CN110790091B - Cable winding and unwinding devices for communication engineering winding displacement - Google Patents

Cable winding and unwinding devices for communication engineering winding displacement Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110790091B
CN110790091B CN201911131230.0A CN201911131230A CN110790091B CN 110790091 B CN110790091 B CN 110790091B CN 201911131230 A CN201911131230 A CN 201911131230A CN 110790091 B CN110790091 B CN 110790091B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rod
spool
cable
guide
shaft
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Application number
CN201911131230.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110790091A (en
Inventor
苏嵩
梅玉洁
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YANGZHOU XUNDA CABLE Co.,Ltd.
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Yangzhou Xunda Cable Co ltd
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Priority to CN201911131230.0A priority Critical patent/CN110790091B/en
Publication of CN110790091A publication Critical patent/CN110790091A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H75/00Storing webs, tapes, or filamentary material, e.g. on reels
    • B65H75/02Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans
    • B65H75/34Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans specially adapted or mounted for storing and repeatedly paying-out and re-storing lengths of material provided for particular purposes, e.g. anchored hoses, power cables
    • B65H75/38Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans specially adapted or mounted for storing and repeatedly paying-out and re-storing lengths of material provided for particular purposes, e.g. anchored hoses, power cables involving the use of a core or former internal to, and supporting, a stored package of material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H75/00Storing webs, tapes, or filamentary material, e.g. on reels
    • B65H75/02Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans
    • B65H75/34Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans specially adapted or mounted for storing and repeatedly paying-out and re-storing lengths of material provided for particular purposes, e.g. anchored hoses, power cables
    • B65H75/38Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans specially adapted or mounted for storing and repeatedly paying-out and re-storing lengths of material provided for particular purposes, e.g. anchored hoses, power cables involving the use of a core or former internal to, and supporting, a stored package of material
    • B65H75/44Constructional details
    • B65H75/4402Guiding arrangements to control paying-out and re-storing of the material
    • B65H75/4405Traversing devices; means for orderly arranging the material on the drum
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2701/00Handled material; Storage means
    • B65H2701/30Handled filamentary material
    • B65H2701/36Wires

Abstract

The invention discloses a cable winding and unwinding device for a communication engineering flat cable, which comprises support frames, wherein a cross beam is fixedly connected between the upper ends of the two support frames, a spool is arranged at the relative middle position of the two support frames, the upper end of the outer surface of one side of one support frame is fixedly connected with a motor, a transmission mechanism and a motor are arranged below the motor, the motor is fixedly connected with the support frames and is positioned obliquely below the transmission mechanism, a pushing mechanism is arranged at the middle position outside the other support frame, a guide mechanism is arranged at the lower end of the spool, and a wire box is arranged on the outer surface of the lower end of the cross beam. The invention can be uniformly wound on the surface of the spool when the cable is retracted, thereby being convenient for arrangement; the retracted cable can be pre-cleaned; the spool with the cable can also be quickly replaced when the cable is used up by an effective guide mechanism, which can be adjusted according to the actual requirements of the spool.

Description

Cable winding and unwinding devices for communication engineering winding displacement
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of cable winding and unwinding devices, in particular to a cable winding and unwinding device for communication engineering flat cables.
Background
Communication is one of the indispensable activities in people's daily life, and the cable is the important instrument that is used for transmitting information in the communication engineering, and in order to facilitate the arrangement of cable to receive and release, people often select cable winding and release device to carry out the collocation and use.
However, the existing cable winding and unwinding device for communication engineering flat cables has some defects in use: 1. when the cable is withdrawn, the cable is easy to be wound on one point of the spool in a centralized way, and is inconvenient to arrange; 2. the withdrawn cable is directly withdrawn without pre-cleaning, which easily contaminates the rest of the cable and the spool; 3. when the cable is used up, an effective guide mechanism is lacked to quickly replace the spool with the cable; 4. the guiding mechanism cannot be adjusted according to the actual requirements of the bobbin; in summary, the conventional cable winding and unwinding device is inconvenient for users to use.
Therefore, a cable winding and unwinding device for communication engineering flat cables is provided.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a cable winding and unwinding device for a communication engineering flat cable, which can be uniformly wound on the surface of a spool when a cable is retracted and is convenient to arrange; the retracted cable can be pre-cleaned; the spool with the cable can also be quickly replaced when the cable is run out by an effective guide mechanism, which can be adjusted according to the actual requirements of the spool to solve the problems set forth in the background art above.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a cable winding and unwinding device for a communication engineering flat cable comprises support frames, wherein a cross beam is fixedly connected between the upper ends of the two support frames, spools are arranged at the relative middle positions of the two support frames, the upper end of the outer surface of one side of one support frame is fixedly connected with a motor, a transmission mechanism and a motor are arranged below the motor, the motor is fixedly connected with the support frames and is positioned below the transmission mechanism in an inclined manner, a pushing mechanism is arranged at the middle position of the outer part of the other support frame, a guide mechanism is arranged at the lower end of each spool, a wire box is arranged on the outer surface of the lower end of each cross beam, a lead screw penetrates through the position of the upper end of the wire box;
the transmission mechanism comprises a belt pulley, a transmission shaft, a baffle disc, a fixed shaft, a guide head and a fixed plate, wherein the fixed shaft is fixedly connected inside a support frame, the fixed shaft is fixedly connected with the baffle disc, the belt pulley is fixedly connected with the transmission shaft, the transmission shaft penetrates through the belt pulley, the baffle disc and the fixed shaft and is fixedly connected with the guide head, the fixed plate is positioned between the fixed shaft and the transmission shaft and is fixedly sleeved on the excircle of the transmission shaft, the belt pulley is in transmission connection with an output shaft of a motor through a belt, first connecting holes are formed in two ends of the fixed plate, and bolts are connected with the inner threads of the first connecting holes;
the pushing mechanism comprises a fixed sleeve, an installation piece, a movable piece, a push head, an inner rod and a cylinder, wherein the fixed sleeve is fixedly connected inside the other support frame, the inner rod penetrates through and is movably connected inside the fixed sleeve, one end of the inner rod penetrates through the installation piece and is fixedly connected with the movable piece and the push head, the installation piece is fixedly connected to the outer surface of the support frame through a screw, the installation piece is fixedly connected with the cylinder, and a cylinder output shaft of the cylinder penetrates through the installation piece and is fixedly connected with the movable piece;
the guide mechanism comprises a bottom plate, a slide rail and a guide seat, wherein the slide rail is fixedly connected to the middle position of the outer surface of the upper end of the bottom plate, two ends of the slide rail are fixedly connected with stop blocks, the guide seat is slidably connected to the upper end of the slide rail, a rectangular groove is formed in the outer surface of the upper end of the guide seat, two sides of the inner wall of the rectangular groove are respectively provided with a U-shaped groove, two pulley blocks are movably connected to the U-shaped grooves, two ends of each pulley block are fixedly connected with shaft rods which are clamped inside the U-shaped grooves, and an adjusting rod is arranged;
the adjusting rod consists of a first rod body, a second rod body and a bidirectional threaded sleeve, wherein the first rod body and the second rod body are respectively and fixedly connected with two guide bases, opposite ends of the first rod body and the second rod body are respectively and fixedly connected with a first threaded connector and a second threaded connector, and the first threaded connector and the second threaded connector are respectively in threaded connection with two thread grooves formed in the bidirectional threaded sleeve;
the utility model discloses a lead screw box, including box, wire box, T type groove, wire box, lead screw box, lower extreme joint has waste material box, the lower extreme in wire box has seted up the export of corresponding waste material box inner chamber, and lower extreme swing joint has the sponge cylinder on the inner wall in wire box, the inside connecting axle that runs through of sponge cylinder, T type slider sliding connection is inside in T type groove with the identical T type slider in T type groove, the front end surface of wire box has seted up the threading groove, and one side surface of wire box sets up the screw hole identical with the lead screw.
The cable winding and unwinding device can quickly replace the spool with the cable through the effective guide mechanism when the cable is used up; after the cable on the spool is used up, starting the cylinder to drive the push head to leave the spool, then screwing out the bolt from the spool, separating the spool and the guide head, pushing out the spool without the cable, then placing the spool with the cable in front of the device, aligning the spool with the guide mechanism, pushing the spool to roll, and enabling the disc of the spool to roll into the round rod of the pulley group in the rectangular groove from the inclined planes of the bottom plate and the front end of the guide seat, the round rod supports the spool and is movably connected with the spool, the spool is positioned in the middle of the guide mechanism at the moment, the push head, the guide head and the slotted hole of the disc are positioned on the same axis, therefore, starting the cylinder, the output shaft thereof drives the movable sheet to advance, the movable sheet drives the push head and the inner rod to advance, the push head is clamped into the slotted hole of the disc and pushes the spool and the guide seat to move towards the guide head until the guide head is also clamped into the slotted hole of the disc, manually, the implantation bolt is fixed can, and the spool of this moment is changed promptly and is accomplished, uses manpower and materials sparingly for work efficiency, convenient to use.
Furthermore, the pulley block consists of two pulleys and a round bar, the round bar is fixedly connected between the two pulleys, and the surface of the round bar is subjected to smoothing treatment.
This setting is convenient for rotate between spool and the assembly pulley.
Furthermore, the spool comprises a shaft body and disks fixedly connected with the two ends of the shaft body, and the two disks are respectively located on the round rods of the two pulley blocks.
This arrangement facilitates fixing the position of the spool.
Furthermore, a second connecting hole is formed in the position, corresponding to the first connecting hole, of the outer surface of one disc of the spool, and one end of the bolt penetrates through the first connecting hole and is screwed into the second connecting hole.
The device is used for fixing the spool and the transmission shaft.
Furthermore, the cylinder can push the movable sheet to advance through the cylinder output shaft so that the pushing head is clamped into a slotted hole formed in the center of the disc, and pushes the spool and the guide seat to move towards the guide head, and the guide head can be clamped into the slotted hole formed in the center of the disc.
The arrangement is for connecting the spool with the drive shaft.
Furthermore, the front ends of the bottom plate and the guide seat are inclined planes, and the inclined angles of the bottom plate and the guide seat are the same.
This arrangement facilitates the rolling of the spool.
Furthermore, one end of the screw rod is fixedly connected with the output shaft of the motor, and the other end of the screw rod is subjected to smoothing treatment and is inserted into the support frame and movably connected with the support frame.
This arrangement ensures normal rotation of the lead screw.
Further, the lead screw runs through the screw hole and is connected with its screw thread, and the lead screw rotates and can drive line box and remove.
This arrangement enables the cable to follow the cassette.
Furthermore, the first rod body and the second rod body are the same in size and specification, the diameters of the first rod body and the second rod body are smaller than the diameter of the bidirectional threaded sleeve, and the thread turning directions of two thread grooves of the bidirectional threaded sleeve are opposite.
This setting makes the distance between the first body of rod, the second body of rod can be adjusted to two-way screw sleeve.
Furthermore, the motor and the cylinder are electrically connected with an external power supply.
The motor can drive the lead screw to rotate.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the cable winding and unwinding device can be uniformly wound on the surface of the spool when the cable is retracted, and is convenient to arrange, when the cable is retracted, the motor and the motor are started, the motor drives the spool to rotate to retract the cable, the cable penetrates through the threading groove to be wound on the spool, the motor drives the lead screw to rotate, the lead screw rotates to enable the wire box to move on the lead screw, the motor is set to rotate for a period of time through an external controller, and then the direction of the motor is opposite, so that the wire box moves back and forth, the cable also moves back and forth along with the wire box to be uniformly wound on the spool, the arrangement is convenient, the concentrated;
2. the cable winding and unwinding device provided by the invention can be used for pre-cleaning the cable when the cable is recovered, and filtering dust and fine impurities on the surface of the cable; when the device is used, the cable penetrates through the threading groove and is positioned between the two sponge rollers, the sponge rollers are driven to rotate on the connecting shaft and clean the surface of the cable when the cable moves, the cleaned dust and fine impurities fall into an inner cavity of the waste material box from the guide outlet, and after a period of time, the waste material box is separated and cleaned, so that the collected cable is prevented from being directly collected to pollute the rest of the cable and the spool without being pre-cleaned, and the device is convenient to use;
3. the cable winding and unwinding device can quickly replace the spool with the cable through the effective guide mechanism when the cable is used up; after the cable on the spool is used up, starting the cylinder to drive the push head to leave the spool, then screwing out the bolt from the spool, separating the spool and the guide head, pushing out the spool without the cable, then placing the spool with the cable in front of the device, aligning the spool with the guide mechanism, pushing the spool to roll, and enabling the disc of the spool to roll into the round rod of the pulley group in the rectangular groove from the inclined planes of the bottom plate and the front end of the guide seat, the round rod supports the spool and is movably connected with the spool, the spool is positioned in the middle of the guide mechanism at the moment, the push head, the guide head and the slotted hole of the disc are positioned on the same axis, therefore, starting the cylinder, the output shaft thereof drives the movable sheet to advance, the movable sheet drives the push head and the inner rod to advance, the push head is clamped into the slotted hole of the disc and pushes the spool and the guide seat to move towards the guide head until the guide head is also clamped into the slotted hole of the disc, manually, the implantation bolt is fixed can, and the spool of this moment is changed promptly and is accomplished, uses manpower and materials sparingly for work efficiency, convenient to use.
4. The cable winding and unwinding device can adjust the guide mechanism according to the specification and size of the used spool when the spool is replaced; the specific adjusting process is as follows: the two-way threaded sleeve is screwed clockwise, and because the thread turning directions of the two thread grooves of the two-way threaded sleeve are opposite, and the first threaded connector and the second threaded connector are respectively in threaded connection with the two thread grooves formed in the two-way threaded sleeve, the first threaded connector and the second threaded connector are close to each other in the thread grooves of the two-way threaded sleeve, the distance between the two guide seats is reduced, and therefore the two-way threaded sleeve is suitable for a spool with a small disc distance; two-way threaded sleeve is moved to anticlockwise twisting, and first threaded connector keeps away from each other with second threaded connector in two-way threaded sleeve's thread groove, the distance increase between two guide seats to be suitable for the great spool of disc interval, convenient to use person adjusts according to actual demand, facilitates the use.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a side view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a structural view of the transmission mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a structural view of the pushing mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a view of the combination of the fixing sleeve and the inner rod of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a structural view of the guide mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a view of an adjustment lever configuration of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a cross bar and wire cassette combination of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a view of the combination of the thread cassette and the lead screw of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is an interior view of the thread cassette of the present invention; .
In the figure: 1. a support frame; 2. a cross beam; 3. a bobbin; 4. a motor; 5. an electric motor; 6. a transmission mechanism; 61. a belt pulley; 62. a drive shaft; 63. a catch tray; 64. a fixed shaft; 65. a guide head; 66. a fixing sheet; 67. a first connection hole; 68. a bolt; 7. a pushing mechanism; 71. fixing the sleeve; 72. mounting a sheet; 73. a movable plate; 74. pushing the head; 75. an inner rod; 76. a cylinder; 77. a cylinder output shaft; 8. a guide mechanism; 81. a base plate; 82. a slide rail; 83. a stopper; 84. a guide seat; 85. a rectangular groove; 86. a U-shaped groove; 87. a pulley block; 88. a shaft lever; 89. adjusting a rod; 891. a first rod body; 892. a second rod body; 893. a two-way threaded sleeve; 894. a first threaded connector; 895. a second threaded connector; 9. a lead screw; 10. a wire box; 101. a threaded hole; 102. a threading slot; 103. a waste material box; 104. a lead-out port; 105. a sponge roller; 106. a T-shaped slider; 107. a connecting shaft; 11. t-shaped groove.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 10, the present invention provides a technical solution:
a cable winding and unwinding device for a communication engineering flat cable is shown in figures 1 and 2 and comprises support frames 1, a cross beam 2 is fixedly connected between the upper ends of the two support frames 1, a spool 3 is arranged at the opposite middle position of the two support frames 1, a motor 4 is fixedly connected to the upper end of the outer surface of one side of one support frame 1, a transmission mechanism 6 and a motor 5 are arranged below the motor 5, the motor 5 is fixedly connected with the support frames 1 and is positioned below the transmission mechanism 6 in an inclined mode, a pushing mechanism 7 is arranged at the outer middle position of the other support frame 1, a guide mechanism 8 is arranged at the lower end of the spool 3, a wire box 10 is arranged on the outer surface of the lower end of the cross beam 2, and a lead screw 9 penetrates through the inner upper end;
as shown in fig. 3, the transmission mechanism 6 includes a belt pulley 61, a transmission shaft 62, a blocking plate 63, a fixed shaft 64, a guide head 65, and a fixing plate 66, wherein the fixed shaft 64 is fixedly connected inside one support frame 1, the fixed shaft 64 is fixedly connected with the blocking plate 63, the belt pulley 61 is fixedly connected with the transmission shaft 62, the transmission shaft 62 penetrates through the belt pulley 61, the blocking plate 63, and the fixed shaft 64 and then is fixedly connected with the guide head 65, the fixing plate 66 is located between the fixed shaft 64 and the transmission shaft 62 and is fixedly sleeved on the outer circle of the transmission shaft 62, the belt pulley 61 is in transmission connection with the output shaft of the motor 5 through a belt, both ends of the fixing plate 66 are respectively provided with a first connection hole 67, a bolt 68 is connected to the inner thread of the first connection hole 67, and the blocking plate 63 can reduce the;
as shown in fig. 4 and 5, the pushing mechanism 7 is composed of a fixed sleeve 71, a mounting piece 72, a movable piece 73, a pushing head 74, an inner rod 75, and a cylinder 76, wherein the fixed sleeve 71 is fixedly connected inside another supporting frame 1, the inner rod 75 penetrates through and is movably connected inside the fixed sleeve 71, one end of the inner rod 75 penetrates through the mounting piece 72 and is fixedly connected with the movable piece 73 and the pushing head 74, the mounting piece 72 is fixedly connected to the outer surface of the supporting frame 1 through a screw, the mounting piece 72 is fixedly connected with the cylinder 76, and a cylinder output shaft 77 of the cylinder 76 penetrates through the mounting piece 72 and is fixedly connected with the movable piece 73;
as shown in fig. 6, the guiding mechanism 8 is composed of a bottom plate 81, a sliding rail 82 and a guiding seat 84, wherein the sliding rail 82 is fixedly connected to the middle position of the outer surface of the upper end of the bottom plate 81, two ends of the sliding rail 82 are fixedly connected with a stop block 83, the guiding seat 84 is slidably connected to the upper end of the sliding rail 82, the outer surface of the upper end of the guiding seat 84 is provided with a rectangular groove 85, two sides of the inner wall of the rectangular groove 85 are provided with U-shaped grooves 86, two pulley blocks 87 are movably connected to the two grooves 86, two ends of each pulley block 87 are fixedly connected with a shaft rod 88 clamped inside the U-shaped grooves 86, an adjusting rod 89 is arranged between the two guiding seats 84, and the sliding rail 82 is;
as shown in fig. 7, the adjusting rod 89 is composed of a first rod 891, a second rod 892 and a two-way threaded sleeve 893, wherein the first rod 891 and the second rod 892 are respectively and fixedly connected to the two guiding bases 84, and opposite ends of the first rod 891 and the second rod 892 are respectively and fixedly connected to a first threaded connector 894 and a second threaded connector 895, and the first threaded connector 894 and the second threaded connector 895 are respectively and threadedly connected to two threaded grooves formed in the two-way threaded sleeve 893;
as shown in fig. 8 to 10, the outer fixed surface of the upper end of the wire box 10 is connected with a T-shaped slider 106 matched with the T-shaped groove 11, the T-shaped slider 106 is slidably connected inside the T-shaped groove 11, the front end outer surface of the wire box 10 is provided with a threading groove 102, a threaded hole 101 matched with the screw rod 9 is formed in the outer surface of one side of the wire box 10, the lower end of the wire box 10 is connected with a waste material box 103 in a clamping manner, the lower end of the threading groove 102 is provided with a guide outlet 104 corresponding to the inner cavity of the waste material box 103, the upper end and the lower end of the inner wall of the threading groove 102 are movably connected with a sponge roller 105, a connecting shaft 107 penetrates through.
The cable winding and unwinding device can quickly replace the spool 3 with the cable through the effective guide mechanism 8 when the cable is used up; after the cable on the spool 3 is used up, the cylinder 76 is started to drive the push head 74 to leave the spool 3, the bolt 68 is screwed out from the spool 3, the spool 3 and the guide head 65 are separated, the spool 3 without the cable is pushed out, a spool 3 with the cable is placed in front of the device, the spool 3 is aligned with the guide mechanism 8, the spool 3 is pushed to roll, the disc of the spool 3 rolls into the round rod of the pulley group 87 in the rectangular groove 85 from the inclined surface of the front end of the bottom plate 81 and the guide seat 84, the round rod supports the spool 3 and is movably connected with the two, the spool 3 is positioned in the middle of the guide mechanism 8, the push head 74, the guide head 65 and the disk slot holes are positioned on the same axis, therefore, the cylinder 76 is started, the output shaft thereof drives the movable plate 73 to advance, the movable plate 73 drives the push head 74 and the inner rod 75 to advance, the push head 74 is clamped into the disk slot holes and pushes the spool 3 and the guide seat 84, until leading head 65 also block the disc slotted hole, manual rotation spool 3 for second connecting hole on the disc aligns with first connecting hole 67 on the stationary blade 66, implant bolt 68 fix can, spool 3 at this moment change the completion promptly, the material resources of using manpower sparingly accelerate work efficiency, convenient to use.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 6, the pulley block 87 is composed of two pulleys and a round bar, the round bar is fixedly connected between the two pulleys, and the surface of the round bar is subjected to smoothing treatment.
By adopting the technical scheme, the arrangement is convenient for the rotation between the spool 3 and the pulley block 87.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 1, the spool 3 is composed of a shaft body and disks fixedly connected to two ends of the shaft body, and the two disks are respectively seated on the round bars of the two pulley blocks 87.
By adopting the technical scheme, the position of the spool 3 is convenient to fix by the arrangement.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 1 and 3, a second connection hole is formed in a position of the outer surface of one circular disc of the bobbin 3, which corresponds to the first connection hole 67, and one end of the bolt 68 penetrates through the first connection hole 67 and is screwed into the second connection hole.
By adopting the above technical solution, the arrangement is used for fixing the bobbin 3 and the transmission shaft 62.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 1, 2 and 3, the cylinder 76 can push the movable plate 73 to advance through the cylinder output shaft 77, so that the pushing head 74 is clamped in the slot hole formed in the center of the disc, and push the bobbin 3 and the guide base 84 to move towards the guide head 65, and the guide head 65 can be clamped in the slot hole formed in the center of the disc.
By adopting the above technical solution, the arrangement is used to connect the spool 3 with the transmission shaft 62.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 6, the front ends of the bottom plate 81 and the guide seat 84 are inclined, and the inclined angles are the same.
By adopting the above technical solution, the arrangement facilitates the rolling of the spool 3.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 1, one end of the screw 9 is fixedly connected with the output shaft of the motor 4, and the other end of the screw is smoothly inserted into the support frame 1 and movably connected with the support frame.
By adopting the technical scheme, the arrangement ensures the normal rotation of the screw rod 9.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 1, the lead screw 9 penetrates through the threaded hole 101 to be connected with the threaded hole, and the lead screw 9 rotates to drive the wire box 10 to move.
By adopting the above technical solution, this arrangement enables the cable to follow the movement of the wire cassette 10.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 7, the first rod 891 and the second rod 892 have the same size and diameter, which are smaller than the diameter of the two-way threaded sleeve 893, and the two thread grooves of the two-way threaded sleeve 893 have opposite thread directions.
By adopting the above technical scheme, this setting makes the distance that two-way screw sleeve 893 can be adjusted between first body of rod 891, the second body of rod 892.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 1, the motor 4, the motor 5, and the cylinder 76 are all electrically connected to an external power source.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, motor 4 can drive lead screw 9 rotatory.
The working principle is as follows: when the cable winding and unwinding device for the communication engineering winding displacement is used, firstly, one end of a cable on a spool 3 penetrates through a threading groove 102, then the device is connected with an external power supply, a motor 5 is started, at the moment, the motor 5 drives a belt pulley 61 and a transmission shaft 62 to rotate, as a fixing sheet 66 on the transmission shaft 62 is fixed with the spool 3, the spool 3 rotates along with the rotation to pay off the cable, a user can drag one end of the cable to perform winding displacement, after the use is finished, when the unused cable is recovered, the motor 5 is controlled to rotate reversely, a motor 4 is started, at the moment, the spool 3 rotates reversely under the driving of the motor 5 to take up the cable, in the winding process, the motor 4 drives a lead screw 9 to rotate, the lead screw 9 rotates to enable a wire box 10 to move on the lead screw 9, the motor 4 is set to rotate reversely after a period of time through an external, in the moving process, the T-shaped sliding block 106 slides in the T-shaped groove 11, the cables are uniformly wound on the spool 3 along with the wire box 10 to move back and forth, the arrangement is convenient, the concentrated winding of the cables is avoided, the use is convenient, meanwhile, the wire box 10 can pre-clean the cables, the cables pass through the threading groove 102 and are positioned between the two sponge rollers 105, the sponge rollers 105 are driven to rotate on the connecting shaft 107 and clean the surfaces of the cables when the cables move, the cleaned dust and fine impurities fall into the inner cavity of the waste material box 103 from the outlet 104, the waste material box 103 is separated to clean the cables after a period of time, the situation that the retracted cables are not pre-cleaned and directly retract to pollute the rest cables and the spool 3 is avoided, when the cables on the spool 3 run out and need to replace the new spool 3 with the cables, the air cylinder 76 is started to drive the pushing head 74 to leave the spool 3, and then the bolts 68 are screwed out from the spool 3, separating the spool 3 and the guide head 65, pushing out the spool 3 without cable, taking a spool 3 with cable and placing in front of the device, aligning the spool 3 with the guide mechanism 8, pushing the spool 3 to roll, and making the disc of the spool 3 roll into the round rod of the pulley group 87 in the rectangular groove 85 from the inclined surface of the front end of the bottom plate 81 and the guide seat 84, the round rod supports the spool 3 and movably connects the two, at this time, the spool 3 is located at the middle position of the guide mechanism 8, and the push head 74, the guide head 65 and the disc groove hole are located at the same axis, therefore, starting the air cylinder 76, the air cylinder output shaft 77 drives the movable plate 73 to advance, the movable plate 73 drives the push head 74 and the inner rod 75 to advance, the push head 74 is clamped into the disc groove hole and pushes the spool 3 and the guide seat 84 to move, until the guide head 65 is also clamped into the disc groove hole, manually rotating the spool 3, making the second connecting hole on the disc align with the first connecting hole, implant bolt 68 fix can, spool 3 at this moment changes the completion promptly, the material resources of using manpower sparingly for work efficiency, before changing, the user can adjust guiding mechanism 8 according to used spool 3's specification size, and concrete accommodation process is: the two-way threaded sleeve 893 is screwed clockwise, because the thread directions of the two thread grooves of the two-way threaded sleeve 893 are opposite, and the first thread joint 894 and the second thread joint 895 are respectively screwed in the two thread grooves formed in the two-way threaded sleeve 893, the first thread joint 894 and the second thread joint 895 are close to each other in the thread grooves of the two-way threaded sleeve 893, the distance between the two guide seats 84 is reduced, and therefore the spool 3 with smaller disk spacing is suitable; turning the two-way threaded sleeve 893 counterclockwise, the first and second threaded connectors 894 and 895 are far away from each other in the thread groove of the two-way threaded sleeve 893, and the distance between the two guide seats 84 is increased, so that the spool 3 with a large disc space is suitable for the user to adjust according to actual needs.
The electric elements in the document are electrically connected with an external main controller and 220V mains supply through a transformer, the main controller can be a conventional known device controlled by a computer and the like, the product model provided by the invention is only used according to the structural characteristics of the product, the product can be adjusted and modified after being purchased, so that the product is more matched with and accords with the technical scheme of the invention, the product model is a technical scheme of the optimal application of the technical scheme, the product model can be replaced and modified according to the required technical parameters, and the product model is familiar to the technical personnel in the field, so that the technical scheme provided by the invention can clearly obtain the corresponding use effect.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a communication engineering is cable winding and unwinding devices for winding displacement, includes support frame (1), its characterized in that: a cross beam (2) is fixedly connected between the upper ends of the two support frames (1), a bobbin (3) is arranged at the relative middle position of the two support frames (1), a motor (4) is fixedly connected to the upper end of the outer surface of one side of one support frame (1), a transmission mechanism (6) and a motor (5) are arranged below the motor, the motor (5) is fixedly connected with the support frames (1) and is positioned below the transmission mechanism (6) in an inclined manner, a pushing mechanism (7) is arranged at the middle position of the outer part of the other support frame (1), a guide mechanism (8) is arranged at the lower end of the bobbin (3), a wire box (10) is arranged on the outer surface of the lower end of the cross beam (2), a lead screw (9) penetrates through the position of the upper end of the inner part of the wire box (10), and;
the transmission mechanism (6) comprises a belt pulley (61), a transmission shaft (62), a baffle disc (63), a fixed shaft (64), a guide head (65) and a fixed sheet (66), wherein the fixed shaft (64) is fixedly connected inside one support frame (1), the fixed shaft (64) is fixedly connected with the baffle disc (63), the belt pulley (61) is fixedly connected with the transmission shaft (62), the transmission shaft (62) penetrates through the belt pulley (61), the baffle disc (63) and the fixed shaft (64) and then is fixedly connected with the guide head (65), the fixing plate (66) is positioned between the fixing shaft (64) and the transmission shaft (62), and is sleeved and fixed on the excircle of the transmission shaft (62), the belt pulley (61) is connected with the output shaft of the motor (5) through a belt in a transmission way, two ends of the fixing piece (66) are provided with first connecting holes (67), and the inner threads of the first connecting holes (67) are connected with bolts (68);
the pushing mechanism (7) is composed of a fixed sleeve (71), an installation sheet (72), a movable sheet (73), a pushing head (74), an inner rod (75) and an air cylinder (76), wherein the fixed sleeve (71) is fixedly connected inside the other support frame (1), the inner rod (75) penetrates through and is movably connected inside the fixed sleeve (71), one end of the inner rod (75) penetrates through the installation sheet (72) and is fixedly connected with the movable sheet (73) and the pushing head (74), the installation sheet (72) is fixedly connected to the outer surface of the support frame (1) through screws, the installation sheet (72) is fixedly connected with the air cylinder (76), and an air cylinder output shaft (77) of the air cylinder (76) penetrates through the installation sheet (72) and is fixedly connected with the movable sheet (73);
the guide mechanism (8) is composed of a bottom plate (81), a sliding rail (82) and a guide seat (84), wherein the sliding rail (82) is fixedly connected to the middle position of the outer surface of the upper end of the bottom plate (81), two ends of the sliding rail (82) are fixedly connected with stop blocks (83), the guide seat (84) is slidably connected to the upper end of the sliding rail (82), the outer surface of the upper end of the guide seat (84) is provided with a rectangular groove (85), two sides of the inner wall of the rectangular groove (85) are respectively provided with a U-shaped groove (86), two pulley blocks (87) are movably connected in the two U-shaped grooves (86) relative to each other, two ends of each pulley block (87) are respectively and fixedly connected with a shaft lever (88) clamped inside the U-shaped grooves (86), and an adjusting lever (;
the adjusting rod (89) is composed of a first rod body (891), a second rod body (892) and a two-way threaded sleeve (893), wherein the first rod body (891) and the second rod body (892) are fixedly connected with two guide seats (84) respectively, the opposite ends of the first rod body (891) and the second rod body (892) are fixedly connected with a first threaded connector (894) and a second threaded connector (895) respectively, and the first threaded connector (894) and the second threaded connector (895) are in threaded connection with two thread grooves formed in the two-way threaded sleeve (893) respectively;
the utility model discloses a lead wire box, including line box (10), lead screw box (103), wire box (10), lead wire groove (102), and one side surface of line box (10) have been seted up, the upper end surface fixed connection of line box (10) has T type slider (106) identical with T type groove (11), and T type slider (106) sliding connection is inside T type groove (11), wire box (10) lower extreme joint has waste material box (103), lead wire groove (104) of seting up corresponding waste material box (103) inner chamber are seted up to the lower extreme of wire box (10), and lower extreme swing joint has sponge cylinder (105) on the inner wall of wire box (102), sponge cylinder (105) inside runs through and is provided with connecting axle (107).
2. The cable winding and unwinding device for the flat cable of the communication engineering according to claim 1, wherein: the pulley block (87) consists of two pulleys and a round bar, the round bar is fixedly connected between the two pulleys, and the surface of the round bar is subjected to smoothing treatment.
3. The cable winding and unwinding device for the flat cable of the communication engineering according to claim 2, wherein: the spool (3) is composed of a shaft body and disks fixedly connected with the two ends of the shaft body, and the two disks are respectively located on round rods of the two pulley blocks (87).
4. The cable winding and unwinding device for the flat cable of the communication engineering according to claim 3, wherein: a second connecting hole is formed in the position, corresponding to the first connecting hole (67), of the outer surface of one disc of the spool (3), and one end of the bolt (68) penetrates through the first connecting hole (67) and is screwed into the second connecting hole.
5. The cable winding and unwinding device for the flat cable of the communication engineering according to claim 4, wherein: the air cylinder (76) can push the movable sheet (73) to advance through an air cylinder output shaft (77), so that the push head (74) is clamped in a slotted hole formed in the center of the disc, the spool (3) and the guide seat (84) are pushed to move towards the guide head (65), and the guide head (65) can be clamped in the slotted hole formed in the center of the disc.
6. The cable winding and unwinding device for the flat cable of the communication engineering according to claim 1, wherein: the front ends of the bottom plate (81) and the guide seat (84) are inclined planes, and the inclined angles of the bottom plate and the guide seat are the same.
7. The cable winding and unwinding device for the flat cable of the communication engineering according to claim 1, wherein: one end of the screw rod (9) is fixedly connected with an output shaft of the motor (4), and the other end of the screw rod is subjected to smoothing treatment and is inserted in the support frame (1) and movably connected with the support frame.
8. The cable winding and unwinding device for the flat cable of the communication engineering according to claim 1, wherein: the lead screw (9) penetrates through the threaded hole (101) to be connected with the threaded hole, and the lead screw (9) rotates to drive the wire box (10) to move.
9. The cable winding and unwinding device for the flat cable of the communication engineering according to claim 1, wherein: the size and specification of the first rod body (891) and the second rod body (892) are the same, the diameters of the first rod body and the second rod body are smaller than the diameter of the two-way threaded sleeve (893), and the thread directions of two thread grooves of the two-way threaded sleeve (893) are opposite.
CN201911131230.0A 2019-11-19 2019-11-19 Cable winding and unwinding devices for communication engineering winding displacement Active CN110790091B (en)

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