CN110293609A - 一种玄武岩复合防火板贴面及其制备工艺 - Google Patents

一种玄武岩复合防火板贴面及其制备工艺 Download PDF

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CN110293609A
CN110293609A CN201910521990.6A CN201910521990A CN110293609A CN 110293609 A CN110293609 A CN 110293609A CN 201910521990 A CN201910521990 A CN 201910521990A CN 110293609 A CN110293609 A CN 110293609A
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fireproof plate
composite fireproof
basalt composite
basalt
veneer
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张国林
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Shiyude New Materials (wuhu) Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27DWORKING VENEER OR PLYWOOD
    • B27D1/00Joining wood veneer with any material; Forming articles thereby; Preparatory processing of surfaces to be joined, e.g. scoring
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27GACCESSORY MACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR WORKING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS; TOOLS FOR WORKING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS; SAFETY DEVICES FOR WOOD WORKING MACHINES OR TOOLS
    • B27G11/00Applying adhesives or glue to surfaces of wood to be joined
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B21/00Layered products comprising a layer of wood, e.g. wood board, veneer, wood particle board
    • B32B21/14Layered products comprising a layer of wood, e.g. wood board, veneer, wood particle board comprising wood board or veneer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B33/00Layered products characterised by particular properties or particular surface features, e.g. particular surface coatings; Layered products designed for particular purposes not covered by another single class
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B37/00Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding
    • B32B37/06Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding characterised by the heating method
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B37/00Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding
    • B32B37/10Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding characterised by the pressing technique, e.g. using action of vacuum or fluid pressure
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B37/00Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding
    • B32B37/12Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding characterised by using adhesives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B7/00Layered products characterised by the relation between layers; Layered products characterised by the relative orientation of features between layers, or by the relative values of a measurable parameter between layers, i.e. products comprising layers having different physical, chemical or physicochemical properties; Layered products characterised by the interconnection of layers
    • B32B7/04Interconnection of layers
    • B32B7/12Interconnection of layers using interposed adhesives or interposed materials with bonding properties
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B9/00Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00
    • B32B9/002Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00 comprising natural stone or artificial stone
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B9/00Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00
    • B32B9/04Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00 comprising such particular substance as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material
    • B32B9/042Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00 comprising such particular substance as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material of wood
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2307/00Properties of the layers or laminate
    • B32B2307/30Properties of the layers or laminate having particular thermal properties
    • B32B2307/306Resistant to heat
    • B32B2307/3065Flame resistant or retardant, fire resistant or retardant
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2307/00Properties of the layers or laminate
    • B32B2307/70Other properties
    • B32B2307/718Weight, e.g. weight per square meter
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2607/00Walls, panels
    • B32B2607/02Wall papers, wall coverings

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Wood Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Forests & Forestry (AREA)
  • Ceramic Engineering (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Fluid Mechanics (AREA)
  • Chemical And Physical Treatments For Wood And The Like (AREA)

Abstract

本发明涉及防火材料技术领域,具体是一种玄武岩复合防火板贴面,该玄武岩复合防火板贴面的原材料包括:玄武岩复合防火板、聚氨酯胶水、木皮,将玄武岩复合防火板放置于工作台面,用聚氨酯胶水在玄武岩复合防火板表面进行辊涂,将木皮平移整放于聚氨酯胶水面上,并热压数分钟或冷压数小时后,用砂光机对材料表面进行砂光后涂抹油漆,制得成品,本发明,作为三防饰面、任意花纹、色彩新材料,可以取替木材,符合防火设计要求,且比瓷砖美观轻质、容易安装、不产生建筑垃圾、可以挪动再次利用,到达取替瓷砖的效果,整个工艺无毒、无味、不含害物质,绿色环保。

Description

一种玄武岩复合防火板贴面及其制备工艺
技术领域
本发明涉及防火材料技术领域,具体是一种玄武岩复合防火板贴面及其制备工艺。
背景技术
随着建设建筑行业不断推陈出新健康发展,建设过程中成本能耗、环境保护、建筑垃圾、使用安全等,国家政策对节能、环保、安全防护建筑室内外装配式新材料广泛推广应用。
目前,现有的室内外装配式材料多为木材或瓷砖,但木材不具有防火的特性,而瓷砖无法满足人们对不同需求花纹、颜色、天然木质纹理的需要,而且瓷砖不容易安装、会产生建筑垃圾,因此,针对以上现状,迫切需要开发一种玄武岩复合防火板贴面,以克服当前实际应用中的不足。
发明内容
本发明的目的在于提供一种玄武岩复合防火板贴面及其制备工艺,以解决上述背景技术中提出的问题。
为实现上述目的,本发明提供如下技术方案:
一种玄武岩复合防火板贴面,该玄武岩复合防火板贴面的原材料包括:玄武岩复合防火板、聚氨酯胶水、木皮,所述玄武岩复合防火板、聚氨酯胶水、木皮按照质量比重分别为:玄武岩复合防火板1-3份、聚氨酯胶水5-10份、木皮1-3份。
作为本发明进一步的方案:用无机杂化胶水替代所述聚氨酯胶水。
作为本发明进一步的方案:该玄武岩复合防火板贴面的耐火极限为800℃。
为本发明进一步的方案:所述的玄武岩复合防火板贴面的制备工艺,其特征在于,包括以下步骤:
一、取出玄武岩复合防火板放置于工作台面;
二、取出聚氨酯胶水,在玄武岩复合防火板表面进行辊涂;
三、取出木皮,将木皮平移整放于聚氨酯胶水面上,并热压数分钟或冷压数小时。
四、用砂光机对材料表面进行砂光后涂抹油漆,制得成品。
作为本发明进一步的方案:所述热压操作为热压机在85℃、压力40T的条件下进行热压。
作为本发明进一步的方案:所述热压时间为6分钟。
作为本发明进一步的方案:所述冷压操作为冷压机在压力40T的条件下,冷压4小时。
与现有技术相比,本发明的有益效果是:
该玄武岩复合防火板贴面作为三防饰面、任意花纹、色彩新材料,可以取替木材,符合防火设计要求,且比瓷砖美观轻质、容易安装、不产生建筑垃圾、可以挪动再次利用,到达取替瓷砖的效果,整个工艺无毒、无味、不含害物质,绿色环保。
附图说明
图1为玄武岩复合防火板贴面的结构示意图。
图中:1-玄武岩复合防火板,2-聚氨酯胶水,3-木皮。
具体实施方式
下面结合具体实施方式对本专利的技术方案作进一步详细地说明。
本发明实施例中,该玄武岩复合防火板贴面的原材料包括:玄武岩复合防火板、聚氨酯胶水、木皮。
本实施例中,所述玄武岩复合防火板1、聚氨酯胶水2、木皮3按照质量比重分别为:1-3份玄武岩复合防火板1、5-10份聚氨酯胶水2、1-3份木皮3。
本实施例中,所述用无机杂化胶水替代所述聚氨酯胶水2,且所述玄武岩复合防火板1还可与贴墙纸、墙布、皮革、三聚氰胺面、软包、硬包、PVC膜、PET膜、PEV膜进行贴合,所述玄武岩复合防火板1为基材进行雕刻、砂光基板、造型板不贴面直接涂装喷涂、辊涂水性漆、UV漆、PU漆、无机涂料、聚酯漆、PE漆、硝基漆关键,该玄武岩复合防火板贴面作为三防饰面、任意花纹、色彩新材料,可以取替木材,符合防火设计要求,且比瓷砖美观轻质、容易安装、不产生建筑垃圾、可以挪动再次利用,到达取替瓷砖的效果,整个工艺无毒、无味、不含害物质,绿色环保。
实施例1
玄武岩复合防火板贴面制备工艺,其特征在于,包括以下步骤:
一、取出1份玄武岩复合防火板1放置于工作台面;
二、取出5份聚氨酯胶水2,在玄武岩复合防火板1表面进行辊涂;
三、取出1份木皮3,将木皮3平移整放于聚氨酯胶水2面上,并热压数分钟或冷压数小时。
四、用砂光机对材料表面进行砂光后涂抹油漆,制得成品。
实施例2
玄武岩复合防火板贴面制备工艺,其特征在于,包括以下步骤:
一、取出3份玄武岩复合防火板1放置于工作台面;
二、取出10份聚氨酯胶水2,在玄武岩复合防火板1表面进行辊涂;
三、取出3份木皮3,将木皮3平移整放于聚氨酯胶水2面上,并热压数分钟或冷压数小时。
四、用砂光机对材料表面进行砂光后涂抹油漆,制得成品。
实施例3
玄武岩复合防火板贴面制备工艺,其特征在于,包括以下步骤:
一、取出2份玄武岩复合防火板1放置于工作台面;
二、取出8份聚氨酯胶水2,在玄武岩复合防火板1表面进行辊涂;
三、取出2份木皮3,将木皮3平移整放于聚氨酯胶水2面上,并热压数分钟或冷压数小时。
四、用砂光机对材料表面进行砂光后涂抹油漆,制得成品。
以上的仅是本发明的优选实施方式,应当指出,对于本领域的技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明构思的前提下,还可以作出若干变形和改进,这些也应该视为本发明的保护范围,这些都不会影响本发明实施的效果和专利的实用性。

Claims (8)

1.一种玄武岩复合防火板贴面,其特征在于,该玄武岩复合防火板贴面的原材料包括:玄武岩复合防火板(1)、聚氨酯胶水(3)、木皮(3),所述玄武岩复合防火板(2)、聚氨酯胶水(3)、木皮(3)按照质量比重分别为:玄武岩复合防火板(2)1-3份、聚氨酯胶水(2)5-10份、木皮(3)1-3份。
2.根据权利要求2所述的玄武岩复合防火板贴面,其特征在于,用无机杂化胶水替代所述聚氨酯胶水(2)。
3.根据权利要求1所述的玄武岩复合防火板贴面,其特征在于,该玄武岩复合防火板贴面的耐火极限为800℃。
4.一种如权利要求1所述玄武岩复合防火板贴面的制备工艺,其特征在于,包括以下步骤:
一、取出玄武岩复合防火板(1)放置于工作台面;
二、取出聚氨酯胶(2),在玄武岩复合防火板(1)表面进行辊涂;
三、取出木皮(3),将木皮(3)平移整放于聚氨酯胶水(2)面上,并热压数分钟或冷压数小时。
5.四、用砂光机对材料表面进行砂光后涂抹油漆,制得成品。
6.根据权利要求4所述的玄武岩复合防火板贴面制备工艺,其特征在于,所述热压操作为热压机在85℃、压力40T的条件下进行热压。
7.根据权利要求5所述的玄武岩复合防火板贴面制备工艺,其特征在于,所述热压时间为6分钟。
8.根据权利要求4所述的玄武岩复合防火板贴面制备工艺,其特征在于,所述冷压操作为冷压机在压力40T的条件下,冷压4小时。
CN201910521990.6A 2019-06-17 2019-06-17 一种玄武岩复合防火板贴面及其制备工艺 Pending CN110293609A (zh)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113103684A (zh) * 2021-04-16 2021-07-13 滁州风禹新材料科技有限公司 A2级防火覆膜板材及生产方法

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2756422Y (zh) * 2003-12-29 2006-02-08 梁一鸣 一种复合板
CN202689213U (zh) * 2012-05-08 2013-01-23 朱春平 一种新型的防火保温板
CN203666042U (zh) * 2014-01-17 2014-06-25 德清京浙建材有限公司 一种复合防火板
US20140298656A1 (en) * 2013-04-09 2014-10-09 Mohammad R. Ehsani Structure reinforcement partial shell
CN105084826A (zh) * 2015-08-26 2015-11-25 四川航天五源复合材料有限公司 一种含有玄武岩纤维的防火板面板

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2756422Y (zh) * 2003-12-29 2006-02-08 梁一鸣 一种复合板
CN202689213U (zh) * 2012-05-08 2013-01-23 朱春平 一种新型的防火保温板
US20140298656A1 (en) * 2013-04-09 2014-10-09 Mohammad R. Ehsani Structure reinforcement partial shell
CN203666042U (zh) * 2014-01-17 2014-06-25 德清京浙建材有限公司 一种复合防火板
CN105084826A (zh) * 2015-08-26 2015-11-25 四川航天五源复合材料有限公司 一种含有玄武岩纤维的防火板面板

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113103684A (zh) * 2021-04-16 2021-07-13 滁州风禹新材料科技有限公司 A2级防火覆膜板材及生产方法

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Application publication date: 20191001