CN111264110A - A gardens management mechanical platform system for mountain area - Google Patents

A gardens management mechanical platform system for mountain area Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111264110A
CN111264110A CN202010178600.2A CN202010178600A CN111264110A CN 111264110 A CN111264110 A CN 111264110A CN 202010178600 A CN202010178600 A CN 202010178600A CN 111264110 A CN111264110 A CN 111264110A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
fertilizer
water
liquid
platform system
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Pending
Application number
CN202010178600.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
望飞勇
邓立宝
覃欣广
邢钇浩
温东强
覃初贤
罗瑞鸿
刘芸
姜新
李一伟
阮经宙
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Guangxi Zhuang Nationality Autonomous Region Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Guangxi Zhuang Nationality Autonomous Region Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Application filed by Guangxi Zhuang Nationality Autonomous Region Academy of Agricultural Sciences filed Critical Guangxi Zhuang Nationality Autonomous Region Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Priority to CN202010178600.2A priority Critical patent/CN111264110A/en
Publication of CN111264110A publication Critical patent/CN111264110A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B51/00Undercarriages specially adapted for mounting-on various kinds of agricultural tools or apparatus
    • A01B51/02Undercarriages specially adapted for mounting-on various kinds of agricultural tools or apparatus propelled by a motor
    • A01B51/026Undercarriages specially adapted for mounting-on various kinds of agricultural tools or apparatus propelled by a motor of the automotive vehicle type, e.g. including driver accommodation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C23/00Distributing devices specially adapted for liquid manure or other fertilising liquid, including ammonia, e.g. transport tanks or sprinkling wagons
    • A01C23/02Special arrangements for delivering the liquid directly into the soil
    • A01C23/021Sludge injectors, i.e. liquid manure injectors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M7/00Special adaptations or arrangements of liquid-spraying apparatus for purposes covered by this subclass
    • A01M7/0025Mechanical sprayers
    • A01M7/0032Pressure sprayers
    • A01M7/0042Field sprayers, e.g. self-propelled, drawn or tractor-mounted
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M7/00Special adaptations or arrangements of liquid-spraying apparatus for purposes covered by this subclass
    • A01M7/0089Regulating or controlling systems

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Soil Sciences (AREA)
  • Insects & Arthropods (AREA)
  • Pest Control & Pesticides (AREA)
  • Wood Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Zoology (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Water Supply & Treatment (AREA)
  • Fertilizing (AREA)

Abstract

The invention provides a garden management mechanical platform system for mountainous areas, which comprises a frame, wherein a traveling device is arranged below the frame, and the traveling device is a combination of a crawler belt driving structure and a follow-up wheel; the frame is provided with a power device, the power device comprises a fuel oil engine, a generator and a battery, the fuel oil engine drives the generator, and the generator supplies power for the battery. The crawler driving structure is a triangular crawler structure, the driving wheel is positioned at the top, the two driven wheels are positioned at the bottom, an elastic suspension is arranged between the driven wheels and the frame, and the crawler bypasses the driving wheel and the driven wheels; each driving wheel is separately connected with the motor directly or through a speed changer. At least one side of the frame is also provided with a water and fertilizer device. Through adopting the structure that triangle-shaped track and follower wheel combined together, satisfying under the current condition in mountain area, can reduce the dead weight of crawler-type chassis by a wide margin. The water and fertilizer device is arranged to pump the water and fertilizer sliding pipe into soil by using compressed air, and the water and fertilizer are pumped in by using a pump, so that automatic control is realized.

Description

A gardens management mechanical platform system for mountain area
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of farmland management equipment, in particular to a garden management mechanical platform system for mountainous areas.
Background
In mountain agricultural operation, a small rotary cultivator is generally used as a main power system, but the small rotary cultivator needs certain operation skill, and the problem that the rotary cultivator is hurt by improper operation is reported in news. Chinese patent document CN 104097704A describes a crawler-type field cart which uses a crawler structure as a traveling device and is suitable for traveling in a complex terrain in a mountain area, but this solution has a heavy weight, is not flexible enough to operate, and has a high cost. Chinese patent document CN 206713888U describes a snake-shaped robot driven by a track for field fertilizing and spraying operation, but this structure is troublesome to operate, and the mountain road is usually narrow, and this structure of snake-shaped flexible connection is not good for the passage of complex terrains. In the garden management process in mountain areas, the more operations involved are pesticide disinsection spraying and fertilization operations. The deep water-fertilizer application scheme can directly provide nutrients for the roots of crops, can avoid fertilizer waste, ensure high yield and high quality of the crops, reduce the influence on soil properties due to excessive fertilization, and is particularly suitable for fertilization of economic forests. The existing operation of deeply applying the water and fertilizer mostly adopts a manual operation mode, a water and fertilizer pipe is pricked into soil, and then the water and fertilizer is pressed in. The working efficiency is low and the labor intensity is high. For example, the hydraulic water and fertilizer gun disclosed in chinese patent document CN2664363Y and the mobile irrigation deep fertilization device disclosed in chinese patent document CN204014480U all require manual insertion of the device into soil, manual injection, and manual movement, which results in high labor intensity, low efficiency, and very difficult popularization. It is difficult to make the fertilization operation mode take advantage. In the prior art, no equipment capable of realizing automatic deep water and fertilizer application exists.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a garden management mechanical platform system for mountainous areas, which can facilitate walking of the mountainous areas, operation and control and carrying of garden management equipment. The labor intensity is reduced, and the operation efficiency is improved.
In order to solve the technical problems, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows: a garden management mechanical platform system for mountainous areas comprises a frame, wherein a traveling device is arranged below the frame, and the traveling device is a combination of a track driving structure and a follow-up wheel;
the frame is provided with a power device, the power device comprises a fuel oil engine, a generator and a battery, the fuel oil engine drives the generator, and the generator supplies power for the battery.
In a preferred scheme, the crawler driving structure is a triangular crawler structure, the driving wheel is positioned at the top, the two driven wheels are positioned at the bottom, an elastic suspension is arranged between the driven wheels and the frame, and the crawler bypasses the driving wheel and the driven wheels;
each driving wheel is separately connected with the motor directly or through a speed changer.
In a preferred scheme, the motor is a hub motor arranged in the driving wheel.
In the preferred scheme, a liquid storage tank is arranged on the frame, a pump and a liquid spraying gun are further arranged, the pump is electrically connected with the battery, an inlet of the pump is connected with the liquid storage tank through a pipeline, and an outlet of the pump is connected with the liquid spraying gun through a pipeline.
In the preferred scheme, be equipped with the hydrojet rifle on the frame, still be equipped with the air compressor machine, the air compressor machine is connected with the battery electricity, and the blast pipe and the hydrojet rifle of air compressor machine are connected, are equipped with the fog nozzle at the front end of hydrojet rifle, and one side of fog nozzle is equipped with the straw, and the straw is located the medicine bottle.
In the preferred scheme, a vertical rod is arranged on the frame, a universal platform is arranged at the end of the vertical rod, and the liquid spraying gun is arranged on the universal platform;
the structure of the universal platform is as follows: the horizontal rotary table is connected with the top of pole setting, and the horizontal rotary table includes two relative pivoted disk bodies, and the horizontal rotary table top is equipped with articulated seat, and articulated seat is connected with the hydrojet rifle.
In the preferred scheme, a liquid storage tank and a pump are arranged on a frame, a liquid fertilizer device is further arranged on at least one side of the frame, the liquid fertilizer device comprises a barrel, a slidable liquid fertilizer sliding pipe is arranged in the barrel, the liquid fertilizer sliding pipe penetrates through end covers at two ends of the barrel and forms sliding seal with the end covers, a piston is arranged on the liquid fertilizer sliding pipe and is in sliding seal with the barrel, the barrel is connected with an electromagnetic valve through a pipeline, the electromagnetic valve is connected with the barrel through a pipeline and is used for driving the liquid fertilizer sliding pipe to slide in a reciprocating mode, and the liquid fertilizer sliding pipe points to the ground during operation;
the liquid fertilizer sliding pipe is connected with a liquid outlet of the pump through a pipeline, and a liquid inlet of the pump is connected with the liquid storage tank.
In a preferred scheme, the electromagnetic valve is a three-position valve, one position is a through position, the other position is a reversing position, the middle position is a stopping position, one end of the electromagnetic valve is connected with the air inlets at two ends of the cylinder, and the other end of the electromagnetic valve is connected with the first air pipe and the atmosphere.
In the preferred scheme, a buffer height is arranged between the air inlet and the limit position of the cylinder body, and air guide grooves are formed in the side wall and the bottom wall between the air inlet and the end head of the cylinder body.
In the preferred scheme, plant sensors are arranged on two sides of the frame, and the plant sensors are used for controlling the walking of the walking device and controlling the work of the water and fertilizer device carried on the frame.
The invention provides a garden management mechanical platform system for mountainous areas, which adopts a structure that a triangular crawler belt and a follow-up wheel are combined, and can greatly reduce the dead weight of a crawler-type chassis under the condition of meeting the passing condition of the mountainous areas. Adopt the hybrid of oil electricity and drive the mode by electricity, can reduce to a great extent and control the degree of difficulty. The operator can control along with the car, also can adopt short range control, for guaranteeing safety in short range control mode, when the signal is unstable promptly automatically cut off the power supply. The liquid spraying gun and the liquid manure device are electrically controlled, so that automatic control is convenient to realize. The liquid manure device adopts the structure of pneumatic excitation, can utilize compressed air to squeeze into the liquid manure slip tube soil in, then utilize the pump to let in liquid manure, has realized the automatic operation of liquid manure deep fertilization operation, reduces intensity of labour by a wide margin, improves the operating efficiency, and the reduction smell gives off, is convenient for realize the popularization of liquid manure deep fertilization operation. Can greatly improve the quality of crops and reduce the influence of excessive fertilization on the soil property. The liquid spraying gun can adopt two spraying modes of pumping and air conveying, and the spraying requirements of different pesticides are met respectively, so that the environmental pollution is reduced. The invention has simple and easy control and high reliability, and is suitable for operation of rural left-behind personnel.
Drawings
The invention is further illustrated by the following examples in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
fig. 1 is a schematic elevation view of the overall structure of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic top view of the overall structure of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of pumping spraying in the present invention.
FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the pneumatic spray of the present invention.
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of the gimbal table of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of the water and fertilizer apparatus of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of a liquid manure device in the invention.
Fig. 8 is a connection block diagram of the power drive of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a connection block diagram of the control system of the present invention.
In the figure: the plant sensor comprises a frame 1, a walking device 2, a driving wheel 21, an elastic suspension 22, a crawler 23, a driven wheel 24, a driven wheel 25, a plant sensor 3, a power device 4, an electromagnetic valve 5, a universal platform 6, a vertical rod 61, a horizontal rotating disc 62, a hinged seat 63, a liquid spraying gun 7, a liquid spraying pipe 71, a nozzle 72, a spraying nozzle 73, a medicine bottle 74, a suction pipe 75, an air compressor 8, a first air pipe 81, a second air pipe 82, a water and fertilizer device 9, a water and fertilizer support 91, a retraction rod 92, a cylinder 93, a water and fertilizer sliding pipe 94, a piston 95, an air guide groove 96, a seat 10, a pump 11, a liquid storage tank 12, a battery 13, a buffer height 14, a water and fertilizer pipe 15 and a.
Detailed Description
Example 1:
as shown in fig. 1-2, a garden management mechanical platform system for mountainous areas comprises a frame 1, wherein a traveling device 2 is arranged below the frame 1, and the traveling device is a combination of a track driving structure and a follow-up wheel 25;
in a preferred scheme, the crawler driving structure is a triangular crawler structure, the driving wheel 21 is positioned at the top, the two driven wheels 24 are positioned at the bottom, an elastic suspension 22 is arranged between the driven wheels 24 and the frame 1, the elastic suspension 22 preferably adopts a gas spring vibration damping structure similar to a motorcycle, and the crawler 23 bypasses the driving wheel 21 and the driven wheels 24; the combination of the track driving structure and the follower wheel 25 can balance the trafficability, the dead weight and the volume, and can greatly reduce the dead weight, reduce the complexity of the structure and reduce the energy consumption on the premise of sufficiently coping with the bad terrain.
Each drive wheel 21 is individually connected with an electric motor directly or through a transmission. The electric drive can greatly reduce the complexity of mechanical transmission, and is convenient for realizing automatic or intelligent control. With the combination of the track drive structure and the follower wheels 25 in this example, directional rotation is achieved by individually controlling the speed and direction of the track drive structure on each side. When the right turn is required, the rotation speed of the left driving wheel 21 is controlled to be higher than that of the right driving wheel 21. When a small-radius turn is required, the left driving wheel 21 is controlled to rotate anticlockwise, and the right driving wheel 21 stops rotating even clockwise, so that the turning with a small radius is realized.
As shown in fig. 2 and 8, a power device 4 is arranged on the frame 1, and the power device 4 comprises a fuel engine, a generator and a battery, wherein the fuel engine drives the generator, and the generator supplies power to the battery. Reference data from hybrid vehicles show that the energy consumption of gasoline-electric hybrid non-plug-in vehicles is lower than that of fuel-only vehicles. The primary analysis shows that the efficiency of electric drive is very high, energy sources are convenient to recover, and the comprehensive efficiency after the electric drive is combined with the constant-speed high-efficiency power generation of the fuel oil engine is higher than that of pure fuel oil variable-speed driving. The fuel oil engine has higher idling ratio by combining the mountainous garden management working condition in the invention, so that the energy consumption can be reduced by adopting oil-electricity mixing. Preferably, the battery capacity in the invention is preferably 20-30 km/h followed by 80km, and the battery continuously works for 8-10 h under the intermittent working condition of garden management.
In a preferred embodiment, the motor is a hub motor disposed inside the driving wheel 21. The adoption of the hub motor can obtain higher mechanical transmission efficiency. And set up drive wheel 21 in the top position of triangle-shaped track structure, can reduce the influence of muddy water to in-wheel motor.
In a preferred scheme, as shown in fig. 2 and 3, a liquid storage tank 12 is arranged on the frame 1, a pump 11 and a liquid spraying gun 7 are further arranged, the pump 11 is electrically connected with a battery, an inlet of the pump 11 is connected with the liquid storage tank 12 through a pipeline, and an outlet of the pump 11 is connected with the liquid spraying gun 7 through a pipeline. The front end of a liquid spraying pipe 71 of the liquid spraying gun 7 is provided with a nozzle 72, and the spraying is carried out in a pumping mode, mainly aiming at pesticides with low toxicity or basically no toxicity, and also used for plant water replenishing.
In a preferred scheme, as shown in fig. 2 and 4, a liquid spraying gun 7 is arranged on a vehicle frame 1, an air compressor 8 is further arranged, the air compressor 8 is electrically connected with a battery, an exhaust pipe of the air compressor 8 is connected with the liquid spraying gun 7, a spraying nozzle 73 is arranged at the front end of the liquid spraying gun 7, a suction pipe 75 is arranged on one side of the spraying nozzle 73, and the suction pipe 75 is positioned in a medicine bottle 74. With this configuration, the liquid in the vial 74 is atomized by the compressed air and discharged from the spray nozzle 73 by the venturi structure. The compressed air is adopted to convey the pesticide, so that the pesticide spraying device is suitable for the pesticide needing to be accurately applied.
In a preferred scheme, as shown in fig. 1 and 5, a vertical rod 61 is arranged on a frame 1, a universal platform 6 is arranged at the end of the vertical rod 61, and a liquid spraying gun 7 is arranged on the universal platform 6;
the structure of the universal platform 6 is as follows: horizontal turntable 62 is connected with the top of pole setting 61, and horizontal turntable 62 includes two disk bodies that can relative rotation, and horizontal turntable 62 top is equipped with articulated seat 63, and articulated seat 63 is connected with hydrojet 7. By the structure, the liquid spraying gun 7 mounted on the frame 1 can realize omnibearing fixed-point spraying.
According to the preferable scheme, as shown in fig. 1 and 6, a liquid storage tank 12 and a pump 11 are arranged on a vehicle frame 1, a liquid manure device 9 is further arranged on at least one side of the vehicle frame 1, the liquid manure device 9 comprises a cylinder 93, a slidable liquid manure sliding pipe 94 is arranged in the cylinder 93, the liquid manure sliding pipe 94 penetrates through end covers at two ends of the cylinder 93 and forms sliding seal with the end covers, a piston 95 is arranged on the liquid manure sliding pipe 94, a sealing ring is arranged on the piston 95 and forms sliding seal with the cylinder 93, the cylinder 93 is connected with an electromagnetic valve 5 through a pipeline, and the electromagnetic valve 5 is connected with the cylinder 93 through a pipeline and used for driving the liquid manure. In operation, the liquid manure sliding pipe 94 points to the ground; preferably, the frame 1 is provided with a water and fertilizer support 91, the water and fertilizer support 91 preferably adopts a portal structure, each side of the inner side of the water and fertilizer support 91 is hinged with the cylinder 93 through two receiving and releasing rods 92, the cylinder 93, the two receiving and releasing rods 92 and the water and fertilizer support 91 form a four-bar linkage, and when the water and fertilizer sliding pipe 94 points to the ground; in another alternative structure, the cylinder 93 is hinged to one end of a connecting rod, the connecting rod is hinged to a hinged support, the hinged support is fixedly arranged on the frame 1, and the rotating angle of the connecting rod is limited, so that the water and fertilizer sliding pipe 94 points to the ground when the water and fertilizer sliding pipe works.
The liquid fertilizer sliding pipe 94 is connected with a liquid outlet of the pump 11 through a pipeline, and a liquid inlet of the pump 11 is connected with the liquid storage tank 12. According to the scheme, the electromagnetic valve 5 is switched on near the plants, so that the compressed air drives the water and fertilizer sliding pipe 94 to prick into the soil, and then the pump 11 applies the water and fertilizer liquid to the vicinity of the roots of the plants through the water and fertilizer sliding pipe 94, thereby realizing the deep water and fertilizer application operation.
In a preferred scheme, as shown in fig. 6 and 7, the electromagnetic valve 5 is a three-position valve, one position is a through position, the other position is a reversing position, the middle position is a stop position, one end of the electromagnetic valve 5 is connected with the air inlets at the two ends of the cylinder 93, and the other end of the electromagnetic valve is connected with the first air pipe 81 and the atmosphere. As shown in fig. 7, when the valve core of the electromagnetic valve 5 is in the through position, compressed air enters the upper end of the cylinder 93, air at the lower end of the cylinder 93 is exhausted to the atmosphere, and after the liquid manure sliding pipe 94 is pricked into soil, the valve core is reset to the middle stop position, and the liquid manure sliding pipe 94 keeps the current state. After the deep fertilizing operation is completed, the valve core is switched to the reversing position, compressed air enters the lower end of the cylinder 93, air at the lower end of the cylinder 93 is discharged into the atmosphere, and the water and fertilizer sliding pipe 94 is retracted.
In a preferred embodiment, as shown in fig. 7, a buffer height 14 is provided between the air inlet and the limit position of the cylinder 93, the buffer height 14 is provided for buffering when the liquid manure sliding pipe 94 approaches the limit position, and air guide grooves 96 are provided on the side wall and the bottom wall between the air inlet and the end of the cylinder 93, and the air guide grooves 96 are used for guiding compressed air into the cylinder 93 without being blocked by the piston 95.
In a preferred scheme, as shown in fig. 1 and 2, plant sensors 3 are arranged on two sides of a vehicle frame 1, preferably photoelectric sensors are adopted, plants are judged through light and shade change of light or through image recognition, the traveling of a traveling device is controlled through the plant sensors 3, for example, the vehicle is stopped before the plants needing deep water and fertilizer application, the traveling device is also used for controlling the work of a water and fertilizer device 9 carried on the vehicle frame 1, and the extension and the water and fertilizer supply of a water and fertilizer sliding pipe 94 can be automatically controlled through controlling an electromagnetic valve 5 and a pump 11.
The controller 16 is further provided, and the controller 16 is provided with a handle and a button and is used for controlling the running of the vehicle, the operation of the liquid spraying gun 7 and the operation of the liquid fertilizer device 9. In another alternative, the controller 16 of the present invention can be replaced by a remote controller due to the electric driving, the controller 16 can be mounted on the frame 1, or can be manually operated outside the frame 1, and the controller 16 can also be a mobile phone. The master control device is arranged to automatically stop when it fails to receive a signal sent by the controller 16.
The control structure of the invention is as shown in fig. 8 and 9, when in use, the fuel engine in the power device 4 is started firstly, the fuel engine drives the generator to generate electricity and stores the electricity into the battery 13, the liquid level sensor performs self-detection to detect the liquid level in the liquid storage tank 12, and if the liquid level is insufficient, the control structure gives an alarm to the main control device, and the liquid level sensor is preferably a floating ball type liquid level sensor. Preferably, the master control device adopts a PLC, and optionally a single chip microcomputer, such as an STM32F series single chip microcomputer, can also be adopted. Liquid is manually added into the liquid storage tank 12 through a pipeline and a pump 11, and the liquid comprises prepared pesticide and water fertilizer. Preferably, multiple chambers are provided in reservoir 12, with different fluids being pumped by switching of the lines. The pressure sensor performs self-checking to detect the pressure in the air compressor 8, and gives an alarm if the pressure is insufficient, and the motor of the air compressor 8 is started by manual control to supplement compressed air for the air compressor 8. The controller 16 controls the action of the driving wheel 21 of the walking device 2, and preferably, the controller 16 is provided with two handles which respectively control a driving motor of the driving wheel 21, push-up controls the corresponding motor to move forward and accelerate, and push-down controls the corresponding motor to move backward and accelerate. Thereby conveniently and accurately controlling the walking device 2 to walk. Conventional steering wheel tip-in and brake pedal modes of operation may also be employed. When the vehicle runs to a position needing pumping and spraying, the controller 16 is operated to start the pump 11, the liquid spraying gun 7 is aligned to the spraying position, and the valve of the pipeline is switched on and off, so that pumping and spraying can be realized. At this time, the vehicle can be controlled to continue to travel by using the mobile phone as a controller, and the operator controls the liquid spraying gun 7 to spray. The walking speed during spraying is limited to 5-10 km/h. By adopting air-assisted spraying, the spray nozzle 73 of the liquid spray gun 7 needs to be replaced, the pipeline is connected with the air compressor 8, the pesticide is filled into the pesticide bottle 74, and air-assisted spraying is realized through the siphon atomization effect of compressed air. The liquid manure device 9 is convenient for realizing automatic control, when the plant sensor 3 detects a plant, such as a trunk of a fruit tree, the traveling device 2 stops after traveling for a certain distance at a reduced speed according to a preset distance, so that the liquid manure sliding pipe 94 of the liquid manure device 9 is obliquely and downwards aligned with soil near the plant, the main control device controls the electromagnetic valve 5 to act, compressed air enters the cylinder 93, the pressure of the air compressor 8 is set to be more than 0.6 MPa, the front end of the liquid manure sliding pipe 94 is provided with a tip, the tip is provided with a plurality of liquid discharge holes, the liquid manure sliding pipe 94 penetrates into the soil under the pushing of the compressed air, and the action of the electromagnetic valve 5 is kept. The master control unit controls the pump to start for a period of time to pump the liquid manure in the liquid storage tank 12 into the liquid manure sliding pipe 94 and into the soil. The pumping amount is controlled by a preset time. After the pumping is finished, the master control device controls the electromagnetic valve 5 to act, so that the water and fertilizer sliding pipe 94 retracts, the one-time water and fertilizer deep application operation is finished, and the vehicle continues to move to the next operation site.
The above-described embodiments are merely preferred embodiments of the present invention, and should not be construed as limiting the present invention, and features in the embodiments and examples in the present application may be arbitrarily combined with each other without conflict. The protection scope of the present invention is defined by the claims, and includes equivalents of technical features of the claims. I.e., equivalent alterations and modifications within the scope hereof, are also intended to be within the scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a gardens management machinery platform system for mountain area which characterized by: the crawler type crawler belt type traveling device comprises a frame (1), wherein a traveling device (2) is arranged below the frame (1), and the traveling device is a combination of a crawler belt driving structure and a follow-up wheel (25);
the power device (4) is arranged on the frame (1), the power device (4) comprises a fuel engine, a generator and a battery, the fuel engine drives the generator, and the generator supplies power for the battery.
2. The garden management machine platform system for mountainous areas, according to claim 1, wherein: the crawler driving structure is a triangular crawler structure, the driving wheel (21) is positioned at the top, the two driven wheels (24) are positioned at the bottom, an elastic suspension (22) is arranged between the driven wheels (24) and the frame (1), and the crawler (23) bypasses the driving wheel (21) and the driven wheels (24);
each driving wheel (21) is separately connected with the motor directly or through a speed changer.
3. The garden management machine platform system for mountainous areas, according to claim 2, wherein: the motor is a hub motor arranged in the driving wheel (21).
4. The garden management machine platform system for mountainous areas, according to claim 1, wherein: a liquid storage tank (12) is arranged on the frame (1), a pump (11) and a liquid spraying gun (7) are further arranged, the pump (11) is electrically connected with a battery, an inlet of the pump (11) is connected with the liquid storage tank (12) through a pipeline, and an outlet of the pump (11) is connected with the liquid spraying gun (7) through a pipeline.
5. The garden management machine platform system for mountainous areas, according to claim 1, wherein: be equipped with hydrojet rifle (7) on frame (1), still be equipped with air compressor machine (8), air compressor machine (8) are connected with the battery electricity, and the blast pipe of air compressor machine (8) is connected with hydrojet rifle (7), is equipped with fog nozzle (73) at the front end of hydrojet rifle (7), and one side of fog nozzle (73) is equipped with straw (75), and straw (75) are located medicine bottle (74).
6. A garden management machine platform system for mountainous areas, according to claim 4 or 5, wherein: a vertical rod (61) is arranged on the frame (1), a universal platform (6) is arranged at the end of the vertical rod (61), and a liquid spray gun (7) is arranged on the universal platform (6);
the structure of the universal platform (6) is as follows: horizontal turntable (62) are connected with the top of pole setting (61), and horizontal turntable (62) include two disk bodies that can rotate relatively, and horizontal turntable (62) top is equipped with articulated seat (63), and articulated seat (63) are connected with hydrojet rifle (7).
7. The garden management machine platform system for mountainous areas, according to claim 1, wherein: the water and fertilizer storage device is characterized in that a liquid storage tank (12) and a pump (11) are arranged on a frame (1), a water and fertilizer device (9) is further arranged on at least one side of the frame (1), the water and fertilizer device (9) comprises a cylinder body (93), a slidable water and fertilizer sliding pipe (94) is arranged in the cylinder body (93), the water and fertilizer sliding pipe (94) penetrates through end covers at two ends of the cylinder body (93) and forms sliding seal with the end covers, a piston (95) is arranged on the water and fertilizer sliding pipe (94), the piston (95) is in sliding seal with the cylinder body (93), the cylinder body (93) is connected with an electromagnetic valve (5) through a pipeline, the electromagnetic valve (5) is connected with the cylinder body (93) through a pipeline and used for driving the water and fertilizer sliding pipe (94);
the liquid fertilizer sliding pipe (94) is connected with a liquid outlet of the pump (11) through a pipeline, and a liquid inlet of the pump (11) is connected with the liquid storage tank (12).
8. The garden management machine platform system for mountainous areas, according to claim 7, wherein: the electromagnetic valve (5) is a three-position valve, one position is a through position, the other position is a reversing position, the middle position is a stopping position, one end of the electromagnetic valve (5) is connected with the air inlets at the two ends of the cylinder body (93), and the other end of the electromagnetic valve is connected with the first air pipe (81) and the atmosphere.
9. The garden management machine platform system for mountainous areas, according to claim 8, wherein: a buffer height (14) is arranged between the air inlet and the limit position of the cylinder body (93), and air guide grooves (96) are formed in the side wall and the bottom wall between the air inlet and the end of the cylinder body (93).
10. The garden management mechanical platform system for mountainous areas as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein: plant sensors (3) are arranged on two sides of the frame (1), and the walking of the walking device is controlled through the plant sensors (3) and the water and fertilizer device (9) carried on the frame (1) is also controlled to work.
CN202010178600.2A 2020-03-14 2020-03-14 A gardens management mechanical platform system for mountain area Pending CN111264110A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010178600.2A CN111264110A (en) 2020-03-14 2020-03-14 A gardens management mechanical platform system for mountain area

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010178600.2A CN111264110A (en) 2020-03-14 2020-03-14 A gardens management mechanical platform system for mountain area

Publications (1)

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CN112273090A (en) * 2020-11-13 2021-01-29 宣晓永 Height-adjustable forest pest control infusion set
CN114097389A (en) * 2021-11-22 2022-03-01 昆明理工大学 Device for preventing and treating sweetsop root rot

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