CN110984074A - Ecological protection device of side slope - Google Patents

Ecological protection device of side slope Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110984074A
CN110984074A CN201911379720.2A CN201911379720A CN110984074A CN 110984074 A CN110984074 A CN 110984074A CN 201911379720 A CN201911379720 A CN 201911379720A CN 110984074 A CN110984074 A CN 110984074A
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China
Prior art keywords
water
slope
protection
pipe
blade
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CN201911379720.2A
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CN110984074B (en
Inventor
谢晴
王君勤
高鹏
罗茂盛
樊毅
麻泽龙
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HYDRAULIC SCIENCE RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF SICHUAN PROVINCE
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HYDRAULIC SCIENCE RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF SICHUAN PROVINCE
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours
    • E02B3/12Revetment of banks, dams, watercourses, or the like, e.g. the sea-floor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B1/00Equipment or apparatus for, or methods of, general hydraulic engineering, e.g. protection of constructions against ice-strains

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of slope protection of side slopes, and discloses a side slope ecological protection device which comprises a plurality of side slope protection units arranged on side slopes, wherein each side slope protection unit comprises a water diversion mechanism and a protection grid; according to the slope ecological protection device provided by the invention, water flow in a river channel can be conveyed to the upper part of a slope through the pipeline, irrigation on larger area of slope protection plants on the slope can be better taken care of, the growth requirement of the slope protection plants is ensured, and thus a better slope protection effect is achieved.

Description

Ecological protection device of side slope
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of slope protection, in particular to a slope ecological protection device.
Background
The ecological slope protection is a hydrophilic engineering which shows the harmony of human beings and rivers, can fully embody the characteristics of water and biological diversity and localization, and the core is that the overall environment, safety and water resources around the riverway are comprehensively considered, and plants with developed root systems and strong soil fixing capacity are selected from slope protection plants on the riverway slope so as to prevent the river from washing the slope for a long time and accelerate the water and soil loss of the boundary skin. The drought resistance of slope protection plant that the usual was planted on the side slope is very strong, but the problem that exists is that this kind of slope protection plant does not endure waterlogging, therefore, the condition that river course rises water appears, rivers can submerge the slope protection plant on the side slope, and this kind of slope protection plant that does not endure waterlogging then is difficult to survive, the water level rises can influence the steadiness of side slope soil layer in addition, thereby cause soil erosion and water loss, the protection inefficacy, consequently, select to plant the plant of enduring waterlogging on the side slope, then can avoid the plant to be submerged for a long time and cause the condition of soil erosion and water loss, but this kind of plant of enduring waterlogging also can have the problem of not enduring drought, long-time lack of water also can influence the survival of this type slope.
Under the present circumstances, in order to guarantee the growth of the water-logging resistant plant on the side slope, then need guarantee to the on-time water supply of this type plant, when adopting traditional mode with water drainage to side slope top, because the pressure of rivers reduces along with pipeline length's extension gradually, consequently is difficult to accomplish the effect of evenly distributed rivers. In addition, traditional protection grid is cast in situ concrete's solid construction, and this kind of design is under the domatic unevenness of side slope's condition, and rivers can flow towards low department, consequently, then are difficult to reach the effect of watering to the bank protection plant of the domatic position of eminence side slope, are unfavorable for realizing the evenly distributed to rivers and the even watering to bank protection plant.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the problems in the prior art, the invention provides the side slope ecological protection device, which can convey water flow in a river channel to the upper part of a side slope through a pipeline, can better take care of watering larger-area slope protection plants on the side slope, ensures the growth requirements of the slope protection plants, and further achieves better slope protection effect.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows:
a side slope ecological protection device comprises a plurality of side slope protection units arranged on a side slope, wherein each side slope protection unit comprises a water diversion mechanism and a protection grid, a water supply mechanism for supplying water to the water diversion mechanism is arranged in a river channel, the water diversion mechanism comprises a water delivery pipe and a water distribution pipe, the water supply mechanism is arranged at the water inlet end of the water delivery pipe, the water delivery pipe is connected with the water distribution pipe after inclining upwards along the side slope until reaching the upper part of the protection grid, the water distribution pipe is a flexible plastic water pipe and inclines downwards towards the extending direction of the water distribution pipe, a plurality of water outlet seams are arranged on the water distribution pipe along the length direction of the water distribution pipe, and the water outlet seams are opposite to the protection grid below the water distribution pipe;
the protection grid is hollow structure, and hollow structure's protection grid's inside forms rivers distribution channel, be equipped with the water inlet with rivers distribution channel intercommunication on the protection grid, in water gap exhaust water flowed into rivers distribution channel through the water inlet, be equipped with the diffluence pass that communicates with rivers distribution channel on the inside wall in the grid groove that the protection grid formed.
Because a plurality of side slope protection units are uniformly arranged on the side slope according to the length of the side slope, the side slope protection units with corresponding quantity can be selected according to different side slopes to achieve the effect of protecting the whole side slope. Specifically, the slope protection unit comprises a water feeding mechanism, a water diversion mechanism and a protection grid, and the water feeding mechanism can guide water flow in a river channel to the upper part of the slope; diversion mechanism includes raceway and distributive pipe, it causes rivers to go up water mechanism, and import rivers to the distributive pipe that is located the protection grid top through the raceway, later export rivers through a plurality of play water gaps on the distributive pipe, realize the watering to the slope protection plant of the grid inslot of protection grid, therefore, to the slope protection plant of non-drought, the irrigation of slope protection plant on the side slope can be realized being to this design, can guarantee the growth of not drought-enduring slope protection plant, thereby improve the effect of bank protection, avoid influencing the steadiness of the soil layer of side slope because of the death of slope protection plant, cause the soil erosion and water loss of large tracts of land.
Because the distributive pipe inclines downwards towards the extending direction, better effect of evenly distributing water flow can be realized. Specifically, because rivers pass through the raceway and carry after the distributive pipe, the pressure of rivers reduces along with the extension of distributive pipe length gradually, and the distributive pipe is towards its extending direction downward sloping, can realize the regulation long to the drainage, also be promptly although the pressure of rivers can reduce along with the extension of distributive pipe length gradually, but the drainage is long can increase along with the extension of the length of distributive pipe, the watering of the bank protection plant of bigger area on the slope can better be taken care of to this kind of design.
The water diversion pipe is a flexible plastic water pipe, and a plurality of water outlet seams are arranged on the water diversion pipe along the length direction of the water diversion pipe, so that the blockage of the water diversion pipe can be avoided. Specifically, flexible plastics water pipe has certain flexible effect under hydraulic effect, and the play water seam is banding design, if flexible plastics water pipe blocks up, then the pressure in the pipeline can increase, and under the condition of pressure increase, the size in the regulation gap that gap department of play water seam also can be nature, under the condition that the play water seam propped big by water pressure, can be convenient for to the discharge of plastics water intraductal silt, avoid the jam of pipeline, guarantee the normal use of pipeline.
Because the traditional protection grating is a solid structure of cast-in-place concrete, under the condition that the slope surface of the side slope is not flat, the water flow can flow towards the lower part, therefore, the effect of irrigation is difficult to achieve for slope protection plants at the slope surface position of the side slope at high position, which is not beneficial to achieving the uniform distribution and uniform irrigation of the water flow, in order to achieve the uniform irrigation effect for the slope protection plants, in the design, the protection grating is designed to be a hollow structure, a water flow distribution channel is formed inside the protection grating with the hollow structure, a water inlet communicated with the water flow distribution channel is arranged at the upper end of the protection grating, water discharged from a water outlet seam of the water distribution pipe flows into the water flow distribution channel through the water inlet, then the water flow is uniformly distributed through a flow distribution hole arranged on the inner wall of a grating groove of the protection grating, and the water flow can achieve the uniform distribution effect for the, thereby further guaranteed the even watering to the slope protection plant of each protection grid's the grid inslot, the growth of assurance slope protection plant that can be better, the root system of slope protection plant is flourishing, and protection grid and slope protection plant form the bank protection network on the whole, have strengthened the protective effect to the slope body, and the domatic soil body is more firm.
To sum up, this technical scheme can carry the top to the side slope through the rivers in the pipeline with the river course, can be better take care of the watering to the bank protection plant of bigger area on the side slope, guaranteed the growth demand of bank protection plant to reach better bank protection effect.
Further, in order to reach better bank protection effect, the notch cuttype protection grid that protection grid is the notch cuttype from last to being down, and this design can promote the stability of ecological bank protection, also can play the effect of preventing soil erosion and water loss and improving ecological landscape simultaneously, and the notch cuttype protection grid intercepts the risk in order to reduce soil erosion and water loss and pollutant remittance river course step by step.
Further, in order to reach better water distribution effect, realize the watering to each grid inslot bank protection plant, notch cuttype protection grid is from last to including a plurality of retaining walls down, the length direction of retaining wall is unanimous with the length direction of side slope, form the grid groove between the retaining wall, the grid inslot is banked up and is planted slope protection plant, and every retaining wall is hollow structure, and the water distribution passageway is formed in the retaining wall, evenly be equipped with a plurality of diffluent orifices with water distribution passageway intercommunication along the length direction of retaining wall on the retaining wall.
Further, in order to avoid debris to get into the rivers distribution channel and lead to blockking up, the upper end of protection grid is equipped with the water receiving container, be equipped with the filter layer in the water receiving container, the lower part and the water inlet intercommunication of water receiving container, the filter layer realizes the filtration to rivers, and rivers after the filtration flow in to the rivers distribution channel, pass through the diffluence pass behind the rivers distribution channel and discharge rivers to each grid inslot, realize the watering to the bank protection plant.
Further, for better reinforcement is carried out to the soil body of side slope lowermost end, the lowermost end of side slope is provided with a plurality of precast concrete guest check net units along the length direction of side slope, is equipped with the guiding gutter between the precast concrete guest check net unit of adjacent, and the length direction of guiding gutter is downward.
It should be noted that, the same planting of the space department of precast concrete bin grid unit has the bank protection plant, guarantees the bank protection effect of side slope, and the design of guiding gutter is convenient for during the rainy season unnecessary water flows into the river along the slope.
Further, the water feeding mechanism comprises a pump body and a blade driving assembly, the water inlet end of the pump body is connected with a water inlet pipe, the water outlet end of the pump body is connected with a water pipe, the blade driving assembly comprises a blade hub, a blade device and a rotating shaft, the blade device is circumferentially and uniformly arranged on the blade hub, the rotating shaft is coaxially arranged with the blade hub, the blade device comprises a blade and an elastic piece, the blade is installed on the blade hub through the elastic piece, the water facing surface of the blade is opposite to the water flow direction, one end of the rotating shaft is fixedly connected with the blade hub, and the other end of the rotating shaft is connected with the power input end.
It is specific, realize the drive to the pump body through blade drive assembly, because blade drive assembly includes blade wheel hub, blade device and pivot, the upstream face of blade is just to the rivers direction, under the impact force of rivers, thereby the blade rotates and drives the pivot and rotate, thereby because the power take off end of pivot is connected with the power input end of the pump body, then under rivers driven effect, the drive of blade drive assembly to the pump body has been realized, the top of slope is carried with the rivers in the river course to utilization hydrodynamic force realization that can be fine, whole water delivery process relies on hydrodynamic force completely and need not energy consumption such as other electric energy, be fit for setting up in the side slope position, the realization is to the long-term protection of side slope.
It should be noted that, because the upstream face of blade is just to the rivers direction, the blade passes through the elastic component to be installed on blade wheel hub, also be the elastic component setting between the root of blade and blade wheel hub, under the great condition of rivers that rise, the blade can the backward buckling under the rivers impact force, avoid rivers too big to cause the damage to the blade, the life of blade drive assembly in the river course can be guaranteed in the design of this kind of blade device, avoid under the condition of rising, the blade drive assembly damages and influences subsequent use.
It should be noted that, under the condition of planting the bank protection plant of water logging tolerance characteristic on the side slope, meet the river course period of rising water, the bank protection plant on the side slope also does not have the condition of lack of water, consequently, even if blade drive assembly does not work because the water impact force is too big in this period can not influence the growth of bank protection plant yet.
It should be noted that the water feeding mechanism may also adopt other types of water pumps to guide the water flow in the river channel to the water diversion pipe, which is not limited herein.
Further, in order to reduce the setting of the number of the water feeding mechanisms and ensure better water flow conveying effect, the water guide mechanisms and the protective grids are symmetrically arranged on the side slopes on two sides of the river channel, the water feeding mechanisms are arranged in the middle of the river channel, the water outlet end of the pump body is connected with a water guide pipe, and the water inlet ends of the water conveying pipes symmetrically arranged on two sides of the river channel are connected with the water guide pipe.
The mode of simultaneously leading water to the side slopes on the two sides of the river channel from the middle of the river channel further reduces the design and installation cost of equipment, ensures the water flow speed in the middle of the river channel, can have enough power to drive the pump body, and realizes conveying the water flow in the river channel to the side slopes.
Furthermore, in order to achieve a better pumping effect, the pump body is a reciprocating pump.
Furthermore, in order to ensure the installation convenience of the pipeline and the continuity of the pipeline, the water distribution pipe and the water delivery pipe are integrated into a whole.
Furthermore, in order to realize the preliminary filtration of the water in the river channel, the water inlet end of the water inlet pipe is provided with a filter screen.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: because a plurality of side slope protection units are uniformly arranged on the side slope according to the length of the side slope, the side slope protection units with corresponding quantity can be selected according to different side slopes to achieve the effect of protecting the whole side slope. Specifically, the slope protection unit comprises a water feeding mechanism, a water diversion mechanism and a protection grid, and the water feeding mechanism can guide water flow in a river channel to the upper part of the slope; diversion mechanism includes raceway and distributive pipe, it causes rivers to go up water mechanism, and import rivers to the distributive pipe that is located the protection grid top through the raceway, later export rivers through a plurality of play water gaps on the distributive pipe, realize the watering to the slope protection plant of the grid inslot of protection grid, therefore, to the slope protection plant of non-drought, the irrigation of slope protection plant on the side slope can be realized being to this design, can guarantee the growth of not drought-enduring slope protection plant, thereby improve the effect of bank protection, avoid influencing the steadiness of the soil layer of side slope because of the death of slope protection plant, cause the soil erosion and water loss of large tracts of land.
Because the distributive pipe inclines downwards towards the extending direction, better effect of evenly distributing water flow can be realized. Specifically, because rivers pass through the raceway and carry after the distributive pipe, the pressure of rivers reduces along with the extension of distributive pipe length gradually, and the distributive pipe is towards its extending direction downward sloping, can realize the regulation long to the drainage, also be promptly although the pressure of rivers can reduce along with the extension of distributive pipe length gradually, but the drainage is long can increase along with the extension of the length of distributive pipe, the watering of the bank protection plant of bigger area on the slope can better be taken care of to this kind of design.
The water diversion pipe is a flexible plastic water pipe, and a plurality of water outlet seams are arranged on the water diversion pipe along the length direction of the water diversion pipe, so that the blockage of the water diversion pipe can be avoided. Specifically, flexible plastics water pipe has certain flexible effect under hydraulic effect, and the play water seam is banding design, if flexible plastics water pipe blocks up, then the pressure in the pipeline can increase, and under the condition of pressure increase, the size in the regulation gap that gap department of play water seam also can be nature, under the condition that the play water seam propped big by water pressure, can be convenient for to the discharge of plastics water intraductal silt, avoid the jam of pipeline, guarantee the normal use of pipeline.
Because the traditional protection grating is a solid structure of cast-in-place concrete, under the condition that the slope surface of the side slope is not flat, the water flow can flow towards the lower part, therefore, the effect of irrigation is difficult to achieve for slope protection plants at the slope surface position of the side slope at high position, which is not beneficial to achieving the uniform distribution and uniform irrigation of the water flow, in order to achieve the uniform irrigation effect for the slope protection plants, in the design, the protection grating is designed to be a hollow structure, a water flow distribution channel is formed inside the protection grating with the hollow structure, a water inlet communicated with the water flow distribution channel is arranged at the upper end of the protection grating, water discharged from a water outlet seam of the water distribution pipe flows into the water flow distribution channel through the water inlet, then the water flow is uniformly distributed through a flow distribution hole arranged on the inner wall of a grating groove of the protection grating, and the water flow can achieve the uniform distribution effect for the, thereby further guaranteed the even watering to the slope protection plant of each protection grid's the grid inslot, the growth of assurance slope protection plant that can be better, the root system of slope protection plant is flourishing, and protection grid and slope protection plant form the bank protection network on the whole, have strengthened the protective effect to the slope body, and the domatic soil body is more firm.
To sum up, this technical scheme can carry the top to the side slope through the rivers in the pipeline with the river course, can be better take care of the watering to the bank protection plant of bigger area on the side slope, guaranteed the growth demand of bank protection plant to reach better bank protection effect.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of a protective grid according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a front view of a concrete precast binge unit in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of a concrete precast binge unit in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view at A in FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of a slope protection unit according to the present invention;
FIG. 7 is an enlarged view at B in FIG. 6;
FIG. 8 is a side view schematic of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is an enlarged view at C in FIG. 8;
FIG. 10 is an enlarged view at D of FIG. 8;
in the figure: a side slope 1; a slope protection unit 2; a protective grid 3; supporting walls 3.1; a pump body 4; a blade drive assembly 5; a blade hub 5.1; a rotating shaft 5.2; 5.3 of blades; a spring 5.4; a water delivery pipe 6; a water distribution pipe 7; a water inlet pipe 8; a river channel 9; a grid groove 10; a diversion hole 11; a water receiving container 12; a filter layer 13; prefabricating guest grid units 14 by concrete; a diversion trench 15; a water outlet seam 16; a filter screen 17; a water conduit 18; ecological gabion 19.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are some, but not all, embodiments of the present invention. The components of embodiments of the present invention generally described and illustrated in the figures herein may be arranged and designed in a wide variety of different configurations.
Thus, the following detailed description of the embodiments of the present invention, presented in the figures, is not intended to limit the scope of the invention, as claimed, but is merely representative of selected embodiments of the invention. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
It should be noted that the embodiments and features of the embodiments may be combined with each other without conflict.
The invention is further described with reference to the following figures and specific embodiments.
Example 1:
as shown in fig. 1-10, this embodiment provides a slope ecological protection device, which includes a plurality of slope protection units 2 installed on a slope 1, where each slope protection unit 2 includes a diversion mechanism and a protection grid 3, a water supply mechanism for supplying water to the diversion mechanism is installed in a river 9, the diversion mechanism includes a water pipe 6 and a water diversion pipe 7, the water supply mechanism is installed at a water inlet end of the water pipe 6, the water pipe 6 is inclined upwards along the slope 1 until reaching above the protection grid 3 and then connected with the water diversion pipe 7, the water diversion pipe 7 is a flexible plastic water pipe, the water diversion pipe 7 is inclined downwards towards an extending direction thereof, a plurality of water outlet slits 16 are formed in the water diversion pipe 7 along a length direction of the water diversion pipe 7, and the water outlet slits 16 are opposite to the protection grid 3 located below the water diversion pipe 7;
protection grid 3 is hollow structure, and hollow structure's protection grid 3's inside forms water flow distribution channel, and the upper end of protection grid 3 is equipped with the water inlet with water flow distribution channel intercommunication, and in 16 exhaust water of play water gap flowed into water flow distribution channel through the water inlet, be equipped with the diffluence orifice 11 with water flow distribution channel intercommunication on the inside wall of the grid groove 10 that protection grid 3 formed.
Because a plurality of slope protection units 2 are uniformly arranged on the slope 1 according to the length of the slope 1, the slope protection units 2 with corresponding quantity can be selected according to different slopes 1 to achieve the overall protection effect of the slope 1. Specifically, the side slope protection unit 2 comprises a water feeding mechanism, a water diversion mechanism and a protection grid 3, and the water feeding mechanism can guide water flow in a river channel 9 to the upper side of the side slope 1; diversion mechanism includes raceway 6 and distributive pipe 7, it causes raceway 6 with rivers to go up water mechanism, and input rivers to the distributive pipe 7 that is located protection grid 3 top through raceway 6, later export rivers through a plurality of play water gaps 16 on distributive pipe 7, realize the watering to the slope protection plant in the grid groove 10 of protection grid 3, therefore, to the slope protection plant of non-drought resistance, this design can realize the irrigation for the slope protection plant on side slope 1, can guarantee the growth of not drought-enduring slope protection plant, thereby improve the effect of bank protection, avoid influencing the steadiness on the soil layer of side slope 1 because of slope protection plant's death, cause the soil erosion and water loss of large tracts of land.
Because the distributive pipe 7 is inclined downwards towards the extending direction thereof, better effect of evenly distributing water flow can be realized. Specifically, because rivers pass through behind raceway 6 carries distributive pipe 7, the pressure of rivers reduces along with the extension of distributive pipe 7 length gradually, distributive pipe 7 is towards its extending direction downward sloping, can realize the regulation long to the drainage, even though the pressure of rivers can reduce along with the extension of distributive pipe 7 length gradually, but the drainage is long can increase along with the extension of the length of distributive pipe 7, the watering of the bank protection plant of bigger area on slope 1 can be better taken care of to this kind of design.
As the water diversion pipe 7 is a flexible plastic water pipe, and a plurality of water outlet slits 16 are arranged on the water diversion pipe 7 along the length direction of the water diversion pipe 7, the blockage of the water diversion pipe 7 can be avoided. Specifically, flexible plastics water pipe has certain flexible effect under hydraulic effect, and it is banding design to go out water seam 16, if the jam appears in flexible plastics water pipe, then the pressure in the pipeline can increase, under the condition of pressure increase, the size in the regulation gap that also can be natural of gap department of play water seam 16, under the condition that play water seam 16 is propped big by water pressure, can be convenient for to the discharge of the interior silt of plastics water pipe, avoid the jam of pipeline, guarantee the normal use of pipeline.
Because the traditional protection grating 3 is a solid structure of cast-in-place concrete, the water flow can flow towards the lower part under the condition that the slope surface of the side slope 1 is not flat, therefore, the effect of irrigation is difficult to achieve for slope protection plants at the slope surface position of the side slope 1 at high position, which is not beneficial to achieving the uniform distribution and uniform irrigation of the water flow, in order to achieve the uniform irrigation effect for the slope protection plants, in the design, the protection grating 3 is designed to be a hollow structure, a water flow distribution channel is formed inside the protection grating 3 of the hollow structure, a water inlet communicated with the water flow distribution channel is arranged at the upper end of the protection grating 3, water discharged from the water outlet seam of the water diversion pipe 7 flows into the water flow distribution channel through the water inlet, then the uniform distribution of the water flow is achieved through the diversion holes 11 arranged on the inner wall of the grating groove 10 of the protection grating 3, and the water flow can achieve the effect of uniform distribution, thereby further guaranteed the even watering to the bank protection plant in the grid groove 10 of each protection grid 3, the growth of assurance bank protection plant that can be better, the root system of bank protection plant is flourishing, and protection grid 3 forms the bank protection network with the bank protection plant on the whole, has strengthened the protective effect to the slope body, and the domatic soil body is more firm.
To sum up, this technical scheme can carry the top to side slope 1 through the rivers in the pipeline with river course 9, and the watering of the slope protection plant of taking care of the bigger area on side slope 1 that can be better has guaranteed the growth demand of slope protection plant to reach better bank protection effect.
Example 2:
this embodiment is optimized based on embodiment 1 described above.
In order to reach better bank protection effect, protection grid 3 is from last to being the notch cuttype protection grid down, and this design can promote the stability of ecological bank protection, also can play the effect of preventing soil erosion and water loss and improving ecological landscape simultaneously, and notch cuttype protection grid 3 intercepts the risk in order to reduce soil erosion and water loss and pollutant remittance river course step by step.
Example 3:
this embodiment is optimized based on embodiment 2 described above.
In order to reach better rivers distribution effect, realize the watering to the slope protection plant in each grid inslot, notch cuttype protection grid 3 is from last to including a plurality of buttress walls 3.1 down, the length direction of buttress wall 3.1 is unanimous with the length direction of side slope 1, form grid groove 10 between the buttress wall 3.1, grid groove 10 intussuseption is filled with earth and is planted the slope protection plant, every buttress wall 3.1 is hollow structure, the water distribution passageway is formed in buttress wall 3.1, evenly be equipped with a plurality of diffluent orifices 11 with water distribution passageway intercommunication along the length direction of buttress wall 3.1 on the buttress wall 3.1.
Example 4:
this embodiment is optimized based on embodiment 2 described above.
In order to avoid blocking caused by sundries entering the water flow distribution channel, the upper end of the protective grating 3 is provided with a water receiving container 12, a filter layer 13 is arranged in the water receiving container 12, the lower part of the water receiving container 12 is communicated with the water inlet, the filter layer 13 filters water flow, the filtered water flow enters the water flow distribution channel, the water flow is discharged into each grating groove 10 through the flow distribution channel and then flows through the flow distribution holes 11, and watering of slope protection plants is achieved.
Example 5:
this embodiment is optimized based on embodiment 4 described above.
In order to better reinforce the soil body at the lowest end of the side slope 1, a plurality of concrete prefabricated guest grid units 14 are arranged at the lowest end of the side slope 1 along the length direction of the side slope 1, a diversion trench 15 is arranged between the adjacent concrete prefabricated guest grid units 14, and the length direction of the diversion trench 15 is downward.
It should be noted that slope protection plants are planted in the gaps of the concrete prefabricated bingo grid units 14 to ensure the slope protection effect of the side slope 1, and the design of the diversion trench 15 facilitates the surplus water in rainy seasons to be gathered into rivers along the slope.
Example 6:
this embodiment is optimized based on embodiment 1 described above.
Go up water mechanism and include the pump body 4 and blade drive assembly 5, the end of intaking of the pump body 4 is connected with inlet tube 8, the play water end and the raceway 6 of the pump body 4 are connected, blade drive assembly 5 includes blade wheel hub 5.1, the even blade device that sets up on blade wheel hub 5.1 of circumference and the pivot 5.2 with blade wheel hub 5.1 coaxial setting, the blade device includes blade 5.4 and elastic component, the elastic component can be spring 5.4 or flexure strip, the preferred spring 5.4 of this embodiment, blade 5.4 installs on blade wheel hub 5.1 through spring 5.4, the upstream face of blade 5.4 is just to the rivers direction, the one end and the blade wheel hub 5.1 fixed connection of pivot 5.2, the other end is connected with the power input end of the pump body 4.
Concretely, realize the drive to the pump body 4 through blade drive assembly 5, because blade drive assembly 5 includes blade wheel hub 5.1, blade device and pivot 5.2, the upstream face of blade 5.4 is just to the rivers direction, under the impact force of rivers, thereby blade 5.4 rotates and drives pivot 5.2 and rotate, thereby because the power take off end of pivot 5.2 is connected with the power input end of the pump body 4, then under rivers driven effect, the drive of blade drive assembly 5 to pump body 4 has been realized, the top of slope 1 is carried with rivers in the river course 9 to the realization of utilization hydrodynamic force that can be fine, whole water delivery process relies on hydrodynamic force completely and does not need energy consumption such as other electric energy, be fit for setting up in slope 1 position, realize the long-term protection to slope 1.
It should be noted that, because the upstream face of blade 5.4 is just to the water flow direction, blade 5.4 is installed on blade wheel hub 5.1 through spring 5.4, it is also that spring 5.4 sets up between the root of blade 5.4 and blade wheel hub 5.1, under the great condition of the rivers that rise, blade 5.4 can be buckled backward under the rivers impact force, avoid rivers too big to cause the damage to blade 5.4, the life of blade drive assembly 5 in river course 9 can be guaranteed in this kind of blade device's design, avoid under the condition of rising, blade drive assembly 5 damages and influences subsequent use.
It should be noted that, in the case of planting slope protection plants with waterlogging tolerance characteristics on the side slope 1, the slope protection plants on the side slope 1 do not have the condition of water shortage when the river course 9 is in the water rise period, and therefore, even if the blade driving assembly 5 does not work due to too large water flow impact force during this period, the growth of the slope protection plants is not affected.
It should be noted that the water feeding mechanism may also adopt other types of water pumps to guide the water flow in the river 9 to the water diversion pipe 7, which is not limited herein.
Example 7:
this embodiment is optimized based on embodiment 6 described above.
In order to reduce the number of the water feeding mechanisms and ensure better water flow conveying effect, the water guiding mechanisms and the protective grids 3 are symmetrically arranged on the side slopes 1 on two sides of the river channel 9, the water feeding mechanisms are arranged in the middle of the river channel 9, the water outlet end of the pump body 4 is connected with a water guiding pipe 18, and the water inlet ends of the water conveying pipes 6 symmetrically arranged on two sides of the river channel 9 are connected with the water guiding pipe 18.
The mode of simultaneously leading water to the side slopes 1 on the two sides of the river channel 9 from the middle of the river channel 9 further reduces the design and installation cost of equipment, ensures the water flow speed in the middle of the river, can have enough power to drive the pump body 4, and realizes conveying the water flow in the river channel 9 to the side slopes 1.
Example 8:
this embodiment is optimized based on embodiment 6 described above.
In order to achieve a better pumping effect, the pump body 4 is a reciprocating pump.
Example 9:
this embodiment is optimized based on embodiment 6 described above.
In order to ensure the installation convenience of the pipeline and the continuity of the pipeline, the water distribution pipe 7 and the water delivery pipe 6 are integrated into a whole.
Example 10:
this embodiment is optimized based on embodiment 6 described above.
In order to realize the preliminary filtration of the water in the river channel 9, the water inlet end of the water inlet pipe 8 is provided with a filter screen 17.
Example 11:
this embodiment is optimized based on embodiment 3 described above.
In order to avoid blocking caused by sundries entering the water flow distribution channel, the upper end of the protective grating 3 is provided with a water receiving container 12, a filter layer 13 is arranged in the water receiving container 12, the lower part of the water receiving container 12 is communicated with the water inlet, the filter layer 13 filters water flow, the filtered water flow enters the water flow distribution channel, the water flow is discharged into each grating groove 10 through the flow distribution channel and then flows through the flow distribution holes 11, and watering of slope protection plants is achieved.
In order to better reinforce the soil body at the lowest end of the side slope 1, a plurality of concrete prefabricated guest grid units 14 are arranged at the lowest end of the side slope 1 along the length direction of the side slope 1, a diversion trench 15 is arranged between the adjacent concrete prefabricated guest grid units 14, and the length direction of the diversion trench 15 is downward.
It should be noted that slope protection plants are planted in the gaps of the concrete prefabricated bingo grid units 14 to ensure the slope protection effect of the side slope 1, and the design of the diversion trench 15 facilitates the surplus water in rainy seasons to be gathered into rivers along the slope.
Go up water mechanism and include the pump body 4 and blade drive assembly 5, blade drive assembly 5 includes blade wheel hub 5.1, the even blade device that sets up on blade wheel hub 5.1 of circumference and with blade wheel hub 5.1 coaxial setting's pivot 5.2, the blade device includes blade 5.4 and elastic component, the elastic component can be spring 5.4 or flexure strip, the preferred spring 5.4 of this embodiment, blade 5.4 installs on blade wheel hub 5.1 through spring 5.4, blade 5.4's upstream face is just to the rivers direction, the one end and the blade wheel hub 5.1 fixed connection of pivot 5.2, the other end is connected with the power input end of the pump body 4.
Concretely, realize the drive to the pump body 4 through blade drive assembly 5, because blade drive assembly 5 includes blade wheel hub 5.1, blade device and pivot 5.2, the upstream face of blade 5.4 is just to the rivers direction, under the impact force of rivers, thereby blade 5.4 rotates and drives pivot 5.2 and rotate, thereby because the power take off end of pivot 5.2 is connected with the power input end of the pump body 4, then under rivers driven effect, the drive of blade drive assembly 5 to pump body 4 has been realized, the top of slope 1 is carried with rivers in the river course 9 to the realization of utilization hydrodynamic force that can be fine, whole water delivery process relies on hydrodynamic force completely and does not need energy consumption such as other electric energy, be fit for setting up in slope 1 position, realize the long-term protection to slope 1.
It should be noted that, because the upstream face of blade 5.4 is just to the water flow direction, blade 5.4 is installed on blade wheel hub 5.1 through spring 5.4, it is also that spring 5.4 sets up between the root of blade 5.4 and blade wheel hub 5.1, under the great condition of the rivers that rise, blade 5.4 can be buckled backward under the rivers impact force, avoid rivers too big to cause the damage to blade 5.4, the life of blade drive assembly 5 in river course 9 can be guaranteed in this kind of blade device's design, avoid under the condition of rising, blade drive assembly 5 damages and influences subsequent use.
It should be noted that, in the case of planting slope protection plants with waterlogging tolerance characteristics on the side slope 1, the slope protection plants on the side slope 1 do not have the condition of water shortage when the river course 9 is in the water rise period, and therefore, even if the blade driving assembly 5 does not work due to too large water flow impact force during this period, the growth of the slope protection plants is not affected.
It should be noted that the water feeding mechanism may also adopt other types of water pumps to guide the water flow in the river 9 to the water diversion pipe 7, which is not limited herein.
In order to reduce the number of the water feeding mechanisms and ensure better water flow conveying effect, the water guiding mechanisms and the protective grids 3 are symmetrically arranged on the side slopes 1 on two sides of the river channel 9, the water feeding mechanisms are arranged in the middle of the river channel 9, the water outlet end of the pump body 4 is connected with a water guiding pipe 18, and the water inlet ends of the water conveying pipes 6 symmetrically arranged on two sides of the river channel 9 are connected with the water guiding pipe 18.
The mode of simultaneously leading water to the side slopes 1 on the two sides of the river channel 9 from the middle of the river channel 9 further reduces the design and installation cost of equipment, ensures the water flow speed in the middle of the river, can have enough power to drive the pump body 4, and realizes conveying the water flow in the river channel 9 to the side slopes 1.
In order to achieve a better pumping effect, the pump body 4 is a reciprocating pump.
In order to ensure the installation convenience of the pipeline and the continuity of the pipeline, the water distribution pipe 7 and the water delivery pipe 6 are integrated into a whole.
In order to realize the preliminary filtration of the water in the river channel 9, the water inlet end of the water inlet pipe 8 is provided with a filter screen 17.
It should be noted that, in the above embodiments, the ecological gabion 19 is arranged on the side wall of the river channel, the net cage structure is formed by mechanically weaving low-carbon steel or covered PVC steel wires, stones with different sizes are placed in the middle of the net cage, and the tie bars are arranged in the area with the interval of 1-2m, so that the structure has the characteristics of high corrosion resistance and high strength, and has good ductility. The application of the ecological gabion 19 in river regulation can effectively improve the self-purification capacity of river water and a biological habitat, and has a remarkable ecological restoration function.
The invention is not limited to the above alternative embodiments, and any other various forms of products can be obtained by anyone in the light of the present invention, but any changes in shape or structure thereof, which fall within the scope of the present invention as defined in the claims, fall within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides an ecological protector of side slope which characterized in that: the side slope protection device comprises a plurality of side slope protection units arranged on a side slope, wherein each side slope protection unit comprises a diversion mechanism and a protection grid, a water supply mechanism for supplying water to the diversion mechanism is arranged in a river channel, each diversion mechanism comprises a water delivery pipe and a water distribution pipe, the water supply mechanism is arranged at the water inlet end of the water delivery pipe, the water delivery pipe is connected with the water distribution pipe after inclining upwards along the side slope until reaching the upper part of the protection grid, the water distribution pipe is a flexible plastic water pipe, the water distribution pipe inclines downwards towards the extending direction of the water distribution pipe, a plurality of water outlet seams are arranged on the water distribution pipe along the length direction of the water distribution pipe, and the water outlet seams are opposite to the protection grid below the;
the protection grid is hollow structure, and hollow structure's protection grid's inside forms rivers distribution channel, be equipped with the water inlet with rivers distribution channel intercommunication on the protection grid, in water gap exhaust water flowed into rivers distribution channel through the water inlet, be equipped with the diffluence pass that communicates with rivers distribution channel on the inside wall in the grid groove that the protection grid formed.
2. The ecological side slope protection device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the protective grating is a stepped protective grating which is stepped from top to bottom.
3. The ecological side slope protection device as claimed in claim 2, wherein: notch cuttype protection grid is from last to including a plurality of walls down, the length direction of wall is unanimous with the length direction of side slope, form the grid groove between the wall, the grid inslot is filled up and is planted slope protection plant, and every wall is hollow structure, and water distribution passageway is formed in the wall, evenly be equipped with a plurality of diffluent orifices with water distribution passageway intercommunication along the length direction of wall on the wall.
4. The ecological side slope protection device as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the upper end of the protective grating is provided with a water receiving container, a filter layer is arranged in the water receiving container, and the lower part of the water receiving container is communicated with the water inlet.
5. The ecological side slope protection device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the bottom of side slope is provided with a plurality of precast concrete guest check net units along the length direction of side slope, is equipped with the guiding gutter between the precast concrete guest check net unit of adjacent, and the length direction of guiding gutter is downward.
6. The ecological side slope protection device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: go up water mechanism and include the pump body and blade drive assembly, the end of intaking of the pump body is connected with the inlet tube, the water outlet end and the defeated water piping connection of the pump body, blade drive assembly include blade wheel hub, circumference evenly set up the blade device on blade wheel hub and with the pivot of the coaxial setting of blade wheel hub, the blade device includes blade and elastic component, the blade passes through the elastic component and installs on blade wheel hub, the upstream face of blade is just to the rivers direction, the one end and the blade wheel hub fixed connection of pivot, the other end is connected with the power input end of the pump body.
7. The ecological side slope protection device as claimed in claim 6, wherein: the diversion mechanism and the protection grating are symmetrically arranged on the side slopes on two sides of the river channel, the water feeding mechanism is arranged in the middle of the river channel, the water outlet end of the pump body is connected with a diversion pipe, and the water inlet ends of the water delivery pipes symmetrically arranged on two sides of the river channel are connected with the diversion pipe.
8. The ecological side slope protection device as claimed in claim 6, wherein: the pump body is a reciprocating pump.
9. The ecological side slope protection device as claimed in claim 6, wherein: the water distribution pipe and the water delivery pipe are an integrated water pipe.
10. The ecological side slope protection device as claimed in claim 6, wherein: the water inlet end of the water inlet pipe is provided with a filter screen.
CN201911379720.2A 2019-12-27 2019-12-27 Ecological protection device of side slope Active CN110984074B (en)

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101509478A (en) * 2009-03-18 2009-08-19 徐波 Water stream potential energy automatic pump
KR20120086075A (en) * 2011-01-25 2012-08-02 심재욱 Structure for planting environment and improvement
CN105862656A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-08-17 崔延松 Water and soil conservation method suitable for plain river network areas
CN107268643A (en) * 2017-07-03 2017-10-20 华北水利水电大学 A kind of permeable Ecological Slope structure of soil conservation
CN109914363A (en) * 2019-04-18 2019-06-21 上海夕露环境科技有限公司 The ecology remodeling method of concrete open drain
CN209555882U (en) * 2019-02-11 2019-10-29 孙彤 A kind of hydraulic engineering ecological protection slope
CN209660096U (en) * 2019-03-26 2019-11-22 深圳市翠绿洲环境艺术有限公司 A kind of slope surface water and soil conservation device

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101509478A (en) * 2009-03-18 2009-08-19 徐波 Water stream potential energy automatic pump
KR20120086075A (en) * 2011-01-25 2012-08-02 심재욱 Structure for planting environment and improvement
CN105862656A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-08-17 崔延松 Water and soil conservation method suitable for plain river network areas
CN107268643A (en) * 2017-07-03 2017-10-20 华北水利水电大学 A kind of permeable Ecological Slope structure of soil conservation
CN209555882U (en) * 2019-02-11 2019-10-29 孙彤 A kind of hydraulic engineering ecological protection slope
CN209660096U (en) * 2019-03-26 2019-11-22 深圳市翠绿洲环境艺术有限公司 A kind of slope surface water and soil conservation device
CN109914363A (en) * 2019-04-18 2019-06-21 上海夕露环境科技有限公司 The ecology remodeling method of concrete open drain

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