CN110839668A - Production equipment and production process of flour cakes - Google Patents

Production equipment and production process of flour cakes Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110839668A
CN110839668A CN201911162413.9A CN201911162413A CN110839668A CN 110839668 A CN110839668 A CN 110839668A CN 201911162413 A CN201911162413 A CN 201911162413A CN 110839668 A CN110839668 A CN 110839668A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
machine
dough
grouping
cake
rounding
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Pending
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CN201911162413.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张承美
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Suzhou Maixiangyuan Food Co Ltd
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Suzhou Maixiangyuan Food Co Ltd
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Application filed by Suzhou Maixiangyuan Food Co Ltd filed Critical Suzhou Maixiangyuan Food Co Ltd
Priority to CN201911162413.9A priority Critical patent/CN110839668A/en
Publication of CN110839668A publication Critical patent/CN110839668A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A21BAKING; EDIBLE DOUGHS
    • A21BBAKERS' OVENS; MACHINES OR EQUIPMENT FOR BAKING
    • A21B7/00Baking plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A21BAKING; EDIBLE DOUGHS
    • A21BBAKERS' OVENS; MACHINES OR EQUIPMENT FOR BAKING
    • A21B5/00Baking apparatus for special goods; Other baking apparatus

Abstract

The invention discloses production equipment and a production process of a flour cake, which comprise a flour milling machine, a ball separating machine, a rounding machine, a proofing chamber, a cake pressing machine, an oven, a cooling box and a refrigerating chamber which are sequentially arranged according to working procedures; a first conveyor is fixedly arranged between the discharge end of the grouping machine and the feeding end of the rounding machine; the proofing chamber proofs the fabric rounded by the rounding machine; the cake pressing machine presses the proofed fabric in the proofing chamber into a cake shape; baking the flattened cake-shaped fabric by the oven; a second conveyor is fixedly arranged between the inlet of the cooling box and the outlet of the drying oven; a third conveyor is fixedly arranged at the outlet of the cooling box; the outlet end of the third conveyor is communicated with the stacking window; the refrigerating chamber is used for refrigerating the stacked and packaged flour cakes; a reflecting mirror is fixedly bonded on one surface of the stacking window facing the third conveyor; the reflecting mirror is positioned above the third conveyor, and the invention has high production efficiency and is easy to find faults.

Description

Production equipment and production process of flour cakes
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of production of flour cakes, in particular to production equipment and a production process of the flour cakes.
Background
The dough cake is mainly made of flour, according to the traditional manual making process, namely, the flour is ground, the flour is added with water for kneading, small dough is divided, a dough roller is pressed into a cake shape, baking and forming and the like, in the existing mechanized production, most of the dough adopts one of a flour mixer, a dough dividing machine, a dough rounding machine, a dough flatting machine and an oven to replace the traditional dough cake production process, and the production efficiency is improved to a certain extent.
Moreover, problems of cake damage or cake jamming occasionally occur at the connection of the conveyor to the machine or the connection of the conveyor to the conveyor, where the degree of automation is high and operation by an operator is not required, when the dough products are transported thereon, and thus, it is difficult for the operator to find the problems at the connection of the conveyor to the machine or the connection of the conveyor to the conveyor.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical problem to be solved by the invention is as follows: provides a flour cake production process with high production efficiency and easy fault observation and production equipment thereof.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a production device and a production process of a flour cake comprise a flour beating machine, a dough separating machine, a rounding machine, a proofing chamber, a cake pressing machine, an oven, a cooling box and a refrigerating chamber which are sequentially arranged according to the working procedures; the dough separating machine divides the fabric neutralized by the dough beating machine into a plurality of dough with the same amount; a first conveyor is fixedly arranged between the discharge end of the grouping machine and the feeding end of the rounding machine; the proofing chamber proofs the fabric rounded by the rounding machine; the cake pressing machine presses the proofed fabric in the proofing chamber into a cake shape; baking the flattened cake-shaped fabric by the oven; a second conveyor is fixedly arranged between the inlet of the cooling box and the outlet of the drying oven; a third conveyor is fixedly arranged at the outlet of the cooling box; the outlet end of the third conveyor is communicated with the stacking window; the refrigerating chamber is used for refrigerating the stacked and packaged flour cakes;
a reflecting mirror is fixedly bonded on one surface of the stacking window facing the third conveyor; the mirror is located above the third conveyor.
The setting of speculum makes things convenient for the staff to press into the pie surface fabric on with the cooked flake wrapping machine and takes off, observes the second conveyer between oven and the cooler bin and the transport condition of third conveyer at any time, prevents that the face cake from breaking down on second conveyer or third conveyer, or the increase of the defective rate that face cake self is unqualified and leads to.
Preferably, the grouping machine comprises a grouping feeding device, a grouping base, a grouping conveying device and a grouping device; the grouping feeding device is arranged on the grouping base; the grouping device is rotationally connected to the grouping feeding device; the grouping conveying device is arranged below the grouping device.
Preferably, the grouping device comprises a grouping barrel rotating along the axis thereof, a movable column and a cylindrical through hole; cylindrical through holes are arranged on the curved surface of the grouping cylinder in parallel; a movable column is inserted into one port of the cylindrical through hole; when the cylindrical through hole is aligned with the feeding port of the grouping feeding device, feeding dough into the cylindrical through hole from the grouping feeding device, and extruding the movable column from the inside of the cylindrical through hole to the outside; when the cylindrical through hole is opposite to the grouping conveying device, the movable column presses out the fabric in the cylindrical through hole under the action of gravity and extrudes the fabric to the grouping conveying device.
The volume size of cylinder through-hole is fixed, and the weight of dress surface fabric is fixed, and when it emptys, extrude the surface fabric in the cylinder through-hole by the activity post, and the weight of every portion surface fabric is equalling, and the cylinder through-hole of a balling section of thick bamboo rotates to vertical direction by the horizontal direction when, and it takes place relative rotation with balling loading attachment, and the balling loading attachment export is cut off by this motion with the interior dough of cylinder through-hole internal connection, prevents that the dough adhesion is in the same place.
Preferably, the separating device further comprises a transmission mechanism for driving the separating cylinder to rotate, and a mounting side plate for mounting the transmission mechanism; the input end of the transmission mechanism is in transmission connection with the output shaft of the motor; the mounting side plates are arranged on two sides of the grouping cylinder and are fixed on the outlet side of the grouping feeding device through bolts; the motor is electrically connected with the control system.
Preferably, the agglomerator further comprises a portion adjusting device; the weight adjusting device is connected to one side of the agglomeration barrel, which is far away from the agglomeration feeding device; when the cylindrical through hole rotates to the horizontal direction, the adjusting end of the weight adjusting device is contacted with the exposed end of the movable column.
The maximum tube pass of the movement of the movable column is changed by adjusting the horizontal position of the adjusting end of the portion adjusting device, so that the space size of the memory amount of the through hole of the cylinder is changed, the portion of a single dough is convenient to adjust, and the portion adjusting device is suitable for making different dough products.
Preferably, the portion adjusting device comprises a protective side plate welded on the mounting side plate, a stopper limiting the movable column to move towards the direction far away from the grouping and feeding device, a connecting plate, an adjusting screw for adjusting the position of the stopper, a manual turntable, a screw shell wrapping the tail end of the adjusting screw, a gear and a fixed square column for preventing the adjusting screw from rotating; a gear installation box is fixed on one side of the protection side plate through a bolt; the screw rod shell is fixedly connected to one side of the gear installation box through a bolt; the fixed square column is welded in the screw shell, and the length direction of the fixed square column is parallel to the axial direction of the movable column during feeding; the center of the adjusting screw rod is provided with a square sliding hole along the axis direction; the square sliding hole is in sliding fit with the fixed square column; the adjusting screw rod penetrates out of the screw rod shell and penetrates into the gear installation box; one section of the adjusting screw rod positioned in the gear mounting box is meshed with the gear; the gear is rotatably connected in the gear mounting box through a rotating shaft; the manual turntable is arranged outside the gear installation box and is coaxially connected with the gear; the adjusting screw rod penetrates out of the gear installation box, and the penetrating end of the adjusting screw rod is fixedly connected with the connecting plate through a bolt; the other side of the connecting plate is provided with adjusting stoppers side by side; the adjusting stopper is positioned on one side of the separating cylinder.
Adjusting the space size of the memory amount of the cylindrical through hole according to the dough amount needed by the dough product, firstly horizontally rotating a movable column and the cylindrical through hole on a dough separating cylinder to the horizontal direction, then rotating a manual turntable to drive a gear to rotate, then driving an adjusting screw rod to slide on a fixed square column by the gear, finishing the feeding and discharging process after the position of a stopper at the front end of the adjusting screw rod is adjusted, taking out the discharged dough, weighing the dough, observing whether the dough reaches the standard, and if the dough does not reach the standard, continuing to rotate the manual turntable until the dough amount reaches the standard; the quantity adjusting device can adjust the quantity of the dough after the dough is separated according to the quantity required by different flour products, and has wide application range.
Preferably, the rounding machine comprises a rounding base, a spiral rounding channel, an oil brushing device, a rounding machine output device, a rounding machine support and a top mounting plate; the spiral rounding channel is arranged on the rounding base; the feeding port of the output device of the rounding machine is communicated with the discharging port of the spiral rounding channel; the output device of the rounding machine is fixed on one side of the rounding machine bracket through a connecting block; the rounding machine support is fixed on the top of the rounding base through a bolt; the top mounting plate is fixed at the top end of the support of the rounding machine through a bolt; the oil brushing device is placed on the top mounting plate; and the oil brushing end of the oil brushing device is positioned above the output device of the rounding machine.
The dough is exported from the rounding machine output device outwards after the rounding process of spiral rounding way, and when the brushing oil device on the rounding machine output device, the brushing oil device carries out the brushing oil operation to the dough, improves dough surface lubrication degree, prevents that the dough from adhering to the face of taking of rounding machine output device.
Preferably, the oil brushing device comprises an oil storage barrel, an oil pipe, a brush and a brush bracket; the oil storage barrel is placed on the top mounting plate; the brush support is rotationally connected to the output device of the rounding machine; the brush is detachably fixed on the brush support, and the bristles of the brush face the belt surface of the output device of the rounding machine; the oil inlet end of the oil pipe is communicated with the oil storage barrel; the oil outlet section of the oil pipe is tied on the brush, and the oil outlet port of the oil pipe faces the bristles of the brush.
The dough passes through the spiral rounding way, under its rotation, pass through to the discharge end by the feed end, the dough moves in the spiral rounding way simultaneously, take place to bump and touch many times with the inner wall in spiral rounding way, slowly form regular bulk form, then, the dough enters into on the rounder output device, under the drive of rounder output device, advance forward, at this moment, after it advances a section journey, through the end opening of brush, meanwhile, fluid passes through oil pipe and drips on brush or dough in the oil storage bucket, carry out even paining by the fluid on the dough again by the brush, guarantee that the dough coats evenly, this dough rounding equipment, through erect the brushing oil device above the rounder output device, come to brush oil to the dough, improve the surface smoothness degree of dough, prevent that the dough from adhering to the strip face of rounder output device.
The dough production equipment completes dough beating, dough separation, cake pressing and baking by a machine, and has high production efficiency and high production automation degree; the dough separating machine is used for separating dough through the arrangement of the rotating dough separating cylinder and the matching of the cylindrical through hole on the dough separating cylinder and the movable column, so that the separation precision is high; set up the brushing oil device through the rounding machine output device top at the rounding machine and come right, edible oil is paintd to the dough of process, improves the surface lubrication degree of dough, prevents on its adhesion rounding machine output device.
A production process of a flour cake comprises the following steps:
s1, selecting flour raw materials, putting the flour raw materials into a dough making machine, adding a proper amount of water, and stirring and kneading;
s2, placing the fabric after kneading into a container, transporting the container to a separating machine, adding the fabric into a separating and feeding device on the separating machine, and dividing the original overall fabric into a plurality of fabrics with the same quantity;
s3, the clustered fabric sequentially enters the round table roller surface of the rounding machine along the first conveyor, after the round table roller surface rotates, the fabric enters the spiral rounding channel, rises along the spiral rounding channel, collides with the inner wall of the spiral rounding channel to form uniform round clustered fabric, is then led out of an outlet of the round table roller to a rounding machine output device, and enters a material storage device from the rounding machine output device;
s4, conveying the storage device to a proofing chamber for proofing;
s5, conveying the proofed fabric to a cake pressing machine, flattening, and pressing the dough-like fabric into cake-like fabric;
s6, putting the cake-shaped fabric into an oven by an operator for baking;
s7, the baked flour cake enters a cooling box under the drive of a second conveyor to be cooled;
s8, the cooled flour cakes enter a stacking position under the drive of a third conveyor, and the flour cakes are collected and stacked by operators;
s9, bagging the stacked flour cakes;
s10, conveying the bagged flour cakes into a quick freezing chamber for quick freezing to quickly cool the flour cakes, so as to prevent the flour cakes from being cooled slowly and shorten the quality guarantee time;
the cake after the quick freezing of S11 is sent to a refrigerating room and stored.
Preferably, in S6, the operator simultaneously observes whether the dough cake on the second conveyor between the oven and the cooling box and the cooled dough cake fall or are damaged by the driving of the third conveyor through the reflecting mirror installed at the rear of the cooling box.
The dough production process is high in production efficiency, faults can be monitored at any time by observing the reflector, and the production progress is guaranteed to be smooth.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
A. according to the dough production equipment, dough beating, dough separation, cake pressing and baking are completed by a machine, the production efficiency is high, the production automation degree is high, faults are easy to observe, and the production progress is prevented from being influenced by the faults;
B. the dough separating machine is used for separating dough through the arrangement of the rotating dough separating cylinder and the matching of the cylindrical through hole on the dough separating cylinder and the movable column, so that the separation precision is high; set up the brushing oil device through the rounding machine output device top at the rounding machine and come right, edible oil is paintd to the dough of process, improves the surface lubrication degree of dough, prevents on its adhesion rounding machine output device.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a system for producing a dough cake according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an isometric view of a agglomerator in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an exploded view of the take-off assembly in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an exploded view of the dispensing container and the portion adjustment device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is an isometric view of a balling device in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a drawing showing the operation of the adjusting screw according to the first embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 7 is an isometric view of a swaging mechanism in an embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 8 is a perspective view of a rounding machine according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
In order to facilitate the understanding of the technical solutions of the present invention for those skilled in the art, the technical solutions of the present invention will be further described with reference to the drawings attached to the specification.
The terms "first", "second" and "first" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the present application, "a plurality" means two or more unless specifically limited otherwise.
Referring to fig. 1, the embodiment discloses a production device of a flour cake, which comprises a dough making machine 1, a dough separating machine 2, a rounding machine 3, a proofing chamber 4, a cake pressing machine 5, an oven 6, a cooling box 7 and a refrigerating chamber 8 which are sequentially arranged according to the working procedures. The dough separating machine 2 separates the neutralized fabric of the dough beating machine 1 into a plurality of dough with the same amount. And a first conveyor is fixedly arranged between the discharge end of the grouping machine 2 and the feeding end of the rounding machine 3 through bolts. The proofing chamber 4 proofs the fabric rounded by the rounding machine 3. And the cake pressing machine 5 presses the proofed fabric in the proofing chamber 4 into a cake shape. And the oven 6 is used for baking the flattened cake-shaped fabric. And a second conveyor is fixedly arranged between the inlet of the cooling box 7 and the outlet of the oven 6 through bolts. And a third conveyor is fixedly installed at the outlet of the cooling box 7 through bolts. The outlet end of the third conveyor leads to a stacking window. The refrigerating chamber 8 refrigerates the stacked and packaged doughnuts.
And a reflecting mirror 9 is fixedly bonded on one surface of the stacking window facing the third conveyor. The mirror 9 is located above the third conveyor.
The arrangement of the reflecting mirror 9 facilitates workers to observe the conveying conditions of the second conveyor and the third conveyor between the oven 6 and the cooling box 7 while pressing the cake-shaped fabric on the cake pressing machine 5 to be taken down, so that the problem that the flour cake breaks down on the second conveyor or the third conveyor or the defective rate caused by disqualification of the flour cake is increased is prevented.
A freezing chamber (not shown) is further provided before the refrigerating process of the refrigerating chamber 8.
Referring to fig. 2, the briquetting machine 2 includes a briquetting feeding device 21, a briquetting base 22, a briquetting conveying device 23, and a briquetting device 25. The grouping feeding device 21 is arranged on a grouping base 22. The grouping device 25 is rotatably connected to the grouping and feeding device 21. The grouping conveyor 23 is disposed below the grouping device 25.
Referring to fig. 5, the agglomerating device 25 includes an agglomerating barrel 251 rotating along its axis, a movable post 252, and a cylindrical through hole 255. Cylindrical through holes 255 penetrate through the curved surface of the grouping cylinder 251 side by side. A movable post 252 is inserted into one port of the cylindrical through hole 255. When the cylindrical through hole 255 is aligned with the feeding port of the dough-separating and feeding device 21, the dough is fed into the cylindrical through hole 255 from the dough-separating and feeding device 21, and the movable column 252 is extruded outwards from the cylindrical through hole 255. When the cylindrical through hole 255 faces the grouping conveying device 23, the movable column 252 presses out the fabric in the cylindrical through hole 255 under the action of gravity and extrudes the fabric onto the grouping conveying device 23.
The volume of the cylindrical through hole 255 is fixed, the weight of the contained fabric is fixed, when the contained fabric is poured, the movable column 252 extrudes the fabric in the cylindrical through hole 255, the weight of each fabric is equal, when the cylindrical through hole 255 of the grouping cylinder 251 rotates to the vertical direction from the horizontal direction, the cylindrical through hole 255 and the grouping feeding device 21 rotate relatively, the dough connected with the inside of the cylindrical through hole 255 and the outlet of the grouping feeding device 21 is cut off by the movement, and the dough is prevented from being adhered together.
Referring to fig. 4, the briquetting device 25 further includes a transmission mechanism 253 for driving the briquetting cylinder 251 to rotate, and a mounting side plate 254 for mounting the transmission mechanism 253. The input end of the transmission mechanism 253 is in transmission connection with an output shaft of a motor (not shown). The mounting side plates 254 are disposed at both sides of the agglomeration drum 251 and are fixed to the outlet side of the agglomeration feeding apparatus 21 by bolts. The motor is electrically connected with the control system.
Referring to fig. 2, the agglomerator 2 further includes a portion adjusting device 26. The portion adjusting device 26 is connected to the side of the agglomeration drum 251 remote from the agglomeration feeding device 21. When the cylindrical through hole 255 is rotated to the horizontal direction, the regulating end of the portion regulating device 26 contacts the exposed end of the movable column 252.
The maximum tube pass of the movement of the movable column 252 is changed by adjusting the horizontal position of the adjusting end of the portion adjusting device 26, so that the space size of the memory amount of the cylindrical through hole 255 is changed, the portion of a single dough is convenient to adjust, and the dough portion adjusting device is suitable for making different dough products.
Referring to fig. 4 and 6, the dose adjusting device 26 includes a protective side plate 261 welded to the mounting side plate 254, a stopper 262 for limiting the movement of the movable column 252 in a direction away from the agglomerating and feeding device 21, a connecting plate 263, an adjusting screw 264 for adjusting the position of the stopper 262, a manual rotating disc 265, a screw housing 266 for wrapping the end of the adjusting screw 264, a gear 267 and a fixed square column 268 for preventing the adjusting screw 264 from rotating. One side of the protective side plate 261 is fixed with a gear installation box through bolts. The screw housing 266 is fixedly connected to one side of the gear mounting box by bolts. The fixed square column 268 is welded in the screw housing 266, and the length direction of the fixed square column 268 is parallel to the axial direction of the movable column 252 during feeding. The center of the adjusting screw 264 is provided with a square sliding hole along the axis direction. The square slide hole is in sliding fit with the fixed square post 268. The adjustment screw 264 passes out of the screw housing 266 and into the gear mounting box. The section of the adjusting screw 264 located in the gear mounting box is engaged with the gear 267. The gear 267 is rotatably connected in the gear mounting box through a rotating shaft. The manual rotary plate 265 is disposed outside the gear mounting case and coaxially connected to the gear 267. The adjusting screw 264 penetrates out of the gear installation box and penetrates out of the end to be fixedly connected with the connecting plate 263 through a bolt. The other side of the connecting plate 263 is provided with a regulating stopper 262 side by side. The adjustment stopper 262 is located at one side of the dispersing cylinder 251.
Adjusting the space size of the memory amount of the cylindrical through hole 255 according to the dough amount needed by the flour product, firstly horizontally rotating the movable column 252 and the cylindrical through hole 255 on the dough separating cylinder 251 to the horizontal direction, then rotating the manual turntable 265 to drive the gear 267 to rotate, then driving the adjusting screw 264 to slide on the fixed square column 268 by the gear 267, completing the feeding and discharging process once after the position of the stopper 262 at the front end of the adjusting screw 264 is adjusted, taking out the discharged dough, weighing the weight of the dough, observing whether the dough reaches the standard, and if the dough does not reach the standard, continuously rotating the manual turntable 265 until the dough amount reaches the standard; the quantity adjusting device 26 can adjust the quantity of the dough after being agglomerated according to the quantity required by different flour products, and has wide application range.
Referring to fig. 2, a pressing mechanism 24 is disposed above the agglomeration drum 251. The pressing mechanism 24 is fixed on the grouping and feeding device 21 through bolts. The pressing end of the pressing mechanism 24 is located above the agglomeration barrel 251, and when the agglomeration barrel 251 rotates to the vertical direction of the movable column 252, the pressing end of the pressing mechanism 24 rotates around the fixed end thereof and presses down towards the top end of the movable column 252.
The dough has viscidity, in cylinder through-hole 255, easily takes place the adhesion rather than the inner wall, and then leads to movable column 252 to receive great resistance when extruding the dough, and here, the swager 24 of setting can give movable column 252 a pressure, conveniently extrudes out the dough in the cylinder through-hole 255 fast.
Referring to fig. 7, the pressing mechanism 24 includes a connecting rod 241, a fixing sleeve 242, a pressing plate 243, a connecting post 244, a fixing plate 245, and a rotating cylinder 246 having an axial direction parallel to the axial direction of the agglomerating cylinder 251. The output end of the drum 246 is drivingly connected to an output shaft of a motor (not shown). The fixing pieces 245 are spot-welded to the grouping and feeding device 21. The drum 246 is rotatably connected to a stationary plate 245. The connecting rod 241 is welded to the drum 246. The fixing sleeve 242 is welded to an end of the connecting rod 241. One end of the connecting post 244 is inserted into the fixing sleeve 242 and fixed using a bolt. The other end of the connecting column 244 fixes the pressing plate 243 through a bolt. The pressing plate 243 is disposed above the agglomeration drum 251. The motor is electrically connected with the control system.
When the movable column 252 rotates to the vertical direction, the rotating drum 246 moves around the axis direction, the pressure plate 243 is driven to press the movable column 252 through the connecting rod 241, the fixing sleeve 242 and the connecting column 244, then the movable column 252 is pressed into the cylindrical through hole 255, the fabric in the cylindrical through hole 255 is pressed out, and the fabric is prevented from being adhered in the cylindrical through hole 255.
Referring to fig. 2, the lump material feeding device 21 includes a material feeding assembly 211 and a material discharging assembly 212. The discharging assembly 212 is communicated with the discharging end of the feeding assembly 211. The discharge end of the discharge assembly 212 is in communication with the cylindrical through hole 255.
The discharging assembly 212 includes a discharging box 2121 and a pushing member 2122. A movable pushing piece 2122 is arranged in the discharging box 2121. The pushing member 2122 is electrically connected to an external power source.
When the cylindrical through hole 255 is communicated with the discharging end of the discharging assembly 212, the pushing member 2122 pushes the fabric in the discharging box 2121 to move towards the cylindrical through hole 255, the fabric is pressed into the cylindrical through hole 255, meanwhile, the movable column 252 in the cylindrical through hole 255 is pressed out, after the movable column 252 contacts the portion adjusting device 26, the pushing member 2122 is pulled back, the agglomeration cylinder 251 is driven by the transmission mechanism 253 to rotate around the axis of the agglomeration cylinder 251, and at the moment, the fabric at the connection position of the cylindrical through hole 255 and the discharging assembly 212 is cut off.
Referring to fig. 8, the rounding machine 3 includes a rounding base 31, a spiral rounding channel 32, an oil brushing device 33, a rounding machine output device 34, a rounding machine support 35, and a top mounting plate 36. The spiral rounding channel 32 is arranged on the rounding base 31. The feed port of the spheronizer output device 34 is in communication with the discharge port of the spiral spheronizer channel 32. The output device 34 of the rounding machine is fixed on one side of the support 35 of the rounding machine through a connecting block. The rounding machine bracket 35 is fixed on the top of the rounding base 31 through bolts. The top mounting plate 36 is fixed to the top end of the rounder bracket 35 by bolts. The brushing device 33 is placed on the top mounting plate 36. The oil brushing end of the oil brushing device 33 is positioned above the output device 34 of the rounding machine.
The dough is output from the output device 34 of the rounding machine after the rounding process of the spiral rounding channel 32, and when the dough passes through the oil brushing device 33 on the output device 34 of the rounding machine, the oil brushing device 33 brushes the dough, so that the surface smoothness of the dough is improved, and the dough is prevented from being adhered to the belt surface of the output device 34 of the rounding machine.
The oil brushing device 33 includes an oil storage barrel 331, an oil pipe 332, a brush 333 and a brush holder 334. The oil reserve tank 331 is placed on the top mounting plate 36. The brush holder 334 is rotatably connected to the spheronizer output 34. The brush 333 is detachably fixed on the brush support 334, and the bristles of the brush 333 face the belt surface of the output device 34 of the rounding machine. The oil inlet end of the oil pipe 332 is communicated with the oil storage barrel 331. The oil outlet section of the oil pipe 332 is bound to the brush 333, and the oil outlet port of the oil pipe 332 faces the bristles of the brush 333.
The dough passes through the spiral rounding channel 32 and is transited from the feeding end to the discharging end under the rotation of the spiral rounding channel 32, meanwhile, the dough moves in the spiral rounding channel 32, the dough is contacted with the inner wall of the spiral rounding channel 32 for a plurality of times to form a regular dough slowly, and then the dough enters the output device 34 of the rounding machine, driven by the output device 34 of the rounding machine, the circular knitting machine moves forwards, and then passes through the lower opening of the brush 333 after moving for a certain distance, meanwhile, the oil liquid passes through the oil pipe 332 from the oil storage barrel 331 and drops onto the brush 333 or the dough, the oil liquid on the dough is uniformly coated by the brush 333, the uniform coating of the dough is ensured, this dough rounding equipment erects brushing oil device 33 through 34 tops at the rounder, carries out the brushing oil to the dough, improves the surface lubrication degree of dough, prevents that the dough from adhering to 34 take the face of rounder output device.
The dough production equipment completes dough beating, dough separation, cake pressing and baking by a machine, and has high production efficiency and high production automation degree; the dough separating machine 2 is provided with the rotary dough separating cylinder 251, and the cylindrical through hole 255 on the dough separating cylinder 251 is matched with the movable column 252 for use, so that dough is separated, and the separation precision is high; the edible oil is applied to the passing dough by erecting the oil brushing device 33 above the output device 34 of the rounding machine 3, so that the surface lubrication degree of the dough is improved, and the dough is prevented from being adhered to the output device 34 of the rounding machine.
Referring to fig. 1, the embodiment also discloses a production process of the cake, which comprises the following steps:
s1, selecting flour raw materials, putting the flour raw materials into the dough maker 1, adding a proper amount of water, and stirring and kneading;
s2, the fabric after being kneaded is placed in a container, the container is transported to the separating and agglomerating machine 2, the fabric is added into a separating and feeding device 21 on the separating and agglomerating machine 2, and the separating and agglomerating machine 2 divides the original fabric which is integrally kneaded into a plurality of fabrics with the same quantity;
the S3 clustered fabric sequentially enters the roller surface of the circular table of the rounding machine 3 along the first conveyor, after the roller surface of the circular table rotates, the fabric enters the spiral rounding channel 32, rises along the spiral rounding channel 32, collides with the inner wall of the spiral rounding channel 32 to form uniform round clustered fabric, is then led out to the output device 34 of the rounding machine from an outlet of the fabric, and enters the material storage device from the output device 34 of the rounding machine;
s4, conveying the storage device to a proofing chamber for proofing;
s5, conveying the proofed fabric to a cake pressing machine 5, flattening, and pressing the dough-like fabric into cake-like fabric;
s6, putting the cake-shaped fabric into an oven 6 by an operator for baking;
s7, the baked flour cake enters a cooling box 7 to be cooled under the driving of a second conveyor;
s8, the cooled flour cakes enter a stacking position under the drive of a third conveyor, and the flour cakes are collected and stacked by operators;
s9, bagging the stacked flour cakes;
s10, conveying the bagged flour cakes into a quick freezing chamber for quick freezing to quickly cool the flour cakes, so as to prevent the flour cakes from being cooled slowly and shorten the quality guarantee time;
the cake obtained by S11 quick freezing is sent to the refrigerating compartment 8 and stored.
In S6, the operator observes whether the dough cake on the second conveyor between the oven 6 and the cooling box 7 and the cooled dough cake fall or are damaged under the driving of the third conveyor through the reflecting mirror 9 installed at the rear of the cooling box.
This dough production technology, production efficiency is high, can monitor the emergence of trouble at any time through observing speculum 9, guarantees that the production progress is smooth and easy.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein, and any reference signs in the claims are not intended to be construed as limiting the claim concerned.
The above-mentioned embodiments only represent embodiments of the present invention, and the protection scope of the present invention is not limited to the above-mentioned embodiments, and it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that several variations and modifications can be made without departing from the concept of the present invention, and these embodiments are all within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A production facility of flour cake, its characterized in that: comprises a dough beating machine, a dough separating machine, a rounding machine, a proofing chamber, a cake pressing machine, an oven, a cooling box and a refrigerating chamber which are arranged in sequence according to the working procedures; the dough separating machine divides the fabric neutralized by the dough beating machine into a plurality of dough with the same amount; a first conveyor is fixedly arranged between the discharge end of the grouping machine and the feeding end of the rounding machine; the proofing chamber proofs the fabric rounded by the rounding machine; the cake pressing machine presses the proofed fabric in the proofing chamber into a cake shape; baking the flattened cake-shaped fabric by the oven; a second conveyor is fixedly arranged between the inlet of the cooling box and the outlet of the drying oven; a third conveyor is fixedly arranged at the outlet of the cooling box; the outlet end of the third conveyor is communicated with the stacking window; the refrigerating chamber is used for refrigerating the stacked and packaged flour cakes;
a reflecting mirror is fixedly bonded on one surface of the stacking window facing the third conveyor; the mirror is located above the third conveyor.
2. An apparatus for producing a dough cake as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the grouping machine comprises a grouping feeding device, a grouping base, a grouping conveying device and a grouping device; the grouping feeding device is arranged on the grouping base; the grouping device is rotationally connected to the grouping feeding device; the grouping conveying device is arranged below the grouping device.
3. An apparatus for producing a dough cake as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the grouping device comprises a grouping cylinder, a movable column and a cylindrical through hole which rotate along the axis of the grouping cylinder; cylindrical through holes are arranged on the curved surface of the grouping cylinder in parallel; a movable column is inserted into one port of the cylindrical through hole; when the cylindrical through hole is aligned with the feeding port of the grouping feeding device, feeding dough into the cylindrical through hole from the grouping feeding device, and extruding the movable column from the inside of the cylindrical through hole to the outside; when the cylindrical through hole is opposite to the grouping conveying device, the movable column presses out the fabric in the cylindrical through hole under the action of gravity and extrudes the fabric to the grouping conveying device.
4. A device for producing a dough cake as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the separating device also comprises a transmission mechanism for driving the separating cylinder to rotate and a mounting side plate for mounting the transmission mechanism; the input end of the transmission mechanism is in transmission connection with the output shaft of the motor; the mounting side plates are arranged on two sides of the grouping cylinder and are fixed on the outlet side of the grouping feeding device through bolts; the motor is electrically connected with the control system.
5. A device for producing a dough cake as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the grouping machine also comprises a weight adjusting device; the weight adjusting device is connected to one side of the agglomeration barrel, which is far away from the agglomeration feeding device; when the cylindrical through hole rotates to the horizontal direction, the adjusting end of the weight adjusting device is contacted with the exposed end of the movable column.
6. An apparatus for producing a dough cake as claimed in claim 5, wherein: the weight adjusting device comprises a protective side plate welded on the mounting side plate, a stopper for limiting the movable column to move towards the direction far away from the grouping and feeding device, a connecting plate, an adjusting screw for adjusting the position of the stopper, a manual turntable, a screw shell for wrapping the tail end of the adjusting screw, a gear and a fixed square column for preventing the adjusting screw from rotating; a gear installation box is fixed on one side of the protection side plate through a bolt; the screw rod shell is fixedly connected to one side of the gear installation box through a bolt; the fixed square column is welded in the screw shell, and the length direction of the fixed square column is parallel to the axial direction of the movable column during feeding; the center of the adjusting screw rod is provided with a square sliding hole along the axis direction; the square sliding hole is in sliding fit with the fixed square column; the adjusting screw rod penetrates out of the screw rod shell and penetrates into the gear installation box; one section of the adjusting screw rod positioned in the gear mounting box is meshed with the gear; the gear is rotatably connected in the gear mounting box through a rotating shaft; the manual turntable is arranged outside the gear installation box and is coaxially connected with the gear; the adjusting screw rod penetrates out of the gear installation box, and the penetrating end of the adjusting screw rod is fixedly connected with the connecting plate through a bolt; the other side of the connecting plate is provided with adjusting stoppers side by side; the adjusting stopper is positioned on one side of the separating cylinder.
7. An apparatus for producing a dough cake as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the rounding machine comprises a rounding base, a spiral rounding channel, an oil brushing device, a rounding machine output device, a rounding machine support and a top mounting plate; the spiral rounding channel is arranged on the rounding base; the feeding port of the output device of the rounding machine is communicated with the discharging port of the spiral rounding channel; the output device of the rounding machine is fixed on one side of the rounding machine bracket through a connecting block; the rounding machine support is fixed on the top of the rounding base through a bolt; the top mounting plate is fixed at the top end of the support of the rounding machine through a bolt; the oil brushing device is placed on the top mounting plate; and the oil brushing end of the oil brushing device is positioned above the output device of the rounding machine.
8. An apparatus for producing a dough cake as claimed in claim 7, wherein: the oil brushing device comprises an oil storage barrel, an oil pipe, a brush and a brush bracket; the oil storage barrel is placed on the top mounting plate; the brush support is rotationally connected to the output device of the rounding machine; the brush is detachably fixed on the brush support, and the bristles of the brush face the belt surface of the output device of the rounding machine; the oil inlet end of the oil pipe is communicated with the oil storage barrel; the oil outlet section of the oil pipe is tied on the brush, and the oil outlet port of the oil pipe faces the bristles of the brush.
9. A production process of a flour cake is characterized by comprising the following steps: the method comprises the following steps:
s1, selecting flour raw materials, putting the flour raw materials into a dough making machine, adding a proper amount of water, and stirring and kneading;
s2, placing the fabric after kneading into a container, transporting the container to a separating machine, adding the fabric into a separating and feeding device on the separating machine, and dividing the original overall fabric into a plurality of fabrics with the same quantity;
s3, the clustered fabric sequentially enters the round table roller surface of the rounding machine along the first conveyor, after the round table roller surface rotates, the fabric enters the spiral rounding channel, rises along the spiral rounding channel, collides with the inner wall of the spiral rounding channel to form uniform round clustered fabric, is then led out of an outlet of the round table roller to a rounding machine output device, and enters a material storage device from the rounding machine output device;
s4, conveying the storage device to a proofing chamber for proofing;
s5, conveying the proofed fabric to a cake pressing machine, flattening, and pressing the dough-like fabric into cake-like fabric;
s6, putting the cake-shaped fabric into an oven by an operator for baking;
s7, the baked flour cake enters a cooling box under the drive of a second conveyor to be cooled;
s8, the cooled flour cakes enter a stacking position under the drive of a third conveyor, and the flour cakes are collected and stacked by operators;
s9, bagging the stacked flour cakes;
s10, conveying the bagged flour cakes into a quick freezing chamber for quick freezing, and quickly cooling the flour cakes;
the cake after the quick freezing of S11 is sent to a refrigerating room and stored.
10. A process for the production of a tortilla according to claim 9, characterized in that: in S6, the operator observes whether the dough cake on the second conveyor and the cooled dough cake fall or are damaged under the driving of the third conveyor between the oven and the cooling box through the reflecting mirror installed at the rear of the cooling box.
CN201911162413.9A 2019-11-25 2019-11-25 Production equipment and production process of flour cakes Pending CN110839668A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911162413.9A CN110839668A (en) 2019-11-25 2019-11-25 Production equipment and production process of flour cakes

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN110839668A true CN110839668A (en) 2020-02-28

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CN112602741A (en) * 2020-12-10 2021-04-06 肖湖南 Fried bread stick making devices for food processing
CN113080728A (en) * 2021-04-29 2021-07-09 李彬 Household flour stirring device

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CN207411391U (en) * 2017-12-21 2018-05-29 佛山市友强五金机械有限公司 A kind of dough divider
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CN2508568Y (en) * 2001-10-26 2002-09-04 武汉第二机床厂 Dough quantitative dividing machine
CN101375692A (en) * 2007-08-28 2009-03-04 深圳市一品轩食品有限公司 Bread and method for producing the same
CN201156943Y (en) * 2007-11-26 2008-12-03 无锡捷尔机械有限公司 Fortunate cookie machine
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112602741A (en) * 2020-12-10 2021-04-06 肖湖南 Fried bread stick making devices for food processing
CN112602741B (en) * 2020-12-10 2022-05-31 肖湖南 Fried bread stick making devices for food processing
CN113080728A (en) * 2021-04-29 2021-07-09 李彬 Household flour stirring device

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Application publication date: 20200228