CN110749179B - Tea baking box - Google Patents

Tea baking box Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110749179B
CN110749179B CN201911204226.2A CN201911204226A CN110749179B CN 110749179 B CN110749179 B CN 110749179B CN 201911204226 A CN201911204226 A CN 201911204226A CN 110749179 B CN110749179 B CN 110749179B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
box
rod
air
tea
heating cylinder
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Active
Application number
CN201911204226.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110749179A (en
Inventor
陈伟
徐亚琴
刘玉婷
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
XIEYUDA TEA Co.,Ltd.
Original Assignee
Xieyuda Tea Co ltd
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Priority to CN201911204226.2A priority Critical patent/CN110749179B/en
Publication of CN110749179A publication Critical patent/CN110749179A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN110749179B publication Critical patent/CN110749179B/en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B11/00Machines or apparatus for drying solid materials or objects with movement which is non-progressive
    • F26B11/22Machines or apparatus for drying solid materials or objects with movement which is non-progressive on or in stationary dishes, trays, pans, or other mainly-open receptacles, with moving stirring devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23FCOFFEE; TEA; THEIR SUBSTITUTES; MANUFACTURE, PREPARATION, OR INFUSION THEREOF
    • A23F3/00Tea; Tea substitutes; Preparations thereof
    • A23F3/06Treating tea before extraction; Preparations produced thereby
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B21/00Arrangements or duct systems, e.g. in combination with pallet boxes, for supplying and controlling air or gases for drying solid materials or objects
    • F26B21/001Drying-air generating units, e.g. movable, independent of drying enclosure
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B21/00Arrangements or duct systems, e.g. in combination with pallet boxes, for supplying and controlling air or gases for drying solid materials or objects
    • F26B21/004Nozzle assemblies; Air knives; Air distributors; Blow boxes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B25/00Details of general application not covered by group F26B21/00 or F26B23/00
    • F26B25/02Applications of driving mechanisms, not covered by another subclass
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B25/00Details of general application not covered by group F26B21/00 or F26B23/00
    • F26B25/06Chambers, containers, or receptacles
    • F26B25/08Parts thereof
    • F26B25/12Walls or sides; Doors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B25/00Details of general application not covered by group F26B21/00 or F26B23/00
    • F26B25/06Chambers, containers, or receptacles
    • F26B25/14Chambers, containers, receptacles of simple construction
    • F26B25/18Chambers, containers, receptacles of simple construction mainly open, e.g. dish, tray, pan, rack
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B2200/00Drying processes and machines for solid materials characterised by the specific requirements of the drying good
    • F26B2200/20Teas, i.e. drying, conditioning, withering of tea leaves

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of tea production, and particularly relates to a tea baking box which comprises a box body; the bottom of the box body is provided with a heating cylinder; an air disk is connected in the heating cylinder in a sliding way; the bottom of the ventilation disc is fixedly connected with a first rod, and the bottom of the first rod is hinged with a second rod; the middle part of the second rod is hinged with a support fixedly connected with the bottom of the box body; the bottom of the box body is fixedly connected with an arc-shaped chain wheel, and grooves are uniformly formed in one side of the chain wheel, which is close to the second rod; one end of the second rod, which is far away from the first rod, is provided with a sliding hole, a sliding column is connected in the sliding hole in a sliding manner, and one side of the heating cylinder is provided with a fuel pipe which is obliquely arranged; according to the tea leaf drying device, the drying state of tea leaves is sensed through the observation hole, then the second rod is rotated to be matched with the sliding column and the groove, so that the second rod drives the first rod, the ventilating plate is further driven to slide in the heating cylinder, the supply of fire coal particles in the heating cylinder is controlled, the temperature in the furnace is finally controlled, the drying quality and efficiency of the tea leaves are ensured, and meanwhile different drying temperatures are controlled according to different temperatures required by different tea leaves.

Description

Tea baking box
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of tea production, and particularly relates to a tea baking box.
Background
Tea refers to the leaves and buds of tea tree. Distinguished tea, cashew, tea, . Broadly refers to the leaves of evergreen bush tea tree which can be used for making tea, and the beverage made by these leaves, later extended to all herbal teas made by plant flowers, leaves, seeds, roots, such as chrysanthemum tea, etc.; "herb tea" and the like prepared by infusing various medicinal materials are also called Lei ya in Chinese literature. Some countries also have tea brewed from other plant leaves such as fruits and herbs, such as "fruit tea".
The tea contains components such as catechin, cholestenone, caffeine, inositol, folic acid, pantothenic acid and the like, the health of human bodies can be improved, more and more tea drinkers can drink tea with good taste, the tea is not only the quality of the tea, but also has inseparable relation with later-stage tea baking, temperature control is the biggest problem of the good and bad tea baking, the tea taste can be influenced by overhigh or overlow temperature, the requirements of different tea on the baking temperature are different, most of tea quality is high, the taste is reduced after baking, the production efficiency of traditional manual charcoal fire drying is low in the tea drying process, and the charcoal aroma during charcoal fire drying is difficult to keep by adopting an electric heating method for drying.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to make up for the defects of the prior art, solve the problems that the tea baking temperature is difficult to control, the production efficiency is low when the traditional manual charcoal fire drying is used in the tea baking process, and the underwear is dried by adopting an electric heating method to keep the carbon fragrance when the charcoal fire is dried, the invention provides the tea baking box.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: the invention relates to a tea baking box, which comprises a cylindrical box body; the bottom of the box body is provided with support legs, the top of the box body is provided with an inlet and an outlet for placing and taking tea leaves, a top cover is arranged on the inlet and the outlet, the center of the top cover is provided with an observation hole, and the upper part of the top cover is provided with a pair of handles; the bottom of the box body is provided with a heating cylinder with openings at two ends, and the heating cylinder penetrates through the bottom of the box body and extends to the outside of the box body; an air-through disc is connected in the heating cylinder in a sliding manner, and a group of air holes are uniformly distributed on the air-through disc; the bottom of the first rod is hinged with a second rod which is horizontally arranged; the middle part of the second rod is hinged with a support fixedly connected with the bottom of the box body; an arc-shaped chain wheel is fixedly connected to the bottom of the box body and the position, corresponding to one end of the second rod, far away from the first rod, and grooves are uniformly formed in one side, close to the second rod, of the chain wheel; a sliding hole is formed in one end, far away from the first rod, of the second rod, a sliding column is connected in the sliding hole in a sliding mode, and a spring is arranged between the sliding column and the bottom of the sliding hole; one end of the sliding column close to the chain wheel is matched with the groove; one side of the heating cylinder is provided with a fuel pipe which is obliquely arranged, one end of the fuel pipe is communicated with the inner wall of the heating cylinder, and the other end of the fuel pipe penetrates through the box body; a fuel bin for storing fire coal is arranged at the position of the periphery of the box body corresponding to the fuel pipe; a soaking plate is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the box body above the heating cylinder, a support column is fixedly connected to the top of the soaking plate, and a group of circular baking trays for containing tea leaves are mounted on the support column; the coal feeding amount in the heating cylinder is controlled by adjusting the angle of the second rod, so that the heating temperature in the box body is controlled, and the drying quality and efficiency of the tea leaves are further ensured; a control cavity is formed in the side wall of the heating cylinder above the penetrating position of the fuel pipe, and the lower end of the control cavity extends into the fuel pipe; the control cavity is internally connected with a baffle and a control plate in a sliding manner; the control plate is positioned above the baffle, a spring is fixedly connected between the control plate and the baffle, and mercury is filled between the control plate and the baffle; the outer wall of the box body is fixedly connected with a control box; a sliding plate is connected in the control box in a sliding manner; the surface of one side of the sliding plate, which is far away from the box body, is fixedly connected with a threaded rod; one end of the threaded rod, which is far away from the sliding plate, penetrates out of the control box and is fixedly connected with a handle; the threaded rod penetrates out of the control box position and is arranged in the control box, and threads are formed in the control box and meshed with the threaded rod; the space between one side of the sliding plate, which is close to the box body, and the control box is communicated with the space in the control cavity above the control plate through the groove; when the tea leaf baking device is used, the top cover is opened through the handle, tea leaves are uniformly spread on the baking tray, the top cover is covered, crushed coal-fired particles are added into the fuel bin, the coal-fired particles flow into the ventilation tray in the heating cylinder through the fuel pipe, when the height of the coal-fired particles on the ventilation tray is higher than that of the fuel pipe at the outlet of the heating cylinder, the coal-fired particles stop falling down, the coal-fired particles are ignited through the ignition device at the moment, the tea leaves on the baking tray can be baked, at the moment, a worker stretches into the baking tray through the observation hole to sense the baking state of the tea leaves through fingers, then the second rod is rotated to drive the first rod in cooperation with the sliding column and the groove, the ventilation plate is further driven to slide in the heating cylinder, the supply of the coal-fired particles in the heating cylinder is controlled, the temperature in the heating cylinder is finally controlled, the drying quality and the drying efficiency of the tea leaves are ensured, thereby pushing the baffle plate to move downwards to enter the fuel pipe, reducing the diameter of the fuel pipe, reducing the speed of the fire coal particles entering the heating cylinder, further controlling the heating temperature of the heating cylinder, preventing the tea from being over-baked due to overhigh temperature of the heating cylinder, simultaneously preventing the fire coal particles in the fuel pipe from being burned, continuously increasing the temperature in the heating cylinder along with the burning of the fire coal particles in the fuel pipe, moving the baffle plate downwards to seal the fuel pipe before the burning of the fire coal particles in the fuel pipe exceeds the baffle plate, simultaneously rotating the handle according to different temperatures required by different tea in the tea baking process, moving the sliding plate leftwards and rightwards through the meshing of the threaded rod and the thread, extruding and releasing the gas in the control box in the sliding process of the sliding plate leftwards and rightwards, thereby enabling the control plate to slide upwards and downwards, controlling the distance of the baffle plate downwards and upwards, thereby controlling the baffle plate, the heating temperature of the heating cylinder is controlled, so that the heating cylinder is applicable to different requirements of different tea on different baking temperatures, and is more practical.
Preferably, an opening is formed in the inner wall of the heating cylinder at the control cavity, and a heat conducting plate is fixedly connected in the opening; an isolation cavity is formed in the heat conducting plate; the outer wall of the box body is fixedly connected with an injection port; the injection port is communicated with the isolation cavity; during the use, when different tealeaves control different temperatures, only when the amplitude of moving down can't satisfy the demands through rotatory handle control baffle, the accessible syringe is in the liquid of the different coefficient of heat conductivity of injection department, thereby temperature transfer to the size of mercury in the control heating cylinder, thereby the inflation degree of control mercury, thereby reciprocate through the inflation degree cooperation control panel of mercury, thereby enlarge temperature control range, in order to be applicable to the different temperature control that different tealeaves toasted, easy operation is convenient.
Preferably, the top of the fuel bin is provided with a bin cover, and the bin cover is in sealing connection with the fuel bin; a miniature blower is arranged above the bin cover and is driven by a speed regulating motor, and the speed regulating motor is communicated with a power supply through a controller; positive pressure air is introduced into the fuel pipe, so that combustion of fire coal in the fuel pipe is avoided, the temperature in the box body is further controlled, and the drying quality and efficiency of the tea leaves are further ensured; through the cang gai with bunker sealing connection, the cooperation air-blower carries out the gas blowing to the bunker for the air in the fuel pipe remains the malleation throughout, and then avoids the fire coal granule in the intercommunication bunker to be ignited by the cartridge heater in the fuel pipe, thereby the temperature risees in the control box, guarantees that tealeaves is in suitable baking temperature, further guarantees the oven-dry mass and the efficiency of tealeaves.
Preferably, the soaking plate is funnel-shaped, and a group of first holes are uniformly formed in the soaking plate; the diameter of the first hole is gradually increased from the center of the soaking plate to the outside, so that the heat is reduced to be concentrated in the middle of the box body, the tea leaves are uniformly heated, and the drying quality and efficiency of the tea leaves are further ensured; through the soaking plate of infundibulate, utilize the higher air of box middle part temperature in the box of thermal convection homodisperse, cooperate the diameter simultaneously by soaking plate center outwards gradually crescent a hole for the hot-air rising speed at box central part reduces, further reduces the high-temperature gas at box middle part and concentrates, and then makes every overware evenly heated in the box, further increases the efficiency of baking of tealeaves, and then further guarantees the oven-dry mass and the efficiency of tealeaves.
Preferably, a group of arc-shaped air-inducing copper pipes are uniformly distributed on the inner circumference of the box body, and the air-inducing copper pipes penetrate through the first holes; the bottom end of the air induction copper pipe penetrates through the side wall of the box body and is communicated with the outside atmosphere, and the upper end of the air induction copper pipe penetrates through the baking tray; the air inducing copper pipe between the adjacent baking trays is communicated with a transverse air pipe which is communicated with the interior of the box body; the heat at the lower part of the box body is quickly transferred to the position near the baking tray at the upper part of the box body through the air-inducing copper pipe, so that the uniformity of the temperature in the box body is further improved, and the drying quality and efficiency of the tea leaves are further improved; absorb the heat of bottom half through the induced air copper pipe, later heat the air in the induced air copper pipe for air in the induced air copper pipe is discharged from the breather pipe at induced air copper pipe top after being heated, later with heat transfer to the tealeaves in the overware, thereby further reduce the temperature of lower part tealeaves, promote the temperature of upper portion tealeaves simultaneously, make the temperature of the inside upper and lower part of box more balanced, further increase the oven-dry mass and the efficiency of tealeaves.
Preferably, the length of the vent pipe is gradually shortened from top to bottom, a group of downward air injection holes are formed in the vent pipe, hot air is injected downwards through the air injection holes, the heating effect of the hot air on the tea is further improved, and the drying quality and efficiency of the tea are further improved; because breather pipe length shortens from top to bottom gradually for near more steam is carried the overware on upper portion in the box, further the temperature of each overware, and the fumarole that cooperates the opening down simultaneously further increases the dwell time of hot-air in overware department, and then increases hot-air's utilization and efficiency, further saves the coal granule of burning, increases the oven-dry mass and the efficiency of tealeaves simultaneously.
Preferably, one side of the air injection hole is connected with an air disturbing sheet through a pull rope, and the uniformity of differential pressure heating is further increased through disturbance of the air disturbing sheet on air flow, so that the drying quality and efficiency of the tea leaves are further increased; when the hot air of fumarole spun flowed through the wind piece, the wind piece was blown, and then disturbed the spun air current, and then reduced the wind speed of fumarole spun air current, further increased the homodisperse of hot air, and then further increased the oven-dry mass and the efficiency of tealeaves.
The invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. according to the tea baking box, high temperature is generated after burning coal particles in the heating cylinder to expand mercury, so that the diameter of a fuel pipe is reduced through the baffle, the speed of the coal particles entering the heating cylinder is reduced, the heating temperature of the heating cylinder is further controlled, the coal particles in the fuel pipe can be prevented from being burnt, the handle can be rotated according to different temperatures required by different tea leaves, the downward moving distance and the upward moving distance of the baffle are controlled, the speed of the coal particles entering the heating cylinder is adjusted, the heating temperature of the heating cylinder is controlled, the tea baking box is suitable for different tea leaf requirements on different baking temperatures, and the tea baking box is more practical.
2. According to the tea baking box, the baking state of tea is sensed through the observation hole, then the second rod is rotated to drive the first rod by matching with the sliding column and the groove, so that the ventilation plate is driven to slide in the heating cylinder, the supply of fire coal particles in the heating cylinder is controlled, the temperature in the furnace is finally controlled, and the drying quality and efficiency of the tea are guaranteed.
3. According to the tea baking box, the bin cover in sealing connection with the fuel bin is matched with the air blower to blow air into the fuel bin, so that air in the fuel pipe is always kept at positive pressure, fire coal particles in the fuel pipe communicated with the fuel bin are prevented from being ignited by the heating cylinder, the temperature in the box body is controlled to rise, the tea is ensured to be at a proper baking temperature, and the drying quality and efficiency of the tea are further ensured.
Drawings
The invention will be further explained with reference to the drawings.
FIG. 1 is a front view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 2 at A;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 2 at B;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 2 at C;
in the figure: the device comprises a box body 1, a top cover 11, an observation hole 12, a handle 13, a heating cylinder 14, a ventilation plate 15, a ventilation hole 16, a first rod 17, a second rod 18, a support 19, a chain wheel 20, a groove 21, a sliding hole 22, a sliding column 23, a fuel pipe 24, a fuel bin 25, a soaking plate 26, a supporting column 27, a baking tray 28, a bin cover 3, a blower 31, a first hole 29, an air induction copper pipe 4, a ventilation pipe 41, an air injection hole 42, a wind disturbing sheet 43, a control cavity 5, a baffle plate 51, a control plate 52, a control box 53, a sliding plate 54, a threaded rod 55, a handle 56, a heat conducting plate 57, an isolation cavity 58 and an injection port 59.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement purposes and the effects of the invention easy to understand, the invention is further described with the specific embodiments.
As shown in fig. 1 to 5, the tea baking oven according to the present invention includes a cylindrical oven body 1; the bottom of the box body 1 is provided with support legs, the top of the box body 1 is provided with an inlet and an outlet for placing and taking tea leaves, the inlet and the outlet are provided with top covers 11, the center of each top cover 11 is provided with an observation hole 12, and the upper parts of the top covers 11 are provided with a pair of handles 13; the bottom of the box body 1 is provided with a heating cylinder 14 with openings at two ends, and the heating cylinder 14 penetrates through the bottom of the box body 1 and extends to the outside of the box body 1; an air-vent disc 15 is connected in the heating cylinder 14 in a sliding manner, and a group of air vents 16 are uniformly distributed on the air-vent disc 15; the bottom of the ventilating disc 15 is fixedly connected with a first rod 17 which is vertically arranged, and the bottom of the first rod 17 is hinged with a second rod 18 which is horizontally arranged; the middle part of the second rod 18 is hinged with a support 19 fixedly connected with the bottom of the box body 1; an arc-shaped chain wheel 20 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the box body 1 and the position, corresponding to one end of the second rod 18 far away from the first rod 17, and grooves 21 are uniformly formed in one side, close to the second rod 18, of the chain wheel 20; a sliding hole 22 is formed in one end, far away from the first rod 17, of the second rod 18, a sliding column 23 is connected in the sliding hole 22 in a sliding mode, and a spring is arranged between the sliding column 23 and the bottom of the sliding hole 22; one end of the sliding column 23 close to the chain wheel 20 is matched with the groove 21; one side of the heating cylinder 14 is provided with a fuel pipe 24 which is obliquely arranged, one end of the fuel pipe 24 is communicated with the inner wall of the heating cylinder 14, and the other end of the fuel pipe 24 penetrates through the box body 1; a fuel bin 25 for storing fire coal is arranged at the position of the periphery of the box body 1 corresponding to the fuel pipe 24; a soaking plate 26 is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the box body 1 above the heating barrel 14, a supporting column 27 is fixedly connected to the top of the soaking plate 26, and a group of circular baking trays 28 for containing tea leaves are mounted on the supporting column 27; the coal feeding amount in the heating cylinder 14 is controlled by adjusting the angle of the second rod 18, so that the heating temperature in the box body 1 is controlled, and the drying quality and efficiency of the tea leaves are further ensured; a control cavity 5 is formed in the side wall of the heating cylinder 14 above the penetrating position of the fuel pipe 24, and the lower end of the control cavity 5 extends into the fuel pipe 24; a baffle plate 51 and a control plate 52 are slidably connected in the control cavity 5; the control plate 52 is positioned above the baffle 51, a spring is fixedly connected between the control plate 52 and the baffle 51, and mercury is filled between the control plate 52 and the baffle 51; the outer wall of the box body 1 is fixedly connected with a control box 53; a sliding plate 54 is connected in the control box 53 in a sliding manner; the surface of one side of the sliding plate 54, which is far away from the box body, is fixedly connected with a threaded rod 55; one end of the threaded rod 55 far away from the sliding plate 54 penetrates out of the control box 53 and is fixedly connected with a handle 56; the threaded rod 55 penetrates out of the control box 53, threads are formed in the control box 53 and meshed with the threaded rod 55; the space between one side of the sliding plate 54 close to the box body 1 and the control box 53 is communicated with the space in the control cavity 5 above the control plate 52 through a groove; when in use, the top cover 11 is opened through the handle 13, then the tea leaves are evenly spread on the baking tray 28, then the top cover 11 is covered, pulverized coal particles are added to the bunker 25, the coal particles flow through the fuel pipe 24 to the aeration disk 15 in the cartridge heater 14, when the height of the fire coal particles on the aeration disc 15 is higher than that of the fuel pipe 24 at the outlet of the heating cylinder 14, the fire coal particles stop falling, at this time, the fire coal particles are ignited by the ignition device, the tea leaves on the baking tray 28 can be baked, at this time, the worker can extend into the baking tray 28 through the observation hole 12, the baking state of the tea leaves is sensed by fingers, then the second rod 18 is rotated to be matched with the sliding column 23 and the groove 21, so that the first rod 17 is driven by the second rod 18, and then drive the ventilating board and slide in heating cylinder 14, the supply of the coal burning granule in the control heating cylinder 14 finally controls the stove temperature, guarantees the oven-drying quality and the efficiency of tealeaves.
As an embodiment of the invention, the top of the fuel bin 25 is provided with a bin cover 3, and the bin cover 3 is hermetically connected with the fuel bin 25; a miniature blower 31 is arranged above the bin cover 3, the blower 31 is driven by a speed regulating motor, and the speed regulating motor is communicated with a power supply through a controller; positive pressure air is introduced into the fuel pipe 24, so that combustion of fire coal in the fuel pipe 24 is avoided, the temperature in the box body 1 is further controlled, and the drying quality and efficiency of the tea leaves are further ensured; through the bin cover 3 hermetically connected with the fuel bin 25, the air blower 31 is matched to blow air to the fuel bin 25, so that the air in the fuel pipe 24 is always kept at positive pressure, further, the fire coal particles in the fuel pipe 24 communicated with the fuel bin 25 are prevented from being ignited by the heating cylinder 14, the temperature rise in the box body 1 is controlled, the tea leaves are ensured to be at proper baking temperature, the drying quality and efficiency of the tea leaves are further ensured, meanwhile, the fire coal particles in the heating cylinder 14 are ignited to generate high temperature to expand mercury, the baffle plate 51 is pushed to move downwards to enter the fuel pipe 24, the diameter of the fuel pipe 24 is reduced, the speed of the fire coal particles entering the heating cylinder 14 is reduced, the heating temperature of the heating cylinder 14 is further controlled, the tea leaves are prevented from being baked excessively due to overhigh temperature of the heating cylinder 14, meanwhile, the fire coal particles in the fuel pipe 24 are, temperature continues to rise in the cartridge heater 14, before the burning of the coal particles exceeds the baffle 51 in the fuel pipe 24, baffle 51 moves down sealed fuel pipe 24, in the tealeaves baking process simultaneously, can be according to the different rotatory handle 56 of the required temperature of different tealeaves, through the meshing of threaded rod 55 and screw thread, make slide 54 remove about, slide 54 horizontal slip in-process extrusion and relax control box 53 in gaseous, thereby make control panel 52 slide from top to bottom, thereby control baffle 51 moves down and the distance that shifts up, thereby control baffle 51 reduces the size of fuel pipe 24 diameter, adjust the speed that the coal particles got into cartridge heater 14, the heating temperature of control cartridge heater 14, applicable in the requirement of different tealeaves to different baking temperatures, and is more practical.
As an embodiment of the present invention, an opening is opened on the inner wall of the heating cylinder 14 at the control chamber 5, and a heat conducting plate 57 is fixedly connected in the opening; an isolation cavity 58 is formed in the heat conduction plate 57; the outer wall of the box body is fixedly connected with an injection port 59; the injection port 59 is communicated with the isolation cavity 58; during the use, when different tealeaves control different temperatures, only through rotatory handle 56 control baffle 51 when the amplitude of moving down can't satisfy the demands, the accessible syringe is in the liquid of the different coefficient of heat conductivity of injection port 59 department injection, thereby temperature transfer to the size of mercury in the control heating cylinder 14, thereby control the inflation degree of mercury, thereby through reciprocating of the inflation degree cooperation control panel 52 of mercury, thereby enlarge temperature control range, in order to be applicable to the different temperature control that different tealeaves baked, easy operation is convenient.
As an embodiment of the present invention, the soaking plate 26 is funnel-shaped, and a group of first holes 29 are uniformly formed on the soaking plate 26; the diameter of the first hole 29 is gradually increased from the center of the soaking plate 26 to the outside, so that the heat is reduced to be concentrated in the middle of the box body 1, the tea leaves are uniformly heated, and the drying quality and efficiency of the tea leaves are further ensured; through the soaking plate 26 of infundibulate, utilize the higher air of box 1 middle part temperature in the box 1 of thermal convection homodisperse, cooperate the diameter simultaneously by soaking plate 26 center outwards gradually crescent a hole 29, make the hot air rising speed at box 1 central part reduce, the high-temperature gas who further reduces box 1 middle part is concentrated, and then make every overware 28 evenly heated in the box 1, further increase the efficiency of baking of tealeaves, and then further guarantee the oven-dry mass and the efficiency of tealeaves.
As an embodiment of the invention, a group of arc-shaped air-inducing copper pipes 4 are uniformly distributed on the inner circumference of the box body 1, and the air-inducing copper pipes 4 penetrate through the first hole 29; the bottom end of the air-inducing copper pipe 4 penetrates through the side wall of the box body 1 and is communicated with the outside atmosphere, and the upper end of the air-inducing copper pipe 4 penetrates through the baking tray 28; the air inducing copper pipe 4 between the adjacent baking trays 28 is communicated with a transverse vent pipe 41, and the vent pipe 41 is communicated with the interior of the box body 1; the heat at the lower part of the box body 1 is quickly transferred to the vicinity of the baking tray 28 at the upper part of the box body 1 through the air-inducing copper pipe 4, so that the uniformity of the temperature in the box body 1 is further improved, and the drying quality and efficiency of the tea leaves are further improved; absorb the heat of box 1 bottom through induced air copper pipe 4, later heat the air in the induced air copper pipe 4 for the air in the induced air copper pipe 4 is discharged from the breather pipe 41 at induced air copper pipe 4 top after being heated, later with on heat transfer to the tealeaves in overware 28, thereby further reduce the temperature of lower part tealeaves, promote the temperature of upper portion tealeaves simultaneously, make the temperature of the inside upper and lower part of box 1 more balanced, further increase the drying quality and the efficiency of tealeaves.
As an embodiment of the present invention, the length of the vent pipe 41 is gradually shortened from top to bottom, and a group of downward air injection holes 42 are formed on the vent pipe 41, so that hot air is injected downward through the air injection holes 42, the heating effect of the hot air on the tea leaves is further increased, and the drying quality and efficiency of the tea leaves are further increased; because the length of the vent pipe 41 is gradually shortened from top to bottom, more hot air is conveyed to the positions near the baking trays 28 at the upper part in the box body 1, the temperature of each baking tray 28 is further balanced, meanwhile, the air injection holes 42 with downward openings are matched, the retention time of the hot air at the positions of the baking trays 28 is further increased, the utilization and the efficiency of the hot air are further increased, the fire coal particles are further saved, and the drying quality and the drying efficiency of the tea leaves are increased.
As an embodiment of the invention, one side of the air injection hole 42 is connected with an air disturbing sheet 43 through a pull rope, and the uniformity of differential pressure heating is further increased through the disturbance of the air disturbing sheet 43 to the air flow, so that the drying quality and efficiency of the tea leaves are further increased; when the hot air ejected from the air jet holes 42 flows through the air disturbing sheet 43, the air disturbing sheet 43 is blown, and then the ejected air flow is disturbed, so that the air speed of the air flow ejected from the air jet holes 42 is reduced, the uniform dispersion of the hot air is further increased, and the drying quality and efficiency of the tea leaves are further increased.
When in use, the top cover 11 is opened through the handle 13, then the tea leaves are evenly spread on the baking tray 28, then the top cover 11 is covered, pulverized coal particles are added to the bunker 25, the coal particles flow through the fuel pipe 24 to the aeration disk 15 in the cartridge heater 14, when the height of the fire coal particles on the aeration disc 15 is higher than that of the fuel pipe 24 at the outlet of the heating cylinder 14, the fire coal particles stop falling, at this time, the fire coal particles are ignited by the ignition device, the tea leaves on the baking tray 28 can be baked, at this time, the worker can extend into the baking tray 28 through the observation hole 12, the baking state of the tea leaves is sensed by fingers, then the second rod 18 is rotated to be matched with the sliding column 23 and the groove 21, so that the first rod 17 is driven by the second rod 18, the ventilating plate is driven to slide in the heating cylinder 14, the supply of fire coal particles in the heating cylinder 14 is controlled, the temperature in the furnace is finally controlled, and the drying quality and efficiency of the tea leaves are ensured; the bin cover 3 hermetically connected with the fuel bin 25 is matched with the air blower 31 to blow air into the fuel bin 25, so that the air in the fuel pipe 24 is always kept at positive pressure, and further coal particles communicated with the fuel bin 25 in the fuel pipe 24 are prevented from being ignited by the heating cylinder 14, so that the temperature in the box body 1 is controlled to rise, the tea leaves are ensured to be at proper baking temperature, and the drying quality and efficiency of the tea leaves are further ensured; through the funnel-shaped soaking plate 26, air with higher temperature in the middle of the box body 1 is uniformly dispersed into the box body 1 by utilizing heat convection, and meanwhile, the diameter of the first hole 29 gradually increasing from the center of the soaking plate 26 outwards is matched, so that the rising speed of the hot air in the center of the box body 1 is reduced, the concentration of high-temperature gas in the middle of the box body 1 is further reduced, each baking tray 28 in the box body 1 is uniformly heated, the baking efficiency of tea is further increased, and the drying quality and efficiency of the tea are further ensured; the heat at the bottom of the box body 1 is absorbed by the air inducing copper pipe 4, then the air in the air inducing copper pipe 4 is heated, the air in the air inducing copper pipe 4 is discharged from the vent pipe 41 at the top of the air inducing copper pipe 4 after being heated, and then the heat is transferred to the tea leaves in the baking tray 28, so that the temperature of the tea leaves at the lower part is further reduced, meanwhile, the temperature of the tea leaves at the upper part is increased, the temperature of the upper part and the lower part in the box body 1 is more balanced, and the drying quality and the drying efficiency of the tea leaves are further increased; because the length of the vent pipe 41 is gradually shortened from top to bottom, more hot air is conveyed to the position near the baking trays 28 at the upper part in the box body 1, the temperature of each baking tray 28 is further balanced, and meanwhile, the retention time of the hot air at the baking trays 28 is further increased by matching with the air jet holes 42 with downward openings, so that the utilization and the efficiency of the hot air are further increased, the fire coal particles are further saved, and the drying quality and the drying efficiency of the tea leaves are increased; when the hot air ejected from the air jet holes 42 flows through the air disturbing sheet 43, the air disturbing sheet 43 is blown, and then the ejected air flow is disturbed, so that the air speed of the air flow ejected from the air jet holes 42 is reduced, the uniform dispersion of the hot air is further increased, and the drying quality and efficiency of the tea leaves are further increased.
The front, the back, the left, the right, the upper and the lower are all based on the figure 2 in the attached drawings of the specification, according to the standard of the observation angle of a person, the side of the device facing an observer is defined as the front, the left side of the observer is defined as the left, and the like.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "center", "longitudinal", "lateral", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", etc., indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are used merely for convenience in describing the present invention and for simplifying the description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the scope of the present invention.
The foregoing illustrates and describes the principles, general features, and advantages of the present invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are described in the specification and illustrated only to illustrate the principle of the present invention, but that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, which fall within the scope of the invention as claimed. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (7)

1. A tea baking box comprises a cylindrical box body (1); the tea box is characterized in that support legs are arranged at the bottom of the box body (1), an inlet and an outlet for placing and taking tea are formed in the top of the box body (1), a top cover (11) is arranged on the inlet and the outlet, an observation hole (12) is formed in the center of the top cover (11), and a pair of handles (13) is arranged on the upper portion of the top cover (11); the method is characterized in that: the bottom of the box body (1) is provided with a heating cylinder (14) with two open ends, and the heating cylinder (14) penetrates through the bottom of the box body (1) and extends to the outside of the box body (1); an air-through disc (15) is connected in the heating cylinder (14) in a sliding manner, and a group of air holes (16) are uniformly distributed on the air-through disc (15); the bottom of the ventilation disc (15) is fixedly connected with a first rod (17) which is vertically arranged, and the bottom of the first rod (17) is hinged with a second rod (18) which is horizontally arranged; the middle part of the second rod (18) is hinged with a support (19) fixedly connected with the bottom of the box body (1); an arc-shaped chain wheel (20) is fixedly connected to the bottom of the box body (1) and the corresponding position of one end, far away from the first rod (17), of the second rod (18), and grooves (21) are uniformly formed in one side, close to the second rod (18), of the chain wheel (20); one end of the second rod (18) far away from the first rod (17) is provided with a sliding hole (22), a sliding column (23) is connected in the sliding hole (22) in a sliding mode, and a spring is arranged between the sliding column (23) and the bottom of the sliding hole (22); one end of the sliding column (23) close to the chain wheel (20) is matched with the groove (21); one side of the heating cylinder (14) is provided with a fuel pipe (24) which is obliquely arranged, one end of the fuel pipe (24) is communicated with the inner wall of the heating cylinder (14), and the other end of the fuel pipe (24) penetrates through the box body (1); a fuel bin (25) for storing fire coal is arranged at the position, corresponding to the fuel pipe (24), of the periphery of the box body (1); a soaking plate (26) is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the box body (1) above the heating cylinder (14), a supporting column (27) is fixedly connected to the top of the soaking plate (26), and a group of circular baking trays (28) for containing tea leaves are mounted on the supporting column (27); the coal feeding amount in the heating cylinder (14) is controlled by adjusting the angle of the second rod (18), so that the heating temperature in the box body (1) is controlled, and the drying quality and efficiency of the tea leaves are ensured; a control cavity (5) is formed in the side wall of the heating cylinder (14) above the penetrating position of the fuel pipe (24), and the lower end of the control cavity (5) extends into the fuel pipe (24); a baffle plate (51) and a control plate (52) are connected in the control cavity (5) in a sliding manner; the control plate (52) is positioned above the baffle plate (51), a spring is fixedly connected between the control plate (52) and the baffle plate (51), and mercury is filled between the control plate (52) and the baffle plate (51); the outer wall of the box body (1) is fixedly connected with a control box (53); a sliding plate (54) is connected in the control box (53) in a sliding way; the surface of one side of the sliding plate (54) far away from the box body is fixedly connected with a threaded rod (55); one end of the threaded rod (55) far away from the sliding plate (54) penetrates out of the control box (53) and is fixedly connected with a handle (56); the threaded rod (55) penetrates through the control box (53) and is provided with threads in the control box (53), and the threads are meshed with the threaded rod (55); the space between one side of the sliding plate (54), which is close to the box body (1), and the control box (53) is communicated with the space in the control cavity (5) above the control plate (52) through a groove.
2. A tea baking oven as claimed in claim 1, wherein: an opening is formed in the inner wall of the heating cylinder (14) at the control cavity (5), and a heat conducting plate (57) is fixedly connected in the opening; an isolation cavity (58) is formed in the heat conduction plate (57); the outer wall of the box body is fixedly connected with an injection port (59); the injection port (59) is communicated with the isolation cavity (58).
3. A tea baking oven as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the top of the fuel bin (25) is provided with a bin cover (3), and the bin cover (3) is hermetically connected with the fuel bin (25); a miniature blower (31) is arranged above the bin cover (3), the blower (31) is driven by a speed regulating motor, and the speed regulating motor is communicated with a power supply through a controller; positive pressure air is introduced into the fuel pipe (24), so that coal burning in the fuel pipe (24) is avoided, the temperature in the box body (1) is further controlled, and the drying quality and efficiency of the tea leaves are further ensured.
4. A tea baking oven as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the soaking plate (26) is funnel-shaped, and a group of first holes (29) are uniformly formed in the soaking plate (26); the diameter of the first hole (29) is gradually increased outwards from the center of the soaking plate (26), so that the heat is reduced and concentrated in the middle of the box body (1), the tea leaves are uniformly heated, and the drying quality and efficiency of the tea leaves are further guaranteed.
5. A tea baking oven according to claim 4, wherein: a group of arc air-inducing copper pipes (4) are uniformly distributed on the inner circumference of the box body (1), and the air-inducing copper pipes (4) penetrate through the first hole (29); the bottom end of the air-inducing copper pipe (4) penetrates through the side wall of the box body (1) and is communicated with the outside atmosphere, and the upper end of the air-inducing copper pipe (4) penetrates through the baking tray (28); a transverse vent pipe (41) is communicated with the air inducing copper pipe (4) between the adjacent baking trays (28), and the vent pipe (41) is communicated with the interior of the box body (1); the heat at the lower part of the box body (1) is quickly transferred to the position near the baking tray (28) at the upper part of the box body (1) through the air-inducing copper pipe (4), so that the uniformity of the temperature in the box body (1) is further improved, and the drying quality and efficiency of the tea leaves are further improved.
6. A tea baking oven according to claim 5, wherein: breather pipe (41) length from top to bottom shortens gradually, and has seted up a set of fumarole (42) down on breather pipe (41), through fumarole (42) blowout steam down, further increases the heating effect of steam to tealeaves, and then further increases the drying quality and the efficiency of tealeaves.
7. A tea baking oven according to claim 6, wherein: one side of the air injection hole (42) is connected with an air disturbing sheet (43) through a pull rope, the uniformity of differential pressure heating is further increased through the disturbance of the air disturbing sheet (43) to air flow, and then the drying quality and efficiency of tea leaves are further increased.
CN201911204226.2A 2019-11-29 2019-11-29 Tea baking box Active CN110749179B (en)

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DE1040254B (en) * 1955-05-12 1958-10-02 Metallgesellschaft Ag Method and device for roasting sulfidic materials in deck ovens
CN101403566B (en) * 2008-09-27 2011-05-04 李菊泉 Baking stove
CN104595887A (en) * 2014-12-03 2015-05-06 余姚市朗霞双俊塑料拉丝厂 Automatic control type biomass energy baking device
CN204665370U (en) * 2015-05-12 2015-09-23 青岛简洁家居有限公司 A kind of take biological particles as the stove of fuel
CN206989212U (en) * 2017-05-15 2018-02-09 菏泽万清源环保科技有限公司 A kind of industrial waste recycling combustion furnace
CN107560421A (en) * 2017-08-31 2018-01-09 陈伟景 A kind of band drier feeding rack of adjustable inlet amount
CN207836673U (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-09-11 潮州市潮安区凤凰老客茶机有限公司 A kind of tea baking machine

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