CN110394120A - A kind of roller organic fertilizer granulator - Google Patents

A kind of roller organic fertilizer granulator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110394120A
CN110394120A CN201910775953.8A CN201910775953A CN110394120A CN 110394120 A CN110394120 A CN 110394120A CN 201910775953 A CN201910775953 A CN 201910775953A CN 110394120 A CN110394120 A CN 110394120A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
organic fertilizer
roller
pressure
shaft
pressure roller
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910775953.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张波
景奉国
孙宁波
景浩
黄大斌
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SHANDONG KINGORO MACHINERY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
SHANDONG KINGORO MACHINERY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SHANDONG KINGORO MACHINERY Co Ltd filed Critical SHANDONG KINGORO MACHINERY Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910775953.8A priority Critical patent/CN110394120A/en
Publication of CN110394120A publication Critical patent/CN110394120A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J2/00Processes or devices for granulating materials, e.g. fertilisers in general; Rendering particulate materials free flowing in general, e.g. making them hydrophobic
    • B01J2/20Processes or devices for granulating materials, e.g. fertilisers in general; Rendering particulate materials free flowing in general, e.g. making them hydrophobic by expressing the material, e.g. through sieves and fragmenting the extruded length
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/04Stationary flat screens

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of roller organic fertilizer granulator, including feed space, suppressing room, molding room and the pedestal set gradually from top to bottom;Pressure roller assembly is provided in the suppressing room, pressure roller assembly lower part is fitted with template, the template-setup has transparent material forming hole, the cutoff tool being connected with material forming hole is provided in the molding room, the cutoff tool lower part is provided with material stirring disc, and the template and material stirring disc are set in outside rotary shaft.The organic fertilizer cylinder that the pelletizer can be used for different size is granulated, and the base manure after being widely used in animal wastes and stalk fermentation is granulated.

Description

A kind of roller organic fertilizer granulator
Technical field
The present invention relates to fertilizer granulation fields, and in particular to a kind of roller organic fertilizer granulator.
Background technique
Fertilizer granulation equipment mainly uses disk centrifuge pelletizer on the market, and cardinal principle is various materials from equipment top Portion is added, and contracts through preloaded helical compression and is delivered to the arc-shaped slot of roll, and roll constant speed reversely rotates, and material is bitten in slot simultaneously Pressure compression is carried out, material passes through the pressure born behind compressional zone and is gradually reduced, and surface tension and gravity are allowed to nature abjection, It into crushed machine and whole grain crusher machine, finishing, enters back into vibrating screen and is sieved, powdery undersize material passes through feeding back device again It is sent back to raw material cabin and carries out secondary roll-in.
Main problem existing for existing equipment: organic fertilizer disk centrifuge pelletizer equipment is that open processing not can be carried out object The pretreatment of material, dust and smog pollution are more serious;Process conditions require height, and returning charge is high, low efficiency, such as: the granularity of raw material Size influences molding size, the molding size of how much influences of injected volume, and the position that feeds intake is fixed, and raw material moisture requires high;No Can one-pass molding, requirement need to be can be only achieved by crushing and pelletizing;It needing to guarantee deformation rate by drying after molding, ratio of briquetting is low, And the compactness of particle is lower, production space occupied is larger, and process is relatively complicated, and demand is manually more, and processing cost is high.
Summary of the invention
In view of the above problems, the present invention provides a kind of roller organic fertilizer granulator, which can be used for different size Organic fertilizer cylinder be granulated, the base manure after being widely used in animal wastes and stalk fermentation is granulated.
The present invention is achieved by the following measures:
A kind of roller organic fertilizer granulator, including feed space, suppressing room, molding room and the pedestal set gradually from top to bottom;
Pressure roller assembly is provided in the suppressing room, pressure roller assembly lower part is fitted with template, and the template-setup has Transparent material forming hole, is provided with the cutoff tool being connected with material forming hole in the molding room, under the cutoff tool Portion is provided with material stirring disc, and the template and material stirring disc are set in outside rotary shaft.
Preferably, the center of the feed space is connected with pressure actuation axis, and pressure actuation axis top is connected with pressure Adjusting rod, pressure actuation axis lower part are connect with pressure roller assembly.
Preferably, the pressure roller assembly includes pressure roller shaft, and the pressure roller shaft is fixedly connected with pressure actuation axis, the pressure roller Axis is circumferentially provided with multiple lateral shafts, and each lateral shaft is rotatablely connected a pressure roller.
Preferably, the lateral shaft is three, and circumferentially shape is evenly arranged centered on pressure roller shaft;The axis of the lateral shaft Line extends outwardly from pressure roller shaft, tilts upward setting along the horizontal plane.
Preferably, the pressure roller is taper.
Preferably, the cutoff tool is three, and along molding room center, circumferentially shape is uniformly arranged.
Preferably, the cutoff tool and template are arranged in 30 ° of corner cuts.
Preferably, the material stirring disc is circumferentially evenly arranged with multiple material toggling pawls, and the material toggling pawl is " F " shape.
Preferably, for the template between suppressing room and molding room, the molding hole in module is stepped hole.
Preferably, molding room's linking has discharge bucket, is provided with sieve in the discharge bucket.
Preferably, motor is installed, the motor is connected with speed reducer by shaft coupling, the speed reducer on the pedestal Output end and rotation axis connection.
Preferably, the speed reducer is Helical gear Transmission speed reducer.
Preferably, the shaft coupling is cydariform shaft coupling.
Preferably, the base bottom is provided with leveling parallels.
Preferably, the revolving speed of rotary shaft is 60rpm, and the linear velocity of pressure roller is 2.5m/s.
Preferably, the molding room lower part is provided with bearing chamber, and mounted in pairs has alignment bearing in the bearing chamber.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
1. the rotational structure of template and rotary shaft suit can be avoided bulk impurity indentation pattern hole, template service life is improved, Improve the stability of equipment.Can join in organic fertilizer fermentation raw material has the impurity such as sandy soil to carry out assisted fermentation, so organic fertilizer granulation Small amount handstone can be contained in raw material, will cause the well damage of pelletizing template, such template rotational structure can reduce stone Son enters the probability of pattern hole, improves stability.
2. step hole molding structure, suitable for the raw material after fermenting, good forming effect, up to 98% or more, the service life mentions ratio of briquetting 20% is risen, the raw material moisture scope of application is promoted to 18%-30% by 20%-25%.
3. using triconic roller structure, the both ends of taper pressure roller and the inside and outside astragal speed of mould are consistent, do not occur taking turns and mould The dislocation friction of plate, reduces resistance, reduces kinetic energy loss, extends the service life of mold, realizes that low temperature is granulated, is granulated Temperature is lower than 80 degree, guarantees the higher survival rate of strain inside organic fertilizer, guarantees the fertilizer efficiency of organic fertilizer;Three pressure rollers are used simultaneously Work is run simultaneously, realizes high production capacity and high efficiency
4. suppressing room (sealed granulation cell structure, can effectively reduce the excessive of material, it is ensured that environment of pelletizing it is excellent.
5. the particle that compacting is cut off can be scanned out in time, reduce the secondary breakage of particle by " F " shape material toggling pawl structure Rate.
6. cutoff tool and template are in 30 ° of cutting angles, it is ensured that efficient cutting speed, particle damages caused by reducing because of cutting Hurt probability.
7. cydariform shaft coupling connects motor output shaft and speed reducer input shaft, to be directly connected to the kind of drive, guarantee big turn round Square transmission;Also there is self-aligning function simultaneously, reduce transmission loss, improve transmission efficiency.
8. using Helical gear Transmission slowing-down structure, transmission efficiency is high, and noise is small, compact structure, convenient for installation and maintenance, stablizes Property it is high.
9. the pressure regulating mechanism that pressure adjusting lever and pressure actuation axis, pressure roller assembly form, can achieve not parking tune The purpose of seamless power can be guaranteed that the pressure of three pressure rollers is identical, be efficiently solved pressure not using an intermediate adjustment structure The problems such as abrasion caused by equal problem is uneven, extends the service life of pressure roller and template.
10. a complete set of equipment enclosure space works, no dust overflows, and working environment is good.
11. sieve is arranged at discharge bucket, effectively easily the broken powder of generation can be sifted out.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application or in the prior art more clearly, to embodiment or will show below There is attached drawing needed in technical description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only this Some embodiments of application for those of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts, can be with It obtains other drawings based on these drawings.
Fig. 1 is main view of the invention;
Fig. 2 is A-A cross-sectional view in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is molding room's internal structure chart;
Fig. 4 is pressure roller assembly structure chart;
Fig. 5 is three dimensional sectional view of the present invention;
In figure: 1, motor, 2, cydariform shaft coupling, 3, upper housing, 4, discharge bucket, 4-1, sieve, 5, lower case, 6, speed reducer, 7, Middle shell, 7, pedestal, 9, material toggling pawl, 10, cutoff tool, 11, pressure roller, 12, template, 13, rolling bearing group, 14, pressure roller shaft, 15, Pressure actuation axis, 16, pressure adjusting lever, 17, rotary shaft, 18, self-aligning bearing.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the attached drawing in the embodiment of the present application, technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application carries out clear, complete Whole description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of embodiments of the present application, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiments herein, every other reality obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts Example is applied, shall fall in the protection scope of this application.
Roller organic fertilizer granulator as shown in Figs. 1-5, upper housing 3 surround transparent feed space, in upper housing 3 Inner wall is arranged three gussets and is commonly connected to intermediate drive sleeve, and drive sleeve top half is threaded hole, with pressure adjusting lever 16 It being threadedly coupled, the lower half portion of drive sleeve is through-hole, and is provided with flat key slot, it is keyed by flat key and pressure actuation axis 15, Pressure adjusting lever 16 and pressure actuation axis 15 are in drive sleeve interior contact.
The lower end of pressure actuation axis 15 is provided with flange, which is connect by screw with pressure roller shaft 14, pressure roller shaft 14 It is circumferentially uniformly arranged there are three lateral shaft, the axis of the lateral shaft extends outwardly from pressure roller shaft, tilts upward set along the horizontal plane It sets.It is mounted on rolling bearing group 13 on each lateral shaft, the pressure roller of a taper is respectively mounted outside each rolling bearing group 13 11.The operation linear velocity of pressure roller is that 2.5m/s can effectively remove the gas in material, increase product since linear velocity is lower Tightness degree, while reducing the abrasion of the noise and components that generate when operation, the loss of pressure roller lubricant can be prevented.
Triconic roller structure, the both ends of taper pressure roller and the inside and outside astragal speed of mould are consistent, the mistake of wheel with template do not occur Position friction, reduces resistance, reduces kinetic energy loss, extends the service life of mold, realizes that low temperature is granulated, prilling temperature is low In 80 degree, guarantees the higher survival rate of strain inside organic fertilizer, guarantee the fertilizer efficiency of organic fertilizer;Three same lucks of pressure roller are used simultaneously High production capacity and high efficiency are realized in row work.
For 3 lower part of upper housing by shell 7 in flanged joint, the compacting that middle shell surrounds is arranged in pressure roller shaft 14 and pressure roller 11 It is indoor.The suppressing room that middle shell surrounds can effectively reduce the excessive of material, it is ensured that environment of pelletizing it is excellent.
Middle shell connects lower case 5 by lower flange, and the first up big and down small stepped hole is arranged among lower case 5, on The hole that portion is relatively large in diameter is molding room, and molding room top is provided with template 12, and template 12 is sleeved on outside rotary shaft 17, template 12 Multiple the second transparent stepped holes of upper setting, step hole molding structure be suitable for fermenting after raw material, good forming effect, at For type rate up to 98% or more, life-span upgrading 20%, the raw material moisture scope of application is promoted to 18%-30% by 20%-25%.Second stepped hole For the small structure type in the big lower part in top.Template follows rotary shaft to rotate together, and template rotational structure can be avoided bulk impurity It is pressed into pattern hole, template service life is improved, improves the stability of equipment.Can join in organic fertilizer fermentation raw material has the impurity such as sandy soil Assisted fermentation is carried out, so small amount handstone can be contained in organic fertilizer granulation raw material, will cause the well damage of pelletizing template, Such template rotational structure can reduce the probability that stone enters pattern hole, improve stability.
The top of template 12 is contacted with pressure roller 11, and the lower part of template 12 is provided with 3 cutoff tools 10, and cutoff tool is in template 30 ° of cutting angles, it is ensured that efficient cutting speed, particle damage probability caused by reducing because of cutting, cutoff tool 10 pass through connection Axis is connect with molding chamber interior walls.In the bottom end of molding room, it is provided with material stirring disc, which is sleeved on rotation by intermediate sleeve On axis 17, material stirring disc is arranged circumferentially three material toggling pawls 9, and the side of the material toggling pawl is in " F " shape." F " shape material toggling pawl can and When will compacting cutting particle scan out, reduce the secondary breakage rate of particle.Molding room's linking has discharge bucket 4, sets in discharge bucket It is equipped with sieve 4-1, sieve can effectively easily sift out the broken powder of generation.
The lesser hole of molding room's lower diameter is bearing chamber, outer wall, that is, lower case of the bearing chamber, using cast iron quality, tool There is the features such as rapid heat dissipation, high temperature is indeformable, improves stabilization of equipment performance.18 mounted in pairs of alignment bearing is in rotary shaft and bearing chamber Between, using double alignment bearing structures, it is ensured that main shaft rotates with one heart, and the stability for improving operation is high.
The bottom of pedestal 8 is provided with leveling parallels, can adjust equipment level degree according to fabricating yard on the spot, it is steady to improve operation It is qualitative, abnormal vibration phenomenon is effectively reduced.Motor 1 is installed on 8 top of pedestal, and motor 1 is connected by cydariform shaft coupling 2 and speed reducer 6 It connecing, the speed reducer is Helical gear Transmission speed reducer, and transmission efficiency is high, and noise is small, compact structure, it is convenient for installation and maintenance, stablize Property it is high.Shield is set outside cydariform shaft coupling 2, prevents people or object from contacting shaft, avoids personnel or mechanical equipment damage. The output end of speed reducer 6 is connect by spline with rotary shaft 17, and it is good that spline connection ensures to export high efficiency, stability.Rotary shaft Output revolving speed be 60rpm.
The adjustment of pressure roller and die plate pressure is the important link that equipment uses, it had both influenced the production efficiency of equipment, also shadow Ring the service life of template.The operating pressure of pressure roller is different due to the difference of material.To adapt to that pressure is facilitated to adjust, use not The structure design of parking adjustment pressure, i.e., adjust the pressure of pressure roller during equipment operation.Centre need to be only adjusted when adjusting Pressure adjusting screw 16 is clockwise intensified pressure, is counterclockwise reduction pressure.To discharge smoothly, without metal when having material work Grating is advisable.Each pinch roller is individual adjusting screw rod on the market, and when adjusting easily causes pressure to adjust phenomena such as uneven Exception is caused, this equipment can be guaranteed that the pressure of three pressure rollers is identical, be efficiently solved pressure using an intermediate adjustment structure The problems such as abrasion caused by uneven problem is uneven, extends the service life of pressure roller and template
Machine itself uses automatic lubricating system, machine normal work be can not shut down use by oneself it is oily, to main in machine The components wanted play the role of a good maintenance.Equipment is simple to operation, saves manually, an equipment only needs one Individual can operate.
The foregoing description of the disclosed embodiments makes professional and technical personnel in the field can be realized or use the application. Various modifications to these embodiments will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, as defined herein General Principle can be realized in other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the application.Therefore, the application It is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein, and is to fit to and the principles and novel features disclosed herein phase one The widest scope of cause.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of roller organic fertilizer granulator, which is characterized in that including set gradually from top to bottom feed space, suppressing room, Molding room and pedestal;Pressure roller assembly is provided in the suppressing room, pressure roller assembly lower part is fitted with template, the mould Plate is provided with transparent material forming hole, and the cutoff tool being connected with material forming hole is provided in the molding room, described Cutoff tool lower part is provided with material stirring disc, and the template and material stirring disc are set in outside rotary shaft.
2. a kind of roller organic fertilizer granulator according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the center of the feed space connects It is connected to pressure actuation axis, pressure actuation axis top is connected with pressure adjusting lever, and pressure actuation axis lower part and pressure roller are total At connection.
3. a kind of roller organic fertilizer granulator according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the pressure roller assembly includes pressure Roll shaft, the pressure roller shaft are fixedly connected with pressure actuation axis, and the pressure roller shaft is circumferentially provided with multiple lateral shafts, each lateral shaft It is rotatablely connected a pressure roller.
4. a kind of roller organic fertilizer granulator according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the lateral shaft is three, Circumferentially shape is evenly arranged centered on pressure roller shaft;The axis of the lateral shaft extends outwardly from pressure roller shaft, tilts along the horizontal plane It sets up.
5. a kind of roller organic fertilizer granulator according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the cutoff tool is in template 30 ° of corner cut settings.
6. a kind of roller organic fertilizer granulator according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the material stirring disc is circumferentially uniform Multiple material toggling pawls are provided with, the material toggling pawl is " F " shape.
7. a kind of roller organic fertilizer granulator according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the template is located at suppressing room Between molding room, the molding hole in module is stepped hole.
8. a kind of roller organic fertilizer granulator according to claim 7, which is characterized in that molding room's linking has out Hopper is provided with sieve in the discharge bucket.
9. a kind of roller organic fertilizer granulator according to claim 1, which is characterized in that be equipped with electricity on the pedestal Machine, the motor are connected with speed reducer, the output end and rotation axis connection of the speed reducer by shaft coupling.
10. a kind of roller organic fertilizer granulator according to claim 9, which is characterized in that the speed reducer is helical teeth Transmission speed reducer is taken turns, the shaft coupling is cydariform shaft coupling.
CN201910775953.8A 2019-08-22 2019-08-22 A kind of roller organic fertilizer granulator Pending CN110394120A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910775953.8A CN110394120A (en) 2019-08-22 2019-08-22 A kind of roller organic fertilizer granulator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910775953.8A CN110394120A (en) 2019-08-22 2019-08-22 A kind of roller organic fertilizer granulator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110394120A true CN110394120A (en) 2019-11-01

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910775953.8A Pending CN110394120A (en) 2019-08-22 2019-08-22 A kind of roller organic fertilizer granulator

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110743467A (en) * 2019-11-21 2020-02-04 佛山科学技术学院 Catalyst prilling granulator for waste water treatment

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110743467A (en) * 2019-11-21 2020-02-04 佛山科学技术学院 Catalyst prilling granulator for waste water treatment

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