of deodorizing lower housing portion,The moisture of generation is condensed then by being condensed out mouth of a river discharge in ionization process,
Gas condensing unit of the present invention includes cold water storage cistern, steam separator box and condensing fin pipe, cold water storage cistern upper end sidewall is connected with external water source through connecting tube, lower end is connected with outlet pipe, spirality condensing fin pipe it is provided with inside cold water storage cistern, on condensing fin pipe, interface is connected with the exhaust outlet in fermentation tank through connecting tube, and lower interface is connected with steam separator box through connecting tube.
Gas condensing unit of the present invention can also be made up of cold water storage cistern, steam chest, cooling cylinder and condensation tubulation, described cold water storage cistern upper end sidewall is connected with external water source through connecting tube, lower end is connected with outlet pipe, steam chest, condensation tubulation, cooling cylinder it is sequentially provided with from top to bottom in cold water storage cistern, plural condensation tubulation it is provided with side by side in cold water storage cistern, plural condensation tubulation upper end is connected with steam chest through connecting valve, lower end is connected with cooling cylinder through connecting valve, and the import of steam chest upper end is connected with the exhaust outlet in fermentation tank.
Gas condensing unit of the present invention can also use following measure: it includes cold vapour case, cooling cylinder, cold water storage cistern, circulating pump, dedusting cyclone and axial flow blower, it is provided with cold vapour cycle water pipe in described cold vapour case, cold vapour case lower end is connected with cooling cylinder, circulating chilled water water pipe it is provided with in cold water storage cistern, cold water storage cistern side is fixed with axial flow blower, cold vapour cycle water pipe is connected with circulating chilled water water pipe through circulating pump, cold circulating water water inlet tube mouth connects external water source, by circulating pump action, the water in cold vapour case and the water in cold water storage cistern is made to form circulation, reach the effect of condensed steam, the exhaust outlet removing dust cyclone of fermentation tank is connected with the air admission hole of cold vapour case, in cooling cylinder, condensed gas is discharged to ionize in odor removal through high pressure positive blower and carries out deodorizing process, the then timing of condensed water in cooling cylinder is discharged in municipal sewage system.
nullDoor engine of the present invention can also be by feeding gate、Electric pushrod、Electric pushrod support、Locating rack、Connecting rod、Guide rod、Angle block of right angle、Sealing gasket、Hinge、Positioning sleeve and bearing pin composition,Feeding gate is located in fermentation tank,Feeding gate is corresponding with charging aperture,Feeding gate upper end is provided with sealing gasket,Lower end is fixing with angle block of right angle to be connected,Two ends, feeding gate side are hinged with locating rack through hinge respectively,Locating rack is fixed on fermentation tank inner top surface,It is fixed with electric pushrod support on the fermentation tank end face of corresponding locating rack,Electric pushrod upper end is fixing with electric pushrod support to be connected,Lower end is fixing with guide rod to be connected,Guide rod passes electric pushrod support、The lower end, hole that fermentation tank and locating rack are provided with is hinged with connecting rod,The connecting rod other end is hinged with the angle block of right angle other end through bearing pin,After kitchen castoff after equipment for separating liquid from solid extruding separates has separated,Control system instruction electric pushrod action,Electric pushrod drives and moves on guide rod,Feeding gate is at guide rod、Under the drive of connecting rod,Rotate counterclockwise centered by hinge,Open charging aperture,Material discharging opening in equipment for separating liquid from solid is in charging aperture enters into fermentation tank,Feed complete,Control system i.e. instructs electric pushrod action,Promotion guide rod moves down,Feeding gate is under the effect of guide rod and connecting rod,Feeding gate is promoted to turn clockwise centered by hinge,And then closedown charging aperture,Then the hermatic door thrown on bacterium mouth is opened,Compound bacteria is put in fermentation tank,Control system instruction shaft action,The material making shaft repeatedly stir interpolation compound bacteria makes it ferment rapidly,Simultaneously,Instruction heating element heater begins to warm up,The material in fermentation tank is made to ferment at high operating temperatures,During the fermentation,Owing to the microorganism in fermentation tank needs the oxygen of abundance during the fermentation,Feeding gate is then in open mode,Oxygen in fermentation tank obtains circulation through high pressure positive blower and supplements,The steam then exhaust outlet removing dust cyclone produced in sweat carries out cooling process in being discharged to cold vapour case,Use steam heating during the fermentation,After fermentation completes,Feeding gate is closed by control system instruction electric pushrod action,Steam heating simultaneously is closed、Electrically heated rod work in cavity,The steam produced in dry run carries out cooling process in being discharged to cold vapour case by exhaust outlet removing dust cyclone,By the cold and hot exchange in cold vapour case,It is discharged to ionize in odor removal through high pressure positive blower after being cooled down by the steam of high temperature and carries out deodorizing process,After being dried,Open the discharging opening of fermentation tank side,The stirring of agitated axle gets final product quickly discharging.
It is provided with more than one shaft in fermentation tank in biofermentation drying device of the present invention, it is provided with stirring vane on shaft, and the installation site of agitating plate is to be fixed on shaft with the track of stirring vane, stirring vane is by agitating plate, pole and fixed cover composition, pole one end intersects with agitating plate fixing connection, the other end intersects with the fixed cover being fixed on shaft fixing connection, it is beneficial to the water conservancy diversion of material, prevent material from remaining in fermentation tank, make the water conservancy diversion of the stirring vane on two shafts of the material in fermentation tank, quickly, clean discharge.
nullFermentation tank of the present invention can be made up of internal layer and outer layer,It is provided with heat-conducting medium in cavity between internal layer and outer layer,Heating element heater it is equipped with between internal layer and outer layer,Described heating element heater can use steam heating elements,May be used without electrically heated rod,Also can use steam heating elements and electrically heated rod simultaneously,Described heat-conducting medium can use fluid medium,Also outside heat-conducting medium can be connected by adapter,The water of high temperature can be imported in cavity by heat-conducting medium by ground source heat pump technology,To reduce the electric consumption of the present invention,Kitchen castoff in fermentation tank is under the heat effect of heat-conducting medium and heating element heater,It is brought rapidly up,The entirety of fermentation tank is heated,Reach programming rate fast、The effect that fermenting speed is fast,In order to reach fermentation and the requirement being dried,Use steam heating during the fermentation,After fermentation completes,Control system instruction steam heating is closed、Electrically heated rod work in cavity,To the kitchen castoff heat drying fermented,The steam produced in dry run carries out cooling process in being discharged to cold vapour case by exhaust outlet removing dust cyclone,After being dried,Open the discharging opening of fermentation tank side,The stirring of agitated axle gets final product quickly discharging.
Joint in ionization odor removal of the present invention preferably uses silicone tube joint, the damage caused ionization tube due to foozle when can eliminate connection while of having corrosion-resistant, high temperature resistant.
Electrode contact in ionization odor removal of the present invention can be connected with ionization tube through polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) pipe joint, to reach insulation, corrosion resistant effect.
Shaft one end in biofermentation of the present invention, drying device seals through outside framework oil seal and mechanical seal through outside framework oil seal and seal cap sealing, the other end, is beneficial to material and is dried in airtight reduced pressure atmosphere, and drying effect is good, be dried quick heating.
nullThe present invention can be provided with dustbin lifting device in the elevating hopper side of housing,It includes underframe、Left riser guide、Right riser guide、Hoisting frame assembly、Promote reducing motor、Chain、Drive sprocket、Upper sprocket wheel、Lower sprocket、Chain drive block、Drive shaft、Oilless bearing、Roller、Signaling switch、Left contiguous block、Right contiguous block and fixed plate,Underframe is fixed on housing through fixed plate,Described underframe is that the cross bar between the montant parallel by two and montant is mutually permanently connected and forms,Underframe is provided with hoisting frame assembly,Two parallel left riser guide and right riser guides vertically it are provided with on the cross bar on top,Bottom is provided with lifting reducing motor and drive shaft,Described hoisting frame assembly includes hoisting frame、Left rocking arm、Right rocking arm、Left clamp jaw、Right clamp jaw、Rocker arm shaft、Upper fulcrum、Lower fulcrum、Top opening、Left hook plate、Right hook plate、Extension spring and jacking block,Side, hoisting frame assembly upper end is hinged with left contiguous block through upper fulcrum,Opposite side is hinged with right contiguous block through upper fulcrum,Left contiguous block is connected with the rolling of left riser guide through roller,Right contiguous block is connected with the rolling of right riser guide through roller,So that rotating centered by roller during the upset of hoisting frame assembly,Described left hook plate and right hook plate are that the location-plate by left connecting plate and right connecting plate and with left connecting plate and the hook-type plate of right connecting plate homonymy upper end and left connecting plate and right connecting plate homonymy lower end intersects and is formed by fixedly connecting,Described top opening includes lead、Fairlead、Connecting rod、Left push rod、Right push rod、Upper locating piece and lower locating piece,Described hoisting frame is the framework fixed by the vertical frame of upper support and lower support and upper support and lower support two ends,Montant upper end respectively and is provided with upper sprocket wheel between left riser guide and right riser guide,The drive shaft of montant lower end is provided with lower sprocket and drive sprocket,Montant upper side is provided with reverse signal switch,Lower end side is provided with decline and puts in place signaling switch,Drive sprocket is connected with promoting reducing motor through transmission device,Upper sprocket wheel is connected with lower sprocket through chain,Chain two ends are fixing with chain drive block respectively to be connected,Chain drive block is fixed on lower fulcrum,The track that lower fulcrum two ends are provided with montant inwall through oilless bearing respectively rolls and is connected,Both sides, hoisting frame upper end roll mutually with montant through upper fulcrum respectively and are connected,Vertical frame is provided with movable passageway,Support on hoisting frame upper end and be sequentially provided with left hook plate from left to right、Jacking block and right hook plate,And left hook plate and right hook plate is oppositely arranged and is hinged with upper support through hinge,In the upper support of hoisting frame, the heart channel of Hang-Shaoyin lead is fixing with lower support is connected,Slide respectively in movable passageway in the vertical frame of hoisting frame both sides and be provided with rocker arm shaft,On the left of hoisting frame, the rocker arm shaft one end in movable passageway is connected through the location-plate of extension spring with left hook plate lower end,The other end is hinged with left rocking arm,On the right side of hoisting frame, the rocker arm shaft one end in movable passageway is connected through the location-plate of extension spring with right hook plate lower end,The other end is hinged with right rocking arm,The other end of left rocking arm and right rocking arm is hinged with lower fulcrum respectively,Fairlead it is arranged with on lead,Fairlead upper end is fixedly connected with the connecting rod,Lower end inside is provided with locating piece,In correspondence, the underframe lower end of locating piece is provided with lower locating piece,Connecting rod one end is vertically and fixedly provided with left push rod,The other end is vertically and fixedly provided with right push rod,Left push rod and right push rod end are the most spherically,Left push rod through on to support the through hole being provided with inconsistent with left location-plate,Right push rod through on to support the through hole being provided with inconsistent with right location-plate,Left clamp jaw and right clamp jaw are plate-shaped,And left clamp jaw is relative to outer end with in the middle part of right clamp jaw the most outwards extends,It is beneficial to the propelling clamping of dustbin,Under original state,Upper locating piece is stuck on lower locating piece,Fairlead is made to remain static,Wire column is oppositely oriented set and moves downward,Make the left left hook plate of push rod jack-up,Right push rod jack-up right hook plate,Left hook plate and right hook plate are flared out respectively,When promoting dustbin,Dustbin shifts to hoisting frame by equipment,The left clamp jaw of boosted frame both sides, dustbin both sides and right clamp jaw location,Jacking block withstands on dustbin outer rim bottom surface,Dustbin is made to be positioned on hoisting frame,Drive and promote reducing motor,Drive shaft motion is driven through transmission device,The lower sprocket at drive shaft two ends drives chain movement,Chain-driving chain connecting block moves up along underframe,At this moment,Rotation is moved on centered by the hoisting frame drive above fulcrum of dustbin,Upper locating piece separates with lower locating piece,Fairlead is oppositely oriented post and moves down,Left hook plate is made gradually to lose the top power of left push rod、Right hook plate gradually loses the top power of right push rod,And under the effect of extension spring, gradually clamp dustbin top respectively,The left rocking arm of hoisting frame both sides and right rocking arm drive hoisting frame to move and begin turning along left riser guide and right riser guide and are poured in elevating hopper by rubbish,When chain drive block arrives montant upper end and touches reverse signal switch,Reverse signal switch transmits a signal to control system,Control system instruction promotes reducing motor 78 and inverts,Left rocking arm and right rocking arm is driven reversely to move down,And then drive hoisting frame revolution move down and be gradually close to underframe,After the upper fall locating piece of hoisting frame lower end touches lower locating piece,Fairlead remains static,Wire column is oppositely oriented set and moves downward,Make the left left hook plate of push rod jack-up,Right push rod jack-up right hook plate,Left hook plate and right hook plate are flared out respectively,Put in place after signaling switch when chain connecting block touches decline,Decline the signaling switch that puts in place and signal is passed to control system,Control system instruction promotes reducing motor and stops,The clamping force of dustbin releases,Removal dustbin.
nullThe present invention is provided with equipment for separating liquid from solid,Described equipment for separating liquid from solid includes feeding connection bucket and separating casing,Charging connection bucket upper end is connected with the garbage outlet in sorting unit,Lower end is connected with separating casing,It is provided with dividing plate in separator box body、Left driving shaft and right driving axle,The external side of separator box is provided with the gear being meshed,The gear being meshed drives through power source,Separation casing is separated into separation of solid and liquid chamber and discharging chamber by dividing plate,Lower end, separation of solid and liquid chamber is provided with liquid outlet,Lower end, discharging chamber is provided with discharging opening,Left driving shaft and right driving axle are parallel,Left driving shaft and right driving axle one end are through bearing、Bearing block is connected with the gear being meshed,The other end is through bearing、Bearing block is fixed on separation casing,Left driving shaft in separation of solid and liquid chamber is provided with left-handed blade,Right driving axle is provided with dextrorotation blade,Left-handed blade and dextrorotation blade are provided with filter screen with separating between casing,Left-handed blade and dextrorotation blade are respectively displacement stirring vane,The pitch of the most left-handed blade and dextrorotation blade is gradually reduced to discharge end by the feed end separating axle respectively,It is beneficial to strengthen the separation of solid and liquid of the kitchen castoff higher to moisture content,It is gradually reduced by volume interlobate to left-handed blade and dextrorotation,Kitchen castoff is made progressively to extrude,And left-handed blade and dextrorotation blade staggered,Make there is small gap between left-handed blade and right driving axle,Small gap is had between dextrorotation blade and left driving shaft,Mutual clean effect can be played,Avoid pressing materials to rotate simultaneously with single drive shaft and cause being formed the deficiency of extruding force simultaneously,Strengthen the squeeze pressure of material further,The liquid in material is made to be extruded out,Flow out from liquid outlet after strainer filtering,Entrance water-oil separating processes,And the kitchen castoff after extruding is entered subsequent processing device by discharging opening after the extruding step by step of left-handed blade and dextrorotation blade.
nullThe present invention discharge end of left driving shaft in equipment for separating liquid from solid and right driving axle can be respectively equipped with reducing mechanism,Reducing mechanism includes quiet bistrique、Rotary bistrique and crushing tooth,Rotary bistrique is to be formed by fixedly connecting by the cylinder of the big end of cone table and cone table,Rotary bistrique Circle-Array shows outer roll flute,The cone table side axial of rotary bistrique is provided with crushing tooth,Be beneficial to grinding particle size rubbish,The effect of the derivation after simultaneously also acting as extruding,Quiet bistrique inwall is provided with interior roll flute,Two quiet bistriques are separately fixed on dividing plate,Two quiet bistrique chambeies are connected,It is respectively equipped with rotary bistrique in two quiet bistriques,Rotary bistrique smaller diameter end correspondence feed end,Larger diameter end correspondence discharging opening,Between two rotary bistriques、Discharging gap it is respectively equipped with between rotary bistrique and quiet bistrique,When the kitchen castoff after extruding is shifted onto at rotary bistrique by displacement stirring vane,The impact of the size-reduced tooth of solid of bulk crushes,Granularity is made to diminish,Volume between rotary bistrique and quiet bistrique progressively reduces,Further increase the dehydration rate of kitchen castoff,Kitchen castoff after dehydration is after the gap between rotary bistrique and quiet bistrique is extruded,Follow-up processing equipment is entered through discharging opening.
Due to the fact that employing said structure, have automatic sorting, dehydration rate is high, fermentation process speed fast, fermentation uniformly, firing rate is fast, fermentation time can the advantages such as automatic oxygenation, eliminating malodours from gases be up to standard, environment friendly and pollution-free.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is embodiment 1 in the present invention, embodiment 2, the structural representation of embodiment 4.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of embodiment 3 in the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of embodiment 5 in the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a kind of structural representation of automatic sorting device in the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the another kind of structural representation of automatic sorting device in the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the guide blade in Fig. 4.
Fig. 7 is a kind of structural representation of separate blade in Fig. 4 or Fig. 5.
Fig. 8 is the another kind of structural representation of separate blade in Fig. 4 or Fig. 5.
Fig. 9 is the right view of Fig. 8.
Figure 10 is a kind of structural representation of the biofermentation drying device in the present invention in Fig. 1, Fig. 2 or Fig. 3.
Figure 11 is the another kind of structural representation of the biofermentation drying device in the present invention in Fig. 1, Fig. 2 or Fig. 3.
Figure 12 is the axonometric drawing of the waste lifting device in Fig. 2, Fig. 3.
Figure 13 is the front view of Figure 12.
Figure 14 is the left view of Figure 13.
Figure 15 is Figure 12 working state schematic representation.
Figure 16 is the structural representation of the door engine in Figure 11.
Figure 17 is the left view of Figure 16.
Figure 18 is the structural representation that the present invention ionizes odor removal.
Figure 19 is the axonometric drawing of gas condensing unit of the present invention.
Figure 20 is the internal structure schematic diagram of Figure 19.
Figure 21 is the another kind of structural representation of gas condensing unit of the present invention.
Figure 22 is the left view of Figure 21.
Figure 23 is the structural representation of equipment for separating liquid from solid of the present invention.
Figure 24 is the enlarged drawing of C in Figure 23.
Figure 25 is the counter-rotating sectional view of D-D in Figure 23.
Figure 26 is the structural representation of the rotary bistrique in Figure 23.
Figure 18 is the structural representation that the present invention ionizes odor removal.
nullReference: housing 1、Elevating hopper 2、Automatic sorting device 3、Equipment for separating liquid from solid 4、Biofermentation drying device 5、Ionization odor removal 6、Gas condensing unit 7、Screening slot 8、Crushing shell 9、Separate axle 10、Separate blade 11、Screen pack 12、Garbage inlet 13、Separate substance outlet 14、Pressure feeding spiral blade 15、Guide plate 16、Installing plate 17、Transition guide plate 18、Guide plate 19、Delay from plate 20、Crushing cutter 21、Dividing plate 23、Left driving shaft 24、Right driving axle 25、Separation of solid and liquid chamber 26、Discharging chamber 27、Left-handed blade 28、Dextrorotation blade 29、Filter screen 30、Fermentation tank 31、Shaft 32、Stirring vane 33、Steam heating elements 34、Electrically heated rod 35、Charging aperture 36、Throw bacterium mouth 37、Exhaust outlet 38、Discharging opening 39、Feeding gate 40、Electric pushrod 41、Electric pushrod support 42、Locating rack 43、Connecting rod 44、Guide rod 45、Angle block of right angle 46、Sealing gasket 47、Hinge 48、Hinge 50、High pressure positive blower 51、Dedusting cyclone 52、Cold vapour case 53、Door engine 54、Axial flow blower 55、Blower tray 56、Intake elbow 57、Escape pipe 58、、Deodorizing housing 54、Air inlet pipe 59、Isocon 60、Ionization tube 61、Electrode contact 62、Power module 63、Electrode 64、Metal fin 65、Deodorizing housing 66、Dividing plate 67、Condensation chamber 68、Delivery port 69、Venthole 70、Cooling cylinder 71、Cold water storage cistern 72、Circulating pump 73、Axial flow blower 74、Underframe 75、Left riser guide 76、Right riser guide 77、Hoisting frame assembly、Promote reducing motor 78、Montant 79、Drive sprocket 80、Upper sprocket wheel 81、Lower sprocket 82、Chain drive block 83、Drive shaft 84、Oilless bearing 85、Roller 86、Signaling switch、Contiguous block 87、Fixed plate 88、Cross bar 89、Hoisting frame assembly 90、Chain 91、Hoisting frame 92、Left rocking arm 94、Right rocking arm 96、Left clamp jaw 97、Right clamp jaw 98、Rocker arm shaft 99、Upper fulcrum 100、Lower fulcrum 101、Top opening 102、Left hook plate 103、Right hook plate 104、Extension spring 105、Jacking block 106、Lead 107、Fairlead 108、Connecting rod 109、Push rod 110、Lower locating piece 112、Upper support 113、Lower support 114、Vertical frame 115、Quiet bistrique 117、Rotary bistrique 118、Crushing tooth 119、O RunddichtringO 121、Silicone tube joint 122、Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) pipe joint 123、Bearing 124、Seal lid 125、Electric pushrod 126 and fairlead 127、Cold water storage cistern 128、Steam separator box 129、Condensing fin pipe 130、Cold water storage cistern 131、Steam chest 132、Cooling cylinder 133、Condensation tubulation 134、Guide blade 135、Scraping wings 136、Pusher rebound 137、Stock guide 138、Minor diameter screen pack 139、Material guiding hopper 140、Shaftless spiral blade 141、Guide chamber 142、Guide motor 143、Dustbin lifting device 144、Installing plate 145.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention is further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
nullAs shown in Figure 1,A kind of kitchen waste pretreatment device,Including airtight housing 1 and control system,Described control system includes man-machine interface、PLC and electric cabinet,Man-machine interface、The annexation of PLC and electric cabinet is same as the prior art (not display in figure),This does not repeats,Housing 1 upper end is provided with elevating hopper 2 and feeding motor,Automatic sorting device 3 it is provided with in housing 1,Biofermentation drying device 5,Oily-water seperating equipment,Ionization odor removal 6 and gas condensing unit 7,Biofermentation drying device 5,Oily-water seperating equipment,Ionization odor removal 6 and gas condensing unit 7 can use prior art,Described elevating hopper 2 is connected with the kitchen castoff charging aperture of automatic sorting device 3 through discharging opening,Automatic sorting device 3 is connected with the charging aperture in biofermentation drying device through kitchen castoff outlet,Automatic sorting device is connected with oily-water seperating equipment through liquid outlet,Biofermentation drying device is connected with gas condensing unit through exhaust outlet,Gas condensing unit is connected with ionization odor removal,To reach automatic sorting、Fermentation process speed is fast、Fermentation is uniformly、Firing rate is fast、Can automatic oxygenation during fermentation、Eliminating malodours from gases is up to standard、Environment friendly and pollution-free effect,Described automatic sorting device includes screening slot 8、Screening cover plate、Separate axle、Separate blade、Screen pack and separation motor,Screening slot 8 upper end is connected with screening cover plate,Formed in making screening slot 8 and screening cover plate and separate cavity,It is provided with screen pack 12 in screening slot 8 and separates axle 10,Kitchen castoff separated space is formed between screen pack 12 and screening slot 8,Screening slot 8 one end is provided with kitchen castoff charging aperture 13,The other end is provided with separate substance outlet 14,Kitchen castoff outlet and liquid outlet are arranged below,The kitchen castoff feed inlet end inwall of screening slot 8 is provided with crushing shell,Screening slot 8 is connected with elevating hopper 2 through kitchen castoff charging aperture 13,Separate axle 10 one end through crushing shell center through bearing、Bearing block is fixing with screening slot to be connected,The other end separates motor through screening slot be connected through transmission device and screening slot outside,At least 2 separate blades of circumference array on described separation axle 10,And separate blade is axially arranged,Described separate blade 11 is by guide plate 16、Installing plate 17、Transition guide plate 18、Guide plate 19 eases up and forms from plate 20,Guide plate 16 trapezoidal plate face,Transition guide plate 18、Guide plate 19 eases up and is respectively triangle flat plate from plate 20,Guide plate 16 lower end is fixing with installing plate 17 to be connected,Front end intersects with transition guide plate 18 fixing connection,Rear end is connected with delaying to fix from plate 20,And transition guide plate 18 on the basis of guide plate 16 plane towards guide plate one lateral buckling,Delay and reversely bend relative to transition guide plate in face on the basis of guide plate 16 plane from plate 20,Transition guide plate 18 upper surface、Guide plate 16 upper surface ease up from plate 20 upper surface all with screen pack matched in clearance,To avoid such as chopsticks、Fork、It is inserted in screen pack in separation process etc. elongated material and guide plate is caused hard collision,Transition guide plate 18 front end intersects with guide plate 19 fixing connection,And guide plate 19 bends relative to transition guide plate in face on the basis of transition guide plate plane in the same direction,Connection is fixed with separating axle in installing plate 17 lower end,Bar nose face is with to separate axle axis vertical,And bar nose face with screening cell wall crushing shell match,It is beneficial to guide plate work in coordination with crushing shell when rotated and shred the materials such as the such as polybag entered in screening slot,The soft materials such as plastics are avoided in separating axle rotary course, separate blade to be wound,Kitchen castoff after rubbing is led on guide plate through transition guide plate,Ease up such as cutter from plate through guide plate、Fork、The big material of chopsticks or lunch box etc separated material outlet under the rotating centrifugal effect separating axle is derived,The materials such as liquid in separate substance and kitchen castoff then export through screen pack and kitchen castoff under the centrifugal action separating axle and flow out,It is provided with pressure feeding spiral blade 15 in described elevating hopper 2,Pressure feeding spiral blade is located on elevating hopper,And the feeding motor through being fixed on elevating hopper drives.
nullBiofermentation drying device 5 of the present invention includes fermentation tank 31、Shaft 32、Temperature sensor、Heating element heater and door engine,Shaft 32 it is provided with in fermentation tank 31,Fermentation tank 31 end face is provided with charging aperture 36 and throws bacterium mouth 37,Bottom is provided with heating element heater,One sidewall is provided with exhaust outlet 38 and temperature sensor,So that temperature sensor controls heating-up temperature,Lower side is provided with discharging opening 39,Charging aperture 36 is corresponding with the outlet of the kitchen castoff of sorting unit lower end,Throw bacterium mouth 37 and be provided with hermatic door,Discharging opening 39 is provided with discharge door,On charging aperture, 36 are provided with door engine,Shaft 32 is provided with stirring vane,Shaft 32 two ends are respectively through bearing、Bearing block is fixing with fermentation tank 31 to be connected,The agitated motor of shaft 32 drives,Described heating element heater can use electromagnet heating element,Also can use electrical heating elements,Enter in fermentation tank after the sorted device of separate substance sorts,Feed complete,Open the hermatic door thrown on bacterium mouth 37,Compound bacteria is put in fermentation tank 31,Control system instruction shaft 32 action,The material making shaft 32 repeatedly stir interpolation compound bacteria makes it ferment rapidly,Simultaneously,Instruction heating element heater begins to warm up,The material in fermentation tank 31 is made to ferment at high operating temperatures,The steam produced during the fermentation carries out cooling process in being then discharged to cold vapour case by exhaust outlet removing dust cyclone,The present invention can be provided with door engine on charging aperture,Described door engine includes bearing 124、Seal lid 125、Electric pushrod 126 and fairlead 127,Described charging aperture is provided with fairlead 127,Electric pushrod 126 is fixing with sealing lid 125 through fairlead 127 one end to be connected,The other end is connected with the bearing 124 being fixed on fermentation tank 31 upper end,Seal lid 125 to cover with charging aperture 36 sealing,Electric pushrod 126 is through control system control,When the kitchen castoff in the sorted device of kitchen castoff exports fermentation tank to be entered,Control system instruction electric pushrod action,Sealing lid 125 is driven to separate with charging aperture 36,Kitchen castoff is made to enter in fermentation tank 31,Feed complete,Control system instruction electric pushrod 126 action,Sealing lid 125 is driven to cover with charging aperture 36,It is beneficial to sealing and fermenting groove.
Described oily-water seperating equipment is prior art (not display in figure), it includes oil removing casing, oil removing band, oil removing band drives motor and oil scraping plate, oil removing band lower end is located at oil removing lower box, upper end is located at oil removing casing upper end, oil removing casing upper end is provided with oil scraping plate, sidewall is provided with inlet opening and apopore, oil scraping plate contacts with oil removing band, oil removing band is driven to drive motor, oil removing band is driven to stick the grease in profit, by the oil scraping plate of upper end, grease is struck off, in case making biodiesel, remaining waste water enters municipal sewage system by pipeline and reprocesses.
nullAs shown in Figure 18,Described ionization odor removal 6 includes deodorizing housing 66、Axial flow blower 55、Blower tray 56、Intake elbow 57、Escape pipe 58 and condensation chamber 68,It is provided with air inlet pipe 59 in described deodorizing housing 54、Isocon 60、Ionization tube 61、Electrode contact 62、Power module 63、Electrode 64 and metal fin 65,Deodorizing housing 66 upper end is connected with axial flow blower 55 through blower tray 56,Lower end is connected with condensation chamber 68 through dividing plate 67,Deodorizing housing 66 lower sides is provided with venthole 70,It is beneficial to as dispelling the heat in deodorizing housing,Condensation chamber lower end is provided with delivery port 69,Condensation chamber lower end sidewall is connected with escape pipe 58,Intake elbow 57 penetrates the inlet hole of blower tray 56 sidewall and is connected with the air inlet pipe 59 in deodorizing housing 66 through gum cover,In air inlet pipe 59, solid-liquid has power module 63,Air inlet pipe 59 lower end is connected with isocon 60 joint,Isocon 60 joint is connected with ionization tube 61 through insulating joint,Ionization tube 61 lower end is connected with condensation chamber 68 through dividing plate 67,Described ionization tube 61 is to be coated with the glass tube of conductive coating outside electrode constituted by interior adding,Ionization tube 61 outer cover is provided with metal fin 65,Two electrodes of the metal fin 65 that the electrode contact of ionization tube 61 contact internal walls and ionization tube 61 outer wall are fixed electrically connect with two electrodes of power module 63 respectively,,Electric field is formed in making ionization tube 61,Foul smell molecule is ionized in glass tube,Cause the chemical bond rupture of foul smell molecule,Direct Resolution becomes simple substance atom or by the innocuous gas molecule of single atomic building,The escape pipe of the gas condensed chamber sidewall eliminating stink is discharged,In ionization process,It is power module 63 and the ionization tube cooling carrying out ionization process by axial flow blower,Gas after cooling is discharged from the venthole 70 of deodorizing lower housing portion,In ionization process, condense the moisture of generation then discharge by being condensed out the mouth of a river 69.
As shown in accompanying drawing 19,20, gas condensing unit of the present invention includes cold water storage cistern 128, steam separator box 129 and condensing fin pipe 130, cold water storage cistern 128 upper end sidewall is connected with external water source through connecting tube, lower end is connected with outlet pipe, cold water storage cistern 128 is internal is provided with spirality condensing fin pipe 130, on condensing fin pipe 130, interface is connected with the exhaust outlet in fermentation tank 31 through connecting tube, and lower interface is connected with steam separator box 129 through connecting tube.
Such as accompanying drawing 21, shown in 22, gas condensing unit of the present invention can also be by cold water storage cistern 131, steam chest 132, cooling cylinder 133 and condensation tubulation 134 form, described cold water storage cistern 131 upper end sidewall is connected with external water source through connecting tube, lower end is connected with outlet pipe, steam chest 132 it is sequentially provided with from top to bottom in cold water storage cistern 131, condensation tubulation 134, cooling cylinder 133, plural condensation tubulation 134 it is provided with side by side in cold water storage cistern 131, plural condensation tubulation 134 upper end is connected with steam chest 132 through connecting valve, lower end is connected with cooling cylinder 133 through connecting valve, steam chest 132 upper end import is connected with the exhaust outlet in fermentation tank 31.
nullGas condensing unit 7 of the present invention can also use following measure: it includes cold vapour case 53、Cooling cylinder 71、Cold water storage cistern 72、Circulating pump 73、Dedusting cyclone 52 and axial flow blower 74,It is provided with cold vapour cycle water pipe in described cold vapour case 53,Cold vapour case 53 lower end is connected with cooling cylinder 71,Circulating chilled water water pipe it is provided with in cold water storage cistern 72,Cold water storage cistern 72 side is fixed with axial flow blower 74,Cold vapour cycle water pipe is connected with circulating chilled water water pipe through circulating pump,Cold circulating water water inlet tube mouth connects external water source,By circulating pump action,The water in cold vapour case 53 and the water in cold water storage cistern 72 is made to form circulation,Reach the effect of condensed steam,The exhaust outlet removing dust cyclone 52 of fermentation tank 31 is connected with the air admission hole of cold vapour case 53,In cooling cylinder 71, condensed gas is discharged to ionize in odor removal 7 through high pressure positive blower 51 and carries out deodorizing process,The then timing of condensed water in cooling cylinder 71 is discharged in municipal sewage system.
nullAs shown in Figure 4,The present invention can show at least two guide blade 135 by Circle-Array on the separation axle in automatic sorting device,It is anterior that guide blade 135 is located at separation axle 10,Separate blade 135 is located at separation axle 10 rear portion,Guide blade 135 rear portion and the anterior corresponding staggered interval of separate blade 11 are arranged,Described guide blade 135 is by scraping wings 136、Pusher rebound 137 and stock guide 138 form,The described trapezoidal panel of stock guide 138,Described pusher rebound 137 and scraping wings 136 panel triangular in shape respectively,Connection is fixed with separating axle 10 in stock guide 138 lower end,Pusher rebound 137 one end intersects with the hypotenuse of stock guide 138 fixing connection,The other end intersects with scraping wings 136 fixing connection,And pusher rebound 137 is identical with the overbending direction of separate blade 11 front end transition guide plate 18 and guide plate 19 with the overbending direction of scraping wings 136,Scraping wings 136 front end face and crushing shell 9 matched in clearance,It is beneficial to scraping wings 136 work in coordination with crushing shell 9 and crushing cutter 21 when rotated and will shred the materials such as the such as polybag entered in screening slot,Led on separate blade 11 by guide blade 135,And under the turning effort separating axle 10,Make such as polybag、Cutter、Fork、The big material of chopsticks or lunch box etc is derived by separate blade 11,In kitchen castoff, the material less than screen pack diameter is flowed out by screen pack and kitchen castoff outlet the most under gravity.
nullSuch as accompanying drawing 4、6、Shown in 7,Stock guide 138 and guide plate 16 in automatic sorting device of the present invention be arranged in parallel,And the installation site of stock guide 138 and guide plate 16 is by separating the feed end of axle to discharge end relative separation axle bus deflection clockwise or counterclockwise,So that kitchen castoff is under the centrifugal action that High Rotation Speed produces,When gradually guiding separate blade 11 by guide blade 135,Centrifugal force by a spiral helicine track in the case of being gradually increased,Greatly reduce guide blade 135 and separate blade 11 is applied to the resistance of kitchen castoff,Drastically increase separating effect,The present invention is in order to easy for installation,Described stock guide 138 fixes connection through installing plate 145 with separating axle 10,Guide plate 16 fixes connection through installing plate 17 with separating axle 10,Its fixed form can use and be provided with inserting groove on separation axle 10,Stock guide 138 is fixed on separation axle 10 through installing plate 145 grafting,Fix vertical with the diagonal of installing plate 145 of stock guide 138 is connected,Fix vertical with the diagonal of installing plate 17 of guide plate 16 is connected,The most respectively installing plate 145 and/or 17 is axially fixed on separation axle.
The installation site of stock guide 138 of the present invention and guide plate 16 is respectively 0 °-10 ° by the feed end separating axle to the angle excursion of discharge end relative separation axle bus.
As shown in Figure 4, the present invention can be provided with minor diameter screen pack 139 by the kitchen castoff feed inlet end in screening slot, described minor diameter screen pack 139 rear end is fixing with screen pack 12 front end to be connected, corresponding liquid outlet below minor diameter screen pack 139, corresponding kitchen castoff outlet below screen pack 12, the mesh diameter of described minor diameter screen pack 139 is 0.5-3mm, it is beneficial to filter the moisture in kitchen castoff, the mesh diameter of described screen pack 12 is 3-30mm, it is beneficial to the filter diameter kitchen castoff less than 30mm, diameter is then separated to separate substance outlet at the kitchen castoff of more than 30mm under the guide effect of separate blade 11, separated material outlet is derived.
Transition guide plate 18 of the present invention is 30 °-60 ° relative to the bending angle of guide plate 16 plane, delaying from plate 20 with guide plate 16 relative to the reverse bending angle of transition guide plate 18 is 30 °-60 °, transition guide plate 18, guide plate 16 eases up from the plate 20 gap respectively and between screen pack 12 respectively in the range of 0.5mm-15mm, it is thrown to the kitchen castoff clogged up with material screen pack of screen pack to avoid gap to cause the most greatly and affects separating effect, guide plate 19 is 30 °-60 ° with the bending angle of transition guide plate 18 plane, the bending angle of described relative stock guide 138 plane of pusher rebound 137 is 30 °-60 °, the bending angle of relative pusher rebound 137 plane of scraping wings 136 is 30 °-60 °.
The maximum (top) speed of heretofore described separation motor can make separating effect reach optimum state at 400rpm-1000 rpm.
nullSuch as accompanying drawing 4、Shown in 5,The present invention also can show at least 2 to crushing cutter 21 at the feed end Circle-Array separating axle 10,Crushing cutter 21 can be set to and separate the fixing mode of axle 10,Can be configured as the mode being hinged,So that crushing cutter and hard material snubber contact,Avoid damaging crushing cutter,Described crushing cutter 21 blade is curved,Crushing cutter 21 side and crushing shell 9 matched in clearance being fixed on kitchen castoff charging aperture,Described crushing cutter 21 blade installation direction is identical with scraping wings 136 wrap direction,To avoid hard material damage scraping wings,When kitchen castoff puts into elevating hopper,The kitchen castoff charging aperture of screened groove enters in screening slot,The soft material such as the polybag in kitchen castoff is under the shear action of crushing shell and crushing cutting edge,It is allowed to break,Avoid the mutual winding between object,Simultaneously,Under high-speed state,Kitchen castoff material is thrown on pusher rebound under the influence of centrifugal force,Different from the granularity of kitchen castoff according to being sorted material,Separate driven by motor separation axle and the separate blade High Rotation Speed generation axial thrust separating on axle,By the polybag broken and other mineral water bottle that need to sort、Laughable tank、Beverage bottle、Mess-tin、Disposable bowls and chopsticks、Polybag and the hard metal equigranular bigger material guiding by separate blade,Separate substance outlet in screening slot rear end is discharged,Remaining kitchen castoff is then thrown on screen pack,Filtration is refined further again through screen pack,Remaining kitchen castoff is isolated by the garbage outlet of screening slot lower end,Reach the effect of automatic sorting.
The present invention can be provided with air inlet on fermentation tank 31, air inlet is corresponding with exhaust outlet, air inlet is provided with heat blower, in fermentation tank 31, hot blast constantly it is blown into by heat blower, accelerate the steam flow rate on material surface, prevent the condensation repeatedly in discharge process of the steam in fermentation tank, accelerate the rate of drying of kitchen castoff material.
As shown in Figure 10, the present invention can be provided with material guide device in fermentation tank 31 upper end, described material guide device is made up of material guiding hopper 140, guide chamber 142, Shaftless spiral blade 141 and guide motor 143, guide chamber 142 is fixed on the charging aperture upper end of fermentation tank 31, guide chamber 142 charging hole is connected with material guiding hopper 140, discharge opening is corresponding with sealing lid 125, it is provided with Shaftless spiral blade 141 in the corresponding guide chamber sealing lid 125, the Shaftless spiral blade 141 guide motor 143 through being fixed on deflector chute drives, and is beneficial to quickly carry the kitchen castoff falling into fermentation tank.
nullSuch as accompanying drawing 16、Shown in 17,Door engine of the present invention can also be by feeding gate 40、Electric pushrod 41、Electric pushrod support 42、Locating rack 43、Connecting rod 44、Guide rod 45、Angle block of right angle 46、Sealing gasket 47、Hinge 48、Positioning sleeve and bearing pin 50 form,Feeding gate 40 is located in fermentation tank 31,Feeding gate 40 is corresponding with charging aperture 36,Feeding gate 40 upper end is provided with sealing gasket 47,Lower end is fixing with angle block of right angle 46 to be connected,Two ends, feeding gate 40 side are hinged with locating rack 43 through hinge 48 respectively,Locating rack 43 is fixed on fermentation tank 31 inner top surface,It is fixed with electric pushrod support 42 on fermentation tank 31 end face of corresponding locating rack 43,Electric pushrod 41 upper end is fixing with electric pushrod support 42 to be connected,Lower end is fixing with guide rod 45 to be connected,Guide rod 45 is through electric pushrod support 42、The lower end, hole that fermentation tank 31 and locating rack 43 are provided with is hinged with connecting rod 44,Connecting rod 44 other end is hinged with angle block of right angle 46 other end through bearing pin 50,After kitchen castoff after equipment for separating liquid from solid extruding separates has separated,Control system instruction electric pushrod 41 action,Electric pushrod 41 drives and moves on guide rod 45,Feeding gate 40 is at guide rod 45、Under the drive of connecting rod 44,Rotate counterclockwise centered by hinge 48,Open charging aperture 36,Material discharging opening in equipment for separating liquid from solid 4 is in charging aperture 36 enters into fermentation tank 31,Feed complete,Control system i.e. instructs electric pushrod 41 action,Guide rod 45 is promoted to move down,Feeding gate 40 is under the effect of guide rod 45 and connecting rod 44,Feeding gate 40 is promoted to turn clockwise centered by hinge 48,And then close charging aperture 36,Then the hermatic door thrown on bacterium mouth 37 is opened,Compound bacteria is put in fermentation tank 31,Control system instruction shaft 32 action,The material making shaft 32 repeatedly stir interpolation compound bacteria makes it ferment rapidly,Simultaneously,Instruction heating element heater begins to warm up,The material in fermentation tank 31 is made to ferment at high operating temperatures,During the fermentation,Owing to the microorganism in fermentation tank needs the oxygen of abundance during the fermentation,Feeding gate 40 is then in open mode,Oxygen in fermentation tank 31 obtains circulation through high pressure positive blower 51 and supplements,The steam then exhaust outlet removing dust cyclone 52 produced in sweat carries out cooling process in being discharged to cold vapour case 53,Whole sweat need to about want 10-15 hour,In order to reach fermentation and the requirement being dried,Use steam heating during the fermentation,After fermentation completes,Feeding gate 40 is closed by control system instruction electric pushrod 41 action,Steam heating simultaneously is closed、Electrically heated rod work in cavity,Heat drying time is usually 5-10 hour,The steam produced in dry run carries out cooling process in being discharged to cold vapour case 53 by exhaust outlet removing dust cyclone 52,By the cold and hot exchange in cold vapour case 53,It is discharged to ionize in odor removal 6 through high pressure positive blower 51 after being cooled down by the steam of high temperature and carries out deodorizing process,After being dried,Open the discharging opening 39 of fermentation tank 31 side,The stirring of agitated axle 32 gets final product quickly discharging.More than one shaft 32 it is provided with in fermentation tank 31 in biofermentation drying device of the present invention, shaft 32 is provided with stirring vane 33, and the installation site of agitating plate is to be fixed on shaft with the movement locus of stirring vane, stirring vane 33 is by agitating plate, pole and fixed cover composition, pole one end intersects with agitating plate fixing connection, the other end intersects with the fixed cover being fixed on shaft fixing connection, it is beneficial to the water conservancy diversion of material, prevent material from remaining in fermentation tank, make the water conservancy diversion of the stirring vane on two shafts of the material in fermentation tank, quickly, clean discharge.
nullAs shown in Figure 11,Fermentation tank 31 of the present invention can be made up of internal layer and outer layer,It is provided with heat-conducting medium in cavity between internal layer and outer layer,Heating element heater it is equipped with between internal layer and outer layer,Described heating element heater can use steam heating elements 34,May be used without electrically heated rod 35,Also can use steam heating elements and electrically heated rod simultaneously,Described heat-conducting medium can use fluid medium,Also outside heat-conducting medium can be connected by adapter,The water of high temperature can be imported in cavity by heat-conducting medium by ground source heat pump technology,To reduce the electric consumption of the present invention,Kitchen castoff in fermentation tank is under the heat effect of heat-conducting medium and heating element heater,It is brought rapidly up,The entirety of fermentation tank is heated,Reach programming rate fast、The effect that fermenting speed is fast,In order to reach fermentation and the requirement being dried,Use steam heating during the fermentation,After fermentation completes,Control system instruction steam heating is closed、Electrically heated rod work in cavity,To the kitchen castoff heat drying fermented,The steam produced in dry run carries out cooling process in being discharged to cold vapour case by exhaust outlet removing dust cyclone,After being dried,Open the discharging opening of fermentation tank side,The stirring of agitated axle gets final product quickly discharging.
Joint in ionization odor removal of the present invention preferably uses silicone tube joint 122, the damage caused ionization tube due to foozle when can eliminate connection while of having corrosion-resistant, high temperature resistant.
Electrode contact in ionization odor removal of the present invention can be connected with ionization tube through polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) pipe joint 123, to reach insulation, corrosion resistant effect.
Shaft 32 one end in biofermentation drying device 5 of the present invention seals through outside framework oil seal and mechanical seal through outside framework oil seal and seal cap sealing, the other end, is beneficial to material and is dried in airtight reduced pressure atmosphere, and drying effect is good, be dried quick heating.
nullSuch as accompanying drawing 2、3、12、13、14、Shown in 15,The present invention can be provided with dustbin lifting device 144 in the elevating hopper side of housing 1,It includes underframe 75、Left riser guide 76、Right riser guide 77、Hoisting frame assembly 90、Promote reducing motor 78、Chain 91、Drive sprocket 80、Upper sprocket wheel 81、Lower sprocket 82、Chain drive block 83、Drive shaft 84、Oilless bearing 85、Roller 86、Signaling switch、Contiguous block 87 and fixed plate 88,Underframe is fixed on housing through fixed plate,Described underframe 75 is that the cross bar 89 between the montant 79 parallel by two and montant 79 is mutually permanently connected and forms,Underframe 75 is provided with hoisting frame assembly 90,Two parallel left riser guide 76 and right riser guides 77 vertically it are provided with on the cross bar 89 on top,Bottom is provided with lifting reducing motor 78 and drive shaft 84,Described hoisting frame assembly 90 includes hoisting frame 92、Left rocking arm 94、Right rocking arm 96、Left clamp jaw 97、Right clamp jaw 98、Rocker arm shaft 99、Upper fulcrum 100、Lower fulcrum 101、Top opening 102、Left hook plate 103、Right hook plate 104、Extension spring 105 and jacking block 106,Side, hoisting frame assembly 90 upper end is hinged with left contiguous block 87 through upper fulcrum 100,Opposite side is hinged with right contiguous block 87 through upper fulcrum 100,Left contiguous block 87 is connected with the rolling of left riser guide 76 through roller 86,Right contiguous block 87 is connected with the rolling of right riser guide 77 through roller 86,So that rotating centered by roller 86 when hoisting frame assembly 90 overturns,Described left hook plate 103 and right hook plate 104 are that the location-plate by left connecting plate and right connecting plate and with left connecting plate and the hook-type plate of right connecting plate homonymy upper end and left connecting plate and right connecting plate homonymy lower end intersects and is formed by fixedly connecting,Described top opening 102 includes lead 107、Fairlead 108、Connecting rod 109、Push rod 110、Upper locating piece and lower locating piece 112,Described hoisting frame 92 is by the fixing framework of vertical frame 115 at upper support 113 and lower support 114 and upper support 113 and lower support 114 two ends,Montant 79 upper end respectively and is provided with upper sprocket wheel 81 between left riser guide 76 and right riser guide 77,The drive shaft 84 of montant lower end is provided with lower sprocket 82 and drive sprocket 80,Montant 79 upper side is provided with reverse signal switch,Lower end side is provided with decline and puts in place signaling switch,Drive sprocket 80 is connected with promoting reducing motor 78 through transmission device,Upper sprocket wheel 81 is connected with lower sprocket 82 through chain 91,Chain 91 two ends are fixing with chain drive block 83 respectively to be connected,Chain drive block 83 is fixed on lower fulcrum 101,The track that lower fulcrum 101 two ends are provided with montant 79 inwall through oilless bearing 85 respectively rolls and is connected,Both sides, hoisting frame 92 upper end are connected with the rolling of montant 79 phase through upper fulcrum 100 respectively,Vertical frame is provided with movable passageway,Support on hoisting frame 92 upper end and be sequentially provided with left hook plate 103 from left to right、Jacking block 106 and right hook plate 104,And left hook plate 103 and right hook plate 104 is oppositely arranged and is hinged with upper support 113 through hinge,In the upper support 113 of hoisting frame, the heart channel of Hang-Shaoyin lead 107 is fixing with lower support 114 is connected,Slide respectively in movable passageway in hoisting frame both sides vertical frame 115 and be provided with rocker arm shaft 99,On the left of hoisting frame 92, rocker arm shaft 99 one end in movable passageway is connected through the location-plate of extension spring 105 with left hook plate 103 lower end,The other end is hinged with left rocking arm 94,On the right side of hoisting frame 92, rocker arm shaft 99 one end in movable passageway is connected through the location-plate of extension spring 105 with right hook plate 104 lower end,The other end is hinged with right rocking arm 96,The other end of left rocking arm 94 and right rocking arm 96 is hinged with lower fulcrum 101 respectively,Fairlead 108 it is arranged with on lead 107,Fairlead 108 upper end is fixing with connecting rod 109 to be connected,Lower end inside is provided with locating piece,In correspondence, the underframe lower end of locating piece is provided with lower locating piece 112,Connecting rod 109 one end is vertically and fixedly provided with left push rod 110,The other end is vertically and fixedly provided with right push rod 110,Left push rod 110 and right push rod 110 end are the most spherically,The through hole that left push rod 110 is provided with through upper support 113 is inconsistent with left location-plate,The through hole that right push rod 110 is provided with through upper support 113 is inconsistent with right location-plate,Left clamp jaw and right clamp jaw are plate-shaped,And left clamp jaw 97 is relative to outer end with in the middle part of right clamp jaw 98 the most outwards extends,It is beneficial to the propelling clamping of dustbin,Under original state,Upper locating piece is stuck on lower locating piece 112,Fairlead is made to remain static,Wire column 107 is oppositely oriented set and moves downward,Make the left push rod 110 left hook plate of jack-up 103,Right push rod 110 jack-up right hook plate 104,Left hook plate 103 and right hook plate 104 are flared out respectively,When promoting dustbin,Dustbin shifts to hoisting frame by equipment,Left clamp jaw 97 and the right clamp jaw 98 of boosted frame both sides, dustbin both sides position,Jacking block 106 withstands on dustbin outer rim bottom surface,Dustbin is made to be positioned on hoisting frame,Drive and promote reducing motor 78,Drive shaft 84 is driven to move through transmission device,The lower sprocket 82 at drive shaft 84 two ends drives chain 91 to move,Chain 91 drives chain connecting block 83 to move up along underframe,At this moment,Rotation is moved on centered by the hoisting frame drive above fulcrum of dustbin 100,Upper locating piece separates with lower locating piece 112,Fairlead 108 is oppositely oriented post 107 and moves down,Left hook plate 103 is made gradually to lose the top power of left push rod 110、Right hook plate 104 gradually loses the top power of right push rod 110,And under the effect of extension spring 105, gradually clamp dustbin top respectively,The left rocking arm 94 of hoisting frame 92 both sides and right rocking arm 96 drive hoisting frame 92 to move and begin turning along left riser guide and right riser guide and are poured in elevating hopper by rubbish,When chain drive block 83 arrives montant 79 upper end and touches reverse signal switch,Reverse signal switch transmits a signal to control system,Control system instruction promotes reducing motor 78 and inverts,Left rocking arm 94 and right rocking arm 96 is driven reversely to move down,And then drive hoisting frame 92 revolution move down and be gradually close to underframe 75,After the upper fall locating piece of hoisting frame 92 lower end touches lower locating piece 112,Fairlead 108 remains static,Wire column 107 is oppositely oriented set 108 and moves downward,Make the left push rod 110 left hook plate of jack-up 103,Right push rod 110 jack-up right hook plate 104,Left hook plate 103 and right hook plate 104 are flared out respectively,Put in place after signaling switch when chain connecting block touches decline,Decline the signaling switch that puts in place and signal is passed to control system,Control system instruction promotes reducing motor 78 and stops,The clamping force of dustbin releases,Removal dustbin.
nullSuch as accompanying drawing 23、Shown in,The present invention also can be provided with equipment for separating liquid from solid,Described equipment for separating liquid from solid 4 includes feeding connection bucket and separating casing,Charging connection bucket upper end is connected with the garbage outlet in sorting unit,Lower end is connected with separating casing,Dividing plate 23 it is provided with in separator box body、Left driving shaft 24 and right driving axle 25,The external side of separator box is provided with the gear being meshed,The gear being meshed drives through power source,Separation casing is separated into separation of solid and liquid chamber 26 and discharging chamber 27 by dividing plate 23,Lower end, separation of solid and liquid chamber 27 is provided with liquid outlet,Lower end, discharging chamber 27 is provided with discharging opening,Left driving shaft 24 and right driving axle 25 are parallel,Left driving shaft 24 and right driving axle 25 one end are through bearing、Bearing block is connected with the gear being meshed,The other end is through bearing、Bearing block is fixed on separation casing,Left driving shaft 24 in separation of solid and liquid chamber 26 is provided with left-handed blade 28,Right driving axle 25 is provided with dextrorotation blade 29,Left-handed blade 28 and dextrorotation blade 29 are provided with filter screen 30 with separating between casing,Left-handed blade 28 and dextrorotation blade 29 are respectively displacement stirring vane,The pitch of the most left-handed blade 28 and dextrorotation blade 29 is gradually reduced to discharge end by the feed end separating axle respectively,It is beneficial to strengthen the separation of solid and liquid of the kitchen castoff higher to moisture content,By being gradually reduced the volume between left-handed blade 28 and dextrorotation blade 29,Kitchen castoff is made progressively to extrude,And left-handed blade 28 and dextrorotation blade 29 staggered,Make there is small gap between left-handed blade 28 and right driving axle 25,Small gap is had between dextrorotation blade 29 and left driving shaft 24,Mutual clean effect can be played,Avoid pressing materials to rotate simultaneously with single drive shaft and cause being formed the deficiency of extruding force simultaneously,Strengthen the squeeze pressure of material further,The liquid in material is made to be extruded out,Flow out from liquid outlet after strainer filtering,Entrance water-oil separating processes,And the kitchen castoff after extruding is entered subsequent processing device by discharging opening after the extruding step by step of left-handed blade 28 and dextrorotation blade 29.
nullSuch as accompanying drawing 23、24、25、Shown in 26,The present invention discharge end of the left driving shaft 24 in equipment for separating liquid from solid 4 and right driving axle 25 respectively can be provided with reducing mechanism,Reducing mechanism includes quiet bistrique 117、Rotary bistrique 118 and crushing tooth 119,Dynamic mill 118 is to be formed by fixedly connecting by the cylinder of the big end of cone table and cone table,Rotary bistrique 118 Circle-Array shows roll flute,The cone table side axial of rotary bistrique 118 is provided with crushing tooth 119,Be beneficial to grinding particle size rubbish,The effect of the derivation after simultaneously also acting as extruding,Quiet bistrique 117 inwall is provided with roll flute,Two quiet bistriques 117 are separately fixed on dividing plate 23,Two quiet bistrique 117 chambeies are connected,It is respectively equipped with rotary bistrique 118 in two quiet bistriques 117,Rotary bistrique 118 smaller diameter end correspondence feed end,Larger diameter end correspondence discharging opening,Between two rotary bistriques 118、Discharging gap it is respectively equipped with between rotary bistrique 118 and quiet bistrique 117,When the kitchen castoff after extruding is shifted onto at rotary bistrique 118 by displacement stirring vane,The impact of the size-reduced tooth of solid 119 of bulk crushes,Granularity is made to diminish,Volume between rotary bistrique 118 and quiet bistrique 117 progressively reduces,Further increase the dehydration rate of kitchen castoff,Kitchen castoff after dehydration is after the gap between rotary bistrique 118 and quiet bistrique 117 is extruded,Follow-up processing equipment is entered through discharging opening.
Embodiment 1: a kind of kitchen waste pretreatment device, including airtight housing 1 and control system, described control system includes man-machine interface, PLC and electric cabinet, man-machine interface, the annexation of PLC and electric cabinet is same as the prior art (not display in figure), this does not repeats, housing 1 upper end is provided with elevating hopper 2 and feeding motor, automatic sorting device 3 it is provided with in housing 1, biofermentation drying device 5, oily-water seperating equipment, ionization odor removal 6 and gas condensing unit 7, such as accompanying drawing 10, 11, 12, shown in 13, it is provided with pressure feeding spiral blade 15 in described elevating hopper 2, pressure feeding spiral blade two ends are connected with elevating hopper respectively, and drive through feeding motor.nullDescribed elevating hopper 2 is connected with the kitchen castoff charging aperture of automatic sorting device 3 through discharging opening,Automatic sorting device 3 is connected with the charging aperture in biofermentation drying device through kitchen castoff outlet,Automatic sorting device is connected with oily-water seperating equipment through liquid outlet,Biofermentation drying device is connected with gas condensing unit through exhaust outlet,Gas condensing unit is connected with ionization odor removal,To reach automatic sorting、Fermentation process speed is fast、Fermentation is uniformly、Firing rate is fast、Can automatic oxygenation during fermentation、Eliminating malodours from gases is up to standard、Environment friendly and pollution-free effect,Described automatic sorting device includes screening slot、Screening cover plate、Separate axle、Separate blade、Screen pack and separation motor,Screening slot 8 upper end is connected with screening cover plate,Formed in making screening slot 8 and screening cover plate and separate cavity,It is provided with screen pack 12 in screening slot 8 and separates axle 10,Kitchen castoff separated space is formed between screen pack 12 and screening slot 8,Screening slot 8 one end is provided with kitchen castoff charging aperture 13,The other end is provided with separate substance outlet 14,Kitchen castoff outlet and liquid outlet are arranged below,The kitchen castoff charging aperture inwall of screening slot 8 is provided with crushing shell,Screening slot 8 is connected with elevating hopper 2 through kitchen castoff charging aperture 13,Separate axle 10 one end through crushing shell center through bearing、Bearing block is fixing with screening slot to be connected,The other end separates motor through screening slot be connected through transmission device and screening slot outside,At least 2 separate blades of circumference array on described separation axle 10,And separate blade is axially arranged,Described separate blade 11 is by guide plate 16、Transition guide plate 18、Guide plate 19 eases up and forms from plate 20,Guide plate 16 trapezoidal plate face,Transition guide plate 18、Guide plate 19 eases up and is respectively triangle flat plate from plate 20,Guide plate 16 lower end is fixing with installing plate 17 to be connected,Front end intersects with transition guide plate 18 fixing connection,Rear end is connected with delaying to fix from plate 20,And transition guide plate 18 on the basis of guide plate 16 plane towards guide plate one lateral buckling,Delay and reversely bend relative to transition guide plate in face on the basis of guide plate 16 plane from plate 20,Transition guide plate 18、Guide plate 16 ease up from plate 20 upper surface respectively with screen pack matched in clearance,To avoid such as chopsticks、Fork、It is inserted in screen pack in separation process etc. elongated material and guide plate is caused hard collision,Transition guide plate 18 front end intersects with guide plate 19 fixing connection,And guide plate 19 bends relative to transition guide plate in face on the basis of transition guide plate plane in the same direction,Connection is fixed with separating axle in guide plate 16 lower end,Bar nose face is with to separate axle axis vertical,And bar nose face with screening cell wall crushing shell match,It is beneficial to guide plate work in coordination with crushing shell when rotated and shred the materials such as the such as polybag entered in screening slot,The soft materials such as plastics are avoided in separating axle rotary course, separate blade to be wound,Kitchen castoff after rubbing is led on guide plate through transition guide plate,Ease up such as cutter from plate through guide plate、Fork、The big material of chopsticks or lunch box etc separated material outlet under the rotating centrifugal effect separating axle is derived,The materials such as liquid in separate substance and kitchen castoff then export through screen pack and kitchen castoff under the centrifugal action separating axle and flow out,Biofermentation drying device 5 of the present invention includes fermentation tank 31 and shaft 32,Shaft 32 is provided with stirring vane 33,Shaft 32 two ends are respectively through bearing、Bearing block is fixing with fermentation tank 31 to be connected,Biofermentation drying device 5 of the present invention includes fermentation tank 31、Shaft 32、Temperature sensor、Heating element heater and door engine,Shaft 32 it is provided with in fermentation tank 31,Fermentation tank 31 end face is provided with charging aperture 36 and throws bacterium mouth 37,Bottom is provided with heating element heater,One sidewall is provided with exhaust outlet 38 and temperature sensor,So that temperature sensor controls heating-up temperature,Lower side is provided with discharging opening 39,Charging aperture 36 is corresponding with the outlet of the kitchen castoff of sorting unit lower end,Throw bacterium mouth 37 and be provided with hermatic door,Discharging opening 39 is provided with discharge door,On charging aperture, 36 are provided with door engine,Shaft 32 is provided with stirring vane,Shaft 32 two ends are respectively through bearing、Bearing block is fixing with fermentation tank 31 to be connected,The agitated motor of shaft 32 drives,Described heating element heater can use electromagnet heating element,Also can use electrical heating elements,Enter in fermentation tank after the sorted device of separate substance sorts,Feed complete,Open the hermatic door thrown on bacterium mouth 37,Compound bacteria is put in fermentation tank 31,Control system instruction shaft 32 action,The material making shaft 32 repeatedly stir interpolation compound bacteria makes it ferment rapidly,Simultaneously,Instruction heating element heater begins to warm up,The material in fermentation tank 31 is made to ferment at high operating temperatures,The steam produced during the fermentation carries out cooling process in being then discharged to cold vapour case by exhaust outlet removing dust cyclone,The present invention can be provided with door engine on charging aperture,Described door engine includes bearing 124、Seal lid 125、Electric pushrod 126 and fairlead 127,Described charging aperture is provided with fairlead 127,Electric pushrod 126 is fixing with sealing lid 125 through fairlead 127 one end to be connected,The other end is connected with the bearing 124 being fixed on fermentation tank 31 upper end,Seal lid 125 to cover with charging aperture 36 sealing,Electric pushrod 126 is through control system control,When the kitchen castoff in the sorted device of kitchen castoff exports fermentation tank to be entered,Control system instruction electric pushrod action,Sealing lid 125 is driven to separate with charging aperture 36,Kitchen castoff is made to enter in fermentation tank 31,Feed complete,Control system instruction electric pushrod 126 action,Sealing lid 125 is driven to cover with charging aperture 36,It is beneficial to sealing and fermenting groove.Described oily-water seperating equipment is prior art (not display in figure), it includes oil removing casing, oil removing band, oil removing band drives motor and oil scraping plate, oil removing band lower end is located at oil removing lower box, upper end is located at oil removing casing upper end, oil removing casing upper end is provided with oil scraping plate, sidewall is provided with inlet opening and apopore, oil scraping plate contacts with oil removing band, oil removing band is driven to drive motor, oil removing band is driven to stick the grease in profit, by the oil scraping plate of upper end, grease is struck off, in case making biodiesel, remaining waste water enters municipal sewage system by pipeline and reprocesses.nullDescribed ionization odor removal 6 includes deodorizing housing 66、Axial flow blower 55、Blower tray 56、Intake elbow 57、Escape pipe 58 and condensation chamber 68,It is provided with air inlet pipe 59 in described deodorizing housing 54、Isocon 60、Ionization tube 61、Electrode contact 62、Power module 63、Electrode 64 and metal fin 65,Deodorizing housing 66 upper end is connected with axial flow blower 55 through blower tray 56,Lower end is connected with condensation chamber 68 through dividing plate 67,Deodorizing housing 66 lower sides is provided with venthole 70,It is beneficial to as dispelling the heat in deodorizing housing,Condensation chamber lower end is provided with delivery port 69,Condensation chamber lower end sidewall is connected with escape pipe 58,Intake elbow 57 penetrates the inlet hole of blower tray 56 sidewall and is connected with the air inlet pipe 59 in deodorizing housing 66 through gum cover,In air inlet pipe 59, solid-liquid has power module 63,Air inlet pipe 59 lower end is connected with isocon 60 joint,Isocon 60 joint is connected with ionization tube 61 through insulating joint,Ionization tube 61 lower end is connected with condensation chamber 68 through dividing plate 67,Described ionization tube 61 is to be coated with the glass tube of conductive coating outside electrode constituted by interior adding,Ionization tube 61 outer cover is provided with metal fin 65,Ionization tube 61 upper end is through electrically connecting with two electrodes of power module 63 with the electrode contact of ionization tube 61 contact internal walls and two electrodes of metal fin 65 fixing with ionization tube 61 outer wall,Electric field is formed in making ionization tube 61,Foul smell molecule is ionized in glass tube,Cause the chemical bond rupture of foul smell molecule,Direct Resolution becomes simple substance atom or by the innocuous gas molecule of single atomic building,The escape pipe of the gas condensed chamber sidewall eliminating stink is discharged,In ionization process,It is power module 63 and the ionization tube cooling carrying out ionization process by axial flow blower,Gas after cooling is discharged from the venthole 70 of deodorizing lower housing portion,In ionization process, condense the moisture of generation then discharge by being condensed out the mouth of a river 69,Gas condensing unit of the present invention includes cold water storage cistern 128、Steam separator box 129 and condensing fin pipe 130,Cold water storage cistern 128 upper end sidewall is connected with external water source through connecting tube,Lower end is connected with outlet pipe,Cold water storage cistern 128 is internal is provided with spirality condensing fin pipe 130,On condensing fin pipe 130, interface is connected with the exhaust outlet in fermentation tank 31 through connecting tube,Lower interface is connected with steam separator box 129 through connecting tube.nullThe present invention is when pre-processing kitchen castoff,Kitchen castoff is through entering in the screening slot 8 in automatic sorting device by garbage inlet through elevating hopper 2,Polybag in kitchen castoff is by under the crushing shell 9 of screening slot 8 import and the shear action of separate blade,It is allowed to break,Avoid the mutual winding between object,Under high-speed state,Different from the granularity of kitchen castoff according to being sorted material,The High Rotation Speed of the separate blade 11 on separation driven by motor separation axle 10 and separation axle 10,Produce axial thrust,By broken polybag and other mineral water bottle that need to sort、Laughable tank、Beverage bottle、Mess-tin、Disposable bowls and chopsticks、The material such as polybag and the hard metal guiding by separate blade separate blade 11,Separate substance outlet in screening slot 8 rear end is discharged in collecting box,Remaining kitchen castoff is then thrown to screening slot 8 barrel,Kitchen castoff outlet through screen pack 12 and screening slot lower end is flowed in the fermentation tank in biofermentation drying device,Enter the portion of water in the kitchen castoff in screening slot then in liquid outlet flows into oily-water seperating equipment,Inlet opening in oily-water seperating equipment enters in oily-water seperating equipment and carries out water-oil separating,Oil removing band is driven to drive motor,Oil removing band is driven to stick the grease in profit,By the oil scraping plate of upper end, grease is struck off,In case making biodiesel,Remaining waste water enters municipal sewage system by pipeline and reprocesses,When the kitchen castoff entered in fermentation tank reaches a certain amount of,I.e. stop throwing in,Open the hermatic door thrown on bacterium mouth 37,Compound bacteria is put in fermentation tank 31,Control system instruction shaft 32 action,Simultaneously,Instruction heating element heater begins to warm up fermentation,During the fermentation,Owing to the microorganism in fermentation tank 31 needs the oxygen of abundance during the fermentation,At this moment,Feeding gate 40 in fermentation tank 31 is then in open mode,Oxygen in fermentation tank 31 obtains circulation through high pressure positive blower 51 and supplements,The steam produced in fermentation and dry run carries out cooling process in exhaust outlet is discharged to cold water storage cistern 128,The gas cold and hot exchange by cold water storage cistern 53 internally finned tube,Arrange after the steam of high temperature is cooled down and odor removal carries out deodorizing process,Condensed water after cooling then flows in steam separator box,After being dried,Open the discharging opening of fermentation tank 31 side,Shaft is driven to get final product quickly discharging,The foul smell entered during fermentation dried in odor removal is diverted in ionization tube 61 by isocon 60,Foul smell molecule is ionized in glass tube,Cause the chemical bond rupture of foul smell molecule,Direct Resolution becomes simple substance atom or by the innocuous gas molecule of single atomic building,The escape pipe of gas condensed chamber 71 sidewall eliminating stink is discharged,In ionization process,It is that power module 63 is lowered the temperature with the ionization tube 61 carrying out ionization process by the axial flow blower 55 in ionization odor removal,The gas after the cooling venthole from housing 1 bottom is discharged,In ionization process, condense the moisture of generation then control timing by system and be discharged in municipal sewage system by being condensed out the liquid that the mouth of a river enters in cooling cylinder 71 in case,Due to the fact that employing said structure,There is automatic sorting、Dehydration rate is high、Fermentation process speed is fast、Fermentation is uniformly、Firing rate is fast、Can automatic oxygenation during fermentation、Eliminating malodours from gases is up to standard、The advantage such as environment friendly and pollution-free.
nullEmbodiment 2: a kind of kitchen waste pretreatment device,Including airtight housing 1 and control system,Described control system includes man-machine interface、PLC and electric cabinet,Man-machine interface、The annexation of PLC and electric cabinet is same as the prior art (not display in figure),This does not repeats,Housing 1 upper end is provided with elevating hopper 2 and feeding motor,Automatic sorting device 3 it is provided with in housing 1,Biofermentation drying device 5,Oily-water seperating equipment,Ionization odor removal 6 and gas condensing unit 7,Biofermentation drying device 5,Oily-water seperating equipment,Ionization odor removal 6 and gas condensing unit 7 can use prior art,It is provided with pressure feeding spiral blade 15 in described elevating hopper 2,Pressure feeding spiral blade is located on elevating hopper,And the feeding motor through being fixed on elevating hopper drives,Described elevating hopper 2 is connected with the kitchen castoff charging aperture of automatic sorting device 3 through discharging opening,Automatic sorting device 3 is connected with the charging aperture in biofermentation drying device through kitchen castoff outlet,Automatic sorting device is connected with oily-water seperating equipment through liquid outlet,Biofermentation drying device is connected with gas condensing unit through exhaust outlet,Gas condensing unit is connected with ionization odor removal,To reach automatic sorting、Fermentation process speed is fast、Fermentation is uniformly、Firing rate is fast、Can automatic oxygenation during fermentation、Eliminating malodours from gases is up to standard、Environment friendly and pollution-free effect,Described automatic sorting device includes screening slot 8、Screening cover plate、Separate axle、Separate blade、Screen pack and separation motor,Screening slot 8 upper end is connected with screening cover plate,Formed in making screening slot 8 and screening cover plate and separate cavity,It is provided with screen pack 12 in screening slot 8 and separates axle 10,Kitchen castoff separated space is formed between screen pack 12 and screening slot 8,Screening slot 8 one end is provided with kitchen castoff charging aperture 13,The other end is provided with separate substance outlet 14,Kitchen castoff outlet and liquid outlet are arranged below,The kitchen castoff feed inlet end inwall of screening slot 8 is provided with crushing shell,Screening slot 8 is connected with elevating hopper 2 through kitchen castoff charging aperture 13,Separate axle 10 one end through crushing shell center through bearing、Bearing block is fixing with screening slot to be connected,The other end separates motor through screening slot be connected through transmission device and screening slot outside,At least 2 separate blades of circumference array on described separation axle 10,And separate blade is axially arranged,Described separate blade 11 is by guide plate 16、Transition guide plate 18、Guide plate 19 eases up and forms from plate 20,Guide plate 16 trapezoidal plate face,Transition guide plate 18、Guide plate 19 eases up and is respectively triangle flat plate from plate 20,Guide plate 16 lower end is fixing with installing plate 17 to be connected,Front end intersects with transition guide plate 18 fixing connection,Rear end is connected with delaying to fix from plate 20,And transition guide plate 18 on the basis of guide plate 16 plane towards guide plate one lateral buckling,Delay and reversely bend relative to transition guide plate in face on the basis of guide plate 16 plane from plate 20,Transition guide plate 18、Guide plate 16 ease up from plate 20 upper surface respectively with screen pack matched in clearance,To avoid such as chopsticks、Fork、It is inserted in screen pack in separation process etc. elongated material and guide plate is caused hard collision,Transition guide plate 18 front end intersects with guide plate 19 fixing connection,And guide plate 19 bends relative to transition guide plate in face on the basis of transition guide plate plane in the same direction,Connection is fixed with separating axle in guide plate 16 lower end,Bar nose face is with to separate axle axis vertical,And bar nose face with screening cell wall crushing shell match,It is beneficial to guide plate work in coordination with crushing shell when rotated and shred the materials such as the such as polybag entered in screening slot,The soft materials such as plastics are avoided in separating axle rotary course, separate blade to be wound,Kitchen castoff after rubbing is led on guide plate through transition guide plate,Ease up such as cutter from plate through guide plate、Fork、The big material of chopsticks or lunch box etc separated material outlet under the rotating centrifugal effect separating axle is derived,The materials such as liquid in separate substance and kitchen castoff then export through screen pack and kitchen castoff under the centrifugal action separating axle and flow out.nullThe present invention can show at least two guide blade 135 by Circle-Array on the separation axle in automatic sorting device,It is anterior that guide blade 135 is located at separation axle 10,Separate blade 135 is located at separation axle 10 rear portion,Guide blade 135 rear portion and the anterior corresponding staggered interval of separate blade 11 are arranged,Described guide blade 135 is by scraping wings 136、Pusher rebound 137 and stock guide 138 form,The described trapezoidal panel of stock guide 138,Described pusher rebound 137 and scraping wings 136 panel triangular in shape respectively,Connection is fixed with separating axle 10 in stock guide 138 lower end,Pusher rebound 137 one end intersects with the hypotenuse of stock guide 138 fixing connection,The other end intersects with scraping wings 136 fixing connection,And pusher rebound 137 is identical with the overbending direction of separate blade 11 front end transition guide plate 18 and guide plate 19 with the overbending direction of scraping wings 136,Scraping wings 136 front end face and crushing shell 9 matched in clearance,It is beneficial to scraping wings 136 work in coordination with crushing shell 9 and crushing cutter 21 when rotated and will shred the materials such as the such as polybag entered in screening slot,Led on separate blade 11 by guide blade 135,And under the turning effort separating axle 10,Make such as polybag、Cutter、Fork、The big material of chopsticks or lunch box etc is derived by separate blade 11,In kitchen castoff, the material less than screen pack diameter is flowed out by screen pack and kitchen castoff outlet the most under gravity.Stock guide 138 and guide plate 16 in automatic sorting device of the present invention be arranged in parallel, and the installation site of stock guide 138 and guide plate 16 is by separating the feed end of axle to discharge end relative separation axle bus deflection clockwise or counterclockwise, so that kitchen castoff is under the centrifugal action that High Rotation Speed produces, when gradually guiding separate blade 11 by guide blade 135, centrifugal force by a spiral helicine track in the case of being gradually increased, greatly reduce guide blade 135 and separate blade 11 is applied to the resistance of kitchen castoff, drastically increase separating effect.The installation site of stock guide 138 of the present invention and guide plate 16 is respectively 0 °-10 ° by the feed end separating axle to the angle excursion of discharge end relative separation axle bus.Transition guide plate 18 of the present invention is 30 °-60 ° relative to the bending angle of guide plate 16 plane, delaying from plate 20 with guide plate 16 relative to the reverse bending angle of transition guide plate 18 is 30 °-60 °, transition guide plate 18, guide plate 16 eases up from the plate 20 gap respectively and between screen pack 12 respectively in the range of 0.5mm-15mm, it is thrown to the kitchen castoff clogged up with material screen pack of screen pack to avoid gap to cause the most greatly and affects separating effect, guide plate 19 is 30 °-60 ° with the bending angle of transition guide plate 18 plane, the bending angle of described relative stock guide 138 plane of pusher rebound 137 is 30 °-60 °, the bending angle of relative pusher rebound 137 plane of scraping wings 136 is 30 °-60 °.The present invention can be provided with minor diameter screen pack 139 by the kitchen castoff feed inlet end in screening slot, described minor diameter screen pack 139 rear end is fixing with screen pack 12 front end to be connected, corresponding liquid outlet below minor diameter screen pack 139, corresponding kitchen castoff outlet below screen pack 12, the mesh diameter of described minor diameter screen pack 139 is 0.5-3mm, it is beneficial to filter the moisture in kitchen castoff, the mesh diameter of described screen pack 12 is 3-30mm, it is beneficial to the filter diameter kitchen castoff less than 30mm, diameter is then separated to separate substance outlet at the kitchen castoff of more than 30mm under the guide effect of separate blade 11, separated material outlet is derived.
nullBiofermentation drying device 5 of the present invention includes fermentation tank 31、Shaft 32、Temperature sensor、Heating element heater and door engine,Shaft 32 it is provided with in fermentation tank 31,Fermentation tank 31 end face is provided with charging aperture 36 and throws bacterium mouth 37,Bottom is provided with heating element heater,One sidewall is provided with exhaust outlet 38 and temperature sensor,So that temperature sensor controls heating-up temperature,Lower side is provided with discharging opening 39,Charging aperture 36 is corresponding with the outlet of the kitchen castoff of sorting unit lower end,Throw bacterium mouth 37 and be provided with hermatic door,Discharging opening 39 is provided with discharge door,On charging aperture, 36 are provided with door engine,Shaft 32 is provided with stirring vane,Shaft 32 two ends are respectively through bearing、Bearing block is fixing with fermentation tank 31 to be connected,The agitated motor of shaft 32 drives,Described heating element heater can use electromagnet heating element,Also can use electrical heating elements,Enter in fermentation tank after the sorted device of separate substance sorts,Feed complete,Open the hermatic door thrown on bacterium mouth 37,Compound bacteria is put in fermentation tank 31,Control system instruction shaft 32 action,The material making shaft 32 repeatedly stir interpolation compound bacteria makes it ferment rapidly,Simultaneously,Instruction heating element heater begins to warm up,The material in fermentation tank 31 is made to ferment at high operating temperatures,The steam produced during the fermentation carries out cooling process in being then discharged to cold vapour case by exhaust outlet removing dust cyclone.
nullThe present invention can be provided with door engine on charging aperture,Described door engine includes bearing 124、Seal lid 125、Electric pushrod 126 and fairlead 127,Described charging aperture is provided with fairlead 127,Electric pushrod 126 is fixing with sealing lid 125 through fairlead 127 one end to be connected,The other end is connected with the bearing 124 being fixed on fermentation tank 31 upper end,Seal lid 125 to cover with charging aperture 36 sealing,Electric pushrod 126 is through control system control,When the kitchen castoff in the sorted device of kitchen castoff exports fermentation tank to be entered,Control system instruction electric pushrod action,Sealing lid 125 is driven to separate with charging aperture 36,Kitchen castoff is made to enter in fermentation tank 31,Feed complete,Control system instruction electric pushrod 126 action,Sealing lid 125 is driven to cover with charging aperture 36,It is beneficial to sealing and fermenting groove.
The present invention can be provided with material guide device in fermentation tank 31 upper end, described material guide device is made up of material guiding hopper 140, guide chamber 142, Shaftless spiral blade 141 and guide motor 143, guide chamber 142 is fixed on the charging aperture upper end of fermentation tank 31, guide chamber 142 charging hole is connected with material guiding hopper 140, discharge opening is corresponding with sealing lid 125, it is provided with Shaftless spiral blade 141 in the corresponding guide chamber sealing lid 125, the Shaftless spiral blade 141 guide motor 143 through being fixed on deflector chute drives, and is beneficial to quickly carry the kitchen castoff falling into fermentation tank.The present invention can be provided with air inlet on fermentation tank 31, air inlet is corresponding with exhaust outlet, air inlet is provided with heat blower, in fermentation tank 31, hot blast constantly it is blown into by heat blower, accelerate the steam flow rate on material surface, prevent the condensation repeatedly in discharge process of the steam in fermentation tank, accelerate the rate of drying of kitchen castoff material.
Described oily-water seperating equipment is prior art (not display in figure), it includes oil removing casing, oil removing band, oil removing band drives motor and oil scraping plate, oil removing band lower end is located at oil removing lower box, upper end is located at oil removing casing upper end, oil removing casing upper end is provided with oil scraping plate, sidewall is provided with inlet opening and apopore, oil scraping plate contacts with oil removing band, oil removing band is driven to drive motor, oil removing band is driven to stick the grease in profit, by the oil scraping plate of upper end, grease is struck off, in case making biodiesel, remaining waste water enters municipal sewage system by pipeline and reprocesses.
nullDescribed ionization odor removal 6 includes deodorizing housing 66、Axial flow blower 55、Blower tray 56、Intake elbow 57、Escape pipe 58 and condensation chamber 68,It is provided with air inlet pipe 59 in described deodorizing housing 54、Isocon 60、Ionization tube 61、Electrode contact 62、Power module 63、Electrode 64 and metal fin 65,Deodorizing housing 66 upper end is connected with axial flow blower 55 through blower tray 56,Lower end is connected with condensation chamber 68 through dividing plate 67,Deodorizing housing 66 lower sides is provided with venthole 70,It is beneficial to as dispelling the heat in deodorizing housing,Condensation chamber lower end is provided with delivery port 69,Condensation chamber lower end sidewall is connected with escape pipe 58,Intake elbow 57 penetrates the inlet hole of blower tray 56 sidewall and is connected with the air inlet pipe 59 in deodorizing housing 66 through gum cover,In air inlet pipe 59, solid-liquid has power module 63,Air inlet pipe 59 lower end is connected with isocon 60 joint,Isocon 60 joint is connected with ionization tube 61 through insulating joint,Ionization tube 61 lower end is connected with condensation chamber 68 through dividing plate 67,Described ionization tube 61 is to be coated with the glass tube of conductive coating outside electrode constituted by interior adding,Ionization tube 61 outer cover is provided with metal fin 65,Ionization tube 61 upper end is through electrically connecting with two electrodes of power module 63 with the electrode contact of ionization tube 61 contact internal walls and two electrodes of metal fin 65 fixing with ionization tube 61 outer wall,Electric field is formed in making ionization tube 61,Foul smell molecule is ionized in glass tube,Cause the chemical bond rupture of foul smell molecule,Direct Resolution becomes simple substance atom or by the innocuous gas molecule of single atomic building,The escape pipe of the gas condensed chamber sidewall eliminating stink is discharged,In ionization process,It is power module 63 and the ionization tube cooling carrying out ionization process by axial flow blower,Gas after cooling is discharged from the venthole 70 of deodorizing lower housing portion,In ionization process, condense the moisture of generation then discharge by being condensed out the mouth of a river 69.Gas condensing unit of the present invention includes cold water storage cistern 128, steam separator box 129 and condensing fin pipe 130, cold water storage cistern 128 upper end sidewall is connected with external water source through connecting tube, lower end is connected with outlet pipe, cold water storage cistern 128 is internal is provided with spirality condensing fin pipe 130, on condensing fin pipe 130, interface is connected with the exhaust outlet in fermentation tank 31 through connecting tube, and lower interface is connected with steam separator box 129 through connecting tube.Or, gas condensing unit of the present invention can also be by cold water storage cistern 131, steam chest 132, cooling cylinder 133 and condensation tubulation 134 form, described cold water storage cistern 131 upper end sidewall is connected with external water source through connecting tube, lower end is connected with outlet pipe, steam chest 132 it is sequentially provided with from top to bottom in cold water storage cistern 131, condensation tubulation 134, cooling cylinder 133, plural condensation tubulation 134 it is provided with side by side in cold water storage cistern 131, plural condensation tubulation 134 upper end is connected with steam chest 132 through connecting valve, lower end is connected with cooling cylinder 133 through connecting valve, steam chest 132 upper end import is connected with the exhaust outlet in fermentation tank 31.nullThe present invention is when pre-processing kitchen castoff,Kitchen castoff is through entering in the screening slot 8 in automatic sorting device by garbage inlet through elevating hopper 2,Polybag in kitchen castoff is by under the crushing shell 9 of screening slot 8 import and the shear action of guide blade,It is allowed to break,Avoid the mutual winding between object,Under high-speed state,Kitchen castoff material is through guide blade and the synergy of separate blade,Different from the granularity of kitchen castoff according to being sorted material,The High Rotation Speed of the separate blade 11 on separation driven by motor separation axle 10 and separation axle 10,Produce axial thrust,By broken polybag and other mineral water bottle that need to sort、Laughable tank、Beverage bottle、Mess-tin、Disposable bowls and chopsticks、The material such as polybag and the hard metal guiding by separate blade separate blade 11,Separate substance outlet in screening slot 8 rear end is discharged in collecting box,Remaining kitchen castoff is then thrown to screening slot 8 barrel,Kitchen castoff outlet through screen pack 12 and screening slot lower end is flowed in the fermentation tank in biofermentation drying device,Enter the portion of water in the kitchen castoff in screening slot then in liquid outlet flows into oily-water seperating equipment,Inlet opening in oily-water seperating equipment enters in oily-water seperating equipment and carries out water-oil separating,Oil removing band is driven to drive motor,Oil removing band is driven to stick the grease in profit,By the oil scraping plate of upper end, grease is struck off,In case making biodiesel,Remaining waste water enters municipal sewage system by pipeline and reprocesses,When the kitchen castoff entered in fermentation tank reaches a certain amount of,I.e. stop throwing in,Open the hermatic door thrown on bacterium mouth 37,Compound bacteria is put in fermentation tank 31,Control system instruction shaft 32 action,Simultaneously,Instruction heating element heater begins to warm up fermentation,During the fermentation,Owing to the microorganism in fermentation tank 31 needs the oxygen of abundance during the fermentation,At this moment,Feeding gate 40 in fermentation tank 31 is then in open mode,Oxygen in fermentation tank 31 obtains circulation through high pressure positive blower 51 and supplements,The steam produced in sweat then carries out cooling process in exhaust outlet is discharged to gas condensing unit,By cold and hot exchange,It is discharged to ionize in odor removal through high pressure positive blower 51 after being cooled down by the steam of high temperature and carries out deodorizing process,Electromagnetic Heating is used in fermentation or dry run,Or use steam heating during the fermentation,After fermentation completes,Feeding gate 40 is closed,Steam heating simultaneously is closed、Electrically heated rod 35 in interlayer works,The steam produced in dry run carries out cooling process in exhaust outlet removing dust cyclone 52 is discharged to cold vapour case 53,By the cold and hot exchange in cold vapour case 53,It is discharged in odor removal carry out deodorizing process through high pressure positive blower 51 after being cooled down by the steam of high temperature,After being dried,Open the discharging opening of fermentation tank 31 side,Shaft is driven to get final product quickly discharging,The foul smell entered during fermentation dried in odor removal is diverted in ionization tube 61 by isocon 60,Foul smell molecule is ionized in glass tube,Cause the chemical bond rupture of foul smell molecule,Direct Resolution becomes simple substance atom or by the innocuous gas molecule of single atomic building,The escape pipe of gas condensed chamber 71 sidewall eliminating stink is discharged,In ionization process,It is that power module 63 is lowered the temperature with the ionization tube 61 carrying out ionization process by the axial flow blower 55 in ionization odor removal,The gas after the cooling venthole from housing 1 bottom is discharged,In ionization process, condense the moisture of generation then control timing by system and be discharged in municipal sewage system by being condensed out the liquid that the mouth of a river enters in cooling cylinder 71 in case,The present invention is when pre-processing kitchen castoff,Kitchen castoff is through entering in the screening slot 8 in automatic sorting device by garbage inlet through elevating hopper 2,Polybag in kitchen castoff is by under the crushing shell 9 of screening slot 8 import and the shear action of guide blade,It is allowed to break,Avoid the mutual winding between object,Under high-speed state,Kitchen castoff material is under the synergy of guide blade and separate blade,Different from the granularity of kitchen castoff according to being sorted material,Separate driven by motor separation axle 10 and separate the guide blade on axle 10 and separate blade 11 High Rotation Speed,Produce spiral axial thrust,Kitchen castoff under the synergy of guide blade and separate blade by broken polybag and other mineral water bottle that need to sort、Laughable tank、Beverage bottle、Mess-tin、Disposable bowls and chopsticks、The material such as polybag and hard metal passes through guide blade and the guiding of separate blade 11,The separate substance outlet of screened groove 8 rear end is discharged in collecting box,Moisture in kitchen castoff flows in oily-water seperating equipment through liquid outlet through minor diameter screen pack,Inlet opening in oily-water seperating equipment enters in oily-water seperating equipment and carries out water-oil separating,Oil removing band is driven to drive motor,Oil removing band is driven to stick the grease in profit,By the oil scraping plate of upper end, grease is struck off,In case making biodiesel,Remaining waste water enters municipal sewage system by pipeline and reprocesses,Remaining kitchen castoff is thrown to screening slot 8 barrel,Kitchen castoff outlet through screen pack 12 and screening slot lower end is flowed in the material guiding hopper on the fermentation tank in biofermentation drying device,Guide motor drives shaftless screw to rotate,Kitchen castoff is driven to rapidly enter in fermentation tank,When the kitchen castoff entered in fermentation tank reaches a certain amount of,I.e. stop throwing in,When the kitchen castoff in the sorted device of kitchen castoff exports fermentation tank to be entered,Control system instruction electric pushrod action,Drive to seal to cover and separate with charging aperture,Kitchen castoff is made to enter in fermentation tank,Feed complete,Open the hermatic door thrown on bacterium mouth 37,Compound bacteria is put in fermentation tank 31,Control system instruction shaft 32 action,Simultaneously,Instruction heating element heater begins to warm up fermentation,During the fermentation,Owing to the microorganism in fermentation tank 31 needs the oxygen of abundance during the fermentation,At this moment,Feeding gate 40 in fermentation tank 31 is then in open mode,Oxygen in fermentation tank 31 obtains circulation through high pressure positive blower 51 and supplements,The steam produced in sweat then carries out cooling process in exhaust outlet and dedusting cyclone 52 are discharged to cold water storage cistern,By cold and hot exchange,It is discharged to ionize in odor removal through high pressure positive blower 51 after being cooled down by the steam of high temperature and carries out deodorizing process,Use steam heating during the fermentation,After fermentation completes,Control system instruction electric pushrod action,Drive to seal to cover to seal with charging aperture and cover,Start heating element heater high-temperature heating to be dried,After being dried,Open the discharging opening of fermentation tank 31 side,Shaft is driven to get final product quickly discharging,The foul smell entered during fermentation dried in odor removal is diverted in ionization tube 61 by isocon 60,Foul smell molecule is ionized in glass tube,Cause the chemical bond rupture of foul smell molecule,Direct Resolution becomes simple substance atom or by the innocuous gas molecule of single atomic building,The escape pipe of gas condensed chamber 71 sidewall eliminating stink is discharged,In ionization process,It is that power module 63 is lowered the temperature with the ionization tube 61 carrying out ionization process by the axial flow blower 55 in ionization odor removal,The gas after the cooling venthole from housing 1 bottom is discharged,In ionization process, condense the moisture of generation then control timing by system and be discharged in municipal sewage system by being condensed out the liquid that the mouth of a river enters in cooling cylinder 71 in case,Due to the fact that employing said structure,There is automatic sorting、Dehydration rate is high、Fermentation process speed is fast、Fermentation is uniformly、Firing rate is fast、Can automatic oxygenation during fermentation、Eliminating malodours from gases is up to standard、The advantage such as environment friendly and pollution-free.
nullEmbodiment 3: a kind of kitchen waste pretreatment device,Including airtight housing 1 and control system,Described control system includes man-machine interface、PLC and electric cabinet,Man-machine interface、The annexation of PLC and electric cabinet is same as the prior art (not display in figure),This does not repeats,Housing 1 upper end is provided with elevating hopper 2 and feeding motor,Automatic sorting device 3 it is provided with in housing 1,Biofermentation drying device 5,Oily-water seperating equipment,Ionization odor removal 6 and gas condensing unit 7,Biofermentation drying device 5,Oily-water seperating equipment,Ionization odor removal 6 and gas condensing unit 7 can use prior art,It is provided with pressure feeding spiral blade 15 in described elevating hopper 2,Pressure feeding spiral blade is located on elevating hopper,And the feeding motor through being fixed on elevating hopper drives,Described elevating hopper 2 is connected with the kitchen castoff charging aperture of automatic sorting device 3 through discharging opening,Automatic sorting device 3 is connected with the charging aperture in biofermentation drying device through kitchen castoff outlet,Automatic sorting device is connected with oily-water seperating equipment through liquid outlet,Biofermentation drying device is connected with gas condensing unit through exhaust outlet,Gas condensing unit is connected with ionization odor removal,To reach automatic sorting、Fermentation process speed is fast、Fermentation is uniformly、Firing rate is fast、Can automatic oxygenation during fermentation、Eliminating malodours from gases is up to standard、Environment friendly and pollution-free effect,Described automatic sorting device includes screening slot 8、Screening cover plate、Separate axle、Separate blade、Screen pack and separation motor,Screening slot 8 upper end is connected with screening cover plate,Formed in making screening slot 8 and screening cover plate and separate cavity,It is provided with screen pack 12 in screening slot 8 and separates axle 10,Kitchen castoff separated space is formed between screen pack 12 and screening slot 8,Screening slot 8 one end is provided with kitchen castoff charging aperture 13,The other end is provided with separate substance outlet 14,Kitchen castoff outlet and liquid outlet are arranged below,The kitchen castoff feed inlet end inwall of screening slot 8 is provided with crushing shell,Screening slot 8 is connected with elevating hopper 2 through kitchen castoff charging aperture 13,Separate axle 10 one end through crushing shell center through bearing、Bearing block is fixing with screening slot to be connected,The other end separates motor through screening slot be connected through transmission device and screening slot outside,At least 2 separate blades of circumference array on described separation axle 10,And separate blade is axially arranged,Described separate blade 11 is by guide plate 16、Transition guide plate 18、Guide plate 19 eases up and forms from plate 20,Guide plate 16 trapezoidal plate face,Transition guide plate 18、Guide plate 19 eases up and is respectively triangle flat plate from plate 20,Guide plate 16 lower end is fixing with installing plate 17 to be connected,Front end intersects with transition guide plate 18 fixing connection,Rear end is connected with delaying to fix from plate 20,And transition guide plate 18 on the basis of guide plate 16 plane towards guide plate one lateral buckling,Delay and reversely bend relative to transition guide plate in face on the basis of guide plate 16 plane from plate 20,Transition guide plate 18、Guide plate 16 ease up from plate 20 upper surface respectively with screen pack matched in clearance,To avoid such as chopsticks、Fork、It is inserted in screen pack in separation process etc. elongated material and guide plate is caused hard collision,Transition guide plate 18 front end intersects with guide plate 19 fixing connection,And guide plate 19 bends relative to transition guide plate in face on the basis of transition guide plate plane in the same direction,Connection is fixed with separating axle in guide plate 16 lower end,Bar nose face is with to separate axle axis vertical,And bar nose face with screening cell wall crushing shell match,It is beneficial to guide plate work in coordination with crushing shell when rotated and shred the materials such as the such as polybag entered in screening slot,The soft materials such as plastics are avoided in separating axle rotary course, separate blade to be wound,Kitchen castoff after rubbing is led on guide plate through transition guide plate,Ease up such as cutter from plate through guide plate、Fork、The big material of chopsticks or lunch box etc separated material outlet under the rotating centrifugal effect separating axle is derived,The materials such as liquid in separate substance and kitchen castoff then export through screen pack and kitchen castoff under the centrifugal action separating axle and flow out.nullThe present invention can show at least two guide blade 135 by Circle-Array on the separation axle in automatic sorting device,It is anterior that guide blade 135 is located at separation axle 10,Separate blade 135 is located at separation axle 10 rear portion,Guide blade 135 rear portion and the anterior corresponding staggered interval of separate blade 11 are arranged,Described guide blade 135 is by scraping wings 136、Pusher rebound 137 and stock guide 138 form,The described trapezoidal panel of stock guide 138,Described pusher rebound 137 and scraping wings 136 panel triangular in shape respectively,Connection is fixed with separating axle 10 in stock guide 138 lower end,Pusher rebound 137 one end intersects with the hypotenuse of stock guide 138 fixing connection,The other end intersects with scraping wings 136 fixing connection,And pusher rebound 137 is identical with the overbending direction of separate blade 11 front end transition guide plate 18 and guide plate 19 with the overbending direction of scraping wings 136,Scraping wings 136 front end face and crushing shell 9 matched in clearance,It is beneficial to scraping wings 136 work in coordination with crushing shell 9 and crushing cutter 21 when rotated and will shred the materials such as the such as polybag entered in screening slot,Led on separate blade 11 by guide blade 135,And under the turning effort separating axle 10,Make such as polybag、Cutter、Fork、The big material of chopsticks or lunch box etc is derived by separate blade 11,In kitchen castoff, the material less than screen pack diameter is flowed out by screen pack and kitchen castoff outlet the most under gravity.Stock guide 138 and guide plate 16 in automatic sorting device of the present invention be arranged in parallel, and the installation site of stock guide 138 and guide plate 16 is by separating the feed end of axle to discharge end relative separation axle bus deflection clockwise or counterclockwise, so that kitchen castoff is under the centrifugal action that High Rotation Speed produces, when gradually guiding separate blade 11 by guide blade 135, centrifugal force by a spiral helicine track in the case of being gradually increased, greatly reduce guide blade 135 and separate blade 11 is applied to the resistance of kitchen castoff, drastically increase separating effect.The installation site of stock guide 138 of the present invention and guide plate 16 is respectively 0 °-10 ° by the feed end separating axle to the angle excursion of discharge end relative separation axle bus.Transition guide plate 18 of the present invention is 30 °-60 ° relative to the bending angle of guide plate 16 plane, delaying from plate 20 with guide plate 16 relative to the reverse bending angle of transition guide plate 18 is 30 °-60 °, transition guide plate 18, guide plate 16 eases up from the plate 20 gap respectively and between screen pack 12 respectively in the range of 0.5mm-15mm, it is thrown to the kitchen castoff clogged up with material screen pack of screen pack to avoid gap to cause the most greatly and affects separating effect, guide plate 19 is 30 °-60 ° with the bending angle of transition guide plate 18 plane, the bending angle of described relative stock guide 138 plane of pusher rebound 137 is 30 °-60 °, the bending angle of relative pusher rebound 137 plane of scraping wings 136 is 30 °-60 °.nullThe present invention also can show at least 2 crushing cutters 21 at the feed end Circle-Array separating axle 10,Crushing cutter 21 can be set to and separate the fixing mode of axle 10,Can be configured as the mode being hinged,So that crushing cutter and hard material snubber contact,Avoid damaging crushing cutter,Described crushing cutter 21 blade is curved,Crushing cutter 21 side and crushing shell 9 matched in clearance being fixed on kitchen castoff charging aperture,Described crushing cutter 21 blade installation direction is identical with scraping wings 136 wrap direction,The present invention can be provided with minor diameter screen pack 139 by the kitchen castoff feed inlet end in screening slot,Described minor diameter screen pack 139 rear end is fixing with screen pack 12 front end to be connected,Corresponding liquid outlet below minor diameter screen pack 139,Corresponding kitchen castoff outlet below screen pack 12,The mesh diameter of described minor diameter screen pack 139 is 0.5-3mm,It is beneficial to filter the moisture in kitchen castoff,The mesh diameter of described screen pack 12 is 3-30mm,It is beneficial to the filter diameter kitchen castoff less than 30mm,Diameter is then separated to separate substance outlet at the kitchen castoff of more than 30mm under the guide effect of separate blade 11,Separated material outlet is derived.nullBiofermentation drying device 5 of the present invention includes fermentation tank 31、Shaft 32、Temperature sensor、Heating element heater and door engine,Shaft 32 it is provided with in fermentation tank 31,Fermentation tank 31 end face is provided with charging aperture 36 and throws bacterium mouth 37,Bottom is provided with heating element heater,One sidewall is provided with exhaust outlet 38 and temperature sensor,So that temperature sensor controls heating-up temperature,Lower side is provided with discharging opening 39,Charging aperture 36 is corresponding with the outlet of the kitchen castoff of sorting unit lower end,Throw bacterium mouth 37 and be provided with hermatic door,Discharging opening 39 is provided with discharge door,On charging aperture, 36 are provided with door engine,Shaft 32 is provided with stirring vane,Shaft 32 two ends are respectively through bearing、Bearing block is fixing with fermentation tank 31 to be connected,The agitated motor of shaft 32 drives,More than one shaft 32 it is provided with in fermentation tank 31 in described biofermentation drying device,It is provided with stirring vane 33 on shaft 32,And the installation site of agitating plate is to be fixed on shaft with the movement locus of stirring vane,Stirring vane 33 is by agitating plate、Pole and fixed cover composition,Pole one end intersects with agitating plate fixing connection,The other end intersects with the fixed cover being fixed on shaft fixing connection,Fermentation tank 31 of the present invention can be made up of internal layer and outer layer,It is provided with heat-conducting medium in cavity between internal layer and outer layer,Heating element heater it is equipped with between internal layer and outer layer,Described heating element heater can use electromagnet heating element,May be used without steam heating elements 34,May be used without electrically heated rod 35,Also can use steam heating elements and electrically heated rod simultaneously,During the heating of described employing electromagnet heating element,Heat-conducting medium can be omitted,Described heat-conducting medium can use fluid medium,Also outside heat-conducting medium can be connected by adapter,The water of high temperature can be imported in cavity by heat-conducting medium by ground source heat pump technology,To reduce the electric consumption of the present invention,Also can use electrical heating elements,Enter in fermentation tank after the sorted device of separate substance sorts,Feed complete,Open the hermatic door thrown on bacterium mouth 37,Compound bacteria is put in fermentation tank 31,Control system instruction shaft 32 action,The material making shaft 32 repeatedly stir interpolation compound bacteria makes it ferment rapidly,Simultaneously,Instruction heating element heater begins to warm up,The material in fermentation tank 31 is made to ferment at high operating temperatures,The steam produced during the fermentation carries out cooling process in being then discharged to cold vapour case by exhaust outlet removing dust cyclone,The present invention can be provided with door engine on charging aperture,Described door engine includes bearing 124、Seal lid 125、Electric pushrod 126 and fairlead 127,Described charging aperture is provided with fairlead 127,Electric pushrod 126 is fixing with sealing lid 125 through fairlead 127 one end to be connected,The other end is connected with the bearing 124 being fixed on fermentation tank 31 upper end,Seal lid 125 to cover with charging aperture 36 sealing,Electric pushrod 126 is through control system control,When the kitchen castoff in the sorted device of kitchen castoff exports fermentation tank to be entered,Control system instruction electric pushrod action,Sealing lid 125 is driven to separate with charging aperture 36,Kitchen castoff is made to enter in fermentation tank 31,Feed complete,Control system instruction electric pushrod 126 action,Sealing lid 125 is driven to cover with charging aperture 36,It is beneficial to sealing and fermenting groove.The present invention can be provided with material guide device in fermentation tank 31 upper end, described material guide device is made up of material guiding hopper 140, guide chamber 142, Shaftless spiral blade 141 and guide motor 143, guide chamber 142 is fixed on the charging aperture upper end of fermentation tank 31, guide chamber 142 charging hole is connected with material guiding hopper 140, discharge opening is corresponding with sealing lid 125, it is provided with Shaftless spiral blade 141 in the corresponding guide chamber sealing lid 125, the Shaftless spiral blade 141 guide motor 143 through being fixed on deflector chute drives, and is beneficial to quickly carry the kitchen castoff falling into fermentation tank.The present invention can be provided with air inlet on fermentation tank 31, air inlet is corresponding with exhaust outlet, air inlet is provided with heat blower, in fermentation tank 31, hot blast constantly it is blown into by heat blower, accelerate the steam flow rate on material surface, prevent the condensation repeatedly in discharge process of the steam in fermentation tank, accelerate the rate of drying of kitchen castoff material.Described oily-water seperating equipment is prior art (not display in figure), it includes oil removing casing, oil removing band, oil removing band drives motor and oil scraping plate, oil removing band lower end is located at oil removing lower box, upper end is located at oil removing casing upper end, oil removing casing upper end is provided with oil scraping plate, sidewall is provided with inlet opening and apopore, oil scraping plate contacts with oil removing band, oil removing band is driven to drive motor, oil removing band is driven to stick the grease in profit, by the oil scraping plate of upper end, grease is struck off, in case making biodiesel, remaining waste water enters municipal sewage system by pipeline and reprocesses.nullDescribed ionization odor removal 6 includes deodorizing housing 66、Axial flow blower 55、Blower tray 56、Intake elbow 57、Escape pipe 58 and condensation chamber 68,It is provided with air inlet pipe 59 in described deodorizing housing 54、Isocon 60、Ionization tube 61、Electrode contact 62、Power module 63、Electrode 64 and metal fin 65,Deodorizing housing 66 upper end is connected with axial flow blower 55 through blower tray 56,Lower end is connected with condensation chamber 68 through dividing plate 67,Deodorizing housing 66 lower sides is provided with venthole 70,It is beneficial to as dispelling the heat in deodorizing housing,Condensation chamber lower end is provided with delivery port 69,Condensation chamber lower end sidewall is connected with escape pipe 58,Intake elbow 57 penetrates the inlet hole of blower tray 56 sidewall and is connected with the air inlet pipe 59 in deodorizing housing 66 through gum cover,In air inlet pipe 59, solid-liquid has power module 63,Air inlet pipe 59 lower end is connected with isocon 60 joint,Isocon 60 joint is connected with ionization tube 61 through insulating joint,Ionization tube 61 lower end is connected with condensation chamber 68 through dividing plate 67,Described ionization tube 61 is to be coated with the glass tube of conductive coating outside electrode constituted by interior adding,Ionization tube 61 outer cover is provided with metal fin 65,Ionization tube 61 upper end is through electrically connecting with two electrodes of power module 63 with the electrode contact of ionization tube 61 contact internal walls and two electrodes of metal fin 65 fixing with ionization tube 61 outer wall,Electric field is formed in making ionization tube 61,Foul smell molecule is ionized in glass tube,Cause the chemical bond rupture of foul smell molecule,Direct Resolution becomes simple substance atom or by the innocuous gas molecule of single atomic building,The escape pipe of the gas condensed chamber sidewall eliminating stink is discharged,In ionization process,It is power module 63 and the ionization tube cooling carrying out ionization process by axial flow blower,Gas after cooling is discharged from the venthole 70 of deodorizing lower housing portion,In ionization process, condense the moisture of generation then discharge by being condensed out the mouth of a river 69,Gas condensing unit of the present invention includes cold water storage cistern 128、Steam separator box 129 and condensing fin pipe 130,Cold water storage cistern 128 upper end sidewall is connected with external water source through connecting tube,Lower end is connected with outlet pipe,Cold water storage cistern 128 is internal is provided with spirality condensing fin pipe 130,On condensing fin pipe 130, interface is connected with the exhaust outlet in fermentation tank 31 through connecting tube,Lower interface is connected with steam separator box 129 through connecting tube.nullOr,Gas condensing unit of the present invention can also be by cold water storage cistern 131、Steam chest 132、Cooling cylinder 133 and condensation tubulation 134 form,Described cold water storage cistern 131 upper end sidewall is connected with external water source through connecting tube,Lower end is connected with outlet pipe,Cold water storage cistern 131 is sequentially provided with steam chest 132 from top to bottom、Condensation tubulation 134、Cooling cylinder 133,Plural condensation tubulation 134 it is provided with side by side in cold water storage cistern 131,Plural condensation tubulation 134 upper end is connected with steam chest 132 through connecting valve,Lower end is connected with cooling cylinder 133 through connecting valve,Steam chest 132 upper end import is connected with the exhaust outlet in fermentation tank 31,The present invention can be provided with dustbin lifting device 140 in the elevating hopper side of housing 1,It includes underframe 75、Left riser guide 76、Right riser guide 77、Hoisting frame assembly 90、Promote reducing motor 78、Chain 91、Drive sprocket 80、Upper sprocket wheel 81、Lower sprocket 82、Chain drive block 83、Drive shaft 84、Oilless bearing 85、Roller 86、Signaling switch、Contiguous block 87 and fixed plate 88,Underframe is fixed on housing through fixed plate,Described underframe 75 is that the cross bar 89 between the montant 79 parallel by two and montant 79 is mutually permanently connected and forms,Underframe 75 is provided with hoisting frame assembly 90,Two parallel left riser guide 76 and right riser guides 77 vertically it are provided with on the cross bar 89 on top,Bottom is provided with lifting reducing motor 78 and drive shaft 84,Described hoisting frame assembly 90 includes hoisting frame 92、Left rocking arm 94、Right rocking arm 96、Left clamp jaw 97、Right clamp jaw 98、Rocker arm shaft 99、Upper fulcrum 100、Lower fulcrum 101、Top opening 102、Left hook plate 103、Right hook plate 104、Extension spring 105 and jacking block 106,Side, hoisting frame assembly 90 upper end is hinged with left contiguous block 87 through upper fulcrum 100,Opposite side is hinged with right contiguous block 87 through upper fulcrum 100,Left contiguous block 87 is connected with the rolling of left riser guide 76 through roller 86,Right contiguous block 87 is connected with the rolling of right riser guide 77 through roller 86,So that rotating centered by roller 86 when hoisting frame assembly 90 overturns,Described left hook plate 103 and right hook plate 104 are that the location-plate by left connecting plate and right connecting plate and with left connecting plate and the hook-type plate of right connecting plate homonymy upper end and left connecting plate and right connecting plate homonymy lower end intersects and is formed by fixedly connecting,Described top opening 102 includes lead 107、Fairlead 108、Connecting rod 109、Left push rod 110、Right push rod 110、Upper locating piece and lower locating piece 112,Described hoisting frame 92 is by the fixing framework of vertical frame 115 at upper support 113 and lower support 114 and upper support 113 and lower support 114 two ends,Montant 79 upper end respectively and is provided with upper sprocket wheel 81 between left riser guide 76 and right riser guide 77,The drive shaft 84 of montant lower end is provided with lower sprocket 82 and drive sprocket 80,Montant 79 upper side is provided with reverse signal switch,Lower end side is provided with decline and puts in place signaling switch,Drive sprocket 80 is connected with promoting reducing motor 78 through transmission device,Upper sprocket wheel 81 is connected with lower sprocket 82 through chain 91,Chain 91 two ends are fixing with chain drive block 83 respectively to be connected,Chain drive block 83 is fixed on lower fulcrum 101,The track that lower fulcrum 101 two ends are provided with montant 79 inwall through oilless bearing 85 respectively rolls and is connected,Both sides, hoisting frame 92 upper end are connected with the rolling of montant 79 phase through upper fulcrum 100 respectively,Vertical frame is provided with movable passageway,Support on hoisting frame 92 upper end and be sequentially provided with left hook plate 103 from left to right、Jacking block 106 and right hook plate 104,And left hook plate 103 and right hook plate 104 is oppositely arranged and is hinged with upper support 113 through hinge,In the upper support 113 of hoisting frame, the heart channel of Hang-Shaoyin lead 107 is fixing with lower support 114 is connected,Slide respectively in movable passageway in hoisting frame both sides vertical frame 115 and be provided with rocker arm shaft 99,On the left of hoisting frame 92, rocker arm shaft 99 one end in movable passageway is connected through the location-plate of extension spring 105 with left hook plate 103 lower end,The other end is hinged with left rocking arm 94,On the right side of hoisting frame 92, rocker arm shaft 99 one end in movable passageway is connected through the location-plate of extension spring 105 with right hook plate 104 lower end,The other end is hinged with right rocking arm 96,The other end of left rocking arm 94 and right rocking arm 96 is hinged with lower fulcrum 101 respectively,Fairlead 108 it is arranged with on lead 107,Fairlead 108 upper end is fixing with connecting rod 109 to be connected,Lower end inside is provided with locating piece,In correspondence, the underframe lower end of locating piece is provided with lower locating piece 112,Connecting rod 109 one end is vertically and fixedly provided with left push rod 110,The other end is vertically and fixedly provided with right push rod 110,Left push rod 110 and right push rod 110 end are the most spherically,The through hole that left push rod 110 is provided with through upper support 113 is inconsistent with left location-plate,The through hole that right push rod 110 is provided with through upper support 113 is inconsistent with right location-plate,Left clamp jaw and right clamp jaw are plate-shaped,And left clamp jaw 97 is relative to outer end with in the middle part of right clamp jaw 98 the most outwards extends,It is beneficial to the propelling clamping of dustbin,Under original state,Upper locating piece is stuck on lower locating piece 112,Fairlead is made to remain static,Wire column 107 is oppositely oriented set and moves downward,Make the left push rod 110 left hook plate of jack-up 103,Right push rod 110 jack-up right hook plate 104,Left hook plate 103 and right hook plate 104 are flared out respectively,When promoting dustbin,Dustbin shifts to hoisting frame by equipment,Left clamp jaw 97 and the right clamp jaw 98 of boosted frame both sides, dustbin both sides position,Jacking block 106 withstands on dustbin outer rim bottom surface,Dustbin is made to be positioned on hoisting frame,Drive and promote reducing motor 78,Drive shaft 84 is driven to move through transmission device,The lower sprocket 82 at drive shaft 84 two ends drives chain 91 to move,Chain 91 drives chain connecting block 83 to move up along underframe,At this moment,Rotation is moved on centered by the hoisting frame drive above fulcrum of dustbin 100,Upper locating piece separates with lower locating piece 112,Fairlead 108 is oppositely oriented post 107 and moves down,Left hook plate 103 is made gradually to lose the top power of left push rod 110、Right hook plate 104 gradually loses the top power of right push rod 110,And under the effect of extension spring 105, gradually clamp dustbin top respectively,The left rocking arm 94 of hoisting frame 92 both sides and right rocking arm 96 drive hoisting frame 92 to move and begin turning along left riser guide and right riser guide and are poured in elevating hopper by rubbish,When chain drive block 83 arrives montant 79 upper end and touches reverse signal switch,Reverse signal switch transmits a signal to control system,Control system instruction promotes reducing motor 78 and inverts,Left rocking arm 94 and right rocking arm 96 is driven reversely to move down,And then drive hoisting frame 92 revolution move down and be gradually close to underframe 75,After the upper fall locating piece of hoisting frame 92 lower end touches lower locating piece 112,Fairlead 108 remains static,Wire column 107 is oppositely oriented set 108 and moves downward,Make the left push rod 110 left hook plate of jack-up 103,Right push rod 110 jack-up right hook plate 104,Left hook plate 103 and right hook plate 104 are flared out respectively,Put in place after signaling switch when chain connecting block touches decline,Decline the signaling switch that puts in place and signal is passed to control system,Control system instruction promotes reducing motor 78 and stops,The clamping force of dustbin releases,Removal dustbin.nullThe present invention is when pre-processing kitchen castoff,Under original state,Upper locating piece is stuck on lower locating piece 112,Fairlead 108 is made to remain static,Lead 107 is oppositely oriented set 108 and moves downward,Make the left push rod 110 left hook plate of jack-up 103,Right push rod 110 jack-up right hook plate 104,Left hook plate 103 and right hook plate 104 are flared out respectively,When promoting dustbin,Dustbin shifts to hoisting frame 92 by equipment,Left clamp jaw 97 and the right clamp jaw 98 of boosted frame 92 both sides, dustbin both sides position,Jacking block 106 withstands on dustbin outer rim bottom surface,Dustbin is made to be positioned on hoisting frame 92,Drive and promote reducing motor 78,Drive shaft 84 is driven to move through transmission device,The lower sprocket 82 at drive shaft 84 two ends drives chain 91 to move,Chain 91 drives chain connecting block 83 to move up along underframe 75,At this moment,Hoisting frame 92 drives on centered by the above fulcrum of dustbin 100 and moves rotation,Upper locating piece separates with lower locating piece 112,Fairlead 108 is oppositely oriented post 107 and moves down,Left hook plate 103 is made gradually to lose the top power of left push rod 110、Right hook plate 104 gradually loses the top power of right push rod 110,And under the effect of extension spring 105, gradually clamp dustbin top respectively,The left rocking arm 94 of hoisting frame both sides and right rocking arm 96 drive hoisting frame 92 to move along riser guide and begin turning and poured in elevating hopper 2 by rubbish,When chain drive block 83 arrives montant 71 upper end and touches reverse signal switch,Reverse signal switch transmits a signal to control system,Control system instruction promotes reducing motor 78 and inverts,Left rocking arm 94 and right rocking arm 96 is driven reversely to move down,And then drive hoisting frame 92 revolution move down and be gradually close to underframe 75,After the upper locating piece of hoisting frame 92 lower end touches lower locating piece 112,Fairlead 108 remains static,Lead 107 is oppositely oriented set 108 and moves downward,Make the left push rod 110 left hook plate of jack-up 103,Right push rod 110 jack-up right hook plate 104,Left hook plate 103 and right hook plate 104 are flared out respectively,Put in place after signaling switch when chain connecting block touches decline,Decline the signaling switch that puts in place and signal is passed to control system,Control system instruction promotes reducing motor 78 and stops,The clamping force of dustbin releases,Removal dustbin,While dustbin moves down,Rubbish is in the pressure feeding spiral blade 15 in the elevating hopper 2 at the uniform velocity screening slot 8 in garbage inlet enters automatic sorting device,The present invention is when pre-processing kitchen castoff,Kitchen castoff is through entering in the screening slot 8 in automatic sorting device by garbage inlet through elevating hopper 2,The soft material such as the polybag in kitchen castoff is by under the crushing shell 9 of screening slot 8 import and the shear action of crushing cutter,It is allowed to break,Avoid the mutual winding between object,Under high-speed state,Different from the granularity of kitchen castoff according to being sorted material,Separate driven by motor separation axle 10 and separate the guide blade on axle 10 and separate blade 11 High Rotation Speed,Produce spiral axial thrust,Kitchen castoff under the synergy of guide blade and separate blade by broken polybag and other mineral water bottle that need to sort、Laughable tank、Beverage bottle、Mess-tin、Disposable bowls and chopsticks、The material such as polybag and hard metal passes through guide blade and the guiding of separate blade 11,The separate substance outlet of screened groove 8 rear end is discharged in collecting box,Moisture in kitchen castoff flows in oily-water seperating equipment through liquid outlet through minor diameter screen pack,Inlet opening in oily-water seperating equipment enters in oily-water seperating equipment and carries out water-oil separating,Oil removing band is driven to drive motor,Oil removing band is driven to stick the grease in profit,By the oil scraping plate of upper end, grease is struck off,In case making biodiesel,Remaining waste water enters municipal sewage system by pipeline and reprocesses,Remaining kitchen castoff is thrown to screening slot 8 barrel,Kitchen castoff outlet through screen pack 12 and screening slot lower end is flowed in the guide chamber of the material guiding hopper lower end on the fermentation tank in biofermentation drying device,Guide motor drives shaftless screw to rotate,Kitchen castoff is driven to rapidly enter in fermentation tank,When the kitchen castoff entered in fermentation tank reaches a certain amount of,I.e. stop throwing in,When the kitchen castoff in the sorted device of kitchen castoff exports fermentation tank to be entered,Control system instruction electric pushrod action,Drive to seal to cover and separate with charging aperture,Kitchen castoff is made to enter in fermentation tank,Feed complete,Open the hermatic door thrown on bacterium mouth 37,Compound bacteria is put in fermentation tank 31,Control system instruction shaft 32 action,Simultaneously,Instruction heating element heater begins to warm up fermentation,During the fermentation,Owing to the microorganism in fermentation tank 31 needs the oxygen of abundance during the fermentation,At this moment,Feeding gate 40 in fermentation tank 31 is then in open mode,Oxygen in fermentation tank 31 obtains circulation through high pressure positive blower 51 and supplements,The steam produced in sweat then carries out cooling process in exhaust outlet and dedusting cyclone 52 are discharged to cold vapour case 53,By the cold and hot exchange in cold vapour case 53,It is discharged to ionize in odor removal through high pressure positive blower 51 after being cooled down by the steam of high temperature and carries out deodorizing process,Use steam heating during the fermentation,After fermentation completes,Control system instruction electric pushrod action,Drive to seal to cover to seal with charging aperture and cover,To reach the effect of hermetically drying,Continuation instruction heating element heater carries out high-temperature heating to kitchen castoff and is dried,The steam produced in dry run is discharged in gas condensing unit carry out cooling process through exhaust outlet removing dust cyclone 52 under the effect of heat blower,By the cold and hot exchange in cold water storage cistern,It is discharged in odor removal carry out deodorizing process through high pressure positive blower 51 after being cooled down by the steam of high temperature,After being dried,Open the discharging opening of fermentation tank 31 side,Shaft is driven to get final product quickly discharging,The foul smell entered during fermentation dried in odor removal is diverted in ionization tube 61 by isocon 60,Foul smell molecule is ionized in glass tube,Cause the chemical bond rupture of foul smell molecule,Direct Resolution becomes simple substance atom or by the innocuous gas molecule of single atomic building,The escape pipe of gas condensed chamber 71 sidewall eliminating stink is discharged,In ionization process,It is that power module 63 is lowered the temperature with the ionization tube 61 carrying out ionization process by the axial flow blower 55 in ionization odor removal,The gas after the cooling venthole from housing 1 bottom is discharged,In ionization process, condense the moisture of generation then control timing by system and be discharged in municipal sewage system by being condensed out the liquid that the mouth of a river enters in cooling cylinder 71 in case,Due to the fact that employing said structure,There is automatic sorting、Dehydration rate is high、Fermentation process speed is fast、Fermentation is uniformly、Firing rate is fast、Can automatic oxygenation during fermentation、Eliminating malodours from gases is up to standard、The advantage such as environment friendly and pollution-free.
nullEmbodiment 4: a kind of kitchen waste pretreatment device,Including airtight housing 1 and control system,Described control system includes man-machine interface、PLC and electric cabinet,Man-machine interface、The annexation of PLC and electric cabinet is same as the prior art (not display in figure),This does not repeats,Housing 1 upper end is provided with elevating hopper 2 and feeding motor,Automatic sorting device 3 it is provided with in housing 1,Biofermentation drying device 5,Oily-water seperating equipment,Ionization odor removal 6 and gas condensing unit 7,Biofermentation drying device 5,Oily-water seperating equipment,Ionization odor removal 6 and gas condensing unit 7 can use prior art,It is provided with pressure feeding spiral blade 15 in described elevating hopper 2,Pressure feeding spiral blade is located on elevating hopper,And the feeding motor through being fixed on elevating hopper drives,Described elevating hopper 2 is connected with the kitchen castoff charging aperture of automatic sorting device 3 through discharging opening,Automatic sorting device 3 is connected with the charging aperture in biofermentation drying device through kitchen castoff outlet,Automatic sorting device is connected with oily-water seperating equipment through liquid outlet,Biofermentation drying device is connected with gas condensing unit through exhaust outlet,Gas condensing unit is connected with ionization odor removal,To reach automatic sorting、Fermentation process speed is fast、Fermentation is uniformly、Firing rate is fast、Can automatic oxygenation during fermentation、Eliminating malodours from gases is up to standard、Environment friendly and pollution-free effect,Described automatic sorting device includes screening slot 8、Screening cover plate、Separate axle、Separate blade、Screen pack and separation motor,Screening slot 8 upper end is connected with screening cover plate,Formed in making screening slot 8 and screening cover plate and separate cavity,It is provided with screen pack 12 in screening slot 8 and separates axle 10,Kitchen castoff separated space is formed between screen pack 12 and screening slot 8,Screening slot 8 one end is provided with kitchen castoff charging aperture 13,The other end is provided with separate substance outlet 14,Kitchen castoff outlet and liquid outlet are arranged below,The kitchen castoff feed inlet end inwall of screening slot 8 is provided with crushing shell,Screening slot 8 is connected with elevating hopper 2 through kitchen castoff charging aperture 13,Separate axle 10 one end through crushing shell center through bearing、Bearing block is fixing with screening slot to be connected,The other end separates motor through screening slot be connected through transmission device and screening slot outside,At least 2 separate blades of circumference array on described separation axle 10,And separate blade is axially arranged,Described separate blade 11 is by guide plate 16、Transition guide plate 18、Guide plate 19 eases up and forms from plate 20,Guide plate 16 trapezoidal plate face,Transition guide plate 18、Guide plate 19 eases up and is respectively triangle flat plate from plate 20,Guide plate 16 lower end is fixing with installing plate 17 to be connected,Front end intersects with transition guide plate 18 fixing connection,Rear end is connected with delaying to fix from plate 20,And transition guide plate 18 on the basis of guide plate 16 plane towards guide plate one lateral buckling,Delay and reversely bend relative to transition guide plate in face on the basis of guide plate 16 plane from plate 20,Transition guide plate 18、Guide plate 16 ease up from plate 20 upper surface respectively with screen pack matched in clearance,To avoid such as chopsticks、Fork、It is inserted in screen pack in separation process etc. elongated material and guide plate is caused hard collision,Transition guide plate 18 front end intersects with guide plate 19 fixing connection,And guide plate 19 bends relative to transition guide plate in face on the basis of transition guide plate plane in the same direction,Connection is fixed with separating axle in guide plate 16 lower end,Bar nose face is with to separate axle axis vertical,And bar nose face with screening cell wall crushing shell match,It is beneficial to guide plate work in coordination with crushing shell when rotated and shred the materials such as the such as polybag entered in screening slot,The soft materials such as plastics are avoided in separating axle rotary course, separate blade to be wound,Kitchen castoff after rubbing is led on guide plate through transition guide plate,Ease up such as cutter from plate through guide plate、Fork、The big material of chopsticks or lunch box etc separated material outlet under the rotating centrifugal effect separating axle is derived,The materials such as liquid in separate substance and kitchen castoff then export through screen pack and kitchen castoff under the centrifugal action separating axle and flow out.The installation site of the guide plate 16 in automatic sorting device of the present invention is by separating the feed end of axle to discharge end relative separation axle bus deflection clockwise or counterclockwise, so that kitchen castoff is under the centrifugal action that High Rotation Speed produces, separate blade under centrifugal action by a spiral helicine track in the case of being gradually increased, greatly reduce separate blade 11 and be applied to the resistance of kitchen castoff, drastically increase separating effect, the installation site of guide plate 16 of the present invention is respectively 0 °-10 ° by the feed end separating axle to the angle excursion of discharge end relative separation axle bus.The present invention can be provided with minor diameter screen pack 139 by the kitchen castoff feed inlet end in screening slot, described minor diameter screen pack 139 rear end is fixing with screen pack 12 front end to be connected, corresponding liquid outlet below minor diameter screen pack 139, corresponding kitchen castoff outlet below screen pack 12, the mesh diameter of described minor diameter screen pack 139 is 0.5-3mm, it is beneficial to filter the moisture in kitchen castoff, the mesh diameter of described screen pack 12 is 3-30mm, it is beneficial to the filter diameter kitchen castoff less than 30mm, diameter is then separated to separate substance outlet at the kitchen castoff of more than 30mm under the guide effect of separate blade 11, separated material outlet is derived.Transition guide plate 18 of the present invention is 30 °-60 ° relative to the bending angle of guide plate 16 plane, delaying from plate 20 with guide plate 16 relative to the reverse bending angle of transition guide plate 18 is 30 °-60 °, transition guide plate 18, guide plate 16 eases up from the plate 20 gap respectively and between screen pack 12 respectively in the range of 0.5mm-15mm, it is thrown to the kitchen castoff clogged up with material screen pack of screen pack to avoid gap to cause the most greatly and affects separating effect, guide plate 19 is 30 °-60 ° with the bending angle of transition guide plate 18 plane, the maximum (top) speed of heretofore described separation motor can be at 400rpm-1000 Rpm, makes separating effect reach optimum state.nullThe present invention also can show at least 2 to crushing cutter 21 at the feed end Circle-Array separating axle 10,Crushing cutter 21 can be set to and separate the fixing mode of axle 10,Can be configured as the mode being hinged,So that crushing cutter and hard material snubber contact,Avoid damaging crushing cutter,Described crushing cutter 21 blade is curved,Crushing cutter 21 side and crushing shell 9 matched in clearance being fixed on kitchen castoff charging aperture,Described crushing cutter 21 blade installation direction is identical with scraping wings 136 wrap direction,To avoid hard material damage scraping wings,When kitchen castoff puts into elevating hopper,The kitchen castoff charging aperture of screened groove enters in screening slot,The soft material such as the polybag in kitchen castoff is under the shear action of crushing shell and crushing cutting edge,It is allowed to break,Avoid the mutual winding between object,Simultaneously,Under high-speed state,Kitchen castoff material is thrown on pusher rebound under the influence of centrifugal force,Different from the granularity of kitchen castoff according to being sorted material,Separate driven by motor separation axle and the separate blade High Rotation Speed generation axial thrust separating on axle,By the polybag broken and other mineral water bottle that need to sort、Laughable tank、Beverage bottle、Mess-tin、Disposable bowls and chopsticks、Polybag and the hard metal equigranular bigger material guiding by separate blade,Separate substance outlet in screening slot rear end is discharged,Remaining kitchen castoff is then thrown on screen pack,Filtration is refined further again through screen pack,Remaining kitchen castoff is isolated by the garbage outlet of screening slot lower end,Reach the effect of automatic sorting.nullBiofermentation drying device 5 of the present invention includes fermentation tank 31、Shaft 32、Temperature sensor、Heating element heater and door engine,Shaft 32 it is provided with in fermentation tank 31,Fermentation tank 31 end face is provided with charging aperture 36 and throws bacterium mouth 37,Bottom is provided with heating element heater,One sidewall is provided with exhaust outlet 38 and temperature sensor,So that temperature sensor controls heating-up temperature,Lower side is provided with discharging opening 39,Charging aperture 36 is corresponding with the outlet of the kitchen castoff of sorting unit lower end,Throw bacterium mouth 37 and be provided with hermatic door,Discharging opening 39 is provided with discharge door,On charging aperture, 36 are provided with door engine,Shaft 32 is provided with stirring vane,Shaft 32 two ends are respectively through bearing、Bearing block is fixing with fermentation tank 31 to be connected,The agitated motor of shaft 32 drives,Fermentation tank 31 of the present invention can be made up of internal layer and outer layer,It is provided with heat-conducting medium in cavity between internal layer and outer layer,Heating element heater it is equipped with between internal layer and outer layer,Described heating element heater can use electromagnet heating element,May be used without steam heating elements 34,May be used without electrically heated rod 35,Also can use steam heating elements and electrically heated rod simultaneously,When using Electromagnetic Heating,Heat-conducting medium can be omitted,Described heat-conducting medium can use fluid medium,Also outside heat-conducting medium can be connected by adapter,The water of high temperature can be imported in cavity by heat-conducting medium by ground source heat pump technology,To reduce the electric consumption of the present invention,Also can use electrical heating elements,Enter in fermentation tank after the sorted device of separate substance sorts,Feed complete,Open the hermatic door thrown on bacterium mouth 37,Compound bacteria is put in fermentation tank 31,Control system instruction shaft 32 action,The material making shaft 32 repeatedly stir interpolation compound bacteria makes it ferment rapidly,Simultaneously,Instruction heating element heater begins to warm up,The material in fermentation tank 31 is made to ferment at high operating temperatures,The steam produced during the fermentation carries out cooling process in being then discharged to cold vapour case by exhaust outlet removing dust cyclone,Door engine of the present invention can also be by feeding gate 40、Electric pushrod 41、Electric pushrod support 42、Locating rack 43、Connecting rod 44、Guide rod 45、Angle block of right angle 46、Sealing gasket 47、Hinge 48、Positioning sleeve and bearing pin 50 form,Feeding gate 40 is located in fermentation tank 31,Feeding gate 40 is corresponding with charging aperture 36,Feeding gate 40 upper end is provided with sealing gasket 47,Lower end is fixing with angle block of right angle 46 to be connected,Two ends, feeding gate 40 side are hinged with locating rack 43 through hinge 48 respectively,Locating rack 43 is fixed on fermentation tank 31 inner top surface,It is fixed with electric pushrod support 42 on fermentation tank 31 end face of corresponding locating rack 43,Electric pushrod 41 upper end is fixing with electric pushrod support 42 to be connected,Lower end is fixing with guide rod 45 to be connected,Guide rod 45 is through electric pushrod support 42、The lower end, hole that fermentation tank 31 and locating rack 43 are provided with is hinged with connecting rod 44,Connecting rod 44 other end is hinged with angle block of right angle 46 other end through bearing pin 50,After kitchen castoff after equipment for separating liquid from solid extruding separates has separated,Control system instruction electric pushrod 41 action,Electric pushrod 41 drives and moves on guide rod 45,Feeding gate 40 is at guide rod 45、Under the drive of connecting rod 44,Rotate counterclockwise centered by hinge 48,Open charging aperture 36,Material discharging opening in equipment for separating liquid from solid 4 is in charging aperture 36 enters into fermentation tank 31,Feed complete,Control system i.e. instructs electric pushrod 41 action,Guide rod 45 is promoted to move down,Feeding gate 40 is under the effect of guide rod 45 and connecting rod 44,Feeding gate 40 is promoted to turn clockwise centered by hinge 48,And then close charging aperture 36,Then the hermatic door thrown on bacterium mouth 37 is opened,Compound bacteria is put in fermentation tank 31,Control system instruction shaft 32 action,The material making shaft 32 repeatedly stir interpolation compound bacteria makes it ferment rapidly,Simultaneously,Instruction heating element heater begins to warm up,The material in fermentation tank 31 is made to ferment at high operating temperatures,During the fermentation,Owing to the microorganism in fermentation tank needs the oxygen of abundance during the fermentation,Feeding gate 40 is then in open mode,Oxygen in fermentation tank 31 obtains circulation through high pressure positive blower 51 and supplements,The steam then exhaust outlet removing dust cyclone 52 produced in sweat carries out cooling process in being discharged to cold vapour case 53,Whole sweat need to about want 10-15 hour,In order to reach fermentation and the requirement being dried,Use steam heating during the fermentation,After fermentation completes,Feeding gate 40 is closed by control system instruction electric pushrod 41 action,Steam heating simultaneously is closed、Electrically heated rod work in cavity,Heat drying time is usually 5-10 hour,The steam produced in dry run carries out cooling process in being discharged to cold vapour case 53 by exhaust outlet removing dust cyclone 52,By the cold and hot exchange in cold vapour case 53,It is discharged to ionize in odor removal 6 through high pressure positive blower 51 after being cooled down by the steam of high temperature and carries out deodorizing process,After being dried,Open the discharging opening 39 of fermentation tank 31 side,The stirring of agitated axle 32 gets final product quickly discharging.More than one shaft 32 it is provided with in fermentation tank 31 in biofermentation drying device of the present invention, it is provided with stirring vane 33 on shaft 32, and the installation site of agitating plate is to be fixed on shaft with the movement locus of stirring vane, stirring vane 33 is by agitating plate, pole and fixed cover composition, pole one end intersects with agitating plate fixing connection, the other end intersects with the fixed cover being fixed on shaft fixing connection, it is beneficial to the water conservancy diversion of material, prevent material from remaining in fermentation tank, make the water conservancy diversion of the stirring vane on two shafts of the material in fermentation tank, quickly, clean discharge.Shaft 32 one end in biofermentation drying device 5 of the present invention seals through outside framework oil seal and mechanical seal through outside framework oil seal and seal cap sealing, the other end, is beneficial to material and is dried in airtight reduced pressure atmosphere, and drying effect is good, be dried quick heating.Described oily-water seperating equipment is prior art (not display in figure), it includes oil removing casing, oil removing band, oil removing band drives motor and oil scraping plate, oil removing band lower end is located at oil removing lower box, upper end is located at oil removing casing upper end, oil removing casing upper end is provided with oil scraping plate, sidewall is provided with inlet opening and apopore, oil scraping plate contacts with oil removing band, oil removing band is driven to drive motor, oil removing band is driven to stick the grease in profit, by the oil scraping plate of upper end, grease is struck off, in case making biodiesel, remaining waste water enters municipal sewage system by pipeline and reprocesses.nullDescribed ionization odor removal 6 includes deodorizing housing 66、Axial flow blower 55、Blower tray 56、Intake elbow 57、Escape pipe 58 and condensation chamber 68,It is provided with air inlet pipe 59 in described deodorizing housing 54、Isocon 60、Ionization tube 61、Electrode contact 62、Power module 63、Electrode 64 and metal fin 65,Deodorizing housing 66 upper end is connected with axial flow blower 55 through blower tray 56,Lower end is connected with condensation chamber 68 through dividing plate 67,Deodorizing housing 66 lower sides is provided with venthole 70,It is beneficial to as dispelling the heat in deodorizing housing,Condensation chamber lower end is provided with delivery port 69,Condensation chamber lower end sidewall is connected with escape pipe 58,Intake elbow 57 penetrates the inlet hole of blower tray 56 sidewall and is connected with the air inlet pipe 59 in deodorizing housing 66 through gum cover,In air inlet pipe 59, solid-liquid has power module 63,Air inlet pipe 59 lower end is connected with isocon 60 joint,Isocon 60 joint is connected with ionization tube 61 through insulating joint,Ionization tube 61 lower end is connected with condensation chamber 68 through dividing plate 67,Described ionization tube 61 is to be coated with the glass tube of conductive coating outside electrode constituted by interior adding,Ionization tube 61 outer cover is provided with metal fin 65,Ionization tube 61 upper end is through electrically connecting with two electrodes of power module 63 with the electrode contact of ionization tube 61 contact internal walls and two electrodes of metal fin 65 fixing with ionization tube 61 outer wall,Electric field is formed in making ionization tube 61,Foul smell molecule is ionized in glass tube,Cause the chemical bond rupture of foul smell molecule,Direct Resolution becomes simple substance atom or by the innocuous gas molecule of single atomic building,The escape pipe of the gas condensed chamber sidewall eliminating stink is discharged,In ionization process,It is power module 63 and the ionization tube cooling carrying out ionization process by axial flow blower,Gas after cooling is discharged from the venthole 70 of deodorizing lower housing portion,In ionization process, condense the moisture of generation then discharge by being condensed out the mouth of a river 69,Gas condensing unit of the present invention includes cold water storage cistern 128、Steam separator box 129 and condensing fin pipe 130,Cold water storage cistern 128 upper end sidewall is connected with external water source through connecting tube,Lower end is connected with outlet pipe,Cold water storage cistern 128 is internal is provided with spirality condensing fin pipe 130,On condensing fin pipe 130, interface is connected with the exhaust outlet in fermentation tank 31 through connecting tube,Lower interface is connected with steam separator box 129 through connecting tube.nullOr,Gas condensing unit of the present invention can also be by cold water storage cistern 131、Steam chest 132、Cooling cylinder 133 and condensation tubulation 134 form,Described cold water storage cistern 131 upper end sidewall is connected with external water source through connecting tube,Lower end is connected with outlet pipe,Cold water storage cistern 131 is sequentially provided with steam chest 132 from top to bottom、Condensation tubulation 134、Cooling cylinder 133,Plural condensation tubulation 134 it is provided with side by side in cold water storage cistern 131,Plural condensation tubulation 134 upper end is connected with steam chest 132 through connecting valve,Lower end is connected with cooling cylinder 133 through connecting valve,Steam chest 132 upper end import is connected with the exhaust outlet in fermentation tank 31,Also or,Gas condensing unit 7 of the present invention includes cold vapour case 53、Cooling cylinder 71、Cold water storage cistern 72、Circulating pump 73、Dedusting cyclone 52 and axial flow blower 74,It is provided with cold vapour cycle water pipe in described cold vapour case 53,Cold vapour case 53 lower end is connected with cooling cylinder 71,Circulating chilled water water pipe it is provided with in cold water storage cistern 72,Cold water storage cistern 72 side is fixed with axial flow blower 74,Cold vapour cycle water pipe is connected with circulating chilled water water pipe through circulating pump,Cold circulating water water inlet tube mouth connects external water source,By circulating pump action,The water in cold vapour case 53 and the water in cold water storage cistern 72 is made to form circulation,Reach the effect of condensed steam,The exhaust outlet removing dust cyclone 52 of fermentation tank 31 is connected with the air admission hole of cold vapour case 53,In cooling cylinder 71, condensed gas is discharged to ionize in odor removal 7 through high pressure positive blower 51 and carries out deodorizing process,The then timing of condensed water in cooling cylinder 71 is discharged in municipal sewage system.Joint in ionization odor removal of the present invention preferably uses silicone tube joint 122, the damage caused ionization tube due to foozle when can eliminate connection while of having corrosion-resistant, high temperature resistant.Electrode contact in ionization odor removal of the present invention can be connected with ionization tube through polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) pipe joint 123, to reach insulation, corrosion resistant effect.nullDuring use,In kitchen castoff pressure feeding spiral blade 15 in the elevating hopper 2 at the uniform velocity screening slot 8 in garbage inlet enters automatic sorting device,Polybag in kitchen castoff is by under the crushing shell 9 of screening slot 8 import and the shear action of crushing cutter 21 sword,It is allowed to break,Avoid the mutual winding between object,Under high-speed state,Different from the granularity of kitchen castoff according to being sorted material,The High Rotation Speed of the separate blade 11 on separation driven by motor separation axle 10 and separation axle 10,Produce axial thrust,By broken polybag and other mineral water bottle that need to sort、Laughable tank、Beverage bottle、Mess-tin、Disposable bowls and chopsticks、The material such as polybag and the hard metal guiding by separate blade 11,Separate substance outlet in screening slot 8 rear end is discharged in collecting box,Remaining kitchen castoff is then thrown to screening slot 8 barrel,Filtration is refined further again through minor diameter screen pack and screen pack 12,Kitchen castoff is separated in fermentation tank by the kitchen castoff outlet of screening slot 8 lower end,Moisture in kitchen castoff then flows out from liquid outlet after filter screen filtration,Inlet opening in liquid outlet and oily-water seperating equipment enters in oily-water seperating equipment and carries out water-oil separating,Oil removing band is driven to drive motor,Oil removing band is driven to stick the grease in profit,By the oil scraping plate of upper end, grease is struck off,In case making biodiesel,Remaining waste water enters municipal sewage system by pipeline and reprocesses,When kitchen castoff i.e. will enter fermentation tank,Control system instruction electric pushrod 41 action,Electric pushrod 41 drives and moves on guide rod 45,Feeding gate 40 is at guide rod 45、Under the drive of connecting rod 44,Rotate counterclockwise centered by hinge 48,Open charging aperture 36,Kitchen castoff is made to enter in fermentation tank 31,Then the hermatic door thrown on bacterium mouth 37 is opened,Compound bacteria is put in fermentation tank 31,Control system instruction shaft 32 action,Simultaneously,Instruction heating element heater begins to warm up fermentation,During the fermentation,Owing to the microorganism in fermentation tank 31 needs the oxygen of abundance during the fermentation,At this moment,Feeding gate 40 in fermentation tank 31 is then in open mode,Oxygen in fermentation tank 31 obtains circulation through high pressure positive blower 51 and supplements,The steam produced in sweat then carries out cooling process in exhaust outlet removing dust cyclone 52 is discharged to cold vapour case 53,By the cold and hot exchange in cold vapour case 53,It is discharged to ionize in odor removal through high pressure positive blower 51 after being cooled down by the steam of high temperature and carries out deodorizing process,Use steam heating during the fermentation,After fermentation completes,Feeding gate 40 is closed by control system instruction electric pushrod 41 action,Steam heating simultaneously is closed、Electrically heated rod 35 in interlayer works,The steam produced in dry run carries out cooling process under the effect of heat blower in exhaust outlet removing dust cyclone 52 is discharged to cold vapour case 53,By the cold and hot exchange in cold vapour case 53,It is discharged in odor removal carry out deodorizing process through high pressure positive blower 51 after being cooled down by the steam of high temperature,After being dried,Open the discharging opening of fermentation tank 31 side,Shaft is driven to get final product quickly discharging,The foul smell entered during fermentation dried in odor removal is diverted in ionization tube 61 by isocon 60,Foul smell molecule is ionized in glass tube,Cause the chemical bond rupture of foul smell molecule,Direct Resolution becomes simple substance atom or by the innocuous gas molecule of single atomic building,The escape pipe of gas condensed chamber 71 sidewall eliminating stink is discharged,In ionization process,It is that power module 63 is lowered the temperature with the ionization tube 61 carrying out ionization process by the axial flow blower 55 in ionization odor removal,The gas after the cooling venthole from housing 1 bottom is discharged,In ionization process, condense the moisture of generation then control timing by system and be discharged in municipal sewage system by being condensed out the liquid that the mouth of a river enters in cooling cylinder 71 in case.Due to the fact that employing said structure, have that automatic sorting, fermentation process speed is fast, fermentation uniformly, firing rate is fast, fermentation time can the advantages such as automatic oxygenation, eliminating malodours from gases be up to standard, environment friendly and pollution-free.
nullEmbodiment 5: a kind of kitchen waste pretreatment device,Including airtight housing 1 and control system,Described control system includes man-machine interface、PLC and electric cabinet,Man-machine interface、The annexation of PLC and electric cabinet is same as the prior art (not display in figure),This does not repeats,Housing 1 upper end is provided with elevating hopper 2 and feeding motor,Automatic sorting device 3 it is provided with in housing 1,Biofermentation drying device 5,Oily-water seperating equipment,Ionization odor removal 6 and gas condensing unit 7,Biofermentation drying device 5,Oily-water seperating equipment,Ionization odor removal 6 and gas condensing unit 7 can use prior art,It is provided with pressure feeding spiral blade 15 in described elevating hopper 2,Pressure feeding spiral blade is located on elevating hopper,And the feeding motor through being fixed on elevating hopper drives,Described elevating hopper 2 is connected with the kitchen castoff charging aperture of automatic sorting device 3 through discharging opening,Automatic sorting device 3 is connected with the charging aperture in biofermentation drying device through kitchen castoff outlet,Automatic sorting device is connected with oily-water seperating equipment through liquid outlet,Biofermentation drying device is connected with gas condensing unit through exhaust outlet,Gas condensing unit is connected with ionization odor removal,To reach automatic sorting、Fermentation process speed is fast、Fermentation is uniformly、Firing rate is fast、Can automatic oxygenation during fermentation、Eliminating malodours from gases is up to standard、Environment friendly and pollution-free effect,Described automatic sorting device includes screening slot 8、Screening cover plate、Separate axle、Separate blade、Screen pack and separation motor,Screening slot 8 upper end is connected with screening cover plate,Formed in making screening slot 8 and screening cover plate and separate cavity,It is provided with screen pack 12 in screening slot 8 and separates axle 10,Kitchen castoff separated space is formed between screen pack 12 and screening slot 8,Screening slot 8 one end is provided with kitchen castoff charging aperture 13,The other end is provided with separate substance outlet 14,Kitchen castoff outlet and liquid outlet are arranged below,The kitchen castoff feed inlet end inwall of screening slot 8 is provided with crushing shell,Screening slot 8 is connected with elevating hopper 2 through kitchen castoff charging aperture 13,Separate axle 10 one end through crushing shell center through bearing、Bearing block is fixing with screening slot to be connected,The other end separates motor through screening slot be connected through transmission device and screening slot outside,At least 2 separate blades of circumference array on described separation axle 10,And separate blade is axially arranged,Described separate blade 11 is by guide plate 16、Transition guide plate 18、Guide plate 19 eases up and forms from plate 20,Guide plate 16 trapezoidal plate face,Transition guide plate 18、Guide plate 19 eases up and is respectively triangle flat plate from plate 20,Guide plate 16 lower end is fixing with installing plate 17 to be connected,Front end intersects with transition guide plate 18 fixing connection,Rear end is connected with delaying to fix from plate 20,And transition guide plate 18 on the basis of guide plate 16 plane towards guide plate one lateral buckling,Delay and reversely bend relative to transition guide plate in face on the basis of guide plate 16 plane from plate 20,Transition guide plate 18、Guide plate 16 ease up from plate 20 upper surface respectively with screen pack matched in clearance,To avoid such as chopsticks、Fork、It is inserted in screen pack in separation process etc. elongated material and guide plate is caused hard collision,Transition guide plate 18 front end intersects with guide plate 19 fixing connection,And guide plate 19 bends relative to transition guide plate in face on the basis of transition guide plate plane in the same direction,Connection is fixed with separating axle in guide plate 16 lower end,Bar nose face is with to separate axle axis vertical,And bar nose face with screening cell wall crushing shell match,It is beneficial to guide plate work in coordination with crushing shell when rotated and shred the materials such as the such as polybag entered in screening slot,The soft materials such as plastics are avoided in separating axle rotary course, separate blade to be wound,Kitchen castoff after rubbing is led on guide plate through transition guide plate,Ease up such as cutter from plate through guide plate、Fork、The big material of chopsticks or lunch box etc separated material outlet under the rotating centrifugal effect separating axle is derived,The materials such as liquid in separate substance and kitchen castoff then export through screen pack and kitchen castoff under the centrifugal action separating axle and flow out.nullThe present invention can show at least two guide blade 135 by Circle-Array on the separation axle in automatic sorting device,It is anterior that guide blade 135 is located at separation axle 10,Separate blade 135 is located at separation axle 10 rear portion,Guide blade 135 rear portion and the anterior corresponding staggered interval of separate blade 11 are arranged,Described guide blade 135 is by scraping wings 136、Pusher rebound 137 and stock guide 138 form,The described trapezoidal panel of stock guide 138,Described pusher rebound 137 and scraping wings 136 panel triangular in shape respectively,Connection is fixed with separating axle 10 in stock guide 138 lower end,Pusher rebound 137 one end intersects with the hypotenuse of stock guide 138 fixing connection,The other end intersects with scraping wings 136 fixing connection,And pusher rebound 137 is identical with the overbending direction of separate blade 11 front end transition guide plate 18 and guide plate 19 with the overbending direction of scraping wings 136,Scraping wings 136 front end face and crushing shell 9 matched in clearance,It is beneficial to scraping wings 136 work in coordination with crushing shell 9 and crushing cutter 21 when rotated and will shred the materials such as the such as polybag entered in screening slot,Led on separate blade 11 by guide blade 135,And under the turning effort separating axle 10,Make such as polybag、Cutter、Fork、The big material of chopsticks or lunch box etc is derived by separate blade 11,In kitchen castoff, the material less than screen pack diameter is flowed out by screen pack and kitchen castoff outlet the most under gravity.Stock guide 138 and guide plate 16 in automatic sorting device of the present invention be arranged in parallel, and the installation site of stock guide 138 and guide plate 16 is by separating the feed end of axle to discharge end relative separation axle bus deflection clockwise or counterclockwise, so that kitchen castoff is under the centrifugal action that High Rotation Speed produces, when gradually guiding separate blade 11 by guide blade 135, centrifugal force by a spiral helicine track in the case of being gradually increased, greatly reduce guide blade 135 and separate blade 11 is applied to the resistance of kitchen castoff, drastically increase separating effect.The installation site of stock guide 138 of the present invention and guide plate 16 is respectively 0 °-10 ° by the feed end separating axle to the angle excursion of discharge end relative separation axle bus.The present invention can be provided with minor diameter screen pack 139 by the kitchen castoff feed inlet end in screening slot, described minor diameter screen pack 139 rear end is fixing with screen pack 12 front end to be connected, corresponding liquid outlet below minor diameter screen pack 139, corresponding kitchen castoff outlet below screen pack 12, the mesh diameter of described minor diameter screen pack 139 is 0.5-3mm, it is beneficial to filter the moisture in kitchen castoff, the mesh diameter of described screen pack 12 is 3-30mm, it is beneficial to the filter diameter kitchen castoff less than 30mm, diameter is then separated to separate substance outlet at the kitchen castoff of more than 30mm under the guide effect of separate blade 11, separated material outlet is derived.Transition guide plate 18 of the present invention is 30 °-60 ° relative to the bending angle of guide plate 16 plane, delaying from plate 20 with guide plate 16 relative to the reverse bending angle of transition guide plate 18 is 30 °-60 °, transition guide plate 18, guide plate 16 eases up from the plate 20 gap respectively and between screen pack 12 respectively in the range of 0.5mm-15mm, it is thrown to the kitchen castoff clogged up with material screen pack of screen pack to avoid gap to cause the most greatly and affects separating effect, guide plate 19 is 30 °-60 ° with the bending angle of transition guide plate 18 plane, the bending angle of described relative stock guide 138 plane of pusher rebound 137 is 30 °-60 °, the bending angle of relative pusher rebound 137 plane of scraping wings 136 is 30 °-60 °.The maximum (top) speed of heretofore described separation motor can be at 400rpm-1000 Rpm, makes separating effect reach optimum state.nullThe present invention also can show at least 2 to crushing cutter 21 at the feed end Circle-Array separating axle 10,Crushing cutter 21 can be set to and separate the fixing mode of axle 10,Can be configured as the mode being hinged,So that crushing cutter and hard material snubber contact,Avoid damaging crushing cutter,Described crushing cutter 21 blade is curved,Crushing cutter 21 side and crushing shell 9 matched in clearance being fixed on kitchen castoff charging aperture,Described crushing cutter 21 blade installation direction is identical with scraping wings 136 wrap direction,To avoid hard material damage scraping wings,Biofermentation drying device 5 of the present invention includes fermentation tank 31、Shaft 32、Temperature sensor、Heating element heater and door engine,Shaft 32 it is provided with in fermentation tank 31,Fermentation tank 31 end face is provided with charging aperture 36 and throws bacterium mouth 37,Bottom is provided with heating element heater,One sidewall is provided with exhaust outlet 38 and temperature sensor,So that temperature sensor controls heating-up temperature,Lower side is provided with discharging opening 39,Charging aperture 36 is corresponding with the outlet of the kitchen castoff of sorting unit lower end,Throw bacterium mouth 37 and be provided with hermatic door,Discharging opening 39 is provided with discharge door,On charging aperture, 36 are provided with door engine,Shaft 32 is provided with stirring vane,Shaft 32 two ends are respectively through bearing、Bearing block is fixing with fermentation tank 31 to be connected,The agitated motor of shaft 32 drives,Described heating element heater can use electromagnet heating element,Also can use electrical heating elements,Enter in fermentation tank after the sorted device of separate substance sorts,Feed complete,Open the hermatic door thrown on bacterium mouth 37,Compound bacteria is put in fermentation tank 31,Control system instruction shaft 32 action,The material making shaft 32 repeatedly stir interpolation compound bacteria makes it ferment rapidly,Simultaneously,Instruction heating element heater begins to warm up,The material in fermentation tank 31 is made to ferment at high operating temperatures,The steam produced during the fermentation carries out cooling process in being then discharged to cold vapour case by exhaust outlet removing dust cyclone,Door engine of the present invention is by feeding gate 40、Electric pushrod 41、Electric pushrod support 42、Locating rack 43、Connecting rod 44、Guide rod 45、Angle block of right angle 46、Sealing gasket 47、Hinge 48、Positioning sleeve and bearing pin 50 form,Feeding gate 40 is located in fermentation tank 31,Feeding gate 40 is corresponding with charging aperture 36,Feeding gate 40 upper end is provided with sealing gasket 47,Lower end is fixing with angle block of right angle 46 to be connected,Two ends, feeding gate 40 side are hinged with locating rack 43 through hinge 48 respectively,Locating rack 43 is fixed on fermentation tank 31 inner top surface,It is fixed with electric pushrod support 42 on fermentation tank 31 end face of corresponding locating rack 43,Electric pushrod 41 upper end is fixing with electric pushrod support 42 to be connected,Lower end is fixing with guide rod 45 to be connected,Guide rod 45 is through electric pushrod support 42、The lower end, hole that fermentation tank 31 and locating rack 43 are provided with is hinged with connecting rod 44,Connecting rod 44 other end is hinged with angle block of right angle 46 other end through bearing pin 50,After kitchen castoff after equipment for separating liquid from solid extruding separates has separated,Control system instruction electric pushrod 41 action,Electric pushrod 41 drives and moves on guide rod 45,Feeding gate 40 is at guide rod 45、Under the drive of connecting rod 44,Rotate counterclockwise centered by hinge 48,Open charging aperture 36,Material discharging opening in equipment for separating liquid from solid 4 is in charging aperture 36 enters into fermentation tank 31,Feed complete,Control system i.e. instructs electric pushrod 41 action,Guide rod 45 is promoted to move down,Feeding gate 40 is under the effect of guide rod 45 and connecting rod 44,Feeding gate 40 is promoted to turn clockwise centered by hinge 48,And then close charging aperture 36,Then the hermatic door thrown on bacterium mouth 37 is opened,Compound bacteria is put in fermentation tank 31,Control system instruction shaft 32 action,The material making shaft 32 repeatedly stir interpolation compound bacteria makes it ferment rapidly,Simultaneously,Instruction heating element heater begins to warm up,The material in fermentation tank 31 is made to ferment at high operating temperatures,During the fermentation,Owing to the microorganism in fermentation tank needs the oxygen of abundance during the fermentation,Feeding gate 40 is then in open mode,Oxygen in fermentation tank 31 obtains circulation through high pressure positive blower 51 and supplements,The steam then exhaust outlet removing dust cyclone 52 produced in sweat carries out cooling process in being discharged to cold vapour case 53,Whole sweat need to about want 10-15 hour,In order to reach fermentation and the requirement being dried,Use steam heating during the fermentation,After fermentation completes,Feeding gate 40 is closed by control system instruction electric pushrod 41 action,Steam heating simultaneously is closed、Electrically heated rod work in cavity,Heat drying time is usually 5-10 hour,The steam produced in dry run carries out cooling process in being discharged to cold vapour case 53 by exhaust outlet removing dust cyclone 52,By the cold and hot exchange in cold vapour case 53,It is discharged to ionize in odor removal 6 through high pressure positive blower 51 after being cooled down by the steam of high temperature and carries out deodorizing process,After being dried,Open the discharging opening 39 of fermentation tank 31 side,The stirring of agitated axle 32 gets final product quickly discharging.More than one shaft 32 it is provided with in fermentation tank 31 in biofermentation drying device of the present invention, shaft 32 is provided with stirring vane 33, and the installation site of agitating plate is to be fixed on shaft with the movement locus of stirring vane, stirring vane 33 is by agitating plate, pole and fixed cover composition, pole one end intersects with agitating plate fixing connection, the other end intersects with the fixed cover being fixed on shaft fixing connection, it is beneficial to the water conservancy diversion of material, prevent material from remaining in fermentation tank, make the water conservancy diversion of the stirring vane on two shafts of the material in fermentation tank, quickly, clean discharge.nullFermentation tank 31 of the present invention can be made up of internal layer and outer layer,It is provided with heat-conducting medium in cavity between internal layer and outer layer,Heating element heater it is equipped with between internal layer and outer layer,Described heating element heater can use steam heating elements 34,May be used without electrically heated rod 35,Also can use steam heating elements and electrically heated rod simultaneously,Described heat-conducting medium can use fluid medium,Also outside heat-conducting medium can be connected by adapter,The water of high temperature can be imported in cavity by heat-conducting medium by ground source heat pump technology,To reduce the electric consumption of the present invention,Kitchen castoff in fermentation tank is under the heat effect of heat-conducting medium and heating element heater,It is brought rapidly up,The entirety of fermentation tank is heated,Reach programming rate fast、The effect that fermenting speed is fast,In order to reach fermentation and the requirement being dried,Use steam heating during the fermentation,After fermentation completes,Control system instruction steam heating is closed、Electrically heated rod work in cavity,To the kitchen castoff heat drying fermented,The steam produced in dry run carries out cooling process in being discharged to cold vapour case by exhaust outlet removing dust cyclone,After being dried,Open the discharging opening of fermentation tank side,The stirring of agitated axle gets final product quickly discharging.The present invention can be provided with air inlet on fermentation tank 31, air inlet is corresponding with exhaust outlet, air inlet is provided with heat blower, in fermentation tank 31, hot blast constantly it is blown into by heat blower, accelerate the steam flow rate on material surface, prevent the condensation repeatedly in discharge process of the steam in fermentation tank, accelerate the rate of drying of kitchen castoff material.nullShaft 32 one end in biofermentation drying device 5 of the present invention is through outside framework oil seal and seal cap sealing,The other end seals through outside framework oil seal and mechanical seal,It is beneficial to material be dried in airtight reduced pressure atmosphere,Drying effect is good、It is dried quick heating,Described oily-water seperating equipment is prior art (not display in figure),It includes oil removing casing、Oil removing band、Oil removing band drives motor and oil scraping plate,Oil removing band lower end is located at oil removing lower box,Upper end is located at oil removing casing upper end,Oil removing casing upper end is provided with oil scraping plate,Sidewall is provided with inlet opening and apopore,Oil scraping plate contacts with oil removing band,Oil removing band is driven to drive motor,Oil removing band is driven to stick the grease in profit,By the oil scraping plate of upper end, grease is struck off,In case making biodiesel,Remaining waste water enters municipal sewage system by pipeline and reprocesses.nullDescribed ionization odor removal 6 includes deodorizing housing 66、Axial flow blower 55、Blower tray 56、Intake elbow 57、Escape pipe 58 and condensation chamber 68,It is provided with air inlet pipe 59 in described deodorizing housing 54、Isocon 60、Ionization tube 61、Electrode contact 62、Power module 63、Electrode 64 and metal fin 65,Deodorizing housing 66 upper end is connected with axial flow blower 55 through blower tray 56,Lower end is connected with condensation chamber 68 through dividing plate 67,Deodorizing housing 66 lower sides is provided with venthole 70,It is beneficial to as dispelling the heat in deodorizing housing,Condensation chamber lower end is provided with delivery port 69,Condensation chamber lower end sidewall is connected with escape pipe 58,Intake elbow 57 penetrates the inlet hole of blower tray 56 sidewall and is connected with the air inlet pipe 59 in deodorizing housing 66 through gum cover,In air inlet pipe 59, solid-liquid has power module 63,Air inlet pipe 59 lower end is connected with isocon 60 joint,Isocon 60 joint is connected with ionization tube 61 through insulating joint,Ionization tube 61 lower end is connected with condensation chamber 68 through dividing plate 67,Described ionization tube 61 is to be coated with the glass tube of conductive coating outside electrode constituted by interior adding,Ionization tube 61 outer cover is provided with metal fin 65,Ionization tube 61 upper end is through electrically connecting with two electrodes of power module 63 with the electrode contact of ionization tube 61 contact internal walls and two electrodes of metal fin 65 fixing with ionization tube 61 outer wall,Electric field is formed in making ionization tube 61,Foul smell molecule is ionized in glass tube,Cause the chemical bond rupture of foul smell molecule,Direct Resolution becomes simple substance atom or by the innocuous gas molecule of single atomic building,The escape pipe of the gas condensed chamber sidewall eliminating stink is discharged,In ionization process,It is power module 63 and the ionization tube cooling carrying out ionization process by axial flow blower,Gas after cooling is discharged from the venthole 70 of deodorizing lower housing portion,In ionization process, condense the moisture of generation then discharge by being condensed out the mouth of a river 69,Gas condensing unit of the present invention includes cold water storage cistern 128、Steam separator box 129 and condensing fin pipe 130,Cold water storage cistern 128 upper end sidewall is connected with external water source through connecting tube,Lower end is connected with outlet pipe,Cold water storage cistern 128 is internal is provided with spirality condensing fin pipe 130,On condensing fin pipe 130, interface is connected with the exhaust outlet in fermentation tank 31 through connecting tube,Lower interface is connected with steam separator box 129 through connecting tube.nullGas condensing unit of the present invention can also be by cold water storage cistern 131、Steam chest 132、Cooling cylinder 133 and condensation tubulation 134 form,Described cold water storage cistern 131 upper end sidewall is connected with external water source through connecting tube,Lower end is connected with outlet pipe,Cold water storage cistern 131 is sequentially provided with steam chest 132 from top to bottom、Condensation tubulation 134、Cooling cylinder 133,Plural condensation tubulation 134 it is provided with side by side in cold water storage cistern 131,Plural condensation tubulation 134 upper end is connected with steam chest 132 through connecting valve,Lower end is connected with cooling cylinder 133 through connecting valve,Steam chest 132 upper end import is connected with the exhaust outlet in fermentation tank 31,Gas condensing unit 7 of the present invention can also use following measure: it includes cold vapour case 53、Cooling cylinder 71、Cold water storage cistern 72、Circulating pump 73、Dedusting cyclone 52 and axial flow blower 74,It is provided with cold vapour cycle water pipe in described cold vapour case 53,Cold vapour case 53 lower end is connected with cooling cylinder 71,Circulating chilled water water pipe it is provided with in cold water storage cistern 72,Cold water storage cistern 72 side is fixed with axial flow blower 74,Cold vapour cycle water pipe is connected with circulating chilled water water pipe through circulating pump,Cold circulating water water inlet tube mouth connects external water source,By circulating pump action,The water in cold vapour case 53 and the water in cold water storage cistern 72 is made to form circulation,Reach the effect of condensed steam,The exhaust outlet removing dust cyclone 52 of fermentation tank 31 is connected with the air admission hole of cold vapour case 53,In cooling cylinder 71, condensed gas is discharged to ionize in odor removal 7 through high pressure positive blower 51 and carries out deodorizing process,The then timing of condensed water in cooling cylinder 71 is discharged in municipal sewage system.Joint in ionization odor removal of the present invention preferably uses silicone tube joint 122, the damage caused ionization tube due to foozle when can eliminate connection while of having corrosion-resistant, high temperature resistant.Electrode contact in ionization odor removal of the present invention can be connected with ionization tube through polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) pipe joint 123, to reach insulation, corrosion resistant effect.nullThe present invention can be provided with dustbin lifting device 140 in the elevating hopper side of housing 1,It includes underframe 75、Left riser guide 76、Right riser guide 77、Hoisting frame assembly 90、Promote reducing motor 78、Chain 91、Drive sprocket 80、Upper sprocket wheel 81、Lower sprocket 82、Chain drive block 83、Drive shaft 84、Oilless bearing 85、Roller 86、Signaling switch、Contiguous block 87 and fixed plate 88,Underframe is fixed on housing through fixed plate,Described underframe 75 is that the cross bar 89 between the montant 79 parallel by two and montant 79 is mutually permanently connected and forms,Underframe 75 is provided with hoisting frame assembly 90,Two parallel left riser guide 76 and right riser guides 77 vertically it are provided with on the cross bar 89 on top,Bottom is provided with lifting reducing motor 78 and drive shaft 84,Described hoisting frame assembly 90 includes hoisting frame 92、Left rocking arm 94、Right rocking arm 96、Left clamp jaw 97、Right clamp jaw 98、Rocker arm shaft 99、Upper fulcrum 100、Lower fulcrum 101、Top opening 102、Left hook plate 103、Right hook plate 104、Extension spring 105 and jacking block 106,Side, hoisting frame assembly 90 upper end is hinged with left contiguous block 87 through upper fulcrum 100,Opposite side is hinged with right contiguous block 87 through upper fulcrum 100,Left contiguous block 87 is connected with the rolling of left riser guide 76 through roller 86,Right contiguous block 87 is connected with the rolling of right riser guide 77 through roller 86,So that rotating centered by roller 86 when hoisting frame assembly 90 overturns,Described left hook plate 103 and right hook plate 104 are to be formed by fixedly connecting by left connecting plate and right connecting plate and intersecting with left connecting plate and the right hook-type plate of connecting plate homonymy upper end and the location-plate of its lower end,Described top opening 102 includes lead 107、Fairlead 108、Connecting rod 109、Left push rod 110、Right push rod 110、Upper locating piece and lower locating piece 112,Described hoisting frame 92 is by the fixing framework of vertical frame 115 at upper support 113 and lower support 114 and upper support 113 and lower support 114 two ends,Montant 79 upper end respectively and is provided with upper sprocket wheel 81 between left riser guide 76 and right riser guide 77,The drive shaft 84 of montant lower end is provided with lower sprocket 82 and drive sprocket 80,Montant 79 upper side is provided with reverse signal switch,Lower end side is provided with decline and puts in place signaling switch,Drive sprocket 80 is connected with promoting reducing motor 78 through transmission device,Upper sprocket wheel 81 is connected with lower sprocket 82 through chain 91,Chain 91 two ends are fixing with chain drive block 83 respectively to be connected,Chain drive block 83 is fixed on lower fulcrum 101,The track that lower fulcrum 101 two ends are provided with montant 79 inwall through oilless bearing 85 respectively rolls and is connected,Both sides, hoisting frame 92 upper end are connected with the rolling of montant 79 phase through upper fulcrum 100 respectively,Vertical frame is provided with movable passageway,Support on hoisting frame 92 upper end and be sequentially provided with left hook plate 103 from left to right、Jacking block 106 and right hook plate 104,And left hook plate 103 and right hook plate 104 is oppositely arranged and is hinged with upper support 113 through hinge,In the upper support 113 of hoisting frame, the heart channel of Hang-Shaoyin lead 107 is fixing with lower support 114 is connected,Slide respectively in movable passageway in hoisting frame both sides vertical frame 115 and be provided with rocker arm shaft 99,On the left of hoisting frame 92, rocker arm shaft 99 one end in movable passageway is connected through the location-plate of extension spring 105 with left hook plate 103 lower end,The other end is hinged with left rocking arm 94,On the right side of hoisting frame 92, rocker arm shaft 99 one end in movable passageway is connected through the location-plate of extension spring 105 with right hook plate 104 lower end,The other end is hinged with right rocking arm 96,The other end of left rocking arm 94 and right rocking arm 96 is hinged with lower fulcrum 101 respectively,Fairlead 108 it is arranged with on lead 107,Fairlead 108 upper end is fixing with connecting rod 109 to be connected,Lower end inside is provided with locating piece,In correspondence, the underframe lower end of locating piece is provided with lower locating piece 112,Connecting rod 109 one end is vertically and fixedly provided with left push rod 110,The other end is vertically and fixedly provided with right push rod 110,Left push rod 110 and right push rod 110 end are the most spherically,The through hole that left push rod 110 is provided with through upper support 113 is inconsistent with left location-plate,The through hole that right push rod 110 is provided with through upper support 113 is inconsistent with right location-plate,Left clamp jaw and right clamp jaw are plate-shaped,And left clamp jaw 97 is relative to outer end with in the middle part of right clamp jaw 98 the most outwards extends,It is beneficial to the propelling clamping of dustbin,Under original state,Upper locating piece is stuck on lower locating piece 112,Fairlead is made to remain static,Wire column 107 is oppositely oriented set and moves downward,Make the left push rod 110 left hook plate of jack-up 103,Right push rod 110 jack-up right hook plate 104,Left hook plate 103 and right hook plate 104 are flared out respectively,When promoting dustbin,Dustbin shifts to hoisting frame by equipment,Left clamp jaw 97 and the right clamp jaw 98 of boosted frame both sides, dustbin both sides position,Jacking block 106 withstands on dustbin outer rim bottom surface,Dustbin is made to be positioned on hoisting frame,Drive and promote reducing motor 78,Drive shaft 84 is driven to move through transmission device,The lower sprocket 82 at drive shaft 84 two ends drives chain 91 to move,Chain 91 drives chain connecting block 83 to move up along underframe,At this moment,Rotation is moved on centered by the hoisting frame drive above fulcrum of dustbin 100,Upper locating piece separates with lower locating piece 112,Fairlead 108 is oppositely oriented post 107 and moves down,Left hook plate 103 is made gradually to lose the top power of left push rod 110、Right hook plate 104 gradually loses the top power of right push rod 110,And under the effect of extension spring 105, gradually clamp dustbin top respectively,The left rocking arm 94 of hoisting frame 92 both sides and right rocking arm 96 drive hoisting frame 92 to move and begin turning along left riser guide and right riser guide and are poured in elevating hopper by rubbish,When chain drive block 83 arrives montant 79 upper end and touches reverse signal switch,Reverse signal switch transmits a signal to control system,Control system instruction promotes reducing motor 78 and inverts,Left rocking arm 94 and right rocking arm 96 is driven reversely to move down,And then drive hoisting frame 92 revolution move down and be gradually close to underframe 75,After the upper fall locating piece of hoisting frame 92 lower end touches lower locating piece 112,Fairlead 108 remains static,Wire column 107 is oppositely oriented set 108 and moves downward,Make the left push rod 110 left hook plate of jack-up 103,Right push rod 110 jack-up right hook plate 104,Left hook plate 103 and right hook plate 104 are flared out respectively,Put in place after signaling switch when chain connecting block touches decline,Decline the signaling switch that puts in place and signal is passed to control system,Control system instruction promotes reducing motor 78 and stops,The clamping force of dustbin releases,Removal dustbin.nullThe present invention also can be provided with equipment for separating liquid from solid,Described equipment for separating liquid from solid 4 includes feeding connection bucket and separating casing,Charging connection bucket upper end is connected with the garbage outlet in sorting unit,Lower end is connected with separating casing,Dividing plate 23 it is provided with in separator box body、Left driving shaft 24 and right driving axle 25,The external side of separator box is provided with the gear being meshed,The gear being meshed drives through power source,Separation casing is separated into separation of solid and liquid chamber 26 and discharging chamber 27 by dividing plate 23,Lower end, separation of solid and liquid chamber 27 is provided with liquid outlet,Lower end, discharging chamber 27 is provided with discharging opening,Left driving shaft 24 and right driving axle 25 are parallel,Left driving shaft 24 and right driving axle 25 one end are through bearing、Bearing block is connected with the gear being meshed,The other end is through bearing、Bearing block is fixed on separation casing,Left driving shaft 24 in separation of solid and liquid chamber 26 is provided with left-handed blade 28,Right driving axle 25 is provided with dextrorotation blade 29,Left-handed blade 28 and dextrorotation blade 29 are provided with filter screen 30 with separating between casing,Left-handed blade 28 and dextrorotation blade 29 are respectively displacement stirring vane,The pitch of the most left-handed blade 28 and dextrorotation blade 29 is gradually reduced to discharge end by the feed end separating axle respectively,It is beneficial to strengthen the separation of solid and liquid of the kitchen castoff higher to moisture content,By being gradually reduced the volume between left-handed blade 28 and dextrorotation blade 29,Kitchen castoff is made progressively to extrude,And left-handed blade 28 and dextrorotation blade 29 staggered,Make there is small gap between left-handed blade 28 and right driving axle 25,Small gap is had between dextrorotation blade 29 and left driving shaft 24,Mutual clean effect can be played,Avoid pressing materials to rotate simultaneously with single drive shaft and cause being formed the deficiency of extruding force simultaneously,Strengthen the squeeze pressure of material further,The liquid in material is made to be extruded out,Flow out from liquid outlet after strainer filtering,Entrance water-oil separating processes,And the kitchen castoff after extruding is entered subsequent processing device by discharging opening after the extruding step by step of left-handed blade 28 and dextrorotation blade 29.nullThe present invention discharge end of the left driving shaft 24 in equipment for separating liquid from solid 4 and right driving axle 25 respectively can be provided with reducing mechanism,Reducing mechanism includes quiet bistrique 117、Rotary bistrique 118 and crushing tooth 119,Dynamic mill 118 is to be formed by fixedly connecting by the cylinder of the big end of cone table and cone table,Rotary bistrique 118 Circle-Array shows outer roll flute,The cone table side axial of rotary bistrique 118 is provided with crushing tooth 119,Be beneficial to grinding particle size rubbish,The effect of the derivation after simultaneously also acting as extruding,Quiet bistrique 117 inwall is provided with interior roll flute,Two quiet bistriques 117 are separately fixed on dividing plate 23,Two quiet bistrique 117 chambeies are connected,It is respectively equipped with rotary bistrique 118 in two quiet bistriques 117,Rotary bistrique 118 smaller diameter end correspondence feed end,Larger diameter end correspondence discharging opening,Between two rotary bistriques 118、Discharging gap it is respectively equipped with between rotary bistrique 118 and quiet bistrique 117,When the kitchen castoff after extruding is shifted onto at rotary bistrique 118 by displacement stirring vane,The impact of the size-reduced tooth of solid 119 of bulk crushes,Granularity is made to diminish,Volume between rotary bistrique 118 and quiet bistrique 117 progressively reduces,Further increase the dehydration rate of kitchen castoff,Kitchen castoff after dehydration is after the gap between rotary bistrique 118 and quiet bistrique 117 is extruded,Follow-up processing equipment is entered through discharging opening.nullThe present invention is when pre-processing kitchen castoff,Under original state,Upper locating piece is stuck on lower locating piece 112,Fairlead 108 is made to remain static,Lead 107 is oppositely oriented set 108 and moves downward,Make the left push rod 110 left hook plate of jack-up 103,Right push rod 110 jack-up right hook plate 104,Left hook plate 103 and right hook plate 104 are flared out respectively,When promoting dustbin,Dustbin shifts to hoisting frame 92 by equipment,Left clamp jaw 97 and the right clamp jaw 98 of boosted frame 92 both sides, dustbin both sides position,Jacking block 106 withstands on dustbin outer rim bottom surface,Dustbin is made to be positioned on hoisting frame 92,Drive and promote reducing motor 78,Drive shaft 84 is driven to move through transmission device,The lower sprocket 82 at drive shaft 84 two ends drives chain 91 to move,Chain 91 drives chain connecting block 83 to move up along underframe 75,At this moment,Hoisting frame 92 drives on centered by the above fulcrum of dustbin 100 and moves rotation,Upper locating piece separates with lower locating piece 112,Fairlead 108 is oppositely oriented post 107 and moves down,Left hook plate 103 is made gradually to lose the top power of left push rod 110、Right hook plate 104 gradually loses the top power of right push rod 110,And under the effect of extension spring 105, gradually clamp dustbin top respectively,The left rocking arm 94 of hoisting frame both sides and right rocking arm 96 drive hoisting frame 92 to move along riser guide and begin turning and poured in elevating hopper 2 by rubbish,When chain drive block 83 arrives montant 71 upper end and touches reverse signal switch,Reverse signal switch transmits a signal to control system,Control system instruction promotes reducing motor 78 and inverts,Left rocking arm 94 and right rocking arm 96 is driven reversely to move down,And then drive hoisting frame 92 revolution move down and be gradually close to underframe 75,After the upper locating piece of hoisting frame 92 lower end touches lower locating piece 112,Fairlead 108 remains static,Lead 107 is oppositely oriented set 108 and moves downward,Make the left push rod 110 left hook plate of jack-up 103,Right push rod 110 jack-up right hook plate 104,Left hook plate 103 and right hook plate 104 are flared out respectively,Put in place after signaling switch when chain connecting block touches decline,Decline the signaling switch that puts in place and signal is passed to control system,Control system instruction promotes reducing motor 78 and stops,The clamping force of dustbin releases,Removal dustbin,While dustbin moves down,Rubbish is in the pressure feeding spiral blade 15 in the elevating hopper 2 at the uniform velocity screening slot 8 in garbage inlet enters automatic sorting device,Polybag in kitchen castoff is by under the crushing shell 9 of screening slot 8 import and the shear action of crushing cutter 21 sword,It is allowed to break,Avoid the mutual winding between object,Under high-speed state,Different from the granularity of kitchen castoff according to being sorted material,The High Rotation Speed of the separate blade 11 on separation driven by motor separation axle 10 and separation axle 10,Produce axial thrust,By broken polybag and other mineral water bottle that need to sort、Laughable tank、Beverage bottle、Mess-tin、Disposable bowls and chopsticks、The material such as polybag and the hard metal guiding by separate blade separate blade 11,Separate substance outlet in screening slot 8 rear end is discharged in collecting box,Remaining kitchen castoff is then thrown to screening slot 8 barrel,Filtration is refined further again through screen pack 12,Kitchen castoff is separated in solid-liquid receiving port enters equipment for separating liquid from solid 4 by the garbage outlet of screening slot 8 lower end,Motor drives the gear driven left driving shaft 24 and right driving axle 25 relative motion being meshed,Kitchen castoff is progressively extruded in progradation by the left-handed blade 28 on left driving shaft 24 and the dextrorotation blade 29 on right driving axle 25,Liquid after extruding flows out from liquid outlet after strainer filtering,Inlet opening in liquid outlet and oily-water seperating equipment enters in oily-water seperating equipment and carries out water-oil separating,Oil removing band is driven to drive motor,Oil removing band is driven to stick the grease in profit,By the oil scraping plate of upper end, grease is struck off,In case making biodiesel,Remaining waste water enters municipal sewage system by pipeline and reprocesses,Subsequently between rotary bistrique 118 and quiet bistrique 117,Volume between rotary bistrique 118 and quiet bistrique 117 progressively reduces,Further increase the dehydration rate of kitchen castoff,Dehydration rate reaches about 60-70%,Kitchen castoff after dehydration is after the gap between rotary bistrique 118 and quiet bistrique 117 is extruded,Control system instruction electric pushrod 41 action,Electric pushrod 41 drives and moves on guide rod 45,Feeding gate 40 is at guide rod 45、Under the drive of connecting rod 44,Rotate counterclockwise centered by hinge 48,Open charging aperture 36,Material discharging opening in equipment for separating liquid from solid and the charging aperture on fermentation tank enter in fermentation tank 31,Then the hermatic door thrown on bacterium mouth 37 is opened,The compound bacteria of the 0.1% of input material weight ratio in fermentation tank 31,Control system instruction shaft 32 action,Simultaneously,Instruction heating element heater begins to warm up fermentation,During the fermentation,Owing to the microorganism in fermentation tank 31 needs the oxygen of abundance during the fermentation,At this moment,Feeding gate 40 in fermentation tank 31 is then in open mode,Oxygen in fermentation tank 31 obtains circulation through high pressure positive blower 51 and supplements,The steam produced in sweat then carries out cooling process in exhaust outlet removing dust cyclone 52 is discharged to cold vapour case 53,By the cold and hot exchange in cold vapour case 53,It is discharged to ionize in odor removal through high pressure positive blower 51 after being cooled down by the steam of high temperature and carries out deodorizing process,Use steam heating during the fermentation,After fermentation completes,Feeding gate 40 is closed by control system instruction electric pushrod 41 action,Steam heating simultaneously is closed、Electrically heated rod 35 in interlayer works,The steam produced in dry run carries out cooling process under the effect of heat blower in exhaust outlet removing dust cyclone 52 is discharged to cold vapour case 53,By the cold and hot exchange in cold vapour case 53,It is discharged in odor removal carry out deodorizing process through high pressure positive blower 51 after being cooled down by the steam of high temperature,After being dried,Open the discharging opening of fermentation tank 31 side,Shaft is driven to get final product quickly discharging,The foul smell entered in odor removal is diverted in ionization tube 61 by isocon 60,Foul smell molecule is ionized in glass tube,Cause the chemical bond rupture of foul smell molecule,Direct Resolution becomes simple substance atom or by the innocuous gas molecule of single atomic building,The escape pipe of gas condensed chamber 71 sidewall eliminating stink is discharged,In ionization process,It is that power module 63 is lowered the temperature with the ionization tube 61 carrying out ionization process by the axial flow blower 55 in ionization odor removal,The gas after the cooling venthole from housing 1 bottom is discharged,In ionization process, condense the moisture of generation then control timing by system and be discharged in municipal sewage system by being condensed out the liquid that the mouth of a river enters in cooling cylinder 71 in case,Due to the fact that employing said structure,There is automatic charging、Automatic sorting、The effect structures such as separation of solid and liquid are good、Efficiency is high、Dehydration rate is high、Fermentation process speed is fast、Fermentation is uniformly、Firing rate is fast、Can automatic oxygenation during fermentation、Eliminating malodours from gases is up to standard、The advantage such as environment friendly and pollution-free.

Claims (16)

  1. null1. a kitchen waste pretreatment device,Including airtight housing and control system,It is characterized in that housing upper end is provided with elevating hopper and feeding motor,Automatic sorting device it is provided with in housing,Biofermentation drying device,Oily-water seperating equipment,Ionization odor removal and gas condensing unit,Described elevating hopper is connected with the kitchen castoff charging aperture of automatic sorting device through discharging opening,Automatic sorting device is connected with the charging aperture in biofermentation drying device through kitchen castoff outlet,Automatic sorting device is connected with oily-water seperating equipment through liquid outlet,Biofermentation drying device is connected with gas condensing unit through exhaust outlet,Gas condensing unit is connected with ionization odor removal,Described automatic sorting device includes screening slot、Screening cover plate、Separate axle、Separate blade、Screen pack and separation motor,Screening slot upper end is connected with screening cover plate,Formed in making screening slot and screening cover plate and separate cavity,It is provided with screen pack in screening slot and separates axle,Kitchen castoff separated space is formed between screen pack and screening slot,Screening slot one end is provided with kitchen castoff charging aperture,The other end is provided with separate substance outlet,Screening slot is arranged below kitchen castoff outlet and liquid outlet,The kitchen castoff charging aperture inwall of screening slot is provided with crushing shell,Screening slot is connected with elevating hopper through kitchen castoff charging aperture,Separate axle one end through crushing shell center through bearing、Bearing block is fixing with screening slot to be connected,The other end separates motor through screening slot be connected through transmission device and screening slot outside,At least 2 separate blades of circumference array on described separation axle,And separate blade is axially arranged,Described separate blade is by guide plate、Installing plate、Transition guide plate、Guide plate eases up and forms from plate,Guide plate trapezoidal plate face,Transition guide plate、Guide plate eases up and is respectively triangle flat plate from plate,Guide plate lower end is fixing with installing plate to be connected,Front end intersects with transition guide plate fixing connection,Rear end is connected with delaying to fix from plate,And transition guide plate on the basis of guide plate plane towards guide plate one lateral buckling,Delay and reversely bend relative to transition guide plate from plate face on the basis of guide plate plane,Transition guide plate upper surface、Guide plate upper surface ease up from plate upper surface all with screen pack matched in clearance,Transition guide plate front end intersects with guide plate fixing connection,And guide plate bends relative to transition guide plate in face on the basis of transition guide plate plane in the same direction,Connection is fixed with separating axle in installing plate lower end,Bar nose face is with to separate axle axis vertical,And bar nose face with screening cell wall crushing shell match,Fermentation tank in described biofermentation drying device is made up of internal layer and outer layer,It is provided with heat-conducting medium in cavity between internal layer and outer layer,Heating element heater it is equipped with between internal layer and outer layer,During the fermentation,Feeding gate in fermentation tank is in open mode,Oxygen in fermentation tank obtains circulation through high pressure positive blower and supplements.
  2. nullA kind of kitchen waste pretreatment device the most according to claim 1,It is characterized in that described biofermentation drying device includes fermentation tank、Shaft、Temperature sensor、Heating element heater and door engine,Shaft it is provided with in fermentation tank,Fermentation tank end face is provided with charging aperture and throws bacterium mouth,Bottom is provided with heating element heater,One sidewall is provided with exhaust outlet and temperature sensor,Lower side is provided with discharging opening,Charging aperture is corresponding with the outlet of the kitchen castoff of automatic sorting device lower end,Throw bacterium mouth and be provided with hermatic door,Discharging opening is provided with discharge door,Charging aperture is provided with door engine,Shaft is provided with stirring vane,Shaft two ends are respectively through bearing、Bearing block is fixing with fermentation tank to be connected,The agitated motor of shaft drives,Described door engine includes bearing、Seal lid、Electric pushrod and fairlead,Described charging aperture is provided with fairlead,Electric pushrod passes fairlead,Fixing connection is covered with sealing in one end,The other end is connected with the bearing being fixed on fermentation tank upper end,Seal lid to cover with charging aperture sealing,Electric pushrod is through control system control.
  3. nullA kind of kitchen waste pretreatment device the most according to claim 1,It is characterized in that described ionization odor removal includes deodorizing housing、Axial flow blower、Blower tray、Intake elbow、Escape pipe and condensation chamber,It is provided with air inlet pipe in described deodorizing housing、Isocon、Ionization tube、Electrode contact、Power module、Electrode and metal fin,Deodorizing housing upper end is connected with axial flow blower through blower tray,Lower end is connected with condensation chamber through dividing plate,Deodorizing lower housing portion sidewall is provided with venthole,Condensation chamber lower end is provided with delivery port,Condensation chamber lower end sidewall is connected with escape pipe,Intake elbow penetrates the inlet hole of blower tray sidewall and is connected with the air inlet pipe in deodorizing housing through gum cover,Power module it is fixed with in air inlet pipe,Air inlet pipe lower end is connected with diversion pipe joint,Diversion pipe joint is connected with ionization tube through insulating joint,Ionization tube lower end is connected with condensation chamber through dividing plate,Described ionization tube is to be coated with the glass tube of conductive coating outside electrode constituted by interior adding,Ionization tube outer cover is provided with metal fin,Two electrodes of the metal fin that two electrodes of the electrode contact of ionization tube contact internal walls and ionization tube outer wall are fixed electrically connect with two electrodes of power module respectively.
  4. nullA kind of kitchen waste pretreatment device the most according to claim 1,It is characterized in that on the separation axle in described automatic sorting device, Circle-Array shows at least two guide blade,It is anterior that guide blade is located at separation axle,Separate blade is located at separation axle rear portion,Guide bucket rear and the anterior corresponding staggered interval of separate blade are arranged,Described guide blade is by scraping wings、Pusher rebound and stock guide composition,The trapezoidal panel of described stock guide,Described pusher rebound and scraping wings panel triangular in shape respectively,Connection is fixed with separating axle in stock guide lower end,Pusher rebound one end intersects with the hypotenuse of stock guide fixing connection,The other end intersects with scraping wings fixing connection,And pusher rebound is identical with the overbending direction of separate blade front end transition guide plate and guide plate with the overbending direction of scraping wings,Scraping wings front end face and crushing shell phase break-in.
  5. A kind of kitchen waste pretreatment device the most according to claim 4, it is characterized in that the stock guide in described automatic sorting device and guide plate be arranged in parallel, and the installation site of stock guide and guide plate is by separating the feed end of axle to discharge end relative separation axle bus deflection clockwise or counterclockwise.
  6. A kind of kitchen waste pretreatment device the most according to claim 5, it is characterised in that the installation site of described stock guide and guide plate is respectively 0 °-10 ° by the feed end separating axle to the angle excursion of discharge end relative separation axle bus.
  7. A kind of kitchen waste pretreatment device the most according to claim 2, it is characterized in that the kitchen castoff feed inlet end in screening slot is provided with minor diameter screen pack, described minor diameter screen pack rear end is fixing with screen pack front end to be connected, corresponding liquid outlet below minor diameter screen pack, corresponding kitchen castoff outlet below screen pack, the mesh diameter of described minor diameter screen pack is 0.5-3mm, and the mesh diameter of described screen pack is 3-30mm.
  8. A kind of kitchen waste pretreatment device the most according to claim 4, it is characterized in that described transition guide plate is 30 °-60 ° relative to the bending angle of guide plate plane, delaying from plate and guide plate relative to the reverse bending angle of transition guide plate is 30 °-60 °, transition guide plate, guide plate eases up from plate gap respectively and between screen pack respectively in the range of 0.5mm-15mm, guide plate is 30 °-60 ° with the bending angle of transition guide plate plane, described pusher rebound is 30 °-60 ° relative to the bending angle of stock guide plane, scraping wings is 30 °-60 ° relative to the bending angle of pusher rebound plane.
  9. A kind of kitchen waste pretreatment device the most according to claim 4, it is characterized in that the feed end Circle-Array of described separation axle shows at least 2 crushing cutters, described crushing cutter blade is curved, crushing cutter side and the crushing shell matched in clearance being fixed on kitchen castoff charging aperture, described crushing cutter blade installation direction is identical with scraping wings wrap direction.
  10. A kind of kitchen waste pretreatment device the most according to claim 2, it is characterized in that described fermentation tank is provided with air inlet, air inlet is corresponding with exhaust outlet, and air inlet is provided with heat blower, is constantly blown into hot blast by heat blower in fermentation tank.
  11. 11. a kind of kitchen waste pretreatment device according to claim 2, it is characterized in that described fermentation tank upper end is provided with material guide device, described material guide device is driven motor to form by material guiding hopper, guide chamber, Shaftless spiral blade and guide, guide chamber is fixed on the charging aperture upper end of fermentation tank, guide chamber charging hole is connected with material guiding hopper, discharge opening is corresponding with sealing lid, being provided with Shaftless spiral blade in the corresponding guide chamber sealing lid, Shaftless spiral blade drives through being fixed on guide motor on deflector chute.
  12. 12. a kind of kitchen waste pretreatment device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the maximum (top) speed of described separation motor is at 400rpm-1000 rpm.
  13. null13. a kind of kitchen waste pretreatment device according to claim 1,It is characterized in that the elevating hopper side of described housing is provided with dustbin lifting device,It includes underframe、Left riser guide、Right riser guide、Hoisting frame assembly、Promote reducing motor、Chain、Drive sprocket、Upper sprocket wheel、Lower sprocket、Chain drive block、Drive shaft、Oilless bearing、Roller、Signaling switch、Left contiguous block、Right contiguous block and fixed plate,Underframe is fixed on housing through fixed plate,Described underframe is that the cross bar between the montant parallel by two and montant is mutually permanently connected and forms,Underframe is provided with hoisting frame assembly,Two parallel left riser guide and right riser guides vertically it are provided with on the cross bar on underframe top,Underframe bottom is provided with lifting reducing motor and drive shaft,Described hoisting frame assembly includes hoisting frame、Left rocking arm、Right rocking arm、Left clamp jaw、Right clamp jaw、Rocker arm shaft、Upper fulcrum、Lower fulcrum、Top opening、Left hook plate、Right hook plate、Extension spring and jacking block,Side, hoisting frame assembly upper end is hinged with left contiguous block through upper fulcrum,Opposite side is hinged with right contiguous block through upper fulcrum,Left contiguous block is connected with the rolling of left riser guide through roller,Right contiguous block is connected with the rolling of right riser guide through roller,Described left hook plate and right hook plate are that the location-plate by left connecting plate and right connecting plate and with left connecting plate and the hook-type plate of right connecting plate homonymy upper end and left connecting plate and right connecting plate homonymy lower end intersects and is formed by fixedly connecting,Described top opening includes lead、Fairlead、Connecting rod、Left push rod、Right push rod、Upper locating piece and lower locating piece,Described hoisting frame is the framework fixed by the vertical frame of upper support and lower support and upper support and lower support two ends,Montant upper end respectively and is provided with upper sprocket wheel between left riser guide and right riser guide,The drive shaft of montant lower end is provided with lower sprocket and drive sprocket,Montant upper side is provided with reverse signal switch,Lower end side is provided with decline and puts in place signaling switch,Drive sprocket is connected with promoting reducing motor through transmission device,Upper sprocket wheel is connected with lower sprocket through chain,Chain two ends are fixing with chain drive block respectively to be connected,Chain drive block is fixed on lower fulcrum,The track that lower fulcrum two ends are provided with montant inwall through oilless bearing respectively rolls and is connected,Both sides, hoisting frame upper end roll mutually with montant through upper fulcrum respectively and are connected,Vertical frame is provided with movable passageway,Support on hoisting frame upper end and be sequentially provided with left hook plate from left to right、Jacking block and right hook plate,And left hook plate and right hook plate is oppositely arranged and is hinged with upper support through hinge,In the upper support of hoisting frame, the heart channel of Hang-Shaoyin lead is fixing with lower support is connected,Slide respectively in movable passageway in the vertical frame of hoisting frame both sides and be provided with rocker arm shaft,On the left of hoisting frame, the rocker arm shaft one end in movable passageway is connected through the location-plate of extension spring with left hook plate lower end,The other end is hinged with left rocking arm,On the right side of hoisting frame, the rocker arm shaft one end in movable passageway is connected through the location-plate of extension spring with right hook plate lower end,The other end is hinged with right rocking arm,The other end of left rocking arm and right rocking arm is hinged with lower fulcrum respectively,Fairlead it is arranged with on lead,Fairlead upper end is fixedly connected with the connecting rod,Lower end inside is provided with locating piece,In correspondence, the underframe lower end of locating piece is provided with lower locating piece,Connecting rod one end is vertically and fixedly provided with left push rod,The other end is vertically and fixedly provided with right push rod,Left push rod and right push rod end are the most spherically,Left push rod through on to support the through hole being provided with inconsistent with left location-plate,Right push rod through on to support the through hole being provided with inconsistent with right location-plate,Left clamp jaw and right clamp jaw are plate-shaped,And left clamp jaw is relative to outer end with in the middle part of right clamp jaw the most outwards extends.
  14. 14. a kind of kitchen waste pretreatment device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described gas condensing unit includes cold water storage cistern, steam separator box and condensing fin pipe, cold water storage cistern upper end sidewall is connected with external water source through connecting tube, lower end is connected with outlet pipe, spirality condensing fin pipe it is provided with inside cold water storage cistern, on condensing fin pipe, interface is connected with the exhaust outlet in fermentation tank through connecting tube, and lower interface is connected with steam separator box through connecting tube.
  15. 15. a kind of kitchen waste pretreatment device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described gas condensing unit is by cold water storage cistern, steam chest, cooling cylinder and condensation tubulation composition, described cold water storage cistern upper end sidewall is connected with external water source through connecting tube, lower end is connected with outlet pipe, steam chest it is sequentially provided with from top to bottom in cold water storage cistern, condensation tubulation, cooling cylinder, plural condensation tubulation it is provided with side by side in cold water storage cistern, plural condensation tubulation upper end is connected with steam chest through connecting valve, lower end is connected with cooling cylinder through connecting valve, the import of steam chest upper end is connected with the exhaust outlet in fermentation tank.
  16. 16. a kind of kitchen waste pretreatment device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described gas condensing unit includes cold vapour case, cooling cylinder, cold water storage cistern, circulating pump, dedusting cyclone and axial flow blower, it is provided with cold vapour cycle water pipe in described cold vapour case, cold vapour case lower end is connected with cooling cylinder, circulating chilled water water pipe it is provided with in cold water storage cistern, cold water storage cistern side is fixed with axial flow blower, cold vapour cycle water pipe is connected with circulating chilled water water pipe through circulating pump, and cold circulating water water inlet tube mouth connects external water source.
CN201310440932.3A 2013-02-09 2013-09-25 Kitchen waste pretreatment device CN103464449B (en)

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