CN110761451B - Thermal insulation wooden wall and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Thermal insulation wooden wall and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110761451B
CN110761451B CN201911082872.6A CN201911082872A CN110761451B CN 110761451 B CN110761451 B CN 110761451B CN 201911082872 A CN201911082872 A CN 201911082872A CN 110761451 B CN110761451 B CN 110761451B
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wooden
groove
frame
vertical frame
cross beam
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CN110761451A (en
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王登位
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Anhui Funan County Xiangfa Arts And Crafts Co ltd
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Anhui Funan County Xiangfa Arts And Crafts Co ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/74Removable non-load-bearing partitions; Partitions with a free upper edge
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27DWORKING VENEER OR PLYWOOD
    • B27D1/00Joining wood veneer with any material; Forming articles thereby; Preparatory processing of surfaces to be joined, e.g. scoring
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27MWORKING OF WOOD NOT PROVIDED FOR IN SUBCLASSES B27B - B27L; MANUFACTURE OF SPECIFIC WOODEN ARTICLES
    • B27M3/00Manufacture or reconditioning of specific semi-finished or finished articles
    • B27M3/18Manufacture or reconditioning of specific semi-finished or finished articles of furniture or of doors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection; Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B1/88Insulating elements for both heat and sound
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/74Removable non-load-bearing partitions; Partitions with a free upper edge
    • E04B2/7407Removable non-load-bearing partitions; Partitions with a free upper edge assembled using frames with infill panels or coverings only; made-up of panels and a support structure incorporating posts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/74Removable non-load-bearing partitions; Partitions with a free upper edge
    • E04B2/7407Removable non-load-bearing partitions; Partitions with a free upper edge assembled using frames with infill panels or coverings only; made-up of panels and a support structure incorporating posts
    • E04B2/7409Removable non-load-bearing partitions; Partitions with a free upper edge assembled using frames with infill panels or coverings only; made-up of panels and a support structure incorporating posts special measures for sound or thermal insulation, including fire protection
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/74Removable non-load-bearing partitions; Partitions with a free upper edge
    • E04B2/76Removable non-load-bearing partitions; Partitions with a free upper edge with framework or posts of metal

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Electromagnetism (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Forests & Forestry (AREA)
  • Wood Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Manufacturing & Machinery (AREA)
  • Acoustics & Sound (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Building Environments (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a heat-insulating wooden wall and a preparation method thereof, the wooden wall is formed by stacking and combining a plurality of wood board units through a plurality of connecting frames, two adjacent side surfaces of a wooden base plate are respectively provided with a base plate lug, the other two adjacent side surfaces of the wooden base plate are respectively provided with a base plate groove, the wooden wall is formed by stacking the plurality of wood board units and the connecting frames through a butt-joint assembly method, namely, the base plate lugs on the two adjacent side surfaces of the wooden base plate in the wood board units are clamped in the bottom bracket groove of a bottom bracket and the vertical bracket groove of a vertical bracket positioned at the left side of the bottom bracket, the base plate grooves on the other two adjacent side surfaces of the wooden base plate are clamped in a cross beam on the bottom surface of the cross beam and the vertical bracket lug on the right side of the cross beam, thereby obtaining a single wooden wall, and other connecting frames are stacked through the butt-joint assembly method on the, thereby forming a complete wooden wall surface.

Description

Thermal insulation wooden wall and preparation method thereof
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of wooden walls, and particularly relates to a heat-preservation and heat-insulation wooden wall and a preparation method thereof.
Background
The heat loss of the exterior wall enclosure structure of the building is large, and the wall body is a main component of the exterior enclosure structure, so that the development of the exterior wall heat insulation technology becomes an important link for realizing the energy saving of the building, a large amount of energy can be saved, a comfortable environment can be provided for residents, and a lot of benefits are brought.
Wooden house, received more and more people's liking, and obtained unprecedented development, the manufacturing of wooden house is simple, but the plank is usually not enough to keep warm, and the syllable-dividing effect is not good, so the wall in wooden house and roof use two layers of spaced plank usually, and embed a layer asbestos or foam in its spaced space, in order to reach heat preservation, syllable-dividing effect, as patent application number (CN201110111773.3) discloses a wooden composite wall and preparation method, adopt high strength nylon nail to adorn two planks and two connecting plates admittedly as an organic whole, adopt high strength nylon nail to adorn the strengthening rib admittedly in the cavity between two planks, compare with current wooden wall, saved a large amount of timber, reduced the cost of manufacture of wooden composite wall, however, current wooden wall exists following not enoughly in the preparation process:
1. in the construction of building finishing engineering, the manufacture of the wooden wall is completed on a construction site, and the method comprises the steps of directly installing the keel on the wall, sealing a plate and the like, and the wooden wall is difficult to process and stack in a narrow working space due to the fact that the wooden wall is large in size and inconvenient to integrally process;
2. the existing wooden walls are all solid structures, consume a large amount of wood, increase the manufacturing cost and have poor heat preservation, heat insulation and sound insulation properties;
3. when the existing wooden wall is used, the situation that the wood is easy to crack, age, decay and the like easily occurs, and the service life of the wooden wall is reduced.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a heat-preservation and heat-insulation wooden wall and a preparation method thereof, so as to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a heat preservation thermal-insulated wood system wall, this wood system wall is piled up the combination by polylith plank unit through a plurality of connection frame and forms, the plank unit includes the wood system base plate and sets up first braced frame and the second braced frame in wood system base plate both sides, the wood system base plate is square structure, the wood system base plate wherein all is provided with the base plate lug on two adjacent sides, and the base plate recess has all been seted up on two other adjacent sides of wood system base plate.
As a further scheme of the invention: the first supporting frame is consistent with the second supporting frame, the side surfaces of the first supporting frame and the second supporting frame are respectively provided with an inwards concave strip-shaped groove, the upper end surface and the lower end surface in the strip-shaped groove are respectively provided with a first sliding groove, a second sliding groove and a third sliding groove along the transverse direction of the first supporting frame, the first sliding groove of the strip-shaped groove is internally connected with a reinforcing plate layer in a sliding manner, the second sliding groove of the strip-shaped groove is internally connected with a sound insulation plate layer in a sliding manner, and the third sliding groove of the strip-shaped groove is internally connected with a heat insulation plate layer in a sliding manner, a cover plate is fixedly arranged on the strip-shaped groove of the first supporting frame, four corners of the connecting surface of the cover plate and the strip;
the connecting frame is of a quadrilateral structure and consists of a cross beam, a bottom bracket and vertical frames arranged on two sides of the cross beam and the bottom bracket, the bottom surface of the bottom bracket is of a planar structure, a bottom bracket groove is arranged on the surface of the bottom bracket along the horizontal direction, bottom bracket clamping grooves are respectively arranged at two ends of the bottom bracket groove on the bottom bracket, the bottom of the vertical frame is vertically clamped in the bottom bracket clamping groove of the bottom bracket, a vertical frame convex block is arranged on the left side surface of the vertical frame along the vertical direction, a vertical frame groove is arranged on the right side surface of the vertical frame along the vertical direction, one end of the cross beam is fixedly clamped in the vertical frame clamping groove of the vertical frame on the left side of the connecting frame through a transverse clamping block, the other end of the cross beam is fixedly clamped on the vertical frame convex block on the right side of the connecting frame through the transverse clamping groove, the surface of the cross beam is provided with a cross beam groove along the horizontal direction, and the bottom surface of the cross beam is provided with a transverse lug along the horizontal direction;
the wooden base plate in the plank unit wherein the base plate lug joint on two adjacent sides is in the bottom support recess of bottom support and the vertical frame recess that is located the left vertical frame of bottom support, the base plate recess joint on two other adjacent sides of wooden base plate is in the crossbeam convex block of crossbeam bottom surface and the vertical frame convex block that is located the vertical frame on crossbeam right side.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the first supporting frame and the second supporting frame are made of aluminum materials in a pouring mode.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the structure of the substrate lug, the structure of the vertical frame lug and the structure of the beam lug are consistent, and the structure of the substrate groove, the structure of the vertical frame groove, the structure of the beam groove and the structure of the bottom support groove are also consistent.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the reinforced plate layer is of a hard steel plate structure, the surface of the hard steel plate is coated with a flame retardant, and the flame retardant is decabromodiphenylethane.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the sound insulation board layer is a PP honeycomb board, a sound absorption film is adhered to the surface of the PP honeycomb board, and the average sound insulation of the sound insulation board is more than or equal to 25 dB.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the sound absorption film is selected from a polyethylene flame-retardant film, a polypropylene flame-retardant film, a polycarbonate flame-retardant film or a polyvinyl chloride flame-retardant film, and the thickness of the sound absorption film is 0.1-0.3 mm.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the heat preservation plate layer is formed by pressing a plurality of layers of polyurethane heat preservation plates, and the thickness of the heat preservation plate layer is 40-50 mm.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the vertical frame, the cross beam and the bottom support are all made of wood materials, and polyester paint is coated on the surfaces of the vertical frame, the cross beam and the bottom support.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the preparation method of the heat-preservation and heat-insulation wooden wall comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: manufacturing a first supporting frame and a second supporting frame through casting, polishing strip-shaped grooves in the first supporting frame and the second supporting frame, and polishing notches of a first sliding groove, a second sliding groove and a third sliding groove in the strip-shaped grooves;
step two: coating strong glue on the surfaces of the wood substrate, which are connected with the first supporting frame and the second supporting frame, stacking the first supporting frame, the wood substrate and the second supporting frame together, sending the stacked wood substrate and the second supporting frame into a hot press for hot pressing, and then transferring the wood substrate and the second supporting frame into a cold press for cold pressing, wherein the hot pressing temperature is 200-250 ℃, the hot pressing pressure is 5-10MPa, the hot pressing time is 10-15 minutes, the cold pressing pressure is 5-10MPa, and the cold pressing time is 15-30 minutes, so as to obtain the wood board unit shell;
step three: planing the wooden substrate in the wood board unit shell obtained in the second step to enable substrate bumps to be formed on the side faces of two adjacent sides of the wooden substrate, and substrate grooves to be formed on the side faces of two adjacent sides of the wooden substrate;
step four: respectively inserting a reinforcing plate layer, a sound insulation plate layer and a heat insulation plate layer into the first sliding groove, the second sliding groove and the third sliding groove of the first supporting frame and the second supporting frame, and fixing the cover plate in the strip-shaped groove through countersunk screws so as to obtain a single wood board unit;
step five: mutually engaging two vertical frames, a cross beam and a bottom support through a bump and a groove to form a connecting frame, clamping the wooden unit obtained in the fourth step in the connecting frame, namely clamping substrate bumps on two adjacent side surfaces of a wooden substrate in the wooden unit in a bottom support groove of the bottom support and a vertical frame groove of the vertical frame positioned on the left side of the bottom support, and clamping substrate grooves on the other two adjacent side surfaces of the wooden substrate in a cross beam bump on the bottom surface of the cross beam and a vertical frame bump of the vertical frame positioned on the right side of the cross beam, so as to obtain a single wooden wall;
step six: and D, sequentially connecting the single wooden walls obtained in the fifth step end to end through the connecting frames, so as to obtain the whole heat-preservation and heat-insulation wooden wall.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the wooden wall is formed by stacking a plurality of wood board units and a connecting frame through a butt-joint splicing method, namely substrate lugs on two adjacent side surfaces of a wooden substrate in the wood board units are clamped in a bottom support groove of a bottom support and a vertical frame groove of a vertical frame positioned on the left side of the bottom support, substrate grooves on the other two adjacent side surfaces of the wooden substrate are clamped on a beam lug on the bottom surface of a beam and a vertical frame lug of the vertical frame positioned on the right side of the beam, so that a single wooden wall is obtained, and other connecting frames are stacked on the connecting frame through the butt-joint splicing method, so that a complete wooden wall surface is formed, the wooden wall is connected more tightly, the overall performance of the wooden wall body is improved, and the wooden wall is convenient for operators to stack and process;
2. the first supporting frame and the second supporting frame are fixedly arranged on two sides of the wooden base plate respectively, the use amount of wood is reduced under the condition that the wooden wall body reaches the standard thickness through the composition of the first supporting frame and the second supporting frame and the wooden base plate, a reinforcing plate layer made of a steel plate, a heat preservation plate layer made of polyurethane and a sound insulation plate layer made of a PP cellular board are arranged in the first supporting frame and the second supporting frame respectively, the toughness of the wooden wall is improved through the reinforcing plate layer, the wooden wall has the heat preservation and insulation effects through the heat preservation plate layer, and meanwhile, the wooden wall has a good sound insulation effect through the sound insulation plate layer;
3. make first braced frame and second braced frame by aluminium system material, very big reduction the weight of wooden wall, reduced constructor and piled up the working strength of wooden wall, carry out the guard action to wooden base plate through first braced frame and second braced frame simultaneously, effectively avoid wooden base plate condition such as the fracture is ageing to appear, greatly improved the durability of wooden wall.
Drawings
In order to facilitate understanding for those skilled in the art, the present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a wood unit in a thermal insulation wood wall.
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a structure of a strip-shaped groove in a thermal insulation wooden wall.
FIG. 3 is a schematic view showing the connection of a reinforcing plate layer, a heat-insulating plate layer and a sound-insulating plate layer in the heat-insulating wooden wall.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged view of a portion a in fig. 2.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of a cover plate in a heat-insulation wooden wall.
Fig. 6 is a perspective view of a connecting frame in a heat-insulating wooden wall.
FIG. 7 is a schematic view showing the connection between the cross beams and the vertical frames in the thermal insulation wooden wall.
In the figure: wooden base plate 1, base plate lug 101, base plate recess 102, first support frame 2, apron 201, countersunk screw 202, bar recess 203, spout one 204, spout two 205, spout three 205, consolidate sheet layer 207, insulation board layer 208, fire-retardant sheet layer 209, screw hole 210, second braced frame 3, vertical frame 4, vertical frame recess 401, vertical frame lug 402, crossbeam 5, crossbeam recess 501, horizontal draw-in groove 502, horizontal fixture block 503, bottom support 6, bottom support draw-in groove 601, bottom support recess 602.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 7, in an embodiment of the present invention, a heat insulation wooden wall is formed by stacking a plurality of wood board units through a plurality of connecting frames, and a complete wooden wall surface is manufactured through a butt-joint assembly method, such that the wood wall is more tightly connected, the overall performance of the wooden wall is improved, and the wooden wall is convenient for an operator to perform stacking processing.
The plank unit includes wood system base plate 1 and sets up first braced frame 2 and the second braced frame 3 in 1 both sides of wood system base plate, wood system base plate 1 wherein all is provided with base plate lug 101 on two adjacent sides, all has seted up base plate recess 102 on two other adjacent sides of wood system base plate 1.
The first supporting frame 2 is consistent with the second supporting frame 3, the side surfaces of the first supporting frame 2 and the second supporting frame 3 are respectively provided with an inwards concave strip-shaped groove 203, the inner upper end surface and the lower end surface of the strip-shaped groove 203 are respectively provided with a first sliding groove 204, a second sliding groove 205 and a third sliding groove 206 along the transverse direction of the first supporting frame 2, the first sliding groove 204 of the strip-shaped groove 203 is internally and slidably connected with a reinforcing plate layer 207, the second sliding groove 205 is internally and slidably connected with a sound insulation plate layer 208, and the third sliding groove 206 is internally and slidably connected with a heat insulation plate layer 209, the strip-shaped groove 203 of the first supporting frame 2 is fixedly provided with a cover plate 201, four corners of the connecting surface of the cover plate 201 and the strip-shaped groove 203 are respectively provided with a threaded hole 210, the cover plate 201 is fixed in the strip-shaped groove 203 of the first supporting frame 2 through a sunk screw 202, the first supporting frame 2 and, through the complex of first braced frame 2 and second braced frame 3 with wooden base plate 1, reach standard thickness's condition at wooden wall, the ligneous use amount has been reduced, and set up the reinforcement sheet layer 207 of being made by the steel sheet respectively in first braced frame 2 and second braced frame 3's inside, the syllable-dividing sheet layer 208 that heat preservation sheet layer 209 and the PP honeycomb panel made of polyurethane were made, the toughness of wooden wall has been improved through reinforcing sheet layer 207, make wooden wall have the thermal-insulated effect of heat preservation through heat preservation sheet layer 209, make wooden wall have good syllable-dividing effect simultaneously through syllable-dividing sheet layer 208.
The connecting frame is of a quadrilateral structure and comprises a cross beam 5, a bottom bracket 6 and vertical frames 4 arranged at two sides of the cross beam 5 and the bottom bracket 6, the bottom surface of the bottom bracket 6 is of a planar structure, a bottom bracket groove 602 is arranged on the surface of the bottom bracket 6 along the horizontal direction, bottom bracket slots 601 are respectively arranged at two ends of the bottom bracket groove 602 on the bottom bracket 6, the bottom of the vertical frame 4 is vertically clamped in the bottom bracket slots 601 of the bottom bracket 6, a vertical frame convex block 402 is arranged on the left side surface of the vertical frame 4 along the vertical direction, a vertical frame groove 401 is arranged on the right side surface of the vertical frame 4 along the vertical direction, one end of the cross beam 5 is fixedly clamped in the vertical frame slots 401 of the vertical frame 4 at the left side of the connecting frame through a transverse clamping block 503, the other end of the cross beam 5 is fixedly clamped on the vertical frame convex block 402 of the vertical frame 4 at the right side of the connecting frame through the transverse clamping slot 502, crossbeam recess 502 has been seted up along the horizontal direction on the surface of crossbeam 5, and the bottom surface of crossbeam 5 is provided with horizontal lug along the horizontal direction, makes the connected frame can pile up through butt joint concatenation method to make the wooden wall of required size in the work progress.
The base plate lug 101 joint on two adjacent sides of wood system base plate 1 in the plank unit is in bottom support recess 602 of bottom support 6 and in being located the vertical frame recess 501 of the left vertical frame 4 of bottom support 6, base plate recess 102 joint on two other adjacent sides of wood system base plate 1 is in the crossbeam convex block of crossbeam 5 bottom surface and in being located the vertical frame lug 501 of the vertical frame 4 on crossbeam 5 right side to through piling up other connected frames through the butt joint concatenation method on connected frames, thereby form complete wood system wall, make wood system wall connect inseparabler, improve wood system wall's wholeness can, make wood system wall be convenient for operating personnel and pile up the processing.
The first supporting frame 2 and the second supporting frame 3 are made of aluminum materials through pouring.
The structures of the substrate bump 101, the vertical frame bump 402 and the beam bump are the same, and the structures of the substrate groove 102, the vertical frame groove 401, the beam groove 501 and the bottom bracket groove 602 are also the same.
The reinforcing plate layer 207 is of a hard steel plate structure, the surface of the hard steel plate is coated with a flame retardant, and the flame retardant is decabromodiphenylethane.
The sound insulation board layer 208 is a PP honeycomb board, a sound absorption film is adhered to the surface of the PP honeycomb board, and the average sound insulation of the sound insulation board is more than or equal to 25 dB.
The sound absorption film is selected from a polyethylene flame-retardant film, a polypropylene flame-retardant film, a polycarbonate flame-retardant film or a polyvinyl chloride flame-retardant film, and the thickness of the sound absorption film is 0.1-0.3 mm.
The heat preservation plate layer 209 is formed by pressing a plurality of layers of polyurethane heat preservation plates, and the thickness of the heat preservation plate layer 209 is 40-50 mm.
The vertical frame 4, the cross beam 5 and the bottom support 6 are all made of wood materials, and polyester paint is coated on the surfaces of the vertical frame 4, the cross beam 5 and the bottom support 6, so that the vertical frame 4, the cross beam 5 and the bottom support 6 have insect prevention and anti-aging functions.
The preparation method of the heat-preservation and heat-insulation wooden wall comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: manufacturing a first supporting frame 2 and a second supporting frame 3 by casting, polishing strip-shaped grooves 203 in the first supporting frame 2 and the second supporting frame 3, and polishing notches of a first sliding groove 204, a second sliding groove 205 and a third sliding groove 206 in the strip-shaped grooves 203;
step two: coating strong glue on the surfaces of the wood base plate 1 connected with the first supporting frames 2 and the second supporting frames 3, stacking the first supporting frames 2, the wood base plate 1 and the second supporting frames 3 together, sending the stacked first supporting frames 2, the stacked wood base plate 1 and the stacked second supporting frames 3 into a hot press, carrying out hot pressing, and then transferring the stacked wood base plate 1, the stacked wood base plate 1 and the stacked wood base plates into a cold press for cold pressing, wherein the hot pressing temperature is 200-;
step three: planing the wooden substrate 1 in the wood board unit shell obtained in the second step to form substrate bumps 101 on the side surfaces of two adjacent sides of the wooden substrate 1, and forming substrate grooves 102 on the side surfaces of two other adjacent sides of the wooden substrate 1;
step four: respectively inserting a reinforcing plate layer 207, a sound insulation plate layer 208 and a heat insulation plate layer 209 into the first sliding groove 204, the second sliding groove 205 and the third sliding groove 206 of the first supporting frame 2 and the second supporting frame 3, and fixing the cover plate 201 in the strip-shaped groove 203 through the countersunk head screw 202, so as to obtain a single wood board unit;
step five: mutually meshing the two vertical frames 4, the cross beam 5 and the bottom support 6 through a bump and a groove to form a connecting frame, clamping the wooden unit obtained in the fourth step in the connecting frame, namely clamping the substrate bumps 101 on two adjacent sides of the wooden substrate 1 in the wooden substrate unit in the bottom support groove 602 of the bottom support 6 and the vertical frame groove 501 of the vertical frame 4 positioned on the left side of the bottom support 6, and clamping the substrate grooves 102 on the other two adjacent sides of the wooden substrate 1 in the cross beam bump on the bottom surface of the cross beam 5 and the vertical frame bump 501 of the vertical frame 4 positioned on the right side of the cross beam 5, so as to obtain a single wooden wall;
step six: and D, sequentially connecting the single wooden walls obtained in the fifth step end to end through the connecting frames, so as to obtain the whole heat-preservation and heat-insulation wooden wall.
The working principle is as follows: fix respectively in the both sides of wooden base plate 1 and set up first braced frame 2 and second braced frame 3, through the complex of first braced frame 2 and second braced frame 3 with wooden base plate 1, the use amount of timber has been reduced, and set up respectively in the inside of first braced frame 2 and second braced frame 3 and make by the steel sheet reinforcement sheet layer 207, heat preservation sheet layer 209 and the syllable-dividing sheet layer 208 that the PP honeycomb panel made by polyurethane, the toughness of wooden wall has been improved through reinforcing sheet layer 207, make wooden wall have heat preservation thermal-insulated effect through heat preservation sheet layer 209, make wooden wall have good syllable-dividing effect through syllable-dividing sheet layer 208, with the base plate lug 101 joint on two adjacent sides of wooden base plate 1 in the plank unit in bottom support recess 602 of bottom support 6 and be located the vertical frame recess 401 of the vertical frame 4 in bottom support 6 left side, base plate recess 102 joint on two other adjacent sides of wooden base plate 1 is in the crossbeam lug joint of crossbeam 5 bottom surface And on the vertical frame protrusions 402 of the vertical frame 4 on the right side of the cross beam 5, thereby obtaining a single wooden wall, and stacking other connecting frames on the connecting frames by a butt-joint assembling method, thereby forming a complete wooden wall surface.
Although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various changes in the embodiments and/or modifications of the invention can be made, and equivalents and modifications of some features of the invention can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims (8)

1. A heat preservation and insulation wooden wall is characterized in that: the wooden wall is formed by stacking and combining a plurality of wooden board units through a plurality of connecting frames, each wooden board unit comprises a wooden base plate (1), a first supporting frame (2) and a second supporting frame (3) which are arranged on two sides of the wooden base plate (1), the wooden base plate (1) is of a square structure, two adjacent side surfaces of the wooden base plate (1) are respectively provided with a base plate convex block (101), and the other two adjacent side surfaces of the wooden base plate (1) are respectively provided with a base plate groove (102);
the first supporting frame (2) is consistent with the second supporting frame (3), the side surfaces of the first supporting frame (2) and the second supporting frame (3) are respectively provided with an inwards concave strip-shaped groove (203), the upper end surface and the lower end surface in the strip-shaped groove (203) are respectively provided with a first sliding groove (204), a second sliding groove (205) and a third sliding groove (206) along the transverse direction of the first supporting frame (2), the first sliding groove (204) of the strip-shaped groove (203) is internally and slidably connected with a reinforcing plate layer (207), the second sliding groove (205) is internally and slidably connected with a sound insulation plate layer (208), the third sliding groove (206) is internally and slidably connected with a heat insulation plate layer (209), the strip-shaped groove (203) of the first supporting frame (2) is fixedly provided with a cover plate (201), and the four corners of the connection surface of the cover plate (201) and the strip-shaped groove (, the cover plate (201) is fixed in the strip-shaped groove (203) of the first supporting frame (2) through a screw hole (210) by a countersunk head screw (202);
the connecting frame is of a quadrilateral structure and comprises a cross beam (5), a bottom bracket (6) and vertical frames (4) arranged at two sides of the cross beam (5) and the bottom plate bracket (6), the bottom surface of the bottom bracket (6) is of a planar structure, a bottom bracket groove (602) is formed in the surface of the bottom bracket (6) along the horizontal direction, bottom bracket clamping grooves (601) are respectively formed at two ends of the bottom bracket groove (602) in the bottom bracket (6), the bottom of the vertical frame (4) is vertically clamped in the bottom bracket clamping groove (601) of the bottom bracket (6), a vertical frame convex block (402) is arranged on the left side surface of the vertical frame (4) along the vertical direction, a vertical frame groove (401) is formed in the right side surface of the vertical frame (4) along the vertical direction, one end of the cross beam (5) is fixedly clamped in the vertical frame clamping groove (401) of the vertical frame (4) positioned at the left side of the connecting frame through a transverse clamping block (503), the other end of the cross beam (5) is fixedly clamped on a vertical frame convex block (402) of a vertical frame (4) on the right side of the connecting frame through a transverse clamping groove (502), a cross beam groove (502) is formed in the surface of the cross beam (5) along the horizontal direction, and a transverse convex block is arranged on the bottom surface of the cross beam (5) along the horizontal direction;
the wood board unit is characterized in that substrate lugs (101) on two adjacent side surfaces of a wood substrate (1) in the wood board unit are clamped in a bottom support groove (602) of a bottom support (6) and a vertical frame groove (501) of a vertical frame (4) positioned on the left side of the bottom support (6), and substrate grooves (102) on the other two adjacent side surfaces of the wood substrate (1) are clamped in a cross beam lug on the bottom surface of a cross beam (5) and a vertical frame lug (501) of the vertical frame (4) positioned on the right side of the cross beam (5);
the preparation method of the heat-preservation and heat-insulation wooden wall comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: manufacturing a first supporting frame (2) and a second supporting frame (3) by casting, polishing strip-shaped grooves (203) in the first supporting frame (2) and the second supporting frame (3), and polishing notches of a first sliding groove (204), a second sliding groove (205) and a third sliding groove (206) in the strip-shaped grooves (203);
step two: coating strong glue on the surfaces of the wood base plate (1) connected with the first supporting frame (2) and the second supporting frame (3), stacking the first supporting frame (2), the wood base plate (1) and the second supporting frame (3) together, sending the stacked materials into a hot press for hot pressing, and then transferring the hot press into a cold press for cold pressing, wherein the hot pressing temperature is 200 and 250 ℃, the hot pressing pressure is 5-10MPa, the hot pressing time is 10-15 minutes, the cold pressing pressure is 5-10MPa, and the cold pressing time is 15-30 minutes, so as to obtain the wood board unit shell;
step three: planing the wooden substrate (1) in the wood board unit shell obtained in the step two, so that substrate bumps (101) are formed on the side surfaces of two adjacent sides of the wooden substrate (1), and substrate grooves (102) are formed on the side surfaces of two adjacent sides of the wooden substrate (1);
step four: respectively inserting a reinforcing plate layer (207), a sound insulation plate layer (208) and a heat insulation plate layer (209) into a first sliding groove (204), a second sliding groove (205) and a third sliding groove (206) of a first supporting frame (2) and a second supporting frame (3), and fixing a cover plate (201) in a strip-shaped groove (203) through countersunk screws (202) to obtain a single wood board unit;
step five: mutually meshing two vertical frames (4), a cross beam (5) and a bottom support (6) through a convex block and a groove to form a connecting frame, clamping a wood unit obtained in the fourth step in the connecting frame, namely clamping substrate convex blocks (101) on two adjacent side surfaces of a wood substrate (1) in the wood unit in a bottom support groove (602) of the bottom support (6) and a vertical frame groove (501) of the vertical frame (4) positioned on the left side of the bottom support (6), clamping substrate grooves (102) on the other two adjacent side surfaces of the wood substrate (1) in a cross beam convex block on the bottom surface of the cross beam (5) and a vertical frame convex block (501) of the vertical frame (4) positioned on the right side of the cross beam (5), and thus obtaining a single wood wall;
step six: and D, sequentially connecting the single wooden walls obtained in the fifth step end to end through the connecting frames, so as to obtain the whole heat-preservation and heat-insulation wooden wall.
2. A thermal insulating wooden wall according to claim 1, characterized in that said first (2) and second (3) supporting frames are made of aluminium by casting.
3. A thermal insulating wooden wall according to claim 1, characterized in that the base projections (101), the vertical frame projections (402) are identical in structure to the beam projections, and the base recesses (102), the vertical frame recesses (401), the beam recesses (501) are identical in structure to the bottom bracket recesses (602).
4. The heat-insulating wooden wall as claimed in claim 1, wherein the reinforcing plate layer (207) is a hard steel plate structure, the surface of the hard steel plate is coated with a flame retardant, and the flame retardant is decabromodiphenylethane.
5. The heat-insulation wooden wall as claimed in claim 1, wherein the sound-insulation board layer (208) is a PP honeycomb board, a sound-absorbing film is adhered to the surface of the PP honeycomb board, and the average sound insulation of the sound-insulation board is more than or equal to 25 dB.
6. A heat-insulating wooden wall as claimed in claim 5, wherein the sound-absorbing film is selected from a group consisting of a polyethylene flame-retardant film, a polypropylene flame-retardant film, a polycarbonate flame-retardant film and a polyvinyl chloride flame-retardant film, and the sound-absorbing film has a thickness of 0.1 to 0.3 mm.
7. The heat-insulation wooden wall as claimed in claim 1, wherein the heat-insulation board layer (209) is formed by pressing a plurality of layers of polyurethane heat-insulation boards, and the thickness of the heat-insulation board layer (209) is 40-50 mm.
8. A thermal insulation wooden wall according to claim 1, characterized in that the vertical frame (4), the cross beam (5) and the bottom bracket (6) are made of wooden material, and the surfaces of the vertical frame (4), the cross beam (5) and the bottom bracket (6) are coated with polyester paint.
CN201911082872.6A 2019-11-07 2019-11-07 Thermal insulation wooden wall and preparation method thereof Active CN110761451B (en)

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