CN111015749A - PCB (printed circuit board) splitting device for electronic product and working method thereof - Google Patents

PCB (printed circuit board) splitting device for electronic product and working method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111015749A
CN111015749A CN201911379701.XA CN201911379701A CN111015749A CN 111015749 A CN111015749 A CN 111015749A CN 201911379701 A CN201911379701 A CN 201911379701A CN 111015749 A CN111015749 A CN 111015749A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pcb
drives
rod
motor
plate
Prior art date
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Granted
Application number
CN201911379701.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111015749B (en
Inventor
王大榕
汪建军
辛园庆
王星
王婷
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Ma'anshan Yuanchen Network Technology Co Ltd
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Ma'anshan Yuanchen Network Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201911379701.XA priority Critical patent/CN111015749B/en
Publication of CN111015749A publication Critical patent/CN111015749A/en
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Publication of CN111015749B publication Critical patent/CN111015749B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D1/00Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor
    • B26D1/01Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work
    • B26D1/04Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work having a linearly-movable cutting member
    • B26D1/06Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work having a linearly-movable cutting member wherein the cutting member reciprocates
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D7/00Details of apparatus for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D7/01Means for holding or positioning work
    • B26D7/02Means for holding or positioning work with clamping means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D7/00Details of apparatus for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D7/20Cutting beds

Abstract

The invention discloses a PCB board splitting device for electronic products and a working method thereof. According to the PCB fixing device, the first cylinder piston rod pushes the connecting plate downwards, the second cylinder piston rod pushes the right-angle block to drive the connecting rod on the fixing block to contact the upper surface of the PCB, the first cylinder continues to push downwards, the connecting rod descends to extrude the PCB, then the spring on the connecting rod contracts, meanwhile, the second cylinder piston rod pushes the right-angle block, the four right-angle blocks clamp the two sides of the PCB, the PCB is fixed, and the technical problem that the top and the side of the PCB cannot be fixed simultaneously due to the fact that the PCB needs to be fixed manually when the PCB is divided in the prior art is solved.

Description

PCB (printed circuit board) splitting device for electronic product and working method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of PCB processing, in particular to a PCB splitting device for an electronic product and a working method thereof.
Background
PCB boards, also known as printed circuit boards, are providers of electrical connections for electronic components. PCB board dividers, that is, circuit board dividers, are widely used in the electronic product manufacturing industry. Because the traditional manual plate folding method has strong stress and serious influence on the product quality, the manual plate folding is basically replaced by machine plate splitting.
Patent document (201811088580.9) discloses a PCB board separator, this board separator uses the circular knife to cut V groove, use milling cutter to mill stamp hole, make two processes accomplish on same station of an equipment, need not change equipment or station and process, the input of time cost and equipment has been saved, this board separator board uses the preceding operating personnel of needs people to push milling cutter below with the PCB board, PCB board separator board ware can not carry out effectual fixed to the PCB board when the board separator simultaneously, it just can obtain certain fixed to need operating personnel to press the PCB board, it is horizontal to the PCB board when PCB board separator usually, vertically all carry out the board separator and handle, this board separator folk prescription needs operating personnel to rotate the PCB board after cutting, rotation angle is difficult to hold, degree of automation is low simultaneously.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a PCB board separating device for an electronic product and a working method thereof, and solves the following technical problems: (1) the connecting seat is driven by the output shaft of the first motor through the first lead screw to move at the bottom of the base, the connecting seat drives the metal shell to move towards the direction through the fixing strip, and then the metal shell drives the supporting plate to move so as to freely enter and exit from and out of the side frame, so that the technical problem that an operator needs to manually push the PCB into the position below the board dividing cutter before the PCB is divided in the prior art is solved; (2) the fifth screw rod is driven to rotate through a fifth motor output shaft, the fifth screw rod drives one side connecting side plate to descend through a nut, the connecting side plate drives the other side connecting side plate to descend through a connecting strip, the two connecting side plates extend to descend through a vertical rod, then the two connecting strips drive two first air cylinders to descend, a first air cylinder piston rod pushes a connecting plate downwards, a second air cylinder piston rod pushes a right-angle block, a connecting rod on a fixing block is driven to contact the upper surface of the PCB, the first air cylinders continue to push downwards, the connecting rod descends to extrude the PCB, then a spring on the connecting rod contracts, meanwhile, the second air cylinder piston rod pushes the right-angle block, the four right-angle blocks clamp the two sides of the PCB, and the PCB is fixed, and the technical problem that the PCB needs to be fixed manually when being divided in the prior art and the top and the side; (3) pass through the belt pulley through the second motor output shaft, the belt drives the transfer line and rotates, the transfer line drives second bevel gear through first bevel gear and rotates, second bevel gear drives the initiative driver plate through the initiative axostylus axostyle and rotates, the initiative driver plate drives four groove sheaves and rotates 90, four groove sheaves drive the backup pad through driven axostylus axostyle and rotate 90, and then the PCB board after the cutting is rotatory 90, rotatory back first cylinder, the second cylinder repeats above-mentioned fixed method and fixes the PCB board, it is horizontal to divide the board to solve among the prior art, it is rotatory to need the people to be rotatory with the PCB board when vertical cutting is rotatory, rotation angle is not easy.
The purpose of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme:
a PCB board splitting device for electronic products comprises a base, a side frame and an installation box, wherein the side frame is installed on the base, the installation box is installed on the side frame, a metal shell is movably installed above the base, a transmission rod is arranged in the metal shell in a rotating mode, a first bevel gear is sleeved on the transmission rod, a second bevel gear is connected to one side of the first bevel gear in a meshed mode, the second bevel gear is sleeved on a driving shaft rod, a driving plate is further sleeved on the driving shaft rod, one side of the driving plate is connected with a four-groove sheave in a transmission mode, the four-groove sheave is sleeved on the outer circumferential surface of a driven shaft rod, the top of the driven shaft rod penetrates through the top wall of the metal shell and is connected with the;
the mounting box comprises a mounting box inner cavity, a moving frame, a lifting plate, connecting columns, a separating plate cutter, four vertical rods, two connecting side plates, a nut transmission connecting plate, a fifth motor, a second cylinder, right-angle blocks, fixing blocks and a motor, wherein the moving frame is slidably mounted at the bottom of the mounting box inner cavity, the lifting plate is slidably mounted on the moving frame, the connecting columns are mounted at the bottom of the lifting plate, the bottom of each connecting column penetrates through the mounting box bottom and is provided with the separating plate cutter, the inner walls of the two sides of the side frame are symmetrically provided with the four vertical rods, the four vertical rods are slidably mounted on the four vertical rods, one connecting side plate is connected with the two connecting side plates through the nut transmission, the top of each connecting side plate is connected with the fifth lead screw, the fifth motor is mounted on the side frame, the two connecting bars are mounted, the movable through has the connecting rod on the fixed block, still the cover is equipped with the spring on the connecting rod, the spring sets up in the fixed block below.
Further, a first motor is installed at the bottom of the base through a motor fixing seat, a first motor output shaft is connected with a first screw rod through a belt pulley and a belt in a transmission mode, a connecting seat is connected to the first screw rod through a nut in a transmission mode, and the connecting seat is connected to the bottom of the base in a sliding mode.
Further, two waist-shaped holes are formed in the base and are parallel to each other, two fixing strips are fixedly mounted at the top of the connecting seat, the two fixing strips penetrate through the two waist-shaped holes in a movable mode, and the two fixing strips are fixedly connected to the bottom of the metal shell.
Furthermore, a third motor is installed in the metal shell, an output shaft of the third motor is connected with a third lead screw through a belt pulley and a belt in a transmission mode, and the peripheral surface of the third lead screw is connected with the bottom of the movable frame through a nut in a transmission mode.
Furthermore, a fourth motor is installed on one side of the moving frame, an output shaft of the fourth motor is connected with a fourth screw rod through a belt pulley and a belt in a transmission mode, and the peripheral face of the fourth screw rod is connected with one side of the lifting plate through a nut in a transmission mode.
Furthermore, a second motor is installed in the metal shell, and an output shaft of the second motor is connected with a transmission rod through a belt pulley and a belt in a transmission manner.
Furthermore, the first bevel gear and the second bevel gear are perpendicular to each other, and the driving shaft lever and the driven shaft lever are rotatably installed at the bottom of the inner cavity of the metal shell.
Furthermore, a stop block is installed at the top of the connecting rod and arranged above the fixing block.
Further, an operating method of the PCB board separation device for the electronic product includes the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: the first motor output shaft drives the connecting seat to move at the bottom of the base through the first lead screw, the connecting seat drives the metal shell to move towards the outside of the side frame through the fixing strip, then the metal shell drives the supporting plate to move to the outside of the side frame, an operator places the PCB on the supporting plate, the first motor drives the supporting plate to return to the lower part of the installation box;
step two: a fifth motor output shaft drives a fifth lead screw to rotate, the fifth lead screw drives one side connecting side plate to descend through a nut, the connecting side plate drives the other side connecting side plate to descend through a connecting strip, the two connecting side plates extend to descend through a vertical rod, then the two connecting strips drive the two first air cylinders to descend, a first air cylinder piston rod pushes a connecting plate downwards, a second air cylinder piston rod pushes a right-angle block, a connecting rod on a fixing block is driven to contact the upper surface of the PCB, the first air cylinder continues to push downwards, the connecting rod descends to extrude the PCB, a spring on the connecting rod contracts, meanwhile, the second air cylinder piston rod pushes the right-angle block, the four right-angle blocks clamp the two sides of the PCB, and;
step three: a fourth motor output shaft passes through a belt pulley, a belt drives a fourth screw rod to rotate, the fourth screw rod drives a lifting plate to descend on a movable frame through a nut, and then a connecting column drives a board dividing cutter to descend to one side of a PCB (printed circuit board), the third motor output shaft drives the movable frame to move horizontally in the installation box through a third screw rod, and then drives the board dividing cutter to move horizontally to cut the PCB, a first air cylinder and a second air cylinder piston rod shrink after unilateral cutting, the cut PCB is not fixed, the second motor output shaft drives a transmission rod to rotate through the belt pulley and the belt, the transmission rod drives a second bevel gear to rotate through a first bevel gear, the second bevel gear drives a driving drive plate to rotate through a driving shaft rod, the driving drive plate drives a four-groove sheave to rotate 90 degrees, the four-groove sheave drives a support plate to rotate 90 degrees through a driven shaft rod, and, and after the rotation, the first cylinder and the second cylinder repeat the fixing method to fix the PCB, and then the PCB is cut.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
(1) according to the PCB dividing device for the electronic product and the working method thereof, the first motor output shaft drives the connecting seat to move at the bottom of the base through the first lead screw, the connecting seat drives the metal shell to move towards through the fixing strip, and then the metal shell drives the supporting plate to move so as to freely enter and exit from the side frame;
(2) the fifth motor output shaft drives the fifth screw rod to rotate, the fifth screw rod drives one side connecting side plate to descend through a nut, the connecting side plate drives the other side connecting side plate to descend through a connecting strip, the two connecting side plates extend to descend through a vertical rod, then the two connecting strips drive two first air cylinders to descend, a first air cylinder piston rod pushes a connecting plate downwards, a second air cylinder piston rod pushes a right-angle block, a connecting rod on a fixing block is driven to contact the upper surface of the PCB, the first air cylinder continues to push downwards, the connecting rod descends to extrude the PCB, further, a spring on the connecting rod contracts, meanwhile, the second air cylinder piston rod pushes the right-angle block, the four right-angle blocks clamp the two sides of the PCB, the PCB is fixed, through the arrangement, the PCB is convenient to fix before board splitting, meanwhile, the clamping of the four right-angle blocks does not influence the board splitting process of a splitting cutter on the PCB, and meanwhile, the board splitting, the top of the PCB is effectively fixed through the design of the connecting rod and the spring, the fixing effect is good, and the supporting plate can not be influenced to enter and exit from the side frame before the PCB is fixed;
(3) a fourth motor output shaft passes through a belt pulley, a belt drives a fourth screw rod to rotate, the fourth screw rod drives a lifting plate to descend on a movable frame through a nut, and then a connecting column drives a board dividing cutter to descend to one side of a PCB (printed circuit board), the third motor output shaft drives the movable frame to move horizontally in the installation box through a third screw rod, and then drives the board dividing cutter to move horizontally to cut the PCB, a first air cylinder and a second air cylinder piston rod shrink after unilateral cutting, the cut PCB is not fixed, the second motor output shaft drives a transmission rod to rotate through the belt pulley and the belt, the transmission rod drives a second bevel gear to rotate through a first bevel gear, the second bevel gear drives a driving drive plate to rotate through a driving shaft rod, the driving drive plate drives a four-groove sheave to rotate 90 degrees, the four-groove sheave drives a support plate to rotate 90 degrees through a driven shaft rod, and, after the PCB is rotated, the first cylinder and the second cylinder are used for fixing the PCB repeatedly by the fixing method, then the PCB is cut, through the arrangement, the supporting plate can drive the PCB to rotate, the rotation angle is 90 degrees, the rotation angle is fixed and accurate every time, and the transverse and longitudinal board splitting of the PCB is met.
Drawings
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a PCB board splitting device for an electronic product according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a bottom view of the base of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a view showing the internal structure of the metal shell according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a side view of FIG. 3 of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a view of the internal structure of the mounting box of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a rear view of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is an installation view of the connection plate of the present invention;
fig. 8 is an installation view of a fifth motor of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a base; 2. a side frame; 3. installing a box; 4. a first motor; 5. a first lead screw; 6. a connecting seat; 61. a fixing strip; 7. a waist-shaped hole; 8. a metal shell; 9. a second motor; 10. a transmission rod; 11. a first bevel gear; 12. a second bevel gear; 13. an active drive plate; 131. an active shaft lever; 14. four groove grooved wheels; 15. a driven shaft lever; 16. a third motor; 17. a third screw rod; 18. a movable frame; 19. a fourth motor; 20. a fourth screw rod; 21. a lifting plate; 22. a fifth motor; 23. a fifth screw rod; 24. connecting the side plates; 25. erecting a rod; 26. a connecting strip; 27. a first cylinder; 28. a connecting plate; 29. a second cylinder; 30. a right-angle block; 31. a fixed block; 32. a connecting rod; 33. a support plate; 34. connecting columns; 35. a board splitting cutter; 36. a stopper; 37. a spring.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-8, the present invention is a PCB board separating device for electronic products, including a base 1, a side frame 2, and an installation box 3, wherein the side frame 2 is installed on the base 1, the installation box 3 is installed on the side frame 2, a metal shell 8 is movably installed above the base 1, a transmission rod 10 is rotatably installed in the metal shell 8, the transmission rod 10 is sleeved with a first bevel gear 11, one side of the first bevel gear 11 is engaged with a second bevel gear 12, the second bevel gear 12 is sleeved on a driving shaft 131, the driving shaft 131 is further sleeved with a driving dial 13, one side of the driving dial 13 is in transmission connection with a four-slot sheave 14, the four-slot sheave 14 is sleeved on the outer circumferential surface of a driven shaft 15, the top of the driven shaft 15 penetrates through the top wall of the metal shell 8 and is connected with the bottom of;
a moving frame 18 is slidably mounted at the bottom of an inner cavity of the mounting box 3, a lifting plate 21 is slidably mounted on the moving frame 18, a connecting column 34 is mounted at the bottom of the lifting plate 21, a plate dividing cutter 35 is mounted at the bottom of the connecting column 34, four upright posts 25 are symmetrically mounted on the inner walls of two sides of the side frame 2, two connecting side plates 24 are slidably mounted on the four upright posts 25, one connecting side plate 24 is connected with a fifth screw rod 23 through nut transmission, the top of the fifth screw rod 23 is connected with an output shaft of a fifth motor 22, the fifth motor 22 is mounted on the side frame 2, two connecting strips 26 are mounted between the two connecting side plates 24, two first air cylinders 27 are fixedly mounted between the two connecting strips 26, the end parts of piston rods of the first air cylinders 27 are connected with the upper surface of a connecting plate 28, second air cylinders 29 are mounted on two sides of the, the fixed block 31 is installed to right-angle piece 30 one side, and the activity runs through on the fixed block 31 has connecting rod 32, still overlaps on the connecting rod 32 to be equipped with spring 37, and spring 37 sets up in the fixed block 31 below.
Specifically, first motor 4 is installed through the motor fixing base in base 1 bottom, and first motor 4 output shaft is connected with first lead screw 5 through belt pulley, belt transmission, is connected with connecting seat 6 through the nut transmission on the first lead screw 5, and connecting seat 6 sliding connection base 1 bottom. Two waist shape holes 7 have been seted up on base 1, two mutual parallel arrangement in waist shape hole 7, and 6 top fixed mounting of connecting seat has two fixed strips 61, and two waist shape holes 7 are run through in two fixed strip 61 activities, and 8 bottoms of two equal fixed connection metal shells of fixed strip 61. A third motor 16 is arranged in the metal shell 8, an output shaft of the third motor 16 is connected with a third screw rod 17 through belt pulleys and a belt in a transmission way, and the peripheral surface of the third screw rod 17 is connected with the bottom of a movable frame 18 through a nut in a transmission way. A fourth motor 19 is arranged on one side of the movable frame 18, an output shaft of the fourth motor 19 is connected with a fourth screw rod 20 through belt pulleys and belt transmission, and the peripheral surface of the fourth screw rod 20 is connected with one side of a lifting plate 21 through nut transmission. A second motor 9 is arranged in the metal shell 8, and an output shaft of the second motor 9 is connected with a transmission rod 10 through a belt pulley and a belt in a transmission way. The first bevel gear 11 and the second bevel gear 12 are perpendicular to each other, and the driving shaft 131 and the driven shaft 15 are rotatably mounted at the bottom of the inner cavity of the metal shell 8. The top of the connecting rod 32 is provided with a stop block 36, and the stop block 36 is arranged above the fixing block 31. An operating method of a PCB board splitting device for an electronic product comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: an output shaft of a first motor 4 drives a connecting seat 6 to move at the bottom of a base 1 through a first screw rod 5, the connecting seat 6 drives a metal shell 8 to move towards the outside of a side frame 2 through a fixing strip 61, then the metal shell 8 drives a supporting plate 33 to move to the outside of the side frame 2, an operator places a PCB on the supporting plate 33, the first motor 4 drives the supporting plate 33 to return to the position below an installation box 3;
step two: an output shaft of a fifth motor 22 drives a fifth screw rod 23 to rotate, the fifth screw rod 23 drives a connecting side plate 24 on one side to descend through a nut, the connecting side plate 24 drives a connecting side plate 24 on the other side to descend through a connecting strip 26, the two connecting side plates 24 extend to descend through a vertical rod 25, then the two connecting strips 26 drive two first air cylinders 27 to descend, piston rods of the first air cylinders 27 downwards push a connecting plate 28, piston rods of second air cylinders 29 push right-angle blocks 30, connecting rods 32 on a fixing block 31 are driven to contact the upper surface of a PCB, the first air cylinders 27 continue to push downwards, the connecting rods 32 descend to extrude the PCB, then springs 37 on the connecting rods 32 contract, meanwhile, piston rods of the second air cylinders 29 push the right-angle blocks 30, the four right-angle blocks 30 clamp two sides;
step three: an output shaft of a fourth motor 19 drives a fourth screw rod 20 to rotate through a belt pulley and a belt, the fourth screw rod 20 drives a lifting plate 21 to descend on a movable frame 18 through a nut, and further drives a board splitting cutter 35 to descend to one side of a PCB through a connecting column 34, an output shaft of a third motor 16 drives the movable frame 18 to horizontally move in an installation box 3 through a third screw rod 17, so as to drive the board splitting cutter 35 to horizontally move to cut the PCB, piston rods of a first air cylinder 27 and a second air cylinder 27 shrink after unidirectional cutting, the cut PCB is not fixed, an output shaft of a second motor 9 drives a transmission rod 10 to rotate through the belt pulley and the belt, the transmission rod 10 drives a second bevel gear 12 to rotate through a first bevel gear 11, the second bevel gear 12 drives a driving dial 13 to rotate through a driving shaft rod 131, the driving dial 13 drives a four-groove sheave 14 to rotate 90 degrees, the four-groove sheave 14 drives a support plate 33 to, and then the cut PCB rotates 90 degrees, after the rotation, the first air cylinder 27 and the second air cylinder 27 repeat the fixing method to fix the PCB, and then the PCB is cut.
Please refer to fig. 1-8:
an output shaft of the first motor 4 drives the connecting seat 6 to move at the bottom of the base 1 through the first screw rod 5, the connecting seat 6 drives the metal shell 8 to move through the fixing strip 61, and then the metal shell 8 drives the supporting plate 33 to freely enter and exit from the side frame 2, so that an operator can place a PCB on the supporting plate conveniently without stretching hands into the side frame, and the operation convenience of a PCB dividing process is improved;
the clamping of the four right-angle blocks 30 does not affect the board dividing process of the board dividing cutter 35 on the PCB, meanwhile, the board dividing device can fix PCBs with different thicknesses, the top of the PCB is effectively fixed through the design of the connecting rod 32 and the spring 37, the fixing effect is good, and the supporting plate is not affected to enter or exit from the side frame 2 before the PCB is fixed;
the output shaft of the second motor 9 passes through a belt pulley, a belt drives the transmission rod 10 to rotate, the transmission rod 10 drives the second bevel gear 12 to rotate through the first bevel gear 11, the second bevel gear 12 drives the driving dial 13 to rotate through the driving shaft rod 131, the driving dial 13 drives the four-groove grooved pulley 14 to rotate by 90 degrees, the four-groove grooved pulley 14 drives the supporting plate 33 to rotate by 90 degrees through the driven shaft rod 15, further, the cut PCB rotates by 90 degrees, the first cylinder 27 and the second cylinder 27 after rotation are used for fixing the PCB by repeating the fixing method, then cutting is carried out, through the setting, the supporting plate 33 can drive the PCB to rotate, the rotation angle is 90 degrees at every time, the fixing and the accuracy are realized, and the transverse and longitudinal board.
The foregoing is merely exemplary and illustrative of the present invention and various modifications, additions and substitutions may be made by those skilled in the art to the specific embodiments described without departing from the scope of the invention as defined in the following claims.

Claims (9)

1. A PCB board distributing device for electronic products is characterized by comprising a base (1), side frames (2) and an installation box (3), wherein the side frames (2) are installed on the base (1), the installation box (3) is installed on the side frames (2), a metal shell (8) is movably installed above the base (1), a transmission rod (10) is arranged in the metal shell (8) in a rotating mode, a first bevel gear (11) is sleeved on the transmission rod (10), a second bevel gear (12) is connected to one side of the first bevel gear (11) in a meshing mode, the second bevel gear (12) is sleeved on a driving shaft rod (131), a driving dial plate (13) is further sleeved on the driving shaft rod (131), one side of the driving dial plate (13) is connected with four groove sheaves (14) in a driving mode, the four groove sheaves (14) are sleeved on the outer peripheral face of a driven shaft rod (15), the top of the driven shaft lever (15) penetrates through the top wall of the metal shell (8) and is connected with the bottom of the supporting plate (33), and the mounting box (3) is arranged above the supporting plate (33);
install movable rack (18) bottom the inner chamber of install bin (3), slidable mounting has lifter plate (21) on movable rack (18), spliced pole (34) is installed to lifter plate (21) bottom, spliced pole (34) bottom runs through install bin (3) bottom and installs branch board cutter (35), four pole setting (25) are installed to side bearer (2) both sides inner wall symmetry, slidable mounting has two and connects curb plate (24) on four pole setting (25), and one of them is connected curb plate (24) and is connected fifth lead screw (23) through the nut transmission, the output shaft of fifth motor (22) is connected at fifth lead screw (23) top, fifth motor (22) are installed on side bearer (2), install two connecting strip (26) between two connecting curb plate (24), and fixed mounting has two first cylinders (27) between two connecting strip (26), first cylinder (27) piston rod end connection connecting plate (28) upper surface, second cylinder (29) are all installed to connecting plate (28) bottom both sides, second cylinder (29) piston rod end connection has right angle piece (30), fixed block (31) are installed to right angle piece (30) one side, the activity runs through on fixed block (31) has connecting rod (32), it is equipped with spring (37) still to overlap on connecting rod (32), spring (37) set up in fixed block (31) below.
2. The PCB splitting device for the electronic product as claimed in claim 1, wherein a first motor (4) is installed at the bottom of the base (1) through a motor fixing seat, an output shaft of the first motor (4) is connected with a first screw rod (5) through a belt pulley and a belt transmission, a connecting seat (6) is connected to the first screw rod (5) through a nut transmission, and the connecting seat (6) is slidably connected to the bottom of the base (1).
3. The PCB splitting device for the electronic product as claimed in claim 2, wherein the base (1) is provided with two waist-shaped holes (7), the two waist-shaped holes (7) are arranged in parallel, the top of the connecting seat (6) is fixedly provided with two fixing strips (61), the two fixing strips (61) movably penetrate through the two waist-shaped holes (7), and the two fixing strips (61) are fixedly connected with the bottom of the metal shell (8).
4. The PCB splitting device for electronic products of claim 1, wherein a third motor (16) is installed in the metal shell (8), an output shaft of the third motor (16) is connected with a third screw rod (17) through a belt pulley and a belt in a transmission way, and the outer peripheral surface of the third screw rod (17) is connected with the bottom of the movable frame (18) through a nut in a transmission way.
5. The PCB splitting device for electronic products of claim 1, wherein a fourth motor (19) is installed at one side of the moving frame (18), an output shaft of the fourth motor (19) is connected with a fourth screw rod (20) through a belt pulley and a belt in a transmission manner, and the outer peripheral surface of the fourth screw rod (20) is connected with one side of the lifting plate (21) through a nut in a transmission manner.
6. The PCB splitting device for electronic products of claim 1, wherein a second motor (9) is installed in the metal shell (8), and an output shaft of the second motor (9) is connected with a transmission rod (10) through a belt pulley and a belt transmission.
7. The PCB board splitting device for electronic products of claim 1, wherein the first bevel gear (11) and the second bevel gear (12) are perpendicular to each other, and the driving shaft (131) and the driven shaft (15) are rotatably mounted at the bottom of the inner cavity of the metal shell (8).
8. The PCB splitting device for electronic products of claim 1, wherein a stopper (36) is mounted on the top of the connecting rod (32), and the stopper (36) is disposed above the fixing block (31).
9. An operating method of a PCB board splitting device for an electronic product is characterized by comprising the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: an output shaft of a first motor (4) drives a connecting seat (6) to move at the bottom of a base (1) through a first screw rod (5), the connecting seat (6) drives a metal shell (8) to move towards the outside of a side frame (2) through a fixing strip (61), then the metal shell (8) drives a supporting plate (33) to move to the outside of the side frame (2), an operator places a PCB on the supporting plate (33), the first motor (4) drives the supporting plate (33) to return to the lower part of an installation box (3);
step two: an output shaft of a fifth motor (22) drives a fifth screw rod (23) to rotate, the fifth screw rod (23) drives a connecting side plate (24) at one side to descend through a nut, the connecting side plate (24) drives a connecting side plate (24) at the other side to descend through a connecting strip (26), the two connecting side plates (24) extend along a vertical rod (25) to descend, then the two connecting strips (26) drive two first air cylinders (27) to descend, piston rods of the first air cylinders (27) downwards push a connecting plate (28), piston rods of a second air cylinder (29) push right-angle blocks (30), a connecting rod (32) on a fixing block (31) is driven to contact the upper surface of a PCB, the first air cylinders (27) continue to downwards push, the connecting rod (32) descends to extrude the PCB, then springs (37) on the connecting rod (32) contract, meanwhile, piston rods of the second air cylinder (29) push the right-angle blocks (30), and the four right-angle, fixing the PCB;
step three: an output shaft of a fourth motor (19) drives a fourth screw rod (20) to rotate through a belt pulley and a belt, the fourth screw rod (20) drives a lifting plate (21) to descend on a movable frame (18) through a nut, and further drives a board splitting cutter (35) to descend to one side of a PCB (printed circuit board) through a connecting column (34), an output shaft of a third motor (16) drives the movable frame (18) to horizontally move in an installation box (3) through a third screw rod (17), so as to drive the board splitting cutter (35) to horizontally move to cut the PCB, piston rods of a first air cylinder (27) and a second air cylinder (27) contract after being cut in a single direction, the cut PCB is not fixed, an output shaft of a second motor (9) drives a transmission rod (10) to rotate through the belt pulley and the belt, the transmission rod (10) drives a second bevel gear (12) to rotate through a first bevel gear (11), the second bevel gear (12) drives a driving drive dial (13) to rotate through a driving, the driving dial (13) drives the four-groove grooved wheels (14) to rotate 90 degrees, the four-groove grooved wheels (14) drive the supporting plate (33) to rotate 90 degrees through the driven shaft rod (15), then the cut PCB rotates 90 degrees, and the first cylinder (27) and the second cylinder (27) are fixed by repeating the fixing method after rotation and then cut.
CN201911379701.XA 2019-12-27 2019-12-27 PCB (printed circuit board) splitting device for electronic product and working method thereof Active CN111015749B (en)

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CN107186777A (en) * 2017-07-18 2017-09-22 刘宽 PCB cutting apparatus is used in a kind of electronic display production
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CN208428309U (en) * 2018-06-04 2019-01-25 深圳市天英达科技有限公司 A kind of circuit board cutter device
CN110319800A (en) * 2019-08-12 2019-10-11 安徽龙芯微科技有限公司 A kind of finished chip detection ultrasonic detection device and its detection method
CN209831765U (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-12-24 苏州杰力澳自动化设备有限公司 Feed type board separator

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH07314387A (en) * 1994-05-31 1995-12-05 Shin Etsu Polymer Co Ltd Cutter for printed circuit board
KR100740627B1 (en) * 2006-04-18 2007-07-18 이주영 Auto fixed jig of printed circuit board
CN204109035U (en) * 2014-08-22 2015-01-21 东莞市中之光电科技有限公司 LED circuit board strip cutting machine
CN204954927U (en) * 2015-09-19 2016-01-13 杭州里德通信有限公司 Feed formula pcb board divides trigger
CN107186777A (en) * 2017-07-18 2017-09-22 刘宽 PCB cutting apparatus is used in a kind of electronic display production
CN108466192A (en) * 2018-01-23 2018-08-31 东莞市圣荣自动化科技有限公司 A kind of pcb board detection fixed fixture
CN108544388A (en) * 2018-01-23 2018-09-18 东莞市圣荣自动化科技有限公司 One kind gripping formula pcb board detection fixed fixture
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CN110319800A (en) * 2019-08-12 2019-10-11 安徽龙芯微科技有限公司 A kind of finished chip detection ultrasonic detection device and its detection method

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