CN110152842A - One kind scrapping lithium battery and crushes recyclable device - Google Patents

One kind scrapping lithium battery and crushes recyclable device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110152842A
CN110152842A CN201910508282.9A CN201910508282A CN110152842A CN 110152842 A CN110152842 A CN 110152842A CN 201910508282 A CN201910508282 A CN 201910508282A CN 110152842 A CN110152842 A CN 110152842A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
lithium battery
telescopic rod
plate
scraps
rectangular box
Prior art date
Application number
CN201910508282.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN110152842B (en
Inventor
张棉棉
Original Assignee
张棉棉
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 张棉棉 filed Critical 张棉棉
Priority to CN201910508282.9A priority Critical patent/CN110152842B/en
Publication of CN110152842A publication Critical patent/CN110152842A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN110152842B publication Critical patent/CN110152842B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C19/00Other disintegrating devices or methods
    • B02C19/0056Other disintegrating devices or methods specially adapted for specific materials not otherwise provided for
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/54Reclaiming serviceable parts of waste accumulators
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/84Recycling of batteries or fuel cells

Abstract

The present invention relates to lithium battery process fields, it in particular is that one kind scraps lithium battery crushing recyclable device, including pedestal, fixed rack, dynamic bracket, crushing container, lifting frame and grinder, the present invention passes through the left and right reciprocating rolling of semicircle tabletting, lithium battery is carried out sufficiently broken, it solves and only lithium battery progress single is crushed using only two breaker rolls in the prior art, cause to be crushed insufficient problem.It is fixedly connected on bottom plate there are two rotational support plate, is fixedly connected to spreader on two rotational support plates, the lower end of electric telescopic rod I is hingedly connected between the left end of two spreaders;Triangle joint piece is fixedly connected on the downside of the right end of beam rail, the rear and front end of triangle joint piece is fixedly connected to short axle, two short axles are rotatably connected on the upper end of two rotational support plates respectively, the front and rear sides of triangle joint piece fit with two rotational support plates respectively, and the upper end of electric telescopic rod I is hingedly connected to the left end of beam rail.

Description

One kind scrapping lithium battery and crushes recyclable device
Technical field
The present invention relates to lithium battery process fields, are in particular that one kind scraps lithium battery crushing recyclable device.
Background technique
It is crushed application No. is a kind of battery of the cleaning of band disclosed in CN201720367083.7 and removes iron all-in-one machine, this is practical new The battery that type discloses a kind of band cleaning is crushed except iron all-in-one machine, including grinding device and deironing apparatus;The grinding device is set It is equipped with feeding inlet, cover board, shaft, handle, fixed blade, motor one, pinch roller, baffle, motor two, rotation axis, blade, fixation Block, sieve, fixture block, spring and vibrator;The feeding inlet is fixed in the uppermost position of grinding device;The shaft is fixed in The left junction of cover board and feeding inlet;The motor one is fixed in the front position of grinding device;The pinch roller is vertically affixed On motor one, and it is fixed in the following position directly of feeding inlet, close to fixed blade;The raw material of the utility model by feeding inlet into Enter in grinding device, particle is splashed out by feeding inlet when cover board prevents from crushing, and cover board is rotated around shaft, and user holds handle Cover board is firmly opened by shaft upwards, motor one drives pinch roller to roll the raw material that feeding inlet is fallen, and fixed blade is cut to pieces The particle being bonded on lower pressure wheel.But the utility model is only used only two breaker rolls and is crushed to lithium battery progress single, causes It is crushed insufficient.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides one kind and scraps lithium battery crushing recyclable device, and its advantages are that the present invention passes through semicircle tabletting Left and right reciprocating rolling be sufficiently crushed to lithium battery, solves and two breaker rolls are only used only in the prior art to lithium battery It is broken to carry out single, causes to be crushed insufficient problem.
The present invention relates to lithium battery process fields, be in particular one kind scrap lithium battery crush recyclable device, including Pedestal, fixed rack, dynamic bracket, crushing container, lifting frame and grinder, the present invention are back and forth rolled by the left and right of semicircle tabletting It is dynamic, lithium battery be sufficiently crushed, is solved only broken to lithium battery progress single using only two breaker rolls in the prior art It is broken, it causes to be crushed insufficient problem.
The pedestal includes bottom plate;
The fixed rack includes rotational support plate, spreader and electric telescopic rod I, is fixedly connected with that there are two rotation branch on bottom plate Fagging is fixedly connected to spreader on two rotational support plates, and the lower end of electric telescopic rod I is hingedly connected to a left side for two spreaders Between end;
The dynamic bracket includes beam rail, triangle joint piece and short axle, is fixedly connected with triangle on the downside of the right end of beam rail Connection sheet, the rear and front end of triangle joint piece are fixedly connected to short axle, and two short axles are rotatably connected on two rotation branch respectively The upper end of fagging, the front and rear sides of triangle joint piece fit with two rotational support plates respectively, the upper end hinge of electric telescopic rod I Connect the left end for being connected to beam rail;
The crushing container includes rectangular box, the broken rib I of triangle and fixing sleeve, is provided in the inside bottom surface of rectangular box more A triangle is crushed rib I, and there are two fixing sleeves for the front side setting of rectangular box, and there are two fixing sleeve, rectangles for the rear side setting of rectangular box Box is fixedly connected on the upper end of beam rail;
The lifting frame includes horizontal pedestal, perpendicular slide bar, horizontal rail rods, sliding sleeve, lantern ring and connecting column, two perpendicular slide bars It is fixedly connected with horizontal rail rods between upper end, horizontal pedestal, horizontal rail rods sliding are fixedly connected between the lower end of two perpendicular slide bars It is connected with sliding sleeve, lantern ring is connected on sliding sleeve by two connecting columns;Before and after the lifting frame there are two settings, it is located at front end Lifting frame on two perpendicular sliding bars be connected on two fixing sleeves of front end, on the lifting frame of rear end Two perpendicular sliding bars be connected on two fixing sleeves of rear end;
The grinder includes that semicircle tabletting, perpendicular Rotational Cylindrical, central axis and triangle are crushed rib II, and the outside of semicircle tabletting is equal It is furnished with multiple triangles and is crushed rib II, the upper end of semicircle tabletting is fixedly connected with perpendicular Rotational Cylindrical, and the rear and front end for erecting Rotational Cylindrical is solid Surely it is connected with central axis, two central axises are rotatably connected on respectively on two lantern rings, and two lantern rings are respectively and before perpendicular Rotational Cylindrical Two sides fit afterwards.
The pedestal further includes trapezoidal item, support rod, collection box, diagonal control arm and collects box cover, and the right side of bottom plate upper end is solid Surely it is connected with support rod, the front end for collecting box cover is provided with trapezoidal item, and trapezoidal item slides laterally the upper end for being connected to support rod, bottom Collection box is placed on plate, collection box is located at the lower section for collecting box cover, and the lower end of diagonal control arm is hingedly connected to after collecting box cover Side.
The collection box can be dismantled from bottom plate.
The dynamic bracket further includes projecting shaft, and the right end of beam rail is fixedly connected with projecting shaft, the upper end rotation of diagonal control arm It is connected on projecting shaft.
The dynamic bracket further includes pressing plate, is fixedly connected with pressing plate, the lower end surface of pressing plate on the left of the lower end of triangle joint piece It fits with the upper surface of two spreaders.
The crushing container further includes electric telescopic rod II and electric expansion pole socket, and the rear and front end in the middle part of rectangular box is solid Surely it is connected with electric expansion pole socket, the lower end of two electric expansion pole sockets is fixedly connected to electric telescopic rod II, and two electronic The lower end of telescopic rod II is respectively fixedly connected at the middle part of two horizontal pedestals.
The lifting frame further includes protrusive board, and protrusive board is fixedly connected on two horizontal pedestals, is set on one of protrusive board It is equipped with crank and rocker mechanism, it is reciprocal sliding that crank and rocker mechanism drives one of them to slide over left and right in corresponding horizontal rail rods It is dynamic.
The axis coaxle of cylinder is arranged where the axis and semicircle tabletting inner ring of the central axis.
A kind of lithium battery of scrapping of the present invention crushes having the beneficial effect that for recyclable device
One kind of the present invention scraps lithium battery and crushes recyclable device, and semicircle tabletting can be with the reciprocating rolling of unlimited number, can be with Lithium battery is adequately crushed.It solves only broken to lithium battery progress single using only two breaker rolls in the prior art It is broken, it causes to be crushed insufficient problem.After broken, rectangular box right end can be tilted down to fall broken lithium battery It collects out.
At this moment box cover to be collected to slide the upper end opening of collection box to the right, the lithium battery poured out falls into collection box and collects, With should rectangular box return in situ when, collect box cover also return to it is in situ collection box is covered, prevent the noxious material in collection box Volatilization is overflowed, the broken lithium battery of effective and safe collection, is that lithium battery does not expose in air for a long time.It solves existing There is the problem of can not sealing after battery crushing in technology, cause air pollution.
Two electric telescopic rod II can also control the dynamics that semicircle tabletting is pressed in rectangular box, and then control crushing force Degree.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention will be further described in detail with specific implementation method with reference to the accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is a kind of overall structure diagram one scrapped lithium battery and crush recyclable device of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a kind of overall structure diagram two scrapped lithium battery and crush recyclable device of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the attachment structure schematic diagram of two lifting frames and grinder;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of pedestal;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of fixed rack;
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram one of dynamic bracket;
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram two of dynamic bracket;
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of crushing container;
Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of lifting frame;
Figure 10 is the structural schematic diagram of grinder.
In figure: pedestal 1;Bottom plate 1-1;Trapezoidal 1-2;Support rod 1-3;Collection box 1-4;Diagonal control arm 1-5;Collect box cover 1- 6;Fixed rack 2;Rotational support plate 2-1;Spreader 2-2;Electric telescopic rod I2-3;Dynamic bracket 3;Beam rail 3-1;Projecting shaft 3-2;Three Angle connection sheet 3-3;Short axle 3-4;Pressing plate 3-5;Crushing container 4;Rectangular box 4-1;Electric telescopic rod II4-2;Electric expansion pole socket 4-3;Triangle is crushed rib I4-4;Fixing sleeve 4-5;Lifting frame 5;Horizontal pedestal 5-1;Protrusive board 5-2;Perpendicular slide bar 5-3;Horizontal rail rods 5- 4;Sliding sleeve 5-5;Lantern ring 5-6;Connecting column 5-7;Grinder 6;Semicircle tabletting 6-1;Perpendicular Rotational Cylindrical 6-2;Central axis 6-3;Triangle is broken Broken rib II6-4.
Specific embodiment
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that, term " center ", " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", "upper", "lower", The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outside" is It is based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, is merely for convenience of description of the present invention and simplification of the description, rather than instruction or dark Show that signified device or element must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, therefore should not be understood as pair Limitation of the invention.In addition, term " first ", " second " etc. are used for description purposes only, it is not understood to indicate or imply phase To importance or implicitly indicate the quantity of indicated technical characteristic.The feature for defining " first ", " second " etc. as a result, can To explicitly or implicitly include one or more of the features.In the description of the present invention, unless otherwise indicated, " multiple " It is meant that two or more.
Specific embodiment 1:
Illustrate present embodiment below with reference to Fig. 1-10, in particular it to be one that the present invention relates to lithium battery process fields Kind scraps lithium battery and crushes recyclable device, including pedestal 1, fixed rack 2, dynamic bracket 3, crushing container 4, lifting frame 5 and crushing Device 6, the present invention pass through the left and right reciprocating rolling of semicircle tabletting 6-1, be sufficiently crushed to lithium battery, solve in the prior art It is broken to lithium battery progress single that two breaker rolls are only used only, cause to be crushed insufficient problem.
The pedestal 1 includes bottom plate 1-1;
The fixed rack 2 includes rotational support plate 2-1, spreader 2-2 and electric telescopic rod I2-3, fixed company on bottom plate 1-1 It is fixedly connected to spreader 2-2 on rotational support plate 2-1 there are two connecing, two rotational support plate 2-1, electric telescopic rod I2-3's Lower end is hingedly connected between the left end of two spreader 2-2;Two rotational support plate 2-1 play two short axle 3-4's of support Effect, electric telescopic rod I2-3 can extend and shorten.
The dynamic bracket 3 includes beam rail 3-1, triangle joint piece 3-3 and short axle 3-4, and the right end downside of beam rail 3-1 is solid Surely it is connected with triangle joint piece 3-3, the rear and front end of triangle joint piece 3-3 is fixedly connected to short axle 3-4, two short axle 3-4 It is rotatably connected on the upper end of two rotational support plate 2-1 respectively, the front and rear sides of triangle joint piece 3-3 are propped up with two rotations respectively Fagging 2-1 fits, and the upper end of electric telescopic rod I2-3 is hingedly connected to the left end of beam rail 3-1;As electric telescopic rod I2-3 When elongation, entirely dynamic bracket 3 is rotated clockwise using the common axis line of two short axle 3-4 as axis by two short axle 3-4, when electronic When telescopic rod I2-3 shortens, entirely dynamic bracket 3 is counterclockwise as axis using the common axis line of two short axle 3-4 by two short axle 3-4 Rotation.
The crushing container 4 includes rectangular box 4-1, the broken rib I4-4 and fixing sleeve 4-5 of triangle, the inside of rectangular box 4-1 It is provided with multiple triangles on bottom surface and is crushed rib I4-4, the front side of rectangular box 4-1 is arranged there are two fixing sleeve 4-5, rectangular box 4-1's There are two fixing sleeve 4-5, rectangular box 4-1 to be fixedly connected on the upper end of beam rail 3-1 for rear side setting;Dynamic bracket 3 passes through two short When axis 3-4 is rotated using the common axis line of two short axle 3-4 as axis, the rectangular box 4-1 for moving 3 upper end of bracket also can be with dynamic bracket 3 Rotation.To which rectangular box 4-1 is turned to heeling condition or rectangular box 4-1 is made to return to horizontality, the upper end of rectangular box 4-1 Broken lithium battery is needed for placing, after lithium battery is broken, rectangular box 4-1 right end is tilted down, can be facilitated Broken lithium battery is poured out.
The lifting frame 5 includes horizontal pedestal 5-1, perpendicular slide bar 5-3, horizontal rail rods 5-4, sliding sleeve 5-5, lantern ring 5-6 and company Column 5-7 is met, is fixedly connected with horizontal rail rods 5-4 between the upper end of two perpendicular slide bar 5-3, between the lower end of two perpendicular slide bar 5-3 It is fixedly connected with horizontal pedestal 5-1, horizontal rail rods 5-4 slidably connects sliding sleeve 5-5, and lantern ring 5-6 passes through two connecting column 5-7 connections On sliding sleeve 5-5;Before and after the lifting frame 5 there are two settings, two perpendicular slide bar 5-3 on the lifting frame 5 of front end It is slidably connected on two fixing sleeve 4-5 of front end, the perpendicular slide bar 5-3 sliding of two on the lifting frame 5 of rear end It is connected on two fixing sleeve 4-5 of rear end;Four perpendicular slide bar 5-3 can be slided vertically on four fixing sleeve 4-5 respectively It is dynamic, and then the height of two horizontal rail rods 5-4 is controlled, and then control the height of two lantern ring 5-6, two sliding sleeve 5-5 respectively can To slide to the left or to the right on two horizontal rail rods 5-4, and then control the left-right position of two lantern ring 5-6.
The grinder 6 includes that semicircle tabletting 6-1, perpendicular Rotational Cylindrical 6-2, central axis 6-3 and triangle are crushed rib II6-4, partly Multiple triangles are evenly equipped on the outside of circle tabletting 6-1 and are crushed rib II6-4, and the upper end of semicircle tabletting 6-1 is fixedly connected with perpendicular Rotational Cylindrical The rear and front end of 6-2, perpendicular Rotational Cylindrical 6-2 are fixedly connected to central axis 6-3, and two central axis 6-3 are rotatably connected on two respectively On a lantern ring 5-6, front and rear sides of two lantern ring 5-6 respectively with perpendicular Rotational Cylindrical 6-2 fit.The height of two lantern ring 5-6 is determined The height of grinder 6 is determined, the left-right position of two lantern ring 5-6 determines the left-right position of grinder 6, needs to rectangular box 4- When lithium battery in 1 is crushed, so that grinder 6 moves down, and semicircle tabletting 6-1 is pressed in rectangular box 4-1 On lithium battery, at this moment controlling two sliding sleeve 5-5, left and right is moved back and forth simultaneously, and at this moment semicircle tabletting 6-1 can be in rectangular box 4-1 Continuous reciprocating rolling, when the continuous reciprocating rolling of semicircle tabletting 6-1, multiple triangles are crushed rib I4-4 and multiple triangles are crushed rib II6- 4 mutual extrusions, are crushed lithium battery, can be to lithium battery since semicircle tabletting 6-1 can be with the reciprocating rolling of unlimited number Adequately it is crushed.It solves and only lithium battery progress single is crushed using only two breaker rolls in the prior art, cause brokenly Broken insufficient problem.After broken, rectangular box 4-1 right end can be tilted down and broken lithium battery is poured out into receipts Collection.
Specific embodiment 2:
Illustrate present embodiment below with reference to Fig. 1-10, the pedestal 1 further includes trapezoidal 1-2, support rod 1-3, collects Box 1-4, diagonal control arm 1-5 and box cover 1-6 is collected, support rod 1-3 is fixedly connected on the right side of the upper end bottom plate 1-1, collects box cover 1-6 Front end be provided with trapezoidal 1-2, trapezoidal 1-2 slides laterally the upper end for being connected to support rod 1-3, is placed on bottom plate 1-1 Collection box 1-4, collection box 1-4 are located at the lower section for collecting box cover 1-6, and the lower end of diagonal control arm 1-5 is hingedly connected to collect box cover 1-6 Rear side.When electric telescopic rod I2-3 drives dynamic bracket 3 to rotate clockwise, at this moment rectangular box 4-1 right end, which will tilt down, to be crushed Lithium battery afterwards is poured out, at the same diagonal control arm 1-5 drive collect box cover 1-6 by trapezoidal 1-2 thereon on support rod 1-3 to At this moment right sliding is collected box cover 1-6 and is slided the upper end opening of collection box 1-4 to the right, the lithium battery poured out falls into collection box 1-4 Interior collection, with should rectangular box 4-1 return in situ when, collect box cover 1-6 also return to it is in situ collection box 1-4 is covered, prevent from receiving The noxious material volatilization collected in box 1-4 is overflowed, the broken lithium battery of effective and safe collection, is that lithium battery is not sudden and violent for a long time Dew is in air.
Specific embodiment 3:
Illustrate present embodiment below with reference to Fig. 1-10, the collection box 1-4 can be dismantled from bottom plate 1-1.Convenient for more Change collection box 1-4.
Specific embodiment 4:
Illustrate present embodiment below with reference to Fig. 1-10, the dynamic bracket 3 further includes projecting shaft 3-2, the right side of beam rail 3-1 End is fixedly connected with projecting shaft 3-2, and the upper end of diagonal control arm 1-5 is rotatably connected on projecting shaft 3-2.And then by beam rail 3-1 and Collect box cover 1-6 linkage.
Specific embodiment 5:
Illustrate present embodiment below with reference to Fig. 1-10, the dynamic bracket 3 further includes pressing plate 3-5, triangle joint piece 3-3's It is fixedly connected with pressing plate 3-5 on the left of lower end, the lower end surface of pressing plate 3-5 and the upper surface of two spreader 2-2 fit.Pressing plate 3-5 It can be pressed on two spreader 2-2, two spreader 2-2 are supported pressing plate 3-5, and two spreader 2-2 are indirectly to rectangular box 4-1 It is supported, and after making rectangular box 4-1 return to horizontality, can not continue to rotate counterclockwise, pressing plate 3-5 plays limit Effect.
Specific embodiment 6:
Illustrate present embodiment below with reference to Fig. 1-10, the crushing container 4 further includes electric telescopic rod II4-2 and electronic Rear and front end in the middle part of flexible pole socket 4-3, rectangular box 4-1 is fixedly connected to electric expansion pole socket 4-3, two electric telescopic rods The lower end of seat 4-3 is fixedly connected to electric telescopic rod II4-2, and the lower end of two electric telescopic rod II4-2 is respectively fixedly connected with At the middle part of two horizontal pedestal 5-1.Two electric telescopic rod II4-2 drive two horizontal pedestal 5-1 same when extending and shorten simultaneously When raise and reduce, and then drive two lifting frames 5 to raise and reduce, and then grinder 6 is driven to raise and reduce, while two A electric telescopic rod II4-2 can also control the dynamics that semicircle tabletting 6-1 is pressed on rectangular box 4-1, and then control broken dynamics.
Specific embodiment 7:
Illustrate present embodiment below with reference to Fig. 1-10, the lifting frame 5 further includes protrusive board 5-2, two horizontal pedestal 5-1 On be fixedly connected to protrusive board 5-2, be provided with crank and rocker mechanism on one of protrusive board 5-2, crank and rocker mechanism drives it In a sliding sleeve 5-5 on corresponding horizontal rail rods 5-4 left and right reciprocatingly slide.
Specific embodiment 8:
Illustrate present embodiment, axis and semicircle tabletting 6-1 the inner ring place of the central axis 6-3 below with reference to Fig. 1-10 The axis coaxle of cylinder is arranged.
The working principle of the invention: two rotational support plate 2-1 play the role of two short axle 3-4 of support, electronic to stretch Contracting bar I2-3 can extend and shorten.When electric telescopic rod I2-3 elongation, entirely dynamic bracket 3 is by two short axle 3-4 with two The common axis line of a short axle 3-4 rotates clockwise for axis, and when electric telescopic rod I2-3 shortens, entirely dynamic bracket 3 passes through two Short axle 3-4 is rotated counterclockwise using the common axis line of two short axle 3-4 as axis.Dynamic bracket 3 is by two short axle 3-4 with two short axles When the common axis line of 3-4 is that axis rotates, the rectangular box 4-1 of dynamic 3 upper end of bracket can also be rotated with dynamic bracket 3.Thus by rectangle Box 4-1 turns to heeling condition or rectangular box 4-1 is made to return to horizontality, and the upper end of rectangular box 4-1 is used to place needs broken Rectangular box 4-1 right end is tilted down after lithium battery is broken, can facilitate broken lithium battery by broken lithium battery It pours out.Four perpendicular slide bar 5-3 respectively can on four fixing sleeve 4-5 vertical sliding, and then control two horizontal rail rods 5-4's Highly, and then control the height of two lantern ring 5-6, two sliding sleeve 5-5 respectively can on two horizontal rail rods 5-4 to the left or It slides to the right, and then controls the left-right position of two lantern ring 5-6.The height of two lantern ring 5-6 determines the height of grinder 6, The left-right position of two lantern ring 5-6 determines the left-right position of grinder 6, needs to carry out brokenly lithium battery in rectangular box 4-1 When broken, so that grinder 6 moves down, and is pressed in semicircle tabletting 6-1 on the lithium battery in rectangular box 4-1, at this moment control Left and right moves back and forth simultaneously by two sliding sleeve 5-5, at this moment semicircle tabletting 6-1 can in rectangular box 4-1 continuous reciprocating rolling, semicircle When the continuous reciprocating rolling of tabletting 6-1, multiple triangles are crushed rib I4-4 and multiple triangles are crushed rib II6-4 mutual extrusion, to lithium electricity Pond is crushed, since semicircle tabletting 6-1 can adequately can be crushed lithium battery with the reciprocating rolling of unlimited number. It solves and only lithium battery progress single is crushed using only two breaker rolls in the prior art, cause to be crushed insufficient problem. After broken, rectangular box 4-1 right end can be tilted down and broken lithium battery is poured out into collection.Electric telescopic rod I2-3 When dynamic bracket 3 being driven to rotate clockwise, at this moment rectangular box 4-1 right end, which tilts down, pours out broken lithium battery, while tiltedly Connecting rod 1-5 drives collection box cover 1-6 to slide to the right on support rod 1-3 by trapezoidal 1-2 thereon, at this moment collects box cover 1- 6 slide the upper end opening of collection box 1-4 to the right, and the lithium battery poured out falls into collection box 1-4 and collects, together should rectangular box 4- 1 when returning in situ, collect box cover 1-6 also return to it is in situ collection box 1-4 is covered, prevent the noxious material in collection box 1-4 from waving Hair overflows, the broken lithium battery of effective and safe collection, is that lithium battery does not expose in air for a long time.Pressing plate 3-5 can To be pressed on two spreader 2-2, two spreader 2-2 are supported pressing plate 3-5, two spreader 2-2 indirectly to rectangular box 4-1 into Row support, and after making rectangular box 4-1 return to horizontality, it can not continue to rotate counterclockwise, pressing plate 3-5 plays limit Effect.Two electric telescopic rod II4-2 drive two horizontal pedestal 5-1 to raise simultaneously and reduce when extending and shorten simultaneously, in turn It drives two lifting frames 5 to raise and reduce, and then drives grinder 6 to raise and reduce, while two electric telescopic rod II4-2 The dynamics that semicircle tabletting 6-1 is pressed on rectangular box 4-1 can also be controlled, and then controls broken dynamics.
Certainly, above description is not limitation of the present invention, and the present invention is also not limited to the example above, the art The variations, modifications, additions or substitutions that those of ordinary skill is made within the essential scope of the present invention also belong to guarantor of the invention Protect range.

Claims (8)

1. one kind, which scraps lithium battery, crushes recyclable device, including pedestal (1), fixed rack (2), dynamic bracket (3), crushing container (4), Lifting frame (5) and grinder (6), it is characterised in that: the pedestal (1) includes bottom plate (1-1);
The fixed rack (2) includes rotational support plate (2-1), spreader (2-2) and electric telescopic rod I (2-3), on bottom plate (1-1) There are two being fixedly connected rotational support plate (2-1), it is fixedly connected to spreader (2-2) on two rotational support plates (2-1), it is electronic The lower end of telescopic rod I (2-3) is hingedly connected between the left end of two spreaders (2-2);
The dynamic bracket (3) includes beam rail (3-1), triangle joint piece (3-3) and short axle (3-4), the right end of beam rail (3-1) Downside is fixedly connected with triangle joint piece (3-3), and the rear and front end of triangle joint piece (3-3) is fixedly connected to short axle (3-4), Two short axles (3-4) are rotatably connected on the upper end of two rotational support plates (2-1), the front and back two of triangle joint piece (3-3) respectively Side fits with two rotational support plates (2-1) respectively, and the upper end of electric telescopic rod I (2-3) is hingedly connected to beam rail (3-1) Left end;
The crushing container (4) includes rectangular box (4-1), triangle broken rib I (4-4) and fixing sleeve (4-5), rectangular box (4-1) Inside bottom surface on be provided with multiple triangles and be crushed rib I (4-4), the front side setting of rectangular box (4-1) is there are two fixing sleeve (4- 5), there are two fixing sleeve (4-5), rectangular box (4-1) is fixedly connected on beam rail (3-1) for the rear side setting of rectangular box (4-1) Upper end;
The lifting frame (5) includes horizontal pedestal (5-1), perpendicular slide bar (5-3), horizontal rail rods (5-4), sliding sleeve (5-5), lantern ring (5-6) and connecting column (5-7) is fixedly connected with horizontal rail rods (5-4) between the upper end of two perpendicular slide bars (5-3), and two perpendicular to slide It is fixedly connected between the lower end of bar (5-3) horizontal pedestal (5-1), horizontal rail rods (5-4) slidably connect sliding sleeve (5-5), lantern ring (5-6) is connected on sliding sleeve (5-5) by two connecting columns (5-7);Before and after the lifting frame (5) there are two settings, it is located at Two perpendicular slide bars (5-3) on the lifting frame (5) of front end are slidably connected on two fixing sleeves (4-5) of front end, position It is slidably connected on two fixing sleeves (4-5) of rear end in two perpendicular slide bars (5-3) on the lifting frame (5) of rear end;
The grinder (6) includes that semicircle tabletting (6-1), perpendicular Rotational Cylindrical (6-2), central axis (6-3) and triangle are crushed rib II (6- 4) it, is evenly equipped with multiple triangles on the outside of semicircle tabletting (6-1) and is crushed rib II (6-4), the upper end of semicircle tabletting (6-1) is fixedly connected There is perpendicular Rotational Cylindrical (6-2), the rear and front end of perpendicular Rotational Cylindrical (6-2) is fixedly connected to central axis (6-3), two central axis (6- 3) it is rotatably connected on respectively on two lantern rings (5-6), two lantern rings (5-6) front and rear sides phase with perpendicular Rotational Cylindrical (6-2) respectively Fitting.
2. one kind according to claim 1, which scraps lithium battery, crushes recyclable device, it is characterised in that: the pedestal (1) is also Including trapezoidal item (1-2), support rod (1-3), collection box (1-4), diagonal control arm (1-5) and box cover (1-6) is collected, bottom plate (1-1) It is fixedly connected on the right side of upper end support rod (1-3), the front end for collecting box cover (1-6) is provided with trapezoidal item (1-2), trapezoidal item (1-2) slides laterally the upper end for being connected to support rod (1-3), is placed on bottom plate (1-1) collection box (1-4), collection box (1-4) Positioned at the lower section for collecting box cover (1-6), the lower end of diagonal control arm (1-5) is hingedly connected to collect the rear side of box cover (1-6).
3. one kind according to claim 2, which scraps lithium battery, crushes recyclable device, it is characterised in that: the collection box (1- 4) it can be dismantled from bottom plate (1-1).
4. one kind according to claim 3, which scraps lithium battery, crushes recyclable device, it is characterised in that: the dynamic bracket (3) It further include projecting shaft (3-2), the right end of beam rail (3-1) is fixedly connected with projecting shaft (3-2), and the upper end of diagonal control arm (1-5) turns It is dynamic to be connected on projecting shaft (3-2).
5. one kind according to claim 4, which scraps lithium battery, crushes recyclable device, it is characterised in that: the dynamic bracket (3) Further include pressing plate (3-5), is fixedly connected with pressing plate (3-5) on the left of the lower end of triangle joint piece (3-3), the lower end of pressing plate (3-5) Face and the upper surface of two spreaders (2-2) fit.
6. one kind according to claim 5, which scraps lithium battery, crushes recyclable device, it is characterised in that: the crushing container It (4) further include electric telescopic rod II (4-2) and electric expansion pole socket (4-3), the rear and front end in the middle part of rectangular box (4-1) is fixed It is connected with electric expansion pole socket (4-3), the lower end of two electric expansion pole sockets (4-3) is fixedly connected to electric telescopic rod II (4-2), the lower end of two electric telescopic rod II (4-2) are respectively fixedly connected at the middle part of two horizontal pedestals (5-1).
7. one kind according to claim 6, which scraps lithium battery, crushes recyclable device, it is characterised in that: the lifting frame (5) further include protrusive board (5-2), be fixedly connected to protrusive board (5-2) on two horizontal pedestals (5-1), on one of protrusive board (5-2) It is provided with crank and rocker mechanism, crank and rocker mechanism drives one of sliding sleeve (5-5) on corresponding horizontal rail rods (5-4) Left and right reciprocatingly slides.
8. one kind according to claim 1, which scraps lithium battery, crushes recyclable device, it is characterised in that: the central axis (6- 3) axis coaxle of cylinder is arranged where axis and semicircle tabletting (6-1) inner ring.
CN201910508282.9A 2019-06-13 2019-06-13 Scrap lithium cell and smash recovery unit CN110152842B (en)

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