CN110150183B - Marine ranching breeding device - Google Patents

Marine ranching breeding device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110150183B
CN110150183B CN201910548252.0A CN201910548252A CN110150183B CN 110150183 B CN110150183 B CN 110150183B CN 201910548252 A CN201910548252 A CN 201910548252A CN 110150183 B CN110150183 B CN 110150183B
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China
Prior art keywords
plate
wave
main frame
frame
transmission
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CN201910548252.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110150183A (en
Inventor
沈良朵
桂福坤
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Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
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Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
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Priority to CN201910548252.0A priority Critical patent/CN110150183B/en
Publication of CN110150183A publication Critical patent/CN110150183A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/70Artificial fishing banks or reefs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/70Artificial fishing banks or reefs
    • A01K61/78Arrangements for sinking or mooring thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F7/00Lifting frames, e.g. for lifting vehicles; Platform lifts
    • B66F7/02Lifting frames, e.g. for lifting vehicles; Platform lifts with platforms suspended from ropes, cables, or chains or screws and movable along pillars
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F7/00Lifting frames, e.g. for lifting vehicles; Platform lifts
    • B66F7/28Constructional details, e.g. end stops, pivoting supporting members, sliding runners adjustable to load dimensions
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16FSPRINGS; SHOCK-ABSORBERS; MEANS FOR DAMPING VIBRATION
    • F16F15/00Suppression of vibrations in systems; Means or arrangements for avoiding or reducing out-of-balance forces, e.g. due to motion
    • F16F15/02Suppression of vibrations of non-rotating, e.g. reciprocating systems; Suppression of vibrations of rotating systems by use of members not moving with the rotating systems
    • F16F15/04Suppression of vibrations of non-rotating, e.g. reciprocating systems; Suppression of vibrations of rotating systems by use of members not moving with the rotating systems using elastic means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention discloses a marine ranching cultivation device. The aquaculture device is including installing the body frame at the seabed for breed marine product just is located the breed case of body frame, install on the body frame and be located breed case front and back both sides, be used for the drive to breed a pair of lifting unit of case oscilaltion, be located the breed case left and right sides and be used for reducing two pairs of damper units that strike, install in the body frame lower part and be located the body frame left and right sides, be used for the wave-absorbing and reduce a pair of wave-preventing subassembly of unrestrained. The lifting assembly comprises a transmission assembly for providing lifting power, and a transmission plate movably arranged on the main frame and doing lifting motion along with the transmission assembly. Breed case and bag and include the support body, install the cylinder on the support body, one end is installed on the support body and the other end installs the flexible subassembly on the cylinder push rod, installs on flexible subassembly and is located the cage utensil in the support body. The device is specially used for marine ranches, is safe and reliable, and can resist severe weather such as typhoon and the like.

Description

Marine ranching breeding device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of marine ranches, in particular to a marine ranch culture device.
Background
The sea is a blue granary for acquiring high-quality protein by human beings. In recent 40 years, the marine fishery with seawater culture as the key point in China has rapidly developed, five industrial waves for culturing seaweed, marine shrimps, marine shellfish, marine fish and seafood are raised, and the total culture yield is stable in the first place in the world since 1990. Meanwhile, the problems of deterioration of local water area environment, decline of product quality and serious culture diseases become more serious day by day, and the traditional mode of mariculture is difficult to adapt to the requirements of healthy development of economy and society and current situation of marine ecological environment in China. After the traditional fishing industry and breeding industry, the marine fishery of China faces a new round of industry upgrading, and the marine ranching is one of important development directions.
The marine ranch is an artificial fishery formed by scientifically cultivating and managing fishery resources in a specific sea area by fully utilizing natural productivity based on the marine ecology principle and the modern marine engineering technology. Marine animals are artificially cultured in a limited space by using cages, net cages, purse nets and the like in shallow sea areas such as tidal flats, marshes, estuaries, two-thirty meters and the like along the sea, and are released to a natural sea area to grow freely after a certain period of time, and finally are reasonably fished as part of natural resources. However, the existing culture devices are all of floating structures and are arranged in coastal offshore areas, so that risks cannot be avoided automatically when the existing culture devices encounter typhoons, cold tides and other natural disasters, and the economic loss is large.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention discloses a marine ranching culture device which comprises a main frame arranged on the sea bottom, a culture box used for culturing marine products and positioned in the main frame, a pair of lifting components arranged on the main frame and positioned on the front side and the rear side of the culture box and used for driving the culture box to lift up and down, two pairs of shock absorption components positioned on the left side and the right side of the culture box and used for reducing impact, and a pair of wave prevention components arranged on the lower part of the main frame and positioned on the left side and the right side of the main frame and used for reducing waves and waves.
The lifting component comprises a transmission component for providing lifting power, and a transmission plate movably arranged on the main frame and doing lifting motion along with the transmission component.
Breed case and bag and include the support body, install the cylinder on the support body, one end is installed on the support body and the other end installs the flexible subassembly on the cylinder push rod, installs on flexible subassembly and is located the cage utensil in the support body.
The invention discloses a preferable marine ranching cultivation device, which is characterized in that: the transmission assembly comprises a transmission shaft A and a transmission shaft B which are arranged on the upper part of the main frame and distributed along the positive X direction, a transmission shaft C and a transmission shaft D which are arranged on the lower part of the main frame and distributed along the positive X direction, wherein the connecting line of the transmission shaft A, the transmission shaft B, the transmission shaft C and the transmission shaft D is rectangular, and the transmission shaft A, the transmission shaft B, the transmission shaft C and the transmission shaft D are respectively arranged on the transmission shaft A, the transmission shaft B, the transmission shaft C and the transmission shaft D through rolling bearings and are a first belt pulley;
one end of the cable A is indirectly installed on the transmission plate through the support pillar A, and the other end of the cable A sequentially passes through the first belt pulley and the fourth belt pulley and is indirectly installed on the transmission plate through the support pillar B;
one end of the cable B is indirectly mounted on the transmission plate through the support pillar C, and the other end of the cable B sequentially passes through the third belt pulley and the second belt pulley and is indirectly mounted on the transmission plate through the support pillar D;
the motor is installed on the body frame and drives the transmission shaft A to rotate.
The transmission assembly drives the transmission plate to move up and down, so that the breeding box enters the sea bottom or returns to the sea surface, and the automatic risk avoiding function of the breeding box is realized.
The invention discloses a preferable marine ranching cultivation device, which is characterized in that: the telescopic assembly comprises a plurality of transition frames which are movably arranged on the frame body and are uniformly arranged along the X direction, and a plurality of parallelogram components which are positioned between two adjacent transition frames, are uniformly arranged along the X direction and are hinged end to end;
the parallelogram comprises four links hinged to each other.
The volume of cage utensil is adjusted in a flexible way through flexible subassembly, and when bad weather such as typhoon comes interim, utilize flexible subassembly to reduce cage utensil volume, improve the stability and the shock resistance of breed case structure.
The invention discloses a preferable marine ranching cultivation device, which is characterized in that: the damping assembly comprises a fixed column arranged on the transmission plate, transition rods hinged with the fixed column through a pin shaft and positioned on the upper side and the lower side of the fixed column, and suspension rods hinged with the transition rods through a pin shaft and positioned between the two transition rods;
a support rod A is arranged at one end of the suspension rod, which is far away from the fixed rod, one end of the support rod A is arranged on the suspension rod, and the other end of the support rod A is arranged on the frame body;
a support rod B is arranged at one end, close to the fixed rod, of the suspension rod, a first spring is arranged between the support rod B and the fixed rod, and two ends of the first spring are indirectly hinged with the support rod B and the fixed rod through mounting blocks A respectively;
and a second spring is arranged between the supporting rod B and the transition rod positioned below the supporting rod B, and two ends of the second spring are indirectly hinged with the supporting rod B and the transition rod through the mounting block B respectively.
The rigidity of the breeding box and the transmission of impact are reduced through the damping assembly, and the impact energy of sea waves to the breeding box is converted into the elastic potential energy of the first spring and the second spring.
The invention discloses a preferable marine ranching cultivation device, which is characterized in that: the wave-preventing component comprises a wave-eliminating plate which is arranged on the main frame and has an arc structure, a wave-facing plate which is arranged on the wave-eliminating plate and inclines towards the main frame, a first energy-reducing plate which has an arc structure and one end which is arranged on the wave-eliminating plate and the other end which is arranged on the wave-facing plate, and a second energy-reducing plate which has one end which is arranged on the wave-eliminating plate and the other end which is arranged on the wave-facing plate and inclines towards the direction far away from the main frame;
first subtract can all have a plurality of subtracting to reduce can the hole on board, the second.
Wave dissipation is carried out through the wave-proof assembly, and a relatively safe growing environment is provided for the cultivation box in severe weather such as typhoon.
The working principle of the invention is as follows: when severe weather such as typhoon comes, firstly, the push rod of the air cylinder is extended, the telescopic component is adjusted, the length of the telescopic component is shortened, and the volume of the cage is driven to be reduced; then the motor drives the first belt pulley to rotate anticlockwise, the transmission plate moves downwards under the action of the transmission assembly, the breeding box moves downwards along with the transmission assembly and enters the seabed, and when the breeding box moves to a position between the wave preventing units, the transmission assembly stops moving. In the whole process, the shock absorption assembly reduces the impact of sea waves on the cultivation box, and the impact energy of the sea waves is converted into the elastic potential energy of the first spring and the second spring.
When the typhoon or other severe weather leaves, the motor drives the first belt pulley to rotate clockwise, the transmission plate moves upwards under the action of the transmission assembly, and the breeding box moves upwards along with the transmission assembly to enter the sea surface; then, the push rod of the air cylinder is shortened, the telescopic assembly is adjusted, the length of the telescopic assembly is lengthened, and the volume of the cage is driven to be enlarged; . In the whole process, the shock absorption assembly reduces the impact of sea waves on the cultivation box, and the impact energy of the sea waves is converted into the elastic potential energy of the first spring and the second spring.
The invention overcomes the defects of the prior art, and provides the special culture device for the marine ranch, which is safe and reliable and can resist severe weather such as typhoon and the like.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a front view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a front cross-sectional view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a left side elevation sectional view of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of portion A of FIG. 3;
FIG. 5 is an installation view of the driving plate, the shock-absorbing assembly and the cultivation box of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the structure of the cultivation box of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the shock absorbing assembly of the present invention.
The figures are labeled as follows:
100-the main frame.
200-a culture box, 201-a frame body, 202-a telescopic assembly, 203-a cage, 204-a transition frame, 205-a parallelogram component and 206-a cylinder.
300-lifting component, 301-transmission component, 302-transmission plate, 303-transmission shaft A, 304-transmission shaft B, 305-transmission shaft C, 306-transmission shaft D, 307-first belt pulley, 308-second belt pulley, 309-third belt pulley, 310-fourth belt pulley, 311-cable A, 312-cable B.
400-damping component, 401-fixed column, 402-transition rod, 403-suspension rod, 404-strut A, 405-strut B, 406-first spring, 407-second spring, 408-mounting block A, 409-mounting block B.
500-wave-preventing component, 501-wave-eliminating plate, 502-wave-facing plate, 503-first energy-reducing plate, 504-second energy-reducing plate and 505-energy-reducing hole.
Detailed Description
The invention is further described with reference to the following drawings and detailed description.
As shown in fig. 1, 2 and 3, the marine ranching cultivation device comprises a main frame 100 installed on the sea bottom, a cultivation box 200 for cultivating marine products and located in the main frame 100, a pair of lifting assemblies 300 installed on the main frame 100 and located on the front and rear sides of the cultivation box 200 and used for driving the cultivation box 200 to lift up and down, two pairs of shock-absorbing assemblies 400 located on the left and right sides of the cultivation box 200 and used for reducing impact, and a pair of wave-preventing assemblies 500 installed on the lower portion of the main frame 100 and located on the left and right sides of the main frame 100 and used for reducing waves and reducing waves.
A pair of linear slide rails is respectively arranged at the front side and the rear side of the main frame 100.
As shown in fig. 1, 2 and 3, the lifting assembly 300 includes a driving assembly 301 for providing lifting power, and a driving plate 302 mounted on the linear guideway and making lifting motion with the driving assembly 301.
The transmission assembly 301 comprises a transmission shaft A303 and a transmission shaft B304 which are arranged on the upper part of the main frame 100 and distributed along the positive X direction, a transmission shaft C305 and a transmission shaft D306 which are arranged on the lower part of the main frame 100 and distributed along the positive X direction, wherein the connecting lines of the transmission shaft A303, the transmission shaft B304, the transmission shaft C305 and the transmission shaft D306 are rectangular, and the transmission shaft A303, the transmission shaft B304, the transmission shaft C305 and the transmission shaft D306 are respectively arranged on a first belt pulley 307, a second belt pulley 308, a third belt pulley 309 and a fourth belt pulley 310 which are completely identical through rolling bearings;
one end of the cable a311 is indirectly mounted on the transmission plate 302 through the support pillar a, and the other end passes through the first pulley 307 and the fourth pulley 310 in sequence and is indirectly mounted on the transmission plate 302 through the support pillar B;
one end of the cable B312 is indirectly mounted on the transmission plate 302 through the support pillar C, and the other end passes through the third pulley 309 and the second pulley 308 in sequence and is indirectly mounted on the transmission plate 302 through the support pillar D;
the motor is installed on the main frame 100 and drives the transmission shaft a303 to rotate.
The transmission assembly 301 drives the transmission plate 302 to move up and down. When severe weather such as typhoon comes, the motor drives the first belt pulley 307 to rotate anticlockwise, the fourth belt pulley 310 rotates clockwise under the action of the cable A311, the transmission plate 302 moves under the action of the cable A311, meanwhile, the third belt pulley 309 rotates anticlockwise, the second belt pulley 308 rotates clockwise, and the transmission plate 302 moves downwards under the combined action of the cable A311 and the cable B312 to drive the cultivation box 200 to enter the sea bottom and keep away from sea waves.
After severe weather such as typhoon passes, the motor drives the first belt pulley 307 to rotate clockwise, the fourth belt pulley 310 rotates anticlockwise under the action of the cable A311, the transmission plate 302 moves under the action of the cable A311, meanwhile, the third belt pulley 309 rotates clockwise, the second belt pulley 308 rotates anticlockwise, the transmission plate 302 moves upwards under the combined action of the cable A311 and the cable B312, the breeding box 200 is driven to return to the sea surface, and breeding is continued.
As shown in fig. 4, 5 and 6, the cultivation box 200 includes a frame body 201, an air cylinder 206 installed on the frame body 201, a telescopic assembly 202 with one end installed on the frame body 201 and the other end installed on a push rod of the air cylinder 206, and a cage 203 installed on the telescopic assembly 202 and located in the frame body 201.
Two pairs of linear sliding rails are arranged in the frame body 201 and are respectively arranged on the front side and the rear side of the frame body 201.
The telescopic assembly 202 comprises a plurality of transition frames 204 which are installed on the linear slide rail and are uniformly arranged along the X direction, and a plurality of parallelogram components 205 which are positioned between two adjacent transition frames 204, are uniformly arranged along the X direction and are hinged end to end;
the parallelogram 205 comprises four links hinged to each other.
The size of the cage 203 is flexibly adjusted through the telescopic assembly 202, when severe weather such as typhoon comes, the size of the cage 203 is reduced by the telescopic assembly 202, and the structural stability and the shock resistance of the breeding box 200 are improved; the extension and contraction of the push rod of the air cylinder 206 drives the parallelogram component 205 to extend or shorten, the transition frame 204 and the cage 203 arranged on the transition frame 204 move along with the parallelogram component 205, and the volume of the cage 203 changes.
As shown in fig. 7, the damping assembly 400 includes a fixing column 401 mounted on the driving plate 302, transition rods 402 hinged to the fixing column 401 through a pin and located at upper and lower sides of the fixing column 401, and suspension rods 403 hinged to the transition rods 402 through a pin and located between the two transition rods 402;
one end of the hanging rod 403 far away from the fixed rod is provided with a strut A404, one end of the strut A404 is arranged on the hanging rod 403, and the other end is arranged on the frame body 201;
a supporting rod B405 is arranged at one end, close to the fixed rod, of the suspension rod 403, a first spring 406 is arranged between the supporting rod B405 and the fixed rod, and two ends of the first spring 406 are indirectly hinged with the supporting rod B405 and the fixed rod through mounting blocks A408 respectively;
a second spring 407 is arranged between the strut B405 and the transition rod 402 positioned below the strut B405, and two ends of the second spring 407 are indirectly hinged with the strut B405 and the transition rod 402 through mounting blocks B409 respectively.
The rigidity of the cultivation box 200 and the transmission of impact are reduced through the shock absorption assembly 400, the impact energy is absorbed by utilizing the hinged structure between the transition rod 402 and the fixed rod and between the transition rod and the suspension rod 403 and being matched with the deformation of the first spring 406 and the second spring 407, and the impact of sea waves on the cultivation box 200 can be effectively reduced.
As shown in fig. 2 and 3, the wave-breaking assembly 500 includes a wave-breaking plate 501 mounted on the main frame 100 and having an arc structure, a wave-facing plate 502 mounted on the wave-breaking plate 501 and inclined toward the main frame 100, a first energy-reducing plate 503 having an arc structure and mounted on the wave-breaking plate 501 at one end and mounted on the wave-facing plate 502 at the other end, and a second energy-reducing plate 504 having an arc structure and mounted on the wave-breaking plate 502 at one end and inclined away from the main frame 100 at the other end;
the first energy reducing plate 503 and the second energy reducing plate 504 are both provided with a plurality of energy reducing holes 505.
Wave dissipation is performed through the wave-preventing assembly 500, and a relatively safe growing environment is provided for the cultivation box 200 in severe weather such as typhoon. The wave is blocked and reflected by the wave-facing plate 502, a first wave-reducing area is formed between the first energy-reducing plate 503 and the wave-dissipating plate and the wave-facing plate 502, and a second wave-reducing area is formed between the second energy-reducing plate 504 and the wave-dissipating plate and the wave-facing plate 502. When the waves are reflected by the wave-facing plate 502 and broken through the energy-reducing holes 505, the waves enter the first wave-reducing area and impact the first energy-reducing plate 503, the wave-dissipating plate and the wave-facing plate 502 mutually, so that the wave energy is reduced; when the waves cross over the wave receiving plate 502 and fall onto the second energy reducing plate 504, the waves and the second energy reducing plate 504 impact each other, meanwhile, part of the waves enter the second energy reducing plate after being broken through the energy reducing holes 505, and impact the second energy reducing plate 504, the wave eliminating plate and the wave receiving plate 502 again to reduce wave energy, and the wave eliminating and energy reducing effects are good.
The working principle of the invention is as follows: when severe weather such as typhoon comes, firstly, the push rod of the air cylinder is extended, the telescopic component is adjusted, the length of the telescopic component is shortened, and the volume of the cage is driven to be reduced; then the motor drives the first belt pulley to rotate anticlockwise, the transmission plate moves downwards under the action of the transmission assembly, the breeding box moves downwards along with the transmission assembly and enters the seabed, and when the breeding box moves to a position between the wave preventing units, the transmission assembly stops moving. In the whole process, the shock absorption assembly reduces the impact of sea waves on the cultivation box, and the impact energy of the sea waves is converted into the elastic potential energy of the first spring and the second spring.
When the typhoon or other severe weather leaves, the motor drives the first belt pulley to rotate clockwise, the transmission plate moves upwards under the action of the transmission assembly, and the breeding box moves upwards along with the transmission assembly to enter the sea surface; then, the push rod of the air cylinder is shortened, the telescopic assembly is adjusted, the length of the telescopic assembly is lengthened, and the volume of the cage is driven to be enlarged; . In the whole process, the shock absorption assembly reduces the impact of sea waves on the cultivation box, and the impact energy of the sea waves is converted into the elastic potential energy of the first spring and the second spring.
Many other changes and modifications can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. It is to be understood that the invention is not to be limited to the specific embodiments, but only by the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a marine ranch breeding device which characterized in that: the marine product cultivation device comprises a main frame (100) arranged on the sea bottom, a cultivation box (200) used for cultivating marine products and located in the main frame (100), a pair of lifting assemblies (300) which are arranged on the main frame (100), located on the front side and the rear side of the cultivation box (200) and used for driving the cultivation box (200) to lift up and down, two pairs of shock absorption assemblies (400) located on the left side and the right side of the cultivation box (200) and used for reducing impact, and a pair of wave prevention assemblies (500) which are arranged on the lower portion of the main frame (100), located on the left side and the right side of the main frame (100) and;
the lifting assembly (300) comprises a transmission assembly (301) for providing lifting power, and a transmission plate (302) which is movably arranged on the main frame (100) and moves up and down along with the transmission assembly (301);
the breeding box (200) comprises a frame body (201), an air cylinder (206) arranged on the frame body (201), a telescopic assembly (202) with one end arranged on the frame body (201) and the other end arranged on a push rod of the air cylinder (206), a cage (203) arranged on the telescopic assembly (202) and positioned in the frame body (201), wherein the transmission assembly (301) comprises a transmission shaft A (303) and a transmission shaft B (304) which are arranged on the upper part of the frame body (100) and distributed along the X positive direction, a transmission shaft C (305) and a transmission shaft D (306) which are arranged on the lower part of the frame body (100) and distributed along the X positive direction, the connecting line of the transmission shaft A (303), the transmission shaft B (304), the transmission shaft C (305) and the transmission shaft D (306) is rectangular, and first belt pulleys (307) which are completely identical to each other are arranged on the transmission shaft, A second belt pulley (308), a third belt pulley (309) and a fourth belt pulley (310);
one end of a cable A (311) is indirectly mounted on the transmission plate (302) through a support pillar A, and the other end of the cable A passes through the first belt pulley (307) and the fourth belt pulley (310) in sequence and is indirectly mounted on the transmission plate (302) through a support pillar B;
one end of a cable B (312) is indirectly mounted on the transmission plate (302) through a support column C, and the other end of the cable B (312) sequentially passes through the third belt pulley (309) and the second belt pulley (308) and is indirectly mounted on the transmission plate (302) through a support column D;
the motor is arranged on the main frame (100) and drives the transmission shaft A (303) to rotate.
2. A marine ranch culture device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the telescopic assembly (202) comprises a plurality of transition frames (204) which are movably mounted on the frame body (201) and uniformly arranged along the X direction, and a plurality of parallelogram components (205) which are positioned between two adjacent transition frames (204), uniformly arranged along the X direction and hinged end to end;
the parallelogram (205) comprises four links hinged to each other.
3. A marine ranch culture device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the damping assembly (400) comprises a fixed column (401) arranged on the transmission plate (302), transition rods (402) which are hinged with the fixed column (401) through pin shafts and are positioned on the upper side and the lower side of the fixed column (401), and suspension rods (403) which are hinged with the transition rods (402) through pin shafts and are positioned between the two transition rods (402);
one end of the hanging rod (403) far away from the fixed rod is provided with a support rod A (404), one end of the support rod A (404) is arranged on the hanging rod (403), and the other end of the support rod A (404) is arranged on the frame body (201);
a supporting rod B (405) is arranged at one end, close to the fixed rod, of the suspension rod (403), a first spring (406) is arranged between the supporting rod B (405) and the fixed rod, and two ends of the first spring (406) are indirectly hinged with the supporting rod B (405) and the fixed rod through a mounting block A (408) respectively;
a second spring (407) is arranged between the supporting rod B (405) and the transition rod (402) positioned below the supporting rod B (405), and two ends of the second spring (407) are indirectly hinged with the supporting rod B (405) and the transition rod (402) through mounting blocks B (409).
4. A marine ranch culture apparatus as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the damping assembly (400) comprises a fixing column (401) installed on the transmission plate (302), transition rods (402) which are hinged to the fixing column (401) through pin shafts and located on the upper side and the lower side of the fixing column (401), and suspension rods (403) which are hinged to the transition rods (402) through pin shafts and located between the two transition rods (402).
5. A marine ranch culture device according to claim 1 or 4, characterized in that: the wave-preventing component (500) comprises a wave-absorbing plate (501) which is arranged on the main frame (100) and has an arc structure, a wave-facing plate (502) which is arranged on the wave-absorbing plate (501) and inclines towards the main frame (100), a first energy-reducing plate (503) which has an arc structure and one end which is arranged on the wave-absorbing plate and the other end which is arranged on the wave-facing plate (502), and a second energy-reducing plate (504) which has one end which is arranged on the wave-absorbing plate and the other end which is arranged on the wave-facing plate (502) and inclines towards the direction far away from the main frame (100);
the first energy reducing plate (503) and the second energy reducing plate (504) are both provided with a plurality of energy reducing holes (505).
6. A marine ranch culture apparatus as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the wave preventing assembly (500) comprises a wave eliminating plate (501) which is installed on a main frame (100) and is of an arc structure, a wave facing plate (502) which is installed on the wave eliminating plate (501) and inclines towards the main frame (100), one end of the wave eliminating plate is installed on the wave eliminating plate, the other end of the wave facing plate is installed on the wave facing plate (502), the first energy reducing plate (503) is of an arc structure, one end of the wave eliminating plate is installed on the wave eliminating plate, the other end of the wave eliminating plate is installed on the wave facing plate (502), and the second energy reducing plate (504) inclines towards the direction far away from the main frame (100).
7. A marine ranch culture device according to claim 3, characterized in that: the wave preventing assembly (500) comprises a wave eliminating plate (501) which is installed on a main frame (100) and is of an arc structure, a wave facing plate (502) which is installed on the wave eliminating plate (501) and inclines towards the main frame (100), one end of the wave eliminating plate is installed on the wave eliminating plate, the other end of the wave facing plate is installed on the wave facing plate (502), the first energy reducing plate (503) is of an arc structure, one end of the wave eliminating plate is installed on the wave eliminating plate, the other end of the wave eliminating plate is installed on the wave facing plate (502), and the second energy reducing plate (504) inclines towards the direction far away from the main frame (100).
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