CN110937113A - Unmanned aerial vehicle sprinkler apparatus - Google Patents

Unmanned aerial vehicle sprinkler apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110937113A
CN110937113A CN201911161115.8A CN201911161115A CN110937113A CN 110937113 A CN110937113 A CN 110937113A CN 201911161115 A CN201911161115 A CN 201911161115A CN 110937113 A CN110937113 A CN 110937113A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cavity
block
pipe
rotating
liquid
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201911161115.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李崇权
郑素文
张鑫
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhejiang Everything Science And Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Zhejiang Everything Science And Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhejiang Everything Science And Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Zhejiang Everything Science And Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201911161115.8A priority Critical patent/CN110937113A/en
Publication of CN110937113A publication Critical patent/CN110937113A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64DEQUIPMENT FOR FITTING IN OR TO AIRCRAFT; FLYING SUITS; PARACHUTES; ARRANGEMENTS OR MOUNTING OF POWER PLANTS OR PROPULSION TRANSMISSIONS IN AIRCRAFT
    • B64D1/00Dropping, ejecting, releasing, or receiving articles, liquids, or the like, in flight
    • B64D1/16Dropping or releasing powdered, liquid, or gaseous matter, e.g. for fire-fighting
    • B64D1/18Dropping or releasing powdered, liquid, or gaseous matter, e.g. for fire-fighting by spraying, e.g. insecticides
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M7/00Special adaptations or arrangements of liquid-spraying apparatus for purposes covered by this subclass

Abstract

The invention discloses unmanned aerial vehicle spraying equipment, which comprises an unmanned aerial vehicle, a liquid control device and a liquid adding device, wherein the lower end surface of the unmanned aerial vehicle is fixedly provided with vertical rods arranged in an annular array, a horizontal rod is fixedly arranged between the adjacent vertical rods, a top block is arranged below the horizontal rod, the upper end surface of the top block is fixedly provided with top rotating blocks arranged in an annular array, the top rotating blocks are rotatably provided with hanging blocks, the hanging blocks are connected with the horizontal rods in a clamping and matching way, the lower end surface of the top block is fixedly provided with a plurality of supporting rods, and the lower end surface of each supporting rod is fixedly provided with a lower box. The spraying angle is wider, so that the spraying effect is enhanced and the working efficiency is improved.

Description

Unmanned aerial vehicle sprinkler apparatus
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of unmanned aerial vehicle equipment, in particular to unmanned aerial vehicle spraying equipment.
Background
Unmanned aerial vehicle often sprays the operation when using to farming-grazing industry, for example: pesticide sprays and water liquid sprays etc. and current spraying apparatus has and sprays inefficiency, and can not have longer duration to carry out the spraying of all-round angle, has reduced work efficiency in this respect. For this reason, long-term research has been conducted and various solutions have been proposed.
For example, chinese patent document discloses a pesticide spraying apparatus for an unmanned aerial vehicle [ application No.: 201910680363.7], including the mount pad, water storage discharging device, the eduction gear is put to the pesticide, agitating unit eduction gear, power device, transmission, send water to the agitating unit eduction gear through water storage discharging device with water according to the speed of unmanned aerial vehicle flight in, the pesticide is put the speed that the eduction gear flies according to unmanned aerial vehicle and is sent the pesticide in to agitating unit eduction gear, the pesticide blowout that agitating unit eduction gear will stir is spout, power device provides functions such as power according to the flying speed, its characterized in that: the spraying device of the stirring device is fixedly arranged on the mounting seat, the pesticide placing and spraying device is fixedly arranged on the spraying device of the stirring device, the water storage and discharge device is fixedly arranged on the spraying device of the stirring device, the power device is fixedly arranged on the mounting seat, and the transmission device is fixedly arranged on the mounting seat.
The invention does not realize the omnibearing and multi-angle spraying of trees by using the unmanned aerial vehicle, thereby reducing the working efficiency.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide unmanned aerial vehicle spraying equipment which has the advantage of continuously spraying trees in an all-dimensional and multi-angle mode by using an unmanned aerial vehicle.
The unmanned aerial vehicle spraying equipment comprises an unmanned aerial vehicle, a liquid control device and a liquid adding device, wherein the lower end face of the unmanned aerial vehicle is fixedly provided with vertical rods arranged in an annular array, a horizontal rod is fixedly arranged between every two adjacent vertical rods, a top block is arranged below the horizontal rod, the upper end face of the top block is fixedly provided with top rotating blocks arranged in an annular array, the top rotating blocks are rotatably provided with hanging blocks, the hanging blocks are connected with the horizontal rods in a clamping and matching manner, the lower end face of the top block is fixedly provided with a plurality of supporting rods, the lower end face of each supporting rod is fixedly provided with a lower box, the lower end face of the top block is internally and fixedly provided with a driving motor, the driving motor is rotatably connected with the lower box in a matching manner, the outer surface of an output shaft of the driving motor is fixedly provided with a rotating block, the top block and the lower box end face close to the rotating block are fixedly provided with top rotating blocks which are symmetrical up and down, the output shaft of the driving motor penetrates through the cavity, a rotating block is arranged on the outer surface of the top rotating block in a rotating mode, bilaterally symmetrical rotating handles are fixedly arranged on the outer surface of the rotating block, circular rails are fixedly arranged on the end faces, close to the rotating block, of the top block and the lower box, a penetrating cavity which penetrates through the circular rails from top to bottom is fixedly arranged in the circular rails, an annular open slot which is positioned in the circular rails and is annularly arranged and is opened is arranged outside the penetrating cavity, a rotating column is fixedly arranged on the end face, far away from the rotating block, of the rotating handle, the outer surface of the rotating column is rotatably provided with a roller which is abutted against the annular open slot, a power motor is fixedly arranged in the end faces, far away from the penetrating cavity, of the top block and the lower box, a driving gear is fixedly arranged on the outer surface of the output shaft of the power motor, the driving gear is meshed with the rotating block, a liquid receiver, an inner spring cavity which is arranged in an annular manner is fixedly arranged in the lower box, a spring cavity which is positioned in the lower box and is arranged in an annular manner is arranged between the inner spring cavities, an extending rod is arranged in the spring cavity in a sliding manner, the extending rod penetrates through the spring cavity in a sliding manner and extends into the inner spring cavity, a rotating wheel is arranged in the extending rod in a rotating manner, symmetrical rollers which are symmetrical up and down are fixedly arranged on the upper end wall and the lower end wall of the inner spring cavity, lower rollers which are symmetrical left and right are fixedly arranged on the lower end surface of the lower box, a liquid pipe penetrates through the inner spring cavity in a sliding manner and bypasses the outer surfaces of the rotating wheel and the symmetrical rollers, the liquid pipe penetrates through the inner spring cavity in a sliding manner and extends downwards to bypass the outer surface of the lower roller, an inner thread cavity with a downward opening is fixedly arranged in the lower end surface of the lower box, an outer rotating block is connected in a thread fit manner and, the gliding income of liquid pipe the internal thread intracavity and extend into in the circuit pipe, the intraductal circuit pipe that is provided with of circuit, circuit pipe and the inside power supply line intercommunication of equipment, circuit pipe below is provided with the under casing, thereby utilizes driving motor and motor power drive turning block and driving gear rotate, make the driving gear drives the turning block rotates, makes turning handle and turning block require to rotate appointed angle according to the position of difference, have improved the accuracy of spraying of equipment, stretch into pole and spring chamber sliding fit and connect, make the liquid pipe has the cushioning effect at the in-process that stretches out and draws back and is the liquid pipe free movement, thereby has improved the buffer capacity messenger of equipment inner structure turning handle and turning block rotate steadily.
The technical scheme is that the bottom box is arranged on ground mobile equipment, a mixing cavity is fixedly arranged in the bottom box, an inner containing cavity in the bottom box is arranged on the right side of the mixing cavity, an air compressor and a generator are fixedly arranged on the right end face of the bottom box, discharge pipes which are symmetrical left and right are arranged on the lower end face of a line pipe and communicated with the liquid pipe, the discharge pipes extend into the inner containing cavity, an empty pipe is communicated with the upper end face of the air compressor and extends into the inner containing cavity to be communicated with the inner containing cavity, an air valve is communicated in the empty pipe, a guide pipe is arranged on an inner chain of the left end wall of the inner containing cavity, a liquid pump is communicated in the left end wall of the guide pipe, a side valve is communicated in the left end wall of the liquid pump and communicated with the mixing cavity, and a liquid inlet pipe is communicated in the upper end wall of the mixing cavity, the upper end face of the liquid inlet pipe is communicated with a switch valve, the switch valve is communicated with an external pipeline, and liquid control devices are arranged in the rotating handle and the rotating block, so that the generator supplies power to equipment, the air compressor is utilized to push liquid in the inner accommodating cavity to enter the discharge pipe and be sprayed out, mixed liquid is sprayed, and the sustainable working performance of the equipment is improved.
According to the further technical scheme, the liquid control device comprises a spraying cavity, an inner transmission cavity is arranged on the rear side of the spraying cavity and located in the rotating block and the rotating handle, a built-in motor is fixedly arranged in the front end wall of the inner transmission cavity, a main grinding wheel is fixedly arranged on the front end face of an output shaft of the built-in motor, a lower meshing gear is arranged below the main grinding wheel in a meshed mode, a rotating column is fixedly arranged in the lower meshing gear, the rotating column penetrates through the inner transmission cavity in a rotating mode and extends into the spraying cavity, a liquid limiting block is fixedly arranged on the front end face of the rotating column and abuts against the spraying cavity, the spraying cavity is communicated with the liquid receiver, a spraying nozzle is fixedly arranged on the end faces of the rotating handle and the rotating block far away from the driving motor and communicated with the spraying cavity, a liquid adding device is arranged on the upper end face of the bottom box, so that the built-in motor and the main grinding wheel are meshed with the lower wheel, the cross section of the liquid limiting block overlapped with the spraying cavity is changed after the liquid limiting block rotates, and the liquid control effect of the equipment is improved.
According to the technical scheme, the liquid adding device comprises a top pipe, the top pipe is fixedly arranged in the upper end face of the bottom box, a connecting cavity which penetrates through the top and the bottom is fixedly arranged in the top pipe, the connecting cavity is communicated with the mixing cavity, an opening cavity is formed in the upper end wall of the connecting cavity in a communicated mode, an inner ring block and an annular cushion block which are arranged in an annular mode are fixedly arranged on the end wall of the opening cavity, a rotating block is arranged between the inner ring block and the annular cushion block in a clamped mode, a handle cavity which penetrates through the rotating block is fixedly arranged in the rotating block in the front and at the back, and the rotating block is made of soft rubber materials and is used for clamping the rotating block with the inner ring block in a rotating mode, so that the function of a switch is achieved, and the sealing.
Further technical scheme, be provided with liquid pipe and circuit pipe in the cladding pipe, the cladding pipe will liquid pipe and circuit pipe parcel are tied, the liquid pipe can not be because of buckling and too much change the cross-sectional area of pipeline, be provided with in the spring intracavity with stretch into the spring that the rod end face offseted to make the pipeline still can work smoothly after removing, improved the adaptability and the practicality of equipment.
According to the further technical scheme, the vertical rods are arranged in an annular array mode, so that the horizontal rods between the vertical rods are used for hanging the hanging blocks, and the structural stability of the equipment is improved.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the invention has simple structure and convenient operation, adopts the mode of hanging on the unmanned aerial vehicle, utilizes the ground walking equipment as a support, adopts the pipeline extension type working mode, utilizes the ground equipment as an energy and spraying liquid supply original point to spray in multiple directions and multiple angles, and utilizes a plurality of groups of rotating spraying structures to ensure that the spraying angles are wider, thereby enhancing the spraying effect and improving the working efficiency.
The utility model has the advantages of, utilize the equipment on ground to provide the solution that sprays to the inside relevant structure of unmanned aerial vehicle, and realized utilizing in unmanned aerial vehicle, the ooff valve, the mixing chamber is full of pure water liquid, and pour into in the mixing chamber and spray the liquid medicine, and pour into in the opening chamber and spray the liquid medicine, make and spray the liquid medicine and enter into the mixing chamber from opening chamber and connecting chamber, further realized quick pesticide solution ratio preparation with the mode that sprays the liquid medicine and carry out abundant mixing with pure water liquid, and utilize spraying nozzle at this moment will mix and form the spray form blowout, the regulation of distance and the pressure of spraying has still been realized in this process, utilize built-in motor, main tooth wheel, under tooth wheel, rotating column isotructure, realized the limit liquid piece, the gap between the blowout chamber changes, thereby make mixed liquid spout after the blowout chamber after the distance of mixed liquid changes with pressure, in mixed liquid spraying process, the spraying nozzles at different positions need to be made to move to different directions for spraying, and the reliability and the practicability of the equipment are greatly improved due to the advantages.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the internal overall structure of an unmanned aerial vehicle spraying device of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the rotating block of FIG. 1 taken along the line A-A according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the top block of FIG. 1 in the direction B-B according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the liquid confinement block of FIG. 1 taken in the direction C-C according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of the bottom box of FIG. 1 taken in the direction D according to the present invention;
in the figure, an unmanned aerial vehicle 100, a mounting block 101, a vertical rod 102, a horizontal rod 103, a cavity 104, a top rotating block 105, a top block 106, a rotating handle 108, a spraying cavity 109, a liquid limiting block 110, an annular opening groove 111, an annular rail 112, a roller 113, a penetrating cavity 114, an extending rod 115, a spring cavity 116, a switch valve 117, a liquid inlet pipe 118, a mixing cavity 119, a bottom box 120, a side valve 121, a liquid pump 122, a conduit 123, a discharging pipe 124, a content cavity 125, a generator 126, an air compressor 127, an air valve 128, an empty pipe 129, an outer rotating block 130, a line pipe 131, an inner threaded cavity 132, a liquid pipe 133, a lower roller 134, a symmetrical roller 135, an inner elastic cavity 136, a rotating wheel 137, a liquid receiver 138, a spraying nozzle 139, a support rod 140, a rotating block 141, a driving gear 142, a power motor 143, a driving motor 144, a top rotating block 145, a rotating block 147, a lower box 150, a line pipe 151, a rotating column 152, an inner motor 200, The main gear 202, the lower gear 203, the rotating column 204, the connecting cavity 300, the open cavity 301, the rotating block 302, the handle cavity 303, the inner ring block 304, the annular cushion block 305 and the top pipe 306.
Detailed Description
The present invention is described in detail below with reference to fig. 1 to 5.
Referring to fig. 1-5, an unmanned aerial vehicle spraying apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention includes an unmanned aerial vehicle 100, a liquid control device and a liquid adding device, wherein vertical rods 102 are fixedly arranged on a lower end surface of the unmanned aerial vehicle 100 in an annular array, the diameter of each vertical rod 102 is 3cm, a horizontal rod 103 is fixedly arranged between adjacent vertical rods 102, the diameter of each horizontal rod 103 is 3.5cm, a top block 106 is arranged below the horizontal rod 103, a top rotating block 145 is fixedly arranged on an upper end surface of the top block 106 in an annular array, a hanging block 101 is rotatably arranged in the top rotating block 145, the hanging block 101 is connected with the horizontal rod 103 in a clamping and matching manner, a plurality of support rods 140 are fixedly arranged on a lower end surface of the top block 106, a lower box 150 is fixedly arranged on a lower end surface of the support rods 140, a driving motor 144 is fixedly arranged in a lower end surface of the top block 106, the driving motor 144 is connected with the lower box 150 in a rotating and matching manner, a rotating, the end surfaces of the top block 106 and the lower box 150 close to the rotating block 147 are fixedly provided with top rotating blocks 105 which are symmetrical up and down, a cavity 104 which penetrates through the top rotating blocks 105 up and down is fixedly arranged in the top rotating blocks 105, an output shaft of a driving motor 144 penetrates through the cavity 104, the outer surface of the top rotating blocks 105 is rotatably provided with rotating blocks 141, the outer surface of the rotating blocks 141 is fixedly provided with rotating handles 108 which are symmetrical left and right, the end surfaces of the top block 106 and the lower box 150 close to the rotating blocks 147 are fixedly provided with circular rails 112, the diameter of the circular rails 112 is 70cm, the circular rails 112 are internally and fixedly provided with penetrating cavities 114 which penetrate through the top and the bottom, the outer sides of the penetrating cavities 114 are provided with annular open grooves 111 which are positioned in the circular rails 112 and are annularly provided with openings, the end surface of the rotating handles 108 far away from the rotating blocks 147 is fixedly provided with rotating columns 152, the outer surface of the rotating columns 152 is rotatably provided with rollers 113 which are abutted against the annular open grooves, a driving gear 142 is fixedly arranged on the outer surface of an output shaft of a power motor 143, the driving gear 142 is engaged with a rotating block 141, a liquid receiver 138 is fixedly arranged on the end surfaces of the rotating block 147 and the rotating handle 108, a liquid pipe 133 extending downwards is arranged in the liquid receiver 138 in a communicating manner, an inner spring cavity 136 arranged in an annular manner is fixedly arranged in the lower box 150, a spring cavity 116 which is positioned in the lower box 150 and arranged in an annular manner is arranged between the inner spring cavities 136, an extending rod 115 is arranged in the spring cavity 116 in a sliding manner, the diameter of the extending rod 115 penetrates through the spring cavity 116 and extends into the inner spring cavity 136 in a sliding manner, a rotating wheel 137 is rotatably arranged in the extending rod 115, symmetrical rollers 135 which are vertically symmetrical are fixedly arranged on the upper end wall and the lower end wall of the inner spring cavity 136, a left-right symmetrical lower roller 134 is fixedly arranged on the lower end surface of the lower box 150, the diameter of the lower roller 134 is 3cm, the liquid pipe 133 penetrates through the inner spring cavity, the liquid pipe 133 passes through the inner spring cavity 136 in a sliding manner and extends downwards to bypass the outer surface of the lower roller 134, the lower end surface of the lower box 150 is fixedly provided with an inner thread cavity 132 with a downward opening, the inner thread cavity 132 is provided with an outer rotating block 130 in a matching and connecting manner, the outer rotating block 130 is internally provided with a line pipe 151 in a rotating manner, the liquid pipe 133 extends into the inner thread cavity 132 in a sliding manner and extends into the line pipe 151, the line pipe 131 is arranged in the line pipe 151, the line pipe 131 is communicated with a power supply circuit in the equipment, the lower part of the line pipe 151 is provided with a bottom box 120, so that the driving motor 144 and the power motor 143 are utilized to drive the rotating block 147 and the driving gear 142 to rotate, the driving gear 142 drives the rotating block 141 to rotate, the rotating handle 108 and the rotating block 147 rotate to a designated angle according to different position requirements, the spraying accuracy of the equipment is improved, the extending rod 115 is in a sliding and matching and connecting manner with the spring cavity, thereby improving the damping capacity of the internal structure of the device and enabling the rotation of the rotating handle 108 and the rotating block 147 to be smooth.
Beneficially or exemplarily, the bottom box 120 is disposed on a ground mobile device, the mixing cavity 119 is fixedly disposed in the bottom box 120, the right side of the mixing cavity 119 is provided with an inner cavity 125 disposed in the bottom box 120, the right end face of the bottom box 120 is fixedly provided with an air compressor 127 and a generator 126, the lower end face of the line pipe 151 is provided with discharge pipes 124 which are bilaterally symmetrical, the diameter of the discharge pipe 124 is 8cm, the discharge pipe 124 is communicated with the liquid pipe 133, the discharge pipe 124 extends into the inner cavity 125, the upper end face of the air compressor 127 is provided with a hollow pipe 129 in a communicating manner, the hollow pipe 129 extends into the inner cavity 125 and is communicated with the inner cavity 125, the hollow pipe 129 is provided with an air valve 128 in a communicating manner, the left end wall of the inner cavity 125 is provided with a guide pipe 123 by a chain, the guide pipe 123 is 9cm in a diameter, the left end wall of the guide pipe 123 is provided with a liquid pump 122 in a communicating manner, the left end wall of the, the upper end surface of the liquid inlet pipe 118 is communicated with a switch valve 117, the switch valve 117 is communicated with an external pipeline, and liquid control devices are arranged in the rotating handle 108 and the rotating block 147, so that the generator 126 supplies power to the equipment, the air compressor 127 is used for pushing the liquid in the inner accommodating cavity 125 to enter the discharge pipe 124 and be sprayed out, the spraying of mixed liquid is realized, and the sustainable working performance of the equipment is improved.
Beneficially or exemplarily, the liquid control device comprises a spraying cavity 109, an inner transmission cavity 201 arranged in the rotating block 147 and the rotating handle 108 is arranged at the rear side of the spraying cavity 109, an internal motor 200 is fixedly arranged in the front end wall of the inner transmission cavity 201, a main gear wheel 202 is fixedly arranged on the front end surface of an output shaft of the internal motor 200, a lower gear wheel 203 is arranged below the main gear wheel 202 in a meshed manner, the transmission ratio between the main gear wheel 202 and the lower gear wheel 203 is 0.6, a rotating column 204 is fixedly arranged in the lower gear wheel 203, the diameter of the rotating column 204 is 2.5cm, the rotating column 204 rotatably penetrates through the inner transmission cavity 201 and extends into the spraying cavity 109, a liquid limiting block 110 is fixedly arranged on the front end surface of the rotating column 204, the diameter of the liquid limiting block 110 is 5cm, the liquid limiting block 110 abuts against the spraying cavity 109, the spraying cavity 109 is communicated with the liquid receiver 138, the rotating handle 108 and the rotating block 147 far away from the driving motor 144 are fixedly provided with a spraying nozzle 139 communicated with the spraying cavity 109, the upper end surface of the bottom box 120 is provided with a liquid adding device, so that the built-in motor 200 is utilized, the main gear wheel 202 is meshed with the lower gear wheel 203, the cross section of the liquid limiting block 110 overlapped with the spraying cavity 109 is changed after the liquid limiting block rotates, and the liquid control effect of the device is improved.
Beneficially or exemplarily, the liquid adding device comprises a top pipe 306, the top pipe 306 is fixedly arranged in the upper end surface of the bottom box 120, a vertically-penetrating connecting cavity 300 is fixedly arranged in the top pipe 306, the diameter of the connecting cavity 300 is 8cm, the connecting cavity 300 is communicated with the mixing cavity 119, an opening cavity 301 is arranged in the upper end wall of the connecting cavity 300 in a communicating manner, an inner ring block 304 and an annular cushion block 305 which are annularly arranged are fixedly arranged on the end wall of the opening cavity 301, the diameter of the inner ring block 304 is 15cm, a rotating block 302 is arranged between the inner ring block 304 and the annular cushion block 305 in a clamping manner, a handle cavity 303 which is longitudinally penetrated is fixedly arranged in the rotating block 302, and the rotating block 302 is made of soft rubber materials, so that the rotating block 302 and the inner ring block 304 are rotatably clamped to realize a switching function and improve the sealing performance of the equipment.
Beneficially or exemplarily, the liquid pipe 133 and the line pipe 131 are arranged in the cladding pipe 151, the diameter of the line pipe 131 is 5cm, the cladding pipe 151 wraps and binds the liquid pipe 133 and the line pipe 131, the liquid pipe 133 does not change the cross-sectional area of the pipeline too much due to bending, and the spring cavity 116 is internally provided with a spring which is abutted against the end face of the extending rod 115, so that the pipeline can still work smoothly after moving, and the adaptability and the practicability of the equipment are improved.
Beneficially or exemplarily, the vertical rods 102 are arranged in a circular array, so that the mounting blocks 101 are arranged in a suspended manner by using the horizontal rods 103 between the vertical rods 102, and the structural stability of the equipment is improved.
During initial state, interior bullet chamber 136 is the same with the number that connects liquid ware 138, and spring chamber 116 and interior bullet chamber 136 ring setting are in lower box 150, and generator 126 supplies the required electric energy of equipment and unmanned aerial vehicle, and all structural device of circuit pipe 151 downside set firmly in the mobile device on ground, for example: the intelligent mobile trolley comprises an intelligent mobile trolley and the like, wherein a mounting block 101 is mounted on the outer surface of a horizontal rod 103 and is fixed with the horizontal rod 103, a built-in motor 200, a driving motor 144, a power motor 143, a liquid pump 122, an air compressor 127 and a generator 126 are in a stop working state, a switch valve 117, a side valve 121 and an air valve 128 are in a closed state, a rotating wheel 137 is located at the limit positions at two sides, and a spray nozzle 139 is located on the same straight line, so that the equipment is in an initial state, and can be adjusted more quickly in subsequent working.
When equipment work, unmanned aerial vehicle is as prior art, and the unmanned aerial vehicle system mainly includes aircraft organism, flight control system, data link system, transmission recovery system, electrical power generating system etc.. The flight control system is also called as a flight management and control system, is equivalent to the heart part of an unmanned aerial vehicle system, has important influence on the stability of the unmanned aerial vehicle, the reliability, the accuracy, the real-time performance and the like of data transmission, and plays a decisive role in the flight performance of the unmanned aerial vehicle; the data link system can ensure accurate transmission of remote control instructions and real-time performance and reliability of receiving and sending information by the unmanned aerial vehicle, so that timely effectiveness and smooth and accurate task completion of information feedback are ensured. The launching and recovery system ensures that the unmanned aerial vehicle smoothly ascends to the air to achieve safe height and speed for flying, and safely falls back to the ground from the sky after the mission is finished.
The unmanned aerial vehicle is an unmanned aerial vehicle which is self-powered, remotely controlled by radio or autonomously flies, can perform various tasks and can be used for multiple times. In order to realize the autonomous flight of the unmanned aerial vehicle and smoothly complete the designated task, the flight control, navigation and guidance are the most key technologies.
The basic task of the unmanned aerial vehicle automatic flight control system is to keep the stability of the attitude and the flight path of the aircraft when the unmanned aerial vehicle is interfered in the air, change the attitude and the flight path of the aircraft according to the requirement of ground wireless transmission instructions, and complete navigation calculation, telemetering data transmission, task control and management and the like. The basic task of the unmanned aerial vehicle navigation system is to control the unmanned aerial vehicle to fly according to a predetermined task route. The basic condition for realizing navigation is that the information of relevant parameters such as the real-time position and speed of the flight of the unmanned aerial vehicle can be determined. The basic task of the guidance system is to determine the relative position of the unmanned aerial vehicle and the target, control the unmanned aerial vehicle to fly, and guide the unmanned aerial vehicle to fly to the target along a preset track under a certain accuracy. For unmanned aerial vehicles, navigation, guidance and flight control systems are interconnected on the basis of an automatic flight control system.
When the device works, the unmanned aerial vehicle 100 flies to a designated position in the sky after working, at the moment, the length of the circuit pipe 151 meets the flying height of the unmanned aerial vehicle 100, so that the unmanned aerial vehicle 100 can move freely in the working range, at the moment, spraying operation is required, firstly, the switch valve 117 is opened, so that the mixing cavity 119 is filled with pure water liquid, at the moment, spraying liquid medicine needs to be poured into the mixing cavity 119, at the moment, the rotating block 302 is screwed and the rotating block 302 is pulled out, spraying liquid medicine is poured into the open cavity 301, at the moment, the spraying liquid medicine enters the mixing cavity 119 from the open cavity 301 and the connecting cavity 300, so that the pure water liquid and the spraying liquid medicine are fully mixed, at the moment, the side valve 121 is opened, the liquid pump 122 starts working, the mixed liquid in the mixing cavity 119 is pumped into the content cavity 125 by the liquid pump 122, at the moment, the air compressor 127 and the generator 126 start working, the air compressor 127 compresses air after working, so that the compressed air enters the content cavity 125 from the hollow pipe 129, when spraying is needed, the compressed air in the hollow pipe 129 presses out the mixed liquid in the content cavity 125 from the discharge pipe 124, the mixed liquid enters the liquid receiver 138 after passing through the liquid pipe 133, the mixed liquid enters the spraying cavity 109 from the liquid receiver 138, the spray nozzle 139 mixes the mixed liquid to form spray-shaped spraying, in the process, the distance and pressure of spraying need to be adjusted, the built-in motor 200 drives the main gear wheel 202 to rotate after starting working, the lower gear wheel 203 meshed with the main gear wheel 202 drives the rotating column 204 to rotate, the gap between the liquid limiting block 110 and the spraying cavity 109 is changed after the liquid limiting block 110 fixed with the rotating column 204 rotates, so that the distance and the pressure of spraying of the mixed liquid after passing through the spraying cavity 109 are changed, in the process of spraying the mixed liquid, the spraying nozzles 139 at different positions are required to be made to move to different directions for spraying, under the action of a control program in the equipment, the driving motor 144 and the power motor 143 start to work, the driving motor 144 drives the rotating block 147 to rotate after working, the middle spraying nozzle 139 is driven to spray to a specified position, the power motor 143 drives the driving gear 142 to rotate after working, the top rotating block 105 meshed with the driving gear 142 drives the rotating handle 108 to move to the specified position after rotating, at the moment, the roller 113 rolls in the annular opening groove 111, so that the equipment works more stably, because the rotating block 147 and the rotating block 141 rotate, the liquid pipe 133 is stretched, at the moment, due to the action of the rotating wheel 137 and the extending rod 115, the extending rod 115 moves left and right in the spring cavity 116, a spring in the spring cavity 116 plays a rebound role, so that the liquid pipe 133 can still normally work and return to the initial position of the inner spring cavity 136 when the rotating block 147 and the rotating block 141 rotate to different positions, thereby the multi-angle of equipment sprays ability and functional structure variety have been improved.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the invention has simple structure and convenient operation, adopts the mode of hanging on the unmanned aerial vehicle, utilizes the ground walking equipment as a support, adopts the pipeline extension type working mode, utilizes the ground equipment as an energy and spraying liquid supply original point to spray in multiple directions and multiple angles, and utilizes a plurality of groups of rotating spraying structures to ensure that the spraying angles are wider, thereby enhancing the spraying effect and improving the working efficiency.
The utility model has the advantages that the equipment on the ground is utilized to provide spraying solution for the relevant structures inside the unmanned aerial vehicle, the unmanned aerial vehicle is utilized, the switch valve 117 is arranged in the mixing cavity 119, pure water liquid is filled in the mixing cavity 119, spraying liquid medicine is poured in the opening cavity 301, the spraying liquid medicine enters the mixing cavity 119 from the opening cavity 301 and the connecting cavity 300, the pure water liquid and the spraying liquid medicine are fully mixed, the pesticide solution is rapidly prepared, the spraying nozzle 139 is utilized to mix to form spraying shape and spray, the spraying distance and pressure are adjusted in the process, the structures such as the built-in motor 200, the main meshing gear 202, the lower meshing gear 203 and the rotating column 204 are utilized, the liquid limiting block 110 is realized, the gap between the spraying cavities 109 is changed, and the spraying distance and the pressure of the mixed liquid after the spraying cavity 109 are changed, in the mixed liquid spraying process, the spraying nozzles 139 at different positions need to be set to move to different directions for spraying, and the advantages greatly improve the reliability and the practicability of the equipment.
It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications may be made to the above embodiments without departing from the general spirit and concept of the invention. All falling within the scope of protection of the present invention. The protection scheme of the invention is subject to the appended claims.

Claims (6)

1. An unmanned aerial vehicle spraying equipment comprises an unmanned aerial vehicle (100), a liquid control device and a liquid adding device, wherein a vertical rod (102) arranged in an annular array is fixedly arranged on the lower end face of the unmanned aerial vehicle (100), a horizontal rod (103) is fixedly arranged between the adjacent vertical rods (102), a top block (106) is arranged below the horizontal rod (103), a top rotating block (145) arranged in the annular array is fixedly arranged on the upper end face of the top block (106), a hanging block (101) is rotatably arranged in the top rotating block (145), the hanging block (101) is connected with the horizontal rod (103) in a clamping and matching manner, a plurality of support rods (140) are fixedly arranged on the lower end face of the top block (106), a lower box (150) is fixedly arranged on the lower end face of the support rods (140), a driving motor (144) is fixedly arranged in the lower end face of the top block (106), and the driving motor (144) is connected with the lower box (150) in a rotating, the outer surface of an output shaft of the driving motor (144) is fixedly provided with a rotating block (147), the end surfaces of the top block (106) and the lower box (150) close to the rotating block (147) are fixedly provided with top rotating blocks (105) which are symmetrical up and down, a cavity (104) which penetrates through the top rotating block (105) up and down is fixedly arranged in the top rotating block (105), the output shaft of the driving motor (144) penetrates through the cavity (104), the outer surface of the top rotating block (105) is rotatably provided with a rotating block (141), the outer surface of the rotating block (141) is fixedly provided with rotating handles (108) which are symmetrical left and right, the end surfaces of the top block (106) and the lower box (150) close to the rotating block (147) are fixedly provided with circular rails (112), a penetrating cavity (114) which penetrates through up and down is fixedly arranged in the circular rails (112), and an open-ring-shaped open slot (111) which is arranged in a ring shape is arranged outside the penetrating cavity, a rotary column (152) is fixedly arranged on the end face of the rotary handle (108) far away from the rotary block (147), a roller (113) abutting against the annular open slot (111) is arranged on the outer surface of the rotary column (152) in a rotating manner, a power motor (143) is fixedly arranged in the end faces of the top block (106) far away from the penetrating cavity (114) and the lower box (150), a driving gear (142) is fixedly arranged on the outer surface of an output shaft of the power motor (143), the driving gear (142) is meshed with the rotary block (141), a liquid receiver (138) is fixedly arranged on the end faces of the rotary block (147) and the rotary handle (108), a liquid pipe (133) extending downwards is communicated with the liquid receiver (138), an annular inner spring cavity (136) is fixedly arranged in the lower box (150), and an annular spring cavity (116) is arranged between the inner spring cavities (136), the spring cavity (116) is provided with an extending rod (115) in a sliding manner, the extending rod (115) penetrates through the spring cavity (116) in a sliding manner and extends into the inner spring cavity (136), the extending rod (115) is provided with a rotating wheel (137) in a rotating manner, the upper end wall and the lower end wall of the inner spring cavity (136) are fixedly provided with symmetrical rollers (135) which are symmetrical up and down, the lower end face of the lower box (150) is fixedly provided with lower rollers (134) which are symmetrical left and right, the liquid pipe (133) penetrates through the inner spring cavity (136) in a sliding manner and bypasses the outer surfaces of the rotating wheel (137) and the symmetrical rollers (135), the liquid pipe (133) penetrates through the inner spring cavity (136) in a sliding manner and extends downwards to bypass the outer surface of the lower rollers (134), the lower end face of the lower box (150) is fixedly provided with an inner thread cavity (132) with a downward opening, and the inner thread of the inner thread cavity (132) is provided with, the utility model discloses a circuit pipe, including outer commentaries on classics piece (130), liquid pipe (133) are slided and are stretched into in interior thread cavity (132) and extend into in circuit pipe (151), be provided with in circuit pipe (151) line pipe (131), circuit pipe (131) and the inside power supply circuit intercommunication of equipment, circuit pipe (151) below is provided with under casing (120).
2. An unmanned aerial vehicle spraying device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the bottom box (120) is arranged on ground mobile equipment, a mixing cavity (119) is fixedly arranged in the bottom box (120), an inner containing cavity (125) located in the bottom box (120) is arranged on the right side of the mixing cavity (119), an air compressor (127) and a generator (126) are fixedly arranged on the right end face of the bottom box (120), discharge pipes (124) which are symmetrical left and right are arranged on the lower end face of a line pipe (151), the discharge pipes (124) are communicated with a liquid pipe (133), the discharge pipes (124) extend into the inner containing cavity (125), a hollow pipe (129) is communicated with the upper end face of the air compressor (127), the hollow pipe (129) extends into the inner containing cavity (125) and is communicated with the inner containing cavity (125), an air valve (128) is communicated with the hollow pipe (129), a chain guide pipe (123) is arranged in the left end wall of the inner containing cavity (125), the utility model discloses a liquid pump, including pipe (123), mixing chamber (119), liquid pump (119), mixing chamber (119), feed liquor pipe (118), switch valve (117) are provided with in feed liquor pipe (118), switch valve (117) and outside pipeline intercommunication, in turning handle (108) and be provided with accuse liquid device in turning block (147).
3. An unmanned aerial vehicle spraying device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the liquid control device comprises a spraying cavity (109), an inner transmission cavity (201) which is positioned in the rotating block (147) and the rotating handle (108) is arranged on the rear side of the spraying cavity (109), a built-in motor (200) is fixedly arranged in the front end wall of the inner transmission cavity (201), a main meshing gear (202) is fixedly arranged on the front end surface of an output shaft of the built-in motor (200), a lower meshing gear (203) is arranged below the main meshing gear (202) in a meshing manner, a rotating column (204) is fixedly arranged in the lower meshing gear (203), the rotating column (204) rotatably penetrates through the inner transmission cavity (201) and extends into the spraying cavity (109), a liquid limiting block (110) is fixedly arranged on the front end surface of the rotating column (204), the liquid limiting block (110) abuts against the spraying cavity (109), the spraying cavity (109) is communicated with the liquid receiver (138), and a spraying nozzle (139) is fixedly arranged on the rotating handle (108) and the rotating block (147) far away from the driving motor (144), the spraying nozzle (139) is communicated with the spraying cavity (109), and a liquid adding device is arranged on the upper end face of the bottom box (120).
4. An unmanned aerial vehicle spraying device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the liquid adding device comprises a top pipe (306), the top pipe (306) is fixedly arranged in the upper end face of the bottom box (120), a connecting cavity (300) which penetrates through the top and the bottom is fixedly arranged in the top pipe (306), the connecting cavity (300) is communicated with the mixing cavity (119), an opening cavity (301) is formed in the upper end wall of the connecting cavity (300) in a communicated manner, an inner ring block (304) and an annular cushion block (305) which are arranged in an annular manner are fixedly arranged on the end wall of the opening cavity (301), a rotating block (302) is arranged between the inner ring block (304) and the annular cushion block (305) in a clamped manner, a handle cavity (303) which penetrates through the front and the rear is fixedly arranged in the rotating block (302), and the rotating block (302) is made of soft rubber materials.
5. An unmanned aerial vehicle spraying device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the liquid pipe (133) and the line pipe (131) are arranged in the cladding pipe (151), the cladding pipe (151) wraps the liquid pipe (133) and the line pipe (131) in a bundling mode, the liquid pipe (133) cannot change the cross section area of a pipeline too much due to bending, and a spring which is abutted against the end face of the stretching rod (115) is arranged in the spring cavity (116).
6. An unmanned aerial vehicle spraying device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the vertical rods (102) are arranged in an annular array.
CN201911161115.8A 2019-11-24 2019-11-24 Unmanned aerial vehicle sprinkler apparatus Pending CN110937113A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911161115.8A CN110937113A (en) 2019-11-24 2019-11-24 Unmanned aerial vehicle sprinkler apparatus

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911161115.8A CN110937113A (en) 2019-11-24 2019-11-24 Unmanned aerial vehicle sprinkler apparatus

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CN (1) CN110937113A (en)

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CN109050921A (en) * 2018-08-24 2018-12-21 安徽中天保安服务集团有限公司 A kind of unmanned plane for being connected with ground and moving fire plant
CN109606687A (en) * 2018-11-14 2019-04-12 墨宝股份有限公司 A kind of pesticide spraying unmanned plane rotary nozzle
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CN110338173A (en) * 2019-07-26 2019-10-18 璧靛嘲 A kind of unmanned plane pesticide dispersal equipment

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