CN110125273B - Automatic feeding and discharging assembly machine for evaporator cooling fins and feeding and discharging method - Google Patents

Automatic feeding and discharging assembly machine for evaporator cooling fins and feeding and discharging method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110125273B
CN110125273B CN201910578121.7A CN201910578121A CN110125273B CN 110125273 B CN110125273 B CN 110125273B CN 201910578121 A CN201910578121 A CN 201910578121A CN 110125273 B CN110125273 B CN 110125273B
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lifting
axis
feeding
plate
cylinder
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CN110125273A (en
Inventor
姜国建
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Nanjing Yuzhi Intelligent Technology Co Ltd
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Nanjing Yuzhi Intelligent Technology Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D53/00Making other particular articles
    • B21D53/02Making other particular articles heat exchangers or parts thereof, e.g. radiators, condensers fins, headers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D43/00Feeding, positioning or storing devices combined with, or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, apparatus for working or processing sheet metal, metal tubes or metal profiles; Associations therewith of cutting devices
    • B21D43/02Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool
    • B21D43/18Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool by means in pneumatic or magnetic engagement with the work

Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic feeding and sheet discharging assembly machine for evaporator cooling fins and a feeding and sheet discharging method, and belongs to the technical field of feeding and sheet discharging devices. The method comprises the following steps: the feeding device comprises a rack, a conveying mechanism arranged on the rack, equidistant feeding mechanisms arranged on the front side and the rear side of the conveying mechanism, a lifting mechanism arranged on the left side of the rack and a clamping mechanism arranged between the equidistant feeding mechanisms and the lifting mechanism. The limiting plates capable of regulating the mutual distance between the suckers at equal intervals are arranged, so that the distance between the suckers for sucking the radiating fins can be met at any time when radiating fins of different types are arranged, the regulation is convenient, the operation is easy, and the technical problem of limitation of the use range of the fin arranging machine is solved; meanwhile, two groups of equidistant feeding mechanisms are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the conveying mechanism, so that the chips can be simultaneously arranged, the chip arranging efficiency is improved, and the working time is saved.

Description

Automatic feeding and discharging assembly machine for evaporator cooling fins and feeding and discharging method
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of feeding and fin discharging devices, and particularly relates to an automatic feeding and fin discharging assembling machine for evaporator cooling fins and a feeding and fin discharging method.
Background
The evaporator is an essential part in refrigeration equipment such as air conditioners, refrigerators and the like, and is formed by penetrating a regular aluminum type sheet (generally rectangular) of 0.05mm-0.15mm on a copper (or metal materials such as aluminum iron) pipe filled with refrigerating fluid, wherein the refrigerating fluid takes heat of the refrigeration equipment out of the equipment, and then the heat is dissipated into air through the regular aluminum type sheet penetrating on a copper pipe and well contacting with the copper pipe.
At present, an inclined insertion type radiator is produced by processing a whole roll of aluminum type thin sheet section bar into regular shapes and inclined holes through a high-speed punch press in most evaporator factories in China, transporting the aluminum type thin sheet section bar to an insertion piece pipe penetrating machine tool through the inclined holes, manually inserting the aluminum type thin sheet into a die with a gap of 2-3mm and a gap of about 0.20mm, inserting dozens of or hundred of aluminum sheets into different specifications of products, pressing the inserted aluminum sheets to the same plane by using a pneumatic pressing plate, inserting a copper pipe into the inclined holes of the aluminum type thin sheet by using a hydraulic device, and pneumatically ejecting the aluminum type thin sheet section bar to complete the production and assembly of evaporator parts.
The prior art also has developed a sheet inserting machine for inserting heat dissipation fins into a mold for mechanization to improve efficiency, but such an automatic sheet inserting machine often has the following problems: according to the different demands that use, the distance between the blank on the mould of producing also can be different along with it, therefore same insert machine hardly satisfies the row piece equipment of the evaporator fin of different models simultaneously to the distance between the blank is all equal, consequently can also satisfy the row piece of equal distance after adjusting, and the degree of difficulty is great.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the technical problems in the background art and provides an automatic feeding and discharging assembly machine for evaporator cooling fins and a feeding and discharging method thereof, wherein the automatic feeding and discharging assembly machine can realize equidistant adjustment of evaporator cooling fins meeting different models.
The invention is realized by the following technical scheme: an evaporator fin automatic feeding arranges piece kludge, includes:
the feeding device comprises a rack, a conveying mechanism arranged on the rack, equidistant feeding mechanisms arranged on the front side and the rear side of the conveying mechanism, a lifting mechanism arranged on the left side of the rack and a clamping mechanism arranged between the equidistant feeding mechanisms and the lifting mechanism;
wherein, equidistant feed mechanism includes: the device comprises a rack, a Y-axis frame fixedly mounted on the rack, a Y-axis cylinder fixedly arranged at one end of the Y-axis frame, a first moving block slidably mounted on the Y-axis frame, a Z-axis frame fixedly mounted on the moving block, a Z-axis cylinder fixedly mounted at the bottom of the Z-axis frame, a second moving block slidably mounted on the Z-axis frame, a lifting plate fixedly connected to the second moving block, a sliding rail transversely arranged on the lifting plate, a plurality of connecting rods movably mounted on the sliding rail through sliding blocks, a sucker fixedly arranged at the bottom end of each connecting rod, a column body on each connecting rod, a conveying assembly fixed on the lifting plate and adjacent to the Z-axis cylinder, and a limiting plate in transmission connection with the conveying assembly;
the piston rod of the Y-axis cylinder extends into the Y-axis frame and is fixedly connected with the first moving block, the piston rod of the Z-axis cylinder extends into the Z-axis frame and is fixedly connected with the second moving block, a plurality of limiting grooves are formed in the limiting plate, and the limiting grooves are distributed as follows:
and intersecting the extended limiting grooves at a point O, making a circle by taking the point O as the center of the circle and taking any R as the radius, wherein the positions of the plurality of limiting grooves are the positions of a plurality of bisectors of the circle, and the cylinders are correspondingly positioned in the limiting grooves.
In a further embodiment, the two slide rails are parallel to each other, and the slide blocks on the two adjacent connecting rods are respectively and mutually twisted on the two slide rails.
By adopting the technical scheme: the purpose is to avoid that when the distance between adjacent connecting rods is short, the sliding blocks are contacted with each other, and the distance between the adjacent connecting rods cannot be shortened again.
In a further embodiment, a Y-axis guide rod is arranged inside the Y-axis frame, and the first moving block is sleeved on the Y-axis guide rod; and a Z-axis guide rod is arranged in the Z-axis frame, and the second moving block is sleeved on the Z-axis guide rod.
By adopting the technical scheme: the stability of the first moving block and the second moving block in the moving process is increased.
In a further embodiment, the conveying assembly comprises a positive and negative rotation motor fixedly arranged on the lifting plate, a threaded rod in transmission connection with an output shaft of the positive and negative rotation motor, and a threaded sleeve matched with the threaded rod; the threaded sleeve is fixedly connected with one end of the limiting plate.
By adopting the technical scheme: the threaded rod is in transmission connection with the threaded sleeve, so that the stability of the lifting plate is improved, and only the lifting plate is stable and the related connecting rod and the related sucking disc can be stable.
In a further embodiment, the lifting mechanism comprises: the lifting frame, the ejection cylinder arranged at the bottom of the lifting frame and the placing plate fixedly arranged at the tail end of the piston rod of the ejection cylinder.
In a further embodiment, the four top corners of the placing plate are provided with through holes, vertical rods are fixed inside the lifting frame, the positions of the vertical rods correspond to the through holes, and the vertical rods penetrate through the through holes.
By adopting the technical scheme: set up the effect that the montant played the direction, increased the stability of placing the board.
In a further embodiment, the device further comprises a vibrating disc adjacent to the equidistant feeding mechanism, and a discharging table of the vibrating disc is positioned right below the lifting plate.
By adopting the technical scheme: the sucker can be conveniently and directly clamped.
In a further embodiment, the grasping mechanism includes: the lifting mechanism comprises a truss fixed on a lifting frame, a pushing cylinder fixed at the bottom of the truss, a pushing block fixedly connected to a piston rod of the pushing cylinder, and a clamping hand fixedly installed at the bottom of the pushing block, wherein a cross rod is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the truss and penetrates through the pushing block.
A loading and sheet discharging method of an automatic loading and sheet discharging assembly machine for evaporator cooling fins comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: placing the heat dissipation plate on a placing plate of a lifting mechanism, and lifting the heat dissipation plate to a horizontal position with the equidistant feeding mechanism;
step two: the clamp of the clamping mechanism clamps the heat dissipation plate and is transferred and placed on the conveying mechanism under the action of the pushing cylinder, and the conveying mechanism does not run at the moment;
step three: the Z-axis cylinder pushes the lifting plate to move downwards, so that the sucking disc adsorbs the radiating fins on the discharging table;
step four: the equidistant feeding mechanism firstly adjusts and controls the height of the limiting plate according to the distance of the die on the heat dissipation plate and by combining a forward and backward rotating motor in the conveying assembly, and in the adjusting and controlling process, the connecting rod moves along the direction of the limiting groove because the upright post on the connecting rod is clamped in the limiting groove and the connecting rod is movable in the horizontal direction, so that the distance between the connecting rods, namely the distance between the heat dissipation fins adsorbed on the sucker, can be adjusted and controlled;
step five: the Y-axis cylinder controls the Z-axis frame and the first moving block to integrally move forwards, the radiating fins are correspondingly placed in the die, and the steps are repeated in sequence until the radiating fins are discharged;
step six: and the conveying mechanism works to transfer the heat dissipation plates with the arranged plates to the next process.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the limiting plates capable of regulating the mutual distance between the suckers at equal intervals are arranged, so that the distance between the suckers for sucking the radiating fins can be met at any time when radiating fins of different types are arranged, the regulation is convenient, the operation is easy, and the technical problem of limitation of the use range of the fin arranging machine is solved; meanwhile, two groups of equidistant feeding mechanisms are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the conveying mechanism, so that the chips can be simultaneously arranged, the chip arranging efficiency is improved, and the working time is saved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an evaporator cooling fin automatic feeding and discharging assembly machine according to the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of the equidistant feeding mechanism in the invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the equidistant feeding mechanism of the invention without the limiting plate.
Fig. 4 is a front view of a limiting plate in the equidistant feeding mechanism.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of the lifting mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic structural view of the gripping mechanism of the present invention.
Each of fig. 1 to 6 is labeled as: the device comprises a rack 1, a conveying mechanism 2, an equidistant feeding mechanism 3, a lifting mechanism 4, a clamping mechanism 5, a vibrating disc 6, a support 301, a Y-axis frame 302, a Y-axis cylinder 303, a first moving block 304, a Z-axis frame 305, a Z-axis cylinder 306, a second moving block 307, a lifting plate 308, a sliding rail 309, a connecting rod 310, a sliding block 311, a sucking disc 312, a limiting plate 313, a limiting groove 314, a forward and reverse rotation motor 315, a threaded sleeve 316, a threaded rod 317, a column 318, a lifting frame 401 and a placing plate 402.
Detailed Description
In the following description, numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide a more thorough understanding of the present invention. It will be apparent, however, to one skilled in the art, that the present invention may be practiced without one or more of these specific details. In other instances, well-known features have not been described in order to avoid obscuring the invention.
The applicant found in practical operation: the existing sheet arranging machine has the following problems: firstly, the object of the sheet arranging machine is that a plurality of radiating fins are provided, and if one radiating fin is extremely low in discharge efficiency; secondly, if a plurality of radiating fins are arranged together, the distance between the radiating fins is equal when the radiating fins are arranged, but different types have different arrangement intervals, so that the application range of the sheet arranging machine can be enlarged when the radiating fins are applied to the sheet arranging machine of different types, and the equidistant arrangement is ensured.
Therefore, the applicant develops an automatic loading and discharging assembly machine for evaporator cooling fins and a loading and discharging method thereof.
As shown in fig. 1, the automatic feeding and discharging assembly machine for evaporator cooling fins comprises: the device comprises a frame 1, a conveying mechanism 2, an equidistant feeding mechanism 3, a lifting mechanism 4, a clamping mechanism 5 and a vibrating disk 6. The conveyor 2 is mounted on the frame 1, and the conveyor 2 is most commonly a conveyor belt, so that it will not be described in more detail in this application. In order to improve the sheet discharging efficiency and realize double-station operation, two groups of equidistant feeding mechanisms 3 are arranged and respectively arranged at the front side and the rear side of the conveying mechanism 2, and two groups of corresponding vibrating discs 6 are also arranged and respectively adjacent to the equidistant feeding mechanisms 3. The lifting mechanism 4 is arranged on the left side of the frame 1, and the clamping mechanism 5 is arranged between the lifting mechanism 4 and the equidistant feeding mechanism 3 and is used for transferring the heat dissipation plate from the extracting mechanism to the equidistant feeding mechanism 3 for sheet discharging.
In order to enable the interval of the suction cups 312 to be adjusted equidistantly, as shown in fig. 2, the equidistant feeding mechanism 3 includes: the device comprises a support 301, a Y-axis frame 302, a Y-axis cylinder 303, a first moving block 304, a Z-axis frame 305, a Z-axis cylinder 306, a second moving block 307, a lifting plate 308, a sliding rail 309, a connecting rod 310, a sliding block 311, a suction cup 312, a limiting plate 313, a limiting groove 314, a forward and reverse rotation motor 315, a threaded rod 317 and a threaded sleeve 316.
The bracket 301 is mounted on the frame 1 by bolts and is used for supporting other components. The Y-axis frame 302 is fixed to the support 301 through bolts, the Y-axis cylinder 303 is fixedly mounted at one end of the Y-axis frame 302 through bolts, a first moving block 304 is slidably mounted on the Y-axis frame 302, and the first moving block 304 is used for controlling the rest of components. The Z-axis frame 305 is fixed to the first moving block 304 by bolts, the Z-axis cylinder 306 is fixed to the top of the Z-axis frame 305 by bolts, and a second moving block 307 is slidably mounted on the Z-axis frame 305.
A piston rod of the Y-axis cylinder 303 extends into the Y-axis frame 302 and is fixedly connected to the first moving block 304, and a piston rod of the Z-axis cylinder 306 extends into the Z-axis frame 305 and is fixedly connected to the second moving block 307.
The lifting plate is fixed on the second moving block 307 through bolts, the sliding rail 309 is transversely fixed on the lifting plate through bolts, the connecting rods 310 are a plurality of and are movably mounted on the sliding rail 309 through sliding blocks 311, a suction cup 312 is fixedly mounted at the bottom of the connecting rod 310, and the suction cup 312 is in the prior art. Each upright post is provided with a column body, the limiting plate 313 is arranged on one side of the lifting plate 308 close to the Z-axis cylinder 306 through a conveying assembly, and the limiting plate 313 is provided with a plurality of limiting grooves 314.
In order to satisfy the requirement of equidistant regulation, the distribution of the limiting grooves 314 is as follows:
the extended limiting grooves 314 intersect at a point O, the point O is used as a circle center, any R is used as a radius to make a circle, the positions of the limiting grooves 314 are positions where a plurality of bisectors of the circle are located, and the cylinder is correspondingly located in the limiting grooves 314. The design is to ensure that the distance between adjacent columns is always equal when the limiting plate 313 displaces relative to the lifting plate 308, so as to realize equidistant adjustment and control of the suction cups 312.
The working mode of the equidistant feeding mechanism 3 is as follows: the Z-axis cylinder 306 pushes the lifting plate to move downwards, so that the suction disc 312 sucks the radiating fins on the discharging table; subsequently, the positive and negative motor 315 in the transmission assembly regulates and controls the height of the limiting plate 313, and in the regulating and controlling process, the upright post on the connecting rod 310 is clamped in the limiting groove 314, and the connecting rod 310 is movable in the horizontal direction, so that the connecting rod 310 moves along with the inclined angle of the limiting groove 314, and the limiting groove 314 is in equal division with the same circle, so that the distance between the adjacent cylinders is ensured to be equal, and the distance between the connecting rods 310 can be regulated and controlled. The limiting plate 313 moves upwards, and the distance between the columns is increased; the limiting plate 313 moves downwards, and the distance between the columns is reduced. I.e., the distance between the heat dissipation fins adsorbed on the suction cup 312; the Y-axis cylinder 303 controls the Z-axis frame 305 and the moving block to move forwards integrally, the radiating fins are correspondingly placed in the die, and the steps are repeated in sequence until the radiating fins are discharged.
However, in the above equidistant feeding mechanism 3, if the distance between the dies is small, the distance can be reduced only by moving up the position-limiting plate 313, but during the moving up process, the adjacent sliding blocks 311 can not move up any more and can not reduce the distance, for this reason, the applicant has provided two sets of sliding rails 309 on the lifting plate 308, the two sets of sliding rails 309 are parallel to each other, and the sliding blocks 311 on the two adjacent connecting rods 310 are respectively rubbed with each other on the two sliding rails 309. That is, as shown in fig. 3, the problem that the distance cannot be further reduced due to the sliders 311 abutting each other in the process of reducing the distance is solved.
According to the above description, the first moving block 304 on the Y-axis frame 302 and the second moving block 307 on the Z-axis frame 305 have a large load, and if pushed by only an air cylinder, are unstable and easily shake during the moving process, so in order to increase the stability, a Y-axis guide rod is arranged inside the Y-axis frame 302, and the first moving block 304 is sleeved on the Y-axis guide rod; a Z-axis guide rod is arranged inside the Z-axis frame 305, and the second moving block 307 is sleeved on the Z-axis guide rod. So that the first moving block 304 can make a gentle movement on the Y-axis guide bar under the Y Y-axis cylinder 303, and the same second moving block 307 can make a gentle movement on the Z-axis guide bar under the Z-axis cylinder 306.
Similarly, the stability of the carrier on which the suction cups 312 are disposed is required when the suction cups 312 are used for placing the heat dissipation fins, and the lifting plate is associated with the connecting rods 310 on which the suction cups 312 are disposed, so as to ensure the stability of the lifting plate, where the conveying assembly in transmission connection with the lifting plate includes: a positive and negative rotation motor 315 fixedly installed on the lifting plate 308, a threaded rod 317 in transmission connection with an output shaft of the positive and negative rotation motor 315, and a threaded sleeve 316 matched with the threaded rod 317; the threaded sleeve 316 is fixedly connected with one end of the limit plate 313. The stability of the lifting plate is increased through the threaded rod 317 and the threaded connection, and the interference of the lifting plate on the connecting rod 310 is reduced.
The mechanism is not provided with a mechanism that the sucking disc 312 moves to clamp the radiating fins, so that in order to clamp the radiating fins conveniently and save clamping time, the discharging table of the vibrating disc 6 in the scheme is positioned under the lifting plate 308, the lifting plate is pushed to move downwards only by the Z-axis cylinder 306, the clamping of the radiating fins is directly carried out, the time for the sucking disc 312 to clamp back and forth is saved,
this scheme can be realized to hoist mechanism 4 adopts prior art, as shown in fig. 5, hoist mechanism 4 includes: the lifting frame 401, the ejection cylinder arranged at the bottom of the lifting frame, and the placing plate 402 fixedly installed at the tail end of the piston rod of the ejection cylinder.
This scheme can be realized to hoist mechanism 4 adopts prior art, as shown in fig. 5, hoist mechanism 4 includes: the lifting frame 401, the ejection cylinder arranged at the bottom of the lifting machine, and the placing plate 402 fixedly installed at the tail end of the piston rod of the ejection cylinder. Four top corners of the placing plate 402 are provided with through holes, vertical rods are fixed inside the lifting frame 401, the positions of the vertical rods correspond to the through holes, and the vertical rods penetrate through the through holes. The vertical rods are arranged to play a role in guiding, and the stability of the placing plate 402 is improved.
The clamping mechanism 5 can realize the scheme by adopting the prior art, as shown in fig. 6: the lifting mechanism comprises a truss fixed on a lifting frame 401, a pushing cylinder fixed at the bottom of the truss, a pushing block fixedly connected to a piston rod of the pushing cylinder, and a clamping hand fixedly installed at the bottom of the pushing block, wherein a cross rod is further fixedly arranged at the bottom of the truss and penetrates through the pushing block. The clamping hands are also commonly used in the art and will not be described in detail.
A loading and sheet discharging method of an automatic loading and sheet discharging assembly machine for evaporator cooling fins comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: placing the heat dissipation plate on a placing plate of a lifting mechanism, and lifting the heat dissipation plate to a horizontal position with the equidistant feeding mechanism;
step two: the clamp of the clamping mechanism clamps the heat dissipation plate and is transferred and placed on the conveying mechanism under the action of the pushing cylinder, and the conveying mechanism does not run at the moment;
step three: the Z-axis cylinder pushes the lifting plate to move downwards, so that the sucking disc adsorbs the radiating fins on the discharging table;
step four: the equidistant feeding mechanism firstly adjusts and controls the height of the limiting plate according to the distance of the die on the heat dissipation plate and by combining a forward and backward rotating motor in the conveying assembly, and in the adjusting and controlling process, the connecting rod moves along the direction of the limiting groove because the upright post on the connecting rod is clamped in the limiting groove and the connecting rod is movable in the horizontal direction, so that the distance between the connecting rods, namely the distance between the heat dissipation fins adsorbed on the sucker, can be adjusted and controlled;
step five: the Y-axis cylinder controls the Z-axis frame and the first moving block to integrally move forwards, the radiating fins are correspondingly placed in the die, and the steps are repeated in sequence until the radiating fins are discharged;
step six: and the conveying mechanism works to transfer the heat dissipation plates with the arranged plates to the next process.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", etc., indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and "third" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
It should be noted that the various features described in the above embodiments may be combined in any suitable manner without departing from the scope of the invention. The invention is not described in detail in order to avoid unnecessary repetition.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides an evaporimeter fin automatic feeding arranges piece kludge which characterized in that includes:
the feeding device comprises a rack, a conveying mechanism arranged on the rack, equidistant feeding mechanisms arranged on the front side and the rear side of the conveying mechanism, a lifting mechanism arranged on the left side of the rack and a clamping mechanism arranged between the equidistant feeding mechanisms and the lifting mechanism;
wherein, equidistant feed mechanism includes: the device comprises a rack, a Y-axis frame fixedly mounted on the rack, a Y-axis cylinder fixedly arranged at one end of the Y-axis frame, a first moving block slidably mounted on the Y-axis frame, a Z-axis frame fixedly mounted on the first moving block, a Z-axis cylinder fixedly mounted at the top of the Z-axis frame, a second moving block slidably mounted on the Z-axis frame, a lifting plate fixedly connected to the second moving block, a sliding rail transversely arranged on the lifting plate, a plurality of connecting rods movably mounted on the sliding rail through sliding blocks, suckers fixedly arranged at the bottom ends of the connecting rods, a cylinder fixedly arranged on the connecting rods, a conveying assembly fixed on the lifting plate and adjacent to the Z-axis cylinder, and a limiting plate in transmission connection with the conveying assembly;
the piston rod of the Y-axis cylinder extends into the Y-axis frame and is fixedly connected with the first moving block, the piston rod of the Z-axis cylinder extends into the Z-axis frame and is fixedly connected with the second moving block, a plurality of limiting grooves are formed in the limiting plate, and the limiting grooves are distributed as follows:
intersecting the extended limiting grooves at a point O, taking the point O as the center of a circle and taking any R as the radius to make a circle, wherein the positions of the plurality of limiting grooves are positions of a plurality of bisectors of the circle, and the cylinders are correspondingly positioned in the limiting grooves;
the lifting mechanism comprises: the lifting frame is arranged on a lifting cylinder at the bottom of the lifting frame, and the placing plate is fixedly arranged at the tail end of a piston rod of the lifting cylinder; the clamping mechanism comprises: the lifting mechanism comprises a truss fixed on a lifting frame, a pushing cylinder fixed at the bottom of the truss, a pushing block fixedly connected to a piston rod of the pushing cylinder, and a clamping hand fixedly installed at the bottom of the pushing block, wherein a cross rod is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the truss and penetrates through the pushing block.
2. The automatic feeding and discharging assembly machine for evaporator cooling fins according to claim 1, wherein the number of the slide rails is two and parallel to each other, and the slide blocks on the two adjacent connecting rods are respectively and mutually twisted on the two slide rails.
3. The automatic feeding and discharging assembly machine for the evaporator cooling fins according to claim 1, wherein a Y-axis guide rod is arranged inside the Y-axis frame, and the first moving block is sleeved on the Y-axis guide rod; and a Z-axis guide rod is arranged in the Z-axis frame, and the second moving block is sleeved on the Z-axis guide rod.
4. The automatic feeding and discharging assembly machine for the radiating fins of the evaporator according to claim 1, wherein the conveying assembly comprises a forward and reverse rotating motor fixedly arranged on the lifting plate, a threaded rod in transmission connection with an output shaft of the forward and reverse rotating motor and a threaded sleeve matched with the threaded rod; the threaded sleeve is fixedly connected with one end of the limiting plate.
5. The automatic feeding and discharging assembly machine for evaporator cooling fins according to claim 1, wherein through holes are formed in four corners of the placing plate, vertical rods are fixed inside the lifting frame, the positions of the vertical rods correspond to the through holes, and the vertical rods penetrate through the through holes.
6. The automatic feeding and discharging assembly machine for evaporator cooling fins according to claim 1, further comprising a vibrating disk adjacent to the equidistant feeding mechanism, wherein a discharging table of the vibrating disk is positioned right below the lifting plate.
7. The loading and discharging method of the automatic loading and discharging assembly machine for the evaporator cooling fins according to any one of claims 1 to 6 is characterized by comprising the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: placing the heat dissipation plate on a placing plate of a lifting mechanism, and lifting the heat dissipation plate to a horizontal position with the equidistant feeding mechanism;
step two: the clamp of the clamping mechanism clamps the heat dissipation plate and is transferred and placed on the conveying mechanism under the action of the pushing cylinder, and the conveying mechanism does not run at the moment;
step three: the Z-axis cylinder pushes the lifting plate to move downwards, so that the sucking disc adsorbs the radiating fins on the discharging table;
step four: the equidistant feeding mechanism firstly adjusts and controls the height of the limiting plate according to the distance of the die on the heat dissipation plate and by combining a forward and backward rotating motor in the conveying assembly, and in the adjusting and controlling process, the connecting rod moves along the direction of the limiting groove because the upright post on the connecting rod is clamped in the limiting groove and the connecting rod is movable in the horizontal direction, so that the distance between the connecting rods, namely the distance between the heat dissipation fins adsorbed on the sucker, can be adjusted and controlled;
step five: the Y-axis cylinder controls the Z-axis frame and the first moving block to integrally move forwards, the radiating fins are correspondingly placed in the die, and the steps are repeated in sequence until the radiating fins are discharged;
step six: and the conveying mechanism works to transfer the heat dissipation plates with the arranged plates to the next process.
CN201910578121.7A 2019-06-28 2019-06-28 Automatic feeding and discharging assembly machine for evaporator cooling fins and feeding and discharging method Active CN110125273B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910578121.7A CN110125273B (en) 2019-06-28 2019-06-28 Automatic feeding and discharging assembly machine for evaporator cooling fins and feeding and discharging method

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910578121.7A CN110125273B (en) 2019-06-28 2019-06-28 Automatic feeding and discharging assembly machine for evaporator cooling fins and feeding and discharging method
CN202010176978.9A CN111390047A (en) 2019-06-28 2019-06-28 Feeding and sheet discharging assembly machine for evaporator cooling fins and feeding and sheet discharging method
PCT/CN2020/084152 WO2020258990A1 (en) 2019-06-28 2020-04-10 Automatic evaporator radiator fin feeding, arrangement, and assembly machine and feeding and arrangement method thereof

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CN202010176978.9A Division CN111390047A (en) 2019-06-28 2019-06-28 Feeding and sheet discharging assembly machine for evaporator cooling fins and feeding and sheet discharging method

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CN110125273A CN110125273A (en) 2019-08-16
CN110125273B true CN110125273B (en) 2020-08-07

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