CN110206357A - A kind of verticallifting stereo garage - Google Patents

A kind of verticallifting stereo garage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110206357A
CN110206357A CN201910339052.4A CN201910339052A CN110206357A CN 110206357 A CN110206357 A CN 110206357A CN 201910339052 A CN201910339052 A CN 201910339052A CN 110206357 A CN110206357 A CN 110206357A
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China
Prior art keywords
level
stator
vehicle
translation plates
garage
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CN201910339052.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110206357B (en
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黄娜
汪怡岑
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汪怡岑
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Priority to CN201910339052.4A priority Critical patent/CN110206357B/en
Publication of CN110206357A publication Critical patent/CN110206357A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/08Garages for many vehicles
    • E04H6/12Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles
    • E04H6/18Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles with means for transport in vertical direction only or independently in vertical and horizontal directions
    • E04H6/22Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles with means for transport in vertical direction only or independently in vertical and horizontal directions characterised by the use of movable platforms for horizontal transport, i.e. cars being permanently parked on palettes
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/42Devices or arrangements peculiar to garages, not covered elsewhere, e.g. securing devices, safety devices, monitoring and operating schemes; centering devices

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of verticallifting stereo garages, including garage main body, mobile bracket, rail, elevating mechanism, vertical shift mechanism and transverse-moving mechanism, the mobile bracket provides power by hub motor for longitudinal movement, the hub motor is mounted on the bottom of mobile bracket by electric machine support, the hub motor includes rotor case, first end cover, second end cover, stator support, stator end cap, motor stator, electric machine main shaft, stator winding, permanent magnet and special bearing, the elevating mechanism is by no frame permanent magnet synchronous motor, driving wheel, first directive wheel, second directive wheel, horizontal fixed pulley, draw fixed pulley, lifting platform, counterweight and traction rope composition;The transverse-moving mechanism includes vehicle-carrying plate, carriage slide rails, vehicle frame locating slot, lifting platform sliding rail, level-one electromagnetic unit, two-stage electromagnetic unit, level-one translation plates and second level translation plates;The present invention can be improved space utilization rate into vehicle access efficiency, to economize the land resource, reduce maintenance and management cost.

Description

A kind of verticallifting stereo garage
Technical field
The present invention relates to parking apparatus fields, and in particular to a kind of verticallifting stereo garage.
Background technique
Because traditional parking facility energy parked vehicle is few and takes up a large area, in order to meet, masses are increasingly vigorous to stop Vehicle demand, people increasingly pay attention to the construction of stereo garage.Stereo garage, which is widely used, can advantageously promote information-based, grid Change the development with urban transportation automation.However the problems such as parking stall imbalance of supply and demand, critical shortage, has seriously affected China works as The development of preceding parking systems.Ministry of Public Security's statistical data is shown, by 2018 end of the year whole nation car ownerships up to 2.4 hundred million, I The average proportions on state's big city car and parking stall are about 1:0.8, and small and medium-sized cities are about 1:0.5, with developed country's 1:1.3 phase Than China parking stall ratio is seriously relatively low, and national parking stall notch is more than 50,000,000.The shortage of parking stall makes showing for illegal parking As very universal, often it can be seen that the private car that is at a stop on cycle track or pavement, has seriously affected normal traffic order Sequence.It has been investigated that conventional parking garages have the following problems: (1) looking for vehicle difficult, when car owner's shopping trip looks for the vehicle time long;(2) stop Che Nan, car owner go around in circles in parking lot and find parking stall, not only cause the congestion in parking lot, can also waste the down time of car owner; (3) high labor cost that traditional parking lot needs to put into, thus caused management cost is also higher, but there are the efficiencies of management Low problem;(4) difficult charge, the mode of peak time manual toll collection on and off duty make car owner's card taking, payment, admission and appear on the scene all It is very cumbersome time-consuming.In order to solve the problems, such as parking difficulty in community in urban areas, need a kind of to can be improved the vertical of space utilization rate Lifting stereo parking garage, to economize the land resource, convenient for access vehicle, reduction maintenance and management cost.
The Chinese invention patent of Publication No. CN105507632A discloses a kind of Double-shaft vertical elevating garage, including master Hoistway and auxiliary shaft road are respectively equipped with two parking stalls, Mei Geting to every layer of top layer in the second layer of main shaft road and auxiliary shaft road two sides Parking stall is equipped with one group of carrier vehicle board bracket, and moveable vehicle-carrying plate is equipped on carrier vehicle board bracket, along centre four in main shaft road Root post is disposed with riser guide system, and main shaft road center is equipped with the car bearing platform of vertical lift, the two sides among auxiliary shaft road The second layer to every layer of top layer of bottom is equipped with vertical shift guide rail.The transverse-moving mechanism and vertical shift mechanism in the garage use multiple groups sprocket wheel chain Combination transmission, than cumbersome, space hold is big for sprocket wheel chain combination, and there are shock and vibrations when operation, and the hinge of chain is when long Between will appear different degrees of abrasion after use so that pitch, which becomes larger, is likely to occur obscission, influence the operational safety in garage, And the access efficiency of vehicle is not high.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art, present invention seek to address that the problems of the prior art, provide a kind of vertical lift Stereo garage, improve space utilization rate into vehicle access efficiency, to economize the land resource, reduce maintenance and management cost.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions: a kind of verticallifting stereo garage, including garage main body, mobile branch Frame, rail, elevating mechanism, vertical shift mechanism and transverse-moving mechanism, the vertical shift mechanism include mobile bracket, vehicle-carrying plate, rail and wheel Hub motor;The hub motor include rotor case, first end cover, second end cover, stator support, stator end cap, motor stator, Electric machine main shaft, stator winding, permanent magnet and special bearing;The hub motor is fixedly mounted on mobile bracket using electric machine support Bottom, fixing axle is equipped between the electric machine support, the hub motor is set in the fixing axle;The first end cover It is in collar plate shape structure with the second end cover, and is equipped with boss at the outer side center of the collar plate shape structure;Described The boss of one end cap is equipped with multiple circumferential threaded holes, and through-hole is equipped on the boss of the second end cover;It is described First end cover and second end cover are fixedly mounted on the both ends of the rotor case, the rotor case and the first end cover and the Two end caps constitute the rotating part of the hub motor;The electric machine main shaft is fixedly installed on the inside of the first end cover;It is described The outer wall middle part of the rounded tubular structure of rotor case, the rotor case is circumferentially equipped with groove, and the permanent magnet is fixed on The inside of the rotor case;The motor stator includes stator support and stator core and the stator that is wrapped on stator core Winding;The stator core is fixedly mounted on the stator support and is arranged in a one-to-one correspondence with the permanent magnet;The stator Bracket is set on the electric machine main shaft, and one end of the stator support is bolted to connection to be covered in stator terminal, described The through-hole that stator end cap passes through in the second end cover is mounted on the electric machine support;
The transverse-moving mechanism includes vehicle-carrying plate, carriage slide rails, vehicle frame locating slot, lifting platform sliding rail, level-one electromagnetic unit, two Grade electromagnetic unit, level-one translation plates and second level translation plates;The level-one electromagnetic unit includes primary stator unit and level-one mover Unit;The two-stage electromagnetic unit includes second level stator unit and second level subunit;The lifting platform sliding rail and the carrier vehicle Level-one translation plates and second level translation plates are successively arranged between plate;The level-one translation plates are slidably matched with the second level translation plates; The level-one translation plates are U-shaped structure, are symmetrically arranged with even number rigid castors in the two sides of the bottom of the level-one translation plates, described The boss of level-one translation plates two sides is equipped with V-type sliding slot;The second level translation plates are mounted on the lower part of vehicle-carrying plate close to two sides Edge position is equipped with the V-type rail being adapted at two with the V-type sliding slot in the bottom of the second level translation plates;The lifting platform is sliding Rail is equipped with primary stator unit, fixes in the lower plane of level-one translation plates position corresponding with the primary stator unit Level-one subunit is installed;The upper Plane Installation of second level translation plates described in the level-one translation plates face has second level stator list Member, the lower plane of second level translation plates position corresponding with the second level stator unit are equipped with second level subunit.
Vertical shift mechanism of the present invention provides power using hub motor, controls mobile bracket by the rail in hoistway Vehicle is promoted to the designated floor in garage by longitudinal movement while longitudinal movement by elevating mechanism, after reaching parking stall, The transverse-moving mechanism will drive vehicle-carrying plate to be moved in the vehicle frame placing groove on garage frame using two-stage linear motor;Energy of the present invention It is enough quickly to be taken out in the parking stall of Automobile Transportation to garage or from garage, the efficiency of Transport Vehicle is improved, and be not used to backhaul Send unloaded sweep.
Further, the elevating mechanism includes no frame permanent magnet synchronous motor, driving wheel, the first directive wheel, second leads The top of mobile bracket is located to wheel, horizontal fixed pulley, traction fixed pulley, lifting platform, counterweight and traction rope, the elevating mechanism Portion;The no frame permanent magnet synchronous motor is mounted on the crossbeam of the mobile cradle top by motor cabinet;The no frame Permanent magnet synchronous motor includes output shaft, rotor assembly and stator module, the rotor assembly be connected by key be fixed on it is described defeated On shaft;The driving wheel is mounted on the output shaft of no frame permanent magnet synchronous motor, and first directive wheel is located at the master The side of driving wheel is at mobile bracket edge, and second directive wheel is fixed on the crossbeam of the driving wheel other side, institute The center that horizontal fixed pulley is mounted on mobile cradle top is stated, the traction fixed pulley is separately mounted to the four of mobile bracket At angle.Beneficial effect using the above scheme is: being directly connected to by no frame permanent magnet synchronous motor with load, reduces connection and set It is standby, overall structure size is reduced, keeps structure more compact.
Further, the garage main body includes several parking units being made of crossbeam and column, is stopped outside unit It is equipped with two cant beams symmetrically fixed between two adjacent columnss of side, is set respectively on the forward and backward column of each parking unit There is garage frame, the corresponding position on two garage frames is respectively equipped with vehicle frame placing groove and carriage slide rails, the carriage slide rails On the ground of garage frame bottom, the vehicle frame placing groove is mounted on the lower end of garage frame.Beneficial effect using the above scheme Fruit is: convenient for vehicle-carrying plate to be placed in garage.
Further, the vehicle frame placing groove is c-type structure, and the medial shaft of the vehicle frame placing groove is faced directly and the carrier vehicle The corresponding position of plate side is equipped with the second attracting electromagnet of several pairs of magnetism.Beneficial effect using the above scheme is: to Vehicle-carrying plate is sent into corresponding vehicle frame placing groove, and vehicle-carrying plate is fixed in garage by second electromagnet.
Further, the middle part of the garage main body is equipped with hoistway, and the rail is arranged on the ground in the hoistway, The rail includes two parallel tracks, and the width of the groove is greater than the width of rail and rotor case contact surface.Using The beneficial effect of above scheme is: hub motor being made to directly drive the longitudinal movement on the rail in hoistway of mobile bracket.
Further, electromagnetism connects between the second level translation plates and the vehicle-carrying plate;The second level translation plates with it is described Be respectively set in the plane that vehicle-carrying plate is in contact be magnetic it is attracting several to the first electromagnet.Beneficial effect using the above scheme Fruit is: being detached from the connection with vehicle-carrying plate by the first magnet control second level translation plates, returns on lifting platform.
Further, the lifting platform is connected to hoisting mechanism using the traction rope, on four angles of the lifting platform Equipped with guide shoe, the riser guide for being adapted to the guide shoe is equipped in the mobile bracket.Beneficial effect using the above scheme is: rising Descending mechanism provides power using traction rope for lifting platform, by the cooperation of guide shoe and riser guide, guarantees lifting platform vertical movement Stability.
Further, every described traction rope one end is fixed on the vehicle-carrying plate, and the other end successively bypasses to be led accordingly It is fixedly connected on the counterweight after drawing fixed pulley, horizontal fixed pulley, driving wheel and directive wheel.Beneficial effect using the above scheme Fruit is: using the weight of counterbalancing vehicle-carrying plate and vehicle, reducing output power and driving wheel without frame permanent magnet synchronous motor On torque.
Further, the counterweight two sides are equipped with counter weight guide track, and described pair focuses on vertical movement in counter weight guide track.Using upper The beneficial effect for stating scheme is: guaranteeing the safety to re-running.
Further, the elevating mechanism is additionally provided with brake, and the brake is mounted on no frame permanent magnet synchronous motor Output shaft on.Beneficial effect using the above scheme is: controlling the speed without frame permanent magnet synchronous motor by brake, makes No frame permanent magnet synchronous motor slows down or stops.
Compared with the existing technology, the invention has the following advantages that
(1) mobile bracket can control lifting platform by elevating mechanism while longitudinal movement and be in vertical motion, and deposit It picks up the car more flexible, significantly improves the operational efficiency in garage;(2) transverse-moving mechanism is driven using linear motor, sensitivity and positioning accurate Degree is high, and faster, relative to conventional motors longer life expectancy, maintenance cost is lower for response speed;(3) the wheel hub electricity that vertical shift mechanism uses Great number of driving component is omitted in machine, and structure is simple, convenient for safeguarding, while transmission efficiency is also higher;(4) stereo garage can basis It needs to increase the garage number of plies, expands storage capacity, space utilization rate can be effectively improved.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of forward structure schematic diagram in verticallifting stereo garage of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a kind of lateral structure schematic diagram in verticallifting stereo garage of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a kind of overlooking structure diagram in verticallifting stereo garage of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of the hub motor in verticallifting stereo garage of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of the transverse-moving mechanism in verticallifting stereo garage of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a kind of partial structural diagram of the elevating mechanism in verticallifting stereo garage of the present invention.
In figure: 1, without frame permanent magnet synchronous motor;101, output shaft;102, rotor assembly;103, stator module;104, electric Base;2, driving wheel;3, horizontal fixed pulley;4, fixed pulley is drawn;5, the first directive wheel;6, the second directive wheel;7, traction rope;8, Counterweight;9, column;10, crossbeam;11, hub motor;1101, rotor case;1101-1, groove;1102-1, first end cover; 1102-2, second end cover;1103, stator winding;1104, stator support;1105, stator end cap;1106, motor stator;1107, Hub motor main shaft;1108, special bearing;1109, electric machine support;1109-1, fixing axle;1110, permanent magnet;12, cross sliding machine Structure;1201, carriage slide rails;1202, vehicle frame placing groove;1203, lifting platform sliding rail;1204, primary stator unit;1205, second level Stator unit;1206, level-one translation plates;1207, second level translation plates;1208, the second electromagnet;13, vehicle-carrying plate;1301, first Electromagnet;14, rail;15, garage frame;16, mobile bracket.
Specific embodiment
In order to make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the present invention clearer, with reference to embodiments, to the present invention It is described in further detail.It should be appreciated that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the present invention, it is not used to limit The fixed present invention.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art institute without making creative work The every other embodiment obtained, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that term " on ", "lower", "left", "right", " top ", " bottom ", The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as "inner", "outside" is to be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and is merely for convenience of retouching It states the present invention and simplifies description, rather than the device or element of indication or suggestion meaning must have a particular orientation, with specific Orientation construction and operation, therefore be not considered as limiting the invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of verticallifting stereo garage as shown in Figures 1 to 6, including garage main body, mobile bracket 16, rail 14, Elevating mechanism, vertical shift mechanism and transverse-moving mechanism 12;The vertical shift mechanism includes mobile bracket 16, vehicle-carrying plate 13, rail 14 and wheel Hub motor 11, the hub motor 11 are fixedly mounted on the bottom of mobile bracket 16 using electric machine support 1109, pass through wheel hub electricity Machine 11 is that the movement of mobile bracket 16 provides power;Fixing axle 1109-1, the wheel hub are equipped between the electric machine support 1109 Motor 11 is set on the fixing axle 1109-1;The hub motor 11 include rotor case 1101, first end cover 1102-1, Second end cover 1102-2, stator support 1104, stator end cap 1105, motor stator 1106, hub motor main shaft 1107, stator around Group 1103, permanent magnet 1110 and special bearing 1108;The first end cover 1102-1 and second end cover 1102-2 is in round Dish configuration, and boss is equipped at the outer side center of the collar plate shape structure;It is equipped on the boss of the first end cover more A circumferential threaded hole is equipped with through-hole on the boss of the second end cover;The first end cover 1102-1 and second End cap 1102-2 is fixedly mounted on the both ends of the rotor case 1101, the rotor case 1101 and the first end cover 1102-1 and second end cover 1102-2 constitutes the rotating part of the hub motor 11;The fixed peace of the hub motor main shaft 1107 Mounted in the inside of the first end cover 1102-1;The rounded tubular structure of the rotor case 1101, the rotor case 1101 Outer wall in the middle part of be circumferentially equipped with groove 1101-1, the permanent magnet 1110 is fixed on the inside of the rotor case 1101;Institute Stating motor stator 1106 includes stator support 1104 and stator core and the stator winding 1103 being wrapped on stator core;It is described Stator core is fixedly mounted on the stator support 1104, and is arranged in a one-to-one correspondence with the permanent magnet 1110;The stator Bracket 1104 is set on the hub motor main shaft 1107, and one end of the stator support 1104 is bolted to connection On the stator end cap 1105, the through-hole that the stator end cap 1105 passes through on the second end cover 1102-2 is mounted on the electricity On machine support 1109.Specifically, special bearing 1108 described herein is automobile hub bearing, automobile hub bearing is compact-sized, Load bearing capacity is big, easy to maintain, for bearing the radial load and axial load from mobile bracket and vehicle.
The rail 14 includes two parallel tracks, it is preferable that the track is square rail or I-shaped rail;Institute The width for stating groove 1101-1 is greater than the width of rail 14 and 1101 contact surface of rotor case, to improve the stability of rail 14, Guarantee the intensity of rail 14.Further, every track of the rail 14 is equipped with one group of hub motor 11, two institutes Two groups of 11 quantity of hub motor stated on track are identical, with the fixed installation of corresponding position.
The vertical shift mechanism directly drives mobile bracket 16 using hub motor 11 and drives vehicle-carrying plate longitudinal on rail 14 It is mobile, mobile bracket 16 is supported by rail 14 and limits the transverse movement of hub motor 11.When work, in hub motor 11 Three-phase current is accessed in stator winding 1103, rotating excitation field can be formed in stator winding 1103 after accessing electric current, and then generate The magnetic force rotated around axis direction, due to being mounted with permanent magnet 1110, the magnetic pole of permanent magnet 1110 on the inside of rotor case 1101 Be it is fixed, according to the principle of the same-sex attraction opposite sex repulsion of magnetic pole, the rotating excitation field generated in the stator can be driven outside rotor Shell 1101 is rotated, and it is equal to be finally reached the revolving speed of rotary pole generated in the rotation speed and stator of rotor;Due to fixed Sub- winding 1103 and stator support 1104 are fixed on electric machine support 1109 by stator end cap 1105, the rotor case 1101 It is set on fixing axle 1109-1, therefore turns with the first end cover 1102-1 and second end cover 1102-2 rotating part formed Subshell 1101 will be rotated around fixing axle 119-1, so that mobile bracket 16 be driven to vertically move on rail 14;Outside due to rotor Shell 1101 be equipped with groove 1101-1, hub motor 11 directly by rotor case 1101 driving move bracket 16, do not need using Tire can be improved the load capacity of hub motor 11, reduce the operation and maintenance cost of vertical shift mechanism;Transmission is eliminated simultaneously Component improves transmission efficiency, and structure is simple, better reliability.
The transverse-moving mechanism 12 includes vehicle-carrying plate 13, carriage slide rails 1201, vehicle frame locating slot, lifting platform sliding rail 1203, one Grade electromagnetic unit, two-stage electromagnetic unit, level-one translation plates 1206 and second level translation plates 1207;The level-one electromagnetic unit includes one Grade stator unit 1204 and level-one subunit, the two-stage electromagnetic unit include second level stator unit 1205 and second level mover list Member;Level-one translation plates 1206 and second level translation plates are successively arranged between the lifting platform sliding rail 1203 and the vehicle-carrying plate 13 1207;The level-one translation plates 1206 are slidably matched with the second level translation plates 1207, and the level-one translation plates 1206 are U-shaped knot Structure, the two sides of the bottom of the level-one translation plates 1206 are symmetrically arranged with three pairs of rigid castors, 1206 two sides of level-one translation plates Boss is equipped with V-type sliding slot;The second level translation plates 1207 are mounted on the lower part of vehicle-carrying plate 13 close to both sides of the edge position, described The bottom of second level translation plates 1207 is equipped with the V-type rail being adapted at two with the V-type sliding slot;It is set on the lifting platform sliding rail 1203 There is primary stator unit 1204, is fixedly mounted in the plane of the corresponding primary stator unit 1204 of the level-one translation plates 1206 There is level-one subunit;Second level stator is installed in the plane of second level translation plates 1207 described in 1206 face of level-one translation plates Unit 1205,1207 lower section of second level translation plates are equipped with second level mover list with 1205 corresponding position of second level stator unit Member.
After the transverse-moving mechanism is powered, driven by the primary stator unit 1204 on the lifting platform sliding rail 1203 The level-one subunit is mobile, drives the second level translation plates 1207 and vehicle-carrying plate 13 of the level-one translation plates 1206 and its top It is moved on the lifting platform sliding rail 1203;Drive the second level subunit mobile using the second level stator unit 1205, Make the second level subunit that the second level translation plates 1207 and vehicle-carrying plate 13 be driven to move in the level-one translation plates 1206; Level-one translation plates 1206 are set simultaneously and second level translation plates 1207 make the traverse range of vehicle-carrying plate 13 big, it is ensured that vehicle-carrying plate 13 can be in traversing to each garage frame 15.
The elevating mechanism is located at the top of mobile bracket 16, the elevating mechanism include no frame permanent magnet synchronous motor 1, Driving wheel 2, the first directive wheel 5, the second directive wheel 6, horizontal fixed pulley group, traction fixed pulley group, lifting platform, counterweight 8 and traction Rope 7;The no frame permanent magnet synchronous motor 1 is mounted on 16 top of mobile bracket by motor cabinet 104;The no frame is forever Magnetic-synchro motor 1 includes output shaft 101, rotor assembly 102 and stator module 103, and the rotor assembly 102 is connected by key solid It is scheduled on the output shaft 101;The driving wheel 2 is mounted on the output shaft 101 of no frame permanent magnet synchronous motor 1, and described One directive wheel 5 is located at the side of the driving wheel 2 close to mobile 16 edge of bracket, and second directive wheel 6 is fixed on described On the crossbeam 10 of 2 other side of driving wheel, the horizontal fixed pulley group includes four and is separately mounted to 16 top of mobile bracket Center horizontal fixed pulley 3, the traction fixed pulley group includes four and is separately mounted to 16 top of the mobile bracket Four corners traction fixed pulley 4.
It should be noted that the garage main body includes several parking units being made of crossbeam 10 and column 9, each Two cant beams symmetrically fixed are equipped between two adjacent columnss 9 of unit lateral surface of stopping, the upper end of the cant beam is fixed on It stops among the crossbeam 10 on unit top, the lower end of the cant beam is fixed among the column 9 of parking unit side;In order to carry Sweep 13 is placed in garage, is respectively equipped with garage frame 15, two garages on the forward and backward column of each parking unit Corresponding position on frame 15 is respectively equipped with vehicle frame placing groove 1202 and carriage slide rails 1201;Specifically, the carriage slide rails 1201 are located on the garage floor of 15 bottom of garage frame, and the vehicle frame placing groove 1202 is mounted on the lower end of garage frame 15.Into one Step ground, the vehicle frame placing groove 1202 are c-type structure, and the medial shaft of the vehicle frame placing groove 1202 is faced directly and the vehicle-carrying plate 13 The corresponding position of side is equipped with the second attracting electromagnet 1208 of several pairs of magnetism, is sent into corresponding vehicle frame to vehicle-carrying plate 13 and puts It sets in slot 1202, vehicle-carrying plate 13 is fixed in garage by second electromagnet 1208;It is set in the middle part of the garage main body There is hoistway, the rail 14 is arranged on the ground in the hoistway.
Further, electromagnetism connects between the second level translation plates 1207 and the vehicle-carrying plate 13;The second level translation plates It is respectively set in 1207 planes being in contact with the vehicle-carrying plate 13 and is magnetic attracting several to the first electromagnet 1301, passed through First electromagnet 1301 controls the connection of second level translation plates 1207 disengaging and vehicle-carrying plate 13, returns on lifting platform.
The lifting platform is connected to hoisting mechanism using the traction rope 7, it is contemplated that stabilization when lifting platform moves vertically Property, it is equipped with guide shoe on four angles of the lifting platform, is additionally provided with riser guide, elevator in the mobile bracket 16 Structure provides power by traction rope 7 for lifting platform, and the stability of lifting platform is improved by the cooperation of guide shoe and riser guide.It needs Illustrate, the guide shoe can be sliding guide shoe or rolling guide shoe.
In order to use counterweight 8 to balance the weight of vehicle-carrying plate 13 and vehicle, reduce the output work without frame permanent magnet synchronous motor 1 One end of torque in rate and driving wheel 2, the every traction rope 7 is fixed on the lifting platform, and the other end successively bypasses phase It is fixedly connected on after traction fixed pulley 4, horizontal fixed pulley 3, the second directive wheel 6, driving wheel 2 and the first directive wheel 5 answered described On counterweight 8.Specifically, the quantity of traction rope 7 described herein is four, is connected to four after being each passed through horizontal fixed pulley 3 It draws on fixed pulley 4.
It should be noted that 8 two sides of counterweight are equipped with counter weight guide track, the counterweight 8 is vertically moved up or down in counter weight guide track, Guarantee safety when counterweight 8 is run.
In view of the deceleration of elevating mechanism needs, the elevating mechanism is additionally provided with brake, and the brake is mounted on nothing On the output shaft 101 of frame permanent magnet synchronous motor 1;Specifically, the brake used in the present embodiment is brake sticking brake Device controls the speed without frame permanent magnet synchronous motor 1 by brake, and no frame permanent magnet synchronous motor 1 is made to slow down or stop.
When needing storage of cars, the mobile bracket 16 first will can specify the vehicle-carrying plate 13 of empty parking space to take out in garage, The mechanism of vertical shift at this time drives mobile bracket 16 to reach the corresponding position on rail 14 by hub motor 11, in the same of longitudinal movement When elevating mechanism by no frame permanent magnet synchronous motor 1 by lifting platform vertical-lift to corresponding story height, bracket to be moved 16 and lifting platform reach specified garage position, transverse-moving mechanism 12 control the first electromagnet 1301 connection second level translation plates 1207 with Vehicle-carrying plate 13, at this point, the second electromagnet 1208 being located in vehicle frame placing groove 1202 disconnects, transverse-moving mechanism 12 passes through straight line Motor draws second level translation plates 1207 and vehicle-carrying plate 13 onto lifting platform, and then vertical shift mechanism will mobile bracket 16 by rail 14 It is transported to garage entrance, while elevating mechanism controls vehicle-carrying plate 13 without frame permanent magnet synchronous motor 1 and drops to shifting with lifting platform The bottom of motivation structure;After vehicle drives into vehicle-carrying plate 13, repeats the above mobile longitudinal movement of bracket 16 and lifting platform vertically moves Process, vehicle is transported to corresponding empty parking space in garage;After bracket 16 to be moved comes to a complete stop, transverse-moving mechanism 12 passes through linear motor The vehicle-carrying plate 13 that vehicle is parked is pushed into the vehicle frame placing groove 1202 in garage, at this point, transverse-moving mechanism 12 controls the first electromagnetism Iron 1301 disconnects second level translation plates 1207 with vehicle-carrying plate 13, and withdraws second level translation plates 1207 by linear motor and go up and down Platform;After detecting that vehicle-carrying plate 13 enters garage, the second electromagnet 1208, which is powered, is stably fixed at vehicle frame placing groove for vehicle-carrying plate 13 In 1202, bicycle parking operation is completed;When pick-up, the moving process of transverse-moving mechanism 12 and vertical shift mechanism controls vehicle-carrying plate 13 is deposited with above-mentioned Vehicle process is similar, and details are not described herein.
It although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, for the ordinary skill in the art, can be with A variety of variations, modification, replacement can be carried out to these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention by understanding And modification, the scope of the present invention is defined by the appended.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of verticallifting stereo garage, it is characterised in that: including garage main body, mobile bracket, rail, elevating mechanism, indulge Telephone-moving structure and transverse-moving mechanism, the vertical shift mechanism include mobile bracket, vehicle-carrying plate, rail and hub motor;The hub motor Including rotor case, first end cover, second end cover, stator support, stator end cap, motor stator, electric machine main shaft, stator winding, Permanent magnet and special bearing;The hub motor is fixedly mounted on the bottom of mobile bracket, the motor branch using electric machine support Fixing axle is equipped between frame, the hub motor is set in the fixing axle;The first end cover and the second end cover are equal In collar plate shape structure, and boss is equipped at the outer side center of the collar plate shape structure;It is set on the boss of the first end cover There are multiple circumferential threaded holes, through-hole is equipped on the boss of the second end cover;The first end cover and second end Lid is fixedly mounted on the both ends of the rotor case, the rotor case and the first end cover and second end cover constitutes the wheel The rotating part of hub motor;The electric machine main shaft is fixedly installed on the inside of the first end cover;The rotor case is rounded The outer wall middle part of tubular structure, the rotor case is circumferentially equipped with groove, and the permanent magnet is fixed on the rotor case Inside;The motor stator includes stator support and stator core and the stator winding that is wrapped on stator core;The stator Iron core is fixedly mounted on the stator support and is arranged in a one-to-one correspondence with the permanent magnet;The stator support is set in described On electric machine main shaft, one end of the stator support is bolted to connection to be covered in stator terminal, and the stator end cap passes through institute The through-hole in second end cover is stated to be mounted on the electric machine support;
The transverse-moving mechanism includes vehicle-carrying plate, carriage slide rails, vehicle frame locating slot, lifting platform sliding rail, level-one electromagnetic unit, second level electricity Magnetic cell, level-one translation plates and second level translation plates;The level-one electromagnetic unit includes primary stator unit and level-one subunit; The two-stage electromagnetic unit includes second level stator unit and second level subunit;Between the lifting platform sliding rail and the vehicle-carrying plate It is successively arranged level-one translation plates and second level translation plates;The level-one translation plates are slidably matched with the second level translation plates;Described one Grade translation plates are U-shaped structure, are symmetrically arranged with even number rigid castors in the two sides of the bottom of the level-one translation plates, the level-one is flat The boss for moving plate two sides is equipped with V-type sliding slot;The second level translation plates are mounted on the lower part of vehicle-carrying plate close to both sides of the edge position, The V-type rail being adapted at two with the V-type sliding slot is equipped in the bottom of the second level translation plates;The lifting platform sliding rail is equipped with Primary stator unit is fixedly installed with one in the lower plane of level-one translation plates position corresponding with the primary stator unit Grade subunit;The upper Plane Installation of second level translation plates described in the level-one translation plates face has a second level stator unit, and described two The lower plane position corresponding with the second level stator unit of grade translation plates is equipped with second level subunit.
2. a kind of verticallifting stereo garage according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the elevating mechanism includes rimless Formula permanent magnet synchronous motor, driving wheel, the first directive wheel, the second directive wheel, horizontal fixed pulley, traction fixed pulley, lifting platform, counterweight And traction rope, the elevating mechanism are located at the top of mobile bracket;The no frame permanent magnet synchronous motor is installed by motor cabinet On the crossbeam of the mobile cradle top;The no frame permanent magnet synchronous motor includes output shaft, rotor assembly and stator pack Part, the rotor assembly, which is connected by key, to be fixed on the output shaft;The driving wheel is mounted on no frame permanent magnet synchronous electric On the output shaft of machine, first directive wheel is located at the side of the driving wheel at mobile bracket edge, and described second leads It is fixed on to wheel on the crossbeam of the driving wheel other side, the horizontal fixed pulley is mounted on the centre bit of mobile cradle top It sets, the traction fixed pulley is separately mounted to the four corners of mobile bracket.
3. a kind of verticallifting stereo garage according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the garage main body includes several A parking unit being made of crossbeam and column, be equipped between two adjacent columnss of unit lateral surface of stopping two it is symmetrical fixed Cant beam, be respectively equipped with garage frame on the forward and backward column of each parking unit, the corresponding position difference on two garage frames Equipped with vehicle frame placing groove and carriage slide rails, the carriage slide rails are located on the ground of garage frame bottom, the vehicle frame placing groove peace Mounted in the lower end of garage frame.
4. a kind of verticallifting stereo garage according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: the vehicle frame placing groove is c-type Structure, the medial shaft of the vehicle frame placing groove face that be equipped with several pairs of magnetism with the corresponding position of the vehicle-carrying plate side attracting directly The second electromagnet.
5. a kind of verticallifting stereo garage according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: set in the middle part of the garage main body There is hoistway, the rail is arranged on the ground in the hoistway, and the rail includes two parallel tracks, the groove Width is greater than the width of rail and rotor case contact surface.
6. a kind of verticallifting stereo garage according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the second level translation plates with it is described Electromagnetism connects between vehicle-carrying plate;Be respectively set in the plane that the second level translation plates are in contact with the vehicle-carrying plate be magnetic it is attracting It is several to the first electromagnet.
7. a kind of verticallifting stereo garage according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the lifting platform is led using described Messenger is connected to hoisting mechanism, and four angles of the lifting platform are equipped with guide shoe, are equipped with described in adaptation and lead in the mobile bracket The riser guide of boots.
8. a kind of verticallifting stereo garage according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: every described traction rope one end is solid It is scheduled on the lifting platform, the other end successively bypasses corresponding traction fixed pulley, horizontal fixed pulley, the second directive wheel, driving wheel It is fixedly connected on the counterweight with after the first directive wheel.
9. a kind of verticallifting stereo garage according to claim 8, it is characterised in that: the counterweight two sides are equipped with counterweight Guide rail, described pair focuses on vertical movement in counter weight guide track.
10. a kind of verticallifting stereo garage according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the elevating mechanism is additionally provided with Brake, the brake are mounted on the output shaft of no frame permanent magnet synchronous motor.
CN201910339052.4A 2019-04-25 2019-04-25 Vertical lifting stereo garage Active CN110206357B (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111764715A (en) * 2020-06-26 2020-10-13 温州市简弈科技有限公司 Prevent mistake and operate sky parking field
CN111764714A (en) * 2020-06-26 2020-10-13 温州市简弈科技有限公司 Three-dimensional parking system
CN111894321A (en) * 2020-08-12 2020-11-06 安徽华星智能停车设备有限公司 Vehicle carrying mechanism capable of storing and taking vehicles at any layer in vertical circulating stereo garage

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IT1216973B (en) * 1987-02-04 1990-03-14 Battistini Marino MULTI-STOREY WAREHOUSE, AUTOMATICALLY MANAGED, FOR VARIOUS ITEMS, IN PARTICULAR VEHICLES
CN102277993A (en) * 2011-06-22 2011-12-14 杭州新峰恒富科技有限公司 Total-direct-drive rapid running stereoscopic garage
CN202249037U (en) * 2011-06-22 2012-05-30 杭州新峰恒富科技有限公司 Direct-drive fast-run stereo garage
CN106088734A (en) * 2016-08-17 2016-11-09 陈满堂 A kind of public transport bus multi-storied garage

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
IT1216973B (en) * 1987-02-04 1990-03-14 Battistini Marino MULTI-STOREY WAREHOUSE, AUTOMATICALLY MANAGED, FOR VARIOUS ITEMS, IN PARTICULAR VEHICLES
CN102277993A (en) * 2011-06-22 2011-12-14 杭州新峰恒富科技有限公司 Total-direct-drive rapid running stereoscopic garage
CN202249037U (en) * 2011-06-22 2012-05-30 杭州新峰恒富科技有限公司 Direct-drive fast-run stereo garage
CN106088734A (en) * 2016-08-17 2016-11-09 陈满堂 A kind of public transport bus multi-storied garage

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111764715A (en) * 2020-06-26 2020-10-13 温州市简弈科技有限公司 Prevent mistake and operate sky parking field
CN111764714A (en) * 2020-06-26 2020-10-13 温州市简弈科技有限公司 Three-dimensional parking system
CN111894321A (en) * 2020-08-12 2020-11-06 安徽华星智能停车设备有限公司 Vehicle carrying mechanism capable of storing and taking vehicles at any layer in vertical circulating stereo garage

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