CN110525461A - A kind of automobile-used decrater structure of railroad hopper and railway hopper car - Google Patents

A kind of automobile-used decrater structure of railroad hopper and railway hopper car Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110525461A
CN110525461A CN201910832957.5A CN201910832957A CN110525461A CN 110525461 A CN110525461 A CN 110525461A CN 201910832957 A CN201910832957 A CN 201910832957A CN 110525461 A CN110525461 A CN 110525461A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
funnel ridge
connecting rod
ridge
bottom door
side funnel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201910832957.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110525461B (en
Inventor
刘寅华
魏明强
翟鹏军
李宝瑞
于连玉
段元勇
阮静
张建峰
张保福
桑兴华
李亚琦
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CRRC Shandong Co Ltd
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CRRC Shandong Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910832957.5A priority Critical patent/CN110525461B/en
Publication of CN110525461A publication Critical patent/CN110525461A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61DBODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES
    • B61D7/00Hopper cars
    • B61D7/14Adaptations of hopper elements to railways
    • B61D7/16Closure elements for discharge openings
    • B61D7/18Closure elements for discharge openings pivoted
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61DBODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES
    • B61D7/00Hopper cars
    • B61D7/14Adaptations of hopper elements to railways
    • B61D7/16Closure elements for discharge openings
    • B61D7/24Opening or closing means
    • B61D7/28Opening or closing means hydraulic or pneumatic

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Transportation (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Machines For Laying And Maintaining Railways (AREA)
  • Loading Or Unloading Of Vehicles (AREA)
  • Filling Or Emptying Of Bunkers, Hoppers, And Tanks (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of automobile-used decrater structure of railroad hopper and railway hopper cars, it solves the problems, such as that vehicle body funnel ridge is in unloading time lag there are cargo in the prior art, has the effect of can be realized delay cargo at funnel ridge and unload completely;Its technical solution are as follows: including left side bottom door, left side funnel ridge, right side funnel ridge and the right side bottom door successively installed, it is being closed between closure, right side bottom door and right side funnel ridge between left side bottom door and left side funnel ridge under non-unladen state, in the unladen condition, left side bottom door can opposing left funnel ridge be opened, right side bottom door can be opened with respect to right side funnel ridge;Left side funnel ridge bottom and first connecting rod one end are rotatablely connected, and right side funnel ridge bottom and second connecting rod one end are rotatablely connected, the other end connecting power device of first connecting rod, second connecting rod;Left side funnel ridge, right side funnel ridge can make the two end away from each other or close to the unloading for realizing delay cargo around support spot wobble under the reciprocating of power device.

Description

A kind of automobile-used decrater structure of railroad hopper and railway hopper car
Technical field
The present invention relates to railway freight-car apparatus field more particularly to a kind of automobile-used decrater structures of railroad hopper and railroad hopper Vehicle.
Background technique
Hopper wagon is that a kind of headwall tilts inwardly or end face is in orthodrome, and lower car body is equipped with the railway goods of funnel Vehicle.Cargo by being packed into above, and manpower or wind-force open hopper door when unloading, and cargo is drawn off automatically by self gravity.Its It is of great significance in railway transportation.
For shipping the railway hopper car of the bulk goods such as coal, ore, a set of bottom door opening and closing is housed in its vehicle bottom Device drives bottom door opening and closing mechanism by compressed air transmission device or hand-operated gear, realizes the opening and closing of bottom door.Hair Bright people's discovery, the bottom door opening and closing mechanism of existing hopper wagon can only be opened and closed the outermost bottom door in car body two sides, cargo are discharged at rail Two sides, easily there is vehicle body funnel ridge and is in unloading time lag the case where there are a part of cargos in such structure, so that hopper wagon In the presence of the phenomenon that unloading is difficult.
Summary of the invention
For overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the first object of the present invention is to provide a kind of automobile-used decrater of railroad hopper Structure has the effect of can be realized and is detained unloading completely for cargo at funnel ridge.
The present invention adopts the following technical solutions:
A kind of automobile-used decrater structure of railroad hopper, including the left side bottom door, left side funnel ridge, right side funnel ridge successively installed With right side bottom door, under non-unladen state, closure between left side bottom door and left side funnel ridge, right side bottom door and right side funnel ridge it Between be closed;In the unladen condition, left side bottom door can opposing left funnel ridge open, right side bottom door can be with respect to right side funnel ridge It opens;
Left side funnel ridge bottom and first connecting rod one end are rotatablely connected, right side funnel ridge bottom and second connecting rod one end Rotation connection, the other end connecting power device of first connecting rod, second connecting rod;Under the reciprocating of power device, left side leakage Ridge, the right side funnel ridge of struggling against can make the two end away from each other or close to the unloading for realizing delay cargo around support spot wobble.
Further, the first connecting rod and left side funnel ridge bottom middle position are rotatablely connected, second connecting rod and right side The rotation connection of funnel ridge bottom middle position.
Further, the power device is actuator, cylinder or hydraulic cylinder.
Further, the mandril of the first connecting rod, the end of second connecting rod and actuator, cylinder or hydraulic cylinder, which rotates, connects It connects.
Further, described first connecting rod one end and left side funnel ridge pin connect or hingedly, the first connecting rod other end with it is described Mandril pin joint is hinged;Described second connecting rod one end and right side funnel ridge pin joint are hinged, the second connecting rod other end and the top Lever pin connects or hingedly.
The second object of the present invention is to provide a kind of railway hopper car, in the case where former bottom door opening and closing mechanism is constant, increases If above-mentioned unloading mechanism, so that vehicle without human factor in the case where intervening, so that it may all unsnatch cargo, realize The complete unloading of railway hopper car without artificial.
A kind of railway hopper car, including above-mentioned unloading mechanism, one end difference of the left side funnel ridge, right side funnel ridge With central sill be rotatablely connected, left side funnel ridge, right side funnel ridge the other end be in contact in power device original state.
Further, left side bottom door one end is rotationally connected with below vehicle body left side beam, left side when power device acts Bottom door can be rotated relative to vehicle body left side beam far from left side funnel ridge;Right side bottom door one end is rotationally connected under car body right side beam Side, right side bottom door can be rotated relative to car body right side beam far from right side funnel ridge when power device acts.
Further, the power device is fixed on above central sill by mounting base.
Further, the left side funnel ridge, right side funnel ridge respectively with central sill pin joint or hinged.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are:
(1) unloading mechanism of the invention makes left side funnel ridge, right side funnel by drive link mechanism by power device Ridge can be around support spot wobble, and left side funnel ridge, right side funnel ridge are away from each other or close to the unloading for realizing delay cargo;It is tied Structure is simple, highly-safe, can time saving, delay cargo at labour-saving completion car body funnel ridge unloading.
(2) above-mentioned decrater structure is installed in hopper wagon of the invention, realizes the railroad hopper without artificial The complete unloading of vehicle, not only alleviates the labor intensity of worker, but also increases the rate of discharging of railway hopper car.
Detailed description of the invention
The accompanying drawings constituting a part of this application is used to provide further understanding of the present application, and the application's shows Meaning property embodiment and its explanation are not constituted an undue limitation on the present application for explaining the application.
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention one;
Fig. 2 is the working state schematic representation of the embodiment of the present invention one;
Wherein, 1- vehicle body left side beam, the left side 2- bottom door, 3- left side funnel ridge, the right side 4- funnel ridge, 5- car body right side beam, 6- first connecting rod, 7- actuator, 8- mandril, 9- second connecting rod, the right side 10- bottom door.
Specific embodiment
It is noted that following detailed description is all illustrative, it is intended to provide further instruction to the application.Unless another It indicates, all technical and scientific terms used herein has usual with the application person of an ordinary skill in the technical field The identical meanings of understanding.
It should be noted that term used herein above is merely to describe specific embodiment, and be not intended to restricted root According to the illustrative embodiments of the application.As used herein, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, otherwise singular Also it is intended to include plural form, additionally, it should be understood that, when in the present specification using term "comprising" and/or " packet Include " when, indicate existing characteristics, step, operation, device, component and/or their combination;
In order to facilitate narration, if there is "upper", "lower", " left side " " right side " printed words in the application, only indicate and attached drawing itself Upper and lower, left and right direction it is consistent, not to structure rise restriction effect, it is only for convenient for description the present invention and simplification retouch It states, rather than the equipment of indication or suggestion meaning or element must have a particular orientation, and be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, Therefore it should not be understood as the limitation to the application.
Term explains part: the terms such as term " installation ", " connected ", " connection ", " fixation " in the application should do broad sense Understand, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, may be a detachable connection, or be integrated;It can be mechanical connection, be also possible to Electrical connection, can be and be directly connected to, and be also possible to indirectly connected through an intermediary, can be connection inside two elements, or The interaction relationship of two elements of person, for the ordinary skill in the art, can understand as the case may be on Term is stated in concrete meaning of the invention.
As background technique is introduced, vehicle body funnel ridge exists in the prior art and is in unloading time lag there are one The deficiency of distribution of goods object, in order to solve technical problem as above, the invention proposes a kind of automobile-used decrater structure of railroad hopper and iron Road hopper wagon.
Embodiment one:
The present invention is described in detail by 1- Fig. 2 with reference to the accompanying drawing, specifically, structure is as follows:
Present embodiments provide a kind of automobile-used decrater structure of railroad hopper, including left side bottom door 2, left side funnel ridge 3, right side Funnel ridge 4, right side bottom door 10 and power device, left side bottom door 2, left side funnel ridge 3, right side funnel ridge 4,10 sequence of right side bottom door Arrangement, the longitudinal cross-section after left side bottom door 2, left side funnel ridge 3, right side funnel ridge 4, right side bottom door 10 are installed is in W type, it may be assumed that In Under non-unladen state, bottom door 2 bottom end in left side is in contact with 3 bottom end of left side funnel ridge, 3 top of left side funnel ridge and right side funnel ridge 4 tops are in contact, and funnel ridge 4 bottom end in right side is in contact with 10 bottom end of right side bottom door.Under unladen state, left side bottom door 2 being capable of phase Left side funnel ridge 3 is opened (far from left side funnel ridge 3), right side bottom door 10 can be opened with respect to right side funnel ridge 4.
Power device is connected by link mechanism with left side funnel ridge 3, right side funnel ridge 4, and left side funnel ridge 3, right side are made Funnel ridge 4 is swung.Power device output is linear motion, in the present embodiment, power device can for actuator 7, Cylinder or hydraulic cylinder.The structure of the present embodiment is described by taking actuator 7 as an example: the mandril 8 of actuator 7 and link mechanism phase Even.
Further, the link mechanism includes first connecting rod 6 and second connecting rod 9, wherein one end of first connecting rod 6 with The rotation connection of 3 bottom middle position of left side funnel ridge, one end and 4 bottom middle position of right side funnel ridge of second connecting rod 9 rotate Connection.The middle position that first connecting rod 6 (second connecting rod 9) end is connected to left side funnel ridge 3 (right side funnel ridge 4) is to protect Demonstrate,proving the cargo being trapped at funnel ridge can smoothly draw off, and installation site is below or above this position, be unfavorable for unloading completely.
First connecting rod 6, second connecting rod 9 are bar structure, and body of rod section is circle, circular ring shape, rectangle or other rules Shape can specifically be selected according to hopper wagon load capacity.
First connecting rod 6, second connecting rod 9 the other end with 8 end of mandril of actuator 7 be rotatablely connected.Actuator 7 is dynamic Make, mandril 8 pump by first connecting rod 6, second connecting rod 9 enable left side funnel ridge 3, right side funnel ridge 4 around Its rotating fulcrum is swung, and keeps left side funnel ridge 3,4 end of right side funnel ridge away from each other or close.Left side funnel ridge 3, right side leakage When bucket 4 end of ridge is located remotely from each other, the tilt angle of relative level increases, and skids off the cargo for being trapped in funnel ridge.
In the present embodiment, described 6 one end of first connecting rod and 3 pin joint of left side funnel ridge or hinged, 6 other end of first connecting rod With 8 pin joint of mandril or hingedly;Described 9 one end of second connecting rod and 4 pin joint of right side funnel ridge are hinged, and second connecting rod 9 is another End is with 8 pin joint of mandril or hingedly;Left side funnel ridge 3, right side funnel ridge 4 can be made around supporting point smooth rotation.It can manage Solution, in other embodiments, other rotating manners can also be used.
After the unloading mechanism of the present embodiment is assemblied on railway hopper car, it can be realized and be detained cargo at car body funnel ridge Unloading;Its structure is simple, safety is good, reduces the labor intensity of worker, realizes the complete unloading of railway hopper car, increases The rate of discharging of railway hopper car, to indirectly improve railway transport capacity.
Embodiment two:
A kind of railway hopper car is present embodiments provided, in the case where former bottom door opening and closing mechanism is constant, is added another set of Vehicle bottom funnel ridge switching mechanism (mechanism of unloading in embodiment one), for being opened and closed the funnel ridge of vehicle bottom.The left side Funnel ridge 3, right side funnel ridge 4 one end respectively with central sill rotation connection (can for hinged or pin joint), left side funnel ridge 3, The other end of right side funnel ridge 4 is in contact in power device original state.
Described 2 one end of left side bottom door is rotationally connected with 1 lower section of vehicle body left side beam, left side 2 energy of bottom door when power device acts It is enough to rotate relative to vehicle body left side beam 1 far from left side funnel ridge 3.Described 10 one end of right side bottom door is rotationally connected with car body right side beam 5 lower sections, right side bottom door 10 can be rotated relative to car body right side beam 5 far from right side funnel ridge 4 when power device acts.It is described dynamic Power device is fixed on above central sill by mounting base, and the mounting base is bolted or is welded on central sill.
The present embodiment can operate respectively a pair of of funnel ridge by automatically controlled (or pneumatically or hydraulically) form or operate simultaneously multipair Funnel ridge or the funnel ridge for operating whole train groups simultaneously.The action process of vehicle body left side funnel ridge 3, right side funnel ridge 4 are as follows:
The actuator 7 (or cylinder or hydraulic cylinder) is driven forward or backwards by automatically controlled (or pneumatically or hydraulically) mode Mandril 8, mandril 8 drives first connecting rod 6, second connecting rod 9 to swing, to drive left side funnel ridge 3, right side funnel ridge 4, it can Realize the swing of left side funnel ridge 3, right side funnel ridge 4 around itself and hinged (pin joint) supporting point of central sill, left side funnel ridge 3, the right side Separate direction is swung side funnel ridge 4 to each other, in order to be detained the unloading of cargo at car body funnel ridge.
The foregoing is merely preferred embodiment of the present application, are not intended to limit this application, for the skill of this field For art personnel, various changes and changes are possible in this application.Within the spirit and principles of this application, made any to repair Change, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., should be included within the scope of protection of this application.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of automobile-used decrater structure of railroad hopper, which is characterized in that including successively install left side bottom door, left side funnel ridge, Right side funnel ridge and right side bottom door, under non-unladen state, closure, right side bottom door and the right side between left side bottom door and left side funnel ridge It is closed between the funnel ridge of side;In the unladen condition, left side bottom door can opposing left funnel ridge open, right side bottom door can be opposite Right side funnel ridge is opened;
Left side funnel ridge bottom and first connecting rod one end are rotatablely connected, and right side funnel ridge bottom and second connecting rod one end rotate Connection, the other end connecting power device of first connecting rod, second connecting rod;Under the reciprocating of power device, left side funnel ridge, Right side funnel ridge can make the two end away from each other or close to the unloading for realizing delay cargo around support spot wobble.
2. the automobile-used decrater structure of a kind of railroad hopper according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the first connecting rod and a left side The rotation connection of side funnel ridge bottom middle position, second connecting rod and right side funnel ridge bottom middle position are rotatablely connected.
3. the automobile-used decrater structure of a kind of railroad hopper according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the power device is to make Dynamic device, cylinder or hydraulic cylinder.
4. the automobile-used decrater structure of a kind of railroad hopper according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the first connecting rod, The end of two connecting rods and the mandril of actuator, cylinder or hydraulic cylinder are rotatablely connected.
5. the automobile-used decrater structure of a kind of railroad hopper according to claim 4, which is characterized in that described first connecting rod one end It is connect with left side funnel ridge pin or hingedly, the first connecting rod other end is with the mandril pin joint or hingedly;Described second connecting rod one end with Right side funnel ridge pin joint is hinged, the second connecting rod other end and the mandril pin joint or hinged.
6. a kind of railway hopper car, which is characterized in that including unloading mechanism a method as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 5, the left side Funnel ridge, right side funnel ridge one end respectively with central sill be rotatablely connected, left side funnel ridge, right side funnel ridge the other end in power It is in contact when device original state.
7. a kind of railway hopper car according to claim 6, which is characterized in that left side bottom door one end is rotationally connected with Below vehicle body left side beam, left side bottom door can be rotated relative to vehicle body left side beam far from left side funnel ridge when power device acts; Right side bottom door one end is rotationally connected with below car body right side beam, and right side bottom door can be with respect to car body right side beam when power device acts Rotation is far from right side funnel ridge.
8. a kind of railway hopper car according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the power device is fixed by mounting base Above central sill.
9. a kind of railway hopper car according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the left side funnel ridge, right side funnel ridge Respectively with central sill pin joint or hingedly.
CN201910832957.5A 2019-09-04 2019-09-04 Unloading mechanism for railway hopper wagon and railway hopper wagon Active CN110525461B (en)

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CN110525461B CN110525461B (en) 2021-04-30

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114148358A (en) * 2021-11-30 2022-03-08 中车齐齐哈尔车辆有限公司 Vehicle door opening and closing device and vehicle
CN114802323A (en) * 2022-04-07 2022-07-29 中车眉山车辆有限公司 Particulate matter unloading device of special railway hopper car

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
AT254934B (en) * 1964-02-06 1967-06-12 Orenstein & Koppel Ag Handlebar lock
AU2008202910A1 (en) * 2008-07-01 2010-01-21 Cimc Rolling Stock Australia Pty Ltd An improved discharge door system
CN201457180U (en) * 2009-04-28 2010-05-12 魏伟利 Diversion and deflector dumper
CN202413804U (en) * 2011-12-30 2012-09-05 济南轨道交通装备有限责任公司 Truck bottom door opening-closing mechanism suitable for bulk materials
CN104309614A (en) * 2014-10-15 2015-01-28 南车眉山车辆有限公司 One-way automatic-discharging hopper wagon
CN107215345A (en) * 2017-07-03 2017-09-29 中车太原机车车辆有限公司 Dregs hopper wagon

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
AT254934B (en) * 1964-02-06 1967-06-12 Orenstein & Koppel Ag Handlebar lock
AU2008202910A1 (en) * 2008-07-01 2010-01-21 Cimc Rolling Stock Australia Pty Ltd An improved discharge door system
CN201457180U (en) * 2009-04-28 2010-05-12 魏伟利 Diversion and deflector dumper
CN202413804U (en) * 2011-12-30 2012-09-05 济南轨道交通装备有限责任公司 Truck bottom door opening-closing mechanism suitable for bulk materials
CN104309614A (en) * 2014-10-15 2015-01-28 南车眉山车辆有限公司 One-way automatic-discharging hopper wagon
CN107215345A (en) * 2017-07-03 2017-09-29 中车太原机车车辆有限公司 Dregs hopper wagon

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114148358A (en) * 2021-11-30 2022-03-08 中车齐齐哈尔车辆有限公司 Vehicle door opening and closing device and vehicle
CN114802323A (en) * 2022-04-07 2022-07-29 中车眉山车辆有限公司 Particulate matter unloading device of special railway hopper car
CN114802323B (en) * 2022-04-07 2024-04-26 中车眉山车辆有限公司 Particulate matter discharge device of special railway hopper car

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