CN110612808A - Multifunctional tea planting field weeding device and operation method thereof - Google Patents

Multifunctional tea planting field weeding device and operation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110612808A
CN110612808A CN201910960136.XA CN201910960136A CN110612808A CN 110612808 A CN110612808 A CN 110612808A CN 201910960136 A CN201910960136 A CN 201910960136A CN 110612808 A CN110612808 A CN 110612808A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cutting
rotate
plate
mounting
air supply
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Withdrawn
Application number
CN201910960136.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
沈停成
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Jinzhai Yinong Agricultural Technology Development Co Ltd
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Jinzhai Yinong Agricultural Technology Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910960136.XA priority Critical patent/CN110612808A/en
Publication of CN110612808A publication Critical patent/CN110612808A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D34/00Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters
    • A01D34/01Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters characterised by features relating to the type of cutting apparatus
    • A01D34/412Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters characterised by features relating to the type of cutting apparatus having rotating cutters
    • A01D34/63Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters characterised by features relating to the type of cutting apparatus having rotating cutters having cutters rotating about a vertical axis
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D34/00Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters
    • A01D34/01Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters characterised by features relating to the type of cutting apparatus
    • A01D34/412Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters characterised by features relating to the type of cutting apparatus having rotating cutters
    • A01D34/63Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters characterised by features relating to the type of cutting apparatus having rotating cutters having cutters rotating about a vertical axis
    • A01D34/74Cutting-height adjustment
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D34/00Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters
    • A01D34/01Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters characterised by features relating to the type of cutting apparatus
    • A01D34/412Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters characterised by features relating to the type of cutting apparatus having rotating cutters
    • A01D34/63Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters characterised by features relating to the type of cutting apparatus having rotating cutters having cutters rotating about a vertical axis
    • A01D34/82Other details
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M21/00Apparatus for the destruction of unwanted vegetation, e.g. weeds
    • A01M21/04Apparatus for destruction by steam, chemicals, burning, or electricity
    • A01M21/043Apparatus for destruction by steam, chemicals, burning, or electricity by chemicals

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • General Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Toxicology (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Insects & Arthropods (AREA)
  • Pest Control & Pesticides (AREA)
  • Wood Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Zoology (AREA)
  • Catching Or Destruction (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a multifunctional tea planting field weeding device and an operation method thereof, wherein the weeding device comprises an installation bottom plate, a cutting cover plate is arranged below the installation bottom plate, three cutting blades are arranged at the bottom of the cutting cover plate, a supporting seat is arranged on the upper surface of the installation bottom plate, the top of the supporting seat is rotatably connected with a supporting frame, a liquid medicine box is fixedly arranged on the supporting frame, an air supply cylinder is arranged on one side of the liquid medicine box, and the air supply cylinder is connected with the supporting frame; the weeding device has a large cutting range, can quickly remove large-area weeds, and has high working efficiency; the height of cutting apron is convenient for adjust, satisfies the not ruderal cutting demand of co-altitude, and this weeding device simple structure blows the liquid medicine through the flabellum and can increase and spray the area and improve and spray the distance, and weeding effect is good, and this weeding device adopts and mows and the integrated design of pesticide weeding, and the function is various, can satisfy the weeding demand under the different conditions.

Description

Multifunctional tea planting field weeding device and operation method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of tea planting auxiliary equipment, in particular to a multifunctional tea planting field weeding device and an operation method thereof.
Background
Weeds in the tea planting field are suitable for ecological conditions such as local tea tree growth, climate and soil and other social factors for a long time to live, the weeds in the tea planting field are various and grow rapidly, the weeds compete with tea trees for resources such as water, nutrients, illumination and space, the yield and quality of tea are seriously affected, the management cost and the survival cost are increased, and meanwhile, the weeds in the tea planting field are also intermediate hosts of a plurality of crop germs, viruses or pests, so weeding and grass control in the tea planting field are very important work;
patent document (CN107750485A) discloses a small-size self-propelled tea garden weeder, this weeder drives the arbor through the motor and rotates and drive the weeder and rotate to drive the blade and rotate and weed, the weeding means is fixed, only adopt the blade to the mode of weeds cutting, the function singleness, moreover the high fixed of weeder, be not convenient for adjust its height, can't adapt to the weeds growing environment in different tealeaves planting places, this weeder cutting range is less relatively, work efficiency is lower.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a multifunctional tea planting field weeding device and an operation method thereof, wherein three cutting blades are arranged at the bottom of a cutting cover plate, so that the weeding device has a large cutting range, can quickly remove large-area weeds, and solves the technical problem of low working efficiency of the weeding device for the tea planting field;
the driving cylinder drives the second connecting plates to rotate so as to drive one of the rotating rods to rotate, so that the two first connecting plates positioned at the two ends of the rotating rod are driven to rotate, and the other two first connecting plates are driven to rotate through the second connecting rods, so that the height of the cutting cover plate is adjusted, and the technical problems that the cutting height of the weeding device of the existing tea planting field cannot be adjusted and cannot adapt to weed growing environments of different tea planting fields are solved;
drive the drive pivot through air supply motor and rotate and drive second action wheel and third action wheel and rotate to drive pump leaf and flabellum and rotate simultaneously, blow the liquid medicine through the flabellum and can increase and spray the area and improve and spray the distance, weeding effectual, this weeding device adopts and mows and pesticide weeding integrated design, and the function is various, has solved current tea planting field weeding device function singleness, the fixed technical problem of weeding method.
The purpose of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a multi-functional tealeaves is planted and is weeded device, includes mounting plate, mounting plate's below is provided with the cutting apron, three cutting blade is installed to the bottom of cutting apron, mounting plate's last fixed surface installs the supporting seat, the top of supporting seat is rotated and is connected with braced frame, last fixed mounting of braced frame has the spray tank that is used for loading the pesticide, an air supply section of thick bamboo is installed to one side of spray tank, an air supply section of thick bamboo and braced frame fixed connection.
Further, the opening that is used for discharging the cutting grass bits is seted up to the one end of cutting apron, and is three the week side of cutting blade is provided with the baffle, the baffle is welded fastening with the bottom of cutting apron, and is three cutting blade's upper surface central point department of putting vertical fixation has the connecting axle, the connecting axle rotates with the top of cutting apron to be connected, six first follow driving wheels, three are installed at the top of cutting apron cutting blade's connecting axle top rather than the three first follow driving wheel fixed connection that corresponds in it, it is three in addition first follow the upper wall rotation of driving wheel and cutting apron is connected.
Further, the last fixed surface of mounting plate installs the mounting panel, just mounting panel vertical fixation is in a side edge department of mounting plate upper surface, one side fixed mounting that the mounting panel is close to the supporting seat has the cutting motor, the output shaft end of cutting motor runs through the mounting panel and extends to the opposite side of mounting panel, the output shaft and the mounting panel of cutting motor rotate to be connected, the output shaft tip fixed mounting of cutting motor has first action wheel, the middle part fixed position of the edge of one side of mounting plate bottom surface installs the mount pad, the both sides of mount pad all rotate and are connected with the leading wheel, first action wheel is connected from the driving wheel through first belt and leading wheel, six.
Furthermore, the mounting base plate is connected with the cutting cover plate through two first connecting rods, one end of each first connecting rod is hinged to the edge of one side of the bottom surface of the mounting base plate, and the other end of each first connecting rod is hinged to the side wall of one side of the cutting cover plate.
Further, four fixed blocks are fixedly mounted on the bottom surface of the mounting bottom plate, the four fixed blocks are distributed in a rectangular array, two of the four fixed blocks are in one group, two fixed blocks of each group are respectively positioned at the edges of two sides of the bottom surface of the mounting bottom plate, a rotating rod is horizontally arranged in the two fixed blocks of each group and is rotatably connected with the fixed blocks, two ends of the rotating rod respectively extend to the outer sides of the two fixed blocks, first connecting plates are fixedly connected with two ends of the rotating rod, the first connecting plates are L-shaped, one end of each first connecting plate is connected with a lock chain, one end of each lock chain is connected with the top of a cutting cover plate, the other end of each first connecting plate is rotatably connected with a connecting block, two connecting blocks positioned at the edge of the same side of the bottom surface of the mounting bottom plate are fixedly connected through second connecting, the one end downwardly extending who keeps away from the mounting panel of mounting plate forms the swash plate, the upper surface of swash plate articulates there is drive actuating cylinder, it is articulated with the one end of second connecting plate that the output rod tip that drives actuating cylinder passes through the round pin axle, mounting plate's both sides all are provided with trundle and big gyro wheel, trundle and big gyro wheel all pass through motor drive.
Furthermore, the two side edge positions of the upper surface of the mounting base plate are respectively and fixedly provided with a limiting block, a connecting rod mounting hole is formed in the limiting block, the second connecting rod is mounted in the connecting rod mounting hole and is movably connected with the limiting block, a spring is sleeved on the second connecting rod, and the spring is located between the limiting block and the connecting block.
Further, the supporting seat is of a hollow cuboid structure, an adjusting motor is fixedly mounted on the inner bottom wall of the supporting seat, a rotating shaft is fixedly mounted at the center of the bottom of the supporting frame, the bottom end of the rotating shaft is rotatably connected with the upper wall of the supporting seat, and the output shaft end of the adjusting motor is fixedly connected with the bottom end of the rotating shaft.
Further, a liquid pump and a driving rotating shaft are arranged below the liquid medicine box, the liquid pump is fixedly mounted on a supporting frame, two rotating shaft mounting seats are fixedly mounted on the supporting frame, the driving rotating shaft is rotatably connected into the two rotating shaft mounting seats, one side of one of the rotating shaft mounting seats is rotatably connected with an air supply motor, the output shaft end of the air supply motor is fixedly connected with one end of the driving rotating shaft, a third driving wheel is fixedly mounted at one end, away from the air supply motor, of the driving rotating shaft, a fan blade rotating shaft is arranged at the position of the axial lead inside the air supply cylinder, one end of the fan blade rotating shaft is rotatably connected onto the supporting frame, the other end of the fan blade rotating shaft is fixedly connected with a fan blade, a third driven wheel is fixedly mounted on the fan blade rotating shaft, and the third driven wheel;
the driving rotating shaft is fixedly provided with a second driving wheel, one end of a pump blade shaft of the liquid pump penetrates through the shell wall of the liquid pump and extends to the outer side of the liquid pump, the end part of the pump blade shaft of the liquid pump is fixedly connected with a second driven wheel, and the second driven wheel is connected with the second driving wheel through a second belt.
The air supply section of thick bamboo is close to braced frame's one end and has been seted up the air intake, and the air outlet has been seted up to the other end, the input port and the delivery outlet department of liquid pump all are connected with the catheter, the catheter one end and the spray tank intercommunication of liquid pump input entrance department, the part that the liquid pump was kept away from to the catheter of liquid pump delivery outlet department extends to the air intake department of air supply section of thick bamboo and is semicircle form and distributes, and installs a plurality of shower nozzle, a plurality of on the catheter of this semicircle form the shower nozzle is radian.
An operation method of a multifunctional tea planting field weeding device comprises the following specific steps:
the method comprises the following steps that firstly, a driving cylinder is started, the driving cylinder drives a second connecting plate to rotate, one rotating rod is driven to rotate through the second connecting plate, the rotating rod drives a first connecting plate fixed with the rotating rod to rotate, the first connecting plate drives the other first connecting plate to rotate through a second connecting rod, and when one end of the first connecting plate, which is connected with a chain, rotates upwards or downwards, a cutting cover plate is pulled to lift, so that the height of a cutting blade is adjusted;
step two, when the weeding device moves, the cutting motor is started, the output shaft of the cutting motor rotates and drives the first driving wheel to rotate, the first driving wheel drives the first driven wheel to rotate through the first belt, the first driven wheel drives the connecting shaft to rotate and drives the cutting blade to rotate through the connecting shaft, so that the cutting blade cuts weeds on the tea field, and the cut weeds are led out through the opening at one side of the cutting cover plate;
and step three, starting an air supply motor, wherein an output shaft of the air supply motor rotates and drives a driving rotating shaft to rotate, the driving rotating shaft drives a second driving wheel and a third driving wheel to rotate, the second driving wheel drives a second driven wheel to rotate through a second belt, the second driven wheel drives a pump blade to rotate through a pump blade shaft, so that the liquid pump starts to pump liquid, pesticide in the liquid medicine box is sprayed out through a spray head on a liquid guide pipe, meanwhile, the third driving wheel drives a third driven wheel to rotate through a third belt, the third driven wheel drives a fan blade rotating shaft to rotate and drives the fan blade to rotate, air supply is started, sprayed pesticide is driven to be sprayed out from an air outlet of an air supply cylinder, a regulating motor is started, the regulating motor drives a supporting frame to rotate and drives the air supply cylinder to rotate.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
according to the invention, the cutting cover plate is arranged below the mounting base plate, the three cutting blades are mounted at the bottom of the cutting cover plate, the first driving wheels are driven to rotate by starting the cutting motor, and the first driven wheels are driven to rotate by the first belt, so that the cutting blades are driven to rotate to cut weeds below;
according to the invention, the driving cylinder drives the second connecting plate to rotate so as to drive one of the rotating rods to rotate, so that the two first connecting plates positioned at the two ends of the rotating rod are driven to rotate, the other two first connecting plates are driven to rotate through the second connecting rod, so that the height of the cutting cover plate is adjusted, the cutting requirements on weeds with different heights can be met, the device is suitable for the growth environment of the weeds in different tea planting places, the first connecting rods are arranged between the mounting bottom plate and the cutting cover plate, so that the distance between the tail parts of the cutting cover plate and the mounting bottom plate is kept consistent, the first belt cannot be loosened when the cutting cover plate is lifted, and the normal weeding work is ensured;
the invention arranges the supporting seat on the mounting bottom plate, the liquid medicine box and the air supply barrel are arranged on the supporting seat, the air supply motor drives the driving rotating shaft to rotate so as to drive the second driving wheel and the third driving wheel to rotate, the second driving wheel drives the second driven wheel to rotate through the second belt, thereby driving the pump blade to rotate to pump liquid and to spray the liquid through the nozzle on the liquid guide tube, the third driving wheel drives the third driven wheel to rotate through the third belt and drives the fan blade rotating shaft to rotate, thereby driving the fan blade to rotate to supply air, the liquid pump and the fan blades in the weeding device can work simultaneously, the matching degree is high, the weeding device has simple structure, the fan blades blow the liquid medicine, so that the spraying area and the spraying distance can be increased, the weeding effect is good, the weeding device adopts integrated design of mowing and pesticide weeding, has various functions, and can meet weeding requirements under different conditions.
Drawings
In order to facilitate understanding for those skilled in the art, the present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is a three-dimensional structure view of a multifunctional tea planting field weeding device of the invention;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of another angle of the multifunctional tea planting field weeding device of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a front sectional view of the multifunctional tea planting field weeding device of the invention;
FIG. 4 is a top sectional view of the multifunctional tea planting field weeding device of the invention;
FIG. 5 is a top view of the cutting deck of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a bottom view of the cutting cover plate of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a partial structure view of a multifunctional tea planting field weeding device according to the invention;
FIG. 8 is a sectional view showing the installation of the support frame, the chemical tank and the blower tube according to the present invention.
In the figure: 1. mounting a bottom plate; 2. cutting the cover plate; 3. a cutting blade; 4. a supporting seat; 5. a support frame; 6. a liquid medicine box; 7. an air supply barrel; 8. mounting a plate; 9. cutting the motor; 10. a first drive wheel; 11. a guide wheel; 12. a first belt; 13. a first connecting rod; 14. a limiting block; 15. a first driven wheel; 16. a first connecting plate; 17. a chain; 18. a second connecting rod; 19. rotating the rod; 20. a second connecting plate; 21. a driving cylinder; 22. connecting blocks; 23. a fan blade rotating shaft; 24. a fan blade; 25. a third driven wheel; 26. a third driving wheel; 27. a catheter; 28. a spray head; 29. driving the rotating shaft; 30. an air supply motor; 31. a second drive wheel; 32. a baffle plate; 33. adjusting the motor; 34. a fixed block; 35. a spring; 36. a liquid pump; 37. a second driven wheel.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the following embodiments, and it should be understood that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1-8, a multi-functional tealeaves plantation weeding device, includes mounting plate 1, mounting plate 1's below is provided with cutting apron 2, three cutting blade 3 is installed to the bottom of cutting apron 2, mounting plate 1's last fixed surface installs supporting seat 4, the top of supporting seat 4 is rotated and is connected with braced frame 5, fixed mounting has the spray tank 6 that is used for loading the pesticide on braced frame 5, air supply tube 7 is installed to one side of spray tank 6, air supply tube 7 and braced frame 5 fixed connection.
An opening used for discharging cutting grass clippings is seted up to the one end of cutting apron 2, and is three the week side of cutting blade 3 is provided with baffle 32, baffle 32 and cutting apron 2's bottom welded fastening, three cutting blade 3's upper surface central point department of putting vertical fixation has the connecting axle, the connecting axle rotates with cutting apron 2's top to be connected, six first follow driving wheel 15, three are installed at cutting apron 2's top cutting blade 3's connecting axle top rather than the corresponding three first from driving wheel 15 fixed connection in it, it is three in addition first follow driving wheel 15 rotates with cutting apron 2's upper wall to be connected.
Mounting panel 1's last fixed surface installs mounting panel 8, just mounting panel 8 vertical fixation is in a side edge department of 1 upper surface of mounting panel, one side fixed mounting that mounting panel 8 is close to supporting seat 4 has cutting motor 9, cutting motor 9's output shaft end runs through mounting panel 8 and extends to mounting panel 8's opposite side, cutting motor 9's output shaft rotates with mounting panel 8 to be connected, cutting motor 9's output shaft tip fixed mounting has first action wheel 10, the middle part fixed position of the edge of a side of 1 bottom surface of mounting panel has the mount pad, the both sides of mount pad are all rotated and are connected with leading wheel 11, first action wheel 10 is connected from driving wheel 15 through first belt 12 and leading wheel 11, six.
The mounting base plate 1 is connected with the cutting cover plate 2 through two first connecting rods 13, one end of each first connecting rod 13 is hinged to the edge of one side of the bottom surface of the mounting base plate 1, and the other end of each first connecting rod is hinged to the side wall of one side of the cutting cover plate 2.
The bottom surface fixed mounting of mounting plate 1 has four fixed blocks 34, four fixed blocks 34 are the rectangular array and distribute, four fixed blocks 34 are two for a set, two of every group fixed block 34 is located the both sides edge of mounting plate 1 bottom surface respectively, two of every group fixed block 34 the level is provided with dwang 19, dwang 19 rotates with fixed block 34 to be connected, the both ends of dwang 19 extend to the outside of two fixed blocks 34 respectively, the both ends fixedly connected with first connecting plate 16 of dwang 19, first connecting plate 16 is L shape, the one end of first connecting plate 16 is connected with chain 17, the one end of chain 17 is connected with the top of cutting apron 2, the other end of first connecting plate 16 rotates and is connected with connecting block 22, two of being located mounting plate 1 bottom surface edge connecting block 22 pass through second connecting rod 18 fixed connection with one side, one of them fixed mounting has second connecting plate 20 on the dwang 19, mounting plate 1 keeps away from the one end downwardly extending of mounting panel 8 and forms the swash plate, the upper surface of swash plate articulates there is drive actuating cylinder 21, the output rod tip that drives actuating cylinder 21 is articulated through the one end of round pin axle with second connecting plate 20, mounting plate 1's both sides all are provided with trundle and big gyro wheel, trundle and big gyro wheel all pass through motor drive.
Two side edge positions of the upper surface of the mounting base plate 1 are respectively and fixedly provided with a limiting block 14, a connecting rod mounting hole is formed in the limiting block 14, the second connecting rod 18 is mounted in the connecting rod mounting hole, the second connecting rod 18 is movably connected with the limiting block 14, a spring 35 is sleeved on the second connecting rod 18, and the spring 35 is located between the limiting block 14 and the connecting block 22.
Supporting seat 4 is hollow cuboid structure, fixed mounting has accommodate motor 33 on the inboard diapire of supporting seat 4, 5 bottom central point of braced frame department of putting fixed mounting have the rotation axis, the bottom of rotation axis is rotated with the upper wall of supporting seat 4 and is connected, accommodate motor 33's output axle head and the bottom fixed connection of rotation axis.
A liquid pump 36 and a driving rotating shaft 29 are arranged below the liquid medicine box 6, the liquid pump 36 is fixedly arranged on the supporting frame 5, two rotating shaft mounting seats are fixedly mounted on the supporting frame 5, the driving rotating shaft 29 is rotatably connected in the two rotating shaft mounting seats, one side of one of the rotating shaft mounting seats is rotatably connected with an air supply motor 30, the output shaft end of the air supply motor 30 is fixedly connected with one end of a driving rotating shaft 29, a third driving wheel 26 is fixedly arranged at one end of the driving rotating shaft 29 far away from the air supply motor 30, a fan blade rotating shaft 23 is arranged at the position of the axial line of the inner side of the air supply barrel 7, one end of the fan blade rotating shaft 23 is rotatably connected on the supporting frame 5, the other end is fixedly connected with a fan blade 24, a third driven wheel 25 is fixedly mounted on the fan blade rotating shaft 23, and the third driven wheel 25 is connected with a third driving wheel 26 through a third belt;
a second driving wheel 31 is fixedly mounted on the driving rotating shaft 29, one end of a pump blade shaft of the liquid pump 36 penetrates through the shell wall of the liquid pump 36 and extends to the outer side of the liquid pump 36, a second driven wheel 37 is fixedly connected to the end of the pump blade shaft of the liquid pump 36, and the second driven wheel 37 is connected with the second driving wheel 31 through a second belt;
the air inlet has been seted up to the one end that air supply cylinder 7 is close to braced frame 5, and the air outlet has been seted up to the other end, the input port and the delivery outlet department of liquid pump 36 all are connected with catheter 27, the catheter 27 one end and the liquid medicine case 6 intercommunication of 36 delivery inlets of liquid pump, the part that 36 liquid pump 36 was kept away from to the catheter 27 of 36 delivery outlet departments of liquid pump extends to air supply cylinder 7's air inlet department and is half circular distribution, and installs a plurality of shower nozzle 28, a plurality of on this half circular's the catheter 27 the shower nozzle 28 is radian such as distribute.
An operation method of a multifunctional tea planting field weeding device comprises the following specific steps:
step one, a driving cylinder 21 is started, the driving cylinder 21 drives a second connecting plate 20 to rotate, one rotating rod 19 is driven to rotate through the second connecting plate 20, the rotating rod 19 drives a first connecting plate 16 fixed with the rotating rod to rotate, the first connecting plate 16 drives the other first connecting plate 16 to rotate through a second connecting rod 18, and one end, connected with a chain 17, of the first connecting plate 16 pulls a cutting cover plate 2 to lift when rotating upwards or downwards so as to adjust the height of a cutting blade 3;
step two, when the weeding device moves, the cutting motor 9 is started, the output shaft of the cutting motor 9 rotates and drives the first driving wheel 10 to rotate, the first driving wheel 10 drives the first driven wheel 15 to rotate through the first belt 12, the first driven wheel 15 drives the connecting shaft to rotate and drives the cutting blade 3 to rotate through the connecting shaft, so that the cutting blade 3 cuts weeds on the tea field, and the cut weeds are led out through an opening on one side of the cutting cover plate 2;
step three, starting the air supply motor 30, enabling an output shaft of the air supply motor 30 to rotate and drive the driving rotating shaft 29 to rotate, enabling the driving rotating shaft 29 to drive the second driving wheel 31 and the third driving wheel 26 to rotate, enabling the second driving wheel 31 to drive the second driven wheel 37 to rotate through a second belt, enabling the second driven wheel 37 to drive the pump blades to rotate through the pump blade shaft, enabling the liquid pump 36 to start to pump liquid, enabling the pesticide in the pesticide liquid box 6 to be sprayed out through the spray nozzle 28 on the liquid guide pipe 27, enabling the third driving wheel 26 to drive the third driven wheel 25 to rotate through a third belt, enabling the third driven wheel 25 to drive the fan blade rotating shaft 23 to rotate and drive the fan blades 24 to rotate, starting to supply air, and driving the sprayed pesticide to be sprayed out from the air outlet of the air supply cylinder 7, starting the adjusting motor 33, enabling the adjusting motor 33 to drive the supporting frame 5.
According to the invention, the cutting cover plate 2 is arranged below the mounting base plate 1, the three cutting blades 3 are mounted at the bottom of the cutting cover plate 2, the cutting motor 9 is started to drive the first driving wheel 10 to rotate, and the first belt 12 drives each first driven wheel 15 to rotate, so that the cutting blades 3 are driven to rotate to cut weeds below;
according to the invention, the driving cylinder 21 drives the second connecting plate 20 to rotate so as to drive one of the rotating rods 19 to rotate, so that the two first connecting plates 16 positioned at two ends of the rotating rod 19 are driven to rotate, and the other two first connecting plates 16 are driven to rotate through the second connecting rod 18, so that the height of the cutting cover plate 2 is adjusted, the cutting requirements on weeds with different heights can be met, the device is suitable for the growth environment of weeds in different tea planting fields, the distance between the cutting cover plate 2 and the tail part of the mounting base plate 1 is kept consistent by arranging the first connecting rod 13 between the mounting base plate 1 and the cutting cover plate 2, the first belt 12 cannot be loosened when the cutting cover plate 2 is lifted, and the normal weeding work is ensured;
the invention sets a supporting seat 4 on an installation bottom plate 1, a liquid medicine box 6 and an air supply cylinder 7 are installed on the supporting seat 4, a driving rotating shaft 29 is driven by an air supply motor 30 to rotate so as to drive a second driving wheel 31 and a third driving wheel 26 to rotate, the second driving wheel 31 drives a second driven wheel 37 to rotate through a second belt so as to drive pump blades to rotate for pumping liquid and spray out through a spray head 28 on a liquid guide pipe 27, the third driving wheel 26 drives a third driven wheel 25 to rotate through the third belt and drives a fan blade rotating shaft 23 to rotate so as to drive fan blades to rotate for supplying air, a liquid pump 36 and fan blades 24 in the weeding device can simultaneously work, the matching degree is high, the weeding device has a simple structure, the spraying area and the spraying distance can be increased by blowing liquid medicine through the fan blades 24, the weeding effect is good, the weeding device adopts an integrated design of mowing and pesticide, the multifunctional weeding machine has various functions and can meet weeding requirements under different conditions.
The preferred embodiments of the invention disclosed above are intended to be illustrative only. The preferred embodiments are not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise embodiments disclosed. Obviously, many modifications and variations are possible in light of the above teaching. The embodiments were chosen and described in order to best explain the principles of the invention and the practical application, to thereby enable others skilled in the art to best utilize the invention. The invention is limited only by the claims and their full scope and equivalents.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a multi-functional tealeaves is planted and is weeded device, a serial communication port, including mounting plate (1), the below of mounting plate (1) is provided with cutting apron (2), three cutting blade (3) are installed to the bottom of cutting apron (2), the last fixed surface of mounting plate (1) installs supporting seat (4), the top of supporting seat (4) is rotated and is connected with braced frame (5), fixed mounting has spray tank (6) that are used for loading the pesticide on braced frame (5), air supply cylinder (7) are installed to one side of spray tank (6), air supply cylinder (7) and braced frame (5) fixed connection.
2. A multifunctional tea planting field weeding device as claimed in claim 1, wherein one end of the cutting cover plate (2) is provided with an opening for discharging cut grass clippings, three baffles (32) are arranged on the peripheral sides of the cutting blades (3), the baffles (32) are welded and fixed to the bottom of the cutting cover plate (2), three connecting shafts are vertically fixed to the center of the upper surface of the cutting blades (3), the connecting shafts are rotatably connected to the top of the cutting cover plate (2), six first driven wheels (15) are mounted on the top of the cutting cover plate (2), three connecting shafts of the cutting blades (3) are fixedly connected to corresponding three first driven wheels (15), and the other three first driven wheels (15) are rotatably connected to the upper wall of the cutting cover plate (2).
3. The multifunctional tea planting field weeding device according to claim 1, wherein a mounting plate (8) is fixedly mounted on the upper surface of the mounting base plate (1), the mounting plate (8) is vertically fixed at one side edge of the upper surface of the mounting base plate (1), a cutting motor (9) is fixedly mounted on one side of the mounting plate (8) close to the supporting seat (4), the output shaft end of the cutting motor (9) penetrates through the mounting plate (8) and extends to the other side of the mounting plate (8), the output shaft of the cutting motor (9) is rotatably connected with the mounting plate (8), a first driving wheel (10) is fixedly mounted at the end of the output shaft of the cutting motor (9), a mounting seat is fixedly mounted at the middle position of one side edge of the bottom surface of the mounting base plate (1), and guide wheels (11) are rotatably connected to both sides of the mounting seat, the first driving wheel (10) is connected with the guide wheel (11) and the six first driven wheels (15) through a first belt (12).
4. A multifunctional tea planting field weeding device according to claim 1, wherein the mounting base plate (1) is connected with the cutting cover plate (2) through two first connecting rods (13), one end of each first connecting rod (13) is hinged to one side edge of the bottom surface of the mounting base plate (1), and the other end is hinged to one side wall of the cutting cover plate (2).
5. The multifunctional tea planting field weeding device according to claim 1, wherein four fixing blocks (34), four fixing blocks (34) are fixedly mounted on the bottom surface of the mounting base plate (1), four fixing blocks (34) are distributed in a rectangular array, four fixing blocks (34) are grouped into two, two fixing blocks (34) of each group are respectively located at the edges of two sides of the bottom surface of the mounting base plate (1), two fixing blocks (34) of each group are horizontally provided with a rotating rod (19), the rotating rod (19) is rotatably connected with the fixing blocks (34), two ends of the rotating rod (19) are respectively extended to the outer sides of the two fixing blocks (34), two ends of the rotating rod (19) are fixedly connected with a first connecting plate (16), the first connecting plate (16) is L-shaped, one end of the first connecting plate (16) is connected with a chain (17), the one end of chain (17) is connected with the top of cutting apron (2), the other end of first connecting plate (16) is rotated and is connected with connecting block (22), is located two of the same one side edge of mounting plate (1) bottom surface connecting block (22) are through second connecting rod (18) fixed connection, one of them fixed mounting has second connecting plate (20) on dwang (19), mounting plate (1) is kept away from the one end downwardly extending of mounting panel (8) and is formed the swash plate, the upper surface of swash plate articulates there is drive actuating cylinder (21), the output rod tip that drives actuating cylinder (21) is articulated through the one end of round pin axle with second connecting plate (20), the both sides of mounting plate (1) all are provided with trundle and big gyro wheel.
6. The multifunctional tea planting field weeding device according to claim 1, wherein the mounting base plate (1) has limiting blocks (14) respectively fixedly mounted at two side edge positions of the upper surface, connecting rod mounting holes have been opened on the limiting blocks (14), the second connecting rod (18) is mounted in the connecting rod mounting holes, and the second connecting rod (18) is movably connected with the limiting blocks (14), a spring (35) is sleeved on the second connecting rod (18), and the spring (35) is located between the limiting blocks (14) and the connecting block (22).
7. The multifunctional tea planting field weeding device according to claim 1, wherein the supporting base (4) is a hollow cuboid structure, the inner bottom wall of the supporting base (4) is fixedly provided with the adjusting motor (33), the supporting frame (5) is fixedly provided with the rotating shaft at the bottom center position, the bottom end of the rotating shaft is rotatably connected with the upper wall of the supporting base (4), and the output shaft end of the adjusting motor (33) is fixedly connected with the bottom end of the rotating shaft.
8. The multifunctional tea planting field weeding device according to claim 1, wherein a liquid pump (36) and a driving rotary shaft (29) are arranged below the liquid medicine tank (6), the liquid pump (36) is fixedly mounted on the support frame (5), two rotary shaft mounting seats are fixedly mounted on the support frame (5), the driving rotary shaft (29) is rotatably connected in the two rotary shaft mounting seats, one side of one of the rotary shaft mounting seats is rotatably connected with an air supply motor (30), an output shaft end of the air supply motor (30) is fixedly connected with one end of the driving rotary shaft (29), one end of the driving rotary shaft (29) far away from the air supply motor (30) is fixedly mounted with a third driving wheel (26), a fan blade rotary shaft (23) is arranged at the inner side axial lead position of the air supply cylinder (7), one end of the fan blade rotary shaft (23) is rotatably connected on the support frame (5), the other end of the fan blade is fixedly connected with a fan blade (24), a third driven wheel (25) is fixedly arranged on the fan blade rotating shaft (23), and the third driven wheel (25) is connected with a third driving wheel (26) through a third belt;
a second driving wheel (31) is fixedly mounted on the driving rotating shaft (29), one end of a pump blade shaft of the liquid pump (36) penetrates through the shell wall of the liquid pump (36) and extends to the outer side of the liquid pump (36), a second driven wheel (37) is fixedly connected to the end part of the pump blade shaft of the liquid pump (36), and the second driven wheel (37) is connected with the second driving wheel (31) through a second belt;
the air inlet has been seted up to the one end that air supply cylinder (7) are close to braced frame (5), and the air outlet has been seted up to the other end, the input port and the delivery outlet department of liquid pump (36) all are connected with catheter (27), catheter (27) one end and liquid medicine case (6) intercommunication of liquid pump (36) input port department, the part that liquid pump (36) were kept away from to catheter (27) of liquid pump (36) delivery outlet department extends to the air inlet department of air supply cylinder (7) and is semicircle form and distributes, and installs a plurality of shower nozzle (28), a plurality of on catheter (27) of this semicircle form shower nozzle (28) are radian distributions such as.
9. An operation method of a multifunctional tea planting field weeding device is characterized by comprising the following specific steps:
the method comprises the following steps that firstly, a driving cylinder (21) is started, the driving cylinder (21) drives a second connecting plate (20) to rotate, one rotating rod (19) is driven to rotate through the second connecting plate (20), the rotating rod (19) drives a first connecting plate (16) fixed with the rotating rod to rotate, the first connecting plate (16) drives the other first connecting plate (16) to rotate through a second connecting rod (18), and one end, connected with a chain (17), of the first connecting plate (16) is pulled to lift when rotating upwards or downwards to adjust the height of a cutting blade (3);
step two, when the weeding device moves, the cutting motor (9) is started, an output shaft of the cutting motor (9) rotates and drives the first driving wheel (10) to rotate, the first driving wheel (10) drives the first driven wheel (15) to rotate through the first belt (12), the first driven wheel (15) drives the connecting shaft to rotate and drives the cutting blade (3) to rotate through the connecting shaft, so that the cutting blade (3) cuts weeds on the tea field, and the cut weeds are led out through an opening in one side of the cutting cover plate (2);
step three, starting an air supply motor (30), enabling an output shaft of the air supply motor (30) to rotate and drive a driving rotating shaft (29) to rotate, enabling the driving rotating shaft (29) to drive a second driving wheel (31) and a third driving wheel (26) to rotate, enabling the second driving wheel (31) to drive a second driven wheel (37) to rotate through a second belt, enabling a second driven wheel (37) to drive a pump blade to rotate through a pump blade shaft, enabling a liquid pump (36) to start liquid pumping, enabling pesticide in a pesticide liquid box (6) to be sprayed out through a spray head (28) on a liquid guide pipe (27), meanwhile, enabling the third driving wheel (26) to drive a third driven wheel (25) to rotate through a third belt, enabling the third driven wheel (25) to drive a fan blade rotating shaft (23) to rotate, driving a fan blade (24) to rotate, starting air supply, driving the sprayed pesticide to be sprayed out from an air outlet of an air supply cylinder (7), starting an adjusting motor (33), and enabling the adjusting, and drives the air supply cylinder (7) to rotate to adjust the spraying direction of the pesticide.
CN201910960136.XA 2019-10-10 2019-10-10 Multifunctional tea planting field weeding device and operation method thereof Withdrawn CN110612808A (en)

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