CN110679155B - Electronic equipment - Google Patents

Electronic equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110679155B
CN110679155B CN201780091320.4A CN201780091320A CN110679155B CN 110679155 B CN110679155 B CN 110679155B CN 201780091320 A CN201780091320 A CN 201780091320A CN 110679155 B CN110679155 B CN 110679155B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
connector
electronic
sound
hole
frame
Prior art date
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Active
Application number
CN201780091320.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110679155A (en
Inventor
张诗豪
邹梦若
陈明俊
王奇亮
朱欣
姜文杰
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Huawei Technologies Co Ltd
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Huawei Technologies Co Ltd
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Publication date
Application filed by Huawei Technologies Co Ltd filed Critical Huawei Technologies Co Ltd
Priority to PCT/CN2017/089127 priority Critical patent/WO2018232583A1/en
Publication of CN110679155A publication Critical patent/CN110679155A/en
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Publication of CN110679155B publication Critical patent/CN110679155B/en
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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04RLOUDSPEAKERS, MICROPHONES, GRAMOPHONE PICK-UPS OR LIKE ACOUSTIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCERS; DEAF-AID SETS; PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEMS
    • H04R1/00Details of transducers, loudspeakers or microphones
    • H04R1/10Earpieces; Attachments therefor ; Earphones; Monophonic headphones
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04RLOUDSPEAKERS, MICROPHONES, GRAMOPHONE PICK-UPS OR LIKE ACOUSTIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCERS; DEAF-AID SETS; PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEMS
    • H04R9/00Transducers of moving-coil, moving-strip, or moving-wire type
    • H04R9/06Loudspeakers

Abstract

An electronic device comprises a device shell, a first connector and a loudspeaker assembly, wherein a first through hole is formed in the device shell; the first connector comprises a frame body, a socket formed by the frame body in a surrounding mode faces outwards through the first through hole so as to be inserted with the second connector, and the frame body is provided with a second through hole; the loudspeaker assembly comprises a sound cavity and a loudspeaker arranged in the sound cavity, the sound cavity is provided with a sound outlet channel communicated with the loudspeaker and the second through hole, and sound emitted by the loudspeaker is transmitted out of the socket through the sound outlet channel and the second through hole. The electronic equipment does not need to be additionally provided with one or more through holes for sound production on the equipment shell, so that the appearance aesthetic feeling of the electronic equipment is improved, and the manufacturing complexity and the manufacturing cost of the equipment shell are reduced.

Description

Electronic equipment
Technical Field
The present invention relates to the field of electronic technologies, and in particular, to an electronic device.
Background
At present, electronic devices, such as mobile phones, tablet computers and the like, are more and more popular, not only serve as single communication devices, but also integrate functions in various fields of life, such as communication, entertainment, shopping, cameras, office and the like, and become necessary articles for daily life of people.
Fig. 1 shows a schematic partial structure diagram of an electronic device in the prior art, the electronic device in the current industry includes a housing 10 and a speaker installed in the housing, the speaker (speaker) emits sound through a speaker (speaker) sound outlet hole 20 arranged on the housing, in addition, the housing 10 further includes a USB interface 30, and it can be seen that too many holes are formed on the housing 10 of the electronic device, which not only affects the aesthetic degree, but also increases the difficulty of processing the housing.
Disclosure of Invention
An electronic device is described herein to improve the aesthetics of the electronic device and the difficulty of manufacturing the housing of the electronic device.
In a first aspect, the present application provides an electronic device comprising a device housing, a first connector, and a speaker assembly. The equipment shell is provided with a first through hole; the first connector comprises a frame body, a socket formed by the frame body in a surrounding mode faces outwards through the first through hole so as to be inserted with the second connector, and the frame body is provided with a second through hole; the loudspeaker assembly comprises a sound cavity and a loudspeaker arranged in the sound cavity, the sound cavity is provided with a sound outlet channel communicated with the loudspeaker and the second through hole, sound emitted by the loudspeaker is transmitted out of the socket through the sound outlet channel and the second through hole, therefore, one or more through holes for sound emission are not required to be additionally arranged on a device shell of the electronic device, the appearance aesthetic feeling of the device shell is improved, the manufacturing complexity and the manufacturing cost of the device shell are reduced, in addition, the size of the first through hole is larger than that of the sound outlet hole in the prior art, the size of the second through hole can also be enlarged according to product design, and the sound outlet hole in the prior art is better in sound transmission effect compared with the prior art.
According to the first aspect, in a first possible implementation manner of the first aspect, a jack aperture of the first connector is larger than a jack aperture of the second connector, so that when the second connector is plugged with the first connector, the second through hole has a first gap at the plugging position of the first connector and the second connector, so that sound emitted by the speaker is emitted from the first gap through the sound emitting channel and the second through hole. Therefore, when the connector is plugged, the sound emitted by the loudspeaker can still be transmitted out of the first gap through the sound-emitting channel and the second through hole, and the use experience of a user is improved.
With reference to the foregoing various possible implementations of the first aspect, in a possible implementation, a depth of the socket of the first connector is smaller than a length of the socket of the second connector, so that when the second connector is plugged with the first connector, a second gap is formed between the device housing and an edge of the holding portion behind the socket of the second connector, so that sound emitted by the speaker is emitted from the second gap. Optionally, the distance between the device housing to the edge of the gripping portion of the second connector is greater than 0.1 mm. Therefore, when the second connector is plugged with the first connector, the second gap is formed between the equipment shell and the edge of the holding part behind the jack of the second connector, so that the sound emitted by the loudspeaker is emitted from the second gap, and the sound transmission quality is further ensured.
With reference to the foregoing various possible implementation manners of the first aspect, in a possible implementation manner, the frame body is bonded by dispensing or pressed by a silicone ring at a contact position between the periphery of the second through hole and the sound cavity. The sealing connection mode can prevent water or liquid from further flowing into the electronic equipment, and the waterproof performance of the electronic equipment is improved.
With reference to the foregoing various possible implementation manners of the first aspect, in a possible implementation manner, the electronic device further includes a waterproof breathable layer, and the waterproof breathable layer is attached to the frame body and covers the second through hole. This implementation mode can avoid water, other liquid or large granule impurities such as dust to get into the passageway of sounding, guarantees the sound transmission quality of the passageway of sounding.
With reference to the foregoing various possible implementation manners of the first aspect, in a possible implementation manner, the first connector further includes a board and a transmission pin disposed on the board. Optionally, the transmission pins include a data transmission pin and a sound transmission pin.
In combination with the above-mentioned various possible implementation manners of the first aspect, in a possible implementation manner, the device housing is not provided with through holes adapted to the 3.5mm earphone jacks, so that the number of the through holes of the device housing is further reduced, the overall visual effect of the device housing is improved, the aesthetic feeling is improved, and the manufacturing difficulty and the manufacturing cost of the device housing are reduced.
With reference to the foregoing various possible implementations of the first aspect, in a possible implementation, the first connector is any one of:
USB1.0 connector, USB2.0 connector, USB3.1 connector, Type-C connector, Lightning connector.
With reference to the foregoing various possible implementations of the first aspect, in a possible implementation, the speaker is not disposed opposite to the first connector, and in a limited space of the electronic device, the length of the sound transmission channel is lengthened as much as possible, so that the quality of sound transmission can be further mentioned.
With reference to the foregoing various possible implementation manners of the first aspect, in a possible implementation manner, the sound cavity includes a first bracket and a second bracket that are fixedly connected, and the first bracket and the second bracket cooperate to form the sound outlet channel when connected. Optionally, the first support and the second support are fixed in a sealing manner through ultrasonic welding, so that on one hand, sound is prevented from leaking out from a gap between the first support and the second support, the quality of transmitted sound is improved, and on the other hand, the problems that water, other liquid or other impurities flow into the electronic equipment to cause short circuit of internal devices and the like are avoided.
With reference to the foregoing various possible implementation manners of the first aspect, in a possible implementation manner, the first connector further includes: a retention structure for securing the second connector when plugged with the second connector.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a partial schematic view showing an external appearance of an electronic device in the related art;
FIG. 2 illustrates a schematic hardware block diagram of an electronic device provided by some embodiments of the present application;
fig. 3 illustrates a schematic external view of an electronic device provided by some embodiments;
fig. 4a and 4b respectively show schematic appearance diagrams of an electronic device provided by some embodiments;
fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a first connector in an electronic device according to some embodiments;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of internal components of an electronic device according to some embodiments;
figures 7 and 8 illustrate schematic structural views of the mating of the first connector and the speaker assembly, respectively, provided by some embodiments;
FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram of a sound cavity in an electronic device according to some embodiments;
fig. 10 is a schematic structural diagram illustrating a first connector and a second connector of the electronic device according to some embodiments;
FIG. 11 shows a schematic cross-sectional view along the line A-A' of FIG. 10 according to some embodiments;
fig. 12 is a schematic diagram illustrating a partial structure of a first connector and a second connector of an electronic device according to some embodiments.
Detailed Description
The terminology used in the embodiments of the present application is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of the application. As used in the specification of the present application and the appended claims, the singular forms "a", "an", "the" and "the" are intended to include the plural forms as well, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. It should also be understood that the term "and/or" as used herein refers to and encompasses any and all possible combinations of one or more of the associated listed items.
The terms "comprises," "comprising," "includes," "including," or "including" as used herein, specify the presence of stated features, operations, elements, and/or the like, but do not limit the presence of one or more other features, operations, elements, and/or the like. Furthermore, the terms "comprises" or "comprising" mean that there are corresponding features, numbers, steps, operations, elements, components, or combinations thereof disclosed in the specification, and do not preclude the presence or addition of one or more other features, numbers, steps, operations, elements, components, or combinations thereof.
The term "a or B", "at least one of a or/and B" or "one or more of a or/and B" as used herein includes any and all combinations of the words enumerated therewith. For example, "a or B," "at least one of a and B," or "at least one of a or B" describes (1) including a; (2) comprises B; or (3) includes both A and B.
Although terms such as "first" and "second" may modify various elements of various embodiments, the terms do not limit the corresponding elements. For example, these terms do not limit the order and/or importance of the corresponding elements. These terms may be used to distinguish one element from another. For example, the first user equipment and the second user equipment are both user equipments, but they indicate different user equipments. For example, a first element could be termed a second element, and, similarly, a second element could be termed a first element, without departing from the scope of the present application.
In order to facilitate understanding of the electronic device of the present application, the electronic device will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings. In embodiments of the present application, the electronic device may be a portable electronic device, such as a cell phone, a tablet, a wearable electronic device with wireless communication capabilities (e.g., a smart watch), etc., that also includes other functionality, such as personal digital assistant and/or music player functionality. Exemplary embodiments of the portable electronic device include, but are not limited to, a mountOr other operating systemsA portable electronic device. The portable electronic device may also be other portable electronic devices such as Laptop computers (Laptop) with touch sensitive surfaces (e.g., touch panels), etc. It should also be understood that in other embodiments of the present application, the electronic device may not be a portable electronic device, but may be a desktop computer having a touch-sensitive surface (e.g., a touch panel). The electronic equipment is provided with a loudspeaker and can provide a function of playing sound.
In some embodiments, the electronic device may have a communication function, that is, may establish communication with a network through a 2G (second generation mobile phone communication specification), a 3G (third generation mobile phone communication specification), a 4G (fourth generation mobile phone communication specification), a 5G (fifth generation mobile phone communication specification), or a W-LAN (wireless local area network) or a communication method that may appear in the future. For the sake of brevity, no further limitations are imposed on this embodiment of the present application.
In some embodiments, the electronic device described in the embodiments of the present application is illustrated by taking a mobile phone appearance as an example for convenience of understanding, and it should be understood by those skilled in the art that the electronic device described in the embodiments of the present application is not limited to a mobile phone, and other electronic devices, such as a tablet computer, a notebook computer, a wearable device, etc., may also be included in the scope of the idea of the present application.
For the sake of brevity, this embodiment of the invention is not further limited. For convenience of explanation, in the following embodiments, an electronic device is taken as an example for explanation.
Fig. 2 shows a schematic hardware block diagram of an electronic device provided in an embodiment of the present application, where the electronic device may be a terminal device including a mobile phone, a tablet computer, a PDA (Personal Digital Assistant), a POS (Point of Sales), a vehicle-mounted computer, and the like. The electronic device can support a variety of applications, such as a telephony application, an instant messaging application, a digital photo and/or camera application, a web browsing application, a music and/or video playback application, a video communication application, a social networking application, a financial application, a weather application, a shopping application, an office application, and so forth.
Referring to fig. 2, the electronic device 100 includes RF (Radio Frequency) circuit 110, memory 120, input unit 130, display unit 140, sensor 150, audio circuit 160, WiFi (wireless fidelity) module 170, processor 180, and power supply 190.
Those skilled in the art will appreciate that the electronic device architecture shown in fig. 2 is by way of example only, is not intended to be limiting of electronic devices, and may include more or fewer components than those shown, or some components may be combined, or a different arrangement of components.
The following describes each component of the electronic device 100 in detail with reference to fig. 2:
the RF circuit 110 may be used for receiving and transmitting signals during information transmission and reception or during a call, and in particular, receives downlink information of a base station and then processes the received downlink information to the processor 180; in addition, the data for designing uplink is transmitted to the base station. Typically, the RF circuit includes, but is not limited to, an antenna, at least one Amplifier, a transceiver, a coupler, an LNA (Low Noise Amplifier), a duplexer, and the like. In addition, the RF circuitry 110 may also communicate with networks and other devices via wireless communications. The wireless communication may use any communication standard or protocol, including but not limited to GSM (Global System for Mobile communications), GPRS (General Packet Radio Service), CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access), WCDMA (Wideband Code Division Multiple Access), LTE (Long Term Evolution), email, SMS (Short Messaging Service), and the like.
The memory 120 may be used to store software programs and modules, and the processor 180 executes various functional applications and data processing of the electronic device 100 by operating the software programs and modules stored in the memory 120. The memory 120 may mainly include a storage program area and a storage data area, wherein the storage program area may store an operating system, an application program required by at least one function (such as a sound playing function, an image playing function, etc.), and the like; the storage data area may store data (such as audio data, a phonebook, etc.) created according to the use of the electronic apparatus 100, and the like. Further, the memory 120 may include high speed random access memory, and may also include non-volatile memory, such as at least one magnetic disk storage device, flash memory device, or other volatile solid state storage device.
The input unit 130 may be used to receive input numeric or character information and generate key signals or motion signal inputs related to user settings and function control of the electronic apparatus 100. Specifically, the input unit 130 may include one or more of a touch panel 131, a camera 132, and other input devices 132. The touch panel 131 may be a touch display screen or a touch pad, where the touch display screen is a device integrating a display screen and a touch area, the touch pad is a touch sensitive area of a device that does not display visual output, and the touch pad may be a touch sensitive surface separated from the display panel or an extension of the touch sensitive surface formed by the touch screen, and the touch panel 131 may collect a touch operation by a user on or near the touch panel 131 (for example, an operation by the user on or near the touch panel 131 using any suitable object or accessory such as a finger or a stylus pen), and drive a corresponding connection device according to a preset program. Alternatively, the touch panel 131 may include two parts, i.e., a touch detection device and a touch controller. The touch detection device detects the touch direction of a user, detects a signal brought by touch operation and transmits the signal to the touch controller; the touch controller receives touch information from the touch sensing device, converts the touch information into touch point coordinates, sends the touch point coordinates to the processor 180, and can receive and execute commands sent by the processor 180. In addition, the touch panel 131 may be implemented by various types such as a resistive type, a capacitive type, an infrared ray, and a surface acoustic wave. The camera 132, which may be one or more analog cameras, digital cameras, depth cameras, or any combination of any of the above, may collect video signals, and transmit the video signals to the processor 180, so that the processor 180 may collect input signals from the video signals (e.g., recognize gesture operations of a user from the video signals). In addition to the touch panel 131 and the camera 132, the input unit 130 may include other input devices 133. In particular, other input devices 133 may include, but are not limited to, one or more of a physical keyboard, function keys (e.g., volume control keys, switch keys, etc.), a trackball, a mouse, a joystick, a brain wave recognizer, a gyroscope, etc., and furthermore, the input unit 130 may be overlaid onto the microphone 162, the sensor 150, etc., and in some embodiments, the microphone 162 may collect audio signals and transmit the audio signals to the processor for the processor to collect input signals from the audio signals (e.g., to recognize a user's voice operation from the audio signals), etc.
The display unit 140 may be used to display information input by the user or information provided to the user and various menus of the electronic apparatus 100. The Display unit 140 may include one or more of a Display panel 141, a projection device 142, or other Display devices 143, and optionally, the Display panel 141 may be configured in the form of an LCD (Liquid Crystal Display), an OLED (Organic Light-Emitting Diode), or the like. Further, the touch panel 131 can cover the display panel 141, and when the touch panel 131 detects a touch operation on or near the touch panel 131, the touch operation is transmitted to the processor 180 to determine the type of the touch event, and then the processor 180 provides a corresponding visual output on the display panel 141 according to the type of the touch event. Although in fig. 2, the touch panel 131 and the display panel 141 are two independent components to implement the input and output functions of the electronic device 100, in some embodiments, the touch panel 131 and the display panel 141 may be integrated to implement the input and output functions of the electronic device 100. The projection device 142 may be a pico projector or a 3D holographic projector, wherein the pico projector may be a device that is mounted on a smart glasses device and projects an image onto a retina of a human eye through a semi-transparent prism for imaging, and the pico projector may also be a device that projects an image onto a display screen or a display screen of an electronic device for imaging. A 3D (three-dimensional) holographic projector can utilize interference and diffraction principles to directly project in solid space to render a true three-dimensional image of an object. In addition to the display panel 141 and the projection device 142, the display unit 140 may further include other display devices 142. In particular, the other display devices 142 may include, but are not limited to, display devices (such as televisions and the like) connected to the electronic device through one or more of a wireless local area network, a USB (Universal Serial Bus), an HDMI (High Definition Multimedia Interface) cable, and the like.
The electronic device 100 may also include at least one sensor 150, such as light sensors, motion sensors, and other sensors. Specifically, the light sensor may include an ambient light sensor that may adjust the brightness of the display panel 141 according to the brightness of ambient light, and a proximity sensor that may turn off the display panel 141 and/or the backlight when the electronic device 100 is moved to the ear. As one of the motion sensors, the accelerometer sensor can detect the magnitude of acceleration in each direction (generally, three axes), detect the magnitude and direction of gravity when stationary, and can be used for applications (such as horizontal and vertical screen switching, related games, magnetometer attitude calibration) for recognizing the attitude of the electronic device, vibration recognition related functions (such as pedometer, tapping), and the like; as for other sensors such as a gyroscope, a barometer, a hygrometer, a thermometer, and an infrared sensor, which may be further configured to the electronic device 100, detailed descriptions thereof are omitted.
Audio circuitry 160, speaker 161, and microphone 162 may provide an audio interface between a user and electronic device 100. The audio circuit 160 may transmit the electrical signal converted from the received audio data to the speaker 161, and convert the electrical signal into a sound signal for output by the speaker 161; on the other hand, the microphone 162 converts the collected sound signal into an electrical signal, which is received by the audio circuit 160 and converted into audio data, which is then processed by the audio data output processor 180 and then transmitted to, for example, another electronic device via the RF circuit 110, or the audio data is output to the memory 120 for further processing.
WiFi belongs to short-range wireless transmission technology, and the electronic device 100 can help the user send and receive e-mails, browse web pages, access streaming media, etc. through the WiFi module 170, which provides the user with wireless broadband internet access. Although fig. 2 shows the WiFi module 170, it is understood that it does not belong to the essential constitution of the electronic device 100, and may be omitted entirely as needed within the scope not changing the essence of the invention.
The processor 180 is a control center of the electronic device 100, connects various parts of the entire electronic device using various interfaces and lines, performs various functions of the electronic device 100 and processes data by operating or executing software programs and/or modules stored in the memory 120 and calling data stored in the memory 120, thereby performing overall monitoring of the electronic device. Alternatively, processor 180 may include one or more processing units; preferably, the processor 180 may integrate an application processor, which mainly handles operating systems, user interfaces, application programs, etc., and a modem processor, which mainly handles wireless communications. It will be appreciated that the modem processor described above may not be integrated into the processor 180.
The electronic device 100 further includes a power supply 190 (e.g., a battery) for supplying power to the various components, and preferably, the power supply may be logically connected to the processor 180 via a power management system, so as to manage charging, discharging, and power consumption via the power management system.
Although not shown, the electronic device 100 may further include a camera, a bluetooth module, and the like, which are not described in detail herein.
According to one aspect of the present application, an electronic device is provided that includes a device housing, a first connector, and a speaker assembly. The equipment shell is provided with a first through hole; the first connector comprises a frame body, a socket formed by the frame body in a surrounding mode faces outwards through the first through hole so as to be inserted with the second connector, and the frame body is provided with a second through hole; the loudspeaker assembly comprises a sound cavity and a loudspeaker arranged in the sound cavity, the sound cavity is provided with a sound outlet channel communicated with the loudspeaker and the second through hole, and sound emitted by the loudspeaker is transmitted out of the socket through the sound outlet channel and the second through hole.
Fig. 3 shows a schematic external view of an electronic device according to an embodiment of the present application, where the electronic device 100 includes a touch display screen 210, the touch display screen 210 has functions of detecting a touch operation and displaying an interactive content, and physical keys such as an on/off key 220, a volume key 230, a screen locking/unlocking key 240, and the like, and virtual keys such as a return key 250, a Home key 260, a menu key 270, and the like, may be disposed on peripheral sidewalls of the electronic device 100.
Fig. 4a and 4b show schematic perspective external views of an electronic device in an embodiment of the present application, and referring to fig. 4a, in the embodiment of the present application, a device housing 310 of the electronic device 100 may have a through hole 320 for plugging a connector on a bottom wall in a normal holding direction, and a sound generated by the electronic device 100 may be transmitted out from the through hole 320, of course, the through hole 320 may also be disposed on two side walls, a top wall, or a front or back position of a mobile phone of the device housing 310 in the normal holding direction, and furthermore, a through hole 330 of a headphone plug, for example, a 3.5mm headphone plug, may also be plugged into the device housing 310 of the electronic device 100. Referring to fig. 4b, in other embodiments of the present application, the device housing 310 of the electronic device may not have a through hole for plugging an earphone plug, so as to further reduce the number of the through holes on the device housing 310, further improve the overall appearance of the device housing 310, and reduce the manufacturing difficulty of the device housing 310.
In the embodiment of the present application, the device housing 310 may be made of a metal material, a non-metal material, or a combination thereof, where the non-metal material may be made of a plastic material, a glass material, a ceramic material, or a combination of any two of these materials, and of course, the material of the device housing 310 is not limited, and materials meeting process design requirements such as mechanical strength, heat dissipation performance, and aesthetic requirements, for example, wood, may also be used.
In the embodiment of the present application, the inside of the device housing 310 may fix and support various devices of the electronic device, or fix and support various devices in cooperation with the device middle frame, including a processor, a memory, a battery, a power supply line, and the like, and may be fixed by a fastener or a screw; a display screen, such as the touch display screen 210, may be fixed on the device housing 310; various physical keys may also be disposed on the device housing 310, and refer to fig. 3 and its corresponding description specifically; the device housing 310 may further be provided with an antenna structure for the electronic device to communicate with the outside, and the like; one or more through holes may be provided on the device housing 310, and one or more electronic devices may be directed out of the device housing 310 through the corresponding through holes, such as a camera, a flash, a USB socket, etc. Of course, the shape, size, thickness, color, pattern, and location design of the above-mentioned structures of the device housing 310 may be determined according to the specific product form, and are not further limited herein.
Referring to fig. 4a, in the embodiment of the present application, the device housing 310 has a first through hole 320, and the first through hole 320 is used for connecting a first connector inside the electronic device with a second connector outside the electronic device.
In some embodiments, the first connector may be any one of: universal serial bus 1.0 (USB 1.0) connector, universal serial bus 2.0 (USB 2.0) connector, USB3.1 connector, Type-C connector, Lightning connector (flash interface connector), etc. Of course, any connector that may be provided in an electronic device in the future for connecting the electronic device to an external device and that can realize data transmission and charging functions may be used as the first connector. The second connector can be a data line connector matched with the first connector, for example, the first connector is a Type-C connector female head, and then corresponds to the second connector is a Type-C connector male head.
Fig. 5 shows a schematic structural diagram of a first connector in an electronic device according to an embodiment of the present application. As shown in fig. 5, the first connector 400 may include a frame 410, the frame 410 surrounds a receptacle 430, the frame 410 has a second through hole 420, the size of the second through hole 420 and the specific position on the frame 410 may be specifically determined according to the product design, and the design capable of realizing smooth sound transmission may be included in the scope of the idea of the present application and is not limited specifically.
First connector 400 may further include a board 440 disposed in the socket and transmission pins 450 disposed on board 440, transmission pins 450 being specifically determined according to the category of first connector 400, and transmission pins 450 may include data transmission pins, ground pins, and the like. In some embodiments, the transmission pins 450 may further include a sound transmission pin, when the second connector is connected to the first connector 400, the second connector may be connected to an external earphone or an external speaker device, and the electronic device may transmit a sound signal through the sound transmission pin, accordingly, when the first connector 400 has a function of transmitting a sound signal, the device housing 310 may not be provided with a through hole of the adaptive earphone jack, for example, a through hole for plugging a 3.5mm earphone jack, so as to further save the number of through holes of the device housing, improve the overall visual effect of the device housing, improve the aesthetic feeling, and reduce the manufacturing difficulty and the manufacturing cost of the device housing.
Fig. 6 shows a schematic structural diagram of internal components of an electronic device according to an embodiment of the present application, and fig. 7 and 8 show a schematic structural diagram of a first connector and a speaker assembly in an embodiment of the present application, and referring to fig. 6, 7 and 8, the electronic device is provided with a first through hole 320 on a device housing 310, a first connector 400 is provided in the electronic device and faces outwards through the first through hole 320, the first connector 400 is provided with a second through hole 420, and a speaker assembly 500 of the electronic device is provided in the electronic device at a position adjacent to the first connector 400 for generating and transmitting sound from the first connector 400 of the electronic device. The speaker assembly 500 may include a speaker 520 (i.e., a speaker core) for generating sound, a sound cavity 510(speaker box), a sound outlet channel 530 formed in the sound cavity 510, wherein the sound outlet channel 530 has a sound outlet through hole 540 at an end thereof, and the sound outlet through hole 540 is connected to the second through hole 420 of the first connector 400, so that the sound emitted from the speaker 520 passes through the sound outlet channel 530 in the sound cavity 510, passes through the sound outlet through hole 540 and the second through hole 420, and is emitted out of the first through hole 320 through the first connector 400, wherein the sound cavity 510 is further used for enhancing sound effect.
Fig. 9 shows a schematic structural diagram of the sound cavity in the embodiment of the present application, as shown in fig. 9, the sound cavity 510 may include a first support 511 and a second support 512, the first support 511 and the second support 512 are respectively provided with inner walls, when the first support 511 is connected to the second support 512, the inner walls respectively enclose an accommodating space 550 and a sound emitting channel 530, the speaker 520 may be disposed in the accommodating space 550, one end of the sound emitting channel 530 is communicated with the speaker 520, and the other end of the sound emitting channel 530 is communicated with the second through hole 420 of the first connector through a sound emitting through hole 540. In some embodiments, the first support 511 and the second support 512 may be fixed by ultrasonic welding, so as to prevent sound from leaking out from a gap between the first support 511 and the second support 512, to improve the quality of the transmitted sound, and to prevent water, other liquid, or other impurities from flowing into the electronic device to cause short circuit of internal devices.
As shown in fig. 8, in some embodiments, the speaker 520 is not disposed opposite to the first connector 400, and the sound transmission quality can be further mentioned by lengthening the length of the sound transmission channel 530 as much as possible in a limited space of the electronic device.
In the embodiment of the present application, the first connector 400 and the speaker assembly 500 are disposed in the electronic device, the sound emitted from the speaker 520 can be emitted from the second through hole 420 through the sound emitting channel 530, and the first connector 400 faces the outside of the electronic device through the aforementioned first through hole 320, so that the sound can be smoothly emitted to the outside of the electronic device through the second through hole 420 and the first through hole 320. Therefore, one or more through holes for sound emission are not required to be additionally arranged on the equipment shell of the electronic equipment, the aesthetic feeling of the appearance of the equipment shell is improved, the manufacturing complexity and the manufacturing cost of the equipment shell are reduced, in addition, the size of the first through hole 320 is larger than that of the sound emission hole in the prior art, the size of the second through hole 420 can also be enlarged according to the product design, and compared with the prior art, the sound emission effect is better.
Fig. 10 shows a schematic configuration diagram of a second connector when the second connector is connected with the first connector of the electronic device in the embodiment of the present application, fig. 11 shows a schematic sectional view along a-a' direction in fig. 10, and referring to fig. 10 and fig. 11, in order to ensure the outgoing quality of sound when the second connector 600 is inserted into the first connector 400, the aperture of the socket 430 of the first connector 400 may be made larger than the aperture of the socket 610 of the second connector 600, that is, the aperture of the socket surrounded by the frame 410 of the first connector 400 is larger than the aperture of the socket surrounded by the frame of the second connector 600, during the design process, so that when the second connector 600 is plugged with the first connector 400, the second through hole 320 has a first gap at the plugging position of the first connector 400 and the second connector 600, in the embodiment of the present application, the distance H1 between the socket of the first connector 400 and the socket of the second connector 600 may be designed to be 0.1mm to 0.3mm, in some embodiments, the distance H1 may be designed to be not less than 0.15mm, such as 0.15mm, 0.2mm, 0.25mm, etc., although the maximum value may be specifically set according to the thickness of the electronic device itself and the size of the connector, so that when the connector is plugged, the sound emitted from the speaker 520 may still be emitted from the first gap through the sound emitting channel 530 and the second through hole 320, thereby improving the user experience.
With continued reference to fig. 10, the second connector 600 generally has a holding portion 620 wrapped with an insulating material, the holding portion 620 is located behind the socket 610 of the second connector 600, the cross-sectional dimension of the holding portion 620 is generally larger than the cross-sectional dimension of the socket 610 to facilitate holding by a user, therefore, in some embodiments, the depth of the socket of the first connector 400 may be smaller than the length of the socket of the second connector 600, so that when the second connector 600 is plugged with the first connector 400, the device housing 310 has a second gap between the edges of the holding portion 620 behind the socket of the second connector 600, so that sound emitted by the speaker 520 is emitted from the second gap, and further ensuring sound transmission quality. Wherein the distance H2 between the device housing 310 and the edge of the gripping portion of the second connector 600 may be 0.1mm to 0.3mm, in some embodiments the distance H2 may be greater than 0.1mm, such as 0.12mm, 0.13mm, 0.14mm, 0.15mm, 0.16mm, 0.17mm, 0.18mm, 0.20mm, and the like.
Fig. 12 shows a schematic diagram of a part of the structure of the first connector and the second connector in the embodiment of the present application, as shown in fig. 12, in order to fix the second connector 600 and the first connector 400 when they are plugged, the first connector 400 may further include a retention structure 460, the retention structure 460 cooperatively used by two or more sides or orientations is configured to achieve a fixing function, in some embodiments, the retention structure 460 may include a first fastener 461 and a second fastener 462, wherein the second connector 600 has a fixing structure, such as a hook 620, adapted to the retention structure 460 of the first connector 400, and when the second connector 600 is inserted into the first connector 400, the hook of the hook 620 is inserted between the first fastener 461 and the second fastener 462 of the retention structure 460, and the second fastener 462 may control the insertion depth of the second connector 600, the first locking piece 461 can prevent the second connector 600 from sliding out, so that the first connector 400 can fix the second connector 400 when being plugged with the second connector 600, and the second gap can be ensured to be reserved.
With reference to fig. 5 to 8, in some embodiments, the frame 410 of the first connector 400 is in contact with the sound cavity 510 of the speaker assembly 500, that is, in the area around the second through hole 420 and the sound outlet through hole 540, and is sealed and pressed by a silicone ring, so that in the use process of the electronic device, if water or other liquid inadvertently flows into the first through hole 310, the frame 410 and the sound cavity 510 are in sealed connection to prevent water or liquid from further flowing into the electronic device, and since the speaker 520 itself may have a waterproof design, the water or other liquid flowing into the sound outlet channel 530 may not affect the normal operation of the speaker 520.
With continued reference to fig. 5, in other embodiments, in order to prevent large particle impurities such as water, other liquids, or dust from entering the sound outlet channel 530 and ensure the sound transmission quality of the sound outlet channel 530, the electronic device may further include a waterproof and air-permeable layer (not shown) that may be attached to the frame 410 and cover the second through hole 420, and the waterproof and air-permeable layer is attached to the frame 410 in a sealing manner, so that large particle impurities such as water, other liquids, or dust may not enter the second through hole 420, and the sound outlet channel 530 is prevented from being blocked, so that sound can be smoothly transmitted out of the sound outlet channel 530.
In summary, the above embodiments are only used for illustrating the technical solutions of the present invention, and not for limiting the same; although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the above embodiments, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that: the technical solutions described in the above embodiments may still be modified, or some technical features may be equivalently replaced; and such modifications or substitutions do not depart from the spirit and scope of the corresponding technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention.

Claims (13)

1. An electronic device comprises a device shell, a first connector and a loudspeaker assembly, wherein a first through hole is formed in the device shell;
the first connector comprises a frame body, a socket formed by the frame body in a surrounding mode faces outwards through the first through hole so as to be inserted with the second connector, and the frame body is provided with a second through hole;
the loudspeaker assembly comprises a sound cavity and a loudspeaker arranged in the sound cavity, the sound cavity is provided with a sound outlet channel communicated with the loudspeaker and the second through hole, and sound emitted by the loudspeaker is transmitted out of the socket through the sound outlet channel and the second through hole;
the aperture of the jack surrounded by the frame body of the first connector is larger than the aperture of the jack surrounded by the frame body of the second connector, so that when the second connector is plugged with the first connector, the second through hole is provided with a first gap communicated with the first through hole at the plugging position of the first connector and the second connector, and the sound emitted by the loudspeaker is transmitted out of the first gap through the sound outlet channel and the second through hole.
2. The electronic device of claim 1, wherein a depth of the socket of the first connector is less than a length of the socket of the second connector, such that when the second connector is plugged with the first connector, there is a second gap between the device housing and an edge of the grip portion behind the socket of the second connector, such that sound emitted by the speaker is emitted from the second gap.
3. The electronic device of claim 2, wherein a distance between the device housing to an edge of the grip portion of the second connector is greater than 0.1 mm.
4. The electronic device according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the frame body of the first connector is bonded by dispensing or pressed by a silicone ring at a contact position with the sound cavity around the second through hole.
5. The electronic device of any of claims 1-3, further comprising a waterproof, breathable layer that fits over a frame of the first connector and covers the second through-hole.
6. The electronic device of any of claims 1-3, wherein the first connector further comprises a board and transmission pins disposed on the board.
7. The electronic device of claim 6, wherein the transmission pins comprise a data transmission pin and a voice transmission pin.
8. The electronic device of claim 7, wherein no through-holes are provided in the device housing to accommodate a 3.5mm headphone jack.
9. The electronic device of any of claims 1-3, wherein the first connector is any of:
USB1.0 connector, USB2.0 connector, USB3.1 connector, Type-C connector, Lightning connector.
10. The electronic device of any of claims 1-3, wherein the speaker is disposed non-directly opposite the first connector.
11. The electronic device of any one of claims 1-3, wherein the sound chamber comprises fixedly connected first and second legs that cooperate to form the sound outlet channel when connected.
12. The electronic device of claim 11, wherein the first bracket and the second bracket are sealingly secured by ultrasonic welding.
13. The electronic device of any of claims 1-3, wherein the first connector further comprises: a retention structure for securing the second connector when plugged with the second connector.
CN201780091320.4A 2017-06-20 2017-06-20 Electronic equipment Active CN110679155B (en)

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CN112637753A (en) * 2020-12-02 2021-04-09 益阳市信维声学科技有限公司 Preparation method of loudspeaker module

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