CN110029624A - A kind of ecological sea wall of Multi-stage module chemoprevention shield - Google Patents

A kind of ecological sea wall of Multi-stage module chemoprevention shield Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110029624A
CN110029624A CN201910350206.XA CN201910350206A CN110029624A CN 110029624 A CN110029624 A CN 110029624A CN 201910350206 A CN201910350206 A CN 201910350206A CN 110029624 A CN110029624 A CN 110029624A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
platform
slope
unrestrained
wave
sea
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910350206.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄本胜
谭超
刘达
邱静
吉红香
王珍
郭磊
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangdong Research Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower
Original Assignee
Guangdong Research Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guangdong Research Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower filed Critical Guangdong Research Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower
Priority to CN201910350206.XA priority Critical patent/CN110029624A/en
Publication of CN110029624A publication Critical patent/CN110029624A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours
    • E02B3/10Dams; Dykes; Sluice ways or other structures for dykes, dams, or the like
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B8/00Details of barrages or weirs ; Energy dissipating devices carried by lock or dry-dock gates
    • E02B8/06Spillways; Devices for dissipation of energy, e.g. for reducing eddies also for lock or dry-dock gates
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A10/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE at coastal zones; at river basins
    • Y02A10/11Hard structures, e.g. dams, dykes or breakwaters

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of ecological sea walls of Multi-stage module chemoprevention shield, including several slopes and several platforms, platform to be located between two neighboring slope, and slope increases step by step with platform;Platform is equipped with several unrestrained plants that disappear, and each unrestrained plant that disappears increases step by step, and the surface of slope and platform is equipped with several wave eliminating blocks, and wave eliminating block is protrusion.The utility model has the advantages that each slope and platform increase step by step forms sea wall structure, wave eliminating block is located at the surface of slope and platform raisedly, and the unrestrained plant that disappears is located on platform, and wave eliminating block and the unrestrained plant that disappears are combined with conducive to wave resistance and energy dissipating, can reduce more unrestrained risk.Slope and platform are adjacently positioned, make slope and platform to build construction relatively independent, be conducive to improve speed of application.The present invention relates to embankment projects.

Description

A kind of ecological sea wall of Multi-stage module chemoprevention shield
Technical field
The present invention relates to embankment project, in particular to a kind of ecological sea wall of Multi-stage module chemoprevention shield.
Background technique
Embankment project is the important water conservancy projects for resisting typhoon storm tide.Frequent typhoon storm tide can cause sea wall serious It threatens, or even causes destructive destruction.
The design of ecological sea wall exists in the prior art, but has only added slope vegetation protection on general sea wall, disappears wave with plant Measure greatly differs from each other compared to effect.Also some ecological sea dikes are also in earth embankment or before having the sea wall of concrete facing in the prior art Planted plant forest against wave wash, technological deficiency is: the levee body wave resistance and effect of energy dissipation of sea wall are weaker, and there are still biggish more unrestrained Risk.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by the invention is to provide a kind of ecological sea walls of Multi-stage module chemoprevention shield, can be by sea Plant and wave prevention structure are set on dike to overcome sea wall wave resistance and the weaker technical problem of effect of energy dissipation.
Used technical solution to solve above-mentioned technical problem:
A kind of ecological sea wall of Multi-stage module chemoprevention shield, including several slopes and several platforms, platform are located at two neighboring Between slope, slope increases step by step with platform;Platform is equipped with several unrestrained plants that disappear, and each unrestrained plant that disappears increases step by step, slope Several wave eliminating blocks are equipped with the surface of platform, wave eliminating block is protrusion.
As an improvement, platform includes the first platform and the second platform, it is equipped between the first platform and the second platform and receives unrestrained body, Receive unrestrained body top be equipped with recessed portion.
As an improvement, receive unrestrained body recessed portion in be equipped with and disappear unrestrained plant.
As an improvement, platform includes third platform, the side of third platform is equipped with wave wall, and wave wall is to the second platform Direction inclination, the upper width of third platform are greater than the lower part of third platform.
As an improvement, slope includes first slope and the second slope, first slope is located at the side of the first platform, and second tiltedly Slope is located at the side of third platform and the other side of third platform and is equipped with road on the bank, and the second slope is located at the second platform and third Between platform, third platform is higher than the second slope and road on the bank.
As an improvement, wave eliminating block includes several first wave eliminating blocks, the cross sectional shape of the first wave eliminating block is plane curve y= 16x2, the first wave eliminating block is distributed in the wall of the side of the second platform, the slope surface of first slope, the slope surface on the second slope and wave wall Face.
As an improvement, wave eliminating block further includes several second wave eliminating blocks, the cross sectional shape of the second wave eliminating block is plane curve y= 32x2, the second wave eliminating block is arranged in the top of the first platform and the second platform.
As an improvement, the bottom level for setting first slope as the first reference line, sets the height of road on the bank as second Reference line;The overhead height of first slope is equal to local many years mean high tide W, height of first platform with respect to the first reference line L1=W+0.5m, width D=L1 × 1.25 of the first platform, the second platform are received with respect to height L2=L1 × 2 of the first reference line Height L3=L1 × 0.5 of the recessed portion of unrestrained body with respect to the first reference line;Height L4 of the third platform relative to the second reference line =1.5m.
As an improvement, the first platform, the second platform and third platform respectively include concrete prefabricated body and sea sand, concrete Precast body is tubular, and sea sand is filled in concrete prefabricated internal.
As an improvement, the unrestrained plant that disappears is herbaceous plant, shrub or arbor.
The utility model has the advantages that each slope and platform increase step by step forms sea wall structure, wave eliminating block is located at slope peace raisedly The surface of platform, and the unrestrained plant that disappears is located on platform, wave eliminating block and the unrestrained plant that disappears are combined with conducive to wave resistance and energy dissipating, can reduce more unrestrained Risk.Slope and platform are adjacently positioned, make slope and platform to build construction relatively independent, be conducive to improve speed of application.
Detailed description of the invention
Following further describes the present invention with reference to the drawings:
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Referring to Fig.1, a kind of ecological sea wall of Multi-stage module chemoprevention shield, including several slopes and several platforms, platform are located at Between two neighboring slope, slope increases step by step with platform;Platform is equipped with several unrestrained plants 6 that disappear, each to disappear unrestrained plant 6 step by step It increases, the surface of slope and platform is equipped with several wave eliminating blocks, and wave eliminating block is protrusion.
Preferably, platform includes the first platform 1 and the second platform 2, it is equipped with and receives between the first platform 1 and the second platform 2 Unrestrained body 3, receive unrestrained body 3 top be equipped with recessed portion.
Preferably, receive unrestrained body 3 recessed portion in be equipped with and disappear unrestrained plant 6.
Preferably, platform includes third platform 4, the side of third platform 4 is equipped with wave wall 5, and wave wall 5 to second is flat The direction of platform 2 tilts, and the upper width of third platform 4 is greater than the lower part of third platform 4.
Preferably, slope includes first slope 7 and the second slope 8, first slope 7 is located at the side of the first platform 1, the Two slopes 8 are located at the side of third platform 4 and the other side of third platform 4 and are equipped with road on the bank 9, and the second slope 8 is located at second Between platform 2 and third platform 4, third platform 4 is higher than the second slope 8 and road on the bank 9.
Preferably, wave eliminating block includes several first wave eliminating blocks 10, the cross sectional shape of the first wave eliminating block 10 is plane curve y =16x2, the first wave eliminating block 10 is distributed in the slope surface and gear on the side of the second platform 2, the slope surface of first slope 7, the second slope 8 The metope of unrestrained wall 5.
Preferably, wave eliminating block further includes several second wave eliminating blocks 11, the cross sectional shape of the second wave eliminating block 11 is Plane Curved Line y=32x2, the second wave eliminating block 11 is arranged in the top of the first platform 1 and the second platform 2.
Preferably, the bottom level for setting first slope 7 as the first reference line 12, set the height of road on the bank 9 as Second reference line 13;The overhead height of first slope 7 is equal to local many years mean high tide W, opposite first benchmark of the first platform 1 Height of height L1=W+0.5m, width D=L1 × 1.25 of the first platform 1, second platform 2 of line 12 with respect to the first reference line 12 Spend L2=L1 × 2, receive unrestrained body 3 recessed portion with respect to the first reference line 12 height L3=L1 × 0.5;Third platform 4 relative to The height L4=1.5m of second reference line 13.
Preferably, the first platform 1, the second platform 2 and third platform 4 respectively include concrete prefabricated body and sea sand 14, Concrete prefabricated body is tubular, and sea sand 14 is filled in concrete prefabricated internal.
Preferably, the unrestrained plant 6 that disappears is herbaceous plant, shrub or arbor.
About slope and platform, the slope of the present embodiment arranges that platform is adjacently positioned with slope to sea.Platform and slope by Grade increases and forms sea wall structure.
About the unrestrained plant 6 that disappears, the unrestrained plant 6 that disappears of the present embodiment is arranged in the top of platform.
About wave eliminating block, the wave eliminating block of the present embodiment is arranged in the upstream face on slope, and upstream face refers to that slope is arranged to sea One side.The wave eliminating block of the present embodiment is further placed in the top of platform, disappears on the wave eliminating block that unrestrained plant 6 is arranged on platform, disappears The root of unrestrained plant 6 is embedded in wave eliminating block and the top for the unrestrained plant 6 that disappears is higher than corresponding wave eliminating block.
Each slope and platform increase step by step forms sea wall structure, and wave eliminating block is located at the surface of slope and platform raisedly, And the unrestrained plant 6 that disappears is located on platform, wave eliminating block and the unrestrained plant 6 that disappears are combined with conducive to wave resistance and energy dissipating, can reduce more unrestrained risk.Tiltedly Slope and platform are adjacently positioned, make slope and platform to build construction relatively independent, be conducive to improve speed of application.
About receiving unrestrained body 3, the top of unrestrained body 3 received of the present embodiment forms fusiform recessed portion by recess downwards.It is recessed Concave portion has the function of guiding water flow.After tide crosses the first platform 1, tide has downward in the recessed portion for receiving unrestrained body 3 The trend of flowing makes tide during further crossing the second platform 2 by abatement energy, is conducive to improve ecological sea wall Wave-resisting function.
About recessed portion, the unrestrained plant 6 that disappears, the wave that disappears when tide crosses the second platform 2 in recessed portion are equipped in recessed portion Plant 6 can further cut down the energy of tide, be conducive to the wave-resisting function for improving ecological sea wall.
About wave wall 5, the wave wall 5 of the present embodiment and the angle of vertical direction are 60 degree.Wave wall 5 is to the second platform 2 direction inclination, and the upper width of third platform 4 is greater than the lower part of third platform 4, and wave wall 5 is made to be able to guide the stream of water flow To can reinforce third platform 4 and act on the energy dissipating of tide.
About road on the bank 9, road on the bank 9 is located at the side of third platform 4, road on the bank 9 can be formed pedestrian area or Driving region, is conducive to the landscape function for improving ecological sea wall.Step ladder 15, step ladder are equipped between road on the bank 9 and third platform 4 15 increase step by step between road on the bank 9 and third platform 4.
About step ladder 15, step ladder 15 makes to form the transition region for people's row between road on the bank 9 and third platform 4, makes to go People can climb up third platform 4 and observe seascape and the unrestrained plant 6 that disappears, and be conducive to the landscape function for improving ecological sea wall.
About the first wave eliminating block 10,10 protrusion of the first wave eliminating block and cross sectional shape of the present embodiment are plane curve y= 16x2, ecological sea wall can be enhanced, the energy dissipating of tide is acted on.
About the first wave eliminating block 10, second wave eliminating block 11 of the present embodiment is convex at the top of the first platform 1 and the second platform 2 It rises, ecological sea wall can be enhanced, the energy dissipating of tide is acted on.
About the first wave eliminating block 10, the second wave eliminating block 11 and unrestrained body 3 of receiving, physical experiments show the of the present embodiment 30% or more the effect of energy dissipation of ecological sea wall can be improved in one wave eliminating block 10, the second wave eliminating block 11 and unrestrained body 3 of receiving.
About local many years mean high tide W, local many years mean high tide W is a statistics, according to locality Water level monitoring data statistics obtains.
About first slope 7, the slope ratio of the first slope 7 of the present embodiment is 1:1.25.
About the second slope 8, the slope ratio on second slope 8 of the present embodiment is 1:2.
About concrete prefabricated body, the concrete prefabricated body of the present embodiment is the reinforced concrete structure of tubular, can be pre- Construction site is transported to after the completion of system, and sea sand 14 is easy to gather materials on the spot by the sea, is conducive to accelerate construction progress.Concrete is pre- The structural strength of product is high, is conducive to the wave resistance ability for reinforcing ecological sea wall.
About the unrestrained plant 6 that disappears, each platform of the present embodiment is equipped with arbor, and specific kind is preferably horse-tail.This reality It applies receiving for example and is equipped with herbaceous plant in unrestrained body 3, specific kind is preferably Spartina alterniflora.The unrestrained plant 6 that disappears, which can be used, in the prior art may be used Adapt to herbaceous plant, shrub or the arbor substitution of briny environment, including but not limited to horse-tail and Spartina alterniflora.
The ecological sea wall of the technical program can realize modularization, be conducive to accelerate construction progress, and make disappear unrestrained plant 6 and sea Dike combines together.The ecological sea wall of the technical program has good by physical model, mathematical model and Structure Calculation verifying Ecological, landscape function, structural stability and the unrestrained ability that disappears, the unrestrained ability that disappears than traditional sea wall improve 50% or more, have good Good popularization and application potentiality.
Embodiments of the present invention are explained in detail above in conjunction with attached drawing, but the present invention is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment party Formula, technical field those of ordinary skill within the scope of knowledge, can also be before not departing from present inventive concept Put that various changes can be made.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of ecological sea wall of Multi-stage module chemoprevention shield, it is characterised in that: including several slopes and several platforms, the platform It is located between the two neighboring slope, the slope increases step by step with the platform;The platform is equipped with several waves that disappear and plants Object, each unrestrained plant that disappears increase step by step, and the surface of the slope and the platform is equipped with several wave eliminating blocks, the wave eliminating block For protrusion.
2. a kind of ecological sea wall of Multi-stage module chemoprevention shield according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the platform includes First platform and the second platform are equipped between first platform and second platform and receive unrestrained body, the top for receiving unrestrained body Equipped with recessed portion.
3. a kind of ecological sea wall of Multi-stage module chemoprevention shield according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: described to receive unrestrained body The unrestrained plant that disappears is equipped in the recessed portion.
4. a kind of ecological sea wall of Multi-stage module chemoprevention shield according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: the platform includes Third platform, the side of the third platform are equipped with wave wall, and the wave wall is tilted to the direction of second platform, described The upper width of third platform is greater than the lower part of the third platform.
5. a kind of ecological sea wall of Multi-stage module chemoprevention shield according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: the slope includes First slope and the second slope, the first slope are located at the side of first platform, and second slope is located at described The side of three platforms and the other side of the third platform are equipped with road on the bank, second slope be located at second platform with Between the third platform, the third platform is higher than second slope and the road on the bank.
6. a kind of ecological sea wall of Multi-stage module chemoprevention shield according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: the wave eliminating block packet Several first wave eliminating blocks are included, the cross sectional shape of first wave eliminating block is plane curve y=16x2, the first wave eliminating block distribution In the side of second platform, the slope surface of the first slope, the slope surface on second slope and the metope of the wave wall.
7. a kind of ecological sea wall of Multi-stage module chemoprevention shield according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: the wave eliminating block is also Including several second wave eliminating blocks, the cross sectional shape of second wave eliminating block is plane curve y=32x2, second wave eliminating block point It is not arranged in the top of first platform and second platform.
8. a kind of ecological sea wall of Multi-stage module chemoprevention shield according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: setting described first The bottom level on slope is the first reference line, sets the height of the road on the bank as the second reference line;The first slope Overhead height is equal to local many years mean high tide W, the height L1=W+ of relatively described first reference line of first platform 0.5m, width D=L1 × 1.25 of first platform, the height L2=L1 of relatively described first reference line of second platform × 2, height L3=L1 × 0.5 of relatively described first reference line of the recessed portion for receiving unrestrained body;The third platform phase For the height L4=1.5m of second reference line.
9. a kind of ecological sea wall of Multi-stage module chemoprevention shield according to claim 4 to 8 any one, it is characterised in that: First platform, second platform and the third platform respectively include concrete prefabricated body and sea sand, the concrete Precast body is tubular, and the sea sand is filled in described concrete prefabricated internal.
10. a kind of ecological sea wall of Multi-stage module chemoprevention shield according to claim 9, it is characterised in that: the wave that disappears is planted Object is herbaceous plant, shrub or arbor.
CN201910350206.XA 2019-04-28 2019-04-28 A kind of ecological sea wall of Multi-stage module chemoprevention shield Pending CN110029624A (en)

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CN201910350206.XA CN110029624A (en) 2019-04-28 2019-04-28 A kind of ecological sea wall of Multi-stage module chemoprevention shield

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910350206.XA CN110029624A (en) 2019-04-28 2019-04-28 A kind of ecological sea wall of Multi-stage module chemoprevention shield

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CN110029624A true CN110029624A (en) 2019-07-19

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110800538A (en) * 2019-11-28 2020-02-18 中国科学院、水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所 Reservoir hydro-fluctuation belt slope protection structure and reservoir hydro-fluctuation belt slope vegetation recovery method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110800538A (en) * 2019-11-28 2020-02-18 中国科学院、水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所 Reservoir hydro-fluctuation belt slope protection structure and reservoir hydro-fluctuation belt slope vegetation recovery method

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