CN1113531A - 3-D Structure System for building and construction method therefor - Google Patents

3-D Structure System for building and construction method therefor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1113531A
CN1113531A CN 95100283 CN95100283A CN1113531A CN 1113531 A CN1113531 A CN 1113531A CN 95100283 CN95100283 CN 95100283 CN 95100283 A CN95100283 A CN 95100283A CN 1113531 A CN1113531 A CN 1113531A
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China
Prior art keywords
concrete
floor
spray
wall
wallboard
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Application number
CN 95100283
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1073658C (en
Inventor
张晶廷
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JINGDA CONSTRUCTION SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT Co SHIJIAZHUANG DEVELOPMENT ZONE
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JINGDA CONSTRUCTION SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT Co SHIJIAZHUANG DEVELOPMENT ZONE
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Application filed by JINGDA CONSTRUCTION SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT Co SHIJIAZHUANG DEVELOPMENT ZONE filed Critical JINGDA CONSTRUCTION SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT Co SHIJIAZHUANG DEVELOPMENT ZONE
Priority to CN 95100283 priority Critical patent/CN1073658C/en
Publication of CN1113531A publication Critical patent/CN1113531A/en
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Publication of CN1073658C publication Critical patent/CN1073658C/en
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Abstract

The 3-D structure system for building construction features that light screen plate with eccentric sandwich is used as self-bearing wall, floor and large-span roof and the reinforced bar mat structure is used at the connection position between floor and wall or walls. By in-situ spraying concrete onto the installed wall and floor, an integral 3-D structure including wall, column and floor is completed. Its dvantages include reducing the weight of building by 50%, easy construction and improving the seismic stability.

Description

3-D Structure System for building and construction method therefor
The present invention relates to a kind of novel building structure and job practices and belong to house architectural structure.
At present, house architectural structure and job practices mainly contain two kinds, and a kind of is brick mix structure, promptly makes bearing wall with brick, the roofing prefabricated hollow floor: another kind is to adopt to cast concrete frame earlier, thorough again space enclosing structure such as the brick built, thorough of gas concrete, or fill prefabricated panel etc., the shortcoming of these two kinds of building structures is to use loam brick in a large number, architecture construction is slow, and it is too heavy to conduct oneself with dignity, and construction cost is high too.
In order to change the wall construction of Qin brick and Han tile, study advanced country uses the advanced experience of light weight board in building construction, the applicant discloses several light sandwich prefabricated panels with netted prestressed reinforcement and fill insulant material in the patent application document of the patent No. 93224854,3 and 93244853,4.After this precast plate is transported to the job site, can be filled between the frame construction in house as wallboard, floor etc.
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of novel three-dimensional structure building construction system to replace brick mix structure below 8 layers and to manufacture the routine building pattern that building frame recharges body of wall earlier, making the framework of building and body of wall be installed in on-the-spot spray finishes, to shorten construction period, reduce construction costs, increase the anti-seismic performance of building simultaneously.
Technical scheme of the present invention is to realize like this, 3 D architeccture system for house building is by lightweight load-bearing screen plate with sandwich, (patent No. is 93224854,3) and steel mesh reinforcement concrete are formed, prefabricated wallboard, floor, stair tread, balcony etc. adopt the netted connection of stiffener, the wall of direct spray concrete frame and filled board both sides, floor face etc. make and form the three-dimension integrally structure that fuses.The lightweight load-bearing screen plate with sandwich that constitutes this structure is inclined to one side screen plate with sandwich, and web plate one side is an insulation layer, and opposite side is a bearing course.This plate can be as the self-supporting wall.The self-supporting wall be connected with interior wall adopt T shape or+the dark beam of word steel mesh reinforcement concrete connects, and is connected as the same with floor.
The job practices of this 3 D architeccture system for house building is after prefabricated various plates are transported to the job site, carry out assembly unit according to design, on the basis that installs precast plates such as wallboard, floor, stair, balcony, proofread and correct fixedly colligation stiffener net, carry out simultaneously concrete construction, this floor of spray+word beam, post, tee girder, post metope and ground, end face, the wallboard single face of shear wall structure form template spray concrete, another side spray (smearing) fiber concrete, spray is from the floor bottom, when treating the wallboard spray, begin to water concrete above the floor to the bottom of the building face.Top concrete reaches 70% intensity, sprays the bottom surface concrete again.
Adopt the advantage of three dimensiona structure system building of the present invention to be 1. from heavy and light: can alleviate building weight 50%: 2. good heat insulating: 3. sound insulation and fireproof performance are good; 4. intensity has enough axial and transverse strengths well, and anti-seismic performance is good.
Adopt job practices advantage of the present invention to be, replace brick mix structure and make the framework secondary form of construction work of thorough wall more earlier, each floor integral assembling, cast are once finished, and nearly one times of reduction of erection time, reduce nearly one times of constructor.The flexibility of the existing wooden construction of this form the high-strength and durability of concrete construction is arranged again, and construction cost reduces greatly, and building board helps professional commercialization production, is particularly useful for building construction below 8 layers.
Describe technology contents of the present invention in detail below in conjunction with drawings and Examples:
Fig. 1, be self-supporting T word wall schematic diagram
Fig. 2, be the dark beam of self-supporting, floor slab structure schematic diagram
Among the figure 1, wallboard bearing course 2, wallboard insulation layer 3, tee girder steel mesh reinforcement
4, concrete beam column 5, concrete metope 6, the dark beam steel net 7 of self-supporting, floor
Concise and to the point constructure scheme embodiment
1, the installation of lightweight load-bearing screen plate with sandwich
According to the wallboard of the working design assembly unit first floor, floor, stair, balcony, rain cover etc., proofread and correct fixedly colligation stiffener net (comprising the tee girder post, cross beam column, secretly beam column etc.) then.
2, lay water, electricity, heating coil road and preformed hole embedded part etc. according to design.
3, concrete construction
1. wall concrete construction: from the bottom, the body of wall of shear wall form, one side tailored template, or artificial reverse mould, spray concrete, another side spraying (smearing) fiber concrete.
2. floor concrete construction: when treating that the body of wall concrete is constructed at the bottom of the floor, promptly begin concrete above the spray floor, treat that concrete strength reaches at 70% o'clock above the plate, spray bottom surface fiber concrete again.
3. beam column concrete construction: carry out simultaneously with the body of wall spray.

Claims (5)

1, a kind of 3 D architeccture system for house building, be made up of lightweight load-bearing screen plate with sandwich and steel mesh reinforcement concrete, it is characterized in that prefabricated wallboard, floor adopts the netted connection of stiffener, direct spray concrete post, beam and wall, floor forms the three-dimension integrally structure that fuses.
2,3 D architeccture system for house building according to claim 1 is characterized in that lightweight load-bearing screen plate with sandwich is inclined to one side screen plate with sandwich, and the web plate side is an insulation layer, and opposite side is a bearing course, constitutes the self-supporting wallboard.
3,3 D architeccture system for house building according to claim 1 it is characterized in that the self-supporting wall be connected with interior wall adopt T shape or+the dark beam of shape steel mesh reinforcement concrete connects, and is connected as the same with floor.
4, a kind of job practices of 3 D architeccture system for house building is characterized in that on the basis that precast plates such as wallboard, floor, stair, balcony are installed, proofread and correct fixedly colligation stiffener net: carry out the concrete construction, spray+word beam column, T word beam, post and metope, ground.
5, job practices according to claim 4 is characterized in that the wallboard single face of shear wall structure form template spray concrete, another side spray (smearing) fiber concrete, spray is from the floor bottom, when treating the wallboard spray to soffit, begin to water concrete above the floor, above concrete reach 70% intensity and spray the bottom surface concrete again.
CN 95100283 1995-01-28 1995-01-28 3-D Structure System for building and construction method therefor Expired - Lifetime CN1073658C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 95100283 CN1073658C (en) 1995-01-28 1995-01-28 3-D Structure System for building and construction method therefor

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 95100283 CN1073658C (en) 1995-01-28 1995-01-28 3-D Structure System for building and construction method therefor

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1113531A true CN1113531A (en) 1995-12-20
CN1073658C CN1073658C (en) 2001-10-24

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ID=5073363

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 95100283 Expired - Lifetime CN1073658C (en) 1995-01-28 1995-01-28 3-D Structure System for building and construction method therefor

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CN (1) CN1073658C (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101748824A (en) * 2010-02-10 2010-06-23 黄靓 Heat-insulated shear wall system
CN102251699A (en) * 2011-05-13 2011-11-23 北京华美科博科技发展有限公司 Residential building system with cast-in-situ beam columns and prefabricated sandwich concrete wall panels and construction method
CN103216091A (en) * 2013-04-09 2013-07-24 湖北晶达建筑科技有限公司 Construction method of heat-insulation wall body for combining outer filling wall and outer shearing wall
CN103255834A (en) * 2013-06-05 2013-08-21 南京工业大学 Prefabricated heat preservation balcony suitable for industrial production and construction method of prefabricated heat preservation balcony

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101748824A (en) * 2010-02-10 2010-06-23 黄靓 Heat-insulated shear wall system
CN102251699A (en) * 2011-05-13 2011-11-23 北京华美科博科技发展有限公司 Residential building system with cast-in-situ beam columns and prefabricated sandwich concrete wall panels and construction method
CN103216091A (en) * 2013-04-09 2013-07-24 湖北晶达建筑科技有限公司 Construction method of heat-insulation wall body for combining outer filling wall and outer shearing wall
CN103216091B (en) * 2013-04-09 2016-01-20 湖北晶达建筑科技有限公司 The construction method of heat-insulation wall body that a kind of outer infilled wall and outer shear wall combine
CN103255834A (en) * 2013-06-05 2013-08-21 南京工业大学 Prefabricated heat preservation balcony suitable for industrial production and construction method of prefabricated heat preservation balcony
CN103255834B (en) * 2013-06-05 2015-03-11 南京工业大学 Prefabricated heat preservation balcony suitable for industrial production and construction method of prefabricated heat preservation balcony

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Expiration termination date: 20150128

Granted publication date: 20011024