CN110173930A - Pipeline heat-exchange system with monitoring function - Google Patents

Pipeline heat-exchange system with monitoring function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110173930A
CN110173930A CN201910467038.2A CN201910467038A CN110173930A CN 110173930 A CN110173930 A CN 110173930A CN 201910467038 A CN201910467038 A CN 201910467038A CN 110173930 A CN110173930 A CN 110173930A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat
pipe
pipeline
water
pump unit
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Pending
Application number
CN201910467038.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙暄雨
赵通
汤文浩
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201910467038.2A priority Critical patent/CN110173930A/en
Publication of CN110173930A publication Critical patent/CN110173930A/en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B27/00Machines, plants or systems, using particular sources of energy
    • F25B27/02Machines, plants or systems, using particular sources of energy using waste heat, e.g. from internal-combustion engines
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01DMEASURING NOT SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR A SPECIFIC VARIABLE; ARRANGEMENTS FOR MEASURING TWO OR MORE VARIABLES NOT COVERED IN A SINGLE OTHER SUBCLASS; TARIFF METERING APPARATUS; MEASURING OR TESTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G01D21/00Measuring or testing not otherwise provided for
    • G01D21/02Measuring two or more variables by means not covered by a single other subclass
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2400/00General features or devices for refrigeration machines, plants or systems, combined heating and refrigeration systems or heat-pump systems, i.e. not limited to a particular subgroup of F25B
    • F25B2400/24Storage receiver heat
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/27Relating to heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC] technologies
    • Y02A30/274Relating to heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC] technologies using waste energy, e.g. from internal combustion engine

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of pipeline heat-exchange system with detection function is mainly used for realizing the heat-exchange system that building energy conservation and Monitoring Pinpelines combine, while providing a kind of novel energy solution.The present invention is a kind of pipeline heat-exchange system with detection function, the system includes heat pump unit, accumulator, energy storage heat exchange pipeline, the user terminal outlet pipe of heat pump unit connects user pipe water supplying pipe, the user terminal return pipe of user pipe return pipe connection heat pump unit, the transducing of heat pump unit brings out the circulating water pipe water inlet end that water pipe connects energy storage heat exchange pipeline by a water segregator, the water outlet of circulating water pipe connects the transducing end water inlet pipe of heat pump unit by water collector, heat pump unit is also connected with an accumulator, multiple groups temperature sensor is installed in the inside of energy storage heat exchange pipeline and surrounding space, heat exchange pipeline side wall installs fibre optical sensor, for the temperature of temperature sensor to be spread out of in real time.

Description

Pipeline heat-exchange system with monitoring function
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of new energy utilization, more particularly, to a kind of pipe with the dual function that monitors and exchange heat Road heat-exchange system.
Background technique
Maintenance energetically in view of country to environmentally friendly dynamics, actively advocating and encouraging to new energy product, the various energy Application mode emerges one after another, such as solar energy, water/geothermal energy, air energy, electric heat source tower.In above-mentioned utilization of new energy resources mode, Being limited the production by environment can tell somebody what one's real intentions are or huge energy consumption or destructively descend balance influence Ecological Stabilization, part using energy source side Formula is there is also serious pollution and the problems such as noise, it is difficult to large-scale promotion application.Over the past two years, the domestic coal carried out energetically changed Gas engineering also produces little effect because function amount is great, operation is expensive, the energy pain spot concentrated reflection of the whole society!
Pipeline is widely used in plumbing, rainwater, agricultural irrigation, fuel gas transmission, sewage transport etc. along with our life Related fields, the sewage etc. in pipeline persistently exist along with the production and living activity of the mankind, be it is a kind of continue, stable energy Source.If can utilize to sewage, the secondary use to sewage can not only be realized, moreover it is possible to which Novel clean energy is developed in help Source.
Optical fiber has anti-electrical interference, environment resistant noise, electrical apparatus insulation and self-security strong as a kind of new material The features such as, the reservoir parameter being widely used in the adverse circumstances of underground measures.
If can combine pipeline water delivery technology with heat transfer technology, traditional pipeline is made to be not only the conveying work at water source Tool, can also realize and extract heat while conveying water source, to develop a kind of new energy solution.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art and provide a kind of, and the pipeline heat exchange with monitoring function is System to provide a kind of novel energy solution, while realizing the technical effects such as building energy conservation and Monitoring Pinpelines.
The present invention realizes that the technical solution of purpose is as follows:
A kind of pipeline heat-exchange system with monitoring function, which is characterized in that changed including heat pump unit, accumulator, energy storage Heat pipeline, the user terminal outlet pipe of heat pump unit connect user pipe water supplying pipe, and user pipe return pipe connects heat pump unit User terminal return pipe, the transducing of heat pump unit bring out the circulating water pipe water inlet that water pipe connects energy storage heat exchange pipeline by a water segregator End, the water outlet of circulating water pipe connect the transducing end water inlet pipe of heat pump unit by water collector, and heat pump unit is also connected with an energy storage Device installs multiple groups temperature sensor in the inside of energy storage heat exchange pipeline and surrounding space, and heat exchange pipeline side wall is installed optical fiber and passed Sensor, for spreading out of the signal of temperature, pressure and flow sensor in real time.
Moreover, the heat exchange pipeline includes that horizontal runner pipe and coaxial spaced are spirally wound on the outside of horizontal runner pipe Heat exchanger tube, heat exchanger tube both ends are separately connected water segregator and water collector, wrap up insulating layer on the outside of horizontal runner pipe.
Moreover, the fibre optical sensor is inlaid in the package insulating layer between horizontal runner pipe and heat exchanger tube.
Moreover, energy storage heat exchange pipeline buries dress mode are as follows: be located at below frozen soil layer, heat preservation is wrapped up around energy storage heat exchange pipeline Layer composite soil, insulating layer composite soil is integrally in inverted trapezoidal structure.
Moreover, the multiple groups temperature sensor is embedded in insulating layer composite soil, temperature sensor be embedded into depth be away from It is respectively 0cm, 1cm, 2cm, 3cm, 4cm from energy storage heat exchange pipeline bottom.
Moreover, insulating layer composite soil is by high-moisture clayey soil and one in diatomite, perlite, pitchstone, obsidian Kind or a variety of be mixed.
Moreover, the Monitoring Pinpelines component includes the flow monitor being located on the water collecting and diversifying device, balanced valve, returns only Valve, thermometer, pressure gauge and the automatic control device for controlling said modules work.
Moreover, signal is transmitted to controller by optical fiber by temperature sensor, pressure sensor, flow sensor, through controlling Device is uploaded to network cloud, realizes long-range control, and controller is equipped with limiter, beyond limitation by automatic cut-off system, and reports an error It uploads.
The invention has the benefit that
1, one kind provided by the invention can monitoring of structures wall pipeline heat-exchange system, promote conventional ductwork science and technology turn Type realizes the recycling and reusing of underground energy by the popularity of underground pipe network, and combines existing heat pump techniques, realizes The heating of building energy conservation and user, refrigerating integrated air-conditioning system.
2, the present invention is by unifying back sewage, rainwater, the heat in means of transportation (piping lane) in underground piping It receives, and combines existing luminous energy, wind energy, air energy, it can be achieved that the Regional Energy management refined.
3, by combining fiber optic communication with heat exchange pipeline, the difficulty for being difficult to communicate at pipeline in traditional technology is solved Topic, and by the application of optical fiber, underground energy can accurately be calculated and data are analyzed, be realized to underground energy conserving system Long-range control.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to more clearly explain the embodiment of the invention or the technical proposal in the existing technology, to embodiment or will show below There is attached drawing needed in technical description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only this Some embodiments of invention for those of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts, can be with It obtains other drawings based on these drawings.
Fig. 1 is structural schematic diagram of the invention;
Fig. 2 is under ground portion cross-sectional view of the invention.
1, frozen soil layer in figure;2, insulating layer composite soil;3, insulation film;4, heat exchanger tube;5, fibre optical sensor;6, energy storage is changed Heat pipeline.
Specific embodiment
To make the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, technical solution of the present invention will be carried out below Detailed description.Obviously, described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Base Embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained all without making creative work Other embodiment belongs to the range that the present invention is protected.
A kind of pipeline heat-exchange system with monitoring function, including heat pump unit, accumulator, energy storage heat exchange pipeline, heat pump The user terminal outlet pipe of unit connects user pipe water supplying pipe, and user pipe return pipe connects the user terminal return water of heat pump unit Pipe, the transducing of heat pump unit bring out the circulating water pipe water inlet end that water pipe connects energy storage heat exchange pipeline by a water segregator, recirculated water The water outlet of pipe connects the transducing end water inlet pipe of heat pump unit by water collector, and heat pump unit is also connected with an accumulator, in energy storage The inside of heat exchange pipeline and surrounding space install multiple groups temperature sensor, and heat exchange pipeline side wall is installed fibre optical sensor, is used for The temperature of temperature sensor is spread out of in real time.
There are a large amount of pipe-line equipments, the pipeline of these long-term delivering rainwater, sewage etc., the soil of pipeline in soil Water temperature is close in temperature and pipeline.Even dry season, part of contaminated water also is stored without pressure for a long time in pipeline, at this time pipeline Soil is also carrying out cold-storage or accumulation of heat.This portion of energy is all wasted always for a long time.This system is by pipeline and pipeline The soil of surrounding has forged into battery, and using the following soil of frozen soil layer feature cool in summer and warm in winter, winter takes heat (to store in soil It is cold), summer takes cold (accumulation of heat) in soil, and season in spring and autumn carries out the cold and hot balance of energy.Equipment in system for extracting energy It is heat pump unit, the transducing end of heat pump unit is connected through water collecting and diversifying device with energy storage heat exchange pipeline, and realizes through energy storage heat exchange pipeline Collection to energy, the energy being collected into is delivered at user place in the form of water through user terminal by heat pump unit, thus real Now the heat supply of user, refrigeration and domestic hot-water are supplied.Heat pump unit is also connect with accumulator, when system capacity deficiency, Energy can be supplemented through accumulator;When energy surplus, excess energy can be stored by accumulator, for interval Deposit when energy deficiency.
Self-starting device and stand-by power source device are provided on accumulator, wherein stand-by power source device include gas fired-boiler, One of electric boiler, biomass boiler and charged with direct current device are a variety of, so as in accumulator when energy deficiency It is supplemented in time by stand-by power source device.Wherein self-starting device can control the start and stop of stand-by power source.
Heat exchange pipeline includes horizontal runner pipe and coaxial spaced is spirally wound on the heat exchanger tube on the outside of horizontal runner pipe, changes Heat pipe both ends are separately connected water segregator and water collector, wrap up insulating layer on the outside of horizontal runner pipe.In actual use, heat exchanger tube can To be located in insulating layer composite soil 2, to make full use of in a variety of clean energy resourcies such as underground heat, water source heat and air energy extremely Few one kind, makes heat exchange pipeline that the energy of insulating layer composite soil 2 sufficiently swap out under the action of heat pump unit.
Fibre optical sensor 5 is inlaid in the package insulating layer between horizontal runner pipe and heat exchanger tube, is realizing pipeline While heat exchange, data monitoring is carried out to pipeline itself and pipeline environment (such as soil or air), utilizes optical fiber material The characteristics of material, the data that fibre optical sensor 5 is spread out of were ultimately transmitted in control room data simultaneously by the connectivity of underground piping At the heart, data center can aggregate the data at fibre optical sensor 5, straight while realizing urban groundwater conveying Obtain extraction and the energy-saving efficiency for taking required data and calculating the energy.
Energy storage heat exchange pipeline buries dress mode are as follows: is located at below frozen soil layer, package insulating layer is multiple around energy storage heat exchange pipeline Soil 2 is closed, whole insulating layer composite soil 2 is in inverted trapezoidal structure.
Insulating layer composite soil is by high-moisture clayey soil and one of diatomite, perlite, pitchstone, obsidian or more Kind is mixed.Wherein selected diatomite is ultra-fine grinding diatomite.
Two kinds of insulating layer composite soil combinations are as follows:
1, the high-moisture clayey soil not less than 80%, the perlite of 5-10%, the pitchstone of 10-15%;
2,50% perlite, 50% high-moisture clayey soil or diatomite.Above-mentioned percentage is mass percent.
Multiple groups temperature sensor is embedded in insulating layer composite soil, and it is to exchange heat apart from energy storage that temperature sensor, which is embedded into depth, Duct bottom is respectively 0cm, 1cm, 2cm, 3cm, 4cm.
When temperature sensor is embedded in energy storage heat exchange pipeline bottom, at this time for detecting the temperature at energy storage heat exchange pipeline Degree;When it is apart from energy storage heat exchange pipeline bottom 1cm that temperature sensor, which is embedded into depth, it is able to detect under energy storage heat exchange pipeline at this time The soil moisture at square 1cm;The change in location being embedded into temperature sensor is able to the soil temperature of detection different location Degree, so as to judge different-thickness insulating layer insulating efficiency and according to the temperature at the energy storage heat exchange pipeline of different location Degree fluctuates the working efficiency to judge energy storage heat exchange pipeline.
Water collecting and diversifying device is made of macromolecule MULTILAYER COMPOSITE polymer material.The material is by rate cross-linked polyolefin and nylon, glass One of glass fiber, aramid fiber, carbon fiber, polypropylene or multiple material are combined, and the compound number of plies is three layers.
Monitoring Pinpelines component includes flow monitor, balanced valve, check valves, thermometer, pressure on water collecting and diversifying device Table and the automatic control device to work for controlling said modules.The work of other assemblies can be controlled by automatic control device Make.Simultaneously above-mentioned Monitoring Pinpelines assemblies monitor to related data eventually through optical fiber conveying summarize to data center Reason, and be uploaded in the cell phone application to match therewith, which can realize exchange hot systems by automatic/manual control Remote control and regulation operation.Automatic control device used be SIEMENS PLC, concrete model S7-1200 or S7-200CN, or Siemens recent systems PLC.
Energy storage heat exchange pipeline in addition to be distributed in the soil absorb energy other than, can also absorb water source heat, air heat, source Heat etc., in order to match with energy storage heat exchange pipeline, heat pump unit is also required to include at least water resource heat pump, earth source heat pump, air-source One of heat pump is a variety of, to meet the needs of energy storage heat exchange pipeline different operating environment.
In actual processing, in order to guarantee the quality and working efficiency of energy storage heat exchange pipeline, setting energy storage heat exchange pipeline by High molecular weight polyethylene and other composite material Compound Machinings are made.Other composite materials include nylon, glass fibre, aramid fiber fibre One of dimension, carbon fiber, polypropylene, basalt fibre are a variety of, and wherein the content of crosslinked polyethylene should be 75% or more.
The present invention also provides a kind of energy storage heat exchange pipeline preparation method, which can be applied to above-mentioned tool Have in the heat-exchange system of monitoring function, specific preparation process is as follows:
Step A: composite material needed for prepared by selected level runner pipe and the compound number of plies;
Step B: level stream siphunculus is squeezed out using extruder;
Step C: composite material and the compound number of plies needed for prepared by selected heat exchanger tube;
Step D: rotating horizontal runner pipe, squeezes out heat exchanger tube while the rotation of horizontal runner pipe.
Specifically, extruder used in horizontal runner pipe and heat exchanger tube can be the extruder of same model, it is also possible to The extruder of different model.When heat exchanger tube squeezes out, the horizontal runner pipe rotation of setting is the heat exchange of helical structure in order to obtain Pipe.
For the ease of realizing the monitoring function of exchange hot systems, optionally, after step D, according to actual needs by optical fiber It is mounted on the corresponding position of energy storage heat exchange pipeline with inductor.
Optical fiber can according to need outside the horizontal runner pipe of horizontal insertion, in spiral heat exchange tube 4.
The above description is merely a specific embodiment, but scope of protection of the present invention is not limited thereto, any Those familiar with the art in the technical scope disclosed by the present invention, can easily think of the change or the replacement, and should all contain Lid is within protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be based on the protection scope of the described claims.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of pipeline heat-exchange system with monitoring function, which is characterized in that including heat pump unit, accumulator, energy storage heat exchange Pipeline, the user terminal outlet pipe of heat pump unit connect user pipe water supplying pipe, and user pipe return pipe connects the use of heat pump unit Family end return pipe, the transducing of heat pump unit bring out the circulating water pipe water inlet that water pipe connects energy storage heat exchange pipeline by a water segregator End, the water outlet of circulating water pipe connect the transducing end water inlet pipe of heat pump unit by water collector, and heat pump unit is also connected with an energy storage Device installs multiple groups temperature sensor in the inside of energy storage heat exchange pipeline and surrounding space, and heat exchange pipeline side wall is installed optical fiber and passed Sensor, for spreading out of the signal of temperature, pressure and flow sensor in real time.
2. the pipeline heat-exchange system according to claim 1 with monitoring function, it is characterised in that: the energy storage heat exchanger tube Road includes horizontal runner pipe and coaxial spaced is spirally wound on the heat exchanger tube on the outside of horizontal runner pipe, and heat exchanger tube both ends connect respectively Water segregator and water collector are connect, wraps up insulating layer on the outside of horizontal runner pipe.
3. the pipeline heat-exchange system according to claim 2 with monitoring function, it is characterised in that: the fibre optical sensor It is inlaid in the package insulating layer between horizontal runner pipe and heat exchanger tube, and interface is set in pipe ends.
4. the pipeline heat-exchange system according to claim 1 with monitoring function, it is characterised in that: the energy storage heat exchanger tube Bury dress mode in road are as follows: be located at below frozen soil layer, insulating layer composite soil, insulating layer composite earth are wrapped up around energy storage heat exchange pipeline Earth is integrally in inverted trapezoidal structure.
5. the pipeline heat-exchange system according to claim 4 with monitoring function, it is characterised in that: the multiple groups temperature passes Sensor is embedded in insulating layer composite soil, temperature sensor be embedded into depth be apart from energy storage heat exchange pipeline bottom be respectively 0cm, 1cm、2cm、3cm、4cm。
6. the pipeline heat-exchange system according to claim 4 with monitoring function, it is characterised in that: insulating layer composite soil By high-moisture clayey soil and one of diatomite, perlite, pitchstone, obsidian or a variety of it is mixed.
7. the pipeline heat-exchange system according to claim 1 with monitoring function, which is characterized in that the Monitoring Pinpelines group Part includes flow monitor on the water collecting and diversifying device, balanced valve, check valves, thermometer, pressure gauge and for controlling The automatic control device of said modules work.
8. the pipeline heat-exchange system according to claim 1 with monitoring function, which is characterized in that it further include controller, For controlling heat pump unit and accumulator, the hot water for controlling heat pump unit recycles between accumulator and user pipe to be cut controller It changes.
9. the pipeline heat-exchange system according to claim 1 with monitoring function, which is characterized in that temperature sensor, pressure Signal is transmitted to controller by optical fiber by force snesor, flow sensor, and via controller is uploaded to network cloud, realizes long-range control System, controller are equipped with limiter, beyond limitation by automatic cut-off system, and the upload that reports an error.
CN201910467038.2A 2019-05-31 2019-05-31 Pipeline heat-exchange system with monitoring function Pending CN110173930A (en)

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Cited By (2)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111981711A (en) * 2020-07-21 2020-11-24 河北旺源管业有限公司 Heat exchange pipeline control pipe
CN112378121A (en) * 2020-07-21 2021-02-19 河北旺源管业有限公司 Integrated pipe gallery system

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111981711A (en) * 2020-07-21 2020-11-24 河北旺源管业有限公司 Heat exchange pipeline control pipe
CN112378121A (en) * 2020-07-21 2021-02-19 河北旺源管业有限公司 Integrated pipe gallery system
CN112378121B (en) * 2020-07-21 2022-03-18 河北旺源管业有限公司 Integrated pipe gallery system

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