CN110151894A - 一种治疗肛肠病的中药外用洗剂 - Google Patents

一种治疗肛肠病的中药外用洗剂 Download PDF

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CN110151894A
CN110151894A CN201910475599.7A CN201910475599A CN110151894A CN 110151894 A CN110151894 A CN 110151894A CN 201910475599 A CN201910475599 A CN 201910475599A CN 110151894 A CN110151894 A CN 110151894A
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曹红杰
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Beijing Huiyue Institute Of Traditional Chinese Medicine
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种治疗肛肠病的中药外用洗剂,由赤芍25‑50份、川芎15‑30份、槐花10‑20份、地榆10‑20份、防风10‑20份、花椒5‑10份、五倍子5‑10份、苦参5‑10份、红花5‑10份、艾叶10‑20份、马齿苋15‑30份、黄柏10‑20份、白芷5‑10份、蛇床子8‑15份、土茯苓15‑30份、明矾5‑10份、蒲公英15‑30份、蝉衣5‑10份、薄荷5‑10份、金银花5‑10份组成;本发明的优点在于:治疗效果好,安全性高,不易复发。

Description

一种治疗肛肠病的中药外用洗剂
技术领域
本发明涉及一种中药组分,具体地说是一种治疗肛肠病的中药外用洗剂,属于中药领域。
背景技术
中药是中华民族传统文化的瑰宝,是伟大祖先在长期实践中积累起来的优秀传统文化,属于四大民族医药体系。出现于汉代的《神农本草经》是中国最早的药物专著,共载有中药物。出现于唐朝的《新修本草》是由中国封建朝廷颁布的第一部药典。时至明代,由李时珍著成的《本草纲目》则对中药发展作出了重大贡献。这部历史巨著记载药物种,收集药方个,精美绘图幅,共计卷多万字,充分显示了我国丰富的中药资源和悠久的应用历史。而现代文明的飞速发展更使得中药在前人基础上不断发展,并取得了巨大成就。以《中国药典》为例该版药典共收载中药种,其中新增种(包括个饮片标准)、修订种。受人类“回归自然”思潮的影响,具有毒副作用小等特点的中药已经在世界范围内广泛地引起了人们的关注与青睐。
肛肠疾病是一种常见病和多发病,肛肠疾病的种类很多,有内痔、外痔、混合痔、血栓痔、肛裂、肛脱、肛周红肿、高低位瘘管、直肠息肉、肛乳头肥大、大便疼痛、带血或滴血等,自古以来就有十人九痔之说,该病的传统治疗方法多用手术、打针、结扎、冷冻和激光等,上述治疗方法在应用中所存在的不足是治疗不彻底、患者痛苦大、复发率高、易造成后遗症等。
发明内容
本发明的目的在于,设计了一种治疗肛肠病的中药外用洗剂,治疗效果好,安全性高,不易复发。
本发明的技术方案为:
一种治疗肛肠病的中药外用洗剂,由以下重量份的原料组成:
赤芍25-50份、川芎15-30份、槐花10-20份、地榆10-20份、防风10-20份、花椒5-10份、五倍子5-10份、苦参5-10份、红花5-10份、艾叶10-20份、马齿苋15-30份、黄柏10-20份、白芷5-10份、蛇床子8-15份、土茯苓15-30份、明矾5-10份、蒲公英15-30份、蝉衣5-10份、薄荷5-10份、金银花5-10份。
赤芍,中药名。为毛茛科植物赤芍或川赤芍的干燥根。春、秋二季采挖,除去根茎、须根及泥沙,晒干。苦,微寒。归肝经。有清热凉血,活血祛瘀的功效。
川芎(学名:Ligusticum chuanxiong hort),栽培植物,主产于四川(灌县),在云南、贵州、广西等地,生长于温和的气候环境。是一种中药植物,常用于活血行气,祛风止痛,川芎辛温香燥,走而不守,既能行散,上行可达巅顶;又入血分,下行可达血海。活血祛瘀作用广泛,适宜瘀血阻滞各种病症;祛风止痛,效用甚佳,可治头风头痛、风湿痹痛等症。昔人谓川芎为血中之气药,殆言其寓辛散、解郁、通达、止痛等功能。
槐花,中药名。为豆科植物槐Sophora japonica L.的干燥花及花蕾。夏季花开放或花蕾形成时采收,即使干燥,除去枝、梗及杂质。植物的干燥花及花蕾。苦,微寒。归肝、大肠经。凉血止血,清肝泻火。
地榆,中药名。为蔷薇科植物地榆Sanguisorba officinalis L.或长叶地榆Sanguisorba officinalis L.var.longifolia(Bert.)Yu etLi的干燥根。后者习称“绵地榆”。春季将发芽时或秋季植株枯萎后采挖,除去须根,洗净,干燥,或趁鲜切片,干燥。
防风(Saposhnikovia divaricata (Trucz.) Schischk.)多年生草本,根粗壮,细长圆柱形,淡黄棕色。根供药用,为中国东北地区著名药材之一。有发汗、祛痰、驱风、发表、镇痛的功效,用于治感冒、头痛、周身关节痛、神经痛等症。防风以根入药。味辛、甘,性温。有解表发汗、祛风除湿作用,主治风寒感冒、头痛、发热、关节酸痛、破伤风;此外,防风叶、防风花也可供药用。
花椒,中药名。为芸香科植物青椒Zanthoxylum schinifolium Sieb.et Zucc.或花椒Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim.的干燥成熟果皮。秋季采收成熟果实,晒干,除去种子和杂质。
五味子为木兰科植物五味子Schisandrachinensis(Turcz.)Baill.或华中五味子SchisandrasphenantheraRehd.etWils.的干燥成熟果实。前者习称“北五味子”,后者习称“南五味子”。秋季果实成熟时采摘,晒干或蒸后晒干,除去果梗及杂质。唐等《新修本草》载“五味皮肉甘酸,核中辛苦,都有咸味”,故有五味子之名。五味子分为南、北二种。古医书称它荎蕏、玄及、会及,最早列于神农本草经上品中药,能滋补强壮之力,药用价值极高,有强身健体之效,与琼珍灵芝合用治疗失眠。
苦参,中药名。为豆科植物苦参的干燥根,春、秋二季采挖,除去根头和小支根,洗净,干燥,或趁鲜切片,干燥。其苦,寒。有清热燥湿,杀虫,利尿之功。用于热痢,便血,黄疸尿闭,赤白带下,阴肿阴痒,湿疹,湿疮,皮肤瘙痒,疥癣麻风,外治滴虫性阴道炎。
红花,中药名。为菊科植物红花Carthamus tinctorius L.的干燥花。夏季花由黄变红时采摘,阴干或晒干。全国各地广有栽培。具有活血通经,散瘀止痛之功效。用于经闭,痛经,恶露不行,症瘕痞块,胸痹心痛,瘀滞腹痛,胸胁刺痛,跌扑损伤,疮疡肿痛。
艾叶,中药名。为菊科植物艾Artemisia argyi Levl.et Vant.的干燥叶。夏季花未开时采摘,除去杂质,晒干。辛、苦,温。归肝、脾、肾经。温经止血,散寒止痛;外用祛湿止痒。
马齿苋,中药名。为马齿苋科一年生草本植物。肥厚多汁,无毛,高10-30cm,生于田野路边及庭园废墟等向阳处。国内各地均有分布。该种为药食两用植物。全草供药用,有清热利湿、解毒消肿、消炎、止渴、利尿作用;种子明目。
黄柏(huáng bò),中药名。为芸香科植物黄皮树Phellodendron chinenseSchneid.的干燥树皮。习称“川黄柏”。剥取树皮后,除去粗皮,晒干。
白芷,中药名。为多年生高大草本,高1-2.5米,根圆柱形,茎基部径2-5厘米,基生叶一回羽状分裂,复伞形花序顶生或侧生,果实长圆形至卵圆形。主要变种有杭白芷、祁白芷、白芷(原变种)、台湾独活。以根入药,有祛病除湿、排脓生肌、活血止痛等功能。主治风寒感冒、头痛、鼻炎、牙痛。赤白带下、痛疖肿毒等症,亦可作香料。
蛇床子,中药名。为伞形科植物蛇床Cnidium monnieri (L.)Cuss.的干燥成熟果实。分布于华东、中南、西南、西北、华北、东北等地。具有燥湿祛风,杀虫止痒,温肾壮阳之功效。常用于阴痒带下,湿疹瘙痒,湿痹腰痛,肾虚阳痿,宫冷不孕。
土茯苓,中药名。为百合科植物光叶菝葜的干燥根茎,其为多年生常绿攀缘状灌木,多生于山坡或林下。入药部分只选择其干燥后的根茎。常于夏、秋二季采挖,除去须根,洗净后干燥入药;或趁鲜切成薄片后干燥、入药。味甘、淡,性平。有解毒,除湿,通利关节之功效,主要用于梅毒及汞中毒所致的肢体拘挛,筋骨疼痛;湿热淋浊,带下,痈肿,瘰疬,疥癣。
明矾性味酸涩,寒,有毒。故有抗菌作用、收敛作用等,可用做中药。
蒲公英有十分重要的药用价值,具有清热解毒、消炎、健胃、利尿、散结的功能,可冶疗妇女乳痛水肿、咽炎、急性扁桃腺炎和其它热毒诸症。对感冒、淋病、黄疸及对肝功能失调引起的皮肤病有很好的疗效。
蝉蜕,中药名。其全形似蝉而中空,稍弯曲。长约100px,宽约50px。表面黄棕色,半透明,有光泽。头部有丝状触角1对,多已断落,复眼突出,颈部先端突出,口吻发达,上唇宽短,下唇伸长成管状。胸部背面呈十字形裂片,裂口向内卷曲,脊背两旁具有小翅2对;腹面有足3对,被黄棕色细毛。腹部钝圆,共9节。体轻,中空,易碎。无臭,味淡。功能:宣散风热、透疹利咽、退翳明目、祛风止痉。
薄荷,中药名。土名叫“银丹草”,为唇形科植物,即同属其他干燥全草,多生于山野湿地河旁,根茎横生地下,是一种有特种经济价值的芳香作物。它是发汗解热药,治流行性感冒、头疼、目赤、身热、咽喉、牙床肿痛等症。光明温室采摘的薄荷又是春节餐桌上的鲜菜,清爽可口。
金银花,中药名。为忍冬科忍冬属植物忍冬Lonicera japonica Thunb.、华南忍冬Lonicera confusa (Sweet) DC.、菰腺忍冬Lonicera hypoglauca Miq.、黄褐毛忍冬Lonicera fulvotomentosa Hsu et S. C. Cheng的花蕾。植物忍冬多分布于华东、中南、西南及河北、山西、辽宁、陕西、甘肃等地;华南忍冬多分布于广东、广西、海南;菰腺忍冬分布于浙江、安徽、福建、江西、湖北、湖南、广东、广西、四川、贵州、云南、台湾等;黄褐毛忍冬分布于广西、贵州、云南。具有清热解毒之功效。主治外感风热或温病发热,中暑,热毒血痢,痈肿疔疮,喉痹,多种感染性疾病。
制备方法包括以下步骤:
(1)按照上述重量配比称量各组分;
(2)然后分别进行真空干燥;
(3)真空干燥后再进行粉碎;
(4)粉碎后分别用无水乙醇搅拌浸提;
(5)搅拌浸提后静置,过滤后取滤液,将滤液浓缩,得到成品。
所述步骤(2)中真空干燥温度为50-60℃。
所述步骤(4)中浸提温度为55-65℃,料液重量比例为1:6-1:12,浸提时间为2-4h。
所述步骤(5)中采用滤布将其过滤,滤布目数为200目以上。
使用方法为:外洗。每日洗三次,每次洗五到十分钟。
本发明的优点在于:治疗效果好,安全性高,不易复发。
下面结合具体实施例对本发明作进一步说明。
具体实施方式
以下对本发明的优选实施例进行说明,应当理解,此处所描述的优选实施例仅用于说明和解释本发明,并不用于限定本发明。
一种治疗肛肠病的中药外用洗剂,由以下重量份的原料组成:
赤芍25-50份、川芎15-30份、槐花10-20份、地榆10-20份、防风10-20份、花椒5-10份、五倍子5-10份、苦参5-10份、红花5-10份、艾叶10-20份、马齿苋15-30份、黄柏10-20份、白芷5-10份、蛇床子8-15份、土茯苓15-30份、明矾5-10份、蒲公英15-30份、蝉衣5-10份、薄荷5-10份、金银花5-10份。
制备方法包括以下步骤:
(1)按照上述重量配比称量各组分;
(2)然后分别进行真空干燥;
(3)真空干燥后再进行粉碎;
(4)粉碎后分别用无水乙醇搅拌浸提;
(5)搅拌浸提后静置,过滤后取滤液,将滤液浓缩,得到成品。
所述步骤(2)中真空干燥温度为50-60℃。
所述步骤(4)中浸提温度为55-65℃,料液重量比例为1:6-1:12,浸提时间为2-4h。
所述步骤(5)中采用滤布将其过滤,滤布目数为200目以上。
使用方法为:外洗。每日洗三次,每次洗十分钟。
本发明经临床观察数百例证明有效率为94%以上,治愈率为81%以上。
实例一:
患者男,44岁,患有外痔。
煎水后、外洗,每日洗一次。
治疗后八天症状缓解,三个月后症状消除。
实例二:
患者男,51岁,患有血栓痔。
煎水后、外洗,每日洗一次。
治疗后十一天症状缓解,四个半月后症状消除。
本发明中所用原料均为本领域生产中常用原料,均可从市场中得到,且对于生产结果不会产生影响;本发明中所采用的各种设备,均为本领域生产工艺中使用的常规设备,且各设备的操作、参数等均按照常规操作进行,并无特别之处。

Claims (5)

1.一种治疗肛肠病的中药外用洗剂,其特征在于,由以下重量份的原料组成:
赤芍25-50份、川芎15-30份、槐花10-20份、地榆10-20份、防风10-20份、花椒5-10份、五倍子5-10份、苦参5-10份、红花5-10份、艾叶10-20份、马齿苋15-30份、黄柏10-20份、白芷5-10份、蛇床子8-15份、土茯苓15-30份、明矾5-10份、蒲公英15-30份、蝉衣5-10份、薄荷5-10份、金银花5-10份。
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种治疗肛肠病的中药外用洗剂,其特征在于:所述一种治疗肛肠病的中药外用洗剂的制备方法包括以下步骤:
(1)按照上述重量配比称量各组分;
(2)然后分别进行真空干燥;
(3)真空干燥后再进行粉碎;
(4)粉碎后分别用无水乙醇搅拌浸提;
(5)搅拌浸提后静置,过滤后取滤液,将滤液浓缩,得到成品。
3.根据权利要求2所述的一种治疗肛肠病的中药外用洗剂,其特征在于:所述步骤(2)中真空干燥温度为50-60℃。
4.根据权利要求2所述的一种治疗肛肠病的中药外用洗剂,其特征在于:所述步骤(4)中浸提温度为55-65℃,料液重量比例为1:6-1:12,浸提时间为2-4h。
5.根据权利要求2所述的一种治疗肛肠病的中药外用洗剂,其特征在于:所述步骤(5)中采用滤布将其过滤,滤布目数为200目以上。
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Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103330774A (zh) * 2013-07-02 2013-10-02 刘坚强 痔瘘坐浴液及其制备方法

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103330774A (zh) * 2013-07-02 2013-10-02 刘坚强 痔瘘坐浴液及其制备方法

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蔡英奇等: "便后熏洗方治疗肛肠病的体会", 《新中医》 *

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