CN110152842B - Scrap lithium cell and smash recovery unit - Google Patents

Scrap lithium cell and smash recovery unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110152842B
CN110152842B CN201910508282.9A CN201910508282A CN110152842B CN 110152842 B CN110152842 B CN 110152842B CN 201910508282 A CN201910508282 A CN 201910508282A CN 110152842 B CN110152842 B CN 110152842B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rod
columns
electric telescopic
triangular
crushing
Prior art date
Application number
CN201910508282.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN110152842A (en
Inventor
张棉棉
Original Assignee
张棉棉
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Publication date
Application filed by 张棉棉 filed Critical 张棉棉
Priority to CN201910508282.9A priority Critical patent/CN110152842B/en
Publication of CN110152842A publication Critical patent/CN110152842A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN110152842B publication Critical patent/CN110152842B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C19/00Other disintegrating devices or methods
    • B02C19/0056Other disintegrating devices or methods specially adapted for specific materials not otherwise provided for
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/54Reclaiming serviceable parts of waste accumulators
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/84Recycling of batteries or fuel cells

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of lithium battery treatment, in particular to a scrapped lithium battery crushing and recycling device which comprises a base, a fixed support, a movable support, a crushing container, a lifting frame and a crusher. The bottom plate is fixedly connected with two rotating supporting plates, the two rotating supporting plates are both fixedly connected with transverse columns, and the lower end of the electric telescopic rod I is hinged between the left ends of the two transverse columns; the right-hand member downside fixedly connected with triangle connection piece of crossbeam pole, the equal fixedly connected with minor axis in both ends around the triangle connection piece, two minor axes rotate respectively to be connected in the upper end of two rotation backup pads, and both sides are laminated mutually with two rotation backup pads respectively around the triangle connection piece, and electric telescopic handle I's upper end is articulated to be connected in the left end of crossbeam pole.

Description

Scrap lithium cell and smash recovery unit
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of lithium battery treatment, in particular to a scrapped lithium battery crushing and recycling device.
Background
The utility model discloses a battery crushing and iron removing integrated machine with cleaning, which is disclosed in application number CN201720367083.7, and comprises a crushing device and an iron removing device; the crushing device is provided with a feeding port, a cover plate, a rotating shaft, a handle, a fixed blade, a motor I, a pressing wheel, a baffle, a motor II, a rotating shaft, a blade, a fixed block, a screen, a fixture block, a spring and a vibrator; the feeding port is fixedly connected to the uppermost position of the crushing device; the rotating shaft is fixedly connected with the left connecting part of the cover plate and the feeding port; the motor I is fixedly connected to the front end of the crushing device; the pressing wheel is vertically and fixedly connected to the first motor, is fixedly connected to the position right below the feeding port and is close to the fixed blade; the utility model discloses an among the raw materials gets into reducing mechanism by the pan feeding mouth, the crushed aggregates was by the pan feeding mouth spill when the apron prevented to smash, and the pivot rotation is surrounded to the apron, and the user holds the handle and upwards opens the apron through the pivot hard, and the motor drives the raw materials that the pinch roller fell to the pan feeding mouth and rolls, and the crushed aggregates that bonds on the pinch roller was cut to the fixed blade piece of cutting down. But this utility model only uses two crushing rolls to carry out the single breakage to the lithium cell, causes the breakage insufficient.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a scrapped lithium battery crushing and recycling device which has the beneficial effects that the lithium battery is fully crushed by the left-right reciprocating rolling of the semicircular pressing sheet, and the problem of insufficient crushing caused by single crushing of the lithium battery by only using two crushing rollers in the prior art is solved.
The invention relates to the field of lithium battery treatment, in particular to a scrapped lithium battery crushing and recycling device which comprises a base, a fixed support, a movable support, a crushing container, a lifting frame and a crusher.
The base comprises a bottom plate;
the fixed support comprises rotating support plates, transverse columns and an electric telescopic rod I, the two rotating support plates are fixedly connected to the bottom plate, the transverse columns are fixedly connected to the two rotating support plates, and the lower end of the electric telescopic rod I is hinged between the left ends of the two transverse columns;
the movable support comprises a beam rod, a triangular connecting sheet and short shafts, the lower side of the right end of the beam rod is fixedly connected with the triangular connecting sheet, the front end and the rear end of the triangular connecting sheet are fixedly connected with the short shafts, the two short shafts are respectively and rotatably connected to the upper ends of the two rotating supporting plates, the front side and the rear side of the triangular connecting sheet are respectively attached to the two rotating supporting plates, and the upper end of an electric telescopic rod I is hinged to the left end of the beam rod;
the crushing container comprises a rectangular box, triangular crushing ridges I and fixing sleeves, a plurality of triangular crushing ridges I are arranged on the bottom surface of the inner side of the rectangular box, two fixing sleeves are arranged on the front side of the rectangular box, two fixing sleeves are arranged on the rear side of the rectangular box, and the rectangular box is fixedly connected to the upper end of a beam rod;
the lifting frame comprises transverse connecting columns, vertical sliding rods, transverse track rods, sliding sleeves, lantern rings and connecting columns, the transverse track rods are fixedly connected between the upper ends of the two vertical sliding rods, the transverse connecting columns are fixedly connected between the lower ends of the two vertical sliding rods, the sliding sleeves are slidably connected with the transverse track rods, and the lantern rings are connected onto the sliding sleeves through the two connecting columns; two vertical sliding rods on the lifting frame positioned at the front end are connected to the two fixing sleeves positioned at the front end in a sliding manner, and two vertical sliding rods on the lifting frame positioned at the rear end are connected to the two fixing sleeves positioned at the rear end in a sliding manner;
the pulverizator includes the semicircle preforming, erects and rotates post, the broken arris II of center pin and triangle, and the outside equipartition of semicircle preforming has the broken arris II of a plurality of triangles, and the post is rotated to the upper end fixedly connected with of semicircle preforming perpendicular, erects to rotate the equal fixedly connected with center pin in both ends around the post, and two center pins rotate respectively to be connected on two lantern rings, and two lantern rings are laminated with the front and back both sides of erecting the post of rotating respectively mutually.
The base still includes trapezoidal strip, bracing piece, collection box, oblique connecting rod and collection lid, and the right side fixedly connected with bracing piece of bottom plate upper end collects the front end of lid and is provided with trapezoidal strip, and trapezoidal strip lateral sliding connects in the upper end of bracing piece, has placed the collection box on the bottom plate, collects the box and is located the below of collecting the lid, and the lower extreme of oblique connecting rod articulates the rear side of connecting at the collection lid.
The collecting box is detachable from the bottom plate.
The movable support further comprises an extension shaft, the right end of the beam rod is fixedly connected with the extension shaft, and the upper end of the inclined connecting rod is rotatably connected to the extension shaft.
The movable support further comprises a pressing plate, the left side of the lower end of the triangular connecting sheet is fixedly connected with the pressing plate, and the lower end face of the pressing plate is attached to the upper end faces of the two cross columns.
The crushing container further comprises an electric telescopic rod II and an electric telescopic rod seat, the electric telescopic rod seats are fixedly connected to the front end and the rear end of the middle of the rectangular box, the electric telescopic rods II are fixedly connected to the lower ends of the two electric telescopic rod seats, and the lower ends of the two electric telescopic rods II are fixedly connected to the middle of the two transverse connecting columns respectively.
The lifting frame further comprises convex plates, the convex plates are fixedly connected to the two transverse connecting columns, a crank rocker mechanism is arranged on one of the convex plates, and the crank rocker mechanism drives one of the sliding sleeves to slide on the corresponding transverse track rods in a left-right reciprocating mode.
The axis of the central shaft and the axis of the cylinder where the inner ring of the semicircular pressing sheet is located are coaxially arranged.
The scrap lithium battery crushing and recycling device has the beneficial effects that:
according to the scrapped lithium battery crushing and recycling device, the semicircular pressing sheet can roll repeatedly for unlimited times, and the lithium battery can be crushed fully. The problem of only using two crushing rollers to carry out single breakage to the lithium cell among the prior art, cause the breakage inadequately is solved. After the crushing is finished, the right end of the rectangular box is downwards inclined to pour out and collect the crushed lithium batteries.
At this moment, the collection box cover slides right and opens the upper end of collecting the box, and the lithium battery of pouring falls into and collects in the collection box, and when the normal position was got back to the rectangle box to the same reason, it also got back to the normal position and covered the collection box to collect the lid, prevents to collect the interior noxious material of box and volatilizees and spills over, and effective and safe collection lithium battery after the breakage is that the lithium battery does not expose in the air for a long time. The problem of among the prior art battery breakage back unable sealed, cause air pollution is solved.
Two electric telescopic handle II can also control the dynamics that semicircle preforming pressed on the rectangle box, and then control broken dynamics.
Drawings
The invention is described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the overall structure of a scrap lithium battery crushing and recycling device of the invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the overall structure of a scrapped lithium battery crushing and recycling device of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the connection structure of two lifting frames and the shredder;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a base;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of the stationary bracket;
FIG. 6 is a first schematic structural view of a movable support;
FIG. 7 is a second schematic structural view of a movable support;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the construction of the pulverizing container;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the lifting frame;
fig. 10 is a schematic view of the shredder.
In the figure: a base 1; a bottom plate 1-1; 1-2 of trapezoidal strips; 1-3 of a support rod; 1-4 of a collection box; 1-5 of an inclined connecting rod; 1-6 parts of a collection box cover; a fixed bracket 2; rotating the support plate 2-1; 2-2 of a transverse column; an electric telescopic rod I2-3; a movable bracket 3; a beam rod 3-1; 3-2 of an extension shaft; a triangular connecting sheet 3-3; 3-4 of a short shaft; 3-5 of a pressing plate; a pulverization container 4; a rectangular box 4-1; the electric telescopic rod II 4-2; 4-3 of an electric telescopic rod seat; a triangular crushing edge I4-4; 4-5 of a fixed sleeve; a lifting frame 5; 5-1 of a transverse connecting column; 5-2 parts of a convex plate; 5-3 of vertical slide bars; 5-4 parts of transverse track rods; 5-5 of a sliding sleeve; 5-6 of lantern ring; 5-7 of connecting columns; a pulverizer 6; 6-1 of a semicircular tablet; 6-2 of vertical rotating column; a central shaft 6-3; triangular crushing arris II 6-4.
Detailed Description
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "center", "longitudinal", "lateral", "up", "down", "front", "back", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are used only for convenience in describing the present invention and for simplicity in description, and do not indicate or imply that the referenced devices or elements must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, are not to be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first", "second", etc. are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first," "second," etc. may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless otherwise specified.
The first embodiment is as follows:
the embodiment is described below by combining with figures 1-10, the invention relates to the field of lithium battery treatment, in particular to a scrapped lithium battery crushing and recycling device, which comprises a base 1, a fixed bracket 2, a movable bracket 3, a crushing container 4, a lifting frame 5 and a crusher 6.
The base 1 comprises a bottom plate 1-1;
the fixed support 2 comprises two rotating support plates 2-1, cross posts 2-2 and an electric telescopic rod I2-3, the bottom plate 1-1 is fixedly connected with the two rotating support plates 2-1, the two rotating support plates 2-1 are both fixedly connected with the cross posts 2-2, and the lower end of the electric telescopic rod I2-3 is hinged between the left ends of the two cross posts 2-2; the two rotary supporting plates 2-1 play a role of supporting the two short shafts 3-4, and the electric telescopic rod I2-3 can extend and contract.
The movable support 3 comprises a cross beam rod 3-1, triangular connecting sheets 3-3 and short shafts 3-4, the triangular connecting sheets 3-3 are fixedly connected to the lower side of the right end of the cross beam rod 3-1, the short shafts 3-4 are fixedly connected to the front and rear ends of the triangular connecting sheets 3-3, the two short shafts 3-4 are respectively rotatably connected to the upper ends of the two rotating supporting plates 2-1, the front and rear sides of the triangular connecting sheets 3-3 are respectively attached to the two rotating supporting plates 2-1, and the upper end of an electric telescopic rod I2-3 is hinged to the left end of the cross beam rod 3-1; when the electric telescopic rod I2-3 extends, the whole movable support 3 rotates clockwise by taking the common axis of the two short shafts 3-4 as the axis through the two short shafts 3-4, and when the electric telescopic rod I2-3 shortens, the whole movable support 3 rotates anticlockwise by taking the common axis of the two short shafts 3-4 as the axis through the two short shafts 3-4.
The crushing container 4 comprises a rectangular box 4-1, triangular crushing edges I4-4 and fixing sleeves 4-5, a plurality of triangular crushing edges I4-4 are arranged on the bottom surface of the inner side of the rectangular box 4-1, two fixing sleeves 4-5 are arranged on the front side of the rectangular box 4-1, two fixing sleeves 4-5 are arranged on the rear side of the rectangular box 4-1, and the rectangular box 4-1 is fixedly connected to the upper end of a beam rod 3-1; when the movable support 3 rotates by taking the common axis of the two short shafts 3-4 as an axis through the two short shafts 3-4, the rectangular box 4-1 at the upper end of the movable support 3 also rotates along with the movable support 3. Therefore, the rectangular box 4-1 is rotated to an inclined state or the rectangular box 4-1 is enabled to return to a horizontal state, the upper end of the rectangular box 4-1 is used for placing a lithium battery needing to be crushed, and after the lithium battery is crushed, the right end of the rectangular box 4-1 is inclined downwards, so that the crushed lithium battery can be poured out conveniently.
The lifting frame 5 comprises transverse connecting columns 5-1, vertical sliding rods 5-3, transverse track rods 5-4, sliding sleeves 5-5, lantern rings 5-6 and connecting columns 5-7, the transverse track rods 5-4 are fixedly connected between the upper ends of the two vertical sliding rods 5-3, the transverse connecting columns 5-1 are fixedly connected between the lower ends of the two vertical sliding rods 5-3, the sliding sleeves 5-5 are slidably connected with the transverse track rods 5-4, and the lantern rings 5-6 are connected to the sliding sleeves 5-5 through the two connecting columns 5-7; two vertical sliding rods 5-3 on the lifting frame 5 positioned at the front end are slidably connected to two fixed sleeves 4-5 positioned at the front end, and two vertical sliding rods 5-3 on the lifting frame 5 positioned at the rear end are slidably connected to two fixed sleeves 4-5 positioned at the rear end; the four vertical sliding rods 5-3 can vertically slide on the four fixed sleeves 4-5 respectively to control the heights of the two transverse rail rods 5-4 and further control the heights of the two lantern rings 5-6, and the two sliding sleeves 5-5 can slide leftwards or rightwards on the two transverse rail rods 5-4 respectively to control the left and right positions of the two lantern rings 5-6.
The pulverizer 6 comprises a semicircular pressing sheet 6-1, vertical rotating columns 6-2, a central shaft 6-3 and triangular crushing edges II6-4, a plurality of triangular crushing edges II6-4 are uniformly distributed on the outer side of the semicircular pressing sheet 6-1, the upper end of the semicircular pressing sheet 6-1 is fixedly connected with the vertical rotating columns 6-2, the front end and the rear end of each vertical rotating column 6-2 are fixedly connected with the central shaft 6-3, the two central shafts 6-3 are respectively and rotatably connected to two lantern rings 5-6, and the two lantern rings 5-6 are respectively attached to the front side and the rear side of the vertical rotating column 6-2. The height of the two lantern rings 5-6 determines the height of the crusher 6, the left and right positions of the two lantern rings 5-6 determine the left and right positions of the crusher 6, when the lithium battery in the rectangular box 4-1 needs to be crushed, the crusher 6 is moved downwards, and the semicircular pressing sheet 6-1 is pressed on the lithium battery in the rectangular box 4-1, at this time, the two sliding sleeves 5-5 are controlled to reciprocate left and right at the same time, at this time, the semicircular pressing sheet 6-1 can continuously roll in a reciprocating manner in the rectangular box 4-1, when the semicircular pressing sheet 6-1 continuously rolls in a reciprocating manner, the plurality of triangular crushing ribs I4-4 and the plurality of triangular crushing ribs II6-4 are mutually extruded, the lithium battery can be crushed fully because the semicircular pressing sheet 6-1 can roll back and forth for unlimited times. The problem of only using two crushing rollers to carry out single breakage to the lithium cell among the prior art, cause the breakage inadequately is solved. After the crushing is finished, the right end of the rectangular box 4-1 is inclined downwards to pour out and collect the crushed lithium batteries.
The second embodiment is as follows:
the embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1 to 10, the base 1 further includes a trapezoidal bar 1-2, a support bar 1-3, a collection box 1-4, an inclined connecting rod 1-5 and a collection box cover 1-6, the right side of the upper end of the bottom plate 1-1 is fixedly connected with the support bar 1-3, the front end of the collection box cover 1-6 is provided with the trapezoidal bar 1-2, the trapezoidal bar 1-2 is transversely slidably connected to the upper end of the support bar 1-3, the collection box 1-4 is placed on the bottom plate 1-1, the collection box 1-4 is located below the collection box cover 1-6, and the lower end of the inclined connecting rod 1-5 is hinged to the rear side of the collection box cover 1-6. When the electric telescopic rod I2-3 drives the movable support 3 to rotate clockwise, the right end of the rectangular box 4-1 is inclined downwards to pour out the broken lithium batteries, meanwhile, the inclined connecting rod 1-5 drives the collection box cover 1-6 to slide rightwards on the supporting rod 1-3 through the trapezoid strip 1-2 on the collection box cover, at the moment, the collection box cover 1-6 slides rightwards to open the upper end of the collection box 1-4, the poured lithium batteries fall into the collection box 1-4 to be collected, similarly, when the rectangular box 4-1 returns to the original position, the collection box cover 1-6 also returns to the original position to cover the collection box 1-4, the toxic substances in the collection box 1-4 are prevented from volatilizing and overflowing, the broken lithium batteries are effectively and safely collected, and the lithium batteries are not exposed in the air for a long.
The third concrete implementation mode:
the present embodiment will be described with reference to fig. 1 to 10, wherein the collecting case 1 to 4 is detachable from the bottom plate 1 to 1. The replacement of the collecting box 1-4 is facilitated.
The fourth concrete implementation mode:
the present embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1 to 10, the movable bracket 3 further includes an extension shaft 3-2, the right end of the beam rod 3-1 is fixedly connected with the extension shaft 3-2, and the upper end of the inclined connecting rod 1-5 is rotatably connected to the extension shaft 3-2. Thereby linking the beam rod 3-1 and the collection box cover 1-6.
The fifth concrete implementation mode:
the embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1 to 10, the movable support 3 further includes a pressing plate 3-5, the left side of the lower end of the triangular connecting piece 3-3 is fixedly connected with the pressing plate 3-5, and the lower end surface of the pressing plate 3-5 is attached to the upper end surfaces of the two cross columns 2-2. The pressing plate 3-5 can be pressed on the two cross columns 2-2, the two cross columns 2-2 support the pressing plate 3-5, the two cross columns 2-2 indirectly support the rectangular box 4-1, the rectangular box 4-1 cannot rotate anticlockwise continuously after returning to the horizontal state, and the pressing plate 3-5 plays a limiting role.
The sixth specific implementation mode:
the embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1 to 10, the pulverization container 4 further includes an electric telescopic rod II4-2 and an electric telescopic rod seat 4-3, the electric telescopic rod seats 4-3 are fixedly connected to the front and rear ends of the middle portion of the rectangular box 4-1, the electric telescopic rods II4-2 are fixedly connected to the lower ends of the two electric telescopic rod seats 4-3, and the lower ends of the two electric telescopic rods II4-2 are respectively fixedly connected to the middle portions of the two transverse connecting columns 5-1. When the two electric telescopic rods II4-2 extend and shorten simultaneously, the two transverse connecting columns 5-1 are driven to rise and fall simultaneously, the two lifting frames 5 are driven to rise and fall, the crusher 6 is driven to rise and fall, and meanwhile, the two electric telescopic rods II4-2 can also control the force of the semicircular pressing sheet 6-1 pressing on the rectangular box 4-1, so that the crushing force is controlled.
The seventh embodiment:
the embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1 to 10, the lifting frame 5 further includes a convex plate 5-2, the convex plates 5-2 are fixedly connected to the two transverse connecting columns 5-1, one of the convex plates 5-2 is provided with a crank-rocker mechanism, and the crank-rocker mechanism drives one of the sliding sleeves 5-5 to slide in a left-right reciprocating manner on the corresponding transverse track rod 5-4.
The specific implementation mode is eight:
the present embodiment will be described with reference to fig. 1-10, wherein the axis of the central shaft 6-3 is coaxial with the axis of the cylinder in which the inner ring of the semicircular pressing sheet 6-1 is located.
The working principle of the invention is as follows: the two rotary supporting plates 2-1 play a role of supporting the two short shafts 3-4, and the electric telescopic rod I2-3 can extend and contract. When the electric telescopic rod I2-3 extends, the whole movable support 3 rotates clockwise by taking the common axis of the two short shafts 3-4 as the axis through the two short shafts 3-4, and when the electric telescopic rod I2-3 shortens, the whole movable support 3 rotates anticlockwise by taking the common axis of the two short shafts 3-4 as the axis through the two short shafts 3-4. When the movable support 3 rotates by taking the common axis of the two short shafts 3-4 as an axis through the two short shafts 3-4, the rectangular box 4-1 at the upper end of the movable support 3 also rotates along with the movable support 3. Therefore, the rectangular box 4-1 is rotated to an inclined state or the rectangular box 4-1 is enabled to return to a horizontal state, the upper end of the rectangular box 4-1 is used for placing a lithium battery needing to be crushed, and after the lithium battery is crushed, the right end of the rectangular box 4-1 is inclined downwards, so that the crushed lithium battery can be poured out conveniently. The four vertical sliding rods 5-3 can vertically slide on the four fixed sleeves 4-5 respectively to control the heights of the two transverse rail rods 5-4 and further control the heights of the two lantern rings 5-6, and the two sliding sleeves 5-5 can slide leftwards or rightwards on the two transverse rail rods 5-4 respectively to control the left and right positions of the two lantern rings 5-6. The height of the two lantern rings 5-6 determines the height of the crusher 6, the left and right positions of the two lantern rings 5-6 determine the left and right positions of the crusher 6, when the lithium battery in the rectangular box 4-1 needs to be crushed, the crusher 6 is moved downwards, and the semicircular pressing sheet 6-1 is pressed on the lithium battery in the rectangular box 4-1, at this time, the two sliding sleeves 5-5 are controlled to reciprocate left and right at the same time, at this time, the semicircular pressing sheet 6-1 can continuously roll in a reciprocating manner in the rectangular box 4-1, when the semicircular pressing sheet 6-1 continuously rolls in a reciprocating manner, the plurality of triangular crushing ribs I4-4 and the plurality of triangular crushing ribs II6-4 are mutually extruded, the lithium battery can be crushed fully because the semicircular pressing sheet 6-1 can roll back and forth for unlimited times. The problem of only using two crushing rollers to carry out single breakage to the lithium cell among the prior art, cause the breakage inadequately is solved. After the crushing is finished, the right end of the rectangular box 4-1 is inclined downwards to pour out and collect the crushed lithium batteries. When the electric telescopic rod I2-3 drives the movable support 3 to rotate clockwise, the right end of the rectangular box 4-1 is inclined downwards to pour out the broken lithium batteries, meanwhile, the inclined connecting rod 1-5 drives the collection box cover 1-6 to slide rightwards on the supporting rod 1-3 through the trapezoid strip 1-2 on the collection box cover, at the moment, the collection box cover 1-6 slides rightwards to open the upper end of the collection box 1-4, the poured lithium batteries fall into the collection box 1-4 to be collected, similarly, when the rectangular box 4-1 returns to the original position, the collection box cover 1-6 also returns to the original position to cover the collection box 1-4, the toxic substances in the collection box 1-4 are prevented from volatilizing and overflowing, the broken lithium batteries are effectively and safely collected, and the lithium batteries are not exposed in the air for a long. The pressing plate 3-5 can be pressed on the two cross columns 2-2, the two cross columns 2-2 support the pressing plate 3-5, the two cross columns 2-2 indirectly support the rectangular box 4-1, the rectangular box 4-1 cannot rotate anticlockwise continuously after returning to the horizontal state, and the pressing plate 3-5 plays a limiting role. When the two electric telescopic rods II4-2 extend and shorten simultaneously, the two transverse connecting columns 5-1 are driven to rise and fall simultaneously, the two lifting frames 5 are driven to rise and fall, the crusher 6 is driven to rise and fall, and meanwhile, the two electric telescopic rods II4-2 can also control the force of the semicircular pressing sheet 6-1 pressing on the rectangular box 4-1, so that the crushing force is controlled.
It is to be understood that the above description is not intended to limit the present invention, and the present invention is not limited to the above examples, and that various changes, modifications, additions and substitutions which are within the spirit and scope of the present invention and which may be made by those skilled in the art are also within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. The utility model provides a scrap lithium cell and smash recovery unit, includes base (1), decides support (2), moves support (3), smashes container (4), lifting frame (5) and grinder (6), its characterized in that: the base (1) comprises a bottom plate (1-1);
the fixed support (2) comprises two rotating support plates (2-1), cross columns (2-2) and an electric telescopic rod I (2-3), the bottom plate (1-1) is fixedly connected with the two rotating support plates (2-1), the two rotating support plates (2-1) are both fixedly connected with the cross columns (2-2), and the lower end of the electric telescopic rod I (2-3) is hinged between the left ends of the two cross columns (2-2);
the movable support (3) comprises a cross beam rod (3-1), triangular connecting sheets (3-3) and short shafts (3-4), the triangular connecting sheets (3-3) are fixedly connected to the lower side of the right end of the cross beam rod (3-1), the short shafts (3-4) are fixedly connected to the front end and the rear end of each triangular connecting sheet (3-3), the two short shafts (3-4) are respectively rotatably connected to the upper ends of the two rotating supporting plates (2-1), the front side and the rear side of each triangular connecting sheet (3-3) are respectively attached to the two rotating supporting plates (2-1), and the upper end of an electric telescopic rod I (2-3) is hinged to the left end of the cross beam rod (3-1);
the crushing container (4) comprises a rectangular box (4-1), triangular crushing edges I (4-4) and fixing sleeves (4-5), a plurality of triangular crushing edges I (4-4) are arranged on the bottom surface of the inner side of the rectangular box (4-1), two fixing sleeves (4-5) are arranged on the front side of the rectangular box (4-1), two fixing sleeves (4-5) are arranged on the rear side of the rectangular box (4-1), and the rectangular box (4-1) is fixedly connected to the upper end of a beam rod (3-1);
the lifting frame (5) comprises transverse connecting columns (5-1), vertical sliding rods (5-3), transverse track rods (5-4), sliding sleeves (5-5), sleeve rings (5-6) and connecting columns (5-7), the transverse track rods (5-4) are fixedly connected between the upper ends of the two vertical sliding rods (5-3), the transverse connecting columns (5-1) are fixedly connected between the lower ends of the two vertical sliding rods (5-3), the sliding sleeves (5-5) are slidably connected with the transverse track rods (5-4), and the sleeve rings (5-6) are connected to the sliding sleeves (5-5) through the two connecting columns (5-7); two vertical sliding rods (5-3) on the lifting frame (5) positioned at the front end are slidably connected to the two fixing sleeves (4-5) positioned at the front end, and two vertical sliding rods (5-3) on the lifting frame (5) positioned at the rear end are slidably connected to the two fixing sleeves (4-5) positioned at the rear end;
the crusher (6) comprises a semicircular pressing sheet (6-1), a vertical rotating column (6-2), a central shaft (6-3) and triangular crushing edges II (6-4), a plurality of triangular crushing edges II (6-4) are uniformly distributed on the outer side of the semicircular pressing sheet (6-1), the upper end of the semicircular pressing sheet (6-1) is fixedly connected with the vertical rotating column (6-2), the front end and the rear end of the vertical rotating column (6-2) are fixedly connected with the central shaft (6-3), the two central shafts (6-3) are respectively and rotatably connected to two lantern rings (5-6), and the two lantern rings (5-6) are respectively attached to the front side and the rear side of the vertical rotating column (6-2);
the base (1) further comprises a trapezoid strip (1-2), a support rod (1-3), a collection box (1-4), an inclined connecting rod (1-5) and a collection box cover (1-6), the support rod (1-3) is fixedly connected to the right side of the upper end of the bottom plate (1-1), the trapezoid strip (1-2) is arranged at the front end of the collection box cover (1-6), the trapezoid strip (1-2) is transversely connected to the upper end of the support rod (1-3) in a sliding mode, the collection box (1-4) is placed on the bottom plate (1-1), the collection box (1-4) is located below the collection box cover (1-6), and the lower end of the inclined connecting rod (1-5) is hinged to the rear side of the collection box cover (1-6);
the collecting box (1-4) can be detached from the bottom plate (1-1);
the movable support (3) further comprises an extension shaft (3-2), the right end of the beam rod (3-1) is fixedly connected with the extension shaft (3-2), and the upper end of the inclined connecting rod (1-5) is rotatably connected to the extension shaft (3-2);
the movable support (3) further comprises a pressing plate (3-5), the left side of the lower end of the triangular connecting piece (3-3) is fixedly connected with the pressing plate (3-5), and the lower end face of the pressing plate (3-5) is attached to the upper end faces of the two transverse columns (2-2);
the smashing container (4) further comprises an electric telescopic rod II (4-2) and an electric telescopic rod seat (4-3), the front end and the rear end of the middle part of the rectangular box (4-1) are fixedly connected with the electric telescopic rod seats (4-3), the lower ends of the two electric telescopic rod seats (4-3) are fixedly connected with the electric telescopic rod II (4-2), and the lower ends of the two electric telescopic rods II (4-2) are respectively and fixedly connected to the middle parts of the two transverse connecting columns (5-1).
2. The crushing and recycling device for the scrapped lithium battery as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the lifting frame (5) further comprises convex plates (5-2), the two transverse connecting columns (5-1) are fixedly connected with the convex plates (5-2), one convex plate (5-2) is provided with a crank rocker mechanism, and the crank rocker mechanism drives one sliding sleeve (5-5) to slide on the corresponding transverse track rod (5-4) in a left-right reciprocating mode.
3. The crushing and recycling device for the scrapped lithium battery as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the axis of the central shaft (6-3) is coaxial with the axis of the cylinder where the inner ring of the semicircular pressing sheet (6-1) is located.
CN201910508282.9A 2019-06-13 2019-06-13 Scrap lithium cell and smash recovery unit CN110152842B (en)

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