CN110444000A - A kind of multilist measurement data acquisition method and system based on technology of Internet of things - Google Patents

A kind of multilist measurement data acquisition method and system based on technology of Internet of things Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110444000A
CN110444000A CN201910734842.2A CN201910734842A CN110444000A CN 110444000 A CN110444000 A CN 110444000A CN 201910734842 A CN201910734842 A CN 201910734842A CN 110444000 A CN110444000 A CN 110444000A
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China
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data
communication
acquisition
meter
technology
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Chinese (zh)
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吴亮
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Gui'an New District Distribution Electricity Co Ltd
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Gui'an New District Distribution Electricity Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910734842.2A priority Critical patent/CN110444000A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F15/00Coin-freed apparatus with meter-controlled dispensing of liquid, gas or electricity
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F15/00Coin-freed apparatus with meter-controlled dispensing of liquid, gas or electricity
    • G07F15/10Coin-freed apparatus with meter-controlled dispensing of liquid, gas or electricity with alarm or warning devices, e.g. indicating the interrupting of the supply
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08CTRANSMISSION SYSTEMS FOR MEASURED VALUES, CONTROL OR SIMILAR SIGNALS
    • G08C19/00Electric signal transmission systems
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications
    • H04L67/02Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications involving the use of web-based technology, e.g. hyper text transfer protocol [HTTP]
    • H04L67/025Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications involving the use of web-based technology, e.g. hyper text transfer protocol [HTTP] for remote control or remote monitoring of the application
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications
    • H04L67/12Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications adapted for proprietary or special purpose networking environments, e.g. medical networks, sensor networks, networks in a car or remote metering networks

Abstract

The invention belongs to the comprehensive energies field of measuring techniques such as electricity, water, air and heat, disclose a kind of multilist measurement data acquisition method and system based on technology of Internet of things, tidal data recovering distributes tidal data recovering equipment of the terminal between measurement meter and system main website, the acquisition of measurement meter data is carried out downwards, complete multi-energy data standard conversion in centre, it realizes and distributes to different energy sources platform data upwards, that is: one side data acquisition works, and processing storage is carried out, on the other hand issue all kinds of clock synchronizations, control command.Through the invention the public utilities energy measurement data integration remote copying systems such as water, electricity, gas can be realized by centralized meter reading system of low-voltage power consumers platform;For the convenience of the people good service system can be constructed;Without meter reading of registering one's residence, reduction disturbs residents;Unified bill out, three single unification payments, promotes convenience;Energy consumption analysis function is deeply developed, the energy loss of user is reduced, it is energy saving.

Description

A kind of multilist measurement data acquisition method and system based on technology of Internet of things
Technical field
The invention belongs to the comprehensive energies such as electricity, water, air and heat measurement technology and data communication fields more particularly to one Multilist measurement data acquisition method and system of the kind based on technology of Internet of things.
Background technique
Currently, the immediate prior art:
At present in metering field, in addition to electric power automatic data logging, most Automatic meter reading system fail large-scale promotion, Even if investment construction metering Automatic meter reading system, but still continues to use manual metering mode, automatic data logging information system quilt It leaves unused.That this is mainly due to system meters accuracys is low, system reliability is relatively poor, and data transmission is not allowed not in time Really;Also systematic sustainability is bad, maintenance, repair cost and larger workload;There is automatic centralized reading system cost opposite again It is higher, increase user cost, user installation and maintenance workload is big, job stability is not high;Also systematic adaptation environment The problems such as ability is poor, and versatility and expandability be not strong.
National grid, south electric network have unified electric energy metering system, and each side's surface technology has all tended to be mature, standard Also more perfect.But use power information acquisition can only be run in electric power private local area network, be not able to satisfy people for The disclosure of comprehensive energy metrical information is shared, takes the needs taken.
Water meter is to install concentratedly outside unit building or the position before registering one's residence carries out dispersion installation at present, and installation site is general Outdoors in underground pipe network well, newly-built community water meter was installed concentratedly in the upper box of ground in recent years.Under such circumstances, water The selection of the working power, local communication mode of table is much restricted.And water meter acquires the ununified standard of producer.
The remote collection data of gas meter application at present it is less, each gas meter acquisition producer is also not seek unity of standard, Ge Gechang Family's data communication self-contained set of system.
The heating power meter of part newly-built community at present has telecommunications functions, but this function lies on the table substantially, does not build Corresponding communication specification and agreement are found to acquire heating power data.
In conclusion problem of the existing technology is:
Still largely there is manually meter reading method at present and carries out meter reading, the integrated information system of shortage purpose data classifying and processing System solution, electricity, water, air and heat respectively use independent data collection system, can not achieve the concentrate tube of comprehensive energy data Reason and application;Meanwhile each automatic centralized reading system cost is relatively high, and by cost imputed to it is final can source user, user Installation and maintenance workload are big, at high cost, and the accommodative ability of environment of system is poor, and versatility and expandability be not strong.
Measurement criteria and transport protocol of the prior art in electricity, water, heat, gas different energy sources type data sensing acquisition are not It is unified, mediation device is converted without data, different energy sources management platform can only carry out second-hand number between Dependency Specification management platform According to exchange, the consistency of data is difficult to ensure.
The prior art docks shared data not over interface, the exchanges of data it is shared can only by respective information platform, Visualized data analysis result and rectification areas comprehensive using energy source situation cannot be provided.
The prior art lacks the comprehensive analysis of the energy since data do not have centralized collection processing, and cannot make rational planning for difference Energy dispensing cannot generally reduce the comprehensive utilization of energy loss and the energy.
Solve the difficulty of above-mentioned technical problem:
For some old residential areas, since used measurement meter does not have the device of automatic data acquisition, install additional, The higher cost of replacement, so manual meter reading method can long-term existence.Electricity, water, the management organization between air and heat different energy sources are all Independent Automatic meter reading system is established, input cost is high, and it is expensive, it promotes and applies difficult.
Electricity, water, air and heat different energy sources ownership different functional institutions and management body management, the data acquisition researched and developed With information management platform and from different information technology companies, the data standard of the technological means and use realized has difference Not, meanwhile, each main body has respective Interest demands, and the data vow sovereignty all possessed oneself artificially cause Data sharing and integrated application obstacle.
Cannot concentrating for data collects, and especially original proficiency data cannot be shared, so that single household, one ground of a city Comprehensive energy data concentration analysis and using being difficult to realize.
Solve the meaning of above-mentioned technical problem:
By a kind of multilist centralized meter-reading system based on technology of Internet of things, can electricity, water, heat, gas data set in collect, The cost for reducing data acquisition can be realized the shared of data, carry out the analysis of comprehensive energy utilization power, to energy saving, mention Comprehensive utilization of energy is risen, user data gos deep into mining analysis, it is found that more customer values are of great significance.
Summary of the invention
In view of the problems of the existing technology, the present invention provides a kind of, and the multilist continuous data based on technology of Internet of things is adopted Set method and system.
The invention is realized in this way a kind of multilist measurement data acquisition system based on technology of Internet of things, described to be based on The multilist measurement data acquisition system of technology of Internet of things includes:
Sensing layer, for acquiring a variety of meter data of resident's ammeter, water meter, gas meter, hotlist.These are different types of Comprehensive energy measuring instrument has recorded user's energy measurement data used in everyday, and has and externally transmit the logical of these data Communication interface.
Transport layer distributes terminal through tidal data recovering from measurement meter for completing data, to multilist collection copy main station system it Between data transmission.Gauge table is distributed eventually in respect of a variety of transmission modes such as Internet of Things NB-IOT, LORA, M-BUS in tidal data recovering The compatible all kinds of communications protocol in end and data format, are then transferred to by wired ethernet or radio communication network by ICP/IP protocol Multilist Ji Chao main website.
Application layer and data analysis layer will collect the electricity, water, air and heat data copying main website server and collecting and be standardized place Reason, concentrates analysis integrated energy source use situation, and providing use for government, enterprise, user can suggest and decision support data.
Further, sensing layer includes ammeter, water meter, the gas meter, hotlist equipment for completing data metering.
Further, the data that transport layer is acquired from sensing layer distribute terminal, router, firewall, safety through tidal data recovering Access platform, load balancer, front end data server cluster, final data are transmitted to system database server.
Further, transport layer further comprises data transfer layer, data analysis layer and front end data server cluster.
Data transfer layer includes distributing terminal and power carrier plc communication, micro- for receiving the tidal data recovering of continuous data The end that power wireless communications, Internet of Things LoRa communication, Internet of Things NB-IOT are communicated acquires network.
Tidal data recovering distributes terminal by MCU microcomputer functional module, function of measuring module, data memory module, safety The composition such as module, input/output function module, communication module.
Front end data server cluster includes front end processor, uses access load balancing, independent front end processor group, container cloud Manage group of planes three-decker.
Further, transport layer further comprises that acquisition tables count and will send in data and all kinds of instructions are issued to table Count the terminal device executed.Terminal includes acquisition terminal and specification switch endpoint.
Tidal data recovering distributes tidal data recovering equipment of the terminal between measurement meter and system main website, carries out gauge table downwards Acquisition is counted, multi-energy data standard conversion is completed in centre, realizes distribute to different energy sources platform data upwards, it may be assumed that on the one hand Data acquisition work, and processing storage is carried out, on the other hand issue all kinds of clock synchronizations, control command.
Tidal data recovering distributes terminal in addition to the collection and distribution of data, is also used to be converted between different communication specification.
Measurement meter data are after tidal data recovering distribution terminal is collected and stored, according to master tasks periodically by data It is transferred to acquisition system main website.
Further, cloud platform uses cloud computing technology and Internet of Things distal end real-time Transmission, support multilist centralized meter-reading system operation Management.
Cloud platform includes big data service module, provide data analysis service, data integration service, data storage service, Data calculate service and data capsule service.
Further, the electric energy measurement data acquisition method and system based on technology of Internet of things further includes that security protection is set It is standby, specifically have:
Measurement meter safety protection equipment, for alarm of uncapping, destroy alarm and anti-theft early-warning, equipment destroyed or By the timely reporting system main website of warning information when change.Safety chip is installed additional to encrypt communication data.
Acquisition terminal safety protection equipment for alarm of uncapping, destroys alarm and physics burglar-proof measure.Encryption chip is installed It is encrypted.
Uplink communication and main website safety protection equipment carry out data for establishing Virtual Private Network using VPN technologies Encrypted transmission.Introduce includes data encryption technology, firewall technology, Intrusion Detection Technique, access restriction technologies, data dual-locomotive heat Standby, incremental backup, calamity for technology, system anti-virus security software technology, working specification and log management, operation object management and The safety of data and the safety of system entirety are reinforced in rights management, the encryption equipment server of main station side are incorporated in, entire Security protection system during data transimission and storage forms closed loop, and is updated and protects inspection in time.
In conclusion advantages of the present invention and good effect are as follows:
To solve the problems in background technique, the present invention provides a kind of, and the multilist continuous data based on technology of Internet of things is adopted Set method and system.The system can realize that multilist collection is copied, and complete a variety of meter numbers such as resident's ammeter, water meter, gas meter, hotlist According to concentrated collection.The foundation that multilist collection is copied facilitates companies' meter reading efficiency, the reductions such as promotion power grid, water utilities, combustion gas, heat supply and copies Telogenesis sheet promotes service level, and all kinds of lines of effective monitoring, managed network state and loss situation actively carry out maintenance troubleshooting in time, Promote work quality.The application for acquiring data simultaneously helps to provide more payment channels for user, provide accurately for user Energy consumption analysis and suggestion.There is intuitive evaluation criterion in terms of energy saving, reduction expense to the public.By the device, beat Novel energy service mode, the construction of comprehensive support smart city are made, the monitoring of resident's public domain instrument long-distance is realized, reduces meter reading Workload improves the utilization rate of infrastructure.(extension) is acquired in conjunction with distributed generation resource meter, carries forward vigorously green energy in country Source construction aspect has positive practical value.
Technology can realize that water, electricity, gas etc. are public by centralized meter reading system of low-voltage power consumers platform through the invention Cause energy measurement data integration remote copying system.
Advantages of the present invention further has the following contents:
The present invention can construct for the convenience of the people good service system.Without meter reading of registering one's residence, reduction disturbs residents.Uniformly enter an item of expenditure in the accounts Single, three single unification payments promote convenience.Energy consumption analysis function is deeply developed, the energy loss of user, save the cost are reduced.
The present invention can dock shared data by interface, provide visualized data analysis for governability as a result, improving The overall management of the urban area is horizontal.
The present invention reduces acquisition system investment construction, and manual metering is changed into remote automatic meter reading, reduces cost, is promoted Efficiency.
Comprehensive analysis of the present invention by the energy, different energy sources of making rational planning for dispensing, generally reduction energy loss.
The present invention is reduced product specification, is carried out product and interconnected by unified standard, promotes enterprise's opening and competition Power.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the overall structure of the electric energy measurement data acquisition system provided in an embodiment of the present invention based on technology of Internet of things Frame diagram.
Fig. 2 is the data transmission route line chart of transport layer provided in an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is bottom communication structural schematic diagram provided in an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of measurement meter provided in an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is multilist centralized meter-reading system full-scale investigation connection effect figure of the embodiment of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
In order to make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the present invention clearer, with reference to embodiments, to the present invention It is further elaborated.It should be appreciated that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the present invention, it is not used to Limit the present invention.
There are still manually meter reading methods to carry out meter reading at present, and automatic centralized reading system cost is relatively high, increases user Cost, user installation and maintenance workload is big, job stability is poor.Also systematic accommodative ability of environment is poor, versatility It is not strong with expandability.The prior art docks shared data not over interface, cannot provide visualized data analysis result.It is existing There is technology not over the comprehensive analysis of the energy, the different energy sources that cannot make rational planning for dispensing cannot generally reduce energy loss.
In view of the problems of the existing technology, the present invention provides a kind of electric energy measurement datas based on technology of Internet of things to adopt Collecting system is with reference to the accompanying drawing explained in detail the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1, the electric energy measurement data acquisition system provided in an embodiment of the present invention based on technology of Internet of things includes:
Sensing layer, for acquiring a variety of meter data of resident's ammeter, water meter, gas meter, hotlist.These are different types of Comprehensive energy measuring instrument has recorded user's energy measurement data used in everyday, and has and externally transmit the logical of these data Communication interface.
Transport layer distributes terminal through tidal data recovering from measurement meter for completing data, to multilist collection copy main station system it Between data transmission.Gauge table is distributed eventually in respect of a variety of transmission modes such as Internet of Things NB-IOT, LORA, M-BUS in tidal data recovering The compatible all kinds of communications protocol in end and data format, are then transferred to by wired ethernet or radio communication network by ICP/IP protocol Multilist Ji Chao main website.
Application layer and data analysis layer will collect the electricity, water, air and heat data copying main website server and collecting and be standardized place Reason, concentrates analysis integrated energy source use situation, and providing use for government, enterprise, user can suggest and decision support data.
In embodiments of the present invention, the communication pattern of transport layer are as follows: acquisition terminal of the entire data flow from measurement meter Start, through router, firewall, secure accessing platform, load balancer, front end processor server, final data is transmitted to system Database server.It specifically includes:
1) it is bottom communication that, continuous data is transmitted to tidal data recovering to distribute the communication process of terminal from meter.In multilist collection It copies in system bottom channel, chooses several communication parties such as plc communication, micro power radio communication, LoRa communication, NB-IOT communication Formula.Have complementary advantages in practical applications by wired and wireless, all kinds of communication medias and communication mode, constructs solid end and adopt Collect network.
2), measurement meter equipment by MCU (microprocessor, such as ARM STEM32F4) functional module, function of measuring module, Several functional module compositions such as data memory module, security module, input and output (I/O) functional module, communication module, such as Fig. 4 It is shown.
3), terminal device is that bottom acquisition tables count and will send in data and all kinds of instructions are issued to meter execution Key equipment.Tidal data recovering distribution terminal includes acquisition terminal and specification switch endpoint two parts, as shown in Figure 3.
Acquisition terminal is the tidal data recovering equipment between measurement meter and system main website, downward and switch endpoint or gauge table Meter is communicated, and the work of one side data acquisition is stored, and is on the other hand issued the order such as all kinds of clock synchronizations, control, is arrived Meter is executed.Communication media can be wireless, wired, power line carrier and optical fiber etc., and down going channel supports state's household electrical appliances Net incorporated business's standard Q/GDW 1376.2-2013 communication protocol.Optional plc communication, LoRa communication, micro power radio communication, NB-IOT communication etc. is supported to expand.Data feedback channel supports State Grid Corporation of China's company standard Q/GDW 1376.1-2013 communication protocols View.
Switch endpoint is mainly used for being converted between different communication specification, communication protocol regard actual demand plc communication, It is converted in real time between the downlink communications modes such as LoRa communication, micro power radio communication, NB-IOT communication.
4), measurement meter data periodically transmit data according to master tasks after acquisition terminal is collected and is stored To the process of acquisition system main website, referred to as uplink communication.During entire uplink, it is mainly concerned with uplink (remote) The key technology of the communication technology, safety protection technique, the access of magnanimity terminal and mechanics of communication etc..Uplink communication is used to be communicated with 4G Based on mode, assisted in 4G uncovered area with GPRS communication mode and medium voltage power line carrier communication mode.
5), the big quantity client connection that front end processor communication is provided using the SOCKET service based on completing port, and The support of high concurrent data access.When main station system is managed the communication connection service of magnanimity terminal, this can be used Kind communication module.Before network equipment access, first passes through load balancer and carry out load balancing, and use virtual machine beyond the clouds With container cloud.Whole system uses the three of " the access independent front end processor group of load balancing-- container cloud management group of planes " Layer structure.
In embodiments of the present invention, cloud platform uses cloud computing technology and Internet of Things distal end real-time Transmission, to support multilist Centralized meter-reading system operational management.It is flat using cloud messaging bus, cloud service bus, movement in cloud platform application public service construction A variety of data channel technologies such as number of units evidence, web middleware.In customer service framework services, service platform is built, service tracks are provided And service management.
In public service, many levels such as log, alarm, permission, file are considered.In terms of database, using relationship The multitype databases such as database, distributed real-time database, time series database are real-time and deposit, classification storage module.
In cloud platform application, there are Yunmen family, data query, operation conditions displaying, platform theme presentation, intelligent search to answer With and mobile application etc..Data analysis service, data integration service, data storage service, data calculating service are provided And data capsule service etc..
Another object of the present invention be to provide a kind of electric energy measurement data acquisition method based on technology of Internet of things include: from The acquisition terminal of measurement meter starts, through router, firewall, secure accessing platform, load balancer, front end processor server, Final data is transmitted to system database server.
It receives in embodiments of the present invention, the multilist measurement data acquisition method tool provided by the invention based on technology of Internet of things Body includes:
1) it is bottom communication that, continuous data is transmitted to tidal data recovering to distribute the communication process of terminal from meter.In multilist collection It copies in system bottom channel, chooses several communication parties such as plc communication, micro power radio communication, LoRa communication, NB-IOT communication Formula constructs solid end acquisition network.
2), measurement meter equipment is by MCU microcomputer functional module, function of measuring module, data memory module, safe mould Block, input/output function module, communication module carry out the composition such as data processing.
3) server main website, is counted and will be sent in data by tidal data recovering terminal for distributing acquisition tables, and All kinds of instructions are issued to meter.Tidal data recovering distribution terminal carries out downwards measurement meter data acquisition, and energy number is completed in centre According to standard conversion, realizes distribute to different energy sources platform data upwards, it may be assumed that the work of one side data acquisition, and located Reason storage is completed to convert between different communication specification, on the other hand issues all kinds of clock synchronizations, control command.
4), measurement meter data are fixed according to master tasks after tidal data recovering distribution terminal is collected and stores conversion Phase transfers data to acquisition system main website and is handled.
5), the big quantity client connection that front end processor is provided using the SOCKET service based on completing port, and carry out High concurrent data access.In network equipment access, using access load balancing, an independent preposition group of planes, a container cloud management group of planes Transmission process.
The invention will be further described combined with specific embodiments below.
Embodiment
The present invention using meet modularization, it is expansible, have compatibility, economical rationality requirement as principle.
The present invention uses sensing layer, transport layer, application layer three-decker.Wherein complete ammeter, water meter, the gas of data metering The equipment such as table, hotlist, are defined as sensing layer.Data copy the communication definitions main station system from measurement meter to multilist collection to pass Defeated layer.Application layer is defined as by the multilist centralized meter-reading system main website of final scheme of cloud platform.General structure frame is as shown in Figure 1.
Technical solution of the present invention is discussed in detail in terms of communication pattern, cloud platform, security protection are several below.
1, communication pattern designs: entire data flow arrives acquisition terminal, router, firewall, peace since measurement meter A series of processes, the final datas such as full access platform, load balancer, front end processor server are transmitted to system database service Device.Entire transmission process is as shown in Figure 2.It specifically includes:
(1) continuous data is transmitted to the communication process of tidal data recovering distribution terminal from meter, is defined as bottom communication.It is more The bottom communication mode of table centralized meter-reading system is as shown in Figure 3.
The various aspects factors such as the growth requirement that the technical characterstic and multilist collection for comprehensively considering various short haul connection modes are copied, Multilist collection is copied in system bottom channel, and it is several logical to choose plc communication, micro power radio communication, LoRa communication, NB-IOT communication etc. Letter mode comprehensive performance is preferable, and more the data suitable for facilities such as intelligent electric meter, water meter, hotlist, gas meters in the present invention are adopted Collection.Have complementary advantages in practical applications by wired and wireless, all kinds of communication medias and communication mode, constructs solid end and adopt Collect network.
(2) measurement meter is the sensing layer in the present invention, is source and the supplier of all data, in entire scheme, It is the basis that system operates normally using a kind of intelligent meter that can satisfy operator data requirements and Data expansion requirement. The present invention is by MCU (microprocessor, such as ARM STEM32F4) functional module, function of measuring module, data memory module, safety Several functional modules such as module, input and output (I/O) functional module, communication module, form complete measurement meter equipment.Metering The structure chart of meter is as shown in Figure 4.
(3) terminal device is that bottom acquisition tables count and will send in data and all kinds of instructions are issued to meter execution Key equipment.Tidal data recovering distribution terminal of the present invention includes acquisition terminal and specification switch endpoint two parts.
Acquisition terminal is the tidal data recovering equipment between measurement meter and system main website, downward and switch endpoint or gauge table Meter is communicated, and the work of one side data acquisition is stored, and is on the other hand issued the order such as all kinds of clock synchronizations, control, is arrived Meter is executed.Communication media can be wireless, wired, power line carrier and optical fiber etc., and down going channel supports state's household electrical appliances Net incorporated business's standard Q/GDW 1376.2-2013 communication protocol.Optional plc communication, LoRa communication, micro power radio communication, NB-IOT communication etc. is supported to expand.Data feedback channel supports State Grid Corporation of China's company standard Q/GDW 1376.1-2013 communication protocols View.
Switch endpoint is mainly used for being converted between different communication specification, communication protocol regard actual demand plc communication, It is converted in real time between the downlink communications modes such as LoRa communication, micro power radio communication, NB-IOT communication.
(4) measurement meter data periodically transmit data according to master tasks after acquisition terminal is collected and is stored To the process of acquisition system main website, referred to as uplink communication.Uplink communication has the characteristics that long range and the scale of magnanimity terminal.In During entire uplink, the key technology being mainly concerned with has uplink (remote) communication technology, safety protection technique, sea Measure terminal access and mechanics of communication etc..This technology uplink communication uses based on 4G communication mode, 4G uncovered area with GPRS communication mode and medium voltage power line carrier communication mode are assisted.
(4) the multilist Ji Chao main website plan that the present invention designs is deployed in certain province new district, and presses the scale design of covering the whole province, It is expected that acquisition terminal more than 100,000 (15,000,000 families).To realize multiple terminals access and mass data communication, scheme is as follows:
The big quantity client connection that front end processor communication scheme plan is provided using the SOCKET service based on completing port, And the support of high concurrent data access.When main station system is managed the communication connection service of magnanimity terminal, so that it may Using the communication pattern.The terminal access scale that theoretically can reach 30,000 using the separate unit front end processor of this Communication Model, from The whole province only needs 4 to 5 (for 100,000) front end processor servers that the accesses of whole terminals can be completed.Before further ensuring that The reliability service for setting machine server first passes through load balancer and carries out load balancing, avoid separate unit before network equipment access Other servers can be accessed in time when server load is overweight or delay machine occurs in server, and beyond the clouds using virtual machine and Container cloud improves the availability and stability of a whole set of access system.
(5) cloud platform designs
Cloud platform uses cloud computing technology and Internet of Things distal end real-time Transmission, to support multilist centralized meter-reading system operational management Technical platform.In cloud platform application public service construction, using cloud messaging bus, cloud service bus, mobile platform A variety of data channel technologies such as data, web middleware meet multi-class data demand towards a variety of data transmitting scenes.In customer service In framework services, service platform is built, service tracks and service management are provided, copes with a variety of customer service needs.
In public service, it is contemplated that many levels such as log, alarm, permission, file.In terms of database, use The multitype databases such as relational database, distributed real-time database, time series database are real-time and deposit, and classification storage module mentions for platform For most efficient data service.
In cloud platform application, shown using Yunmen family, data query, operation conditions, platform theme presentation, intelligent search Using and mobile application etc..Meet multilist centralized meter-reading system design primary demand, it is subsequent in application process can also root It is constantly extended according to strengthened research demand.
Furthermore in platform, also based on big data technical application big data service module.By providing data analysis clothes Business, data integration service, data storage service, data calculate service and data capsule service etc..It realizes for platform with big Data technique carries out deeper time, more efficient comprehensive data mining analysis provides the foundation.
(6) safety and Protection
1. measurement meter equipment safety is protected: in the security protection of intelligent meter equipment, on the one hand to device hardware Safety and Protection uncap alarm, destroy alarm and anti-theft measure etc., can will alarm letter when equipment is destroyed or change Timely reporting system main website is ceased, guarantees equipment safety operation.It is directed to data communication process simultaneously, also needs to install additional safety chip to logical Letter data is encrypted.The encryption chip of installation should use specialized encryptor to carry out internal code key setting, in application process needle To critical data transmission and crucial control command, carry out carrying out communication and authentication link with system encryption machine first.Ensure House keeper's communication security.General metering class data then can directly be transmitted without encryption certification.
2. acquisition terminal equipment safety is protected: being directed to acquisition terminal equipment, on the one hand as intelligent meter, design has out Lid alarm destroys alarm and physics burglar-proof measure.Ensure equipment physical security, while in equipment installation position, antenna installation position Set etc. will also consider safety factor, avoid being mounted on the position being easily destroyed.Encryption chip is also installed in communication aspects, Different with meter is to generate in code key in ciphering process, and terminal need to accomplish bidirectional identity authentication, believe for critical data The transmission of the data such as breath, control command, administration order carries out two-way authentication and transmission.
Wherein data information generally refers to emphasis user data, terminal operating data etc..Control command is mainly for adopting Collect the equipment operation class data of terminal, for valve control order of meter etc..Administration order runs and rises mainly for acquisition terminal Grade etc..Safety chip also needs periodically to be updated and protect, and further increases safety.
3. uplink communication and main website security protection: data feedback channel is due to using the form of lease traffic quotient's network to carry out (4G And GPRS), it needs to be protected for communication process, leaking data and attack is avoided to distort.VPN technologies should be used to establish virtual Dedicated network carries out encrypted transmission to data.
Data are from front end processor server flows to cloud platform and the process applied need to draw in main website security protection Enter including data encryption technology, firewall technology, Intrusion Detection Technique, access limitation (management) technology, data two-node cluster hot backup, increase Amount backup, calamity are for technology etc., system anti-virus security software technology, working specification and log management, operation object management and power Limit management etc..Reinforce the safety of data and the safety of system entirety, the encryption equipment server of main station side is incorporated in, entire Security protection system during data transimission and storage forms closed loop, and is updated and protects inspection in time, it is ensured that system It is run under security context.
Fig. 5 is multilist centralized meter-reading system full-scale investigation connection effect figure of the embodiment of the present invention.
Described is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, it is all in spirit of the invention and Made any modifications, equivalent replacements, and improvements etc., should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention within principle.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of multilist measurement data acquisition system based on technology of Internet of things, which is characterized in that described to be based on technology of Internet of things Electric energy measurement data acquisition system include:
Sensing layer, for acquiring a variety of meter data of resident's ammeter, water meter, gas meter, hotlist, and it is external using communication interface Transmit above-mentioned data;
Transport layer completes data using Internet of Things NB-IOT, LORA, M-BUS transmission mode and sends tidal data recovering from measurement meter Distribute terminal, multilist Ji Chao main website is transferred to by ICP/IP protocol by wired ethernet or radio communication network;
Application layer and data analysis layer will collect the electricity, water, air and heat data copying main website server and collecting and be standardized, collect In analysis integrated energy source use data.
2. the multilist measurement data acquisition system based on technology of Internet of things as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that sensing layer packet Ammeter, water meter, the gas meter, hotlist equipment for completing data metering are included, and these equipment are counted by Internet of Things mechanics of communication According to connection and transmission.
3. the multilist measurement data acquisition system based on technology of Internet of things as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that sensing layer is adopted The data of collection collect diostribution device by internet of things data and enter transport layer, then flat by router, firewall, secure accessing Platform, load balancer, front end data server cluster, final data are transmitted to system database server.
4. the multilist measurement data acquisition system based on technology of Internet of things as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that transport layer into One step includes: data transfer layer, data analysis layer and front end data server cluster;
Data transfer layer includes the tidal data recovering diostribution device for receiving multilist continuous data and PLC in practical applications logical Letter, micro power radio communication, LoRa communication, NB-IOT/LORA Internet of Things Network Communication, M-BUS communication, ZIGbee communication, WIFI are logical The end of letter etc. acquires network;
Data analysis layer is integrated with MCU microprocessor function module, function of measuring module, data memory module, safety management mould Block, input/output function module, communication transmission module;
Front end data server cluster includes advance data processing system, using access load balancing, independent front end processor group, is held Device cloud management group of planes three-decker.
5. the multilist measurement data acquisition system based on technology of Internet of things as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that transport layer into One step includes that acquisition tables count and upload data, and all kinds of control instructions are issued to the terminal device of meter execution; Terminal device includes acquisition terminal and specification switch endpoint;
Tidal data recovering equipment of the acquisition terminal between measurement meter and system main website, downwards with switch endpoint or measurement meter into Row communication, one side data acquisition work, is stored, on the other hand issues all kinds of control commands;
Switch endpoint between different communication specification for being converted;
Measurement meter data periodically transfer data to acquisition system after acquisition terminal is collected and is stored, according to master tasks Unite main website.
6. the multilist measurement data acquisition system based on technology of Internet of things as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that cloud platform is adopted With the real-time edge calculations of cloud computing technology and Internet of Things distal end, data acquisition process branch is provided for multilist centralized meter-reading system operational management Support;
Cloud platform includes big data service module, provides data analysis service, data integration service, data storage service, data Calculate service and data capsule service.
7. the multilist measurement data acquisition system based on technology of Internet of things as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that described to be based on The multilist measurement data acquisition system of technology of Internet of things further includes safety protection equipment, is specifically had:
Measurement meter safety protection equipment is destroyed or is changed for alarm of uncapping, destruction alarm and anti-theft early-warning, equipment When by the timely reporting system main website of warning information;Safety chip is installed additional to encrypt communication data;
Acquisition terminal safety protection equipment for alarm of uncapping, destroys alarm and physics burglar-proof measure;Encryption chip is installed to carry out Encryption;
Uplink communication and main website safety protection equipment encrypt data for establishing Virtual Private Network using VPN technologies Transmission;Introduce include data encryption technology, firewall technology, Intrusion Detection Technique, access control technology, data two-node cluster hot backup, Incremental backup, calamity are for technology, system anti-virus security software technology, working specification and log management, operation object management and power Limit management, reinforces the safety of data and the safety of system entirety, is incorporated in the encryption equipment server of main station side, entirely counting Closed loop is formed according to the security protection system during transimission and storage, and is updated and protects inspection in time.
8. a kind of multilist measurement data acquisition system based on technology of Internet of things as described in claim 1 based on technology of Internet of things Multilist measurement data acquisition method, which is characterized in that the multilist measurement data acquisition method packet based on technology of Internet of things It includes:
Since the acquisition terminal of measurement meter, taken through router, firewall, secure accessing platform, load balancer, front end processor Business device, final data are transmitted to system database server.
9. the multilist measurement data acquisition method based on technology of Internet of things as claimed in claim 8, which is characterized in that the base Further comprise in the multilist measurement data acquisition method of technology of Internet of things:
1) it is bottom communication that continuous data is transmitted to tidal data recovering to distribute the communication process of terminal from meter;System is copied in multilist collection In bottom channel, plc communication, micro power radio communication, LoRa communication, NB-IOT communication, MBUS communication mode, building end are chosen End acquisition network;
2) measurement meter equipment is by MCU functional module, function of measuring module, data memory module, security module, input and output function It can module, communication module progress data acquisition, transmission and processing;
3) it is counted by terminal device acquisition tables and uploads data, and all kinds of instructions are issued to meter;Terminal device Acquisition terminal connects downwards switch endpoint or measurement meter is communicated, and the work of one side data acquisition is stored, separately On the one hand all kinds of control commands are issued, specific action is executed by meter;
The switch endpoint of terminal device is converted between different communication specification;
4) data of measurement meter are after acquisition terminal is collected and is stored, and according to master tasks time demand, will periodically count It is handled according to acquisition system background data base is transferred to;
5) the big quantity client connection that front end processor uses the SOCKET service communicated based on Port Profile to provide, realizes high concurrent Data access;In network equipment access, transmitted using access load balancing, independent front end processor group, a container cloud management group of planes Data.
10. described in a kind of carrying claim 1 based on the comprehensive energy of the multilist measurement data acquisition system of technology of Internet of things Take management platform.
CN201910734842.2A 2019-08-09 2019-08-09 A kind of multilist measurement data acquisition method and system based on technology of Internet of things Pending CN110444000A (en)

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