CN110784169B - Agricultural light complementary solar photovoltaic power generation system - Google Patents

Agricultural light complementary solar photovoltaic power generation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110784169B
CN110784169B CN201911401571.5A CN201911401571A CN110784169B CN 110784169 B CN110784169 B CN 110784169B CN 201911401571 A CN201911401571 A CN 201911401571A CN 110784169 B CN110784169 B CN 110784169B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
water
cavity
groove
movable
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CN201911401571.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110784169A (en
Inventor
孙少华
朱志钿
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Zhejiang Longneng Electric Power Technology Co.,Ltd.
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Zhejiang Longneng Power Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201911401571.5A priority Critical patent/CN110784169B/en
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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/10Cleaning arrangements
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • A01G13/02Protective coverings for plants; Coverings for the ground; Devices for laying-out or removing coverings
    • A01G13/0206Canopies, i.e. devices providing a roof above the plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/02Watering arrangements located above the soil which make use of perforated pipe-lines or pipe-lines with dispensing fittings, e.g. for drip irrigation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/001Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members characterised by the type of cleaning tool
    • B08B1/005Scrapers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B13/00Accessories or details of general applicability for machines or apparatus for cleaning
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/02Cleaning by the force of jets or sprays
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/10Supporting structures directly fixed to the ground
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention discloses an agricultural light complementary solar photovoltaic power generation system which comprises a support, a photovoltaic panel arranged on the support and a supporting leg arranged at the bottom of the support, wherein a baffle is arranged on the support, a first supporting plate is arranged on the supporting leg, a water storage tank is arranged on the first supporting plate, a first water conveying cavity is arranged on the baffle, a first connecting block is arranged at the bottom of the baffle, a through cavity is arranged on the first connecting block, a second connecting block is arranged in the through cavity in a penetrating manner, a second water conveying cavity is arranged on the second connecting block, and the first water conveying cavity is communicated with the water storage tank through the second water conveying cavity; the bracket is provided with a spraying component communicated with the water storage tank; pile up more dust back on the photovoltaic board, spray assembly sprays rivers on the photovoltaic board with the rainwater suction in the storage water tank, does self-cleaning to the photovoltaic board under the rivers effect to wash away the dust on the photovoltaic board, reduce the washing degree of difficulty of photovoltaic board.

Description

Agricultural light complementary solar photovoltaic power generation system
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of solar power generation, and particularly relates to an agricultural light complementary solar photovoltaic power generation system.
Background
The complementary ground distribution type photovoltaic power plant of farming light usually adopts high support, the complementary construction mode of farming light, and the photovoltaic module of top can be used for generating electricity, and the open space below the photovoltaic module can be planted crops, and the land use efficiency is high. Solar photovoltaic board it avoids having attached to more dust after using a period, influences the generating effect of photovoltaic board, and general solar power system is bulky, and is highly higher, and the manual cleaning is very inconvenient, because the below is planted there is crops, also is not suitable for adopting the mode of wasing the car to do the washing to the photovoltaic board, and the washing of photovoltaic board becomes a big difficult problem.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides an agricultural light complementary solar photovoltaic power generation system for overcoming the defects of the prior art.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme: an agricultural light complementary solar photovoltaic power generation system comprises a support, a photovoltaic panel arranged on the support and a supporting leg arranged at the bottom of the support, wherein a baffle is arranged on the support, a first supporting plate is arranged on the supporting leg, a water storage tank is arranged on the first supporting plate, a first water conveying cavity is arranged on the baffle, a first connecting block is arranged at the bottom of the baffle, a through cavity is arranged on the first connecting block, a second connecting block is arranged in the through cavity in a penetrating manner, a second water conveying cavity is arranged on the second connecting block, and the first water conveying cavity is communicated with the water storage tank through the second water conveying cavity; the bracket is provided with a spraying component communicated with the water storage tank; when the rainwater is in rainy weather, the rainwater directly falls on the surface of the photovoltaic plate, the surface of the photovoltaic plate is obliquely arranged, the rainwater falling on the surface of the photovoltaic plate flows downwards along the photovoltaic plate and flows to the baffle plate, the baffle plate blocks the rainwater, so that the rainwater enters the first water conveying cavity, the rainwater in the first water conveying cavity enters the water storage tank through the second water conveying cavity, the rainwater is collected in the water storage tank, and the rainwater is collected; in a sunny environment, after more dust is accumulated on the photovoltaic panel, the spraying assembly sucks out rainwater in the water storage tank, sprays water flow on the photovoltaic panel, and automatically cleans the photovoltaic panel under the action of the water flow so as to wash away the dust on the photovoltaic panel and reduce the cleaning difficulty of the photovoltaic panel; by utilizing the mode of collecting rainwater by the water storage tank, a water source is provided for cleaning the photovoltaic panel, the photovoltaic panel can be automatically cleaned without manual operation, and the cleaning difficulty of the photovoltaic panel is greatly reduced; the water storage tank is arranged below the photovoltaic panel, so that sunlight is prevented from directly irradiating the water storage tank, and water evaporation in the water storage tank is reduced, so that rainwater can be stored in the water storage tank better, and water source supply is provided for cleaning the photovoltaic panel; under the mutually supporting of first backup pad and storage water tank, can adorn the storage water tank to the supporting leg again after the support mounting is accomplished, reduce the storage water tank installation degree of difficulty.
The supporting leg is provided with a first connecting plate, the first connecting plate is provided with a first water storage cavity, the bottom of the first water storage cavity is provided with a plurality of first water spraying holes, the side wall of the first connecting plate is provided with a third connecting block, the third connecting block is provided with a third water conveying cavity communicated with the first water storage cavity, and the third connecting block is arranged on one side of the baffle; in rainy days, part of rainwater directly falls into the third water delivery cavity, the rainwater enters the first water storage cavity along the third water delivery cavity, and the rainwater in the first water storage cavity is sprayed out of the first water storage cavity through the first water spraying holes, so that the rainwater is directly sprayed on crops to play a role in irrigating the crops; the photovoltaic panel provides a shielding effect for crops, rainwater is prevented from directly falling on the crops to damage the forms of the crops, the gravitational potential energy of the rainwater sprayed out of the first water storage cavity is greatly reduced, the quantity of the rainwater is greatly reduced, and the root rot phenomenon caused by excessive rainwater on the crops is avoided; under the setting of a plurality of first hole for water sprayings, make the more even blowout of rainwater in the first water storage intracavity, make the crops homoenergetic of whole photovoltaic board below obtain irrigating, avoid the single place to take place the ponding phenomenon.
The baffle is provided with a plurality of water inlets communicated with the first water delivery cavity, the side wall of the baffle is also provided with an installation groove, the inner wall of the installation groove is provided with a limiting groove, and a filtering component is arranged in the installation groove; when rainwater slides down along the surface of the photovoltaic panel, the rainwater flows to one side of the baffle plate, and enters the first water conveying cavity through the water inlet, so that the rainwater is introduced into the water storage tank under the action of the first water conveying cavity and the second water conveying cavity; under the filter assembly effect, play the filtering action to the rivers that enter into first water delivery intracavity to with the impurity filtering of rainwater, avoid impurity along with the rainwater together enter into the storage water tank in influence spray assembly's normal work.
The filter assembly comprises a first clamping plate, a second clamping plate and a filter screen, wherein the first clamping plate is provided with a connecting ring, the second clamping plate is provided with a first connecting groove matched with the connecting ring, the filter screen is arranged between the first clamping plate and the second clamping plate, the first clamping plate is provided with a first limiting block matched with the limiting groove, and the second clamping plate is provided with a second limiting block matched with the limiting groove; when the filter assembly is installed, the filter screen is placed on the first clamping plate, the second clamping plate covers the first clamping plate, the connecting ring is embedded into the first connecting groove, so that the first clamping plate and the second clamping plate are fixedly matched, and then the first clamping plate and the second clamping plate are pushed into the mounting groove, so that the installation of the filter assembly is completed; under the arrangement of the mounting groove, the disassembly and assembly operation of the filtering component can be conveniently completed, so that the surface of the filter screen can be cleaned conveniently, and the filtering effect of the filtering component is ensured; after filter element packs into the mounting groove, under the mutually supporting of stopper and spacing groove, play the fixed action to first splint and second splint, promote the linkage effect of first splint and second splint, promote the reliability that filter element used.
A first limiting plate is arranged on the inner wall of the first water delivery cavity, a movable plate is arranged below the first limiting plate, a sliding groove matched with the movable plate is formed in the inner wall of the first water delivery cavity, a plurality of through holes are formed in the movable plate, the movable plate can float on the water surface, and the movable plate and the first limiting plate are made of magnetic materials; when the water storage tank is not full, rainwater enters the first water conveying cavity through the water inlet, and the first water conveying cavity and the second water conveying cavity are matched with each other so that the rainwater can be guided into the water storage tank; after rainwater in the water storage tank is full, the liquid level in the water storage tank rises, the movable plate is pushed to move upwards under the action of water flow buoyancy, the movable plate rises to the bottom surface of the first limiting plate, the movable plate is in contact with the first limiting plate, the first water delivery cavity is sealed under the mutual matching of the first limiting plate and the movable plate, the rainwater blocked by the baffle plate cannot continuously enter the first water delivery cavity, the rainwater flows along the surface of the baffle plate, the rainwater flows towards the two sides of the baffle plate and is guided into the third water delivery cavity, so that more rainwater is guided into the first water storage cavity, the rainwater is irrigated on crops below the photovoltaic plate, and the rainwater is fully utilized while the rainwater is prevented from directly hitting the crops to cause damage to the crops; under the arrangement of the through hole, rainwater falls down from the through hole when the movable plate is not in contact with the first limiting plate, and smoothness of the first water delivery cavity is guaranteed.
A through groove matched with the second connecting block is formed in the side wall of the water storage tank, the second connecting block penetrates through the through groove, a third limiting block and a fourth limiting block are arranged on the second connecting block, a first movable groove is formed in the second connecting block, the fourth limiting block is arranged in the first movable groove, a limiting spring is arranged at the bottom of the fourth limiting block, and a control assembly matched with the fourth limiting block is arranged on the second connecting block; the water storage tank is arranged on the first mounting plate, the second connecting block is pushed along the inner wall of the through cavity, the second connecting block is inserted into the through groove, the fourth limiting block moves into the water storage tank until the third limiting block is contacted with the side wall of the water storage tank, the limiting spring pushes the fourth limiting block to extend out of the first movable groove, the fourth limiting block is contacted with the inner wall of the water storage tank, and the second connecting block is fixed on the water storage tank under the mutual matching of the fourth limiting block and the third limiting block, so that rainwater on the photovoltaic panel is guided into the water storage tank; under the control assembly effect, can be convenient make the fourth stopper enter into first movable groove to directly push the second connecting block to logical inslot, make second connecting block and storage water tank form to be connected the cooperation, reduce the storage water tank installation degree of difficulty.
A groove is formed in the second connecting block, a first movable cavity is formed in the side wall of the first movable groove, a second movable cavity is formed in one side of the first movable cavity, the control assembly comprises a connecting shaft penetrating through the second movable cavity, a second limiting plate arranged on the connecting shaft and a connecting rope wound on the second limiting plate, and one end of the connecting rope is fixedly connected to the bottom of the fourth limiting block; when the second connecting block is pushed into the through groove, the connecting shaft is rotated, the connecting shaft drives the second limiting plate to rotate, more connecting ropes are wound on the connecting shaft, and the connecting ropes pull the fourth limiting block to move towards the first movable groove, so that the fourth limiting block enters the first movable groove, and the second connecting block is directly pushed into the through groove; after the fourth stopper moves to the storage water tank, the connecting shaft is rotated reversely, the connecting rope on the connecting shaft is separated, the limiting spring pushes the fourth stopper to extend out of the first movable groove, the fourth stopper contacts with the inner wall of the storage water tank, the third stopper is matched with the second connecting block to fix the second connecting block, and the storage water tank is installed, so that rainwater is collected under the action of the storage water tank.
A third limiting plate is arranged on the connecting shaft, the third limiting plate is arranged in the groove, and a cover plate is movably connected to the inner wall of the groove; one side of the baffle is provided with a guide groove; under the arrangement of the third limiting plate, an acting point is provided for the connecting shaft, so that the connecting shaft is easier to rotate, and the fourth limiting block is controlled; the cover plate has a sealing effect on the groove, so that the influence on the fourth limiting block caused by the fact that the power generation system touches the third limiting plate in normal use is avoided, and the matching effect of the fourth limiting block and the water storage tank is ensured; after the rainwater in the storage water tank was filled with, fly leaf and first limiting plate mutually support and seal first water delivery chamber, and the rivers that are kept off by the baffle are moving along the guide slot, with rivers leading-in to the third water delivery intracavity under the guide slot effect to with the leading-in first storage water intracavity of more rainwater, play the irrigation effect for crops.
The spraying assembly comprises a second connecting plate arranged on the side wall of the water storage tank, a third connecting plate arranged on the second connecting plate and a water pump arranged on the second connecting plate, a fourth water conveying cavity is arranged on the second connecting plate, a second water storage cavity communicated with the fourth water conveying cavity is arranged on the third connecting plate, and a plurality of second water spraying holes are formed in the side wall of the second water storage cavity; when the photovoltaic board is cleaned in need, the water pump works to introduce water flow in the water storage tank into the second water storage cavity, the water flow in the second water storage cavity is sprayed out through the second water spraying holes, the water flow is directly sprayed on the photovoltaic board, water flow supply is provided for cleaning the photovoltaic board, and the cleaning difficulty of the photovoltaic board is reduced.
The bottom of the water storage tank is provided with a supporting spring, and the top of the supporting spring is provided with a second supporting plate; a fourth connecting plate is arranged on the support, a cleaning assembly is arranged on the fourth connecting plate, a second movable groove is arranged on the support, and the cleaning assembly can move along the second movable groove; when the water pump introduces the water flow in the water storage tank into the second water storage cavity, the gravity on the second support plate is reduced, the support spring pushes the second support plate to move upwards, and the second support plate extrudes the water flow in the water storage tank and is matched with the water pump, so that the water flow in the water storage tank is better introduced into the second water storage cavity; after spray assembly sprayed the rivers on photovoltaic board surface, the cleaning assembly removed along the second movable groove, made the cleaning assembly remove on photovoltaic board surface to do the washing to photovoltaic board surface under the cleaning assembly effect, cleaning assembly mutually supported with spray assembly, promoted the cleaning performance to the photovoltaic board.
The invention has the following advantages: when more dust is accumulated on the photovoltaic panel, the spraying assembly sucks rainwater in the water storage tank out, sprays water flow on the photovoltaic panel, and automatically cleans the photovoltaic panel under the action of the water flow so as to wash away the dust on the photovoltaic panel and reduce the cleaning difficulty of the photovoltaic panel; through the mode that utilizes the storage water tank to collect the rainwater, for wasing the photovoltaic board and provide the water source, need not manual operation and can accomplish the washing to the photovoltaic board automatically, very big reduction the washing degree of difficulty of photovoltaic board.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a first cross-sectional view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged view of a portion a in fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged view of fig. 2 at B.
FIG. 5 is a second cross-sectional view of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is an enlarged view of fig. 5 at C.
Fig. 7 is an enlarged view of fig. 6 at D.
Fig. 8 is a third schematic cross-sectional view of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is an enlarged view of fig. 8 at E.
Fig. 10 is a cross-sectional view of the fourth embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 11 is an enlarged view of fig. 10 at F.
Fig. 12 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a fifth embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 13 is an enlarged view at G in fig. 12.
Fig. 14 is an enlarged view of fig. 12 at H.
Detailed Description
As shown in fig. 1-14, an agricultural light complementary solar photovoltaic power generation system comprises a support 1, a photovoltaic panel 2 arranged on the support 1, and a support leg 11 arranged at the bottom of the support 1, wherein a baffle 12 is arranged on the support 1, a first support plate is arranged on the support leg 11, a water storage tank 3 is arranged on the first support plate, a first water delivery cavity is arranged on the baffle 12, a first connecting block is arranged at the bottom of the baffle 12, a through cavity is arranged on the first connecting block, a second connecting block 13 is arranged in the through cavity in a penetrating manner, a second water delivery cavity is arranged on the second connecting block 13, and the first water delivery cavity is communicated with the water storage tank 3 through the second water delivery cavity; the bracket 1 is provided with a spraying component communicated with the water storage tank 3; when the rainwater is in rainy weather, the rainwater directly falls on the surface of the photovoltaic plate, the surface of the photovoltaic plate is obliquely arranged, the rainwater falling on the surface of the photovoltaic plate flows downwards along the photovoltaic plate and flows to the baffle plate, the baffle plate blocks the rainwater, so that the rainwater enters the first water conveying cavity, the rainwater in the first water conveying cavity enters the water storage tank through the second water conveying cavity, the rainwater is collected in the water storage tank, and the rainwater is collected; in a sunny environment, after more dust is accumulated on the photovoltaic panel, the spraying assembly sucks out rainwater in the water storage tank, sprays water flow on the photovoltaic panel, and automatically cleans the photovoltaic panel under the action of the water flow so as to wash away the dust on the photovoltaic panel and reduce the cleaning difficulty of the photovoltaic panel; by utilizing the mode of collecting rainwater by the water storage tank, a water source is provided for cleaning the photovoltaic panel, the photovoltaic panel can be automatically cleaned without manual operation, and the cleaning difficulty of the photovoltaic panel is greatly reduced; the water storage tank is arranged below the photovoltaic panel, so that sunlight is prevented from directly irradiating the water storage tank, and water evaporation in the water storage tank is reduced, so that rainwater can be stored in the water storage tank better, and water source supply is provided for cleaning the photovoltaic panel; under the mutually supporting of first backup pad and storage water tank, can adorn the storage water tank to the supporting leg again after the support mounting is accomplished, reduce the storage water tank installation degree of difficulty.
A first connecting plate 14 is arranged on the supporting leg 11, a first water storage cavity is arranged on the first connecting plate 14, a plurality of first water spraying holes are formed in the bottom of the first water storage cavity, a liquid discharging port is formed in the side wall of the first water storage cavity, a door plate is hinged to the inner wall of the liquid discharging port, a third connecting block 141 is arranged on the side wall of the first connecting plate 14, a third water conveying cavity communicated with the first water storage cavity is formed in the third connecting block 141, and the third connecting block 141 is arranged on one side of the baffle 12; in rainy days, part of rainwater directly falls into the third water delivery cavity, the rainwater enters the first water storage cavity along the third water delivery cavity, and the rainwater in the first water storage cavity is sprayed out of the first water storage cavity through the first water spraying holes, so that the rainwater is directly sprayed on crops to play a role in irrigating the crops; the photovoltaic panel provides a shielding effect for crops, rainwater is prevented from directly falling on the crops to damage the forms of the crops, the gravitational potential energy of the rainwater sprayed out of the first water storage cavity is greatly reduced, the quantity of the rainwater is greatly reduced, and the root rot phenomenon caused by excessive rainwater on the crops is avoided; under the setting of a plurality of first hole for water sprayings, make the more even blowout of rainwater in the first water storage intracavity, make the crops homoenergetic of whole photovoltaic board below obtain irrigating, avoid the single place to take place the ponding phenomenon.
A plurality of water inlets communicated with the first water delivery cavity are formed in the baffle plate 12, an installation groove is further formed in the side wall of the baffle plate 12, a limiting groove is formed in the inner wall of the installation groove, and a filtering assembly is arranged in the installation groove; when rainwater slides down along the surface of the photovoltaic panel, the rainwater flows to one side of the baffle plate, and enters the first water conveying cavity through the water inlet, so that the rainwater is introduced into the water storage tank under the action of the first water conveying cavity and the second water conveying cavity; under the filter assembly effect, play the filtering action to the rivers that enter into first water delivery intracavity to with the impurity filtering of rainwater, avoid impurity along with the rainwater together enter into the storage water tank in influence spray assembly's normal work.
The filter assembly comprises a first clamping plate 151, a second clamping plate 152 and a filter screen, wherein a connecting ring is arranged on the first clamping plate 151, a first connecting groove matched with the connecting ring is arranged on the second clamping plate 152, the filter screen is arranged between the first clamping plate 151 and the second clamping plate 152, a first limiting block matched with the limiting groove is arranged on the first clamping plate 151, and a second limiting block matched with the limiting groove is arranged on the second clamping plate 152; when the filter assembly is installed, the filter screen is placed on the first clamping plate, the second clamping plate covers the first clamping plate, the connecting ring is embedded into the first connecting groove, so that the first clamping plate and the second clamping plate are fixedly matched, and then the first clamping plate and the second clamping plate are pushed into the mounting groove, so that the installation of the filter assembly is completed; under the arrangement of the mounting groove, the disassembly and assembly operation of the filtering component can be conveniently completed, so that the surface of the filter screen can be cleaned conveniently, and the filtering effect of the filtering component is ensured; after filter element packs into the mounting groove, under the mutually supporting of stopper and spacing groove, play the fixed action to first splint and second splint, promote the linkage effect of first splint and second splint, promote the reliability that filter element used.
A first limiting plate 121 is arranged on the inner wall of the first water delivery cavity, a movable plate 122 is arranged below the first limiting plate 121, a sliding groove matched with the movable plate 122 is arranged on the inner wall of the first water delivery cavity, a plurality of through holes are formed in the movable plate, the movable plate 122 can float on the water surface, and the movable plate 122 and the first limiting plate 121 are made of magnetic materials; when the water storage tank is not full, rainwater enters the first water conveying cavity through the water inlet, and the first water conveying cavity and the second water conveying cavity are matched with each other so that the rainwater can be guided into the water storage tank; after rainwater in the water storage tank is full, the liquid level in the water storage tank rises, the movable plate is pushed to move upwards under the action of water flow buoyancy, the movable plate rises to the bottom surface of the first limiting plate, the movable plate is in contact with the first limiting plate, the first water delivery cavity is sealed under the mutual matching of the first limiting plate and the movable plate, the rainwater blocked by the baffle plate cannot continuously enter the first water delivery cavity, the rainwater flows along the surface of the baffle plate, the rainwater flows towards the two sides of the baffle plate and is guided into the third water delivery cavity, so that more rainwater is guided into the first water storage cavity, the rainwater is irrigated on crops below the photovoltaic plate, and the rainwater is fully utilized while the rainwater is prevented from directly hitting the crops to cause damage to the crops; the through hole is arranged, so that rainwater falls down from the through hole when the movable plate is not in contact with the first limiting plate, and smoothness of the first water delivery cavity is guaranteed; the magnetism of the movable plate is attracted to that of the first limiting plate, and the movable plate is adsorbed to the bottom of the first limiting plate after being contacted with the first limiting plate under the action of magnetic force, so that the matching effect of the movable plate and the first limiting plate is improved; when the liquid level in the liquid storage tank descends, rainwater is accumulated on the movable plate, the movable plate is in a bearing state, the movable plate is pushed to move downwards under the action of the gravity of the rainwater, and the movable plate is separated from the first limiting plate so as to enable the rainwater to fall normally.
A through groove matched with the second connecting block 13 is formed in the side wall of the water storage tank 3, the second connecting block 13 is arranged in the through groove in a penetrating mode, a third limiting block 131 and a fourth limiting block 132 are arranged on the second connecting block 13, a first movable groove is formed in the second connecting block 13, the fourth limiting block 132 is arranged in the first movable groove, a limiting spring is arranged at the bottom of the fourth limiting block 132, and a control assembly matched with the fourth limiting block 132 is arranged on the second connecting block 13; the water storage tank is arranged on the first mounting plate, the second connecting block is pushed along the inner wall of the through cavity, the second connecting block is inserted into the through groove, the fourth limiting block moves into the water storage tank until the third limiting block is contacted with the side wall of the water storage tank, the limiting spring pushes the fourth limiting block to extend out of the first movable groove, the fourth limiting block is contacted with the inner wall of the water storage tank, and the second connecting block is fixed on the water storage tank under the mutual matching of the fourth limiting block and the third limiting block, so that rainwater on the photovoltaic panel is guided into the water storage tank; under the control assembly effect, can be convenient make the fourth stopper enter into first movable groove to directly push the second connecting block to logical inslot, make second connecting block and storage water tank form to be connected the cooperation, reduce the storage water tank installation degree of difficulty.
A groove is formed in the second connecting block 13, a first movable cavity is formed in the side wall of the first movable groove, a second movable cavity is formed in one side of the first movable cavity, the control assembly comprises a connecting shaft 133 penetrating the second movable cavity, a second limiting plate 135 arranged on the connecting shaft 133 and a connecting rope wound on the second limiting plate 135, and one end of the connecting rope is fixedly connected to the bottom of the fourth limiting block 132; when the second connecting block is pushed into the through groove, the connecting shaft is rotated, the connecting shaft drives the second limiting plate to rotate, more connecting ropes are wound on the connecting shaft, and the connecting ropes pull the fourth limiting block to move towards the first movable groove, so that the fourth limiting block enters the first movable groove, and the second connecting block is directly pushed into the through groove; after the fourth stopper moves to the storage water tank, the connecting shaft is rotated reversely, the connecting rope on the connecting shaft is separated, the limiting spring pushes the fourth stopper to extend out of the first movable groove, the fourth stopper contacts with the inner wall of the storage water tank, the third stopper is matched with the second connecting block to fix the second connecting block, and the storage water tank is installed, so that rainwater is collected under the action of the storage water tank.
A third limiting plate 134 is arranged on the connecting shaft 133, the third limiting plate 134 is arranged in the groove, and a cover plate 136 is movably connected to the inner wall of the groove; one side of the baffle 12 is provided with a guide groove; under the arrangement of the third limiting plate, an acting point is provided for the connecting shaft, so that the connecting shaft is easier to rotate, and the fourth limiting block is controlled; the cover plate has a sealing effect on the groove, so that the influence on the fourth limiting block caused by the fact that the power generation system touches the third limiting plate in normal use is avoided, and the matching effect of the fourth limiting block and the water storage tank is ensured; after the rainwater in the storage water tank was filled with, fly leaf and first limiting plate mutually support and seal first water delivery chamber, and the rivers that are kept off by the baffle are moving along the guide slot, with rivers leading-in to the third water delivery intracavity under the guide slot effect to with the leading-in first storage water intracavity of more rainwater, play the irrigation effect for crops.
The spraying assembly comprises a second connecting plate 33 arranged on the side wall of the water storage tank 3, a third connecting plate 34 arranged on the second connecting plate 33 and a water pump arranged on the second connecting plate 33, a fourth water delivery cavity is arranged on the second connecting plate 33, a second water storage cavity communicated with the fourth water delivery cavity is arranged on the third connecting plate 34, and a plurality of second water spraying holes are formed in the side wall of the second water storage cavity; when the photovoltaic board is cleaned in need, the water pump works to introduce water flow in the water storage tank into the second water storage cavity, the water flow in the second water storage cavity is sprayed out through the second water spraying holes, the water flow is directly sprayed on the photovoltaic board, water flow supply is provided for cleaning the photovoltaic board, and the cleaning difficulty of the photovoltaic board is reduced.
A support spring 31 is arranged at the bottom of the water storage tank 3, and a second support plate 32 is arranged at the top of the support spring 31; a fourth connecting plate is arranged on the support 1, a cleaning assembly is arranged on the fourth connecting plate, a second movable groove is arranged on the support 1, and the cleaning assembly can move along the second movable groove; when the water pump introduces the water flow in the water storage tank into the second water storage cavity, the gravity on the second support plate is reduced, the support spring pushes the second support plate to move upwards, and the second support plate extrudes the water flow in the water storage tank and is matched with the water pump, so that the water flow in the water storage tank is better introduced into the second water storage cavity; after spray assembly sprayed the rivers on photovoltaic board surface, the cleaning assembly removed along the second movable groove, made the cleaning assembly remove on photovoltaic board surface to do the washing to photovoltaic board surface under the cleaning assembly effect, cleaning assembly mutually supported with spray assembly, promoted the cleaning performance to the photovoltaic board.
The cleaning assembly comprises movable blocks 16 arranged on two sides of the support, a connecting rod 161 arranged on the movable blocks, a second mounting plate 163 arranged on the connecting rod and a fifth connecting plate 17 arranged on the second mounting plate, a glass scraper 18 is arranged at the bottom of the fifth connecting plate, a third supporting plate is arranged on the second mounting plate, and the fifth connecting plate is arranged on the third supporting plate; a sliding block matched with the second movable groove is arranged on the side wall of the movable block, a third movable cavity is arranged on the movable block, the connecting rod penetrates through the third movable cavity, and a fixed spring 162 is arranged at the bottom of the connecting rod; when the spraying assembly sprays water flow on the photovoltaic panel, the sliding block moves in the second movable groove, the movable block drives the fifth connecting plate to move, so that the glass scraper is in contact with the surface of the photovoltaic panel, dust and rainwater on the surface of the photovoltaic panel are scraped under the action of the glass scraper, and the photovoltaic panel is cleaned; the glass scraper is a glass scraper in the prior art; under the fixed spring effect, make glass scrape and produce pressure to photovoltaic board surface, make glass scrape when removing and closely laminate with photovoltaic board surface, promote glass and scrape the contact effect with photovoltaic board, effectual dust and the rivers with photovoltaic board surface strike off.
A second connecting groove is formed in the third supporting plate, a third movable groove is formed in the bottom of the second connecting groove, a fourth movable groove is formed in the fifth connecting plate, a first push plate 172 penetrates through the fourth movable groove, a fourth limiting plate matched with the fourth movable groove is arranged at the bottom of the first push plate, and a fixing sleeve 173 matched with the first push plate is further arranged on the fifth connecting plate; the bottom of the fifth connecting plate is provided with a fourth connecting block 171, the top of the glass scraper is rotatably connected with a connecting pipe 181 matched with the fourth connecting block, the connecting pipe is connected with the fourth connecting block through threads, the connecting pipe is provided with a lantern ring 182, and the lantern ring provides an acting point for the connecting pipe so as to enable the connecting pipe to be more easily rotated and to be shifted to the fourth connecting block; a third through groove matched with the glass scraper is formed in the fourth connecting plate, and when the glass scraper is positioned above the fourth connecting plate, the bottom of the glass scraper penetrates through the third through groove; a third mounting plate is arranged on the supporting leg, an air cylinder 19 is arranged on the third mounting plate, and a second push plate 191 matched with the third through groove is arranged on a piston rod of the air cylinder; when the glass scraper is installed, the glass scraper is arranged at the bottom of the fifth connecting plate, so that the connecting pipe is aligned with the fourth connecting block, the connecting pipe is rotated and is shifted onto the fourth connecting block, so that the connecting pipe is fixedly connected to the fourth connecting block, and the connection between the fifth connecting plate and the glass scraper is completed; arrange the fifth connecting plate in the third backup pad, after the push pedal inserted the second spread groove, promote first push pedal along the fourth movable groove, push the fourth limiting plate in the third movable groove, make fourth limiting plate and third movable groove form the cooperation, on emboliaing first push pedal with fixed cover afterwards, fix the fourth limiting plate in the third movable groove, accomplish the installation of fifth connecting plate.
The third connecting plate is arranged above the fifth connecting plate, so that water flow sprayed out of the spraying assembly passes through the cleaning assembly, and the water flow is conveniently and directly sprayed on the photovoltaic panel; when the photovoltaic panel is cleaned, water in the water storage tank is sucked into the second water storage cavity by the water pump, the water in the second water storage cavity is sprayed on the photovoltaic panel through the second water spraying hole, the second push plate is driven by the air cylinder to move upwards to push the glass scraper out of the third through groove, so that the glass scraper moves to the position above the third through groove, and the third through groove is blocked by the second push plate to prevent the glass scraper from entering the third through groove again; the sliding block moves in the second movable groove to drive the glass tube to move along the surface of the photovoltaic plate, the glass scraper is in contact with the surface of the photovoltaic plate to clean the surface of the photovoltaic plate, and dust and water flow on the surface of the photovoltaic plate are scraped; scrape when glass and move behind photovoltaic board bottom, spray assembly sprays water once more, spray rivers on the photovoltaic board, the slider moves back along the second movable groove, make glass scrape the re-motion to third through-groove top, cylinder drive second push pedal down the motion, make the second push pedal descend from the logical inslot of third, glass scrapes and moves down under the fixed spring effect after the logical inslot of motion to third, make glass scrape and insert the logical inslot of third, scrape the guard action to glass under the effect of third through-groove, avoid sunshine to penetrate directly and scrape the bottom at glass, life is scraped to extension glass.

Claims (4)

1. The utility model provides a complementary solar photovoltaic power generation system of farming light, includes support (1), locates photovoltaic board (2) on support (1) and locate supporting leg (11) of support (1) bottom, its characterized in that: the support (1) is provided with a baffle (12), the support leg (11) is provided with a first support plate, the first support plate is provided with a water storage tank (3), the baffle (12) is provided with a first water delivery cavity, the bottom of the baffle (12) is provided with a first connecting block, the first connecting block is provided with a through cavity, a second connecting block (13) penetrates through the through cavity, the second connecting block (13) is provided with a second water delivery cavity, and the first water delivery cavity is communicated with the water storage tank (3) through the second water delivery cavity; the bracket (1) is provided with a spraying component communicated with the water storage tank (3); a first connecting plate (14) is arranged on the supporting leg (11), a first water storage cavity is arranged on the first connecting plate (14), a plurality of first water spraying holes are formed in the bottom of the first water storage cavity, a third connecting block (141) is arranged on the side wall of the first connecting plate (14), a third water conveying cavity communicated with the first water storage cavity is formed in the third connecting block (141), and the third connecting block (141) is arranged on one side of the baffle plate (12); a first limiting plate (121) is arranged on the inner wall of the first water delivery cavity, a movable plate (122) is arranged below the first limiting plate (121), a sliding groove matched with the movable plate (122) is formed in the inner wall of the first water delivery cavity, a plurality of through holes are formed in the movable plate, the movable plate (122) can float on the water surface, and the movable plate (122) and the first limiting plate (121) are made of magnetic materials; a through groove matched with the second connecting block (13) is formed in the side wall of the water storage tank (3), the second connecting block (13) penetrates through the through groove, a third limiting block (131) and a fourth limiting block (132) are arranged on the second connecting block (13), a first movable groove is formed in the second connecting block (13), the fourth limiting block (132) is arranged in the first movable groove, a limiting spring is arranged at the bottom of the fourth limiting block (132), and a control assembly matched with the fourth limiting block (132) is arranged on the second connecting block (13); a groove is formed in the second connecting block (13), a first movable cavity is formed in the side wall of the first movable groove, a second movable cavity is formed in one side of the first movable cavity, the control assembly comprises a connecting shaft (133) penetrating through the second movable cavity, a second limiting plate (135) arranged on the connecting shaft (133) and a connecting rope wound on the second limiting plate (135), and one end of the connecting rope is fixedly connected to the bottom of the fourth limiting plate (132); the spraying assembly comprises a second connecting plate (33) arranged on the side wall of the water storage tank (3), a third connecting plate (34) arranged on the second connecting plate (33) and a water pump arranged on the second connecting plate (33), a fourth water conveying cavity is arranged on the second connecting plate (33), a second water storage cavity communicated with the fourth water conveying cavity is arranged on the third connecting plate (34), and a plurality of second water spraying holes are formed in the side wall of the second water storage cavity; a supporting spring (31) is arranged at the bottom of the water storage tank (3), and a second supporting plate (32) is arranged at the top of the supporting spring (31); a fourth connecting plate is arranged on the support (1), a cleaning assembly is arranged on the fourth connecting plate, a second movable groove is arranged on the support (1), and the cleaning assembly can move along the second movable groove; the cleaning assembly comprises movable blocks (16) arranged on two sides of the support, a connecting rod (161) arranged on the movable blocks, a second mounting plate (163) arranged on the connecting rod and a fifth connecting plate (17) arranged on the second mounting plate, a glass scraper (18) is arranged at the bottom of the fifth connecting plate, a third supporting plate is arranged on the second mounting plate, and the fifth connecting plate is arranged on the third supporting plate; a sliding block matched with the second movable groove is arranged on the side wall of the movable block, a third movable cavity is arranged on the movable block, the connecting rod penetrates through the third movable cavity, and a fixed spring (162) is arranged at the bottom of the connecting rod; a fourth connecting block (171) is arranged at the bottom of the fifth connecting plate, the top of the glass scraper is rotatably connected with a connecting pipe (181) matched with the fourth connecting block, the connecting pipe is connected with the fourth connecting block through threads, a sleeve ring (182) is arranged on the connecting pipe, and the sleeve ring provides an acting point for the connecting pipe so as to enable the connecting pipe to rotate more easily and enable the connecting pipe to be shifted to the fourth connecting block; a third through groove matched with the glass scraper is formed in the fourth connecting plate, and when the glass scraper is positioned above the fourth connecting plate, the bottom of the glass scraper penetrates through the third through groove; and a third mounting plate is arranged on the supporting leg, an air cylinder (19) is arranged on the third mounting plate, and a second push plate (191) matched with the third through groove is arranged on an air cylinder piston rod.
2. The agricultural light complementary solar photovoltaic power generation system according to claim 1, wherein: the water-saving filter is characterized in that a plurality of water inlets communicated with the first water delivery cavity are formed in the baffle (12), an installation groove is further formed in the side wall of the baffle (12), a limiting groove is formed in the inner wall of the installation groove, and a filter assembly is arranged in the installation groove.
3. The agricultural light complementary solar photovoltaic power generation system according to claim 2, wherein: the filter assembly comprises a first clamping plate (151), a second clamping plate (152) and a filter screen, a connecting ring is arranged on the first clamping plate (151), a first connecting groove matched with the connecting ring is formed in the second clamping plate (152), the filter screen is arranged between the first clamping plate (151) and the second clamping plate (152), a first limiting block matched with the limiting groove is arranged on the first clamping plate (151), and a second limiting block matched with the limiting groove is arranged on the second clamping plate (152).
4. The agricultural light complementary solar photovoltaic power generation system according to claim 1, wherein: a third limiting plate (134) is arranged on the connecting shaft (133), the third limiting plate (134) is arranged in the groove, and a cover plate (136) is movably connected to the inner wall of the groove; one side of the baffle (12) is provided with a guide groove.
CN201911401571.5A 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 Agricultural light complementary solar photovoltaic power generation system Active CN110784169B (en)

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CN111591401B (en) * 2020-05-21 2021-06-22 合肥博斯维尔能源科技有限公司 Installation component of water surface floating type photovoltaic cell panel
CN112436785B (en) * 2020-11-12 2021-11-19 杭州紫乘生物科技有限公司 Solar energy comprehensive utilization system for photo-thermal hybrid power generation
CN112563943B (en) * 2020-12-02 2021-08-17 浙江龙能电力发展有限公司 Photovoltaic energy storage system box
CN112874356A (en) * 2021-02-02 2021-06-01 浙江工业职业技术学院 Multifunctional new energy automobile charging system
CN113054890B (en) * 2021-03-12 2022-06-07 浙江龙能电力发展有限公司 Solar energy storage system
CN113560232A (en) * 2021-07-16 2021-10-29 泸州宏兴电气有限公司 Cleaning device for solar photovoltaic panel

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JP2017189760A (en) * 2016-04-12 2017-10-19 孝一 中川 Rain water sprinkler system
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CN204168845U (en) * 2014-10-16 2015-02-25 江苏长江环境科技工程有限公司 Comprehensive operative installations is irrigated in a kind of self-cleaning and recovery of booth structure photovoltaic module
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