CN110108858A - A kind of river low-lying land soil environment monitoring system and method - Google Patents

A kind of river low-lying land soil environment monitoring system and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110108858A
CN110108858A CN201910443941.5A CN201910443941A CN110108858A CN 110108858 A CN110108858 A CN 110108858A CN 201910443941 A CN201910443941 A CN 201910443941A CN 110108858 A CN110108858 A CN 110108858A
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China
Prior art keywords
monitoring
low
module
lying land
lying
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CN201910443941.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
潘正高
袁维风
高铭悦
李闪闪
宋启祥
王超
邱慧丽
徐小雪
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Suzhou University
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Suzhou University
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Priority to CN201910443941.5A priority Critical patent/CN110108858A/en
Publication of CN110108858A publication Critical patent/CN110108858A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N33/00Investigating or analysing materials by specific methods not covered by groups G01N1/00 - G01N31/00
    • G01N33/24Earth materials

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of river low-lying land soil environment monitoring system and methods.The river low-lying land soil environment monitoring system, it is close to the monitoring station of low-lying land including being set to, the monitoring station includes monitoring the water level identification module of water level conditions in low-lying land, burying the sensor module in the monitoring soil environment in low-lying land soil, network transmission module and control processing module;The sensor module includes soil acidity or alkalinity monitoring sensor, soil temperature and humidity monitoring sensor;The sensor module transmitting signal to the control module, the control processing module receiving sensor module and water level identification module signal and is handled, then is fed back by network transmission module in background monitoring computer;The river low-lying land soil environment monitoring system improves staff and finds pollution source efficiency, and the effective monitoring intensity for improving low-lying land uses convenient for the monitoring of low-lying place.

Description

A kind of river low-lying land soil environment monitoring system and method
Technical field
The invention belongs to soil environment monitoring technical fields, and in particular to a kind of river low-lying land soil environment monitoring system And method.
Background technique
Since river water has impact, certain rivers middle parts or branches end will appear low-lying place, in the low-lying place There may be river water, it is also possible to there is no river water, only one drought hole, river flow bring pollutant is easy to accumulation in this, is easy To the low-lying soil reclamation pollution being located in, and much pollution has expansion sporadic, the same soil ring for being easy to influence periphery Border, existing river low-lying land soil environment detection system and method need a large amount of artificial cooperation, also, China soil is wide Wealthy, divarication is more, artificial geological mapping pollution condition very waste of manpower resource, and inefficiency, therefore, at present in river The monitoring system and method that low-lying land soil environment monitoring field has not had is for people to use.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is that it is simple to provide a kind of structure to solve the above-mentioned problems, it is low to design reasonable river Bottomland soil environmental monitoring system and method.
The present invention through the following technical solutions to achieve the above objectives:
A kind of river low-lying land soil environment monitoring system, the monitoring station of low-lying land, the prison are close to including being set to Survey station point includes monitoring the water level identification module of water level conditions in low-lying land, burying in the monitoring soil environment in low-lying land soil Sensor module, network transmission module and control processing module;
The sensor module includes soil acidity or alkalinity monitoring sensor, soil temperature and humidity monitoring sensor;
The sensor module transmits signal to the control module, the control processing module receiving sensor module with And it water level identification module signal and handles, then fed back by network transmission module in background monitoring computer.
As a further optimization solution of the present invention, the water level identification module further includes camera unit and image procossing list Member, the control processing module are to be made of the singlechip chip and its peripheral oscillating circuit of model PIC18FK22.
As a further optimization solution of the present invention, the monitoring station further includes having water PH value detection module and soil Earth heavy metal analysis module.
As a further optimization solution of the present invention, the monitoring station further includes having memory module.
A kind of river low-lying land soil environment monitoring method, which comprises the following steps:
Step S1: it is located in setting monitoring station river is low-lying;
Step S2: the measurement low-lying soil environment situation being located in river, preservation data to monitoring station, while should also upload To background monitoring computer system, this data is contrasting data;
Step S3: installing sensor module in the low-lying soil being located in river, records data at regular intervals and extremely should In control processing module in monitoring station, data are uploaded in background monitoring computer by control processing module, are controlled simultaneously Processing module compares instant data and contrasting data, if data differ greatly with contrasting data immediately, when directly uploading data In alarm to background monitoring computer system;
Step S4: if after background monitoring computer receives alarm, centered on the monitoring station of alarm point, upstream tracking one A certain number of monitoring stations, the soil ring of the monitoring station of at-once monitor tracking point are tracked in the monitoring station of fixed number amount, downstream Border situation determines pollution route, marking contaminated source position and reason;
Step S5: send staff's collection in worksite alarm monitoring station point soil environment situation and pollution source position with And the scene investigation of reason.
As a further optimization solution of the present invention, step S1: the position that monitoring station is arranged should choose pollution history Low-lying land or upstream have pollution threat factory low-lying land.
As a further optimization solution of the present invention, step S2: background monitoring computer can be transmitted directly by data Module mkodification comparison data.
As a further optimization solution of the present invention, step S3: monitoring station is identified and is recorded by water level identification module Waterlevel data in low-lying land.
As a further optimization solution of the present invention, step S4: background monitoring calculator memory stores up and designates each tool There are the factory location data of pollution threat.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are: sensor module is arranged in monitoring station of the present invention, and time opening is more convenient for reducing The consumption of a monitoring station, meanwhile, when problem occurs for the data of certain website detection, utilize having in background monitoring computer The factory location data of pollution threat and the instant data that upstream and downstream other monitoring stations detect, which carry out compareing matching, to be used, and is improved Staff finds pollution source efficiency, the effective monitoring intensity for improving low-lying land.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is monitoring system block diagram of the invention.
Specific embodiment
The application is described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawing, it is necessary to it is indicated herein to be, implement in detail below Mode is served only for that the application is further detailed, and should not be understood as the limitation to the application protection scope, the field Technical staff can make some nonessential modifications and adaptations to the application according to above-mentioned application content.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of river low-lying land soil environment monitoring system, the monitoring station of low-lying land is close to including being set to Point, monitoring station are not fixed cubicle formula monitoring stations, are also possible to the insolation proof of field installation and the electricity of waterproof Cabinet is controlled, the monitoring station includes monitoring the water level identification module of water level conditions in low-lying land, burying in low-lying land soil The sensor module of monitoring soil environment, network transmission module and control processing module;The sensor module includes soil Earth pH value monitors sensor, soil temperature and humidity monitors sensor;The sensor module transmits signal to the control module, The control processing module receiving sensor module and water level identification module signal are simultaneously handled, then anti-by network transmission module It presents in background monitoring computer.
The water level identification module further includes camera unit and image processing unit, and water level identification module can in the present embodiment It, can be direct by camera unit and image processing unit directly to judge water level conditions by ultrasonic water position measuring sensor Judge in the low-lying place whether to be soil pollution caused by rubbish covering accumulation by system;The control processing module is by type Number for PIC18FK22 singlechip chip and its peripheral oscillating circuit composition.
The monitoring station further includes having water PH value detection module and heavy metal-polluted soil detection module, a soil huge sum of money Belong to detection module for fuzzy detection module in short-term, there are two types of embodiments, first is that two kinds of devices are placed in Storage Box, work people Member is in use, directly take out use, second is that water PH value detection module to be set to the sidewall sections of low-lying land, by a soil huge sum of money Belong to detection module and be placed in low-lying land underground, while waterproof is fixedly mounted.
The monitoring station further includes having memory module.
A kind of river low-lying land soil environment monitoring method, which comprises the following steps:
Step S1: it is located in setting monitoring station river is low-lying, the position that monitoring station is arranged should choose pollution history Low-lying land or upstream have pollution threat factory low-lying land;
Step S2: the measurement low-lying soil environment situation being located in river, preservation data to monitoring station, while should also upload To background monitoring computer system, this data is contrasting data, and background monitoring computer directly can transmit mould by data Block mkodification comparison data, what the data transmission module in monitoring station represented is to upload and the transmitted in both directions of downloading, and deposit It is stored in monitoring station itself, facilitates staff to detect and extracted when using;
Step S3: installing sensor module in the low-lying soil being located in river, records data at regular intervals and extremely should In control processing module in monitoring station, data are uploaded in background monitoring computer by control processing module, are controlled simultaneously Processing module compares instant data and contrasting data, if data differ greatly with contrasting data immediately, (this, which differs greatly, to be The increase of pollution index, it is abnormal if certain working sensor, should separately alarm background monitoring computer) then directly upload number According in alarm to background monitoring computer system;Monitoring station is identified by water level identification module and records the water in low-lying land Position data, instant data should include the mean temperature variation of all day in soil, and (temperature change is contemplated that exclusion weather Interference, the mode of exclusion can according to the depth of river water in the data statistic analysis and low-lying land of former years climate temperature and its Mobility, in the case that there is river water on surface, the temperature change of low-lying land underground is little, but notes also that its humidity is asked Topic, these problems factor should be all included in contrasting data);Using in the water level identification module identification low-lying land of monitoring station Water level conditions, convenient for determining pollution sources situation in the next steps.
Step S4: background monitoring calculator memory stores up and designates each factory location data with pollution threat, if After background monitoring computer receives alarm, centered on the monitoring station of alarm point, a certain number of monitoring stations are tracked in upstream, A certain number of monitoring stations are tracked in downstream, and the soil environment situation of the monitoring station of at-once monitor tracking point determines pollution road Line, marking contaminated source position and reason.
Step S5: send staff's collection in worksite alarm monitoring station point soil environment situation and pollution source position with And the scene investigation of reason.
When relatively large deviation occur in the instant data of a certain monitoring station, under usual state, water level identification module is had recorded most Close SEA LEVEL VARIATION situation, if water pollution, then showing for instant data exception should equally occur in the monitoring station of its upstream As, therefore the possibility arranged, revealed for the super row of neighbouring factory, steathily can be inferred whether according to this, if water level identification module record In data, which does not have river water inflow in the recent period, then it is contemplated that whether the object that drifts pollutes or nearby have accumulation useless The phenomenon that expecting rubbish, at the same should also be considered nearby there is the factory for the object pollution threat that drifts leakage etc. whether occurs may (sentence It is the image identification unit identified judgement in the water level identification module by monitoring station when the possibility of breaking and is discharged Sanitary fill bring in low-lying land).
The embodiments described above only express several embodiments of the present invention, and the description thereof is more specific and detailed, but simultaneously Limitations on the scope of the patent of the present invention therefore cannot be interpreted as.It should be pointed out that for those of ordinary skill in the art For, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, various modifications and improvements can be made, these belong to guarantor of the invention Protect range.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of river low-lying land soil environment monitoring system, which is characterized in that be close to the monitoring station of low-lying land including being set to Point, the monitoring station include monitoring the water level identification module of water level conditions in low-lying land, burying in the prison in low-lying land soil Survey sensor module, network transmission module and the control processing module of soil environment;
The sensor module includes soil acidity or alkalinity monitoring sensor, soil temperature and humidity monitoring sensor;
The sensor module transmits signal to the control module, the control processing module receiving sensor module and water Position identification module signal is simultaneously handled, then is fed back by network transmission module in background monitoring computer.
2. a kind of river low-lying land soil environment monitoring system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the water level is known Other module further includes camera unit and image processing unit, and the control processing module is the monolithic by model PIC18FK22 Machine core piece and its peripheral oscillating circuit composition.
3. a kind of river low-lying land soil environment monitoring system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the monitoring station Point further includes having water PH value detection module and heavy metal-polluted soil detection module.
4. a kind of river low-lying land soil environment monitoring system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the monitoring station Point further includes having memory module.
5. a kind of river low-lying land soil environment monitoring method, which comprises the following steps:
Step S1: it is located in setting monitoring station river is low-lying;
Step S2: the measurement low-lying soil environment situation being located in river saves data to monitoring station, while after should being also uploaded to In platform supervisory computer system, this data is contrasting data;
Step S3: installing sensor module in the low-lying soil being located in river, records data at regular intervals to the monitoring In control processing module in website, data are uploaded in background monitoring computer by control processing module, while controlling processing Module compares instant data and contrasting data, if data differ greatly with contrasting data immediately, directly uploads data alarm To background monitoring computer system;
Step S4: if after background monitoring computer receives alarm, centered on the monitoring station of alarm point, a fixed number is tracked in upstream A certain number of monitoring stations, the soil environment feelings of the monitoring station of at-once monitor tracking point are tracked in the monitoring station of amount, downstream Condition determines pollution route, marking contaminated source position and reason;
Step S5: sending the soil environment situation of staff's collection in worksite alarm monitoring station point and pollutes source position and original The scene investigation of cause.
6. a kind of river low-lying land soil environment monitoring method according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: step S1: set The position for setting monitoring station should choose the low-lying land for the factory for having the low-lying land of pollution history or upstream to have pollution threat.
7. a kind of river low-lying land soil environment monitoring method according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: step S2: after Platform monitoring computer can directly pass through data transmission module mkodification comparison data.
8. a kind of river low-lying land soil environment monitoring method according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: step S3: prison Survey station point is identified by water level identification module and records the waterlevel data in low-lying land.
9. a kind of river low-lying land soil environment monitoring method according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: step S4: after Platform monitoring calculator memory stores up and designates each factory location data with pollution threat.
CN201910443941.5A 2019-05-27 2019-05-27 A kind of river low-lying land soil environment monitoring system and method Pending CN110108858A (en)

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