CN111453408A - Charging tray collecting device and method of earphone coil body assembling machine - Google Patents

Charging tray collecting device and method of earphone coil body assembling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111453408A
CN111453408A CN202010272743.XA CN202010272743A CN111453408A CN 111453408 A CN111453408 A CN 111453408A CN 202010272743 A CN202010272743 A CN 202010272743A CN 111453408 A CN111453408 A CN 111453408A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
assembly
tray
charging tray
coil body
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Withdrawn
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CN202010272743.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙洋
宋伟强
田小变
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN202010272743.XA priority Critical patent/CN111453408A/en
Publication of CN111453408A publication Critical patent/CN111453408A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/90Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G43/00Control devices, e.g. for safety, warning or fault-correcting
    • B65G43/08Control devices operated by article or material being fed, conveyed or discharged
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/22Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G61/00Use of pick-up or transfer devices or of manipulators for stacking or de-stacking articles not otherwise provided for
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04RLOUDSPEAKERS, MICROPHONES, GRAMOPHONE PICK-UPS OR LIKE ACOUSTIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCERS; DEAF-AID SETS; PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEMS
    • H04R31/00Apparatus or processes specially adapted for the manufacture of transducers or diaphragms therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G2201/00Indexing codes relating to handling devices, e.g. conveyors, characterised by the type of product or load being conveyed or handled
    • B65G2201/02Articles
    • B65G2201/0235Containers
    • B65G2201/0258Trays, totes or bins
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G2203/00Indexing code relating to control or detection of the articles or the load carriers during conveying
    • B65G2203/04Detection means
    • B65G2203/041Camera

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Manufacturing & Machinery (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Acoustics & Sound (AREA)
  • Signal Processing (AREA)
  • Audible-Bandwidth Dynamoelectric Transducers Other Than Pickups (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to a charging tray collecting device of an earphone coil body assembling machine, which comprises a base plate, a belt transmission assembly, a charging tray clamping mechanism, a charging tray side plate, a stop pin assembly, a centering assembly and a jacking assembly, wherein the belt transmission assembly is arranged on the base plate; the base plate is arranged on the frame, the charging tray clamping mechanism is movably connected on the base plate through a sliding rail, the belt transmission assembly is arranged on the base plate, and a connecting block is arranged on a belt of the belt transmission assembly and connected with the charging tray clamping mechanism; the bin side plates are arranged on the base plate, and the plurality of bin side plates form an empty bin and a full bin. The invention has the advantages of high efficiency of taking and stacking the material tray, clamping the material tray from the side and compact space.

Description

Charging tray collecting device and method of earphone coil body assembling machine
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of earphone production, in particular to a material tray collecting device of an earphone coil body assembling machine.
Background
Headphones are modern electro-acoustic elements that function to convert electrical signals into sound. When different electronic energy is transmitted to the coil body of the earphone, the coil body generates energy to interact with the magnetic field of the magnet, the interaction causes the paper disc to vibrate, because the electronic energy changes at any time, the coil of the earphone moves forwards or backwards, and therefore the paper disc moves along with the coil, and the action causes the density degree of air to change to generate sound. The coil body of the earphone is a sound production part, the coil body needs to be assembled in a basin frame, and the basin frame is connected in a gluing mode.
The patent that the national intellectual property office disclosed the publication number is CN210168231U, and the patent name is automatic loudspeaker main magnet vice magnetism equipment all-in-one, including automatic dress china department mechanism, the left side of automatic dress china department mechanism is provided with china department detection mechanism, china department detection mechanism's left side is provided with automatic some china department AB glue mechanism. The utility model discloses an automatic dress china department mechanism, china department detection mechanism, automatic point china department AB glues mechanism, automatic dress main magnet mechanism, main magnet detection mechanism, automatic point main magnet AB glues mechanism, the automatic main magnet basin frame that compresses tightly, even quick-witted manipulator gets main magnet basin frame mechanism, main magnet basin frame detection mechanism, automatic main magnet mechanism that charges, automatic main and auxiliary magnetism butt joint manipulator, automatic auxiliary magnetism mechanism that charges, automatic auxiliary magnetism mechanism that adds, auxiliary magnetism automated inspection has not had magnetism mechanism, automatic point auxiliary magnetism AB glues mechanism and main magnet basin frame auxiliary magnetism S/N utmost point detection mechanism' S effect, it is artifical equipment to have solved current loudspeaker main and auxiliary magnetism production equipment, this mode is the problem that wastes time and energy.
The prior art has the following defects: 1. the tray collecting capacity is not high, the height of the stacked trays needs to be adjusted every time, and the direct-acting type clamping space of the trays through the air cylinder is large, so that the tray stacking speed is low; 2. the single assembly efficiency of the coil body is low, the assembly process needs to be detected, unqualified products are separated, the difficulty of directly moving out the products is high, and the jig is easy to pollute; 3. the feeding precision of the coil body is not high, and the clamping is not accurate; the coil body is singly got to press from both sides and is got inefficiency, and a plurality of coil body are got to press from both sides, and the coil body material loading needs the adjustment interval, needs the displacement transport.
Disclosure of Invention
The purpose of the invention is: the charging tray collecting device of the earphone coil body assembling machine is high in charging tray collecting capacity, the height of the charging tray needs to be adjusted every time when the charging tray is stacked, the charging tray is clamped through the cylinder in a direct-acting mode, and the speed of stacking the charging tray is low.
For the purpose of the invention, the following technical scheme is adopted for realizing the purpose:
a charging tray collecting device of an earphone coil body assembling machine comprises a base plate, a belt transmission assembly, a charging tray clamping mechanism, a storage bin side plate, a stop pin assembly, a centering assembly and a jacking assembly; the base plate is arranged on the frame, the charging tray clamping mechanism is movably connected on the base plate through a sliding rail, the belt transmission assembly is arranged on the base plate, and a connecting block is arranged on a belt of the belt transmission assembly and connected with the charging tray clamping mechanism; the bin side plates are arranged on the base plate, and the plurality of bin side plates form an empty bin and a full bin; the stop pin assemblies are arranged on the base plate, and each four groups of stop pin assemblies correspond to one material tray bin; the base plate is provided with folding plates which are symmetrical at two sides, the positions of the folding plates correspond to the full feed tray bin, and the centering assembly and the jacking assembly are arranged on the folding plates; the charging tray press from both sides and get the mechanism and be used for moving the charging tray fortune, the backing pin subassembly be used for holding the charging tray, the jack-up subassembly is used for carrying out the lifting with the charging tray that fills with the product, centering subassembly is used for pressing from both sides tight centering full charging tray both sides.
Preferably, the charging tray clamping mechanism comprises a bottom plate, an adjusting cylinder, a lifting seat, a clamping cylinder, a chute seat and a clamping rod; the lifting cylinder is arranged on the base plate, the lifting seat is movably connected on the base plate, and the telescopic end of the lifting cylinder is connected with the lifting seat; the adjusting cylinder is arranged on the bottom plate, and a buffer block is arranged at the telescopic end of the adjusting cylinder; the lifting seat is characterized in that a cushion block is arranged on the upper end face of the lifting seat, the fixed end of the clamping cylinder is hinged to the lower end face of the lifting seat, the chute seat is fixed to the lifting seat, a chute is arranged on the chute seat, the clamping rod is in a right-angled folded shape, a pin shaft is arranged on the side face of the vertical section of the clamping rod, and the cover pin shaft is matched in the chute of the chute seat.
Preferably, the stop pin assembly comprises a support, a micro cylinder, a stop pin and a linear bearing; linear bearing installs at the top of support, and miniature cylinder horizontal installation is on the support, and miniature cylinder's flexible end is connected with the backing pin, the backing pin remove the cooperation in linear bearing, the tip ream of backing pin has the plane.
Preferably, the centering assembly comprises a centering cylinder and a pressing plate, the pressing plate is connected to the telescopic end of the centering cylinder, a spring is arranged between the pressing plate and the telescopic end of the centering cylinder, and the centering cylinder is horizontally arranged at the upper end of the folded plate.
Preferably, the jacking assembly comprises a jacking cylinder, an extending cylinder and a top plate; the stretching cylinder is installed at the telescopic end of the jacking cylinder, the jacking cylinder is vertically placed, and the top plate is installed at the telescopic end of the stretching cylinder.
A charging tray collecting method of an earphone coil body assembling machine is characterized in that when the device works, a belt transmission component drives a charging tray clamping mechanism to move below an empty charging tray bin, a lifting cylinder extends to enable a charging tray at the lowest side to be arranged on a lifting seat, then the clamping cylinder extends, and a clamping rod presses the edge of the charging tray; then the stop pin of the stop pin assembly is withdrawn, and the material tray is taken down and then blocks other stacked empty material trays again; the empty tray moves to the end part and moves to the lower part of the full material bin after being filled with the full material, the material tray clamping mechanism withdraws the clamped material tray at first, then the material tray at the upper end is jacked up through the jacking assembly, the material tray clamping mechanism lifts the full material tray, and after the centering assembly compresses tightly from two sides for centering, the full material tray is supported by the stop pin assembly.
An earphone coil body assembling machine comprises a rack, and a coil body feeding device, a conveying device, a carrying device, a jig transfer device, a basin frame feeding device, a dispensing device, a pressing device, a collecting device, a detecting device and a discharging mechanical arm which are arranged on the rack; the coil body feeding device corresponds to the feeding end of the conveying device, the conveying device corresponds to the discharging end of the conveying device, and the conveying device is connected with the feeding end of the jig circulating device; the basin stand feeding device, the dispensing device, the pressing device and the detection device correspond to the jig transfer device, and the blanking manipulator is connected with the discharge end and the collection device of the jig transfer device; the collecting device adopts the technical scheme to provide the material tray collecting device of the earphone coil body assembling machine.
Preferably, the coil body feeding device is used for feeding a plurality of coil bodies to the conveying device, the conveying device is used for conveying the coil bodies to the jig circulating device from the conveying device, the jig circulating device is used for circulating the jigs, processing is carried out at corresponding stations, and separation of unqualified products and supplement of empty jigs are realized; the coil body assembling machine is characterized in that the basin frame feeding device is used for feeding a basin frame to a jig, the dispensing device is used for gluing on the basin frame, the compressing device is used for compressing the coil body on the basin frame, the detecting device detects the assembling state, and the discharging manipulator is used for carrying the assembly of the jig to a material tray collecting device of the earphone coil body assembling machine.
Adopt above-mentioned technical scheme's a charging tray collection device of earphone coil body kludge's advantage is: the storage capacity is improved by stacking the charging trays in a manner of emptying the charging trays from the lower part and filling the charging trays from the lower part, the charging trays are taken and placed in a manner of emptying the charging trays from the lower part, the position of each taking and placing is fixed, the height change of the charging trays in the process of taking and stacking the charging trays is avoided, the taking and placing posture is fixed, dynamic adjustment is not needed, and the efficiency is improved; the clamping rod swings in a mode that the clamping cylinder is horizontally placed in a clamping mode, the pin shaft groove pair on the side edge of the clamping rod is connected in the inclined hole, the swinging center moves along with the inclined groove, the position of the highest motion posture point of the clamping rod can be reduced, the material bin above the clamping mechanism is made to be close to the material bin, the whole mechanism is compact in structure, the distance required to move is shortened, and the efficiency of taking and stacking the plate is improved.
The earphone coil body assembling machine adopting the technical scheme has the advantages that:
1. the coil body feeding device carries out step-by-step carrying by arranging two groups of equidistant variable pitch mechanisms, and a positioning jig and a lifting assembly are arranged at the joint between the two groups of equidistant variable pitch mechanisms to position the coil body in the feeding process, so that the position precision of the coil body is improved, and the feeding precision is improved; the coil bodies are conveyed by arranging the equidistant distance changing mechanism, a plurality of coil bodies are conveyed at a time, the conveying efficiency is improved, the distance between the coil bodies can be changed, and the feeding is convenient to adjust; the distance of the equidistant distance changing mechanism is determined by the limiting block and the stop block, and the change of the distance can be adjusted through the installation position, so that the mechanism has higher adaptability.
2. The jig transfer device is provided with an assembly jig for placing a single workpiece, and is provided with the broadside material pushing assembly for pushing a plurality of jigs at the same time, so that a plurality of coil bodies can be assembled at the same time to improve the assembly efficiency, and meanwhile, the first further driving assembly is arranged for moving the jigs individually, so that the workpieces in the jigs can be operated independently; the unqualified products are separated by arranging the first separation component and the second separation component, and the first separation component and the second separation component are separated together with the jig, so that the jig is prevented from being contacted with a basin frame filled with glue, the jig is prevented from being polluted, and the separation is facilitated; the feeding assembly is arranged to supplement the jigs in the jig flow transition rail, the number of the separated jigs is compensated, and the whole device is made to flow.
3. The collecting device stacks the trays by arranging the manner that the trays are stacked, so that the storage capacity is improved, the trays are taken and placed by taking the trays from the lower part to empty the trays and filling the trays from the lower part, the position of taking and placing the materials at each time can be fixed, the height change of the trays is avoided along with the height change of the trays in the tray taking and stacking processes, the taking and placing postures are fixed, the dynamic adjustment is not needed, and the efficiency is improved; the clamping rod swings in a mode that the clamping cylinder is horizontally placed in a clamping mode, the pin shaft groove pair on the side edge of the clamping rod is connected in the inclined hole, the swinging center moves along with the inclined groove, the position of the highest motion posture point of the clamping rod can be reduced, the material bin above the clamping mechanism is made to be close to the material bin, the whole mechanism is compact in structure, the distance required to move is shortened, and the efficiency of taking and stacking the plate is improved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is an exploded view of an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is an exploded view of the coil body feeding device.
Fig. 3 is an exploded view of an equidistant pitch mechanism.
Fig. 4 is an exploded view of the conveyance device.
Fig. 5 is an exploded view of the jig transfer device.
Fig. 6 is a structural diagram of the assembly jig.
Fig. 7 is a block diagram of a first further drive assembly.
Fig. 8 is an exploded view of the basin stand feeding device.
Fig. 9 is a structural view of the collecting device.
Fig. 10 is a structural view of the tray gripping mechanism.
Detailed Description
As shown in fig. 1, an earphone coil body assembling machine comprises a rack, and a coil body feeding device 1, a conveying device 2, a carrying device 3, a jig transfer device 4, a basin frame feeding device 5, a dispensing device 6, a pressing device 7, a collecting device 8, a detecting device 9 and a discharging manipulator which are arranged on the rack; the coil body feeding device 1 corresponds to the feeding end of the conveying device 2, the carrying device 3 corresponds to the discharging end of the conveying device 2, and the carrying device 3 is connected with the feeding end of the jig circulating device 4; basin frame loading attachment 5, adhesive deposite device 6, closing device 7 and detection device 9 correspond tool circulation device 4, unloading manipulator links up tool circulation device 4's discharge end and collection device 8.
The coil body feeding device 1 is used for feeding a plurality of coil bodies to the conveying device 2, the conveying device 2 is used for conveying the coil bodies, the conveying device 3 is used for conveying the coil bodies from the conveying device 2 to the jig circulation device 4, the jig circulation device 4 is used for circulating the jigs, processing is carried out at corresponding stations, and separation of unqualified products and supplement of empty jigs are realized; basin frame loading attachment 5 be used for with basin frame material loading to tool on, adhesive deposite device 6 is used for carrying out the rubber coating on the basin frame, closing device 7 is used for compressing tightly the coil body on the basin frame, detection device 9 detects the equipment state, unloading manipulator is arranged in carrying the assembly of tool to collection device 8. The collecting device 8 is a tray collecting device of the earphone coil body assembling machine.
As shown in fig. 2, the coil body feeding device 1 includes a feeding tray assembly, a connecting plate 11, a positioning fixture 12, a lifting assembly 13, a support 14, a moving module 15, a cross bar 16, a first lifting cylinder 17 and an equidistant pitch-changing mechanism 18; the connecting plate 11 is arranged on the rack, the feeding disc assembly is positioned on the side of the connecting plate 11, a feeding disc for placing the coil body is arranged in the feeding disc assembly, and the feeding disc assembly is used for feeding the coil body; the lifting assembly 13 is arranged below the connecting plate 11, and the lifting assembly 13 corresponds to the positioning jig 12 positioned above; the movable module 15 horizontal installation on support 14, horizontal pole 16 is installed at the removal end that removes module 15, first lift cylinder 17 is vertical to be installed at the both ends of horizontal pole 16, equidistance displacement mechanism 18 sets up the flexible end at first lift cylinder 17.
The positioning jig 12 comprises a jig body 121, a folded positioning claw 122, a return spring 123 and a pin shaft 124; the folding positioning claws 122 are in a right-angle folding shape, the turning parts are hinged in the fixture body 121 through the pin shaft 124, and two ends of the reset spring 123 are abutted against the folding positioning claws 122 on two sides; the upper end of the jig body 121 is provided with a plurality of circular grooves for arranging the coil body, and the zigzag positioning claws 122 are located in the circular grooves.
The lifting assembly 13 comprises a support plate 131, a lifting plate 132, a second lifting cylinder 133, a third lifting cylinder 134, a lifting frame 135 and a driving block 136; the support plate 131 is arranged at the lower end of the connecting plate 11, the lifting plate 132 is movably connected to the support plate 131 through a sliding rail, the second lifting cylinder 133 is arranged on the support plate 131, and the telescopic end of the second lifting cylinder 133 is connected with the lifting plate 132; the third lifting cylinder 134 is arranged on the lifting plate 132, the lifting frame 135 is arranged at the telescopic end of the third lifting cylinder 134, and the driving blocks 136 are distributed on the lifting frame 135; the top of the lifting plate 132 is provided with a receiving block 137, the receiving block 137 is provided with a notch, the driving block 136 is positioned in the notch, two sides of the top end face of the driving block 136 are provided with raised steps, and the steps correspond to the folding positioning claws 122; the receiving block 137 is fixedly connected with the jig body 121.
As shown in fig. 3, the equidistant pitch-changing mechanism 18 comprises a frame 181, a driving cylinder 182, a limit block 183, a mounting block 184, a stop block 185, a finger cylinder 186, a clamping block 187 and a spring 188; the upper end of the frame body 181 is provided with two long grooves 1811, and the frame body 181 is provided with a horizontal guide rod 1812; the limiting blocks 183 are arranged on two long grooves 1811 of the frame body 181; each long groove 1811 is provided with three limiting blocks 183; the three limiting blocks 183 on the inner side are sequentially lowered from left to right, and the three limiting blocks 183 on the outer side are sequentially raised from left to right; the mounting blocks 184 are connected in the guide rods 1812 on the frame 181, the number of the mounting blocks 184 is four, the mounting block 184 at the leftmost side is fixedly connected with the guide rods 1812, the other three mounting blocks 184 are movably connected with the guide rods 1812, and the mounting block 184 at the rightmost side is connected with the telescopic end of the driving cylinder 182; the spring 188 is connected with two adjacent mounting blocks 184; the finger cylinder 186 is arranged on the mounting block 184, and the clamping blocks 187 are arranged at two moving ends of the finger cylinder 186; the stoppers 185 are arranged on two side surfaces of the right mounting block 184, the three stoppers 185 on one side are sequentially higher, and the stoppers 185 on the other side are sequentially lower; the height of the stopper 185 corresponds to that of the stop block 183, and the movement of the stopper 185 is limited by the stop block 183.
When the coil body feeding device 1 works, one group of equidistant distance changing mechanisms 18 is used for conveying the coil body from the feeding tray assembly to the positioning jig 12, and the other group of equidistant distance changing mechanisms 18 is used for conveying and feeding the coil body from the positioning jig 12; the receiving block 137 sucks the positioning jig 12, and then the second lifting cylinder 133 extends to lift the positioning jig 12 upwards; then the third lifting cylinder 134 drives the driving block 136 to move upwards, and the driving block 136 pushes the folded positioning pawl 122, so that the folded positioning pawl 122 clamps the coil body to realize positioning; when material is taken, under the action of the moving module 15 and the first lifting cylinder 17, the equidistant distance changing mechanism 18 is close to the positioning jig 12, at the moment, the driving cylinder 182 contracts, the four finger cylinders 186 are close to each other, and the coil body is clamped by the clamping block 187; during feeding, the driving cylinder 182 extends to enable the four finger cylinders 186 to be away from each other, so that distance changing is realized, and feeding is performed.
The coil body feeding device 1 solves the problems of low feeding precision and inaccurate clamping of the coil body; the single clamping efficiency of the coil body is low, the plurality of coil bodies are clamped, the feeding of the coil bodies needs to adjust the distance, and the coil bodies need to be carried in a variable distance manner; the coil body is positioned in the feeding process by arranging two groups of equidistant pitch-changing mechanisms 18, arranging a positioning jig 12 and a lifting assembly 13 at the joint between the two groups of equidistant pitch-changing mechanisms 18, so that the position precision of the coil body is improved, and the feeding precision is improved; the coil bodies are conveyed by arranging the equidistant distance changing mechanism 18, a plurality of coil bodies are conveyed at a time, the conveying efficiency is improved, the distance between the coil bodies can be changed, and the feeding is convenient to adjust; the distance of the equidistant distance changing mechanism 18 is determined by the stopper 183 and the stopper 185, and the variation of the distance can be adjusted by the installation position, and the mechanism is more flexible.
The conveying device 2 comprises a rectangular track, an end part material pushing cylinder and a material pushing block; the material pushing block is arranged at the telescopic end of the end material pushing cylinder, and the end material pushing cylinder is arranged at the corner of the rectangular track.
As shown in fig. 4, the conveying device 3 includes a three-axis conveying mechanism 31, a fixed detecting seat 32, a movable detecting seat 33 and a two-axis moving mechanism 34; the fixed detection seat 32 is installed on the frame, the movable detection seat 33 is connected to the moving end of the two-axis moving mechanism 34, and the three-axis carrying mechanism 31 is located above the fixed detection seat 32.
As shown in fig. 5-7, the jig circulation device 4 includes an assembly jig 40, a jig circulation rail 41, a broadside pushing assembly 42, a broadside pushing assembly 43, a first step driving assembly 441, a second step driving assembly 442, a first separating assembly 451, a second separating assembly 452, a first lateral pushing assembly 461, a second lateral pushing assembly 462, and a material supplementing assembly 47; the jig transfer rail 41 is arranged on the rack, and the transfer track of the jig transfer rail 41 is rectangular; the jig flow rotating rail 41 is provided with a basin stand feeding station 401, a gluing station 402, an assembling station 403, a pressing station 404, a visual detection station 405 and a blanking station 406; the broadside pushing assembly 42 and the narrow-side pushing assembly 43 correspond to two corners of the jig flow turning rail 41, the first further driving assembly 441 is positioned between the assembling station 403 and the pressing station 404, the first separating assembly 451 is positioned behind the gluing station 402, and the second separating assembly 452 is positioned behind the visual detection station 405; the first lateral pushing assembly 461 and the second lateral pushing assembly 462 correspond to two corners of the jig flow turning rail 41; the feeding assembly 47 corresponds to the feeding station 406.
The broadside pushing assembly 42 comprises a direct-acting cylinder and a broadside plate 421 mounted at the telescopic end of the direct-acting cylinder, the broadside plate 421 is located in a sinking groove of the jig transfer rail 41, and the length of the broadside plate 421 is the same as the sum of the widths of the eight jigs; the narrow-edge pushing assembly 43 comprises a movable sliding table and a narrow plate 431 arranged at a movable part of the movable sliding table, and the width of the narrow plate 431 is the same as the length of a single jig.
The assembly jig 40 is in a rectangular block shape, a round through hole 411 is arranged on the assembly jig 40, and the round through hole 411 is used for positioning and driving the assembly jig 40; the assembly jig 40 is further provided with a counter bore 412, the counter bore 412 is used for placing the basin frame 100, and four uniformly distributed pin holes 413 are formed in the counter bore 412.
The first further driving assembly 441 comprises a vertical plate 441, a horizontal cylinder 442, a vertical cylinder 443, a driving plate 444 and a pin 445; the pins 445 are installed on the lower end face of the driving plate 444, a plurality of groups of pins 445 are arranged, each group of pins 445 corresponds to the assembling jig 40, and the driving plate 444 achieves two-degree-of-freedom movement through the horizontal cylinder 442 and the vertical cylinder 443.
The first separating assembly 451 comprises a separating cylinder 4511, a separating block 4512 and a defective rail 4513; the separation cylinder 4511 is installed on the side of the jig transfer rail 41, the separation block 4512 is arranged at the telescopic end of the separation cylinder 4511, and a notch is formed in the side of the jig transfer rail 41 at a separation position for moving out the jig from the side; the defective goods rail 4513 is installed at a side of the jig transfer rail 41, and the defective goods rail 4513 corresponds to the separation block 4512.
The feed supplement assembly 47 comprises L-shaped rails 471, a side push cylinder 472 and side push blocks 473, wherein the L-shaped rails 471 are arranged on the rack, the discharge ends of the L-shaped rails 471 correspond to the corners of the jig flow turning rails 41, the feed ends of the L-shaped rails 471 are provided with the second stepping drive assemblies 442, the side push cylinder 472 is arranged at the corners of the L-shaped rails 471, and the side push blocks 473 are arranged at the telescopic ends of the side push cylinder 472.
When the jig transfer device 4 works, the basin frame is placed in the assembly jig 40 at the basin frame feeding station 401, then the gluing is carried out at the gluing station 402, the jig which is unqualified in gluing is detected after the gluing, and the jig which is unqualified in gluing is laterally separated through the first separation component 451; the broadside pushing assembly 42 pushes out the broadside plate 421, and simultaneously pushes out a plurality of jigs to assemble the coil body; then the narrow-edge pushing assembly 43 integrally moves out the plurality of jigs, the pins 445 of the first step driving assembly 441 are inserted into the circular through holes 411, and the jigs are driven step by step and move by the width of one jig each time; the coil body is pressed on the basin frame at a pressing station 404, and is separated by a second separating component 452 after a defective product is detected at a visual detection station 405; finally, the assembly is blanked at a blanking station 406, and then the feeding assembly 47 feeds the empty jig into the jig flow diverting rail 41.
The jig transfer device 4 solves the problems that the single assembly efficiency of the coil body is low, the assembly process needs to be detected, unqualified products are separated, the difficulty of directly moving out products is high, and the jig is easily polluted; the assembly jig 40 for placing a single workpiece is arranged, the broadside material pushing assembly 42 is arranged to push a plurality of jigs simultaneously, a plurality of coil bodies can be assembled simultaneously, the assembly efficiency is improved, and meanwhile, the first further driving assembly 441 is arranged to move the jigs individually, so that the workpieces in the jigs can be operated independently; the unqualified products are separated by arranging the first separating assembly 451 and the second separating assembly 452, and the first separating assembly and the second separating assembly are separated together with the jig, so that the jig is prevented from being contacted with a basin frame filled with glue, the jig is prevented from being polluted, and the separation is facilitated; the supplementary material component 47 is arranged to supplement the jigs in the jig flow transfer rail 41, so that the number of the separated jigs is compensated, and the whole device is made to flow.
As shown in fig. 8, the basin stand feeding device 5 comprises a material vibrator 51, a material rail 52, a base 53, a material distributing block 54, a material distributing cylinder 55, a two-degree-of-freedom handling mechanism 56, a rotating cylinder 57 and a suction block 58; the material rail 52 is arranged on the material vibrator 51, the material rail 52 is provided with a basin stand, the base 53 is arranged on the machine frame, the material distribution cylinder 55 is arranged on the base 53, the material distribution block 54 is arranged at the telescopic end of the material distribution cylinder 55, the material distribution block 54 is connected with the discharging end of the material rail 52, and the material distribution block 54 is provided with a separation groove; the two-degree-of-freedom carrying mechanism 56 is installed on the frame, the rotating cylinder 57 is arranged at the output end of the two-degree-of-freedom carrying mechanism 56, the suction block 58 is installed on the rotating shaft of the rotating cylinder 57, the shape of the suction block 58 is matched with that of the basin stand, and the lower end face of the suction block 58 is provided with a suction hole.
When the basin stand feeding device 5 works, the material vibrating device 51 sends out basin stands in the material rails 52 in order, after the material distributing blocks 54 are separated, the two-degree-of-freedom carrying mechanism 56 places the suction blocks 58 into the basin stands, then the basin stands are sucked, and the rotating air cylinders 57 rotate the basin stands by a certain angle and then place the basin stands into the assembling jig.
The pressing device 7 comprises a transverse module, a longitudinal module and a pressing block, and the detection device 9 comprises a mounting plate and a vision camera arranged on the mounting plate.
As shown in fig. 9 and 10, the tray collecting device includes a base plate 81, a belt driving assembly 82, a tray gripping mechanism 83, a bin side plate 84, a stopper pin assembly 85, a centering assembly 86, and a jack-up assembly 87; the base plate 81 is arranged on the frame, the charging tray clamping mechanism 83 is movably connected on the base plate 81 through a slide rail, the belt transmission component 82 is arranged on the base plate 81, and a connecting block is arranged on a belt of the belt transmission component 82 and connected with the charging tray clamping mechanism 83; a bin side plate 84 is provided on the base plate 81, and a plurality of bin side plates 84 form an empty bin and a full bin; the stop pin assemblies 85 are arranged on the base plate 81, and every four groups of stop pin assemblies 85 correspond to one material tray bin; the base plate 81 is provided with folding plates 811 with symmetrical sides, the positions of the folding plates 811 correspond to the full tray bin, and the centering assembly 86 and the jacking assembly 87 are arranged on the folding plates 811; the charging tray clamping mechanism 83 is used for moving the charging tray, the stop pin assembly 85 is used for supporting the charging tray, the jacking assembly 87 is used for lifting the charging tray filled with products, and the centering assembly 86 is used for clamping and centering two sides of the full charging tray.
The tray clamping mechanism 83 comprises a bottom plate 831, an adjusting cylinder 832, a lifting cylinder 833, a lifting seat 834, a clamping cylinder 835, a chute seat 836 and a clamping rod 837; the bottom plate 831 is movably connected to the base plate 81, the lifting cylinder 833 is mounted on the bottom plate 831, the lifting seat 834 is movably connected to the bottom plate 831, and the telescopic end of the lifting cylinder 833 is connected with the lifting seat 834; the adjusting cylinder 832 is arranged on the bottom plate 831, and a buffer block is arranged at the telescopic end of the adjusting cylinder 832; the upper end surface of the lifting seat 834 is provided with a cushion block 8341, the fixed end of the clamping cylinder 835 is hinged to the lower end surface of the lifting seat 834, a chute seat 836 is fixed on the lifting seat 834, a chute is arranged on the chute seat 836, a clamping rod 837 is in a right-angle folding shape, the side surface of a vertical section of the clamping rod 837 is provided with a pin shaft, and a cover pin shaft is matched in the chute of the chute seat 836.
The stop pin assembly 85 comprises a support 851, a micro cylinder 852, a stop pin 853 and a linear bearing 854; the linear bearing 854 is installed on the top of the support 851, the micro cylinder 852 is horizontally installed on the support 851, the telescopic end of the micro cylinder 852 is connected with the stop pin 853, the stop pin 853 is movably matched in the linear bearing 854, and the end part of the stop pin 853 is reamed to be flat.
The centering assembly 86 comprises a centering cylinder 861 and a pressing plate 862, the pressing plate 862 is connected to the telescopic end of the centering cylinder 861, a spring is arranged between the pressing plate 862 and the telescopic end of the centering cylinder 861, and the centering cylinder 861 is horizontally arranged at the upper end of the folded plate 811.
The jacking assembly 87 comprises a jacking cylinder 871, an extending cylinder 872 and a top plate 873; stretch into cylinder 872 and install the flexible end at jack-up cylinder 871, and jack-up cylinder 871 is vertical to be placed, and roof 873 is installed at the flexible end that stretches into cylinder 872.
A charging tray collecting method of an earphone coil body assembling machine uses the charging tray collecting device, when the charging tray collecting device works, a belt transmission component 82 drives a charging tray clamping mechanism 83 to move to the lower part of an empty charging tray bin, a lifting cylinder 833 extends to enable a charging tray at the lowest side to be arranged on a lifting seat 834, then a clamping cylinder 835 extends, and a clamping rod 837 presses the edge of the charging tray; then the stop pin 853 of the stop pin component 85 is withdrawn, and the material tray is taken down and then blocks other stacked empty material trays again; the empty tray moves to the end part and moves to the lower part of the full material bin after being filled, firstly, the tray clamping mechanism 83 withdraws the clamped tray, then the tray at the upper end is jacked up by the jacking component 87, the tray clamping mechanism 83 lifts the full material tray, and after the full material tray is clamped and centered by the centering component 86 from two sides, the stop pin component 85 supports the full material tray.
The material tray collecting device solves the problems that the material tray collecting capacity is not high, the height of material trays needs to be adjusted every time when the material trays are stacked, and the material tray stacking speed is low due to the fact that the material trays are directly clamped by the air cylinders and the space is large; the storage capacity is improved by stacking the charging trays in a manner of emptying the charging trays from the lower part and filling the charging trays from the lower part, the charging trays are taken and placed in a manner of emptying the charging trays from the lower part, the position of each taking and placing is fixed, the height change of the charging trays in the process of taking and stacking the charging trays is avoided, the taking and placing posture is fixed, dynamic adjustment is not needed, and the efficiency is improved; through pressing from both sides the mode of getting cylinder 835 level and placing, the round pin shaft groove pair of clamping bar 837 side connects in the inclined hole, makes clamping bar 837 swing to the wobbling center moves along with the chute, can reduce the highest gesture point position of motion of clamping bar 837, thereby makes the charging tray press from both sides the feed bin that the mechanism 83 is close to the top, makes whole mechanism compact, subtracts the distance that the short needs to move, thereby improves the efficiency of getting the dish and folding the dish.
A working method of an earphone coil body assembling machine sequentially comprises the following steps of:
(I) basin frame feeding: the material vibrator 51 orderly sends out the basin racks in the material rail 52, after the basin racks are separated by the material distributing block 54, the two-degree-of-freedom carrying mechanism 56 places the suction block 58 in the basin racks, then the basin racks are sucked, and the basin racks are placed in the assembling jig after being rotated by a certain angle through the rotating air cylinder 57;
(II) gluing the basin frame: the glue dispensing device 6 is used for gluing the basin frame in the assembly jig, detection is carried out after the gluing, and products which are unqualified in gluing are laterally separated through the first separation assembly 451;
(III) assembling a coil body: one group of equidistant distance changing mechanisms 18 is used for conveying the coil body from the feeding disc assembly to the positioning jig 12, and the other group of equidistant distance changing mechanisms 18 is used for conveying and feeding the coil body from the positioning jig 12; the receiving block 137 sucks the positioning jig 12, and then the second lifting cylinder 133 extends to lift the positioning jig 12 upwards; then the third lifting cylinder 134 drives the driving block 136 to move upwards, and the driving block 136 pushes the folded positioning pawl 122, so that the folded positioning pawl 122 clamps the coil body to realize positioning; when material is taken, under the action of the moving module 15 and the first lifting cylinder 17, the equidistant distance changing mechanism 18 is close to the positioning jig 12, at the moment, the driving cylinder 182 contracts, the four finger cylinders 186 are close to each other, and the coil body is clamped by the clamping block 187; during feeding, the driving cylinder 182 extends to enable the four finger cylinders 186 to be away from each other, so that the distance change is realized, and the finger cylinders are transported to the assembling jig 40 in the jig circulation device 4 to realize assembling;
(IV) compaction detection: the coil body in the assembly jig 40 is pressed in the basin frame by the pressing device 7, then the assembly state is detected by the detection device 9, and the assembly jig 40 with unqualified products is separated from the second separation component 452;
(V) blanking and boxing: the belt transmission assembly 82 drives the charging tray clamping mechanism 83 to move to the position below the empty charging tray bin, the lifting cylinder 833 extends to enable the charging tray at the lowest side to be arranged on the lifting seat 834, the clamping cylinder 835 extends, and the clamping rod 837 presses the edge of the charging tray; then the stop pin 853 of the stop pin component 85 is withdrawn, and the material tray is taken down and then blocks other stacked empty material trays again; the blanking manipulator carries the assemblies in the assembly jig 40, and the assemblies are sequentially placed in the empty trays, the empty trays move to the lower part of the full material bin after the end parts of the empty trays are filled with the assemblies, firstly, the tray clamping mechanism 83 withdraws the clamped trays, then, the tray at the upper end is jacked up through the jacking assembly 87, the tray clamping mechanism 83 lifts up the full trays, and after the full trays are compressed from two sides through the centering assembly 86 for centering, the stop pin assembly 85 supports the full trays.

Claims (8)

1. A charging tray collecting device of an earphone coil body assembling machine is characterized by comprising a base plate (81), a belt transmission assembly (82), a charging tray clamping mechanism (83), a storage bin side plate (84), a stop pin assembly (85), a centering assembly (86) and a jacking assembly (87); the base plate (81) is arranged on the frame, the charging tray clamping mechanism (83) is movably connected to the base plate (81) through a sliding rail, the belt transmission assembly (82) is arranged on the base plate (81), and a connecting block is arranged on a belt of the belt transmission assembly (82) and connected with the charging tray clamping mechanism (83); the bin side plates (84) are arranged on the base plate (81), and the plurality of bin side plates (84) form an empty bin and a full bin; the stop pin assemblies (85) are arranged on the base plate (81), and each four groups of stop pin assemblies (85) correspond to one material tray bin; the base plate (81) is provided with folding plates (811) with two symmetrical sides, the positions of the folding plates (811) correspond to the full tray bin, and the centering assembly (86) and the jacking assembly (87) are arranged on the folding plates (811); the charging tray clamping mechanism (83) is used for moving the charging tray, the stop pin assembly (85) is used for supporting the charging tray, the jacking assembly (87) is used for lifting the charging tray filled with products, and the centering assembly (86) is used for clamping and centering two sides of the full charging tray.
2. The tray collecting device of the earphone coil body assembling machine according to claim 1, wherein the tray clamping mechanism (83) comprises a bottom plate (831), an adjusting cylinder (832), a lifting cylinder (833), a lifting seat (834), a clamping cylinder (835), a chute seat (836) and a clamping rod (837); the lifting mechanism is characterized in that the bottom plate (831) is movably connected to the base plate (81), the lifting cylinder (833) is installed on the bottom plate (831), the lifting seat (834) is movably connected to the bottom plate (831), and the telescopic end of the lifting cylinder (833) is connected with the lifting seat (834); the adjusting cylinder (832) is arranged on the bottom plate (831), and a buffer block is arranged at the telescopic end of the adjusting cylinder (832); lifting seat (834) up end be provided with cushion (8341), the stiff end of pressing from both sides and getting cylinder (835) articulates terminal surface under lifting seat (834), chute seat (836) are fixed on lifting seat (834), are provided with the chute on chute seat (836), clamping bar (837) become the right angle and roll over the shape, the vertical section side of clamping bar (837) is provided with the round pin axle, the cooperation of lid round pin axle is in the chute of chute seat (836).
3. The tray collection device of the earphone coil body assembling machine according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the stop pin assembly (85) comprises a support (851), a micro cylinder (852), a stop pin (853) and a linear bearing (854); the linear bearing (854) is installed on the top of the support (851), the micro cylinder (852) is horizontally installed on the support (851), the telescopic end of the micro cylinder (852) is connected with the stop pin (853), the stop pin (853) is movably matched in the linear bearing (854), and the spot facing end part of the stop pin (853) is provided with a plane.
4. The tray collecting device of the earphone coil body assembling machine according to claim 1, 2 or 3, wherein the centering assembly (86) comprises a centering cylinder (861) and a press plate (862), the press plate (862) is connected to the telescopic end of the centering cylinder (861), a spring is arranged between the press plate (862) and the telescopic end of the centering cylinder (861), and the centering cylinder (861) is horizontally installed at the upper end of the folded plate (811).
5. The tray collecting device of the earphone coil body assembling machine according to claim 1, 2 or 3, wherein the jack-up assembly (87) comprises a jack-up cylinder (871), an extending cylinder (872) and a top plate (873); stretch into cylinder (872) and install the flexible end at jack-up cylinder (871), and jack-up cylinder (871) are vertical to be placed, and roof (873) are installed and are stretched into the flexible end of cylinder (872).
6. A charging tray collecting method of an earphone coil body assembling machine is characterized in that a belt transmission assembly (82) drives a charging tray clamping mechanism (83) to move to the lower part of an empty charging tray bin, a lifting cylinder (833) extends to enable a charging tray at the lowest side to be arranged on a lifting seat (834), a clamping cylinder (835) extends, and a clamping rod (837) presses the edge of the charging tray; then the stop pin (853) of the stop pin component (85) is withdrawn, and the material tray is taken down and then blocks other stacked empty material trays again; the empty tray moves to the end part and moves to the lower part of the full material bin after being filled with the full material, the material tray clamping mechanism (83) withdraws the clamped material tray at first, then the material tray at the upper end is jacked up through the jacking assembly (87), the material tray clamping mechanism (83) lifts the full material tray, and after the material tray is tightly pressed from two sides through the centering assembly (86) for centering, the full material tray is supported by the stop pin assembly (85).
7. Earphone coil body assembling machine, characterized in that it comprises a frame and collecting means mounted on the frame, the collecting means (8) being as described in the tray collecting device of claim 1.
8. The earphone coil body assembling machine according to claim 7, wherein the rack is further provided with a coil body feeding device (1), a conveying device (2), a carrying device (3), a jig transfer device (4), a basin frame feeding device (5), a dispensing device (6), a compressing device (7), a detecting device (9) and a blanking manipulator; the coil body feeding device (1) is used for feeding a plurality of coil bodies to the conveying device (2), the conveying device (2) is used for conveying the coil bodies, the conveying device (3) is used for conveying the coil bodies to the jig circulating device (4) from the conveying device (2), and the jig circulating device (4) is used for circulating the jigs, processing is carried out at corresponding stations, and separation of unqualified products and supplement of empty jigs are achieved; basin frame loading attachment (5) be used for with basin frame material loading to tool on, adhesive deposite device (6) are used for carrying out the rubber coating on the basin frame, closing device (7) are used for compressing tightly the coil body on the basin frame, detection device (9) detect the equipment state, unloading manipulator is arranged in carrying the assembly of tool to charging tray collection device.
CN202010272743.XA 2020-04-09 2020-04-09 Charging tray collecting device and method of earphone coil body assembling machine Withdrawn CN111453408A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010272743.XA CN111453408A (en) 2020-04-09 2020-04-09 Charging tray collecting device and method of earphone coil body assembling machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010272743.XA CN111453408A (en) 2020-04-09 2020-04-09 Charging tray collecting device and method of earphone coil body assembling machine

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CN111453408A true CN111453408A (en) 2020-07-28

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Link
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113834695A (en) * 2021-09-18 2021-12-24 中煤浙江检测技术有限公司 Fixed-point sampling device for complex river reach
CN114267534A (en) * 2021-12-06 2022-04-01 江苏朗迅工业智能装备有限公司 Coil assembling equipment

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113834695A (en) * 2021-09-18 2021-12-24 中煤浙江检测技术有限公司 Fixed-point sampling device for complex river reach
CN114267534A (en) * 2021-12-06 2022-04-01 江苏朗迅工业智能装备有限公司 Coil assembling equipment

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Application publication date: 20200728