CN109147299A - One kind being used for electricity, water, the integrated acquisition method of air and heat energy measurement and system - Google Patents

One kind being used for electricity, water, the integrated acquisition method of air and heat energy measurement and system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109147299A
CN109147299A CN201811105660.0A CN201811105660A CN109147299A CN 109147299 A CN109147299 A CN 109147299A CN 201811105660 A CN201811105660 A CN 201811105660A CN 109147299 A CN109147299 A CN 109147299A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
data
water
meter
electricity
acquisition
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN201811105660.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵双双
欧阳曾恺
徐晴
祝宇楠
刘建
田正其
金萍
周超
段梅梅
夏国芳
高辉
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State Grid Corp of China SGCC
State Grid Jiangsu Electric Power Co Ltd
Nanjing Post and Telecommunication University
Electric Power Research Institute of State Grid Jiangsu Electric Power Co Ltd
Original Assignee
State Grid Corp of China SGCC
State Grid Jiangsu Electric Power Co Ltd
Nanjing Post and Telecommunication University
Electric Power Research Institute of State Grid Jiangsu Electric Power Co Ltd
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Application filed by State Grid Corp of China SGCC, State Grid Jiangsu Electric Power Co Ltd, Nanjing Post and Telecommunication University, Electric Power Research Institute of State Grid Jiangsu Electric Power Co Ltd filed Critical State Grid Corp of China SGCC
Priority to CN201811105660.0A priority Critical patent/CN109147299A/en
Publication of CN109147299A publication Critical patent/CN109147299A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08CTRANSMISSION SYSTEMS FOR MEASURED VALUES, CONTROL OR SIMILAR SIGNALS
    • G08C17/00Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link
    • G08C17/02Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link using a radio link
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08CTRANSMISSION SYSTEMS FOR MEASURED VALUES, CONTROL OR SIMILAR SIGNALS
    • G08C23/00Non-electrical signal transmission systems, e.g. optical systems
    • G08C23/06Non-electrical signal transmission systems, e.g. optical systems through light guides, e.g. optical fibres

Abstract

The invention discloses one kind to be used for electricity, water, air and heat energy measurement integral collecting method and system, and the intelligent electric energy meter of built-in bimodulus acquisition module copies channel progress networking to the data set of water meter, gas meter, hotlist, ammeter;The information data of intelligent electric energy meter is acquired by micro power radio communication mode by concentrator, and water meter, gas meter, three table data acquisition instructions of hotlist are issued to by each user interaction gateway by micropower acquisition module, user interaction gateway responds three table data acquisition instructions of concentrator, and the data of water meter, gas meter, hotlist acquisition are sent to concentrator by the micropower wireless communication module of intelligent electric energy meter;The data of water meter, ammeter, gas meter, hotlist are uploaded to main website layer by communication channel again by concentrator.The present invention can be achieved water, heat, gas, electric four table data concentrated collection, be not only able to satisfy the acquisition of water, electricity, gas, hot constituent parts to each table data, but be able to satisfy domestic consumer to can data basic query demand.

Description

One kind being used for electricity, water, the integrated acquisition method of air and heat energy measurement and system
Technical field
The invention belongs to intelligent power technical fields, and in particular to one kind is for electricity, water, air and heat energy measurement integration Acquisition scheme.
Background technique
With the proposition of " multiple-in-one " acquisition demand, energy measurement point quantity is multiplied, existing power information acquisition System is difficult to adapt to electricity, water, the new model of air and heat Integrated Energy metering development and new demand, is mainly manifested in acquisition data volume Increase, acquisition frequency improves, and external shared interface increases, and system concurrency processing capacity is insufficient, existing system framework, technical side Case, acquisition terminal and communication protocol are difficult to meet the application demand of multiple-in-one integral collecting.In addition, China resident makes Energy measurement equipment mainly includes ammeter, water meter, gas meter, flow meter and heating power table, in addition to ammeter, the information collection of other equipment Mostly manual metering mode, meter reading efficiency is low, and since China's electricity, water, air and heat adhere to four energy industries separately, unit of operation is different, Resident needs electricity payment, water rate, gas expense, hot expense respectively, public service low efficiency, there are systems incompatible, scheme disunity, The problems such as intelligent level difference is big.
Above-mentioned development situation and there are aiming at the problem that, it is necessary to it is integrated to carry out electricity, water, air and heat energy measurement as early as possible Acquire the research of key technology.One kind is thus explored for electricity, water, air and heat energy measurement integral collecting scheme to realization " four Table " data reading system, analysis, application realize that coordination of resources is of great significance.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is intended to provide a kind of be used for electricity, water, air and heat energy measurement integral collecting method and system, the program Water, heat mainly for acquisition mechanical floor, micropower wireless communication module built in three table of gas, interaction gateway are logical by bandwidth carrier Believe or micro power radio communication mode realizes water, the data of three table data of air and heat are copied and accepted, then is long-range logical by power information acquisition Letter channel uploads to main station system, to realize the two-way interaction between electricity, water, the acquisition of four table data of air and heat and user.
To achieve the goals above, the present invention is to realize by the following technical solutions:
One kind being used for electricity, water, air and heat energy measurement integral collecting method, which is characterized in that
Water meter, gas meter, three table data acquisition instructions of hotlist are issued to each user by micropower acquisition module by intelligent electric energy meter Gateway is interacted, each user interaction gateway responds three table data acquisition instructions, and water meter, gas meter, the hotlist in this networking are acquired Data are sent to concentrator by the micropower wireless communication module of intelligent electric energy meter;
The data of water meter, ammeter, gas meter, hotlist are uploaded to main website layer again by concentrator.
The concentrator is interacted by communication channel with main website layer.
The communication channel uses fiber channel, GPRS/CDMA common network channel or the dedicated letter of 230MHz wireless power Road.
Water meter, gas meter, hotlist, ammeter data by WIFI unit and user's mobile interchange equipment progress data interaction.
Micropower acquisition module is automatically waken up by the setting period.
Micropower acquisition module is communicated using the dedicated channel of setting.
GPRS/CDMA common network channel link establishment step are as follows:
GPRS/CDMA network is logged according to APN and No. SIM registration;
The static ip address of GPRS/CDMA network distribution is obtained according to No. SIM;
GPRS/CDMA gateway network user according to the both ends APN/VPN gateway establish slave terminal to GPRS/CDMA access device IP routing is arranged IP and routes between GPRS/CDMA access device and communications platform, communications platform is configured terminal private net address Location translation establishes terminal to effective IP routing between main website;
Acquisition server of the terminal into main website layer sends linking request, and the acquisition server response establishes terminal to acquisition IP link between server, as the physical link of upper layer data interaction protocol.
Water meter, gas meter and hotlist are by built-in micropower acquisition module or built-in broadband carrier acquisition module by the mould of acquisition Analog quantity data are converted into digital data.
One kind being used for electricity, water, air and heat energy measurement integral collecting method, which is characterized in that
Main website layer obtains the meter reading data uploaded, is parsed by the meter reading data that front server cluster will acquire, is above sent Database server;
Database server carries out the classification storage of electricity, water, gas and heat according to preset data model to data.
Data are corresponded to the Base data platform for being synchronized to marketing application system by database server;
Marketing application system synchronizes the file data of the corresponding meter registration of data user corresponding with storage.
Marketing application system is supplied to the serve port of third party's calling by interface server.
Main website layer obtains the meter reading data uploaded by communication channel.
The communication channel uses fiber channel, GPRS/CDMA common network channel or the dedicated letter of 230MHz wireless power Road.
One kind being used for electricity, water, air and heat energy measurement integration collection system characterized by comprising
The intelligent electric energy meter of built-in bimodulus acquisition module: channel progress networking is copied to the data set of water meter, gas meter, hotlist, ammeter;
Concentrator: water meter, gas meter, three table data acquisition instructions of hotlist are issued to by each user interaction by micropower acquisition module Gateway;The information data that intelligent electric energy meter is acquired by micro power radio communication mode, receive the micropower of intelligent electric energy meter without Water meter, gas meter, the data of hotlist acquisition and the upload that line communication module is sent;
User interaction gateway: responding three table data acquisition instructions of concentrator, to the data of water meter, gas meter, hotlist and ammeter into Row is acquired and is locally stored.
One kind being used for electricity, water, air and heat energy measurement integration collection system characterized by comprising
Front server cluster: the meter reading data that communication channel uploads is parsed, database server is above sent;
Database server: according to preset data model data are carried out with the classification storage of electricity, water, gas and heat, and by data The corresponding Base data platform for being synchronized to marketing application system;
Marketing application system: the file data of the corresponding meter registration of data user corresponding with storage is synchronized.
The present invention provides one kind to be used for electricity, water, air and heat energy measurement integral collecting scheme, and acquisition system is divided into master Stand layer, communication channel layer and acquisition mechanical floor.Wherein, main website layer is by work station, marketing application system, other application system, number It is constituted according to relevant network equipment such as library server, interface server, firewall box etc.;Communication channel layer refers to system main website Telecommunication channel between terminal mainly includes fiber channel, GPRS/CDMA common network channel, 230MHz radio Power dedicated channel etc.;Acquisition mechanical floor refers to the terminal and measuring equipment of installation at the scene, mainly includes that built-in micropower acquires The water of module and bandwidth carrier acquisition module, three table of air and heat, user interaction gateway, concentrator, built-in bimodulus acquisition module intelligence Electric energy meter, carrier wave/micropower bimodulus module etc..
Preferably, independent networking is suggested in the main website part, with marketing application system and other application system and public affairs Network channel carries out security isolation using firewall, guarantees the information security of system.
Preferably, the function of the communication channel is to pass through telecommunication, the acquisition terminal of system main website and user side Equipment room establishes connection, assigns instruction and parameter information, collects user power utilization information.
Preferably, the fiber channel provides the data transmission rate of unrestricted access capacity and high speed, and is not present The security risk of " third party ".
Preferably, the GPRS/CDMA common network is primarily referred to as the GPRS and China's electricity of China Mobile offer The cdma network technological service that letter company provides.
Preferably, the 230MHz wireless power dedicated channel can be used for the large-scale information collection for specially becoming user and prison Control.
Preferably, acquisition mechanical floor is the information bottom of power information acquisition system, is responsible for collecting and providing whole system Original power information, which includes acquisition terminal and energy measurement equipment, realizes that interaction with main website and measuring equipment are real The functions such as existing Electro-metering.
Preferably, the built-in micropower acquisition module water, three table of air and heat can realize that analog quantity is converted into digital quantity.Its Built-in micropower acquisition module can respond the data information of meter by the acquisition of setting period and be stored, and can responsivehomes Interact the data interaction instruction of gateway.
Preferably, the built-in broadband carrier acquisition module water, three table of air and heat can realize that analog quantity is converted into digital quantity, Turn power carrier II type acquisition terminal by M-BUS RS485 bus, realizes wired conversion to carrier communication mode.Its Built-in bandwidth carrier acquisition module can respond the data information of meter by the acquisition of setting period and be stored, and can respond house Front yard interacts the data interaction instruction of gateway.
Preferably, core equipment of the interaction gateway as home network interconnection and data collection, passes through bandwidth carrier Communication mode and micro power radio communication mode realize to water, air and heat, ammeter specified number according to acquiring and be locally stored, while can be with Data interaction is carried out by WIFI unit and family's mobile interchange equipment.
Preferably, the concentrator can acquire the information data of intelligent electric energy meter by micro power radio communication mode, And water, three table data acquisition instructions of air and heat can be issued to by home intelligent net by the micropower module of intelligent electric energy meter It closes, while also can receive and passing through water, the air and heat three that the micro power radio module of intelligent electric energy meter is sent from Household intelligent gateway The corresponding data of table.The data of water, electricity, gas, hot four tables can also be passed through mobile public network channel (GPRS or CDMA) by concentrator Upload to power information acquisition system.
Preferably, the built-in bimodulus acquisition module intelligent electric energy meter can corresponding concentrator acquisition ammeter instruction, Concentrator can be copied and accepted water again, the transparent family that issues of instruction of three table of air and heat interacts gateway.
Preferably, the carrier wave/micropower bimodulus module has while carrying out carrier communication and micro power radio communication Dual mode communication function.
Integral collecting scheme proposed by the present invention, obtained beneficial effect is:
1. using bandwidth carrier in collector and concentrator, while multilist data are copied and accepted, transmission speed is fast, and the time is copied and accepted in reduction, Guarantee the real-time of data.
2. carrier wave/micropower bimodulus collector has bandwidth carrier and micropower dual communication channel, do not changing existing use Under the premise of power utilization information collection system structure, realize that four tables are copied and accepted.Simultaneously bimodulus collector have external antenna, guarantee micropower without Line communication signal quality promotes acquisition success rate.
3. bimodulus collector, which directly communicate with water, heat, gas meter, shortens communication node level, collecting efficiency is improved; Hydro-thermal gas meter is separately transmitted with electric energy meter, increases acquisition reliability.
4. the program is minimum to existing acquisition system transformation scale, compared with replacing electric energy meter module, project amount is small, saves Construction Cost and Material Cost.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is electricity, water, air and heat energy measurement integration collection system architecture diagram of the invention.
Specific embodiment
To be easy to understand the technical means, the creative features, the aims and the efficiencies achieved by the present invention, below with reference to Specific embodiment, the present invention is further explained.The embodiment being described with reference to the drawings is exemplary, and is only used for explaining this hair It is bright, and be not construed as limiting the claims.
1. Fig. 1 is mutually electricity, water, air and heat energy measurement integration collection system architecture diagram of the invention, designed acquisition System is divided into main website layer, communication channel layer and acquisition mechanical floor (i.e. terminating layer).Acquiring mechanical floor includes acquisition terminal and the energy Measuring equipment.Acquisition terminal is uploaded energy information used in the users of power distribution stations such as acquisition data and is given by remote data communication System main website, and receive the management instruction of main website, complete the centralized management to user's measuring equipment.
Wherein, main website layer is taken by work station, marketing application system, other application system, front server cluster, database The relevant network equipments such as business device, interface server, firewall box are constituted.Marketing application system refers to existing " SG186 " Marketing management business application system, system in addition to this are referred to as other application system.Front server cluster is responsible for agreement Parsing, database server are responsible for handling and storing the power information of terminal.Interface server is available to third party's calling Service, data caused by preventing database server from directly interconnect leak risk, and reduce the burden of database server, guarantor Hinder the safety of data.
Communication channel layer refers to the telecommunication channel between system main website and the acquisition terminal at scene, mainly includes optical fiber Channel, GPRS/CDMA common network channel, 230MHz wireless power dedicated channel etc.;
Acquisition mechanical floor refers to the terminal and measuring equipment of installation at the scene, mainly includes built-in micropower acquisition module and broadband The water of carrier acquisition module, three table of air and heat, the intelligent electric energy for interacting gateway, concentrator, collector, built-in bimodulus acquisition module Table, carrier wave/micropower bimodulus module etc..Interaction gateway, which can be realized, to be acquired and is locally stored to the data of water, air and heat, ammeter, together When can pass through WIFI unit and family's mobile interchange equipment (mobile phone, IPAD etc.) and carry out data interaction.Collector is applied to collection Middle kilowatt meter reading-out system completes the conversion of data-signal, copies to realize to the concentration of M-BUS/RS485 type meter (water, heat, electricity) Table.Bandwidth carrier acquisition module, which is realized, transmits the acquisition data of four table of bottom.Micropower acquisition module realizes integrated rear data Acquisition transmission.Concentrator refers to the data for collecting each acquisition terminal or electric energy meter, and carries out processing storage, at the same can and main website or The terminal device of handheld device progress data exchange.The intelligent electric energy meter of built-in bimodulus acquisition module can realize four tables (water, gas, Hot three kinds of tables and intelligent electric energy meter) collect the networking for destroying channel.Carrier wave/micropower bimodulus module has carrier communication and micro- function simultaneously Rate wirelessly communicates dual mode communication function.
2. the workflow of main website layer in the present invention are as follows:
The data that acquisition mechanical floor will acquire are uploaded to main website front server cluster;
Front server cluster carries out data according to water, air and heat meter communication protocol to send database server in data parsing;
Database server carries out data storage according to data model, while water, air and heat table acquisition registration are synchronized to marketing and being answered With the Base data platform of system.
Application layer calls data layer data to carry out the business functions such as data displaying and report query, while being with marketing application System realizes the synchronization of customer profile and ammeter registration by interface server.
3. the communication channel layer in the present invention, determines power user power consumption information acquisition system data communication channel Application when should be carried out by following priority principle:
Power marketing dedicated fibre optical network is selected first;
Secondly the GPRS/CDMA communication technology that the public operator of application provides constructs virtual private digital transmission communication network;
Third wirelessly communicates private network resource using the existing 230Mhz of power supply enterprise.
Wherein, the realization of the telecommunication of terminating layer and main website layer, i.e. telecommunication network channel link are established, and process is as follows:
Terminal is client mode, and master station communication server (i.e. the database server 1,2 for having communication function in Fig. 1) is Server mode links GPRS/3G/4G network after terminal power-on self-test, according to APN and No. SIM registration login GPRS/3G/4G Network;
The static ip address of GPRS/3G/4G network distribution is obtained according to No. SIM;
IP routing foundation: GPRS/3G/4G gateway network enterprise according to the both ends APN/VPN gateway establish slave terminal to GPRS/ The IP of 3G/4G access device is routed, and IP is arranged between GPRS/3G/4G access device and communications platform and routes, communications platform is to end It holds private net address that address translation is set, establishes terminal to effective IP routing between main website;
Terminal sends linking request, acquisition server to acquisition server (belonging to main website layer, be included in preposition service cluster) Response, establishes terminal to the IP link between acquisition server, as the physical link of upper layer data interaction protocol, according to upper Layer protocol needs registration terminal information.
The link establishment process is applicable not only to GPRS/CDMA, and it is special to be equally applicable to fiber optic network, 230Mhz wireless communication Net.
4. the fiber channel in the present invention is built according to power user power consumption information acquisition system construction overall planning Using optical fiber as a kind of Utilities Electric Co.'s internal communication network of channel medium, cover the distribution line of the whole network:
Fiber optic network completely covers entire distribution line, in each specially become larger user and public change offer ether interface side The network interface of formula;
For the data transfer demands of relative power user power utilization information acquisition system, fiber optic communication private network provides unrestricted The data transmission rate of access capacity and high speed;
The own dedicated communications network of fiber optic communication private network technology Shang Shu company, is not present the security risk of " third party ".
5. the GPRS/CDMA common network channel in the present invention, relative to Utilities Electric Co.'s self-building dedicated channel and Speech, use or the common communications resource for renting the construction of common communication operator, current power user power consumption information acquisition system master To be applied is the cdma network technological service that the GPRS that China Mobile provides and China Telecom provide.
6. the 230MHz wireless power dedicated channel in the present invention is electric load control using the National Radio committee The dedicated of system approval, 15 pairs in 230MHz band limits duplexing frequency points and ten either simplex frequency points buildings, be carried on mould Data resource communication on the basis of quasi- formula wireless communication technique;Using 230MHz private network, several technologies must be paid attention to and implemented conscientiously Main points:
Reasonable networking planning, effective use frequency point multiplexing is to obtain maximum power system capacity;
The features such as correct point-to-point and multi-point and common-line for applying 230MHz private network technology, guarantees system real-time response;
Using reliable radio station failure long hair suppression technology, safeguards system stability;
The installation quality of stringent user's on-site terminal equipment and auxiliary facility reduces operation and maintenance amount.
7. the acquisition mechanical floor in the present invention is the information bottom of power information acquisition system, it is responsible for collecting and providing whole The original power information of a system, the layer include acquisition terminal and energy measurement equipment, and acquisition terminal collects user's measuring equipment Information, handle and freeze related data, and realize the interaction with upper layer main website;Measuring equipment realizes the functions such as Electro-metering.
8. the micropower wireless communication technology that the built-in micropower acquisition module in the present invention uses, micropower channel radio Believe module using national grid company standard-" power user power consumption information acquisition system communication protocol: wireless based on micropower The Data Transport Protocol of communication ", support state to net interconnecting for interior power information acquisition system.
Water meter, gas meter, the micropower acquisition module in hotlist are automatically waken up by setting period (8 hours), in acquisition instrument Data;The data received are uploaded to concentrator by micropower wireless communication module by electric energy meter;Electric energy meter and concentrator Between communicated by a certain number of dedicated channels.Once the micro power radio module in water, heat, gas meter breaks down, By specific fault message active reporting.
9. the water of the built-in broadband carrier acquisition module in the present invention, three table of air and heat have M-BUS interface or RS485 Interface, collector collects usage data by the longitudinal direction M-BUS, pulse output and RS485 bus etc., and is passed through by concentrator It send on GPRS mode and mobile internal network to public network or private network control centre, completes the data collection task of user.
Collector design requirement:
(1) performance requirement
Collector should meet the related performance requirement of collector in " DL/T698-2008 acquiring electric energy information system ", and to electronics The selection of device is made stipulations.
1) electrical performance demands
Power supply mode
Collector uses single-phase or three-phase four-wire power supply mode, in a disconnected phase or the condition of two-phase voltage when three-phase and four-line is powered Under, AC power source can maintain collector to work normally and communicate.
Working power
Working power voltage rating: 220 V/380 V of exchange, tolerance -20%~+20%;Frequency: 50Hz, tolerance -6% ~+2%.
Power consumption
Under non-communicating state, the apparent energy of collector consumption should should be not more than 3W no more than 5VA, active power.
Power loss data and clock are kept
After collector power supply interrupts, should not occur misreading number, and there is measure at least to keep data and clock 1 year.Power supply is extensive When multiple, save data and do not lose, internal clocking operates normally.
Life requirements
Concentrator average life answers >=10 years.
Reliability
Equipment mean time between failures (MTBF) is no less than 7.6 × 104h
(2) Interface design
Collector interface is divided into 3 part of uplink communication interface, downlink communication interface and local communication interface, and uplink communication interface is Refer to the communication interface between collector and concentrator;Downstream interface refers to that the communication between collector and ammeter and collector connects Mouthful;Local maintenance interface refers to the interface locally for plant maintenance.
1) uplink communication
Narrowband carrier mode and bandwidth carrier mode can be used between collector and concentrator, communication chip should select technical grade to produce Product.
2) downlink communication
Downlink communication RS-485 bus mode between collector and ammeter.
Collector at least has 1 road RS-485 downlink communication
3) local maintenance and subtending port
Collector 485 interface of at least 1 road RS and the infrared maintenance interface in 1 tunnel (distance >=3m), should using the measures such as Phototube Coupling with Internal circuit electrical isolation.600,1200,2400 bit/s or more can be selected in transmission rate.
RS-485 communication interface performance is referring to 4.7.5 regulation in DL/T 698.31
(3) communication protocol
When the communication of broadband collector and main website, the order of main website is received and responds, communication protocol should meet DL/T698.41.
Collector is communicated with concentrator, and communication protocol should meet DL/T698.42.
Collector is communicated with ammeter, and communication protocol at least supports DL/T645-1997 and DL/T645-2007.
10. the interaction gateway in the present invention is the core equipment of home network interconnection and data collection, while having broadband Carrier communication and micro power radio communication ability.It can be communicated by bandwidth carrier and micro power radio communication mode be realized pair Water, air and heat, the data of ammeter are acquired and are locally stored.Simultaneously can also by WIFI unit come with family's mobile interchange equipment (mobile phone, iPad etc.) carries out data interaction, to realize that user monitors water, air and heat, electric four tables at any time.
11. the concentrator in the present invention acquires the information data of intelligent electric energy meter by micro power radio communication mode, and And water, three table data acquisition instructions of air and heat are issued to by interaction gateway, home intelligent by the micropower module of intelligent electric energy meter Gateway responds three table acquisition instructions of concentrator, by water, the corresponding data of three table of air and heat by the micropower of intelligent electric energy meter without Wire module is sent to concentrator.Concentrator again by water, electricity, gas, hot four tables data by mobile public network channel (GPRS or CDMA power information acquisition system) is uploaded to, to realize that four tables are copied and accepted.
Concentrator design requirement:
(1) structural requirement
Overall structure should be independent by uplink communication module, downlink communication module using seperated design structure, modularized design mode It is designed, and can be separated with host in structure.
(2) Interface design
Concentrator interface is divided into 3 part of uplink communication interface, downlink communication interface and local communication interface, and uplink communication interface is Refer to the communication interface between collector and concentrator;Downstream interface refers to that the communication between concentrator and ammeter and collector connects Mouthful;Local maintenance interface refers to the interface locally for plant maintenance.
1) uplink communication
Narrowband carrier mode and bandwidth carrier mode can be used between collector and concentrator, communication chip should select technical grade to produce Product.
2) downlink communication
Downlink communication RS-485 bus mode between collector and ammeter.
Collector at least has 1 road RS-485 downlink communication.
3) local maintenance and subtending port
Collector 485 interface of at least 1 road RS and the infrared maintenance interface in 1 tunnel (distance >=3m), should using the measures such as Phototube Coupling with Internal circuit electrical isolation.600,1200,2400bit/s or more can be selected in transmission rate.
RS-485 communication interface performance provides referring to 4.7.5 in DL/T 698.31
(3) communication protocol
When the communication of broadband collector and main website, the order of main website is received and responds, communication protocol should meet DL/T698.41.
Collector is communicated with concentrator, and communication protocol should meet DL/T698.42.
Collector is communicated with ammeter, and communication protocol at least supports DL/T645-1997 and DL/T645-2007.
12. the acquisition ammeter number that the intelligent electric energy meter of the built-in bimodulus acquisition module in the present invention can respond concentrator According to instruction, and concentrator can be copied and accepted water, gas, the instruction of hot three tables is transparently forwarded to family's interaction gateway, to realize Four table collection copy the networking in channel.
13. carrier wave/micropower bimodulus module in the present invention has carrier communication and micro power radio communication bimodulus simultaneously Communication function.Wherein micro power radio communication uses the quasi- micro power radio communication scheme of state's network mark.Built-in carrier wave/micropower is double The intelligent electric energy meter of mould module may be implemented concentrator and interact data interaction between gateway with family.Concentrator is carried by broadband Wave communication sends the instruction for copying and accepting water, three table of air and heat to intelligent electric energy meter, and intelligent electric energy meter response instructs and passes through bandwidth carrier Communication sends an instruction to family's interaction gateway;And then the acquisition instructions of family's interaction gateway response concentrator are by water, air and heat three The corresponding data of table are sent to concentrator by the bimodulus module of intelligent electric energy meter.
The above shows and describes the basic principles and main features of the present invention and the advantages of the present invention.The technology of the industry Personnel are it should be appreciated that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and the above embodiments and description only describe this The principle of invention, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and improvements may be made to the invention, these changes Change and improvement all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention by appended claims and its Equivalent thereof.

Claims (15)

1. one kind is used for electricity, water, air and heat energy measurement integral collecting method, which is characterized in that
Water meter, gas meter, three table data acquisition instructions of hotlist are issued to each user by micropower acquisition module by intelligent electric energy meter Gateway is interacted, each user interaction gateway responds three table data acquisition instructions, and water meter, gas meter, the hotlist in this networking are acquired Data are sent to concentrator by the micropower wireless communication module of intelligent electric energy meter;
The data of water meter, ammeter, gas meter, hotlist are uploaded to main website layer again by concentrator.
2. according to claim 1 be used for electricity, water, air and heat energy measurement integral collecting method, which is characterized in that institute It states concentrator and is interacted by communication channel with main website layer.
3. according to claim 2 be used for electricity, water, air and heat energy measurement integral collecting method, which is characterized in that institute Communication channel is stated using fiber channel, GPRS/CDMA common network channel or 230MHz wireless power dedicated channel.
4. according to claim 1 be used for electricity, water, air and heat energy measurement integral collecting method, which is characterized in that water Table, gas meter, hotlist, ammeter data by WIFI unit and user's mobile interchange equipment progress data interaction.
5. according to claim 1 be used for electricity, water, air and heat energy measurement integral collecting method, which is characterized in that micro- Power collection module is automatically waken up by the setting period.
6. according to claim 5 be used for electricity, water, air and heat energy measurement integral collecting method, which is characterized in that micro- Power collection module is communicated using the dedicated channel of setting.
7. according to claim 3 be used for electricity, water, air and heat energy measurement integral collecting method, which is characterized in that GPRS/CDMA common network channel link establishment step are as follows:
GPRS/CDMA network is logged according to APN and No. SIM registration;
The static ip address of GPRS/CDMA network distribution is obtained according to No. SIM;
GPRS/CDMA gateway network user according to the both ends APN/VPN gateway establish slave terminal to GPRS/CDMA access device IP routing is arranged IP and routes between GPRS/CDMA access device and communications platform, communications platform is configured terminal private net address Location translation establishes terminal to effective IP routing between main website;
Acquisition server of the terminal into main website layer sends linking request, and the acquisition server response establishes terminal to acquisition IP link between server, as the physical link of upper layer data interaction protocol.
8. according to claim 1 be used for electricity, water, air and heat energy measurement integral collecting method, which is characterized in that water Table, gas meter and hotlist are turned the analog data of acquisition by built-in micropower acquisition module or built-in broadband carrier acquisition module Turn to digital data.
9. one kind is used for electricity, water, air and heat energy measurement integral collecting method, which is characterized in that
Main website layer obtains the meter reading data uploaded, is parsed by the meter reading data that front server cluster will acquire, is above sent Database server;
Database server carries out the classification storage of electricity, water, gas and heat according to preset data model to data.
10. according to claim 9 be used for electricity, water, air and heat energy measurement integral collecting method, which is characterized in that number Data are corresponded to the Base data platform for being synchronized to marketing application system according to library server;
Marketing application system synchronizes the file data of the corresponding meter registration of data user corresponding with storage.
11. according to claim 10 be used for electricity, water, air and heat energy measurement integral collecting method, which is characterized in that Marketing application system is supplied to the serve port of third party's calling by interface server.
12. according to claim 9 be used for electricity, water, air and heat energy measurement integral collecting method, which is characterized in that main Layer of standing obtains the meter reading data of upload by communication channel.
13. according to claim 12 be used for electricity, water, air and heat energy measurement integral collecting method, which is characterized in that The communication channel uses fiber channel, GPRS/CDMA common network channel or 230MHz wireless power dedicated channel.
14. one kind is used for electricity, water, air and heat energy measurement integration collection system characterized by comprising
The intelligent electric energy meter of built-in bimodulus acquisition module: channel progress networking is copied to the data set of water meter, gas meter, hotlist, ammeter;
Concentrator: water meter, gas meter, three table data acquisition instructions of hotlist are issued to by each user interaction by micropower acquisition module Gateway;The information data that intelligent electric energy meter is acquired by micro power radio communication mode, receive the micropower of intelligent electric energy meter without Line communication module send water meter, gas meter, hotlist acquisition data and upload main website layer;
User interaction gateway: responding three table data acquisition instructions of concentrator, to the data of water meter, gas meter, hotlist and ammeter into Row is acquired and is locally stored.
15. one kind is used for electricity, water, air and heat energy measurement integration collection system characterized by comprising
Front server cluster: the meter reading data that communication channel uploads is parsed, database server is above sent;
Database server: according to preset data model data are carried out with the classification storage of electricity, water, gas and heat, and by data The corresponding Base data platform for being synchronized to marketing application system;
Marketing application system: the file data of the corresponding meter registration of data user corresponding with storage is synchronized.
CN201811105660.0A 2018-09-21 2018-09-21 One kind being used for electricity, water, the integrated acquisition method of air and heat energy measurement and system Pending CN109147299A (en)

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