CN111042055B - Dykes and dams bank protection device - Google Patents

Dykes and dams bank protection device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111042055B
CN111042055B CN201911379666.1A CN201911379666A CN111042055B CN 111042055 B CN111042055 B CN 111042055B CN 201911379666 A CN201911379666 A CN 201911379666A CN 111042055 B CN111042055 B CN 111042055B
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China
Prior art keywords
water
pipe
blade
protection
dam
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CN111042055A (en
Inventor
王君勤
高鹏
谢晴
罗茂盛
麻泽龙
樊毅
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HYDRAULIC SCIENCE RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF SICHUAN PROVINCE
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HYDRAULIC SCIENCE RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF SICHUAN PROVINCE
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours
    • E02B3/12Revetment of banks, dams, watercourses, or the like, e.g. the sea-floor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/02Watering arrangements located above the soil which make use of perforated pipe-lines or pipe-lines with dispensing fittings, e.g. for drip irrigation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of dam slope protection, and discloses a dam slope protection device, which comprises a plurality of dam protection units arranged on a dam, wherein each dam protection unit comprises a water feeding mechanism, a water diversion mechanism and a protection grid; according to the dam slope protection device provided by the invention, water flow in a river channel can be conveyed to the upper part of a dam through the pipeline, electric energy is not consumed in the water conveying process, the device is energy-saving and environment-friendly, and the growth requirement of slope protection grass is met, so that a better slope protection effect is achieved, the maintenance cost of the slope protection is reduced, and the device is easy to popularize and use.

Description

Dykes and dams bank protection device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of dam slope protection, in particular to a dam slope protection device.
Background
The plants with developed root systems and strong soil fixing capacity are selected for the grass seeds on the dam so as to prevent the dam from being washed by the river for a long time and accelerate the water and soil loss of the dam. The paspalum natatum is one of the common green grass species planted on the dam, the drought resistance of the successfully planted paspalum natatum is very strong, but the waterlogging is not endured by the grass, therefore, the situation of river channel water rise is generated, water flow can submerge the grass on the dam, the waterlogging-intolerant grass is difficult to survive, the water level rise can influence the stability of a dam soil layer, so that the water and soil loss is caused, the protection is invalid, therefore, the waterlogging-resistant plant is planted on the dam, the situation that the plant is submerged by water for a long time and the water and soil loss is caused can be avoided, but the waterlogging-resistant plant also can have the problem of being intolerant to drought, and the survival of slope protection plants can be influenced by long-time water shortage. Under the present circumstances, in order to guarantee the growth to the resistant waterlogging plant on dykes and dams, then need guarantee to supply water on time to this type plant, traditional water supply mode needs the manual work to water on time, still need draw water the irrigation simultaneously, can consume manpower and materials undoubtedly, also can increase the maintenance cost of bank protection.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the problems in the prior art, the invention provides a dam slope protection device, which can convey water flow in a river channel to the upper part of a dam through a pipeline, does not consume electric energy in the water conveying process, is energy-saving and environment-friendly, and ensures the growth demand of slope protection grass, thereby achieving better slope protection effect, reducing the maintenance cost of slope protection and being easy to popularize and use.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows:
a dam slope protection device comprises a plurality of dam protection units arranged on a dam, wherein each dam protection unit comprises a water feeding mechanism, a water diversion mechanism and a protection grid, each water feeding mechanism comprises a pump body and a blade driving assembly, each blade driving assembly comprises a blade hub, a blade device and a rotating shaft, the blade devices are circumferentially and uniformly arranged on the blade hubs, the rotating shafts are coaxially arranged with the blade hubs, each blade device comprises a blade and an elastic piece, each blade is arranged on the blade hub through the elastic piece, the water facing surface of each blade is opposite to the water flow direction, one end of each rotating shaft is fixedly connected with the corresponding blade hub, and the other end of each rotating shaft is connected with the power input end of the pump body;
the diversion mechanism comprises a water delivery pipe and a diversion pipe, wherein a water inlet pipe is connected to the water inlet end of the pump body, a water outlet end of the pump body is connected with the water delivery pipe, the water delivery pipe is inclined upwards along a dam until the water delivery pipe reaches the upper part of the protection grid and then is connected with the diversion pipe, a plurality of water outlets are formed in the diversion pipe along the length direction of the diversion pipe, and the water outlets are opposite to the protection grid positioned below the diversion pipe;
the protection grid is hollow structure, and hollow structure's protection grid's inside forms rivers distribution channel, the upper end of protection grid is equipped with the water inlet with rivers distribution channel intercommunication, delivery port exhaust water flows into in rivers distribution channel through the water inlet, be equipped with the diffluence pass with rivers distribution channel intercommunication on the inside wall in the grid groove that the protection grid formed.
Because a plurality of dykes and dams protection unit are evenly arranged on the dykes and dams according to the length of the dykes and dams, the dykes and dams protection unit of corresponding quantity can be selected according to different dykes and dams to achieve the whole protection effect of the dykes and dams. Specifically, because dykes and dams protection unit includes water supply mechanism, diversion mechanism and protection grid, water supply mechanism can realize guiding dykes and dams top with the rivers in the river course, it is specific, realize the drive to the pump body through blade drive assembly, because blade drive assembly includes blade wheel hub, blade device and pivot, the upstream face of blade is just to the rivers direction, under the impact force of rivers, thereby the blade rotates and drives the pivot and rotate, because the power take off end of pivot is connected with the power input end of the pump body, then under the effect of rivers drive, the drive of blade drive assembly to the pump body has been realized, the top of dykes and dams is carried with the rivers in the river course to utilization hydrodynamic force realization that can be fine, whole water delivery process relies on hydrodynamic force completely and need not energy consumption such as other electric energy, be fit for setting up in dykes and dams position, realize the long-term protection to dy.
Diversion mechanism includes raceway and distributive pipe, the end of intaking of the pump body is connected with the inlet tube, the end of intaking of inlet tube is located the river course, the blade drive assembly drive pump body, then rivers get into from the inlet tube, later input to the distributive pipe that is located the protection grid top through the raceway, later export rivers through a plurality of delivery ports on the distributive pipe, the realization is to the watering of the slope protection grass of the grid inslot of protection grid, consequently, to the slope protection grass of non-drought resistance, this design has reached the long-time irrigation of the slope protection grass on the dykes and dams, can guarantee the growth of the slope protection grass of not nai drought, thereby improve the effect of bank protection, avoid influencing the steadiness of the soil layer of dykes and dams because of the death of slope protection grass, cause the soil erosion.
Because the traditional protective grating is a solid structure of cast-in-place concrete, under the condition of uneven slope surface of the dam, the water flow can flow towards the lower part, therefore, the effect of irrigating the slope grass at the slope surface position of the dam at the high position is difficult to achieve, the uniform distribution of the water flow and the uniform irrigation of the slope grass are not facilitated to be realized, and in order to realize the uniform irrigation effect of the slope grass, in the design, the protective grating is designed to be a hollow structure, a water flow distribution channel is formed inside the protective grating with the hollow structure, a water inlet communicated with the water flow distribution channel is arranged at the upper end of the protective grating, water discharged from a water outlet of a water distribution pipe flows into the water flow distribution channel through the water inlet, then the water flow is uniformly distributed through a flow distribution hole arranged on the inner wall of a grating groove of the protective grating, and the water flow can achieve the uniform distribution effect of the water flow, thereby further guaranteed the even watering to the slope protection grass of each protection grid's grid inslot, the growth of assurance slope protection grass that can be better, the root system of slope protection grass is flourishing, and protection grid and slope protection grass form the bank protection network on the whole, have strengthened the protective effect to the slope body, and the domatic soil body is more firm.
It should be noted that, because the upstream face of blade is just to the rivers direction, the blade passes through the elastic component to be installed on blade wheel hub, also be the elastic component setting between the root of blade and blade wheel hub, under the great condition of rivers that rise, the blade can the backward buckling under the rivers impact force, avoid rivers too big to cause the damage to the blade, the life of blade drive assembly in the river course can be guaranteed in the design of this kind of blade device, avoid under the condition of rising, the blade drive assembly damages and influences subsequent use.
It should be noted that, under the condition that the bank protection grass of the waterlogging tolerance characteristic is planted on the dykes and dams, the situation that the bank protection grass on the dykes and dams does not have the lack of water also meets the water rise period of the river course, therefore, even if the blade drive assembly does not work because of too large water flow impact force during this period, the growth of the bank protection grass will not be influenced.
To sum up, this technical scheme can carry the top to dykes and dams through the rivers in the pipeline with the river course, and the water delivery process does not consume the electric energy, and energy-concerving and environment-protective has guaranteed the growth demand of bank protection grass to reach better bank protection effect, reduce the maintenance cost of bank protection, easily use widely.
Further, in order to reach better bank protection effect, the protection grid is rhombus protection grid.
Further, in order to reach better water distribution effect, realize the watering to the interior bank protection grass of each grid groove, the grid groove of rhombus protection grid includes four inside walls, all is equipped with the three diffluent hole with the water distribution passageway intercommunication on every inside wall.
Further, in order to avoid debris to get into the rivers distribution channel and lead to blockking up, the upper end of protection grid is equipped with the water receiving container, be equipped with the filter layer in the water receiving container, the lower part and the water inlet intercommunication of water receiving container, the filter layer realizes the filtration to rivers, and rivers after the filtration flow in to the rivers distribution channel, through the diffluence pass behind the rivers distribution channel with rivers discharge to each grid inslot, realize the watering to the bank protection grass.
Further, in order to realize the water supply to water flow distribution channel respectively and the watering of grass to the superiors 'grid inslot bank protection, the lower part of water receiving container is equipped with a plurality of drainage holes, and a plurality of drainage holes are first drainage hole and second drainage hole respectively, first drainage hole and second drainage hole cross arrangement, the water inlet is provided with a plurality ofly, first drainage hole and the water inlet intercommunication that corresponds, the water in second drainage hole directly discharges to the superiors' grid inslot.
Further, in order to achieve a better uniform water flow distribution effect, the water distribution pipe is inclined downwards towards the extending direction of the water distribution pipe.
Specifically, because rivers pass through the raceway and carry after the distributive pipe, the pressure of rivers reduces along with the extension of distributive pipe length gradually, and the distributive pipe is towards its extending direction downward sloping, can realize the regulation long to the drainage, also be promptly although the pressure of rivers can reduce along with the extension of distributive pipe length gradually, but the drainage is long can increase along with the extension of the length of distributive pipe, the watering of the bank protection grass of bigger area on the dykes and dams can better be taken care of to this kind of design.
Furthermore, in order to avoid the blockage of the water diversion pipe, the water diversion pipe is a flexible plastic water pipe, and the water outlet is a water outlet seam.
Specifically, flexible plastics water pipe has certain flexible effect under hydraulic effect, and the play water seam is banding design, if flexible plastics water pipe blocks up, then the pressure in the pipeline can increase, and under the condition of pressure increase, the size in the regulation gap that gap department of play water seam also can be nature, under the condition that the play water seam propped big by water pressure, can be convenient for to the discharge of plastics water intraductal silt, avoid the jam of pipeline, guarantee the normal use of pipeline.
Furthermore, in order to ensure the installation convenience of the pipeline and the continuity of the pipeline, the water distribution pipe and the water delivery pipe are integrated into a whole.
Furthermore, in order to realize the preliminary filtration of the water in the river channel, the water inlet end of the water inlet pipe is provided with a filter screen.
Furthermore, in order to achieve a better pumping effect, the pump body is a reciprocating pump.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: because a plurality of dykes and dams protection unit are evenly arranged on the dykes and dams according to the length of the dykes and dams, the dykes and dams protection unit of corresponding quantity can be selected according to different dykes and dams to achieve the whole protection effect of the dykes and dams. Specifically, because dykes and dams protection unit includes water supply mechanism, diversion mechanism and protection grid, water supply mechanism can realize guiding dykes and dams top with the rivers in the river course, it is specific, realize the drive to the pump body through blade drive assembly, because blade drive assembly includes blade wheel hub, blade device and pivot, the upstream face of blade is just to the rivers direction, under the impact force of rivers, thereby the blade rotates and drives the pivot and rotate, because the power take off end of pivot is connected with the power input end of the pump body, then under the effect of rivers drive, the drive of blade drive assembly to the pump body has been realized, the top of dykes and dams is carried with the rivers in the river course to utilization hydrodynamic force realization that can be fine, whole water delivery process relies on hydrodynamic force completely and need not energy consumption such as other electric energy, be fit for setting up in dykes and dams position, realize the long-term protection to dy.
Diversion mechanism includes raceway and distributive pipe, the end of intaking of the pump body is connected with the inlet tube, the end of intaking of inlet tube is located the river course, the blade drive assembly drive pump body, then rivers get into from the inlet tube, later input to the distributive pipe that is located the protection grid top through the raceway, later export rivers through a plurality of delivery ports on the distributive pipe, the realization is to the watering of the slope protection grass of the grid inslot of protection grid, consequently, to the slope protection grass of non-drought resistance, this design has reached the long-time irrigation of the slope protection grass on the dykes and dams, can guarantee the growth of the slope protection grass of not nai drought, thereby improve the effect of bank protection, avoid influencing the steadiness of the soil layer of dykes and dams because of the death of slope protection grass, cause the soil erosion.
Because the traditional protective grating is a solid structure of cast-in-place concrete, under the condition of uneven slope surface of the dam, the water flow can flow towards the lower part, therefore, the effect of irrigating the slope grass at the slope surface position of the dam at the high position is difficult to achieve, the uniform distribution of the water flow and the uniform irrigation of the slope grass are not facilitated to be realized, and in order to realize the uniform irrigation effect of the slope grass, in the design, the protective grating is designed to be a hollow structure, a water flow distribution channel is formed inside the protective grating with the hollow structure, a water inlet communicated with the water flow distribution channel is arranged at the upper end of the protective grating, water discharged from a water outlet of a water distribution pipe flows into the water flow distribution channel through the water inlet, then the water flow is uniformly distributed through a flow distribution hole arranged on the inner wall of a grating groove of the protective grating, and the water flow can achieve the uniform distribution effect of the water flow, thereby further guaranteed the even watering to the slope protection grass of each protection grid's grid inslot, the growth of assurance slope protection grass that can be better, the root system of slope protection grass is flourishing, and protection grid and slope protection grass form the bank protection network on the whole, have strengthened the protective effect to the slope body, and the domatic soil body is more firm.
It should be noted that, because the upstream face of blade is just to the rivers direction, the blade passes through the spring mounting on blade wheel hub, also be the spring setting between the root of blade and blade wheel hub, under the great condition of the rivers that rise, the blade can be buckled backward under the rivers impact force, avoid rivers too big to cause the damage to the blade, the life of blade drive assembly in the river course can be guaranteed in the design of this kind of blade device, avoid under the circumstances that rises, the blade drive assembly damages and influences subsequent use.
It should be noted that, under the condition that the bank protection grass of the waterlogging tolerance characteristic is planted on the dykes and dams, the situation that the bank protection grass on the dykes and dams does not have the lack of water also meets the water rise period of the river course, therefore, even if the blade drive assembly does not work because of too large water flow impact force during this period, the growth of the bank protection grass will not be influenced.
To sum up, this technical scheme can carry the top to dykes and dams through the rivers in the pipeline with the river course, and the water delivery process does not consume the electric energy, and energy-concerving and environment-protective has guaranteed the growth demand of bank protection grass to reach better bank protection effect, reduce the maintenance cost of bank protection, easily use widely.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view showing the construction of an embankment protection unit according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view at A in FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view at B in FIG. 2;
FIG. 5 is a schematic side view of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged view at C in FIG. 5;
fig. 7 is an enlarged view at D in fig. 5.
In the figure: a dam 1; a dam guard unit 2; a protective grid 3; a pump body 4; a blade drive assembly 5; a blade hub 5.1; a rotating shaft 5.2; 5.3 of blades; a spring 5.4; a water delivery pipe 6; a water distribution pipe 7; a water inlet pipe 8; a river channel 9; a grid groove 10; a diversion hole 11; a water receiving container 12; a filter layer 13; a first drainage aperture 14; a second drainage aperture 15; a water outlet seam 16; a filter screen 17.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are some, but not all, embodiments of the present invention. The components of embodiments of the present invention generally described and illustrated in the figures herein may be arranged and designed in a wide variety of different configurations.
Thus, the following detailed description of the embodiments of the present invention, presented in the figures, is not intended to limit the scope of the invention, as claimed, but is merely representative of selected embodiments of the invention. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
It should be noted that the embodiments and features of the embodiments may be combined with each other without conflict.
The invention is further described with reference to the following figures and specific embodiments.
Example 1:
as shown in fig. 1-7, the present embodiment provides a dam slope protection device, including a plurality of dam protection units 2 installed on a dam 1, each dam protection unit 2 includes a water feeding mechanism, a water diversion mechanism, and a protection grid 3, the water feeding mechanism includes a pump body 4 and a blade driving assembly 5, the blade driving assembly 5 includes a blade hub 5.1, a blade device uniformly arranged on the blade hub 5.1 in the circumferential direction, and a rotating shaft 5.2 coaxially arranged with the blade hub 5.1, the blade device includes a blade 5.3 and an elastic member, in the present embodiment, a spring 5.4 or an elastic sheet is adopted, preferably, a spring 5.4 is adopted, the blade 5.3 is installed on the blade hub 5.1 through the spring 5.4, the upstream surface of the blade 5.3 faces the water flow direction, one end of the rotating shaft 5.2 is fixedly connected with the blade hub 5.1, and the other end is connected with the power input end of the pump;
the diversion mechanism comprises a water delivery pipe 6 and a diversion pipe 7, the water inlet end of the pump body 4 is connected with a water inlet pipe 8, the water outlet end of the pump body 4 is connected with the water delivery pipe 6, the water delivery pipe 6 inclines upwards along the dam 1 until the position reaches the position above the protection grid 3 and then is connected with the diversion pipe 7, a plurality of water outlets are formed in the diversion pipe 7 along the length direction of the diversion pipe 7, and the water outlets are opposite to the protection grid 3 positioned below the diversion pipe 7;
protection grid 3 is hollow structure, and hollow structure's protection grid 3's inside forms rivers distribution channel, and the upper end of protection grid 3 is equipped with the water inlet with rivers distribution channel intercommunication, and in delivery port exhaust water flowed into rivers distribution channel through the water inlet, be equipped with the diffluence pass 11 with rivers distribution channel intercommunication on the inside wall of the grid groove 10 that protection grid 3 formed.
Because a plurality of dyke protection units 2 are uniformly arranged on the dyke 1 according to the length of the dyke 1, the dyke protection units 2 with corresponding quantity can be selected according to different dykes 1 to achieve the whole protection effect of the dyke 1. Specifically, because the dam protection unit 2 includes a water feeding mechanism, a water diversion mechanism and a protection grid 3, the water feeding mechanism can guide the water flow in the river channel 9 to the top of the dam 1, specifically, the pump body 4 is driven by the blade driving component 5, because the blade driving component 5 includes a blade hub 5.1, a blade device and a rotating shaft 5.2, the upstream surface of the blade 5.3 is just opposite to the water flow direction, under the impact force of the water flow, the blade 5.3 rotates to drive the rotating shaft 5.2 to rotate, because the power output end of the rotating shaft 5.2 is connected with the power input end of the pump body 4, under the action of the water flow driving, the driving of the blade driving component 5 to the pump body 4 is realized, the water flow in the river channel 9 can be well conveyed to the top of the dam 1 by utilizing the power, the whole water conveying process completely depends on the water power without the energy consumption of other electric energy and the like, and is suitable for, realizing long-term protection of the dike 1.
Diversion mechanism includes raceway 6 and distributive pipe 7, the end of intaking of the pump body 4 is connected with inlet tube 8, the end of intaking of inlet tube 8 is located river course 9, the 5 drive pump bodies 4 of blade drive subassembly, then rivers get into from inlet tube 8, later input to the distributive pipe 7 that is located protection grid 3 top through raceway 6, later export rivers through a plurality of delivery ports on the distributive pipe 7, the realization is to the watering of the bank protection grass in the grid groove 10 of protection grid 3, therefore, to the bank protection grass of drought resistance, this design has reached the long-time irrigation for the bank protection grass on dykes and dams 1, can guarantee the growth of the bank protection grass of drought resistance, thereby improve the effect of bank protection, avoid influencing the steadiness of the soil layer of dykes and dams 1 because of the death of bank protection grass, cause the soil erosion and water loss of large tracts of land.
Because the traditional protective grating 3 is a solid structure of cast-in-place concrete, the water flow can flow towards the lower part under the condition of uneven slope surface of the dam 1, therefore, the effect of irrigating the slope grass at the slope surface position of the dam 1 at high position is difficult to achieve, which is not beneficial to realizing the uniform distribution of the water flow and the uniform irrigation of the slope grass, in order to realize the uniform irrigation effect of the slope grass, in the design, the protective grating 3 is designed to be a hollow structure, a water flow distribution channel is formed inside the protective grating 3 with the hollow structure, a water inlet communicated with the water flow distribution channel is arranged at the upper end of the protective grating 3, the water discharged from the water outlet of the water diversion pipe 7 flows into the water flow distribution channel through the water inlet, then the uniform distribution of the water flow is realized through the diversion holes 11 arranged on the inner wall of the grating groove 10 of the protective grating 3, the water flow can achieve the uniform distribution effect of the water flow along, thereby further guaranteed the even watering to the bank protection grass in the grid groove 10 of each protection grid 3, the growth of assurance bank protection grass that can be better, the root system of bank protection grass is flourishing, and protection grid 3 forms the bank protection network with the bank protection grass on the whole, has strengthened the protective effect to the slope body, and the domatic soil body is more firm.
It should be noted that, because the upstream face of blade 5.3 is just to the rivers direction, blade 5.3 is installed on blade wheel hub 5.1 through spring 5.4, it is also that spring 5.4 sets up between the root of blade 5.3 and blade wheel hub 5.1, under the great condition of the rivers that rise, blade 5.3 can the back buckling under the rivers impact force, avoid rivers too big to cause the damage to blade 5.3, the life of blade drive assembly 5 in river course 9 can be guaranteed in this kind of blade device's design, avoid under the condition of rising, blade drive assembly 5 damages and influences subsequent use.
It should be noted that, in the case of planting the slope grass with waterlogging tolerance characteristics on the dike 1, the slope grass on the dike 1 does not have the condition of water shortage when the river 9 is in the water rise period, and therefore, even if the blade driving assembly does not work due to too large water flow impact force during this period, the growth of the slope grass is not affected.
To sum up, this technical scheme can carry the top to dykes and dams 1 through the rivers in the pipeline with river course 9, and the water delivery process does not consume the electric energy, and energy-concerving and environment-protective has guaranteed the growth demand of bank protection grass to reach better bank protection effect, reduce the maintenance cost of bank protection, easily use widely.
Example 2:
this embodiment is optimized based on embodiment 1 described above.
In order to achieve a better slope protection effect, the protection grating 3 is a diamond protection grating 3.
Example 3:
this embodiment is optimized based on embodiment 2 described above.
In order to achieve a better water flow distribution effect and realize the irrigation of slope protection grass in each grid groove 10, the grid grooves 10 of the rhombic protective grids 3 comprise four inner side walls, and three shunting holes 11 communicated with water flow distribution channels are formed in each inner side wall.
Example 4:
this embodiment is optimized based on embodiment 2 described above.
In order to avoid blocking caused by sundries entering the water flow distribution channel, the upper end of the protective grating 3 is provided with a water receiving container 12, a filter layer 13 is arranged in the water receiving container 12, the lower part of the water receiving container 12 is communicated with the water inlet, the filter layer 13 filters water flow, the filtered water flow enters the water flow distribution channel, the water flow is discharged into each grating groove 10 through the flow distribution channel and then flows through the flow distribution holes 11, and watering of slope protection grass is achieved.
Example 5:
this embodiment is optimized based on embodiment 4 described above.
In order to realize the water supply to water flow distribution channel and the watering of slope protection grass in the grid groove 10 of the superiors respectively, the lower part of water receiving container 12 is equipped with a plurality of drainage holes, and a plurality of drainage holes are first drainage hole 14 and second drainage hole 15 respectively, and first drainage hole 14 and second drainage hole 15 are alternately arranged, and the water inlet is provided with a plurality ofly, first drainage hole 14 and the water inlet intercommunication that corresponds, and the water in second drainage hole 15 directly discharges to the grid inslot 10 of superiors.
Example 6:
this embodiment is optimized based on embodiment 1 described above.
In order to achieve a better even distribution of the water flow, the knock out pipe 7 is inclined downwards towards its extension.
Specifically, because rivers pass through behind raceway 6 carries distributive pipe 7, the pressure of rivers reduces along with the extension of distributive pipe 7 length gradually, distributive pipe 7 is towards its extending direction downward sloping, can realize the regulation long to the drainage, also be that although the pressure of rivers can reduce along with the extension of distributive pipe 7 length gradually, but the drainage is long can increase along with the extension of the length of distributive pipe 7, the watering of the bank protection grass of bigger area on dykes and dams 1 can be better taken care of to this kind of design.
Example 7:
this embodiment is optimized based on embodiment 1 or 6 described above.
In order to avoid the blockage of the water diversion pipe 7, the water diversion pipe 7 is a flexible plastic water pipe, and the water outlet is a water outlet slot 16.
Specifically, flexible plastics water pipe has certain flexible effect under hydraulic effect, and it is banding design to go out water seam 16, if the jam appears in flexible plastics water pipe, then the pressure in the pipeline can increase, under the condition of pressure increase, the size in the regulation gap that also can be natural of gap department of play water seam 16, under the condition that play water seam 16 is propped big by water pressure, can be convenient for to the discharge of the interior silt of plastics water pipe, avoid the jam of pipeline, guarantee the normal use of pipeline.
Example 8:
this embodiment is optimized based on embodiment 1 described above.
In order to ensure the installation convenience of the pipeline and the continuity of the pipeline, the water distribution pipe 7 and the water delivery pipe 6 are integrated into a whole.
Example 9:
this embodiment is optimized based on embodiment 1 described above.
In order to realize the preliminary filtration of the water in the river channel 9, the water inlet end of the water inlet pipe 8 is provided with a filter screen 17.
Example 10:
this embodiment is optimized based on embodiment 1 described above.
In order to achieve a better pumping effect, the pump body 4 is a reciprocating pump.
Example 11:
this embodiment is optimized based on embodiment 3 described above.
In order to avoid blocking caused by sundries entering the water flow distribution channel, the upper end of the protective grating 3 is provided with a water receiving container 12, a filter layer 13 is arranged in the water receiving container 12, the lower part of the water receiving container 12 is communicated with the water inlet, the filter layer 13 filters water flow, the filtered water flow enters the water flow distribution channel, the water flow is discharged into each grating groove 10 through the flow distribution channel and then flows through the flow distribution holes 11, and watering of slope protection grass is achieved.
In order to realize the water supply to water flow distribution channel and the watering of slope protection grass in the grid groove 10 of the superiors respectively, the lower part of water receiving container 12 is equipped with a plurality of drainage holes, and a plurality of drainage holes are first drainage hole 14 and second drainage hole 15 respectively, and first drainage hole 14 and second drainage hole 15 are alternately arranged, and the water inlet is provided with a plurality ofly, first drainage hole 14 and the water inlet intercommunication that corresponds, and the water in second drainage hole 15 directly discharges to the grid inslot 10 of superiors.
In order to achieve a better even distribution of the water flow, the knock out pipe 7 is inclined downwards towards its extension.
Specifically, because rivers pass through behind raceway 6 carries distributive pipe 7, the pressure of rivers reduces along with the extension of distributive pipe 7 length gradually, distributive pipe 7 is towards its extending direction downward sloping, can realize the regulation long to the drainage, also be that although the pressure of rivers can reduce along with the extension of distributive pipe 7 length gradually, but the drainage is long can increase along with the extension of the length of distributive pipe 7, the watering of the bank protection grass of bigger area on dykes and dams 1 can be better taken care of to this kind of design.
In order to avoid the blockage of the water diversion pipe 7, the water diversion pipe 7 is a flexible plastic water pipe, and the water outlet is a water outlet slot 16.
Specifically, flexible plastics water pipe has certain flexible effect under hydraulic effect, and it is banding design to go out water seam 16, if the jam appears in flexible plastics water pipe, then the pressure in the pipeline can increase, under the condition of pressure increase, the size in the regulation gap that also can be natural of gap department of play water seam 16, under the condition that play water seam 16 is propped big by water pressure, can be convenient for to the discharge of the interior silt of plastics water pipe, avoid the jam of pipeline, guarantee the normal use of pipeline.
In order to ensure the installation convenience of the pipeline and the continuity of the pipeline, the water distribution pipe 7 and the water delivery pipe 6 are integrated into a whole.
In order to realize the preliminary filtration of the water in the river channel 9, the water inlet end of the water inlet pipe 8 is provided with a filter screen 17.
In order to achieve a better pumping effect, the pump body 4 is a reciprocating pump.
The invention is not limited to the above alternative embodiments, and any other various forms of products can be obtained by anyone in the light of the present invention, but any changes in shape or structure thereof, which fall within the scope of the present invention as defined in the claims, fall within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. The utility model provides a dykes and dams bank protection device which characterized in that: the dam protection device comprises a plurality of dam protection units arranged on a dam, wherein each dam protection unit comprises a water feeding mechanism, a water diversion mechanism and a protection grid, each water feeding mechanism comprises a pump body and a blade driving assembly, each blade driving assembly comprises a blade hub, blade devices uniformly arranged on the blade hubs in the circumferential direction and a rotating shaft coaxially arranged with the blade hubs, each blade device comprises a blade and an elastic piece, each blade is arranged on the blade hub through the elastic piece, the water facing surface of each blade is opposite to the water flow direction, one end of each rotating shaft is fixedly connected with the corresponding blade hub, and the other end of each rotating shaft is connected with the power input end of the pump body;
the diversion mechanism comprises a water delivery pipe and a diversion pipe, wherein a water inlet pipe is connected to the water inlet end of the pump body, a water outlet end of the pump body is connected with the water delivery pipe, the water delivery pipe is inclined upwards along a dam until the water delivery pipe reaches the upper part of the protection grid and then is connected with the diversion pipe, a plurality of water outlets are formed in the diversion pipe along the length direction of the diversion pipe, and the water outlets are opposite to the protection grid positioned below the diversion pipe;
the water flow distribution device comprises a protective grating, a water inlet pipe, a water outlet pipe, a water flow distribution channel, a water distribution hole, a filter screen, a reciprocating pump and a diamond protective grating, wherein the protective grating is of a hollow structure, the interior of the protective grating of the hollow structure forms the water flow distribution channel, the upper end of the protective grating is provided with the water inlet communicated with the water flow distribution channel, water discharged from the water outlet pipe flows into the water flow distribution channel through the water inlet pipe, the inner side wall of a grating groove formed by the protective grating is provided with the flow distribution hole communicated with the water flow distribution;
the grating groove of the rhombic protective grating comprises four inner side walls, and each inner side wall is provided with three shunting holes communicated with the water flow distribution channel;
a water receiving container is arranged at the upper end of the protective grating, a filter layer is arranged in the water receiving container, and the lower part of the water receiving container is communicated with the water inlet;
the lower part of water receiving container is equipped with a plurality of drainage holes, and a plurality of drainage holes are first drainage hole and second drainage hole respectively, first drainage hole and second drainage hole cross arrangement, the water inlet is provided with a plurality ofly, first drainage hole and the water inlet intercommunication that corresponds, the water in second drainage hole directly discharges to the grid inslot of the superiors.
2. A dam slope protection apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the knock out pipe is inclined downwardly toward its extension.
3. A bank slope protecting apparatus according to claim 1 or 2, wherein: the water diversion pipe is a flexible plastic water pipe, and the water outlet is a water outlet seam.
4. A dam slope protection apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the water distribution pipe and the water delivery pipe are an integrated water pipe.
CN201911379666.1A 2019-12-27 2019-12-27 Dykes and dams bank protection device Active CN111042055B (en)

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CN201911379666.1A CN111042055B (en) 2019-12-27 2019-12-27 Dykes and dams bank protection device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911379666.1A CN111042055B (en) 2019-12-27 2019-12-27 Dykes and dams bank protection device

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CN111042055B true CN111042055B (en) 2021-06-04

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101509478B (en) * 2009-03-18 2012-11-28 徐波 Water stream potential energy automatic pump
CN202250665U (en) * 2011-09-19 2012-05-30 吴兆峰 Hydraulic automatic water pumping system
CN106703054A (en) * 2017-01-23 2017-05-24 杭州江润科技有限公司 Ecological slope protection structure of road cutting side slope and construction method
CN208965503U (en) * 2018-09-27 2019-06-11 吴桐境 A kind of protection slope protective reinforcing device
CN209806711U (en) * 2019-03-26 2019-12-20 河南城市园丁园艺有限公司 A morning and evening tides formula irrigation system for river course bank protection greenbelt

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