CN110421491A - A kind of shot-blasting machine with dust-extraction unit - Google Patents

A kind of shot-blasting machine with dust-extraction unit Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN110421491A
CN110421491A CN201910780597.9A CN201910780597A CN110421491A CN 110421491 A CN110421491 A CN 110421491A CN 201910780597 A CN201910780597 A CN 201910780597A CN 110421491 A CN110421491 A CN 110421491A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
dust
shot
extraction unit
blast room
filter cylinder
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910780597.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郑玉生
郑新群
秦洪峰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Beijing Heshun Automobile Parts Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Beijing Heshun Automobile Parts Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Beijing Heshun Automobile Parts Co Ltd filed Critical Beijing Heshun Automobile Parts Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910780597.9A priority Critical patent/CN110421491A/en
Publication of CN110421491A publication Critical patent/CN110421491A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24CABRASIVE OR RELATED BLASTING WITH PARTICULATE MATERIAL
    • B24C1/00Methods for use of abrasive blasting for producing particular effects; Use of auxiliary equipment in connection with such methods
    • B24C1/08Methods for use of abrasive blasting for producing particular effects; Use of auxiliary equipment in connection with such methods for polishing surfaces, e.g. smoothing a surface by making use of liquid-borne abrasives
    • B24C1/083Deburring
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24CABRASIVE OR RELATED BLASTING WITH PARTICULATE MATERIAL
    • B24C1/00Methods for use of abrasive blasting for producing particular effects; Use of auxiliary equipment in connection with such methods
    • B24C1/08Methods for use of abrasive blasting for producing particular effects; Use of auxiliary equipment in connection with such methods for polishing surfaces, e.g. smoothing a surface by making use of liquid-borne abrasives
    • B24C1/086Descaling; Removing coating films
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24CABRASIVE OR RELATED BLASTING WITH PARTICULATE MATERIAL
    • B24C3/00Abrasive blasting machines or devices; Plants
    • B24C3/08Abrasive blasting machines or devices; Plants essentially adapted for abrasive blasting of travelling stock or travelling workpieces
    • B24C3/083Transfer or feeding devices; Accessories therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24CABRASIVE OR RELATED BLASTING WITH PARTICULATE MATERIAL
    • B24C9/00Appurtenances of abrasive blasting machines or devices, e.g. working chambers, arrangements for handling used abrasive material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24CABRASIVE OR RELATED BLASTING WITH PARTICULATE MATERIAL
    • B24C9/00Appurtenances of abrasive blasting machines or devices, e.g. working chambers, arrangements for handling used abrasive material
    • B24C9/003Removing abrasive powder out of the blasting machine
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24CABRASIVE OR RELATED BLASTING WITH PARTICULATE MATERIAL
    • B24C9/00Appurtenances of abrasive blasting machines or devices, e.g. working chambers, arrangements for handling used abrasive material
    • B24C9/006Treatment of used abrasive material

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of shot-blasting machine with dust-extraction unit, comprising: shot blast room, for providing ball blast space;Peener is set on shot blast room, for casting bullet to the workpiece to be processed in shot blast room;Work transfer device, for sending workpiece to be processed into or sending out shot blast room;Pellet circulator, for the pellet in shot blast room to be delivered to peener;Powder dust separating device is set in pellet circulator, and the bullet in pellet for conveying pellet circulator is separated with dust;Dust-extraction unit is connect by air draft pipeline with powder dust separating device, including dedusting chamber, the filter cylinder in dedusting chamber, the air extractor for being evacuated to filter cylinder, the blowback pipeline in filter cylinder and the feeder for being used to supply filter cylinder with blowback piping connection.The shot-blasting machine with dust-extraction unit use filtering drum dust removing, bullet good separating effect, good dedusting effect, and after dust accumulation can automatic back blow clear up filter cylinder, clear up it is convenient and efficient.

Description

A kind of shot-blasting machine with dust-extraction unit
Technical field
The invention belongs to shot-blast apparatus technical fields, and in particular to a kind of shot-blasting machine with dust-extraction unit.
Background technique
Shot-blasting machine is by steel sand bullet high speed falling impact using peener in cast(ing) surface, to clear up or strengthen casting The Casting Equipment on surface.Shot-blasting machine is usually made of shot blast room, pellet circulator, powder dust separating device, is arranged in shot blast room Impeller head, casting to be processed are sent into shot blast room, cast bullet by impeller head in closed environment, impact cast(ing) surface, will The sundries such as sand lump, oxide skin, burr, the iron rust of cast(ing) surface are shot down, and the impurity shot down is together with bullet by pellet circulator It is fed again into the recycling of impeller head, the impurity mixed in bullet in transmission process is separated by dust separator.Due to bullet It can be shot down together with the different size of particle such as sand lump, oxide skin, dust after impact cast(ing) surface, therefore bullet is recycled It needs to separate other impurities with bullet, is discharged in gas in separation process and is mingled with a large amount of dust, if being immediately discharged to meeting in air Cause serious environmental pollution, to solve this problem, dust-extraction unit is mostly connected on powder dust separating device.
A kind of water waterfall dust-extraction unit of hook type shot-blasting machine is disclosed in Chinese patent literature CN204819200U, is being thrown Bag filter and water waterfall dust-extraction unit are connected on the powder dust separating device of ball machine, are removed in gas by double dust-extraction unit Dust can reduce environmental pollution, but the device can both waste great lot of water resources using the dedusting of water waterfall, while also need that dirt is discharged Water can equally generate pollution, and just need dismantling device to replace cloth bag after the full ash of product on the device deduster, inconvenient, and remove Dirt is inefficient.In addition, there is also the technical problems such as powder dust separating device is bad to pellet separating effect for existing shot-blasting machine.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide a kind of shot-blasting machines with dust-extraction unit, use filtering drum dust removing, bullet point It is good from effect, it can automatic back blow cleaning filter cylinder after good dedusting effect and dust accumulation.
To solve the above-mentioned problems, the present invention provides a kind of shot-blasting machine with dust-extraction unit, comprising:
Shot blast room, for providing ball blast space;
Peener is set on shot blast room, for casting bullet to the workpiece to be processed in shot blast room;
Work transfer device, for sending workpiece to be processed into or sending out shot blast room;
Pellet circulator, for the pellet in shot blast room to be delivered to peener;
Powder dust separating device is set in pellet circulator, the bullet in pellet for conveying pellet circulator It is separated with dust;
Dust-extraction unit is connect by air draft pipeline with powder dust separating device, including dedusting chamber, the filter in dedusting chamber Cylinder, the air extractor for being evacuated to filter cylinder, the blowback pipeline in filter cylinder and with blowback piping connection be used for filter cylinder supply The feeder of gas.
In technical solution, it is preferred that dust-extraction unit further includes pressure sensor, the first control valve, the second control valve and control Device processed, pressure sensor, the first control valve, the second control valve are electrically connected with the controller, and pressure sensor is for detecting in filter cylinder Pressure, controller is used to receive the signal of pressure sensor, and according to the signal of pressure sensor control the first control valve and Second control valve, the first control valve are used to control the pumping of filter cylinder, and the second control valve is used to control the gas supply of filter cylinder.
In technical solution, it is preferred that dust-extraction unit further includes flue-dust retainer and gas exhaust piping, and flue-dust retainer is set to the bottom of dedusting chamber The exhaust outlet of portion, gas exhaust piping and air extractor connects.
In technical solution, it is preferred that powder dust separating device includes feed cavity, the disengagement chamber below feed cavity, can open That closes is set to the flashboard between feed cavity and disengagement chamber, the cloth screw rod in feed cavity, the rolling being sheathed on outside cloth screw rod Shaft screen, set on the slag-drip opening of feed cavity tail end and the dust hopper below disengagement chamber and aggregate bin, air draft pipeline and disengagement chamber Connection, dust hopper are set to the side of the close air draft pipeline of aggregate bin.
In technical solution, it is preferred that be additionally provided with multiple filter plates in disengagement chamber, filter plate is obliquely installed towards aggregate bin side.
In technical solution, it is preferred that pellet circulator includes feeding spiro rod, bucket elevator, discharge bucket and conveyance conduit, is sent Expect that screw rod is set to the bottom of shot blast room, the discharge end of the feed end of bucket elevator and feeding spiro rod connects, the discharge end of bucket elevator with The feed inlet of discharge bucket connects, and the discharge port of discharge bucket and the entrance of feed cavity connect, the outlet of aggregate bin and conveyance conduit One end connection, the other end of conveyance conduit are connect with peener.
In technical solution, it is preferred that peener include shell, the impeller in shell, the blade on impeller, Set on the shot wheel of impeller center, the orienting cover between impeller and shot wheel, the entering pills apparatus on shell and for driving The driving device of movable vane wheel rotation, shot wheel by the axis connection of linkage disk and impeller, be inserted into shell simultaneously by one end of entering pills apparatus It is opposite with the entrance of shot wheel.
In technical solution, it is preferred that work transfer device includes track frame, the track in track frame, removable sets In on track electric block, the rotation drive device that is hung under electric block by rope and connect with rotation drive device Suspension hook, rotation drive device can drive suspension hook to rotate in the horizontal direction.
In technical solution, it is preferred that shot blast room include shot blast room ontology, the door body on shot blast room ontology and be set to throw The collection bucket of ball room body bottom portion, the top of shot blast room ontology are equipped with the seam passed through for rope, and the side wall of collection bucket is opposite It is obliquely installed in horizontal plane.
In technical solution, it is preferred that on the side wall of shot blast room bodies top, the side wall of shot blast room ontology and collection bucket extremely It is equipped with a peener less.
Compared with the prior art, the present invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. the shot-blasting machine of the invention with dust-extraction unit, connect dust-extraction unit on powder dust separating device, dust-extraction unit with Filter cylinder is processing unit, and dust separative efficiency is high, and only needs to be evacuated with blower, does not consume other resources such as water, also not The secondary pollutions such as sewage can be generated;And blowback pipeline is equipped in filter cylinder, filter cylinder can be carried out after dust accumulation is a certain amount of on filter cylinder anti- Operation is blown, the dust accumulation on filter cylinder is blown off, is continued to use, is cleared up convenient and efficient;Pressure is additionally provided in powder dust separating device in filter cylinder Force snesor, and control valve is set on supply air line and exhaust pipe, sentenced by controller according to collected pressure signal Break and control the switch of two control valves, pumping is automatically stopped after dust accumulation is a certain amount of outside filter cylinder, and blowback is carried out to filter cylinder, clearly Dust accumulation outside filter cylinder is managed, is handled convenient, fast;
2. the shot-blasting machine of the invention with dust-extraction unit, cloth screw rod is arranged in powder dust separating device, in cloth screw rod peripheral hardware Set rotary screen, rotary screen will be separated after the sand lump for being greater than bullet, and by the pumping of dust-extraction unit using sand grains and dust with The difference of bullet weight separates sand grains and dust with bullet, and bullet separative efficiency is high, can effectively reuse bullet, and Filter plate is set in disengagement chamber, bullet is further prevented to fall into flue-dust retainer, improves bullet recycling rate of waterused;
3. the shot-blasting machine of the invention with dust-extraction unit, workpiece to be processed can be sent into shot blast room by work transfer device, And makes workpiece planar 360 degree of constantly rotations during shot blast room casts bullet, keep the surface of workpiece all angles equal Can be processed, dead angle is reduced, workpiece cleaning effect is more preferable;
4. the shot-blasting machine of the invention with dust-extraction unit, peener is arranged at different angle in shot blast room, so that bullet Ball can cast make to the top, side and bottom of workpiece workpiece can cleaning by multi-angle without dead angle, cleaning effect is more preferable.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the side view of the shot-blasting machine described in the embodiment of the present invention with dust-extraction unit;
Fig. 2 is the main view of the shot-blasting machine described in the embodiment of the present invention with dust-extraction unit;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of the peener in the shot-blasting machine with dust-extraction unit described in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of powder dust separating device in the shot-blasting machine with dust-extraction unit described in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the control electricity of control valve in dust-extraction unit in the shot-blasting machine with dust-extraction unit described in the embodiment of the present invention Road.
Wherein: 1- shot blast room;11- shot blast room ontology;12- door body;13- collection bucket;14- seam;2- peener;21- Shell;22- impeller;23- blade;24- shot wheel;25- orienting cover;26- entering pills apparatus;27- driving device;3- workpiece conveying dress It sets;31- track frame;32- track;33- electric block;34- rope;35- rotation drive device;36- suspension hook;4- pellet circulation dress It sets;41- feeding spiro rod;42- bucket elevator;43- discharge bucket;44- conveyance conduit;5- powder dust separating device;51- feed cavity;52- points From chamber;53- flashboard;54- cloth screw rod;55- rotary screen;56- dust hopper;57- aggregate bin;58- filter plate;6- dust-extraction unit;61- Dedusting chamber;62- filter cylinder;63- air extractor;64- blowback pipeline;65- feeder;66- flue-dust retainer;67- gas exhaust piping;7- takes out Air pipe line.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention, technical solution of the present invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that Described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the implementation in the present invention Example, every other embodiment obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts belong to The scope of protection of the invention.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, a kind of shot-blasting machine with dust-extraction unit described in the present embodiment, comprising:
Shot blast room 1, the peener 2 on shot blast room 1;
Work transfer device 3, for sending workpiece to be processed into or sending out shot blast room 1;
Pellet circulator 4, for the pellet in shot blast room 1 to be delivered to peener 2;
Powder dust separating device 5 is set in pellet circulator 4, the bullet in pellet for conveying pellet circulator 4 Ball is separated with dust;
Dust-extraction unit 6 is connect by air draft pipeline 7 with powder dust separating device 5, including dedusting chamber 61, be set to dedusting chamber 61 In filter cylinder 62, the air extractor 63 for being evacuated to filter cylinder 62, the blowback pipeline 64 in filter cylinder 62 and with blowback pipeline Feeder 65 of 64 connections for being supplied to filter cylinder.
In the course of work, workpiece to be processed is sent into shot blast room 1 by work transfer device 3, the peener in shot blast room 1 2 cast bullet to workpiece surface, and bullet shoots down the sand lump of workpiece surface, oxide skin etc., and bullet is fallen with sand lump, oxide skin etc. To the bottom of shot blast room 1, the top of shot blast room 1 is delivered to by pellet circulator 4, and will be therein through powder dust separating device 5 The separation of the substances such as sand lump, oxide skin, the bullet isolated are fed again into peener 2 and are recycled, wherein by dust-extraction unit Dust is generated when separating bullet to powder dust separating device 5 to be dusted, the gas for carrying dust enters in dust-extraction unit 6, takes out Device of air 63 will be pumped into negative pressure state in filter cylinder 62, filter into the gas in dedusting chamber 61 through filter cylinder, and dust barrier is being filtered Cylinder is outer, and pure air enters in filter cylinder, drains into outdoor by the extraction of air extractor 63.When shot-blasting machine work after a certain period of time, filter cylinder After a certain amount of dust of external sediment, the working efficiency of dust-extraction unit be will be greatly reduced, and cause filter cylinder blocking can not to powder Dust separating device pumping, can close air extractor at this time, stop pumping, open feeder 65, by blowback pipeline 64 to filter It is blown into purge gas in cylinder, is higher than air pressure in filter cylinder outside filter cylinder, so that the dust accumulated in outside filter cylinder be blown off, makes filter cylinder again Secondary unobstructed, can work on dedusting.
Dust-extraction unit is arranged, using filter cylinder to the ash generated in the shot-blasting machine course of work in the shot-blasting machine with dust-extraction unit Dirt carries out effective dedusting, high dust collection efficiency, and not waste water resource, does not generate water pollution;It is additionally provided in the dust-extraction unit anti- Blowpipe road can be such that the dust accumulation outside filter cylinder is blown away, obtain after dust-extraction unit dust accumulation by blowback pipeline to blowing in filter cylinder Cleaning.
Specifically, in dust-extraction unit 6, filter cylinder 62 be it is multiple, multiple filter cylinders 62 are arranged side by side, and filter cylinder 62 is top closed, bottom Portion is connect with air extractor, and switch is arranged, and blowback pipeline 64, the feeder of blowback pipeline and external setting are arranged in filter cylinder Connection, and switch is set on anti-blowpipe road, powder dust separating device 5 is connect by air draft pipeline 7 with dedusting chamber 61.Specifically, Air extractor can be blower, and feeder can be high pressure gas cylinder, air compressor machine etc..
In technical solution, it is preferred that as shown in figure 5, dust-extraction unit 6 further includes pressure sensor, the first control valve, second Control valve and controller, pressure sensor, the first control valve, the second control valve are electrically connected with the controller, and pressure sensor is used for Detect the pressure in filter cylinder, controller is used to receive the signal of pressure sensor, and according to the signal of pressure sensor control the One control valve and the second control valve, the first control valve are used to control the pumping of filter cylinder, and the second control valve is used to control the confession of filter cylinder Gas.Specifically, pressure sensor is set in filter cylinder, air pressure in filter cylinder is detected, the first control valve, which can be, to be arranged in air extractor On control valve, be also possible to be arranged in the control valve between air extractor and filter cylinder on connecting line, can also be setting exist The control valve of filter cylinder bottom;Second control valve can be the control valve being arranged on feeder, control the switch of feeder, It is also possible to that the control valve being arranged on the pipeline connected between feeder and blowback pipeline is arranged in, can also be and be arranged anti- The control valve of blowpipe road.First control valve and the second control valve may each be solenoid valve or motor-driven valve etc..Pressure sensor inspection Air pressure size in filter cylinder is surveyed, and transmits a signal to controller, preset pressure signal value in controller, by pressure sensor transmission Pressure signal value is compared with preset value, and when dust accumulation is excessive on cartridge exine, the filter opening on filter cylinder is blocked, and makes to bear in filter cylinder Pressure increases, and when negative pressure is more than preset value, controller output signal controls the first control valve and closes, and stops pumping, and control the Two control valves are opened, and are started to be passed through purge gas into filter cylinder, be cleared up the dust accumulation on filter cylinder.In this way, can detect automatically Dust accumulation situation on filter cylinder, thus filter cylinder dust accumulation to a certain degree when filter cylinder is cleared up automatically.
Specifically, pressure sensor uses the PX409 series pressure sensor of OMEGA production and sales in the present embodiment.The The electromagnetism that one control valve and the second control valve are VNC311B-10A-5DZ-BP-X77-Q using the product type that SMC company produces Valve.The microcontroller for the model M166 that controller is produced using Siemens Company.
In technical solution, it is preferred that dust-extraction unit 6 further includes flue-dust retainer 66 and gas exhaust piping 67, and flue-dust retainer 66 is set to and removes The bottom of dirt chamber 61, gas exhaust piping 67 are connect with the exhaust outlet of air extractor 63.The blowback after filter cylinder dust stratification of dust-extraction unit 6 is cleared up When, dust stratification drops down onto flue-dust retainer 66, the dust in flue-dust retainer 66 is manually then sent out into cleaning, and after the cleaning of dust-extraction unit 6 Air drained into air through gas exhaust piping 67.
Wherein, specifically, as shown in figure 4, powder dust separating device 5 includes feed cavity 51, point set on 51 lower section of feed cavity From chamber 52, it is openable and closable be set to the flashboard 53 between feed cavity 51 and disengagement chamber 52, the cloth screw rod 54 in feed cavity 51, It is sheathed on the rotary screen 55 outside cloth screw rod 54, the dust set on the slag-drip opening of 51 tail end of feed cavity and set on 52 lower section of disengagement chamber Bucket 56 and aggregate bin 57, air draft pipeline 7 are connect with disengagement chamber 52, and dust hopper 56 is set to the close air draft pipeline 7 of aggregate bin 57 Side.In the course of work, by pellet circulator 4 send to pill-sand mixture be sent into feed cavity 51 in, in cloth screw rod 54 By uniform distribution in feed cavity under effect, and enter in rotary screen 55, under the running of cloth screw rod, and in rotary screen Under effect, sand lump, arbor etc. that partial size is greater than bullet are transported at the slag-drip opening of feed cavity tail end and are discharged in residue bucket, and The small sand grains of partial size and dust etc. are together with bullet, by uniform distribution under the blocking of rotary screen, after accumulation is a certain amount of, open lock Plate 53 drops down onto pill-sand mixture in disengagement chamber 52 from feed cavity 51, the effect of the pumping of the air extractor in dust-extraction unit 6 Under, horizontal applied force of the pill-sand mixture by the direction of the air draft pipeline 7 to dust-extraction unit 6, and weight in pill-sand mixture Different particles is in horizontal applied force and motion profile is different under gravity, the smaller particle of gravity in the horizontal direction inclined Shifting is bigger, so that bullet be made to be separated with the smaller sand grains of quality, dust, bullet is dropped down onto aggregate bin 57, and sand grains, dust drop down onto In dust hopper 56, and the lighter dust of quality is taken away by dust-extraction unit.The device can effectively will be in the pill-sand mixture of recycling The impurity such as sand lump, sand grains, dust are isolated, and bullet therein is reused, and separative efficiency is high.
Preferably, multiple filter plates 58 are additionally provided in disengagement chamber 52, filter plate 58 is obliquely installed towards 57 side of aggregate bin.Further Specifically, filter plate 58 is set to the upper interval of dust hopper 56 and aggregate bin 57, and at position positioned there between.It is mixed in ball sand It closes after object falls into disengagement chamber, can be guided through filter plate, when mixture drops down onto filter plate, the sand grains, dust in mixture can be Pass through from the filter opening in filter plate under the suction of dust-extraction unit, hence into the upper area of dust hopper, finally drops down onto dust hopper In, and bullet can not be fallen into aggregate bin by filter opening under the guidance of filter plate, effectively can prevent bullet from accidentally falling into dust Bucket, improves the utilization rate of bullet.
Wherein, specifically, pellet circulator 4 includes feeding spiro rod 41, bucket elevator 42, discharge bucket 43 and conveyance conduit 44, feeding spiro rod 41 is set to the bottom of shot blast room 1, and the feed end of bucket elevator 42 is connect with the discharge end of feeding spiro rod 41, and bucket mentions The discharge end of machine 42 is connect with the feed inlet of discharge bucket 43, and the discharge port of discharge bucket 43 is connect with the entrance of feed cavity 51, is gathered materials The outlet of bucket 57 is connect with one end of conveyance conduit 44, and the other end of conveyance conduit 44 is connect with peener 2.In shot blast room 1 Bullet and sand grains for shooting down etc. drop down on the feeding spiro rod 41 of the bottom of shot blast room 1, are conveyed under the rotation of screw rod, send to Bucket elevator 42, pill-sand mixture is promoted at the top of shot blast room by bucket elevator 42, and is sent into discharge bucket 43, later falls into dust point In feed cavity 51 from device 5, bullet therein is separated through powder dust separating device 5, after bullet falls into aggregate bin 57, In It is delivered in each peener 2 respectively when requiring supplementation with bullet through conveyance conduit 44, reuses bullet.
Wherein, specifically, as shown in figure 3, peener 2 includes shell 21, the impeller 22 in shell 21, is set to leaf It takes turns the blade 23 on 22, the orienting cover 25 set on the shot wheel 24 at 22 center of impeller, between impeller 22 and shot wheel 24, set In the entering pills apparatus 26 on shell 21 and the driving device 27 for driving impeller to rotate, shot wheel 24 passes through linkage disk and impeller shaft Connection, one end of entering pills apparatus 26 are inserted into shell 21 and opposite with the entrance of shot wheel 24.Bullet is fallen into respectively from transfer pipeline 44 In the entering pills apparatus 26 of a peener 2, ball is fed into shot wheel 24, shot wheel 24 is equipped with window, dishes out for bullet, impeller 22 Rotation driven by the driving device, while shot wheel 24 being driven to rotate, shot wheel 24 distributes bullet in rotation, and through fixed The orientation mouth being arranged on set 25 is dished out to blade, from blade upthrow to workpiece surface under the high-speed rotation of blade, wherein Orienting cover 25 is not with wheel rotation, the adjustable angle for the orientation mouth being arranged thereon, thus the angle that adjustable bullet is dished out.
Wherein, specifically, work transfer device 3 includes track frame 31, the track 32 in track frame 31, removable sets In on track 32 electric block 33, rotation drive device 35 under electric block 33 be hung at by rope 34 and driven with rotation The suspension hook 36 that dynamic device 35 connects, rotation drive device 35 can drive suspension hook 36 to rotate in the horizontal direction.Workpiece is suspended to After on suspension hook 36, electric block 33 is mobile in orbit, workpiece is transported in shot blast room 1, the peener work in shot blast room During work, the rotation that rotation drive device 35 drives the workpiece hung on suspension hook 36 to carry out 360 degree in the horizontal direction, so that Dirt on workpiece at any angle can be removed effectively, and more thorough to the cleaning of workpiece, dead end of cleanning is few.Wherein rotate Driving device 35 specifically can be rotating electric machine.
Wherein, specifically, shot blast room 1 includes shot blast room ontology 11, the door body 12 on shot blast room ontology 11 and is set to The collection bucket 13 of 11 bottom of shot blast room ontology, the top of shot blast room ontology 11 are equipped with the seam 14 passed through for rope 34, collect The side wall of bucket 13 is inclined relative to horizontal setting.The setting of 13 sidewall slope of collection bucket, can make the bullet left in shot blast room 1 more Fastly, on the feeding spiro rod for more dropping down onto bottom, the recovery efficiency of bullet is higher, and recovery rate is faster.
Wherein, specifically, on the side wall at the top of shot blast room ontology 11, the side wall of shot blast room 1 and collection bucket 13 at least Equipped with a peener 2.Due to being respectively provided with peener in the top of shot blast room 1, side wall, bottom, and it is arranged in different portions The angle of dish out mouth towards the workpiece of its bullet of the peener of position is different, and is respectively provided with peener at variant angle Workpiece in shot blast room can be made to obtain the comprehensive processing of different angle, dead angle is less when shot-blasting machine being made to handle workpiece, to workpiece Cleaning effect it is more preferable.
With the shot-blasting machine of dust-extraction unit described in the present embodiment, dust-extraction unit, dedusting dress are connected on powder dust separating device It sets using filter cylinder as processing unit, dust separative efficiency is high, and only needs to be evacuated with blower, other resources such as water are not consumed, The secondary pollutions such as sewage will not be generated;And in filter cylinder be equipped with blowback pipeline, after dust accumulation is a certain amount of on filter cylinder can to filter cylinder into Row blowback operation, the dust accumulation on filter cylinder is blown off, is continued to use, and is cleared up convenient and efficient;It is also set in filter cylinder in powder dust separating device There is pressure sensor, and control valve is set on supply air line and exhaust pipe, is believed by controller according to collected pressure Number judge and control the switches of two control valves, pumping is automatically stopped after dust accumulation is a certain amount of outside filter cylinder, and carry out instead to filter cylinder It blows, dust accumulation outside cleaning filter cylinder is handled convenient, fast;Cloth screw rod is arranged in powder dust separating device, and rolling is arranged outside cloth screw rod Shaft screen, rotary screen will be separated after the sand lump for being greater than bullet, and utilize sand grains and dust and bullet by the pumping of dust-extraction unit The difference of weight separates sand grains and dust with bullet, and bullet separative efficiency is high, can effectively reuse bullet, and is dividing From filter plate is arranged in chamber, bullet is further prevented to fall into flue-dust retainer, improves bullet recycling rate of waterused;Work transfer device can incite somebody to action Workpiece to be processed is sent into shot blast room, and makes workpiece planar 360 degree of constantly rotations during shot blast room casts bullet, Make the surface of workpiece all angles can be processed, reduce dead angle, workpiece cleaning effect is more preferable;Peener in shot blast room not It is arranged at angle, bullet is cast to the top, side and bottom of workpiece, makes workpiece can be by multi-angle without dead angle Cleaning, cleaning effect are more preferable.
Obviously, the above embodiments are merely examples for clarifying the description, and does not limit the embodiments.It is right For those of ordinary skill in the art, can also make on the basis of the above description it is other it is various forms of variation or It changes.There is no necessity and possibility to exhaust all the enbodiments.And it is extended from this it is obvious variation or It changes still within the protection scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of shot-blasting machine with dust-extraction unit characterized by comprising
Shot blast room, for providing ball blast space;
Peener is set on the shot blast room, for casting bullet to the workpiece to be processed in the shot blast room;
Work transfer device, for sending the workpiece to be processed into or sending out the shot blast room;
Pellet circulator, for the pellet in the shot blast room to be delivered to the peener;
Powder dust separating device is set in the pellet circulator, in the pellet for conveying the pellet circulator Bullet is separated with dust;
Dust-extraction unit is connect by air draft pipeline with the powder dust separating device, including dedusting chamber, in the dedusting chamber Filter cylinder, the air extractor for being evacuated to the filter cylinder, the blowback pipeline in the filter cylinder and the blowback piping connection Feeder for being supplied to the filter cylinder.
2. the shot-blasting machine according to claim 1 with dust-extraction unit, it is characterised in that: the dust-extraction unit further includes pressure Sensor, the first control valve, the second control valve and controller, the pressure sensor, first control valve, second control Valve processed is electrically connected with the controller, and the pressure sensor is used to detect the pressure in the filter cylinder, and the controller is used for It receives the signal of the pressure sensor, and first control valve and described the is controlled according to the signal of the pressure sensor Two control valves, first control valve are used to control the pumping of the filter cylinder, and second control valve is for controlling the filter cylinder Gas supply.
3. the shot-blasting machine according to claim 1 or 2 with dust-extraction unit, it is characterised in that: the dust-extraction unit further includes Flue-dust retainer and gas exhaust piping, the flue-dust retainer are set to the bottom of the dedusting chamber, the gas exhaust piping and the air extractor Exhaust outlet connection.
4. the shot-blasting machine according to claim 1 or 2 with dust-extraction unit, it is characterised in that: the powder dust separating device packet Include feed cavity, the disengagement chamber below the feed cavity, it is openable and closable be set between the feed cavity and the disengagement chamber Flashboard, the rotary screen being sheathed on outside the cloth screw rod, is set to the feed cavity tail at the cloth screw rod in the feed cavity The slag-drip opening at end, dust hopper and aggregate bin below the disengagement chamber;The air draft pipeline is connect with the disengagement chamber, institute State side close to the air draft pipeline of the dust hopper set on the aggregate bin.
5. the shot-blasting machine according to claim 4 with dust-extraction unit, it is characterised in that: be additionally provided in the disengagement chamber multiple Filter plate, the filter plate are obliquely installed towards the aggregate bin side.
6. the shot-blasting machine according to claim 4 with dust-extraction unit, it is characterised in that: the pellet circulator includes sending Expect screw rod, bucket elevator, discharge bucket and conveyance conduit;The feeding spiro rod is set to the bottom of the shot blast room, the bucket elevator Feed end is connect with the discharge end of the feeding spiro rod, and the discharge end of the bucket elevator is connect with the feed inlet of the discharge bucket, The discharge port of the discharge bucket is connect with the entrance of the feed cavity, the outlet and one end of the conveyance conduit of the aggregate bin Connection, the other end of the conveyance conduit are connect with the peener.
7. the shot-blasting machine according to claim 1 or 2 with dust-extraction unit, it is characterised in that: the peener includes shell Body, the impeller in the shell, the blade on the impeller, set on the impeller center shot wheel, be set to institute State the orienting cover between impeller and the shot wheel, the entering pills apparatus on the shell, for driving the impeller rotation Driving device;For the shot wheel by the axis connection of linkage disk and the impeller, the shell is inserted into one end of the entering pills apparatus In and it is opposite with the entrance of the shot wheel.
8. the shot-blasting machine according to claim 1 or 2 with dust-extraction unit, it is characterised in that: the work transfer device packet Track frame is included, the track in the track frame, the electric block being set on the track is moved, is hung at by rope Rotation drive device under the electric block and the suspension hook connecting with the rotation drive device, the rotation drive device can The suspension hook is driven to rotate in the horizontal direction.
9. the shot-blasting machine according to claim 8 with dust-extraction unit, it is characterised in that: the shot blast room includes shot blast room sheet Body, the door body on the shot blast room ontology and the collection bucket set on the shot blast room body bottom portion, the shot blast room ontology Top be equipped with the seam that passes through for the rope, the side wall of the collection bucket is inclined relative to horizontal setting.
10. the shot-blasting machine according to claim 9 with dust-extraction unit, it is characterised in that: the top of the shot blast room ontology, At least provided with a peener on the side wall of the shot blast room ontology and the side wall of the collection bucket.
CN201910780597.9A 2019-08-22 2019-08-22 A kind of shot-blasting machine with dust-extraction unit Pending CN110421491A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910780597.9A CN110421491A (en) 2019-08-22 2019-08-22 A kind of shot-blasting machine with dust-extraction unit

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910780597.9A CN110421491A (en) 2019-08-22 2019-08-22 A kind of shot-blasting machine with dust-extraction unit

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110421491A true CN110421491A (en) 2019-11-08

Family

ID=68417213

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910780597.9A Pending CN110421491A (en) 2019-08-22 2019-08-22 A kind of shot-blasting machine with dust-extraction unit

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110421491A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112658999A (en) * 2020-12-24 2021-04-16 青岛华川机械有限公司 Multi-angle shot blasting device for driving type pavement shot blasting machine
CN112959225A (en) * 2021-02-19 2021-06-15 哈尔滨华青铸造机械有限公司 Shot blasting derusting machine for passenger car frame
CN113579836A (en) * 2021-08-25 2021-11-02 中铝瑞闽股份有限公司 Suction detection mechanism for waste edge negative pressure suction pipeline and application method thereof

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112658999A (en) * 2020-12-24 2021-04-16 青岛华川机械有限公司 Multi-angle shot blasting device for driving type pavement shot blasting machine
CN112959225A (en) * 2021-02-19 2021-06-15 哈尔滨华青铸造机械有限公司 Shot blasting derusting machine for passenger car frame
CN113579836A (en) * 2021-08-25 2021-11-02 中铝瑞闽股份有限公司 Suction detection mechanism for waste edge negative pressure suction pipeline and application method thereof

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN110421491A (en) A kind of shot-blasting machine with dust-extraction unit
CN104759413B (en) Building waste screening plant and method for sieving
CN103128869A (en) Waste plastic recycling system
CN104608059B (en) Shot blasting machine
CN105415200A (en) Full-automatic numerical control shotblast cleaning equipment
US3782643A (en) Apparatus for conditioning a granular material
CN205097057U (en) Sand blasting machine equipment
CN206925741U (en) Bush-hammered face of stone material processing equipment
CN106955800B (en) Novel dry-type purification method and purification structure
CN104608060A (en) Method for cleaning projectiles of shot blasting machine
CN205254801U (en) Full -automatic numerical control shot blast cleaning equipment
CN203973409U (en) Drum-type shot blasting machine
CN103978439A (en) Meshed belt type shot-blast cleaning machine
CN203610409U (en) Online destroying system of tobacco stem wastes
CN214723445U (en) Shot blasting rust removal device for plastic-coated composite steel pipe
CN210550517U (en) Shot blasting machine with dust removal device
CN103802038A (en) Drum type shot blasting machine
CN204450243U (en) A kind of dust collecting device of shot blasting machine
CN207326765U (en) A kind of separator for impeller blasting
CN210386186U (en) Magnetic separation separator
CN208801224U (en) A kind of Novel shot blasting machine
CN208304805U (en) A kind of sandblasting house system convenient for adding sand
US3958764A (en) Granulating apparatus
CN204431071U (en) A kind of shot blasting machine cleaning trunk structure
CN204431073U (en) A kind of shot-blasting machine cloth bag back-blowing dust removing device

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination